Current industrial reports

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00006

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.

Full Text



CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
BUREAU OF INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS


The statistics in this publication are based o N rvey of all
known producers of brass mill products, coppe as powder
products, and a 95 percent sample of producers il
products. ,The figures represent total U.S. shipments Ep
base mill and foundry products.
Total shipments of copper-base mill and foundry products
totaled 6.0 billion pounds in 1981, a 3-percent increase com-


Copper Controlled Materials





S ^ SUMMARY FOR 1981
ITA-9008(81)-5
Issued July 1982


pare d .8 billion pounds in 1980. Copper wire mill shipments,
a million pounds, were up 2 percent from 1980. Within this
bare wire increased 12 percent; insulated communication
decreased 5 percent; and other insulated wire increased
4 percent.
A description of the survey methodology and related infor-
mation appears on page 5.


Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS


(Millions of pounds metal weight)

Brass mill products Copper wire mill productsi
__________ __________ Brass and Copper-base
Quarter and year Total Insulated Other bronze powder
Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire2 communi- insulated foundry mill
e U e B products3 product
cation wire wire produce product

1981

1981, total.............. 5,987 1,695 927 328 755 1,764 471 47

Fourth quarter................. 1,323 350 194 77 179 403 109 11
Third quarter.................. 1,481 437 215 81 188 433 116 11
Second quarter................. 1,592 462 254 88 192 458 125 13
First quarter.................. 1,591 446 264 82 196 470 121 12

1980

1980, total.............. 5,786 1,508 959 293 797 1,693 489 47

Fourth quarter................. 1,361 372 239 67 154 401 115 13
Third quarter.................. 1,341 325 212 61 221 412 102 8
Second quarter................. 1,411 362 232 79 203 398 126 11
First quarter.................. 1,673 449 276 86 219 482 146 15

1979, total.............. 6,707 1,869 1,107 236 846 1,966 617 66
1978, total.............. 6,266 1,750 962 238 806 1,867 580 63

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
'Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
2Represents uninsulated, bare tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
3Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings.








Address inquiries concerning these figures to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industrial Economics, Washington, D.C. 20230, or to the
Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Jim Oliver, (301) 763-5440.
For sale by Data User Services Division, Customer Services (Publications), Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233, or any U.S. Department of
Commerce district office. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency submitted at sender's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by inter-
national money order or by a draft on a U.S. bank. Price, 25 cents per copy, $1.25 per year.


/ /










Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1981 AND 1980

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

Type of product Total First Second Third Fourth
Type of product quarter quartTotal
quarter quarter quarter quarter


1981

Total................................................

Brass mill products .............................. ...........
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip2......................................
Rod, bar, and wire......................................
Tube and pipe..........................................
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip ...................................... *
Rod, bar, and wire3 ...................................
Tube and pipe ..........................................

Copper wire mill products1 4...............................
Bare wire5 ............ ............ ...... .................
Insulated communication wire..............................
Other insulated wire......................................

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7.......................

Copper-base powder mill products' ..........................
Copper-base alloy:
Granular .............. .................................
Flake ..... ..............................................
Unalloyed copper:
Granular ..................... ............................
Flake ......... .......... ...............................

1980

Total ........ ........................................

Brass mill products! .......................................
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip2 .......................................
Rod, bar, and wire .....................................
Tube and pipe ..........................................
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip ........................................
Rod, bar, and wire3 ....................................
Tube and pipe ..........................................

Copper wire mill products' 4...............................
Bare wires................................................
Insualted communication wire..............................
Other insulated wire .....................................

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7.......................

Copper-base powder mill products'1..........................
Copper-base alloy:
Granular.......... .....................................
Flake ..................................................
Unalloyed copper:
Granular..............................................
Flake..................................................


5,987

2,622


. 4,
\ 138

S 206
123
S598

2,847
328'
755
1,764

471

47

7
(Z)

36
4


5,786

2,467

680
708
120

202
126
631

2,783
293
797
1,693

489

47

9
1

33
4


'\ i~






/ 31
173

748
82
196
470

121

12

1
(Z)

10
1


1,673

725

204
211
34

62
31
183

787
86
219
482

146

15

3
1

10
1


1,592

716

218
206
38

54
36
164

738
88
192
458

125

13

2
(Z)

10
1



1,411

594

169
164
29

53
37
142

680
79
203
398

126

11

2
(Z)

8
1


1,481

652

196
208
33

46
30
139

702
81
188
433

116

11

2
(Z)

8
1



1,341

537

133
165
27

44
28
140

694
61
221
412

102

8

2
(Z)

5
1


1,323

544

174
147
29

46
26
122

659
77
179
403

109

11

2
(Z)

8
1



1,361

611

174
168
30

43
30
166

622
67
154
401

115

13

2
(Z)

10
1


Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding. Monthly shipments data for brass mills and for copper wire mills
of primary companies are available in Current Industrial Reports Series M33K, Inventories of Brass and Copper Wire Mill Shapes.

