Properties of typical crude oils from the East Texas field

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Material Information

Title:
Properties of typical crude oils from the East Texas field
Series Title:
Report of investigations ;
Portion of title:
Typical crude oils from the East Texas field
Physical Description:
7 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Garton, E. L
Publisher:
Department of Commerce, United States Bureau of Mines
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Petroleum -- Composition -- Texas, East   ( lcsh )
Petroleum -- Analysis -- Texas, East   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility:
by E.L. Garton.
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 005218054
oclc - 39350323
Classification:
lcc - TN23 .U43 no.3130
System ID:
AA00008542:00001

Full Text







I.L .31s0


AuGusT.


1931


I


UNITED


STATES


BUREAU OP MINES


SCOTT


TURNER. DIRECTOR


REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS


PROPERTIES OF TYPICAL CRUDE OILS FROM

THE EAST TEXAS FIELD


DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


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1August. 1931.
August. 1931.


REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE BUREAU OF MINES


PROPERTIES OF TYPICAL CRUDE OILS FROM
THE EAST TEXAS FIELD1


By E.



The United States Bureau of Mines


L. Carton2


has recently


collected samples of crude petroleum


from wells
Counties in


in the newly


developed


the East Texas district


Joiner


, Kilgore,


, and from the


and Longview


fields


of Rusk


and Gregg


Van field of the East Central district of


Texas


East Texas Crudes


The four samples of


crude


oil from


the East


Texas


fields are all


mediate base" crudes according to the classification given by Smith and Lane.


typical


Sample


"inter-
31,063


,is from the discovery well in the Joine
an initial production of 400 barrels pe
wae completed on February 1, 1931, with
32 East Texas crudes are produced at an
the deepest Woodgine-sand production s
fields.

All four samples have the sa
proportion of sulphur (average 0.28 per
to the United States Bureau of Mines


r field. This well came
ir day. Sample 31,062 wa
an initial production of


average


depth of approximately


o far encountered


me


general


cent)
method


in on October
Is obtained fr,


om


1930,
a well


3,500 barrels per day.


3,600


of the Texas


characteristics.


The "total
of interpret


Each


feet


which


or Louisiana


contains


gasoline and naphtha,'
,tion of the analyses,


a small


according


averages


36.0 per


cent


the kerosene


distillate


9.6 per


cent,


oil 15.1


per cent,


non-


viscous


lubricating distillate 9.7


per cent,


and the medium lubricating distillate


cent.


processes,


appears


to be


a good


stock


and the lubricating distillates appear to


for the production


of gasoline


be similar to distillates


by cracking
of the same


ranges of viscosity obtained from Burbank,


Okla.


crude


, which is


generally


recognized


as a


high-grade refining crude.


Crude from Van Field


Sample 31,061


Texas


crudes.


from


The gravity


the Van field


(33.40


of Texas,


A.P.I.


differs


is heavier,


in several
the sulphur


respects
content


(0.89 per


cent)


is greater,


and the "total gasoline and naphtha"


fraction


is only about two-thirds that


of the East Texas crudes.


Moreover,


the crude


is placed in the "paraffin base"


class


accord-


ing to the United States Bureau of Mines method of


analysis


and interpretation.







R.I.3130.


Table


figures


that


1 contains


indicate


some


the physic


showing


sources


al and chemical properties


of the samples
of t'he crudes.


some


of the


Table 2 contains


data upon which


*s -* ---


the classification of the crudes according to


"base


" The in


struc-


tions given by Smith and Lane4


for the classification of


crudes are as


follows


Note the A.


gravity oi thE ftactian distilling between 250


and 2750C.


(4820


and 527F.)


at atuosphbriae jre


sure.


If this gravity


is 400


A. P.1.


or lighter,


the oil


can be


considered definitely to have


a paraffin base.


If this gtravitg is


A.P.I.


or heavier,


the oil has


either a naphthene or a hybrid base


If it is between 33 and 40


, the


oil has an intermediate base.


Note


the "colud


pdint"


of the fraction


between


and 3000C.
cloud point


t5270


and 5720F


is reported


at 40


as being


Hm.


ibsoblute


below 5F.,


pre~bre


it indicates


If this


that


wax is


absent
point


and that


is above 50F.,


the oil has a naphthene


base


If, however,


it indicates the prteSnce of wax and


the cloud


that


the oil


may have a paraffin,


an intermediate


, or a hybrid base.


The complete analyses of the


five samples


(31061-2-3-4-5


are given on pages i


inoiu~ive.


These analyses


were made by the United States Bureat of Mines Hempel Aeth64.


Table 1


.- Datai howinr


tQOtIiGiS


nofsamDles and


some of the figures indicating nhvsical and chemical br6lrtilAS


Sample
No.


$1,062
31,063
31,064


Field


5.W.txthr.
Joiner
rtiigdrS
Lohttiii#


Sand


Jbioer woodbhia


Depth,
feet

368f8

3652
$S87


I a- au


Belot


rude


traction


A.P.I.


