<%BANNER%>

LLMC LOC



The formation of the new dynasty of the Kingdom of Hayti, formerly the island of Saint Domingo
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00008972/00001
 Material Information
Title: The formation of the new dynasty of the Kingdom of Hayti, formerly the island of Saint Domingo
Physical Description: 1 online resource (15, 1 p.) : ;
Language: English
Creator: Haiti -- Sovereign (1811-1820 : Henri Christophe)
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Printed at Philadelphia
Publication Date: 1811
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Constitutional law -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Droit constitutionnel -- Haïti   ( ram )
Politics and government -- Haiti -- 1804-1844   ( lcsh )
Politique et gouvernement -- Haïti -- 1804-1844   ( ram )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Haiti
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Shaw/Shoemaker
Statement of Responsibility: by a near relation to Bonaparte, Henry Christophe.
General Note: Title from PDF t.p. (LLMC Digital, viewed on July 7, 2011)
General Note: At head of title: A correct translation from the original.
General Note: Page 13 misnumbered 10.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 739692627
ocn739692627
System ID: AA00008972:00001

Full Text
























This copy of a rare volume in its collections,
digitized on-site under the
LLMC Extern-Scanner Program,
is made available courtesy of the

Library of Congress


I









A CORRECT TRANSLATION FROM THE ORIGINAL.




THE FORMATION
OF

THE NEW DYNASTY
OF

THE KINGDOM OF HAYTI,

FORMERLY

THE ISLAND OF SAINT DOMINGO.


By a near relation to BONAPARTE,
HENRY CBRISTOPHsE.



To be Sold at the different Bookstores.


Printed at Philadelphia.
1811.












-L~


wI,
2

( 'ii








CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
OF

THE COUNCIL OF STATE,

Which establishes the kingdom of Hayti.


The State Council, assembled for
the purpose of deliberating on the
necessary changes to be made in the
Constitution of the state of Hayti,
for the better regulation of govern-
ment.
Considering, when the Constitu-
tion, formed the 17th of February,
1807, was proclaimed to the world,
the state, literally speaking, was
without a social compact, and the
threatening storm of a violent civil
war arising, made it impossible for
the representatives of the people to
fix, irrevocably, upon a mode of go-
vernment, suitable to the people's
wishes.
And such a constitution, imper-
fect as it was, and the representa-
tives themselves did hot dissimulate
with regard to its imperfection, an-
swered the crisis, in which it sprung
up, its cradle surrounded by storms.
But the small number of sublime
principles it contained, was, never-
theless, sufficient for the people, as
it fixed all the rights of the people,
in those lamentable times.
Considering that now, thanks to
the genius of the supreme Magis-
trate who holds the reins of state, the
high conceptions and the bright va-
lor whereof caused to restore order,
happiness and prosperity.
The flourishing state of cultiva-
tion, of commerce and navigation,
the re-establishment of customs, of
morals and religion, the high estab-
lished discipline both in the army and


navy, seem to promise an eternal
continuance to the state.
That it is expedient to day more
so than ever to establish an order of
solid and lasting things, the mode
of government which must for ever
govern the country who gave us the
existence.
Considering that it is urgent to
confer the sovereign authority with
an august grand qualification that
may render the idea of the majesty
of the power.
That the erection of a hereditary
throne is the necessary consequence
of that powerful consideration.
That the rights of inheritance of
power to the only male and legiti-
mate children (to the perpetual ex-
clusion of women). In an illustri-
ous family, constantly devoted to
the glory and to the happiness of the
country which owes him its political
existence, is as niuch a duty as it is
a noble mark of national gratitude.
That the nation who at this instant,
is, by our means using her will and
sovereignty, by trusting them to
him who has raised her from the
abyss and from the precipice
where his most inveterate enemies
would have destroyed her, to him
who now governs her with so much
glory, that this nation has nothing
to fear from its liberty, its indepen-
dence and its happiness.
That it is likewise convenient to
establish grand dignities, as much to
elevate the splendor of the throne,





