Cotton fiber and processing test results

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Cotton fiber and processing test results
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Cotton Division
Publisher:
Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cotton Division
Place of Publication:
Clemson, S.C
Creation Date:
1966
Frequency:
biweekly during harvesting season, with comprehensive report at end of season
other
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cotton -- Testing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cotton -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
General Note:
Description based on: Rept. no. 1, (Sept. 7, 1979)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000328589
oclc - 01799482
notis - ABV8141
lccn - 75642828 //r81
issn - 0566-5469
Classification:
lcc - TS1542 .U35
ddc - 677/.21/305
System ID:
AA00008566:00033

Related Items

Preceded by:
Cotton fiber and processing results

Full Text









UNITED


STATES DEPARTMENT


OF AGRICULTURE


Consumer


and Marketing Service
Cotton Division


Washington,


D.,C.


20250


IBER AND


PROCESSING TEST RESULTS


CROP OF 1966


OCT 19A6


4 ~












COTTON FIBER AND


PROCESSING TST SlT$ULTS,
.L~~P TS.tWItf^-\ 11ii S^-- .-IW~^


CROP OF 1966


This


is the


fourth


ing test results


of a


series


on the 1966


of reports on the fiber


cotton


crop.


These reports


a process-
are issued


twice each month during the
a comprehensive report at th
of reports will give data on


harvesting season and are


e end of the


same


season.


This


subject as AIB 30


summari


1966 group
9, "Annual


Cotton Quality Survey,
Tests from Selected Pr


Summary of Results


production Areas,


of Fiber


Crop of 1965,


and Processing
" dated April


1966.


Recent modernization of testing equipment


has resulted in slight


changes
results


in test


levels


some


items.


To compare


to those reported for the 1966 crop,


previous


years


the following adjust-


ments


should be made:


Yarn imperfections


for previous


years x 0.6


= 1966


levels.


Spinning potential yarn no.
levels.


for previous years x 1.1


= 1966


An explanation of these


changes


contained in


the first report


of this


series,


CT (1966)


dated August


1966.


Prepared in


Standards


and Testing Branch


Cotton Division


Consumer


MEim


and Marketing Service
.phis, Tennessee


(iij
(j:::: JEE: EiBj: Ejjjjj
;;;'";"""'"~":i~~~ :"
:i ,,ji"E












Discussion


of Test


Results


Cotton Division laboratories


of the Consumer and Marketing Service


report


that


short


staple upland samples


tested


thus


far this


season


from
last


the Southwestern Area show averages


season


strength b
micronaire
lower than


been


only


for fiber


both


readings


virtually unchanged from


length and length distribution,


zero-gag
for this


and 1/8-inch gage


season's


for the same period last


one-half


as many samples


short


season;
tested as


tests


staple


however,
for last


and fiber
. The


samples


there


have


season,


and this


have


some


bearing on


the apparent differences


Shirley
higher


Analyzer


than


with higher


last


nonlint


year


appearance


content


Yarns


indices


picker


from these
and lower


and card waste are


samples are
imperfection


stronger
counts


than


a year


ago.


Southeastern Area


than
same,


for the


same


samples


tested


period last


to date are


season.


Fiber


with a higher uniformity ratio than a


stronger
length is


year


ago.


coarser


about


Shirley


Analyzer nonl
same levels a
strength as 1
imperfections


int


content and


s last


ast


year


year,


are also


picker


Yarns


from


card waste


these


with yarn appearance


higher


t


Southwestern Area medium staple


han last

samples


samples
higher;


remain
show t
however


on the
he same
r, yarn


year.


tested


this


season show


slightly
than a


longer and stronger fibers with higher micronaire


year ago


Shirley


Analyzer


nonlint


content


readings


picker


card waste are higher than for


These
year,

Sample


samples


with higher


tested


the same period last


produced yarns with about


appearance


to date


from


indices

the South


same


and lower


season.


strength as


imperfection


last
counts.


Central and Western Areas


are too few for analyses


discussions


and comparisons.


for these Areas will appear


in the


is anticipated
next report.


that


ii
































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Table


2. --Cotton,


American


production areas


upland short
, crop of 1966


staple:


Quality characteristics


Area
.tate ------ ----------------------- ^^-.^- -ti-
State South Texas
Production area TI raft
* --------------------------------------------------------------------------^ -------------^-- W-- ^---;** '^ -*-:- k.in -r E M
Predominant variety Lankart 611
Percentage of variety at gin _75_
riweekly samli-----------------ng ------ Third


COTTOn


Grade
Staple


QUALITY


.. .designation
.........inches


length


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):


2.5% span length.


