Cotton fiber and processing test results

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Material Information

Title:
Cotton fiber and processing test results
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Cotton Division
Publisher:
Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cotton Division
Place of Publication:
Clemson, S.C
Creation Date:
1966
Frequency:
biweekly during harvesting season, with comprehensive report at end of season
other
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cotton -- Testing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cotton -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
General Note:
Description based on: Rept. no. 1, (Sept. 7, 1979)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000328589
oclc - 01799482
notis - ABV8141
lccn - 75642828 //r81
issn - 0566-5469
Classification:
lcc - TS1542 .U35
ddc - 677/.21/305
System ID:
AA00008566:00036

Related Items

Preceded by:
Cotton fiber and processing results

Full Text
'7a


9'


UNITED


STATES


DEPARTMEITIT


OF AGRICULTURE


Consumer


and Marketing
Cotton Division


Washington,


D. C.


Service


2025


COTTON


FIBER AND


PROCESS I HG


TEST


RESULTS


CROP OF


1966








COTTON FIBER AND PROCESSING TEST RESULTS, CROP OF 1966

Discussion of Test Results


Cotton Division laboratories of the Consumer and Marketing Service
report that average values for all medium staple samples tested ta
date show a slight increase in fiber length, while length uniformity
remains at last season's level. These fibers are a little coarser
and stronger than a year ago. Shirley Analyzer nonlint content and
picker and card waste are a little higher than last year. Yarns
franom thes sples are slightly stronger, with approximately the
Appearance grades, but higher perfection counts than last
sea on, (Table i1)


short staple samples tested
fibers with about the same
finer and a little weaker t
nonlint content and picker
season. Yarns from these s
a little lower appearance ii
count than last year.


to date froa the Southwestern Area sh
length and uniformity, but they are much
han a year ago. Both Shirley Analyzer
and card waste average higher than last
samples have approximately the same strength,
ndex, and considerably higher imperfection


Southeastern Area medium s
with the same uniformity,
Shirley Analyzer nonlint c
picker and card waste is s
are a little stronger with
higher imperfection count


taple samples show about the
but coarser and stronger tha
content remains on the same 1
lightly higher. Yarns from
about the same appearance i
than a year ago.


same
*n las
evel,
these
ndex.


length
year.
while
samples
but


South Central Area medium staple samples tested
show longer fibers, with the same uniformity and


as last season. Fiber strength by the 1/
than last season. Micronaire reading is
ago. Both Shirley Analyzer nonlint conte
average slightly above last year's levels
are stronger with lower appearance grades
counts than last season.


for this s
zero-gage


8-inch gage te
slightly lower
nt and picker
Yarns from


and higher


st i
tha
and
thes


eason


strength
higher
a year
ard waste
samples


imperfection


No additional


tests were made on medium staple


samples


from


Southwestern Area for this reporting period.
the last bulletin remain unchanged. Compared
last year, they show about the same length, 1
strength, but are coarser. Shirley Analyzer
picker and card waste are higher than a year
samples show about the same strength, with hi
and lower imperfection counts than last season


Value
to th
length
nonlin
ago.


gher
n.


report
ame p
form
onten
ns fr


appearance


. in
iod
and
and
I these
grades





Western Area medium staple


shorter,


coarser


samples


and much stronger


tested
fibers


to date


with


show


slightly


the same length


uniformity as


last


season.


Shirley


Analyzer nonlint


content


picker
samples


and card


waste are


are not quite as


higher


strong as


than


last


a year


year,


ago.


Yarns


from these


have higher


appearance e


indices


lower


imperfection counts.


Western Area
uniformity,


long


staple


fineness


samples a
zero-gage


re longer,
strength a


with about


last


season.


same
Strength


by the
nonlint


1/8-inch gage


content


test


is a little


higher than a year


higher


than


ago.


last year,


Shirley Analyzer


while


picker and


card waste


is cons


iderably higher.


Yarns


from these


samples


show the


same


strength


as a year


ago,


while


appearance grades


are lower


imperfections


counts much higher.


American Egyptian


samples


tested


this


season are


longer,


with about


the same uniformity,


Strength
Analyzer


last


year


appearance


by the
nonlint


Yarns
grades


fineness


1/8-inch gage
content and


from


these


and
test


picker
samples


and imperfection


zero-


gage


is higher


strength as
than a year


card waste are


are stronger,


counts


as last


last
ago.


higher


season.
Shirley
than


with about


same


season


This


the ninth of


ing test results


on t


a series
he 1966


of reports
cotton crop


on the


fiber


These reports


process-
are issued


twice each month during the harvesting -eason and are


summari


zed in


a comprehensive report at


the end


reports will give data on the


same


of the
subject


season.


This


as AIB 309,


1966 group of


tiAnnual


Cotton


Quality Survey,


Summary of Results


of Fiber


and Processing Tests


from


Selected Production Areas,


Recent modernization


changes
results
. nts a

1. Yar


in test


Crop


of testing


levels


some


to those reported for the
should be made:


n imperfections


for previous


of 1965,"

equipment
items. T


dated April 1966


has resulted


o compare


1966 crop,


years x 0.6


in slight


previous


years


the following adjust-


= 1966


levels.


Spinning potential yarn no.
levels.


for previous years x 1.1


= 1966


An explanation of these


of this


series,


changes


CT (1966)


is contained in


dated August


first


report


1966


Prepared in the


Standards


and Testing Branch


Cotton Division


Consumer


and Marketing Service


Memphis,


Tennessee


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Table 2.


--Cotton,


American


production areas


- ----------- --.- -
Area
State
i i6---- -- --- ---
Production area
Predominant variety
Percentage of variety
Triweekly sampling


upland short


crop


- - -
- ----- -----


--------


staple:


Quality characteristics


of 1966


S- ~T Southwestern
Cent. Texas: Northwest Texas
Lohn 0 Abernathy Ackerly
W. StAmtruf:h Lankart 57 -" :W. Strmpruf
:_.-80__-. : 80 95
Second First Second First


RAW COTTON


QUALITY


Grade . .


Staple


length


...designation
.........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length ............ inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire ..............reading
Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi


Is:






Hae:




PRiO CESj






22


'L2 I,


ro gauge strength .....i
inch gauge strength ..
in3h gauge elongation.
ley Analyzer:


grams/tex
grams/tex
..percent


sible waste .............percent
tal visible & invisible. .percent


r of raw
flectance
llowness
4e .......


cotton:


S. . Rd
.................+b
.............number


SING RESULTS:
or and card waste........percent


skein strength:


89(


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


..........,pounds
.....*.*.,pouncds


rage break factor.......
skein elongation:


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


......... .percent
,....,.....percent


appearance:


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appe


.............grade
.............grade
aranoe... index


Yarn imperfections:


228(
22Sf(


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


..number


4 4 4 *@t* a ziiixnber~


Sinning potential.. .. Yarn number


MLtSp
29/32

.92
45

4.1

83


73.9
9.5


2128


MLtSp
1-inch

1.01
44


3.3

71


73.4
10.2


2172


MLtSp
15/16

.94


74
36.7
20.7
8.3

1.7
2.6


MLtSp
15/16


4.0

80
39.7
17.7
6.4

2.6


74.1
9.8
03


93
2263

8.5
7.4


I-

*


I


S


I








Table


--Cotton,
product


American upland short
on areas, crop of 1966


staple


Quality characteristics


--Continued


Area Southwestern
State Northwest Texas
Production area Afton : Anton : Bailey
Predominant variety Lankart 57 :Ril
- --.H--.lt-w--W-<^----- ------^-- ** ^^ ^ ^ ^"- .- a a- "- -- a- W >m -- a -t---- W|I~hM-*ff>-HM-M-- --- ---- ------- -- k --------_ _
Percentage of variety at gin 95 : 100 : 100 : 80
*t ,. a -: a a a a a a ----------------------------------------------------------- -^ k -. -^. ^*R k R.--- ---- _.
Triweekly sampling First : Second : Third. : Fir
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ....................designation MLtSp MSp MSp SLML
Staple length .................inches 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches .99 97 97
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent 45 42 44 47
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading 4.4 2.7 2.7 3.
1P4; kan +n nr^Ih rv.l ah n'nrw44 nfl .


ero gauge strength ....
ero gauge strength ....


