Cotton fiber and processing test results

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Material Information

Title:
Cotton fiber and processing test results
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Cotton Division
Publisher:
Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cotton Division
Place of Publication:
Clemson, S.C
Creation Date:
1966
Frequency:
biweekly during harvesting season, with comprehensive report at end of season
other
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cotton -- Testing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cotton -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
General Note:
Description based on: Rept. no. 1, (Sept. 7, 1979)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000328589
oclc - 01799482
notis - ABV8141
lccn - 75642828 //r81
issn - 0566-5469
Classification:
lcc - TS1542 .U35
ddc - 677/.21/305
System ID:
AA00008566:00039

Related Items

Preceded by:
Cotton fiber and processing results

Full Text


IIN7


COTTON FIBER AND


PROCESSING


ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AG
Consumer and Marketing Ser
Cotton Division
Washington, D. C. 2025


TEST RESULTS


CROP OF


1966


CT (1966)


September


1966


BRICULTURE
vice

0


.. -"'*.. "" ><-c&
-4
< *< ^


- -F






COTTON FIBER AND


PROCESSING


TEST


RESULTS,


CROP OF


1966


Discussion


of Test


Results


Cotton Divi


report


that


sion


short


laboratories


staple


upland


the Consumer


samples


tested


and Marketing


so far this


Service
season


from


the Southwestern Area


and 1/8-inch


gage


strength


show


about


as last


year


same


at this


length,
time.


uniformity,
The fibers


are finer
Analyzer


than


nonlint


last


year


content


but weaker


remains


zero


unchanged,


gage


while


test.


picker


Shirley
and card


waste


is higher


than


a year


Yarns


from


these samples


show


approximately the
the imperfection


same
count


strength,


with


is above last


higher


year


appearance


index


s level.


Southwestern Area medium


longer


coarser


fibers


staple


with


san nles


same


tested


strength


this


year


as last


show
year


Shirley Analyzer


nonlint


content


picker


and card


waste


higher


than last


year


Yarns


from


these samples


are stronger


with higher


appe


arance


index and


lower


imperfection


count


than


for the


same


period


last


year.


the third


results


a series


on the 1966


orts on the fiber


cotton


crop.


These


reports


process-
are issued


twice each month
a comprehensive


repo


Cotton
Tests


rts will


Quali
frcm S


the harvest


report


give
Surve


elected


at the end


data


on the


Suwmar


season


of the


same


season.


subject


of Results


Production Areas,


Crop


are


This


summari


1966


as AIB


Fiber


of 19


zed i


group


tiAnflual


d Processing
dated April


1966.


Recent
changes
results


modernization


in test
to those


levels
report


testing


some


equipment


items.


ted for the 1966


To
crop


result


compare


eclin


previous


slight


years


the following adjust-


ments


should


made:


Yarn


imperfections


previous


years


x O.6


= 1966


levels


Spinning
levels.


potential


yarn


no. for


previous


years


= 1966


An explanation


of these chan


contained


the first


report


of this


series


,CT(


1966


dated August


, 1966


Prepared


in the Standards


Testing


Branch


Consumer


Cotton Division
and Marketing


S5Or-fl Ce


iemphis,


Tennessee


are











Table


l.--Cotton:


points


Averages of
in the United


fiber
States


processing


through


tests


September


from selected gin
, 1966 I-


Southwes


Item


tern Area


S
:
*


Short Staple Medium Staple
Short Staple Medium Staple
:


Signifi-
cant
Differ-
ences


GS


1965


1965


1966


Lots


tested...................number


Fibr
2
5


ograph:
/5% spa
0/2.5 u


Ln


length.


iniformit


1.04


..........inches
........percent


1.06
46


0.02
2


............... .... .reading


Fiber


strength


Zero gage...
1/8-inch gag


;1


................i.Mpsi
e...............G/tex


20.6


21.8


Shirley


Picker

Skein


Analyzer


and card

strength


nonlint.....percent


waste........percent

22s...............lbs


(non


Appearance....................index


Imperfections


: 108


3/....... .number


Based


on a limited


number


of samples


of modal


quality.


Minimum
table.


diff


erences


These guides


cons


idered


are based


to be significant


upon


averages


for comparisons


a number


of lots


this
are


not applicable


to individual


samples.


Adjusted


to 1966


level


(Imnerfection No.


x 0.6)


to reflect


cleaning


action










Table 2.--Cotton:


Results of classification, fiber tests, and carded yarn process-


ing tests by state and production area, processed at a card production
rate of 12 pounds per hour and a twist multiplier of 4.40, crop of 1966


Ae a-


T ----`----'-----


-S----------------------------


State a South Texas Central Texas
Production area _orpus Christi : Lockhart : Taylor
Predominant variety .. .N_orthern Star 5: Anton 99 Lankart 57
Percentage of variety at gin 90 90o 95
Triweekly sampling Third SFirst First
RAW COTTON QUALITY


Grade .. ..... .........designation
Staple length ....... ..... inches
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length ..... ......inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength ....1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .....grams/tex
1-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation.. .percent


Shirley
Visible


Analyzer:


waste


Totalvisible


Color


... ....... ..percent
& invisible. .percent


of raw cotton:


Reflectance


Yello
Code


wness


* 5e* 5Gt*** *. *


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste........percent

Yarn skein strength:


