Livestock, meat, wool market news

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Title:
Livestock, meat, wool market news
Physical Description:
v. : ; 21-23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock, Poultry, Grain, and Seed Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock & Seed Division
Publisher:
The Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Meat industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Wool industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Marketing -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
Statement of Responsibility:
Livestock, Poultry, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 27, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1959) issue.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for <Jan. 16, 1979-May 14, 1983> issued by: Livestock, Meat, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; <Nov. 12, 1983-> by: the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; 1996 issue\d by: the Livestock and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 47, no. 2 (Jan. 16, 1979).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 58, no. 40 (Oct. 6, 1990).

Record Information

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University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004691915
oclc - 04512121
lccn - sn 87043107
Classification:
lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338.105
System ID:
AA00008493:00097

Related Items

Preceded by:
Market news (Washington, D.C.)
Succeeded by:
Livestock, meat, and wool weekly summary and statistics


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text






MEAT



WOOL


WEEKLY SUMMARY

AND STATISTICS


LIVESTOCK DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHIINTON 25, 0. ,


Vol. 29, No. 59


September 26, 1961


Week ended September 23


Livestock Market Reviews .
Livestock Market Receipts .
Stocker and Feeder Statistics .
Estimated Percentage of Stocker and Feeder
Slaughter Cows in Salable Receipts .

Steer Sale Statistics .
Slaughter at Major Centers .
Estimated Slaughter and Meat Production

Cattle Prices . .
Hog Prices . .
Hog Purchase Statistics .
Sheep and Lamb Prices . .

Wholesale Meat Trade Reviews .
Wholesale Dressed Meat Prices .
Wool Market Review .. .......


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Special to this issue


Federally Inspected Slaughter, by Regions, August 1961 .....
Barrows and Gilts, 8 Markets Combined Monthly Average
Cost and Weight, 1956-61 . .
Slaughter Steers, Chicago Monthly Average Cost and
Weight, 1956-61 . . .
Meat and Meat Food Products Processed and Canned Under
Federal Inspection, July 50-Sept. 2, 1961 .
Stocker and Feeder Cattle and Sheep Received in Selected
North Central States, August 1961 . *
United States Exports of Meats, July 1961 . *
United States Exports of Livestock, July 1961 .


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Sollm-Agi







MIDWEST LIVESTOCK REVIEW

and

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES


Uneven distribution of receipts at rridwest
markets caused considerable variation in the
week's price trends on slaughter steers and
heifers. At several points steer and heifer
marketing were fairly liberal and the general
trend for steers was steady to 254 higher with
upturns in the dressed trade a bullish factor.
At Chicago, steer receipts were the smallest
since April due to the non-slaughtering kosher
holidays and prices advanced 500-C~.O0. Heifers
were generally steady to 50# lower at most
markets, the principal exception at Chicago
25-751 higher. Slaughter cows were largely
25-75f higher. Stockers and feeders were
largely steady. Hog prices closed mainly 25-
50# higher. Spring slaughter lambs were
generally steady to 25f higher.


23.75 with Good largely $21.00-22.50. Utility
and Commercial cows 14.00-17.00, mainly
$14.50-16.50, Canner and Cutter cows $12.00-
15.50, mostly $13.00-15.00.

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND CALVES -
Marketings of stocker and feeder cattle and
calves showed small seasonal expansion but con-
tinued to fall short of the weekly numbers
marketed during the month of September in many
previous years. Favorable late summer and
early fall weather conditions have permitted
many growers and graziers to defer marketing
plans until a later than normal date and in
addition range contracting has been very exten-
sive, Yearling and two-year-old steers contin-
ued to make up a large percent of supplies.
However, there was a slight increase in calf


SLAUGHTER CATTLE AND CALVES Price trends numbers and some expansion in the number of
on slaughter steers and heifers were very heifers. The percentage of Choice offerings
uneven at midwest markets as receipts varied was seasonally increased but even so a sizeable
considerably from normal at several centers, share of the receipts consisted of Medium and
At Chicago, steer marketing were the smallest Good grades. The trade, although somewhat un-
since April and steers advanced 50-$41.00. At even, generally was fairly active with prices
most other points steers and particularly for the most part maintained on a steady basis.
heifers were fairly liberal, but even so, Bulk Good and Choice 800-105QV feeder
prices held up well under the influence of steers sold from e22.00-24.00,limited .numberOood
higher dressed beef. Steers sold steady to 50 1000-1C55Q $21.40-21.50. Two-loads Choice 835-
higher at other eastern Corn Belt centers and 841# brought $25.00-25.25, and four loads 840-
at Omaha,with prices fully steady for the week 91C0 P24.75. Good and Choice yearling stock
at Sioux City and Sioux Falls. However, the steers sold chiefly from $23.00-26.50. A few
trend on steers was steady to 25# lower at Good steers sold down to $22.00 but on the
Kansas City, St. Paul and St. Joseph. Slaughter other hand few loads Choice and mixed Choice
heifers were steady to 50f lower in the western and Fancy 600-650Q brought $27.00-27.50. Choice
part of the area, but 25-75# higher at Chicago 671'/ cashed at $27.05 and two-loads 513-575#
and steady to 25 higher at St. Louis and %28.00-28.50. Medium and mixed Medium and Good
Indianapolis. Price changes on cows and bulls stockers sold from $20.00-23.50. Good and
were toward higher levels, cows finishing the Choice yearling heifers ranged $21.00-25.50,
week steady to 0I.00 higher, mostly 25-75# majority $22.00-24.50. Few loads Choice 479-
up with bulls steady to 50# higher, Vealers 525# short yearling heifers reached $26.00.
held about steady in St. Paul and St. Louis. Choice and Fancy 465# steer calves brought
The percentage of stockers and feeders in the $31.25, few loads Choice $29.00-30.00, bulk
12 market cattle receipts was about the same as Good and Choice steer calves $24.00-28.50. Same
the previous week, ranging up to nearly 50 per- grades heifer calves brought $22.00-27.00.
cent at some Missouri River markets. From the Medium and Good stock cows sold chiefly from
broad viewpoint, slaughter steers and heifers $14.00-16.75.
were as usual most numerous with the percentage
of steers decreased somewhat as the result of HOGS Terminal Markets A drop of llper-
non-slaughtering kosher holidays, cent in the hog marketing at the 12 markets as
Prime steers reached $26.00 in Chicago, compared with the preceding week proved enough
the price paid for eight loads weighing 1150- of a bullish factor to offset declines on most
1300#. A few high-Choice 985# steer yearlings wholesale pork cuts. The consist of hogs was
brought $25.25 in St. Louis. At other points not much changed from recent weeks, the bulk
several loads high-Choice and Prime $24.00- being barrows and gilts weighing 190-260#.
24.60, load 224.75 at St. Joseph. At Missouri Advances on barrows and gilts usually ranged
River points Choice steers bulked at $23.00- from 250 to 50f. Sors also were generally 25-
24.00, mixed Choice and Prime 1600# steers 500 higher, extremes up 754. Shippers were
$22.25 in Omaha. Choice 900-1450# steers quite aggressive at most of the markets, taking
bulked late at $24.00-25.50 in Chicago. Good up to 46 percent of supplies at Kansas City
steers sold from $21.75-24.00. A short load and 42 percent at St. Joseph.
mostly Prime 101 heifers in Chicago $24.50. On Friday, most U. S. No. 1-3, 190-26Q0
At most markets Choice heifers bulked at $22.00- barrows and gilts sold at Q18.00-18.50, with






727


some sales at $17.75 at Sioux City, and upward
to $18.75 at Chicago and St. Louis. No. 1-2,
190-24C0? 18.50-19.00. Narrow price spreads
were the rule, a 25# range taking bulk of the
hogs on Friday at Kansas City, and St. Paul.
No. 1-5, 270-40/C sows brought $16.00-17.75,
400-55Q0 '14.75-16.25.
Feeder pigs were steady. Good and Choice
330-160 weights brought 015.50-16.00, at St.
Paul, and $15.50-16.50 at Sioux City.
HOGS Receipts in the Interior Iowa-
Southern Minnesota area totaled around 324,000
head, a decrease of 4 percent from the preced-
ing week and of 2 percent when compared with a
year earlier. Sows comprised about 9 percent
of the supply. Marketing was moderate early in
the period and prices advanced under good de-
mand. Much of the early advance was erased
later as selling expanded. Barrows and gilts
were mainly steady to 15# higher for the week,
sows mostly 10-15# higher. On Friday, mixed
No. 1-3, 200-24C' barrows and gilts sold from
$17.25-18.00, mostly 717.50-17.90, with a
limited volume No. 1-2 .;17.C5-18.40. No. 1-3,
270-4001 sows brought $15.00-17.30; 400-550#
$13.35-15.80.