. .. ..inches


Uni form ty ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber finenness 'nd maturity:
Micron "rve ....... .... .....reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero Eauge strength .....1,000 psi


strength ..
;e strength


zero gauge
%-inch gu


-ineh gauge elongati


Shirl


SLMLtSp
31/32


I


.. .grams/tex
..grams/tex
on.. .percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


To tcl visible & invisible


Color


Refle


. .percent
. .percent


raw cotton:


stance


Yellowness


Co~de

ThO CES S I HJG


* *
.....
..i...


..|....m..


S........Rd
...n....+b
...number


BESULPS:


Picker and card waste.


Yarn


8sf
22s


.......percent


skein strength:


73.8
26.8


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds


Average break factor.......
Yarn skein elongation:


73.8
26.8


tex)


*.........percent
.*........percent


Yarn appearance:


73.8
26.8


tex)


.............grade
.............grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: i/


8s (
22s (


73.8
26.8


tex) ...
tex) ........


SpirZingpotential... /.


.....index

....number
....number.


.Yara number


a -- ~- ~- a a -4 -


Southwestern


: -Central


Texas


-:- Lockhart -- Wa


-- --- -
CO
-f^ -~t -^ -^^ ^-f -^W -l" -r


: Anton 99 Lan- kart 57'
S Seco--nd -First------------ -
: Second : First -.


SLMLtBSp
15/16


SLMLtSp


4.5

87
43.2
21.5
6.2


20.7


70.3
8.5
453


9.8
403


6.4


2252

7.0
6.0


3;5"


70.0
9.8
404


6.0


2031


3~4
. -- nI~Irr~~ Cln ~a l- aa- ---an -----


88
22s


:."iE:: ix


.








Table


3.--Cotton,


American upland medium staple:


production areas,


crop of


1966


Quality


characteristics


Area
-. k- -l ---- --a a a -
State
Production area -a
Predominant variety
----3 r--r-- -- -- --
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sa-mpling -
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .......... ..........designation


Staple


length


.. ....... ......inches


Fiber length (Digital Pibrograph):
2.5% span length.............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading


Fiber


strength and elongation:


Sout
:^^B ^^ -^^ mf:^ J"^ "u- -Mf


S-- Ashf -ord : -- -


heas


_Alaba


Atmore


:D


Sted-M ly : Coker 100 :C
Dixie nl95:
- a a- ---------------------


First

SLMLtSp
1-1/32


1.02


: -First

SIM
1-1/32


- -** .- : a -- i^- ^- ^-.-^*- -*/---;-:^lt^^^^
tern -.
- --- ---
ma
eatsville : GoshenH
ar. Queen : Auburn 56 I
100 : 75
First : First
i Mi
L'


-1/32


1.11


Zero gauge
Zero gauge


strength
strength


S 1,000


, w


3-inch gauge strength ..
%-inch gauge elongation.


Visible waste


otal visible & inviMible


grams/tex
grams/tex
..*percent


.percent
.percent


cotton:


Yellowness


Picker and card waste.


......+b
. .number


*......percent


Yarn skein strength:


50s (


tex)
tex)


Average break fac


...........pounds
...........pounds
tor..............-


Yarn skein elongation:


26.8
11.8


Yarn appearance


22s (


tex)
tex)
e:
tex)
tex)


..........percent
..........percent


.............grade
.......,......grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


22 (
50s (


tex)


.....index


. .number


............number.


Spinning potential.. .1. .Yarn number


85
42.1


3.5
4.1

70.8
9.3
403


6.5


92
28
1712


80
39.5
22.4


2.5
3.3

74.2
8.6
402


5.7


98
32
1878

5.9
4.4


77.0


4.8


102
33
1947

6.0


77.0


104
34
1994

6.0


1-1/32


Shirley


1.02


Analyzer:


Color
Refl


of raw
ectance


Code .

PROCESSING


RESULTS:


26.8
11.8


26.8
11.8


13.8


.







