Tobacco inspection, market news and demonstration services

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Material Information

Title:
Tobacco inspection, market news and demonstration services type 31 burley
Series Title:
C & MS (Series) ;
Caption title:
Tobacco inspection, market news, and demonstration services class 3(a), light air-cured, type 31-burley
Physical Description:
20 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Consumer and Marketing Service
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Consumer and Marketing Service, Tobacco Division
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Tobacco -- Inspection   ( lcsh )
Tobacco -- Marketing   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
"Formerly AMS-78."
General Note:
"Rev. May 1965."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004954666
oclc - 17359926
System ID:
AA00008476:00001

Full Text
~ a; rz


INSPECTION


AND


MARKET


NEWS


SERVICES


Type 31
BURLEY


U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
CONSUMER AND MARKETING SERVICE
TOBACCO DIVISION


t/


DEMONSTRATION


.12-








CONTENTS


Text:


Page


Introductory


Inspection service --
Market news service -
Demonstration service


Summary


Illustrations:


Brief
Map of
Map of


classification of leaf tobacco
auction markets and producing
cigar-leaf growing districts


areas


Tobacco plant


Classification, type
Summary of standard
Burley markets -----
Warehouse ticket ---


31
grada
----


---------- ------ --------------------
e S.,. IIIIL* -----I -ILII -


Sample price report ----------------------------------------
Price report (reverse) ------------a-------- ---------------


Cover


illustrations:


A Federal


tobacco


inspector,


working


Lexington warehouse.


2.
compares


Kentucky farm woman who has been raising tobacco
USDA tobacco market price report with a newspaper


3. A Federal tobacco inspector
preparation of tobacco for market.


demonstrating


for 45
report.


proper


years


sorting


This publication last issued in March 1964 by the Agricultural
Marketing Service. Revised May 1965 by the Consumer and Market-
ing Service. The name of the Agricultural Marketing Service was
changed to Consumer and Marketing Service effective February 8,
1965.


in a






TOBACCO


INSPECTION,


MARKET NEWS,


AND DEMONSTRATION SERVICES


Class


3(a)
Type


Light air-cured
- Burley


Inspection
in marketing the
in 1929. In Aug
offered growers
it was desired.
market or group
those markets wo


of tobacco
ir crop be
ust 1935,
free and m
That is,
of markets
uld then b


according
gan in the
The Tobacco
mandatory in
the growers
, and if tw
e designate


to standard
United Stat
Inspection
section on
might requ
o-thirds of
d by the Se


grades as
es Departme
Act became
tobacco au
est a refer
the voters


cretary


an aid to growers
nt of Agriculture
law. This act
action markets where
endum be held on a
favored inspection,


of Agriculture


free


and mandatory inspection.


In
began re
to almost
1941, a
and begi
Kentucky


1936, growe
questing it
t one-half
general ref
inning with
, Tennessee


rs, recognizing the be
for their respective
of the auction markets
erendum was held and p
the season of 1941-42,
, Virginia, North Caro


nefits of
markets,
in the B
passed cov
all Burl
lina, Wes


the inspec
and by 1940
urley area.
ering the r
ey markets
t Virginia,


tion service,
, it had spread
In October
remaining markets,
(located in
Ohio, Indiana,


and Missouri)


have


had free


and mandatory inspection service.


purposes


inspection and market news


services


are readily


understood
different
same day,
first pric
about the
range in t


by
pri
on
e o
pri
he


every
ces, or
the sam
offered.
ce any
prices


farmer who has s
has rejected a
e warehouse floo
Every tobacco
basket of tobacco
paid for lots of


Id a split 1
id and resol
, for possib
rower knows
will bring,
tobacco of t


ot o
d th
ly s
their
and
he s


f tobacco for
e same tobacco
several dollars
e is much unce
that there is
ame quality.


two widely
, on the
above the
rtainty
a wide


Inspection and market news


services,


based on Government


standard grades,


have been developed to provide a measuring stick and price guide to the grower.
Prior to the sale, a trained inspector examines each basket of tobacco and
certifies it as to grade 1/. The market price reports, furnished by the
market news service, cooperating in some instances with State agencies, give
the grower the current average price paid and support price for each specific
grade. With this information he can determine whether his tobacco is selling
in line with current prices, and is enabled to make an intelligent decision,
whether to reject a bid, sell, or accept a price-support loan.


