Arts and crafts volunteers needed in four Latin American countries to design products and to organize village level arti...

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Material Information

Title:
Arts and crafts volunteers needed in four Latin American countries to design products and to organize village level artisan cooperatives
Physical Description:
7 p. : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Peace Corps (U.S.)
Publisher:
Peace Corps
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Voluntarism -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Publication date based on date received.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004939947
oclc - 81869088
System ID:
AA00008475:00001

Full Text

*:


UNPLOr rLL'W~
r ~>UWTtDEFT
-


ARTS AND CRAFTS VOLUNTEERS NEEDED


Professional Desk


Division


PEACE CORPS
Washington,


IN FOUR lATIN AMERICAN


of Recruiting


2052


COUNTRIES


TO DESIGN PRODUCTS AND TO ORGANIZE VILLAGE LEVEL ARTISAN


COOPERATIVES


Volunteers with handicraft and art


skills


have


been requested


Bolivia,


Chile,


Colombia


and Ecuador to


help


expand


present


efforts


to develop and


promote arts


crafts


production.


This program was planned


in hopes


materially raising the


standard


of living of thousands


of host-country


artisans.


Plans


include design and redesign


of new products,


technical


pro-


duction advice,


the formation


of producer


cooperatives


in villages,


the for-


mation


of central


cooperative


companies and


the promotion and sale


of the


products


to the U.S.


other mass markets.


Host-country governments


and,


in Bolivia,


Ecuador


and Colombia,


Agency for


International Development


(A.I.D.)


are responsible


for the


central


cooperate


ives


the world-wide


sale


and promotion of products.


The Peace


Corps


Volunteers


will seek


to communicate


with


the local artisans,


provide


technical and artistic


guidance and,


in some


cases


, help


to form


village


cooperatives.


To prepare


for their


assignments,


the Volunteers


will


train


12-lie-


weeks


this


fall at


the Peace Corps


camp


in Puerto


Rico.


WHAT YOU'LL BE DOING


Once


overseas,


Volunteers


will live


work


in urban and


rural


communities where handicraft


items


are being produced.


They will first


inte-


grate


into


the communities


and learn


what


values


and attitudes


artisans


place


*









Volunteer activity


on a day-to-day


basis


wili


be guided


by the


needs


the community.


Volunteers may often have as


a part


of their


living quarters


an area


they


can devote


to the exercise


of their own art.


By working and


producing,


the Volunteer provides


the basis


for continued


dialogue


within


artisan


community.


When possible,


Volunteers


will offer small


classes


co-op principles


the most


basic


business methods.


These


Volunteers must


translate


training they receive


in cooperative record keeping to


simple


system~


which


will aid


the artisan and his


co-op


to evaluate


plan;


price


estimate;


to understand


nature


of savings


available


in volume


production;


the foundation


to understand


of knowledge which


use of savings


is essential


as well as


credit


to economic and


to build


social


devel-


opment.


In this


field,


Volunteers will


often draw on


the assistance


of other


Volunteers


in the country who


have


been programmed specifically in


cooperative


work.


The Volunteer


can help


educate


and make


the artisan


conscious


of the


quality


control necessary for acceptance


outside


of his


community.


product


is first designed,


a consumer market prepared for


then a


product produced,


the artisan


cannot


lose


out as he could


by stocking up a


large


warehouse


of goods


then hoping to


find a market.


Volunteers


will


be continuously involved


in designing and


quality


control


because


totally


new,


high-quality products


will


be necessary to sustain demand.


They will also


help


identify marketable products,


redesign


or improve


the workmanship


of marginal


products


experiment


with


the creation of new


products


using


indigenous


skills


and materials.










WHAT OTHERS ARE DOING


Through


this program,


it is hoped


that


the host governments


with


assistance


will accomplish


the following:


Organize


in each


country a national


cooperative


organization


capable


of handling all export


transactions


individual


producer


cooperatives


capable


of guaranteeing quality and


delivery to


importers.


Establish a marketing system of


interested


buyers


in the U.S.


Establish a New


York permanent


display and promotion


center for


Latin American products.


Provide


technical


backstopping to


cooperative development when


requested


by the


Peace


Corps


or individual groups.


Arrange with host


to be made available


governments


to the producers'


for Alliance

cooperatives


Progress


to finance


loan funds


cost of


production of


large orders.


Provide top design


technicians who


will market-test products


provide data and


counselling to artisan


cooperatives


to help with


continual refinement


of products.


Marketing arrangements


are already well advanced and several have


committed


their


facilities


collection of


to the program.


over


000 products


For

base


example, S

d on their


ears


Roebuck has


buyers


built


selection,


and has


committed


eight pages


of their


latest


catalog


(35 million readers)


to some


of these products.


Allied, AMC and


others


are giving all


the cooperation


needed.


In addition,


small importers are


now indicating interest


in small-


volume


importing and Milton Goldberg and Associates


established a


01-fl'









The above program is


a complementary


one to that


of the Peace


Corps.


Neither duplicates


any functions


of the


other.


they


can be mutually


supporting,


and the existence


of U.S.


marketing facilities


already


developed


will


U.S.


a substantial


Agency for


impetus


to art and handicraft work


International Development's


national


in Chile,


program


where


is not yet


underway.

