National apprenticeship and training standards for dental technicians

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Title:
National apprenticeship and training standards for dental technicians
Physical Description:
v, 33 p. : ; 21 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
National Association of Dental Laboratories (U.S.)
United States -- Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Labor, Manpower Administration, Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Edition:
Rev. 1975.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Dental technicians   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
developed by the National Association of Dental Laboratories.
General Note:
"Developed by the National Association of Dental Laboratories, Inc., in accordance with the recommended standards of the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Dept. of Labor."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 005003288
oclc - 02410508
Classification:
lcc - RK60.5 .N2 1975
System ID:
AA00009164:00001


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National Apprenticeship 4
and Training Standards
for Dental Technicians
U.S. Department of Labor
Manpower Administration
















































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in 2011 with funding Irom
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National Apprenticeship
and Training Standards
for Dental Technicians

U. S. Department of Labor
John T. Dunlop, Secretary
Manpower Administration
William H. Kolberg
Assistant Secretary for Manpower
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
Revised 1975
Developed by the National Association
of Dental Laboratories, Inc., in accordance
with the recommended standards of the
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training,
U. S. Department of Labor
V ?'














U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
MANPOWER ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20210


1 N T Q0
, .s

j*4 ,


November 20, 1974





National Apprenticeship and
Training Committee
National Association of Dental
Laboratories, Inc.
3801 Mt. Vernon Avenue
Alexandria, Virginia 22305

Gentlemen:

Your revised National Apprenticeship and Training Standards,
covering the trade of dental technician, have been registered
as part of the Department of Labor's National Apprenticeship
Program. It includes the basic standards recommended by the
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

I congratulate you and the association which you represent
on your efforts to provide a systematic and uniform method
for training dental technicians throughout the industry.
Your continued interest and initiative in providing guidance
to your association's membership in line with your recommended
national standards should bring you lasting credit and
satisfaction.

The field staff of the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
is available to assist your local members in formulating
apprenticeship programs patterned after your national standards.

Sincerely,



HUGH C. MURPHY
Associate Manpower Administrator
Bureau of Apprenticeship
and Training





















NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DENTAL LABORATORIES, INC M 3801 MT VERNON AVENUE ALEXANDRIA VA 22305 0 17031 683-5263


November 20, 1974


A Note to Members of the Dental Laboratory Industry


NADL has long recognized the problem of
serious young people into our industry.
tion with the U. S. Department of Labor
and Training Standards for the industry
every industry apprentice.


attracting skilled and
In 1965 NADL in conjunc-
developed Apprenticeship
which are in effect for


The apprentice training programs encouraged by these standards
have supplied a vehicle to both attract and train the technicians
of the future. Because of the major contribution our industry
makes to the health of the nation, it is especially important
that these programs thrive and prosper.

We have come a long way in the past nine years in the field of
apprentice training. I have no doubt our past successes will
multiply in the future.




Raymond H. Martin, C.D.T.
President, NADL





CONTENTS


Definitions ......................................................
Apprentices .....................................................
1. Equal Opportunity in Apprenticeship .........................


2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.


Term of Apprenticeship .................................... 3
Apprenticeship Agreement ................................. 4
Ratio of Apprentices to Dental Technicians ................... 4
Probationary Period ....................................... 4
Credit for Previous Experience ... ........................ 5
Hours of Work ............................................ 5
Compensation ............................................ 5
Examinations ............................................. 5
Work Experience .......................................... 6
Related Instruction ........................................ 6
Apprentice Records, Reports, and Examinations............... 6
Selection Procedures ...................................... 7
Accident Prevention ....................................... 7
Adjusting Differences ...................................... 7
Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship .................. 7


National Association of Dental Laboratories Apprenticeship and
Training Policy ...............................................
Adapting National Standards to Local Use-Program Supervision .......
1. National Apprenticeship and Training Committee .............
2. Employers and Supervisors of Apprenticeship and Training ......
3. Ratio of Apprentices .......................................
4. Filing With the Registration Agency ..........................
5. C consultants ......... .....................................
6. Term of Apprenticeship ....................................
7. Rates of Pay ..............................................
8. Supervision ..............................................
9. Modifications.............................................
Dental Technician (Dentures) .....................................
Dental Technician (Crown and Bridge) ...............................
Dental Technician (Ceramics) ......................................
Dental Technician (Casting) .......................................
Apprenticeship Agreement Between Apprentice and Employer..........
Apprenticeship Agreement Between Apprentice and Joint
Apprenticeship Committee ................................ .....
Regional Offices, Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training .............
State and Territorial Apprenticeship Agencies .......................




Association shall mean the National Association of
Dental Laboratories, Inc. For the purpose of this program, the
association's address will be 3801 Mt. Vernon Avenue,
Alexandria, Va. 22305.
Employer shall mean any member of the National Associa-
tion of Dental Laboratories, Inc., who has the facilities and
equipment to train apprentices in accordance with the terms
and conditions of these national standards.
Supervisor of apprenticeship and training shall mean the
individual selected by the employer to organize and administer
the local apprenticeship program in accordance with these
national standards.
.Registration agency shall mean a State apprenticeship
agency recognized by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Train-
ing, U.S. Department of Labor, or in States where there is no
recognized agency, it shall mean the Bureau of Apprenticeship
and Training, U.S. Department of Labor.




Apprentices

1. Equal Opportunity in Apprenticeship
All programs of apprenticeship registered with the Bureau
of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Department of Labor,
must include in their standards the following equal opportunity
pledge: "The recruitment, selection, employment, and
training of apprentices during their apprenticeship shall be
without discrimination because of race, color, religion, na-
tional origin, or sex. The sponsor will take affirmative action to
provide equal opportunity in apprenticeship and will operate its
apprenticeship program as required under title 29 of the Code
of Federal Regulations, part 30."
a. Qualifications for Apprenticeship
To be eligible for dental technician apprenticeship, all
applicants will be required to meet the following qualifica-
tions, as a minimum:
(1) At least 16 years of age unless State law requires a
higher maximum age. (Proof of age required.) A max-
imum age limit may be required, if desired. Where a
maximum age is established, it must be stated in the





program. Exceptions to the maximum age limit may be
provided for honorably discharged veterans, for pre-
vious work experience in the trade, or to meet estab-
lished minority apprentice employment goals and time-
tables.
(2) Must have successfully completed 4 years of high
school, or furnish evidence of general education devel-
opment equivalency.
(3) Must be physically fit to perform the work of the trade.
b. Affirmative Action Plan
In addition to establishing minimum qualifications for
apprenticeship, each local program sponsor employing
five or more apprentices will be required to develop and
adopt an affirmative action plan which shall include goals
and timetables for the selection of minority applicants
and its local labor market analysis upon which such goals
and timetables, or lack thereof, are based, and shall adopt
a selection method consistent with the requirements of
title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended.
Any local program of the National Association of Dental
Laboratories in which fewer than five apprentices are
indentured shall not be required to adopt an affirmative
action plan under section 30.4 or the selection procedure
under section 30.5 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations,
part 30, as amended.