Viscosity at 100IF, of
vacuum fractions.


Viscosity IPour


LEA nAQD L


6.j8I
eA .1 |...


59.5


Ckgbbn'


residue of
residugm,
eor rcnt


80 jirsa]


JaiL 2i4 ~smL.


Table


2.- Data indicating the base of the crude oil


Sample

51,062
51.063


F



IJoier
!


field


Sand


I I


Joiner Woodbine


32,064 Kilgorf
51.065 Longview
Pl -ui I-


IFractiot distillin t a tmoshepl c Fraction distilling at 40 am
Depth, pressure between 250-2 50L. vacuum between 00
-taaiJe Sgecifi ravitf vy- A .P CIld nol.tait- .


3S688


do. I 3,592
do. 3,6528
do. .58.sT


0.835


I 3i8.0 I
36.2
38.0

38.0
jsto I


r.de .O..f
.am.


Iategediate.h



I~n
Pararffin hano


cprstill~ng


BL~illPHtC


tan,






R.I.51500


Aaatlses of samples by Bureau of Mines Hemel method


SAMPLE 35101


J.T. Jamine well 1
2,7flD teet.


Van field
Woodbine sand


Texas
Van Zandt County


Pure Oil Co.


GENE5R CHARACTERISTICS


Ipeoific gravity,
Per t suipemr,


Q0.858
o0 9


A.P.I


gravity,


Pour point,


33.40


below


afoplt .niverp. yAscosity at 1000F.

DISTILLATION,


sec.


Color.,


brownish black.


BUREAU OF MfINE H ES PEL METHOD


Barometer 748 mm.


First drop:


840F.


Tauerature


Pflto,~nt


per tent


. gr.


of. cut


OA.P.I.
of cut.


Viscosity


3.VO0F


Cloud


Temperature


test


Z5f, tdZ 0


to 122


73O


- 100


J10 125
125 150


10.6


64.8
59.5


122 167
167 212
212 257


- 302
- 347


-175


175i-200I


- 250


547-592


47.8
43.. 8
40.2


250 275


-437


437- 482
482 527


a unm distillation at 40 mm.


p to 200


- 225
- 250


:250-27


275 -


Carbon


300


35.0
32.8
30.0
27.3
25.4


residue of residuum 10.0%.


Carbon


Up to 392
392 -437


- 482


482 527
527 572


residue of crude


APPROXIMATE SUMMARY


.... Per cent


Light
Total


gasoline


gaso


Kerosene
Gas oil


line and naphtha


distillate


24.6
16.1


S.735
.808


.854


0A;,P .I.


ViscotitiQ~


73.0
61.0
43.6 -


34.2


-U U U U A a fl jr S n nl a


FL I*IAl) A ~~~


r 1


~y, distill~oa


rrrr r rrrr


rrr. +rrrr


- '


1






R.I$.130.


Analyses of samples by Bureau of Mines Hemoel method--Continued


SAMPLE 31062


Calvin Young well 1


W. Extension,


Joiner field


Texas


5,688 feet


Woodbine sand


Rusk County


Lide Taylor Oil Co.


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS


Specific gravity,
Per cent sulphur,
Sayboit Universal


0.828


A.P.I


0.30


gravity,


Pour point,


viscosity at 1000F.


sec.(


CO1or~


39.4


45oF.


greenish blaok


DISTILLATION,


BUREAU OF MINES HEMPEL METHOD


Dry distillation


Barometer


7431mm .


First drop,


26CC.


Temperature


Per cent


0A.P.I.
of cut


per cent


to 50
- 75
- 100


100 125
125 150
150 175
175 200


Viscosity


100aF,


Cloud


Temperature


test


0.669


to 122


79.7


32.5


122 167
167 212
212 257


54.2
49.7
46.3


- 302


302 347
347 592


41.4


- 225
- 250


- 437


40.4


4375?- 821


250 275


Vacuum distillation at 40 mm.


to 200


Up to 392


200 225


- 437


14.1


- 250


250 275
275 300


~482-52
527 -57


Carbon residue of residuum,


7.7%.


Carbon residue of


crude


APPROXIMATE SUMMARY


. Per cent


Viscosity


Light


tlaSoline


Total gasoline and naphtha


14.5.
371


0.689


Kerosene distillate


Gas oil
Nonviscous lubricating distillate


.846
0.862-0.880


60.8
4147
35,8


32.7-29.3


50-400


- -.


"I~OF. )


OA.PII


,,,






LR2LS0-


Analyses of saalnest by Bureaau of Mines Hemel method--Continued


SAMPLE 1063


Daisy Bradford well 3
3.536-3.592 feet


Joiner field
Woodbine sand


Texas


Rusk County


Joiner


R. Tennant)


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS


Per cent


gravity
sulphur


, 0.832.


A.P.I


0.28


gravity,


Pour point,


38.6a


25F


Saybolt Universa


*vigsc


osity at 1000F.


sec.