The Government through its lending agencies off
crops for which marketing quotas have been approved
made through cooperative associations or other respo
They place a support price on each basket of growers
and merchantable condition. The Government standard
authorized inspectors, are the bases for the loans.


rs non-recourse loans on
iy.growers. These are
.sible organizations.
tobacco that is in sound
grades, determined by


1/ Packed and processed tobacco
application by interested parties.


is also


inspected


and grade


certified upon






BRIEF CLASSIFICATION OF LEAF TOBACCO


(Covering


1, FLUE-CURED TYPES


classes


and types)


CLASS 4, CIGAR-FILLER TYPES


11: Old Belt


the Piedmont
Carolina.
re 12: Eastern


principally


Carolina,


13: South


the southeastern


flue-cured;


sections


North


CO'


produced


of Virginia


Carolina


in the coastal


north


of the South


Caroin;


flue-cured;


sections


in Lancaster
counties.


produced


of North


42-44:


Ohio


Miami Valley
Indiana.


River.


reduced


it


princi-


th Carolina
Carolina,


Type 46: Pue
(Deshojado


south


Island


rt
)


County,


filler;
section


eedle
Pa.


laf;


produced


principally


, and the adjoining


produced
of Ohio


to Rican sun-
and stalk-cut


of Puerto


principally in the


and extending


into


grown, including pruned
(Mata); produced on the


Rico


of the


South


River,


>e 14: Georgia
principally in
Florida.


and Florida


southern


flue-cured;


produced


and northern


Broadleaf;


produced


Con-


necticut


Valley


sections


of Connecticut


the Tennessee


Massachusetts.
>e 52: Connecticut


-cured;


sections


in the Pied-


eastern


and Hopkins-


action


east of


Kentucky


Tennes see.


western


princi-
Ohio.


Connecticut
Connecticut


Type 53:
produ
of Ne'
Type 54:
south
Type 55:
north
easter


Nedw
ced


Northern
and west


rn


Havana


and Housatonic


Wisconsin;


Valley


and Massachusetts.


, York and
in the Big


w York,
Southern


Pennsylvania


Flats


and extending
Wisconsin; p


and Onondaga


produced


River.


Minnesota.


Mississippi


northwestern


rivers


in western


Kentucky


Tennessee.


CLASS


61: Connecticut


Shade;


produced


in the Con-


necticut


Valley


sections


Massachusetts.


ie 62: Georgia
southwestern


Florida


Georgia


Shade;


and north-central


31: Burley;


reduced


fRED CLASSS

principally


in Kentucky,


Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana,


Virginia, Nor
pe 32: Souther
five counties


Carolina,


n Maryland;
of southern


West Virginia,


and Missouri.
produced principally


>e 72: Louisiana Pe
>e 73: All. domestic
classified.


trique.
types


Maryland--Prince


Georges,


Anne


Arundel,


Calvert,


Charles,


and St. Marys.


DARK


35: One Sucker;


Tennessee


pe 36: Green
of Kentucky


(CLASS


in north-central
I Kentucky.


produced in the northern


in the territory


adjacent


81: Cuba.
82: Indonesia.
83: Philippine
84: Brazil.
85: Colombia.


Islands.


>e 86: Dominican Republi
;e 87: Paraguay.
e 88: All foreign-grown
classified.


to Owens-


and Henderson.


37: Virginia


sun-cured;


produced


principally


in central Virginia,


pe 90: Foreign-grown
tobacco (Turkish and


cigarette


CLASS


principally


and North


in the coastal


41: Pennsylvania


a flue-cured; p
sections of Sou
unties of North


Georgia


CLASS


month


Virginia fire
and mountain


22: Tennessee-Kentucky


produced


district,
ville; pr


Clarks
oduced


of Virginia.


fire-cured,


northern


sville, Springfield,
principally in a se


River,


district,


in southern


23: Kentucky-Tennessee


Seed;


produced in


fire-cured,


and Murray;


sections


between


produced


Tennessee,


Hav an a


Seed;
ections


into Pennsyl ania.


Wisconsin


CLASS


Wisconsin,


produced


Wisconsin


in Wisconsi


River ,


of Connecticut


of tobacco


and south-centra:


not otherwise


River;


boro


cigar-leaf


g


north


James


Rivet,








TOBACCO


AUCTION MARKETS AND PRODUCING AREAS


(CIGAR LEAF


PRODUCING AREAS NOT SHOWN)


INDIANA OHIO )"-
31 y 1"

,WEST "




/ MA l0 t iL" ER

/O ^Ui" N oL 1 N..L.Lle / L / .
; LO~hSVtLI 3yS't pAR t SOREHEAD vt srIILH4'l> L1.C^


