THE PACKERS AND
SIR: I submit herewith the first report
Hon. H. C. WAXJACE,
Secretary of Agriculture.
C. September 9, 1922. *
the Packers and Stock-
ssitant to the Secretary.
This is the first report of the Packers and Stockyards Administra-
tion; It covers the period from the date of the passage of the packers
and stockyards act, 1921, on August 15, 1921. to the end of the fiscal
year, Jule 30, 1922. Substantial progress has already been made in
the development of the organization under the act and the accom-
plishment of its purposes, notwithstanding the embarrassment caused
for several months by the litigation instituted by certain commission
men and traders to test the constitutionality of the new statute.
The live-stock and meat-packing industry, taken altogether, is
ore important, if not in fact larger, than any other single class
of business in the whole industrial organization of our country, and
for a long time prior to the passage of the packers and stockyards
not a general impression existed, especially among live-stock pro-
ducers, that conditions prevailing in the live-stock markets and the
meat-packing industry were such that the Federal Ggvernment
should exercise general supervisional authority over the various
phases of this great activity. There had arisen a general lack of con-
fidence, as well as deep-seated dissatisfaction, with reference to the
mannermin which the live-stock marketing machine was functioning.
There were known to be certain specific evils which the legitimate
"dments in the industry disapproved but found it difficult to combat,
a Which apparently could be dealt with only through some disin-
is throughout the country. The assurance of open compete
ket conditions and reasonable marketing costs in the live-s
meat-packing industry is the prime purpose of this statute.
fi;ln +i n\ m +^^. Tljntrfttn r n an1 ran n\n T<^" /t / i4i/ II C t1 l _
titni. IA) u r-~~ ix 1 ci.; PttCIUzwn
ure. those possessed by
to the enforcement of
sion act in connection
ited also to the Secret
the packers and stocky:
the existing antitrust
Not the least import
y of Agriculture is tha
which there has been s
trom time to time,
Svcolr ec il on e oecreiary o0
Federal Trade Commission with
provisions of the Federal Trade
i unfair methods of competition
of Agriculture for the enforce-
act. On the other hand, the full
"s of the country remains unim-
responsibility placed upon the
gathering and determining facts
uch controversy and publishing
they show that complaints have
The packers and stockyards act,
congresss, was approve
culture is charged w
immediately to (level
amount of fun
as a separ
ate unit of
law. The first
#or the purpose of I
developed. These p1
1921, Public No. 51, Sixty-seventh
ed August 15, 1921. As the Secretary of Agri-
ith the enforcement of this statute, he began
op plans for its administration. An estimate
ds required to defray expenses for the remain-
ending June 30, 1922, was submitted to Con-
as provided in the deficiency act of August 24.
effective administration, and in order that the
e his close personal attention directly to its
rs and stockyards Administration w
the department under an assistant to
rectly to the Secretary. This officer
6, 1921, and began immediately the
and the work of carrying out the p
work was that of securing competent
handling the different phases of the
hases were naturally grouped into fiv
work as it
Audits and accounts.
Rates, charges, and
This does not constitute a separation of the
is solely a division of administrative labor
needing attention may be handled properly
i .- I n--*^w4 k rw^ JV^/tf-.-lI* w L J- 4./ *1/-. V
work into projects, but
in order that matters
and by persons having
ADMIX ISTRATION .
in the Division of Accounts and Disbursements of the Department of
Agriculture, was appointed chief clerk of the new organization.
For handling legal questions, Judge Bayard T. Hainer, a man of
mature years, a former Federal judge in the State of Oklahoma, who
had also been engaged for a considerable time in the active general
practice of the law, was selected as attorney.
The work connected with the auditing of the books of the various
persons subject to the act and the study and analysis of their ac-
counting systems was placed under the direction of Arthur S. French,
a certified public accountant, who had had considerable experience
of responsible character in public accounting work in the Middle
duties relating to the registration of market agencies and
at the various public stockyards and the determination of
ns relating to the reasonableness of rates and charges were
dh to G. N. Dagger, specialist in live-stock marketing costs,
ad had considerable training along both economic and legal
nd, having previously been engaged both in live-stock farming
State public activities, possessed highly desirable qualifica-
or this work.
questions of trade practices in the marketing of live stock be-
the utmost importance, Howard M. Gore, of West Virginia, a
lifelong cattle and sheep raise
ford Breeders' Association oj
board of education of that S
interests which brought him
ness methods, and who, in ad
committee of fifteen of the Ame
in the consideration of plans for t
stock, was selected to handle trade
Provision has been made also for
phases of the work of the Packers
t.i I Ll 1 T* P
) had been president of the Here-
t Virginia and a member of the
and who had banking and other
oughh knowledge of general busi-
, had served as a producer on the
irican Farm Bureau Federation
he cooperative n
the handling of
,N...1 .... T ..
