Livestock, meat, wool market news

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Title:
Livestock, meat, wool market news
Physical Description:
v. : ; 21-23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock, Poultry, Grain, and Seed Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock & Seed Division
Publisher:
The Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Meat industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Wool industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Marketing -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
Statement of Responsibility:
Livestock, Poultry, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 27, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1959) issue.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for <Jan. 16, 1979-May 14, 1983> issued by: Livestock, Meat, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; <Nov. 12, 1983-> by: the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; 1996 issue\d by: the Livestock and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 47, no. 2 (Jan. 16, 1979).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 58, no. 40 (Oct. 6, 1990).

Record Information

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004691915
oclc - 04512121
lccn - sn 87043107
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lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338.105
System ID:
AA00008493:00111

Related Items

Preceded by:
Market news (Washington, D.C.)
Succeeded by:
Livestock, meat, and wool weekly summary and statistics


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Full Text


LIVES ovews


MEAT T^^^
WMEAT ^ WEEKLY SUMMARY


WOOL W AND STATISTICS

LIVESTOCK DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINOTON 25, D.C.

Vol. 28, No. 10 March 8, 1960
Week ended March 5
^ Page
Livestock Market Reviews *. 182
Livestock Market Receipts (with monthly otals) 185
Steer Sale Statistics (with monthly total ) .* 186
Heifer Sale Statistics (with monthly total 188
Stocker and Feeder Statistics . 189
Estimated Percentage of Feeder and Stocker Cattle
and Slaughter Cows in Salable Receipts . 189
Slaughter at Major Centers . 190
Estimated Slaughter and Meat Production . 190
Cattle Prices (with monthly averages) . 191
Hog Prices . . 195
Hog Purchase Statistics (with monthly totals) 194
Sheep and Lamb Prices . .. 198
Wholesale Meat Trade Reviews . 196
Wholesale Meat Prices . .. 197
Wool Market Review .... .. 198
Special to this issue
Meat and Meat Food Products Inspected When Offered for
Importation, January 1960 . .. 199
The Livestock and Meat Situation, March 1960 200


At l-VASl





182


Prices advanced an most livestock over
the Corn Belt area. The second week of moder-
ate receipts along with generally higher dressed
meat prices influenced the higher trends in
the live trading. Slaughter steers closed 25#-
$1.00 higher for the week at most midwest cen-
ters with heifers steady to 500 up. Barrows
and gilts generally sold 50#-$1,00 higher.
Price trends on slaughter lambs varied from
strong to $1.50 higher but most sales were 50-
$1.00 up.

SLAUGHTER CATTLE AND CALVES The 12 mar-
ket receipts were increased by 5 percent as
compared with the sharply curtailed receipts
of a week earlier. Bulk of the increase came
on Monday and supplies were very moderate the
remainder of the week. Price declines were
recorded at several points Monday. However,
reduced receipts the remainder of the week to-
gether with higher price trends on carcass
steer and heifer beef contributed toward a
very bullish trade on the remaining market ses-
sions and with the exception of Kansas City the
early decline was more than recovered. Steers
weighing over 1250# were in good demand, and
continued price advances on these heavier
weights narrowed the price spread between
weight groups to the smallest in some time.
Steers sold steady to $1.25 higher with ad-
vances of 25#-$1.00 rather general although
sales at Kansas City were steady to 250 lower
an both steers and heifers. Heifers were gen-
erally steady to 50# higher. Cows sold 25-
50# higher over most of the area. Bulls
and vealers closed steady to $1.00 higher with
the exception at St. Louis National Stock Yards
where vealers sold $1.00-2.00 lower.
Prime 1200-1565# slaughter steers brought
$30.00-51.25 in Chicago with a load Prime 1525#
$32.50, mixed Choice and Prime $28.75-30.50,
bulk Choice $26.50-29.00, Good $25.50-26.75.
High-Choice and Prime 1075-1350# steers else-
where $28.00-29.25 with Prime reaching $29.50
at Sioux City and So. St. Paul, most Choice
$26.00-28.25, Good $24.00-26.25. High-Choice
and mixed Choice and Prime heifers at Chicago
realized $27,75-28.50, Choice $26.00-27.75,
Good $22.50-25.00. At other midwest centers
high-Choice heifers brought $27.00-27.50, bulk
Choice $25.50-26.50, Good $22.50-25.00. Util-
ity and Commercial cows bulked at $15.50-18.00,
Canners and Cutters $13.00-17.00,

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTIE AND CALVES -
Stocker and feeder cattle and calves continued
in good demand and the seasonally small to mod-
erate numbers at midwest terminals moved readi-
ly at steady to strong prices, instances 50#
higher. Although severe winter weather con-


tinued to grip much of the country, many
ranchers and feeders apparently were of the
opinion it would be better to cope with cur-
rent bad weather problems and attempt to
secure at least part of their spring require-
ments of stockers and feeders now rather than
wait and chance added difficulties in se-
curing desired numbers when the new grass
season becomes an actuality. The intensified
ahead of grass time demand for stockers not
only was in evidence at terminal markets
but also was reflected in increased activity
in range contracting both for immediate and
future deliveries. At the same time the
recent upturns in slaughter cattle prices
has influenced a materially more aggres-
sive demand for feedlot replacements. Feeder
buyers often were in active competition with
packer buyers on two-way cattle and some
steers already showing sufficient finish to
grade high-Good and Choice in the beef were
purchased for further feeding.
Good and Choice yearling stock steers
sold from $24.50-29.50, moderate number $30.00-
52.00, including 66]# at $51.00 and 550# at
$52.00. Medium and low-Good stockers ranged
$21.00-26.00. Good and Choice 800-1050# feed-
ers bulked $23.00-26.50, few 800# $26.75.
Choice 1151# steers carrying considerable
finish sold for further feeding at $26.50 but
not many steers over 1000# exceeded $25.00.
Good and Choice yearling heifers brought
$22.00-28.00. Choice 744# feeders were in-
cluded at $24.00 while 565# stock heifers
brought $28.00. Good and Choice stock steer
calves sold chiefly from $26.00-52.00, same
grades heifer calves $25.50-29.00. Medium and
Good stock cows realized $15.00-19.00.

HOGS Terminal Markets Marketings at
the 12 terminals were reduced about 5 percent
from the previous week and around llpercent
from the same week a year ago. The volume of
receipts which was the smallest for any week
since July was curtailed at times by severe
late winter storms in a large segment of the
Corn Belt. Mixed U. S. No. 1-5 190-250#'bar-
rows and gilts comprised the bulk of receipts.
Reduced receipts coupled with steady to higher
wholesale pork prices influenced another up-
turn in live prices. With few exceptions
price trends on hogs have been higher since
the first of the year and current hog prices
are around $5.50 above early January levels.
Compared with the previous week's close butch-
ers and sows closed steady to $1.25 higher,
largely 50-$1.00 up. The greatest upturns
generally prevailed at western Corn Belt
centers.


MIDWEST LIVESTOCK REVIEW

and

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES






183


On Friday, mixed U. S. No. 1-3 180-260#
barrows and gilts sold at $14.75-15.75, mainly
$15.00-15.50. Selected lots of No. 1, and
No. 1-2, weighing 190-250# $15.25-16.00.
Mixed No. 1, 2 and 5,270-600# sows bulked at
$12.25-14.00, up to $14.25 at Omaha. The sup-
ply of sows included very few weighing under
350#.
Feeder pig prices advanced 50# at So.
St. Paul and $1.00 at Sioux City. Good and
Choice, mostly Good, 100-160# feeder pigs at
So. St. Paul sold at $12.00-15.00, while at
Sioux City Medium and Good 150-160# offerings
brought $12.00-13.00.
HOGS Interior Iowa-Southern Minnesota
Area Supplies were approximately 14 percent
less than the corresponding period last week,
but around 15 percent larger than a year
ago when a heavy snow-storn sharply curtailed
receipts. Demand was good throughout the week
and particularly at the close. Prices re-
flected strength each day and closing sales
compared with the previous Friday were $1.00
higher on both butchers and sows. At the
close, mixed U. S. No. 1-3 190-240# barrows
and gilts sold at $14.20-15.00 with limited
No. 1 and 2 selected lots 200-230# $15.00-
15.25, instances $15.50. No. 1-3 270-400#
sows brought $12.50-15.75, 400-550# $11.00-
12.50.

SHEEP AND IAMBS Receipts at the 12
markets were little different from the pre-
vious week but were 18 percent less than a
year ago. Sharply higher wholesale dressed
lamb prices stimulated demand for moderate sup-
plies of slaughter lambs and prices advanced.
For the week, slaughter lambs ranged from
strong to $1.50 higher, bulk 50#-$1.00 up.
Slaughter ewes and feeder lambs were steady
to 50# higher, instances $1.00 up on feeders.
Choice and Prime 90-112# wooled slaughter
lambs closed from $22.00-22.50 with several
loads of 95-111# to $25.00 at Chicago; Choice
and Prime 110-121# $21.00-22.00. Mostly Choice
90-115# wooled lambs sold from $20.50-22.00
with the bulk $21.00-22.00. Few sales of
Good and Choice 90-115# lambs $20.00-21.00.
Choice and Prime 95-115# shorn slaughter
lambs with No. 1 and Fall shorn pelts $20.50-
21.50; Choice 85-115# $19.50-21.00, largely
$20.00 up. A limited showing of Good and
Choice shorn lambs brought $19.00-20.00. Cull
to Choice wooled slaughter ewes sold from
$3.00-8.00, largely $4.50-7.50. Good and
Choice 69-94# wooled feeder lambs sold from
$19.50-21.00 with some sales to $21.50.
In the Interior Iowa-So. Minnesota area
demand was good and prices on slaughter lambs
were 504 to $1.00 higher. On Friday, bulk
Choice 90-105# wooled slaughter lambs deliv-
ered to packing plants sold from $21.00-21.50;
Choice and Prime $21.50-22.25 and to $22.50
in parts of southern Minnesota. Limited show-


ing of Good to low-Choice 85-105# wooled
lambs $20.00-21.00. Choice 90-100# lambs
with No. I and fall shorn pelts moved from
$20.00-20.50; Choice and Prime $20.50-21.00.
Most Cull to Choice wooled slaughter ewes
sold from $3.00-5.00.

