Livestock, meat, wool market news

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Title:
Livestock, meat, wool market news
Physical Description:
v. : ; 21-23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock, Poultry, Grain, and Seed Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service. -- Livestock & Seed Division
Publisher:
The Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Meat industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Wool industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Marketing -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
Statement of Responsibility:
Livestock, Poultry, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 27, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1959) issue.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for <Jan. 16, 1979-May 14, 1983> issued by: Livestock, Meat, Grain and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; <Nov. 12, 1983-> by: the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; 1996 issue\d by: the Livestock and Seed Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 47, no. 2 (Jan. 16, 1979).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 58, no. 40 (Oct. 6, 1990).

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004691915
oclc - 04512121
lccn - sn 87043107
Classification:
lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338.105
System ID:
AA00008493:00096

Related Items

Preceded by:
Market news (Washington, D.C.)
Succeeded by:
Livestock, meat, and wool weekly summary and statistics


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text







WEEKLY SUMMARY

AND STATISTICS


LIVESTOCK DIVISION AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON 25, D.C0,


Vol. 29, No. 18


Week ended April 29


Livestock Market Reviews . *
Livestock Market Receipts *
Stocker and Feeder Statistics . .
Estimated Percentage of Stocker and Feeder Catti
Slaughter Cows in Salable Receipts .
Steer Sale Statistics . .
Slaughter at Major Centers .
Estimated Slaughter and Meat Production .
Cattle Prices . . .
Hog Prices . . 0 .
Hog Purchase Statistics 0 .
Sheep and Lamb Prices *. *
Wool Market Review . .
Wholesale Meat Trade Reviews .
Wholesale Dressed Meat Prices 0 0


* 0 *
* 0 *
* 0
e and


May 2, 1961


* 0
* 0
* 0


. 0 0


* .
* 0 0 0 0
* 0 0 0 0
* 0 *
* 9 0 .


* 0 0 0
* 6 0
* 0 0 .
* 0
* *


Page
334
337
337

337
3358
339
339
340
341
342
352
343
344
545


Special to this issue
Federally Inspected Slaughter and Revised Estimates of Meat
Production, by weeks, March 1961 ..- .
Classification of Livestock Slaughtered in the United States,
March 1961 . . .
Percentage Distribution by Classes of Cattle Slaughtered
Under Federal Inspection, March 1961 . .
United States Federally Inspected Slaughter and Meat
Production, March 1961 . .
Commercial Livestock Slaughter and Meat Production, Mar.1961
Meats Graded or Accepted, by Grades, March 1961 .
Meat and Meat Food Products Inspected When Offered for
Importation, March 1961 . *
Eff- ity Prices, April 15, 1961 . .
6 5-e($' by Farmers, April 15, 1961 .
ker and e er Cattle and Sheep Received in Selected
/North Centr 9 states, March 1961 . .


MEAT



WOOL


YcwI


347

346

346

547
348
348

349
350
350

351


*$I-VAA






554


MIDWEST LIVESTOCK REVIEW

and

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES


Prices were steady to 500 lower on slaugh-
ter steers and heifers under the influence of
lower dressed prices and fairly liberal market-
ings. Slaughter cows sold steady to 500 lower.
Stocker and feeder prices were uneven but in
general were steady to $1.00 lower. Barrows
and gilts closed 25-750 lower. The week's
trend on slaughter lambs was $1.00-2.00 lower
at most points.

SLAUGHTER CATTLE AND CALVES Slaughter
steer prices declined for the fourth consecu-
tive week at midwest terminals and reached
the lowest levels in nearly four years at some
points. Slaughter steers were steady to 50*
lower with declines of 25-500 recorded at most
terminals and St. Joseph showing a 25-750 de-
cline on steers, heifers and cows. Slaughter
heifers and cows sold steady to 50* lower for
the most part while bulls were steady. Vealers
were steady at both St. Paul and St. Louis.
The combined bearish influence of a lower trend
in the carcass trade and increased receipts
prompted the price downturn on live cattle.
Salable cattle receipts at the 12 markets
totaled 222,000, or percent above the previous
week and the largest for any week since January.
Slaughter steers and heifers made up the bulk
of the supply at most points with Good and
Choice predominating. Loadlots high-Choice and
mixed Choice and Prime steers and heifers were
in small supply at most terminals.
Ten loads Prime 1200-1300# slaughter
steers brought $27.75 at Chicago where bulk of
the Prime and mixed Choice and Prime 1050-1450#
steers sold from $25.50-27.50. A few high-
Choice and Prime steers brought $25.00-26.65
at other points with bulk of the high-Good and
Choice 900-1350# at $22.50-25.25. A few loads
Choice and mixed Choice and Prime 1400-1700#
steers sold at $22.50-26.00 with Prime 1430#
to $27.25 in Chicago. Good steers sold at
$21.50-23.50. High-Choice and mixed Choice
and Prime slaughter heifers cashed at $24.00-
25.25 with most Choice from $23.00-24.25 and
Good at $21.00-23.25. Utility and Commercial
cows sold at $15.75-17.50; Canners and Cutters
$13.75-16.50.

STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND CALVES -
Seasonally moderate receipts of stocker and
feeder cattle and calves at terminal markets
found an uneven demand with decided differences
in price trends from one market to another.
This reflected the conflicting factors
currently in play. On the one hand, there was
the usual springtime demand for cattle to
place on pasture and along with this the need
for stock to utilize abundant stockpiles of dry
feeds. However, demand for both stocker and
feeder cattle was tempered by the continued


downward trend in slaughter cattle prices and
the knowledge of above normal numbers of
cattle already on feed. In addition the press
of field work cut down the attendance of buy-
ers at some markets. At Sioux City prices
were 50 to $1.00 lower while at Kansas City
moderate weakness during the fore part of the
week was followed by strong to $1.00 higher
prices at a late week auction. At other mid-
west centers prices ranged from steady to
$1.00 lower. At Fort Worth prices were 500 to
$1.50 lower. In contrast, trading at Denver
was on a strong to 254 higher basis, instances
500 up.
Scattered shipments Choice 525-575# stock
steers brought $28.00-29.00; other Good and
Choice 525-750# $23.50-27.50. Medium and low-
Good stock steers sold from $19.00-24.00.
Good and Choice 800-1050# feeders sold chiefly
from $21.50-24.00 but at Kansas City 2'loads
Choice and Fancy 829-834# brought $25.30-26.50
and a part load Fancy 955# $25.25. Good and
Choice yearling heifers cashed from $21.00-
25.00, few Choice 515-545# $25.50-26.00.Good
and Choice steer calves sold largely from
$25.00-30.50, same grades heifer calves
$23.00-28.00.

HOGS Terminal Markets Marketings of
hogs at the twelve terminals numbered 554,000,
17 percent more than the previous week and
were the largest for any week since early
January. Bulk of the supply was comprised of
mixed No. 1-3 200-270# barrows and gilts. A
large percentage of the hogs marketed at St.
Joseph weighed over 250# and the average
weight of butchers there at 24]# figured the
heaviest since January, 1955. Sows made up
6 -13 percent of the receipts at the various
centers. The increased supplies proved to be
more than ample for the demand and prices
moved lower during the week in direct response
to the slow and lower wholesale meat trade.
Barrows and gilts finished the week 25-75#
lower with weights over 240# off most. A
downturn of 500-$1.00 at Chicago was the
sharpest break there for any week since last
October. Sows suffered the greatest price
loss in several months, that class closing
500-$1.00 lower. Order buyers were fairly
aggressive operators during most of the week
taking 24 percent of the Omaha receipts and
about 32 percent of the supply at Kansas City.
At the close of the week U. S. 1-2, 180-
240# barrows and gilts brought $16.60-17.50,
with most sales at $16.75-17.25. Mixed U. S.
1-3, and No. 2-3, 180-250# sold at $16.00-
17.00, bulk $16.25-16.75. Loadlots U. S. 2-3,
250-300# butchers sold during the week at
$15.50-16.50. U. S. 1-3, 270-600# sows
brought $13.50-15.75, mainly $14.25-15.50.







Average cut-out value advantage of U. S.
No. 1 over No. 3 live basis 200-220# barrows
and gilts was 79# per cwt. based on wholesale
carlot prices of fresh pork cuts at Chicago
April 20 to April 26, 1961, inclusive.
Prices on feeder pigs declined 50* at St.
Paul but remained fully steady at Sioux City.
Good and Choice 150-160# offerings at St. Paul
brought $16.00-16.50 while same grades 150-170#'
at Sioux City sold at $16.00-17.00.

HOGS Receipts in the Interior Iowa-
Southern Minnesota area totaled 552,000 head,
around 2 percent less than the previous week
and 2 percent over a year ago. Compared with
the previous Friday, closing sales were mainly
25# lower on barrows and gilts and 25-50# off
on sows. Sow numbers increased slightly to
comprise about 7.5 percent of total receipts.
On Friday, mixed U. S. No. 1-3 200-230#
barrows and gilts, sold from $16.00-16.75, with
limited volume No. 1-2 selected lots $16.65-
17.00. U. S. 1-3 270-400# sows brought $14.25-
15.90; 400-550# $13.25-15.05.

