Livestock, meat, wool market news

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Title:
Livestock, meat, wool market news
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Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock, Poultry, Grain, and Seed Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock & Seed Division
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The Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
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regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Meat industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Wool industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Marketing -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
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federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

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Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
Statement of Responsibility:
Livestock, Poultry, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 27, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1959) issue.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for <Jan. 16, 1979-May 14, 1983> issued by: Livestock, Meat, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; <Nov. 12, 1983-> by: the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; 1996 issue\d by: the Livestock and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 47, no. 2 (Jan. 16, 1979).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 58, no. 40 (Oct. 6, 1990).

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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004691915
oclc - 04512121
lccn - sn 87043107
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ddc - 338.105
System ID:
AA00008493:00141

Related Items

Preceded by:
Market news (Washington, D.C.)
Succeeded by:
Livestock, meat, and wool weekly summary and statistics


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Full Text







MEAT



WOOL


LIVESTOCK DIVISION AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON 2S, D.0.


Vol. 29, No. 11


March 14, 1961


Week ended March 11


Page


Livestock Market Reviews 0 .
Livestock Market Receipts .
Stocker and Feeder Statistic
Estimated Percentage of S S F er
and Slaughter Cows in e Rece .

Steer Sales Statistics h mongly t a
Heifer Sales Statistics th moahly
Slaughter at Majoat Mnt .
Estimated Slaughter and oduct

Cattle Prices (with monthly
Hog Prices . .
Hog Purchase Statistics .
Sheep and Lamb Prices. *


* .
* *
* 0 *
Cattle
* 0 *


) .
.s)
* *
* .


Wholesale Meat Trade Reviews .
Wholesale Dressed Meat Prices
Wool Market Review .

Special to this issue


Early Lamb Crop, 1961. .
The Livestock and Meat Situation, March 1961
Livestock Prices and Composite Meat Values,
February 1961 . .


. 0 0 .
* 0 0 0 .

. 0 0 0 .


202
205
205


. 205


206
208
209
209

210
212
213
219

214
215
216


217
218

219


WEEKLY SUMMARY

AND STATISTICS


Asg Il-A Ag




Musketews


WEEKLY SUMMARY

AND STATISTICS


Ag #-AAgA






202


MIDWEST LIVESTOCK REVIEW

and

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES


A two-way trend featured trading on slaugh-
ter steers at midwest terminals. High-Good and
Choice generally sold steady to 50* higher while
those average-Good and below were steady to 500
lower at most points. Heifers reacted to a
higher heifer beef trade and sold generally
steady to 500 higher, although a few points
were weak to 25# lower. Cows closed steady to
$1.00 higher. Stockers and feeders were steady
at most points. Barrows and gilts were largely
steady to 250 lower; sows steady to 50* lower.
Slaughter lambs sold strong to fully $1.00 high-
er under the influence of curtailed receipts and
higher dressed lamb prices.

SLAUGHTER CATTLE AND CALVES High-Good
and Choice steers sold steady to 50* higher at
most midwest terminals. Steers average-Good and
below also shared in the price upturn at a few
markets but generally such cattle were slow to
sell and steady to 50# lower. At the same time,
Prime steers were 250-750 lower in Chicago as
supplies of such cattle continued unseasonally
large at 14 percent of the run. Steers under
1100# found the broadest outlet. Heifers were
generally steady to 500 higher, although St.
Joseph, Sioux City and St. Paul showed a steady
to 500 lower trend with the greatest decline on
Good and below. Cows sold steady to $1.00 high-
er with very moderate numbers and a 50#-$1.00
higher carcass trade, bullish factors. Bulls
were steady to 500 higher and vealers steady to
$1.00 higher in St. Paul and St. Louis. Slaugh-
ter steers and heifers made up the bulk of the
receipts at most points with Good and Choice
grades predominating. Prime steers were scarce
at most terminals but in Chicago the percentage
of Prime in the steer supply at 14 percent was
twice that of the same week a year ago.
In Chicago, 2 loads Prime 1250-1338# steers
brought $28.50 early with several loads Prime
1050-1375# at $28.25. However, at mid-week,
only 1 load sold at $28.25 and bulk of the Prime
and mixed Choice and Prime 1000-1400# went at
$26.75-27.75. At other points a few mixed Choice
and Prime 1150-1350# steers brought $26.00-27.50
and bulk high-Good and Choice 900-1300# cashed
at $23.75-26.75 with high-Choice 1000# to $27.50
in Chicago. Choice and mixed Choice and Prime
1350-1600# sold at $25.00-27.00. Bulk Good
steers brought $22.50-24.50. Mixed Choice and
Prime heifers sold at $26.00-26.75 and bulk
Choice at $23.75-25.75. Good heifers sold at
$21.00-24.00. Utility and Commercial cows
cashed at $15.00-17.50; Canner and Cutter
$13.50-16.00.

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND CALVES -
Shipments of stocker and feeder steers and calves
from the 10 markets totaled 28,000, compared
27,300 the previous week and 24,700 a year


earlier. Prices were mostly steady, but at
Sioux City trading unevenly steady to 50#
lower with the downturn on weights over 600#.
At Kansas City, stock calves closed weak to
500 lower after selling on a fully steady
basis earlier in the week. Storm conditions
early in the week over munch of the northern
half of the midwest tended to curtail buyer
attendance at markets in that area and was
a factor influencing temporarily narrowed
outlets. However, the start of a new grass
season is now in the near future and, as
usually is true at this time of year, there
was widespread demand for stockers, par-
ticularly for Good and Choice 350-700#,
offerings. However, trading generally was
slow. Feedlot operators continued to show
moderate interest in cattle suitable to go
immediately into drylot feeding, but buyers
usually were decidedly price conscious as a
result of the erratic and often bearish de-
mand which has existed for slaughter cattle
in recent weeks.
Majority Good and Choice 550-750# stock
steers brought $24.00-27.50, few loads
Choice and Fancy 525-625# $28.00-30.00.
Load 623# was included at $29.00. Medium
and low-Good stockers sold from $20.00-24.00.
Good and Choice 800-1050# feeder steers
bulked at $22.00-25.00, few loads partly
fattened 900-1050# included at $23.00-24.25.
Good and Choice yearling heifers sold chief-
ly from $22.00-25.00, several loads 500-550#
$26.00-26.50. Two loads Choice and Fancy
584-409# steer calves brought $33.00-54.00,
other Good and Choice steer calves cashed at
$24.00-32.00, majority $26.00-31.00. Good
and Choice heifer calves sold from $22.00-
28.00, several loads Choice and Fancy $28.50-
30.00. A few Good springer cows brought
$18.00 and a couple loads cows with calves
at side $18.50-20.00.

HOGS Terminal Markets Receipts of
hogs at the 12 markets totaled 294,000 head,
4 percent less than the previous week and
7, percent below a year earlier. Bulk of
the supply was made up of shipments of mixed
U. S. No. 1-3, 190-260# barrows and gilts.
In the western Corn Belt area there was also
a moderate showing of 270-3O0# but weights
under 200# arrived in relatively small num-
bers. The average weight of barrows and
gilts at the 8 markets was 231#. Sows again
comprised around 6 10 percent of the sup-
ply at the various markets. Trading and de-
mand proved uneven throughout the area. Out-
lets to order buyers were generally moderate,
but those interests took 40 percent of the
supply at Indianapolis. Prices in the whole-
sale pork trade were mixed, loins advancing







205


$1.00-2.00 during the period, other cuts ranging
steady to $2.00 lower. Prices on barrows and
gilts were somewhat uneven throughout the area
but generally worked higher during the early
part of the week only to .lose all of the advance
on late rounds to close steady to 25# lower at
most markets. Indianapolis was steady to 25f
higher. Sows closed steady to 50# lower.
On the close U. S. No. 1-2, 180-240# bar-
rows and gilts sold at $18.00-18.90, largely
$18.25-18.75. Bulk of the supply mixed U. S.
1-3, 180-260# offerings and brought $17.50-
18.25, mainly $17.75-18.25. U. S. 2-3 250-500#
butchers bulked at $17.25-17.75. U. S. 1-3,
270-600# sows sold at $15.00-17.00, up to $17.25
at Omaha.
Prices on feeder pigs were steady at both
Sioux City and St. Paul. Good and Choice 140-
160# at Sioux City sold at $17.00-17.50 while
Good and Choice 130-160# at St. Paul brought
$17.50-18.00.
Hogs Receipts in the Interior Iowa-
Southern Minnesota area were 2 percent less
than the previous week and a year ago. The de-
crease due primarily to the snow-storm on Wed-
nesday. Mild price advances made Monday were
lost on subsequent days, and late sales were
10-25# lower on barrows and gilts 180-240#, with
heavier weights steady to 10# lower. Sows
closed steady to 10# higher and made up about 5
percent of total receipts.
Mixed U. S. 1-3 200-240# barrows and gilts,
and including some 190-200#, sold late at $17.00-
17.75 with limited No. 1-2 $17.75-18.00. U. S.
1-3 270-400# sows brought $15.50-16.90; 400-
550# $14.25-16.15, mostly $14.25-15.75.

