Livestock, meat, wool market news

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Title:
Livestock, meat, wool market news
Physical Description:
v. : ; 21-23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock, Poultry, Grain, and Seed Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock & Seed Division
Publisher:
The Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Meat industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Wool industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Marketing -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
Statement of Responsibility:
Livestock, Poultry, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 27, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1959) issue.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for <Jan. 16, 1979-May 14, 1983> issued by: Livestock, Meat, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; <Nov. 12, 1983-> by: the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; 1996 issue\d by: the Livestock and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 47, no. 2 (Jan. 16, 1979).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 58, no. 40 (Oct. 6, 1990).

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004691915
oclc - 04512121
lccn - sn 87043107
Classification:
lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338.105
System ID:
AA00008493:00145

Related Items

Preceded by:
Market news (Washington, D.C.)
Succeeded by:
Livestock, meat, and wool weekly summary and statistics


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text






MEAT



WOOL


WEEKLY SUMMARY

AND STATISTICS


LIVESTOCK DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTU x


Vol. 29, No. 12


WASHINGTON 25, D.C.


Week ended March 18 r,-


Livestock Market Reviews .
Livestock Market Receipts .
Stocker and Feeder Statistics .
Estimated Percentage of Stocker and Feeder
Slaughter Cows in Salable Receipts .

Steer Sale Statistics .
Slaughter at Major Centers .
Estimated Slaughter and Meat Production .

Cattle Prices . .
Hog Prices . .
Hog Purchase Statistics .
Sheep and Lamb Prices .* *

Wholesale Meat Trade Reviews .
Wholesale Dressed Meat Prices .
Wool Market Review . .


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. 225
. 225
Cattle and


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Special to this issue

Storage Holdings of Meats and Lard, Feb. 28, 1961. .
Meat and Meat Food Products Processed and Canned Under
Federal Inspection, Jan. 29-Feb. 25, 1961. .
Pig Crop Report, 10 States, 1961 . .
Number of Cattle and Calves from Canada and Mexico
Passed for Entry into the United States,Jan.-Feb.1961


225

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227
227

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250
231

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253
234


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238

231


aOge-w*ag






MIDWEST LIVESTOCK REVIEW

and

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES


Lower prices on steer and heifer beef
influenced a steady to 500 lower trend on slaugh-
ter steers at most midwest terminals. Slaughter
heifers sold steady to 25# lower at most points.
Cows closed 504-$1.00 higher, prompted by a
rather small supply and higher prices for cow
beef. Stockers and feeders were rather slow,
steady to 500 lower, instances $1.00 off.
Barrows and gilts closed generally 25-500 lower;
sows steady to 50* lower. Slaughter lambs were
steady to 50* lower at most terminals, except
strong to 25f higher at Sioux City and St. Paul.

SLAUGHTER CATTLE AND CALVES Slaughter
steers sold generally steady to 500 lower at
midwest terminals with high-Good and Choice
showing the least decline. Chicago was an ex-
ception with prices steady to 25* higher, except
Choice and Prime over 1100# steady to 25* lower.
Heifers closed steady to 25# lower, instances
50* off at Omaha and Sioux Falls. Cows and
bulls were 50-$41.00 higher. This two-way trend
reflected a continuing draggy dressed trade on
steer and heifer beef at lower prices while cow
beef advanced for second straight week. Vealers
were $1.00 higher at St. Louis and St. Paul.
Although total receipts at the 12 markets at
202,000 head were 5 percent more than the pre-
vious week, slaughter steers and heifers out of
first hands at the 7 markets were little changed.
Good and Choice slaughter steers and heifers
comprised the bulk of the receipts at most
points. Prime made up 15 percent of the slaugh-
ter steer supply at Chicago, compared 8 per-
cent a year ago. Slaughter cows and bulls were
seasonally small.
Load Prime 1282# steers brought $28.25 in
Chicago where several loads Prime reached $28.00.
Prime and mixed Choice and Prime 950-1400# bulked
at $26.50-27.75. Also, in Chicago Choice and
Prime 1400-1600# steers $24.00-26.75 with Choice
1325-1650# $23.50-25.00 in Omaha. At markets
other than Chicago bulk high-Choice and Prime
1000-1550# cashed at $25.75-26.75, few $27.00
in Indianapolis. Over the area bulk Choice 900-
1300# steers $24.00-25.50, many loads reaching
$26.50 in Chicago; Good largely $22.25-24.25;
Standard and low-Good $19.00-22.00. Mixed
Choice and Prime 850-1125# heifers $25.15-26.25;
bulk Choice $24.00-25.00; Good $21.50-23.50.
Utility and Commercial cows largely $16.00-17.50;
Canner and Cutter $14.00-16.50.

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND CALVES -
Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle and
calves from the 10 markets totaled 52,800 head,
6 percent more than the previous week and 20
percent more than a year earlier. A fairly
large percent of the supplies consisted of
yearling stock steers. Good to average-Choice
grades predominated. Only a very moderate


number of 800-1050# feeder steers was marketed,
these principally kinds already showing the
effects of some grain feeding. Although the
imminence of a new grass season along with ample
stockpiles of grain feeds encouraged considera-
ble interest in stockers and feeders, buyers
generally were bearishly inclined. As a result
trade was rather slow at prices unevenly steady
to 50# lower, instances $1.00 off. At Sioux
City prices were generally 50#-$1.00 lower.
Scattered shipments Choice 525-650# stock
steers brought $28.00-30.00, bulk Good and
Choice 550-750# $23.50-27.00. Medium and low-
Good stockers sold from $19.50-24.00. Good and
Choice 800-1050# feeder steers bulked at $22.00-
25.00, few 750-825# $25.25-25.75. Very few
steers over 900# exceeded $24.50 but at St. Paul
a shipment of Good and Choice 925# brought
$25.00. Good and Choice yearling heifers cashed
from $21.00-24.50, load Choice 545# $25.75. Few
loads Choice and Fancy steer calves brought
$31.50-33.00, other steer calves of Good and
Choice grades $24.00-31.00. Good and Choice
heifer calves sold chiefly from $22.00-28.00.

HOGS Terminal Markets Hog receipts at
the 12 markets numbered around 297,000 or
slightly more than the previous week but 31,000
less than a year ago. The supply continued to
be made up mainly of mixed U. S. No. 1-5 190-
260# barrows and gilts but included a moderate
volume of No. 2-3 270-500# offerings. There
was a rather small showing of butchers under
190# as well as over 300#. Sows made up 5-10
percent at the various markets. Trading gener-
ally was slow most of the week and despite up-
turns on some wholesale pork cuts, prices in
the live trade worked lower. The decline came
during the latter part of the week when receipts
were moderately increased over recently. The
continued government purchases of lard helped
to bolster the market for hogs weighing 270#
and heavier and the price spread narrowed some-
what between 190-240# offerings and the 270-
300# weights. Barrows and gilts closed mostly
25-50# lower with sales 25-75# off at Omaha.
Sows were steady to 50# lower except at Omaha
where prices were 50*#-1.00 lower mostly 75#
off.
On Friday, U. S. No. 1-2, 180-240# barrows
and gilts brought $17.75-18.50, largely $17.75-
18.25. Mixed U. S. 1-3 180-250# made up the
bulk of supply and sold at $17.25-18.00, mostly
$17.25-17.75. Loadlots U. S. 2-3, 300-560#
butchers $16.50-17.00. U. S. 1-3, 270-600#
sows sold at $14.75-16.75, bulk $15.00-16.50.
Average cut-out value advantage of U. S.
No. 1 over No. 5 live basis 200-220# barrows
and gilts was 83# per cwt. based on wholesale
carlot prices of fresh pork cuts at Chicago
March 9 to March 15, 1961 inclusive.









Prices on feeder pigs declined 25f at
Sionx City and 25-50 at St. Paul. Good and
Choice 130-160# at St.Paul brought $17.25-17.50
with same grades 140-160# at Sioux City $16.75-
17.25.
HOGS In the Interior Iowa-Southern
Minnesota area receipts totaled 367,000 head,
5 percent more than the previous week, but
about 1 percent less than a year ago. Barrows
and gilts closed 250 to mostly 500 lower; soaws
40-50 lower, and comprised 4-5 percent of the
total receipts.
At the close, U. S. 1-2, 200-240# barrows
and gilts and including some 190-200# sold at
$17.00-17.50. Bulk of supply mixed U. S. 1-3
$16.75-17.25. U. S. 1-3 270-400# sows $15.00-
16.40, 400-550# $13.75-15.65, mostly $14.00-
15.25.