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES
Note: Shrink on most range and feedlot
sales none to 5 percent, mostly 4 percent
f.o.b. some with short haul and 5 percent
shrink. All sales for immediate delivery un-
less specified.

ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA, AND UTAH -
Direct trading on slaughter steers and heifers
fairly active with prices firm to 500 higher;
stocker and feeder cattle and calves steady
to strong; slaughter lambs steady to weak.
Slaughter steers: In California, 6 loads
Choice 975-1060# $27.50-27.75. In Califor-
nia and Arizona, 258 loads Good to mostly
Choice 950-1150# $25.75-27.50; 20 loads
average to high-Choice 1200-1550# $25.50-
26.50; 145 loads Good and Choice 900-1150#
$25.00-26.00; 114 loads mainly Good 900-
1200# $25.50-25.00; 51 loads 800-1050#,
Good with Standard end $25.00-24.00; 55
loads Standard 800-1050 $21.00-25.00,
Slaughter heifers: In California, 27 loads
Choice 800-950# $26.00-26.25. In the two
states, 85 loads Good to mostly Choice 800-
1000# $24.50-24.75, 10 loads $25.00 in Ari-
sona for April-June delivery; 16 loads mostly
Good 775-850# $25.40-24.5p.
Good and Choice 600-950# stocker and
feeder steers $24.00-25.25, mostly $24.50-
25.00; Good and Choice 550-600# stock steers
$25.00-26.50, heifers $24.50-26.00. Medium
and Good 550-825# steers $22.00-24.00. Good
and Choice 570-480# stock calves, steers
$27.00-29.00, heifers mainly $26.00.
In California and Arizona, 21 loads
Choice and mixed Choice and Prime 105-119#
slaughter lambs with No. 1 and 2 pelts $20.25-
21.00. Utah 4 loads mostly Choice 100-106#
wooled slaughter lambs $21.25. In central
California, 2 loads Choice and Prime 95-98#
spring slaughter lambs $25.00.

COLORADO, SOUTHERN WYOMING, WESTERN
NEBRASKA, AND WESTERN KANSAS Trading slow
on fed cattle direct at feedlots in Colorado.
Fed steers sold steady to 50* higher, with
weights over 1250# showing the most advance.
Fed heifers sold mainly steady, some sales
25# lower. Eighty-ane loads mostly Choice
1100-1550# fed steers $25.75-27.00; 20 loads
high-Good to average-Choice 1100-1250#
$25.25-25.75. Twenty-four loads low to
average-Choice 825-950# fed heifers $26.15-
26.60; 62 loads high-Good to average-Choice
883-1050# $25.00-26.00, bulk $25.50-26.00.
In Wyoming 6 loads 1050-1150# average to






184


high-Choice fed heifers carrying a small end
of Prime $26.25-26.50.
Demand for stocker and feeder cattle
and calves good, most sales and contracts made
at strong prices. Western Kansas: 20 loads
Good and Choice 525-740# feeder steers $25.50-
27.00; 5 loads same grades 806-954# $22.75-
23.75. Thirty-one loads Good and Choice 544-
674# feeder heifers $24.00-26.50, 5 loads
partly fattened 900# $23.40. Colorado: Short
2 loads Good and Choice 700-835# feeder heif-
ers $24.25. Nine loads Good and Choice short
yearling steers to weigh 550# when delivered
early May $27.25. Load of aged Medium stock
cows $177.50 per head. Southwestern Wyoming:
150 Good and Choice 448# steer calves $30.00.
Demand good for slaughter lambs with
prices 750 higher. Colorado: 34 loads Choice
and Prime 108-118# wooled slaughter lambs
$21.25-21.75, latter price late in the week.
Two loads 90# Good and Choice wooled feeder
lambs $20.50. Three to four cars lambs wool
45-45 per pound, grease basis.

NEW MEXICO, WEST TEXAS, WESTERN OKLAHOMA.,
SOUTHWESTERN KANSAS Clovis Area Direct
trade fairly active. Slaughter steers and
heifers fully 500 higher; stockers and feed-
ers 504-$1.00 up. Thirty-nine loads low-
Choice to average-Choice 986-1200# fed steers
$25.50-26.00; 25 loads mostly Good 925-1150#
$25.50-25.00. Twenty loads Good to low-Choice
725-940# fed heifers $24.25-25.00; 2 loads
Standard and Good 725-775# $25.50. Four
loads Standard and Good 777# mixed steer and
heifer yearlings $25.50; load 505# Standard
and Good slaughter calves $23.00. Over 4,200
Good and Choice 600-90(0 stocker and feeder
steers $25.50-26.00, 1,000 Medium 600-750#
$22.00-25.00. Around 1,800 Good and Choice
575-690# stock heifers $25.00-26.00. Good
and Choice stock calves $28.00-52.00 on steers
and $26.00-29.00 for heifers. Two loads
Medium cows with calves $255.00 per pair.
Amarillo Area Active, steady to strong
on all classes. Good and Choice 850-1250#
fed steers $25.75-26.00, Standard and Good
850-1000# $22.25-25.50, few Utility and Stand-
ard 1000# $21.25. Good and Choice 880-1000#
fed heifers $24.00-25.25, 8 loads Standard
and Good 800# $23,25. Good and Choice stocker
and feeder steers $25.00-27.00, Medium and
Good $21.75-22.50. Good and Choice stocker
and feeder heifers $25.00-26.00. Good and
Choice stock steer calves $28.00-51.90, heif-
era $26.00-29.50. Five loads Good cows, some
with calves, $250.00 per head with calves
included.


IDAHO, OREGON AND WASHINGTON Slaugh-
ter steer prices advanced 504-1.00, instances
$1.50 in Idaho, heifers sold fully steady;
stocker and feeder cattle and calves strong
to $1.00 higher; slaughter lambs 750-41.00
higher.
Slaughter steers Washington Choice
900-1000# $27.00 for March and April deliv-
ery and $26.00 for June; Choice 1000-1250#
$25.50-26.50 for current delivery. Idaho -
Choice 1050-1225# $24.75-26.00, few $27.00;
Good and Choice 1075-1175# $24.50-24.75.
Good and Choice 825-950# fed heifers $25.50-
24.00 over the area.
In Washington, Good and Choice 675#
feeder steers $26.00, heifers $25.00; Good
500# stock calves, steers $27.00 and heif-
ers $24.00; Good and Choice 425-450# heifer
calves $26.00. Idaho Good and Choice
900-1050# feeder steers $24.50-25.00.
Oregon Good and Choice 640-950# feeder
steers $25.80-24.00; Good and Choice 450-
500# steer calves $50.00; Good stock cows
$190.00 each, some with calves at side.
Choice 90-11l# shorn and wooled
slaughter lambs $21.00-22.00 in the three
states.

MONTANA, NORTHERN WYOMING AND WESTERN
DAKOTAS Temperatures ranging around 20-50
degrees below zero practically halted direct
country trade on cattle and calves. Demand
was good, however, particularly for thin
stock calves which are relatively scarce
and the few confirmed sales were made at
firm prices. Montana 189 Good and Choice
477# stock steer calves $28.00, 205 same
grades 449# heifer calves $25.00. String
of 1,500 Medium to mostly Good feeder steers
of Mexican origin, expected to weigh 700#
$20.00 for September delivery.
Demand continues broad on slaughter
and shearing lambs with prices 504-1.00
higher. Around 6 loads mostly Choice and
Prime 100-119# wooled slaughter lambs in
eastern Montana $19.00-20.25; 5 loads Good
and Choice 95# shearing lambs $20.00.
Northern Wyoming, small lots mixed
grades 1960 shorn ewes wool totaling around
4000# 58-42# per grease pound.