%-ineh gauge


strength


X6-inch gauge elongatioz


Shirl


.1,000 psi
.grams/tex
.grams/tex
...percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


total visible & invisible


Color


.percent
.percent


raw cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


.................. .... d
* *t* *4 S.. ....... 1


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste.


Yarn skein


22s
Ave
Yarn
88


22s(


*......percent


strength:


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds


break factor...


19.o


72.9
9.8


17.6


11.4


19.o


i-i.'


4.4


298


2171


2021


102
2470


rage


skein elongation


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


..........percent
*.........percent


Yarn appearance:


26.8


erage


tex)
tex)


.*.. ........* .grade
......,.....,..grade


yarn appearance.


.....index


Yarn imperfections:


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


... ....... number
............number.

S. .2/. Yarn number


boro
ot 90

st

tSp
16


44.1
22.9


70.6
9.8
403


359
108
624

8.0
7.1


XJ. U'ZIJ


s reng an e onga on:


*


'::::::::::~








Table


2.--Cotton,


American


production areas;


upland
crop o


short
f 1966


staple:


Quality characteristics


-Continued


I -- -i -i- -i i-i i- i i i i i i


So
I'Ior


uthv~re s tern--- ---


tl-


_Baile bor Bali__er Colo
-B ileb0 --- -- --- -B ---- -
Rilcot 90 Lankart 57 Western
------- ----- -- -- ---- -jT;---
Second Tbhird ---First-


west Texas
aildo Cit' Dimmiitt
St orr!proof .Gr ____3_ ..... r 35____ ...... __
-H it-1 -:- --* i- -- .1J1. aS
S/97 90 90.. __
---econd ---- Second -- ---------------: Third- -


SLISp
15/16

.91


8o
39.7
23.0
71.4
?J" ik
i- I.'.


SLILtSp
29/32

.93


73
36.2
18.0
8.2


SLIILtSp
29./32


40.2

6.2


LI LtSp
15/16

.95


79
19.2

6.2


SLMSp
15/16

.92


80
39.7
22.3


SLMSp
31/32

.97


82
40.7
23.0
7.4


3.3
S4.6


70.1


7.2


261


79
1913


72.2
9.5
353


6.6


286
90
2134

6.7


9.7
353


6.8


296
91
2185


12.0
4o6


8.4


338
105
2507


68.9
10.9
405


9.0


351
109
2603

8.3
7.0


r


31t




32~





It

B




3'


t:


ai'7








Table


--Cotton, American upland


short


of


production areas, crop

-e i -- ^- a --- ----- -m- -- -- a
W .rea a eaS


Produictioni area -4 -s
Predominant variety
rcentage o variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
.-^.ff*W"^a- -----** -- -- -- "----- l-"*-^'""--- ^- *-H>


RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ..... ........... des ignatio


Staple length


.........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph)
2.5% span length. ............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2,5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero


gauge


strength


Zero gauge strength


X-inch gauge
3%-inoh gauge


Shirl


.....1,000 psi
.....grams/tez


strength .e
elongation.


grams


/tex


.percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


otal visible & invisible


Color of


raw


Reflect~ance
V9a~l nurmc~n


Code


...percent
e..percent


cotton:


;--~m.WU .r P. C *r *~s *


....+b
number


PROCESSING RESULTS:


Picker


and card waste.


.......percent


Yarn skein strength:


tex)
tex)


Average


...........pounds
...........pounds


break factor..


Yarn skein elongation


s ( 73.5 tex)
22 s( 26.8 tel)
Yarn appearance:
8s( 73.8 tex)


rage


..........percent
..........percent


S* .............* *rade
.. .... ..... .grade


yarn appearance.


. index


Yarn imperfections:


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


S.......... ..number
........... .number.

. .. .Yarn number


staple


Quality characteristics


1966-- Continued


..- .- xx x
ITn ktya n*iouithwesternr--
! MM-lVr-rCe kpov ei~a


IflJ bJLW IGDO


4. nu -


aS am Dougherty Friona
--" -
S- -La nkarr -- Paster 1.0
65 : 8) :~" 1
::- Ll-" -n~~ -r/| -L -~fm ^ -^GJ.wJ~
"- f :~'HIR^H.JBPflRIrfl~!41111 -~l fiit"mll "H~ m 7 flMll Sfdr^^ ^^ B~ ^^ fi^"^B*~f ^I ^ !?^ ^^ lii iy -f -imiilF ^Uf ||r |HKaflR:^lK:f^C^llr.llllf~ll^If
Mfr ~ ~ ~ ~ n s -llt s eatt afH~ aII -1H a nU -iii' ~! Illf 1llll!:lI! 4llI BII- -mlr iH If -!Hl M-f- B-r:fl^^*P^Bf^.^y IB l^f-^:T* B~! l~K:HII 11! IIB IIB:*^^CilrS~BI^HB'


First

MLt Sp
1-inch

1.01
41

3.3


35.2
19.5
8.3


75.0


2229


-.-


Second_


MLt3Sp
31/32


19.7


First


-----


SLMTg
29/32


Second


SIMg
15/16


36.2
20.9


19.6


60.0


2225


9.8


312
93


2271


12.7
407


10.2


317
96
324

8.8


* '., Vr -


^








Table


--Cotton


SAmerican upland


short


staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas


crop of 1966--Continued


_- -Southwtxestern -- ----

* . . ... .. ..
aastiain.ly_ Lankart -61 "Pa masterr 0_ A
-^ymastr -_1A ---xed J_- -1-1 -_-_m. IOIA^-^- -
70 : Paymaster 202 : 00 : 1i00 : 90
Third : First : Second : Second : Third Second


LMSp
15/16


SLMLtSp
15/16


SL[ISp
-1/32


MLtSp
31/32


MSp
1-inch


MSp
31/32


1.01


83
41.2
21.9
7.8


22.0
7.7


I.-)


75
37.2
19.0
9.0


72
35.7
19.6
9.8


2.7

8o
39.7
20.1
8.1


2.2
>4.0


,29


65.8
i06


28.
K G ,:
i'" 'V -


349
1$
~5814


70.8
10.0
4o4


7.0


347
109
2587


7,8~+
6,7

Bt


66.8
12.0
356


7.0


351
108
2592

8.3
7.3

C+
C+
100

83
52


73.2
9.5
353


7.0


296
87
2141

9.5
8.5

C+


70.9
10.8


354


6.6


298
90
2182

9.8
8.3


7.8


332
99
2417

8.7
7.5

C
D
80

122
68


~%;


Eii
""::
if
",,",,










"::


:: ..





-'CI-


Table


--Cotton


SAmerican upland short staple


Quality


characteristics


production areas


crop of 1966-


-Continued


Area
^-.-- n- a- ->W1-----II-- --.. -^ -- -* *-- aM -t aft -- J--:1 --HE*--- a- a ---4
State
Production area
Predominant variety
S-- JfeM .-4-- -- --:* ----- f:- -- -- --- --* .-- W -- ------ k ---- --- --- :---- -- ---* *-- --
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
RAW COTTON QUALITY


* 4 I ,*4 S* 4 *


length


.. .designation
.... .....inches


Fiber length (Digital Pibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading


Fiber


strength and elongation:


Zero gauge


Zero


gauge


strength
strength


%-inch gauge strengl


%-inch
Shirley


gauge


elongalf


.....1,000 psi
... .grams/tex
bh ..grams/tex
bion.. .percent


Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color of raw


Refl


ectance


Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


.percent
.percent


cotton:


*4 ** t ut t* *
4~~ r #445*


S. .. b

. .number


BESUTLTS:


Picker and card waste...


Yarn skein


.....percent


strength:


s ( 73.8 tex)
22 s 26.8 tex)
Average break facl


Yarn skein


73.8


Yarn appearance


22s (


73.8
26.8


...........pounds
S.. ........pounds
bor.. .............


elongation:


tex)
tex)
e:
tex)
tex)


..........percent
..........percent


* ..****....... .grade
............. .grade


Average yarn appearance.


Yarn imperfections:


22 a (


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential..


.


