Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00007

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.

Full Text
BUREAU OF INTA-IAL ECONOMICS 2)





#01OF %





U.S. Department of Commerce MY\
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
BUREAU OF INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS


The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of all
known producers of brass mill products, copper-based powder
products, and a 95-percent sample of producers of wire mill
products. The figures represent total U.S. shipments of copper-
base mill and foundry products.
Total shipments of copper-base and foundry products
totaled 4.8 billion pounds in 1982, a 19-percent decrease com-


CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


Copper Controlled

Materials


SUMMARY FOR 1982

ITA-9008(82)-5
Issued May 1983


pared to 6.0 billion pounds in 1981. Copper wire mill shipments,
at 2.4 billion pounds, were down 16 percent from 1981. Within
this group bare wire decreased 19 percent; insulated com-
munication wire decreased 21 percent; and other insulated wire
decreased 13 percent.
A description of the survey methodology and related infor-
mation appears on page 5.


Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS


(Millions of pounds--metal weight)
Brass mill products Copper wire mill productsI
Brass and
Quarter and year Insulated Other bronze Copper-base
2 communi- insulated foundry powder mill
Total Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire cation wire wire products product
1982
Total................... 4,846 1,247 767 267 594 1,532 405 34
Fourth quarter................ 1,056 251 174 53 118 359 94 7
Third quarter................. 1,171 305 192 61 151 363 90 9
Second quarter................ 1,297 345 203 77 157 400 107 8
First quarter................. 1,322 346 198 76 168 410 114 10
1981
Total ................... 5,987 1,695 927 328 755 1,764 471 47
Fourth quarter................ 1,323 350 194 77 179 403 109 11
Third quarter................. 1,481 437 215 81 188 433 116 11
Second quarter................ 1,592 462 254 88 192 458 125 13
First quarter................. 1,591 446 264 82 196 470 121 12
1980.................... 5,786 1,508 959 293 797 1,693 489 47
Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
2Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
3Represents uninsulated, bare tinnned, and/or alloy coated wire.
Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report M33E, Nonferrous Castings.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industrial Economics, Washington, D.C. 20233, or to the
Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Jim Oliver, (301) 763-5440.
For sale by Data User Services Division, Customer Services (Publications) Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233, or any U.S. Department of
Commerce district office. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency submitted at sender's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by inter-
national money order or by a draft on a U.S. bank. Price, $1.25 per copy, $6.25 per year.










Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL.AMn.Q.UNDRY PRODUCTS: 1982 AND 1981

(Millions of padsmea! e| t)


Type of product First Second Third Fourth
T Total tar.ter quarter quarter quarter

1982 .

Total ............................................... 4,846- 1,322 1,297 1,171 1,056
1
Brass mill products ....................................... 2,014 '.. 548 497 425
Copper-base alloy
Sheet and strip .................................. ...... '162 170 148 102
Rod, bar, and wire ..................................... -,T) 155 148 134 128
Tube and pipe .......................................... .O1 29 27 23 21
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip ........................................ 134 38 41 34 21
Rod, bar, and wire3 .................................... 101 29 27 22 23
Tube and pipe .......................................... 532 131 135 136 130
14
Copper wire5mill products ............................... 2,393 654 634 575 530
Bare wire ................................................ 267 76 77 61 53
Insulated communication wire.............................. 594 168 157 151 118
Other insulated wire ..................................... 1,532 410 400 363 359

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7....................... 405 114 107 90 94

Copper-base powder mill products .......................... 34 10 8 9 7
Copper-base alloy:
Granular................................................ 4 2 2 1 1
Flake .................................................. (Z) (Z) (Z) (Z) (Z)
Unalloyed copper:
Granular .................... ... ......................... 25 7 6 7 5
Flake.............. ........................... ......................... 3 1 (Z) 1 1

1981

Total ................................................ 5,987 1,591 1,592 1,481 1,323

Brass mill products ............. .......................... 2,622 710 716 652 544
Copper-base alloy-
Sheet and strip ........................................ 792 204 218 196 174
Rod, bar, and wire ..................................... 765 204 206 208 147
Tube and pipe .......................................... 138 38 38 33 29
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip ........................................ 206 60 54 46 46
Rod, bar, and wire3.................................... 123 31 36 30 26
Tube and pipe .......................................... 598 173 164 139 122
14
Copper wire5mill products ............................... 2,847 748 738 702 659
Bare wire ................................................ 328 82 88 81 77
Insulated communication wire.............................. 755 196 192 188 179
Other insulated wire ..................................... 1,764 470 458 433 403