(4 )


as to reward signalised services ren-
dered to the country, by officers who
are devoted to the happiness, the
glory and the prosperity of the state.
The Council of State pass in con-
sequence the following organic law:
TITLE THE FIRST.
OF THE FIRST AUTHORITY.
ART. 1. The President HENAY
CHRISTOPHE is declared King of
Hayti, by the name of HENRY.-
This title, his prerogatives, his im-
munities, will be hereditary in his
family, in the males and legitimates
offspring in direct line, by the right
of primogeniture, to the exclusion
of women.
2. All acts of the Kingdom be in
the name of the King, promulgated
and published under royal seal.
3. For want of male children in
direct line, the heirship will pass to
the family of a Prince the nearest
kin to the King or the most ancient
in dignity.
4. However it will be lawful for
the King to adopt the children of
such a Prince of the kingdom as he
shall think fit for want of heir.
5. If it should come unexpected
to him, after the adoption, of male
children, their rights of heir shall
prevail upon the adoptive children.
6. At the decease of the King
and until his successor be acknow-
ledged, the affairs of the kingdom
will be governed by the Ministers
and the King's Council, which shall
be formed in general Council and
who shall deliberate to the majority
of votes. The Secretary of State
holds the register of deliberation.
TITLE II.
OF THE ROYAL FAMILY.
7. The Spouse of the King is de-
clared QUEEN of Hayti.
8. The members of the Royal Fa-
Sily will bear the title of Princes
an Princesses. They are styled


Most Serene Highness. The heir
apparent is denominated .-Prince
Royal.
9. Those Princes are membres of
the State Council as soon as they
have attained tfieir majority.
10. The royal Princes and Prin-
cesses cannot be married without
the authorisation of the King.
11. The King makes the organi-
sation of his Palace himself in such
a manner according to the dignity
of his crown.
12. There shall be established, by
the King's orders, Palaces and Cas-
tles in the parts of the kingdom he
shall think fit to design.
TITLE III.
OF THE REGENCY.
13. The King is minor to the age
of full 15 years; during his minori-
ty, he shall be named a Regent of
the kingdom.
14. The Regent shall be at least
full 25 years old, and be chosen a-
mong the Princes the nearest in kin
to the King (to the exclusion of wo-
man) and for their want, among the
Great Dignitaries of the kingdom.
15. For want of a Regent's de-
signation by the King the Grand
Council will design one in the man-
ner which is prescribed in the pre-
ceeding article.
16. The Regent exercise until
the full age of the King, all attribu-
tions of the Royal Dignity.
17. The Regent cannot conclude
any treaty of peace, of alliance, or
commerce, nor cause any declara-
tion of war, but after serious delibe-
ration, and by the advice of the
Grand Council, the opinion shall be
put to the majority of votes, and in
case of equality of suffrage, the one
that shall be found suitable to the
advice of the Regent shall turn the
scale.
18. The Regent can neither ap.





( 5 )


point to the Grand Dignities of the
kingdomnor to the offices of Gene-
ral officers of the army both by land
and sea.
19. All acts of the Regency are
in the name of the Minor King.
20. The Minor King's guard is
entrusted to his Mother, and for
want of it, to the Prince designed
by the deceased King, cannot be e-
lected for the Minor King's guard,
either the Regent and his posterity.

TITLE IV.
OF THE GRAND AND PRIVATE
COUNCIL.
21. The Grand Council is com-
posed of the Princes of the blood, of
the appointed Princes, Dukes and
Counts, and at the choice of his Ma-
jesty, who himself fixes the number
of it.
22. The Council is presided by
the King, and when it is not presided
by himself, he designs one of the
grandees of the kingdom to fill that
function.
23. The Private Council is cho-
sen by the King among the Grand
Dignitaries of the kingdom.

TITLE V.
OF THE GRAND OFFICERS OF THE
KINGDOM.
24. The Grand Officers of the
kingdom are the Grand Marshals
of Hayti; they are chosen among
the generals of all grades, according
to their merits.
25. Their number is not fixed:
the King determines at every pro-
motion.
26. The places of the Grand Of-
ficers of the kingdom are unremova-
ble. 1
27. When by an order of the
King or for reason of invalidity, one
of the great officers of the kingdom
should come to cease his functions,


he shall preserve his titles, his ranges,
and the half of his treatment.

TITLE VI.
OF THE MINISTERS.
28. There will be in the kingdom
four Ministers by the choice and by
the appointment of the King.
The Minister of War and of Ma-
rine.
The Minister of Finances and of
the Interior.
The Minister of Foreign affairs,
And that of Justice.
29. The Ministers are Members'of
Council and have deliberative votes.
30. The Ministers give in their
accounts directly to his Majesty,
and take his orders.