(Z) Less than 500,000 pounds.
'Shipments by brass mills, copper wire mills, and copper-base powder mills include all controlled materials orders shipped by the
respondent for his own account, by other copper controlled material producers for the respondent's account, or by the responding com-
pany under toll arrangements for the account of controlled materials consumers.
2Military ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the webbing scrap generated
in the cupping and discing operation.
3Does not include electrical wire.
*Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
3Wire, uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated.
6Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments for own use. Shipments for
own use represent copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or an affiliate, subsidiary, or parent com-
pany. Also includes castings produced and consumed at the same location in the production of finished products.
'Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings.











Table 3. COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS, SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION: 1981 AND 1980

(Quantity in millions of pounds; value in thousands of dollars)

Exports of domestic Percent, Imports for Percent,
Manufac- merchandise' exports to consumption' 4 imports to
Product' turers, manufac- Apparent apparent
shipments Quantity Value Estimated turers consumption6 consump-
Quantity at port producers' shipments Quantity Value5 tion
value3 (quantity) (quantity)


1981

Total7..................................... 2,997 127 265,802 258,771 4 355 423,604 3,225 11

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................. 792 23 54,333 52,871 3 193 193,871 1
Rod, bar, and wire............................ 765 15 25,193 24,515 2
Tube and pipe............................... 138 19 56,147 54,637 14 52 81,131 171 30
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip............... .............. 206 3 7,042 6,853 1 48 66,117 341 14
Rod, bar, and wire.......................... 123 33 37,461 36,453 278 66,117 341 14
Tube and pipe................................ 598 18 33,035 32,146 3 34 46,097 614 6

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............ 328 13 48,152 46,857 4 24 30,517 339 7

Copper-base powder mill products................ 47 3 4,439 4,439 6 4 5,871 48 8
Copper-base alloy:
Granular..................... ........... .. .. 7
Flake....................................... (Z)
Unalloyed copper: 3 4,439 4,439 6 4 5,871 48 8
Granular..................................... 36
Flake.......................... ............. 4

1980

Total7...................................... 2,807 221 336,173 327,302 8 220 308,308 2,806 8

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................. 680 17 48,707 47,397 2 109767 1439 10
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 708 20 25,866 25,170 3 88 109,767 1,439 4
Tube and pipe................................ 120 31 57,120 55,583 26 44 72,137 133 28
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip............................. 202 4 6,708 6,528 2 47 61,451 281 11
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 126 90 94,760 92,211 71 47 61,451 281 19
Tube and pipe................................ 631 39 58,284 56,716 6 23 35,356 615 6

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............ 293 16 38,331 37,300 5 16 24,705 293 (NA)

Copper-base powder mill products................ 47 4 6,397 6,397 9 2 4,892 45 3
Copper-base alloy:
Granular .................................... 9
Flake............. ................ ............ 1
Unalloyed copper: 4 6,397 6,397 9 2 4,892 45 3
Granular..................................... 33
Flake....................................... 4


(NA) Not available.


(Z) Less than half the stated unit of measure.


'Comparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export, and import codes for copper-base mill and foundry products is shown in table 4.
'Source: Bureau of the Census report FT-410, U.S. Exports, Commodity by Country.
3These values were derived by use of adjustment factors to exclude freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in moving goods to the port of
export. This adjustment is made to convert the values to an approximation of the producers' value of exported goods. Current adjustment factors
(0.9731 for industry group 335 relating to brass mill and copper wire mill products and 1.0 for industry group 339 relating to copper-base powder mill
products) are based on data for 1980 which are published in Origin of Exports of Manufactured Products, M80(AS)-6, appendix B.
4Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
'Represents the c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) value at the first port of entry in the United States plus U.S. import duties.
6Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
7This total does not include either insulated wire and cable or brass and bronze foundry products.