SHEEP AND IAMBS Receipts of sheep and
lambs at the 12 markets totaled 112,000 head
or 9 percent more than the fairly broad
volume marketed a week ago and 14 percent over
last year. Sharp price downturns on slaughter
lambs featured trading and at some terminals
prices were at the lowest reporting levels in
fifteen years. Lower dressed lamb prices com-
bined with expanded slaughter lamb marketing
were bearish factors contributing to downturns
on the live trade. For the week, slaughter
lambs were mostly $1.00-2.00 lower, instances
$5.00 off. Slaughter ewes steady to $1.00
lower; feeder and shearing lambs mainly $1.00-
2.00 off.
On late rounds, Choice,few Prime 90-111#
wooled old crop slaughter lambs $14.50-15.50,
few shipments 81-105# $16.00-17.00; Choice
110-125# $12.00-15.00, shipment 133# $11.00;
Good and Choice 90-114# $15.00-15.00. Choice
with end of Prime 90-l10# shorn old crop
slaughter lambs most with No. 1 and 2 pelts
brought $13.25-14.50, limited volume 90-105#
lambs $15.00-15.50, bulk Choice 110-120#
$11.25-14.00, few 122-127# $10.00-11.00. Good
and Choice 92-110# shorn lambs $12.00-14.00.
Choice and Prime 80-104# spring slaughter lambs
$16.25-18.00, few $18.50. At Fort Worth, Good
and Choice 68-95# spring lambs $16.00-16.50.
Bulk Cull to Choice shorn slaughter ewes $2.00-
6.00.
Good and Choice 80-97# wooled feeder lambs
$15.00-15.00. Good and Choice 78-80# shorn
feeders $12.00-14.00.
Receipts of sheep and lambs in the Interior
Iowa-Southern Minnesota area at 29,800 were 5
percent over a week earlier and 9 percent over
a year ago. Demand was only fair for the ex-
panded volume and for the week, slaughter lambs
were $1.00-1.50 lower, instances $2.00 off,


most downturn on lambs 110# and heavier.
Slaughter ewes were weak to $1.00 off.
On Friday, Choice with a few Prime 90-100#
shorn old crop slaughter lambs with No. 1-2 and
fall shorn pelts brought $13.50-14.00 delivered
to packing plants with a few high-yielding lambs
$14.50; bulk Choice 100-115# lambs $12.00-
13.50, 115-120# $11.00-12.00. Good and Choice
90-110# $12.50-15.50. A limited showing of
Choice with few Prime 90-105# wooled old crop
slaughter lambs $14.50-15.25, bulk Choice 105-
115# $13.00-14.75, 115-120# $12.00-13.00; Good
and Choice 90-110 $13.50-14.50. Cull to Choice
shorn slaughter ewes sold at $2.00-4.00.

RANGE AND FEEDLOT SALES

Note: Shrink on most range and feedlot
sales none to 5 percent, mostly 4 percent f.o.b.
some with short haul and 3 percent shrink. All
sales for immediate delivery unless specified.

ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND UTAH -
Direct trade on slaughter steers and heifers
moderately active, prices weak to 50# lower,
full decline on Good and Choice steers. Country
trading on stocker and feeder cattle and calves
limited, prices weak to 50# off, instances
$1.00 lower; spring lambs mostly steady to 25*
lower.
Slaughter steers: In California, 46 loads
Choice 900-1100# $24.40-25.00 with only 5 loads
exceeding $24.85; out of California and Arizona
feedlots, mostly Choice, balance Good 900-1150#
$23.25-24.25, with Choice 1150-1250# $25.00-
23.75; Good and mixed Good and Choice 850-1200#
$22.00-23.00; Standard to low-Good 750-1150#
$21.00-21.50. In Utah, 14 loads high-Good to
average-Choice 1075-1175# $21.50-22.50.
Slaughter heifers: Out of California and
Arizona feedlots, loadlots mostly Choice 775-
900# $23.00-24.00, Good to low-Choice 800-850#
$22.00-22.50. In Utah, mostly Choice 900-950#
$22.00-22.50, Good and low-Choice 875-925#
$21.00-21.50.
Stockers and feeders: 200 Choice 400#
calves, steers $28.00, heifers $26.00; Good and
Choice 375-550# steers $24.00-26.00, some
strings with heifer ends $23.00-24.50; Good and
Choice 600-650# steers $22.50-23.00, mostly
Good 600-700# $21.50-22.00, 300 Medium and Good
800# $19.50; Good and Choice 500-625# heifers
$21.00-22.00.
Lambs: In Arizona and California, Choice
and Prime 90-104# spring slaughter lambs,mainly
$16.75-17.00, 104-110# generally $16.00-16.50.
Choice and Fancy 70-85# spring feeder lambs
$16.75-17.00. Near 1,000 mostly Choice 120#
old crop slaughter lambs with No. 1 pelts
$14.50.

COLORADO, SOUTHERN WYOMING, WESTERN
KANSAS AND WESTERN NEBRASKA Trading on
slaughter cattle direct at the feedlots was
active, slaughter steers sold steady to 25#







lower, slaughter heifers sold steady early but
late sales fully 25f lower. In Colorado, 65
loads average and high-Choice 1100-1250#
slaughter steers $24.00-24.25; 144 loads low
and average-Choice 1025-1275# $23.25-24.00; 15
loads high-Good and Choice 1100-1200# $25.00-
23.25. Twenty-two loads mostly average Choice
815-1025# slaughter heifers sold early in the
week at $23.75-24.00, with same grades and
weights selling late at $23.50; 140 loads low
and average-Choice 815-1100# $22.85-23.50.
Western Nebraska: 12 loads low and average-
Choice 1125# slaughter steers $23.65. Western
Kansas: 5 loads low and average-Choice 1160#
slaughter steers $23.90. Wyoming: 4 loads
Choice 1150-1265# slaughter steers $23.75-24.25
with 7 loads average and high-Choice 1060#
slaughter heifers $22.75-23.50.
Demand good for feeder cattle but only a
few direct sales were confirmed at steady
prices. Western Kansas: 7 loads Good and
Choice 675-850# feeder steers $22.75-25.75; 3
loads Good and Choice 650# heifers $23.25-25.60.
Demand poor for old-crop slaughter lambs
with sales confirmed on around 14,000 head
which sold fully $1.00-1.50 lower. Colorado:
Choice and Prime wooled lambs 108# down $14.25-
15.00, closed $14.25-14.50. Choice and Prime
shorn lambs 102# down $13.00-13.50. Most
wooled slaughter lambs discounted 100 per cwt.
for each pound over 108# and shorn lambs over
102#. String of around 1,300 Choice shorn
breeding ewe lambs $17.50 per head.

NEW MEXICO, WEST TEXAS, WESTERN OKLAHOMA,
SOUTHWESTERN KANSAS Clovis area Confirmed
sales of slaughter cattle were limited to 86
loads, mostly steers at steady prices, instances
500 lower on low-Good. Stockers and feeders
very slow, trend unchanged on 1,750 head.
Around 1,450 average-Choice 1150-1275# mostly
1250-1275# slaughter steers $25.00 delivered;
146 Good 1000-1225# $22.00-25.50, 36 Standard,
few Good, 1000# $21.25; 289 Good and Choice
700# slaughter heifers $23.00, 75 Good 610#
$22.20. Load Good to mostly Choice 650# feeder
steers $24.00, 1,000 Choice 625-650# feeders
for fall delivery $23.00, 700 Good 600# steers
for mid-May $23.00. Lamb trading limited,
prices 500 lower on slaughter lambs, steady on
feeders. Over 2,000 Choice 100-105# No. 2 to
fall shorn slaughter lambs with few yearlings
$11.50-12.00, 3,000 Good and Choice 85-90# No.
1 and.2 pelt feeders $10.50-11.00, 500 Fancy
75-8C0 spring feeders $14.00.
Amarillo Area Slaughter cattle moder-
ately active, steady to 50f lower; stockers
and feeders slow, little changed. About 165
Good and Choice 1200-1295# slaughter steers
$22.50, 100 Good 950-1100# $22.25, 110 Standard
850# $19.50; 200 Good to mostly Choice 815--
950# slaughter heifers $23.00-25.50, 60 Good
960# $21.00, 175 Standard and Good 680-690#
$22.00; 50 Cutter and Utility cows $15.50, 80
Canner and Cutter $14.25. Around 280 Good and


Choice 680-690# feeder steers $25.50-24.50, 440
Medium and Good 700-750# $22.25-22.65, 1,110
Medium and Good 575-650# for May delivery
$21.50-25.00; 450 mostly Choice 600-625# heif-
ers June delivery $22.75, 68 Good and Choice
600-625# heifers for August $21.00; 250 Good
and Choice 400-425# calves, steers $28.50,
Choice heifers $28.00, 260 Good and Choice
500# heifers $25.50; 162 Good cows with calves
$195.00-225.00 per pair.

IDAHO, OREGON AND WASHINGTON Slaughter
steers weak to 50* lower, bulk 25* lower;heif-
ers about steady; stocker and feeder cattle
steady to $1.00 lower; old crop slaughter
lambs 50-75# higher, spring lambs steady to 50#
lower.
Slaughter steers: Washington Good to
mostly Choice 1000-1120# $25.50-24.25, i50-
1225# $22.50-23.00. Standard 1,100-1,28q0
$20.00-20.75. Idaho Mostly Choice 1000#
$25.00; Good to mostly Choice 1075-1125#
$22.00-22.75.
Slaughter heifers: Washington Good to
mostly Choice 850-950# $23.00-25.25. Idaho -
Choice 950# $22.50; Good to mostly Choice
925-950# $21.50-22.00.
Stockers and feeders: Washington Good
and Choice 550-650# steers $25.00-25.50 with
600-620# heifers $23.00. Idaho Good and
Choice 900# feeder steers $21.80-22.00; Good
and Choice 550# $24.25.Washington and Oregon ,
Good and Choice 400-450# calves $28.00 on
steers, $26.00 on heifers. Good 3-6-year-old
stock cows with calves at side $232.50-250.00
per pair.
Slaughter lambs: Idaho Mostly Choice
103# with No. 1,2 and 3 pelts $13.50; Choice
and Prime 99# spring lambs $16.60-16.75.
Oregon Mostly Choice with a few Prime 96-
100# old crop lambs $15.00-16.25 delivered;
Choice and Prime 96# spring lambs $18.50, small
lot $19.00.
Wool: Washington Estimated 15,000
fleeces 1/4-3/8 blood 46.27# bagged, f.o.b.
Delivery May 4 with around 90 percent now
sheared.

MONTANA, NORTHERN WYOMING AND WESTERN
DAKOTAS Temperatures below normal through-
out area with moderate to liberal precipitation
early in the week in most sections. Favorable
weather conditions and immediate prospects of
good grass resulted in producers holding their
livestock for the present. Consequently not
enough confirmed sales for a price test.
Wool: Confirmed 420,000# bulk in Montana.
Prices fully 2# higher grease basis. North-
western Montana, around 50,000# quarter-blood,
very light shrinking 47.6#; around 250,000#
in Montana, mixed fine and half-blood, liberal
share half-blood, extremely light shrinking
44.0-45.6*; balance of sales mixed fine and
half-blood moderate to light shrinking, 40.Q0
43.44.