SHEEP AND IAMBS Receipts of sheep and
lambs at the 12 markets totaled 105,000 head,
55 percent more than the previous week and 19
percent more than a year earlier. Wooleo
slaughter lambs predominated in the supply while
arrivals of early spring slaughter lambs were
noted at a few terminals. The price upturns
recorded early in the week on slaughter lambs
were erased on late rounds and prices closed
lower. The lower prices prevailed despite high-
er wholesale dressed lamb prices. Slaughter
lambs closed steady to 500 lower, instances
$1.00 off, lambs over 110# frequently showing
the most downturn. Exceptions to the lower
trends were Omaha, Sioux City, and St. Paul
where prices were strong to 250 higher. Slaugh-
ter ewes were steady; feeding and shearing
lambs steady, aside from 50f-750 declines at
Denver.
On late rounds, Choice and Prime 85-1153#
wooled slaughter lambs sold from $17.00-18.00,
occasionally $18.25-18.50; Choice and Prime
111-126# $15.00-17.00; Good and Choice 85-115#
$16.00-17.00, few $17.25-17.50. Choice and
Prime 85-114# shorn slaughter lambs with No. 2
to fall shorn pelts $16.00-17.00, limited vol-
ume $17.25-17.50; Choice and Prime 115-119#
lambs No. 2 to fall shorn pelts and Choice and
Prime 104# fresh shorn lambs $15.75-16.00. Good
and Choice 82-110# $15.50-17.00, few No. 2 to
fresh shorn $15.00-15.50. Few Choice and Prime
94-106# spring slaughter lambs $17.75-18.50 with
Good and Choice 75-85# $17.00-18.00 at Fort
Worth. Cull to Choice slaughter ewes ranged
from $3.00-8.00.
Good and Choice 65-90# wooled feeder lambs
$15.00-17.75; Medium and Good 65-81# at Denver
$16.00-16.75.

SHEEP AND IAMBS Receipts of sheep and
lambs in the Interior Iowa-Southern Minnesota
area at 53,400 head were 18. percent more than
the previous week and 29 percent more than a
year ago. Slaughter lambs were steady to weak,
instances 25-500 lower; slaughter ewes were
steady.


On Friday, Choice and Prime 80-105# wooled
slaughter lambs sold from $17.00-17.50 delivered
to packing plants; Choice and Prime 105-120#
$15.50-17.00; Good and Choice 80-110# $16.50-
17.00. Choice and Prime 80-105# shorn slaughter
lambs with No. 1 and fall shorn pelts brought
$16.00-16.50, sparingly $16.75-17.00 for high
yielding 90-100# lambs with fall shorn pelts.
Choice and Prime 105-115# $15.00-16.25; Good
and Choice 80-105# $15.50-16.25.
Gull to Choice wooled slaughter ewes $2.00-
5.50, few to $6.00.

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES

Note: Shrink on most range and feedlot
sales none to 5 percent, mostly 4 percent f.o.b.
some with short haul and 5 percent shrink. All
sales for immediate delivery unless specified.

ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND UTAH -
Direct trade on slaughter steers and heifers
was fairly active, averaging mostly steady,
instances 25f higher in California. Stocker
and feeder classes were active and fully steady.
Spring slaughter lambs sold weak to $1.00 lower;
old crop lambs about steady.
Slaughter steers: Load Choice 1000# $25.75;
168 loads 900-1150# $24.90-25.50; loadlots high-
Good and Choice 1200-1500# $23.50-24.75. Mixed
Good and Choice 800-1150# $24.00-24.75; Good
950-1200Q $23.00-23.85; Standard and mixed
Standard and Good 900-1100# $21.00-22.75.
Slaughter heifers: Two loads Choice 850-
875# $24.75; 47 loads mostly Choice 775-1050#
$23.50-24.50; Good and mixed Good and Choice
825-0l00# $23.00-25.75.
Stockers and feeders: Around 400 Good to
mostly Choice 415# stock steer calves $28.25,
and 275 head 315# $28.00; 550 Good to mostly
Choice 440-525# steers $26.00-27.00; same
grades 500-70# $24.00-25.50, including steers
expected 600-70Q# at April-May delivery con-
tracted for $24.00-24.50, some with heifer ends
at $23.00. Around 3,500 Medium 550-725# steers
$21.25-21.50; 850 Common and Medium 600-75Q0#
$17.00-19.25. For fall delivery 600 expected
Good and Choice 550-65Q0# steers 421.00.
Lambs: In Arizona and California 24,000
Choice and Prime 90-110Q spring slaughter lambs
$19.00-20.25, bulk $19.00-20.00; 1,000 Good
and Choice 85# feeder lambs $18.00. Old Crop
Slaughter Lambst Good to Prime, mostly Choice,
104-115# $15.50-17.75, these carrying No. 2 to
full wooled pelts.

COLORADO, SOUTHERN WYOMING, WESTERN KANSAS
AND WESTERN NEBRASKA Trading on slaughter
cattle direct at feedlots was moderately active.
Slaughter steers sold steady to 25f lower; heif-
ers 25-750 lower, mostly 25-500 off.In Colorado,
6 loads average-Choice 1175# slaughter steers
brought $25.75; 72 loads mostly Choice 1100-
1300# $24.25-25.50; 26 loads high-Good and low-
Choice 1100-1150# $23.75-24.25; load Standard









and low-Good 1225# $21.75. Eighty-seven loads
Choice 825-1050# slaughter heifers $24.25-24.85;
5 loads high-Good and low-Choice 900-975#
$23.75-24.25. Western Nebraska: Five loads
high-Good to average-Choice 1125-1200# slaughter
steers $24.00-24.85, 6 loads same grades 900-
975# heifers $25.75-24.50. Wyoming: Four loads
average and high-Choice 1000# heifers $25.00.
Western Kansas: Four loads high-Good and aver-
age-Choice 1150# steers $25.75-24.25; 2 loads
same grades 925# heifers $24.00.
Trading slow on stocker and feeder cattle
and calves with few sales confirmed at steady
prices. Western Kansas: Few loads Good and
Choice 650-675# feeder heifers for up to mid-
April delivery $23.00-24.00. Colorado: Around
500 mostly Choice 525-550# heifers $25.50.
Slaughter lambs sold fully steady with
sales confirmed on 21,000 head. Colorado:
Choice and Prime 98-115# wooled slaughter lambs
$17.75; few 112-118# $17.25-17.50. Choice and
Prime 110# shorn lambs with No. 2 pelts $16.00,
few loads 108-114# $15.75-16.25.

NEW MEXICO, WEST TEXAS, WESTERN OKLAHOMA,
SOUTHWESTERIij KANSAS Clovis Area Trading on
slaughter cattle was slow with prices steady;
stockers and feeders moderately active, fully
steady. Twenty-five loads Good and Choice 1057-
1100# slaughter steers $24.00-24.50; 5 loads
Standard with few Good, 900-1000# $21.50-23.00;
7 loads high-Good and Choice 1050# slaughter
heifers $22.75; 3 loads Good 925# $23.25; 4
loads Good 507-525# slaughter calves $24.50.
Around 1,000 head Good to mostly Choice 600-700#
feeder steers $24.50-25.50; 600 Good 550-575#
$23.00-24.00; 2 loads Medium 775# $22.00; 750
head Good and Choice 528-580# stocker heifers
$23.00-24.50; 1,100 Good and Choice 420-475#
stock calves, steers $29.00-30.00, heifers
$25.00-25.50; 125 head Good and Choice for fall
delivery, steers $24.50, heifers $22.50; 500
Medium 1200# stock bulls $17.50. Trading on
lambs active, prices weak to 500 lower with sales
confirmed on 34,000 head. Bulk Good and Choice
80-95# shorn slaughter lambs with fall shorn
pelts $14.00-15.00; string Good and Choice 85-
95# for May delivery $16.00; Good and Choice
80-90# shorn feeders with fall shorn pelts
$14.00-14.50; 1,500 Choice 75-85# spring slaugh-
ter lambs $18.00-18.50; 400 head 60# $20.00.
Amarillo Area Trading on slaughter cattle
slow, steady to 500 lower; stockers and feeders
steady to 500 lower. Six loads Good and Choice
1100# slaughter steers $23.90; 7 loads mostly
Good with end of Choice, 1000# $24.00 delivered;
6 loads Choice 960# slaughter heifers $24.50;
4 loads Good 960# $23.00; 2 loads Utility and
Commercial slaughter bulls $18.50. For up to
May delivery, 750 Good and Choice 750-800#
feeder steers $23.50-23.65; 1,100 Good and
Choice 500-610# stock steers $25.00-25.50; 3,700
Medium and Good 550-710# $23.00-23.50; 400
Choice 527# stock heifers $24.50; 175 Choice
450# heifer calves for April delivery $25.75.