TITLE VII.
OF OATHS.
31. At his accession or at his ma-
jority, the King takes an oath upon
the Gospel, in the presence of the
grand authorities of the kingdom.
32. The Regent, before commen-
cing the exercise of his functions
takes oath also, accompanied by the
same authorities.
33. The tutelars of the grand of-
fices, the grand officers, the minis-
ters and the secretary of state take
likewise their oath of fidelity into
the hands of the King.
TITLE VIIl.
OF THE PROMULGATION.
34. The promulgation of all acts
of the kingdom is thus expressed :-
We by the grace of God and the
Constitutional Law of the state,
King of Hayti to all that are and
shall be, GREETING.
Those acts terminates thus as fol-
lows:
We send and order that the pre-
sent, drawn up with our seal, be ad-





(6)
dressed to all administrative courts Hayti to allthat are and shall be
tribunals and authorities, to be tran- GREETING.
scribed in their registers, observed Follows the copy of the decree or
and caused to be observed in the sentence :
whole kingdom and the minister of We command and order to all
justice is directed with the promul- Huissiers on this request, to put
nation. the said judgement in execution, to
35. The executory expeditions of our procurors near the tribunals to
judgements of courts of justice and see it done ; to all our commanders
tribunals, are digested as follows : and officers of the public force to
We by the grace of God and the give assistance, when legally requi-
state constitutional law, King of red.

IN WITNESS whereof the present judgement has
been signed by the President of the court and the
recorder. Done by the State Council of Hayti, at
the Cape Henry, the 25th of March 1811, eighth year
of independence.
.signed, PAUL ROMAIN, president.
ANDREW VERNET,
TOUSSAINT BRAVE,
JOHN PHILIP DAUX,
MARTIAL BESSE,
JOHN PETER RICHARD,
JOHN FLEURY,
JOHN BAPTISTE JUGE,
STEPHEN MAGNY, secretary.

We, the Apostolical Prefect and general officers both by land and sea
administrators of finances and officers of justice, under subscribed as
well in our personal names as in that of the army and of the people for
which we are here the organs, we join both from good will and inclina-
tion, to the state council, for the proclamation of his majesty Henry
Christophe, king of Hayti, our wish and that of the people being such
for a long time.
C. BRELLE, Apostolical Prefect.
N. JOACHIM,
JOHN-PHILIP DAUX, )Lieutenant generals.
ROUANEZ, )
PETER TOUSSAINT,
RAPHAEL,
LOUIS ACHILLE,
CHARLES CHARLOT,
COTTEREAU,
JASMIN,
PREVOST, Marichaux de camp.
DUPONT,
CHARLES PIERRE,
GUERRIER,
SIMON,
PLACIDE LEBRUN,
BASTIEN JEAN-BAPTISTE, Ct
PETER SAINTJEAN, Centre amiraux.
DUPUY, Interpreter of government.






ALMANJOR, jun.
HENRY PROIX,
CHEVALIER,
PAPALIER,
RAIMOMD Brigadiers of the armies.
SICARD,
FERRIER,
DOSSOU,
CAZE,
BASTIEN FABIEN,
CADET ANTOINE, Chiefs of division of the marine.
BERNARDINE SPREW,
STANISLAS LATORTUE, Iendant
JOSEPH LATORTUE, pendants.
DELON, Comptroller.
JOHN-BAPTISTE PETIT, Treasurer.
P. A. CHARRIER, Director of domaines.
L. RAPHAEL, Director of Customs.
BOYER, Keeper of the central magazine.
JUSTE HUGONIN, Comissary general of government near
the tribunals.
ISAAC, Justice of the Peace.
LAGROUE,
JUST CHANLATTE,) Notaires








THE COUNCIL OF STATE,

To the People and to the Army of Hayti, both by
Land and Sea.

FELLOW-CITIZENS,


Your proxies have again assem-
bled for the purpose of revising the
constitution of Hayti, of February
17, 1807, 4th year. Having to de-
cide with authority upon your dear-
est interests, they have effected it
with all the zeal, the patriotism they
are susceptible. In order to answer
your trust, they have sent for the
most enlightened Haytians to join
them; they have brought to matu-
rity, in the quietness of a cabinet
council, the form of government
suitable to the country who has
brought us into the world; they have


never lost sight of your happiness,
to which theirs depends; they pre-
sent you with the fruit of their ap-
plication.
When the state, threatened by con-
spirations that were forming in her
bosom, and moreover excited by our
most cruel and exasperated enemies,
presented the image of jolt and of a
general confusion, the Great Man
who governs us felt the necessity of
a social compact, around whom the
Haytians could unite, for whom the
name of tie country Patria is not a
vain title; he called us together: we