WEEKLY RECEIPTS OF SALABLE LIVESTOCK AT 12 PUBLIC MARKETS 557
--------- --"CittEe T aIyes" "" Ro-gs 7 "" TSeei dad1'-nEs~ -
Market : Apr. 29 : Apr. 5b:"-Ap r729-:-Ar' 3 :Apr. 9 : Apr. 30:; Ar : Apr. 30 -
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960
Chicago ........ 53,306 36,678 257 276 59,583 38,907 4,874 5,163
Cincinnati ..... 5,077 5,710 746 788 9,537 12,840 586 573
Denver ......... 12,497 11,471 1,044 336 4,928 6,424 11,482 19,140
Fort Worth ..... 9,915 8,598 975 1,225 2,555 3,762 38,741 29,400
Indianapolis ... 7,000 7,049 590 562 32,787 38,810 1,540 643
Kansas City .... 23,064 20,717 563 1,059 20,842 19,202 11,106 6,975
Oklahoma City .. 8,758 7,081 588 825 4,146 4,475 2,328 3,652
Omaha .......... 39,637 55,231 237 675 48,109 45,183 14,711 11,938
St. Joseph ..... 16,585 16,083 465 843 54,005 29,061 9,937 5,937
St. Louis NSY .. 16,985 14,872 1,477 1,675 67,990 69,861 3,505 2,060
Sioux City ..... 28,311 27,054 906 293 45,282 45,106 6,500 6,002
S. St. Paul .... 22,628 21,593 5,524 6,141 44,525 45,223 6,781 6,490
Total ......... 221,741 210,157 15,168 14,674 354,287 558,854 111,689 97,751
Apr. 22, 1961 207,296 10,299 302,284 102,182
---------------------------------------------------------------
INTERIOR IOWA AND SOUTHERN MINNESOTA Apr. 29, 1961 Apr. 22, 1961 Apr. 50, 1960
Hogs ..... 332,000 338,000 326,000
Sheep .... 29,800 28,400 27,400


Steers 100]
901-
801.
701.
501.
Total steers
Av. wts. "
Av. cost* "

n n n
Ii It It



It In n
! 1 tl It
n n n
n 11 11
to SI It
Total calves
" heifers
" cows


STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE: AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT, AND NUMBER
-: eked- ekended : MonthE T "Tre mnh -
[Apr.'-27 T Apr. 2D~ : pr.-28: Mar. : Mar. : JaJn.-ar. -
: 1961 1961 : 1960 : 1961 1960 : 1961 : 1960
# up ......... 575 764 936 2,801 3,135 10,207 8,464
.1000 ......... 2,635 2,014 2,543 8,444 10,979 26,155 27,520
-900 .......... 3,585 5,295 2,785 11,836 14,886 41,523 42,249
-800 .......... 6,063 5,426 5,054 15,660 15,160 47,031 49,907
-700 .......... 13,569 10,670 12,555 55,689 40,885 156,770 109,582
10 markets ... 26,425 20,169 25,875 92,430 85,045 261,686 257,522
... 710# 718# 717# 697# 750# 715# 750#
... $25.50 $23.95 $25.02 $24.09 $24.90 $24.24 $24.20
Chicago ...... 22.76 22.98 23.12 22.95 25.01 23.17 24.05
Kansas City .. 24.09 24.18 25.16 24.50 25.14 24.19 24.09
Omaha ........ 25.54 25.55 25.40 23.70 24.27 24.25 25.98
S. St. Paul .. 21.14 22.85 23.74 21.63 24.65 21.89 23.02
Sioux City ... 25.04 25.18 26.56 25.58 25.99 25.85 25.51
Denver ....... 25.03 25.27 24.54 24.77 25.14 25.18 24.81
Ft. Worth .... 23.26 22.19 23.46 23.22 24.44 23.43 23.69
Oklahoma City. 22.12 22.89 23.77 23.53 23.91 23.59 23.25
S. St. Joseph. 23.89 25.08 24.80 24.58 24.51 25.87 25.85
St. Louis NSY. 22.42 25.54 24.55 23.06 24.51 23.00 23.42
10 markets 8,086 5,617 11,274 54,324 28,342 154,649 114,314
S .... 5,823 2,932 4,727 13,179 13,078 37,540 54,597
t .... 768 595 511 2,280 3,517 9,248 9,032


- Nta sjeste o F W iferinei Tinrgraae-o EaTtle~sol~ at eac aket. -- -
ESTIMATED PERCENT OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND SLAUGHTER COWS IN SALABLE RECEIPTS
Ia :Kan-: :- N. T -.- -:S 0 T
Week ended :sas :0maha: St. : Louisioux: St.Indian- Den- Ft.Okla- Wich San
cago i- -Joseh: NSY Cit al apolis ver Worth City ita Antonio
Stockers and feeders


45 10 17 12 19 6
47 10 11 8 21 6
49 21 17 6 28 5
-S1auB&r cows
8 8 7 9 5 20
7 8 7 9 5 19
8 10 6 10 6 25


12
12
8

15
12
10


20*
8
12


55 62 49 70
55 55 44 50
70 70 55 45


10* 15
10 20
15 15


*Estimated.


Apr.
Apr.
Apr.

Apr.
Apr.
Apr.


28, 1961
21, 1961
29, 1960

28, 1961
21, 1961
29, 1960


2
2
2

5
5
6






538
STEERS SOLD OUT OF FIRST HANDS FOR SLAUGHTER_

S Number hd percent of total Average weight Average price in
Sby grades (pounds) :dollars per 100 lb.
Grade
Week ended
AF- t? 08 -1-Afr-- -r-Afri- 08- A -- -------, -
: Apr.27 Apr. 28 t Apr. 27":Tp. 8 "r. 27 Apr. 28':Apr. 27 Apr. 28
: 1961 t 1960 1961 : 1960 : 1961 1960 : 1961 1960
CHICAGO


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good**...........
Standard.*.....
Commercial*....
Utility ........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Utility*........
All grades.**..

Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility........
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good...........
Standard.......
Commercial.....
Utility.......
All grades.....


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good....**......
Standard.. .....
Utility.........
All grades.****


Prime..........
Choice.........
Good......... .
Standard.......
Utility........
All grades.....


12.8
61.1
20.5
5.4

2.2


.2
59.1
51.1
9.1
.5


6.7
54.4
51.9
5.4
.1
1.5

OMAHA
.4
56.9
53.2
6.0
3.5


5,202
15,502
5,149
855
-
551
25,057

48
8,150
10,607
1,897
97
20,779

60
6,272
5,198
1,667

153,197


5,152
5,455
887

45
7,555


-
11.7
65.9
20.6

5.8


-
2.2
65.9
25.4

8.5


1,245 1,249 26.46
1,186 1,180 24.26
1,087 1,068 22.66
1,005 999 20.61
1,493 --
1,074 1,047 19.28
1,164 1 157 24.05


25.51


1,771
14,487
8,481
1,450
18
406
26 615

59
5,738
8,287
929
'547


1,090 1,150
1,020 1,036
962 969

905 924
1,012 1,013
-- -


- 1jSIFJUsfr! -


5,080 54.8 45.8 1,148
5,346 54.1 47.6 1,090
545 1.1 7.7 1,072
65 .9 --
7,054 1,108

-- --- -- -

2,611 75.7 66.8 1,185
1,088 24.1 27.8 1,105
179 1.7 4.6 989
33 .5 .8 1,006
5,911 1,161
-----------------------------------


-
1,151
1,068
1,057
1,015
1,103



1,177
1,081
971
950
1,159


51.05
27.55
25.40
22.10
21.45
19.46
26.78

28.33


1,215 1,224
1,184 1,173
1,107 1,079
1,120 1,083
979 1,025
1,158 1,112

1,282 1,316
1,170 1,175
1,122 1,087
1,097 1,068
-- 977
1 ,42- 1 120-
- --

1,156 1,127
1,057 1,064
1,041 1,025

965 980
1,097 1,082


I Data collected by Agricultural Estimates, and Livestock Divisions, A.M.S.


25.55 26.84
22.57 24.87
19.28 21.21
17.98 19.63
22.56 25.27

25.75 50.52
25.81 26.95
22.65 25.25
29.66 20.75
18.64
22.86 25.67

-------- --
25.81 27.02
22.85 25.79
20.25 21.92

17.64 18.48
22.96 25.68



25.91 27.55
22.60 25.49
20.27 22.47

18.18 19.97
22.15 24.45

-------- --
2S.66 26.78
22;59 24.87
19.25 21.12
18.64
22.51 25.41



25.46 26.55
22.20 25.01
18.88 20.59
17.84 18.15
25.08 25.85


15,560
SIOUX CITY
107 .5 1.0
4,081 47.5 37.7
5,903 59.4 54.6
646 12.6 6.0
75 .7
10S812
-----------FIPPI
---r/ 1i-

2,209 41.8 38.9
2,576 45.8 45.3
828 11.8 14.6

67 .6 1.2
5,680


798
4,376
1,415

260
6,847



2,655
4,085
858

7,556



2,777
906
65
19
5,767


132
3,918
1,393

507
5,950


m e m e m m on---


memememmemem






339


WEEKLY SLAUGHTER UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION AT MAJOR CENTERS

- -:- -- : Cattle : Calves : Hogs T:Seep and 1-amss-
~ -- -- ----;-"c t i C l e "~i 5- ~- 7s- e p-a- d l- -s
City or Area :Apr.29 :Apr.30 :Apr.29 :Apr.30 :Apr.29 :Apr.30 :Apr.29 :Apr.30
: 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 1960 : 1961 1960