2. Term of Apprenticeship
Dental technician apprentices shall serve a minimum of
either 4,000 or 6,000 hours in the trade (depending on which
training specialty is chosen), such term to include probationary
period.
The apprentice's progress in each phase of apprenticeship
may be determined on a credit hour basis. Therefore, an
apprentice who, by unusual aptitude and industry or because
of past educational or practical experience, achieves the
desired level of attainment in one phase of apprenticeship in
less than the time designated may be advanced to the next
phase. The determination of such achievement in less than the
usual scheduled hours shall be made by the employer with the
approval of the National Apprenticeship and Training
Committee.





3. Apprenticeship Agreement -j


The dental technician apprentice shall be covered by a
written apprenticeship agreement, signed by the apprentice
and the employer and registered with the appropriate registra-
tion agency.-/ Such agreement shall contain a statement
making the terms and conditions of the local standards a part
of the agreement.
The registration agency will be furnished a list of appren-
tice actions periodically when the registration agency does not
otherwise require a copy of the apprenticeship agreement.5/

4. Ratio of Apprentices to Dental Techniciais
The provision in local standards covering the ratio of
apprentices to journeymen shall be worked out in accordance
with local practices, or as stated in local collective bargaining
agreements.
No more apprentice dental technicians shall be employed
than can be given proper supervision on the job and afforded
employment opportunity on completion of apprenticeship. The
ratio of dental technicians to apprentices shall be stated in the
local program.

5. Probationary Period
Apprentice dental technicians employed under local
programs shall be subject to a probationary period, not to
exceed 3 months or 500 hours of reasonably continuous em-
ployment. Upon satisfactory completion of the probationary





_3 Some State apprenticeship agencies require the use of their own apprenticeship agree-
ment forms. In such instances, the agreement forms may be obtained from the staffs of
either the State apprenticeship agencies or the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training,
U.S. Department of Labor. If such is not the case, the sample forms included herein may
be used.

-l/ Where required by law andlor the local custom, the apprenticeship agreement will also
be signed by the apprentice's parent or guardian.

5- Registration agencies requiring a signed copy of the apprenticeship agreement for
registration purposes are: Arizona, California, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mass-
achusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington,
Wisconsin, and the District of Columbia.





period, apprentices will enter into an apprenticeship agreement
with their employer and will be given credit towards their
apprenticeship for training and time spent in probationary
status. Apprenticeship agreements may be canceled at any
time for due cause. The registration agency shall be advised of
all cancellations and terminations of apprenticeship agree-
ments.

6. Credit for Previous Experience
Upon a finding that applicants have had previous expe-
rience, either practical or educational, to qualify for advanced
standing in the apprenticeship program, applicants may be
given such advanced standing, subject to review by their em-
ployer on or before the end of the probationary period. Where
such advanced standing is granted, apprentices will be paid at
the rate for the period to which they have advanced.

7. Hours of Work
The workday and workweek for apprentices and conditions
associated therewith shall be the same as those of other clas-
sifications of employees doing comparable work.

8. Compensation
Apprentices shall be paid for each hour spent in the dental
laboratory and in related instruction during normal working
hours at a progressively increasing schedule of wages to be
established on a percentage of the prevailing local dental
technician's wage rate. It is recommended that increases be
granted at intervals of 1,000 hours or less.
Payments for tuition fees, books, and supplies required for
approved courses, and gratuities upon the successful comple-
tion of the apprenticeship, may be granted in accordance with
local custom.

9. Examinations
Apprentices shall be examined prior to advancement to
each phase of their apprenticeship and whenever the employer
considers it necessary to determine their progress. Considera-
tion shall be given to related instruction and on-the-job work
records and such other factors as are indicative of an appren-
tice's development in the skills of the trade.





10. Work Experience


Apprentices shall be taught the use, care, and effective
handling of all tools and equipment commonly used in the
trade. They shall be given work experience and training in the
trade to assure them of the skill and proficiency which char-
acterize a qualified dental technician, as herein defined. Such
on-the-job training shall be carried on under the control of the
employer or designated representative, under the direction and
guidance of a qualified dental technician, certified dental
technician, or graduate dentist.

11. Related Instruction
Apprentice dental technicians shall be required to attend
classes in subjects related to the trade for a minimum of 144
hours per year. These classes may be given during or outside
the regular working hours depending upon local practices and
available facilities. All time spent in such classes after working
hours shall not be considered as hours of work. If required to
attend classes during the regular working hours, apprentices
shall be compensated therefore at their regular hourly rate.
To provide appropriate instruction, in-plant courses may
be given, utilizing company or outside personnel as teachers.
Local high schools or colleges may be helpful in developing
instruction material and providing for in-plant education. Local
high schools, vocational schools, and colleges usually coop-
erate in offering related studies that can be taken after work-
ing hours.

12. Apprentice Records, Reports, and Examinations
The National Apprenticeship and Training Committee shall
require the local employer to develop and keep such records as
are necessary for the proper training of apprentices under these
standards, as follows:
a. Application form for entrance into apprenticeship.
b. Tests or examinations as required for entrance and, period-
ically, for evaluation of progress and for completion.
c. Copy of registered apprenticeship agreement.
d. Periodic report forms.
e. Record of progress and attendance in related and technical
instruction, and of selection standards and procedures.