SHEEP AND LAMBS Receipts of sheep and
lambs at the 12 markets totaled 79,000 head,
12 percent less than the previous week and 9
percent below a year ago. Snowfall throughout
much of the midwest was a factor curtailing
slaughter lamb marketing. Reduced receipts
combined with a higher carlot dressed trade were
bullish factors stimulating demand on the live
trade. Slaughter lambs sold steady to fully
$1.00 higher, mostly 25-75# up. Lambs 10# and
heavier frequently showed the most upturn.
Slaughter ewes were mostly steady. Feeding and
shearing lambs were mostly steady except 50#-75#
higher at Denver.
Choice and Prime 90-116# wooled slaughter
lambs sold mostly from $17.00-18.00 on the close,
-sparingly to $18.50; 116-127# mainly $16.00-
17.00. Good and Choice 80-118# wooled lambs
$16.00-17.50. Choice and Prime 94-112# shorn
slaughter lambs with No. 1 and fall shorn pelts,
some No. 2 pelts, $16.00-17.00; few shipments
Choice and Prime 94-104# lambs No. 1 and fall
shorn pelts $17.25-17.50. Good and Choice 90-
117# shorn lambs No. 1-2 and fall shorn pelts
$16.00-16.50. Cull to Choice wooled and shorn
slaughter ewes ranged from $4.00-8.00.
Limited sales of Good and Choice 65-91#
wooled feeder lambs brought $15.00-17.50. A few


shipments of Good and Choice 85-107# shear-
ing lambs moved at $16.00-17.50, few to
$17.75.
Receipts of sheep and lambs in the
Interior Iowa-Southern Minnesota area were
little changed from the previous week but
25 percent over the same period last year.
Slaughter lambs were strong to 50# higher,
instances 75# up; slaughter ewes steady.
On Friday, Choice and Prime 80-105#
wooled slaughter lambs delivered to packing
plants brought mainly $17.00-17.50; Choice
and Prime 105-120# $15.50-17.00, Good and
Choice 80-110# $16.00-17.00. Choice and
Prime 80-105# shorn slaughter lambs with No.
1 and fall shorn pelts brought $16.00-16.50
with moderate volume 90-100# lambs with fall
shorn pelts $16.75-17.00; Choice and Prime
105-115# $15.00-16.25; Good and Choice 80-
105# $15.00-16.50. Cull to Choice wooled
slaughter ewes mostly $2.00-5.50.

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES

Note: Shrink on most range and feedlot
sales none to 5 percent, mostly 4 percent f.o.b.
some with short haul and 3 percent shrink. All
sales for immediate delivery unless specified.

ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND UTAH -
Direct trade on slaughter steers and heifers
was active with prices steady to 50# higher;
other slaughter and stocker and feeder classes
moderately active, steady. Old crop slaughter
lambs sold 50#-$1.00 lower.
Slaughter steers: Two loads Choice 975-
1000# $26.00 delivered to plant; 186 loads
Choice 900-1100# $24.75-25.50 with 27 loads for
March 20-April delivery; 41 loads Choice 1100-
1300# $24.00-25.00; 88 loads high-Good and
Choice 800-1100# $24.00-24.75; 27 loads high-
Good and Choice 1100-1325# $23.50-24.00 includ-
ing 15 loads to Texas; 56 loads mostly Good
900-1100# $23.25-24.15; 19 loads Standard and
Good 850-1075# $22.00-25.00; 12 loads Standard
720-1175# $21.00-21.60. Utah: 9 loads Choice
1050-1175# $23.50-24.00.
Slaughter heifers: Around 75 loads Choice
with an end of Good 600-1050# $235.50-24.50,
only 9 loads below $24.00; 7 loads Good with
Standard end 750-1000# $22.25-23.00. Utaht 8
loads Choice with Good end 925-975# $22.75-
23.00.
Stockers and feeders: Five loads Good and
Choice 600-950# steers $25.00-25.25 to continue
on feed; Good and Choice 575-975# $22.75-24.00;
Good and Choice 525-800# heifers $22.00-23.00;
Good and Choice 400-600# stock calves, steers
$25.00-27.00, heifers $23.00-25.00.
Slaughter spring lambs: Near 8,000 head
Choice and Prime 90-100# topped out of various
bands $20.00-21.00. Old crop slaughter lambs:
Around 22,500 head mostly Choice 100-115#
alfalfa pastured shorn with No. I and 2 pelts
$16.50-17.50. Utah: Ten loads Choice 105-110#









wooled $17.50; 5 loads Good and Choice con-
sidered low-yielding 109-113# wooled $15.50-
15.75.

COLORADO, SOUTHERN WYOMING, WESTERN KANSAS
AND WESTERN NEBRASKA Trading on slaughter
cattle direct at the feedlots was slow early in
the week, but demand improved, particularly on
heifers and trading turned rather active. Slaugh-
ter steers sold steady with heifers uneven,aver-
aging about steady. In Colorado, around 100
loads low to average-Choice 1125-1325# slaughter
steers $24.75-25.50; 32 loads high-Good to
average-Choice 1150-1250# $24.00-24.75; 2 loads
Good 1150# $23.40. Around 267 loads low to high-
Choice 775-1075# slaughter heifers $24.25-25.00;
16 loads high-Good and average-Choice 900-1025#
$23.75-24.25; 2 loads mixed Cutter and Utility
1000# cows $15.00. Western Nebraska: Around
10 loads mostly Choice 1125-1175# slaughter
steers $24.25-25.00; 8 loads high-Good to
mostly Choice 900-1000# heifers $23.75-24.35.
Wyoming: Three loads average and high-Choice
1350# steers $24.75; load average Choice 1000#O
heifers $24.50.
Trading on stockers and feeders slow.
Western Kansas:Around 12 loads Good and Choice
715-850# feeder steers $23.00-24.25; 14 loads
Good and Choice 600-700# heifers, late March de-
livery, $23.00-23.50.
Slaughter lambs sold steady to 50f higher,
on around 20,000 head. Colorado: Choice and
Prime 90-110# wooled slaughter lambs $17.25-
17.75; few loads 112-116# $17.00-17.50 with
120-126# at $16.75-16.85. Several loads Choice
108-111# shorn lambs, No. 2 pelts, $15.25-15.50.
Three loads Utility and Good slaughter ewes
$5.65-5.75. Wyoming: Around 2,000 Choice and
Prime 105# wooled slaughter lambs to California
buyer $16.50."

NEW MEXICO, WEST TEXAS, WESTERN OKLAHOMA,
SOUTHWESTERN KANSAS Clovis Area Slaughter
cattle moderately active and mostly steady, in-
stances 250 lower on heifers. Demand for stock-
ers and feeders good with prices steady. Load
Choice 1200# slaughter steers $26.50 delivered;
10 loads Good 1025-1075# $24.50; 2 loads Choice
1100# slaughter heifers $23.75; 8 loads Good
and Choice 750-900# $24.00; 3 loads Standard
850# $22.50. Around 12 loads Good 575-625#
slaughter calves $23.00-24.50; bulk $24.00-
24.50; 1,700 Choice 600-700# feeder steers
$26.00-27.00, near 20 percent cut at $23.00,
bulk for May; 300 Good and Choice 717# feeder
steers $24.50; 1,400 Good and Choice 550-610#
stock steers $24.50-25.50; 850 Medium 625-640#
$22.00-22.50. About 200 Choice 550-575# stock
heifers $24.00; 500 mostly Good, few Choice 550-
620# $22.25-23.50; 570 Medium and Good 530-600#
$20.50-21.00; 550 Choice 400-475# stock calves,
steers $29.00-31.50, heifers $26.00-27.00; 1,100
Good 400-425# $26.50 on steers, $24.00-25.00 on
heifers; 750 Medium 410# $24.00 on steers,
$21.00 on heifers.


Amarillo Area Trading on slaughter cattle
was slow,about steady; stockers and feeders firm.
Three loads Choice 1075-1100# slaughter steers
$25.65 delivered; 4 loads Good 1000# $23.50.
Five loads Good slaughter heifers 600-650#
$22.00; 4 loads Choice 975-1000# $24.50.Around
5,150 Good to mostly Choice 500-625# stock steers
$24.75-27.00, bulk for April delivery; 725
Medium and Good 625-725# $23.25-23.50; 1,000
Good 750-800# mostly for April delivery $23.25;
500 Good and Choice 500-575# stock heifers
$25.50-24.00; 1,200 575-75Q# $23.50 for up to
April; 900 Good and Choice calves 450-551#
steers $27.00-28.50, 450-475# heifers $25.25;
200 Medium and Good cows, few with calves at
side $170.00-187.50 per cow or pair.

IDAHO, OREGON AND WASHINGTON Trading on
slaughter steers and heifers moderately active,
steady to strong; stockers and feeders steady
to strong; slaughter lambs fully steady to 250
higher.
Slaughter steers: Good to mostly Choice
975-1300# $23.00-25.25, with some for delivery
up to June; mixed Good and Choice 1000-1100#
$22.50-23.00 for up to 2 weeks delivery.
Slaughter heifers: Washington and Idaho,
Good and Choice 850-1000# $22.50-24.00.
Stockers and feeders: Choice 650-788# steers
$25.00-25.75, 800# heifers $21.40; Good and
Choice 625#, steers $25.00, heifers $21.00. Good
and Choice 450# calves, steers $27.00, heifers
$25.00,
Slaughter lambs: Choice and Prime 93-112#
wooled and shorn, $16.75-18.00.

MONTANA, NORTHERN WYOMING AND WESTERN
DAKOTAS Direct trading slow on all classes.
Slaughter steers steady to weak; stocker and
feeder yearlings and cows scarce; stock calves
unchanged. Both slaughter and shearing lambs 25-
50f higher.
Cattle: Montana, 250 Choice 1100-1200#
slaughter steers $23.50-24.00; load high-Good
and Choice 2-year-old stock heifers $225.00 per
head. Calves: Montana Around 900 mixed high-
Good and Choice 425-550# steers $27.00-28.50;
175 high-Good to mostly Choice, steers 450#
$27.50, heifers 400-425# $25.50; 375 Good and
Choice 475-500# heifers $24.00-24.75. Northern
Wyoming 400 high-Choice around 400#Q for April 1
delivery, steers $32.50, heifers $29.00; 400
high-Choice 400-525# heifers $28.00.
Sheep: Montana and northern Wyoming 4,700
Good and Choice 100-l5# slaughter lambs $15.75-
16.50; 1,800 Good and Choice 117-125# $14.50-
15.30; 300 Choice 91# shearing lambs $16.00;400
Good and Choice 2-5-year-old bred ewes $15.00-
21.00 each.
Wool: Steady to strong. Eastern Montana -
Around 4,700# mostly half-blood lambs wool 55-
3612 grease basis. Northern Wyoming 70,00Q#
half-blood to mostly fine $1.05 -1.07, clean
basis; 50,OOQ half blood and fine 40-42f grease
basis; 120,000# mostly in small lots, bulk 55-40f.