4i


.....index

....number


............number


* .LI.


r- --*-- w* -*:- i4- ar n* ai -*
[ H ftt--F -- a--- S- -- --- -M -i M M>Ut
!* W-- a- a- -- a- a- a- aMF:* --r -


Southwestern


Northwe


Texas


Kress


-- ~ --


S: Paymaster 11j
kw W -- -- aa-- a----- -- :-: a -- ---*:--- -- ---------- ------- ---- -
Third : First : Second : Third


31/32

.99


40.2
22.0
8.1

1.8
2.9

69.1
11.4


2489


1-1/16


1.06


21.4
8.0


10.9
304


2535


-1/16


i.03
44

3.0


80
20.7
20.4


10.6


6.4



104
2512


8.6
7.7

C


-inch


1.03
44


80
39.7
22.0


70.4
11.0
355


5.8


106
2570

9.2
7.7


Yarn number
I


Grad.


Staple


":i





-1]


Table


2.--Cotton,
product


American
on areas


upland s
, crop of


hort


staple


Quality characteristics


1966- -Continued


Southwestern
Northwest Texas___
- ---- -----.------ ---- -------- -- --- -- J~ l'w s- ------- --- --as--- -- a en -- -----
... Lubb ock M iaple : Morton .... -. New Home__ __ __ _
------ ----.-- a ----- a ----------5a.
Sweatt .5 : Gregg 35 : Lankart 57
I75 75 75 7l o: 80 : _90 S0
First Second Third Second :Second First : Second


MLtSp
31/32


!MLtSp
1-inch


MISp
1/32


[ISp
9/32


MTg
15/16


MLtSp
15/16


MLtSp
15/16


1.00


1.03


1.00
42


73
36.2
19.0
8.1


1.9
2.8

75.9
.8.8



5 .1


912
94
2282

9'


22.0


19.4
8.3


2.3
3.8

75.0
9.1


352


6.8


320
95
2325

9.5
8.1


2.8
4.1

69.1
11.4


310
93
2263

9.5
8.4


71.6
10.6
54


7.6


32


100
2428

7.6


40.7
21.2
7.6


67.0
12.2
56


7.2


320
100
2380


36.7
19.3
8.5


74.1
9.1
53


6.0


294
87


34.7
17.1
9.6


9.0
352


6.2


288
87
2109


5 a 5 a ~ 5 C 5- 5 5 a -. a a a a 4W S a .~w 5 5 5 5 a 5 5 5 -. 5 *i~.. 5 a 5 5 a


"""


i





- 12


Table


Area
State
i-- -^pPl -^1^*^mF Bll ^l


Fiber


Zero


Shirley
Visibl


Total visible
Color of raw ce


Riefi


.--Cotton


gauge


Analyzer:
e waste ......


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste...


Yarn


Yarn imperfections


tex)
tex)


skein


8s ( 73.8 tex)
22 ( 26.8 tei)
Yarn appearance:


26.8


tex)
tex)


American


upland
, crop


- -- a- a -- --- yIi l 1 I I


Production area
Predominant variety
-r :- -* -t -. a* -* -1 :-: ai *- "--K ---- a- -w -i *- : -* t ---.- ^ ..^
Percentage of variety at gin
,: :- -^ -^ -" --W ------- ec-a -a
riweetly sampling
a a C ac a ..- ^* -J -* -* I LJ -J 4*_.J"L

RAW ..........,....TTON QUALITY
Grasle .. *** .. .. .. .. ....design~atioxi


Staple length


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph)


2.5%


span length........... .,inches


Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent


and maturity:
................reading


strength and elongation:


.....1,000 psi
*. .grams/tex
th ..grams/tex
i on...percent


.percent
.percent


& invisible


cotton:


ectanzce


......... poundss
........... *pounds
for...............


..........percent
*.........percent


S. . .*grade
.............grade


.....index


.... ... .. .number
............number.

... /. Yarn number


staple


Quality


--Continued


Southwest


p flt flr P


Northwest


ern
Texas
Ralls


I No. Star : Lankart 57 :Paymstrlll
-80 : -- 95 j: 3 95 --00
First : First : Second : First


IU~Sp


SLMLtSp
1-inch

.98


MLtSp
1-1/16


1.07


39.2


18.1


74.8


10.2
354


6.1


268
813
1963


53


5.8


'84
84


2060


353


7.2


287
86
2094


104
2512


C
95

86
51

58


- -* : -*--- --- -


production ar


short


of 1966


characteristics


Fiber fineness
Micronaire .


MLtSp
15/16


Zero gauge strength


strength


6-inch gauge strong
1X-inch gauge elongai


Yellowness


Code


.......Rd
......+b
'Mii'hay


...,.percent


Yarn skein strength:


22 ( 26.8 tex)
Average break facl


elongation


22s (


Average


yarn appearance.


73.8


22 s (


Spiin g potential.


Ir rr rI


....2n~ss


-----





- 13


Table


2.--Cotton,


American upland short


staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas


crop


of 1966--Continued


---S --------- ----- --outhw western
Northwest Texas : Oklahoma
_Q J e sille -: ea graves : Stamfor ernon Whitharrel)* Jrns -a
Lockett 4789 :Paymaster 202: Lankart 57 :Lockett4789 : Rilcot 90 : Lankart 57
S 95 : 100 :[- : 100 0 "'O' : -''
--First First Second : First First ------------- First---------
First First -Second -.-: "" First First First
-- ~- --- ^ W W -W- - a a a: --.W :- a -. a 5 ^ W ^* W. ^ ^ ^:*-W-- ** :-*^k^ 5*WJW f^ .:M


MLtSp
1-1/32


MrLtSp
15/16


IlLtSp
15/16


SLMLtSp
1-1/32


MLtSp
15/16


MLtSp
31/32


1.03


1.04


78
38.7
21.2


78
38.7
21.1
7.4


84
41.7
21.6


81
40.2
21.6
7.8


74
36.7
19.5
9.0


524.


71.2+


72.8
9.5
353


74.0
9.4
353


2517

9.0


101
2435


306
91
2225


338
100
2452


C+
'*'*0 -9_f^


"""""







Table


.--Cotton


SAmerican upland medium


staple


Quality characteristics


crop of


Area
State-
Statet'


Production area
- --- -- -- -- -s -a -
Predominant variety
---. ^*::- -- --*- -- -^ < -- --- -: -- ----- f* w -- -*f ----* ^:
Percentage of variety at gin

RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .... ........... ,..designationi


Staple length


Atnqth,%


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length..............inohes
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi


Zero gauge
%-inch gau|


strength..
e strength


3-inch gauge elongati'


Shirl


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color of


raw


...grams/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent


.pere
.perc


cotton:


Reflectance
Yep.l n exm es. c a


f --4 -J


Code


.......,..t..... **.***t*
5* 5 ** .. t, ..


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


Yarn skein


uL.S


Ave
Yarn


rage
skein


... +b
number


.......percent


strength:


tex)
tex)


break face
Selongati


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds
tor...............
on:
..........percent
.........percent


Yarn appearance:


22 (
50 (


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appe;
Yarn imperfections:


26.8
11.8


tex)


Spinning potential..


. ............grade
............ .grade
arance..... index

.. ..........number
.....,... ..number.


S~It


Yarn number


1966
*1~ -
--- a a
I


s
- -


southeastern
Alabama


-- -~r --- Rt24


Albertville : Belle Mina : en_
Carolina Queen Dix. King II
t -- --'------ -'o_ O ---- -- -- -- -
10S0c : T100 : -100 .: 100T


MLtSp
1-1/16


145

4F.7


40.4
21.7


1.1
1.6

75.0


2080


SLLtp32
1-1/32


1.07
44

4.5


38.5
20.9


70.0


1975


SMLtSp
1-1/32

1.09
43


39.9
21.0


5.0


94.
31
1809


SLMLtSp
1-1/32


1.06
44


80
39.6
21.0
6.0


3.3

73.8
8.4


7.0


98
34
1928

6.0


------------ __., ------------ -- --- -- ---


production areas,


14


1


ri-rr


Jrilm





- 15


Table


--Cotton


product


American
on areas


upland
crop


medium staple: Q
of 1966--Continued


quality characteristics


.. -- - - -


Southeastern __ _.
Alabama


Cull aan __ Decatur .. :HIarpersvlle_ j Huntsville_-- __ .......
Mixed Mainly ___ : _Rex Sm L : DPL SL : xd-Mnly -:Dixie King II
-.. Dixie King 95 70_ Em i re_ : 100 ..- -....-
First : Second Third Third Third Third


[IItS


1-1/


SLI Lt Sp
1-1/16


MLtSp
1-1/16


1.07


1.07


1.09


1.05
44

4.5


35~.
19.9
6.6


39.7
21.1
6.8


81
40.3
20.7
5.7


1.8
2.7


73.5
8.4


73.0
8.2
402


32
1845


32
1834


102
36
2022


105
36
2055


94
31
1809


6.2
4.8

C+
C
95

19


- --- .. ~ -~.~ ,-- ~~ -. ~, -D -.--1


1- 1!