1 Fi T 1 I
unaer tne immediate airection oi0 Cnares Jt. nrana, alner July 1,
1922, as consulting specialist in marketing in the Department of
Agriculture, who established the Office of Markets, later the Bu-
reau of Markets, of the Department of Agriculture, and continued
with it until 1919, since which time he has been vice president and
general manager of a nation-wide commercial fruit and vegetable
marketing organization, in which capacity he has had unusual op-
portunity to familiarize himself from a nongovernmental standpoint
with the commercial aspects of marketing and distribution questions.
The work to be done in the various public stockyards throughout
L1 2J J 1 Jl 1 I
were handled by
the nearest super
time to time for
as require action.
which require mo
visits, but which d
will be placed fro
markets for period
for similar we
visors, an imy
ceding the pa;
ried out is be
as far as poss
the ground wi
of the matter
which such men hi
cing them under the sup
, who is required to visit
purpose of giving attend
plan is being developed
tention than can be given
not seem to require per
time to time supervisor
of a month or longer
ackers and Stockyards
uch supervisors will i
ssage of the p
uing put into
thereon. In this
the medium of
that it was ind
packers and stoc
Le, of local matters through
out the necessity for formal
in question to Washington
, way unnecessary delays are
ve prompt attention.
,f coordinating the activities
ind giving assurance that they
common and well-thought-out
) Washington once
pated during the
is furnished to all
lopment a plan by
onsible for the con
i. This will be
a week all of the
ad not been assigned
)ervision usually of
such markets from
ion to such matters
whereby in markets
on occasional short
rs who will remain in the
until the policies and re-
Administration are fully
proceedd to other markets
these local market super-
icated in the debates pre-
kyards act should be car-
is involves the handling,
informal adjustment on
proceedings or reference
before action is taken
avoided and meritorious
o0 tne van
cy, every supervisor re-
activities in which he has
nd a summary of these
There is also in process
markets will be handled
sion supervisor who will
of the supervisors in his
urance of uniform and
proper application of the provisions of the packer
In addition to the supervisors in the various
organization of competent accountants is in process
markets, a field
with the expectation that specially qualified men will be assigned
at central points from which they can carry on the investigational
work of an auditing character which is necessary to supplement the
activities of the supervisors and to furnish the administration with
information required in order to determine facts as to the reason-
ableness and justice of rates and charges, as well as such informa-
tion as may be desired on the economic phases of the live-stock and
meat-packing industry that may be gathered from a study of the
meeting enabled the Washington office to send the supervisors
into the field with confidence that they should carry out the
visions of the packers and stockyards act in a more intelligent
than could possibly have been accomplished merely through
respondence. In view of the very great benefits resulting from
conference, other similar conferences will be held from time to
not less often than once a year.
SUBJECT TO THE ACT.
The act wen
packers who ar
by Title III of
had been inquiry
this was among
Up to June
the provisions o
70 cities in 35
of the stockvarc
e sllbject to Tit
ty was necessary
the other hand,
the law were not
y, formal deter
were embraced '
the first of the
the act t
upon which their stockyar
no date is shown the post
covered in the next annual
immediately upon its passage as to
le II, and no registration or other
in order to bring them within its
market agencies and dealers covered
subject to its provisions until there
lination, and public notice as to the
within its operation. Consequently,
activities of the Packers and Stock-
hat 78 stockyards, listed
subject to the provision
and prior to June 30,
posted as required by
es, the places where loca
'ds were posted are set o
ns of Ti
tie III as
) of these
id will be
Name of yard.
Western Stockyards ........... .... .......
New Orleans Stockyards (Inc.) ........
Miller Union Stockyards ..................
J. W. Patterson Commission Co..........
Suttles, Bragg & Millsaps.............
Augusta Stockyard Co .................. .
Union Stockyard Co. -......-,.. ..........
Union Stockyards Co. of New Jersey......
Birmingham Stockyards Co...............
Brighton Stockyards Co...................