IDAHO, OREGON AND WASHINGTON Trading on
slaughter steers and heifers moderately active
and fully steady,instances 500 higher on steers
over 1100# in Washington. Scattered sales
stocker and feeder cattle and calves fully steady
to strong; slaughter lambs slowsteady to strong.
Slaughter steers: Washington, Good to
mostly Choice 1075-1500# $24.00-25.00 for up to
3 weeks delivery and string Choice 1050#,
for June delivery $25.00.Idaho, load Choice 1000#
$24.25 with Good to mostly Choice 1050-1200#
$22.75-23.50; Choice 1106# $24.00 weighed and
placed back on feed for up to 50 days; Standard
1100-1175# $19.20-20.00.
Slaughter heiferst Washington, Good to
mostly Choice 875-1000# $23.50, some delivered
basis and bulk of Good to go back on feed; load
Good 900# $25.00. Idahot Choice 870# $23.50
with Good to mostly Choice 850-950# $22.50-25.00;
Good 600-750# $22.00.
Stockers and feeders: Washington, Good and
Choice 950# feeder steers $24.50 with 500# heif-
ers $22.00. Good and Choice 450# calves, steers
$27.50, heifers $24.00. Idaho, Good and Choice
935-1050# feeder steers $25.25-24.00, latter
price delivered basis. Good and Choice 350-450#
calves, steers $27.50-29.00, heifers $25.00-
26.50. Oregon, Good and Choice yearlings for
September delivery, $22.00 on 725# steers,
$20.00 on 650# heifers.
Slaughter lambs: Idaho and Oregon, Choice
100-108# $17.00-17.50, some at $17.50 delivered.
Wool: Eastern Idaho, 1,000 fleeces 5/8 blood,
light shrinking 400.

MONTANA, NORTHERN WYOMING AND WESTERN
DAKOTAS Trading on all classes continued slow
with prices generally steady.
Cattle: Montana 100 high-Good to mostly
Choice 1100-1200# slaughter steers $23.50-23.75;
125 high-Good and Choice 850-1000# slaughter
heifers $22.00-23.00; 2 loads mixed Good and
Choice 800# feeder heifers $21.50. Calves:
Montana 450 mixed Good and Choice 500# steers
at $27.50, heifers 450# at $25.50; 850 high-
Good and Choice 425-450# heifers $26.25-26.50.
Sheep: Montana 2,000 Good and Choice
105-118# slaughter lambs $15.25-16.25; 200
Choice 102# shearing lambs $16.25; 100 Good
1-2-year-old fresh shorn ewes with lambs at
side $12.90 per pair. Northern Wyoming 2,500
Good to mostly 105# shearing lambs $16.00.
Wool: Trading fairly active, prices gener-
ally fully steady. Northern Montana 37,00OO
mostly fine $1.10 f.o.b. Boston, clean basis;
71,000# half-blood and fine $1.01-1.02; 65,000#
half-blood to mostly fine 39-420, grease basis;
around 2,400# half-blood excessive shrinking
520. Northern Wyoming 140,000# mostly fine
$1.05 clean basis, f.o.b. Boston; 33,000#
half-blood and fine 37.4-430 grease basis;
170,000# mostly half-blood 39.060 grease basis;
25,000# half blood and fine in small lots, 30-
420 sales at 50-35f expected to have extremely
heavy shrink.







WEEKLY RECEIPTS OF SALABLE LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKETS
: Cattle : Calves : Hogs : Sheep and laznbs
M-r--- -- -- M- D d- 1-----9 ---- ---- 1 -- 1 ~ M-a-B-- -
Market : Mar. 18: Mar. 19 Mar. 18 Mar. 19 : Mar. 18 : Mar. 19 Mar. 18 : Mar. 19


Chicago ................
Cincinnati .............
Denver ...............
Fort Worth ............
Indianapolis ...........
Kansas City ............
Oklahoma City ..........
Omaha ..................
St. Joseph...........
St. Louis NSY ..........
Sioux City .............
S. St. Paul ............
Total ..................
i* Mar. 11, 1961 .......


1 196.1 -
101
624
635
948
359
1,075
691
464
665
1,494
415


- 1961
37,582
2,909
10,667
7,086
6,057
19,890
10,665
53,791
15,925
15,252
23,355
19,143


: 1960
57,276
3,750
10,161
5,845
6,403
16,754
7,744
30,676
13,335
14,173
28,141


1 j26.Q -
265
882
314
1,744
641
656
960
641
341
1,921
720
7,184
16,269


1 61 -1 26f- 1
32,644 32,048
13,190 13,353
4,796 5,572
2,346 2,905
32,962 35,567
16,050 14,782
5,052 4,753
34,956 35,970
22,005 19,960
53,019 70,979
31,544 57,202
48,243 54,688
296,605 327,579
295,603


INTERIOR IOWA
Mar. 18, 1961
Hogs ..... 367,000
Sheep .... 33,400

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE:


AND SOUTHERN MINNESOTA
Mar 11 1961 Mar. 19, 1960
548,600 372,000


28,300

AVERAGE COST,


25,800

WEIGHT, AND NUMBER


----- :~- Week ended : Month Two months
: Mar. 16 : Mar. 9 t Mar. 17 : Feb. t Feb. t Jan-Feb.
: 1961 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 t 1961 : 1960


Steers 1001# up ............
901-1000 .............
801-900 .............
701-800 .............
501-700 ...........


Total steers
Av. wts. '
Av. cost* "
n w I
Tn n c (
n n !

n n I


" S
n !

Total calves
" heifers
" cows


10 markets ...


Chicago .........
Kansas City .....
)maha..........
3. St. Paul ....
Sioux City ......
Denver ....
'*t. Worth ......
)klahoma City ...
5. St. Joseph .
St. Louis NSY .
- 10 markets .
....
W ....


1,593
2,692
3,017
13,922


21,757
6841
$24.22
22.78
24.62
24.47
22.15
25.11
24.08
23.15
23.67
24.61
23.44
7,624
2,802
615


1,776
2,350
3,195
10,852


18,946
704#
$24.06
22.93
24.13
24.09
22.30
25.53
22.71
23.31
23.49
24.49
22.90
9,072
2,492
557


1,888
3,224
2,679
8,657

17,198
724#
$25.11
24.83
25.08
24.20
26.72
25.98
24.76
24.67
23.83
25.15
24.59
6,772
2,558
823


* Not adjusted for differences in grade of cattle sold
ESTIMATED PERCENT OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND


5,197
7,223
12,002
11,948
33,239


2,708
8,058
12,378
14,492
32,316


67,609 69,952
725# 732#
$23.97 $24.05
23.12 23.27
23.70 23.80
24.09 23.88
22.10 22.235
25.58 25.52
23.12 23.553
23.68 23.75
23.26 23.74
25.97 23.66
22.77 23.04
30,233 31,380
9,945 10,381
2,522 2,634

at each market.


SLAUGHTER COWS IN SALABLE RECEIPTS


Kansas St Siou S St. Indian- Ft. Okla San
Week ended :Chicago: :Omaha: tLouis: : : :Denver: :Wichita:
City ;Joseph4 NSY City I Paul apolis Y *Worth City Antonio

Stockers and feeders
Mar. 17, 1961 2 43 9 15 8 32 7 10 10 70 75 45 45
Mar. 10, 1961 2 55 9 13 8 26 7 10 5 60 67 50 50
Mar. 18, 1960 2 42 9 14 4 25 10 5 10 60 80 37 45
Slaughter cows
Mar. 17, 1961 5 5 6 5 8 5 25 12 12 10 10 15 20
Mar. 10, 1961 5 7 6 5 11 4 20 13 12 15 11 16 15
Mar. 18, 1960 6 6 8 6 11 6 20 6 13 20 7 14 20
-----------------------------------------------------------------


L161 .1 .1262 _
5,048 3,825
676 554
22,097 50,566
13,297 10,196
1,230 1,425
8,136 5,865
3,450 2,127
14,702 9,454
9,452 3,348
4,114 2,890
10,058 7,696
15,105 10,850
105,365 88,774
79,025


20,295 7,062
94,553 14,529
13,514


202,320 1
192,004


7,406
17,711
29,687
31,371
83,081


169,256
724#
$24.32
23.38
24.03
24.52
22.08
25.96
25.29
23.57
23.32
25.56
22.96
100,525
24,361
6,968


5,329
16,341
27,363
34,747
68,697


152,477
730#
$23.81
23.37
23.53
25.78
21.96
25.25
24.74
23.29
22.82
23.39
22.82
85,972
21,519
5,515







STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER 1/


: Number


Grade


: Mar. 16
: J.9L _


of head Percent of total Average weight : Average price in
: by grades (pounds) :dollars per 100 lb.
Week ended 1
: Mar. 17: Mar. 16 : Mar. 17 Mar. 16 :Mar. 17 'Mar. 16 Mar. 17
_:_ 10 : 1961 : 1960 :_ _:_1 _Q_ : 1961 : _1960
CHICAGO


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good... ........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility ........
All grades .....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility ........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard........
Commercial.....
Utility ........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good............
Standard ......
Commercial.....
Utility ........
All grades..*...


Prime........ ..
Choice......*...
Good....*****... .
Standard.......****
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....