Table


J -


Cotton, American
production areas,


upland medium
crop of 1966-


staple:
-Continue


Quality


characteristics


- _Alabama
*lj Fa'ette
!:' Coker 100
--. 75- -
First


-m - ----mw m---- --- -
Southeastern
: -Flor ida
F_ l:rid Blakel_ _:_ Ca rr _la _
:Car. Queen : Coker 100 :Car. Queen :-
:. .90 :.. 85 :[ 93 ...
: First : First _First :


Geor a---------------- --
L --- -l~~i~j -- -- -- ---AP S a --
Co~lqitt. -:- Madison S UR 1- -
icd-nl' _-__ Carolina ueen
S, s o -_ -
Fins'1- -- ----- f~s-.-L^-7-k 100
Auburn 56-: 00 : -00
First : First : First


SM2
1-1/32


SLMh
1-1/32


1-1/
i-I/


1-inch 1-1/


MLtSp
1-1/32


1.08
46


1.06
46


1.04
47


1.05
46


1.05
50


1.09


80
39.6
21.5
6.1


82
40.4
22.3
5.6


81
40.3
21.6
5.0


71.7
9.0
4o0


77.0
9.0
302


74.5
8.5
402


109
39
2174


100
314
1950


94
28
1734


95
30
1795


102
31
1897

5.8
4.2


io04
35
2019

6.8
5.1


B B
C+ C+
105 105

16 21
12 17


NI


---~








Table


-Cotton,


American upland medium staple


production areas,


Quality characteristics by


crop of 1966--Continued


Area
---ttK---------* -W ---M- -- ---- ft -- -- -- J- <- 1- --- --- --- al~ -H W--- -- I- --
State
Production area
Predominant variety
1- -5- -- --* -- --,-- -- -- -- -- IkW- S --E --- -- --I------ *- -- --* -
Percentage of variety at gin
r-- w k sm ---- -- -- -- i- -- -- --- -
Triweekl y sampling
i a -f -m -s mi -


RAW COTTON


QUALITY


Grade ....... .. ..........designation


Staple


length


4-ni-jar


Fiber length (Digital Pibrograph):
2.5% span length. ............inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5) .percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero gauge
Zero gauge
%-inch gau


strength ..
strength ..
e strength


%-inch gauge elonglati


Shirl


...1,000 psi
...grams/tex
..grams/tex
on...percent


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


Total visible & invisible


Color


of raw


. .percent
* .percent


cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code


PROCESSING RESULTS:
Picker and card waste..


.. .+b
number


......percent


Yarn skein strength:


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds
for...............


Average break faci


Yarn skein elongation


tex)


Yarn appearance:


228 (
50s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


..........percent
..........percent

.............grade
t ... grade


Average yarn appearance.
Yarn imperfections: 1/


22s (
50s (


26.8
11.8


tex)
tex)


Spinning potential


.....index

....number
... .number


.. Yarn number


Sou"
t- -M i-- -Wk -- *---JE*


Georgal
w H --- <- i i- i *-:--:-k --:-- *I-- ^-< -B
Sylvania : Tennilli
Coker 100 -
_-- -- -- : -
First First

M SIM
1-1/16 1-1/16

1.10 1.07
47 48
li C


i


40.9


theaste rn
a
e : Unadilla :
Carolina Queen
----- --
*U- ^ S^ -xu -^ -^U ^ 4t ^ U. *A- ^- L-^ -^ -
." First


SLM
1-1/16

1.06


r95st
First


M
-1/16

1.07
49


51.3

82
14QjJL


41.1
22.6


77.0


35
2030


2196


71.0


31
1875


77.0


104
34
1994


22 (
50s(


Car.
Aiken


11.8


11.8




~"iH'1fli


Table


3.--Cotton, American upland medium staple: Quality characteristics by
production areas, crop of 1966--Cont inued


--- -n --------- -- -------- w- -- -------------------n------- m ---* ------
S------- southeastern
South Carolina

Car. een Coer Carolina ueen Cker 100 :Car. uee :AlInOne
I_ -1 :0 100 : 100 i00 IO 100
Second __ __First __. _First _Second : First : ___Fist First


1-1/16

1.07
47


1-1/8

1.13
49


1-1/16

1.o4
46


SLIdl
1-1/16

o6
47


I,
1-1/16

1.07
45


"1.
1-1/16

1.10
47


SLM
1-1/16

1.06
44


82
40.4
23.2
5.5


91
44.9
26.4
4.9


85
42.2
22.7
5.1


So
39.6
21.8
4.9


84
41.8
23.6
5.1


81
40.2
22.7
5.7


72.0
8.6
302


71 .3
9.1


76.3
9.0
- -


76.5
9.4
303


74.
8.
352


103
46
2008


125
46
2525


io6
U-
2O0-41


106
36


107
36
2077


105
36
2055


104
36
2044






- 10


Table


3.--C


otton


, American upland medium


staple:


Quality characteristics by


production areas


crop of 1966-


-Continued


Area
State
:- a-i aa M-


- a --- ----- -ama ma -
- ---------- -an a a a -


Production area
.*~e'ti4- a -- -- a a- i- -
Predominant variety -
Percentage of variety at gin
Triweekly sampling
RAW COTTON QUALITY
Grade .....................designation


Staple


length


.........inches


Fiber length (Digital Fibrograph):
2.5% span length.............. inches
Uniformity ratio (50/2.5).percent
Fiber fineness and maturity:
Micronaire .................reading
Fiber strength and elongation:


Zero
Zero


gauge
gauge


inch


nch


SJI-n


gauge
gauge


strength ....
strength ...


strength ..
elongation.


.1,000 psi
.grams/tex


grams/
..perc


ey Analyzer:


Visible waste


..percent


Total visible & invisible


Color


of raw


perchc


cotton:


Reflectance
Yellowness


Code .

PROCESSING


.....n.+b
..number


RESULTS:


Picker and card waste..


Yarn skein


22 ( 2(
50 ( 1
Average


......percent


strength:


1.8


tex)
tex)


...........pounds
...........pounds
bor.......... .


break fad


Yarn skein elongation


22s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


..........perc
S.......... erc


ent
ent


Yarn appearance:


22s (
50s (


11.8


tex)
tex)


Average yarn appe
Yarn imperfections:


228 (


11.8


Spinning potential.


.. .......... .grade
Lr..............grade
riance......index


S...........number
............number


... Yarn number


-- ---- a. -- 4
Southeast
I- -a *a J I -


~So.
. -


Car.


Car. Queen
100
h I- 1- an ---- R- --
First
^~~~~~ -- -:i--- M-i -- :

SM
1-3/32

1.08


4.8

87
43.2
24.8


3


122
44
2442

6


: South Central
.Louisiana :Mississi
_. .. .. -----------------------------------------
:Arnaudvrille 'arenero :HaI
- Md-Mnly :- Stnvl 213 : lMxdvc -
-- -t- --A 75 --St-- -nv1 -- 213
SStnJl 7 ...75 Stnvl 213


.: First

M
1-1/16

1.08


22.2
6.6


2138


: First First


1-1/16


1.05
48


1.o8
46


22.3


21214


76.5
8.7
302


4.2


103
34
1983


-1/16


,


ir






V


Table


.--Cotton,


American


upland medium staple:


Quality characteristics


production


areas


crop


of 1966--Continued


South Ce ntral ---:- Southwestern


IMlississippi :
-----------------d :PorGibson: T-lertown : El
Indianola :PFortGib son : rlrowi E
Illllll......-a.r 5 5 5 5 a a 5* I


DPL Smooth Leaf
1rs00 Firs 95
First : First


----- -- -


:Car.


Queen


Slr75s
- : First


South Texas Central Texas
-~---------- -ond -~ji -w~~2i7 -- -- -~ ---
Campo Ltone Mott :Batesville : Navasota
nvl 7A : DPL Smooth Leaf
Third : Third : S- second F- irs


SLMLtSp
1-1/16


LM
1-1/16


SLMLtSp
1-1/16


SLM
1-1/16


1.06


1.014


1.05


1.08


216

KB8


41.4


44.7
21.0
4.9


46.1
22.1


84
41.7
22.6
7.0


22.5
7.4


75.3
8.6


8.8
302


76.0
9.0


68.8
9.3


67.0
8.0
503


9.1
403


73.2
8.5
402


102
34
1972


2135


96
31
1831


109
38
2149


112
39
2207


113
38
2193


59 62


- 11


SWM


SFI
1-1/16


1-1/16


_ I




A~ i A:X _________________________________________________


UNITED STATES DEPJETI RENJT OF
CON'SUIME.R T, MARKETING
WSHIlJGTOl, D.C. 2


AGR IC CULTURE
SERVICE
250


U. S.


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIQA


3 1262 08333 396 2


A


OFFICIAL BUSINESS