WEEKLY RECEIPTS OF SALABLE LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKETS
--T ---CttiS ---t l Calves---- To ogs-7 --T Shee& and l -ambs
Market : Mar. 11 : Mar. 12: Mar. 11r Mar. 12 : Mar. 11 : Mar. 12 t Mar. 11" Mar. 12
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 1961 : 1960
Chicago ..............o. 55,055 59,615 140 175 29,565 29,462 2,858 4,650
Cincinnati ............. 2,570 5,115 599 552 12,754 15,847 454 425
Denver ................. 7,965 9,175 402 404 4,725 6,290 18,780 22,556
Fort Worth ............. 6,044 6,855 826 2,259 5,005 5,255 5,645 12,547
Indianapolis ........... 6,024 5,757 505 524 54,854 40,211 789 1,586
Kansas City ............ 18,115 18,920 1,557 700 17,680 15,562 4,516 7,572
Oklahoma City .......... 11,248 9,687 816 715 4,592 4,455 1,599 1,651
Omaha .................. 52,155 55,705 620 422 55,150 57,516 14,554 11,900
St. Joseph *............ 16,512 14,977 572 561 21,091 21,926 6,195 5,650
St. Louis NSY .......... 15,195 15,951 1,424 1,455 54,764 67,401 4,151 2,745
Sioux City ............. 25,259 27,891 668 672 50,765 29,255 6,575 8,558


S. St. Paul *...........
Total ..................


18.086


- 20.557 807


192,004 204,181


- _.906 46,684


15,514 15,121 295,605


46,88 1955_ 8,122
15,818 79,025 87,520


Mar. 4, 1961 207,275 15,582 304,559 89,521
--------------------------------------------------------------- ~------
INTERIOR IOWA AND SOUTHERN MINNESOTA
Mar. 11, 1961 Mar. 4, 1961 Mar. 12, 1960
Hogs ..... 548,000 555,000 557,000
Sheep .... 28,500 27,500 22,700
--------------------------------------------------------~-------------------
STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE: AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT, AND NUMBER
: Week ended Month t Two months
: Mar.9 : Mar.2 T Mar.10 : Feb. Feb. Jan-Feb.
: 1961 196, : 1960 : 1961 1960 1961 1960


Steers 1001# up ............
901-1000 ............
801-900 .............
701-800 .............
501-700 .............


775 1,040
1,776 2,081
2,550 3,258
5,195 3,979
10,852 9,633


Total steers 10 markets ...... 18,946
Av. wts. ...... 704#
Av. cost* ...... $24.06
" *" Chicago ......... 22.95
" Kansas City ..... 24.15
" Omaha ........... 24.09
" S. St. Paul ..... 22.50
" Sioux City ...... 25.55
" Denver .......... 22.71
" Ft. Worth ....... 25.51
" t Oklahoma City ... 25.49
" S. St. Joseph ... 24.49
" St. Louis NSY ... 22.90
Total calves 10 markets .... 9,072
" heifers .... 2,492
" cows n .... 557


19,991
728e
$25.77
22.58
23.93
23.43
19.80
25.50
23.83
23.20
23.13
23.88
22.44
7,316
2,719
550


* Not adjusted for differences in grade of


1,114
2,675
3,952
3,413
8,272

19,426
752#,
A24.73
24.87
24.73
24.74
23.69
26.59
25.39
24.58
25.65
24.14
24.13
5,243
2,596
414

cattle sold


3,197
7,225
12,002
11,948.
35,,259

67,609
725#
$23.97
23.12
23.70
24.09
22.10
25.58
23.12
23.68
25.26
23.97
22.77
30,233
9,945
2,522


2,708
8,058
12,378
14,492
32,316

69,952
752#
$24.05
23.27
23.80
25.88
22.25
25.52
23.55
23.75
23.74
23.66
23.04
31,380
10,381
2,634


7,406
17,711
29,687
31,371
85,081

169,256
724#
$24.32
23.38
24.05
24.52
22.08
25.96
25.29
23.57
23.32
23.56
22.96
100,525
24,361
6,968


5,329
16,341
27,363
34,747
68,697

152,477
730#
$23.81
235.37
23.53
23.78
21.96
25.25
24.74
25.29
22.82
23.39
22.82
85,972
21,519
5,515


at each market.


ESTIMATED PERCENT OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND SLAUGHTER COWS IN SALABLE RECEIPTS
= Kansas: "S -.-s S
Week ended hicagaha StLo Sioux S St. Indian- Ft. Okla. San
CWeek ended : cago ity :ma Joseph: LUS City Paul apolis :Dever:Worth City :Wichita: Antonio

Stockers and feeders
Mar. 10, 1961 2 35 9 13 8 26 7 10 5 60 67 50 50
Mar. 3, 1961 2 37 10 10 8 28 8 10 15 65 67 45 50
Mar. 11, 6' 2 40 13 16 3 18 8 8 10 60 70 355 50
Slaughter cows
Mar. 10, 1961 5 7 6 5 11 4 20 15 12 15 11 16 15
Mar. 5, 1961 5 7 8 7 11 6 27 15 15 15 9 20 18
Mar. 11 196r) 6 6 8 4 9 5 22 8 18 20 5 17 15


5:


8 18 20 5 17 15


5:






206


Grade


Prime.........
Choice........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial....
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime.....*....
Choice.........
Good.... .......
Standard...*...
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice........**
Good..........**
Standard......*****
Utility........
All grades.**...

Prime....... ..
Choice...... ..
Good...........
Standard......
Commercial.....
Utility.........
All grades.....


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER /-
Number of head Percent of total Average weight : Average price in
Number o by grades (pounds) !dollars per 100 lb.

Week ended
: Mar. 9 : Mar. 10l Mar. 9 : Mar. 10: Mar. "9 :Mar. 10 : Mar. 9 : Mar. 10
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 190 : 1901 : 1960 : 1961 1960
: 19-1-- 1960-------------------------------------------0
CHICAGO
3,808 2,306 13.9 7.9 1,266 1,259 27.54 31.05
17,484 13,827 63.6 47.5 1,199 1,220 25.97 28.23
5,152 10,960 18.7 37,7 1,106 1,122 23.98 26.17
669 1,653 2.4 5.6 1,002 1,026 21.25 25.00
9 6 .1 -- 1,568 1,378 20.00 21.50
364 369 1.5 1.3 1,032 1.068 18.97 19.56


27,486 29,101

175 124
7,827 5,555
7,465 10,385
760 746
82 145
16,309 16,955


188
7,350
3,777
649

11,964

10
1,917
4,467
784

101
7,279


OMAHA
1.1 .7
48.0 32.8
45.8 61.3
4.6 4.4
.5 .8


1,184

1,273
1,198
1,125
1,118
1,000
1,161


SIOUX CITY
192 1.6 1.5 1,182
4,055 61.4 31.1 1,184
8,228 31.6 635.1 1,126
384 5.4 2.9 1,110
183 1.4 -"
15 040 1,162

33 .1 .5 1,255
3,062 26.3 44.8 1,169
2,454 61.4 35.9 1,097
1,180 10.8 17.5 1,104

107 1.4 .5 978


1,1753

1,277
1,198
1,10
1,075
995


25.68

26.65
24.89
25.66
19.79
18.30


1,157 24.11


1,193 26.67
1,193 24.97
1,122 25.60
1,097 20.21
1,001 ""
- 1,145 4.33

1,148 26.25
1,111 24.97
1,106 25.75
1,053 20.87

997 18.62
1,098 23.71


27.36

28.49
26.97
25.19
20,69
18.70


25.60


28.94
27.05
25.75
21.07
19.58
26.00

28.61
26.15
24.87
22.70

19.15
25.05


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility.......
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good... ........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good..........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....
1/ Data collected


1,112
3,815
981

259
6,167


-
2,966
5,512
517

8,995


517
3,860
1,926

232
6,555


2,081
4,530
504
553
7,148


2,183 1,682
947 1,066
104 86
-- 10
3,234 2,844


18.0
61.9
15.9

4.2


-
7.9
59.1
29.5

-5.


33.0 29,1
61.5 63.4
5.7 7.0
-- .5




67.5 59.1
29.3 57.5
3.2 5.0
--" .4


1,077
1,042
972

949
1,0355



1,162
1,119
1,112

1,133


1,078
1,058
985

893
1,020



1,158
1,082
1,082
981
1,098


1,177 1,199
1,137 1,108
1,177 1,101
-- 827
1,166 1,161


by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


25.21
25.84
21.23

18.15
23.49



25.02
23.51
19.93

23.82



24.97
23.91
20.00

24.51


--
27.22
25.44
22.84
m-
19.75
24.67



26.69
24.98
20.76
18.95
25.18



26.31
25.00
20.38
16.50
25.65


6,836 1,115
-S- S-- - ---

















Prime...........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial....
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime...***..*.....
Choice.........
Good..........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice...,*,,,
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good.....**....
Standard.......
Utility.......
All grades.....