(8 )
met with eagerness to favour his ever that jolt, that confusion and that
views, and to offer you with the perpetual shock which is the result of'
code of laws ve had determined up- those monstrous associations known
on. We did not at the time dissimu- by the name of Popular Bodies; we
late that this werk was not entirely have felt the necessity of an only
finished; we thought that the princi- Chief in the mighty hands of whom
pies we had proclaimed could at there should be no more bruisings;
least answer for the times of crisis in our hearts have been in analogy witl
which we found ourselves; and see- those of the people and the army,
ing the storms roaring around the who have understood that the go-
vessel of state, we stayed then to ex- vernment of An only one is the most
ercise the revisal of our work, to natural, the less subject to vexations
perfect it and to adapt it the better and disasters, and the one which
yet to our usages, to our laws, to our uiites to the supreme degree the
morals. In this flattering hope, we power to maintain our laws, to pro-
were waiting, that the roaring of tect our rights, to defend our liberty
storms should be at an end, the hea- and able to cause us to be respected
vens being more clear should per- abroad.
mit us to resume our work. But it was but little to bestow the
Thanks to the tutelary genius of sovereign authority with a grand,
Hayti, thanks to the Supreme Al a- imposing qualification, that would
gistrate, thanks to his high Conct-p-1 bear the idea of the majesty of the
tions, to his brilliant valor, to his power, that would inspire that inse-
courage, to his activity, victory, parable respect of the royal autho-
faithful to his military exploits, has rity, and that should give all the la-
under his standards, calm revived, titude possible to do good, in ac-
order is restored, discipline is reco- knowledging but the law above his
vered in the army and navy, conspi- will; it was yet required,' in case of
rations are smothered, conspirators the.throne being vacant, to consider
punished, justice has resumed its the means the most proper to pre-
course, moral and public instruction vent civil. insuperable quarrels, to
are improving, cultivation and com- maintain peace and fixity of the po-
merce have been meliorated; at litical body; and the hereditary suc-
last happiness and prosperity have cession has appeared to us the most
made their appearance again, and suitable to answer that important
promise the state perpetuity; we end.
have thought the happy opportunity Going from those lofty considera-
offered to improve institutions we tions to essential others, to surround
had but the first draught made, and the splendor of the majesty of the
we have exclaimed: The times are. throne, we have applied ourselves to
come the institution of a hereditary nobi-
To guard against us from those lity, the honor of which be the cha-
frequent concussions, from those racteristic, whose fidelity be able to
horrible convulsions that have so stand all test, whose devotedness be
often agitated and overthrown the without limits, who may know how
political body, to put a stop to the to live, conquer or die for the sup-
flood and ebb of passions, to the un- port of that throne, from whom it
dtr-hand dealing of intrigue, to the draws its first brightness.
rage of factions and to the re-action We have analysed the power, the
f cabals; in one word, to avoid for attributions and the denominations





(9)


granted in every part of the earth,
, to those superior beings, evidently
born to command his equals, and
holding in this world (here below)
a portion of the Divinity's dominion
to whom they are accountable for.
all the goods and evils which result
from their administration, and by
the application which we have made
of those which have been succeeded
in the government of our island,
since we have taken up arms to main-
tain our rights, and finally since the
expulsion of our enemies and the
proclamation of our independence,
we have acknowledged that the title
of gov. gen. given to the pious, to the
virtuous general in chief Toussaint
Loyverture of glorious memory, and
then' primitively to the immortal
founder of independence, could byno
means become the dignity of the su-
preme magistrate, as it would appear
that such a denomination was only
good at the most for an officer in the
pay of some power or other; on the
other side, the magnificent title -of
emperor given to general in chief
Dessalines, although worthy of be-
ing offered to him, for the eminent
services which he had rendered to
the state, to his fellow-citizens, was
wanting for accuracy in his applica-
tion. An emperor is understood
commanding to other sovereigns, or
at least so elevated on qualification,
supposes to him who possesses it not
only the same powers and the same
authority, but yet the real and effec-
tive dominion of the territory, of the
population, &c. &c. &c. and finally
the momentary title of President
given to his successor the Great
HENRY, our august chief, does not
give the idea of the sovereign power,
and cannot be applied but to an ag-
gregation of men gathered together
for such functions, or to a judiciary
body, &c. That the example of the
United States, which are governed


