Cotton fiber and processing test results

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Cotton fiber and processing test results
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Cotton Division
Publisher:
Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cotton Division
Place of Publication:
Clemson, S.C
Creation Date:
1966
Frequency:
biweekly during harvesting season, with comprehensive report at end of season
other
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cotton -- Testing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cotton -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
General Note:
Description based on: Rept. no. 1, (Sept. 7, 1979)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000328589
oclc - 01799482
notis - ABV8141
lccn - 75642828 //r81
issn - 0566-5469
Classification:
lcc - TS1542 .U35
ddc - 677/.21/305
System ID:
AA00008566:00035

Related Items

Preceded by:
Cotton fiber and processing results

Full Text



UNITED STATES
Consumer


DEPARTMENT O
and Marketing


F AGRICULTURE
Service


Cotton


Division


Washington,


COTTON FIBER AND


D. C.


PROCESSTIIG


20250


TEST RESULTS


CROP OF


1966


CT (1966)


December


1966


r






































Prepared in the


Standards


Testing


Branch


Cotton Division


Consumer and Narketing


Memphis,


Service


Tennessee


0< >


I





EEE
EE ""


E"
Ei,


Discussion


CROP OF 1966


of Test Results


Cotton Divi
report that
date show a
remains at
stronger fi
and picker
samples are


sio
av
sl
las
ber
and
st


n laboratories of the Consumer and Marketing Service
erage values for all medium staple samples tested to
ight increase in fiber length, while length uniformity
t season's level. These samples show coarser and
s than a year ago. Shirley Analyzer nonlint content
card waste are higher than last season. Yarns from t
rongey with higher appearance grades than last year;


however, they

Short staple s
ea sh shor

content and pi
ti tse sam


Medium staple
hy about the
year. They ar
same period la
card waste
r these sam
as last year,

lMediuma staple


also show


higher imperfection counts


(Table


samples tested so far this season from the Southwestern
ter and weaker fibers with about the same length uni-
cronaire reading as last year. Shirley Analyzer nonlint
cker and card waste are higher than a year ago. Yarns
ples show lower strength, higher appearance grades, and
perfection counts.

samples tested to date from the Southeastern Area
same length, with the same length uniformity as last
e coarser and stronger thah samples tested for the
st year. Shirley Analyzer nonlint content and picker
are about on the same levels as a year ago. Yarns
.ples show about the same strength and appearance grades
but imperfections are higher.


Samn


tples


from the


South


Central Area show longer


fibers,


with the same length uniformity and zero gage strength as for the
ame period last season. Micronaire readings are slightly higher,
as is the 1/8 inch gage strength test. Shirley Analyzer nonlint
:content and picker and card waste remain unchanged from a year ago.
Yars from these samples are stronger with improved appearance grades;
however, the imperfection counts are a little higher than last year.


With only one sample tested since the
values for Southwestern Area medium st
Compared to the same period last year,
length uniformity arid strength, but ar
nonlint content and picker and card wa
Yarns from these samples show about th
appearance grades and lower imperfecti


last reporting period, average
aple samples remain unchanged.
they show about the same length,
e much coarser. Shirley Analyzer
ste are higher than a year ago.
.e same strength, with higher
on counts than last season.


hese


COTTON FIBER AND PROCESSING TEST RESULTS,


~sll~~~


Ei"
Eii


















"E


"








Wester
short:
They a
nonlin
a year
season


n Area medium staple samples tested to date sh
r fibers, with the same length uniformity as 1
re coarser and much stronger than last season.
t content and picker and card waste are apprec
ago. Yarns froan these samples show the same
, with improved appearance grades and imperfec


ow slightly
ast year.
Shirley Analyzer
iably higher than
strength as last
tion counts.


Western Area long staple


upland samples


tested


so far this


season


show the same length as a
uniformity. Micronaire re
Fiber strength remains on
Shirley Analyzer nonlint c
higher than for the same p
show approximately the sam
and higher imperfection co


year


ago,


with slightly lower


adings average higher than
about the same level as la
content and picker and card
eriod last year. Yarns fr
,e strength with lower appe
unts than last year.


The first comparison this season of extra long staple
samples shows longer, finer and stronger fibers than
Shirley Analyzer nonlint content and picker and card
than last year. Yarns from these samples have high
appearance grades than last season, while imperfecti
on about the same level.


length


last year.
st season.
waste are
om these samples
arance grades


e Western Area
a year ago.
waste are higher
r strength and
on counts remain


This is the eighth of a series of reports
ing test results on the 1966 cotton crop.
twice each month during the harvesting se
a comprehensive report at the end of the
of reports will give data on the same sub
Cotton Quality Survey, Sasmary of Results


on the fiber
These report
ason and are
season. This
ject as AIB 3
of Fiber and


and process
s are issue
ummarized
1966 group
9, "Annual
Processing


Test


from Selected Production Areas,


Crop of 1965,


dated April


1966.


Recent modernization of testing equipment has resulted in slight
changes in test levels for some items. To compare previous years'
results to those reported for the 1966 crop, the following adjust-
ments should be made:


Yarn imperfections


for previous years x 0.6 = 1966


Spinning potential yarn no,
levels.


for previous years x 1.


levels.