207
STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER 1

Number of head : Percent of total : Average weight Average price in
N by grades (pounds) ;dollars per 100 lb.
- --- -- ---------------------------------


Mo
'Teb. : Feb. : Feb.
J1960 : 3961 : 96
CHICAGO
15,226 16.5 11.5


61.7
22.1
3.7
.2
.8


81,618 57.5
29,199 22.0
4,958 3.0
197 .1
1,017 1.1
132,215


18,038
63,478
24,515
3,280
70
1,242
110,423


601 860 .9
26,097 29,981 39.8
34,654 44,073 52.8
5,645 4,161 5.5
649 698 1.0
65,646 79,773
imemmmmmm 13]
-S
497 1,138 1.1
25,629 22,830 57.0
16,486 22,400 56.6
2,400 1,378 5.3
615 -
45,012 48,561

157 17 .6
6,019 15,750 21.8
18,464 14,525 67.0
2,771 4,335 10.0

156 320 .6
27,567 34,947
ST.
!: - --


11 --
6,005 13.0
14,633 61.8
4,856 22.9

506 2.53
26,011


20 -
11,055 30.4 31.2
20,986 64.1 59.2
3,267 5.4 9.2
148 .1 .4
35,476
^- -- DENTTER -- -- -


Grade


Feb. : Feb.
1960: 1961

1,249 27.74
1,196 26.17
1,102 24.25
1,008 21.75
1,560 21.48
1,046 19.24
1,174 25.84


~ Feb.
1960

28.47
26.69
25.10
22.17
21.22
18.87
26.57


: ~ Feb.
:s 19611 -:


nth
:Feb. :
_: 1961 :

1,237
1,180
1,126
1,027
1,581
1,056
1,172


1,196
1,190
1,139
1,105
1,032
1 157

1,187
1,179
1,154
1,105

_1 157_

1,156
1,181
1,093
1,061

981
1,108


1,045
1,0953
1,042
985

909
1,033


1,250
1,149 1,147
1,122 1,107
1,089 1,071
967 985
1,128 1,115


SOMAHA
1.1
37.6
55.2
5.2
.9

IOUX CITY
2.4
47.1
46.4
2.8
1.53

IN9AN ITr

45.1
41.5
12.4

1.0




23.1
56.3
18.7

1.9


27.82
26.02
24.20
21.31

18.55
24.02


28.25
25.51
23.77
20.46
17.12
24.01


Prime.......... -- -- --
Choice......... 6,848 5,603 71.5 50.0 1,175 1,200 25.21
Good........... 2,618 5,096 27.4 45.4 1,124 1,143 24.235
Standard....... 78 416 8g 5.7 1,078 1,127 20.30
Utility........ 28 105 .3 *9 906 1,221 18.22
All grades..... 9,572 11,220 1,159 1,171 24.90
/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


1,153 26.76 27.48
1,187 25.15 25.64
1,142 23.93 25.91
1,061 20.59 20.24
1,075 19.14 17.68
1,154 24.25 24.39

1,1758 27 30 27.88
1,165 25.55 26.28
1,150 24.04 24.51
1,119 20.52 20.46
1,060 17.95
1,145 24.77 25.25

1,054 27.00 27.84
1,150 25.16 25.15
1,118 25.97 23.88
1,062 21.25 21.80

1,035 18.75 18.25
1,125 23.97 24.18


860
1,067
1,059
1,0053

910
1,047


28.00
25.68
24.20
21.58

18.08
23.71



25.51
25.83
20.37
18.50
24.10


2
5,003
14,289
5,292

527
23,113


8,707
18,379
1,548
23
28,657


25.47
24.29
18.94
17.76
24.64


S. ST.josm os






208


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER AT SEVEN MARKETS COMBINED 1/
-T --- --T- ____-_ --" -
: Number of head : Percent of total : Average weight Average price in
: by grades (pounds) dollars per 100 lb.
d-- -- -- -- -- ----- -- -------- --


iUL-.U


: Feb. Feb.
* 1961 : 1960


Month
Feb. : Feb. Feb. : Feb.
1961 : 1960: 1961 : 1960


Feb. : Feb.
1961 : 1960


Prime ........
Choice .......
Good ........
Standard .....
Commercial ...
Utility ......
All grades ...


19,295
139,781
129,205
19,014
70
2,625
309,990


17,272
172,842
150,912
23,371
197
5,409
368,003


6.2
45.1
41.7
6.1

.9
.9


4.7
47.0
41.0
6.3
.1
.9


1,234
1,178
1,115
1,050
1,581
1,014
1,146


1,240
1,179
1,117
1,044
1,561
1,036
1,147


27.69
25.71
24.02
21.11
21.48
18.96
24.85


28.59
26.18
24.25
21.16
21.22
18.20
25.16


HEIFERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER AT SEVEN MARKETS COMBINED 1/
-.----- ------------------------.----- ------ -.- _-. -^- _-----
: Number of head : Percent of total : Average weight : Average price in
S: by grades : (pounds) : dollars per 100 lb,
Grade


: "Feb. Feb.
: 1961 : 1960


Prime .........
Choice ........
Good ..........
Standard ......
Utility .......
All grades ....


1,790
49,466
55,265
8,819
1,643
116,983


1,941
51,487
59,769
10,464
1,626
125,287


* Feb.
: 1961

1.5
42.53
47.3
7.5


-- .on_ _
Feb. : Feb.
1960 : 1961


1.5
41.1
47.7
8.4
1.3


1,012
974
919
872
939
941


Feb. t Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 : 1961 : 1960


1,028
957
905
864
903
924


26.55
24.99
23.34
20.46
17.88
23.84


27.48
25.81
23.82
20.55
17.42
24.38


SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SlAUGHTER AT FIVE SPECIFIED MARKETS 1/
STEERS


Number of head


Market


: Feb. :
: 1961 :


Feb.
1960 :


Average weight
. (pounds)


SMonth
Feb. : Feb.
1961 1960


Average price
in dollars per 100 lb.


: Feb. : Feb.
: 1961 : 1960


Cincinnati ...........
Indianapolis .........
Fort Worth ...........
Oklahoma City ........
Sioux Falls ..........


5,249
12,339
2,318
3,101
7,9.'


3,895
13,857
35,712
4,532
7,996


1,072 1,032
1,042 1,067
941 968
1,119 1,093
1,158 1,145


HEIFERS
--------.-------------------------------------- ----------- -----------


Cincinnati ..*...****.
Indianapolis .........
Fort Worth ...........
Oklahoma City ........
Sioux Falls ........


2,300
3,301
1,840
1,942
6,264


2,601
3,650
1,494
2,125
6,053


758
858
648
870
969


766
859
652
823
955


22.83
25.32
23.44
23.74
23.11


24.04
24.16
25.95
23.06
25.85


1/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Division, A. M. S.


23.81
23.90
23.62
24.23
25.92


24.09
24.95
22.86
23.48
24.87








WEEKLY SLAUGHTER UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION AT MAJOR CENTERS

- -- ----- --- ^ -^^ C7v-a _- -p -- -^ -ab -
a Cattle : Calves : Hogs : Sheep and lambs
City or Area ar.11 : iMar.f2 : Mar.11 Mar.12 : Mar.11 :Mar.12 : Mar.11 : Mar.12
1 1961 1960 : J961 _190: 1961 1960 :1961 1960


Boston, New York City Area...
Baltimore, Philadelphia......
Cin.,Cleve.,Detroit,Indpla ...
Chicago Area...g.....
St. Paul-Wise. Areas.........
St. Louis Area...............
Sioux City-So. Dakota Area...
Omaha Area...................
Kansas City...................
Iowa So. Minnesota.........
Lou'1l.Evan*1l.Nash l.Mph's....
Georgia, Florida, Ala. Area..,
St. Jo'ph.Wichita, Okla.City.
Ft.Worth,Dallas,San Antonio..
Denver,Ogden,Salt Lake City..
Los Angeles, San Fran. Areas.
Portland, Seattle, Spokane...


11,270
8,126
18,604
12,420
24,568
10,099
19,095
54,455
14,755
24,182
5,280
9,444
19,908
9,871
19,810
29,417
8,154


12,152
7,780
17,040
15,907
27,261
10,474
21,410
52,555
15,545
27,565
5,496
6,899
18,747
9,106
19,550
27,042
6,920


10,929
2,400
5,487
5,000
15,011
1,075

81

6,297
2,218
4,1853
556
5,714
178
1,075
242


8,276
2,695
5,507
6,487
22,822
1,204

150

9,080
2,614
2,505
1,150
4,027
260
1,451
513


48,441
51,954
154,115
40,806
98,199
83,759
91,063
74,276
54,862
269,449
66,517
39,584
45,500
14,440
15,250
28,661
19,759


49,545
26,057
157,805
52,309
115,496
84,961
78,275
76,172
39,579
277,361
64,502
50,575
45,545
19,621
18,554
25,890
17,560


55,005
4,186
11,563
5,400
18,562
3,712
15,066
16,063

54,607


10,444
14,506
29,921
29,788
5,180


Total...................... 279,254 278,987 56,444 66,321 1,156,015 1,157,207 251,801 212,658


Accumulation to date.......


2,960,145
2,994,182


642,150


11,219,154
692,550 12,744,752


Week ended


ESTIMATDFJ) FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT PRODUCTION

SBee T I 7 T
S Be (excl. lard) and button t Total Total
:(xum- : and&i- Tt _2 T t N m= meat lard
- 1 : 1 ber1 : Prt : Tbr -: -
Sbe :Prod.* ber P rod e : : ber P Prod., prod. ; prod.
-e be be --. be : .
1,000 mil.lb. 1,000 mil.1b. 1,000 mil.lb. 1,000 mil.lb. mil.1b. mil.1b.


