Motor gasoline survey, August, 1931

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Material Information

Title:
Motor gasoline survey, August, 1931
Series Title:
Report of investigations ;
Physical Description:
24 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Kraemer, A. J ( Albert John ), 1892-1973
Lane, E. C ( Earl Carlton ), b. 1880
United States -- Bureau of Mines
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Mines
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Gasoline -- Analysis -- United States   ( lcsh )
Gasoline -- Specifications -- United States   ( lcsh )
Petroleum -- Sulfur content -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility:
by A.J. Kraemer and E.C. Lane.
General Note:
"February, 1932."
General Note:
Includes tables.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 005218140
oclc - 71823638
System ID:
AA00008541:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
'-U'


Spr


3162


FEBRUARY


, 1932


DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE A


UNITED STATES BUREAU OF MINES


SCOTT


TURNER


DIRECTOR


i ; )

i

F (7 C


REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS


Th"








4:


MOTOR GASOLINE SURVEY


PART


AUGUST,


Thy -;


- SPECIFICATION DATA


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FSeblruary., 1952


REPORT OF


flWSSrICTIOGAIN


DEPARTMENT OF COMERGSE


- HUP.IIAU


OF ,.ICES


rmmb


MOTOR GASOLWER SURVEY,


AUGUST,


19311


- &SECIFICATION DATA


A. J. ramer2


and .. C. Lane


fIflT~ODUOCTION


The
to motor gasol


of Mines
of that
paper.
the resu
.umber r
Standard


test, and
steam-oven
was taken


in An


.rvey
compa
s of
ings
and
"gum"
meth
will


twenty


-fourth of


ma rke
t, 193
they
on rep
her de
the i

ontent
. The


also


ted
1.
pert
ort,
term
ndiv
of t
by
ret


in t
The
ain
Par
inat
idua
be d
the
ail


a series
he Unite
first pa
to speci
t II, is
ions mad
i sample
etermina
copper d


.1.rice


of semiannual surveys


States
of a r
cation
n prepa
.


0
(


was ma
sport
data i
ration


n ine sample
to be made
n of gravit
meth4o and


and the tax at


e
b


e by th
iving t
given
and wil
, inclu
the Bu
color,
he Bure


the time


pertaining


e
he
in
1
di
re


Bureau
! results
this
discuss
ng octane
au of
doctorr
of Mines


each sample


be reported.


History


of Survey


The Bure
sold throughout th
in April, 1919.5
interval the motor


au of Mines made it
e United States in
These three surveys
gasoline had become


s first
1915,4
showed
e notab


survey of motor
a second in 1917,
that during each
ly less volatile.


gasolines
3 and a third
2-year
In order


1i The
the


Bure
Seni
Assi


Bureau of lines
following footno
au of Mines Repo
or refinery engi
stant Detroleum


p
Rittman,
Property ie
fi nArw. ab n


y an -


, Jaco
Gesoli
m P.


will
te a
rt o
never
chem
bs,
ne S
ma s~q. .


welcome reprin
acknowledgment i


i
W
o


Investigation
U. S. Bureau
t, U. S. Bur
A., and Dea
d Throughout


n


.


lrg

31
f M
U O


the


a j .


; or tnis p
led; "Repri
.62.
lines.
>f Mines.
W., Physi
United Sta
i nF 4rn e.


aper
nted


provide
from U,.


cal and Chemical
tos During the
i n iC A R;


PARTI


)


f







R. I. 3162

to ascertain whether the change in volatility was continuing, a series of
sealtanual surveys was instituted. The first of this semiannual serFtes
,was made in January, 1920.6 These semiannual surveys have been continued
without interruption since that time.


Du ring t
experimental i
ups and ind ivid
parties of moto
explosive cycl


period covered by these surveys a great deal of study
Sestigation has been carried on by various research
is throughout the industry to determine the essential
fuels in terms of performance in engines operating on


Knowledge


of these requisites of performance


now


much more


general than w
erased techni
processes and
fuel properties
of a relatively

quirements of
Svailable w
Mae.


comply
State
were
An in
twenty
ceded
condi
the p

l9ar
thea


asa
mot
pre
wit
tic
had
thte


ica
S.
enc
ere
y-s
it
tio
ast
amp
,eas


The
ted m
A la
ounte
ased
second
, the
ns in
seven
les t
inst


umber of


compared w
iples were
or fuels."
vious semi
hout diffo
nds, -thyl
detracted
data did


C




t


.s any
al kno
Las aid
I. The
' low-p
he autnd
.he aut


techn
wledg
ed in
Amer
riced
otor
omobi


the earlier


ical knowle
e has been
brin.in, a
ican moto4i
fuel, avai
fuel 'vhich
le engine t
gasoline a


twenty-first semiannu
otor-gasoline situation
rger variety of motor
red by Bureau of M::ines
emphasis on premium :iu
semiannual survey nor
Bureau of Hines decide
those sections of the
ral surveys were diffe
hat had bebn collected
ead of 12 as had been
samples ~ as doubled;
ith approximately 1.50
divided into "competit
Some investigators h
annual surveys of grou
rentiating bCetween "co
gasoline, "hi:gh-test"
from the usefulness o
not permit drawing con


al


dge
appl
'bout
.at i
label
is ,
han
t e


gasoline


.ied practi
a degree
s now affo
e even in
probably be
any fuels
ys cf tihe


u rve y


gave


n had been deve
fuels and a wid
engineers in c
ality was noted
e comprehensive
ed to test the
United States
rent from the c
. Therefore,
done in several
approximately 3
in the past.
ive-price gasol
ad felt that th
ping all types
mrpet it ive-price
gasoline, and
f the survey r.


