No Lightning Prote
Family training in fire hazard
use of fire, and
to escape in case of fire,
can be most effectively started
Join your neigh-
Department of Agrieuhlure in cooperation
Fire Protection A
A A', g'UI
Farm fire losses in 1960 were estimated at $165 million by the U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture. This is 5 percent less than the loss in 1959, the highest
on record. The USDA estimate is based on actual loss rates of more than 200
representative farmers mutual fire insurance companies selected from more
than 1600 such firms.
Four-fifths of the losses were from fire and one-fifth from lightning damage.
Building losses account for about 65 percent of the total. Almost three-fourths
of the building losses were on dwellings and barns. Personal property losses
were about 35 percent of the total. Livestock losses cost more than any other
personal property item, and were mostly due to lightning.
Loss of life from farm fires was estimated at about 850 last year by the Na-
tional Safety Council.
A study by the National Fire Protection Association shows that in 1959
about half of the dwelling fires in which six or more lives were lost occurred
in rural homes.
Misused, overheated, and defective heating or cooking equipment, flues, and
chimneys caused 48 percent of these dwelling fires; smoking or matches, 15
percent; explosions, 11 percent; rubbish, incendiary (deliberate), and electrical
nearly 4 percent each; and undetermined 15 percent.
A similar study by this association for the year 1960 shows that of the 54
residential fires in which five or more lives were lost, 46 were dwelling fires.
National Fire Prevention Week is the best time to alert farm families to
stop such fires. November was the peak month for these fires and loss of life.
Four-fifths of the fires occurred and 84 percent of the lives were lost in the 6
months from October through March.
Nine-tenths of the fires and the deaths reported in these two studies occurred
between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m. Most of the residence fires causing five or more
deaths occurred between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. when people are asleep. Four
out of every five persons who died were under 15 years of age, and two of every
five were under four.
Most of these people were trapped by fire. Installation of a complete sys-
tem of approved fire detectors and alarms, along with fire safety training, can
Farm families particularly must rely on their own fire safety training, fire
prevention checkups, and private fire protection measures to safeguard their
lives, income, and property.
Install lightning surge arresters on load side of meter to
reduce interior damage to the home and to protect meter
service, siring, and electrical appliances.
Build in fire-stops-barrier. of
wood or masonry be-
Plan at least
two escape routes from e'ery room in the
Iouse, and go over pl
ily. Anticipate halls
'train everyone in use
children understand cl
tjtan to se garage and
io escape from upper
,: Know the phone nu
yur district; he sure
5 Get everyone out ol
13 discover fire
Don't open ho
Sp them closed
6sed wooden d
bm for several
an` with eve
of escape ro
early what tl
mber of the
mber of the fainm-
blocked by fire.
ntil even younger
Keep exits clear.
rs, and even trees
fire department serving
ow how to reach your
f the house immediately the minute
stop to dress
t doors. Feel doors first; if they're hot.
and get out another way or wait for help.
floors can keep fire and smoke out of a
ds, joints. rafter., or stringers and block off open
s-een from basement or attic to prevent spread of
llboards made of gypsum, cement, asbestos, and
aterial-. as tell as plaster, to resist fire and pre-
e spread .
e resistant roofing or shingles of asphalt, asbestos
will not b
supply for combustion.
only labeled (I U
can and inspect
wiring in your new
electrical fuses, ap-
it so that a fire
that it has ade-
and ample air
e detection and
ever leave children alone in your home. Instruct lour
sitter in your escape plans: see that she knows how to
in touch with fire department, parents, doctor, and
alarm units in accordance with maximum spacing rules.
Complete coverage of the house i- essential for reliable
'Beware of reentering burning house: even the smallest.
zeat harmless-looking fire can give off deadly smoke and
Keep your home
Do not allow trash
all fire hazards
with smoking or matches.
or oily rags to accumulate
or farm buildings. A clean house seldom burns. Keep at-
tiems, lofts, cellars, and other storage places clear of trash
and accessible for firefighting.
. Remove grass, weeds, and dry vegetation from around
hbildings and along fence rows.
SBurn trash regularly, in small quantities, in a safe place,
amA ml ~ ..,f ,i;~. o nno f-n-n L.. :1 ~: --. ..~C..a.LI.. : i.nnrI
Install a telephone on your yard
from ani building) and poit the nu
department on it.
Have labeled (IUL or FM) pum
guisher, for paper, wood, and sirr
chemical or carbon dioxide unit i
grease, or electrical fires.
Attach water pump electrical co,
pole on the line :ide of main swilt
case of fire.
Have at least a 50-foot length of
hose connected for ready uLe inside
Install a 3.000-eallon tank (cistern
V& ak a^ .'t a. c'
. U -
A., r. I
pole (a safe distance
mber of the local fire
p tank (water) extin-
milar fires, and a dry
For flammable liquid,
nnection to your yard
rh to assure power in
ir fire fighting
Make sure t
gine suction hb
ain ,,. In- ,n Of ll
den or larger size
a central location,
available from a
hat this water can
ah 9 fIn rpaa Irk oh.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
_ _ii III I II IIIIBII I 11 lill1 11111111111
____ 3 1262 08851 7395
Every person living on a farm should know what to do.
The most important steps are:
* Get everyone out of and away from the building on fire.
* Call for help from nearest telephone-or make sure someone goes for help.
* Try to keep the fire from spreading if you can do so without risk to your life.
tect other buildings, livestock, and property.
* Help the fire department to get water and move equipment
* Take steps to protect property against weather damage after the fire is out.
HELP YOUR RURAL FIRE DEPARTMENT
Ask your rural fire department to make a pre-fire survey of your property to:
* Give it a definite address or location number.
* Know the general floor plan of your house, including escape routes.
* Know room locations of your family, especially of invalids and children.
* Know locations of all your livestock buildings.
* Know location and types of your farm buildings and access for firefighting.
* Know location and amount of water ready for firefighting on or near your property.
* Know location of flammable or toxic liquids,
* Know location of electrical master switches.
* Anticipate possible traffic control problems in event of fire.
This information carried in a file on the rural fire apparatus can save lives and property.