1


1-1/16


1.08







Table


3.--Cotton,


American upland medium


staple:


Quality


characteristics


production areas,


crop of 1966--Continued


Area
State
------- ------ --- a a ca a a a---


friweekly sampling
* *-:(J *- --W -- -- a- *- -W ---*:---: WJ il --- ---- --- I- -- --- --- :--U *- a I- as- -* -----* *


--***Iit4: *WJHM iMM17 *- -*:-- Wx1Mf-*- -l-Ii-I-:J- -- -- -- I-----a-a--a*-*I--ii-- W-W


QUALITY


Grade ..................designa tion
Staple length ............ .....inches
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length...,,..........inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


............. ....reading


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength


Zero


gauge


strength


6-inch gauge strengi


W-inch
Shirley
Visible


gauge


elongate


Analyzer:
,e waste ..


.,...1,000 psi
.....grams/tex
th ..grams/tex
tion.. .percent


.percent


Total visible & invisible..percent


Color


raw cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


* *4*:


Code


* *. ........ Rd
* *.* ..... ..*.. I


.....number


PROCESSING RESULTS:


and card waste........percent


Yarn skein strength
22s( 26.8 tex)


11.8


tex)


Average break facl


skein elongation:


(


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)
e:
tex)
tep)


Yarn appearance


228( 2
50s ( 1
Average


6.8
1.8


:
...........poutnda
...........pounds


.........percent
..........percent

*.....,... grade


yarn appearance.


Yarn imperfections
22s ( 26.8 tex)


50s (


tex)


Spinningpotential..


.4/


Yarn


..grade
..index

.number
.number

number


----Southea
Alab
vMont gmery : Piedmont :
Au___burn 56" .. D.Kirng II:
100 100
Third : Third :


SLMLtSp
1-1/32

1.04
44

4.2


40.0
20.6


71.0


9.9
403


5.6


93
30
1773

5.5
4.3


SLLtSp
1-1/16

1.07


38.2
21.6


402


6.6


101
35
1986

6.5
4.8


.stern
ama
RusseIlvlle:
Mxd-Mnly :
* Stnvl 7A s:
Third :


SLMLtSp
1-1/32

1.07


4.9

77
37.9
19.2
6.1


68.8


453


6.2


89
29
1704

5.6
4.0


- -- --- -
Tusac
Thirdnv

Third


SLMLtSp
1-1/16

1.09


80
39.4
21.3
7.1


70.5
9.1
453


5.4


108
38
2138

6.8
5.4


a -


RAW COTTON


Pic ker


Yarn
22s


I""""": iiii~


11.8


.,.,,,.,,,





- 17


Table


3. --Cotton,
product


American upland medium staple: Q
.on areas, crop of 1966--Continued


quality characteristics


--- ---- --- --- ----------- --------Georgia
Southeastern


Em ire :- Dixie King : Hybee--
I00 :i 100 : -100 : 100 -: -100 : --100
First : Second : Second : Third Second Third


LMLtSp
1-1/16


1.10


Lid


MLtSp
1-1/16


.o06


LMLtSp
1-1/32


1.06


SLMLtSp
1-1/32


1.06


LMLtSp
1-1/32


1.06


40.2
22.0


39.7
20.6
6.o


20.3
5.8


19.1
5.9


20.7
6.3


38.8
20.0
6.8


72.7
8.2


70.0


70.0
8.7
53


7.1


106
OjtI* ^


104
38
2094


99
33
1914


89
30
1729


92
31
1787


6;,3

C .
:c
90


6.1
4.6

C


5.8
4.4

C
D
80

26


6.3
4.6

C+
C+-
100

26


6.2
4.5

C
D+
85

22


I
I ...

I



I


I


~I








Table


3. --Cotton,


American upland medium staple:


production areas,


crop of


Quality characteristics


Aarea
State
Production area
< --- *-fe ---- -
Predominant variety
Prcenlyage of variety
wl- --- -- ---
*-- --.*-s-i** --- -- -*- -- *- -- ^M


-W --: -M a '..--*:*- -- '!-
4 --: -^ :-- --k w -k-k -M ik- -tw
- -^U -~ -^^ -^. -tU J^l:^ ^KJ^ Mie^rk:^K1^ U
atf gin --
*H- --- -k"* --*-- ----l--* *--- "E
JI-- -- a* *i M --* a-- --aI a a*- --*>- -& *--


-M k *- :--:--*--ntt
Dunn


1- -^ -tft W-W--h a-- -.
Car. ee
;._ -W _~ ?vl _.W ee'"


Southeastern
North Carolina
:Laurinburg : Lusbetton
n :McNair 1032: Mixed Mainly
: 100 : Coker 100
: Third Second Third


.* a -- 5 -


W COTTON QUALITY
Grade .. .... ....... .deaigr tion
Staple length ...............inches
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5G span length........ ... ... inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


.. ........... .reading


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength ... .grams/tex
%-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation.. .percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste


.percent


Total visible & invisible..percent


Color of raw
Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


cotton:


* ... .,-IRb

...number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste........percent


Yarn skein strength:
22 s ( 26.8 tex) ...........pounds


50sa(


11.8


tex)


...........pounds


Average break factor.
Yarn skein elongation:


26.8
11.8


50s (


Yarn appearance
22 s( 26.8


50sf


11.8


tex)
tex)
re:
tex)
tex)


..........percent
*.........percent


S.............grade
............. .grade


Average yarn appearance.


Yarn imperfections:


50 (


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


Al'


.....index


number


............number.

.. ./. Yarn number


iU


MLtSp
-1/16


1-1/16


1.09


78
38.8
20.3
6.0


73.8
8.2


35
1975


1-1/16

1.06
49

4.8

82
40.4
22.9
6.8


73.0
8.6
4o02


5.6


113
39
2218

6.5
5.0


1.06


LMLtSp
1-1/16

1.09


36.8
20.8
6.8


303


4.6


105
37
2080

6.4
4.8


69.7
9.0
453


7.8


108
39
2163


5.6

C+
C
95

36
26


-NI!:


1966--Continued


p


.





- 19


Table


--Cotton


American


production areas


upland
crop


medium


staple:


Quality characteristics


of 1966--Continued


_Southeastern
-North Carolina : South Carolina
seabad : S: ....hr.k:hetnpring: Penieton
.Mxd-Mnfy_ :__Coker 13 : Car. Queen : Mxd-Mnly Coker_ 3 : Car. Queen
M cNair 1032: 100 80 :Coker 100 100 100
Third : Third Third First : Third : Third


M'LtSp
1-3/32


SL1/
1-1/16


SUIt


1.07


1.13


1.10
44


39.5
21.6


22.0
*_ 1 3


83
41.l
22.5


42.4
24.5
5.9

2.9


84
41.8
23.1
6.0

1.6
2.3


74.2
8.2


110
40
2210


127
47
2572


109
38
2149


110
4o0
2210


- 66 -
-~ -----~.------ -~ & - ~ ~. -~, ~, S. ~ -~# a a a a .,~ a ** */%* *~ -


SLM
1-1/16


SLM
1-1/16


5124


- m -





- 20


Table


trea
State
S f *F fl- -


Fiber
Zero
Zero


--Cotton,


American upland medium


crop


----- ----- -- ------- a- -
- aa a a a- a ---- r5 5 SS -


Production area
* -MR iit~- -w tai --^ IW--"I-#--B- t- **-- -m -- -* -- t--
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
f- al a- MI- 1- *--"--- -. -w ---" -- -W4 -M W- ----*1 --lla S a -W 1 -
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ................. ...designation


Staple


length


.........inches


1966


strength and elongation:


gauge
gauge


~6-inchi


Shirl


Code .