6OOF ELDO t NLT*;s ft- / -Ge


..- 4**-"T P C4 s
KEIIT1)GKY 21 b::,S,^


TERNES SE SPLASO A O LOLr -/ L NORTH GAROL A HT ,-
J G A..AROLs IX ANA o6 "'@tA-
2 3AQ ,g uo L 4ono





\ \ > tL S


\ GEORGIA / ^yT' H^^



\ / Q)^^",T I

\ / 14 /
\ MFIToERAL ALEY I
s[r / OULAS itfnt$l 3




IDSyLVEST OBL AKSHEB
C | !. 9tAS )ILLE [ TYPE pREAA VLCATED 8A NRMBERS IMe y L
**"' A /A 4 HIaA IO <%RUSSELLVILLE. KY TYPES S1 AND 3S
I MXASWANLE S0ENSQOM, Ky. TYP5 St 31ND 36
I TA4 \ 1oPINSILLE* NYN TypT 22 AND J
SGLARKSVILLE. TENN, TYPES 22 AND 3l
\ UTM5AN6LO, TENN TYPES 22. 31, AD 5
ADISO ( JASPMAFIEL. TYPES 23 1, I AND 35
I IDiSiON" I I MURY IP. KYE TYPCS E AN 5
SLt,, LIVAK tFRANKLE. KY TYPES 31 AND 35

^ LAKE CITY MARKETS THaT S AftE SETS OF BUYEfRS
at | I Type St
LOUISVI-LE, KY, AND NEW ALBANY, IND, 2 SETS
S. MIS SPaW.S MAYFIELD AND PAOUCAt, K% Y I SET
COLUMBIA AND MT. PLEASANT, TENN. I SET
BOWLINGG GREEN, FRANKLIN, AND
RNUSSELLVILLE, K (n ADDITION TO 2 SETS
S, /I FULL SET AT BOWLING GREEN)
4 p ATHENS ANO SWEETWATER, TENN SET

S31 *s-fp FL ORIDA \\7 rE s
FO D FRANKLIN, RUSSELLYILLE, lMAYTIELD. AND
SuRAY. KY. AID SPRNGkFIELO TEN.
MSSOU Rg^ 2 SETS
SMISSOURI


IN FLUE-CUREO, A FEW MAfKETS ARE INCLUDED IN
ONE TYPE GROUPING ON THE BASIS OF OPEINI
GATE BUT ARE LOCATED IN ANOTHER TYPE AREA,
ALL MARKETS ARE OFFICIALLY INSPECTED.
{IALTIMORE IS NOT AN AUCTION GCNTER; IT IS A
AOSSMEAO MARNET)
SMALL NUMBERS WITHIN GIRCLES REPRESENT NUMtBE
OF SETS OF BUYERS.


NFG cR MS.2-65(2) CONSiUMR AND MARKETING SERVICt


U, S, DEPARSMFNT aF AGRIEU1TURE










TOBACCO


CIGAR- LEAF GROWING DISTRICTS OF THE UNITED STATES



MIINN






4
(-<

































SOF AGRICULTURE


OIOMS S 4JAEtET1NG iRRVI
10W































_CIGAR-FILLER TYPES
tl



























CIGARWBINAER TYPES
OLTYPE CLSS
A.AS t\c cm*t flua vian?



CIGAR-WRAPPER TYPES
A ^TYPE CLASS







TYPE <4, PUERTO NRICAN CIGAR FILLREf

.w E e
a (1959 harnR TYEStdwrn


aY~ C15


_ ~




The Tobacco Inspection Act provides for
Inspection, market news, and demonstration.


three related


services:


INSPECTION
in tobacco judg
fy them for thi
basket as to gr
ty, a descripti
Grades can be r


SERVICE: The in
ing, who have tak
s type of work.
ade, according to
on of each basket
eadily understood


section is done
en training course
They precede the
Federal standard
of tobacco as to
by the grower, i


by
es
auc
s.
gr
f h


highly trained
and passed tes
tion sale and
This grade is
oup, quality,
ie is given a 1


specialists
ts to quali-
certify each
, in reali-
and color.
little in-


struction


'in their


application.


Class: The first
characteristics caused
method of cultivation,


and major division of
by varieties, soils, o
harvesting, or curing.


tobacco is class. It
hr climatic conditions,
1/


based on
by the


Type: Each class
class of tobacco having
grades.


is subdivided into types. A type is
certain common characteristics and


a division of
closely related


Grade: The next
is a subdivision of a


subdivision breaks down each type
type according to group, quality,


into grades.
and color.


A grade


(
vision of
istics wh
the tobac
(B), Tips


a) Group:
a type cov
ich are rel
co. Groups
(T), Mixed


The
ering
ated
in B
(M),


first and
closely
to stalk
urley are
Nondescr


asic factor
lated grades
sition, body
Flyings (X)
t (N), and S


of a grade is group, a
based on certain char
, or the general quali
, Lugs or Cutters (C),
crap (S).


di-
acter-
ty of
Leaf


Flying
of the stalk
oblate tip.
relatively t
and the most
characterist

Lugs or
midportion o
cy to roll,
rounded tip
in relation


(X).
. Thes
Compar
hin to
open i
ic of 1


Cutters
f the st
conceal
and are
to their


This group consists of leave
e leaves are flat and open-f
'ed with other groups on the
tissue leaves which show th
eaf structure. Flyings show
eaves grown near the ground.