WEEKLY RECEIPTS OF SALABLE LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKETS
- - - c-t- 7 -------v- -o--s- -- T "gsge-p-a-d--ag--- 1-
: "Cttli: Calves Hogs : Sheep and larn--
Market : Mar.M : Mar. 7 :Mar." ~ Mr. 7 :"MEr7 -:'r 7 W.1r7 5 : af.-
S1960 : 1959 : 1960 : 1959 : 1960 : 1959 : 1960 1959
Chicago ......... ...... 58,875 42,546 214 252 34,502 57,049 6,395 7,708
Cincinnati ............. 5,306 5,021 558 591 11,184 12,600 559 532
Denver ................. 10,513 9,545 257 512 4,360 2,813 25,022 28,457
Fort Worth ............. 2,784 7,797 735 1,999 1,788 2,748 5,364 8,740
Indianapolis ........... 5,979 5,665 431 352 29,630 37,031 1,645 1,507
Kansas City .......... 19,081 15,264 676 562 14,405 14,951 6,976 9,256
Oklahoma City ......... 5,040 11,102 257 606 2,384 5,566 925 1,841
Omaha .................. 36,295 54,369 522 477 40,928 38,999 11,153 15,343
St. Joseph ............. 15,500 15,876 530 494 25,186 25,161 6,404 6,050
St. Louis NSY .......... 12,699 13,888 1,763 1,660 58,641 62,824 5,529 4,660
Sioux City ............ 25,729 27,967 1,121 796 31,160 40,092 7,698 9,960
S. St. Paul ............ 19,199 18,955 6,941 6,652 49,209 59,375 9,290 9,824
Total ................ 195,048 203,775 15,805 14,733 501,177 537,209 84,960 103,858
Feb. 27, 1960......... 186,585 15,211 516,556 85,797


INTERIOR IOWA AND
Mar. 5, 1960
Hogs ..... 554,000
Sheep .... 25,100


SOUTHERN MINNESOTA
Feb. 27, 1960 Mar. 7, 1959
410,000 509,000
29,800 24,100


Market

Chicago ...
Cincinnati .
Denver .....
Fort Worth .
Indianapolis
Kansas City
Oklahoma Cit
Omaha ......
St. Joseph .
St. Louis NS
Sioux City .
S. St. Paul

Total ......


Chicago .......
Cincinnati ....
Denver ........
Fort Worth ..*..
Indianapolis ..
Kansas City ...
Oklahoma City .
Omaha .........
St. Joseph ....
St. Louis NSY .
Siox City ....
S. St. Paul ...

Total ...... ..


RECEIPTS, SALABLE AND TOTAL OF
MONTH OF

-s --" "- ------ 6E -o
:t ~ "I "slSK e"- ':'- "tIt
: T W T ? 1991 -:- C 1950- 1C
... 182,052 161,152 193,507
13,966 11,842 18,773
40,742 37,535 49,846
21,394 16,408 29,083
S 50,158 26,463 31,033
84,868 66,953 100,726
y 27,812 37,119 30,699
... 157,183 133,628 165,213
65,445 52,105 69,369
Y 59,955 47,990 62,188
... 116,507 100,500 122,557
82,665 71,464 89,260

882,507 763,159 960,254


152,818
55,545
22,531
10,676
158,106
66,977
13,632
194,157
106,290
266,623
157,994
244,816

1,450,165


Hogs

180,461
56,497
11,227
9,684
174,772
60,550
12,253
186,542
104,832
245,604
173,674
244,814

1,460,710


158,142
69,703
57,562
28,914
158,918
73,168
36,591
278,150
156,472
273,536
190,688
279,672

1,761,296 1,


LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKETS
FEBRUARY

9 Si- T- -- --
T -4 T 990- I- -: -
~ 1959"' ":" T90~ 7 "' T959''


169,939
14,046
46,868
25,529
26,675
81,921
40,920
137,833
53,692
51,519
104,321
74,981

826,242


215,254
65,804
38,276
44,001
174,906
63,159
55,593
280,252
130,295
261,680
198,293
284,210

791,703


803
2,057
1,215
7,288
2,070
2,541
2,317
1,574
1,614
8,125
4,580
54,021

68,005



38,706
2,376
91,526
55,917
9,970
18,362
5,998
62,168
24,001
20,068
48,067
52,663

407,622


-----------~--------------
INTERIOR IOWA AND SOUTHERN MINNESOTA
Hogs
February 1960 ......................... 1,57700
February 1959 .......o ... ........... 1,609,000


1,274
2,582
1,546
4,328
2,160
3,597
2,025
2,271
1,912
7,586
4,482
52,334

65,897


S" Total -
76- 7 195' 9 -
803 1,274
2,078 2,688
1,621 2,790
11,165 6,687
2,095 2,160
4,784 6,873
2,334 2,149
1,502 2,274
1,618 1,977
8,342 7,686
4,875 4,714
56,279 35,221

77,496 76,493


Sheep and Lambs

48,066 45,091 54,098


2,689
105,214
39,808
11,935
29,593
6,192
61,576
32,113
15,781
36,612
43,892

433,471


Sheep
108,100
101,200


2,456
129,200
53,975
10,026
40,729
5,998
77,488
43,186
20,317
53,980
76,022

558,468


3,113
135,785
55,048
11,935
55,477
6,192
75,728
49,174
18,828
37,448
61,901

562,727


""~"


t
~------------~





186


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER --


S Number of head


SPercent of total
. by grades


Average weight
(pounds)


Grade ---- -- ---------- -- -
Week ended

1960 : 1959 : 1960 : 1959 : 1960


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility.. .... .
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good... 00........
Standard.......
Utility..0......
All grades.....

Prime..........0
Choice.........
Good*....,*....
Standard.......
Utility.......
All grades.....

Prime...........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........*
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility.......
All grades.....


2,856
14,444
9,590
1,106

124
28,120

156
6,511
10,157
1,104
126
18,014

- 9*7-
4,445
5,427
286
65
10,520

-10i
2,845
5,845
1,117

50
7,867



1,004
2,912
1,457

71
5,424


5,218
4,629
525
12
8,582



1,756
1,554
119
58
5,487


1,765
15,586
10,665
2,554

460
50,610

119
5,8953
10,719
659
160
17,550

S29
5,845
8,204
2753
267
12,718


1,511
5,059
878

69
5,297


16
855
5,608
808

146
5,4335


1,671
4,114
490
44
6,519


10.2
51.4
54.1
3.9

.4


CHICAGO
5.8
50.5
54.8
7.6

1.5


SOMAHA
.8 .7
56.1 33.6
56.5 61.2
6.1 5.6
.7 .9


1,271
1,200
1,120
1,031

1,080
1,173

-,175
1,192
1,116
1,085
1,044


: 1959

1,274
1,216
1,145
1,045

1,047
1,179

1,150
1,215
1,140
1,121
1,117


: Average price in
dollars per 100 lb.

- -1 :- r75 -
: 1960 : 1959


29.75
27.61
25.82
22.81

19.21
27.06

28.354
26.56
24.69
20.61
18.44


45.1 50.2 1,175 1,184 26.89
52.6 64.5 1,114 1,158 25.26
2.8 2.2 1,098 1,080 20.66
.6 2.1 985 1,086 18.52
1,140 1,165 25.86

-.1 -- 1,114 --- 27.75
56.2 24.7 1,158 1,254 26.12
48.9 57.4 1,101 1,109 24.69
14.2 16.6 1,058 1,046 21.87
a -
.6 1.5 1,092 1,045 18.91
1,108 1,134 24.80
'- MOIi NSY -~1 -


18.5
55.7
26.5

1.53


.5
15.7
66.4
14.9

2.7


1,109 -
1,085 1,105 26.44
1,051 1,078 24.60
981 1,015 21.80

840 970 18.61
1,025 1,070 24.19


50.84
28.26
26.61
24.89

22.62
27.56

29.45
27.05
25.66
22.84
21.22
26.05

29.1l
27.11
25.67
25.29
21.97
26.05


27.40
25.71
24.14

21.78
25.89


29.50
27.55
25.75
25.69

21.58
25.61


- I-ST. J-SEP -


58.4
55.2
6.2
.2


26.4
65.1
7.8
.7


DENVER


1,444
1,600
9

5,0553


50.53
44.6
5.4
1.7


47.3
52.4
.3


1,150
1,082
1,052
1,055
1,098



1,177
1,096
1,058
966
1,154


a- -- --
1,160 26.04 27.09
1,095 24.59 25.54
1,051 20.55 25.11
972 18.00 20.95
1,108 24.79 25.76
----------

1,218 26.01 26.86
1,145 24.95 25.77
1,124 19.54 21.76
17.77 -
1,178 25.22 26.29


/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


1,141 1,164 25.07
SIOUX CITY
7.9 1.0 1, 295 1,1229 2816


emme mmmm





187


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR S

Number of head Percent of total : A
: Nuber of head bgd
: by grades
Grade ---------- --------
Month
: Feb. Feb. FeE." -: FeF. -:" 7
: 1960 : 1959 : 1960 : 1959 : 1
CHICAGO


Prime........
Choice.........
Good..........
Standard......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility ........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility .......
All grades.....

Prime.........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good..........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard......
Utility........
All grades.....