.0 1


one in


. 191
.y in
anifo
a p
most
'sui
wer


Bureau o


evi
lop
er
oil
al
th
sup
not
ond
sam
pr
00
For
ine
e p
of


regard


dence
ing wi
range
actingg
so. T
an tho
positi
reach
itions
ples w
evious
sample
compa
" and
ractic
motor
.so line
.er "pr


5. This in-
manufacturing
rmity of motor
lent ful ft ply
remote sections
ted to the re-
e generally
f Mines were


that a mote
thin the United
of retail prides
the sampleS.
o make the
se that had pre-


on
ed
i
er
S


e~n


s. The
to any


* that local.
directly by
indicated by
e taken in
surveys ani
were taken
.son, He
Sremi um-price
followefi in
tel together
benzol
lium" fuels
y felt that
one ypn a


.L4L4.&l an


tended


obscure diffetroncos


bOtwe n fuols "o the vBa F"is


6 Smith, N.
Paper 328


A. C.,
Bureau


The Motor-Gasoline Surveys of 1920 and 1921: Teoh.
of Mines, 123, 41 pp.


a


~r, -


I


w


"^ff


I
i


w


i




31GB


plannting
etudy of
been mad
eomprehe:
to oarry


The Bureau
at least, its
to continue
sumner motor
e necessary b
nsive surveys
on these mor


of Mines teratttvult
customary ewfvey oR
as an annual survey i
fuels, made in Angus
because of the greatly
initiated in August,
e extensive surveys s


has decided to omit,
winter motor fuels,
.ts collection, analy
t of each year. ThiM
increased cost of t:
1930, and the lack ,
emiannually.


Sthe
it is
I, and
ilan has
more
funds


Data Presented


Twenty-Fourth Survey


aecordano
. Gasoline,
tions Boa
apartment a
1, '2l32.7


Thi
e wi
whi
rd a
and


paper deals
the new spe
I was approve
July 21, 193
independent e


th tbh data of the
fictionn for United
for ~paoilgeation by
and ubich will bec
ablishaents of the


twenty-fourth survey in
States Government Motor
the Federal Specifica*
ome mandatory in all de-
Government after March


The
price gasoline
that was begun
followed since
present survey
United States.
gasblines" and


samples


" and "
with th
that ti
from se
Of thi
98 were


in this


remi
twe
e.8
vice
nurm


survey have


un-price moeto
nty-seQond se:
A total of 3
station pump
baer of sample


r
ml
3-9


been
fuels
annual
sampi
in 19
221


o la
I,


warP


,ssif
a ne
urve
was
eas
e "C


ied
thod
y an
col
throw
omrpe


as "competitive-
of presentation
d has been
elected for the
ushout the
titive-price


"premium-price motor fuels.


'Competitive-price
generally recoAtnized


below
ally r
motor
test"
process
as Eth
motor
gasoli


- -


that


eco
fue
fue
s o


yl f
fuel
nes.


price.
Lized b
I." Th
i, and
manufa
uid or
I that


All
ase pr
ese fu
those
.cture
benzo
are mo


*'High-te st"


tuels t
ice are
els inc
fuels t
rather
1. The
re vola
fuels


gaso in
local ba


hat a
plac
lude
hat o
than


term
tile


r
e
E

t


includes


se price
'e sold a
d in the
;thyl gas
e their
o the ad
"high-te


than


also may have


and
t an
class
oline
"anti
ditio
st" i
regul
(but


those


all
adv
s o
s,


fuels


fuc
ance
f "p
benz


that


Is that
over t
remiun-
ol blen


are


sold


re sold
gener-
ice
, "high-


knock" rating to the
n of other material sue
a generally applied to
ar competitive-price
not necessarily) a high


Ii


antiknock rating.


Collecting Samples


1951.
at the
transfer
whenever
of the


All
As in
gasoli
rring.
ir poss
bureau


of
the
ne
the
Ibl
wh


the s
past,
pump a
gasol
.e. Th
.o were


samples of this
the samples we
t the service a
ine from the ho
e samples were
familiar with


survey
re obta
station.
se to t
collect'
the rea


were colleo
ined direct
The use o
he sample c
ed by ohemi
uirements f


during August,
from the hose
funnel in
was avoided
or engineers
sampling.


7 Copies of the spe
from the Superint
Washington, D, C.


cification can be
endent of Documen
(Not included i


0
o
ts
n


obtained, at a cost of five
, Government Printine Offi
Bureau of Mines Tech. Pape


cents
ce,
r 323


t







* *1


R.I.. 3162


Ote-galton


screw-capped


to within 1 inc
tion gasket cov
of pliers. The
sidered advisab
Los Angeles, an
and shipped by
States Bureau o
analyzed. The
by 0. C. Blade,
were collected,
by freight. Up


samples were


th of the
ered with


use


d
f
f
s


O


San
reigh
'Mine
ample
junior
they
n bei


stored


CanS


top, the
tin foi


>f a solderi
;amples from
Francisco w
t to the Pe
.s at Bart le
s from the
r chemist o
were packed
ng received


were UTSed .
cap (which
1.) was screw
ng iron to s
Denver, 31
ere packed,
troleum 3xpe


sville
other
f the
, four
at th


a cool place


, Okla.
cities
bureau.
to ab
e Petro


until


After


a can had


wap provided
red on and ti
teal the tops
Paso, Salt L
four to a st
riment Stati


where th
in the sur
As the s
ox, and sh
leum Sxpe r


needed


e


wi
ght
wa
ake
out
on i


1p :nnd~rt
be,a tCrp


th a 0C li
ened by b e as
s not &nn-


sam'


vey wE
amplee
ipped.
iment


for analysis


City, Seattle,
wooden box,
f the Uhited
?le.q wee.,
ere qCliiated
s ..in each ,oity
to Bqr4t3.syille
Stnt.$4a the
.
3e