1= 1966


An explanation of these changes is contained in the first
of this series, CT (1966) 1, dated August 26, 1966.


report


I


1


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Table


2.--CotLeon


American


production areas


upland


crop of


short


staple:


Quality character


1966


stics


--4- -- ------- --------- ----- -
P-reaz
- -- -I -l nye ao -( a- -1l --- -- ---- -IIII


* --


3tion area


Predominant variety
Percentage of variety at gin
riweekly sampling
W-.BWW*^^-^: -<^---i#--- *- -- iS- l I-a ---- -------.-- -- -:*- t--^- -

RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ............... ..... designation
Staple length .................inches
Fiber length (Digital Pibrograph):
2.5% span length............ inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength


gauge


strength


M-inch gauge streng4
%-inch gauge elongal


Shirley


.....1,000 psi
... .grams/tex
ih ..grams/tex
;ion.. .percent


Analyser:


Visible waste
Total visible
Color of raw cc
Reflectance .
Yellowness ..


& invisible


* .percent
. .percent


itton:


S......Rd
... ...+b
. .number


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


......percent


Yarn skein strength:


73.8


tex)
tex)


.......... .pounds


Average break factor...............
Yarn skein elongation:
8s ( 73.8 tex) .........percent
22s ( 26.8 tex) ..........percent
Yarn appearance:


tex)
tex)


erage


* t*r


yarn appearance


Yarn imperfections:


tex)
tex)


5nuvi rn 4 nnC nn.a, a, *


*4*44444
*4*#t441


0/


.E .


cv


S*....grade
.....grade
......index

.....number
.....number
m E 44 tW #
fl- t ,' F


- -------- -------- -


* Forney


Central


Texas


mm--s~~;Yr~ii~~
- .. - -


Itasca :Pilot ~Point:WiWls 2ainL


Lankart
L_ 1___100 100a 99 _
Third : Third Third Third
[a -w ---- -l -- -- -- -- -- -I .


SINtSp
15/16

.94


19.6


70.1
9.5


6.6


270
80
1960

6.9


SLMLtSp
15/16

.95


71.8
9.4


273
813
1983


SLMLtSp
15/16

.94


SLMLtSp


.94


18.o


70.2
9.4


79
1925


268
83
1985


t


State


Zero


k"E


*








Table 2.--Cotton, Am
production


erican upland short
areas, crop of 196


staple:


Quality characteristics


6--Continued


--------- --------- -- -- -an-Sou-thwestern--- -
...._AtQ~ ___-. __ _Bal-_-----_____ -------.-----..:__ .._-.-- --.- ..---------.--------
S.iorthestTeas
Lankart 57 Gre Ge 35 l 61 0 ster __L.Jegg 5_ _
-_ L . __ ,-n a_ _. ___' I a :0 1 : -
8.... 9oo 1 o
First Second First :First First : First Fst
SLJ Mrtffp Mapi^JI i


MSp
31/32

.99


72
35.7
18.9
9.3

1.8
3.0

71.6
10.7



6.2


306
93
2247

9.4
7.9


SLMLtSp
29/32

.94


36.2
18.3
8.5


71.6
9.2
403


7.4


269
78
1934

8.0
6.6


SLMLtSp
15/16

.97


22.5
7.7


71.8
9.6
403


113
2723

7.9
7.0


MLtSp
15/16

.97


34.7
18.8
9.4

2.1


72.6
10.4
304


6.5


301
88
2172

9.5
8.1

B,
C
100


MSp
15/16

.98


38.7
21.1


71.1
10.9
354


5.7


328
98
2390

8.4
7.4

C+
D
85


MSp
15/16

.92


41.7
22.4
7.4

1.9


71.5
10.4
354


5.9


347
104
2532

8.0


49 46








Table


2. --Cotton


, American upland


production areas,


crop


short


1966


staple


Quality characteristics by


--Continued


Area
-- -- --- --- --- -


Southwestern


State Northwest Texas
Poation area --- Meadow New Deal :Shallowater: Slaton
...... -y *n -- ------------ -- --- ---- ----.............-............... -I--7----------
.Pred f .iniant variety t .... _8 .l.. : 80 ....T.t _t
Perca entage of variJety at- gin 80 :- ----Z 85. 85-85 -:-85 : 80--


RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ................... ..designation


Staple length


S.................inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inohes
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent


Fiber fineness


Sand maturity:


cronaire


Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge


Zero


strength


gauge strength


%-inch gauge strengi
%-inch gauge elonga1


Shirley


.....1,000 psi
.....grams/tex
th ..grams/tex
Aion.., percent


Analyser:


Visible waste ............
Total visible & invisible


Color


of raw


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


,percent


.perc


cotton:


..Rd
* S *er
*.. .. .... 5. ... .. .... umber


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


.....percent


Yarn skein strength:


8s( 73.8 tex)
22a ( 26.8 tex)
Average break fadl


..........pounds
.o..........pounds
bor...............


Yarn skein elongation


73.8


22s (


tex)
tex)


..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


8s ( 7
22s ( 2
Average


3.8
6.8


* .. ......... grade
............. .grade


yarn appearance.


Yarn imperfections


tex)
tex)


22 8 (


Spinning potential.


Andes.