13. Selection Procedures


Local apprenticeship program sponsors shall develop
appropriate apprentice selection standards, procedures, and
rating systems consistent with requirements of title 29, CFR,
part 30, Equal Employment Opportunity in Apprenticeship and
Training, as amended.

14. Accident Prevention
Apprentice dental technicians shall receive training and
instruction in accident prevention and safe working habits both
on the job and in related instruction, during their entire term of
apprenticeship. Such instruction shall be coordinated with
actual work performed on the job and tools and equipment
used.

15. Adjusting Differences
The employer and the apprentice shall have the right and
privilege of appeal to the National Apprenticeship and Training
Committee in the event of disputes or controversies arising
over any provision of the local apprenticeship standards which
cannot be satisfactorily settled locally between them. The
national committee shall hear all parties and make such
adjustments as it may consider necessary.

16. Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship
Apprentices who complete their apprenticeship and who
have passed the required dental technician examination shall
be awarded a certificate by the national committee attesting to
their satisfactory completion of training and recognition as
qualified journeymen. Certificates of completion are also
available from the registration agency upon request by the
local program sponsor for apprentices completing apprentice-
ship under registered standards.


National Association of Dental Laboratories
Apprenticeship and Training Policy

It is a basic policy of the members of the National Associa-
tion of Dental Laboratories to provide for training and opportu-
nity for growth for all employees of its members. This, in turn,





promotes continuity and growth for all the members of the
association. Such a policy is the best guarantee of the security
and well-being of the Nation and of ever-increasing opportu-
nities for the employees and owners of dental laboratories.
The fulfillment of this policy is a constant challenge in the
Nation's rapidly changing technological and economic climate.
It will require vigilance and frequent readjustment to meet the
manpower needs of this highly technical industry.
The important objective is to meet the needs of the
industry for skilled and competent journeymen. Actual
laboratory experience and related instruction constitute the
hardcore of training conducive to career success in the dental
laboratory industry.
Trends at the present time indicate that trained personnel
can be prepared for skilled jobs more efficiently and
economically, and with higher standards of achievement, than
was possible with traditional fixed-period training programs of
the past.
It is recognized that the time needed to acquire these basic
fundamentals will vary with the ability and application of the
individual, the area of specialization for which he or she is
training, and the facilities available to each laboratory.
Because of the rapid and inevitable changes always taking
place in dental laboratory techniques, the National Association
of Dental Laboratories Apprenticeship and Training Committee
will maintain a constant surveillance of apprentices, apprentice
problems, and new requirements. It will develop new training
criteria, guidelines, and measures of attainment in the appren-
ticeship and other training programs as new conditions
dictate. In this fashion, the National Association of Dental
Laboratories can more effectively foster and promote training
of greater benefit to the apprentices and the dental laboratories.



Adapting National Standards to Local Use-
Program Supervision

The National Association of Dental Laboratories will
oversee these national standards and their use to obtain the
maximum effectiveness of local apprenticeship programs and
to insure the availability of competently trained personnel to
meet the needs of its membership. The meaningful adaptation
of the association's stated policy and the application of





national standards to local operations will require active and
continuing cooperation of the association and the individual
member laboratories.

1. National Apprenticeship and Training Committee
This committee will be an administrative body named by
the National Association of Dental Laboratories and comprised
of operators of dental laboratories and other experts in the field
of dental laboratory technology. It will be directly responsible
to the association for apprenticeship and training under the
purview of this agreement. The committee shall make every
effort to maintain the application of these national standards
among the membership of the association. Any adjustment of
these standards to the needs of the industry, the development
of new training criteria, guidelines, curriculum, and the
application of measures of attainment rests with this com-
mittee, subject to approval by the association.
A representative from the Bureau of Apprenticeship and
Training, U.S. Department of Labor, and/or the State appren-
ticeship agency, if one exists in the State, is available upon
request to attend meetings as adviser and consultant on labor
standards applicable to apprentices, on the development of
administrative procedures for the conduct of apprenticeship,
and on any problems relating to apprentices and apprentice-
ship.

2. Employers and Supervisors of Apprenticeship and Training
Responsibility for apprenticeship and training in the local
laboratory usually falls upon the employer.-J
It is recommended that the employer select a supervisor of
apprenticeship and training to organize and administer the
local apprenticeship program.
It shall be the duty of the employer through the supervisor
to adopt local apprenticeship programs consistent with these
national standards, and covering such items as:
a. Method of selecting apprentices.
b. Schedule of work experience on the job.

6/ Nothing herein supersedes existing agreements or practices between management and
labor. Thus, the continued or future use of local joint apprenticeship committees, equally
representative of management and labor, is recommended in the operation of local pro-
grams involving employers having a bargaining agreement with a union. In such cases, the
local standards should conform as nearly as possible to these recommended national
standards.





c. Progressively increasing schedule of wages for the
apprentice.
d. Supplemental related instruction.
e. Provision for reviewing or testing the apprentices'
progress.
f. Providing the apprentices with certificates of com-
pletion.
It shall be the responsibility of the local program sponsor to:
a. Determine the need for apprentices.
b. Approve apprenticeship selections.
c. Assure that necessary on-the-job experience and
related instruction are provided.
d. Conduct periodic examination of apprentices.
e. Notify the appropriate registration agency and the
association of any cancellation or termination of
apprenticeship agreements.
f. Prepare and submit all necessary reports concerning
its program to the local, State, or Federal agencies.
g. Supervise the enforcement of the provisions of the
local apprenticeship and training standards.

3. Ratio of Apprentices
One apprentice dental technician may be employed in all
shops where one dental technician is regularly employed full
time (i.e., 40 hours per workweek). Thereafter, one apprentice
may be employed for each additional three or major fraction of
dental technicians regularly employed.

4. Filing With the Registration Agency
A copy of the local apprenticeship standards, and any
amendments thereto, shall be filed with the registration
agency.

5. Consultants
Guidance in the successful operation of the apprenticeship
program is always available from the association representa-
tive. Advice and assistance may also be sought from the
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Department of
Labor, the State apprenticeship agencies, and/or State depart-
ments of education.