SHEEP AND AMBS Receipts at the 12 termi-
nals totaled 126,000 head, little changed from
a week earlier but 22 percent more than last
year. Wooled spring slaughter lambs comprised
the bulk. Shorn lambs were quite limited at
most terminals but made up 25 percent of the run
at Fort Worth. Feeder lambs comprised 30-35
percent of receipts at some prominent feeder
lamb centers. Demand was fairly good for the
moderately broad supply and prices at most
markets were steady to 25# higher for the week
with sales 25-500 higher at Denver. Exceptions
to this were declines of 25f at Omaha and 25-
50# at St. Joseph. Slaughter ewes were mainly
steady. Feeder lambs were weak to 50# lower at
Sioux Falls and Sioux City but strong to 50O
higher at Omaha and 25-500 up at Denver.
Choice and Prime 85-110# wooded slaughter
lambs brought 17.00-18.50 late with mostly
Prime lambs $18.25-18.65 at Denver and to $19.00
at St. Louis. Good and Choice moved at 415.00-
17.50. Choice and Prime 85-101Y shorn slaughter
lambs No. 1-2 pelts cashed from $16.40-17.50,
Good and Choice $15.50-17.00. Cull to Choice
shorn slaughter ewes brought 32.00-4.50 and to
$5.50 at Fort Worth.
Choice and Fancy 52-85;' feeder lambs
$14.00-16.50, load 535/ Wyoming lambs $17.00 at
Omaha; Good and Choice native feeders $12.00-
15.25.
Sheep and lamb receipts in the Interior
Iowa-Southern Minnesota area totaled 19,800, an
increase of 39 percent over the previous week
and 12 percent more than a year ago. Slaughter
lambs were steady to 50$ higher, ewes steady.
Choice and Prime 85-105// wooled spring
slaughter lambs delivered to packing plants
brought $16.00-17.00 on late rounds and high-


yielding lambs reached 3]7.50 Good and Choice
PE-110'I $15.50-16.00, Choice and a few Prime
85-105. shorn lambs with No. 1 and 2 pelts
moved at :16.00-16.50. Cull to Good shorn
slaughter ewes mainly (2.00-3.00.

RANGE AND FEEDDOT SALES

Note: Shrink on most range and feedlot
sales none to 5 percent, mostly 4 percent f.o.b.
some with short haul and 3 percent shrink. All
sales for immediate delivery unless specified.

ARIZONA, CALIFORIIIA, CVADA AI1D UTAH -
Slaughter steers and heifers moderately active,
steady to 50# lower, most decline in Arizona;
stocker and feeder cattle and calves steady to
weak. Spring lambs mostly steady.
Slaughter steers: Over California and
Arizona, 22 loads Choice 975-1100# $24.75-25.00.
latter price in California; Good to mostly
Choice OO0-1150C 523.75-24.50, 1100-1250#
223.25-24.25; Good 800-1150/ $22.85-23.50;
Standard to mostly Good 900-1200#' 22.00-22.50;
few loads Standard 900-120Q;!? 20.75-21.50. In
Utah, 12 loads high-Good and mostly Choice ,1075-
1175# $22.75-25.50.
Slaughter heifers: California and Arizona,
Good to mostly Choice 750-O00Qy $23.00-25.75;
load Choice 850-875# 024.00 in Arizona;
Standard to mainly Good 750-775,' $22.50. In
Utah, load high-Choice 800QY '24.80, 5 loads
Choice 875-900Qi 23.00-23,75.
Stockers and feeders: Around 700 Choice
and Fancy 375-400Q mixed calves, steers $28.00,
heifers ^26.00; 400 Choice and Fancy 275-380'
steer and heifer calves $26.00-28.00. Choice
and Fancy 500-575-' steers 324.25-25.00, heifer-
mates $21.00-23.00; Good and Choice 571-750.'
steers $22.00-24.no, 880-900r' Q21.75-22.00.
Lambs: California, 8 loads Choice, Pnd
Prime, 95-105# slaughter lambs with No. 2 to
fall shorn pelts $17.00. Nevada, 1,400 Choice
87,- feeders $13.75. Utah, 1,700 Choice and
Prime wooled slaughter lambs $17.00; 31,000
Choice and Prime slaughter lambs mixed rith
Choice and Fancy feeders ^14.50-16.25.

COLORADO, SOUTHERN WYOIONG, WESTERN KANSAS
AND WESTERN NESRASKA Slaughter cattle rather
slow early, but demand improved at midweek and
trading turned moderately active. Slaughter
steers sold fully steady, heifers steady to
25 lower. In Colorado, 17 loads average to
high-Choice 1050-11355. slaughter steers .24.50-
24.75, 15 loads 1200-1250/ 323.75-24.35; 145
loads Choice 1000-1200% C23.75-24.25; 16 loads
high-Good and Choice 1100-1200. $23.25-23.75.
Thirteen loads average to high-Choice 1000-
1035# slaughter heifers C23.60-23.75; 140
loads mostly Choice 900-1050w $E23.00-23.50; 5
loads high-Good and Choice 950-9757 t22.75-
23.00.
Few sales and contracts on stockers and
feeders at fully steady prices. Wyoming, 350









Choice 650-C-2S feeder steers .:23.50-25.00r;
1,000 Choice calves, heifers 350-4001/ 27.00-
28.00, steers 375-4501- ."29.00-'2.00. Sandhills
of Nebraska, 350 Choice 685-750/ feeder steers
$24.nn-25.00 for October; 5q0 Choice 875-950.'
two-vear-old steers '22.75-23.50; 1,500 Choice
625-70(' fpeder heifers late Septenber-nid-
Cctober $23.50-24.00; 2 loads Choice 5254 steer
and heifer calves ?5.00; 2 loads Choice and
Fancy 550? steer calves $26,75; 700 Choice
calves, heifers 360-400: ,26.00-26.00, steers
375-450. -?P.n-51.00 for late Cctober-November
delivery. Western Eansas, 400 mostly Good
Fps-975' two-year-old steers :22.00-22.F5X; 400
Good to mostly Choice 650-6754 steers 023.50-
23.85; 2 loads Good 650: .t22.25-?P.75.
Colorado, 700 Medium to mostly Good 750-7755
feeder steers 20.00; around 1,ln0 Good to
mostly Choice 650-775# steers $23.50-24.00;
300 Good and Choice 550-600. feeder heifers
-22.25-22.75.
The adverse weather on the Western Slope
retarded trading on range lambs. Sales and
contracts confirmed on around 35,000 head.
Slaughter lambs sold 25-500 higher, feeder
lambs steady to 25 higher. Colorado, Choice
and Prime 90-9e8 slaughter spring lambs $17.75-
18.75 delivered and '.ri-hed at packing plants
or $16.00-17.25 f.o.b weighing point. Several
strings Choice and Prime slaughter lambs mixed
with Choice and Fancy feeders expected to cut
25-40 percent slaughter lambs I14.25-15.25.
Good to mostly Choice 65-85. feeder lambs
.'3.50-14.50, mostly '14.00-14.25. Wyoming,
Good to mostly Choice 60-75; feeder labs
$13.75-14.25, mostly '14.00.

NEW MEXICO, wST TEXAS, 'ESTURN OKLAHOMA,
SOUT-WESTERN YIkASAS Clovis Area Slaughter
cattle active, area supplies limited, steers
fully steady, heifers strong to 254 higher.
Stockers and feeders slow, steady on 5,?00
head.
Slaughter steers, 340 mostly Choice, 1150-
1200n# 23.50; 270 Good and Choice 960-1025.Y
c23.5n-24.00; 190 Good 95e-975/ P22.85-23.00;
60 Standard and Good 700' $122.00. Slaughter
heifers, 150 mostly Choice, 950# $23.50; 335
Good and Choice eP-900:/ $22.50-23,.n ; 300 Good
OO-8OOt S 323.00-23.25.
Stockers and feeders October delivery,
180 Choice and Fancy 700-725 steers .24.00;
1,400 Choice 675-725- steers 323.00-24.00; 800
Choice 601 steers ?25.00, heifers $23.00) 800
Good and Choice 675..', steers 323.00, heifers
.22.00. Stock calves October-November de-
livery, 2,100 Choice 400-150/, steers $27.50-
28.00, heifers $26.00.
Lambs Trading slow, prices 500 higher.
Feeder lambs Texas for immediate delivery,
3,000 Choice 75.: rethers C12.50-13.00; 5,000
Choice and Fancy 80,' ewe lambs $13.50; New
Mexico for October-November delivery, 11,650
Choice and Fancy 75-85, feeders $13.00-14.00,
few with ewe lambs off at $15.00 and som with


small Choice and Prime slaughter end at 15.00.
Amarillo Area Slaughter cattle moderately
active early, slow late. Steers steady to 25#
higher, heifers steady early, instances 25#
lower late. Stockers and feeders slow, mostly
steady, instances r0 higher,
Slaughter steers, 337 mostly Choice 1000-
115E0 M23.50-23.75, 35 mostly Good 100 $23.00.
Slaughter heifers, 600 mostly Choice 900-980#
;22.75-23.00, 260 Good, Choice end, 800-825/i
'22.25-22.75; 210 Good, Standard end, 75Ci
!22.00.
Stockers and feeders Immediate to October
20 delivery, 960 Good and Choice 700-785,#
steers t.23.00-23.25, 950 Good 625./ 23.75; 400
Choice and Fancy 695-765. heifers %22.75-23.00;
425 Choice 65C( heifers 322.00-22.50; 585
Choice 440-467," calves, steers C.28.00, heifers
$26.00; 400 ^ood and Choice stock cows $225.00
per head; 200 Choice heifers $190,00 per head,