............number
.............number


S. Yarn


I


number


MLtSp
31/32


15/16


MLt Sp
31/32


MLtSp


1.00


70.9
11.0


2279


2132


308
92
2244


2240


43

47


r







Table


2.--Cotton,


American upland short


staple:


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop of 1966--Continued


Southwestern : Western
Northwest Texas Oklahoma- :New Mexico

W. Strmnruf:Lankart 57_ : L.anart -.- : .. Lankart _7j.... __-_-Mxc y- n1y
95_ -- 8 90 80 -- - 9 .i -- Irilcot9 -.0
First-: First -- Third -:- First First : First First
--- --- -- --- a ---- a--- --- --- --- --- -- --- --- --- a --- -


MLtSp
15/16


SLMLtSp
15/16


SLMLtSp


MLtSp
31/32


MLtSp
15/16


SLMLtSp
15/16


MLtSp
15/16


4.0

82
40.7
21.0
7.0

1.6


4.8

76
37.7


4.6

79


18.6


20.5
6.5


70.7
10.0


9.1
352


5.0

72
35.7
19.5
8.0

1.8


73.3
10.1
03


.96


4.6

75
37.2
18.8
9.1


68.8
10.0
404


87
43.2
23.2
7.6


4.0

74.6
9.6
03


310
95
2285


89
2171


94
2250


278
83
2025


277
84
2032





- 10


, American upland med


,--Cotton


crop


1


*--.4---J- j--a
Area
State
Bta~te


* -. -- ----*-*^- ------ -^
Production area
"- f- t-- -F--.------- -- ---------------"
Predm__nft variety
Pareentage of variety at gin
- .t a- -*ti -yi f- S -- -- ---- -M1 -^1 -- <1- 1B- a -1- --
Triweekly sa mpling
-* -ll W I M- --- *- --- -W -- -k --~M -----^^ ^^^ ^^W--1^- ^- ---- -
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ............. ........designation
Btaple length .................inches
Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength ..,..1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .....grams/tex
3-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation...percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste ............
Total visible & invisible.


.percent
.percent


cotton:


.......Rd

..number


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


....**..ercent


26.8
11.8


26.8
11.8


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


tex)
tex)


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
......... .pounds
tor ..............


..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


*.... .,.....grade
.............grade


ft ..ndes:


S. . .number
S...........number


..Yarnnumber


rS


ium staple: Quality characteristics by
966 -
.. ... Southeast .tern
-Souh---eastern- I


Alabama


Deatsville : Huntsville :La Faette
Car. Queen : Mxd-Mnly :D:ix.King II; Coker
iA in .a #* *


-u---h- a I -eo-
-Fourth S geicndl
Sk |-- --r -- -- a-- -a ft --- a.**


1MLtSp3
1-1/32


1.06
43

4.6

82
40.6
21.1


- -s --
iSecon


4 x x k xxxxx


SLMLtSp
1-1/16


-1/16

1.08


22.8


1.7
2.3

62.0
9.3


1679


80
39.7


69.8
9.8
03


2019


5.6


97
33
1892


40.4
21.4


73.0


104
35
2019


Table


production areas,


- -- -- -~ -* -r I -I -- -- ----* i .


\.


I


-I


Fiber fineness
Mieronaire .


and maturity:
.......... ......reading


1.09


Color of raw
'Reflectance
Yellowness


Yarn skein strength:


Average break fac


Yarn skein elongation:


228 (


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


22s (


Spinningpotential..


!





-





-UI


Table


3.--Cotton,
product


American upland medium staple: Q
on areas, crop of 1966--Continued


quality characteristics


Southeastern
--- -- -.- -- -- --- -- -a ------ --- -ste----^--- ------ ----a .-- m --
Alabama : Florida Georga North Carolina
.ussellville _. ._ _a _j- Tennill Laurinb ,_ Lumbe rton -S ea-oa d _
ixedMainly :Caro a Qen McNair 32 ied-in :Mixed-Main
Stoneville jA: 90 : 90 : 100 : Coker 100 .: _gairQl.._
Second : Fourth : Third : Second : First : Second
-- - - -- j- *---HI- .- i- *i.: --*-i.*i| -1J5*i- -*I- J1.1- -- 11 -- -- -- --- -* --- -- -I- --- --- --:- |--- -*- .t


MLtSp
1-1/32


SIM
1-1/16


1-1/


M
1-1/16


SIM-
1-1/16


1.05


1.08


14,01


1.05


1.09
48


5.0

82


Q40.5
20,. 6
5.5


1.9

73..8
9.4
353


4.6


27
1621


4.5

75
37.2
23.6
5.5


63.7
7.9
502


4.9


33
1881


4.7

79
39.1
22.2
6.0


71.0
8.3
452


7.0


102
34
1972


4.6

80
39.5
22.6
6.6


73.0
8.6


107
37
2102

6.4
5.0

C+
C+
100

19
15


41.9
22.9
5.8


72.5
8.3
402


5.1


108
38
2138


4.5

77
37.9
22.3
6.6


76.3
9.0
302


4.2


111
40
2221

6.9


"





- 12


Table


-Cotton


American


product ion areas


upland medium staple: Quality
crop of 1966--Contitnued


haracteri
0* : "


Area
S- -- -- -ar --'-- -- -
Produetioa area --- -- --- --- -
S- Ur i i: ---- -
.'redofw innt variety ---- -
- -~ --. Ui -L -iC- vGJ- 0 -
Percentage of variety at gin
S** WW --- -* *-"-- -- 1 --- -- tIf WWc --L--*I--I a- *-- -- --- -- -- 1 ,--- --
Triweekly sampling
-i ab *-- wM ---"- -- --- -- ** -- at -If -* -- r-- w -- ,- -.
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ................ .designation


Staple


length


jnhe


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length. ............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .. .1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .....grams/tex
3-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation.. .percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color of raw
Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


.percent
.percent


cotton:


..................number


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


Yarn skein


.....percent


strength:


tex)
tex)


Average break facl


...........pounds
...........pounds
tor...............