PROCESSING


.......percent


Yarn skein strength:


11.8


....... ...pounds
......... .pounds
tor. ..


Yarn skein elongation:


11.8


ent


..........pe r


...,......percent


Yarn appearance:


11.8


S... .......grade
..... .......grade


.....index


S...........number
* .....number.


. *W


Yarn number


gauge


ey Analyzer:


was


Total visible & invisible


Color
Refl


of raw
ectance


..percent
. .percent


cotton:


* .Rd
* *4 *i-b


11.8


staple


Quality characteristics


--Continued


Southeastern
s, _Carolna_ Virginia


- w ^* i. _-
m~D L r n Z lJ.m ___
:So. Central
Arkansas -


York : Emporia c .lare
Coer 413 :- Mixed Mainly : DPL Sm L
-0 : -- aroln u- -- a 9
Third : Second : Third : First
^ Mf JM B ft W m::HH Wf ^ ^m WW: --- --- ---. *^^


1-3/


-3/32


1.12


~43,7
2K.0


1,10


21.1
6.4


39.0
22.5


1-3/32

1.09


8o
39.7
21.9
7.4


75.7
8.8


452


4.6


2224


109
39
2174


107
38
2127


production areas


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.......... .. .inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire ................reading


%-inch gauge


brength ... .1,000 psi
brength .... .grams/tex
strength ..gramzs/tex
elon33gation. .percent


Visible


Yellowness


number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste.


tex)
tex)


Average break fadc


tex)
tei)


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential.


:E: B jiijj


)
)





- 21


Table


3.--Cotton,
product


American upland medium staple: Q
.on areas, crop of 1966--Continued


quality characteristics


.* ----- --- ---- -- -- -- --- --- --- -r|H--I--F |-ttn- IM-- --- --I-- WM*-I-- <- -- nr -- i-- -- -- l -- 1-- lfH -* aI ff -- -- -- .I l- -i l W*
South Central
--- ---- ^-^ -r -- aaa --- --- a -M al-- - --- -- a- -
Soesoner-- : Lake Cit : Leachville : Little Rock
__In ~ l ,-iu -...... ---__ t ___ -__-___ n _._.---_
i I ::: -- a_ -. ...... -. :. _. _i _; o e -
o100 : Th0 :econ : 100 : 1stoneville 7A
Second -Third : Second :Third -First -Second


MLtSp


SLM-
1-3/32


1.10
46


1.10


1.10


L.114


21.9
6.9


22.1
6.6


21.1


21.5
6.5


21.4
6.1


22.2
7.4


74.1
8.0


73.8
8.1


74.1
7.8


107
38
2127


107
38
2127


106
38
2116


109
4o
2199


109
39
2174


111
40
2221


-.---, -


1,14


-4.1


~r~ru





22-.
- 22 -


Table


-Cotton


, American upland medium


production areas,


crop


of 1966


stapl


Quality characteristics


--Continued


State
--o """ ---
Produo on area


- -a _. _.- -- ---
Predominant variety
-^ --, ^-^^^^ -- a -. -- ^
Percentage of variety at
-A -- ---OT- -Oa a A I
----- ------ ------- -
RAW COTTON QUAIflr


------- --- -
eas a-:-:- -i M -i a* ak af -- MJ


Grade .t..................designation


Staple


length


.......inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


Fiber


.*... .eda


strength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength


Zero gauge


strength


~3-inch gauge strengi
-inch gauge elongal


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste
Total visible
Color of raw co
Reflectance .
Yellowness ..


Code


& invli


itton:
* a. pt*>

* a S
....*******


......1,000 psi
.....grams/tez
bh ..grams/tex
;ion...percent

.......percent
4ible. .percent


** *.* *
...... .. .+b
.....number


..percent


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste......


Yarn s]
22s (
50s (


kein strength:


11.8


tex)
tex)


.........pounds
. ..........pounds


Average break factor...
Yarn skein elongation:


22s (
50s (


U.s,


tex)
tei)


Yarn appearance:


11.8


tex)
tex)


..........percent
....*....*.prcent

.............grade


Average yarn appearance


Yarn imperfe


22a (
50s(


11.8


actions


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential.


S..... grade
......index

.... .number


...... .....number.


. aLI.


. Tar number


- -~- -- -* ,- ---- .-j a .


- -th central


Arkansas
n -l- i --i -


-Zi


~~FFT~gi~6- ------ ---a- *--
ve___o 91b9:..Stnvl.7A :Mxd:Mi.. -. DPL Sm" L


. LV- L u


SDPL_45_


--First.

SLM
1-1/8

1.16
46

4.5


- a


F.irs-t


*
- ----


Second
- -- -


1-1/8

1.14


-- on_-0


First
~--- -- --

M
1-1/16

1.05


---- -


-3/3


717


41.7
4;~k'^-* ^ U1,


1.9
2.7

74.9
7.3


22.2


20.5


5.5

71.9


8.1
351


8.1




39
2174


2210


110
39
2185


109
38
2149


- - -
- - -


-Ln


------
-


- --- m


F---..


..


"





- 23


Table


--Cotton


American upland medium staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop of


1966--Continued


South Central
Arkansas : Louisiana
e._ .inct _o -We ona :_ __ ine Alexandria Bossier t C_ Mi~L -.- -
Rex .cxd-Mnly DL Sm L : Stnvl 213 : DPL_5 : DPL Sm L
90 : DPL Sm L : 100 : 0 :o 100 8-


- -
- -


Third: Second Second :Third n Second : Second


SLMLt Sp
1-1/16


LII
-i/S


SLM
1-3/32


SLM
1-1/16


SLM1
1-1/16


MItSp
1-1/16


1.07


1.12


1.03


1.10


1.07


21.5


21.5


76
37.7
19.8


82
40.7
21.8
6.8


- 3.


22.5
6.2

1.8
3.3


21.9
8.1

1.7


69.0
9.0


72.0'
7.9
52


74.9
7.8


75.1i
7.9
02


75.4
7.6


2000


2221


115
41
2290


108
40
2188


1903


*II'I* *I r .. 5 I a e aI. 5 5 5 r 5 5 5u r S a a 5. 5 *4 I 5 5 C 5 5 5x a r a 5 a 5r a 5r S a -






-2W


Table


Cotton,


production areas,


crop of 1966--Continued


Quality chaa


Area


-LllllnlIl -- amaa a- -- m nn- -


Production area
Predominant variety
-----r -- ---- / ---- a------a-aa------
Percentae of variety at in
riweekly sampling
--AW a -OTTON -UAI--------a--Y
RAW OOTTON QUALITY


Grade ........... ..........designation


length


Fiber length (Digital Pibrograph):
2.5% span length.......... .inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Mi cronaire


Fiber
Zero
Zero


.............. .. reading


strength and elongation:


gauge strength


gauge


inch gauge


;rength .,
strength


%-inch gauge elongatii
X--JI cb^T Jn4@~u-


Shirley An
Visible
Total vi


Oolor
Refl


nalyzer:


waste
sible


raw


ectance


& invisll


...1,000 psi
...grams/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent

.... percent


ble


cotton:


Yellowness
Code ....


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


50 s


11.8


.percent


* t* .R. d
3-


........ .number


.......percent


strength:


tex)
tex)


Average break fac


U.S8


S*........pounds
...........pounds
or. ... ou
5or. ...*** We,.....


elongation


tex)
tex)


Yarn appearance:


11.8


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appeE


Tarn imperfections


22s (
50s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


..........percent
..........percent

.............grade
S.......... grade

irance. ... .index


............number
. ...........number


... Tarn number


- -- ----a a -
a n -| |- a n -
- -fr~luce
Bzae


---neville-213. .. Cl_.kStoneville 7A
-.-.-_-ea.__an a. .. ... .._ ._-. .....I
"i Thi80 ~00
-dir.....--- ----.-Second-- Third"


- --r --------- --- -


- Mi ssiasiePi
- -_ -


-B- --~iei i- i -


SIM
1-1/16

1.06
43

4.0


SLM
1-1/16


SLMLt Sp
1-1/16


21.4


SLM
1-1/16


22.4


6.901
4oi


4.8


104
36
20o44

6.5
5.1


111
40
2221


104
35
2019


108
37
2113


- -- -- -- -- -- -


--- ----


American upland medium staple:


Staple


Yarn skein
22 s( 26


Yarn skein


50s (


3.--


I


Quality characteristics


.inches


i
.