IDAHO, OREGON AND 'IASIDNGTON Slaughter
steers and heifers slow, mostly steady;stockers
and feeders steady; few sales spring slaughter
lambs steady.
Slaughter steers: Good to mostly Choice
1020-1270/ $23.75-25.00, instances .25.50.
Slaughter heifers: Mostly Choice 850-
1000,~ $23.00-23.50, few loads $25.75.
Stockers and feeders: Current through
October, Good and Choice 600-825,? yearlings,
steers $22.50-23.50, heifers $21.00-21.50.Good
and Choice 350-500# calves, steers $25.00-27.00,
heifers $22.00-25.00 for up to mid-November.
Good stock cows with 300-375,1 calves t265.0O-
290.00 per pair.
Lambs: Washington, pool mostly Choice 98#
wooled $15.85, shorn No. 2-3 pelts $14.85.Idaho,
mostly Choice 102# wuoled 16.25. Oregon,
Choice and Prime No. 1-2 pelts $15.00-15.75 de-
livered, Good and Choice 113.50-14.50. Feeder
lambs: Idaho, Choice and Fancy 70-85# $15.75-
14.35.

MONTANA AND NORTHERN WYCMING Trading
slow on all classes. Stockers and feeders
steady, feeder lambs steady, ewes strong.
Stockers and feeders: Montana, 300 Choice
and Fancy 700-7754 steers $24.00-24.50, 200
800-825# $23.50; 2 loads mostly Choice 725,Y
yearlings,steers $23.00, heifers $21.00.
Stock calves: Bulk for October delivery.
Montar., 650 Choice 275-425#, steers 030.00-
31.00, heifers $28.00-29.00; 1,200 Good and
Choice 375-450#, steers $27.00-28.00, heifers
$25.00-26.00. Wyoming, 200 Choice 225-275#
steers and heifers 831.25-32.00; 400 Choice
350-400, steers $28.50-30.00, heifers $27.00-
28.00. Feeder lambs: Montana, 3,550 Choice 70-
85# $13.50-14.00. Wyoming, 18,000 Choice 60-
75# $13.50-14.00, bulk $13.50-13.75.
Breeding ewes: Wyoming, 2,200 Good 150-
150# 3-4-year-old 12.00 per head; 1,200 Good
5-6-year-old $5.00 per head.






729


WEEKS RECEIPTS OF SAIABLE LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKET
------------------------------------------------------------
--- battle. Calves -- and la b
Market 2 Sept.25 7 Sept.24 : Sept.25 : Sept.24 : Sept.25 t Sept.24 t Sept.23 t Sept.24
I 1961 t 1960 : 1961 1 1960 t 1961 t 1960 t 1961 3 1960
----------------------------------- W---------------
Chicago 7.7.... 32,057 57,950 109 246 25,078 51,876 4,544 3,674
Cincinnati .... 3,265 4,258 575 757 11,228 9,981 1,716 1,655
Denver ........ 15,899 15,514 520 5539 5,425 5,829 45,176 37,664
Fort Worth .... 10,844 14,246 1,408 2,125 1,656 2,111 7,044 5,708
Indianapolis .. 8,581 8,768 519 764 50,955 54,217 4,457 4,629
Kansas City ... 25,884 26,577 1,209 1,765 18,258 14,415 5,211 2,672
Oklahoma City 12,828 14,515 2,155 2,785 5,844 5,549 1,219 1,026
Omaha ....... 45,522 51,194 1,022 1,548 56,986 55,174 21,956 15,501
St. Joseph .... 16,750 17,246 855 1,244 22,794 21,545 5,051 4,208
St. Louis lSI 15,877 20,141 1,951 4,187 46,704 55,765 5,256 4,155
Sioux City .... 52,871 34,312 2,460 1,440 28,280 28,941 12,570 10,159
S. St. Paul ... 25 2247 24 801 5 872 6 667 40,595 49,652 -16,061 12865
Total .,...... 245,185 269,522 18,455 25,665 269,759 286,855 126,021 105,672
" Sept. 16L. 1961 226 019 1 -205 304,629 121,933
-----------------------------------------------a~ --------
ITERIOR IClA AND SOUTHERN MINNESOTA Sept. 25, 1961 Sept. 16, 1961 Sept. 24, 1960
Hogs 0..... 524,000 556,000. 531,000*
*Revised. Sheep ...o 19,800 14,200 17,700*
--------------------------------------------------------- -------
STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTlEs AVERAGE COST WEIGHT AND NUMBER
Week ended t Month Two months
SSept.21 Sept.14 'Sept.22" Aug. Aug. July-Aug.
S961 1961 1960 1961 1960 1961 1960
Steers 1001 up ......... 299 388 925 1,718 1,996 5,010 2,945
901-1000 ......... 2,201 2,476 1,816 8,176 8,478 12,577 11,692
801-900 .......... 4,963 5,194 5,559 17,494 16,998 29,049 24,786
701-800 .......... 8,507 7,505 10,924 22,062 25,585 36,670 56,969
501-700 ......*.... 15,140 _14 948 23 961 _.46-750 4_9 507 78 81.277
Total steers 10 markets.... 31,110 50,511 45,165 96,200 100,564 158,117 157,669
Av. wt, ...* 707# 717# 698# 714# 711# 713# 703#
Av. cost" ..* $23.10 $25.02 $21.57 $22.90 $21.20 $22.57 $21.56
S* Chicago ...... 22.73 23.09 20.87 22.67 25.02 22.44 25.20
Kansas City... 22.75 22.45 20.89 22.94 21.23 22.55 21.40
SOmaha ........ 24.07 24.06 22.86 23.48 22.20 22.95 22.21
S S. St. Paul... 21.48 20.89 22.00 20.84 19.95 20.30 20.58
Sioux City... 24.06 25.78 23.17 23.81 22.90 23.25 25.02
S" Denver ....... 23.42 24.08 22.74 25.03 21.78 22.64 22.08
S* Ft. Worth .... 22.20 22.57 19.19 22.41 19.82 21.92 20.33
Oklahoma City. 22.19 22.20 18.95 22.53 19.79 21.59 20.09
S. St. Joseph. 22.69 22.77 20.74 22.39 20.75 22.11 20.94
S St. Louis WSI. 22.08 22.15 20.51 22.15 20.61 21.87 21.20
Total calves 10 markets.. 12,712 15,581 22,269 45,909 66,898 82,079 123,294
S heifers *" .... 5,475 5,955 7,467 18,473 18,162 31,639 27,606
CO s *.... 1,281 1,175 785 5,517 5,575 4,701 5,714
--------------------------------------------------- ------ ----
Not adjusted far differences in grade of cattle sold at each market.

ESTIMATED PERCENT OF STOCKER AND FEED CATTLE AND SIAUGHWER C(OS IN SALABLE RECEIPiTS
-Chi--Kan. St.' St, 'Sioux'S.St Indian- Den- Ft. Okla.Wich- San
Week ended c Joseph NSY City Paul t apoli er north City ita 'Antonio

Stockers and feeders
Sept. 22, 1961 2 47 22 14 13 30 10 10 32 70 68 55 50
Sept. 15, 1961 2 48 17 15 12 54 7 10 12 65 67 55 45
Sept. 2, 1960 2 54 33 20 9 34 10 10 45 70 75 62 60
Slaughter cos
Sept. 22, 1961 5 9 6- 7 10 5 20 12 20 15 11 18 15
Sept. 15, 1961 5 9 7 5 9 4 23 10 20 20 10 16 15
Sept. 2 1960 5 11 7 9 15 5 20 12 17 20 12 12 15
------------------------------- ---------






730

STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER -------

Number of head Percent of total Average weight Average price in
S mber by grades (pounds) :dollars per 100 lb.
Grade -- t by grades -
Week ended
"Sept. Sept.22 Sept.1 ~Sept.22 'Sept.21 Sept.22 Se .21 Set.22
t-- 1- -_ ---W _-19 _- P -*.1 -CHICAGOL -


PChoie.........
Choice..*******
Good...........
Standard.......
Conenercial.....
Utility**......
All grades...,,

Prime..........
Choice..*...*..
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime......*...
Choice.........****
Good.......********
Standard.**...
Utility........
All grades,....

Prime........*.*
Choice.........
Good..***.*****
Standard.*.....
Comnercial.....
Utility...... .
All grades...*****


Prime.....o....
Choice.........
Good..,...,.,..



All grades.....


Prime..**.....*
Choice.,.o**...
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility*....*..
All grades.....


Primie..........
Choice*********
Good.........****
Standard.,o*...
Utility........