6. Term of Apprenticeship


The term of apprenticeship for the apprentice dental
technician shall be approximately either 4,000 or 6,000 con-
secutive hours (depending on which specialty is chosen) of
on-the-job training, which shall include a minimum of 144
hours per year of related supplemental instruction. The term
shall be divided into 6-month periods of 1,000 hours each.
NOTE: For the specialty of technician (ceramics), it will be
assumed that the apprentice has either completed the special
4-month course on tooth forms and anatomy or has equivalent
experience. See section on dental technician (ceramics).
The first 500 hours shall be considered a probationary or
tryout period, during which time either party may cancel the
apprenticeship agreement by notifying the other. The registra-
tion agency shall be advised of all such cancellations.
Apprentice dental technicians will work with qualified
dental technicians under the supervision of the laboratory
manager and will receive work experience and training pertain-
ing to the skills of dental technology. It will be their duty to
familiarize themselves generally in a manner that will lead to
their advancement. As they become familiar with the subjects
related to the operation of laboratory equipment and methods
of fabrication, they will be expected to perform any duties
considered to be those of an apprentice dental technician.
During the probationary period, apprentices will have an
opportunity to observe this work in its entirety, enabling them
to decide whether it will be to their liking, and whether they
have the ability to absorb further training.




7. Rates of Pay (40-hour week)

Dental technician (dentures); dental technician (crown
and bridge):
1st 1,000 hours ......... 50 % of dental technician's rate
2d 1,000 hours ......... 60 % of dental technician's rate
3d 1,000 hours ......... 70 % of dental technician's rate
4th 1,000 hours ......... 80% of dental technician's rate
5th 1,000 hours ......... 90% of dental technician's rate
6th 1,000 hours ......... 95% of dental technician's rate





Dental technician (ceramics):


1st 1,000 hours ......... 70% of dental technician's rate
2d 1,000 hours ......... 80% of dental technician's rate
3d 1,000 hours ......... 90% of dental technician's rate
4th 1,000 hours ......... 95% of dental technician's rate
(Apprentices who must complete special 665 hours of
training on tooth forms and anatomy as a prerequisite to enter-
ing the regular 4,000-hour program for dental technician
(ceramics) shall be paid at 50 percent of dental technician's
rate.)
Dental Technician (casting):
1st 1,000 hours ......... 50% of dental technician's rate
2d 1,000 hours ......... 60% of dental technician's rate
3d 1,000 hours ......... 75% of dental technician's rate
4th 1,000 hours ......... 90% of dental technician's rate

8. Supervision
General supervision of this national policy shall be the
responsibility of the general office of the National Association
of Dental Laboratories, Alexandria, Va.
Apprentices under local programs will be supervised and
trained by qualified dental technicians.

9. Modifications
The National Association of Dental Laboratories Appren-
ticeship and Training Committee reserves the right to make
such changes in its apprenticeship and training standards as
may in its judgment be necessary, subject to the approval of
the national association. Such modifications shall be sub-
mitted to the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S.
Department of Labor, for approval.





Dental Technician [Dentures] 6,000 hours


Hours
1. Introduction ................................... 170
a. Basic orientation and anatomy pertinent to
the construction of complete and partial
dentures
b. Terminology

2. Preliminary Impressions and Casts ............... 170
a. Review clinical impression technique
b. Preparation of preliminary impressions,
rinsing, removal of excess water
c. Mix and pour plaster in upper impression
d. Preparation of plaster patty
e. Filled upper impression placed on patty
f. Allow proper time to set up
g. Pouring lower impression
h. Removal of impressions from plaster
i. Trimming casts

3. Custom Impression Trays ...................... 340
a. Types of custom impression trays
b. Outlining maxillary cast
c. Outlining mandibular cast
d. Construction of custom trays
(1) Use of wax spacer
(2) Tinfoil substitute
(3) Materials for custom tray
(4) Adopting soft tray material
(5) Trimming soft tray material
(6) Construction of handle
(7) Removal of tray from cast
(8) Final trimming and polishing

4. Preparation of Master Casts..................... 170
a. Handling of final impressions





Hours


b. Construction of master casts (three methods)
(1) Pouring final impressions and investing
(2) Pouring final impressions without
investing
(3) Boxing final impressions

5. Construction Baseplates ..................... 170
a. Shellac baseplates
b. Matrix-type stabilized baseplates
c. Sprinkle method of stabilized baseplates

6. Occlusion Rims ................................ 390
a. Use of occlusion rims
b. Proper contouring of occlusion rims
c. Length of occlusion rims
d. Methods of constructing occlusion rims
(1) Occlusion rim former
(2) Hand-formed occlusion rims
7. Articulators and Mounting Casts ................. 390
a. New terminology
b. Types of articulators
c. Jaw and articulator movements
d. Manipulation of Hanau H-2 articulator
e. Clinical procedures for recording maxio-
mandibular relations
f. Laboratory procedures for mounting casts
on articulator
8. Setting Up Teeth- Partial and Full Dentures ...... 1,000
a. Positioning of each individual tooth on
model, taking into consideration esthetics,
phonetics, and function; using various
types of articulators in accordance with the
dentist's instructions
b. Grinding into articulation remaining missing
teeth needed for the partial, stressing
butted teeth where aesthetically accepted





Hours


9. Festooning-Carving the Denture Base to
Develop Natural Structure and Anatomy ........... 340
a. New terminology
b. Procedures for festooning complete dentures
(1) Removal of casts
(2) Waxing "drip" method, "press on"
method
(3) Contouring-anterior area
(4) Contouring-posterior area
(5) Carving around individual teeth
(6) Strippling
c. Posterior palatal seal
d. Wax dentures sealed to casts and returned
to articulator
e. Removal of casts
f. Use of preformed patterns

10. Flasking, Packing, and Processing a Complete
Denture ....................................... 500
a. Regular and pour-cure fluid resin
b. Parts of flask
c. Secure cast to base of flask
d. Secure upper half of flask, vibrate stone in
all crevices until all teeth are covered; wipe
stone from occlusal surfaces
e. Paint on separating medium and fill
remainder of flask
f. Wax elimination
g. Packing
(1) Monomer and polymer mixed to
manufacturer's specifications
(2) Under pack and gradually build up;
test pack, or overfill and remove
excess and pressing
h. Place flask in processing clamp
(1) Clamped flask is placed in curing unit