15,226 11,018
81,618 59,723
29,199 28,620
4,958 6,759
197 425
1,017 1,146
152,215 107,689

860 729


24,172
55,995
1,980
541
61,415

527
15,180
24,542
1,665
709


48,561 42,621

17 11
15,750 4,588
14,525 16,554
4,555 5,661

320 132
54,947 24,946
- m m m e e -


1,945
10,594
5,686

650
16,675


25
4,029
16,832
2,904
226


11.5
61.7
22.1
5.7
.2
.8


1.1
37.6
55.2
5.2
.9


10.2
55.4
26.6
6.5
.4
1.1

OMAHA
1.2
59.4
55.3
5.2
.9


- -- -
SIOUX CITY
2.4 1.2
47.1 55.6
46.4 57.6
2.8 5.9
1.5 1.7

KANSAS UI7


45.1
41.5
12.4

1.0

ST.
-m mmm


25.1
56.5
18.7

1.9


18.4
66.4
14.7

.5

LOUIS NSY


11.7
62.5
22.1

5.9


S. ST. JOiSEP


51.2
9.2
9.2
.4


24,016
- DENVER


--
5,765
7,195
195

13,155


50.0
45.4
3.7
.9


.1
16.8
70.1
12.1
.9


45.8
54.7
1.5


LAUGHTER 1/
average weight
(pounds)


e960 :
960 :


1,249
1 196
1,102
1,008
1,560
1,046
1,174


1,153
1,187
1,142
1,061
1,075
1,154

1,158
1,165
1,150
1,119
1,060
1,145

1,054
1,150
1,118
1,062

1,055
1,125


860
1,067
1,059
1,005

910
1,047


1,250
1,147
1,107
1,071
985
1,115



1,200
1,145
1,127
1,221
1,171


Fe.19 :
1959 -:-


1,251
1,209
1,150
1,061
1,448
981
1,187

1,251
1,252
1,149
1,105
1,084
1,180

1,215
1,169
1,162
1,084
1,071
1,161

1,160
1,176
1,095
1,080

1,048
1,108



1,076
1,072
1,047

925
1,061


1,107
1,152
1,115
1,053
1,000
1,111


1,233
1,151
1,080

1,186


: Average price in
:dollars per 100 lb.


Fe6." :
1960 :


28.47
26.69
25.10
22.17
21.22
18.87
26.57


27.48
25.64
23.91
20.24
17.68
24.59

27.88
26.28
24.51
20.46
17.95
25.25

27.84
25.15
25.88
21.80
-
18.25
24.18


27.82
26.02
24.20
21.51
-
18.55
24.02


28.25
25.51
25.77
20.46
17.12
24.01


25.47
24.29
18.94
17.76
24.64


FeF--
1959


50.65
27.85
26.07
24.65
23.99
22.10
27.44

29.72 -
26.55
25.24
22.92
21.49
25.72

29.21
27.05
25.50
23.21
21.64
25.84

29.00
26.45
25.15
25.57

21.15
25.11



27.36
25.80
24.20

21.92
25.50


50.71
27.01
25.57
25.45
21.58
25.41


26.59
25.56
21.67

25.98


2/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


29,981
44,075
4,161
698
79,775

1,158
22,850
22,400
1,378
615


11
6,005
14,655
4,856

506
26,011


20
11,055
20,986
3,267
148
55,476


5,605
5,096
416
105
11,220





188


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER AT SEVEN MARKETS COMBINED I/


- --- -- -------------- -- T ----- --- T
2 Percent oh a a


: Number of head :


2.- -- -- ---. -


: Feb.
: 1960


Prime .....
Choice ....
Good .....
Standard..
Comll. ....
Utility ...
All grades


0,
S.


17,272
172,842
150,912
25,571
197
5,409
568,005


Feb.
1959


12,510
115,400
158,128
20,848
425
5,404
290,515


Feb.
1960
4.7
47.0
41.0
6.5
.1
.9


total


(verrtge weight
/r( ounds)


1


grades $ :
-- -

: Feb. T Feb. : Feb. :
: 1959 : 1960 : 1959 :