(C).
alk.
ng the
usually
lengt


This
Cured
stem
y thin
h and


group
leaves
or mid
to me
show 1


consis
from
rib.
dium i
little


s normally grown at
aced and have a blu
stalk, Flyings cons
e highest degree of
a material amount


of leaves
.is stalk po
gs or Cutte
body. The
no ground


th
nt
ist
ma
of


e


bottom


or
of
turity
injury


normally grown at the
sition have a tenden-
rs have an oblate to
leaves are spread
injury.


See Brief Classification of


leaf


tobacco,


page 4.












BURLEY TOBACCO PLANT


> LEAF


- -4


- -


SLUGS


- -


FLYING


;I




Leaf
midpoint
tendency
midrib.
body. Th
qualities


(-
of
to
Th
0ey
o


B.
the
fold
ese 1
are
f the


This group
stalk. Cu
, conceal
eaves have
narrower i
C group.


consists o
red leaves
ng the face
a pointed
n relation


f leaves
from the
of the
tip and
to their


normally grown above the
upper stalk position have
leaf and exposing the stem
generally are medium to he
length than corresponding


Tips (T) This group consists of leaves usually grown at the top of
stalk. These relatively narrow and sharp-pointed leaves have the general
characteristics of B-group tobacco. Tips have a slightly lower degree of
maturity and leaf structure than other leaves on the stalk.


Mixed (M). This
groups which are mixed


group consists of tobacco of distinctly
together in various combinations.


different


Nondescript (N). Extremely common
mum specifications or which exceeds the
other group.


tobacco which does not meet the mini-
tolerance of the lowest grade of any


Scrap (S). A by-product of unstemm
cumulates from handling tobacco in farm
conditioning plants, and stemmeries.


ed and stemmed tobacco.
buildings, warehouses,


Scrap
packing


(b) Quality: The second factor of a grade
a group based on the relative degree of one or more
tobacco. The five degrees of quality in Burley are
Good (3), Fair (4), and Low (5).


is quality, a division of
elements of quality in
Choice (1) jFine (2),


(c) Color:
degrees of visual di
the type. The terms
Tannish Red (FR), Re
(Vy; Greenish Tan (V
Green Red (GR).


d
F


The third f
'ference rel
used to des
(R), Dark
), Greenish


actor
ated
cribe
Red (
Red


of
to a
col
D),
(VR)


a grade
scale o
or in Bu
Variegat
, Green


color, and
values that
ey are: Buf
S(K), Mixed
), Green Tan


is expressed in
are common to
f (L), Tan (F),
(M), Greenish
(GF), and


In addition to
keeping order, the
the symbol "U".


the above
symbol 'W"


three main
is added to


factors, if
the other


the tobacco
symbols, or


in unsafe
unsound,




A combination of group, quality, and c
To simplify the use of Groups, Qualities, a
used to represent the words they stand for,


:olor can be
nd Colors, 1
as follows:


made to
letters


form a grade.
and numerals are


KEY TO1


STANDARD GRADE HARKS -


Groups


Qualities


Colors


- Flyings
- Lugs or Cutters
- Leaf
- Tips
- Mixed
- Nondescript
- Scrap


- Choice
- Fine
- Good
- Fair
- Low


- Buff
-Tan
- Tannish red
- Red
- Dark red
- Variegated
- Mixed
- Greenish
- Greenish ta
- Greenish re
- Green
- Green tan
- Green red


Special factors "U"
Tobacco not covered


and "W" may be applied
by the standard grades


all grades.
designated


Exceptions: In
medium to tissue
the Nondescript gr
es light color and
heavy body, and G


the Mixed Group grades: F
body, and R, dark general
ades: 1 indicates the bes
thin body, F medium color
crude green.


indicates light general color
color and heavy to medium body.
t, and 2 the poorest; L indi-
and medium body, R dark color


Substituting symbols for words, Lugs of Good quality in Tan color would
be written C3F. The first symbol, C, indicates the group, the second symbol,
3, denotes the quality, and the third symbol, F, describes the color. Each
symbol used in a Federal prade for tobacco has therefore a definite and known
meaning.