13.0 408.3
15.8 437.5

12.0 599.2


Percentage change from:
Mar. 4, 1961 .............
Mar. 12, 1960 .............


-8 -8 -5 -6
1 1 -17 -18


-5 -6 -6 -6
1 4 8 8


Week ended


Mar. 11, 1961 ..............
Mar. 4, 1961 ..............
Feb. 18, 1961 ......*.......
Mar. 12, 1960 ..............


A- -v------ eraew t (- Lard
Cattle Calves Hogs 2, 5 hee : yield
... _*_ -s and lambs : per
- Lrev:Dressed : Llve:Dressea T riveTDeised;: Lve : Dresse : 100 lb.


1060
1055
1050
1055


610
607
598
605


185
190
200
184


105
107
112
106


13.9


1/ Actual slaughter. V/ Excludes lard.


37,474
4,178
10,750
2,567
12,556
4,072
14,875
12,442

27,195


7,767
15,757
28,951
32,566
5,748


2,554,831


2,481,736


Mar.
Mar.
Feb.
Mar.


11, 1961 .............
4, 1961 ...........
18, 1961 0 .........
12, 1960 .#..........


540
370
568
338


207.4
224.6

204.6


853
87
99
100


8.7
9.3

10.6


1,315
1,580
1,587
1,502


179.2
189.8

172.0


41.6
41.4















Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100#
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


700-900#
600-800
- All wts.


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


CATTLE: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds
: : : North
Chicago Kansas City : Omaha Denver Portland

Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. : Mar. Mar. Mar. : Mar.
11 : 12 11 12 *11 12 : 11 12 11 12
1961 1960 1961 : 1960 1961 1960 1960 1961 1960

Slaughter cattle calves and vealers


27.55
27.48
26.05
25.80
25.55
21.08


25.02

19.95


16.50
16.50
15.58
15.82


30.75
31.25
28.78
28.82
25.92
22.58


27.40
m--
21.50


17.48
17.12
16.35
14.78


25.48
25.12
23.65
20.50


24.72
22.68
19.75


16.35
15.98
15.55
14.60


18.68 22.38 17.50
18.92 21.90 17.75


29.50
26.50
22.00


33.00
51.00
26.50


25.25
21.75
19.00


29.00
25.25
20.75


27.00
26.88
24.90
21.78


26.12
24.15
21.52


18.00
16.80
15.50
13.88


26.95
26.88
25.78
25.68
25.42
20.08


25.08
22.58
19.75


16.55
15.80
15.10
14.30


20.45 17.50
20.20 17.50


27.00
24.50
21.75


29.00
26.25
23.00


26.50
23.50
20.25


29.62
29.50
27.90
27.68
24.60
21.08


27.00
24.18
20.58


17.80
16.78
15.60
14.58


24.98
24.98
22.65
19.90


24.25
22.50
19.50



16.41
14.88
13.62


21.12 --
20.85 18.50


26.50
26.45
23.50
19.75


25.88
22.80
19.15


18.05
16.72
15.42
14.35


25.12
24.50
23.25
20.50


25.75
22.00
19.00



15.25
13.75
12.531


27.25
26.88
25.50
22.50



24.25
21.50


18.50
17.00
14.62
12.50


-- 21.12
20.45 19.50 21.81


25.38
21.88


31.50
29.538
25.25


27.00
24.50
21.00


Stocker and feeder cattle and calves


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium

Heifers -
Choice
Med. & G


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


500-750#
d. 500-750


Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 300-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice


Heifere -
Good & Choice


26.75
24.58
21.50


29.00
26.25
23.00


26.88
24.25
20.50


-- -- 23.50
-- -- 20.50


28.75
25.75
21.75


26.538
24.58
21.12


25.50 24.25
21.75 20,75


- 16.25 17.25 15.25


28.00
25.12
21.25


25.88
24.00
21.25


25.00 24.25
21.75 21.50


15.25 16.50


-- 28.50 30.50 29.00 30.50 29.50


-- 25.25 27.25 25.25 27.00 27.50


26.75
24.50
21.50


24.75
25.50
20.25


24.45 --
22.00 19.75


16.75


28.50
25.75
22.50


32.50
29.50
25.00



25.25
23.50
20.50


23.75
20.50


-- 15.50


30.50 25.88


28.00


28.25 23.62 25.50


210


Heifers -
Choice
Good
Standard













Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100#
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


Heifers -
Choice
Good
Standard


700-900#
600-800
- All wts.


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


CATTLE: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES
In dollars per 1&fl pounds

: : : : North
: Chicago Kansas City Omaha Denver : Portland
~- 7 ~ -: - -"" --- ---' ~
:Feb. : Feb. : Feb.: Feb. : Feb.: Feb. : Feb. : Feb. : Feb.: Feb.
1961 : 1960 : 1961: 1960 : 1961: 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961. 1960
lau r tle calves and dealers : :
Slaughter cattle calves and vealers


27.96
27.60
26.66
25.84
24.30
21.69


25.66

21.12


16.30
16.14
15.42
14.04


28.51
28.54
27.25
26.75
24.72
21.70


26.54

20.50


15.95
15.48
15.05
135.60


-

25.85
25.65
23.90
20.68


24.94
22.96
19.78


16.49
15.68
14.92
13.99


26.26
26.14
25.98
21.08


25.63
23.52
20.533


16.68
15.49
14.78
15.52


27.30
27.08
26.15
25.82
23.87
20.94


25.53
25.34
20.56


16.50
15.64
14.82
135.95


27.99
27.79
26.58
26.12
23.58
20.10


26.52
23.44
19.78


16.05
15.14
13.99
15.14


19.57 21.53 17.69 19.06 18.05 19.25
19.72 20.40 17.94 18.74 18.16 18.63


28.85
26.02
21.70



26.92
24.54
21.50


30.95
29.40
25.48


23.06
21.22
19.22


27.88
24.58
20.52


25.46
25.50
20.58


28.78
26.00
22.25


26.20
23.24
20.03


-

25.60
25.56
22.95
20.00


24.83
22.58
19.50



15.99
13.97
12.84


26.06
25.65
22.65
18.96


25.75
22.58
19.00


17.57
16.25
14.55
15.47


-

25.47
24.56
25.52
20.58


23.37
21.72
19.19


16.88
15.03
15.76
12.03


26.47
25.79
24.75
22.12


24.34
23.00
20.69


17.71
15.89
15.17
10.81


20.81
18.40 19.69 19.25 21.44


25.63
25.75
20.75


Stocker and feeder cattle and calves


?7.75
25.31
21.81


26.28
23.90
20.14


26.94
24.59
20.88


26.57
24.44
21.19


26.88
24.25
20.25


25.88
24.00
21.25


26.00
24.00
21.00


25.50
20.06


30.28
28.00
24.19



24.50
22.88
20.00


28.50
25.62
22.50


31.72
29.28
25.00



24.81
23.50
20.25


Heifers -
Choice 500-750#
Med. & Gd. 500-750

Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 500-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice


Heifers -
Good & Choice


- 25.51
- 20.00


- 15.62


24.06 24.25 24.44 24.25 23.62
19.94 20.75 21.50 21.50 21.25


16.12 15.38 14.00 16.50 16.00


- 27.69 29.28 29.19 29.94


- 24.42 26.40 25.25 27.00


-- 23.50
19.00 20.25


-- 15.06


29.50 30.00 25.19 26.88


27.12 27.40 23.00 25.06







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213


HOGS: AVERAGE COST. WEIGHT. AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPER PURCHASES 1/
.------------- ..---..w.-------- --------------....--------..--------------------.,. w- -
Louis Kan- S. S. '8-
Chi. Nati. is :maha Sioux St. St. Indian- mkts.
Week ended cago Stock !City :I City Joseph Paul apolis com-
Yards bined
**,.* S
---------------- -------------- ----------------------- --------
AVERAGE COST Dollars per 100 pounds
Barrows Mar. 11, 1961 17.85 17.87 18.00 6"18.22 17.98 18.08 17.92 17.77 17.94
and Mar. 4, 1961 17.78 17.83 17.89 17.89 17.80 17.90 17.80 17.94 17.85
gilts Mar. 12, 1960 15.38 15.28 15.60 15.85 15.79 15.77 15.82 15.46 15.58
Mar. 11i, 1961 16.01 16.53 16.58 16.78 16.26 16.54 16.20 15.79 16.34
Sow* Mar. 4, 1961 15.97 16.41 16.56 16.50 16.52 16.43 16.54 15.97 16.32
T-ar. 12. 1960 13.32 13.64 13.95 14.10 13.89 15.95 13.89 13.45 13.73
AVERAGE WEIGHT ------------ Poundi----------------- --
Barrows Mar. 11, 1961 234 219 203 257 242 232 232 226 251
and Mar. 4, 1961 234 225 233 238 243 231 232 222 232
gilts Mar. 12, 1960 235 217 224 235 241 224 232 222 227
Mar 11, 1961 451 399 420 432 448 417 425 455 429
Sow Mar. 4, 1961 446 404 433 432 443 425 424 442 428
Mar. 12. 1960 451 401 404 430 445 592 420 439 426
NUMBER OF HEAD -
Barrows Mar. 11, 1961 23169 49134 15395 28388 27691 18900 57070 50705 230452
and Mar. 4, 1961 22351 49493 14817 34585 28445 22530 39370 26283 237870
gilts Mar. 12, 1960 23367 62548 14259 31679 25447 19475 36519 35817 249111
Mar.. 1, 1961 2294 4344 911 3000 2090 1145 2480 2244 18508
Sows Mar. 4, 1961 2017 4141 1069 3671 2189 1581 2733 2127 19528
Mar.... 1. 25.1 9603Q2... 817 3139. .1848 1142 .2241 ..2599 17322.
SOWS Percentage of total
Mar.11,1961 9 8-" 6 10 7 6 6 7 7
Mar. 4, 1961 8 8 7 10 7 7 6 7 8
Mar. 12. 1960 10 5 5 9 7 6 6 7 7
------ -- w ^ ...^.. -.. 1.. .......... .......5.... W------.-. --.W.. ..........6 .......^ .......7.......!
1/ Weighted average.
WEEKLY AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED
FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG. COMPARED WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGS, CHICAGO
---------------------- --------- ---------- ---------......r s----r -; -----
Hog products I/ Hog prices :ormar 3
Mar. 11, 1i961 -- -$19. 88-T .. $18.16 $1.72
Mar. 4, 1961 20.20 18.12 2.08
ar. 12. 1960 17.43 15.68 1 .75.........
1/ Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 lb. of live hog com-
puted from wholesale prices on carlot basis. Chicago, reported by National Provisioner
daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1, 2 and 3 hogs, 200-220# wt. Chicago,
3/ Difference between wholesale product value and hog prices.

HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
Barrows and Corn./ Hog-corn
Week ended gilts 1/ No. 3. yellow price ratio
Dollars per Cents per based on
100 pounds bushel barrows and gilts
Mar. 11, 1961 17.85 11-.9 15.7
Mar. 411, 1961 17.78 111.9 15.9
Mar.* 4., 1961 17.78 111.9 15.9
l1ar. 12, 1960 15.38 113.8 13.5
1/ WJeirhted average. 2/ Simple average.






214


WHOLESALE MEAT TRADE REVIEWS


LESS THAN CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

EASTERN SEABOARD Steer beef sold steady
to $1.50 lower, bulk 500-1,00 off; cow beef
steady to $1.00 lower; veal and calf mostly
steady, instances $2.00 lower at Washington
and Baltimore; lamb mostly steady but pronounced
weakness at New York and, instances $2.00 lower
at Baltimore. Pork loins were $1.00-3.00 lower
at Baltimore and Philadelphia; steady to $1.00
lower at other markets. Early downturns at
Washington were partially recovered late, large-
ly through urgency in volume accounts and at
New York late outlet improved markedly. Fresh
skinned hams closed steady to $2.00 higher and
other pork cuts steady to $3.00 lower.
Prices were 50# to mostly $1.00 lower for
Choice and Prime kosher steer forequarters;
lamb $1.00 to mainly $2.00 off. Kosher veal
and calf sold mainly steady to $1.00 lower.
Trading was generally slow with demand
moderately good. Veal and calf were moderately
active. Beef chucks were extremely slow at
most points while at New York plates, briskets
and flanks along with hindquarters moved very
slow. Beef supplies were mostly normal and
clearance incomplete at Washington and New York.
There was some carryover of veal, calf and lamb
at New York, but clearance good at other mar-
kets. Supplies of veal, calf and lamb were
curtailed slightly at Philadelphia and New York.
Pork cleared well on the Eastern Seaboard with
supplies near normal for the most part.

CHICAGO Beef closed mostly steady, in-
stances 500 lower on Good grade steer carcasses;
veal $1.00-2.00 higher; lamb steady to $1.00
higher. Pork loins were $1.00-2.00 higher;
Boston butts 4-8# 500-1.00 higher; spareribs
5# down steady.
Supplies of beef, lamb and fresh pork were
about normal. Good and low-Choice grades pre-
dominated in the steer and heifer supply. Com-
paratively few 35-45# lamb carcasses available,
bulk 55# and over. Moderate veal offerings were
less than the previous week due primarily to bad
weather north of Chicago. Trading on carcass
beef was slow with prices mostly steady. Out-
lets were good for beef ribs but other primal
cuts were slow. Additional fabricating aided
in the clearance of beef loins. First advance
recorded on veal since February 5 this year in
a moderately active trade. Trading on lamb
generally was slow. Fair early demand on lamb
legs, stews and shoulders, all cuts clearing
evenly from Wednesday on. Fresh pork trade
started slow but turned fairly active on loins
and Boston butts.

PACIFIC COAST Steer beef sold steady to
500 higher, mostly steady in San Francisco, cow
beef was firm in the northwest and 50#-1.00
higher in California. Calf and veal were mostly


steady, except weak to $1.00 lower in Los
Angeles. Lamb closed steady to 500 higher,
the upturn limited to the northwest. Fresh
pork sold mostly steady to $1.00 higher, smoked
hams strong to $2.00 higher and other smoked
pork steady.
The supply of steer beef was generally
ample, except 500-600# carcasses somewhat short
of the demand and trading was rather active.
Cow beef continued in rather short supply and
trading generally was active. Calf and veal
offerings were about normal and trading moder-
ately active. A plentiful supply of lamb sold
under a fair demand. The first spring lambs
of the season were offered in California. A
generous supply of pork cleared fairly well in
the northwest, but was slow in California.

CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

MIDWEST CARLOT DRESSED MEAT SUMMARY -
Choice steer beef closed mostly steady; Good
steady to mostly 500 lower; heifer beef steady;
cow beef 500-1.25 higher. lamb sold 75#-1.50
higher; pork loins $1.00-2.00 higher; fresh hams
50#-2.00 lower; Boston butts steady to 50# lower.
Pork sides were steady to 55# higher.
Steer and heifer beef prices were under
pressure despite the reduced supply as demand was
rather poor. Clearance of these classes was in-
complete. Other classes met a moderately good
demand with supplies slightly below normal and
clearance generally complete.
Following prices f.o.b. packing plant.
Choice 600-700# steer carcasses closed at $40.25-
41.00, few carlots $41.50; 700-800# $59.00-40.00,
few carlots $40.50; Good 600-700# $56.50-58.00,
high-Good $58.25-59.25; Good 700-800# $56.00-
58.00. Choice 500-700# heifer beef closed at
mostly $59.00-59.50; Good $35.50-37.00; Utility
cow beef $28.50-50.00, some sales in the Eastern
section $50.50-50.75. Choice and few Prime 45-
55# lamb carcasses mostly $33.75-36.00; pork loins
8-12# $40.50-41.50; fresh hams 12-14# $41.00-
43.50; 14-16# $59.00-41.00; Boston butts 4-8#
$51.00-55.00. U. S. 1,2 and 5 155-155# pork
carcasses $25.60-26.45; 155-175# $25.40-26.55.


CARLOT SUMMARY Chicago, Denver, New York
and Philadelphia. Trading on steer and heifer
beef was generally slow with prices on steer
beef steady to $1.00 lower. Heifer beef closed
steady to 750 higher, except weak to mostly
$1,00 lower at Philadelphia. Cow beef was
moderately active, 25#-1.00 higher, mostly 500-
1.00 up. Lamb closed strong to $2.00 higher.
Pork loins were $1.50-2.00 higher in Chicago,
but weak to 50# lower at Philadelphia.
Supplies of most classes were about normal,
except cow beef scarce at Denver. Demand for
steer and heifer beef was rather poor at most
points with demand for other classes fairly good.









EiOLESALE DRESSED MEAT PRICES LESS THAN CARLOT BASIS
Weekly average of daily quotations in dollars per 100 pounds
New York Chicago San Francisco Los Angeles
Classification -
: Mar.11:Mar.12 I Mar.11 :Mar.12 : Mar.11: Mar.12: Mar.11 :Mar.12
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 3 1961 ; 1960
Steer beef -


Prime
Choice


Good

Heifer beef -
Choice


700-800#
600-700
700-800
500-600
600-700

500-600#
600-700


Good 500-600
Veal -
Prime 90-120#
Choice 90-120
Good 90-120
Lamb -
Prime 45-55#
Choice 45-55
Fresh pork -
Loins 8-14
Butts 4-8
Spareriba 5# down
Cured pork -
Hams, smk. skd. -(Cook
before eating) 12-16#
Bacon, smoked, sliced -
1# package (box lots)
Picnics, smoked (Cook
before eating) 4-8#
Lard, 1# carton


44.25
44.25
45.00
41.50
41.75


62.00
54.00
47.00


48.00
47.50
46.25
44.00
44.50


64.50
55.50
50.00


45.25
41.75
40.50
40.50

41.50
41.50
59.25

59.80
55.80
48.20


46.00
44.75
42.75
42.75

44.50
44.50
41.50

58.50
53.50
50.00


41.75
40.50
41.00
59.25

59.50





55.00


44.58
43.00
45.50
42.00

43.50
42.50




55.00


41.06
40.19
40.75
59.25

40.94
40.25
40.00


44.25
42.50
43.00
40.62

45.25
42.12
42.00


57.75 46.40 57.65 44.58 59.00 44.50 59.50 42.00
37.50 44.40 37.65 44.38 59.00 44.50 59.50 42.00


44.95
55.70
41.20


46.05
34.10
39.75


43.10
54.05
58.00


45.65
30.45
56.30


51.50
42.00
46.50


48.00
37.50
43.00


46.50
41.50
45.58


44.88
55.58
41.58


47.50 45.50 52.25 50.25 51.00 50.00 48.62 48.62

50.00 38.00 54.50 44.75 57.00 45.00 54.50 46.25


55.00 29.70 56.00 355.50 55.00 50.00 55.00
18.00 12.62 18.25 12.50 18.00 15.50 19.00
-------------------------------


51.62
14.75


BULK PRICES CARLOT BASIS WEEK ENDED MAR. 10, 1961
Classification -Prce -- -e------d--- F 0 -- c s l--
Ciao : enver -:- NewYor PhiladelhtIa


sieer 5eel -
Choice


Good


Heifer beef -
Choice

Good


Cow beef All weigh
Utility
Canner and Cutter
Lamb -
Prime 55-
45-j
55-(
Choice 55-
45-i
55-(
Fresh pork -
Loins 8-