,ston, New York City Area .... 11,428
iltimore, Philadelphia ....... 8,760
in., Cleve.,Detroit, Indpls... 19,883
iicago Area .... ... #......... 13,792
t. Paul-Wise. Areas ......... 29,570
t. Louis Area ................ 11,486
ioux City-So. Dakota Area .... 27,480
naha Area .................... 41,618
ansas City ................... 16,830
owa So. Minnesota .......... 33,735
ou'l, Evan'l. Nash'l. Mph's .. 5,728
eorgia, Florida, Ala. Area ... 9,548
t.Jo'ph. Wichita, Okla.City .. 19,649
t. Worth,Dallas, San Antonio.. 12,819
enver, Ogden, Salt Lake City.. 25,149
os Angeles, San Fran. Areas... 28,264
ortland, Seattle, Spokane .... 8,277

Total .................... 324,016


13,087
8,882
18,441
17,696
28,804
10,758
20,389
31,595
12,826
31,805
6,205
7,266
19,420
10,628
21,028
24,576
7,511


10,997
2,222
4,252
5,162
17,454
1,466

158

8,487
2,641
3,678
871
4,361
140
1,619
257
63,765


290j917


10,379 42,098
1,669 30,134
4,324 120,067
5,525 42,771
19,632 102,244
1,373 81,878
-- 93,224
187 81,803
-- 36,149
8,249 275,149
3,056 57,281
2,584 30,227
1,413 46,534
4,127 16,698
234 14,477
1,432 28,786
252 15,768
1,115,288


43,574 36,468
24,259 3,817
154,137 10,755
35,612 5,629
108,745 13,123
87,229 4,050
94,003 10,929
87,553 16,976
39,778
266,137 38,271
72,187
35,542
45,277 10,058
20,892 44,269
17,626 45,908
25,478 46,285
14,917 5,336
291,874


64 436 1 52 746 2335163


Accumulation to date .......5,059,637 1,093,106 18,983,398 4,502,878
4,950,571 1,168,837 20,871,058 4,051,308


ESTIMATED FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT PRODUCTION
------ ------ T -p T-am- -
Week ended : Beef Veal (excl lardi : and mutton :
SNum- : Prod. Num- Prod. Num-: Prod. Nu- Prod.
: ber : ber : ber : ber
1,000 mil.lb. 1,000 mil.lb.1,000 mil.lb.1,000 mil.lb.


Total Total
meat lard
prod. prod.

mil.lb. mil.lb.


11.6
11.0

11.5


1,290
1,270
1,178
1,332


181.8
179.7

184.0


15.2 438.8
14.9 454.0

12.3 415.4


Percentage change from:

Apr. 22, 1961 .......
Apr. 30. 1960 .......


Week ended


29, 1961 .......
22, 1961.....
8, 1961 ..
30, 1960 ...


Average weight (lb.) : Lard
t Cle --ep : T yield
S Cattle Calves Hogs d and lambs : pe
: Lie :Dressed: Live :Dresse ive resse Lie :Dressed_ I plber
: Live- :Dressed: Live :Dressed! Live- :DressR! Live- :Dressed: -100lb.


1040
1045
1050
1031


120
118
112
122


243
244
238
239


100
100
103
100


1/ Actual slaughter. 2/ Excludes lard.
See page 547 for revised estimates, by weeks, for March 1961.


B<
Ba
CJ
Ch
Si
Si
Si
Or
Ka
I<
Lc
Ge
St
F1
D
Lc
Pc


40,261
5,087
11,008
3,905
9,830
4,226
12,508
12,860

30,682


7,867
27,161
26,329
36,398
5,041


Apr.
Apr.
Apr.
Apr.


1961
1961
1961
1960


385
380
347
350


/ .....
I/ .....
T/. so #


230.2
228.4

207.6


38.7
45.4


Apr.
Apr.
Apr.
Apr.


13.6
13.6







CATTLE: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds
- -- : N-ortE
S Chicago Kansas City : Omaha t Denver I Portland
--------- t ----------- -----


Classification


Steers -
Prime 900-1100#
1100-1500
Choice 900-1100
1100-1500
Good 900-1100
Standard All wts.


Heifers -
Choice
Good
Standard


700-900#
900-1100
All wts.


Cows All weights -
Commercial
Utility
Cutter
Canner

Bulls All weights -
Commercial
Utility

Calves 500# down -
Choice
Good
Standard

Vealers All wts. -
Choice
Good
Standard


Steers -
Choice
Good
Medium


500-800#
500-800
500-1000


Apr. Ap3
29 3(
s 1961 s 19
m m m o


-. Apr.
30 29
60 1961,
tm m m


Apr. Apr.
30 : 29
1960 1961
m m e h am m e a


Apr. Apr.
30 :29
1960 1961
m m m m es e m


Slaughter cattle. calves and vealers


26.38
26.62
24.38
24.25
22.50
20.82


23.70

19.88


17.30
16.75
16.25
14.68


30.40
31.02
27.92
28.18
24.80
21.88


26.90

21.25


17.88
17.25
16.35
14.75


24.52
24.12
22.62
20.00


23.88
22.12
19.25


17.38
16.50
16.00
15.00


27.48
27.45
25.08
21.65


26.88
24.38
21.00


19.00
16.75
15.12
13.50


26.00
25.88
24.38
24.25
22.25
19.50


24.00
22.00
19.50


17.50
16.62
15.62
14.62


29.45
29.42
27.52
27.52
24.38
21.20


27.00
23.82
20.25


18.00
16.68
15.25
14.25


20.25 20.95 18.38 18.00 19.20 18.75
20.75 20.38 18.62 17.75 19.10 18.50


30.00
27.00
22.00



26.50
24.25
20.75


31.50
29.00
23.50


23.60
21.20
18.60


27.70
24.60
20.75


25.50
25.00
20.75


27.00
24.50
21.50


27.50
24.75
21.50


26.00
23.75
21.00


23.45
23.45
21.45
19.25


22.68
20.58
18.45



16.62
15.45
14.20



19.00


Apr. ,
50
1960





26.52
26.80
23.70
20.25


25.98
22.88
19.25


18.75
17.50
15.75
14.75


Apr.,
29
1961.





24.25
23.00
22.50
20.50


23.50
22.00
19.75


17.50
16.50
14.25
13.00


Apr.
50
1960


27.62

25.62
25.12


26.75
25.00
22.50



17.25
14.50
12.50


-- -- 20.50
20.00 20.50 21.25


31.50
29.50
25.50


Stocker and feeder cattle and calves


28.80
25.75
22.75


26.70
24.20
20.80


29.25
25.75
21.75


26.25
24.22
20.62


28.55
25.38
21.50


26.85
24.42
21.25


28.00
25.25
21.75


29.00
26.50
24.00


32.00
29.50
26.00



26.25
24.00
20.25


Heifers -
Choice 500-750#
Med. & Gd. 500-750

Cows All wts. -
Med. & Gd.

Calves 500-500# -
Steers -
Good & Choice


-- -- 24.00
- -- 20.75


26.00 24.25
22.25 20.75


-.-- 17.25 18.25 15.88 14.75


- 28.35


30.00 29.00


25.50 24.90 25.75
22.00 21.95 22.00


16.50


50.50 30.25 30.00


- 24.75
- 20.50


- 15.75


S 28.00


Heifers -
Good & Choice


- -- 25.50 26.50 26.00 26.75


28.10 28.00 26.25


-. 26.25










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HOGS: AVERAGE COST, WEIGHT, AND NUMBER OF PACKER AND SHIPPMR PURCHASES 1/


Louis: S. : S
Kansas. Sioux : Indian-: mkts.
Week ended :Chicato* Natl. Omaha St. St. i : -
Ci tiy City .:oe : apolis com-
Stock Joseph Paul : bined
U- 1 .. .bined
:Yards :
AVERAGE COST Dollars per 100 pounds


1961 16.70
1961 17.23
1960 15.93


16.48
17.05
15.84


16.18
16.89
15.67


16.42
17.10
15.74


16.25
17.00
15.51


16.23
16.84
15.78


16.34 16.91
16.90 17.36
15.55 16.09


Apr. 29, 1961
Sows Apr. 22, 1961
Apr. 30, 21360

AVERAGE WEIGHT -


Barrows
and
gilts


Apr. 29, 3961
Apr. 22, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960

Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 22, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960


NUMBER OF HEAD
Barrows Apr. 29, 1961
and Apr. 22, 1961
gilts Apr. 30, '1

Apr. 29, 1961
Sows Apr. 22, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960


14.68
15.49
13.18


15.02
15.82
13.61


15.17
16.05
13.84


15.18
16.08
13.79


15.06 15.28
15.95 15.93
13.91 14.00


Pounds


239
237
238

453
445
456


32059
24964
30792

3048
2296
3220


250
229
222

416
417
401


259
237
232

428
426
430


242
242
240

419
416
425


58863 18897 40137
46689 16124 35690
60448 16727 37717

5196 1389 5861
3704 1042 6298
4659 1329 4250


247
246
244


241
239
231


425 412
430 427
415 402


58171 30695
30028 25110
38487 26047

4515 2058
3759 1821
4316 1843


14.98 15.09
15.65 15.62
13.70 13.38


239 232
240 230
239 230

416 455
417 456
407 441


32494
29914
33519

4744
3507
4328


27598
25938
33094

3055
2782
3612


SoWS
Apr. 29, 1961 9
Apr. 22, 1961 8
Apr. 30, 1960 9
l/ Weighted average.


Percentage of total
8 7 13
7 6 15
7 7 10


10 6 13 10
11 7 10 10
10 7 11 10


AVERAGE WHOLESALE VALUE OF HOG PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM 100 LB. LIVE HOG,
C'PARD WITH PRICES OF LIVE HOGSL CHICAGO -
: : : "Gross spread "
Week ended Hog products 1/ Hog prices 2/ G o r margin ead
2/: margin'
Apr. 29, 1961 ............. $18.82 $17.25 $1.57
Apr. 2?., 1961 ............. 19.28 17.58 1.70
-Ar 3 1- 18.28 16.32 1.96
1/ Value of all edible products, fresh basis (lard rendered) in 100 lb. of live
ho?7 conruted fron wholesale prices on carlot basis, Chicago, reported by National
Provisioner daily market report.
2/ Mean of daily quotations on U. S. No. 1,2 and 3 hogs, 200-220# wt. Chicago.
/ Difference between wholesale product value and hog prices.
HOG AND CORN PRICES AT CHICAGO AND HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO
Barrows and : Corn 2/ : Hog-corn
Week ended gilts 1/ : No. 3 yellow price ratio
Dollars pe? : Cents per : based on
- ----------- ------1- --lQ- 100 pounds : bushe : harrows an, ijits
Anr. 29, 1961 ............. 16.70 113.5 14.7
Apr. 22, 1961 ............. 17.23 108.6 15.9
Apr. 30, 1960 ............. .15.93 120.2 13.3
1/ Weighted average. 2/ Simple average.