New York Central Railroad Co............
Foust-Yarnell Stockyards... .............-
Pursley Stoc r-ds .......................
Union Stockyard & Transit Co. of Chicago
Cincinnati Union Stockyard Co...........
Cleveland Union Stockyards Co.........
Columbia Stockyards Co .................
Drovers Union Stockyards ................
*f- 4 4 4 4 -i
* 4 4** 4 -* 4 -
* 4. -* 4 4
1 **-- 1*1**
* 4 H- ft- 4- 4
* 4. 4 4*
* 4 4* 4 4 -:
*.-. 44 4 4
..... do. ......
Benning D. C.
Buffalo, N. ..
Columbia, S. C
Dallas, Tex ...
- -----------------------4 4- 44
l .. ... ...
ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPARTMENT OF
Name of yard.
Marion Union Stockyards Co.
Jos. A. Maxwell & Sons Corn. Co...........
Dixie National Stockyards .................
South Memphis Stoclards ................
Milwaukee Stockyards Co..................
Union Stockyards Co. of Montgomery (Inc.
Moultrie Stockyards ........................
Nashville Union Stockyards (Inc.).........
St. Louis National Stockyards Co..........
Newark Stockyards .................
New York Stockyards ..............
Union Stockyards ........................
Portland Union Stockyards Co.............
Salt Lake Union Stoclcyards ..............
Union Stockyards .........................
Oklahoma National Stockyards Co ........
Pasco Union Stockyards Co................
Peoria Union Stockyards Co. (Inc.)........
West Philadelphia Stockyard Co...........
Pittsburgh Union Stockyards Co...........
Pueblo Union Stockyards ..................
Richmond Union Stockyards Co..........
Southern Stockyards Corporation..........
Union Stcckyards, S. A ....................
Sioux City Stockyards Co.............
Sioux Falls Stockyards Co.............
Union Stokyards Co .......................
Union Stockyards Co. of Omaha (Ltd.)....
St. Joseph Stockvards Co ...................
St. Paul Union Stockyards Co.............
Spokane Union Stockyards Co.............
Springfield Union Stockyards Co...........
Inter-State Stockyards Co.............
Toledo Union Stockyards Co...............
Wichita Union Stockyards Co..............
Patrick Horan & Sons Stockyards..........
The Billings Stockyards ...............
The Laramie Stockyards..................
Union Stockyards ..........................
The Oregon Shortline Railroad Stockyards.
- .. .
* -. .......
* 1 1 *. *** .* l
* -* I
** ** ,. *
111. .. .
* -. .. }
i Memphis, Tenn.......
Nashville, Temn .......
National Stock Yards,
Newark, N.J l -
New York, N. Y......
I Norfolk Va...........
I North IPortland, Oreg.
North Salt Lake, Utah
Oklahoma City, Okla.
i Puleblo, Colo..........
Richmond, Va .....
-..3 do....... ...... .. .....
I San Antonio Tex ....
Sioux City, Iowa ....
SSioux Falls, S. Dak...
South Omaha, Nebr...
South St. Joseph, Mo..
South St. Paul, Minun.
IWest Albany, N. Y...
are defined in
shall register v
the posting, a
shall engage 1
pendency of t
act many marl1
all market ao
of these yards brings into play the provision of t
that all market agencies and dealers, as these
the act, that are engaged in business in these
ith thle Secretary of Agriculture within 30 day
nd thereafter that no new market agency or
but it is n
[ers in th
registered, and there were on file 4
3,436 dealers and 1,075 market agency
tain that every market agency and d4
registered. During the
constitutionality of the
sed to register and many
believed that practically
various stockyards have
e 30 the registrations of
ties. As a means
ealer registered w
1I 1 1" 1
of making cer-
ith the Packers
but it was
visions of Title II of the act with respect
self-operative immediately upon the p
deemed necessary to establish certain
under Title III as to stockyard owners
, to cover certain matters with respect
of the Secretary of Agriculture might
rstood. Consequently, tentative rules
with respect to stockyard
prepared and furnished
gestions and criticism, a:
Portland, Oreg., Nov. 8, 1921.
Denver, Col., Nov. 12, 1921.
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 14. 1
to all classes of persons ii
nd public hearings were hK
*t to packers
assage of the act,
general rules and
. market agencies.
to which the re-
not otherwise be
and dealers were
interested for sug-
eld as follows:
Kansas City. Mo.. Nov. 15. 1921.