- 25


Table


-Cotton


SAmerican upland medium


staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop of 1966


--Continued


South Central

-----DPL Smooth Leaf - Stoneville 21 -- ---- ---- -L -- -PL- --l-
"-'-" ..lrsda--l --- .- ...-.. --... ve-- -- ---- -^^ --- -_nd, ----^-
...._* _t _e af .___ Ato-^~.^^ -^eOT15JJJJ_ 2 ___ _: __AS &_ :.__DA 4.___


100 : 100 : 100 : 100 : 100
Second -Third : Fourth : Third : Third -.Third
JH --55* ----- w k M A- ---- 5 a as e -WWa ak^^ ^ macmass e 54 a ^ 5 ^^- as S


1-I -- a
I- aI -I a


1-3/


1-1/16


1-3/


1-3/


1-3/


1.11


1.09


1.09


1.11


21.6
6.7


84
41.7
22.8
6.1


82
40.4
22.6
7.5


80
39.7
24.7
6.9


76.8


74.0
8.0
402


78.0


7.0
401


7.1
401


74.8
7.3
401


2232


2315


2008


2265


~~~~


1.11





- 26 -


Table


.--Cotton,


American upland medium


staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop of


1966--


Continued


Area
- :- :- W-- -- -- a a a -* W* -- -- -* M -- -- -k -
State
* -Jrh -I---jh:
Production area
Predominant variety
a *- W *:: ---- :* *--- -*-* -- a --- *^^M -- ^* :--- --* -^ -t* a *

Percentage of variety at gin
-we fw- -Mi il- a *-- ^-* -^:* -- --r *- ^-- -- *-- --Bi--tlui*t<
riweely sampling _
-W *l- *- l--wI---*:l:rl -'S -w -w -w --- -R* r -- ---- iw-irM -R *-*
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .................. .designation.


Staple


length


4-nt-n-


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% pan length........... ..inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Mi cronaire


Fiber


strength and elongation:


Zero gauge


strength


Zero gauge strength
36-inch gauge strengl


%-inch gauge


Shirl


long&1~


.....1,000 psi
.....grams/tex
th ..grams/tex
bion...percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible


was


Total visible
Oolor of raw cc


Refl


& invisible.


.perc
.pero


)tton:


eetance


Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


* ...+b
number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste.


Yarn skein


26.8
11.8


.......percent


strength:


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds
for... ............


Average break faco


Yarn


skein elongation


11.8


tei)


........ .percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


tex)
tex)


Average


.............grade
.............grade


yarn appearance.


Yarn imperfections:


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.. .t


..index

.number


.......... ...number


.. arn number


[ --


Sout
Mios


-iiH DP Sm IW :- tn 213
- a -- -- man a- -


100d


--*


1-3/


1.13


Fourth :


SL/tSp
1-1/16


LJ1O


22.2


78.0
7.3


2337


2102


Central


sippi_
Indianola
DPL Sm L :Dix. King II
100 : 100
Fourth Fourth


SLM
1-1/16


1.08


22.4


76.0


401


6.2


11
4o
2221


LM
1-1/16

1.05
43


21.7


7.4
451


6.8


102


19~47


11,8


L1.8


I





"';1-27-


Table


--Cotton, American
production areas


upland medium
crop of 1966-


staple: Quality characteristics
-Continued


-- -- - ----- ----------- -- ------------- --- -.-----i -^
South Central
-!ss -i----------- ------ -------------- -- ---- -p --
_._ i,_-.s--_ U s _sis_ _;_ ... B -_ ..
i Stnvl 213 _:DixKin II: DPL Sm L : Stoneville 213 : DPL Smooth Leaf
S. 100 -75 : 100 : -90 :- 70 .": i -100-
Fourth : Third : Third : Third : Third : Second : Third


SLlLRtSp
1-1/16


SLIT'
1-1 i/16


SL[EL
1-1/


SLM
1-3/32


M
1-1/16


SLMLtSp
1-1/16


1.08
43


1.09
45


1.05
45


1.11
46


1.10
42


4o


79
39.2
22.0
6.1


83
41.0
23.5
6.5


77.0
7.6
351


71.7
8.8
40O3


76.5
7.
401


I0 J
452


75.5
7.4
401


78.0
7.6
351


102
35
1997


101
36
2011


101
364
1961


fl-N1
i7-J


-i:I1
140
2-"1


102
35
1997


90
31
1765


6.1
4.3

D+
D
75


6.14
C

C
C:


C+
5 100


- -.- .- -rlll(l r-13Y l -t -I -II -I -- -- .. a --


SLT.I
1-1/16





- 28


Table


--Cotton


, American upland medium staple:


production areas


crop


of 1966-


Quality characteristics


-Continued


Area
State
i- --------------- i -- -- a --
Production area ----" "- ........
*^~- --& J---i -
Predominant variety ..._-.-
Percentage of variety at gin
----7,--- ----- ----~--
-riweekly sampling
^..H ** : ^ Wa -* ^ -^ -^- -- ^--- J-k ----- *^ ---* :' -^ -- ^ --

RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ....... .. ........... .designation


Staple length


*,, ,.LgLcch


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length. .. .. .... ...inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Mi cronaire


C* S4,.resadizi


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero
Zero


gauge


strength


gauge strength


3%-inch gauge strengl
36-inch gauge elongal


Shirley
Visible


Analyser:
e waste ......


....1,000 psi
.,...grams/tex
bh ..grams/tex
bion.. .percent


.percent
.percent


Total visible & invisible


Oolor of raw
Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


cotton:


.Ibe
..................number


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


......percent


Yarn skein strength:


tex)


50s (


Average break fao


.,*... ....pounds
....... ....pounds
* or... p .


Yarn skein elongation:


tex)
tei)


Yarn appearance:
22s( 26.8 tex)
50( 11. 8 tez)
Average yarn appec
Yarn imperfections:


228 (
50a (


11.8


tex)
rex)


Spinningpotential.


..........percent
..........peroent
Ttft'^/^fttl'


S...*......* .grade
.. ..*.. grade
araoe. ......inde


*........ ..number
S. ...... .....number.


. Yarn number


South Central


-----~ ~ M -----


8ardit..
-- --


- Bat iSer -
------- -


-- - -mv .M


sippi


S


* rTctaIiJ5 wc
-


Stnvl 7A Stnvl 213 DPL Smooth Leaf
100 : 100 100
Third Third_ Second : Third


T -


1.13
46

4.8

81


~4.9


38.8
22.4


SLM
1-3/32

1.09
44

3.8


38.6
22.7


351


6.0


101
35
1986


2149


110
39
2185


SLMLtSp
1-1/~l


37.6
21.8


5.0

73.7
8.4
402


6.6


111
40
2221


II


- --- -


1.10


11.8


11,8


":""





- 29


Table


3.--


Cotton,


Americ an


production areas


upland medium staple:


crop


Quality characteristics


of 1966--Continued


M ississipp:
-------------- ---------1 .
!.,~o~~e~__4l-- '1_C" ---^
Coker 41 :- Car. Queen


Third "


- nn


S:_75
:----i--
: Third


South


Central


L-.-- --- -------^^^^^^S~i-- -------
: DPL Sm L : Stnvl 21_~: StnvljA~'T Rex SmL
: -9-5 : 80 : 80 : 65
SThird : Second : Second Second


MLt Sp
1-1/16


SLM
1-1/16


1-1/16


1-3/


1.05


1.08


1.08


1.09


1.11


19.7
6.0


22.5
7.7


21.9
7.4

1.8


22.3
7.0


77.0


75.0


71L0


73.4
8.0


2431


1356


2127


2105


2351


7 6.0


.- a- m-- nM *- -B --*


I:


rrr --I





30- I

Table 3.--Cotton, American upland medium staple: Quality characteristics by
production areas, crop of 1966--Continued

Area South Centrals
State Tennessee
-Pr---u tio- ---area ___ Covington :Fayettevlle: Jackson_ Munford
predominant variety DPL Sm L :Empire WR61:Dix.King ii: M:d-Mny
..--- -.-m- ---- -------W--- .P .... .......-W -* KingIk I-nz-._
Percentage of variety at gn___ 9_ : ___0 ______ Aubu_
XWi"----- .... --- a a-----' -----
riweekly sampling :. *Tbr -M Third a Thi d a -
RAW COTTON QUALITY lill
Grade .............. ,..desination S LtSp SLM SLM SLMLtSp
Staple length ................. inches 1-1/16 1-1/16 1-1/16 1-1/16
Fiber length (Digital ibrograph) :
2.5$ span length............ inches 1.08 1.05 1.08 1.08
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent 14 43 44 44
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Mioronaire


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge


Zero


gauge


strength
strength


%-inch gauge strengi
3-inch gauge elong&