4,161
16,307
5,665
698

230
27,061


2,003
14,234
9,108
1,155
18
138
26,636


15.4
60.3
20.9
2.6

.8


7.5
53.4
34.2
4.3
.1
.5


OMAHA


150 171
7,461 5,478
7,259 8,928
690 758
61 127
_15,621 15 62

79 108
4,205 4,113
3,709 7,687
545 460
-- 141
8,538 12 509

.-- 6
1,854 2,849
4,238 1,713
668 709

31 265
6,791 5,542


992
4,699
1,280

196
7,167



2,601
5,615
512

8728R


2,758
1,325
19
25


499
3,862
1,177

195
5,733



2,816
3,975
468
14
7,273


-
1,691
1,245
120


4,127 3,066


47
46
4


.9 1.1
.8 35.4
.5 57.8
.4 4.9
.4 .8


SIOUX CITY
.9 .9
49.3 32.9
45.4 61.4
6.4 3.7
-- 1.1

- T(XN5a- j"fflr
-- .1
27.3 51.4
62.4 31.0
9.8 12.8

.5 4.7

ST. LOUIS NSY


.--
13.8
65.6
17.9

2.7


8.7
67.4
20.5

3.4


29.8 38.7
64.3 54.7
5.9 6.4
-- .2


1,266
1,188
1,122
1,041

1,046
1,181

1,248
1,198
1,123
1,124
1,005
1 160

1,295
1,185
1,136
1,087

_I 59


1,152
1,090
1,063

1,055
1,104


-
1,0853
1,047
990

842
1,036



1,164
1,126
1,078

1,134


DENVER


66.8 55.2 1,183
32.1 40.6 1,148
.5 3.9 1,241
.6 .3 965
1,171


1,264
1,210
1,106
1,042
1,410
1,017
1,170

1,182
1,217
1,090
1,061
1,028
11342

1,288
1,189
1,109
1,075
998
1,135

1,260
1,112
1,076
1,019

1,010
1,084


1,041
1,033
981

868
1,017


27.12
25.59
23.82
21.20
-
19.41
25.34


51.36
28.22
25.97
22.46
21.67
19.90
27.49


26.52 28.25
24.72 26.78
23.65 24.90
19.59 20.32
18.17 18.69
24.02 25.40

26.03 29.41
24.82 27.16
23.39 25.37
19.87 21.70
-- 19.36
23.93 25.84

-- 28.50
24.87 26.57
23.51 24.69
19.93 22.29

18.20 18.53
23.54 25.12



25.33 27.15
23.87 25.16
21.38 22.77

17.98 19.98
23.53 24.71


--------------

1,116 24.97 26.68
1,075 25.64 25.04
1,026 20.15 21.07
975 18.32
1,088 23.85 25.44


1,209
1,130
1,143
884
1,173


-
24.73
23.68
19.57
18.10
24.34


-
26.36
25.31
20.67
17.50
25.71


1/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


-------------


8 2
9m m m m w
- -






WEEKLY SLAUGHTER UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION AT MAJOR CENTERS


C-t :- -te C-al -ct ~" Cle ~ ~ Ho ~ -s -
City or Area ~ Mar.i T Ma.19 : Mar.18 : Mar.19 : Mar.18 : Mar.19
1 1961 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960


Boston, New York City Area...
Baltimore, Philadelphia......
Cin.,Cleve.,Detroit,Indpls...
Chicago Area................
St. Paul-Wisc. Areas.........
St. Louis Area........ ...***
Sioux City-So. Dakota Area...
Omaha Area...................
Kansas City..................
Iowa So. Minnesota.........
Lou'1.Evan'1.Nash'1.Mph' s....
Georgia, Florida, Ala. Area..
St. Jo'ph.Wichita, Okla.City.
Ft.Worth,Dallas,San Antonio..
Denver,Ogden,Salt Lake City..
Los Angeles, San Fran. Areas.
Portland, Seattle, Spokane...


11,494
8, 423
18,363
14,680
26,785
9,886
18,985
35,647
15,520
29,194
5,481
9,414
20,942
10,222
19,707
26,527
7,825


12,337
8,1480
17,474
16,282
28,771
11,868
20,222
32.599
12,364
28,962
5,942
6,887
18,803
8,651
19,847
24,985
7.352


10,722
2,395
4,168
6,017
21,399
1,264

129
C,:.6
2,563
3.756
873
4,095
192
1,658
208


10,709
2,059
5,197
6,349
22,441
1,362

466

8,867
4,112
2,493
943
3,306
300
1,767
297


46,757
32,117
133.5118
43,975
109,077
85,539
95.125
75,910
36,850
306,764
70,320
39,601
45.389
17,933
15,869
28,393
15.,931


50,249
26,774
131,921
34,.223
122,821
87,242
83,486
75.996
35,706
290,449
70,033
35,096
40.384
19,491
16,538
25,529
17,087


-----------
SSheep and lambs
: Mar.18 : Mar.19
: 1961 : 1960


34,741 36.232
5,263 5.364
11,553 9,852
6.,L67 2,314
23,680 13.286
4,092 4,041
14,893 15,093
18,233 10,598

39,400 29,538


11,658 7,264
16,744 15,980
38,729 31,938
39,106 33,695
5.103 3.735


Total...................... 289,095 281,826 69,335 70,668 1,199,094 1,163,025 269,662 218,930


Accumulation to date..... 3,249,240
3,276,008


711,485


12,418,248
763,218 13,907,777


2,804,493
2,700,666


ESTIMATED FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT PRODUCTION


Week ended


Mar. 18, 1961 .............
Mar. 11, 1961 .............
Feb. 25, 1961 l/..........
Mar. 19, 1960 T/..........

Percentage change from:
Mar. 11, 1961 .............
Mar. 19, 1960 .............


Week ended


Mar. 18, 1961 ..............
Mar. 11, 1961 ...6.........
Feb. 25, 1961 .............
Mar. 19, 1960 ..............


ST~ ~ 7 -_ ~ : T "p'orlk ~IZ T -Ln T t ."- -
Beef Veal P Total Total
:(excl. lard) : and mutton t lard
t N5^- T 7N:"n T _- s~Nw- 7 e lard
: ber : : ber Prod': ber : P2od': ber : Pd pod. prod.
1,000 mil.1b. 1,000 mil.lb. 1,000 mil.1b. 1,000 mil.lb. mil.lb. mil.lb.
350 210.4 100 o10.6 1,375 187.4 300 15.3 423.7 --
340 207.4 83 8.7 1,315 179.2 255 13.0 408.3 --
342 89 -- 1,213 -- 259 -- -- 39.9
330 198.7 91 9.6 1,277 171.2 236 12.0 391.5 42.5


t --- ----- Average eightT-Jlb :-
Cattle Calves : Hogs I/ heep
-t: C H /: and lambs :
:L5ve TDressed : LIve:Dresse3 : ive:Dressed~:~vte : Dressed :

1055 6oi 190 o106 235 136 104 51
1060 610 185 105 235 136 105 51
1055 6oi 200 112 237 139 105 51
1050 602 184 105 232 134 105 51


lard
yield
per
100 lb.



14.4


1/ Actual slaughter. 2/ Excludes lard.










CATTLE: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds


Chicago Kansas City
Mar :
Mar. : Mar. Mar. Mar.
18 : 19 18 : 19
1961 : 1960 1961 : 1960
- - -


Omaha

SMar. Mar.
* 18 : 19
* 1961 : 1960


----- -- North
Denver t Portland

Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar.
18 19 18 19
1961: 1960 1961 1960
S S


Slaughter cattle, calves and dealers


Steers -
Prime 900-3200#
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


Heifers -
Choice
Good
Standard -


700-900
600-800
All wts.


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


27.28
27.15
25.95
25.70
23.75
21.25


25.00

20.10


17.12
17.02
16.40
14.92


30.75
31.55
28.70
28.85
25.25
22.25


27.32

21.50


18.28
17.58
16.80
15.15


25.50
25.12
25.62
20.40


24.72
22.75
19.75


17.00
16.72
15.95
15.12


27.52
27.50
25.08
22.05


26.62
24.52
21.60


18.30
16.98
15.72
14.18


26.75
26.62
25.48
25.35
25.52
20.00


24.80
22.50
19.50


17.48
16.80
15.82
14.98


29.38
29.25
27.55
27.42
24.40
20.80


26.62
23.62
20.00


18.00
16.82
15.32
14.12


19.42 22.60 17.75 20.75 18.45 20.50
19.58 22.00 17.98 20.50 18.20 20.18


29.50
26.50
22.00


33.00
31.00
26.50


23.50
22.00
19.00


29.00
25.25
20.75


27.00
24.50
21.75


29.00
26.25
23.00


26.50
25.50
20.25


24.64
24.64
22.52
19.75


25.78
21.62
19.10



16.42
14.95
15.62


26.50
26.50
23.50
19.75


25.78
22.68
19.00


18.28
17.08
15.60
14.40


25.12
24.75
25.50
20.75


25.75
22.00
19.00



15.56
14.25
13.00


27.62
27.12
26.00
25.00



24.50
22.00


18.50
17.00
14.75
12.50


-- -- -- 21.25
18.50 20.50 19.88 21.88


25.50
22.00


31.50
29.50
25.50


27.00
24.50
21.00


Stocker and feeder cattle and calves


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium

Heifers -
Choice
Med. & G(


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


500-750#
i. 500-750


26.75
24.38
21.50


29.00
26.25
23.00


26.40
24.08
20.32


28.55
25.35
21.75


26.38
24.25
20.88


28.60
25.12
21.25


26.38
24.00
21.25


27.75
25.00
21.50


24.00
20.50


50.00
26.75
25.50


32.62
30.00
26.00



25.25
25.50
20.50


-- -- 23.50 25.50 24.25 25.00 24.25 25.50 -- 23.50
-- -- 20.50 21.75 20.75 21.75 21.50 22.00 20.00 20.50


Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 500-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice


-- -- 16.50


-- -- 28.00


17.75 15.75 15.25


30.50 28.75 30.50


16.50 16.75


29.75 51.00


Heifers -
Good & Choice


-- -- 25.25 27.25 25.50 27.00


Classification


- 28.00


28.25 28.25 -- 25.50





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HOGS: AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT. AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPER PURCHASES 1/

Louis Kan. S. S. 8-
Chi- Nati. sas Omaha Sioux St. St. Indian-: mkts.
Week ended cago Stock City Ca ity Joseph Paul apolis corn-
Yards bined
........----.....- -------------------------------- ... .....
AVERAGEi COST Dolars per 100 pounds
Barrows Mar. 18, 1961 17.51 17.58 17.77 17.77 17.65 17.68 17.58 17.72 17.64
and Mar. 11, 1961 17.85 17.87 18.00 18.22 17.98 18.08 17.92 17.77 17.94
gilts Mar. 19, 1960 15.85 15.61 15.94 16.06 15.95 15.90 15.76 15.85 15.85
Mar. 18', 1961 15.57 16.00 16.37 16.10 15.86 16.24 15.74 15.49 15.88
Sows Mar. 11, 1961 16.01 16.53 16.58 16.78 16.26 16.54 16.20 15.79 16.34
Mar. 19, 1960 13.66 13.80 14.34 14.39 14.44 14.16 14.48 13.66 14.06
AVERAGE iGH- ....-----------------.----.----- ---------------..........---- ---..............
Barrows Mar. 18, 1961 235 219 231 237 242 230 233 225 251
and Mar. 11, 1961 234 219 2355 237 242 232 232 226 251
gilts Mar. 19, 1960 233 218 226 256 241 225 236 225 229
Mar. 18, 1961 455 405 435 454 447 414 425 448 430
Sows Mar. 11, 1961 451 599 420 432 448 417 425 455 429
Mar. 19, 1960 449 392 433 424 428 390 408 433 419
NUMBER OF HEAD -
Barrows Mar. 18, 1961 26216 47198 14598 29881 28034 19799 58304 28872 232902
and Mar. 11, 1961 23169 49134 15595 28388 27691 18900 57070 30705 250452
gilts Mar. 19, 1960 25276 62898 13228 30709 32966 17826 43911 30074 256888
-------------------7--------..... ..-------------------------
Sows Mar. 11, 1961 2294 4344 911 3000 2090 1145 2480 2244 18508
Mar. 19., 196Q 2544 4009 707 2981 2119 818 5175 2985 19356
so s-" -"-p ---- -- ----- "---- w- ----------- "----- --- -- -----
SOWS Percentage of total
Mar. 18, 1961 7 8 5 I0 7 7 6 8 7
Mar. 11, 1961 9 8 6 10 7 6 6 7 7
Mar. 19, 1960 9 6 5 9 6 4 7 9 7
1/ Weighted average.
WEEKLY AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED
FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG, COMPARED WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGS, CHICAGO
S----------. ..-------------------- ------------------- r iieread
Hog products I/ Hog prices or margin 3/
...... ..... ..... ---- ------ ......
Mar. 18, 1961 $19.92 $17.88 $2.04
Mar. 11, 1961 19.88 18.16 1.72
Mar. 19, 1960 17.95 16.12 1.83
1 / Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 lb. of live hog com-
puted from wholesale prices on carlot basis, Chicago, reported by National Provisioner
daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1, 2 and 3 hogsa 200-220# wt, Chicago,
3/ Difference between wholesale product value and hog prices.
HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
Barrows and Corn./ Hog--corn
Week ended gilts 1/ No. 3. yellow price ratio
Dollars peT Cents per based on
100 pounds bushel barrows and gilts
Mar. 18, 1961 17.51 115.4 15.2
Mar. 11, 1961 17.85 113.9 15.7
Mar. 19, 1960 15.85 114.8 13.8
l/ Weighted average. 2/ Simple average.







SHEEP AND LAMBS: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds

-- -- -- -- ---- -------------- ----------------------T -- -T-- -- ----
: : : : : North
*:Kansas: Fort
Classification hicago Omah:ans: ort Denver' Ogden : Port-
Sicago a:City : Worth : land
S W : land


SLAUGHTER LAMBS: (Wooled) -
Prime Mar. 18, 1961
Mar. 19, 1960
Choice Mar. 18, 1961
Mar. 19, 1960

Good Mar. 18, 1961
Mar. 19, 1960
EWES: (Wooled) All wts.
Good and Mar. 18, 1961
Choice Mar. 19, 1960
Cull and Mar. 18, 1961
Utility Mar. 19, 1960
FEEDEW IAMBS: All vts.
Good and Mar. 18, 1961
Choice Mar. 19, 1960
*Shorn basis.


11
18.
23.

17.
22.

16.
21.

7.
7.

6.
6.


# down
48 --
25 25.15

88 17.22
62 22.28

45 16.55
82 21.05

50 6.68
75 7.00
75 6.00
50 5.25

- 16.75
-- 20.45


17.52


16.52
21.62

16.02
20.62

5.00
c r


6.
5.
5.


20.65

15.82
20.15

15.55
19.65


OU --,
00 7.25*
50 7.75*

-- 14.35 ]
-- 18.90


--
22.85
17.58
22.08
16.62
20.85


6.88
6.35*
5.50
4.55*

L7.00
21.02


18.00
21.85
17.00
21.60
15.75
20.58

5.50
6.50
4.00
4.75


22.38
17.00
21.88
16.00
21.00

5.75*
7.75
4.00*
5.75


16.00 14.50
-- 18.50


Number of Cattle and Calves from Canada and Mexico Passed for
Entry into the United States
January and February 1961, with comparisons
USDA ARS Animal Inspection and Quarantine Div.


Month and period


January ...............*.
February ................
Jan.-Feb................


: Canada

1961
Head
22,521
8,618
50,959


Mexico


1960
Head
15,558
21,865
55,205


1961
Head
68,909
47,411
116,520


Notes During Jan.-Feb. this year 28 sheep and 2,681 hogs were received from
Canada compared with 87 sheep and 4,557 hogs a year ago.


1960
Head
34,510
44,752
79,262


--


memne




252


WHOLESALE MEAT TRADE REVIEWS


LESS THAN CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

EASTERN SEABOARD Prices for steer beef
were steady to $2.00 lower, mostly 50f-1.00
off; cow beef steady to $2.50 higher, with most
advance at Philadelphia; veal and calf $1.00-
3.00 higher, except Baltimore, steady to weak.
Lamb sold steady to $4.50 higher, mostly $1.00-
2.00 up with the full advance at Philadelphia
for Choice and Prime 55-65# carcasses. Pork
loins were steady to $2.00 higher; Boston butts
steady to $4.00 higher; spareribs steady to
$1.00 lower; fresh skinned hams steady to $5.00
lower.
Prices for kosher dressed steer fore-
quarters were unchanged, but ribs closed strong
to $2.00 higher; arm chucks about $1.00 higher
and briskets $1.00-2.00 lower. Kosher lamb sold
about $2.00 higher.
Supplies were adequate in all divisions.
About normal receipts of beef and lamb were
supplemented by carryover at some points; veal
and calf tonnage was about normal, and pork
moderate. Trading on steer beef was slow under
a generally poor demand. Ribs, chucks and loins
were most active with marked improvement for
loins at New York and Philadelphia. Carcass
sales of steer beef were below normal and out-
lets for hindquarters and rounds narrow. Some
steer beef will be carried, but cow beef turn-
over was best in several weeks with early clear-
ance. Veal and calf trading was quite active
under the influence of reduced shipments and
a good demand. Demand for lamb was mostly fair
and activity at New York and Philadelphia much
improved this week as chain buyers were ag-
gressive mainly on closing sessions. Pork
loins and Boston butts met prompt outlets, but
loins were slow after midweek at New York and
closed weak at that point. Demand for spare-
ribs was spotty while demand for fresh skinned
hams was not as good as recently, particularly
to processing accounts.