1,978 2,100
14,846 17,667
4,283 5,205
725 407

188 159
2202q 5-8

255 225
11,409 10,394
6,357 6,684
1,304 863
152 98


9.0
67.4
19.4
3.3

.9


1.2
58.6
32.7
6.7
.8


8.2 1,229
69.2 1,160
20.4 1,070
1.6 1,010

.6 942
1.142
OMAHA
1.2 1,192
56.9 1,151
36.6 1,070
4.7 1,067
.6 942


19,457 18,264 1,118
SIOUx CITh
1,616 34 10.5 .3 1,219
8,631 6,905 56.4 65.5 1,159
4,239 2,851 27.7 27.0 1,085
736 703 4.8 6.7 1,051
89 50 .6 .5 993
15 311 10,543 1159
--- K r -

56 .9 1,206
2,13M 2,657 35.2 50.1 1,133
2,879 2,144 47.6 40.5 1,071
944 411 15.6 7.8 1,083

45 87 .7 1.6 1,033
_6055 5 299 1 096
0 - s- w".


1,538
3,311
535

215
5,599


1,300
3,877
705

186
6,068


27.4
59.1
9.5

4.0


21.4
63.9
11.6

5.1


1,083
1,024
1,006

964
1,056


1,212
1,149
1,050
979

926


1,191
1,143
1,067
1,031
947
1,109

1,215
1,137
1,061
1,051
955
1 109


1,125
1,092
1,086

994
1 106



1,068
1,053
953

896
1,027


- I------. -.
o-- -- -- -A- -- -- -- -- -- -


4,543
2,786
254

7,583


124
3,549
694
69


2,437 59.9 36.7
3,853 36.7 58.0
548 3.4 5.3

6,638
----------------
2.8 -
1,198 80.0 72.7
438 15.6 26.6
7 1.6 .4
5 -. .3


-
1,158 1,114
1,086 1,100
1,042 1,064

1,116 1,103


1,121 -
1,127 1,125
1,140 1,055
885 1,009
'752


25.15 25.77
24.45 24.56
25.60 23.22
22.08 21.59

20.38 19.80
24.26 _

24.32 24.96
23.49 25.68
22.60 22.51
21.10 19.85
19.83 17.99
23.05 23.02

24.05 25.08
23.57 23.79
22.79 22.48
20.88 20.05
19.55 18.13
23.28 23.20

24.27
23.78 24.02
23.05 22.40
21.24 20.18

19.95 17.33
23302 22.98



24.46 24.48
23.21 25.11
21.95 20.35

19.75 17.66
23.33 22.97


23.61 24.00
22.64 22.62
20.90 19.77

23.17 22.99
o - ---- - ---


24.79
23.89
22.28
18.54


-
24.41
22.70
17.00
15.50


All grades..... 4 436 '1,648 1 1.25 1105 23 93
- Data collected ty 8tas-ial Report-ng Se-ri-, -od Livestok Division, a M. S.
1 Data collected by Statistical Reporting Servi.*, and Livestook Division, A. M. S.


- - -







WEEKLY SLAUGHTER UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION AT MAJOR CENTERS
....C------ea------- ------- ------ ------ e--- -- -
S Cattle Calves Hogs Sheep and lambs
City or Area Sept.2TSept.24 Sep.25 Sept.24 Sept.23 'Sept.24 Sept.25 Sept.24
1961 1960 1 1961 1960 1961 1960 : 1961 s 1960
Boston, New York City Area .... 13,676 8,954 12,811 9,321 46,707 48,873 55,412 29,137
Baltimore, Philadelphia ....... 10;028 9,326 2,101 2,546 31,763 27,106 3,810 4,079
Cin., Cleve., Detroit, Indpls 20,878 21,967 1,455 5,856 112,821 157,776 6,975 14,179
Chicago Area ................. 15,265 18,616 6,482 7,872 56,167 26,335 5,984 5,266
St. Paul- Wise. Areas ......... 1,451 54,104 17,692 25,032 98,507 105,719 20,751 20,702
St. Louis Area ................ 12,551 14,780 1,908 5,538 74,507 71,185 5,728 5,827
Sioux City-So. Dakota Area .... 52,029 25,044 98,643 95,163 12,421 15,196
Omaha Area .................... 57,771 41,624 150 274 81,951 74,296 14,949 15,729
Kansas City .................. 16,255 17,558 -- 52,611 29,105 -
Iowa So. Minnesota .......... 36,226 55,664 8,704 10,642 265,712 289,026 55,805 34,909
Loutl, Eva Nal.Nahl. phts ... 7,860 8,296 4,574 5,280 48,296 52,876 -
Georgia, Florida, Ala. Area ... 10,512 9,626 5,056 6,854 23,401 23,94 --
St. Jo'ph. Wichita, Okla. City. 20,328 22,019 1,208 1,484 42,183 39,455 7,914 10,157
Ft. Worth, Dallas, San Antonio. 15,550 14,372 5,289 6,506 17,503 15,242 52,451 29,243
Denver, Ogden, Salt Lake City 24,508 18,556 159 207 15,906 15,958 72,595 42,754
Los Angeles, San Fran. Areas .. 28,509 29,574 859 1,654 52,215 27,510 56,228 57,232
Portland, Seattle, Spokane ... 9,600 9,005 285 564 20,605 17,407 7,046 7,983
Total ................. 540,957 68,689 1,077,296 298,047


Accumulation to date ..,..


11,844,470


554,425
2,505,795


85,450 1,092,751 270,595
39,740,285 10,121,394


11,548,301 2,555,111 41,658,782 9,167,246
---------------- ~------------------------


Week ended


1961 *******
1961 ......
1961 0 .....
1960 /.....


ESTIMATED FEDERAL INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT
----------------------p -
Bee2 7eal ei~,2ga. ~lA
AT, Nm t-
1 0er l.d s7 ; he s 1e 00 bd.t '
000 mil,1b. i"000 mil.lb. 1 000 ,il.lb.


415
410
410
412


245.7
244.0

257.9


105
100
100
127


12.1
11.8

14.6


1,245
1,320
1,179
1,252


170.4
177.7

171.5


PRODUCTION
iid ut -- -2
and mutton I
um- rod. t
ber tProd. I


I
Total Total
meat s lard
prod. : prod.


1=-000. ndlb.mil.ib. 'a-l.lb.-


515
320
285
500


14.2 442.4 -
14.4 447.9 -
35.7
15.5 457.5 39.8


Percentage change from
Sept. 16, 1961 .......
SeP. 24. 1960 ......


Week ended


Sept.
Sept.
Sept.
Sept.


1961 .......
1961 .......

1960 *......


Its
1 1 5 5 -6 -4 -2 -1 -1 -
1 5 -17 -17 -1 -1 5 5 1 --
~- ------------(ib,)...-------- -
- -- -5----i-- ---- -.----1-------.-- ------=-
... ah(.- .g.t.d. Lard
Cattle Calves Hogs S eepS yield
Lie Desed Live Lve t Lve D esse 0 --
Si~ve_ .Dre!e.L Live DEiressed. Live lDtessed, Live Dressed.1 u lb.
I -L __ _L asdL __ ._


1050
1055
1050
1015


592
595
592
577


115
118
129
115


236
252
256
257


157
155
156
137


15.4
15.4


1/ Actual slaughter. 2/ Excludes lard.


Sept.
Sept.
Sept.
Sept.


llIIIIlr













Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100#
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All vts.


Heifers -
Choice
Good
Standard


700-900#
600-800
- All t.


Covw All weight -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Caomercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wta. -
Choice
Good
Standard


CATTLE WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds

SChicago Kansas City Omaha Denver I Portland
a e a l a I vel
t Sept.: Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept., Sept. ,Sept. Sept. t Sept., Sept.
23 24 25 24 23 24 2 24 25 24
1961 1960 1961 1960 1961 a 1960 ;1961 1960 1961 1960

Slaughter cattle. _calves and dealers


25.12
25.32
24.70
24.60
23.35
21.82


23.55

20.12


15.35
14.95
14.60
12.85


25.78
26.02
24.80
24.78
22.95
21.48


23.60

19.50


15.50
15.12
14.50
12.55


24.18
23.80
23.02
20.88


22.92
21.82
20.05


16.55
15.78
15.02
13.75


24.38
24.12
22.18
19.62


23.12
21.22
18.75


15.92
14.70
13.58
12.42


24.65
24.55
23.78
23.80
22.58
21.15


22.90
21.50
19.98


16.68
15.80
14.90
13.92


25.28
25.52
23.92
23.95
21.98
19.62


23.30
21.10
18.48


16.10
15.22
14.10
13.18


19.25 18.10 17.25 16.25 17.98 17.00
19.75 18.75 17.50 17.48 18.15 17.12


24.50
23.00
19.50


22.25
20.25
18.25


24.50
22.00
19.00


19.60
17,75
16.00


22.00
20.00
17.50


25,00
23.25
20.25


21.50
19.25
16.50


24.00
24.00
21.50
19.00


23.10

18.25



16.62
15.00
14.00



19,75


min

24.50
24.32
20.95
17.50


23.88
20.78
17.00



15.58
15.75
12.62


25.12
24.31
23.25
20.50


25.50
21.75
19.00


15.50
15.00
13.00
11.50


--

25.62

24.12
21.00


23.25
22.25
19.75


17.50
15.75
13.25
11.25


18.35 19.25 19.25


25.00
24.00
21.00


i-
21.50
19.50


26.25
24.00
21.00


Stocker and feeder cattle and calves


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


500-750#
1. 500-750


26.25
24.25
22.25


25.50
22.95
20.25


25.15
23.25
20.90


- -- 23.30
- 20.65


24.38
22.00
19.50


25.75
25.90
21.25


25.12
22.65
19.50


25.72
22.25
19.35


24.50
23.00
19.50


22.75 24,50 23.05 23.65 22.12
19.75 20.75 19.62 20.30 19.25


23.75
22.50
19.00


23.00
21.00
19.00


21.50
17.50 18.25


Cows All vts. -
Hed. & Gd.