AGCEO"L3DGMENTS


The distillation range det
made by S. L. Garton, junior chemica
measurements by Ralph Hockenson, jun
by Ralph Hockenson and Russell Thurn
by Conrad Suman, laboratory aide a
Petroleum Experiment Station, Bartle


1


rminati
engine
or engi
junior
l of th
ville.


ons given
er; Reid
never; sul
chemist;
e United
Okla.


in
vapo
phur
and
Stat


th is 1paige. -re
r-pre asu e, ...
deterstiiha ifao
co rogs o4 .i t6 8
es Burieaut 6 f Mmea


DATA AND


~1XULTS


Tables


Table 1 gives a comparison
collected in the past three surveys,
each survey which had 0.06 per cent
sulphur or less, and 6.10 per cent o


0O
f


of the sulphur
on the basis o
f sulphur or l
sulphur or le


Table 2 gives a similar comparison of Reid
the samples of these three surveys, on the basis of
samples of each survey which.had .Reid .vapor pressure
less, 8.1 pounds to 10.0 pounds, and more than 10.0


content
f the per
ess. 0.08


S .


vap'o:
the pi
s of
pounds


.A

I *
= ." .. .i A a.' _
df thte as
oetagqe6,7
per qewt 6r


.' : i. "

r pressures on
percentage of
8.0 pounds or
s per square in


,ch,


Table 3
paper that were m
4, 5, and 6 give
do terminal ion- for
price motor fuels
tion according to
compete itive-prico


gives


the results


on the
class i
sampl
specti
ults o
lines


319 i
ficati
OSg 00
vely.
f the
, and


0


.ndiv
on a
mipet
Tab
Reid
prom


L a
idv
SCOo
i-t i
los


r


vapo:
ium-p:


dotorminat
samples of
ing'to resu
-price gaso
, S, and 9
r pressure
rice motor


ions
this
lts o
mines
give
test
fuels


ripcrted in this
survey, tables
f thob.si
, and ^prcgiam1.
the classifica-
for all sayls
, rospectiyely.
a*
*4&


Corrosion Test


0:


.1
!
(








ne ts.


316S


ID *~o


..'tue Amej
WI.S 2 319
A^t *Ittie
gtefc terp
itboi test d
negative to


in Butew


ican .3
sample
'fear
era tur
depends
the c


of corf
es. Ac
on tilh
orrosio


'of JMi@es 3Te4ni6a
for Te g.n:asteri
is surtq t^agl t
osion a fl 4q Stt
cording to Rue 'and
e and trmporature,
n test whie made f


1 Pprn~


Wi
s-s
an
or


~q ~n


w


Phil
as th
the
.ch,1

tree


adelph
is tee
se gas
0 the
gasol
hours


d in
, Pa
whi
ines
paper
S122W
122


Spublici
. Only

at aeto
-strip c
which are
OF. are


tions
two
ates
o-
orro-


positive


when


the test


is made


fto two


hours


at 2000F.


de soribced


Dis-t lmtijon RanE


'The apparatus and
in Method D 86-30


procedure for making the distillation test arc
of the American Society for Testing Materials.


'nil-
*0P~c
lpric
Aliiel


Five
ed to pass
ification f
e motor fue
ed "third"


sample
one or
or Ulni
Is fai
grade


s, or
more
ted S
led i
gasol


2.3
of


tate s
n thi
inesl


per cent of the capaetitive-price
the distillation requirements of th


GGovernment I:otor Gasoline.
rRspect. Two of the five
of major marketers.


No pr
sample


gasolines,
e Federal
emium-
s were so-


The new


'Gasol
as of
taine
visio
S.-b .beewn
is th
- W--eath
. was n
* sampl

not p
. .2fhe b
Were
Eocie
differ
tha t'
colle
tilla

sacor
S'otor


in
t
d
n,
ma

et
ot
es
as
ar
di
ty
re
th
ct
ti


ie require
rhe point
in Part
the dis
Ide as of
nean ave
* Bureau
taken i
S(see TP.
sing the
"onietrio
stilLed
for Tes
since i.n b
ae percent


ae
0


Gaso


Jine


Federal


2 of T
tillast
a bar
rage th
for El
nto ac
ble 3,
disti
press
was 73
tine N
aronet
tages
Paso
ore ter
ively,
the n


t, unle
livery
aechniea
ion tes
oe tri c
aro--e tr
Paso d
count i

llation
re at B
9 mitilli
material
ric pre
'given i
would h
reached
The sa
ew Fede


specification


a
m
s
s
n
a
d

r


s oft
n ace
Pap<-.
s for
press
c pre

. nrki
nd fo
requi
rtles
tears
nmeth
sure.
STabl
,ve b.e
16-1,
|e st
al sp


the nercental


erw
ord
r 3

ure
ssu
the
ng
ur
rem
vii
of
od
Ca


'ise se
F21ce wi
23j". I.
mp] r: c
of c35
re 2'eco
month
the dis
sample E
agents of
le at t
nercur
D 86-30
Iculati
,, page
evapora
, and 3
aent may
ficatio


evapora


United


sh'om
ons
15 o
ted
84"F
be
n fo


me
r


States Government Fotor


, al
net
ird'?il


yth rl
ui t.
ion
that
,evr F
ie th
tall
ng c
ised
this
en t
"inst
de i
Unit
; :.1 :


ted for


h
e


tests
ods fo
e with
El Pa
S of m
Unite
This
;ests o
city a
deral
t the
is gi
>rrecti
n that
report
e mere
ad of


n
ed
Pa


sha
r te
thi
so s

d St
circle
n th
re i
spec
51;. P
ven
ons
tat
for
ury
167',


other
tate s
sar".pl


11 be made
sting con-
s pro-
hould have


which


stance
21 Paso
icated
iection
o sarrl,
Ameri c
e to
show
anples
the di
84. and


way:
Gove
es s


In
rnrne n t
should


r- --- ---- ---- -- -IIII -IIII -r -l~~~lll+ I aI IICI ~ ll ----- ---.---a- ---.----- --a