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7....................... 471 121 125 116 109

Copper-base powder mill products .......................... 47 12 13 11 11
Copper-base alloy:
Granular................................................. 7 1 2 2 2
Flake ...................................................... (Z) (Z) (Z) (Z) (Z)
Unalloyed copper:
Granular ................................................. 36 10 10 8 8
Flake................................................... 4 1 1 1 1

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding. Monthly shipments data for brass mills and copper wire mills of
primary companies are available in Current Industrial Report M33K, Inventories of Brass and Copper Wire Mill Shapes.

(Z) Less than 500,000 pounds.

Shipments by brass mills, copper wire mills, and copper-base powder mills include all controlled materials orders shipped by the
respondent for his own account, by other copper controlled material producers for the respondent's account, or by the responding
company under toll arrangements for the account of controlled materials consumers.
Military ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the webbing scrap generated in
the cupping and discing operation.
3Does not include electrical wire.
4Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
6Wire, uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments for own use. Shipments for
own use represent copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or an affiliate, subsidiary, or parent com-
Also includes castings produced and consumed at the same location in the production of finished products.
'Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report M33E, Nonferrous Castings.











Table 3. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1982 AND 1981

(Quantity in millions of pounds; value in thousands of dollars)

Exports of domestic Percent Imports for
merchandise 2 exports to consumption1 4 Percent
Smanufac- imports to
Product Manufac- Estimated turers' apparent
turers' Value producers' shipments 5 Apparent consumption
shipments Quantity at port value3 (quantity) Quantity Value consumption6 (quantity)

1982

Total7.................................... 2,315 112 217,977 212,114 5 305 339,551 2,508 12

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip.............................. 582 7 36,803 35,813 1 151 149,454 1,280 12
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 565 11 32,869 31,985 2 151 149,454 1,280 12
Tube and pipe................................ 100 13 29,044 28,263 13 45 66,320 132 34
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip.............................. 134 26 20,033 19,494 19 35 39,159 213 16
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 101 31 32,784 31,902 31 )
Tube and pipe................................ 532 8 14,682 14,287 2 37 44,823 561 7

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............ 267 15 47,933 46,644 6 33 35,096 285 12

Copper-base powder mill products................ 34 1 3,829 3,726 3 4 4,699 37 11
Copper-base alloy:
Granular.................................... 6
Flake....................................... (Z)
Unalloyed copper: 1 3,829 3,726 3 4 4,699 37 11
Granular.................................... 25
Flake....................................... 3

1981

Total7...................... .............. 2,997 127 265,802 258,771 4 355 423,604 3,225 11

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................. 792 23 54,333 52,871 3 193 193,871 1,712 11
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 765 15 25,193 24,515 2
Tube and pipe................................ 138 19 56,147 54,637 14 52 81,131 171 30
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip.............................. 206 3 7,042 6,853 1 48 66,117 341 14
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 123 33 37,461 36,453 27 11
Tube and pipe................................ 598 18 33,035 32,146 3 34 46,097 614 6

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............ 328 13 48,152 46,857 4 24 30,517 339 7

Copper-base powder mill products................ 47 3 4,439 4,439 6 4 5,871 48 8
Copper-base alloy:
Granular.................................... 7
Flake....................................... (Z)
Unalloyed copper: 3 4,439 4,439 6 4 5,871 48 8
Granular..................................... 36
Flake....................................... 4

(Z) Less than 500,000 pounds.

2Comparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export numbers, and import numbers for copper-base mill and foundry products is shown in table 4.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 546, U.S. Exports.
These values were derived by use of adjustment factors to exclude freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in moving goods to the port of
export. This adjustment is made to convert the values to an approximation of the producers' value of exported goods. Current adjustment factors
(0.9731 for industry group 335 relating to brass mill and copper wire mill products and 1.0 for industry group 339 relating to copper-base powder mill
products) are based on data for 1980 which are published in Origin of Exports of Manufactured Products, M80(AS)-6, appendix B.
4Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
6Represents the c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) value at the first port of entry in the United States plus U.S. import duties.
7Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
This total does not include either insulated wire and cable or brass and bronze foundry products.