22s ( 2
Average


6.8


tex)
tex)


break fac-


Yarn skein elongati


22 (


73.8
26.8


Yarn appearance


22s(


26.8


tex)
tel)
e:
tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds
tor....... ..
on:
.. .......percent
..........percent


* ..S...
.. S S S 4


.......grade
......grade


Average yarn appearance...... index


Mitsp
15/16

.90


19.4


SLMltsp
31/32


21.2
6.6


2.9

74.6


Mltsp
15/16


43.2
20.6
6.4


2.4

73.2
9.4


70.1


5.2


82
88


20-44


2237


2096


Yarn imperfections:


ps (


73.8
PC..


tex)


1/
S S S


....number


tex) ............number


I I' I,


I


. re ad i ng


,


J









Table


3.--Cotton:
ing tests


rate


Results


of 1


stat


pounds


of classification,
e and production a
per hour and a tw


fiber


Lrea,


rist


tests,


processed
multiplier


and carded
at a card
of 4.00,


yarn


process-


production
crop of 1966


Srea Southeast :So Central: Southwestern
Ltate Alabaaa : Louisiana : South Texas
Production area Ashford : Eunice Alamo
Predominant variety Car. -Queen : DPL Sm- L_ -Stoneville 213
. r. entg..of.ariety at.gi 95 :-------------------------------
erenae o variety a- - 80
riweekly sampling First First : Second Third
COTTON QUALITY


Grade .....................designation


Staple


length


.........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph)
2.5% span length ............. inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire ......... ........reading
Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .....grams/tex
X-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation...percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste


........percent


Total visible & invisible..percent


Color of


raw cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


* S4** *lxnu ber


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste........percent


Yarn skein strength
22s( 26.8 tex)


11.8


tex)


Average break fac


Yarn
22s


50s (


skein


26.8
11.8


Yarn appearance
22s ( 26.8


50s(


11.8


elongation:


tex)
tex)
tex)
tex)
ter)


:
...........pounds
...........pounds
tor........ .....


..........percent
..........gercent

............grade


Average yarn appearance


Yarn imperfections:


50 (


11.8


tex)
tex)


1/


......grade
......index

.....number


SLM4Ltsp
1-1/32


1.04


M
1-1/16

1.05


SLM, I
1-1/16

1.07
46


SLM
1-1/16


22.8


31
1842


37
2157


108
37
2113


11.1
ill
38
2171


......number


* 9 I


50s (


.










Table


--Cotton:


Results of


classification, fiber tests, and carded yarn process-


ing tests by state and production area


rate of


processed at


a car


pounds per hour and a twist multiplier of 4.00,


*d production
crop of 1966


--Continued
f rea


T ----
I___


- -
-----


Southwestern


State South Texas
Production area Corpus Chr. C o : Long Mott Mercedes
Predominant variety Stnv1 213 S: tnvl 7A : DPL Sm L : Stnvl 7A
Percentage of variety at gin __ 90 -_95__ i ___99_ : 95
Triweekly sampling Third : Second : Second : Third


RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .. .............. designation
Staple length ................. inches
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length............ inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


. .......reading


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi


Zero


gauge strength .....grams/tex


,-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation...percent
Shirley Analyzer:
Visible waste ..............percent


Total visible


& invisible..percent


Color of raw cotton:


Reflectance


Yellow


Code


S...................... R d


ness


Mltgr
1-inch

1.01


21.5


SLMltsp
1-1/16

1.09


21.3


SLM
1-1/16


1.o4


86
42.7
24.2
6.2


1.07


42.7
21.3
4.7


72.4


10.0


........ ..... .. + b
............number


PROCESSING RESULTS:


Picker and card waste........percent

Yarn skein strength:


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


Average break fact


...........pounds
...........pounds
;or. .. ........ .


Yarn skein elongation:


22s (


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


..... .percent
......percent


Yarn appearance:


22s (
50S


26.8
11.8


tex) ... ..


tex)


Average yarn appearance
Yarn imperfections: 1/
22s ( 26.8 tex).......


...... grade
S.....grade
......index

.....number


99
33
1914


102
34
1972


109
37
2124


1o4
35
2019


50s(


tex)~~c ....... nubr J- i--


50s (


texl........... numher


1-1/


8


I








Table


3.--Cotton:


Results


of classification,


fiber


tests,


and carded


yarn


process-


ing tests


rate


of 9


state


pounds


and
per


production
hour and a


area,
twist


processed
multiplier


a card


of 4.00,


production
crop of 1966


--Continued
Southwestern --Western
South Texas :Central Texas: California
:PhRao :R&yfliavll^Te: Rio Hondo : Taft : Batesville : Ri1ley
Tideland : Stnvl. 213 : Stoneville 7A : DPL Sm L
75 Z :90o^ : 97 : 75 [: 95 : 98
Third : Third Third : Third First First


SLMLtsp
1-1/32


SLM
1-1/32


SLM
1-1/16


SLM
1-inch


M
1-1/16


MNtsp
1-1/16


1.07


1.01


1.00


1.08


1.08


42.2
21.1


21.5


43.6
20.8
4.9


4.6

81
40.2


39.7
21.3
6.1


4.0

90
44.6
24.2
6.4


71.1
9.0
403


p453


73.8
8.6


77.4
8.6
302


7.0


101
34
1961


5.6


107
36
2077


6.0


111
39
2196


6.6


100
33
1925


4.7


113
4o
2243





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