by a President, cannot change our
opinion fvith respect to the insuffici-
ency of that title; that the Americans
having adopted the federal govern-
ment, can find themselves well, as a
new people, with their actualgovern-
ment, we have moreover considered
that however we appear to be in the,
same hypothesis as the Americans, as
a new people, we had the needs, the
manners, the virtues, and even, we
will tell it, the vices of the ancient
peoples. From all the imitations of
governments, the one who has ap-
peared to us to deserve with more
accuracy the preference, is that which
holds the intermediary betweenthose
who have been put in practice till
now in Hayti; we have acknowledg-
ed, with the great Montesquieu*,
the excellency of the paternal mo-
narchical government preferable to
other governments. The extent of
the territory of Hayti is more than
sufficient for the forming of a king-
dom.; many states in Europe, at-
knowledged by all established poten-
tates, have not even the same extent
nor the same resources, nor the same
riches, nor the same population. As
for the same warlike ardor and for
the martial character 6f the people of
Hayti, we abstain from speaking of
it, his glory is known all over the
world; and very hard of belief would
be those who should doubt of it!
The erection of an hereditary
throne in the family of a great man
who has governed this state with so
much glory, has then appeared to us
a sacred and imperious duty as much
as a striking mark of national grati-
tude. The soundness of his inten-
tions, the loyalty of his soul, are
sure warrants that the people of.
Hayti will have nothing to fear for
its liberty, its independence and its

Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws (Eprit
des L.is) chap. ii.





'( 10 )


felicity. The natural consequence
of'the erection'of a throne was the
foundation of an order of hereditary
nobility, in which should be admis-
sible all distinguished citizens who
have rendered important services to
the state, either in the military ca-
reer, in the magistracy, in that of
sciences and Belles Lettres. We
have then raised the splendor of the
throne by that illustrious institution,
which is going to excite a generous
emulation, a blind devotedness to
the service of the prince and the
kingdom.
If it was required to justify our
choice, relate examples,we Nwould find
many in history. How many great
men, mechanics of their own fortune,
by the only help of their genius, by the
vigor of their energy, have founded
empires, at a greatt distance formed
limits, have given to their nation,
with the taste of knowledges and the
arts, the precious advantages'of a
society wisely organised. Without
going any further, we will relate the
striking model of that sort, which
just offered to his contemporaries,
the extraordinary man, our implaca-
ble enemy; that which all thoughts
have for objects our destruction, and
who is now so entirely reigning in
Europe; what was he before the
commencement of that famous revo-
lution, by the result of which he owes
his rapid elevation. Nothing but a
frail reed, the fragil and precarious
existence of which was far from
foreseeing so high a degree of glory
and power. As those who have
raised him to the supreme power,
we make use of the quality of men,
we hold from nature; after having
conquered over again our rights, our
liberty and our independence, we will
establish, in this new world, an here-
ditary monarchy, and we hasten to fix
at last the destinies until now uncer-
tain in this country, by declaring that


HENRY is elevated to the sovereign
power; that the throne is hereditary
in his family, and that the happiness
of the Haytians dates from the era
of the foundation of the sovereign
power in those places.
Fellow-citizens, by placing the
fundamental basis of the kingdom
we have just erected, we believe to
have answeryl to the high trust you
had placed in us. If any envious or
pussilanimous detractors should rise
against the new Institutions which
we have adopted; we would answer
them that it is time to break for ever
to the semblance of a foolish hope
what our enemies may yet entertain.
That if those very enemies were not
disgusted from the terrible experi-
ence they have had; and if in the
delirium of their rage, they should
bring on our territory, their batta-
lions made thirsty of our blood, let
them find at their approach a whole
people, who has already made the
essay of his force, trained up yet by
effect of his divisions and grown fa-
miliar with the danger of battles, in
arms, ready to dispute them the
country they will invade; let them
see a famed monarch, the 19th cen-
tury of which will be honored, so
often crowned with laurels of victo-
ry, united, surrounded with his faith-
ful nobility, dare dangers, to expire
even for the welfare of his people,
and bury himself under the ruins of
his throne rather than curb under the
shameful yoke. Let the fortunate
people of the handsome Hayti, so
favored by nature, unite around the
constitutional law, which the only
end of his happiness has inspired us;
let him swear to defend it, and then
we will be able to dare all the tyrants
of the universe.
Fellow-citizens, we will be too
well paid for our labours, if, in the
warranty of our rights, you find, with
all the happiness we have been wil-