Chicago, Ill., Nov. 18, 1921.
After full consideration had been given to the informant ion received
through the medium of these hearings and correspondence, the formal
general rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture were
issue(1 on Novemnler 30. 1921. as (ircular No. 156 of the Office of
At the close of the fiscal
in formal proceedings un
course of preparation,
handling such matters.
1 ear. regulations governing the procedure
der the packers and stockyards act were in
based upon our practical experience in
stock vards a
it being assei
of the Secreht
ct. with speci
and that the
trict court a
ing, the conm
ht at the act
suance of the formal genera
of Agriculture. a suit was i
Chicago by certain coiulllissi
etferenc( to commission men
was unconstitutional as to, s
finition of interstate
Congress. The attor
ration represented th
Ahicago and assisted
i the preparation of 1
the United States.
comilmerce in the an
ney for the Packers
e Government bef<
the Solicitor Genm
the briefs presented
While this litigatior
* S 1 1 1, li
ussion men and dealers. altnougn promising cooperation
^ -* A. -* a
ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPARTMENT OF
of the de
I May 15, 1922, upheld the decision of the lower court,
sustaining the constitutionality of the act and the validity
finition of interstate commerce, which is somewhat broader
been carried in any previous statute, although the basis
a definition had been established by earlier decisions of the
Court. Immediately following the decision of the Supreme
le commission men and traders generally announced their
to cooperate with the Packers and Stockyards Administra-
to comply with the law in every respect.
Certain statutes of the State of Minnesota, passed prior to the
enactment of the packers and stockyards act, vest the railroad and
warehouse commission of that State with authority to supervise the
traders in tha
the public stockyards and the commission men
t State, to regulate rates and charges, and to main
s in the stockyards. The enactment of the packers
t raised the question of tl
enforcement of these
supervision was mai
per head for State
statutes, and bl
ntained by the
live stock marketed in the St. Paul sto(
charge was imposed at other stockyard
made on behalf of shi'
ild not be allowed. T
id that the railroad a
rs outside (
ion of the
that its jurisdiction should be maintain
weighing service and the charges there
led that the,
a quest io1
s considered by the attorney
ministration, who decided thai
ad the whole field involved ii
s were in conflict therewith
commerce. This opinion wa,
f the United States. At this s
to take over the entire weigh
ikage of hogs and absorb t
o the shipper and without i
annual revenues o
-r '- :
m these source
court to enjoin
later the corn
:urt to enjoin
hie validity of the continued
ise of the fact that the State
position of a special charge
1 from the shippers of all
yardsd. and that no similar
Is in the country, complaint
)f Minnesota that this charge
investigation by the Packers
whole situation, and it was
commission was contending
led unimpaired and that the
for should not be disturbed.
i of conflict of jurisdiction
of the Packers and Stock-
t the packers and stockyards
n the question and that the
and therefore invalid as to
sustained by the Attorney
ge the stockyards company
g service and the dockage
expense without special
reasing its existing rates.
united to from $60,000 to
The State thereupon insti-
stockyards company from
ion men institute suit in
State from enforcing its
would be fair to all
retain for the Secreta
the purposes of the pa
pending at the close
factory adjustment thi
weighing charge would
would pay the salaries
weigh lire stoc, but
thority of the Packe
subject matter involve
Supreme Court of thi
in the Federal court. o
parties and which w
f Agriculture full auth
's and stockyards act. T
the fiscal year, with p
h the means of a plan bU
discontinued and the st
the State weighers who
i full recognition by th
nd Stockyards Admin
pending the final dete
lited States, on appeal
ority to (
y which tl
e State o
f the au-
from the leci
f the question of conflict of jurisdiction.
For the period of two months,
quarterly thereafter reports ar
men in the variot
ing to a simple cl
the question of r
tions, and be in a
reports include co
of advertising th
ts as to
that it n
position to deal
ons in particul 'i
rtain items of s
e business. It
their earnings ant
ned to keep the P
vith the financial
iay observe variat
rates and charge
* markets from tin
special interest, su
is found in this
,f the total numb
I expenses accord-
ackers and Stock-
condition of the
ions bearing upon
s and other ques-
i the necessity for
we to time. These
ch as the expense
connection that a
er of commission
men in the country keep adequate accounts,
become apparent that the Packers and Stock
must devote study to proper accounting system:
In order to throw light on controversies tha
facts of the commission business, and in antici
for making future determinations as to the
rates exacted by commission men in various
the books of cor
sentat,ives of thi
selected* with a
audit included t]
is for commission mien.