4.2
59.7
47.6
7.2
.1
1.2


1,240
1,179
1,117
1,044
1,561
1,056
1,147


1,248
1,204
1,155
1,067
1,447
1,009
1,161


47v-rra& F17----
Average priceT-
in dollars
per 100 lb.
-------


Feb. t
1960 :
28.59
26.18
24.25
21.16
21.22
18.20
25.16


Feb.
1959
50.51
27.50
25.49
25.87
25.99
21.78
26.52


HEIFERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER AT SEVEN MARKETS COMBINED I
- -T- --- -P -6 -- ---- 7 -A- eEpr
2 : Percent o? : Average price
: Number of head : total Average weight in dollar
: : bz rades : (pounds) : per 100 lb.
-1- -- adoea -1 e 100 1b.
Grade : Month
S"Feb "." -- e e." "Fb7 "' Fe.- FbT -I "" TeE." "Feb Fe. e .-
t 1960 : 1959 : 1960 t 1959 : 1960 : 1959 t 1960 T 1959
~~~~~~~~b~~~~~~~~ ~- --~LI


Prime .....
Choice ....
Good ......
Standard ..
Utility ...
All grades


1.5
41.1
47.7
8.4
1.5


1.0
55.9
55.7
9.5
2.1


1,028
957
905
864
905
924


1,055
969
925
879
897
955


27.48
25.81
25.82
20.33
17.42
24.58


28.76
26.92
25.21
25.12
20.84
25.58


STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR -LAUGHTER AT 5 SPECIFIED MARKETS I
STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR'SLAUGHTER AT 5 SPECIFIED MARKETS /


*--------------------- 0------------------------ -
mNumber of head Average weight Average prices
: Number of head : : it)
(pounds) .ia dollars per 100 b.
S----------------------- ------- --


: Jan.
s 1960
Cincinnati .......... 5,585
Indianapolis ........ 15,206
Fort Worth .......... 5,151
Oklahoma City ....... 4,569
Sioux Falls ......... 10,115


Market

Cincinnati ..........
Indianapolis ........
Fort Worth ..........
Oklahoma City .......
Sioux Falls,.........


1960
3,895
15,857
5,712
4,552
7,996


Jan.
1959
5,100
14,918
5,161
4,721
11,525


1959
5,761
15,752
2,22
4,866
6,745


2m
: 7
*,
*,


Month
Jan.
1960
1,056
1,068
968
1,079
1,155


2 Jan.
: 1959
1,009
1,055
1,007
1,127
1,164


*
*
*e m

*


1ebT
1960


1,052
1,067
968
1,093
1,145


FeB.
1959

1,012
1,005
984
1,104
1,161


:
0
2


t


Jan.
1960
25,17
24.67
22.06
22.80
24.60


1960


0I


24.09
24.93
22.86
25.48
24.87


Jan.
1959
25.86
26.46
25.62
25.14
26.44

Feb.
1959
25.77
25.70
25.52
25.22
25.72


I/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Division, A.M.S.


Grade


1,941
51,487
59,769
10,464
1,626
125,287


890
51,922
50,580
8,767
1,970
94,129


Market


U





Number of head


Market :
:~ ~ 7an." ~t~
: 1960 :

Cincinnati ................... 2,614
Indianapolis ................. 3,633
Fort Wbrth ................... 2,449
Oklahoma City ................ 2,997
Sioux Falls .................... 6,837
: Feb. :
Marketeb
: 1960 ::


- JanE.
1959

1,774
2,831
1,070
1,846
5,790

Feb.
1959


Average weight
(pounds)
------ -
Month
" 7 "Jan." a.
: 1960 i 1959

753 740
855 841
642 643
843 841
954 967

S Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 : 1959


1 Average price
" in dollars
t -per 100 lb.

, 1 a- -J:- aR.- -
: 1960 2 1959

22.98 25.44
23.72 25.79
22.95 26.71
22.44 25.86
23.46 25.58

S Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 : 1959


Cincinnati .................. 2,601 2,003 766 747 24.04 25.14
Indianapolis ................ 5,650 2,363 859 825 24.16 24.86
Fort Worth ................... 1,494 1,132 652 654 25.95 26.35
Oklahoma City ................ 2,125 1,790 825 819 25.06 25.75
Sioux Falls .................. 6,053 4,784 955 956 23.85 24.54

1/ Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Division, A.M.S.

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE: AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT, AND NUMBER
Wek ended Month To-m'nfh s
: Mar. 3 : Feb. 25 i Mar. 5 : Feb. : Feb. : Jan.- Feb.
: 1960 : 1960 1: 1959 : _16Q 11959 -9.9_ 9
Steers 1001# up ............ 666 658 665 2,708 5,671 5,529 10,570
901-1000 ............ 2,265 1,546 2,409 8,058 9,549 16,541 19,945
801-900 ............. 2,670 2,758 5,113 12,578 12,213 27,565 27,449
701-800 ............. 5,017 2,643 2,655 14,492 13,595 54,747 30,338
501-700 ............. 6,951 7,519 8,801 32,316 29,591 68,697 66,265


Total steers 10 markets ......
Av. wts. n ......
Av. cost* .....
" Chicago .........
" Kansas City .....
" Omaha .........
" S. St. Paul .....
" Sioux City ......
" Denver ..........
" Ft. Worth .....,*
" Oklahoma City ...
" S. St. Joseph ...
" St. Louis NSY ...
Total calves 10 markets ....
" heifers ...
" cows ...


15,549
742#
$24.75
24.27
24.82
23.46
21.62
26.56
23.69
24.16
24.50
23.65
25.79
4,339
2,965
621


15,104
724#
$24.61
23.44
24.43
24.72
22.39
25.98
22.51
25.16
24.03
24.40
22.70
4,374
2,137
397


17,621
730#
$26.47
24.89
26.48
26.95
22.65
28.41
25.87
28.62
26.56
26.31
25.34
5,860
3,982
744


69,952
732#
$24,05
25.27
25.80
25.88
22.25
25.52
23.55
23.75
23.74
23.66
25.04
31,580
10,581
2,634


70,619
753#
$26.48
25.98
25.97
26.61
24.64
28.59
25.70
27.44
26.54
26.17
25.51
26,127
13,532
3,093


152,477
750#
$25.81
25.57
235.55
25.78
21.96
25.25
24.74
25.29
22.82
25.59
22.82
85,972
21,519
5,515


154,563
745#
$27.01
26.19
26.03
27.19
24.79
29.01
28.75
27.16
26.26
26.39
25.60
85,332
27,545
7,284


Not adjusted for differences in grade of cattle sold at each market.
ESTIMATED PERCENT OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND SLAUGHTER COWS IN SALABLE RECEIPTS

Kansas 'S. St. Sio S. St.Indian-' Ft. Okla. San
Week ended :Chicago :sOmaha: :Louis: u ,S :-. :Denver:w Cit :wichita ntonio
S City Joseph: NS :City Paul apolisr Citynio
Stockers and feeders


Mar.
Feb.
Mar.


4,1960
26,1960
6,1959


Mar. 4,1960
Feb. 26,1960
Mar. 6,1959


2
2
2


55
37
41


6 6
6 6
7 8


8 14 4 24 5 8
9 9 5 25 5 8
11 16 4 17 5 4
Slaughter cows
7 6 9 6 50 9
7 6 9 6 28 9
8 6 9 5 25 14


8
5
10


15
12
12


41 50
50 50
53 45


50 44
65 61
55 72


10 6
15 10
15 9


18
11
12


20
25
15


HEIFERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER AT 5 SPECIFIED MARKETS 1/








WEEKLY SLAUGHTER UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION AT MAJOR CENTERS


Cattle C e Hogs Sheep
City or Area Mar. 5 :Mar. 7 :Mar. 5 Mar. 7 : Mar. 5 : Mar. 7 :Mar. 5


1960 : 1959
Boston, New York City Area... 12,155 11,957
Baltimore, Philadelphia........ 7,821 7,559
Cin.,Cleve.,Detroit,Indpls... 17,657 16,218
Chicago Area................. 16,466 21,661
St. Paul-Wisc. Areas......... 29,147 25,545
St. Louis Area............... 10,727 10,112
Sioux City-So. Dakota Area... 21,612 19,764
Omaha Area............... ...... 35,117 31,703
Kansas City................. 13,986 10,489
Iowa So. Minnesota......... 30,023 26,941
Lou'l.Evan'l.Nash1l.Mph's.... 5,772 6,794
Georgia, Florida, Ala. Area.. 6,707 5,942
St. Jo'ph.Wichita, Okla.City. 18,882 16,955
Ft.Worth,Dallas,San Antonio.. 7,286 7,518
Denver,Ogden,Salt Lake City.. 19,645 17,356
Los Angeles, San Fran. Areas. 28,276 20,194
Portland, Seattle, Spokane... 7,058 6,390

Total...................... 288,337 263,078

Accumulation to date.......2,715,195


1 960 3 1959 :


9,699
2,015
3,737
6,010
22,449
1,492

154

9,431
3,024
2,702
659
2,793
214
1,664
239


t 1919 : 1960


10,250 49,674 51,024
653 25,522 34,729
4,156 133,561 121,545
5,988 36,033 48,496
24,700 129,225 119,047
1,718 81,920 100,899
-- 90,788 99,089
185 79,958 82,061
-- 57,485 33,007
7,859 286,755 256,639
4,405 58,174 69,602
2,165 32,803 30,155
1,018 45,819 46,914
3,667 18,571 24,556
350 17,789 14,156
1,675 27,216 29,5,9
216 16,575 17,164


66,282 68,983 1,165,668 1,178,442
626,229 11,607,545


42,054
5,720
15,244
3,124
15,644
4,062
14,812
14,023

29,812


8,172
8,369
29,901
29,594
3,685

224,196
2,269,078


nd lambs
: Mar. 7
2 1959
39,302
3,919
15,547
5,167
15,238
4,483
18,993
16,581

29,219
--

9,965
11,418
39,598
27,999
4,251

241,480


2,455,540 637,013 11,187,628 2,273,692


ESTIMATED FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT PRODUCTION


Week ended


1960 ..............
1960 ..............
1960 / ............
1959I/ ...........


- : "Por 7
Beef Veal Total
Beef Veal :(excl. lard) : and mutton I Total
um- 8 s -n T ~ ;j -7 meat
Sber : Prd ber Prod.: ber : Prod. ber : rod.; prod.
------ ----- -----------------
1,000 mlb. 1000 mi.lb. 1,000 mil.lb. 1,000 mil.lb. mil.1b.
345 208.4 92 9.8 1,325 176.8 245 12.5 407.5
315 189.5 95 10.7 1,280 170.8 230 11.7 382.5
360 91 -- 1,464 265 --
315 191.6 94 10.0 1,345 180.6 280 13.9 596.1


Percentage change from:

Feb. 27, 1960 ............
Mar. 7, 1959 ...........


Total
lard
prod.
mill.1b.


44.9
47.5


7
-10


'- Average weight bTb. : Lard"
Week ended : Cattle Calves Hos hep : yield
Z: ,* Hos / /: and lambs : per
:--I; esd L---d-- -:Di;sie : vi' e h-eDdees d--: Liv 7 Drsbse -: 100 lb.
1960 .............. 1050 604 190 107 232 133 105 51
1960 ............. 1055 601 200 113 230 1553 105 51
1960 .............. 1055 601 200 112 234 155 105 51 -
1959 .............. 1066 608 190 106 235 134 105 50 15.0


./ Actual slaughter. 2/ Excludes lard.


Mar.
Feb.
Feb.
Mar.


Mar.
Feb.
Feb.
Mar.












Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100#
1100-1300
Choice 900-1100
1100-1300
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


Heifers -
Choice*
Good**
Standard


700-900#
600-800
- All wts.


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


Steers -
Choice 500-800#
Good 500-800
Medium 500-1000


29.80
50.12
28.18
28.05
25.22
22.05


27.02

20.85


16.82
16.40
15.70)
14.10)


31.10
51.40
29.35
29.05
26.60
24.58


27.90
25.70
23.20


