Farm fire losses increased
21/2 percent in the past year.
before it is too late.
by nearly one-fifth since 1950 and by
Remove the fire hazards on your place
EQUIPMENT THAT WILL HELP
Lightning rods are practically a must in certain parts
of the country. Replace rods or wires that are damaged
or worn. Be sure ground connections are secure.
Lightning arresters will reduce interior damage to farm
homes and their electrical appliances, by preventing
surges of electricity during thunderstorms: Connect the
arrester on the line side of the meter (outside) to protect
the meter, the service wiring, and the appliances on the
Heat lamps for brooders should be kept at least 9 inches
above litter. Suspend lamps by a chain, wire, or a
bracket, but not by the cord, to prevent lamps from drop-
ping down and setting fire to straw or other bedding.
Cisterns for storing water. Many concrete product
plants sell 750- to 1,000-gallon precast concrete tanks thm
can be assembled into larger tanks. A 3,000gallon tan
centrally located with a suitable manhole opening for
suction hose is desirable. Cisterns kept exduively fo
firefighting are sound investments. In some areas the
will also.save insurance premiums, provided ?aot h
telephone and there is firetruck service on call.
Other equipment. Necessary firefighting tools,
handy and in good order; a sturdy, safe ladder lori
enough to reach to the roof of your highest building; anc
well-maintained roads and lanes leading from the
way to your farm and buildings are essential for
Fire-resistant partitions. Use self-closing doors con-
trolled by fusible links at partition doorways in your
present and future farm buildings. They can slow down
a fire between your livestock and your stored hay until
the firetruck arrives.
Practical fire alarm systems are available. Install de-
tectors at critical places, such as near the furnace and
in the attic. Connect the alarm so that it will sound in
the bedroom if the heat (at a detector) reaches 140 to
Install a telephone on your yard pole (a safe distance
from any building) and post the telephone number of
the local fire department on it. The outside telephone
may be your only means of calling the fire department if
you have a fire in your home.
Fire extinguishers. Have a dry chemical powder ex-
tinguisher for fighting electrical or flammable oil fires,
and a 5-gallon pump water extinguisher for fighting trash
Water pump. Attach electrical connection to your
yard pole to assure power for the pump in case of fire.
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HOME AND FAMILY
The fire-safe home depends on: good construction and
Wallboards made of gypsum, cement,
asbestos, and similar materials are noncombustible and
resist the spread of flames.
Built-in fire stops. Barriers of wood or masonry be-
tween studs, joists, rafters, or stringers, or built in to
present buildings to block off open wall channels, will
Solid doors for every room can keep smoke and fire out
Use material, such as asphalt
shingles, slate, asbestos, or metal.
For fire safety require electricians to
use the National Electrical Code when wiring new and
remodeled homes and farm buildings.
Modern heating plants are often equipped with fire-
preventing safety devices.
and inspected regularly.
But furnaces should be cleaned
Do not install your furnace
Good escape router lead directly outside, not through
her rooms. Windows should be large enough and low
under stairs or near an entrance where fire from it might
Allow adequate clearance from walls and
ceilings and ample air for combustion."
Plan at least two ways to get out of every room in the
house, and escape routes for every member of the family.
Train everyone in their use until even the youngest child"
understands clearly what to do.
Keep exits clear.
jump from an upper story window--wait for the fireman.
Know the fire department phone number and be sure
the firemen know how to reach your farm.
Get out of the house and, if possible, warn everyone
else to get out the minute a fire or smoke is discovered.
Don't stop to dress the children.
Always have a flash-
Stay near the floor or crawl to avoid rising gases.
your breath if you have to make a dash through smoke
Feel the doors first, and if
they're hot, keep them closed and get out another way
or wait for help.
Never leave children alone in your home.
babysitter in your escape plans and see that she knows how
to get in touch with the fire department, parents, doctors,
go back into a burning building for any reason---
even the smallest, most harmless-looking fire can give off
deadly smoke and fire gases.
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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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In the last 10 years, fire has killed more than 100,000 persons, and burned and disfigured many
hundred thousands more.
Each year over
11,000 people in the United States die--needlessly--in
fires, and more than twice that number are severely burned or disfigured for life, National Fire
Protection records show.
In 1958 alone there were about
million fires in the United States, with a total loss of
lives and $1
,305 million in property.
The challenge of Fire Prevention Week is to reduce this
Each community can do its part
Community Firc Protection
. Protection begins with prevention.
Rural fire departments are being
encouraged to conduct year-round prevention programs
serving the rural community. A co
trol fires, is essential for protection.
in cooperation with organizations and groups
immunity fire department, equipped and trained to put out or con-
44 States have
pertaining to rural fire protection
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF
Fire Resistant Construction on the Farm.
Farmers' Bull. 2070.