mission men was arranged
e exchanges and started in
gh, Pa., and Portland, Oreg.,
ew to the
ns in widely
y separated parts
from the account
;had arisen as to the
action of the necessity
'easonableness of the
markets an audit of
r with certain repre-
. Paul, Omaha, Fort
ese five markets being
t distinctly different
of the country. This
sales of the comnmis-
sion men for 1921 of all of the items of expenditure in
with the sale of the live stock and of the information relt
tina to the
dental audits of commission men's
purpose of special investigations.
various audits have disclosed i
ory action has been taken or
ig about improved conditions.
the markets that commission
ien their assets were insufficient
)een taken u
Len to keep
>pers in sep
pany bonds for the protection
bonds are already in force,
commission men several years
rate banking system for the p]
eration with the Packers and
market a system of separate
the close of the fiscal year.
Reports were obtained frol
merce throughout the country
operations during 1921, and a
nation contained in these rep
piled in tabulated form, and r
study of the accounting system
pressing work of the account
Administration would permit.
1 of th
irregularities concerning which
is planned for the purpose of
It has been
men were co
t to enable t
sale of live
ounts and to
at least one
hem to settle
on, and the I
of re(uiring coin-
stock belonging to
give surety corn-
In some markets
large market the
into effect a sepa-
of sale of live stock. By coop-
ards Administration in another
t the close
ms of the
s engaged in interstate cornm-
the financial aspects of their
e of the fiscal year the infor-
being consolidated and com-
3 being made for a systematic
packers as soon as the other
Whenever it is possible to
ductive of complaint, or when complaints are
Packers and Stockyards Administration endeav
make the necessary investigation and to bring a
rective action may be justified through inform
agreement of the parties affected. It is quite a
this is possible the results are accomplished with
ture of labor and expense and with the greater I
nent beneficial results than when matters are a.
extremely controversial stage of formal proceedir
ant possibilities of suspension by later court act
number of formal proceedings is being kqpt at a
formal proceedings do not represent entirely the
,4! ftn TIn nl rnnci nnr Q innlryirrn A Ar yyini mck'rwo+ t ^ inn
on that may be pro-
actually filed, the
ds and the
) reach the
ion. Therefore the
minimum, and such
results of the work
fk nnmhn yy Kjrif#"11^1
STO( K YARDS
tion' took u
of the meat
I^Xi~o ll-v-iA f
he labels, in
instead of 1 pound previously shown.
packers and distributers of butter that
nomic practice, but that, if permitted, t
do likewise in order to maintain their t
th other r
the Packers an
the result that
res of the part
mntatives of the
r creamery-butter mn
is committee on the
economic aspects and result
recommendation bv thle comic
continued, together with an
ard containers. Specifically,
ter that the contents of retail
had been lod
to have been
only was a
the two nati
nto effect by
Thus all for
is of butter in
Stocky a re
s of it
where the short-weight cartons
It was con-
this was an
of a national
he basis of p0ou
ions of this co
Against whom comply
edings were rendered
t-weight cartons were
ies, it is believed that
id but that consumer
substantial benefit in
DISCRIMINATION IN BUTTER-FAT BUYING
AT COUNTRY POINTS.
of business by bi
tions as to the
dulged in with
year, the compla
has been notified
the charge of unfai
packers at country p<
ter, it being
il power or
idding up th(
extent to w
d to be un
respect to the operations of
r discrimination in the pur-
)ints of butter fat for manu-
in some cases, that a packer,
, has driven competitors out
butter fat during periods of
etitors have been driven out,
plaints disclose serious ques-
petitive methods may be in-
unlawful. In one case, the
before the close of the fiscal
Justified and the complainant
has been taken up
ers and Stockyard
markets, with the
added annually to
paign for tubercul
by the Bureau of Animal Industry and the Pack-
s Administration with the large packers at these
result that many thousands of dollars are being
the prices paid for such live stock and the cam-
osis eradication materially aided.
SOFT AND OILY HOGS.