( 11 )
ling to make you enjoy, new reasons to love the government of our com-
munity.
Done at Cape Henry, April 4th 1811, eight year of independence
Signed, PAUL ROMAIN, president.
ANDREW VERNET,
TOUSSAINT BRAVE,
JOHN PHILIP DAUX,
MARTIAL BESSE,
JOHN PETER RICHARD,
JOHN FLEURY.
JOHN BAPTISTE JUGE,
STEPHEN MANY, secretary





EDICT OF THE KING,

Which erects an Archbishop see within the capital
of Hayti, and bishop sees in various cities of
the Kingdom.
HENRY, by the grace of God and the Constitutional Lawo of the State, King of Hayti,
toall that are andshall be, GREETING.


Desirous of the faithful Haytians
enjoying all the advantages of the
Catholic Religion, both Apostolic
and Roman and to give to the church
of our kingdom a splendor capable
to attract to it veneration and respect
and preserve worship in all its puri-
ty; wishing to procure also to our
faithful subjects, a perpetual admi-
nistration of the holy church's sacra-
ments. We have resolved to erect
an Archbishoprick see in the capi-
tal, and Bishop's sees within the
principal cities of the kingdom, and
to establish thereto Prelates capable
of maintaining Ecclesiastical disci-
pline and to work to the propagation
of the faith. For those reasons, we
have created and erected by these
presents, we create and erect the
Archiepiscopal see and Bishop sees
which are hereafter designed.


ARTICLE FIRST.
A Bishoprick shall be erected
within the three secondary cities of
the kingdom; to wit: Gonaives,
Port-au-Prince and Cayes. Every
Bishoprick shall have a chapter, a
seminary, and likewise their estab-
lishment, we shall assign a fixed in-
come to each of the said Bishop-
ricks.
ARTICLE SECOND.
The Episcopal see of our city of
Cape Henry, is erected into an arch-
bishopric the other Episcopal sees of
the kingdom whereof are holding
and shall be suffragans.
ARTICLE THIRD.
We shall assign immediately Pa-
laces and incomes to the Archbisop-
rick of Cape Henry, and thedomains
on which the said incomes shall be
settled.


I





( 12 )


ARTICLE FOURTH.
IV is our pleasure that the Arch-
bishop of Cape Henry, take the title
of Archbishop of Hayti and Grand
Almoner to the King.
ARTICLE FIFTH.
As soon after his appointment his
Majesty shall solicit from the Pope,
the necessary bulls for the exercise
of his high functions, and of the o-
ther Prelates who shall be called to
fulfill the Bishop's functions within
the erected sees as by Article first
of the presents.
ARTICLE SIXTH.
We forbid all foreign Priests from
exercising any ecclesiastical function
nor even to celebrate mass, in any
of the kingdom's parishes, before he


shall have presented himself to the
Archbishop, and to have from him
obtained a permit in writing.
ARTICLE SEVENTH.
In case the said Priest be judged
by the Archbishop capable of being
employed in the kingdom, he will
make it known to us, and obtain our
pleasure, before they are put into
functions.
We command and order that the
presents, be clothed with our seal,
be addressed to all the courts, tribu-
nals, and administrative authorities,
in order that they be transcribed in
their registers be observed and
caused to be observed throughout
the kingdom, and the minister of jus-
tice is directed with the present's
promulgation.


Given in our Palace at the Cape Henry AJpril 7, eight year of independence.
SIGNED, HENRY.
BY THE KING,
The M inister Secretary of State,
DUKE OF MORIN.


EDICT OF THE KING,

For the creating of Princes, Dukes, Counts, Ba-

rons and Knights of the Kingdom.

HENRY, by the grace of GOD and the State Constitutional Law, King
of Hayti to all that are and shall be, Greeting.


As a consequence of our Edict of
April fifth, which creates an heredi-
tary Nobility. We have conferred
the following titles and dignities, to
the here under named officers:


PRINCES.
Prince Noel, colonel general of
the King's house, arch butler.
Prince John, master of thepantry.
Lieutenant general Andrew Ver-





