Lawyers in the Peace Corps

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Title:
Lawyers in the Peace Corps
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7 p. : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
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Peace Corps (U.S.)
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Office of Public Affairs
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Voluntarism   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004939958
oclc - 84157605
System ID:
AA00008470:00001

Full Text



Professional Desk


Offi


of Publi


Affairs


Peace


Corps


Washington,


D. C.


20525


LAWYERS


IN THE PEACE CORPS


The following report


of law to


the Peace


for which lawyers


Corps


are needed


includes
challenge


during


an in-depth


essay


relating the


and an explanation
1966o


ass


field


ignments


OLD LIVES FOR NEW


BY CARL EHMANN* -


U .... ........"""".^^,,, *,,--,,^.nun.B I.. ...
UNIV. OF FL LII.


U .. / O-y -

U.S. EPc TORY


Jerome Frank,


writing about Morris


Cohen'


s apprec


nation


"Law


a Science,
elusive sc


suggest


ience


ted that


at best


overs
So too


implification has


overs


always made


implification makes


the law an


philosophy


the science


of life,


will permit


the phrase


-- a very


difficult


intellectual pursuit.


Today,


the mass media


oversimplify


everything for us.


Stereotypes


even


caricatures,


are


what we


are left with when


"all"


is presumably


said


and done.


explore


The pace


with


the great


our society
thinkers.


does


not permit


Today the


ever


the time


present


we need


theme


is PRODUCE.


The catchwords


are IMPACT,


SUCCESS,


IMAGE


-- and


there


seems


to be


a ten-


dency to achieve


these


catchword distinctions


as ends


in themselves.


effect of


this


ethic


has people writing


books


when


they would do


better


read


books,


substantive


creating for


base;


themselves


and heralding


"succ


press-agent


esses


" that are,


"images,


" without a


in fact,


- mediacri-


ties.


We have


the theatrical


long understood and accommodated


world,


we cannot


suffer


such


this
glib


kind


of "reality'


formulations in


real


I'


world,


particularly today,


of life"


upon which


when


the requirement


other peoples


predicate


of understanding the
their actions is so


great.


How does


the P


eace


Corps


experience


affect


this


symptom


modern


- S fl S I I-. a


'9,


I


r


9









for granted


or never known


to exist.


No
products
well-def
here, of
overseas
will --


bt this lead
their cultu
d responsibi
urse, is tha
their own0
immediately


s to confus
re, they de
cities and
t the only :
And this i
accommodate


on
ire
lea
ram
to
wha


for many Volunteers, beca
readily comprehensible e
r job descriptions0 The
e of reference Volunteers
o limited -- too American
t they discover0


use being
explanations,
difficulty
bring
, if you


What
change --
experienc
passes in
experience
a book ca
Twentieth
Islands 2
there -
suggestin
relatively
beyond th
in which
underdeve


happens, is that the
it grows really, I t
e -- for the kind of
intensity almost any


e. Hence, the
lled New Lives


Cent
5 yea
the o
g, on
y new
eir y
they


loped


ury West
rs previ
ld lives
the oth
lives,
ears -
live. o a


e:
o0


countries


r


Volunteer


hin
inv
ot


title --
for Old,
n culture
.s to her


k, out of
olvement
her kind
Old Lives
in which
on people
study. A


raded for the
hand, is that
n, by becoming
least with re
arld which has
where per cap


new -
peop
Peac
spect
two
ita i


frame of
proporti
required
of relati
for New.
she descr
e she had


ref


eren


on to th
of Volun


v


s you migh


- was con


in
Corp
o a
irds
homes


ely sho
Margar
bed the
known i
t imagi
siderab
SUnited
'oluntee
iprehens
its po
'erage a


ce begins to
e length of the
teers sur-
rt overseas
et Mead wrote
impact of
n the Admiralty
ne, the impact
le. What I'm
States, with
rs, mature
ion of the world
pulation in
bout $100 a


year,


and widespread


illiteracy and malnutrition prevail0


great
the e
where
hand


You coul
deal. oo
xperienc
in this
apprecia


d, of course, go
but as a student
e of others, the
world -- these
tion of his chos


abroad to
you suffe


re
des
en


ading o
cribe 1
field.


study for two years and learn a
r the disadvantages of a student:
f books -- which can be done any-
imitations on a student's first-


John Henry Newman


wrote:


"You must


imitate


the student


in French


German
you mus
masters
encoura
police
where t
rather


who
t ta
in
geme
s mu
heir
illu


is not con
ke example
Florence a
nt to scho
st engage
substance


mine


tent
fro
nd i
lars
the
is


by the


with his grammar, but goes
L the young artist who aspi
t Rome." If I may paraphra
"Those of you who look t
world where it lives -- in
.ot obscured by the product


cultures itself.