Hours


(2) Nine hours at 165F or 1 hour at
1650F, then boiled at 2120 F for
one-half hour
i. Removal of flask and stone
(1) Flask ejector
(2) Removal of stone by plaster saw,
plaster nippers, or pneumatic air
hammer


11. Finishing ..................................... 340
a. Remove excess material to outline required
in finished product
b. Shaping and trimming excess material
around teeth; festooning with burs and
sanders in preparation for polishing

12. Polishing ..................................... 340
a. New terminology
b. Use of wet pumice with brush wheel and
muslin buffing wheel
c. Tripoli applied with dry muslin buffing brush
d. Final polish with high shine
e. Final scrubbing

13. Wrought Bars and Clasps....................... 680
(This phase of the course familarizes the trainee
with simple principles of wrought clasps and bar
designing. Investing techniques, soldering, and
partial denture processing in acrylic, using the
regular and pour-cure techniques.)
a. Bending clasp wire
(1) Pouring of the partial casts
(2) Outline of clasps and bar on cast
(3) Construction of clasp and bar following
outline
(4) Bending and shaping of retention loops
(5) Assembling of all units


16





Hours


(6) Waxing and bracing units
(7) Removal of assembled bar and clasps
from cast
(8) Investing preparatory to soldering
b. Soldering of assembled lingual bar
(1). Wax elimination
(2) Heat soaking
(3) Soldering
(4) Pickling
(5) Trimming and heat treatment
(6) Finishing and polishing

14. Flasking, Packing, and Processing ................ 500
a. Regular method
(1) Bank
(2) Split
(3) Carryover
b. Pour and cure fluid resin (follow manufac-
turer's instructions)

15. Finishing and Polishing (See sections 11 and 12
for these procedures.)

16. Repairs ....................................... 500
a. Preparing all types of dentures for repairs,
addition of parts, grinding in replacement
of teeth
b. Bending and adapting wrought gold and
steel wires to replace broken components


17





Dental Technician [Crown and Bridge] 6,000 hours


Hours
1. Basic Orientation and Introduction to Fixed
Restorative Techniques ....................... 160
a. Introduction
b. Terminology


2. Types of Fixed Restorations .................... 340
a. Terminology
b. Crowns
c. Veneered
d. Partial
e. Jacket
f. Fixed bridge
g. Types of pontics based on materials used
in construction
h. Types of pontics based on form
i. Contour of pontic tips
j. Connectors


3. Impression Casts and Dies...................... 640
a. Impression materials
b. Impression trays
c. Materials for casts and dies
d. Impressions for fixed restorative procedures
e. Pouring impressions for diagnostic casts
(made from alginate impressions)
f. Custom impression trays


4. Developing Working Casts from Tray
Impressions ................................... 600
a. Types of tray impressions
b. Methods of pouring tray impressions and
obtaining casts





Hours


c. Working casts with removable dies
(1) Stripping technique
(2) Stripping with hydrocolloid impression
(3) Double pour sawout technique
d. Paralleling dowel pins before pouring
e. Di-Lok tray technique

5. Developing Dies from Band Impressions ........... 640
a. Band impression used and materials
b. Pouring a stone die in the band impression
(1) Objectives of stone die
(2) When margins recorded in confines
of band
(3) When portion of margin is recorded in
rubber beyond end of band
(4) Recovery of die from impression
c. Electroformed dies
(1) Advantages and equipment
(2) Copper plating-compound
impressions
(3) Silver plating-rubber base
impressions

6. Preparation of Dies [Stone] ..................... 340
a. Trimming the root portion to permit with-
drawal from the cast
Die with no dowel pin-flat surface or
grooves carved for index
b. Definition of margin
(1) Importance of accurate margin to
finished case
(2) Ditching the die
c. Preparation of die surface
(1) Undercuts blocked out
(2) Die lubricated after trimming and
ditching completed





Hours


7. Developing Working Casts from Transfer
Impressions ................................... 340
a. Tray impressions-hydrocolloid or rubber
base impression material
b. Transfer impressions
c. Coping transfer impressions
d. Technique for coping transfer impressions
(1) Development of copings
(2) Taking the impression
(3) Assembling and pouring impression
(4) Removing working casts from
impression
e. Semiaccurate transfer impressions


8. Tooth Forms and Anatomy...................... 640
a. Orientation to classification of teeth and
tooth anatomy
b. Carving 1 x 28 from plaster or wax blocks
(average size)
c. Wax-up technique
(1) Preparation of stone cast-surfaces of
each tooth cut down, some teeth may
be cut off at the gingival margin
(2) Build up with wax to correct anatomy
of each tooth prepared on the stone cast
d. Drop-wax technique (applying wax with
spatula to the prepared occlusions of a
stone cast)


9. Relating Opposing Tooth Surfaces to the
W working Casts .................. ............... 600
a. Development of occlusion as related to the
three techniques for pattern development
(1) Direct technique (wax chew-in)
(2) Indirect technique-wax occlusal
registration


20





Hours


(3) Occlusal cores
(a) Advantages of occlusal cores
(b) Articulation of cores
b. Anatomic opposing casts
(1) Simple inlay, crown or small bridge
(2) Multiple small restorations or large
single restorations mounted on
adjustable articulator

10. Spruing and Investing ........................... 340
a. Spruing
(1) Sprue former
(2) Crucible former
(3) Diameter and area attachment of the sprue
(4) Reservoirs prevent shrink spot porosity
(5) Attaching sprues
(6) Sprue lengths and venting
(7) Orientation of the sprue
b. Investment techniques
(1) Shrinkage of gold alloy
(2) Investment expansion
(a) Setting expansion
(b) Hygroscopic
(c) Thermal expansion
(3) Burnout procedures
(4) Types of investment
(5) Controlled water and added investment
technique
(6) Control of expansion
c. Technical procedures
(1) Spruing
(2) Investing procedures
(a) Thermal expansion technique
(b) Water immersion hygroscopic
technique