Color


, greenish black


DISTILLATION,


BUREAU OF MINES HEMPEL METHOD


Dzry distillation


Barometer 743 mm.


First drop,


270C


81F


Temperature


Per cent


Sum


A.P.I


Viscosity


Cloud


Tempe


nature


per cent


Uip to 50


13.2


125 150


- 175


31.5
35.8


175 200


- 225


225 250
250 275


of cut
0.664
.674


.714
.741
.761
.781
.796
.810
.823
.84


of cut


1000F.


test


Up to 122
122 167
167 212
212 257


59.5
54.4
49.7


- 302


302 347
347 392


- 437


437 482


r S7


Vacuum distillation at


40 mm.


to 200
- 225
- 250
-275


Up to

457 -
437^-~


482 527
527.- 578


275 300


Carbon


residue


of residuum,


6.6%.


CAtrbn residue of crude,


APPROXIMATE SUMMARY


Per cent


OA.P.I


Viscosity


Light


gasoline


13.2
35.8


Total gasoline and naphtha


Kerosene di


Nonviscou.~


Medium lubrica


stillate


lubricating di


flhllate


tina distillate


Vw. w


0.689


.738
.817
.847
0. 862-0. 883


.883-


32/1-2.8
28.8-26.4


50-100


100-f200


1,55gi




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R.I.3130.


Anaivsee.- s amples by Bureau of Mines Hempel method-nantinued


SAMPLE 31064


L.D. Crim well 1
3.640-3.652 feet


Kilgore field
Woodbine sand


Texas


Rusk County


Humble Oil & Refining Co


(Bateman)


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS


Specific gravity,
Per cent sulphur,
Saybolt Universal


A.P.I


.825


* n-on


., gravity 40.0


Pour point,


viscosity at 100F


SEe.


o Color


25F.


, greenish black


DISTILLATION


BUREAU OF MINES


, HEMPEL -ETHOD


Dry distillation


Barometer 743 mm.


First drop,


28C.


(820F,)


Temperature


Per cent


0A.P.I


Viscosity


Cloud


Temperature


per cent


Up to


- 100


100 125
125 150
150 175


21.0
26.8
32.0
36.0


- 200


of cut
0.663


.664
.710


.797


200 225


- 250


250 275


of cut
81.9
81.6
67.8
59.5
54.2
49.5


1000F


test


Up to


122 167
167 212
212 -~ 257
257 302
302 347
347 392
392 437
437 482
482 527


46.0
43.2
40.4
38.0


Vacuum distillation at 40 mm.


Up to 200
200 225


- 250


250 275


- 300


24.2


Up to 392
392 437
437 482
482 527
527 572


Carbon residue of


residuum.,- 7.9%.


Carbon residue of crude


* 1.8%b.


APPROXIMATE SUMMARY


Per cent


A.P.I.


Viscosity


Light


gasolinee


Total gasoline and naphtha


36.0


.735


Kerosene distillate


Gas oil


15.3


61.0
41.7
35.2


Nonviscous lubricating distillate
1 1* w-.


0.,864-0.88


a j


*aa.


32.,3-2.


50-100


-* -.-. .


erssa







RI. 31304


Analyses


of samlI


by Bureau of Mines Henmel method-Continued


SAMPLE 31065


F.K.


3,587


Lathrop well 1


Texas


Longview field
Woodbine sand


feet


Gregg County


Arkansas


Fuel


Oil Co.


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS


Specific
Per cent


gravity,
sulphur,


0.833


0.26


A.P.I


gravity


Pour point,


300F.


Saybolt Universal


viscosi


ty at 1000F.


sec.


Color,


greenish black


DISTILLATION


BUREAU OF MINES,


HEMPEL METHOD


Dry distillation


Barometer 743 mm.


First drop,


260C


7/90F'.


Temperature


Per cent


per cent


of cut


oA.P.I.
of cut


Visco


1000F.


Cloud


Temperature


test


Up to 50


Up to


- 75
- 100
- 125
- 150


150 175
175 200


- 225
- 250
- 275


0.672
.713
.741
.760
.781
.796
.809
.822
.835


79.1


122 167
167 212


59.5
54.7
49.7
46.5
43.4
40.6


- 257
- 302
- 347


347 392


- 437


437 482
482 527


Vacuum distillation at 40 mm.


to 392
- 437


.853


437 482


- 527
- 572


Carbon


residue of residuum


S6,7%.,


Carbon


residue of


crude


1.5%.


APPROXIMATE SUMMARY


Per cent


*A.P.I


Viscosity


Light gasoline


Total


Kerosene disti


0.693


and naphtha


late


Gas oil


Nonviscous


lubri


casting


distillate


lisA .. I .t.. -


35.0
10.3
15.6
10.2
c 0\


.741
.816
.847


0.860-0.882


con


Onn


72.7
59.5
41.9
35.6


33.0-29


50-100


rnf nnn


, 38.40


to 200


200 225
225 250
250 275
275 500


gasoline






1
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