Thle Packers and Stockyards Administration is cooperating with
e Bureau of Animal Industry in working out plans for the identi-
ation of soft and oily hogs purchased and slaughtered by packers
a means of developing an equitable solution of the problem with
ichl the producers of southern hogs are contending.
been followed .
ing, in most in
owners in one t
by the Packers
mined upon t]
provided in 0o
known as string
it many stockyards,
by the live-sto<
Packers and St
operative sale o
the plan has bee
tances of the
at the pract:
der to prevel
s. The cone
have been a
ck market su
I and packer
f live stock ti
sale of live s
one price, has
ice should be
nt unfair adv
lusions of th
o the best
r tying together, which has
ich consists, broadly speak-
tock belonging to different
been carefully investigated
nation and the policy deter-
eliminated or safeguards
-antage being taken of in-
e Packers and Stockyards
i are being put into effect
Lh the cooperation of the
thing in the position of the
ion, however, prevents the co-
advantage of the owners when
and agreed upon.
FILLING ORDERS FROM CONSIGNMENTS.
in some markets was th
purchase orders received
to the commission men
rnts of live stock on the o:
Administration is estab
)le that live stock consi
their respective s
purchase orders s
tockyards must be pla
of time before purcha
are filled out of such
existence to a considerable
part of commission men of
tomers out of live stock con-
without placing such con-
et. The Packers and Stock-
through its supervisors, the
commission men for sale at
ced on the open market for a
se orders received by the same
consignments, and then such
should be filled at prices equal to or better than those
a ffWrdrI hr tho linPn nn rrklPt
STOCK K YARDS
selling price o
afforded for u
show the true
prevent the co
unfair advertising of the sales results of the corn:
Therefore the live-stock market supervisors
om Washington, are requiring the commission
sale prices on their accounts sales; but this d
nmmission men from performing the prorating
shipments when instructed by consignees to do
CALIFORNIA LIVE-STOCK PRICES.
In the State o
State, the Packe
with the Bureau
thorities for the
mrs and Stoc
purpose of E
mental market news service tl
considerable complaint has been made
f live-stock prices were inaccurate and
no public stockyard markets in that
kyards Administration is cooperating
and Crop Estimates and the State au-
tiding in the development of a govern-
hat will give authentic information.
PATRONAGE DIVIDENDS BY COOPERATIVE SELLING AGENCIES.
The packers and stock
published schedules of
and does not permit reba
patronage basis of excess
their bona fide members
lation of these require,
patronage dividends to i
to whether he was a me
un informally with each
wings of coope
eir live stock
p .I ..... a
mber or not
of the assoc
that they are now confining the
dividends exclusively to bona i
them from doing business with
earnings derived therefrom to
no refunds or deductions from 1
the distribution on a
was made To
ng his produ
i has been
I. with the
for the payment of patronage
ibers. This does not prevent
nonmembers and adding the surplus
their dividends, provided they make
the scheduled rates and charges to the
Numerous other matters involving special handling, such as ques-
tions of proper assignment of pens to the various agencies in stock-
yards, better railroad service, the inhumane handling and injury of
live stock through the use of clubs and other improper implements,
disputes arising out of the mixing of live stock in the yards, whole-
some feed and proper feed charges, and the like, have been disposed
of locally by live-stock market supervisors without formal action.
packers anti stockyards
adopt and enforce
which, upon being p
observed, and that t
a local standpoint.
in conference with t
lished and filed and
act expressly requires the market agencies
enable rules and regulations of their ow
shed and filed with the Government, must
could handle many matters effectively fri
a result they formulated a number of ru
local supervisor. These rules have been pi
are being observed to the general satisfaction of
vet after a complaint is filed the stage is reached where it
seem possible to accomplish a satisfactory adjustment in-
the proceeding is given a place on the formal docket of the
and Stockyards Administration. Prior to June 30 there
instituted eight such proceedings, and each will be de-
n this report under its caption and docket number.
t No. 1.-Kansa
Co. and Fowler
sociation, The Mi
Live Stock Pro
s City Live Stock Exchange. complainant, v. Armour &
Packing Co., respondents. The Kansas Live Stock As-
lissouri Live Stock Producers' Association, The National
ducers Association, Missouri Farmers' Association, and
of Kansas. interveners.
was a complaint
which is compos
to the operation
is the Mistletoe S
rating to l
rom the Kansas City
s owned by Armour
Stock Yards were re4
ing of Title III of
so determined by t]
linedd that the meth
rary to Title III rela
packers under the pac
'air, unjustly discrim
because the buying oj
to affect adversely
onize the Kansas
s in that market.
r of the Packers a
nations named as i
urpose of assisting
, at Kansa
. It was
Co. of it
, a short
ing business in these yards
)ckyards and to Title II re.