41.00-41.50
40.00-40.50
39.00-59.50
57.50-58.50
57.50-58.50
57.50-58.00

59.50-40.00
59.00-39.50
57.00-57.50
56.50-57.00

29.50-30.50
51.00-51.50

37.00-59.00
35.00-36.00
52.50-54.00
37.00-59.00
55.00-56.00
52.50-54.00


40.00-40.50
59.00-59.50
58.00-58.50

58.50
55.00-58.00

40.50
58.00-38.80



29.50-51.50


55.50-56.00
54.00-55.00
50.50-32.50
35.50-56.00
54.00-55.00
30.50-52.50


40.25-40.75
59.25-59.75
58.25-38.75

57.50-58.25
56.25-37.25

39.00-59.25
39.00-59.25
56.00-56.25
56.00-56.25

28.50-29.50
29.50-50.50


55.75-54.75
31.75-32.25

355.75-54.75
51.75-32.25


45.00-45.50
42.00-42.50
41.00-41.50
40.00-41.00
59.50-41.00
39.50-40.50









58.00-41.00
56.50-58.00
34.50-55.50
58.00-41.00
56.50-58.00
54.50-55.50


12# 41.00-42.00 41.00-41.50
-------------------------


42.00-42.50
41.00-42.00
59.50-40.50

59.00-41.50
58.00-40.50


40.50-41.50



31.00-31.50
50.75-31.50

38.50-39.50
56.50-57.50
52.00-55.50
58.50-59.50
36.50-57.50
52.00-553.50

41.00-42.00


600-700#
700-800
800-900
500-600
600-700
700-800


500-600#
600-700
500-600
600-700


its -


45#
55
35
45
55
35









BOSTON WOOL MARKET REVIEW


Trading for greasy domestic worsted wools
at the Boston market was slow as prices held
about steady.
Trading on pulled wools was moderately
active but supplies of some grades were limited
and prices continued firm. Trading for noils
was moderately active at steady prices; scoured
shorn wools were slow.
Trading in the territory States was slow
with only occasional sales made. Trade was
slow in Texas, although demand was moderately
good for medium fleece wools.
Cabled reports at midweek from Australia
showed Japan and the Continent the principal
operators with quotations steady to strong. At
Timaru, New Zealand, prices were weak under
general competition while Italy, Germany and
Japan were the principal operators in South
Africa at steady prices. Buenos Aires carpet
wools were slightly easier while in Montevideo,
United States topmakers showed interest in 60s
and 60/64s as prices tended slightly easier.
The Crop Reporting Board of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture announced the average
price received by farmers for wool on February
15, 1961 was 59.90 per grease pound. This com-
pared to 59.5# for January 15, 1961 and 42.6#
on February 15, 1960.
Fleece Wools Mixed medium fleece wools
sold at 940 clean basis while medium fleece
lambs wools brought 80-81# clean. Buyers were
paying 40-420 grease basis to the growers for
medium fleeces in the country.
Territory Wools Original bag territory
wool, bulk fine and half-blood grades, good
French combing and staple length, sold at
$1.05-1.10 clean basis. Buyers were paying 40-
410 grease basis to the growers in western
Idaho for bulk medium wools and from 58-424 for
fine and half-blood wools in the Big Horn Basin
of Wyoming. Prices paid to growers in the
So. San Joaquin Valley of California ranged
from 56-424 in the grease.
Texas Wools Trade in Texas was practi-
cally at a standstill. Occasional lots of 8
months wool sold around $1.05 clean basis de-
livered East.
Mohair There were sales of mohair at
91# for a Eult and $1.21 for kid hair to the
warehouse with occasional small spot lots at
922# and $1.22i,respectively.
Foreign Wools Trade in spot foreign
wools was very dull. Cabled quotations at
week's end follow with combing wools converted
to clean U. S. oil-combed yields and short
wools to scouring yields, in bond.


Australia,
Oil-combed
77 -$1.15 422 -
78 1.11 423 -
78A- 1.09 424 -
79 1.06 425 -
80 1.04


New Zealand
Oil-combed
$1.01 79 $.92
.99 95 .86
.97 854 .86
.92 100 .85
107 .79
114 .78
128 .76


South
Oil-combed
7 $1.05
8 1.03
12 1.03
47 1.05
48 1.00
52 1.00
55 .98


Africa
Scoured Yields
17 $1.00
22 1.00
25 .99
27 .99
28 .95
52 .94
55 .92


Montevideo Super Skirted Wools 64s 95#,
60/64s 90#, 60s 86#, 60/585 84#, 58/60s -
85#, 56/50s 824.
Carpet Wools Trading for carpet wool con-
tinued dull. Greasy Buenos Aires November second
clips were quoted around 75#. New Zealand "B"
style fleeces at 75-76#, soft cotts at 74N,
second shear wools at 74# and carpet slipes at 75#,
all clean fibers present for shipment. Dealers
were asking 75-76 2 for white India Vicaneer carpet
wools. Pakistan/India carpet wools closed firm at
the Liverpool sale with prices generally unchanged.
Woolen Wools Sales follow:


Scoured Pulled Domestic


60s
58/60s
56/58s
56/58s
56s


1-2" ave. color
2-51" stained
21-24" ch. wh.
2-5" stained
2j-52" ch. wh.


$.92
.97
1.02
.92
1.05


Greasy Pulled Domestic
(Clean basis)
64s 2-5 choice $1.16
60/58s 2 -5." def. 1.07
58s 22-51 choice 1.08
Wool Tops Trade in wool
odd lots of fleece 54s, territory
Quotes follow:


Warp Aust. D/C


70s -
64s -
62s -
60s -
58/60s


$1.82
1.74
1.68
1.66
1.65


Oil-combed
58/60s $1.61
56s -
50/56s --
48/50s -


Noils
Clear Aust.64s
nobles $.91
Clear Aust.
64/62s nobles.90
Semi-clear Aust.
62/64s nobles .81-82
Domestic 58s
nobles .62
Domestic 56s
nobles .58
Clear N.Z. X-bred
50s nobles .75


tops dull.


Small


ry 56s and fine.


Warp Dom. D/C
$1.72
1.67
1.62
1.55
1.48


Territory
$1.46
1.55
1.55


Fleece

$1.55
1.50
1.29


CLOSING FUTURES QUOTATIONS Mar. 9, 1961
(Furnished by the Wool Associates of the New York
Cotton Exchange)
March wool tops $1.481
May wool tops 1.490
64s grade 2.55" minimum length
March wool $1.111
May wool 1.154
64s grade 21" ave. stretched length










EARLY IAMB CROP MARCH 1, 1961

SHEEP AND IAMBS ON FEED IN 7 STATES: Sheep and lambs on feed for market in 7 major feeding
States totaled 1,588,000 head on March 1, 1961--35 percent below the number on feed in these
States January 1, 1961, according to the Crop Reporting Board. Texas showed an increase of 2
percent from January 1, 1961. Decreases were 61 percent in Kansas; 51 percent in California;
59 percent in Nebraska; 35 percent in Colorado; 55 percent in South Dakota; and 23 percent in
Iowa. The number on feed in Texas does not reflect the total number of yearlings that will be
marketed during the next few months as some yearlings were not "on feed" on March 1.
Of the total on feed in the 7 States, 579,000 were placed on feed during January and Febru-
ary. Marketings of fed sheep and lambs during January and February totaled 1,435,000 head for
these States.
In the 7 States the classification of sheep and lambs on feed March 1 by weight groups is as
follows: under 60 pounds, 21,000 head or 1 percent of the total number on feed; 60-79 pounds,
191,000 head or 12 percent; 80-99 pounds, 931,000 head or 59 percent; and over 100 pounds,
445,000 head or 28 percent. On January 1, 1961, 5 percent were under 60 pounds; 22 percent were
60-79 pounds; 62 percent were 80-99 pounds; and 11 percent were 100 pounds and over.

EARLY IAMB CROP 1961: The number of early lambs in the principal early lamb producing States is
about 4 percent above a year earlier. The number of breeding ewes in these States on January 1,
1961, was 2 percent more than a year earlier, and the proportion of ewes lambing early was above
a year earlier. The 6 States showing an increase in the number of breeding ewes on farms and
ranches January 1, were Kansas, Texas, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California; while the 5
States showing decreases were Missouri, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arizona.
The number of early lambs in 3 States (California, Texas, and Kansas) totaled 2,325,000 head
for 1961. Estimates of numbers have been developed for these three States as part of the ex-
panded sheep and lambs on feed reporting program which was started last November. Similar data
are not available for the other States covered in this report.
In general, the growth and development of early lambs has been faster than normal. Feed
grain and hay supplies have been generally adequate in the early lamb States. Except in the
Southeast, weather has been mostly favorable, with a very mild winter reported in the northwest.
Cold weather and snow in the Southeast delayed growth of grass and was unfavorable for early
lambs. However, conditions have improved during the last several weeks.
Texas: Present indications point to an early lamb crop of 892,000 head for 1961 compared
with 852050 a year earlier. This is an increase of 5 percent. The number of ewes on farms and
ranches January 1, 1961, was 5 percent larger than a year earlier. The percent of total ewes
lambing prior to March 1 was about the same as a year earlier. Moisture supplies are abundant
and prospects are for a good supply of spring grass. Peak marketing are expected to be a little
earlier this year.
California: The early lamb crop in California totaled 1,261,000 head- 9 percent above the
1,159,000 early lambs in 1960. The increase in early lambs is the result of a 5 percent larger
inventory of ewes on January 1 and a larger percent lambing prior to March 1. Milder than normal
temperatures have been favorable for development of early lambs. Adequate feed supplies have
been available. The percentage of early lambs in slaughter flesh is expected to be higher than
last year.
Kansas: The number of early lambs in Kansas is estimated at 172,000 head for 1961. Compara-
ble data for 1960 are not available. In general, weather has been favorable for early lamb de-
velopment. Hay and feed supplies are adequate.
Missouri: The early lamb crop is expected to be smaller than last year. The number of
ewes on farms January 1 was below a year earlier, and a smaller percentage lambed early this
year. Weather this winter has been less severe than last and sheep are generally in good condi-
tion. Ample supplies of quality grain and hay were reported generally.
Arizona: A good crop of early lambs was dropped and weather conditions have been very
favorable. Irrigated pastures have been good and lambs have made excellent progress. Fall
lambs have made good gains and marketing is expected to start by mid-March.