CHICAGO All classes of fresh meats were
in moderate supply. Good and Choice grades
comprised the bulk of the beef supply with most
lamb carcasses in the 50-65# weight range.
Carcass beef trade was slow with primal cuts
accounting for the bulk of the tonnage sold.
Beef ribs and loins met good daily clearance
with arm and square cut chucks and rounds
generally slow. Veal followed a higher trend
for the second straight week with all grades
in fair demand. Lamb trade was only moderately
active, but continually higher replacement cost
forced selling prices higher. Outlets were
fair for all primal lamb cuts except ribs, which
were hard to sell. Boston butts moved freely
into all channels with demand fair for pork
loins but spareribs were slow.
Steer and heifer beef closed weak; veal
$1.00-2.00 higher and lamb $1.00-1.50 higher.
Pork loins were 500-1.00 higher; Boston butts
4-8# $3.50-4.00 higher and spareribs steady.


PACIFIC COAST Steer beef was uneven,
selling steady to 50# lower in Los Angeles,
but steady to 500 higher, instances $1.00 up
at other points with most of the advance at
San Francisco. Cow beef sold mostly $1.00
higher in the northwest, but steady to 500
lower in California. Calf and veal were
mostly steady, instances $1.00 lower on calf
and $2.00 lower on veal in Los Angeles. Lamb
sold steady to $1.00 higher, most upturn in
the northwest. Fresh pork sold steady to
$1.00 lower; smoked pork mostly steady.
Trading on steer beef was moderately
active with supplies fully adequate, except
slow in Los Angeles. Cow beef was fairly
active on below normal supplies, although
ample in southern California. Calf and veal
offerings were about normal. Movement of
old crop lamb was fair with a moderate supply
of spring lamb available in California. Trad-
ing on pork was slow, with smoked ham orders
for Easter nearly filled.

CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

MIDWEST CARLOT DRESSED MEAT SUMMARY -
Steer beef along with Choice heifer beef
closed mostly 50f lower, instances $1.00 off;
Good heifer beef was mostly steady; cow beef
$1.50-2.00 higher; lamb $1.00-1.75 higher.
Pork loins were steady to 500 higher; Boston
butts $3.00-4.00 higher; fresh hams $2.50-
5.50 lower and pork sides 500-1.00 lower.
Following prices f.o.b. packing plant.
Choice 600-700# steer beef closed at $59.75-
40.50; Choice 700-800# $58.50-59.50; Good
600-700# $36.25-57.50, high-Good $37.75-
58.00; Good 700-800# $55.50-57.00. Choice
500-700# heifer beef brought $58.50-39.50;
Good $535.75-56.75; Utility cow beef $51.00-
52.50; Canner and Cutter $51.50-553.00. Choice
and few Prime 45-55# lamb carcasses $55.50-
56.75, few carlots $537.00-57.50 in the north-
ern section. Pork loins 8-12# $40.50-41.75;
fresh hams 12-14# $39.50-40.00; 14-16#
$56.50-57.50; Boston butts 4-8# $54.00-37.00.
U. S. 1,2 and 3, 155-155# pork carcasses
$25.05-26.00; 155-175# $24.50-25.85.
Trading on steer and heifer beef was
moderately active. Supplies of cow beef
were below normal; lamb above normal with
other classes normal. Clearance was only
fair on steer and heifer beef, but generally
complete on other classes.

CARLOT SUMMARY Chicago, Denver, New
York and Philadelphia. Trading on steer and
heifer beef was slow with prices generally
steady to $1.00 lower. However, Good steer
carcasses were 500-1.50 lower at Philadelphia
and heifer beef 500-1.00 higher. Cow beef
unevenly 50#-$2.75 higher; lamb 50f-1.50
higher, except $1.00-4.00 up at Philadelphia.
Pork loins 500 higher at Chicago, but $1.50-
2.00 lower at Philadelphia.









VOLESALE DRESSED MlEAT PRICES LESS THAN CARLOT BASIS
Weekly average of daily quotations in dollars per 100 pounds
------------------------------------------------------------
New York Chicago : San Francisco Los Angeles
Classification -
sMar. 18 :Mar. 19 :Mar. 18 :Mar. 19 tMar. 18 :Mar, 19 :Mar. 18 "Mar. 19
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 1 9_60_-


Steer beef -
Prime
Choice

Good

Heifer beef -
Choice

Good
Veal -
Prime
Choice
Good
Lamb -
Prime
Choice
Fresh pork -
Loins
Butts
Spareribs
Cured pork -


700-800#
600-700
700-800
500-600
600-700

500-600#
600-700
500-600

90-120#
90-120
90-120


44.25
44.25
42.75
41.50
41.75


m--


63.00
55.70
49.20


49.60
47.50
46.25
44.00
44.50





64.50
55.50
50.00


1--
43.25
41.75
40.50
40.50

41.50
41.50
39.25

61.25
55.25
50.25


--
46.00
44.75
42.88
42.88

44.62
44.62
41.50

58.88
54.25
50.50


42.00
41.00
41.00
39.25

39.50





55.00


45.12
43.50
43.50
42.50

43.50
42.50




55.00


41.25
39.88
40.62
39.25

40.75
40.12
39.88


-
44.00
42.50
43.00
41.00

43.44
42.69
42.00


45-55# 38.35 48.00 39.38 46.00 59.00 44.50 39.50 42.00
45-55 38.10 46.35 39.38 46.00 39.00 44.50 39.50 42.00


8-1i
4-8
V down


46.70
37.80
41.10


Hams, sink. skd. -(Cook
before eating) 12-16# 47.50
Bacon, smoked, sliced -
3i# package (box lots) 50.00
Picnics, smoked (Cook
before eating) 4-8# 33.00
Lard, 1# carton 18.00


47.90
35.00
39.95


44.00
56.69
38.00


44.85
51.50
36.50


50.00
42.50
46.50


50.00
38.75
45.00


46.75
41.50
42.88


46.75
36.50
42.50


45.00 50.00 51.25 50.00 52.00 49.12 49.00

38.00 54.75 47.00 57.00 49.00 54.38 48.75


29.50
12.62


56.75
17.25


33.00 553.00
12.50 18.00


30.00 35.00 32.12
15.50 19.00 14.75


BULK PRICES CARLOT
Classification El
TO


nteer oeel -
Choice


Good


Heifer beef -
Choice

Good


600-700#
700-800
800-900
500-600
600-700
700-800


500-600#
600-700
500-600
600-700


Cow-beef All weig
Utility
Canner and Cutter


Choice


Fresh pork -
Loins


its -


35-45#
45-55
55-65
35-45
45-55
55-65

8-12#


40.50-41.00
59.50-40.00
39.00
37.50-38.00
37.00-38.00
57.00-37.50

39.50-40.00
39.00-39.50
56.50-37.00
36.50-37.00

31.50-32.50
32.00-33.00

38.00-39.00
36.00-57.00
34.00-35.00
38.00-39.00
36.00-37.00
34.00-35.00

42.00-42.50


BASIS 'WEEK ENDED Mar. 17, 1961
aTd-F0.B.7 :B Flrces-d1Tvird -
Denve:r' '-' -: Ne -YFrE T nahiap'h