The Peace


Paris
to vis
Cardina
hape to
people


Corp


culture,
s offers


Dresden:
the grea
Iewman's
Trow's
* a level
but
this


opportunity


one caution:


who i
Peace
we al
that
some
comply


encou
orpso
feel
appr
who
hed b


raged to
You mu
we are);
eciate r
sees him
y sharin


just


as it


to Flore
aot only
* must be
ty, you
as mere
entities


nce
be
so:
mus
ly
- -


- .


the
not
stud
eone
get
n obs
that


artist
every


n


nt of
ommitt
involve
rver,
f Amer


-- not the
e should g
the world
ed to the
d. There
for here 1
ican with


linguist --
o into the
(which I think


propo
is no
earni
Pakis


sition
place
ng is
tani,
B* S


for
ac-
or


d


J,


1









Peace


Corps


experience,


because


of its intensity,


empirically


speaking,


provides


knowledge.


It is interesting to


"learning"


search for


see Volunteers
ts expression0


who have


I have


experienced


visited


this


kind


Volunteers


several


countries


near


the completion


of their


services


They


invariably


feel


they


how to
greater


have


express


received more


this


appreciation


than


acquisition0


they
They


(comprehension and


have
have


given,


-- almost


pride)


but don't


quite


unanimously


for the United


know


- a


States


They


feel


they


know


better what


the aspirations


of people


-- humanity,


if you like


-- are.


They


have met


the world


in revolution and


come


away


the wiser


for it.


But all


dent


that


of law than for


have


said


so far has


the generalist.


no more


There


relevance


course


for the stu-
a distinction


not as


the contribution


to be made;


for an American farmer


can make


just


as great a


contribution


to El Salvador as


an American lawyer


-- but


in appreciation and


makes


a considerable


utilization:
difference.


here,


think,


the discipline


of law


Let me


back


to my introductory remarks:


think


for a mo-


ment about


science


the implications


, certain problems


of law being


become


apparent.


studied and


First,


implemented as
as Huntington


Cairns


suggests,
the status
we can acc


"legal


theory may


geometry


ount


for all


so that


eventually


be reduced


we will have


the important


a set of


propositions


to something approaching


entities


of legal


from which


order,


"T then,


and this
which th


is what


e entities


concerned


are


Judge


created,


Frank,


must


the "fact f
a carefully


finding"


function from


controlled


ocess


The "facts"


which go,


will,


into


the calculation hopper,


must


be "authentic,


they must


" unemotionally


not be


gathered and appropriate


oversimplifications.


We must,


-- most


we are to get


all,
close


solutions


here


, ge


closer


to the


sources


reality,


which


provide


the "facts


" which go


upon which are


based


into


the hopper,


the "propositions


from which
of legal


come


the "entities


order"


submit


that


the "facts


of life"


upon which


international


order


will


be premise


are as difficult


to ascertain as


in the broad


spec


trum of


considerations


which might


be termed


"legal.


suggest


talents


ence


into


now that


that


those


of you who may


the international arena,


highly


complicated


one day


could


straining world


attempt


no better


beyond


to take your


than
these


to experi-
relatively


calm shores.


You will


time and









Here


no case


book


tort


situation


or "spinning


off"


a corpora-


tion.


Here


is required


the broadest


cdnteptualization of man striving


within his


environment


longer responsive


only to


to perceive of himself


natural forces


as a significant


to man-made


being,


institutions


of social


ordering and


government.


Here


then


ality which,


is where you'll


very


likely,


asked


will make


little


enter
sense


confront a


to you at


first.


There


no easy


to gain


comprehension here.


You must


suffer


same


You must


"little
burden"
it and


"experience"


undertake


brown


are


as those


not so much a


brother"


gone


forever.


come away the


with


whom and for whom you are


burden


the insulting
To suggest yo


better for


it would


as an appreciation.


implication of


cannot


working0
The days


the "white man


effectively


enter


into


be tragic.


Robert


tradition


Frost


bound,


in his
thinks,


poem


"Mending


Wall"


presents


farmers.


One,


"Good


fences


make


good neighbors.


The other


is not


so sure


says,


"Something there


is that doesn't


love a


wall...


If you don't


can do
think


love


for your
law more


walls,


country
an Art t


if you are


-- as well


han a


ready to answer what


as your


Science),


then go


(I must
seek th


finally
e reality


t is you
admit I
y, which


provides


the "facts"


which go


into


the hopper,


from which


come


"entities"


*Carl Ehmana,


Corps
in a


, upon which are


a graduate


Volunteer
secondary


based


the "propositions


of the Harvard


in Sierra Leone


school his


first


from 1961
year and


School,


-63.
spent


of legal


served


a Volunteer


his second yea


order.


a Peace
he taught
r teaching


law at the University


College


of Sierra


Leone.