Calves 300-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice

Heifers -
Good & Choice


- -- 14.12 16.00


14.75


- 27.50 25.50 27.75 26.00 29.


- 25.00 22.50 25.25 24.25 27.


14.75 -



*05 25.00 24.50 25.50


30 22.50 22.00 21.00


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium

Heifera -
Choice
Med. & a


-r


- - - - ~ - - -







733


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HOOSS AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT, AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPER PURCHASES I/
----------------- -- ---- ------------------ Si -----
I S t I I3 Eight
t Louis : Kansas 1 1 Sioux 1S. St. S. St.'Indianm-' kta.
Week ended Chicago: Natl.l City : Oha City Joseph I Paul 'apolie a* cm-
t Stock t t t bined
s t Yards i
AVERLAE COST Doll-r per 100 pounds-
AVERAGE COST -Dollars per 1.00 pounds


Barrows Sept. 25, 1961
and Sept. 16, 1961
gilts Sept. 24, 1960
Sept. 23, 1961
Sows Sept. 16, 1961
S ept24 1J960
AVERAGE WEIGHT -


18.58 18.24
18.37 18.19
16.68 16.88
15.96 16.09
15.89 16.05
14.14 14.25


Barrows Sept. 23, 1961 219
and Sept. 16, 1961 219
gilts Sept. ?24, 1960 226 -
Sept. 23, 1961 405
SowS Sept. 16, 1961 394
Sept. 24 960 412
NUMBER OF HEAD -


17.81 18.18
18.12* 18.51
16.61 16.56
16.15 16.15
15.94 16,07
14.17 14.45
Pounds
222 222
224 220
225 228
397 597
598* 397
590 402


18.19
18.28
16.66
16.25
16.02
14.50


225
221
227
594
389
385


18.04
18.26
16.57
16.26
16.21
14.29


222
222
225
582
571
570


Barrow Sept. 23, 1961 17845 40504 15984 28706 22871 17877
ind Sept. 16, 1961 20973 50429 15558* 29799 25271 20638
gilts Sept. 24 1960 23612 45857 13099 25854 23027 18158
Sept. 23, 1961 5515 3688 2154 6510 5862 2828
SoWS Sept. 16, 1961 3830 3798 1421* 5778 4630 2709
Sejt. 24. 1960 4076 3433 1020 5208 4527 2571
SOWS Percentage of total
Sept. 25, 1961 16 8 12 18 14 14
Sept. 16, 1961 15 7 S* 16 15 12
Sept. 24, 1960 15 7 7 17 16 12'


Weighted average.


18.05 18.55
18.00 18.56
16.46 17.01
16.09 15.75
15.88 15.68
14.01 14.05


220
218
225
586
588
586

27661 2
56009 35
36844 2
5812
5972
6759

17
14
15


219
219
225
429
415
450


5404
0982
9576
2945
5652
3464

10
11
11


*Revised.


AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG,
COMPARED WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGS, CHICAGO
eek ended og produogprices Gross spread
Week ae na:_ s products rs r e i or margin 3/
Sept. 23, 1961 ............. $19.42 $18.36 $1.06
Sept. 16, 1961 ............. 20.25 18.54 1.91
SeJt. 24j 1960 ............. 18.90 16.94 1.96
- -? a4 ------------------ ----------- -
/ Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 lb. of live
hog computed from wholesale prices on carlot basis, Chicago, reported by National
Provisioner daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1,2 and 3 hogs, 200-220# wt. Chicago.
SDifference between wholesale product value and hog prices.

HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
t Barrows and s Corn 2/ Hog-corn
Week ended a gilts / t No.3 yeTlow price ratio
a Dollars per : Cents per a based on
: 100 ponds s bushel a barrows and gilts

Sept. 23, 1961........... 18.58 110.0 16.7
Sept. 16, 1961........... 18.37 110.0 16.7
SSet.24 196.......... 16.68 114.1 14.6
1/ Weighted average. 2/ Simple average.


18.17
18.25*
16.69
16.09
15.96
14.25


220
218
225
597
595
595


196852
229659*
213827
50892
51790*
51038

14
12
13










SHEEP AND IAMBS: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds
------------------------ -------------. ............
: North
Classification Chicago Omaha : Kansas : Fort : Denver : Ogden : Port-
: : : City : Worth : : land
: :
~,~~~~~-~-~ ~~~~--------------------------------------------


LAUGHTER LAMBS: (Spring)
Prime Sept. 25, 1961
Sept. 24, 1960
Choice Sept. 23, 1961
Sept. 24, 1960

Good Sept. 25, 1961
Sept. 24, 1960


SAll wte
18.25
18.32
17.58
17.90
15.65
15.90


17.52
18.00
16.50
17.35
15.10
16.05


17.82
17.52 -
17.08 15.75
16.65 16.25
15.90 14.75
15.20 15.90


18.22 17.42
18.75 17.75
16.70 16.25
18.00 16.75
14.90 14.88
16.82 15.50


16.55

16.00
1b.62
14.50
35.47


EWES? (Shorn) All wts.
Good and Sept. 25, 1961 4.25 5.48 5.25 5.25 4.22 4.00 2.88
Choice Sept. 24, 1960 4.15 5.68 5.50 4.50 3.50 4.50
---------------------------------------------
Cu~l and Sept. 25, 1961 4.18 5.48 2.75 4.50 5.15 5.00 2.75
Ut'.ity Sept. 24, 1960 4.00 5.85 2.50 5.08 5.25 2.25 5.25
-- - - - - -
FEEDER IAMBS: All wts.
Good and Sept. 25, 1961 15.00 10.75 14.80 15.25 12.28
Choice Sept. 24, 1960 17.25 -- 15.00 16.60 15.12 15.75
-----_ ---- _------- ------- ------ --------- --- ----- --------





UNITED STATES FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER BY REGIONS
August 1961 with comparisons
(Thousand head)
--- ---------------------- ------------------------------------------a
: Cattle I Calves : Hoa :Sheep&---
Region 0 f 86 1 90 -
1961 1960 1961 1960 1961 1960 1961 .1960
- -- A -- - -*


N. Atlantic States ......... 129
S. Atlantic States ......... 55
N. C. States Eastern ....* 289
N. C. States N. Western .. 589
N. C, States S. Western .. 176
S. Central States .......... 203
Mountain States ***......*.. 159
Pacific States ************* 224

Total ................. 1,803


125 125
49 55
502 103
585 59
180 15
191 65
150 2
228 22

1,787 421


112
51
124
44
16
75
2
25
awa me mc


485 451
280 294
1,108 1,241
1,944 2,011
494 465
497 453
95 97
214 191


450 5,114


193
1/
16u
297
65
199
240
195


201
1/
1.5
557
73
152
168
204


5,205 1,290 1,240


Other animals slaughtered under Federal inspection, (number of head)t August 1961,
horses 4,573, goats 19,064; August 1960, horses 4,317; goats 8,818.
; Data not available for publication.
Data furnished by Agricultural Research Service.


S]


-m - - - - -


- --







WHOLESALE MEAT TRADE REVIEWS


LESS TRAN CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEW

EASTERN SEABOARD Choice and Prime steer
carcass prices were 50 lower early in the week
at New York, however, the trend was steady at
the close. Good steer beef sold strong to 50#
up. At the other market areas along the Eastern
Seaboard, steer beef prices were steady to $1.00
higher. Cow beef sold steady to 50# up. At
Philadelphia lamb was $2.00 lower while the trend
was mainly steady to 50W lower at other centers.
Veal prices declined mostly $1.00 at New York
while upturns of $1.00 were made at Philadelphia.
At Washington and Baltimore veal prices held
steady. Pork loins were mainly $2.00 and $3.00
higher, however, at Philadelphia loins were
steady to $2.00 lower. Boston butte and spare-
ribs were largely $1.00 lower; fresh skinned
hams strong to mostly $1.00 higher.
Choice and Prime kosher steer forequarters
were mostly 500 higher; lamb steady to strong;
veal and calf steady. Buyer activity was brisk
for steer beef and lamb while demand was only
fair for veal and calf during the week when the
Jewish holiday was observed.
Receipts were fully normal in most instances.
Trading was moderately active for steer carcasses
and cuts with demand good. At New York, whole-
salers readily unloaded cars of steer beef in
order to fill commitments made on arm chucks
which were mainly sold to chain accounts. Outlet
was also good for cow beef. At most centers the
veal trade was only moderately active, and'at
New York difficulty was encountered in moving
foresaddles through processing channels. Demand
was fair for lamb carcasses. Trading was rather
slow on lamb outs at New York as hindeaddles sold
promptly, but foresaddles were in poor demand.
Trading was brisk on pork loins and other pork
cute moved fairly well. Clearances were rather
good.