To make


this


clear


, as sume


we are to determine


a grade of


a single


tobacco.
and we k
degrees
and wavy
form and
degree o


n
o


Upon ex
ow the f
f quality:
and has
has less
quality


Flyings are buff-


amination
irst symbo
y, we find
dull fini
than 20 p
, which is
colored le


we fin
1 is X
that
sh and
percent
Good


ave


have a complete description of


s,


d from characteristics it is c
. Examining it more closely a
it is tissue, ripe to mellow,
weak color intensity, and is
injury. We are thus able to
or Assuming the major port
we use the symbol L, making it


clearly
s to r
open
80 per
arrive
ion of
X3L.


a Flying
elative
to porous,
cent uni-
at its
the
Now we


the tobacco.


I/ The
the grades


details of
for Burley


the groups,qualities, and
tobacco are shon on page


colors
12.


used


in connection with


as No-G.




Operation of


Inspection Service:


(1) Growers deliver their
any warehouse they may select.


tobacco


(3)
on the lo
of tobacco
identific
the grade
also has


Each lot,
t. The t
o in the
action. S
symbol o
a space i


lots,

soon as


beginning of the
each basket of to
the Federal grade
date, and signs h
t_ in Red color,
of Fine quality i
up of Flyings of
warehouse ticket


tobacco


as well


a


or
icke
lot,
pace
f th
n th


arrang


basket,
t shows
and may
is prov
e buyer,
e upper-


or baskets,


there


"break
bacco.
that
is ini
the in
n Buff
Good q
then b
s its


ahe


ad


He th
correct
tials.
.spector
color,
quality
e comes
group,


tobacco to


ed for sale

is then weig
the name of
give other
ided on the
and the pri
right corner

are placed


of
en
ly
If
wr


writ
desc
the
ites


e
r


the gra
in Tan c
a certif
quality,


s ol
ibe.
tob
B4R
nde
:olo:
ica


the market


on flat ba


of their


choice


.skets.


hed and a ware
the seller and
information fo
ticket for the
ce at which th
for the Feder


in line on

he official


, and
the
the
.cco i
If
ymbol
the
e of


s ac
t, in
co in
ted i
obacc
C2L.
mark


and shows


house ticket
the number o
r the purpose
name of the
e tobacco is
al grade (see


is placed
f pounds
of
buyer,
sold. It
page 14).


the warehouse floor.


starts at the
examination of
ace provided,
t, inserts the
of Fair quali-
de up of Lugs
e lot is made
. The
he type of


and color.


areful
the sp
the lo
s Leaf
o is ma
If th
is X3F


T
that i
toBacc
to the
which


he Federal
t must be
o offered
general p
they apply


sy.
mor
for
ubl


stem of grades for tobacco differs from private s
e comprehensive, since it must describe any and a
sale. Each symbol has a definite meaning which
ic, and symbols are a complete description of the


systems i1
11 lots I
is known
lot to


Farmers


are sometimes


confused


the fact


that


the combinations


of the


several
Because
that t
grades
descri
and fr
grades


1 groups, qualities
e the total number
oo many grades are
are used only as r
be all the tobacco
om different areas


, and colors
cannot be ap
recognized.
required, and
in an indivi
show such a


is necessary to describe


form
plied
Howev
only
dual c
wide v


such
to th
er, i
a lim
rop.
ariat


a large number of grades
eir particular crops, th
t should be remembered t
ited number are necessary
Crops from different fa
ion that a wide range in


iey s
hat
y to
.rms
t*


for sale.


is good


light,
the sal


inspector


make
ticke
tobac
nspec
the t
s are
grade
grade


all Burley tobacco offered


e
:r


t

t











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BURLEY MARKETS,


WAREHOUSES, AND SETS OF BUYERS,


1964 SEASON


Market : Warehouses : Buyers :: Market : Warehouses:Buyers
,,,- ,. I t ....


Kentucky:
Bloomfield
Bowling Green
Carrollton
Covington
Cynthiana
Danville
Franklin 3/
Glasgow
Greensburg
Harrodsburg
Henderson 2/
Hopkinsville
Horse Cave
Lebanon
Lexington
London
Louisville
Mayfield 2/
Maysville
Morehead
Mt. Sterling
Owensboro 2/
Paducah
Paris
Richmond
Russellville
Shelbyville
Somerset
Springfield
Winchester
Total


Number
5
10


Sets
1


:: Tennessee


(Cont 'd)


Johnson City
Knoxville
Morristown
Mountain City
Mt. Pleasant
Newport
New Tazewell
Rogersville
Sparta
Springfield 2/
Sweetwater


Total


:: Virginia:
:: Abingdon
:: Gate City
:: Pennington Gap
:: Total


:: North Carolina:


Asheville


Boone


West Jefferson


Total


West


Virginia:


Huntington


:: Indiana:


Madison
New Albany
Total


Tennessee:


:: Ohio:
:: Ripley


Athens


Carthage
Clarksville
Columbia
Fayetteville
Franklin
Gallatin
Greeneville
Hartsville


Number
8
11
8
5
3


Sets
1


127 20


11 2
4 1
4 1
19 4


11 2
3 1
3 1
17 4


2 1


3 1
1 1/ -
4 1


4 1


:: Missouri:
:: Weston


Total


- Mo.