Table 4. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, EXPORT, AND IMPORT CODES FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1981

Product Exports of domestic Imports for consumption
merchandise (Schedule B) (TSUSA)


Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy: r612.3400,612.3500,612.3600,612.3800,612.3920,612.3940,
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3360,612,3370,612.3380 612.3960,612.3980,612.4000,612.4100,612.4300,612.4410,
Rod, bar, and wire' .......................... 612.4620 612.4430,612.4510,612.4520,612.5200,612.6100,612.6200,
l612.6300,612.6410,612.6420,612.8100,612.8200
Tube and pipe................................. 613.0520,613.0530 613.0600,613.0800,613.1000,613.1100,613.1200

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate ................... 612.3320 612.3000,612.3120,612.3140,612.3160,612.3200,
Rod, bar, and wire' .......................... 612.4640 612.5000,612.6000,612.8000
Tube and pipe ................................ 613.0540,613.0550 613.0200,613.0300,613.0400

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ...... ...... 612.7420,612.7440 612.7000,612.7100,612.7220,612.7240,612.7260,612.7300

Copper-base powder mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Granular.....................................
Flake ........................................

Unalloyed copper: 612.5400 612.5500,612.5600
Granular.....................................
Flake.........................................

'The import and export codes for this line do not include wire.









DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey-This survey covers producers of selected
copper controlled materials, i.e., copper-base mill and foundry
products.

Survey Methodology-The statistics in this publication on
copper-base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau of
the Census and International Trade Administration Form
ITA-9008, Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is
based on a list of all known producers of copper-base mill
shapes and powder products supplied by the Bureau of Indus-
trial Economics (BIE), Department of Commerce. It also
includes manufacturers who produce about 95 percent of wire
mill products based on studies made by BIE. The data for wire
mill products include estimates for small producers in order to
represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 190 companies
are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the meth-
odology for the survey from which these data are derived can
be found in the January 1982 publication for this series.


Reliability of Data-Survey error may result from several
sources: (1) inability to obtain information about all cases in
the survey, (2) response errors, (3) definitional difficulties, (4)
differences in the interpretation of questions (5) mistakes in
recording or coding the data obtained, and (6) other errors of
collection, response, coverage, and estimation for missing data.
These nonsampling errors also occur in complete censuses.
Although no direct measurement of the biases due to non-
sampling errors has been obtained, precautionary steps were
taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation
of the data in an effort to minimize their influence
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due to
imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters, and for
data which fail logic edits. Missing figures are imputed based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms.
Imputation generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for
any one data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10
percent are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may
not closely agree with the imputed movements. The range of
difference between the actual and imputed figures is not pre-
cisely known, but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.


Revisions to Previous Period Data-Quarterly data and data
for prior years may be revised as the result of corrected figures
from respondents or other corrections. Figures which have
been revised by more than 5 percent from previously published
figures are indicated by footnotes.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Shipments-Shipments include all copper-base mill and
foundry product controlled materials. Both products produced
by the company which owns the materials and products pro-
duced for others under toll agreements are included.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both ship-
ments for sale (to the trade and shipments (production) for own
use. Shipments for own use represent copper and copper-base
alloy castings for use by the reporting company or by a sub-
sidiary, parent, or other affiliated company. Also included are
castings produced and consumed at the same location in the
production of finished products.


Copper-Base Mill Products-Products produced by rolling,
drawing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other copper-
base alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of copper wire
are also included. Intermediate shapes of powder mill products
are included. All other intermediate shapes are excluded. An
intermediate shape is any product which has been rolled, drawn,
or extruded from refined copper or brass, and which will be
rerolled, redrawn, insulated, or further processed into finished
brass mill or copper wire mill products (or into another inter-
mediate shape) by other producers of intermediate or finished
shapes of copper controlled materials.

Controlled Materials-Steel, copper, aluminum, and nickel
alloys, either domestic or imported, in the forms and shapes
specified in Defense Materials Systems, regulation 1, as revised,
whether new, remelted, rerolled, or redrawn.

Unfilled Order for Sale-Includes unfilled order for sale to
the trade for controlled materials that have been accepted or
acknowledged and which have not been shipped.



COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import com-
modity classifications were developed independently and are
based on somewhat differing systems of classification. This
results in considerable difficulty in comparing the three types of
data for many commodity areas. The domestic output classifica-
tion is based on type of industry; on the other hand, the export
and import classification system is more materials oriented.
Aside from the differences in the basic commodity classifica-
tions, there are additional problems involving import data, since
there are a substantial number of imported commodities which
are not produced in the United States or which are produced
only in very small quantities and which, therefore, have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxi-
mations, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above,
there are also the following problems affecting the com-
parability of the three sets of data.