Hours


(c) Water added hygroscopic technique
(3) Removal of sprue base and sprue pin

11. Wax Elimination and Casting.................... 260
a. Wax elimination
(1) Purposes
(2) Furnace
(3) Temperature
(4) Time
(5) Placement of ring in furnace
b. Casting
(1) Equipment
(a) Melting machines
(b) Gas/oxygen or gas/air blowtorch
(2) Casting machines
(a) Air pressure casting machine
(b) Centrifugal casting machine
(3) Preparation for casting
(a) Balancing centrifugal casting
machine arm
(b) Casting accessories
(4) Casting with centrifugal machine and
gas/air blowpipe
(5) Casting with centrifugal machine and
electrifugal machine and electric muffle

12. Processing Tooth-Colored Resins ................ 600
a. Forming white wax to simulate natural teeth
and placing in the front of the various gold
veneer units
b. Imbedding the white wax veneer goldwork
in plaster
c. Opening of flask and washing away of wax
d. Opaquing the gold framework
e. Mixing plastic powder with resin liquid to
create proper shade submitted by dentist


22





Hours


f. Mixing dough to proper consistency and
placing mixture into flask on the surface of
the opaqued area
g. Test pack by closing flask under pressure,
reopen flask, and remove excess material
h. Cut away at the cutting edges of teeth and
place translucency plastic
i. Reclosing flask under press
j. Placing flask in spring compensating device
and immersing in boiling water or vacuum
atmosphere oven for curing and hardening
resin
k. Reopening flask and removing bridge from
encased plaster
I. Grinding and polishing the cured plastic

13. Finishing and Polishing of Goldwork .............. 500
a. Finishing of gold crown and bridgework
(1) Cutting sprue from the cast
(2) Shaping gold to an anatomical form
(3) Smoothing all rough surfaces
b. Finishing, polishing, and high shining with
rouge and other shining agents on dental lathe
c. Check for marginal fit, proper solder
connections, color matching, and proper
finishing and polishing



Dental Technician [Ceramics] 4,000 or 4,665 hours I


1. Introduction to Types of Porcelain Restorations .... 160
a. Terminology
b. Types of fixed restorations in porcelain

L The addition of the section on tooth forms and anatomy for apprentices who have not
had instruction on fixed crown and bridgework increases the training time by 4 months
or 665 hours.





Hours
c. Diagnosis and treatment planning
(1) Clinical
(2) Laboratory

2. Tooth Forms and Anatomy...................... 665
(A prerequisite for students who do not have
equivalent instruction or experience in fixed
crown and bridgework.)
a. Orientation to classification of teeth and
tooth anatomy'
b. Carving 1 x 28 from plaster or wax blocks
(average size)
c. Wax-up technique
(1) Preparation of stone cast surfaces of
each tooth cut down, some teeth may
be cut off at the gingival margin
(2) Build up with wax to correct anatomy
of each tooth prepared on the stone cast
d. Drop-wax technique (applying wax with spatula
to the prepared occlusions of a stone cast)

3. Waxing of Coping-Single and Multiple Units ...... 500
a. Terminology
b. Waxing coping for single crown
c. Wax-up for facial veneer type crown
d. Posterior veneer crowns
e. Waxing for bridge abutments
f. Waxing pontics
g. Porcelain faced crowns

4. Spruing and Investing ........................... 500
a. New terminology
b. Spruing
(1) Sprue former
(2) Crucible former
(3) Diameter and area attachment of the sprue
(4) Attaching sprues


24





Hours
(5) Sprue lengths and vesting
(6) Orientation of the sprue
c. Investing
(1) General considerations
(2) Technical procedures
(3) Investing procedures, high temperature
(4)' Investing procedures, hygroscopic

5. Wax Elimination and Casting.................. 350
a. New terminology
b. Wax elimination
(1) Purposes
(2) Furnace
(3) Temperature
(4) Time
(5) Placement of ring in furnace
c. Casting
(1) Equipment-melting machines
(2) Preparation for casting
(3) Casting machine balanced and wound
(4) Casting with centrifugal machine and
electric muffle

6. Soldering and Preparing Metal Framework to
Receive Porcelain .............................. 500
a. New terminology
b. Crowns or pontics to be connected
c. Invest
d. Boilout and preheat before soldering
e. Soldering
f. Preparing units for porcelain
g. Degassing metal

7. Application and Firing of Opaque on Metal ......... 160
a. New terminology
b. Mixing and applying opaque porcelain


25





Hours


c. Baking the opaque porcelain
d. Corrections

8. Building Up, Contouring, and Baking in
Porcelain ...................................... 665
a. New terminology
b. Building up for the first bake
c. Building up for the contour
(1) Applying the incisal
(2) Blending the incisal
d. Carving
e. Shrinkage
f. Baking of porcelain
(1) First bake
(2) Second bake

9. Final Glazeand Staining........................ 500
a. New terminology
b. Preparing for the glazing bake
c. Glazing
d. Staining
e. Applying stains

10. Construction of Porcelain Jacket ................. 665
a. New terminology
b. Platinum matrix
c. Methods of making platinum matrix
d. Applying the opaque
e. Firing the opaque
f. Building the crown
(1) First bake
(2) Second bake
(3) Contouring and glazing
g. Removing matrix





Dental Technician [Casting] 4,000 hours


Hours

1. Introduction to Removable Cast Partials ........... 160
a. Terminology
b. Classification of removable cast partial
c. Treatment procedures
(1) Clinical
(2) Laboratory


2. Surveyor ...................................... 500
a. Use of the surveyor
b. Desirable and undesirable undercuts
c. Cast design
(1) Unilateral
(2) Horseshoe
(3) Bilateral
(4) Palatal and lingual bars
(5) Double palatal bar
(6) Kennedy bar
(7) Lower lingual plate

d. Clasp Design
(1) Akers
(2) Roach or bar clasp
(3) Back-action clasp
(4) Ring clasp
(5) Combinations
(6) Indirect retainer


3. Production of the Refactory Cast ................. 330
a. New terminology
b. Procedure for producing a refactory cast
c. Use of bead line when constructing upper cast


27





Hours


4. Pattern Construction .......................... 670
a. New terminology
b. Freehand waxing technique reviewed
c. Framework outlined on investment cast
d. Wax or plastic patterns selected and placed
(1) Combination of wax patterns
(2) Freehand waxing carved to proper contour
for various types of framework on upper
and lower casts