49 12


GRAND TOTAL


1/ Same buyers used for Louisville, Ky.


and New Albany.


(2 sets)


Columbia


and Mt
water.


Pleasant


Tenn.


Term.


(1 set)


Mavfield and Paducah.


(1 set)


Bowling Green, Franklin and Russellville, Ky


Athens and Sweet-
(2 sets in


addition to one complete set


at Bowling Green).


2, This market sells m
1/ Same buyers used as


lore than one


type.


for dark air-cured


(Type


at Henderson.


4/ In add
sales until


ition


, the Green River set of buyers


the opening of


the dark air-cured


at Owensboro.


season


K.0, operates on Burley


and thereafter


also,


when allot-


ted time permits.


-14-


-7Ei


I"





The value of the inspection and market news services lies in the fact
that the certificate of grade on the warehouse ticket provides tobacco growers
with unbiased information regarding the grade or quality of each lot of tobacco
offered for sale, and the price reports furnish a definite basis for making an
intelligent decision on whether or not to accept a bid.


During morning sales,
Belt, a record is made of
data are transmitted to a


on representative markets located over the entire
grade, pounds, and price for each lot sold. These
central market news office, where averages are


calculated for representative grades and issued in the form of a daily press
release. This report carries quotations on grades which represent around
three-fourths of the total volume of offerings. The release reviews the high-
lights of the day's sale covering such items as quality, price, trend, high
and low price for individual baskets, etc. Sales figures for the Belt are also
included. Newspapers and radio and television stations are furnished with the
release daily.


Daily price reports are sent to every market showing the average price at
which each grade sold the preceding day, along with the support price for the
grade. This information is made available to growers selling on the market.
In addition, weekly market news reports and press releases are issued which
review the marketing activities for the week.


Market price reports furnish growers with current average prices and
support prices by grade. If a certain grade is averaging well above the
support price, it is well for the grower to think before accepting the loan
price. For example, if the average for B5FR was $62.00, and the support was
$49.00, and the grower was offered a bid below the support price, it would be
worth his time to reject this bid and offer the lot at the next sale. He is
assured that the loan price will be the same all season, and in most cases his
lot will bring a price nearer the average on the second sale, and thus give
him a nice profit over the first sale.







-15


MARKET H SEI.CE: A principal purpose of market news reports is to
provide tobacco growers with information on prices and market conditions as
assistance to them in making sound decisions in marketing their tobacco. The
average grower cannot spend enough time on the warehouse floor to keep posted
on the approximate value of the different grades of tobacco, but he must have
this information if he is to get a fair price for his tobacco. The tobacco
market news service gathers this information as a companion activity of the
inspection service.



















































































TOBACCO WAREHOUSE TICKET


- BEFORE AND AFTER INSPECTION AND SALE


~













:X




SAMPLE PRICE REPORT


Tobacco


jMaarkc


BURlEY


- TYPE 31


Prices


U. S. DEPT OF AGRICULTURE CONSUMER AND MARKETING SERVICE TOBACCO DIVISION


&wU.
- .....


Depts


-Agri.
A-fc-


Cooperating
-**J --- -- -- .l a a ft -


DAILY
Dec. 16, 1964
NO.13
1964 Crop
^ r*rw-- .* **- *- .. .. C5 *-*


Gross sales in the eight-state


pounds and averaged


t;59.82


pounds averaging $61.83.


area


per hundred.


Tuesday, December 15 totaled 31,711,907
Season sales amounted to 395,113,363


.In ..ln~~,,.,t lu.fmi4W ete ...nn.fItt*I* SIIIiflf ii f itt tf tI;ttt iif ltilfW *I*i 4tI *** I**li iii4 l*4 *****0*iUti tS( ii~t~ *Wnlnl *.*#*


Auction bid averages and


advance


prices per hundred pounds by U.