Shirl


.....1,000 psi
.....grams/tex
bh ..gramns/tex
dion...percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color of raw
Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


..percent
..percent


cotton:


* 4t* *iniber


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


......percent


Yarn skein strength:


50s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


Average break fao
Yarn skein elongat


11.8


tex)
tex)


Yarn appearance:


22s (
50os (


11.8


...........pounds
...........pounds

ion:
..........percent


.............grade
... ... .... grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: i/


26.8
11.8


508%(


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential


,....index

... .number


....... .. .number


... Yarn number


22.1


40.8
20.6


71.7
9.3
403


2033


2091


20.2


74.0
8.0


1997


38.0
20.9
6.2


3.4

71.0


2058

6.6
5.0


Ea4


.re~i~





- 31


Table


3.--Cotton, American
production areas.,


upland medium staple:
crop of 1966--Continue


Quality characteristics


South Central : Western
Tennessee- Arizona
Ridgely ~l-- R-le:..~ Savannah : T- -onvill : Casa Grande ~
nStoneville 213 : b xd-Mln :Dixie Kin II:- DPL Sm L DPL Sm L
Si_ ex Sm L : 0 : 100 .100_0__ ...
T ----------- T - S -------- -Th-r-d -J- -
Second : Third l Third Third : Third Second
Wa aa a- a- --- --- -- -


IL4tSp
1-1/16


SLILtSp
1-1i/16


iLtSp
l- 1/16


SLMLtSp
1-1/32


MLtSp
1-1/16


SLM
1-1/16


1.11
43-


1.07
45


1.06
42


1.12
43


1.07
44


79
39.2
21.5
6.2


80
39.8
21.0
6.4


78
38.8
22.4
8.0


87
43.2
22.6
7.0


1.1
- 1.8


74.0
9.353


C:.


72.5
9.0
403


99
35
1964.


105


115
41
2290


103
37
2058


114
41
2279


103
36
2033




2*

- 32 -


Table


-Cotton


, American upland medium


staple


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop


of 1966-


-Continued


iArea" a

Production area


Triweekly a- 8pling -C
---i ---- 'I'- --- -


RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ..........* ........desi~*ation


Staple


length


a .*# aa aa .LLuJcas


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span legth......... ...inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent


Fiber fineness
Micronaire .


and maturity:
............... reading


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength ..
Zero gauge strength..
M-inch gauge strength


%-inch
Shirley


gauge


elong~tii


...1,000 psi
...grams/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent


AnalySer:


Visible waste


visible & invisible


Color
Refl


raw


.percent
.percent


cotton:


ectance


Yellowness


Code


. .number


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


Yarn skein


508 (


u.S8


.percent


strength:


tex)
tax)


...........pounds
...........pounds
or ..... .O U


Average break facl


Yarn skein


26.8
11.8


elongation:


tex)
tei)


..........percent
,.........percent


Yarn appearance:


50 (


tex)


. ...... .... .grade
............ ** .grade
.g~f~fC
-* ft* ** AQ B


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


11.8


tex)


Spinning potential.


.....index


. .......,..number
.....,,, .number.


2.


. Yarn number


Arizona


Pen i


Western
.-~.JHL wf:*^- B- a^l -^~f --y -^I a!^ -1Bl -l~i -llf -M *-m *MHf-: lf H::


---- --


California


Rrsial Pi


elpl


DPL Smooth Leaf :Acala


,nn
aItoo ---
- --- a ----


L l p


Second
- :W W --


Second
a : a a --


gIM
1-1/16

1.05
42,

4.8


43.6
22.6


73.0
8.4


6.4


94
30
1784

5.2


- --- -


SIM
1- 1/16

1.06
40

4.2


42.2
22.6


100 : 1
First Th


1- 1/16


1.04


39

4.6


45.6


-3


1


25
6


73.4


110
39
2185


Lano

.00
lird I



/32

.07


.5 I
liii
r 'II:
1.1i
i.O ,H
.0 ii:
i.1 ..:


73.7
8.4
402


101
34
1961


123
45
478

5.8
4.6


II


:9ueen Creek:


I


1_1.8





- 33


Table


3.--Cotton,


American


production areas,


upland medium staple:
crop of 1966--Continue


Quality characteristics


- i i m -------- i---- ------ -i----- a iae-n-rn i-i--------^ -----rn-a----- --- --
-.----- -... --.------------- t ......__- .-....... --_- -_____---____---a-
California
.. Five EYi'nt.s. :. 1Hanfian ford. a Huron Kermnan Stratford : Terr --a Bella
S- J- j-?- Acala -42 -- B .a
.I 00 : 100 : 100 1: 00 : 100 : 100
Second ThSecond Second Second Third : Third
---,-, -- -a n a a a r -- -- -


SLM
1-3/32


SLIT
-3/32


SLM
1-1/16


SLW~tSp


1-3/


1-3/


1.09
46


i.o8


1.08


1.08


1.09
44


1.08
46


i-ci
49.6


94
46.6
25.7
6.2


100
49.6
26.4


98
48.6
25.0


71.9


73.8
7.6


73.1
8.1


71.0
9.0


129
48
2619


126
48
2586


111
42
2271


50
2713


128
48
2608


4.9

B+








Table 4.-


-Cotton,


American upland


production areas


long


staple:


Quality characteristic


Area


State
ProEduction area
Predominant variety
-wwrr-t----- n <- --..-----.fc -r-*^a< *---
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
--- a-*: -- *- -- :^-- -- :- -*--------. ------1- -*- ikft --- *t*ii WW*I--- -
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .....................designation


Staple


length


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph)


2.5%6


span


1 err~fth ......,... irch


Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent


Fiber fineness
Micronaire .


and maturity:
II ..............re


ading


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero
Zero


gauge
gauge


strength
strength


6-inch gauge streng4
%-inch gauge elongal


Shirley


.....1,000 psi
.....grams/tex
bh ..grams/tex
bion.. .percent


Analyzer:


Visible waste
Total visible


Color
Refl


raw


& invisible


...percent
e..percent


cotton:


ectance


Yellowness


........Rd
a .m


Code


number


PROCESSING RESULTS:


Picker and card


Comber
* Yarn s
22s (
50s (


was


*


waste.........


,* 0W~~
'a,.,


.percent
.percent


iein strength:Carded & Combed


u.S8


terx)
tex)


Average break factor.
Yarn skein elongation:


22s 4


tex)
tei)


.*......pounds
.......pounds
S** ** ** .* 5 .


..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


..* ......... *grade
,.............grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


naB8


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential..


.....index
S* S i i -


............number
............number


..2.
*U&4


Yarn number


* (lnmnharl v'arn lata. I n narant.hps.


Arizon
Duncan
* ai a- S ---


L 3 -
- aV


1-5/


Western


[a


[
h 1-


New Mexico


A
a- -*


Animals


- ---


Las Cruces


1-5/


27.8


5.5

76.0


17.7


157)
59)
3202)


(7.1)


(100)

(17)
(13)


21.1


55
2915


3io)
62)
310)


9 (7.4)
8 (6.4)


(100)


7.0 (7.3)
5.3 (6.0)


EG (
BG (


(13)


crop of


1966


A I I7 f : A 1517 V A 1517 D
Wf a ss: ---P--- -F-- --------------------------------------------^^ ^ ^ ^ ---------------
._8o -75
Third : Third --Third


154)
60)
194)


(19)


*


11.8


r>+ (


-34-


1-1/8


. inc~he s





- 35


Table 4.--Cott


American


upland long


staple:


Quality characteristics


produce


tion


areas


crop of


1966--Continued


Area


- --- -


Western


State New Mexico -W-est Texas
Production area_ .-- Lovin ton : Tularosa : Canutillo :Ft.Stockton
Predominant variety A 117 BR2 : A 1517 : A 1517 D : A 1517 C
Percentageof varietyg at gi9n ..1_ :- 76 .. _-90 ..__ ____9_0_
Triweekly samp-l-ning -...... ....Second : Third :. Third :. Third
RAW COTTOIff QUALITY
Grade ...... ..............designation MLtSp M M M
Staple length .............. ..inches 1-5/32 1-5/32 1-1/8 1-5/32
VVi erh 1 lringth ( Tipitql Fib rnaprflnh: 1


a+ -Y .J1I -I -IO ~ CO C---.- -- -0- ".


2.5% span length.


