U. S. DEPARMET OF LABOR PROGRAMS CONCERNIG
The Department of Labor has
presently conducts a vide variety
preparation for employment and to
opportunities to meet the need.
primarily youth-oriented. In oth
general group of workers, but you
in this group. This division is
a vital and
Some of these
er cases the
th benefit t
used in the
active interest in youth. It
designed to enhance youth's
icient youth employment
e activities are directly and
activities focus on the broad,
o the extent they are represented
summary of programs which follows.
Bureau of Labor Standards
1. The development of youth programs for local communities; the
analysis and adaptation of successful youth programs now operating
in certain communities; and the maintenance of a clearing house
service for local cemmnities, national agencies and other
2. The promotion and servicing of local coc
providing assistance in their organization,
ideas for year-round activity, consultation,
munity youth cmnittees;
program material and
support, and assistance
The solicitation, development, and coordination of the efforts
national organizations which are either now interested in youth
ograms or can be encouraged to participate in such activities, to
Lclude provision of consultant and advisory services to committees,
C., dealing with youth.
SThe continual development of child labor standards to insure
protection of employed youth and the expansion of Job opportunities,
ad the improvement of the processes of issuing work permits to make
t more meaningful for the youngster and more valuable for the
5. The protection of youth from occupational hazards, the develop-
ment of youth safety programs, and the promotion of a voluntary
safety program for gainfully employed youth in agriculture.
6. Special projects and studies in the field of youth employment
standards and services and the maintenance of supporting statistics
The Bureau also has a program to advance the well-being of workers
through promoting in the States the development of sound legislative standards,
including Drressive child-labor standards and programs to improve conditions
B. Bureau of Employment Security
1. In many communities, local offices of the State employment
service and the high schools have developed cooperative
arrangements providing for: counseling, testing and placement
of senior students by the employment service; referral of drop-
outs to the employment office by the school; or development of
employment opportunities for and placement of youth in school-
2. Cooperates with State employment services in the conduct of
pilot programs related to youth employment. Examples are the
project for hard-to-place youth in Philadelphia; projects for
dropouts in Vilmington and Philadelphia; and special projects
for decentralizing local office services by assigning staff to
schools, settlement houses, recreation centers, etc., where
they are more accessible to youth.
3. Conducts a promotional program designed to familiarize
youth with services available in the local offices of the
public employment service.
4. Engages in a variety of miscellaneous activities related
to youth employment. These include: having representation
on certain committees which are concerned with youth employment;
conducting research to discover means of improving services to
youth; preparing and publishing certain labor market and occu-
pational information addressed to youth; and promoting broader
public awareness of the qualifications and assets of young workers.
C. Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions
1. Enforces provisions of Federal statutes as they relate to
protection of under-18 youth from employment that interferes
with their health, welfare or schooling or employment that is
too hazardous for them.
2. Conducts a program to promote broad public understanding of
the provisions of Federal statutes as they relate to employment
of youth under 18.
3. Has representation on certain c
with youth related questions.
ittees that are concerned
4. Develops and issues regulations prescribing the conditions
under which student learners may be employed at wage rates lower
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1. Publishes the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the product of
a major research and publication program which provides employ-
ment information on major occupations for use in guidance,
primarily of young job-seekers. It is concerned with manpower
needs and employment opportunities in over 30 industries and
600 occupations, and provides up-to-date information on the
basis of which individuals can make career choices, and educa-
tional authorities and industry can develop their training plans.
The fifth edition will be available in the fall of 1961.
s the Occupational Outlook Quarterly four times a
supplements the Handbook with general articles of
counselors and new occupational outlook materials
available during the intervals between publication
ons of the Handbook.
3. Has experimental program to develop occupational information
for younger age groups than those for woman currently published
material is appropriate.
4. Periodically public
for the Monthly Report
statistics on youth in
and "Baployment of June
reports, are examples.
hes special reports, based on data collected
on the Labor Force, which gives current
the labor force. "Employment of Students"
High School Graduates," both annual
5. Irregularly conducts special studies
in-the-labor force field. Examples are
tcperience of Youth a Report on Seven
"Youth, Its Enployment and Occupational
prepared for the Senate Subcoamlnittee on
in the youth-
6. As requested, provides technical information and consultative
services on young people in relation to manpower requirements and
occupational outlook and also has representation on certain
coamaittees which are -concerned with aspects of youth employment.
Apprenticeship and Training
1. The Bureau's basic apprenticeship program established in 1937
is essentially a youth activity. Today most apprentices enter
training from high school or following military service in the
age group from 17 to 24. The legislative history of the program
is one of concern for safeguarding the welfare of youthful
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2. A considerable amount of time is spent each year by
Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training Field Staff in
participating in high school guidance activities, pro-
viding graduates information on opportunities and require-
ments in apprenticeable occupations, including making talks
at career day programs.
A. Bureau of Employment Security
1. The general employment services provided by the public
employment offices are available to youth on the same basis
as they are to other categories of Job-seekers.
2. Bureau develops and distributes a variety of occupational
and labor force information which is useful in guidance of
youth as well as other job-seekers.
3. Bureau gives technical assistance to State employment
offices to help them strengthen and improve services generally.
B. Bureau of Labor Statistics
1. Regularly publishes the '"Monthly Report on the Labor Force"
which presents statistics on employment, unmploymnt rates,
etc., for the 14-19 and 20-24 year old groups, as well as for
the other age groups in the labor force.
C. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
1. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, in addition to its
work in apprenticeship, gives assistance to management, labor,
and public agencies in the establishment of other types of Job
training and experience to enable workers to qualify for
various lines of endeavor. Recent examples are: work with
hotel industry in Cincinnati in setting up training the hotel
industry occupations which afforded opportunity to unemployed
workers including youth to qualify for housekeeping department
jobs in this industry; also participating in program of City
of Cleveland to afford public service training and employment
for youth on various municipal projects.