9 U. 5.
cents
323B,
Over
10 Rue,
- Bull.
11 k'eri


Bureau
and Li


19
nne
U


IE


533,
an S


of Fine
uid 7ue
21 pp.
'inting
d :";sac
.reau of
.ety for


Unhi
and
bta i
fice
Ral
ines
esti


ted

np.l

ph,
, 1
nC


- J


t bt 'tes GO
thods for
le 'from th
rashinr'ton,
Pef ining
'30, 111 p
.V. erials:


ernment
ampl i n
Superin
D. C., p
of Licht


p.
Report


ificati
Testing
ent of
15 cefn
roleum


of Corrd ttee


for Lubri-
Tech. Paper
ounents,.

stillates.


D-2 ard


dl


I
p
L.





F e i.


5168


been determined


167, 284, and 3
prEflfl3 ot 739
be wF at a me
is probable tha
used in determi.
them would have
specification f


12"F.
mill
n ba
if
ling
pass


at BartlesvillU at


. re
Imet
rome
the
the
ed t


asbot
era o
trio
high
disti
he di


291,


ively, @beee~ of the e
f melagy imeftples of
presauq of 96 million
r 'temperatUres, mention
llation dtet for the 31
stillatton requirements


or United States Government


400*F.,


effect o
gasoli:
ters of
ed abov
Paso s
of the


instead.


f a barocuas
ne that aUM?
mercury, ^(
e, had bea.
samples, all
new Federal


Motor Gasoline.


Sulphur Content


The
are described
Materials 13


apparatus and procedure for making the sulphur determination
in Method D 90-30T of the American Society for Testing


The
vidual samples
4, which class
determination;
lines ; and Tab
to results of
compare with


refs
are
ifie
Tab
le 6
the
simi


Its of determination, for a
given in Table 5. These r
e all samples accorinun to
le 5, showing these data fo
, which classifios p~f'i- -
sulphur determinatpn. The
lar data for previous sure


Iphur content on
oults are sufmari
he results of the
the competitive-
rioe mtor fuels
data of Tables 4,
a. are summarized


the tia M,
zed in Table
sulphur
price gaeo-

5, and 6,
in Table i.


Table


1.- Sul1gur


content


of notor


fuel samples


Sur--
vey


22nd8

aarW

24th~


Date


Anu., 1953

'BIar.,1931


0.06 per
or le


AU1
oer
bent


54.4

53.1


Aug.,1931 59


CoOp
per
cent


53.6

54.0

61.1


cent
ss


Prem.,
per
cent


54.8

51.3

57.1


0. 08 per


All,
per
cent


73.8


66.6


74.9


cent


or less
b-T-- --. .* .
2 3
Comp. Pram.,
per per
cent cent


74.2

67.5

75.1


73.1

64.6

74.4


0.10 per cent
or less


All,
per
cent


85.6

85.8

87.6


Caomp.,
per
'cent


84.5


83.9


OAA1


0


Prem.,
per
cent
I 8

S89.3


an a


lus*t I 5I I
i ~ ***|


1 All samples
2 Competitive-price gasolines
3 Premium-price motor fuels


data


survey had a
Ing surveys.
phur content
practice and
Gasoline. wh


a. a .


in this


'avO
s co
what
the
a lo


table


raEe a
ntrary
high
fact
w sulr


show the


ulphur co
to nhat
r during
that a so
hur conte


nt
mi
th

nt


t the samples obtain
ent than either of t
ght be expected, as
e sumner months, due
what smaller proport
. is used in cornerc


e
h
n

i
i


id in this
Ie two pre9@se
Sornally sul-
to refining
on of natural
al motor


hsve


tit; i", epiL~


b ; a


193,




R. I. 3182


quired at


that


time.


authors


tentatively


suggest


the hypothesis


that


the lower sulphur content of motor fuels


is due


part


at least to


great quant
Texas crude


of crude


ity


of low-sulphur


oil during


oil containing


the past


gasolinee t
year and


hat


larger proportions


been


to a reduction


of sulphur


produced


from East


in the production


, notably


;lest Texas


crude


oil.


As shown


Table


87.6


per cent


all samples,


86.4


aent


of the


competitive-price


motor


fuels,


and 90.8


cent


of the premium-


price motor fuels,


0.10 per cent


of sulphur


or less


and therefore


came


within


the limit of the


of passing


samples


Fede


than


ral specification.


was indi


cated


This


either of


a larger percent-
the two preceding


Bur~eys


Reid Vavor


Pressure


apparatus


determination are


and procedure


described


.for Testing Materials.


results


i nd iv itial


Table


results
for the


samples


which
of the


-I-c


in Method


of determinations


are given


in Table


gives the classific
Reid vapor pressure


competitive-price


fiction of the


gasolines


premium-price


motor


for making
D 323-31T


of Reid
. These


action
test


fuels


the Reid
of the Am


vapor pressure
erican Society


vapor pressure


results


all samples


Table
Table


acco


on the


are summarized


according


, which Gives


which


rding


shows


to the


these data
the classi-


to the results


of the


Reid
pared


vapor
with


pressure


determination.


similar data for previous


The data
surveys,


of Tables


are summarized


com-


in Table


Table


it


2.- Vapor pressure


of motor


fue).