Barrows
and
gilts


Apr.
Apr.
Apr.


29,
22,
30,


16.44
17.05
15.77


15.04
15.84
13.65


258
237
234

426
427
421


278914
234457
276851

29864
25209
27557







BOSTON WOOL MARKET REVIEW


Trading was active on greasy domestic
worsted wools in the Boston market with prices
slightly higher. There was good demand for
practically all grades. Scoured pulled wools
continued scarce and prices firm while noils
moved moderately well and scoured shorn wools
were slow with prices unchanged.
There was a good turnover in territory States
while Texas wools moved readily. Sales in
fleece wool States continued as wool was shorn
but delays noted due to cold weather.
Reports from Sydney, Australia showed the
market very strong with Japan and Eastern Europe
dominating while 100 percent clearance was noted
in South Africa with France and England the main
operators, supported by Germany, Italy and some
American buying. At Invercargill, New Zealand,
Japan was active as 56s and finer wools advanced
about 5 percent while coarser than 56s were par
to 2~ percent higher. Further price advances
were noted in Montevideo while coarse Buenos
Aires carpet wools were stronger compared to last
week.
Fleece Wools Graded 64s good French comb-
ing and staple fleece wool sold at $1.18 while
graded 56/58s staple and good French combing moved
at $1.02-1.05 and graded 50/54s staple fleeces
brought 98-99#, clean basis. Country buyers
paid 40-450 grease basis to growers in various
midwest sections.
Territory Wools Graded 64s good French
combing and staple wool sold at $1.20 while recent
sales of graded 60/62s brought $1.09 and graded
56/58s moved at $1.06.
RANGE SALES FOLLOW: In Montana, various
original bag clips bulk fine and half-blood wools
sold from 37.5# to 45 grease basis. Estimated
clean ranged from $1.00-1.09 delivered East while
in Basin area of Wyoming, bulk fine and half-blood
wools from 34# for heavy shrinking wools and to
454 grease basis for light shrinking wools esti-
mated up to $1.09 clean basis, delivered. Bulk
medium grade wools sold in Idaho from 45.38#-
48.140 while bulk fine and half-blood with edge
of three-eighths sold in Washington from 38.54-
424 grease basis, f.o.b. Valley Oregon ewes wool
sold around 400 grease basis to grower while two
inch and longer lambs wool brought around 364
grease basis.
Texas Wools Fair volume original bag 12
months wool sold in Texas at $1.18-1.20 clean
basis, delivered East while delaine type 12 months
brought from $1.20-1.22 delivered.
Mohair Moderate weight of adult mohair alon
sold at95 to warehouse. There was little demand
for kid mohair priced at around $1.362 warehouse.
Trade in the local market was moderately active
with a few sales for worsted and woolen consump-
tion.
Foreign Wools A further price advance was
noted in Australia, New Zealand and Montevideo.


Cabled reports at week's end follow with comb-
ing wools converted to clean U. S. oil-combed
yields and short wools to scouring yields,
in bond.
Australia New Zealand
Oil-combed Oil-combed


61B
62B
63B
77B
78B
79B
80B


$1.25
1.21
1.17
1.22
1.21
1.17
1.15


South
Oil-combed
7 $1.15
8 1.11
12 1.10
47 1.11
48 1.09
52 1.07
53 1.06


$.98
.95
.94
.91
.88
.84
.82


Africa
Scoured yields
17 $1.06
22 1.04
27 1.02
32 .98
37 .94


Montevideo Super Skirted Wools: 64s -
$1.03, 60/64s $1.00, 60s 970, 60/58s -
95, 58/56s 935, 56/50s 914.
Carpet Wools There were occasional
sales of spot off-colored carpet wools.
Middle-Eastern yellow wool moved at 600 and
dark colored wool brought 450, clean wool
fibers present. Greasy Buenos Aires November
second clip wools were offered at 77-780,
March wools at 72-735 and fleeces at 79-800,
all clean fibers present for shipment. New
Zealand carpet fleeces were offered for ship-
ment at 790, early shorn wool at 75-76#, type
701/2 crutchings at 720 and yellow off-color
crutchings at 690, clean fibers present.
Cabled reports from the Liverpool sale showed
best white and yellow wools fully firm, with
limited interest in medium wools and gray
wools irregular.
Woolen Wools: Sales follow:
Scoured Pulled Domestic


56/58s
56/58s
56/58s


2-211
1li2 "i


stained
gray
gray


$.85
.76
.75


CLOSING FUTURES QUOTATIONS Apr. 27,
1961 (Furnished by the Wool Associates of
the New York Cotton Exchange)
May wool tops $1.595
July wbol tops 1.612
64s grade 2.55" minimum length
May wool $1.21
July wool 1.25
64s grade 2" ave. stretched length







WHOLESALE MEAT TRADE REVIEWS


LESS THAN C^RLOT MEAT TRADE REVIEWS

EASTERN SEABOARD Small volume of Prime
steer beef closed steady to strong at New York.
Good and Choice sold weak to $1.50 lower, bulk
$1.00 off; cow beef steady to $1.00 lower, mostly
504-$1.00 off; lamb weak to $3.00 lower with down-
turns of $2.00 and $3.00 recorded at most markets.
Veal sold steady to $1.00 lower, but at Phila-
delphia a steady to $1.00 higher trend prevailed.
Calf prices at New York were fully $1.00 off;
pork loins steady to mostly $1.00-2.00 lower;
spareribs steady to $2.00 higher; Boston butts
weak to $2.50 off, major portion $1.00-2.00 lower.
Fresh skinned hams declined $1.00-2.00.
Kosher Choice and Prime steer forequarters
at New York were $1.00 lower; veal and calf $1.00-
3.00 off; lamb steady to $1.00 lower.
Supplies of Good and Choice steer beef were
normal; cow beef small to moderate; lamb, veal,
and pork moderate to mostly normal; and calf show-
ing meager at New York. Trading for steer beef
was moderately active with hindquarters outselling
forequarters in all markets except Washington,
where outlet was fair for bulk steer beef, but
chucks met poor demand. Cow beef generally moved
at a slow pace. Lamb sold slow to fair with
buyers mainly aggressive on early sessions when
Choice and Prime 35-55# carcasses moved readily,
however, lamb 55-70# was very slow. At New York
outlet was broad for lamb foresaddles and conse-
quently hindsaddles accumulated and were hard to
move in most instances. Demand for veal was
generally fair but poor for hindsaddles at New
York. Along the Eastern Seaboard trading for pork
was mostly moderately active with poorest outlet
to chain accounts at New York. Moderate tonnage
of steer forequarters at Philadelphia and arm
chucks at Washington, along with small to moderate
volume of steer forequarters and pork loins at
New York were unsold late.

CHICAGO Steer and heifer beef weak to 50#
lower, veal unchanged, lamb $1.00-2.50 lower, pork
loins $1.00-1.50 lower, Boston butts $1.00-1.50
lower, spareribs 50# lower.
Normal supplies of fresh meat were offered
during the period. Good and Choice comprised bulk
of beef, Prime comparatively small. Old crop lamb
predominantly Choice grade, receipts of spring
lamb increased.
Carcass beef trade generally slow. Forequar-
ters and equivalent cuts were hard to move, down-
ward trend on ribs and chucks, although some future
sales on chucks realized more money. Outlets were
adequate for beef rounds and loins but sellers
unable to improve prices. Standard to Prime veal
sold slow, fair demand boning kind and these were
higher. Carcass lamb trade dull, hindsaddles, legs
and loins also slow. Best demand this division
centered on stews ad shoulders, ribs showing im-
proved movement. Fresh pork trade slow, Boston butti
lowest since first week in March. Poor clearance
effected in all divisions.


PACIFIC COAST Steer beef sold steady to
$1.00 lower, most decline in the Northwest.
Cow beef weak to $1.00 lower in Los Angeles,
mostly steady elsewhere. Calf and veal weak to
$2.00 lower in Los Angeles but elsewhere veal
and calf sold steady. Spring lamb weak to
$1.00 lower in California. Old crop lamb ad-
vanced $1.00-2.00 in the Northwest where spring
lamb continued scarce. Fresh and smoked pork
was steady in San Francisco but steady to $2.00
lower elsewhere except spareribs steady to
$1.00 higher in Los Angeles.
Supply of Choice steer under 600# moderate
to small, other beef moderate to abundant, de-
mand fair and trading continued slow. Spring
lamb supply liberal in California, demand
generally poor and trading slow. Moderate
supply of old crop lamb stimulated trading in
the Northwest. Liberal supply of pork with
demand for most items rather poor and trading
slow. Threatened strike of jobbers and whole-
salers in the Northwest a weakening factor as
many strived for good clearance on pork.

CARLOT MEAT TRADI REVIEWS

MIDWEST CARLOT DRESSED MEAT SUMMARY -
Compared with the previous week's close: Steer
and heifer beef steady to 504 lower; cow beef
steady to 50# higher; lamb $1.00-2.00 lower;
pork loins and butts $1.00-1.50 lower; fresh
hams steady; pork carcasses 55-650 lower.
Supply of all classes normal to slightly
above normal and with demand moderate to poor,
clearance was only fair.
Following prices f.o.b. plant basis.
Beef: Choice 600-700# steer carcasses
closed at $37.75-39.00, mostly $38.00-38.50,
Choice 700-800# $37.00-38.00; Good 600-700#
$35.75-36.75, high-Good $37.00-37.25, Good
700-800# $35.50-37.00. Choice 500-700# heifer
beef $37.00-37.50, Good 500-700# $35.00-36.00.
Canner, Cutter and Utility cow beef $31.00-
32.50, few carlots $33.00.
Lamb: Choice including some Prime 45-55#
carcasses mostly $31.50-33.50.
Pork loins 8-12# $38.00-39.50; fresh hams
12-14# $36.00-37.00, 14-16# $35.00-36.00; butte
4-8# $31.00-32.50. U.S. 1-3 135-155# pork
carcasses $23.60-24.50, 155-175# $23.45-24.25.
Based on reports from major slaughtering
centers--0maha, Kansas City, Sioux City, Sioux
Falls, St. Paul, St. Joseph, St. Louis and the
Interior Iowa and So. Minnesota area.