39.50-40.00
38.00-39.00
37.50-38.00

37.00-37.50
56.85-37.50

57.90-40.50
57.50-38.50
35.25-55.75
35.25-35.75

31.00-52.20


37.00
34.50-36.00
31.50-33.00
37.00
34.50-36.00
31.50-553.00


59.75-40.25
58.50-38.75
38.00-38.25

36.50-37.75
36.00-36.50

38.50-39.25
38.50-39.25
35.75-36.25
35.75-56.25

29.50-32.00
30.75-32.50


55.25-36.75
33.25-34.25

35.25-36.75
33.25-34.25


42.50-43.00
41.50-42.00
40.50-41.00
59.00-40.00
58.50-39.50
38.50-39.50


39.50-42.00
58.00-39.50
36.00-37.50
59.50-42.00
58.00-39.50
36.00-37.50


41.00-42.00


42.00-42.50
41.00-41.50
40.00-40.50

38.00-40.00
37.50-39.50


41.50-42.00



33.00-34.00
33.50-34.00

41.00-42.00
57.50-39.00
36.00-58.00
41.00-42.00
37.50-39.00
36.00-38.00

43.00-43.50


Lamb -
Prime


mmme







BOSTON WOOL MARKET REVIEW


Trading on scoured and greasy pulled wools
was generally slow, although some interests were
active in all grades at steady to strong prices.
Trading for greasy domestic combing wools was slow
with approximately three cars sold at steady prices.
Trading for scoured shorn wools and noils was slow
with prices about steady.
Interest in the territory States was centered
on Artesia, New Mexico where approximately 250,000#
of bulk fine wool were sold, although occasional
sales were made in California. A fair to good weight
of original bag 12 months wool and a smaller quantity
of lambs wool sold in Texas while little was done in
the fleece wool States.
Japan was buying heavily in Australia with
Continental interests supporting as prices held
steady to strong according to cabled reports at
midweek. The Cape markets were very firm under
keen competition while at the Wanganui, New Zealand
sale "B" style wools were slightly higher and "BC"
style wools two pence lower with general competition.
There was some interest in Buenos Aires carpet wools
while the Montevideo market continued very slow.
Fleece Wools Graded 56/58s staple and good
French combing fleeces sold around 98# clean basis,
delivered Boston. Medium grade fleece wools brought
around 935 clean basis while buyers were paying
around 40-424 for medium wools in the country.
Shearing again was delayed due to inclement weather.
Territory Wools Practically all wool offered
at Artesia, New Mexico was sold at sealed bid. Good
French combing and staple 12 months wool in original
bags brought $1.05-1.12 while short wools cashed at
$1.00-1.05 clean basis, delivered. A specialty clip
of 70s and finer staple and good French combing
brought $1.15-1.20 clean, delivered. A small lot of
bulk half-blood with some fine wool sold in Montana
at 35f-365 grease basis to the grower while bulk
fine and half-blood Wyoming wool brought $1.05-1.07
clean basis, delivered Boston. Grease prices for
other fine and half-blood wools ranged mostly from
355-400 to the growers with heavy shrinking down to
310. Bulk half-blood wool in original bags sold
in Utah at 435 grease basis to the growers. Between
600,000 and 700,000# of bulk fine original bag wool
will be offered at sealed bid sale in Roswell, New
Mexico on March 16, 17 and 18.
Texas Wools A good volume of 1960 twelve
months wool in original bags sold in Texas at $1.15
clean basis on a core test while lambs wool brought
around 52o to the warehouse and was estimated to
cost $1.05-1.10 clean basis, delivered East.
Mohair Occasional small lots of spot mohair
sold inTexas at 9l1} for adult and $1.21 for kid
hair to the warehouse.
Foreign Wools Cabled quotations from foreign
wool centers at week's end follow, with combing wools
converted to clean U. S. oil-combed yields and short
wools to scouring yields, in bond.
Australia
Oil-combed
77B $1.15 80B $1.04 424B $.94
78B 1.11 422b 1.01 425B .91
79B 1.06 425B .97


New Zealand
Oil-combed


$.86
.85
.81


Oil-combed
7 $1.07
8 1.04
12 1.05
47 1.04
48 1.05
52 1.01
55 1.00


107 -
114 -
128 -


South Africa


$.78
.77
.76


Scoured yields
17 $1.01
22 1.02
23 1.00
27 .99
28 .97
32 .95


Montevideo Super Skirted Wools: 64s 95f,
60/64s 900, 60s 86#, 60/58s 84#, 58/60s -
83f, 56/50s 82#.
Carpet Wools Trading for carpet wools
was slow. Greasy Buenos Aires November second
clip carpet wools were quoted at 740 and March
wools at 71#, New Zealand "B" style carpet
fleeces at 76-77# and early shorn wools at 740,
all clean fibers present for shipment.
Woolen Wools Sales follow:


Scoured Pulled Domestic
64/62s ave. 1" ave.
color $1.01
62s 5-4" ch. wh. 1.18
58/60s 2-5" ch.wh. 1.07
58s 2-5" ch. wh. 1.05
58/56s 2-5" stained .98
56/588 2-3" stained .98
56s 2-3" stained .95
56s 2-2j" ave.gray .75

Scoured Shorn Foreign
Aust. 64/70s fleece
choice white $1.26


Scoured Shorn Domestic
60s ave. lir white
$.97
56/58s ave. 1\
lambs good color .89
Fall Tex. ave.
color .95
Greasy Pulled Domestic
(Clean basis)
58s 2-5" gray $.70-.71
56s 3-4" choice $1.04
Noils
Def. Aust. 60/64s
nobles $.79
Clear terr. 56/58s
nobles $.64


Wool Tops Fleece 54s oil-combed tops
sold at $1.27 and dry-combed around $1.29 with
only slight interest in fine tops.Quotes follow:
Warp Aust. D/C !an) Dom. D/C
70s 1.79 60s- $1.65N 70s $1.69 60s -
64s 1.70 58/60s 1.61N 64s 1.64 $1.49
62s 1.65 62s 1.59 58/60s -
(N nominal) $1.45

CLOSING FUTURES QUOTATIONS Mar. 15, 1961
(Furnished by the Wool Associates of the New
York Cotton Exchange)
March wool tops $1.485
May wool tops 1.480
64s grade 2.55" minimum length
March wool $1.118
May wool 1.151
64s grade 2*" ave. stretched length






COLD STORAGE HOLDINGS OF MEATS AND LARD, FEBRUARY 28, 1961

The net-in-movement of red meat stocks to warehouses during February totaled 34
million pounds. This was 14 million more than the corresponding movement a year
earlier and 5 million more than average. Warehouse holdings of red meats on March 1
were 481 million pounds. This was the second smallest quantity recorded in storage
for the date. Beef stocks were reduced 8 million pounds during February. By March 1,
they totaled 149 million pounds. These stocks were 20 percent below holdings on the
date last year and 15 percent below the average warehouse holdings. Net increase in
pork stocks during February totaled 39 million which is also the average and compares
with a 31 million pound net increase last year during the month. The increase during
February brought March 1 stocks to 240 million pounds-second smallest quantity re-
corded in storage for the date. The smallest quantity recorded in storage on March 1
was 228 million pounds in 1958. On March 1, 1960, stocks totaled 343 million pounds.
All frozen pork items increased during February; frozen picnics were up 28 percent;
frozen ham 32 percent; and frozen bellies, 38 percent.

UNITED STATES STORAGE HOLDINGS OF MEATS AND LARD, FEBRUARY 28, 1961 WITH COMPARISONS
(Includes holdings in public, private and semi-private
cold storage houses and meat packing plants)


Commodity


Beef:
Frozen .
In cure and cured


: February
1956-60 av.

1,000 lb.


* .


Total .
Pork, frozen:


Picnics .
Hams .
Bellies .
Loins. .
Jowls .
Butts .
Spareribs .
Trimmings .
Other pork .
Total .
Pork in cooler:
Dry salt bellies .
Other dry salt pork
Other pork cuts .
Total .
Total pork .


163,438
11,621


February
1960

1,000 lb.


173,393
12,218


January
1961

1,000 lb.


148,291
9,091


February
1961

1,000 lb.


140,746
8,406


175,059 185,611 157,382 149,152

1/ 9,507 6,579 8,451
T/ 66,064 42,020 55,673
T/ 108,393 43,187 59,643
T/ i/ 6,729 6,851
T/ 1/ 6,771 7,703
T/ T/ 3,284 3,776
T/ T/ 7,868 9,296
T/ T/ 10,363 13,814
T/ 110,500 36,940 37,365
281,680 294,464 163,741 202,572

l/ 11,416 7,305 6,097
T/ 6,463 5,168 4,836
T/ 30,231 24,798 26,409
65,810 48,110 37,271 37,542
347,490 342,574 201,012 239,914


Other meats and meat products:
Veal, frozen .
Lamb and mutton, frozen .
Canned meats in cooler:
Hams . .
Other meats .
Total all meats .


12,850
9,337


S66,070


8,229
12,203


2(68,187


13,234
12,353

36,673
26,357


12,906
12,026

39,777
27,552


610,806 616,804 447,011 481,327


Lard, rendered and refined 3/ 135,602 146,800 114,300 4/
GOVERNMENT HOLDINGS 5/ -
Pork . 6,270 2,220 2,237 1,862
Beef . 7,678 2,147 2,657 2,294
1/ No historical data available. 2/ Includes other canned meats. 35/ In dry and
7old storage as reported by Bureau of Census. 4/ Not available. 57 Government
holdings are included in the totals and consist7of reported stocks-held by
U. S. D. A., the Armed Services and other Government Agencies.