( 10 )


net, prince of Gonaives, grand mar-
shal of Hayti, minister of finance'and
of the interior.
Lieutenant general Paul Romain,
prince of. Limbe, grand marshal of
Hayti, minister of war and Marine.
DUKES.
The apostolical Prefet Corneille
Brelle, archbishop of Hayti, duke
of Anse, grand almoner of the King.
) Lieutenant general Rouanez, duke
of Morin, grand marshal of Hayti,
minister of state and of foreign af-
fairs.
Lieutenant general Toussaint
Brave, duke of Great River, grand
marshal of Hayti, great huntsman,
inspector general of the King's ar-
mies' musters.
Lieutenant general Noel Joachim,
duke of Fort-Royal, grand marshal
of Hayti, and grand marshal of the
palace, commanding the first division
S of the north.
Lieut. gen. Stephen Magny, duke
of Plaisance, grand marshal of Hay-
ti, grand chamberlain of the King,
commanding the second division of
the north.
Lieutenant general John Philip
Daux, duke of Artibonite, grand
marshal of Hayti, commanding the
province of the west.
General Bernardine Sprew, duke
of Port-Margot, grand admiral of
Hayti, governor of the Prince Roy-
al.
COUNTS.
Counsellor of State Juge, count
of Terre-Neuve, minister of Justice.
Major general Martial Besse
count of St. Suzan, commanding the
first district of the first division of
the north.
Major general Peter Toussaint,
count of Marmelade.
Major general John Peter Rich-
ard, count of the Bande du Nord,
governor of the capital..
Major general Lewis Achille,


count of Laxavon, commanding the
second district of the first division
of the north.
Major general Joseph Raphael,
count of Ennery, commanding the
second district of the province of
the west.
Major general Charles Chariot,
count of Acul, commanding the first
district of the second division of the
north.
Major general Peter Cottereau,
count of Cahos, governor of Dessa-
lines.
Major general Maximin Jessemin
count of Dondon, governor of Fort-
Henry.
Major general Toussaint Dupont,
count of Trou, inspector general of
the cultivations of the kingdom.
Major general Charles Peter,
count of Terrier Rouge, governor
of the King's Pages, aid de camp
of his majesty and master of ceremo-
nies.
Major general Guerrier, count of
Mirebalais aid de camp of his ma-
jesty, commanding the first district
of the province of the west.
Major general Simon, count of
St. Louis, aid de camp of his majes-
ty and master of ceremonies.
Major general Placide Lebrun,
count of Gros-Morne, aid de camp
of his majesty, a* commanding
the second distir of the 2d division
of the north.
Rear admiral Bastien Jean Bap-
tiste, count of Leogane.
Rear admiral Peter St. Jean,
count of Presqu' Isle,
M. Bernard Juste Hugonin, count
of Richeplain, attorney general to
the King.
M. Juste Chanlatte, count of Ro-
ziers, knight of honor to the Queen,
Intendant general of the King's
palace.
The lieutenant colonel Yacinthe,
count of Borgne colonel .of the life





( 14 )


guard 'and governor of the Queen's
pages.
Lieutenant colonel Toussaint,
count of Ouanaminthe, grand mas-
ter of the horse.



The under-named offcers have been appointed
BARONS.
BRIGADIER GENERALS.
Thabares, Almanjor, jun. Hen-
ry Proix, Chevalier, aids de camp
of his majesty.
Paipalicr; employed near the Mi-
nister at war.
Ra, mood, employed near the duke
of Fort Ro\ al.
De::salines, adjutant of arms of
the place of Cape Henry.
Sicard, grand master of ceremo-
nies.
Dossou, commanding the 14th
regiment of infantry.
Ferrier, aid de camp to his majesty.
Caze, junior.
Louis Pierrot, commanding the
1st regiment of infantry.
CHIEFS OF DIVISION OF THE MA.
RINE.
Bastien Fabien, Cadet Antoine.


Peter Rot ~4 tin Cap, John
Charles Chariot, Theodore Galbois.
Bottex, Leo, aids de camp of his
majesty.
Monpoint, commanding the King's
horte guards.
Joseph Gerome, commanding the
20th regiment of infantry.
Barth'olomew Choisy, command-
ing the 8th infantry regiment.
Faraud, director of fortifications.
Ambroise, director qf artillery.
Deville, commanding the 2d ar-
tillery regiment.


Pescay, commanding the 2d in-
fantry regiment.
Lagroue, secretary and notary of
the King.
Dupuy, secretary interpreter to
the King.
The justice of peace Isaac, baron
Seneschal of Cape Henry.
Beliard, the King's head garden-
er, chief over the rivers and forests
of the King's palaces.
Stanislas Latortue, comptroller of
finances ofthe province of the North.
Joseph Latortue, comptroller of fi-
nances of the province of the West.
Charrier, director of the domains
of the province of the North, Secre-
tary of the injunctions of the Queen.
L'EveillM, lieutenant colonel of
the 1st. squadron of the King's
horse guard, first horseman to the
Queen.
John Baptiste Petit, central Trea-
surer.
Dominique Bazin, Preceptor to
the Prince Royal.