CARLOT SUMMARY Chicago, Denver, New York
and Philadelphia. Steer beef closed steady to
$1.00 lower, heifer steady to 50# lower. Cow
beef mostly steady, instances 50# higher at
Chicago and some at Denver 25# lover. Lamb de-
clined $1.00-3.00. Pork loins $1.00-2.50 lower.
Supplies were mostly normal and trading generally
slow on all sessions.







iEOLESALE DRESSED MEAT PRICES LESS THAN CARLOT BASIS
Weekly average of daily quotations in dollars per 100 pounds
- ---------------------------------------------------- ---
New York Chicago San Francisco Los
Classification -
: Apr.29 :Apr.30 t Apr.29 : Apr.30 : Apr.29 : Apr.30 :Apr.29
1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961


Steer beef -
Prime
Choice

Good

Beifer beef -
Choice

Good
Veal -
Prime
Choice
Good
Spring lamb -
Prime
Choice
Fresh pork -
Loins
Butts
Spareribs
Cured pork -


700-800#
600-700
700-800
500-600
600-700

500-600#
600-700
500-600

90-120#
90-120
90-120

45-55#
45-55

8-12#
4-8
3# down


Hams, sik. skd. -(Cook
before eating) 12-16#
Bacon, smoked, sliced -
1# package (box lots)
Picnics, smoked (Cook
before eating) 4-8#
Lard, 1# carton
*Old crop lamb.


44.75
43.05
41.55
40.30
40.55





61.00
51.00
45.50

41.40
41.40

45.40
37.00
41.20


47.00
46.00
43.75
44.00





57.00
48.40
44.30


40.88
39.94
38.88
38.88

40.12
39.62
37.75

59.00
52.00
47.50


45.63
44.06
43.00
43.00

44.50
44.50
41.13

55.00
49.50
45.00


40.75
39.50
40.50
39.00

39.50





52.00


45.00
43.50
45.50
42.50

44.50
43.00




52.00


--
39.62
37.94
38.94
38.00

39.38
38.00
38.19


Lngeles
SApr.30
1 1960


--
45.25
43.50
43.25
41.50

44.75
43.50
42.50


- 36.06* 46.50* 38.50 45.00 38.62 45.62
- 36.06* 46.50* 38.50 45.00 38.62 45.62


42.40
33.80
41.50


45.00 48.00

48.00 44.50

36.00 30.50
17.25 12.75


DTlfVCO A'uaiI


UJLKA P.RLjEjS UIA L
- e be -- Prices
Classification : iPaeo e
,~M UT AM


Steer beer -
Choice


Good


Heifer beef -


600-700#
700-800
800-900
500-600
600-700
700-800


Choice 500-600#
600-700
Good 500-600
600-700
Cow beef All weights -
Utility
Canner and Cutter
Lamb -
Prime 55-45#


45-55
55-65
35-45
45-55
55-65


38.50-39.00
38.00-38.50
37.00-37.50
36.50-37.50
36.50-37.50
36.00-37.00

37.75-38.00
37.75-38.00
36.00-36.50
36.00-36.50

31.00-32.25
31.75-32.50


41.12
34.19
37.12


39.75
29.60
39.75


46.00
42.50
47.50


46.00
39.00
47.00


42.88
40.38
42.00


42.00
36.50
45.25


44.00 50.75 46.50 50.50 43.00 49.38

52.75 54.50 54.50 51.00 53.00 50.50

37.50 34.50 35.50 32.00 34.38 32.00
16.75 13.13 18.00 16.50 17.88 14.88


BASIS !.EEK ENDED APR. 28, 1961
SaTdF.OX7 --:- frices-divered- -
enVerv: -: -mha ew' -T "Y"r_ dL1&a
--------------------


37.00-37.50
36.50-37.00
36.00-36.50
33.00-36.50
33.00-36.00


37.00-38.50
36.50-37.00
35.00-36.50
34.50-35.00

30.50-32.25


-- 33.50-34.00
-- 31.00-33.00
-- 28.00-30.50
35.00 33.50-34.00
31.00-33.00 31.00-33.00
28.00-30.00 28.00-30.50


Fresh pork -
Loins 8-12# 39.00-40.00


38.00-38.50
37.00-37.50
36.25-36.75

36.25-37.25
36.00-36.25

37.00-37.25
37.00-37.25
35.00-35.50
35.00-35.50

30.50-31.50
31.00-31.50


32.25-32.75
29.75-31.25

32.25-32.75
29.75 31.25

39.00-39.50


40.50-41.50
39.50-40.50
39.00-39.50
38.50-40.00
37.50-39.50
38.50-39.50


40.50-41.00
39.00-40.00
38.50-39.00

37.50-39.50
37.00-39.00


-- 40.00-40.50



- 32.50-33.50
-- 32.50-33.00


37.00-39.00
33.00-35.50
30.00-32.00
37.00-39.00
33.00-35.50
30.00-32.00


34.00-35.00
30.00-32.00

34.00-35.00
30.00-32.00

40.00-40.50


Choice


-~--~-~-----------------------------







CLASSIFICATION OF LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERED UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION


Number (000 omitted) T


Mar. : Feb.
: 1961 : 1961
: :


Cattle:
Steers .....................
Heifers ....................
Cows ....................
Bulls and Stags ............
Total 2/...................
Canners-and Cutters 3/.* *
Hogs:
Sows ......................
Barrows and Gilts ..........
Stags and Boars ............
Total 2/....................
Sheep and Lambs:
Lambs and Yearlings ........
Sheep ......................
Total 2/....................


901
389
314
23
1,627
153

306
5,780
24
6,110

1,282
29
1,311


788
336
294
17
1,435
152

264
4,793
20
5,077

1,087
30
1,117


S'Jan.-
SMar.
: 1961


2,558
1,095
980
61
4,694
478

914
15,933
85
16,932


3,634
94
3,728


: Mar. *
: 1960
; :


908
325
325
19
1,577
147

330
5,755
31
6,116


Percent

Mar. : Feb. : Jan.-
1961 : 1961 : Mar.
1961


55.4
23.9
19.3
1.4
100.0
9.4

5.0
94.6
.4
100.0


54.9
23.4
20.5
1.2
100.0
10.6

5.2
94.4
.4
100.0


54.5
23.3
20.9
1.3
100.0
10.2

5.4
94.1
.5
100.0


1,056 97.8 97.5 97.5
32 2.2 2.7 2.5
1,088 100.0 100.0 100.0


* Mar.
1960


57.6
20.6
20.6
1.2
100.0
9.3

5.4
94.1
.5
100.0

97.1
2.9
100.0


1/ Based on reports from packers. 2/ Totals based on rounded numbers.
5/ Included in cattle classification.


CLASSIFICATION OF BARROW AND GILT SLAUGHTER
AS REPORTED BY COOPERATING PACKERS


Hogs
slaughtered under
1 -J>d:r'al_iDS~e't'ion _
Number
5,407,000
5,707,000
5,753,000
5,744,000
5,078,000
6,110,000


PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION, BY CLASSES, OF C


ai6 ws and Gilts re orted spalrate1l
S pFirmts : Head : Barrows : Gilts
: reporting: :
Number Number Percent Percent
21 983,000 53.53 46.47
25 1,277,000 55.46 46.54
28 1,221,000 55.77 46.25
28 1,234,000 53.20 46.80
28 1,419,000 52.59 47.61
28 1,154,000 52.90 47.10

ATTLE SLAUGHTERED UNDER FEDERAL INSPECTION


Region


S Steers :

16 March :
: 1961 : 1960:


N. Atlantic States ..........
S. Atlantic States ..........
N. C. States-Eastern ........
N. C. States-N. Western .....
N. C. States-S. Western .....
S. Central States ...........
Mountain States .............
Pacific States ..............


Pet.
74.4
52.5
55.5
54.8
63.5
38.5
40.0
68.8


Pet.
71.8
58.5
58.6
54.8
66.6
48.5
37.9
70.9


Heifers :

March ~ Ma
1961 : 1960: 1961
Pct. -Pct. Pet
1.5 1.1 23.
7.2 8.1 38.
17.4 11.2 27.
28.2 25.2 15.
21.0 14.7 15.
18.1 16.0 41.
46.6 50.8 12.
14.5 15.0 14.


: Canners and
Cows : Bulls and : Cutters,
: Stags :all classes
I; ach 1: --g^rl -:m 186
Lrch : March : March
: 1960: 1961 : 1960: 1961 : 1960
Pet. Pet. Pet. Pct. Pet.
5 26.5 .8 .8 7.4 12.5
1 52.2 2.2 1.2 18.5 15.0
4 28.4 1.9 1.8 14.2 14.5
7 18.8 1.5 1.2 6.7 6.8
0 18.5 .5 .4 6.5 6.0
0 33.6 2.4 1.9 25.7 21.2
6 10.5 .8 .8 2.9 5.0
7 12.6 2.2 1.5 4.8 3.8


Month


Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.


1960
1960
1960
1961
1961
1961


0. .. ... .. 0
... ... .. ..
. .. .. .. .. .. .