samples


All samples
Compotitivo


Premium price


price


motor


gasolines


fuels


Table


failed t4


pass


shows


that


102 samples


or 32.0 per


the optional maximum requiromont


of the


cent


flu~


of all samples,
Federal spoci-




a.;. .psp


4s4 vapor
thte 19 of
fusa .and


tai~ad in


pressure to 8 pounds )4
these amBplos, or 355ht
23 samples, or 23.5 pe
of vapor pressure on S1
Whito, and Gary.16 ta
this survey compare wi


tiOib at

ea
8i4ire
M gent
egg 1BE
A-^-^^d^^ i ^


th thoso


inch, t acbles
we6 0aepetitiv
re premium-pri ce
performance is d
s how vapor pros
obtained in two


8 anS 9Rebu
e-prtlea *agira
Imotort 11.

sures Cr agHiii'
previous SAIW~sa


U-1E


Statement


A total of


U tited State
of the Burca
compc t itivo-
This report
accordance w
Motor Gasoli
pondent oast
indicator th
fivo maples
to pass thef
liaeo faiJled
pot it ivo-pr i
per squaro i


quiromcnt
within th


S
U
pr
pr
it
no
bl
at


cc


of t


spocc


during
of Min
'ice ga
csontsa
h the
, which
ishmon
only
or 2.a
still
o pass
gasol
bh and
he Fed


10
IS

n
:h
,t
t

ht


319
Augu
s.
olin
the :
ew F
wil
s of
wo o
per
ion


sampics were
at, 1931, for
Two hundred a
es, and 9g so
results of th
cdcral spooif
1 bocon3 Bma
the GCovoernw
f theu sacp3oa
00Pti O~w a
test; 14.6 p


collected in


he


19 arcas throughout


twenty-fourth gasoline survey.


twcnty-ono of these
miles wore promium-pric
examination of thoso
action for Uknltbd Stat
ary for all dcpartmen
after March 1. 1932.


samples
e motor
samples
os CGove
ts and
This


'Uels.
in"
rnment
inde-
analys i


failed to pisa the corrosion test;
0etikti'itht@ee gfoPtinefS, maIJ-
cant of' the earet itive -8sttS na&o-


the sulphur reatir~e cnt; and 35.7 per oent of the oor-
.ines had 1i0L1 vnf pfesaurcs higher than 8.0 pounds
therefore dtL aot coap within thp optional miaximHa S e
eral specification, although all of the samples cami


ification requirlement


12 pounds.


Taking account of those samples that failed In more than one
requirement, and including the optional maximum requirement of 8 psands
vapor pressure, 105 of the competitivo-price a solinos o f4'?. 5ono
failed to pass the requirements of the new Federal specification.


This
sulphur. contn
this may be a
oil from East
t lively large p
over that obso
aOticeable.


survey
t that
tonpora:
Texas, 1
report i'
rvod fo:


DI
rl


indicate
as noted
y condit
which has
n of gas
samples


i


a reversal
in previous
on due to t
a low sulph
line. The
collected i


of the t
surveys.
he increa
.ur conten
increaOac
n August,


endency toward higher
An has been pointRtd. ut,
sed production of ol4e|
t, and contains a rasf
in avorege vapor pr ss~pe
1930, ip especially I


-rl -IIII ---- -- -- -- -- -- a -- -- -- --- -- -- ---- --a IIII~ S*Lr~rr~


The vapor pressure
Vapor Prossure -
shall not ozocodd
C. The method
suro test aro
Society for Ta
The Governms nt r
localities where
month of January
3?.8C0. ( lO0F.)
months of tune,
at 39.8C0. (100:


rcq
Mtr
12
and
dcsc
atin
eser
the
is
axce
July
rF.


u iramon
"nod C.
pounds
procudu
ribod i
g Mat.r
'yves the
normal
greater
'ede 10
, Augus
exceeds


t
T
pe

n


of thec
'ho vap
r aqua
to bo
Method


ale .
right
mean
than
ounds


new spOaifi
or pressure
re inch.
used in malk
D 323-50Y o


cat iaP is
at 37r3<0C.


as fol Eb~l
( loo'T


ilg the vapor paer-
f the Amer ica


to reject material (a) in thoee
minimum temperature during the -
27?F. if the vapor pressure at
per square inch; (b) during thW


t and Sept
8 pounds


ember
per s


if the
quare in


vapor pressure
oh.


e


I



I





: at.. .. .

Data for


Competilwr'wtfl3Ea gasoline


p".pt Odrr sl 'istati&n range Sulphur,
W r test K Per cent evaporated at: per V.P.
|.,.. L67_"_ 284? .398F. c Residue cent
:No 14.8 73.8 {2 1.2 0.02 7.9
N : o 10.8 59,8 (2) 1.2 .10 6.7
3 No 18.0 70.0 (8) 1.0 .08 7.9
S4.. No 17,5 59.8 96,8 1.3 .08 9>0
5 .. : 13.0 63,0 97,.5 1.0 .09 7.5
4 No 187 6O.7 (2) 1. .06 8.6
? No *1.6 65~ 6 (2) 1.i .06 9.4
S8 No 15.4 62.9 97 9 0.9 .07 7.9
: M 22, 20 :68.0 @e.56 1.5 .07 8.7
O No 15.2 53? 96.7 0.8 .08 8.5
.11. No 18.0 68*5 (2) 0.8 .05 8.2
Ay_____ 16.8 .. 1.1 .07 8,2
.! ^. Premin rice motorL fuels
IS..... No 15.0 680bO (2) 0.8 .10 7.8
!.15 No 15.0 695 (2) 1.0 .10 8.1
.14 Ho 14.0 77.0 (2) 1.0 .04 7.3
.15 No 17.5 66.0 96.5 1.5 .06 8.7
I6 No 14.5 68.0 (2) 1.0 .06 7.5
As.. 15.2 1.0 .07 7 .9