COMMENTS


Here


are


comments


from Peace


Corps


Volunteer artists


craftsmen


already in


the field.


Puno,


Peru:


Lee Miller reports


that


they have


some


inch


rustic


looms


and some


rug looms


unoccupied at


the present


he felt


they have


the potential


of turning out


square meters


per month.


There


are an estimated


1500


spinners


in his


area.


The Peruvian


Government


has granted


$160,000


for artisan development


the Puno


Southern Peru area,


much


this


is designed


for raw materials.


They


have


a Peruvian


controller.


The spinners


turn


in their


spun


wool


him as well


him.


as the "leftovers"


(which


are used


revamping somewhat


as th


for stuffing)

ey are a month


and are

behind


paid


in paying


the people


the people


are


too poor


to wait


that


long.


The payment


system has


been


set up for alpaca


thusly:


324 each
40h each
48t each


pound
pound


for "grue


pound for


so" (thick)


'mediano"
"fino" (f


(medium)
ine)


With Puno,


as with


areas,


getting


the Indians


to wash


the wool


properly


has been a


problem.


There


are also many


knitters


in the area and


The system needs










Huancavelica,


Peru:


Karen Bunde


was at first


teaching silversmithing at


the Centro Artesanal


then


came


the three months


vacation and


unproductive


period.


These people


are paid


to attend


classes


at the Centro and


cannot


afford


to be unproductive


for the three months,


so Karen helped


them to


form


a spinning


co-op,


which now is


a full-time


enterprise.


It began


with


girls


and has


increased


in a


five-month


period


to ten girls.


raw alpaca


cost about


6-444 per pound.


Spinners


receive


$1.20 per pound


(40$


is put


into savings);


for skeining and


washing


one receives


salary.


The sale


price


for finished


yarn


is $2.00 per pound


for colors


$3.20 per pound for


white.


Sales


have


tripled,


the people


still


do not realize


that


they are


a working


co-op.


They


have


no conception


of what


a co-op means.


Ayacucho,


Peru:


Roger


Lintault


has designed


and built a


harness


loom


in Ayacucho


out of locally available materials


for $26.


Making


of wire


needles


is also


included


in the plans.


He is working with


the Centro


Artesanal


to help


them


build similar


looms.


Roger's


newest additional


project,


however,


is the designing and


building of


a kiln


using petro


for firing.


It would


a real


boon


to the potters


for which


area


is so well known.


xrocc


Joan


Lintault


been


experimenting with


chemical


and natural dyes.


The natural


dyes


are


very difficult


costly.


chemical


dyes


apparently better for


use by the


Indians.


Joan has


written


up a


set of instructions


for use


of the


dyes.


Dyes


available


in yellow,


red and


blue


only.


Colors must


be mixed.


She has been


instructing some


women


in their use.


Also,


Joan has


been doing some


experi-


are


are










point-resist dyeing,


twist


dyeing,


line


tie-dyeing,


spiderweb tie-dyeing,


knot


dyeing,


iwarp dyeing,


iron


buffing.


Arequipa,


Peru:


Ralph Applebaum,


an industrial designer,


is working


with


carpenters


woodworkers.


Through


an exchange


of ideas


about design


products


hiring of three


new workers,


Ralph has


brought about


increased and


improved


production and


design of


items


such as


cigarette


boxes,


trays


lamps.


Pasto,


Colombia:


The artisans


of this


community have


for years


produced


stools,


tables and


boxes,


using their


own


unique


finishing technique.


art,


however,


was


dwindling.


Volunteer


Steve


Weingrad has


revived


the idea


and 27


are


now at


work regularly in


the. woodworking


co-op producing such


things


as trays,


chairs


and coffee


tables.


2000CC


Charlotte


Purrington has


been working with


weaving and


dyeing also.


However,


she has


been


teaching


in the barriada and


in a


different manner.


Most


designing


is done


with


color and


size


of yarn.


Also,


Charlotte


been


working with


some


weavers


in prison.


She brings


in the


yarns


they have


their


loomss


there


weave.


Then


she buys


the cloth


frame


them


by paying them


for their work.


It is


a good


system


because


the men


then


can still supply


support


for their


families.


Charlotte


and Marilyn Deshler


have


been


working together with a


group


of women


in knitting.


They


have


been


using heavy,


hand-spun


yarns


for the


sweaters.


It takes


about


three


days


finish


a sweater


by hand knitting


this


thick wool.


They are


selling fairly cheap now,


but,


with


demand,


price










SKILL EETREIRMHENTS


The most


important


requirement


for this program is


the desire


on the part


of the


Volunteer to work effectively in


Latin


culture.


Each


Volunteer


should have


same developed


skill in


the field of


art or handicrafts,


which


will


enable


to communicate and


integrate


into


the communities


where


he is


serve.


For all


Volunteers,


qualities


of initiative


and indications


outgoing personality are


highly desirable.


Candidates


Questionnaires


for the arts


crafts


as soon as possible.


program should submit Peace Corps


Questionnaires


can


be obtained at Post


OfTic


es, during


"Peace


Corps


Visits"


to schools,


or by writing:


Peace


Corps,


Washington,


D.C.


20525.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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