grades


Wednesday,


December


16, 1964


U. S. AUCTION ADVANCE
GRADE AVERAGE PRICE
FLYING
D1L $7* 74
I3F 71 74

X2F 7k 73
X5L 73* 72


GRADE


AU
AV


LU.GS (fCoit


X5F 73 72 B1FR
1R-- 62 BIR
X4L 71 69 iB2F
X4F 70 69 B2FR
14R 61l 58 B.R
X4. 64 58 E3F
40G 46 BZFR
n- ',- -.-..".".-- '-"n"-." .....*........ *...
X5L 67 64 BSR
X5F 67 64 BSK
X5R 61- 51 5 B4
X5M 64 47 i BSVF
X5o 53* 59 jB VR
LUGS i BSGF
3TV 74 IBSGR
c .IF _* ......74.. B4F
C2L -- 75 B4FR


ACTION ADVANCE I U. S. 'AUCTION ADVANCE
'ERAGE PRICE GRADE AVERAGE PRICE
i) I TIPS
7 55 |TF $61S 59
- 58 I T3FR 60* 55
- 41 T5R 5$1 45
-T4F 60 54
72* 71 T4FR 57 50
67* 64 i T4R h8 42
57 I T4D ItO 55
71 69 I T4K 13* 52
65* 62 T4VF 52* 47
61- 55 | T4VR s2 57
62 59 T4G.R.. 6... .2
57 52 T5F 50
60 56 T5FR 54 45
64 57 ITSR 4% 57
62 61 TSD 36* 52
50* 46 TSK 37* 29
-49 T5VF 47* 45
S58 T5VRP 38 52
68 65 T5GF 39* 34
61 56 T5GR 33 29


02F 75 B4R $5 49 1 MIXED CROLUP
C5L 72* 72 -B4D 46 59 MSF 68* 57
CSF 73 72 B4PK 7 51 MR 45
CSR 64 B4M 61 52 ..4F 62 52
CSK 6 60 B4VF 60 57 4.R -- 40 .
CSM 69 635 B4VR 48 44 M5F 60 49
CSV 67 B4GF 0I 46 M5R 32* 35
C4L 71* 71 B4(R hi. 5 NONDESCRIPT
C4F 72 71 B5F 63 60 NIL 61 51
C4R 64* 62 BSFR 58 52 .N1F 55 -4
C4K 62 58 B5R 51 46 N1R 1l S
C4M 68 60 B5D 37 54 N1G ....... 6 T
C4V 66* 64 B5K 52 41 N2L 57 40
C40 47 BSM 58 42 N2R 33 2
CSL 69* 67 85VF 51 51 N2G 27 22
CSF 69 67 I BSVR 6 40
C5R 63* 57 B50GF 1A. 41
taK tiiitI&,MMiSnlt,.,int.i.,,,,,.um..*


*Latest average established.
Tobacco graded "W" (Doubtful Keeping Order),
will not be accepted for loan.


"U" (Unsound), or "No-O" (No Grade)


(SEE OTHER SIDE)


,,,,,,q~RrJ,~e~l~





PRICE REPORT (Reverse)


"NOTICE TO GROWERS"


THE INFORMATION FURNISHED IN THIS REPORT IS INTENDED TO HELP YOU IN OBTAINING
THE MARKET PRICE FOR YOUR TOBACCO.

USE PRICE REPORTS REGULARLY


Note both AUCTION average and ADVANCE price
following three choices:


shown.


You have one of the


Accept Auction Price Offered.

Reject Auction Price and Re-offer.

Deliver to the Association or Stabilization Corporation at Advance.


BE PRESENT WHEN YOUR TOBACCO IS SOLD.


Consult your warehouseman about


delivery of any tobacco to the Association.

CAREFUL PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR MARKET PAYS A PROFIT


Keep GREEN and RIPE tobacco separated.


Be sure to remove all


"rubber bands"


before tying leaves into bundles.


Failure to do


so will result in the tobacco being graded "No-Grade" if


detected by the Government Tobacco Inspector.
no support price.


Tie heads of bundles uniformly


"No-Grade" tobacco carries


- about size of silver dollar


Handle and market your tobacco in proper keeping order


. WET TOBACCO IS


ALWAYS SOLD AT A LOSS TO THE GROWER.


CONSULT YOUR TOBACCO GRADER.


YOUR TOBACCO


ASK HIM ANY QUESTIONS OR ADVICE ABOUT MARKETING


. HE IS ON THE MARKET TO ASSIST YOU.


KEY TO STANDARD GRADE MARKS FOR BURLEY TOBACCO


GROUP
B-Leaf


T-Tips
C-Lugs or Cutters
X-Flyings
M-Mixed Group
N-Nondescript
S-Scrap


For example: B
SPECIAL FACTOR:


QUAL ITY
1-Choice


2-Fine
3-Good
4-Fair
5-Low


i3F designates leaf,


COLOR


L-Buff
F-Tan r


FR-Tannish Red
R-Red
D-Dark Red
K-Variegated
M-Mixed


good quality,


V-Greenish
VP-Greenish Tan
VR-Greenish Red
C-Green
GF-Green Tan


GR-Green Red


tan color,


"U" and 'W" may be applied to all grades.