Yarn skein elongation


26.8
11.8


tex)


..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


22s (


erage


tex)
tex)


yarn appel


Yarn imperfections:


22 s (
50 a (


tex)
tex)


Spinningpotential


............gratde
~ ...........grade
alOe...... index
: 1/
............numaber
S...... .number.


..Yarn number


[----: Z::Z ---
L -- -- -W W -M -.WMIR M --h ^ii<3%:.-:-:


No. Carolina:
SWadesb6ord i.Florence
Car.x Queen" Mx-. Mily


- -.8q -


Second
-* aW W W-


1.10


: Coker
- w^^ ,-


i-i,'


1.


4.7

82
4.o.8


21.


71+.


100
35
1975


73.8


5


111
38
2171

6
5


- a- S -- -
- a--


South Carolina
--' -* *- -^ *- -J j-yl*^ i^B*
- ^- *^*- -, i-
: HeathnSpr ngs: eneon


100 : I00 : 100
rd :Second_ .Secona_

W SLM SLM
16 1-3/32 1-1/16

10 1.14 1.10
46 46

3 3.8 4.5

89 82
3 44.0 40.5
9 24.7 23.3
6 5.6 5.6

2 2.5 1.7
1 3.4 2.7

4 73.0 73.5
4 7.4 8.6


137
51
2782


- -


11.8


Thi:
*C:C*I*Lri


.readfng


1_1.8


11.8


-------------------




- 13


Table


3.--Cotton,


American


upland medium staple:


Quality charact eristics


production areas


crop


of 1966--Continued


- II--- i-w-i-I-i-i- -ii -- -- -- -- --i -- -- i a i -- -- w -i -- ---i -i ---~wm a l ~ m l m ~ -- -
Southeastern South Central
So. Carolina : Virginia - knsas
Rembert : EbpQoria : Dumnas : ~Earle HollyGrove :f Lake Ci
SMcNair 10_32 :Mixed-Mainly Stoneville 213 : DL S L :Stonevlle 21
_. -- -.-- -_:Carolina_ ueen_: --__.10Q0 --..:. -_ 100 -___: .. --8--
Third_ _i_ First __ Second S ec on.d. Second- : i --rE t, --


1-1/16


1-1/16


1-3/32


1-3/32


1.05


1.11


83
41.3
21.3
5.6


22.8


80
39.7
20.4
6.4


5.0

82
40.7
22.9
8.7


4.3

8o
39.7
21.2
6.9


72.5
8.4
402


7.9
402


74.3
8.3
402


1936


2491


112
4o
2232


102
36
2022


ll1
4o
2221


103
37
2058


- .- -- nl- -- ~...--- .---.---t.-- -- ~ ~


rnn+nfii rm nn


1,14


Rn n~.bP





-14 -


Table


--Cotton,


American upland medium


production areas


crop of


Area

t- M # -^ **^-- ^- -^ -^ -, -- --- -- MM Wt-- --k-- -- -*:. 1.H-- ht---
Pr6due1dt area
Predominant variety --
Percentage of variety at gin
B -^- ^ i^. ^ ^ *k I M-i -- i-.: w M ------ ^ rw --# ----- r--^ -** -'
riweekly sampling
-WW t c < -- ---- --- --^all^*-lwll^:?N<*^^*|*------- -
RAW CTTON2 QUALITY
Grade ......................designatien


Staple length


S....incbes


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5$ span length..... .. ... .. inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Microniaire


a *4 *tCC**S4***t *~~ead.iz~g


Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength.....1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .....grams/tex
3-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
X-inch gauge elongation...percent


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste ........,
Total visible & invisible.


Golor


of raw


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:


.percent
.percent


cotton:


*.-.
.. .. E ****** ** ****** A
...... ..... ..... ...+ -


.....number


Picker and card waste....


Yarn s
22 (
50 s(


....percent


kein strength:


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


..,. ......pounds
...........pounds
.. .pu nda jk k^ 1^ ^_


Average break factor......
Yarn skein elongation:


n1.B


tess)
telxS)


Yarn appearance:
22s ( 26.8 te:


11.8


tex)


..........percent
..........percent


...... ....grade
.............grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


... .index

...,number


. .... ...number


..Yarn number


staple:


Quality characteristics


1966--Continued


----aa---- -- ---- -- S ---a-en r--al- ....
S--South Central
IM


rI


Stnvl o21 : DPL Sm : IV.d-Mn : Stnvl 21
- s- a nd a_ S econ _F _: e n

Second 2 Second : First Seco


1-3/


1.10


40.7
21.7
7.0

1.6
2.5


1- 3/


SLM
1-3/32


1.09


1


SLM


1.10


84
41.7
22.8


22.5


73.6
7.7


2163

6.7


105
38
2105


2127


llE3




.ill
ill
*'.
eHr
aiHc
Hi' Table 3.--Cotton, American a


production areas


1-l5


pland medium staple:
crop of 1966--Continue


Quality characteristics


i -


South


Central


Louislana Missssl
_ Oi S --aa a sS a a t aa
I Bossier City : Carencro- : Clarksdale : Greenville : BHazelhurst : Hollandale
*" ....Stonevill 7A o-2e --l ----- --- e --------- -- -- L --- -----' a
IS toneville 7A rStonaille 213 : Mixed-Mainly -. DL SaL
c:..j Inn^ - ^ w w M -.; w ^ ^ ~ w w ^ i' -i-i ^i ~ ~ w l ^ *M H -H W W