!NZir YORK Competitive-price gasoline

o J o .19 .2 65.7 97.7 0.8 0.08 5 7.9
18 No 16.2 65.2 97.2 1.3 .03 8,2
19 No 17.4 65.9 95.9 1.3 .05 8.8
20 No 22.2 70.7 (2) 1.3 .06 8,5
21 No 80.5 69.0 (2) 1.0 .09 8.3
.2 No 31.2 66.2 98.2 0.8 .10 9.3
t23 No 17.0 69.0 (8) 1.0 .05 8,6
;24 No 15.6 66.1 97.1 1.3 .08 6.5
25 No 13.2 57.7 95.7 1.3 .08 6.4
36 No .15.1 59.6 (2) 0.9 .04 6.5
27 No- 19. 1 58.6 98.1 0,9 .06 9.0
V. __17.7 .-- 1.1 .07 8.0
'__r_ *rium ce iito fuels
28' No 1Z.4 54.9 95I4 1.1 .09 .5
.29 No 15.0 68.0 98.0 1.0 .03 7.2
30 No 15.8 63.3 96.3 1.2 .06 8.0
31 No 21.6 75.6 (2) 1.2 .09 8.7
432 No 16,7 69.2 (2) 1.3 .05 7.9
Av* i n16.3 1.2 .06 7.5


.. I`


I .


:::"riiWl!il:::: ':




R. I. 3162


Table


3.- M tor-ganoine
Data for samples


aurv~et


1931


- Contispw.


froa dift~rent citiess


number


Compete it ive-nice


orrosion
test


167F.
17.0
14.5
15.4
16.0
17.5
13.9
19.8
17.0
16.0
18.4
16.4


gasoline


Distillation range
Per cent evaporated at:
I 884?F, 392SF.1. 1Besidue


Premium-price m tor fuel


Sulphur,
per
cent


.08
.09
.09
.06
.13w
.08
.07
.09


A* ....]


6.6-
84.
7.8
7.8


18.4
14.6
29.8
16.5
15.2
15.9
18.0
16.0
25.0
20.1
18.9


78.8
64.8
60.7
70.9


80.5
60.0
80.0
60.6


.08
.185
.09
.08
.08
.10
.03
.10
.09
.06
.09


6.5

:....... .9

6.6.8

7.6
68.0


PITTSB~~JRE


Competitive-price


20.1
15.0
20.3
* 16.5
15.6
16.2
18.1
13.1
18.5
15.6
17.5
17.0


20.5
17.1
15.9
21.7
13.0


U


gasoline


67.1 99.1 0.9
58.5 95.0 0.8
66.3 (2) 1.1
59.0 97.5 1.0
54.6 95.1 1.2
59.2 97.2 1.0
56.6 96.6 .1.2
55.1 95.6 1.9
65.0 97.5 1.3
59.6 97.6 1.2
65.5 98.7 1.3
_____________ 1,2
Premium-rice motor ue la
70.0 (2) 1.3
64.1 96,6 0.9
58.4 93.9 1.3
64.2 96.7 0.8
64.0 98.0 1.0


U


*


U


6.7
8.8
8.4
8.9
7.1
8.0
6.8
8.8
B.R


7.9
7.1
8.,5
6.8


49
50
51
52
ATv.






!able


.- Metor-jf~Bb11flse


Data


sample s


annoy ,


Angutt,,


from different


1931
cities


- Continued


number
I.


Corrosion


test


_ Cortr itive-p ice gasoline
b~mmmmmmm ---. .*


Dista.LiLa i on ranse
Per cen t evaporated" at
167'1! 284F. i 392F.


17.0
16.6
15.8
13.1
12.2
22.1
16.8
17.7
18.0
11.9
15.2
15.0
16.0


15.7
15.8
16.7
18.2
16.6


Freium- rice motor
69.2 97.2
71.8 97.3
68.2 97.2
69.2 98.2


Residue
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.2
0.7
1.3
1.2
1.1
0.8
1.2
1.1


fuels
Q.8
1.2
0.8
0.8
0.9


Sulphur,
per
cent
0.06
.02
.04
.03
.04
.08
.08
.03
.0oe
.03
.123
.09
.06


.04
.06
.07
.123
.07


AT i TAN


Comp


etitive-price


gasoline


17.2
22.5
17.3
13.7
15.9
16.8
16.0
17.1
13.6
17.3
17.2
14.9

16.0
i6.6


14.0
18.7

15.4


60.01c
5 .7 -J
68,6


l:a.1;j

7.,7


- i

i'.3
1.0
1-.
1.2
YW.


0.01
.08
.07
.05
.02
.06
.06
.05
.09
.05
.06
.06
.09
.06


- Reid vapor
- Failed.


pressure


in pounds per


square


inch.


- End point under
392F.


V. P


Av.
Av.


8.2
8.2
8.0
6.9
6.6
7.3
7.5
7.6
8.0
7.1
7.7
7.5
7.5
7.5


7.8
7.2
6.5
7.2





ml.


3162


Table


- rotor-gasoline


Data


survey,


samples


from diffe


August, 19S1
'rent cities


- Continued


TC4 X)
.-10
L^Ler


1.01

1 A.


Corrosion
test


1670
16.2
34.4
15.7
17.4
10.2
18.0
16.2
15.5
15.7
19.6
16.1
15.5
18.6
13.4
14.4
13.5
16.9


Competitive-price. -aoline.
Distillation range Sulphur,
Per cent evaporated at: per
F. i 284. 392F. i Residue cent