19.80
18.42
16.75


26.65
26.55
24.70
21.50


25.98
24.05
21.25


17.50
16.50
15.50)
15.88)


28.55
28.10
26.08
23.60


27.68
25.50
22.92


19.10
17.70
15.55


29.00
28.85
27.55
27.40
24.58
20.95


26.68
23.95
20.25


17.15
16.08
15.05)
14.12)


30.12
30.00
28.35
28.00
25.55
23.00


27.35
24.55
22.05


18.65
17.52
15.75


21.65 25.75 19.50 22.38 19.80 21.90
21.05 22.55 19.05 21.75 19.45 20.55


52.40
50.60
26.50


52.50
28.50


27.00
24.25
21.00


29.00
26.25
22.50


26.50
24.75
22.75


31.70
29.70
26.70


26.42
26.28
23.40
19.75


25.70
22.85
19.50


18.05
16.80
15.60)
14.55)


27.25
27.00
24.88
21.50


26.52
24.28
21.25


20.00
18.60
16.50


26.75

25.00
22.25



25.50
21.00


18.00
16.75
14.25)
12.00)


27.06
26.62
26.00
24.25



25.25
23.88


20.50
18.75
16.00


22.50 20.75 22.75
20.25 22.75 21.25 24.06


- 28.50
- 25.75
- 22.50


26.60
24.20
20.90


31.50
28.50
26.00


52.50
29.50
25.00


27.50
25.00


55.00
52.00
27.50


Feeder and stocker cattle and calves


28.50
25.90
22.55


51.00
27.70
25.00


28.50
25.50
21.50


50.85
27.62
24.80


27.20
24.55
20.65


51.00
26.62
25.62


26.00
24.00
21.00


50.00
27.00
23.50


25.25
25.50
20.50


28.75
26.75
25.75


Heifers -
Choice
Med. & Gd.


500-750#
500-750


- 24.25 27.75 24.50 27.75 24.00 26.25 25.75 27.25
- 20.75 24.50 21.50 23.75 21.50 24.00 20.50 24.25


Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 300-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice


- -- 17.00 19.25 15.08 18.75



30.50 33.50 50.00 34.50


16.75 18.50 15.75 -



30.00 55.50 28.00 31.00


Heifers -
Good & Choice


-- 27.25 51.00 27.00 32.25 27.50 52.50 25.50 28.50


*Weight range 600-800# in 1959.
** 700-900# t


191
CATTLE: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds
::::: North
-_ -^ -_ _-- --_- _-- ---_ -
S Chicago : Kansas City : Omaha Denver : Portland
Mar. Mar. Mar : Mar. Mar. : Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar.
5 7 5 : 7 5 : 7 5 7 5 7
s ** ** : :
1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959

Slaughter cattle, calves and vealers





192


Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100U #
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


Heifers -
Choice*
Goods3*
Standard


700-900#
600-800
- All wts.


CATTIEt MONTRHI AVERAGE PRICES
In dollars per 100 pounds

- --_-- North
, Chicago : Kansas City Omaha Denver I Portland
-- - - ~ -: :-


: Feb. : Feb.
3 1960 : 1959


: Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 : 1959


: Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 t 1959


: Feb. : Feb.
: 1960 : 1959


2 Feb. : Feb.
2 1960 : 1959


Slaughter cattle calves and dealers ------
Slaughter battle, calves and dealers


28.51
28.54
27.23
26.75
24.72
21.70


26.54

20.50


30.75
50.92
28.68
28.50
26.20
24.32


27.95
25.62
25.11


26.26
26.14
25.98
21.08


25.65
25.52
20.55


27.67
27.20
25.44
22.84


27.58
25.15
22.49


27.99
27.79
26.58
26.12
25.58
20.10


26.52
25.44
19.78


29.85
29.66
28.02
27.67
25.55
25.16


27.59
24.59
22.15


26.06
25.65
22.65
18.96


25.75
22.58
19.00


ON.

26.95
26.95
24.52
21.59


26.55
24.45
21.68


26.47
25.79
24.75
22.12


24.54
25.00
20.69


27.47
27.51
26.56
25.16



25.75
24.58


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


15.95 20.11
15.48 18.86
15.05)
13.60) 17.27


16.68
15.49
14.78)
15.52)


21.55 24.89 19.06 22.79
20.40 25.28 18.74 21.96


50.95
29.40
25.48


54.45
29.70


25.46
25.50
20.58


28.78
26.00
22.25


28.58
26.56
24.88


55.85
51.18
27.88


19.75 16.05 19.47
18.40 15.14 18.20
15.99)
15.92 15.14) 16.55


19.25 22.59
18.65 21.25


17.57 20.66
16.25 19.41
14.55)
15.47) 17.06


17.71 20.58
15.89 18.50
15.17)
10.81) 15.69


-- 22.50 20.81 22.75
19.69 25.00 21.44 24.12


28.50
25.62
22.50


25.653
25.75
20.75


51.25
28.50
26.00


27.38
25.00


54.58
51.58
26.88


Feeder and stocker cattle and calves


51.25
27.82
25.30


26.94
24.59
20.88


50.51
27.15
24.40


26.88
24.25
20.25


50.78
26.81
25.68


Heifers -
Choice 500-750#
Med. & Gd. 500-750

Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 500-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice

Heifers -
Good & Choice


- 24.06 27.62 24.44 27.81 25.62 26.56 25.50 27.25
-- 19.94 24.59 21.50 25.81 21.25 24.44 20.25 24.25


-- 16.12 19.25 14.00 19.87


- 29.28 55.50 29.94 55.50


- 26.40 50.56 27.00 52.68


16r00


19.51


15.06


50.00 57.00 26.88 51.00


27.40 55.69 25.06 28.50


*Weight range 600-800# in 1959.
* "o 700-900# I t


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


27.75
25.51
21.81


- 51.72
- 29.28
- 25.00


26.00
24.00
21.00


50.58
27.58
25.75


24.81
25.50
20.25


28.62
26.62
25.50






















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194


HOGS: AVERAGE COST. WEIGHT, AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPER PURCHASES 1/
.. -.-....-................... ........... ..............................................
Louis : Kan.- S. S. 8-
Chi. Natl. : sa Omaha Sioux : St. St. Indian- mkts.
Week ended cago Stock : City : a City Joseph Paul apolis comrn-
Yards :bined
w- --------------------------K--------------------------....---------------------------------- -------- I -----S---- I--------
AVERAGE COST Dollars per 100 pounds
Barrows Mar. 5,1960 14.52 14.50 14.58 14.65 14.62 14.65 14.45 14.68 14.52
and Feb.27,1960 15.99 14.07 14.34 14.26 14.12 14.27 15.65 14.16 14.05
gilts Mar. 7,1959 15.63 15.58 15.55 15.45 15.34 15.66 15.14 15.68 15.45
Mar. 5,1960 12.45 12.75 15.01 15.09 12.93 12.91 12.77 12.65 12.80
Sows Feb.27,1960 11.71 12.37 12.59 12.68 12.61 12.61 12.16 11.89 12.29
Mar. 7,1959 13.20 13.51 15.80 15.64 13.57 13.77 13.24 13.49 13.48
AVERAGE WEIGHT Pounds
Barrows Mar. 5,1960 250 215 225 257 259 225 250 225 227
and Feb.27, 1960 230 215 223 255 259 223 228 225 226
gifts Mar. 7? 95. 250 219 228 258 242 226 230 .221. .2- .
Mar. 5,1960 447 595 417 450 456 401 419 457 425
Sows Feb.27,1960 445 596 425 451 457 594 418 440 424
Mar. 7,1959 457 416 450 427 455 404 4 ... Al 42-
NUMBER OF HEAD -
Barrows Mar. 5,1960 27299 52284 15412 54810 27101 20543 58415 26145 240005
and Feb.27,1960 24526 49971 11970 54057 29428 21584 49545 51486 252545
gilts Mar. 7,1959 30076 60069 15825 553278 55659 22956 48800 55515 278174
Mar'. 6,1960- "S' 2972 641 5650 1957 1515 2486 1969 17510
Sows Feb.27,1960 2584 5066 767 5527 2252 1500 2691 2455 18640
Mar. 7,195.. 010 4184 844 3542 2462 1587 3456 1464 20349
SOWS Percenta. e of total
Mar. 5,1960 9 5 5 7 6 6 7 7
Feb.27,1960 10 6 6 9 7 6 5 7 7
Mar. 7 1959 9 7 6 10 6 6 7 4 7
-----......... t --?-......-.--- -.......-?- ............-. ......-......-- -- ...----- ....-.-.-- -------.
1/ Weighted average.
WEEKLY AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED
FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG, COMPARED WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGS, CHICAGO
Hog products 1/ Hog prices 2/ :or aros n 3/
Mar. 5,1960 $16.54 $14.83 $1.71
Feb.27,1960 16.16 14.45 1.71
Mar. 7,1959 17.66 16.06 1.60
1/ Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 lb. of live hog comr-
puted from wholesale prices on carlot basis, Chicago, reported by National Provisioner
daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1, 2 and 3 hogs, 200-220# wt. Chicago,
T/ Difference between wholesale product value and hog prices.
HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
Barrows and Corn, I Hog-corn
Week ended ilts No. 3, yellow price ratio
Dollars per Cents per based on
100 pounds bushel barrows and gilts
-- -------. .. .----- .------- ------- -- -- -- -- -- -- -
Mar. 5, 1960 14.52 112.6 12.9
Feb.27, 1960 13.99 110.8 12.6
Mar. 7, 1959 15.63 118.3 13.2
I-/ S- -le average price.- -- -
1/ Simple average price.





195


HOGS: AVERAGE COST. WEIGHT, AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPER PURCHASES 1/
-------~~~--~ ----"'T-S----~- -------r-------- ---------r----l-r------r---------r-- --T-
. ...... ..... .......""..... --- --------- --."-........--.. ...""" "'-.................. -...-
Louis Kan- S. S. 8-
Month Chi- Nat. sas Omaha Sioux St. St. Indian- mkts.
cago Stock City City Joseph Paul apolis com-
Yards bined
-------------------------------------------S--------
AVERAGE COST lDollarsper 100 pounds
Barrows Feb. 1960 15.55 15.56 15.67 13.62 13.55 13.70 13.51 13.76 13.56
and Jan. 1960 12.52 12.77 12.73 12.65 12.56 12.75 12.52 12.86 12.65
gilts Feb. 1959 15.62 15.74 15.86 15.65 15.46 15.79 15.45 15.75 15,65
---~~-----~'W--i -- -------------,,
Feb.' 1960 11.6 11.80 11.90 11.96 11.89 12.01 1162 11.44 11.72
Sows Jan. 1960 10.09 10.47 10.07 10.42 10.69 10.52 10.14 9.96 10.30
Feb. 1959 15.56 15.75 15.90 15.56 15.67 15.92 13.45 13.41 15.61
AVERAGE WEIGHT: --- ---- Pounds--
Barrows Feb. 1960 252 216 226 237 240 225 229 225 228
and Jan. 1960 256 222 252 241 244 227 251 228 232
gilts Feb. 1959 236 221 226 245 247 229 231 222 232
Feb'. i iii 960 451 '402" 427 434 440'" -594' 421 430 4 2
Sows Jan. 1960 452 405 432 440 445 416 418 458 429
Feb. 1959 438 404 428 434 433 398 414 446 425
Fe --. -----..... ----.....--- .....-4 --. -- .... -4 ---.... ----.... --.... ....... .......
NUMBER OF HEAD -
Barrows Feb. 1960 119101 237250 61004 164259 137655 95844 202255 159119 1154465
and Jan. 1960 151611 514149 65745 205098 195224 115354 229727 144904 1417812