-.-


I. --- -


- 5 oo uu
: Third --Second : Third
^ ~~~ ~ ~a ---- -j!1 J-~"Se oi "~ T_ "--Sd~-


;stonevtlie213j; uu
,:~ aa a -- -- -- .Second
a Third T Second
J-l---X M:~5~~~ -LS'/j^tA


SLM
-1/16


IMLt Sp
1-1/16


1-3/


1-1/16


J1.J11


1.10


1.02


1.14


41.7
21.8
6.0


40.2


39.4
22.7
6.2


4.3

76
37.7
21.6
6.3


38.6


~4O.3


73.6


74.8


8.8
402


76.2
7.7


106
38
2116


102
35
1997


107
36
2077


97
31
1842


118
42
2348


- ~ ., -. m ~- I- I a a r~ -~ l ~ II ,sr a-a -n~ Y1 Jl -*I~I ~ l*U~ -. ------- S-- .- -*


r'rn+*1 fli I n~


an. r~If L~a


I


Second


1- II


74.0




- 16


Table


-Cotton


SAmerican upland


production areas,


Area
State


crop


- ---i ---- w -: --- -- K-fW ---
- ---- -I -r -i -l -------~klr a---


Production area


- aMW- ---^lM -* -P -------- ---^ll- ---^"#1.--- -- --
Predominanit variety
Tr-iweekly-- sa-mpli-n- ----g------aa- --- ---
Percentage of variety at gin
- --- -- --*I---- ---E


RAW COTTON


QUALITY


Grade .................... designation


Staple length


.........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph)
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent


Fiber fineness
Micronaire
Fiber strengi
Zero gauge
Zero gauge
3-inch gauw
%-inch gau


Shirley


I2
S
S
'4


3 and maturity:
S...... ....... reading
h and elongation:
Strength .....1,000 psi
Strength ... .grams/tex
B strength ..grams/tex
3 elongation.. percent


Analyzer:


Visible waste


Tota
Color
Refl


visible &


of raw
ectance


Yellowness


invisible


..percent
S.percent


cotton:


** .tt4**e(
I.


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


Yarn


228 (
50os (


* .....+b

. .number


.......percent


skein strength:


26.8
11.8


tex)


Average break factor,
Yarn skein elongation:


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


*........ .pounds
...........pounds


*........percent
".........percent


Yarn appearance:


26.8
11.8


50s (


tex)
tex)


.............grade
.............grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


.....index


... ..... numberr
............number

.. 2.. Yarnnumber


medium staple


Quality characteristics


1966--Continued
-I-r --------------------------------------
, -----, ,_-----SouthCentral
-....-_Mis sis sipip_
nHollandale : Indianola : Kosciusko. :


by

----------a--


Lyon
--- S -


---------------Stoneville 213
Thir 100h Sen S
Third Third : Second : Second


1-3/


1.10
45

5.0

79
39.1
22.7
5.8

1.5


SIM
i-i/16

1.07
45

4.8

82
40.6
22.9
6.0

1.7


SLN
-1/16


I i


SLM
1-3/32


1.04


46

4.7


77
37.9
22.2
6.4


22.7
6.2


75.8


B.c
402


5.6


109
38


36
2044

6.1


1983


- -


-, a a t.^ y


1 n~/


- -






- 17


Table


--Cotton,


American upland medium staple:


Quality characteristics


production


areas


, crop of 1966-


-Continued


South Central -------- --a..a
- I .-r - -iIr 1 - -r -~f -eta
Mississippi Missouri Tennessee
-Pontotoc Port Gibson :Peach Orchard: Senath .: Steele Arlington
Stoneville213: DPL Smooth Leaf Auburn M : DPL 5


80


_,6eec2QflcL.


--_-_ a ,_-, -w*,, _- -p, __-__, -_ ,, -


, Third
----- -----


*


Second
-------


*
- -a --


SLM
1-1/16


_SecoSdec. -od oSeond
-- ------- -


1-3/


1-3/32


1-3/


1.10


40.1
20.8


22.1


1.14


41.7
21.7
7.6


1.09
46


82
40.7
20.9
7.3

1.7
2.8


i,i1i


22.2
7.8

1.8


1.05


21.4
5.7

0.8
1.7


74.0


78.0


74.8


74.6
7.9


73.9
8.2


78.8
8.2


105
36
2055


1936


2290


2232


106
36
2066


5.1

C+
C


- -- -U -V aJ t'.*F 4


_e- a -.


- --- -------


1- 111_6


1-1/16






- 18


Table


3.--Cotton,


American upland medium staple


production areas


Area
State


Quality


characteristics


crop of 1966--gCotinued


- a- a- aa -a -S -fl -- a- -


Production area
Predominant variety
- -- -:-- -*-- -- -- -- -- *- *- -- -- -r ---*-jwM -*-:- -: -- -
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
ak ^ -- ------- --- -- -*Ml -- i -- *--. M --* -- a -- i-- --m -- ---- --- -*- W --- WHJt* -- *
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ............... .designation


Staple


length


S..... ...........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero
Zero


gauge
gauge


W-inch gau


strength ..
strength ..
'e strength


%-inch gauge elongati


Shirl


...1,000 psi
...gramns/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible


waAte


Total visible & invisible


Color of


Refl


. .percent
..percent


raw cotton:


ectanoe


Yellowness


Code


. .............. ... er *
... ...... ,. *...number


PROCESSING RESULTS:


Picker and card waste.....


..percent


Yarn skein strength:


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
.... ......pounds


Average break factor.,....