94
95
98
(2
89
(2
96
91
95
93
94
95
94

(2
(2,


0.8
1.0
0.8
1.2
1.3
0.9
0.8
0.8
J.z
1.2
] .3
1.3
1.2
0.8
1.3
1.8
1.1


0.03
.09
.153
.03
.09
.173
.04
.04
.04O
.183
.10
.02
.03
.223
.03
.03
.08


V.. .
v Er.
V ;F~"; A


8.6
9.7
8.2
8.4
7.1
6.7
8.1
8.1
8.6
8.4
8.4
8.3
9.2
7.1
7.2
7.6
8.1


13.9
16.2
1.0
10.60
14.7


Premi u


72.0


--)I


notor


g9.2
07.6


*uels
1.3
0,8
0.8
1.2
1.0


.06

.04
.00
.16~
.08


.t5 ORLEAtS


peti tive-price


gasoline


15.2
14.8
19.0
14.4
16.2
19.5
12.0
19.7
16.9
16.4
14.0
17.3
15.3


64
63
65
57
66
65
52
64
57
G5
61
64


Premiun-pr i


15.0
11Ad
16.8


59.0
56.4
76.8
I nc at


notor


I *


0.8
1.0
1.0
1.1
0.8
1.3
1.0
1.1
1.1
0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0
Srue
1.0
1.1
1.2
I


0.01
.04
.07
.08
.03
.06
~.06
.20"
.08
.01
.17"
.02
.07


Is


.08
.09
.05
an


I Pinl~


8.9
8.0
7.2
6.7
8.0
7.7


7.2
6.1
6.6
ai r


-- -- ~ ~~-- -~1


ll






Table


3. -
Data


Motor -gaseoline survey
for samples from diff


August,


rentt


1931


- Continued


cities


S?. aua~


Compete itive-prde


g~aaolins


Sample
number


,137
*138
130

:140
141
142
143
144
145
S146
147
148
149
150
AV.


151
152
153
154
155
156
-AV.


Corrosion
test


1670F. '
11.4 "
9.12
15.2
12.7
15.7
20.4
16.0
16.0
13.98
12.8
14.4
20.0
28.8
15.7
Pr


11.0
16.0
14.9
14.6
21.7
28.0
17.7


Distillation range
* cent evaporated at:
2840F. 392 F. Residue
54.4 95.4 0.8
51.6 92.1 1.4
57.2 95.2 1.0
53.2 92.7 1.3
57.2 91.2 0.8
61.9 96.9 0.8
63.5 98.0 0.8
599.0 94.5 1.0
55.4 95.4 0.6
52.8 88.32 1.4
58.6 94.6 1.2
57.9 97.4 1.1
62.0 93.0 1.0
68.9 94.8 1.2


emium-pri
-r-


fuels


Sulphur,
per
cent


.06
.03
.05
.03
.03
.08
.C4


V.P.


5.8
8.0
6.5
7.2
9.3
7.7
7.4


MDIN3APOL IS-CT .PAUL


Competitive-price


gasoline


168 No
169 No
S170 No
171 No


22.0
16<2
15.9
15.1
15.0
19.0
14.0
19.4
55.7
17.0
18.5


Premium-price motor


15.8
18.0
20.0
49.3


.05
.03
.06
.05
.04
.03
.02
.C9
.06
,03
.04


fuels


FII"::


I


I .


*


I






R. 3. 5162


Table


O~tIAR


- IMotor-gasoline survey August,
Data for samples from different


Zompetitivt-price


1931


- Continued


cities


gasoline


Sample Corrosion Distillation range Sulphu, ..
number test Per cent evaporated at: per V.P.
167.F. 284?. 393F. Residue cent
173 No 15.0 57.0 98.0 0.8 0.03 7.8.
174 No 14.7 65.7 (2) 1.1 .06 6.4
175 Yes3 16.6 62.1 94.1 1.2 .03 7.6
176 No 12.0 60,0 97.0 1.2 .02 6.4
177 No 16.3 83.8 97.8 1.2 .06 8.2
178 No 17.1 65.1 (2) 1.3 .02 8.3
179 No 13.7 59.2 99.0 1.0 .263 6.4
180 No 14.6 60.1 94.6 0.8 .02 6.9
181 No 15.5 57.0 96.0 1.0 .05 7.5
182 io 16.7 59.7 95b2 1.0 .02 6.7
183 No 26.2 68.2 95.2 1.2 .04 8.4
v7.. 16.2 1.1 .06 7 .


Premium-pri ce


19.3
20.8
12.5
15.8
27.5
19.2


motor


fuel


.02
.02
.243
.02
.03
.07


8.6
7.9
6.4
6.7
8.3
I 7.6


TITLSA


Competi tive-price


gasoline


-- -2 t..- --


n rr._ I_~I


_ ^ _


r r


I .r




" R.I. 3168


Table


- Motor-gasoline survey,
Data for samples ftom


different


- Continued


cities


Sample
number r


Corrosion
test


Compete iti v-price gasoline


P
167'F.
12.8
18.3
12.2
15.1
18.0
14.9
17.1
.15.1
15.3
13.5
15.1


Distillatio
oer cent eve
2840F.
64.3
56.5
64.2
66,6
56.0
62.4
68.6
59.6
54.3
58.5
50.1


15.8 54.
17.6 70.1
15.3
Premi up-pr
14.7 61.7
13.7 69.2
11.8 59.8
16a2 64.,7
17.:3 69.,
17.7 75.7
15.2


n range
iporated at:
3920F. Residue
95.3 1.2
92.3 1.2
94. 1.0
97.6 0.9
97.5 1.0
97.4 1.1
97.6 0.9
94.1 0.8
91.8 1.1
91.5 1.5
98.1 1.1
95.3 1.2
98.9 1.1
_1.1
ice motor fuels
97.1 0.8
96.2 0.8
92.8 1.2
97.7 0.8
97.3 1.2
(3) 0.8
0.9


Sulphur,
per
cent
Trace
0.04
.03
.12
.04
.07
.01
.09
.04
.03
.02
.02
.01
.04


.09
.03
.01
.08
.162
.05
.07


arP;PJ.