5. Spruing, Investing, and Casting .................. 670
a. New terminology
b. Spruing maxillary partial denture using a
sprue base
(1) Auxiliary sprues attached
(2) Cast attached to sprue base
(3) Main sprue hole filled with wax
c. Investing maxillary partial denture
(1) Casting ring lined with asbestos
(2) Pattern coated with surface tension
reducing agent for gold or protective
coat for chrome alloy
(3) Investment vibrated into casting ring
d. Spruing mandibular partial denture
e. Investing mandibular partial denture
f. Casting
(1) Casting machine balanced and prepared
(2) Investment patterns placed in cold
oven or it may be preheated up to 1,2000 F
(Follow manufacturer's recommendations.)
(3) Operation of melting equipment
(4) Removal of cast from investment

6. Finishing and Polishing ........................ 670
a. Sprues removed and finished down with
coarse stones


28





Hours


b. Framework finished with mounted stones
into desired shape and finish
c. Rubber-wheeling
(1) Bars, saddles, and clasps
(2) Rubber point for inside of clasp
d. Polishing compound
Felt wheels and points with high-gloss
compound
e. Electrolytic polishing

7. Setting Up Teeth; Partial Dentures ............... 500
a. Selection of teeth
b. Grinding and setting in the necessary teeth
for partial dentures
c. Waxing for finish

8. Flasking, Processing, and Finishing .............. 500
a. Flasking (For pour-cure fluid resin, follow
manufacturer's instructions.)
(1) Casts removed from mount
(2) Casts placed in stone to bottom of flask
(3) Separating medium
(4) Flask assembled-stone poured to
occlusal surface of teeth
(5) Capping poured and lid placed on flask
b. Processing
(1) Regular
(2) Pour-cure
c. Finishing
(1) Flask removed and base contoured
(2) Denture base resin polished


29









U S DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MANPOWER ADMINISTRATION CHECK APPROPRIATE BOX
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training Vietnam Era Veteran
O Vietnam Era Veteran
0 Other Veteran
APPRENTICESHIP AGREEMENT a Non-Veteran
Between Apprentice and Employer SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER






The employer and apprentice whose signatures appear below agree to these
terms ol apprenticeship:

The employer agrees to the nondiscriminatory selection and training of apprentices
in accordance with the Equal Opportunity Standards stated in Section 30.3 of
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 30: and in accordance with the terms
and conditions of the ( Name of Apprenticeship Standards) .................................................
which are made a part of this agreement.

The apprentice agrees to apply himself diligently and faithfully to learning the trade
in accordance with this agreement.




TRADE TERM OF APPRENTICESHIP (Hours or Years PROBATIONARY PERIOD



CREDIT FOR PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE TERM REMAINING DATE THE APPRENTICESHIP BEGINS



This agreement may be terminated by mutual consent of the parties, citing causess, with notification to the Registration Agency.
NAME OF APPRENTICE (r)pc or Print)
TO BE COMPLETED BY THE APPRENTICE
SIGNATURE OF APPRENTICE DATE OF BIRTH (Month. Day, Year)

ADDRESS CHECK APPROPRIATE BOX
D MALE O FEMALE

PARENT OR GUARDIAN RACE/ETHNIC GROUP: (Check one)
El CAUCASIAN/WHITE E[ INFORMATION NOT AVAILABLE
NAME OF EMPLOYER (Compan)i I NEGRO/BLACK E NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
E3 ORIENTAL El SPANISH AMERICAN
E AMERICAN INDIAN
ADDRESS HIGHEST EDUCATION LEVEL (Check one)
1 Bth GRADE OR LESS
El 9th GRADE OR MORE
O 121h GRADE OR MORE
SIGNATURE OF AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL

APPROVED BV (Joint Apprenticeship Committee)

SIGNATURE OF CHAIRMAN OR SECRETARY DATE

REGISTERED BV (Name of Rrgistraion Ajenc' I



SIGNATURE OF AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL DATE
VI


MA 6.718
Jan. 1973


U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE I'; 0 u4,. -101


30












US DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MANPOWER ADMINISTRATION
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training


APPRENTICESHIP AGREEMENT
Between
Apprentice and Joint Apprenticeship Committee


CHECK APPROPRIATE BOX
0 Vietnam Era Vereran
0 Otier Veteran
13 Non.Vere,an


SOCIAL SECURITY NUt.1BER


THIS AGREEM ENT, entered into this .......... ........ .. ....... day of ............... ............. 19 ..

between the parties to (Name of local apprenticeship standards) ..................................................



represented by the Joint Apprenticeship Committee, hereinafter referred to as the COMMITTEE, and

( Nam e of apprentice) ...... ...... ........................ .................... born r M onth. Day, Year) .......................... .... .....

hereinafter referred to as the APPRENTICE, and ( i a minor) (Name of parent or guardian ................................

hereinafter referred to as his GUARDIAN


WITNESSETH THAT-

The Committee agrees to be responsible for the selection, placement and training of said apprentice in
the trade of ............... .... .......... as work is available, and in con-
sideration said apprentice agrees diligently and faithfully to perform the work of said trade during the
period of apprenticeship, in accordance with the regulations of the Committee. The apprenticeship
standards referred to herein are hereby incorporated in and made a part of this agreement.



TERM OF APPRENTICESHIP PROBATIONARY PERIOD CREDIT FOR PREVIOUS TRADE TERM REMAINING
EXPERIENCE


OTHER CONDITIONS


This agreement may be terminated by mutual consent of the signatory parties, upon proper notification to the regrstrafort agency.
SIGNATURE OF APPRENTICE TO BE COMPLETED BY THE APPRENTICE
Cr.'ch fine LJ MALE '2 FEMALE
ADDRESS (%umbi-r SIrL'tf. Cit) State /IP CodeJ RACE ETHNIC GROUP [Check onie
ED CAUCASIAN-WHITE ED INFORMATION NOT AVAILABLE
0 NEGRO'BLACK O3 NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
PARENT OR GUARDIAN (Sienaturel 0 ORIENTAL r SPANISH AMERICAN
CD AMERICAN INDIAN
SIGNATURE (Joint lppn'ntaevship (Co'mmittee Chairman; HIGHEST EDUCATION LE'. EL (Chect. oneI
ED Bin GRADE OR LESS D 12th GRADE OR MORE
'2 9th GRADE OR MORE
SIGNATURE (Juoin Apprenticehlp ('ommhtte, '%.'crtarn