- - - -







UNITED STATES FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND MEAT PRODUCTION


March January March


S 1961 I
Number slaughtered under Federal inspection:
Number slaughtered under Federal inspection:


1,627


960

(thousands
1,577


Calves ................ 457 48
Hogs .................. 6,110 6,116
Sheep & lambs ......... 1,311 1,088
Average live weight: (pounds)
Cattle ................. 1,055.4 1,049.4
Calves .....0.......... 198.0 187.0
Hogs .................. 235.5 231.9
Sheep & lambs ......... 104.7 304.9
Average cost to packers: (dollars per 100 pounds)


Cattle ................ 2
Calves ............... 2
Hogs ................ 1
Sheep & lambs ......... 1
Dressings yields: (per 100 pounds
Cattle ................
Calves ................
Hogs 1/................
Sheep-& lambs .........
Lard per 100# ........
Lard per animal .......
Average dressed weight: (pounds)
Cattle ................ 6
Steers 2/.............. 6
Heifers"2/............. 5
Cows 2/. ............. 5
Calvei ................ 1
Hogs .................. 1
Sheep & lambs .........
Condemnations: 3/ (number of head)


2.07
4.26
7.41
6.67
live
57.9
56.6
76.7
48.9
13.3
31.4

11.1
68.1
61.9
16.8
12.1
80.6
51.2


23.32
25.01
15.37
21.32
weight)
57.5
57.6
76.9
48.2
13.9
32.1

603.4
655.6
549.3
526.0
107.7
178.3
50.6


1961


Cattle ................


1960


4,578
1,284
18,474
3,400

1,056.1
195.7
233.4
105.8

22.68
24.73
13.70
19.66


Percentage
Mar. 1961 of
Mar. : 5-yr.
1960 :Mar.av.


103
95
100
120

101
106
102
100

95
97
113
78


111
84
108
120

103
104
101
101

106
114
108
82


of head)
4,695
1,268
16,932
3,728

1,055.6
202.4
237.1
104.1

22.30
23.92
17.45
16.90

57.5
56.4
76.6
48.9
13.3
31.5

607.3



114.1
181.6
50.9


Cattle ......4......... 4,673 4,668 14,325 14,133 -- -
Calves ................ 2,036 2,578 6,291 7,104 -
Hogs .................. 11,738 9,939 31,566 29,050 --
Sheep & lambs ......... 4,931 4,282 14,535 11,983 -- -
otal dressed weight Excluding condemned: (thousands of pounds)
Beef ................ 991,487 948,710 2,842,357 2,768,411 105 11
Veal .................. 50,95@ 51,604 143,974 143,508 99 8
Pork (carcass wt.)..... 1,101,365 1,088,735 3,068,599 5,294,488 101 10
Lamb & mutton ......... 66,856 54,830 188,949 170,841 122 12
Total 4/............... 2,210,658 2,143,880 6,243,879 6,377,249 103 11
Pork, excl. lard ...... 840,157 819,880 2,340,642 2,496,275 102 11
Lard production 5/.... 191,463 196,299 533,188 583,143 98 10
Rendered pork fat ..... 7,566 6,990 21,186 21,272 108 9
1/ Subtract 7.0 to obtain reported packer style average. 2/ Also included with cattle.
5/ Partly estimated. 4/ Totals based on unrounded numbers.5/ Includes rendered pork fat.


ACTUAL FEDERALLY INSPECTED SLAUGHTER AND REVISED ESTIMATE OF MEAT PRODUCTION. BY WEEKS, MAR. 1961
: Cattle : Calves : Hogs :Sheep and lambs Total _ard _
Week ----:------------------ -- -
e Nde uNm- A. Nm- Av. .: Av A taeat .:Yield.
PP Prod.: _: Ar. : Prod.:pd. : per :Prod*
e ber dr. Prod.ber : dr. : Prod. : dr'1 Prod. er : dr. Ro prod. t pe rrod.
: wt. : vt. : : :100#
1000 lb. millb. 1000 lb. mil.lb. 1000 lb. lll.lb. 1000 lb. mil.lb. mil.lb. lb. mil.lb.
Mar. 4 358 612 219.0 96 112 10.8 1366 159 189.4 269 51 13.8 433.0 12.2 39.6
11 552 615 216.4 95 111 10.5 1325 157 181.1 259 51 13.3 421.3 15.1 40.8
18 558 '606 216.9 107 110 11.8 1580 157 188.6 501 51 15.5 452.8 13.2 42.9
25 549 609 212.5 101 111 11.2 1290 138 177.6 299 51 15.1 416.4 13.7 41.7
Apr. 1 554 606 214.5 98 114 11.2 1295 158 178.3 297 50 14.9 418.9 13.8 42.2
-J Includes lard.


57.4
57.4
76.5
48.6
13.5
31.6

606.6

--

112.4
178.6
50.4


T








COMMERCIAL LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTER, UNITED STATES, MARCH 1961 /

Cattle Calves
----------------- ---WM------------**------M ---k ---___*_---*------Wk---------k---W
Month and Federally Other : v Federally Other Av.
pon d :inspected c : T Federally:
co- Total: live
period -inspected com- Total live inspected com- Total live
: mercial : weight mercial :weight
- - -- -_ 4s
Thousand head Pounds Thousand head Pounds
Mar. 1961 ......... 1,627.1 489.3 2,116.4 1,025 456.5 255.7 712.2 208
Mar. 1960 ........ 1,576.9 493.5 2,070.4 1,019 481.7 264.1 745.8 197
Jan.-Mar. 1961 2/.. 4,694.5 1,599.7 6,094.2 1,026 1,268.3 719.0 1,987.3 215
Jan.-Mar. 1960 2/.. 4,578.1 1,595.9 5,974.0 1,026 1,283.9 724.2 2,008.1 206
m m e m e-m- --nw Wm - - -


Hogs Sheep and lambs


Mar. 1961 ......... 6,110.1 1,033.6 7,143.7 234 1,510.7 171.6 1,482.5
Mar. 1960 ......... 6,116.1 1,229.1 7,545.2 250 1,087.9 129.5 1,217.4
Jan.-Mar. 1961 2/.. 16,952.3 3,028.7 19,961.0 235 5,728.1 446.8 4,174.9
Jan.-Mar. 1960 /.. 18,475.5 5,681.5 22,154.8 251 3,400.5 589.9 3,790.4

I/ Excludes farm slaughter. 2/ Accumulated totals based on unrounded head and live weight.
COMMERCIAL MEAT AND LARD PRODUCTION, UNITED STATES, MARCH 1961 1/
Month and- : Bee
Month and : Beef Veal Pork 2/ : Lamb : Total2/ Lard
Seriod : : :- : and mutton- :- meat Y : L
Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil.lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil.
Mar. 1961 ...... 1,243 83 979 75 2,580 215
Mar. 1960 ...... 1,201 83 981 61 2,526 224
Jan.-Mar. 1961.. 5,562 237 2,747 210 6,756 602
Jan.-Mar. 1960.. 3,486 235 2,979 189 6,889 666


104
104
105
105


3/b

lb.


l/ Eccludes farm slaughter. 2/ Excludes lard and rendered pork fat.
5/ Includes rendered pork fat.
Agricultural Estimates Division.


MEATS AND MEAT PRODUCTS GRADED, OR ACCEPTED AS COMPLYING WITH
SPECIFICATIONS--BY THE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 1/


Grade


Prime ...............
Choice ..............
Good ................
Standard ............
Commercial ..........
Utility ...........
Cutter ...........
Canner .............


Beef
- --- -
: Mar. Mar.
: 1961 1960
Thous. pounds
17,754 13,227
409,857 377,647
145,612 160,987
18,291 16,583
4,382 5,115
4,611 5,313
709 790
182 104


Veal and calf

Mar. Mar.
1961 1960
Thous. pounds
80 139
2,578 2,742
9,179 7,748
1,374 1,386


: Lamb and mutton
. Mar. Mar.
: 1961 1960
Thous, pounds
5,561 4,261
50,855 18,845
1,257 781


Cull .............. 1 7 1 -
m m mm- - - -m m- -- -


Total .............

Bull and stag beef ..
All other meats
and lard.........


601,398 579,565 13,351 12,160 57,458 23,899
--------------------------------------


1,126

17,349


796

12,902


1/ Data pertain only to meats offered to the U. S. Department of Agriculture for grading
or acceptance.


I *






MEAT AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS INSPECTED WHEN OFFERED FOR IMPORTATION
(USDA ARS Meat Inspection Division)
MARCH 1961


S_ resh r mats atnd egdbjeoffl _..._ EP re eats .
Country of origin i :
ountryoforigi Beef and Lamb and Pork Beef Prk
Veal Mutton
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds


Argentina ............
Australia ...o.....o....
Brazil ...........o....
Canada ................
Denmark ...o..........**

Germany ..............
Holland ........,.....
Ireland .....,......o...
Mexico .........**.*....
New Zealand ............


14,009,847

882,030




2,702,185
6,984,834
7,523,014


raraguay g.gg.g..ee.**g --
Poland .gg...........o --
Uruguay .............. --
All others ............ 4,133,127

Total -March 1961 ...... 36,235,037
March 1960 ...... 30,461,575

Refused or condemned:
March 1961 ...... 156,765
March 1960 ...... 9,740

Canned
--_ -__ -_-_---*-


CuUICTry o urigni
n Beef


Argentina .........
Australia ........
Brazil ............
Canada ...........
Denmark ..........

Germany .oo...
Holland ...........
Ireland ...........
Mexico ..........g
New Zealand .......


Pounds
3,878,006
127,260
44,092
3,030


SPork :
: t
Pounds
18,000


368,214
4,414,356

219,064
5,539,256


20,529
22,580 -- 57,118

6,116,258 2,977,377 299,106
3,660,366 2,513,979 8,092


2,337
250

js
: Cooked
Miscel- : beef
laneous
Pounds Pounds
92,644 472,354


3,762
394,335 --


1,938
20,352


8,960


Sausage
(Trichina :
treated) :

Pounds




8,256
392,073


6,800


General
miscel-
laneous :

Pounds
5,600


639,062
t--


18,033
6,773

--


--
--

10,559

522,227
620,253


4,953
105



Total


Pounds
4,685,003
20,076,999
64,092
5,328,943
5,200,764

245,782
5,578,244
2,727,585
7,001,359
7,684,656


Paraguay ..........
Poland ............ 700 1,109,777
Uruguay ........... 320,022 18,000
All others ....... 21,648 287,179

Total March 1961 4,395,433 11,973,846
March 1960 4,008,722 10,997,002
Revised: Jan. 1961l/ 4,609,985 11,632,795
Refused or condemned:----------
March 1961 130,006 13,609
March 1960 49,571 10,076
-----------------------


151,488

114,713

779,232
638,829
1,529,976

64,177
2,420


472,554
825,522
1,661,101

7,850


65,318

490,455
450,166
785,541

277


2,646
15,680


662,988
264, 695
501,081


--
1,264,611
374,231
4,692,042

64,924,311
54,449,201
56,625,242


-----------
-- 386,774
-80,922


Note: In addition to the above, imports of horse meat (in pounds) for March 1961 were as follows:
Argentina 119,048, Mexico 18,200; March 1960 Mexico 58,500.
1/ Revised data for Poland for January 1961 are as follows: (in pounds) Canned Pork 2,852,589;
Mise'l. canned meats 859,507; Total 5,671,696.