Valuation-There are different methods of valuation for the
three types of data:

Domestic Output-Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.

Exports-Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance, and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing
plant to the export point.

Imports-Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty,
and other charges to the import point.

Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output-Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be used as
materials for incorporation into other commodities, combina-
tions of data for such commodities may contain a certain
amount of duplication. Thus, percentages of exports to output
or imports to apparent consumption (output plus imports minus
exports) at four-digit or broader levels may be understated.
Where duplication is known to be substantial, the output data
are appropriately noted in the table.


Estimated Low-Valued Export and Import Transactions-The
import statistics include estimated value data for shipments
valued under $251, based on a 1-percent sample. Effective with
the statistics for March 1979, the lower limit of the value ranges
for estimating data for low-value export shipments has been
raised from $251 to $501. For countries other than Canada,
effective with the March 1979 statistics, data for shipments
valued $501-$999 (formerly $251-$999) are estimated based on
a 50-percent sample of such shipments. As in the past, these
estimates are combined with data for shipments valued $1,000
and over, which continue to be fully compiled. For Canada,
effective with the March 1979 statistics, shipments valued
$501-$1,999 ($251-$1,999 prior to March 1979) are estimated,
based on a 10-percent sample and are combined with fully
compiled data for shipments valued $2,000 and over. For
exports to all countries, data for shipments valued under $501
(under $251 prior to March 1979) are also estimated, based on
established percentages of individual country totals.

Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind-The value
of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level
often includes a small amount which is not distributed among
the individual f.- 'Jig product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
slightly overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports-There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the


producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports-
Export and import data do not include materials which are
incorporated into other more finished products and exported or
imported in finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports
and imports, the relation of exports to output and imports to
apparent consumption for intermediate products is considerably
understated.

Used Commodities-With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt
commodities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.

Geographic Area of Coverage-Import and export data reflect
the movement of merchandise into and out of the U.S. customs
territory (the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico). They do not include movements between the United
States and its possessions. Domestic output (shipments) data
exclude Puerto Rico and other outlying areas.

HISTORICAL NOTE

Data on copper-controlled materials have been collected by
the Bureau of the Census since 1951. Historical data may be
obtained from Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for
Industry before 1959) available at your local Federal Depository
Library. A list of these libraries may be obtained from the
Bureau of the Census regional offices:


Office


Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6142
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 3744601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 5974920
(206) 442-7080


RELATED REPORTS


A quarterly Current Industrial Report is published in this
series. The Bureau of the Census also publishes the .:iL..-..r,.
related reports:


Series


Frequency Title


Current Industrial Reports

M33E Monthly


Nonferrous Castings








Series
M33K


MA-33L


Frequency Title


Monthly


Annual


Other Industry Reports


M3-1


(AS)


(MC)


Monthly


Annually


Quin-
quennially


Foreign Trade Reports

EM-546 Monthly


Inventories of Brass and Copper
Wire Mill Shapes

Insulated Wire and Cable


Manufacturers'Shipments, In-
ventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of Manufactures
(ASM)

Census of Manufactures




U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
Commodity by Country


Subject Area


Manufacturers' Ship-
ments, Inventories,
and Orders

Census/ASM

To order a Census
Bureau publication

Foreign Trade
publication

Bureau of Industrial
Economics

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


Contact


Ruth Runyan


Dale Gordon

Customer Services
(DUSD)

Juanita Noone


Phone Number


(301) 763-2502


(301) 763-7304

(301) 763-4100


(301) 763-5140


Graylin Presbury (202) 566-7732


IM-145-X Monthly


CONTACTS FOR DATA USEI


Subject Area
Current Industrial
Report ITA-9008


Contact

James L. Oliver


Phone Number

(301) 763-5440


This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau
of the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief,
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard, Chief, Metals
Section. Jim Oliver was directly responsible for the review of
the data and preparation of the report. Roger Bugenhagen,
Chief of the Division, and John R. Wikoff, Assistant Chief for
Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction and
coordination to this project.


U.S. Imports for Consumption
and General Imports







U.S. Department
of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Washington, D.C. 20233
Official Business
Penalty for Private Use, $300


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IIS I 1l III 11111llilll 1111 1 lll I
3 1262 08589 2023
-..... # rmIu
CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58