. .*


* *





236


MEAT AND'MNEAT FOOD PRODUCTS PREPARED AND PROCESSED
UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION


Week ended -

Product : Feb. Feb. Feb. Feb.
4 11 18 25
S1961 1961 1961 1961
- -


1_9 000#
Placed in cure -
Beef / . 3,003
Pork 1/ . 55,276
Other / . 43
Smoked and / or dried -
Beef 1/ .. 715
Pork / 40,700


Cooked meat -
Beef. . .
Pork. .
Other *
Sausage -
Fresh finished. .
To be dried or semi-dried
Franks, wieners .
Other, smoked or cooked ,
Loaf, head cheese, chili,
jellied products. o
Steaks, chops, roasts o .
Meat extract. .
Sliced bacon l/ .
Sliced, other .1/ g/ .
Hamburger *
Miscellaneous meat product.
Lard, rendered .
Lard, refined .
Oleo stock o *
Edible tallow .
Rendered pork fat -
Rendered. *
Refined . .
Compound cont'g animal fat
Oleomargarine"
Canned product (for civilian


1,786
3,583
78

5,367
2,457
11,981
12,790

3,649
11,697
33
18,187
5,856
3,671
4,817
37,195
26,030
1,182
8,133

1,599
689
16,880
2,967


1,000#

3,107
55,283
23

1,061
41,838

1,760
3,721
64

5,280
2,504
12,130
12,805

3,810
10,662
14
18,736
5,892
3,751
5,048
36,701
27,444
1,572
7,927

1,835
763
16,304
2,544


1, 00


3,263
59,046
166

901
42,921


1,819
4,026
75


4,850
2,468
11,967
12,651

3,757
11,412
8
18,353
5,874
3,938
4,626
39,932
27,409
1,367
8,314

1,627
686
17,687
3,106


1, 000#

4,161
58,463
98

1,032
41,487


1,739
4,735
57

4,607
2,646
11,12C
11,439

3,158
12,250
1
17,093
5,462
3,840
4,681
38,418
24,870
1,081
7,864

1,484
684
20,198
3,347


use and Dept. of Defense). 51,526 50,999 54,261 52,229
Total l/ . 331,890 333,576 346,511 338,244
----------------------------------------------------
I/ This figure represents "inspection pounds" as some of the products may
have been inspected and recorded more than once due to having been subjected
to more than one distinct processing treatment, such as curing first, then
smoking, slicing.
2/ Includes sliced dried beef, sliced sausage, loaves, etc.
Meat Inspection Branch, Agricultural Research Service.






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258


PIG CROP REPORT MARCH 1961

SPRING SOWS IN 10 STATES UP 8 PERCENT: The number of sows farrowed and intended to
farrow in the spring of 1961 (December through May) for 10 of the Corn Belt States at
5,524,000 head is 8 percent more than the same period in 1960 but 9 percent below the
1950-59 average, according to the Crop Reporting Board. All 10 States (Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas)
show an increase in spring farrowings compared with a year earlier. The increases
range from 3 percent in Wisconsin to 23 percent in Nebraska. An increase of 20 per-
cent is indicated for Kansas, 17 percent in South Dakota, 8 percent in Minnesota,
Missouri, and Ohio, 7 percent in Iowa and Indiana, and 4 percent in Illinois. The
March 1 survey shows an increase of 2 percent (98,000 head) from the spring farrowing
intentions reported for these States as of December 1, 1960. The 10 States included
in this report accounted for 75 percent of the 1960 United States pig crop.

DECEMBER-FEBRUARY FARROWINGS UP 8 PERCENT: Sows farrowed in the 10 States during
December, January, and February totaled 1,831,000 head, 8 percent more than during
the same period a year earlier and 28 percent more than average. These farrowings
represent 33 percent of the December-May expected total, the same as a year earlier.
The 10-year average is 25 percent. On December 1, 1960 farmers intended to increase
December-February farrowings 8 percent, the same increase as is now reported for
this period. The number of sows farrowed in December was up slightly compared with a
year earlier, but most of the increase in December-February farrowings occurred in
January and February.

MARCH-MAY INTENDED FARROWINGS UP 8 PERCENT: Sows bred and intended for farrowing in
March, April, and May this year in the 10 States total 3,693,000 head, 8 percent more
than a year earlier but 21 percent below average. Increases from a year earlier were
indicated by all 10 States ranging from 2 percent in Wisconsin to 29 percent in
Kansas. The March 1 intentions for these months are 3 percent or 97,000 head greater
than the intentions reported in December.

JUNE-AUGUST INTENTIONS UP 5 PERCENT: Reported breeding intentions indicate 2,387,000
sows to farrow during the 1961 summer quarter (June through August) for the 10 States.
This is an increase of 5 percent or 116,000 sows from the 2,271,000 that farrowed
during the same period in 1960 and is 19 percent above the June-August 10-year average.
Seven of the 10 States indicate an increase in farrowings for this quarter. Intended
increases are 20 percent in Kansas, 19 percent in South Dakota, 10 percent in Iowa
and Nebraska, 5 percent in Missouri, 4 percent in Ohio, 3 percent in Indiana,
while Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota show no change.

ALL HOGS AND PIGS IN 10 STATES UP 4 PERCENT: The number of all hogs and pigs on
March 1, 1961 in the 10 States totaled 40,790,000 head. This was 4 percent larger
than the 39,318,000 head a year earlier, with 8 of the 10 States showing increases,
one State unchanged, and one with fewer hogs. Hogs and pigs 6 months old and over
totaled 13,512,000 head, 3 percent less than a year earlier.
The number of hogs and pigs under 6 months of age in the 10 States was 8 percent
larger than on March 1, 1960. There was a 9 percent increase in the number under 3
months of age and a 6 percent increase in the 3-6 month age group. Indications point
to about the same number of pigs saved per litter for the December-February period as
a year earlier. The 12,951,000 pigs under 3 months of age in the 10 States accounted
for 32 percent of all hogs and the 14,327,000 head in the 5-6 month age group repre-
sented 35 percent of the total.
The report for these 10 States is made possible by matched funds provided by
State Agencies and the United States Department of Agriculture under provisions of the
Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946.





259


Sows farrowing by quarters, Selected Corn Belt States


SDecember through February / March through May
State : 1961 r 1960
S g 1960 : 1.61 as % of r 1960 1961 as % of
1950-59 : : 1960 1950-59 2/ 1960
: 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: head head head Percent head head head Percent

Ohio ......: 133 127 137 108 242 194 210 o108
Ind. ......: 264 280 286 102 320 264 296 112
Ill. ......: 236 318 330 104 700 549 572 104
Wis. ......: 72 92 97 105 248 186 189 102
Minn. .....: 100 135 162 120 520 337 348 103
Iowa ......: 324 398 452 114 1,530 1,112 1,164 105
Mo. .......: 162 165 172 o104 334 277 305 110
S.Dak......: 24 36 42 117 288 189 221 117
Nebr. .....: 67 86 95 110 366 224 286 128
Kans. .....: 44 54 58 107 102 79 102 129
Total 10 :
States...: 1,426 1,691 1,831 o108 4,650 3,411 3,693 108






December through May 1] June through August
State : Average 1961 : A e1961
Average' Av-rage
: 1950-59: 1960 : 1961 : as % of : 1950-59 :1960 : 1,961 : as % of
: 3/ : 1960 : : 2/ : 1960
: 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: head head head Percent head head head Percent

Ohio ......: 375 321 347 108 159 165 172 104
Ind. ......: 584 544 582 107 328 326 336 103
Ill........: 936 067 902 o104 329 40o9 409 100
Wis. ......: 319 270 286 103 108 131 131 100
Minn. .....: 620 472 510 o108 183 219 219 100
Iowa ......: 1,854 1,510 1,616 107 538 602 660 110
Mo. .......: 495 442 477 108 197 206 216 105
S.Dak. ....: 313 225 263 117 44 59 70 119
Nebr. .....: 433 310 381 123 81 104 114 110
Kans. .....: 146 133 160 120 44 50 60 120
Total 10 :
States...: 6,076 5,102 5,524 o108 2,010 2,271 2,387 105

1/ December preceding year.


2to
to


llwuiber indicated by breeding intentions reports.
Sum of December thro'-.4. February farrowings and March through May intentions
farrow. Continued on page 240.






U. S. Department of Agriculture
Washington 25, D. C.


Postage ar


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08747 1 1 111 11 111111 lI11685ih h1
3162 08747 1685


OFFICIAL BUSINESS

Form AMS--5/21/61
Permit 1001.


University of Florida
Documents Librarian
11-4-59 The University Libraries
LS-CLS Gainesville, Fla.


PIG CROP REPORT CONTINUED FROM PAGE 259
Hogs and pigs: Number on farms by classes March 1, Selected Corn Belt States


Total under 6 months 6 months and older .All hogs and pigs
State : : 1961 : : 1961 : : :1961
: 1960 1961 : as % of : 1960 : 1961 :as % of: 1960 : 1961:as % of
: 1960 : : :1960 : : :1960
: 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: head head Percent head head Percent head head Percent
Ohio ...... 1,856 1,984 107 656 654 100 2,512 2,638 105
Ind. ......: 3,565 3,720 104 1,492 1,539 103 5,057 5,259 104
Ill. ......: 4,700 4,810 102 2,357 2,247 95 7,057 7,057 100
Wis. ......: 1,242 1,237 100 571 540 95 1,813 1,777 96
Minn. .....: 1,880 2,200 117 1,284 1,185 92 3,164 3,385 '107
Iowa ......: 6,735 7,390 110 4,820 4,627 96 11,555 12,017 104
Mo. .......: 2,660 2,800 105 1,120 1,018 91 3,780 3,818 101
s.Dak. ....: 533 655 123 522 548 105 1,055 1,203 114
:-Iebr. .....: 1,390 1,595 115 837 855 102 2,227 2,450 110
Kans. ..... 779 887 114 319 299 94 1,098 1,186 108
TI:.:l 10 :
States...: 25,340 27,278 108 13,978 13,512 97 39,318 40,790 o104


240




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