8"




Information


like


this will


enable


every


farmer


to know


after


tobacco


sold


whether


the prices


lot by


, are in line


with


those


already


establi
farmers


shed


on a grade


to market


their


basi


the buyers


tobacco on a


bas i


This


fair


information will


enable


competition.


Records


of offerings


show that when bids


and sal


are materially


, compiled
below the


the Department


price range


per grade


of Agriculture,


, farmers


make money


The data


above


rejecting
operations


by rej


also


ecting


the bids


show that when bids


average
the bid


for the grade,
The point is


the insp


section


and putting
are within


farmers


that


and market


their


tobacco


the price


seldom profit


if farmers


news


range


for sale again.
per grade or


but usually


are to benefit


services


they must


lose


from
apply


information
and to obtai


offering


obtained.
n for their


Information which
tobacco substant


eat value


to producers


enables


ially


farmers


higher


in marketing


to reject


prices
their


low bids


at the second


tobacco.


In addition,
such information


the Department


as opening


and cl


issues market


osing dates


reviews


each year which


of all markets


cover


number


warehouses


and buyers


on each market,


warehouse


charges


summary


of sales


crop


years


summary


sales by markets,


average
group,


price


quality,


sales


price


per grade


and color


charts


States
showing


and months,
fluctuations


each week of marketing


in each crop,


producers


over


season,


' sales


a period


percentages


re-


years,
each


and other valuable data.


or all of these


reports


will


sent


without


cost,


upon requ


est to


Market


News


Service,


Tobacco


Division


,AMS,


1409


Forbe s


Road,


exington


DEMONSTRATION


SERVICE


The demonstration service


is educational


acquaints


farmers


with


the obj


ectives


of inspection


and market


news


and how


these services


tobacco


so that


can benefit


it will


them,


be sold


and instructs
at the highest


them how to


price


consi


prepare


stent


their


with quality.


In cooperation with


county


agents


and agricultural


teachers,


tobacco


inspectors


hold me


demonstrations


etings


are given


directly
. These


at tobacco


barns,


demons trat ions


where


show the


actual
farmer


stripping
the best w


prepare


for it.


of knowing


tobacco


Inspectors


how to


will


use


for market


so that


also explain


the inspection


he will


to agricultural


and market


news


the best
students
services.


pass


ible price


the advantages




Sunary: The object of Inspection, Market News, and Demonstration is t
supply information regarding the factors pertaining to the value of tan.,
offered for sale.


When a lot of tobacco is sold at auction, many factors other than type and
quality may influence the selling price. As a result, it is not unusual to see
parts of a split lot sold for different prices. Nor is it uncommon for selling
prices of tobacco of the same quality and other identical characteristics to
vary considerably among different auction markets. This price behavior is to
a large extent inherent in the system of auction selling.


For many years,
fusion among farmers
needed:


this situation created considerable uncertainty and con-
To help overcome the problem, farmers found that they


A system of standard grades, uniformly applied, for classifying
their tobacco according to type, quality, and other significant
characteristics.


A good working knowledge
for market.


Reliable reports
grades.


of how to properly prepare their tobacco


on current market prices according to standard


These needs are met by the services authorized in the Tobacco Inspection
Act of 1935. The Federal inspection, demonstration, and market news services
of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, which are based on Government standard
grades, provide an impartial and relatively accurate measuring stick of grades
and prices which each grower can use.


In effect the services provide a com
by all people engaged in growing, selling,


10


Slanguage which can be understood
or processing tobacco. Uniform


standard grades remove much doubt and uncertainty in the minds of buyers con-
cerning the quality of tobacco offered for sale. Farmers are assured that
their tobacco has been carefully examined and accurately described. The sale
can then proceed at a more orderly pace with less confusion. Furthermore,
since the support price is based on Government grade standards, the graer is
assured of a reasonable market price for his crop. The information provided
by the market news service on all aspects of the marketing system provides bo
buyers and sellers with reliable data enabling them to make more accurate de-
cisions. When tobacco is sold from loan holding% each hogshead is again in-
spected by a Government inspectorensuring the buyer of a uniform pack.


th


The
sales; i
for sale
current
rightly
tobacco


services are
t oy supplies
T. he market
average prices
used it will g
is sold at les


informational. The inspection service does not promote
s information regarding the quality of tobacco offered
news service does not establish prices; it only records
established by sales of tobacco. If the service is
;o far toward preventing losses suffered by growers when
s than its current market value.


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I III III llll 11111 II 111 IJNI lllll III II


20h


~~ 1~1~9~1