218,399

20,000
2,652


5,939,892

1,554
--


152,632


2,952,250
--


16,525
8,602


--
--
--
468,335


6,072
11,863
25,400
--


408


*
*








AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS FOR LIVESTOCK, FEED AND WOOL 1/
: Apr. : Mar. Feb. Apr. : Average
Commodity and unit : 15 5 15 15 : Jan. 1947-
: 1961 ;:19_6 51 1 : Dec. 1949
Prices received by farmers -
Hogs Per cwt. Dol. 16.90 17.10 17.60 15.50 21.90
All beef cattle 20.60 20.90 20.70 21.80* 20.20
Cows I 15.40 15.50 14.80 15.70
Steers and heifers 22.70 23.10 25.20 24.50* --
Calves n 24.10 24.40 25.90 25.00* 22.60
Sheep i" 5.89 5.96 5.82 6.61* 9.15
Lambs 16.10 16.60 16.80 20.00* 21.90
Wool 2/ Per lb. .411 .402 .599 .445 .460
Corn Per bu. .965 1.01 1.00 1.05 1.64
Oats "i .581 .595 .602 .680 .852
Barley .847 .847 .859 .844 1.57
Hay, all baled ton 20.00 20.60 21.20 22.50 22.40
Cottonseed -- 44.80 44.70 -- 71.60
Apr. av.
Hog-corn price ratio 3/ 1950-59
United States Bushel 17.5 16.9 17.6 14.8 15.7
N. Central States 18.1 17.2 18.3 15.5* 14.1
Iowa 18.9 18.6 19.0 17.0 --

Index numbers: (Av. Jan. 1910-Dec. 1914 100) 1947-49
All farm products 239 245 244 242 271
Feed grains and hay 145 150 150 158 230
Meat animals 305 309 309 510 554
Prices paid by farmers -
Commodities & services, interest,
taxes, and wage rates 502 502 302 502 250

1/ Estimates of Crop Reporting Board.
2/ Average local market price, excluding incentive payment.
5/ Bushels of corn equal in value to 100 Ibs. of hog, live weight.
*Revised.
EFFECTIVE PARITY PRICES FOR LIVESTOCK, FEED AND WOOL 1/
SAdjusted : Effective parity prices 3/
Commodity and unit : base : __-- _- _based_on daja_frr_ _
Prices 2/ : Ar. 1961 : Mar. 1961 : Apr._1960
Hogs Per cwt. Dol......... 7.08 21.40 21.40 21.60
Beef cattle t ....... 7.87 23.80 23.80 25.90
Calves ..... 8.70 26.50 26.30 26.40
Lambs ......... 8.38 25.30 25.50 25.80
Wool Per lb. 4/ .249 .752 .752 .749
Corn n bu. ......... .558 1.62 1.62 1.65
Oats t ........ 279 .843 .845 .849
Barley I ......... .415 1.25 1.25 1.28
Cottonseed ton ......... 4/ 20.80 62.80 62.80 67.60
I/ Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle A, Section 501 (a) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949,
1954, and 1956.
2/ Adjusted base price 1910-14 derived from 120-month, January 1951-December 1960 average (includ-
ing an allowance where appropriate for unredeemed loans and other supplemental payments result-
ing from price support operations) by dividing by 253 percent (the 120-month average of the
Index of Prices Received by Farmers adjusted to include an allowance for unredeemed loans and
other supplemental payments) unless otherwise noted.
5/ Effective parity prices as computed currently using base prices in effect and indexes for months
indicated. These parity prices are the legally applicable parity prices for the following
calendar month.
4/ Adjusted base price 1910-14 derived from 10 season average prices 1951-60 (including an allow-
ance, where appropriate, for unredeemed loans and other supplemental payments resulting from
price support operations).






SHIPMENTS OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE AND SHEEP, MARCH 1961

Stocker and feeder cattle and calves shipped into 8 selected North
Central States during March 1961 totaled 402 thousand head, up 30 percent from
the 309 thousand head shipped in March last year. Of the total cattle and calves
received in these 8 States during the month 149 thousand moved through public
stockyards and 253 thousand were received direct. The direct movement was
63 percent of the total this March compared with 56 percent a year earlier.
Cattle and calves shipped into these States during January-March 1961 totaled
1, 190 thousand head, up 24 percent from the January-March 1960 total.

March shipments of stocker and feeder sheep and lambs into these 8
North Central States amounted to 119 thousand head, compared with 159 thousand
head during March last year--a 25 percent decrease. Of the total received dur-
ing March, 51 thousand came through public markets and 68 thousand were
received direct. A total of 424 thousand head of stocker and feeder sheep and
lambs were shipped into these 8 States during January-March 1961, down 12 per-
cent from the total for January-March 1960.


Stocker and Feeder Cattle


and Sheep Received in Selected North Central States
March 19~0 and 1961 1/


Cattle and Calves


Public stock
Direct Total
yards
State March : March March : Jan.-March
S1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961 : 1960 : 1961

Ohio........: 3,431 4,540 3,025 1,441 6,456 5,981 19,790 17,618
Indiana.....: 7,072 5,011 9,605 13,058 16,677 18,069 60,959 52,667
Illinois....: 20,520 18,275 39,894 41,351 60,414 59,626 168,971 189,748
Michigan....: 2,069 2,403 1,605 1,601 3,674 4,004 11,037 10,842
Minnesota...: 14,410 13,318 20,756 21,701 35,166 35,019 130,969 132,892
Iowa.........: 59,300 63,405 63,379 86,726 122,679 150,131 377,748 461,199
South Dakota: 9,033 12,197 4,836 13,357 13,869 25,554 38,078 56,647
Nebraska....: 20,181 29,941 29,741 73,999 49,922 103,940 148,990 268,144

Total :136,016 172,841 308,857 956,542
8 States : 149,090 253,234 402,324 1,189,757
Sheep and Lambs



Ohio........: 473 795 762 1,934 1,235 2,729 3,776 10,409
Indiana.....: 917 709 780 250 1,697 959 5,500 2,692
Illinois....: 1,064 4,211 12,488 5,933 13,552 10,144 52,808 30,428
Michigan....: 766 550 252 400 1,018 950 5,001 4,708
Minnesota...: 13,879 14,899 14,512 9,676 28,391 24,575 96,947 87,674
Iowa........: 16,685 13,974 62,111 28,194 78,796 42,168 208,584 173,953
South Dakota: 1,916 4,854 10,903 9,529 12,819 14,383 40,214 61,071
liebraska....: 9,075 10,603 12,307 12,289 21,382 22,892 66,602 53,337

Total 44,775 114,115 158,890 479,432
8 States 50,595 68,205 188,8ol 424,272

I/ Data in this report are obtained from offices of State Veterinarians. Under
'Public Stockyards" are included stockers and feeders which were bought at stock-
yards. Under 'Direct' are included stockers and feeders from points other than
public sto1:lyards, some of which are inspected at public stockyards while stopping
for feed, water, and rest en route.






352

U. S. Department of Agriculture
Washington 25, D. C.


OFFICIAL BUSINESS

Form AMS-5/2/61
Permit 1001


University of Florida
Documents Librarian
11-4-59 The University Libraries
LS-CLS Gainesville, Fla.


SHEEP AND LAMBS: WEEKLY AVERAGE OF DAILY QUOTATIONS
In dollars per 100 pounds


Classification


SChicago. Omaha


: Kansas : Fort
: City : Worth


SDenver


: North
Ogden Port-
land


SLAUGHTER
Prime


LAMBS:
Apr. 29,
Apr. 30,


(Sprj
1961
196C


Lng)
i


L


Choice Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960

Good Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960


DAUGHTER LAMBS: (Shorn)
Prime Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960

Choice Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960

Good Apr. 29, 1961
Apr. 30, 1960
WES: (Shorn) All wts.
Good & Apr. 29, 1961
Choice Apr. 30, 1960
Cull & Apr. 29, 1961
Utility Apr. 30, 1960


- All wts.


22.22*
16.25
21.48*

15.28*
20.35*


21.95-
14.7 7
21.08*

15.78*
19.95*


- 105 lb. down
15.52
21.18
15.18 14.10
20.10

14.38 13.20
19.22

5.92 4.85
6.20* 4.75
5.20 3.50
4.85* 3.50


18.00
24.25
17.05
23.50

15.80


23.25
16.25
22.75

15.00


- 22.00


14.75 12.50
19.45

15.25 11.45
18.65

5.70


5.30* --
3.05 4.98
3.90* 5.30


16.75
24.15


22.75
22.75


16.25 -- -
21.15* 22.00 23.00


20.18* 20




13.80
20.40
12.88


5.48


6.18 6
4.05
4.42 4


.75

--


22.25


15.75


15.50
18.31
14.00
17.75

5.00
.25* 5.50
-- 3.25
.25t 3.75


FEEDER LAMBS: All wts.
Good & Apr. 29, 1961
Choice Apr. 30, 1960
-Wooled basis.
*Wooled basis.


-- 14.75
21.50
----------- -


10.95 13.58
18.40 19.88
-------------m


- 15.75


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

IllllIIII 1262 0li747 1735
3 1262 08747 1735
_.. f ,,J


SI


------ --


---------------------- ------


El




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