Yarn skein elongati
22s( 26.8 tex)


50 s


tex)


on:
.........percent
.........percent


Yarn appearance:


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appei
Yarn imperfections:


26.8
11.8


503 (


tex)


Spinning potential.


. ,...........grade
S.............grade
arance......index
1/
............number
.......... ..number


...Yarn


number


L- -South Central


Tennes
* -:* -. *- w-M


see
--- :-- -- :--* l-- -


.Covington : Decherd : Gre
DPLS. L :Dis.Ki g II:Em_
- W : 0- -- -
*-*- ^^ ^ ^ ^ '^ '* ^ *^ W ^V^ ** ^ '^ t ^- f f ---- B -^ l ^ ^ T T <-- F f -7 ^ ? ^ -^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^


Second
-kk :^- -^^c -^tf -^i -^ -mu .-_ -ju


sim
1-1/16

1.07
45

4.4

79


21.7
7.3

1.6
2.7

76.7
8.0


2127


: Second

SLM
1-1/16

1.06
iWo6


81
39.9
21.2
5.9

1.7
2.6

76.5
8.3


2149


:- S
*


by

H:


- -------1 Southwest
:Cent. exa
enfield : Texka r
ire WR61: DPL Sm L

second : Second ,
-- -- ---- -- -


1-1/16

1.09


21.0


4.8


106
38
2116

6.3


1.08
45


22.0


100
34
1950

6.2


---------------


-1/16


1;1.8


11.8


11.8





- 19


Table


3.--Cotton,
product


American upland medium
on areas, crop of 1966-


staple


Quality characteristics


-Continued


*- ------------ --------- -------^- ------- --------S- ----- -----S---
Western
Arizona California
i ---- -- t---- a a:--- rn-a -t :- a ----- -e ca i- ---- --- -
Stoneville213: Acala 4-42
5_ ~o100 : 100 : 100 : ~~ o : 100
_SoTSecond ___Send .,_ l____ Thi _____Third F_______,irst Second


1-1/16


1-3/


1-3/


1-3/


1.J1J


1.12


96
47.6


1.09


99
49.1
26.0


1.06


99
49.1


74.9
7.9


76.8


104
37
2069


2~467


122
46
2492


t 6.o
"^60


127
47
2572


124
45
2489

6.0


1.08
42


1-1/16


22.2


47.1
26.8


76,0






- 20


Area
State
m. i.- w I*- a


Shirl


Color


ey Analyzer:


& invisl1ble.


.percent
.percent


cotton:


S......+b

. .number


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


Yarn
22


......percent


skein strength:


1J,8


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds


Total visible


of raw


Reflectance
Yellowness


26.8
11.8


American upland medium staple:


areas


, crop of 1966-


-- --- S a ----- a a ---- -
- a ---- ------- -- am a -----


Production area
Predominant variety
*-AW-- *~l--W-I* WWN -- *- ^^. --. -: ----- ^ M ^- a *. a^ a a a: :-
Percentage of variety at gin
triweekly sampling
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .....................designation


Staple


length


4nh


tex)
tex)


Yarn appearance:


11.8


..........percent
..........percent


.............grade
.............grade
arance......index


Average yarn appei
Yarn imperfections:


ia.8


tex)
tex)


.... .......number
. ...........number.


.. 2/.


. Yarn number


Quality characteristics


-Continued


I-M aC -H --Ml HJ-- 1B -- a M- *P-
Z: aW aM W *- a '*-- a --- a --- 4 -- -
im-- -- --* -- I-- maI-- -- as~l- ---a- ---.a- .-*I


Dos
- a -


Palos


100 :


Western
California
: Mendota
Acala Z-42-- -
i00 ia- 00--- --- --i00
100 100 100


First : Second First Second


M
1-3/!


1.08
47

4.6

96
47.6


77.1


5.


132
49
2677


1-1/16


1.08


1.08


1+8.6


47.6


3.9

76.9


77.0


5.6


133
50
2713


Table


-Cotton


production


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:
Zero gauge strength .....1,000 psi
Zero gauge strength .... .grams/tex
M-inch gauge strength ..grams/tex
%-inch gauge elongation...percent


Visible


waste


Code


Average break factor.
Yarn skein elongation:


228 (


5081


22s
50s (


Spinning potential.


I
1


.


1-1116


I






- 21


Table


--Cotton,


American


upland medium


stapl


Quality characteristics


production areas,


crop of


1966-


-Continued


Western
Call fornia
-.------------------ ---- -------------------------
Ril-e-_ -- Stratford Visalia -asco Arvin.
___DPLS L S: Acala L-42 .. ___ ...A.ala_.
- 8... : --0------- : ---- -------- em -_p---_ _'"- e-__ l 00 -


Second : Second


--------


Second : Third


" Second


1-3/


1-3/


1.07


1.09


1.111


4.0

87
43.2
22.5
6.5


4.0

96
47.6
25.2


4.5

97
48.1
24.5
5.6


73.9


2691


1-1/16


37
2080


73.8
8.3
402


1- 1/ 16


1.11






- 22


Table 4.--Cotton,


American u


production areas


pland long staple
crop of 1966


Quality characteristics


a a -- a a a a a a a
- a a a a ------- S a -
- - --- a --- a a -- a -


Production area
Predominant variety
- IW- l lf l~M:lBM>r- - -- -- 4-- -- -. Wk--- ---* k -t -W l -t --- W l*
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling -
-Iba^---- --. w- -^ ^ i- -- w-- i^ RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .................... designation


Staple length


* *. ., *. *n .JuLc


Fiber length (Digital tibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:


Micronaire


Fiber


S.............. reading


strength and elongation:


Zero gauge


strength


. *.