. .....inches


Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Mlicronal


...... .....reading


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength ... .1, 000 psi
Zero gauge strength .... .grams/tex
%a-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
.g-inch gauge elongation.. .percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color
Refl


of raw
ectance


Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


cotton:


.....|...
....g....


.percent
.percent


........ .Rd
........+ b
....number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste....
Comber waste.........


* Yarn skein


22 s ( 2
50s( 1
Average


strength:Carded


-.3
1.8


terz)
tex)


... .percent
...percent


Combed


..........,.pounds
S...........pounds


break: factor


Yarn skein elongation


50s (


26.8
11.8


tex)
t e:)


Yarn appearance:


22s (
50 (


26.
*I%.J


tex)
tex)


............grade
............grade


Average yarn appearance
Yarn imperfections: 1/


22s (


26.8
11.8


ter)
tex)


Spinning po tentia1 .


* Combed


yarn


data in


.....index


. ...........number
S.. ........number.


-'p
* Sl


Yarn number


parentheses


1.22


1.20


41.0
27.0


21.9


156)


191)


50
2724

6.7


(7.2


BG (


(100)


157)
60)


7.0)
6.0)

C+)
c+)
oo100)


82
40.7


18.2


149)
56)


(7.7)
(6.5)


D+ ( B )
D ( B )
75 (o110)


(10o)


S- -cnn! --- l llll~~l- ~~- ---I-l-- .--- -------------------------


~"""""""""""


.8 (


Dc (


~11~1


1.14


1.18


18.0


- n*wnrl


--~---


Irrr~l


I---c-I-


- -




-36 -
- 36 -


Table 5.-


-Cotton


American


production areas,


Lii -


t cast


upland e:
crop of


- a ---- --- --- -- --- --
a a en --- a -- -- -- -


production area
,^^ w ^ ^i* ^ ^""l ^ ~'" ^- -
-Predomint variety
Percentage of variety at gin
T biweekly s--ling-
-B* I- "T?1"* *---- -i -f-M-i -- <^ -*liM -& -Ht- a sHma *- -


Yarn number


x


- -
___I


* -,
- -


RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade. ................... designation


Staple


length


Fiber length


(Array).:


.. inches


Upper quartile length..... inches


Coef.


of variation...


...percent


Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


Fiber


strength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength .... .1, 000 psi
Zero gauge strength .. .grams/tex
3-inch gauge strength ..grams/te
3-inch gauge elongation...percent


Shirl


ey Analyser:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color of raw
Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


..percent
..percent


cotton:


*4m ma met t*#t t*....
*t 8~4 it a tt


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.
Comber waste.........
Yarn skein strength:


50s (


11.8


Average
Yarn skein


tex)


.......percent
......percent
Combed yarns


.......... .pounds
. ..pouxnds


break factor.
elongation:


11.8


tex)
tez)


..........percent
....... .percent


Yarn appearance:


50s (


7,14


tex)
tex)


Average yarn apple
Yarn imperfections:


u_.S


S s(


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential.


-- -----------:------__,-:-i--H-------i----.- -*i a -


tra long staple: Quality characteristics by
1966

.-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1
Western
West Texas
Pecos
Del Cerro
L---- ---- ------,--- --I0oo-- ---- --- ---- -- -
100
Third


-5/16


98
48.5
32.6


76.0
8.0


8.0
22.2

72


5.9
5.0

B


13

a e----- ---------


,............ grade
arance..... .index
I
S1/
...........,number
...,........number.


.re~i~


-- 1- :- *-*




____________________________________________________AN


- 37


--Cotton,
product


Area
State
Production area
Predominant variety


American
on areas


Egyptian
, crop of


------ ---- -- -- -
--------------- -


-i-- -I.


Percentage of variety at
Triweekly sampling


COTTON


extra long staple:
1966

-- ---- ---- 4.--w-- ---


Quality characteristics


Western
--- 2 i 2 ........


- - ~
- -


i. -- Safford : ....Stanfield
P in a 8 -2 ..
gin 1---- -- 0----- :-----1 -- -. .---- -.100
-I Sec-nd First : Second


QUALITY


Staple


length


.... .designation
. ... inches


Fiber length (Array):
Upper quartile length.....inches


Coef.


of variation..


.percent


Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


.reading


1-3/8


1-3/8


1.42


S.4


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi


Zero gauge strength


%-inch


gauge


strengi


%-inch gauge elongate


Shirley


.. .. grams/tex
th ..grams/tex
:ion.. .percent


Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color


..percent
..percent


raw cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


. .... .. Rd


. .. number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste........percent
Comber waste...............percent
Yarn skein strength: Combed yarns


50 ( 1
8os(
Average


Yarn s.
50s
80s


iB8
7.14


tex)
tex)


*...... ....
* I I.. .I .


.pounds
.pounds


break factor


kein elongation:


11_.8


tex)
tex)


........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


50s (
Boat


ui.S


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appearance
Yarn imperfections: 1/


50s (
80s (


11.8
7.4


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.. .


............. .grad.e
... ....grade


.....index


S...........number
............number


Yarn number


47.0


100
49.7
34.7
6.5


10.2


19.1


3465


8.6
19.4

74
40
450


-- ----- ------ ----- -- -


Table 6.


Grade .. ..


1.48





- 38


Table 6.--Cotton,


American Egyptian


production areas,


crop of


extra
1966-


long


staple:


Quality


-Continued


Area
State


:rodaUtion area
Predominant variety
?erentage of variety at gin --
W-----f-c --- Sa:--s -
Griweekly sampling
- RA-- ---OTTON QUALITY
RAW CO~TaTONiayc EQUALITY a: a'hfi


.designation
S* .......in he


....inches
...percent


Fiber fineness and maturity:


.reading


Fiber strength and elongation:


%-inch
Shirley
Visible
Total
Oolor of


strength


elongat


.....1,000 psi
... .grams/ tex
th ..grams/tex
;ion.. .percent


was


visible & invisible


cotton:


tex)
tex)


tex)
tex)


* *4 S*
*4*4 ..
4,,,..,,


.percent
.percent


* ...+b
. .number


.......percent
......percent
Combed yarns
... ..*..pounds


.......pounds


..........percent
.........p.ercent

..........,,.grade
.......... ,grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


.....index


number


........ ...number


Yarn number


- I- a- -- --. -- -- --


., /.


T ------------ -- -
New Mexico
Las Cruces


Pima


- We ------stern-
:*


- -- --- -- -- ------


West


Texas


El Paso


- -- n---6 : 70
....___ .... ..........r


Second : Second
4P31~r1+J~rl---- Secondll


-3/8


1.36
30


101
49.9
33.0
7.1


1.5
2.7

70.5
10.7
54


7.2
18.5


6.6
19.6


38
3245


~4O
34eOO


characteristics


Grade.
Staple


length


Fiber length (Arr&y):
Upper quartile length.
Coef. of variation....


Micronal re


Zero


gauge


Zero gauge strength
%-inch gauge strong


gauge


Analyzer:


raw


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste.
Comber waste ........
Yarn skein strength:


50s (
80s (


11.8
7.4


Average break factor.
Yarn skein elongation:


11.8


Yarn appearance:


tex)


80 (


*


Pima S-l


ir,8


11.8


----- --- -




E"I



Hi






Hi














Hil





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08730 7013


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
CONSUMER AND MARKETING SERVICE
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20250


POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


*r


oirid nii isst


C4"1

Ai~


$-i
*t~- ~e.