CHICAGO Steer and heifer beef sold strong
to 500 higher, veal and lamb steady. Pork loins
declined early but sharp upturns late left prices
$1.50 higher for the week. Boston butts and
spareribs were $2.00-4.00 lower for the week.
Beef, veal and spring lamb supplies were
adeouate to meet demand. Pork loins were in good
demand and clearances were fairly complete late
in the week.
Carcass beef trade was moderately active with
the best local action centering on heifer beef.
Bulk of the movement at wholesale levels was on
the primal cuts. Squarecut chucks and ribs were
in good demand while loins were a little slow
throughout the week. Rounds found good clearance
at steady prices. Veal trade was moderately
active with best activity on the limited supply
of Choice and Prime. The lamb trade was moder-
ately active with all cuts in good demand. Pork
loins were higher each day after Monday.


PACIFIC COAST Steer beef sold steady to
500 higher in the Northwest and mostly steady
in California with some sales 50# higher at
San Francisco. Prices on cow beef were largely
steady, instances 500 higher in California.
Calf and veal prices were very uneven, but
mostly steady. Spring lamb sold mainly steady,
however, volume sales in the Seattle area
were off 500. Prices on most fresh pork cuts
were $1.00-2.00 lower, with most decline on
loins and spareribs, although loins in Los
Angeles were $1.00 higher.
Late week demand for bacon was narrow
following a broad outlet early, and some of
the early price advance was erased. Closing
prices on bacon in San Francisco were $1.00-
2.00 higher, other points mostly steady with
some late sales $4.00 lower in the Northwest.
Other smoked pork products sold steady.
The normal supply of most meats was
fairly well balanced with demand. However,
Standard and Good steer beef fell short of
demand at Los Angeles and cow beef was a
little short in the San Francisco area.

CARLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEW

CHICAGO, DBNVER, OMAHA, NEW YOE AND
PHILADLPHIA Supplies of carlot dressed
beef were slightly increased from the previous
week. Demand for beef was narrow early in
the week and trading slow with many whole-
sale establishments observing the Jewish
holiday Wednesday. After midweek, demand
improved and trading was moderately active.
Late sales of steer beef were 25# to
$1.00 higher, a large share fully 50$ higher
at most centers with the most advance center-
ing-on Choice over 800#. At Chicago, prices
were strong to 25# higher. Heifer beef sold
500 to $1.00 higher, mostly 50-75# up. Cow
beef was mainly 50# to $1.00 higher, with the
advance $1.00-1.50 at Omaha. At some centers,
supplies of cow beef were too limited to fill
existing demand.
Beef supplies were generally well cleared
at midwest shipping points.
Carcass spring lamb moved in a moderately
active trade with prices generally steady at
most centers and steady to 50& higher at
Denver. Clearance was good.
Supplies of pork products were normal.
Demand was good for pork loins and an active
trade developed with closing prices mostly
$3.00-6.00 higher for the week. Pork butts
were $1.50-2.50 lower and fresh hams were
50-750 lower at Omaha. Normal supplies of
pork carcasses were steady to strong at New
York and 25-500 lower at Philadelphia.







WHOLESALE DRESSED MEAT PRICES LESS THAN CARLOT BASIS
Weekly average of daily quotations in dollars per 100 pounds
SNew York Chicago San Francisco Los Angeles
Classification -
s Sept.23 Sept.24 S Sept.23 a Sept.24 s Sept.25 Sept.24 Sept.25 A Sept.24
t 1961 s 1960 1961 3 1960 a 1961 t 1960 t 1961 s 1960
--er--e---------------------------------~ -------~ ---" -~
Steer beef -
Pale 700-800# 41.70 43.50 -- -- -
Choice 600-700 40.70 42.50 59.75 42.62 40.75 41.12 59.75 40.09


Good

Heifer beef -
Choice


700-800
500-600
600-700

500-600#
600-700


Good 500-600
Teal -
Prime 90-120#
Choice 90-120
Good 90-120
Spring lamb -
Prime 45-55#
Choice 45-55
Fresh pork -
Ioins 8-12
Butts 4-8
apareribe 3# down
Cured pork -
Hams, amk. skd. -(Cook
before eating) 12-16#
Bacon, smoked, sliced -
3# package (box lota)
Picnics, smoked (Cook
before eating) 4-8#
Lard, 1# carton


40.20
59.95
59.95


58.00
48.50
45.50


42.25
41.10
41.05


54.00
49.00
45.00


59.25
58.75
58.75

58.75
38.75
57.00

57.00
51.50
47.00


40.25
40.50
40.50

40.62
40.62
58.87

52.50
49.50
46.00


59.62
59.75
58.75

59.50
59.25




52.00


39.85
59.50
58.00

41.50
59.00




51.00


59.00
59.00
38.06

59.25
58.88


38.62
38.38
36.88

59.81
38.44
56.75


40.95 43.50 40.50 42.57 58.00 40.00 38.25 40.88
40.95 42.80 40.50 42.57 58.00 40.00 38.25 40.88


47.85
57.50
48.40


52,00
57.50
44.70


45.10
54.50
45.50


47.69
57.57
39.81


50.58
41.00
52.50


54.50
45.00
49.00


49.58
59.12
48.58


49.50
39.62
42.00


45.50 45.00 47.75 47.57 47.00 47.50 47.50 45.00

61.50 47.50 62.25 51.25 67.50 53.00 67.25 52.00

52.00 52.50 56.25 54.50 35.00 51.50 55.58 51.00
15.00 14.75 15.00 14.00 17.75 17.00 17.58 15.50
- ---- ---- -------------------------


BULK PRICES CAHLO BASIS ~EK ENDED SEPT.
"" ~ -" -""'"^." "" %~s -S Y~T ----- --
----ee Def-------------------------------
Classification a P8i.- -Is a. .0 S.
eee 600--00# 58.25-C9.00 57.50-58.00 57.7- -5 i 00
Choice 600-700# 38.25-39.00 37. 15-58.00, 37.75-58 00


Good


Heifer beef -
Choice

Good


Cow beef All weig
Utility
Canner and Cutter
Spring lamb -
Pr ime 50-


Choice


Fresh pork -
Loina


58.25-59.00
57.00-57.50
57.00,57.50
57.00-57.50
56.50-57.00

57.50-57.75
57.50-57.75
56.00-56.25
56.00-56.25

50.00-50.50
30.00-50.50

56.00-37.00
56.00-57.00
56.00-57.00
56.00-37.00
56.00-57.00
56.00-57.00


8-I14 45.50-46.50


57.00-57.50
56.00-56.50

54.50-57.00
54.50-57.00

56.00-59.00
36.00-37.00



29.50-30.00





54.50-55.00
54.50-35.00


57.25-57.75
56.00-56.25

36.25-57.25
55.75-56.25

56.25-56.75
56.25-56.75
55.00-55.25
55.00-55.25

29.00-29.50
29.00-29.50


22, 1961
-- -- Fc a- 7Iv -- -
r E I llr


40.00-41.00
59.75-40.50
38.50-39.50
58.00-40.00
58.00-40.00
58.00-40.00


40.50-41.00
40.00-40.50
38.00-39.00

58.00-59.50
57.50-59.00


59.50-40.00



- 51.00-52.50
-- 31.00-51.50


37.50-39.00
57.50-39.00
37.50-59.00
55.25 57.50-59.00
35.25 57.50-59.00
35.25 37.50-59.00


-- 42.50-43.50


--0 ---- --- I I l- --- --- -


58.50-59.00
38.00-58.50

38.50-59.00
58.00-38.50


45.00-45.50


700-800
800-900
500-600
600-700
700-800

500-600#
600-700
500-600
600-700


its -


LS#


45-55
55-65
30-45
45-55
55-65


-






758


BOSTON WOOL MARKET REVIEW


Trading on all wools was extremely
slow at Boston. Demand was only fair for
the moderate supplies.
A lower trend on foreign wools and
rather sizable declines in the futures
market were underlying factors to the slow
trade at Boston. Slowness was also influ-
enced to some degree by religious o-
servances again this week.
Prices for domestic wools were un-
changed. Most completed sales this week
were on fleece wools.
Woolen wools were very slow and some
mills were operating less than full
schedule.
Noils moved on a slow unchanged basis,
but offerings from Bradford were scant and
generally quoted 2# to 50 over domestic
noils.
Cabled reports from Australia showed
fair activity with all interests operating.
Prices declined around 1 to 2#. Approxi-
mately 58,000 bales were offered at Fre-
mantle and quoted fully 1 under close at
that market August 51. Sydney reported a
fully 10 lower market and there were easier
tendencies at Melbourne for merinos and
crossbreds. New Zealand and South Africa
remained quiet and with very little re-
ported in way of activity for South America
but carpet wools quoted firm.
Fleece Wools Graded 64s and finer
good French combing and bulk staple $1.28,
shorn fine French combing and clothing
$1.10-1.11, half-blood good French combing
and staple $1.16, three-eighths at $1.06-
1.08 and quarter-blood $1.06.
Sales of territory wools were limited.
Mohair Situation little changed from
recentpast weeks with trading slow, prices
steady but strong price resistance.
Foreign Wools Spot turnover was only
fair Interest and inquiry was moderately
broad but limited spot supplies restricted
volume. Prices at Boston were about steady
and a large share of current business was
on small lots with some clean up trans-
actions. Cape wools were a shade easier
and certain wools in the Dominion markets
firm with easiness on others. Cabled re-
ports at week's end follow with combing
wools converted to clean U. S. oil-combed
yields and short wools to scouring yields,
in bond.
Australia
Oil-combed
61 $1.18 62A $1.15
62 1.15 63 1.10