4

Table 4. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1982


Product Export number Import number

Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy: 612.3400,612.3500,612.3600,612.3800,612.3920,612.3940,
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3360,612.3370,612.3380 J612.3960,612.3980,612.4000,612.4100,612.4300,612.4410,
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 612.4620 612.4430,612.4510,612.4520,612.5200,612.6100,612.6200,
612.6300,612.6410,612.6420,612.8100,612.8200
Tube and pipe................................ 613.0520,613.0530 613.0600,613.0800,613.1000,613.1100,613.1200

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate ...................... 612.3320 1612.3000,612.3120,612.3140,612.3160,612.3200,
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 612.4640 J612.5000,612.6000,612.8000
Tube and pipe................................ 613.0540,613.0550 613.0200,613.0300,613.0400

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ............. 612.7420,612.7440 612.7000,612.7100,612.7220,612.7240,612.7260,612.7300

Copper-base powder mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Granular.....................................
Flake........................................
612.5400 612.5500,612.5600
Unalloyed copper:
Granular.....................................
Flake ........................................

The import and export numbers for this line do not include wire.









DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey-This survey covers producers of selected
copper controlled materials, i.e., copper-base mill and foundry
products.

Survey Methodology-The statistics in this publication on
copper-base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau of
the Census and International Trade Administration Form
ITA-9008, Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is
based on a list of all known producers of copper-base mill
shapes and powder products supplied by the Bureau of Indus-
trial Economics (BIE), Department of Commerce. It also
includes manufacturers who produce about 95 percent of wire
mill products based on studies made by BIE. The data for wire
mill products include estimates for small producers in order to
represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 190 companies
are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the meth-
odology for the survey from which these data are derived can
be found in the January 1982 publication for this series.


Reliability of Data-Survey error may result from several
sources: (1) inability to obtain information about all cases in
the survey, (2) response errors, (3) definitional difficulties, (4)
differences in the interpretation of questions (5) mistakes in
recording or coding the data obtained, and (6) other errors of
collection, response, coverage, and estimation for missing data.
These nonsampling errors also occur in complete censuses.
Although no direct measurement of the biases due to non-
sampling errors has been obtained, precautionary steps were
taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation
of the data in an effort to minimize their influence.
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due to
imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters, and for
data which fail logic edits. Missing figures are imputed based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms.
Imputation generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for
any one data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10
percent are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may
not closely agree with the imputed movements. The range of
difference between the actual and imputed figures is not pre-
cisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.


Revisions to Previous Period Data-Quarterly data and data
for prior years may be revised as the result of corrected figures
from respondents or other corrections. Figures which have
been revised by more than 5 percent from previously published
figures are indicated by footnotes.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Shipments-Shipments include all copper-base mill and
foundry product controlled materials. Both products produced
by the company which owns the materials and products pro-
duced for others under toll agreements are included.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both ship-
ments for sale (to the trade and shipments (production) for own
use. Shipments for own use represent copper and copper-base
alloy castings for use by the reporting company or by a sub-
sidiary, parent, or other affiliated company. Also included are
castings produced and consumed at the same location in the
production of finished products.


Copper-Base Mill Products-Products produced by rolling,
drawing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other copper-
base alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of copper wire
are also included. Intermediate shapes of powder mill products
are included. All other intermediate shapes are excluded. An
intermediate shape is any product which has been rolled, drawn,
or extruded from refined copper or brass, and which will be
rerolled, redrawn, insulated, or further processed into finished
brass mill or copper wire mill products (or into another inter-
mediate shape) by other producers of intermediate or finished
shapes of copper controlled materials.

Controlled Materials-Steel, copper, aluminum, and nickel
alloys, either domestic or imported, in the forms and shapes
specified in Defense Materials Systems, regulation 1, as revised,
whether new, remelted, rerolled, or redrawn.

Unfilled Order for Sale-Includes unfilled order for sale to
the trade for controlled materials that have been accepted or
acknowledged and which have not been shipped.



COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import com-
modity classifications were developed independently and are
based on somewhat differing systems of classification. This
results in considerable difficulty in comparing the three types of
data for many commodity areas. The domestic output classifica-
tion is based on type of industry; on the other hand, the export
and import classification system is more materials oriented.
Aside from the differences in the basic commodity classifica-
tions, there are additional problems involving import data, since
there are a substantial number of imported commodities which
are not produced in the United States or which are produced
only in very small quantities and which, therefore, have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxi-
mations, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above,
there are also the following problems affecting the com-
parability of the three sets of data.









Valuation-There are different methods of valuation for the
three types of data:

Domestic Output-Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.


Exports-Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance, and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing
plant to the export point.


Imports-Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty,
and other charges to the import point.


Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output-Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be used as
materials for incorporation into other commodities, combina-
tions of data for such commodities may contain a certain
amount of duplication. Thus, percentages of exports to output
or imports to apparent consumption (output plus imports minus
exports) at four-digit or broader levels may be understated.
Where duplication is known to be substantial, the output data
are appropriately noted in the table.


Estimated Low- Valued Export and Import Transactions-The
import statistics include estimated value data for shipments
valued under $251. Effective August 1982, value data for
shipments valued under $251 are estimated from factors based
on the ratios of under $251 shipments to individual country
totals. Prior to August 1982, estimates were based on a
1-percent sample of documents for shipments valued under
$251. Effective with the statistics for March 1979, the lower
limit of the value ranges for estimating data for low-value export
shipments was raised from $251 to $501. Effective July 1981,
the statistics for countries other than Canada reflect fully
compiled data for shipments valued over $500. Prior to July
1981, these data were fully compiled only for shipments valued
$1,000 and over, vvrii, shipments valued $501 to $999 were
estimated, based on a 50 percent sample.


Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind-The value
of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level
often includes a small amount which is not distributed among
the individual five-digit product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
I'lhi overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports-There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the


producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports-
Export and import data do not include materials which are
incorporated into other more finished products and exported or
imported in finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports
and imports, the relation of exports to output and imports to
apparent consumption for intermediate products is considerably
understated.

Used Commodities-With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt
commodities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.

Geographic Area of Coverage-Import and export data reflect
the movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico).


HISTORICAL NOTE

Data on copper-controlled materials have been collected by
the Bureau of the Census since 1951. Historical data may be
obtained from Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for
Industry before 1959) available at your local Federal Depository
Library. A list of these libraries may be obtained from the
Bureau of the Census regional offices:


Office


Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6142
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7080


RELATED REPORTS


A quarterly Current Industrial Report is published in this
series. The Bureau of the Census also publishes the following
related reports:


Series


Frequency Title


Current Industrial Reports

M33E Monthly


Nonferrous Cas rings









Series

M33K


MA33L


Frequency Title


Monthly


Annual


Other Industry Reports


M3-1


Monthly


Annually


Quin-
quennially


(MC)


Foreign Trade Reports

EM 546 Monthly


Subject Area


Inventories of Brass and Copper
Wire Mill Shapes

Insulated Wire and Cable



Manufacturers' Shipments, In-
ventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of Manufactures
(ASM)

Census of Manufactures


Manufacturers' Ship-
ments, Inventories,
and Orders

Census/ASM

To order a Census
Bureau publication

Foreign Trade
publication

Bureau of Industrial
Economics


Contact


Ruth Runyan




Dale Gordon

Customer Services
(DUSD)

Juanita Noone


Graylin Presbury


Phone Number


(301) 763-2502




(301) 763-7304

(301) 763-4100


(301) 763-5140


(202) 566-7732


U.S. Exports
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


IM 145-X Monthly


CONTACTS FOR DATA USE


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA9008


Contact

James L. Oliver


Phone Number

(301) 763-5440


This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau
of the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief,
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard, Chief, Metals
Section. Jim Oliver was directly responsible for the review of
the data and preparation of the report. Gaylord E. Worden,
Chief of the Division, and Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant
Chief for Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction
and coordination to this project.


U.S. Imports for Consumption
and General Imports





U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Washington, D.C. 20233

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use, $300


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IillJI I I I IIIl I II I I I
3 1262 08589 1850
CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58