gilts Feb. 1959 148789 213573 54340 160514 154725. 91604 _201681.159j.2 11.853.96
Feb. 10i 12987 '16100 5266 16718 9519 5718 10929 11021 86258
Sows Jan. 1960 17549 24938 4231 19205 15554 9015 15217 15047 116354
Feb. 1959 13601 15289 .334 15568 10742 5951.. 7... ... h6 ?7
----------------------------------------------------- IN 21 --- 66R ,Z ... RUA7,, E~iZ __a?9
SOWS Percenta.e of total
Feb. 1960 10 6 ----- 6 6 5 7 7
Jan. 1960 10 7 6 9 6 7 6 9 8
Feb. 1959 8 7 6 9 6 6 6 5 7
-e--W------------.----------------------------------- t---------------------------
1/ Weighted average.
MONTHLY AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED
FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG. COMPARED WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGS, CHICAGO
oss ------------------------------------ead
Hog products I/ Hog prices or margin 3/
-----------------------------------------------v-
Feb. 1960 $15.75 $15.95 $1.80
Jan. 1960 15.54 15.09 2.25
Feb. 1959 18.09 16.15 1.94
1/ Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 Ib. of live hog com-
puted from wholesale prices on carlot basis, Chicago, reported by National Provisioner
daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1, 2 and 3 hogs, 200-220# wt. Chicago.
T/ Difference between wholesale product value and hog prices.

HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
Barrows and Corn. Hog-corn
MONTH gIts / No. 3, yellow price ratio
MONHL Dollars per-' Cents per based on
100 pounds bushel barrows and gilts
------------------i l ri t I ti ..-- -- -- -- -- ----------- it----- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Feb. 1960 15.55 110.9 12.2
Jan. 1960 12.52 114.4 10.9
Feb. 1959 15.62 117.9 13.2
------------ Weight---------ed erage--------------
1/ Weighted average.





196


WHOLESALE MEAT TRADE REVIEWS


LESS THAN CARLOT EAT TRADE REVIEWS

EASTERN SEABOARD Trading was moderately
active through Wednesday at eastern seaboard
markets but the heaviest snowfall this winter
virtually crippled the movement on closing ses-
sions. This condition was largely responsible
for incomplete clearance at Washington and New
York, involving small lots of freshly unloaded
meats. Buyers for retail outlets were un-
certain of consumer activity for weekend busi-
ness, therefore, late week purchases were sharply
curtailed. Receipts of most classes were gen-
erally small at Boston except pork normal,
while unloads at New York and Philadelphia were
cut-back slightly in all divisions, but normal
supplies were offered at Washington and Balti-
more. Despite aforementioned conditions, and
usual dullness affiliated with start of the
Lenten season, prices on most wholesale meats
showed some advance.
Compared with the week previous: Steer
beef steady to $2.00 higher, bulk strong to
$1.00 higher. Cow beef sold strong to $2.00
higher. Prices for veal and calf were mostly
unchanged at all markets except New York, where
Prime veal and calf carcasses sold strong and
other grades advanced $1.00-2.00. Lamb prices
were steady at Boston and steady to $2.00 higher
at other markets. Pork loins sold steady at
Boston, steady to strong, instances $2.00 higher
at Baltimore, with late sales at Washington
$2.00 higher despite unevenness during the
week. Pork loins closed $1.00 lower at Phila-
delphia and $1.00-2.50 lower at New York. Other
pork cuts sold steady to $2.00 higher, with most
upturn on spareribs and particularly fresh skin-
ned hams which advanced $2.00 at New York. Kosh-
er dressed beef and lamb sold mostly $1.00
higher, while prices for kosher veal and calf
were fully steady to strong.

CHICAGO Supplies all classes fresh meat
moderate with receipts of veal somewhat above
recent weeks. Most beef graded Good and Choice
and bulk of the lamb weighed 55-65#. Trading
was moderately active on beef and prices advanced
early but these upturns were partly erased late
when outlet narrowed. Trading was generally
active for beef ribs and loins and demand was
good at the close for chucks and rounds. Veal
trade was slow with Standard and Good carcasses
80# and down hardest to sell. Lamb 35-55#
moved best in a moderately active trade, but
all weights advanced for the fourth straight
week. Lamb stews and shoulders cleared into
most channels, while hindsaddles particularly
those from the heavier lambs were slow. Fresh


pork cuts slow, loins working lower through mid-
week, but declines were recovered later when
product sold higher for shipment into next
week.
Compared to the previous Friday: Steer
and heifer beef steady to $1.00 higher, cow
beef mostly 500 higher, veal unchanged, lamb
$1.00-1.50 higher, pork loins 8-16# $1.00-1.50
higher, Boston butts 4-8# steady, spareribs
steady to 500 higher.

PACIFIC COAST Choice steer beef supplies
were moderate but fully adequate for trade re-
quirements while other steer beef was some-
what more plentiful with slight accumulations.
In general clearance was fairly good even
though trading was rather dull due to the
beginning of Lent and the approaching Califor-
nia tax day. Cow beef was in small supply and
barely adequate for a fairly good demand while
calf was fully adequate in California and
veal fully adequate in the Pacific Northwest.
Lamb was rather limited in the Pacific North-
west but fully adequate in California. Fresh
and cured pork was generally adequate to in-
stances excessive for a fair demand.
Prices compared with the previous week's
close: Most all beef steady to $1.00 higher;
calf and veal mostly steady, some sales $1.00
higher in the Pacific Northwest; lamb steady
to $1.00 higher; fresh pork steady to $2.00
higher with most advance on loins and spare-
ribs; smoked skinned hams and sliced bacon
steady to $2.00 higher; other smoked meats and
lard about steady.


CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

Moderately active trading prevailed for
the most part and prices were generally higher
even though trends were uneven from day to
day and varied somewhat from market to mar-
ket. Steer beef closed steady to $1.00 high-
er for the week at Chicago and New York, 500-
$1.00 higher at Denver and Philadelphia and
strong to 500 higher at Omaha with instances
$1.00 up on 800-900# carcasses. Heifer
beef sold steady to $1.00 higher at Chicago,
strong to 500 higher at Omaha and steady at
Denver. The trend an cow beef was generally
504-$1.00 higher. Lamb carcasses advanced
$1.00-2.00 with same sales $5.00 higher at
Philadelphia. Pork loins sold $1.00-1.50
higher for the week at Chicago where late
upturns more than offset early declines.
Sales of pork loins were fully steady at Omaha
but declined $1.00-2,00 at New York.






197


WHOLESALE DRESSED MEAT PRICES LESS THAN CARLOT BASIS
Weekly average of daily quotations in dollars per 100 pounds
-------------~-~----~-~-I---~-~-----------------------------------
: New York Chicago San Francisco Los Angeles
Classification : -
SMar, : Mar. 7 Mar. : Mar. 7 : Mar. 5 :Mar. 7 :Mar. 5 : Mar. 7
: 1960 : 1959 : 1960 1959 : 1960 : 1959 s 1960 t 1959
Steer beef ------- ---
S3teer beef -


Good

Heifer beef -
Choice

Good
Veal -
Prime
Choice
Good
Lamb -
Prime
Choice
Fresh pork -
Loins
Butts
Spareribs
Cured pork -


700-800#
600-700
700-800
500-600
600-700

500-600#
600-700
500-600

90-120#
90-120
90-120

45-55#
45-55

8-1i
4-8
3 down


Hams, smk. skd. -(Cook
before eating) 12-16#
Bacon, smoked, sliced -
1# package (box lots)
Picnics, smoked (Cook
before eating) 4-8#
Lard, 3# carton


48.00
47.50
46.25
44.00
44.50


64.50
55.50
50.00


50.50
48.75
47.75
45.00
45.50


65.00
55.60
49.10


45.00 45.00
45.50 42.70


45.30
35.50
59.45


42.00

58.00


41.50
55.50
40.20


45.56
44.25
42.25
42.25

44.50
44.00
41.12

58.50
53.50
50.00


46.50
45.00
45.25
45.25


57.25
50.62
48.44


44.12
42.62
43.50
41.50

43.50
42.50




55.00


-- 41.00 44.50
45.50 40.00 44.50


40.50
29.50
55.50


58.15
50.70
36.19


46.50
36.00
43.00


44.88
45.12
44.50
45.50


45.47
41.62
42.25
40.12

45.06
41.50
41.25


46.00
44.51
44.00
42.00


55.00


45.00
41.00 43.00


44.00
40.00
45.00


45.50
55.00
59.00


48.50 50.50 50.50 50.00 54.00 47.00

44.00 45.25 48.25 45.00 49.00 45.75


29.50 32.00 33.50 54.12
11.88 13.50 12.25 15.50


30.00
15.50


55.50
17.00


51.00
14.50


40.00
40.00

41.50
54.50
40.00


50.50

49.50

56.00
15.25


BULK PRICES CABLOT BASIS WEEK ENDED MARCH 4, 1960
P-tie- a d FO B- rr3
Classification 7-- Cj: q a ---- -d ew_-
Choice 600-700# 44.00-45.00 45.00-45.50 45.75 460-4-
Choice 600-700# 44.00-45.00 43500-43.50 43.75 46.00-4


Good


Heifer beef -
Choice

Good

Cow beef All
Utility


Canner and Cutter
Lamb -
Prime 55-4


Choice


Fresh pork -
Loins


45.00-44.00
42.00-42.50
40.50-41.50
40.50-41.50
40.00-41.00

45.00-45.50
42.50-45.00
59.50-40.00
39.50-40.00

31.50-52.00
52.00-52.50




45.00-44.00
42.00-42.50
40.00-41.00


42.00-42.50
41.00-42.00

59.00-41.50
56.00-40.50

41.75-43.50
41.00-41.75



31.00-32.00


59.50-41.00
59.50-41.00
57.75-39.50
59.50-41.00
39.50-41.00
37.75-58.75


8-12# 58,50-59.00


42.75
41.50-41.75

40.25-41.00
40.00-40.25

42.00-42.50
41.75-42.00
58.50-59.00
58.50

30.50-31.00
31.00




42.25-45.25
40.75-41.25
59.25

58.50-59.00


WscjdIirF -
_c _-d"i ve r ~~
[rl I FE 3


7.00


45.00-45.50
45.25-44.50
43.50-44.00
42.00-44.00
42.50-45.50


35.50-34.00