Zero gauge strength .....
3-inch gauge strength ..
%-inch gauge elongation.


Shirley
Visible


1,000 psi
grams/tex
grams/tex
.percent


Analyzer:


was


Total visible & invisible


Color


of raw


..percent
..percent


cotton:.


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..
Comber waste..........


.* I.Rd
* 44..+be
...number


.... .percent
.....percent


* Yarn skein strength:Carded & Combed


50s(


11.8


tex)
tex)


* ..,.


....pounds
.....pounds


Average break factor.
Yarn skein elongation:


228 (
50s(


tex)
tex)


......... .percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


228 (


tex)


11.8


* ............grade
............. grade


.....index


............number
. ....... .number


as (


tex)
tex)


Sr-- ---- a
Southwest
N.W. Texas


-I -r --~r ~~ -* r -- -i -iu a


a


: Arizona
- -m- --


- --- --
Western
ew- M exico-
Wew Mexico


Stanton : Duncan Animas
Acala. 1517 A _1 D : A 1517

Second.- Second -. Second
a ..AJk~ij^ U I~^ -u uj & ^ k a^u -^^ :-~~ j-uj -JJJ- uA -ih^^ -AJ :-- -j~t -^1 -^B :^^.- -ju -.... -..... .--... -'... 4^_^u ...


1-5/32


1.21


24.7


78.0
8.1
301


6.9
15.9


137
51
2782

6.7
5.5

C
D+
85

38
97


'I-


( 155)
(57)
(3130)


(7.4)
(6.2)


(115)

(12)
(6)


1.22


: Artesia
v l -d----

i
r r qllin


24.9
6.3


8.5
302


136
53
2821

7.1
6.0

c
D+
85

34
29


158)


(7.6)
(6.4)


(115)

(10)


80.0
7.7


134
50
2724

7.1


( 154)
( 56)
(3094)


(7.6)


.8 (6.4)


105)


85 (

28 (
22 (


ii)


78.0
8.4


( 152)
( 57)
(3097)

(7.5)
(6.5)


D+ ( B )
D ( C+)
75 (105)


(13)
(lo)


a


Area
-- State
State
a --- i --!-


1-5/32


1.20


Average yarn appeatanee.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


* 9 -Spinningn ----------- ---------- -----r
Spinning potential. ...Tarn number
a I


45.8


11.8






- 23


Table


4.--Cotton,
product


American upland
.on areas, crop


long
of 196


staple:


Quality characteristics


--Continued


Western
New Mexico
- C- -s -- -L- L a- e vi--Ton iularosa


Ac cala 1517 D : A 1517 BR2 :


Second


*~ e Con n,


: Fst71_
S- First


- -M -W -f ---- W C WW
: West Texas
: Canutillo :Ft. Stockton
---- --------------- JL J- ^-J1- -J-^asfPI


A 15170 : A1517 D A15J
7 -_ _-.-- --- --- -- a -- -- -- -
-- ^^^^^- -- 76 ^ ^ M-- J---- -- a* -* k---- ---- --IM^S- --- ----- *I- ---*l *-*


: Second : Second : Secnd ------iQ-


1-1/8


1-5/


1-5/


1.1i


:1~2g


1.16


21k7


78.0


9.0
302


17.1


76.7
8.0
51


16.0


2785


( 154)
( 59)
(3169)

(7.8)
(6.5)


50
2724


166)


137
52
2807


158)
59)


129
50
2669


(7.4)
(6.0)


149)


(3014)

(7.8)
(6.5)


132
49
2677


153)
57)
0o8)


126
46
2536


(6.0)


( 146)
( 54)
(2956)

(7.6)
(6.3)


(115)


(105)


(10 5)


(B)
( B )
(115)


(B)
(B)
(11o)


(11)
(11)


(11)
(6)


D+ (






-24-
- 24 -


Table


--Cotton


, American upland extra


production areas


long


staple


Quality characteristics


crop of 1966


Area
State


P o-u.w -a-r -


- ------- --


Preiominant variety
Percentage of variety at gin
w I -Mtt.- i: M *:*M f ^ -- --* <-- ------- ~r -- a^ -M DW *i -
--Triweekly- sampling
-- -- 1 -- ------- a,
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade ....................designation


Staple


length


4-nlnnn


Fiber length .(Arra):
Upper quartile length.


Coeff.


of variatioir.


Fiber fineness


Mi cronai


Fiber
Zero
Zero


... inches


. .. percent


3 and maturity:
.................reading


strength and elongation:


gauge
gauge


%-inch gauge


3&-inch.


Shiii.


gauge


:rength .....1,000 psi
;rength ... ...grams/tex
strength ..grams/tex
elongation....percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste
Total visible


Color
Refl


of raw
ectance


Yellowness


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste...
Comber waste...........


Yarn skein


i-i.


strength
8 tex)
4 tex)


Average break faol


Yarn
50s
80s


& invisible.


.percent
.percent


cotton:


.........Rd
........+b
....number


.....percent
....percent
gmbed yarn


-


Co


...........pounds
...........pounds
uor...............


skein elongation


tex)
tex)


..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


u1.s


80e ( a
Average


tex)
tex)


yarn appearance.


~grade


.....index


Yarn imperfections:


11.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential.


S.......... .number
. ...... .. .number,


.2. .