NAME OF REGISTRATION AGENCY



'DATE (Ilinith fn\ Ycar; SIGNATURE AND TITLE OF AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL


MA 6-1 11
Feb. 1973


CPO 1973 0 496 810





REGIONAL OFFICES
BUREAU OF APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING


Location


States Served


Region I
JFK Federal Bldg., Room 1001
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203

Region II
1515 Broadway, Room 3731
New York, N.Y. 10036


Region III
P.O. Box 8796
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101


Region IV
1371 Peachtree Street, NE., Room 700
Atlanta, Ga. 30309


Region V
Federal Bldg., Room 1, Fourth Floor
230 South Dearborn Street
Chicago, III. 60604

Region VI
Griffin Square Bldg., Room 858
Griffin and Young Streets
Dallas, Tex. 75202

Region VII
Federal Office Bldg., Room 1100
911 Walnut Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106


Region VIII
Federal Bldg., Room 16440
1961 Stout Street
Denver, Colo. 80202


Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts


New Jersey
New York


Delaware
Maryland
Pennsylvania

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan


Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico


Iowa
Kansas


Colorado
Montana
North Dakota


New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont


Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands


Virginia
West Virginia


Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin


Oklahoma
Texas


Missouri
Nebraska


South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming


Region IX
450 Golden Gate Avenue, Room 9008
P.O. Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102

Region X
Federal Office Bldg., Room 8014
909 First Avenue
Seattle, Wash. 98101


Arizona
California


Alaska
Idaho


Hawaii
Nevada


Oregon
Washington






STATE AND TERRITORIAL APPRENTICESHIP AGENCIES


Apprenticeship Services
Departrrent of Economic Security
P 0 Box 6123
Phoenix. Ariz 85005

Division of Apprenticeship Standards
Department of Industrial Relations
455 Golden Gate Avenue
P 0 Box 603
San Francisco Calif 94102

Colorado Apprenticeship Council
200 East Ninth Avenue
Room 216
Denver Colo 80203

Apprentice Training Division
Labor Department
200 Folly Brook Boulevard
Wethersfield Conn 06109

Delaware Slate Apprenticeship and
Training Council
Department of Labor and Industry
618 North Union Street
Wilmington Def 19805

District of Columbia
Apprenticeship Council
1100 Vermont Avenue NW Room 1200
Washington D C. 20005


Bureau ol Apprenticeship
Florida Department of Commerce
1321 Executive Center Drive
Tallahassee Fla 32301

Apprenticeship Divis nn
Department of Labor nd Industrial
Relations
825 Mililani Street
Honolulu Hawaii 98(;13

Apprenticeshi p Training Division
Kansas Apprenticeship Council
Department ol Labor
401 Topeka Boulevard
Topeka. Kans 66603

Kentucky STate Apprenticeship
Counc I
Capitol Plaza Tower 12tn Floor
Frankfort Ky 40601

Division of Apprenticeship
Department of Labor
1001 Land & Natural
Resources Bldg
Baton Rouge La 70804


Maine Apprenticeship Council
Department of Labor and Industry
State Office Bldg
Augusta Maine 04330

Maryland Apprenticeship and
Training Council
Department of Labor and Industry
203 East Baltimore Street
Baltimore, Md. 21202

Division of Apprentice Training
Department of Labor and Industries
State Office Bldg.
Government Center
100 Cambridge Street
Boston. Mass. 02202

Division of Voluntary Apprenticeship
Department of Labor and Industry
Space Center E.dg 5th Floor
444 Lafayette Road
St Paul. Minn. 55101

Montana State Apprenticeship
Council
Division of Labor Standards
1331 Helena Avenue
Helena, Mont. 59601

Nevada Apprenticesnip Council
Department of Labor
Capitol Bldg
Carson City. Nev. 89701

New Hampshire Apprenliceship
Council
Department of Labor
1 Pillsbury Street
Concord N.H. 03301

New Mexico Apprenticeship Council
Labor and Industrial Commission
1010 National Bldg.
505 Marquelte NW.
Aibuquerque N.Mex 87101

Bureau of Apprentice Training
Department of Labor
The Campus Bldg. No. 12
Albany. N.Y. 12226

Division of Apprenticeship Training
Department of Labor
Raleigh. N.C. 27602


Ohio State Apprenticeship Council
Department of Industrial Relations
2323 West Fifth Avenue, Room 250
Columbus, Ohio 43204

Apprenticeship and Training Division
Oregon Bureau of Labor
Labor & Industry Bldg Room 115
Salem, Oreg. 97310

Pennsylvania Apprenticeship and
Training Council
Department of Labor and Industry
Labor and Industry Bldg., Room 1547
Harrisburg. Pa. 17120

Apprenticeship Division
Department of Labor
414 Barbosa Avenue
Hato Rey. P.R. 00917

Rhode Island Apprenticeship Council
Department of Labor
235 Promenade Street
Providence, R.I. 02908

Utah Apprenticeship Council
Industrial Commission
431 South Sixth East Room 225
Salt Lake City, Utah 84102

Vermont Apprenticeship Council
Department of Industrial Relations
Stale Oil ice Bldg.
Montpelier. Vt. 05602

Division of Apprenticeship Training
Department of Labor and Industry
P.O. Box 1814
Ninth Street Of l ice Bldg., Room 334
Richmond. Va. 23214

Director of Apprenticeship and
Training
Department of Labor
Christiansted. St. Croix. VA. 00820

Apprenticeship Division
Washington State
Department of Labor and
Industries
318 East Fourth Avenue
Olympia. Wash 98504

Division of Apprenticeship and
Training
PO Box 2209
Madison Wis 53701


' All agencies with the exception of Kansas. operate under apprenticeship and/or training laws enacted by the legislature
The agency in Kansas functions under executive order of the Governor






GPO : 1975 0 210-882 (19)


33











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7Eureau of Apprentice-hip anb training






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:CCral Ltommittcc on Apprcnticeship


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Unirchb states Departmrncr of "abor
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