South
Oil-combed
7 $1.04
12 1.03
48 1.01


Africa
Scoured yields
17 81.01
22 1.00
27 .99
52 .96


Carpet Wools Prices in primary
markets and Boston were strong. Liver-
pool sale late last week showed oc-
casional lots super white wools around
5 percent higher. New Zealand offer-
ings were firm with carpet wools from
second shearing quoted 74k#. Crutch-
ings at 69-700 for 702/5. Buenos
Aires shippers offered March wools at
72-75# and November clip 78-794, pale
yellow Pakistanian 662# clean wool
fibers cost and freight U. S. Port for
shipment.
Woolen Wools Sales follow:
Scoured Pulled Foreign
58/60s So. Aust. lambs
wool 2-5" ch. wh. $1.16

Noils
64/70s Sc. Aust. fleeces
ch. wh. $1.50
Good Sc. Aust. locks and
pieces $ .89
Wool Tops Supply and turnover
of wool tops was limited, prices aver-
aging steady.
Warp Aust. DC W Dom. D/C
70s $1.97 $1.86
64s 1.92 N 1.79
62s 1.89 N 1.71
60s 1.82 N 1.64
58s 1.80 N 1.54
Oil-combed Territory Fleece
56s $1.46 $1.45
50/56s 1.45 1.45
(N Nominal)


CLOSING FUTURES QUOTATIONS -
Sept. 21, 1961 (Furnished by the Wool
Associates of the N. Y. Cotton Exchange)
October wool tops $1.62 (Bid)
December wool tops 1.599 (Bid)
64s grade 2.55" minimum length
October wool $1.18 (Bid)
December wool 1.195 (Bid)
64s grade 2," ave. stretched length






739


MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICE 1/ SLAUGHTER STEERS CHICAGO
CHOICE GRADE


Year : Jan. : Feb. : Mar. Apr. : May :June : July : Aug. :Sept. : Oct. : Nov. : Dec.: Av.


Dol.
1956 .. 20.02
1957 .. 21.25
1958 .. 26.82
1959 .. 28.13
1960 .. 26.42
1961 .. 27.42


Dol
18.E
20.5
27.5
27.8
26.6
26.1


. Dol.
.8 19.41
7 21.86
i4 29.90
15 29.11
i9 28.08
.7 25.70


Dol.
20.56
22.99
29.37
30.33
27.76
25.05


Dol.
20.7C
23.31
28.83
29.34
27.43
25.43


Dol. Dol.
21.05 22.57
23.48 25.12
28.07 26.99
28.48 27.89
26.04 25.64
22.45 22.38


Dol. Dol.
25.81 27.27
25.63 24.98
26.11 26.70
27.56 27.62
25.07 24.80
24.15


ALI GRADES


1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961


20.01
20.94
26.51
27.81
26.30
27.02


18.85
20.28
26.65
27.44
26.37
25.84


18.89
21.56
28.28
28.22
27.40
25.32


19.87
22.61
28.59
29.32
27.13
24.75


20.12
22.85
28.27
28.82
26.75
23.09


20.79
23.07
27.67
28.15
25.58
22.50


22.28
24.76
26.75
27.61
25.30
22.23


25.61
25.45
25.91
27.56
24.75
24.01


27.51
24.84
26.65
27.48
24.62


Dol.
26.08
24.67
26.67
27.19
24.94



26.00
24.48
26.70
27.06
24.83


Dol. Dol. Dol.
24.30 21.99 22.30
25.20 25.98 23.85
26.77 27.19 27.42
26.53 25.57 27.83
26.08 26.86 26.24


23.97 21.65
25.06 25.74
26.79 27.01
26.31 25.26
26.00 26.61


22.00
25.48
27.09
27.53
25.93


MONTHLY AVERAGE WEIGHT 1/- SLAUGHTER STEERS CHICAGO
CHOICE GRADE


Year Jan.: Feb. s Mar.: Apr. :
Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb.
1956 .. 1,164 1,187 1,189 1,192
2957 .. 1,176 1,199 1,196 1,178
1958 .. 1,157 1,165 1,172 1,157
1959 .. 1,2n9 1,209 1,211 1,199
1960 .. 1,191 1,196 1,208 1,186
1961 .. 1,180 1,180 1,195 1,2U'


May :June
Lb. Lb.


1,174
1,180
1,156
1,201
1,188
1,204


1,163
1,181
1,166
1,195
1,18C
1,207


: July :
Lb.
1,143
1,154
1,165
1,196
1,186
1,209


Aug.: Sept.: Oct.:
Lb. Lb. Lb.
1,116 1,099 1,113
1,140 1,141 1,142
1,164 1,156 1,165
1,187 1,180 1,160
1,180 1,172 1,165
1,199


Nov.: Dec. : Av.
Lb. Lb. Lb.

1,156 1,153 1,152
1,138 1,238 1,162
1,174 1,192 1,166
1,159 1,165 1,187
1,167 1,173 1,183


ALL GRADES
m a m m m e n m m m w e a s m w o m


1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961


1,154
1,148
1,141
1,194
1,176
1,180


Year : Jan. :
----------


1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961


1,166
1,157
1,129
1,187
1,174
1,172


1,151
1,151
1,114
1,168
1,169
1,177
---a


1,141
1,143
1,118
1,149
1,150
1,177
----


1,125 1,154 1,125 1,109 1,109 1,115
1,140 1,136 1,120 1,124 1,126 1,151
1,119 1,152 1,158 1,145 1,145 1,161
1,162 1,165 1,166 1,165 1,158 1,151
1,150 1,150 1,158 1,155 1,152 1,155
1,176 1,190 1,190 1,173
m--------------------


MONTHLY AVERAGE COST 1/ -- BARROWS AND GILTS -
Feb. : Mar. : Apr. : May : June : July : Aug.
Feb. : Mar : Alpr. : May : June : Juy Aug.


Dol. Dol.
11.70 12.41
17.89 17.16
19.26 20.16
16.63 15.65
12.65 13.56
17.33 18.13


Dol. Dol.
13.20 15.01
17.25 17.95
21.20 20.64
15.89 16.09
15.55 15.96
17.55 17.04


Dol.
16.31
18.24
22.03
16.09
16.03
16.537


Dol.
16.68
19.65
22.97
15.91
16.88
16.60


Dol.
16.47
20.79
23.12
14.40
17.74
17.87


1,129
1,138
1,175
1,152
1,164


1,143
1,141
1,190
1,158
1,166


1,154
1,137
1,144
1,164
1,160


8 MARKETS COMBINED 2/
:Sept. : Oct.: Nov.: Dec.: Av.
:Sept. : Oct.: Nov.: DZec.: AV.


Dol. Dol.
16.87 16.29
21.27 19.54
S21.33 20.42
14.65 13.81
16.91 16.59
18.33


Dol.
15.64
17.20
18.88
15.11
17.30


Dol.
14.90
17.01
18.13
12.61
17.36


Dol.
16.69
18.45
17.86
11.86
17.27


Dol.
14.82
18.29
20.25
14.64
15.96


MONTHLY AVERAGE
-- -------------------
Year : Jan. : Feb. : Mar. : Apr.
Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb.
1956 .. 231 227 224 223
1957 .. 232 229 250 230
1958 .. 232 228 229 233
1959 .. 238 232 229 232
1960 .. 232 228 229 232
1961 .. 236 232 231 .,.


WEIGHT 1/ BARROWS AND GILTS 8 MARKETS

: May : June : July : Aug. : Sept.: Oct.
Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb.
Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb. Lb.


217
215
219
221
228
225


211
208
214
216
225
219


COMBED 2/

: Nov. : Dec. : Av.

Lb. Lb. Lb.
223 227 222
225 229 224
230 233 227
228 230 228
231 232 229


~ - -- ~ --- -
1/ Weighted average. 2/ Eight markets include Chicago, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Omaha,
St. Louis National Stock Yards, Sioux City, South St. Joseph, and South St. Paul.


- ~ -----------


---






740


MEAT AND'MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS PREPARED AND PROCESSED
UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION


I
Product



Placed in cure -
Beef J/ .
Pork/ . .
Other .
Smoked and / or dried -
Beef I/ ... .
Pork . .