. Yarn number


- -- M- -


a11M W-| -


New
- ai- *-


Western


Mexico


Las Cruces
1- i- fiLII tipj- Mif- -


- - --- --- ------


West


Texas


a a ~~~- 3* -. -4 a -- -- --
D~el: Cero a


- ~- ~ -~ ~#~4


100 : 100 -
First : Second
- -a :M S- L- --

M SLM


1-5/16


1.50
29

3.8

102
50.4


-5/16


103
51.0
33.1
5.9

3.0
4.0

75.0
8.0


1.8
2.4

78.8


71.9
301


7.3
15.5

74
40
3450


8.6
20.7

72


I-


a


*


<
I


11.8







- 25


Table 6.-


-Cotton


production


, American Egyptian


areas


, crop


extra


long


staple:


1966


Area
Btate
Production area
Predominant variety
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
m m m- -------------------


Peoria


Western
Arizona
----- -Safford- -
CSa-'t'rdw


-- .- -in- -t !- -11-r -w -- -- i-* a .
: California
: Ripley


-Pima S-2
1-iOo 84 100 ---


First


First


a .


First


RAW COTTON


QUALITY


Grade ... ..... .


Staple


o gauge


. .


length


. Fiber length (Array):
Copper quartile length...


Coeff


Fiber fineness and maturity
Micronai re ................


Fiber
Zer


Z


ero gauge


designation
..... .inches


..inches
.percent


reading


-~/0


1-3/8


4
1-5/16

1.38
26


%-inch gauge
%-inch gauge


strength .
elongation


.grams


..percent


48.6
34.0


Shirley
Visible


Color of


Analyzer:


waste


...percent
e..percent


cotton:


S.. Rd
... +b
number


.......percent
......percent


: Combed yarn
...........pound s
...........pounds
tor . .....
on:
..........percent
..........percent


raw


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste.


Comber waste...


Yarn skein strength


50s(
8o (


11.8
7.4


tex)
tex)


Average break fac"
Yarn skein elongati


50s (


u1.S


tex)
tex)


Yarn appearance:


50s (
80s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appei
Yarn imperfections:


5051
8051


ruB8


tex)
tes)


... .........grade
...... ........ grade
arance......index


............number
S. ... .number


68.0
9.8
454


7.4
20.5

72
39


68.0


10.5


7.0
17.8


72
38
3320


7.7
19.2

73


3425

5.6


..Yarn number


- a -


Quality characteristics


. of variation..,..


strength and elongation:


strength .....1,000 psi
strength .... .grams/tex


Total visible & invisible


1.41


S~innir~F~ potent i al .. f/


I





6 -
-26-


Table 6.--Cotton


, American Egyptian


extra


long


staple


Quality


characteristics


by production areas,


crop of


1966--Continued


,I -I -r a -rn -~ a I ~~


Predomimant variety
reof variety at


-I -r, ar as -i -~ -a
---I -I asI so -,
gIn~
-rln l -- -- ---


RAW OOIT DON. QUALITY
Grade .. .......deaignation


Staple length ............
Filber length (Array)l :
Upper gas tiie'length.


Fiber fineness


Miareoar


a **..LitJrtfle


,...inches


and matwity:


S....... ., *.., .reading


Fi berstrength and elongation:


Zero gauge strength


*5


Zero gauge strength..
%-insh gauge strength
r-inch gauge elongtl'


Shirley


Analyzer:


Visible waste ......


Total visible& invisible.


Color oj
Reflect
Yellow


Code


rraw
- -MQ


...1,000 psi
...grams/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent


.percent
,percent


cotton:


Jr .ai ** *** ... S**
YnesseJr((
*4**~ 4rea* *********** SJ


POCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and~card waste...
Comber waste...........
Yarn skein strength: Co


50 (


11.8


tex)
tex)


Average break faco
Yarn skein elongati
50. t 11.8 texrl


.. ....Rd
.... .+b
.number


.....percent
*....percent
mbed yarn


* ...*. ....pouars
...........pounds
tor.............p
on:
..........percent
..........percent


Yarn appearance:


50s (
8os(


11.8
7.4


tex)
tex)


...........*.grade
.... ..... .. .grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: i/


50s (
80s(


11.8
7.4


Spinningpotential.


.....index


.......... ..number
S...........number


. Yarn


r ------- --- -- a --- ^-f ^:.-
aNew Mexco :
Las Cruces :


Western n
West Texas
El Paso
El Paso


- a4P


- --- a--~ --"~i~-~s~a -" **" ,~ --
aas 5 --- ------- -- -9_ 1 _r_- -- ----a
k* J a::a -- -*SP-1-;. -K-*- -f-I:
^zz6 : z rrro :s^r i70~ ^^._....


rirst
-- -


3
1-3/8

1.41
32

37


---


28

3.5

95
47.o0


3~4.2


68.8
10.5
405


6.9
17.4

71
38


66.6
10.7
455


18.0


3295

6
5


3
1-3/8


30

3.8

95
46.8
35.1


68.8
10.3
404


7.3
16.8


3385


B
115

0
0


number


Area
State


ro --din-- area


Coeft. tf;1variatia ...; .percent


- -- ---- ----


rlllrSt;




H 1 A:AA DDIDD DO 9A9 ;AD A





UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF
CONSUMER AIND MARKETING
WASHINGTON, D. C.


AGRICULTURE
SERVICE
20250


POST
U. S. DEP


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08730 7756


OFFICE IAL


BUSINESS


Ill