;tockyards act because of al-
nd deceptive practices, and
)f the two respondent con-
e interests of producers and
y public stockyards by de-
formal hearing was held at
1922, and lasting 12 days,
members of the
it was complained by
were being subjected
live-stock exchange a
buyers in that market.
amicable adjustment (
therefore, a formal c4
which was unfair and
boycott by the respo
an examiner of the ]
entered upon, but ii
be reached by comic
actually worked out
by all parties, direct
the continuance of
sumed on an open-m
amended its rules to
since then several of
rules voluntarily in
these independent selling
to a boycott by the entire
nd by practically .all the
Repeated and persistent
of the matter between the
complaint was issued, the
I unjustly disc
indents. The heal
Packers and Stock
t appeared that a satisfactory adjustment could
mon agreement of all concerned, and this was
, resulting in the issuance of an order, accepted
ted to the respondents to cease and desist from
the boycott, and business was immediately re-
arket basis. The St. Louis Live Stock Exchange
conform to the requirements of the order, and
the other leading exchanges have amended their
a similar way.
Docket No. 3.-The Secretary
tional Stock Yards, Ill.
C,-. FLHilton andt
This complaint pertained to an advance by the Order Bu
sociation in commission charges for buying hogs at Nation
Yards, Ill., on eastern orders from packers. As the result o
lution passed by the association, commission charges wer
from $3 per single deck and $5 per double deck to $10 per car
single or double deck. Provision was made also that all e
on drafts must be paid by the purchaser. It appeared that
posed charges were not wholly just and reasonable and a
schedule offered by the association subsequent to the issuance
Secretary's complaint, fixing a rate of $6 per single deck and
double deck, together with the requirement that all exchange c
be paid by the purchaser, was substituted after a hearing
sideration of all the facts including rates for similar services
f a reso-
:e of the
I $10 per
Docket No. 4.-The Secretary of Agriculture i. The Belt Railroad & Stockyards
Co., Indianapolis, Ind.
On March 10, 1922, the Belt Railroad & Stockyards Co. of In-
dianapolis, Ind., announced an increase in the price of corn from
$1.10 to $1.30 per bushel. This advance appeared unreasonable on
its face and the tariff was suspended by the Secretary. Prior to
the date set for hearing the stockyards company canceled the pro-
nosed advance and restored the nriee to $110 )nr bushel, nendina
traders and or,
efforts to secure
parties failed, a
'iminatory practices through a
ring was set for April 3, before
yards Administration, and was
V.E "il:/. '
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08739 5082
and Ch i
., it appeared
g exacted by
jor portion o
ands of com
ii 1 rw*1
stoc in t.ne yards. mne traaer
unfairly discriminatory and
the consideration of other ch
case it was found that any re
in order to satisfy the comply
sisted upon the propriety of ti
content, ,and accordingly :
saints. The 6s upon t
huave but n: tdrtio mie1t th
have been pned until Sep
Docket No. 8.-The Secretary or Ag
ix :4N11 1iiiii
SI.. lind other.
The complaint in this proceeding was issued as a result of the
receipt of -complaints from shippers who protested against a pro-
posed schedute of charges of the Baltimore Live Stock Exchange,
whereby there would be exacted, in addition to the regular comms-
sion charge, 50 cents for each additional account sales after the first
two on cooperative live-stock shipments handled by exchange mem-
bers. This charge on its face appeared to be excessive compared
with the value of the service rendered, and the tariff was suspended.
Formal hearing has been set for August 17. A general inquiry in
connection with this proceeding will be made, into the basis for the
various rates and charges made by members of the Baltimore ex-
.*: 3 .: '.
of jurisdiction by t"he Sec tary' "o.
at Peoria, Ill., South Omaha, ebr.,
d that a new charge not previously ;
the stockyards companies from traders
f live stock necessitated by their traeis- Li: :.
f the revenues of the stockyards corn-
yardage charges assessed against i. "'7i
;ion men and from the feeding of live 7 1)
's complained that the new charge was ,
excessive. Its consideration involved
arges of the stockyards& companies in
adjustment of charges should be made
aints. The stockyards companies in-
ie new charges and the justice of :their
it was necessary to issue formal com-
;hese complaints were set for dates in
:e wishes of various parties interested .
l,- 1i non fllf