6.5
9.0
6.4
8.0
.8.5
7.6
7.4
8.4
8.0
6.6
6.9
7.0
8.2
7.6


7.4
6.9
5.7
7.1
6.8
7.1
6.8


E~ta 15A5


Competit ive-pr icec


rasol ine


7.54
10.3
8.24
11.5
12.2
20.2
11.1?


Premilum-price motor
65.8 (5)
56.8 97.8
66.2 (3)
69.0 (3)
71.2 (3)
78.2 (3)


1.1
1.2
0.8
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.0


fuels


0.14c
.10+
.152
.122
2
132
.1S3
.mV" .j


5.8
8.8
5.2
6.0
6.4
6.0
6.0


4.4
4.7
4.0
5.9
6,2
7.7
8.0


- Reid vapor pressure in
- End point under 392 F.


pounds


per square


inch.


- Failed.
See page


193~




Uiii"r


: I. 3162


Table


;. Motor-gasoline survey, August 1931
Data for samples frm different cities


- Continued


- Distillation data corrected for
difference in altitude between
this city and Bartlesville, O-:la.
- 2nd point under 3920F.


- Reid vapor
per square


pressure
inch


in pounds


- Failed






Pages
Missing
or
Unavailable




1. 1.


3162


Table


- Motor-a soline,


survey, August,


1931


- Continued


De ta


SAN FRAJCICOC O


for saP8nge from different


Compet41itve -pri ce


cities


gasoline


4L elw<


Sample
number


300
301
302
303
'304
305
506
307
308
309
310
311
312
SVt


314
315
316
317
Z318
319
Av.


Corrosion
test


Distillation range
Per cent evaporated at
1670F. 2840F. 3920F.
18.7 61.2 95.7
19.9 61.4 97.4
16.6 64.6 94.6
16.5 62.5 95.0
14.3 61.3 96.8
16.7 61.7 95.2
16.9 59.9 94.9
15.5 63.0 94.5
15.4 58.9 92.4
27.2 70.7 93.7
17.5 64.5 95.5
12.2 59.2 93.2
15.0 61.5 94.0
17.1


21.3
24.0
17.0
135.4
16.0
15.2
18.2


Premiun-pr ic

05.8
78.0
69.5
573.0


Res


motor fue


idue


1.3
0.9
1.2
1.2
0.7
1.3
1.6
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.0
1.3
1.0
1li BB-AIlt


Is


1.0
0.8
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0


Sulphur,
per
cent
0.09
.232
.202
.05
.122
.10+
.05
.05
.07
.03
.04
.07
.05
.Q A


.04

.04 "
.02

.08
.07


VT.P.'


9.2
10.2
8.0
9.3
8.4
8.1
8.6
7.3
7.9
8.6
7.3
7.0
8.5
8.


7.5
6.6


7.1
7.6


- Reid vapor
id point


pressure in
uhder 3920F.


pounds


square


IncW.d 2


Failed


Hil:









Ip~i


Ilr I lr r0 r4~DD 4 5


.r ri ruB r4 p~r4.4i


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ol Ih Irl ( I l I i iI rl riFl 3 t1 a








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or II 4 fl lrl O pjq r$)fLr4 tpl
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0lr


- ., I


I I II I -4 wl


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O0
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--- -- ,- ---r -- .. __


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o ct


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ir~ i-


'U'-


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1 Js i-


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rIcA


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~a~ 4' 0 d J ,416 P


is '0 l CC p. in.


I r E rI

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I IiI'


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I Is
Bd P r
D1 ,
sst3 bg ^^o


0 0r '-40
151 000


- S r W




3162


Table


- Cla


ssification of samples according


to results


Reid


veapor-presure determination


A~ll Bf7L~;S


City


Boston


New York


Washington


Pi ttsburgh


Cleveland


Atlanta


Orleans


Lo~uis


Kinneapolis-


Paul


Omaha


Tulsa


Dallas


El Paso


Denver


Salt


Sea t


Lake

tie

Angel


City



es


San Francisco


10.5
to
10.1


Reid
10.0
to


vapor


9.5
to


pressure,


pounds


square


inch


2


5.5
to


Less
than
5.1


!To-
tal


16

16

20

16

16

16

16

16




16

16

16

19

12


Total 1 1 15 38 47 52 64 54 29 11 3 4 319




R. I


3182~


Table


8.- Classification


of sample


according to result


of the Reid


vapor-pressure


determination


COMPETITIV3-PRICE GASOLEE


City


Boston

Lew York

Washington

Pi tsburgh

Cleveland

Atlanta

Chicago

New Orleans

St. Louis

inneapolis-
St. Paul

Omaha



Dallas

1El Paso


Denver


Salt


Lake


City


Seattle

;Los Angeles

eSan Francisco


S Reid vapor pressure, pounds per square
110,5 10o.0 9.51 901 6.51 8.01 7.o l 7.0 16.5


I I


inch


11

1ii

10

11

12

14








' 11
16





11
11


13

6


10



18

13




UNIVERSITY OP FLORIrA


3162


3 1262 08910 1538


Table


9.- Classification of samples according to


results or


the tReid


vapor-pressure


determination


PREMIUM-PRICE M3TOR FUELS


Reid vapor pressure pounds per square inch
9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.5 7. 6.5 6.0 5 5 5.0 Less To-
City to to to to to to to to to to than tal
9.1 8.6 8.1 7.6 7.1 6.6 6.1i 5.6 5.1 4.6 4.6


Boston

New York

Washington

Pittsburgh

Cleveland

Atlant a

Chicago

New Orleans


Louis


Minneapolis-
St. Paul


Omaha

Tulsa

Dallas

El Paso

Denver


Salt


Lake


City


Seattle

Los Angeles

San Francisco


Ir-., I 1 1 1111 F.


.i-;




:ii
'.





--"
.%!



I


>i


:,:.1
* ,.I: f
* I~
*n


ci
A,
t~V "I


mmEE",I,""""B




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