44.00-46.00
45.50-44.50
42.00-45.00


46.00-46.50
45.00-46.00
44.00-44.50
45.00-45.50
42.50-45.50
42.00-45.00


45.00-46.00



54.00-54.50
33.50-54.00

44.00-46.00
45.00-45.00
42.00-45.00
45.00-45.00
42.00-44.00
41.50-42.50


59.00-39.50 57.50-38.50


Prime
Choice


700-800
800-900
500-600
600-700
700-800

500-600#
600-700
500-600
600-700
weights -


L5f


45-55
55-65
55-45
45-55
55-65





198


BOSTON WOOL MARKET REVIEW


Trading generally slow at steady prices, however, demand was fair for med-
ium fleeces and trading was moderately active in woolen wools and noils at
higher prices. Trading was very limited at domestic primary markets due to snow,
ice and cold.
Prices advanced at Dominion markets with Argentine wools 2# higher and
Uruguayan wools 1-20 up.
Crop Reporting Board announced shorn and pulled wool production totaled 292
million pounds, grease, 1959, 7 percent above 1958, 9 percent above 10-year aver-
age. Shorn wool production in 1959 was 257 million pounds, pulled 54.5 million.
Value of shorn 1959, $110 million, 1958 was $88 million.
The 1959 production of mohair amounted to 24,180,000 pounds, 16 percent
greater than 1958, 62 percent larger than the 10-year average. Value of 1959
mohair production $22,859,000, an increase of 52 percent compared to 1958.
Fleece Wools Dealers paying 48-50# grease for medium wools in Indiana; 50-
54 but mostly 50# in Ohio for medium wools, other fleece States at standstill
due to snowfall.
Territory Wools Turnover was dormant. Bulk fine, some half-blood, Good
French and staple in Arizona 40-410 to grower, estimated clean $1.06-1.09, de-
livered. Original bag mixed ewes wool in Northern coming 59-42#.
Texas Wools Range sales were at a standstill due to weather.
Mohair Shearing was halted. Prices unchanged at $1.01! fcr adult hair and
$1.513 for kid hair to warehouse; buyers were offering 96|2- and $1.261. Severe
losses in goats due to ice storm and cold.


SHEEP AND LAMBS:


WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS


In dollars per 100 pounds


S------------ -----


Classification


: Chicago'
* :


-- *
- f


SLAUGHTER LAMBS:


Mar.
Mar.


Choice Mar.
Mar.


(Wooled)
5, 1960
7, 1959


1960
1959


Mar. 5, 1960
Mar. 7, 1959


EWES (Wooled) -
Good and Mar.
Choice Mar.


Cull and
Utility


Mar.
Mar.


All wts.
5, 1960
7, 1959
5, 1960
7, 1959


- All wts.
22.62


22.18
20.15
21.55
20.02


7.25
7.25
6.58
6.50


FEEDER LAMBS All wts.
Good and Mar. 5, 1960
Choice Mar. 7, 1959


Omaha :Kansas : Fort :Denver
: City : Worth :
--


22.12 21.50 19.58
- -
21.62 20.50 19.00
19.22 19.00 18.20*
20.85 19.50 18.75
18.60 18.58 17.55*


6.50
8.12
5.00
6.25


19.25
19.42


6.50
6.88
5.50
5.12


21.78


21.19
19.35
20.47
18.40


7.44
-- 8.25
7.25* 5.59
5.88


: North
Ogden : Port-
: land


21.12 22.21


20.75
18.00
19.75
17.38


6.25
6.75
4.25
4.25


21.85
19.38*
21.08
18.50*


7.75
8.25
5.75
5.75


18.00 20.44 18.25
17.25 18.88 16.00
------------------


* Shorn basis.


Prime


Good





199


MEAT AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS INSPECTED WHEN (FFEED FOR IMPOTATION
(USDA ARS Meat Inspection Division)
JANUARY 1960


- -in 7- -- ---atg Z d shib SPrflZ -
Country of origin t Beef and LawE na P


- Veal
Pounds


Argentina ..oo****o*.......
Australia oo.......oo......
Brazil *.....eee.eee*eeee* .
Canada .*..e..eeeeeee... ee.
Denuiark ******************

Germany ,,***************
Holland ............o..
Ireland ..............-
Mexico .o...oe...e.....eeee
New Zealand ..............o

Paraguay .000000000004...00
Poland ....................
Uruguay *eeeee***
All others .........o.....

Total January 1960 ....,
January 1959 o...


11,297,771

1,089,955




8,128,650
4,586,545
10,549,852




4,004,411

59,257,122
55,741,444


: Mutton
Pounds


4,645,808

8,617
-- w


905,500


--


5,559,925
4,598,287


Pounds


29,052
5,850,799
5,850,799
--


25,802


--
5,615

5,891,268
4,512,985


: T a ~ "- wts' "-
- Beef Pork
$ 2
Pounds Pounds

165,775 -
OWN --
5 391 556,455
19,629


6,580
15,861
10,864


1,166
1,166


---
---

26,500 5,529

191,852 612,716
14,952,005 781,846


Refused or condemned
January 1960
January 1959


Country of origin



Argentina ..........
Australia .........
Brazil .............
Canada ............
Denmark *....*..**..


Is
.2
S o*@* 524,125 -- -
.o..... 198,555 547,675 1,015 245,694 8

s Canned meats Cooked i Sausage a General t
S Beef Pork Misact. 1 beef (Trichinat miscel- I Total
S. treated a laneous
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds

5,867,145 104,555 10,464 248,580 118,112 6,512,6(
75,584 16,048,0:
1,557,554 -- 1,500 -- 52,960 1,592,0:
15,529 455,572 6,521 120 5,989 399,925 6,565,22
25.710 5.609.471 275.495 -- 257.420 4.185.7


09
15
14
51
25


Germany ....*
Holland ............
Ireland ............
Mexico .............
New Zealand ....o...


Paraguay ........... 506,149
Poland ............. -
Uruguay ............ 557,425
All others ......... 1,804

Total January 1960 8,404,498
January 1959 7,502,458


Refused or condemned:
January 1960
January 1959


7,549
440


288,947
5,915,554





2,208,722

28,678

10,609,259
10,491,069


16,216
9,571


677
145,008

OED


445,568
--
45,564
924,697
1,708,752


6,995
8,554
-NO


-- --


-- 41,454

250,200 518,190
-- 61,040
- -


516
2,160


854


505,197
4,082,757
8,159,494
4,586,545
11,282,500


-- 506,149
1,325 2,655,415
5,600 565,025
11,641 4,168,776

569,561 70,589,268
727,844 78,877,750


548,406
-- 805,827


------------------
Note: In addition to the above,
from Mexico.


January 1960 imports included 17,920 pounds of horse meat


I


I


I


-




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
200I /illl r l liiiIii Il IgI i
U. S. Department of Agriculture PC 11 IN UNVR ITIIII
Washington 25, D. C. U. S. De 3 1262 08735 7173

OFFICIAL BUSINESS

Form AMS-5/8/60
Permit 1001.









University of Florida
Documents Librarian
11-4-59 The University Libraries
LS-CLS Gainesville, Fla.



-- -------------------------------------------------
THE LIVESTOCK AND MEAT SITUATION
Approved by the Outlook and Situation Board, March 5, 1960
Summary
Probable trends in meat animal production during 1960 are fairly well outlined by recent
inventory and intention reports from farmers. Beginning inventories for cattle, hogs and
sheep are each larger than a year earlier. Increases in the number of cows and ewes on hand
will undoubtedly lead to larger calf and lamb crops. But the decline in sows and the intentions
of producers foretell a smaller spring pig crop. Liberal feed supplies for the 1959-60 feeding
season are assured by record levels of feed grains and other concentrates. Hay stocks on Jan-
uary 1, though 12 percent below a year earlier, were 9 percent above average.
Cattle numbers totaled 101.5 million head on January 1, the first time in 95 years of
records that January numbers exceeded 100 million. Cattle numbers increased 5 percent during
1959, hog numbers 5 percent and sheep numbers 2 percent. The composite index of meat animals
rose 4 points to 120 percent (1947-49 100), one percent above the previous high on January 1,
1944.
Most of the increase in cattle numbers in 1959 was in beef cattle, though numbers of milk
cattle showed a small gain, the first in 6 years. All classes of beef cattle shared in the
increase and gains in numbers occurred in all sections of the country. Regional increases
ranged from 5 percent in the North Atlantic and East North Central Regions to 7 percent in the
South Central.
Compared with a year earlier, total hog numbers increased in all regions of the country.
The number of pigs under 6 months old, up 5 percent from a year earlier, was in line with the
larger 1959 fall crop. The number of sows and gilts was down 11 percent, reflecting farmerst
intentions to reduce 1960 spring farrowings. The number of other hogs over 6 months of age was
up 16 percent from a year earlier. Slaughter supplies during the first part of the year will
be greater than a year earlier but reduction in sows and gilts of breeding age will result in a
smaller spring pig crop for market this summer and fall.
The total number of sheep and lambs on farms and ranches increased 2 percent during 1959 to
total 55.6 million head on January 1, 1960. This is the largest inventory since January 1, 1948,
but smaller than arn year from 1948 back to 1867, the first year of record. Approximately 4.1
million head were sheep and lambs on feed for market, 7 percent fewer than a year earlier.
Although fluctuatin seasonally, cattle prices probably will trend slowly downward during
the year, in contrast to significant improvement in hog prices. For the year as a whole sheep
and lamb prices are not expected to average greatly different from 1959.
Production of meat this year is forecast at 27.8 billion pounds, slightly more than in
1959. However, because meat imports will probably not be as large as last year and, with popu-
lation growing, per capital ooasumption may be about a pound below the 159.6 pounds for 1959.
Retail beef prices will probably average close to 1959 levels. Pork prices, now below a year
earlier, will probably rise above 1959 levels this spring and for the year will average some-
what higher than last year.




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