Northwestern States: The early lamb crop in three important Northwestern States is expected
to be above last year. The number of ewes on hand January 1 was 3 percent above a year earlier,
and the percent of ewes lambing early was above last year. The fall and winter weather was
favorable for lambing. Death losses have not been heavy. Idaho: The early lamb crop is making
excellent progress. The past fall was open and ewes went into the winter in good condition. The
unusually mild weather during the past two months has been very favorable for lambing. Feed
supplies are generally adequate. The mild winter has kept feed requirements at a minimum.
Washington: Temperatures averaged much above normal and there were no severe storms. Western
Continued on page 220.






218


THE LIVESTOCK AND MEAT SITUATION

Approved by the Outlook and Situation Board, March 1, 1961

SUMMARY

Increases in the cattle inventory during 1960 plus the expected uptrend
in hog production will result in a moderately larger meat output in 1961 than
a year earlier. The number of cattle and calves on farms January 1 totaled
97.1 million head, up 1 percent from a year before. The number of sheep and
lambs on hand was 1 percent smaller this January. The number of sows on farms
was up, about in line with the December intentions of 4 percent more sows to
farrow spring pigs. The larger inventories are expected to result in moderate-
ly increased marketing during 1961 and livestock prices will probably average
nearly as high as in 1960.

Revised estimates for 1955-60 lowered the general level of the U. S.
cattle inventory and placed the 1960 total about equal to the previous high
mark of 1955. An increase of 900,000 head during 1960 lifted cattle numbers
to a record high on January 1, 1961. The increase this January was in beef
cattle. Beef cows increased 640,000 and milk cows decreased 236,000 resulting
in a gain of 404,000 head in all cows.

Despite the downward revision in inventories, the cattle herd in 1960
was large enough to provide for a record output of beef plus an increase in
inventories. Some further increases in slaughter are in prospect for 1961,
although the gain will probably not be large enough to halt herd expansion.
Overexpansion is still a real possibility if the build-up in herds is accel-
erated by overly optimistic reactions by producers to the revision in numbers.

The number of cattle and calves on feed January 1 was 6 percent above a
year earlier. Cattle slaughter during the next few months will feature a gain
in fed cattle. Supplies of nonfed cattle also are as large as or larger than,
a year ago. Fed cattle prices are expected to hold close to present levels
for some months in contrast to late-winter price increases last year.

The number of hogs on farms this January was 6 percent smaller than in
January 1960, with gains in sows more than offset by reductions in other hogs
over 6 months old, and in pigs under 6 months of age. Hence, hog slaughter
will likely continue below a year earlier until late this spring. Prices of
hogs in February were about $4.50 per 100 pounds above a year ago, and will
likely continue above until about midyear. The seasonally high summertime
prices will likely average close to a year earlier but prices this fall will
be below those in late 1960.

The number of stock sheep and lambs on farms and ranches January 1 was
172,000 below January 1960; the number on feed 66,000 smaller. However, the
1961 lamb crop will probably be as large or larger than in 1960 since the
number of ewes 1 year old and older was up 1 percent from a year earlier.
Sheep and lamb prices have not shown much recovery from their early-winter
low, as slaughter has been nearly as large as a year ago. Prices are expected
to rise seasonally this spring and may average about the same as last spring.

Total red meat production for 1961 is forecast at 28.7 billion pounds,
slightly more than in 1960. As meat imports will probably not be as large as
last year, and because population is increasing, supplies per person may be
a pound or more less than the 161.7 pounds consumed in 1960. The reduction in
supplies per person will be in pork and will occur chiefly during the first
half of the year.






219


SHEFP AND LAMBS: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds


Kansas Fort
Classification : Chicago: Omaha : :ansas: ort : Denver: Ogden:
SCity Worth
: : : : : : :


SLAUGHTER LAMBS: (Wooled)
Prime Mar. 11, 1961
Mar. 12, 1960
Choice Mar. 11, 1961
Mar. 12, 1960
Good Mar. 11, 1961
Mar. 12, 1960
EWES: (Wooled) All wts.
Good and Mar. 11, 1961
Choice Mar. 12, 1960
Cull and Mar. 11, 1961
Utility Mar. 12, 1960


FEEDER LAMBS: All wts.
Good and Mar. 11, 1961
Choice Mar. 12, 1960
*Shorn basis.


- 110# down
18.18
22.75 22
17.70 17
22.38 21
16.45 16
21.75 20


7.40
7.50

6.75
6.45


.72
.15
.95
.20
.88


6.75
6.50

6.00
5.15


-- 16.75
-- 19.55


17.40
22.28
16.88
21.28
15.90
20.15

5.00
6.50

5.00
5.50


20.00
16.25
19.25
15.75
18.88


22.04
17.35
21.39
16.58
20.45


-- 6.88
-- 7.50

6.98* 5.25
7.55* 5.62


-- 14.75
-- 18.42


17.15
20.60


18.00
21.35
17.00
21.10
15 .75
20.05

5.50
6.50

4.00
4.50


North-
Port-
land


22.38
16.50
22.00
15.50
21.50

5.75*
7.75

4.00*
5.75


16.00 15.00
-- 18.75


LIVESTOCK PRICES AT CHICAGO COMPARED WITH WHOLESALE AND COMPOSITE RETAIL
MEAT PRICES AND WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MEAT VALUES AT NEW YORK

:- -Steers : Lambs : Hogs_
: Feb. : Jan.: Feb. : Feb. : Jan. : Feb. : Feb. : Jan. : Feb.
: 1961 : 1961: 1960 : 1961 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961-: 1961 : 1960
Live animal prices Dollars per 100 pounds
Chicago l/........ 27.31 28.48 27.87 18.00 17.54 21.05 18.41 17.78 13.86
Wholesale ;eat
prices, New York 2/ 45.51 47.23 46.52 39.88 41.02 41.88
Cents per pound
Composite retail meat
prices, New York 3/ 77.51 78.54 76.31 60.51 62.03 64.91
Value of carcass meat from 100# live animal (Dollars)
Wholesale-New York 4/ 27.31 28.34 27.91 19.54 20.10 20.52 22.17 22.22 17.73
Retail-New York 5/ 36.43 36.91 35.87 28.56 29.28 30.64 29.31 29.45 23.84
----------------------------------------------------------
1/Av. Choice and Prime steers, 900-1100 lb., Choice and Prime lambs, and U. S.
No. 1,2 and 3, 220-240# hogs. 2/ Av. Choice and Prime steer beef, 600-800 lb., and
Choice and Prime lamb. 3/ Composite av. of semi-monthly retail quotations on
various cuts (incl. lard7 combined in proportion to their respective yields from live
weight. 4/ 60 lb. of beef carcass, 49 lb. of lamb carcass and 60.43 lb. of princi-
pal hog products consisting of smoked, skinned hams, bacon, picnics, fresh loins,
Boston butts, spareribs, and carton lard combined in proportion to their respective
yields from live weight. 5/ 47.0 lb. of beef cuts, 47.2 lb. of lamb cuts and 58.56
lb. of principal hog products, incl. lard.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
220 II I 1I 1 1 Ilil ll lllllTiillIll1 llllllllllllll
3 1262 08747 1669

U. S. Department of Agriculture Postage and fees paid
Washington 25, D. C.

OFFICIAL BUSINESS

Form AMS-5/14/61
Permit 1001.



University of Florida
Documents Librarian
11-4-59 The University Libraries
LS-CLS Gainesville, Fla.


----------------------------------------------------------- -- -


EARLY IAMB CROP MARCH 1961 Continued from Page 217

Washington ranges have been open i i winter as they have in most of the southern
tier of counties east of the Cascades. By.March 1, the season was generally con-
sidered to be about two weeks early. The .trend to earlier lambing continues.
Stockmen are now anticipating use of spring krass by mid-March, and present feed
supplies are abundant. Oregon: Moderate to heavy precipitation plus mild temper-
atures have sharply boosted the outlook, for early spring grazing. Early develop-
ment of green feed will favor'fast gains f.or early lambs. Heavy rains at lambing
time caused some lamb losses i loal 'areas, but in general losses have been light.
The trend to earlier lambing continues.
Southeastern States: The early lamb crop will be below last year in the 5
Southeastern States. Ewe numbers on January 1 were below the previous year in all
5 States, but a larger percent of ewes lambed early than for previous years. In
Kentucky January and early February were considerably colder than a year ago.
Warmer weather the latter part of February and early March has favored earlier vege-
tative growth and lambs appear to be in good condition. Growth of lambs in
Tennessee has been only fair because of the unfavorable feed situation. With
current prospects of adequate pasture,lambs are expected to develop rapidly. However,
the present lateness will likely result in marketing running later than usual.
Virginia: Although January-February was unusually severe, with exceptionally low
temperatures, lambing losses as a whole were not in excess of normal. The winter
has required heavy supplemental feeding for sheep. Prospects are now good for graz-
ing crops, and the early lambs should develop rapidly.




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