KNIGHTS.
Lacroix, colonel of Fortification.
Blaise, Cincinnatus, Celestin Pe-
tigny, Bocher, John Baptist Dezor-
me, lieutenant colonels and aids
de camp of H. M.
Prezeau, secretary to the King.
Vilton, Gentleman of the King's,
horse.
Giles Creon idem, lieutenant co-
lonel of the 3d.squadron of the king's
horse guard.
Dupin, assistant preceptor to the
Royal Prince.
Beaubert, judge to the civil tribu-
nal.
Boyer, keeper of the central maga-
zine.
We command and order that the
presents drawn up with our seal, be
addressed to all courts, tribunals and





( 15 )
administrative authorities, that they served within the whole kingdom;
may be transcribed in their regis- and the minister of justice is charg-
ters observed and caused to be ob- ed with the promulgation.

Given in our palace at Cape Henry the 8th April 1811 the eight year
of independence.


BY THE KING,
The JMinister Seretary of State,


Signed, HENRY.

DUKE OF MORIN.


The tite of Royal Highness is
S given to Princes and Princesses of
the royal family.
The heir apparent of the crown is
called the Prince Royal.
The eldest daughter of the King
is called Madame the first, the
youngest Madame.
The title of Most Serene Highness
is given to the Princes of the king-
dom and to the titularies of the grand
dignities.
The title of My Lord (Monsei-
gneur) is given likewise to the
Princes and titularies of the grand
dignities of the kingdom.


A grand Marshal of Hayti is cal-
led Monsieur le Marichal, when
speaking with or writing to the title
of Monseigneur. Dukes and grand
Marshals of Hayti have the title of
Grace.
The Ministers preserve the title
of Excellence. The functionaries of
their departments and the persons
writing give them the title of Mon-
seigneur.
The Counts, Barons and Knights
of the kingdom are called Mlonsieur
le Comte, Monsieur le Baron, &c.
The title of Excellency is given to
Counts.






THE KING'S ORDINANCE

Which is determining the Grand Costume of the
Nobility.


His majesty commands that the
Grand Costume of the Nobility be
as follows:
FOR THE PRINCES AND
DUKES.
White tunic, to descend under
the knee, black mantle, the length
whereof shall descend to the calf of
the leg, embroidered in gold, three
inches wide, lined with red taffety,
tied round the neck with a gold tas-
sel, white silk stockings, square gold
buckles, red morocco shoes, entirely
covering the instep, sword with gold
handle on the side, round hat, cock-
ed before, gold laced, with five red
and white feathers wavering.
FOR THE COUNTS.
White tunic, sky blue mantle,
embroidered also with gold, two
inches wide, lined white, the same
length as the Dukes and Princes,
white silk stockings, gold square
buckles, red morocco shoes, entirely
covering the instep, sword gold han-
dle on the side, round hat, cocked
before, gold laced, with three red
wavering feathers.
FOR THE BARONS.
Red coat, long and wide, embroi-


dered or gold laced, 18 lines wide,
the lappets whereof be joined al-
most under the knee, lined with
white taffety, waistcoat and breeches
of blue taffety, white stockings, gold
square buckles, green morocco shoes,
entirely covering the instep, sword
gold hand mounted on the side,
green shoulder belt, embroidered
round hat, cocked before, gold laced
two white wavering feathers.
FOR THE KNIGHTS-
Blue coat, long and large, embroi-
dered or gold laced, twelve lines
wide, the lappets whereof to join al-
most below the knee, lined with
white taffety, waistcoat and breech-
es of red taffety, white stockings,
square gold buckles, green morocco
shoes, entirely covering the instep,
gold handle sword on the side, green
belt, embroidered round hat, cock-
ed before, gold laced, two green
wavering feathers.
When there are no grand ceremo-
nies, each one of the Princes, of the
grand dignitaries, and of the other
Nobles of the kingdom will wear
the ordinary costume belonging
to his rang, to his grade or to his of-
fice.


Done at Cape Henry, April 12th, 1811, eighth year of independence.


BY THE KING,


Signed,


The .71ister Secretary of State,
DUKE OF MORIN.


HENRY.