Cooked meat -
Beef. .
Pork. .
Other .


* .
*
* .


Sausage -
Fresh finished. .
To be dried or semi-dried
Franks, wieners .
Other, smoked or cooked .
Loaf, head cheese, chili,
jellied products. .
Steaks, chops, roasts .
Meat extract. .
Sliced bacon / ..
Sliced, other )// .
Hamburger .
Miscellaneous meat product.
Lard, rendered .
Lard, refined .
Oleo stock .
Edible tallow .
Rendered pork fat -
Rendered .
Refined .
Compound conttg animal fat.
Oleomargarine "
Canned product (for civilian


Week ended -
^-- ,- --.- *--- ..
Aug. Aug. Aug.
5 12 19
S1961 1961 1961
... oft ----. .


1,000#

3,121
59,887
44

1,258
45,829


1,122
5,975
125

5,726
2,674
14,959
15,905

5,917
12,208
23
19,115
6,867
4,509
4,866
32,678
27,446
1,264
8,545

1,576
729
14,701
3,151


is000#

3,129
60,277
119

1,262
46,825


1,589
4,276
151

5,907
2,540
14,7553
14,296

3,853
11,604
229
19,558
6,848
4,890
4,637
55,158
26,270
1,414
8,590

2,580
944
15,185
5,048


i,ooq~


3,210
62,465
35

1,086
48,468

1,069
4,576
157

4,100
35,69
15,004
13,842

4,069
11,645
72
19,578
6,784
4,721
4,567
51,676
25,515
1,449
7,897

1,667
674
15,119
5,499


0- a am w a. -- -


Aug.
26
1961
190007


3,817
65,806
55

1,116
52,599

1,056
5,547
92

4,537
2,778
16,615
14,198

4,305
12,164
53
21,519
7,227
4,812
5,264
54,214
27,184
1,405
8,328

1,579
712
15,455
3,532


* Sept.
2
I 1961
3v


5,185
62,924
54

1,002
50,005

1,259
4,520
69

4,595
2,750
16,536
14,249

4,521
13,786
20
22,095
7,752
5,157
5,740
54,204
27,566
1,554
8,406

1,466
715
16,825
5,084


use and Dept. of Defense). 43,618 59,887 58,578 41,978 56,877
Total / 335,651 335,357 554,469 556,901 550,470
-- -- --- ----- -- -- -"mem- --- .-- --
This figure represents "inspection pounds" as some of the products may
have been inspected and recorded more than once due to having been subjected
to more than one district processing treatment, such as curing first, then
smoking, slicing.
2/ Includes sliced dried beef, sliced sausage, loaves, etc.
Meat Inspection Branch, Agricultural Research Service.


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742 ShIPMENTS OF STOCKIR AND F LDER.FCATTLE AND S-ELiP
AUGUST 1961
Stocker and feeder cattle and calves shipped into 8 selected North
Central States during ,-iugust 1961 totaled 472 thousand head, up 22 per-
cent from the 388 thousand head shipped in August last year. Of the
total cattle and calves received in these 8 States during the month, more
than 195 thousand moved through public stockyards and 277 thousand were
received direct. The direct movement was 59 percent of the total this
August compared with 56 percent a year earlier. Cattle and calves
snipped into these States during July-August 1961 totaled 726 thousand
head, up 14 percent from the July-August 1960 total.
August shipments of stocker and feeder sheep and lambs into
these 8 North Central States amounted to 372 thousand nead, compared
with 474 thousand head during August last year--a decrease of 21 per-
cent. Of the total received during August, 66 thousand came through
public markets and 306 thousand were received direct. A total of
568 thousand head of stocker and feeder sheep and lambs were shipped
into these 8 States during July-August 1961, down 14 percent from the
total for July-August 1960,
Stocker and Feeder Cattle and Sheep Received in Selected North Central States
August 1960 and 1961 1/
Cattle and Calves
: Public stock :
S yards : Direct -Total
State August : August : August : July August .
S1960 : 1961 1960 : 1961 : 1961961 961 : 1960 : 1961 2/

Ohio ........: 6,783 9,168 1,426 1,866 8,209 11,034 13,854 17,808
Indiana .....: 19,282 7,519 23,151 14,974 42,433 22,493 63,481 38,918
Illinois ....: 37,272 33,486 47,316 54,285 84,588 87,771 134,914 123,238
Michigan ....: 4,597 3,121 1,032 1,351 5,629 4,472 9,455 6,524
Minnesota ...: 11,989 11,620 23,513 23,491 35,502 35,111 63,131 55,429
Iowa ........: 59,718 81,889 72,912 107,477 132,630 189,366 214,316 292,623
South Dakota 5,628 15, 44 4,750 12,381 10,378 27,925 25,201 47,821
Nebraska'....: 25,997 33,199 42,329 60,948 68,326 94,147 112,393 143,550

Total :171,266 216,429 387,695 636,745
8 States 195,546 276,773 472,319 725,911
Sheep and Lambs

Ohio ........: 3,262 5,367 8,619 12,650 11,881 18,017 13,957 24,087
Indiana ....: 3,290 650 7,444 15,646 10,734 16,296 16,063 19,645
Illinois ....: 22,042 12,365 58,119 55,926 80,161 68,291 95,276 92,880
Michigan ....: 2,080 272 1,191 1,421 3,271 1,693 5,255 2,417
Minnesota ...: 12,775 6,203 26,626 37,345 39,401 43,548 64,307 65,510
Iowa ........: 28,580 18,147 170,169 128,750 198,749 146,897 283,048 243,762
South Dakota : 10,813 13,553 11,943 6,949 22,756 20,502 48,016 43,958
Nebraska ....: 42,399 9,441 64, 515 47,499 106,914 56,940 138,036 75,697


Total :125,241 348,626 473,867 663,958
8 States 65,998 306,186 372,184 567,956
l/ Data in this report are obtained from offices of State Veterinarians. Under
Public Stockyards" are included stockers and feeders which were bought at stock-
yards. Under "Direct" are included stockers and feeders from points other than
public stockyards, some of which are inspected at public stockyards while stopping
for feed, water, and rest en route.
2/ July 1961 data for South Dakota revised as follows: Cattle and Calves -
Public Stockyards 9,168 instead of 9,015, Directs 10,728 instead of 15,131, total
19,896 instead of 24,146. Sheep and Lambs Direct 8,033 instead of 13,396, total
23,456 instead of 28,819.
Statistical Reporting Service Crop Reporting Board.






743


UNITED STATES EXPORTS OF MEATS

Commodity : July 1961
EXPORTS (Domestic) Pounds
Beef and veal -
Fresh or frozen (except canned) ................. 541,558
Pickled or cured (except canned) *............... 1,218,884
Pork -
Fresh or frozen (except canned) ............... 3,675,552
Hams and shoulders, cured or cooked ........o. 740,754
Bacon ....................................... 498,035
Pork, pickled, salted or otherwise cured, n.e.c. 965,364
Sausage, prep. sausage meats, etc. (ex. canned) 105,364
Other meat and meat products (except canned) n.e.c. 99,928
Beef and pork livers, fresh or frozen ........... 4,599,471
Beef tongues, fresh or frozen ................... 3,153,073
Other variety meats, (edible offal) ex. cnd.n.e,c. 2,899,918
Meat specialties, frozen, n.e.c.................. 223,327
Canned meats -


Beef and veal .......................,...........
Sausage, prep. sausage meats, etc.n.e.c.*........
Hams and shoulders ..............................
Other pork, canned ......*..........*............
Other meat and meat products, n.e.c..........*...
Lamb and mutton (except canned) ..................
Lard (includes rendered pork fat) ...............
Shortenings, chief wt. animal fat (excl. lard)....
Tallow, edible .................................
Tallow, inedible .................................
Inedible animal oils, n.e.c......................
Inedible animal greases and fats, n.e.c...........


134,451
35,394
41,029
79,440
110,569
178,924
48,984,150
258,488
255,194
186,094,623
755,022
17,963,458


,I0


July 1960
Pounds


718,785
895,174

1,155,700
228,578
354,574
863,683
200,308
30,843
3,349,823
2,671,491
2,122,092
579,946

156,020
70,449
34,445
369,217
126,099
84,540
42,939,534
131,040
488,972
131,255,299
352,745
16,508,247


Compiled from official records, Bureau of the Census.
Compiled from official records, Bureau of the Census.


-- -- 0 am


UNITED STATES EXPORTS OF LIVESTOCK
-July 1961: July 1960
..........9 _1 Jlk 1961 ....- -
Number Number
Cattle (for breeding) -
Dairy ..................... .. 953 893
Ex. dairy ..................... 311 1,003
Other (ex. for breeding) ....... 335 388
Hogs **..*....*.... ............... 220 682
Sheep o...o.......... ............. 2,896 4,038

Compiled from officialrecords, Bureau of the Census.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08735 7389


744
U. S. Department of Agriculture
Washington 25, D. C.


OFFICIAL BUSINESS

Form AMS-9/26/61
Permit 1001.


University of Florida
Documents Librarian
11-4-59 The University Libraries
LS-CLS Gainesville, Fla.




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