Ehmann


is now a Peace


Corps


official serving on


the Washington


staff.


re-






Lawyers

Peace


Needed For


Corps


Summer


Assignments


GRADUATE LAWYERS are needed to
Latin America and a limited number
in Africao


serve as Community
are needed for legal


Organ
aide


zers in
assignments


is an urgent


and it is this ne
has prompted the
for its community
job lawyers will
perhaps the most
In a community de
of court" because
system of their c
numbers, they are
political life of


need for


ed -- the des
Peace Corps t
development
do as Volunte
difficult ass
velopment pro
"clients" do
country. Alth
in effect "o
their own co


gal help


operate, urge
o seek Volun
projects thr
ers -- that
ignment which
ject, the wo
not general
ough these p
outsiders" to
untry. The


in most


dev'


nt need for j
teers with le
oughout Latin
of Community
h the Peace C
rk will be do
ly participate
people represe
the social,


idea


that


the


eloping nations,
justice -- that
gal backgrounds
America0 The
Organizers -- is


(a
corps
nee
e in
nt a


can offe:
entirely "
the legal
majority


economic
'r have


r.
out
1
in


"rights"


as citizens


has no particular meaning


to them0


To help these people establish themselves
goal of community development and the specific
izerso Much is already being done toward this
through the Alliance for Progress, by the peop
much remains to be done on the level Volunteer
lowest level, with the outsiders.


as citi
job of
goal by
e thems
lawyers


zens i
Commun
Latin
elves.
will


s a basic
ity Organ-
government
But too
work -- the


This is both a good job and good training for
bring lawyers face-to-face with the fundamentals of
daily contact, give them an opportunity to examine
way that is rarely possible in the United States0


lawyers. It
justice and,
human problems


will
through
in a


Although


Volunt


eers


will generally


be working alone,


in mushrooming


urban slums
opment proj
community a
specialize
ization of
construction
public show
technical w
construction
the needs o


ec
ct
in
a
n


e
o
n0
n


t
:t
U
ii
I
C
0


hey will
,o Suppo
on work
getting
community
f a new


be
rti
rs,
spe
wi
sch


r When need
rkers, Volunt
, health, agr


f a particular


a part of a
ng their wor
generally s
cific project
ll begin wit
ool, an aque
ed, these pr
eers with st
culture or
situation,


"team"


k in
emi-s
ts of
h a p
duct,
oject
wrong
vocat
these


CO
ki


ba
io


effort in
immunity or,
lled Volun
the ground
'ticular pr
vaccinati
may enlist
ckgrounds
nal educat


Volunt


eers


wi


community


nizatio
ers who
Often
ect suc
, campai
he supp
Such a
no Acc
ll often


dev


n will
will
the org
h as th
gn, a
ort of
reas as
ording
n pitch


in with


the actual


work


gangs


on a


project0


They
vey.


Generally,
will spend
How many


the work
Sthe firs
in the co


: of the community o
t few months in a c
immunity have title


organizers
community
to their


will
making
land?


come first.
a social sur-
What is the


There


S.,


el-
be

an-
e









"justice"
drawn uo?


in the community?


How are


petitions


to the national government


do the people make


does


mee


the community have?


tings?


How much money


their


Business


has it


living?
clubs?


received


What


kinds


Drinking
from the


of organizations


group


Church


national government


through
structure


range
atives


welfare


agencies


of the community?


income


and public works


do lawyers


in the neighborhood?


possibility?


What


steps


programs?
fit into


Are marketing


are necessary to


What
it?


is the power


What


or consumer


form a


is the
cooper-


co-operative?


What are


the legal


requirements?


should


by-laws


be drawn?


What


the structure


of local government?


can it be improved:


This


social investigation


will


a continuous


cess.


At times


it may


be feas


interested


ible,


local


ecially


lawyers


in urban areas,


to form a


type


seek the


legal aid


assi


society,


stance


or encour-


law students


from nearby universities


participate


some


phase


of work0


Volunteer


resources


which


lawyers


have


will guide


the challenging task of


them


in forming


uncovering the


the legal and


political


human
insti-


tutions


which are


the community


s hope


for progress.


"I found


hour


night


host


it takes


sessions


country


a consc


once


ciates


asso


ious


persistence


a week for months


from morning to


attend


four


and months;


night


and five
stay with


the barriadas)


attending


ceremonies


, socializing,


then


to ask for more


ting with


them


informally


each


during the


week...


He (the


community


organize


must


have


the ability to


aware


the overall form and movement


of influence among


constituent


parts
which


He must


issues


be able


sense


is influential and


are influential and how they are


influential,


who is not


which


are not.
those of
in that


Still more


others;


that


institution a


he must


see how


he must


according to


to manipulate


be able


that


shape


his position and


partic


ipation


awareness


Legal Assignments


in Africa


several English-speaking


Corps


lawyers


are serving


Aifri


can nations


in Judicial and


with
other


common law


systems,


government ministries,


in universities
administration


and training


of justice


institutions.


in local magis


They


trate


are helping to


courts


where


many


improve
judges


have


no legal


training.


They


are doing work


in tax adminis


tration and


forcement,
drafting,


research


corporation re


labor


gistration,


relations


in newly-organi


zed law


Many


administrative


are teaching


schools


reform,


law and


institutes


legislative


doing


of public


legal
admini


mee


en-









Law-Related Assignments


Many law-trained
secondary and universe
or seven years of uni
or humanities on the
of formal knowledge a
to do in teaching. A
or economics, Volunte
country as a teacher


Volunteers


ity levels.
versity trai
undergraduate
nd usually a
s they teach
ers lawyers
is equal to


are serving


Since
ning -
e leve
good
such
find t


1
g
s
hS
h


as teachers


these Vo
usually
-- they
rasp of
subjects
at their


their value


lun
in
po
wha
as


teers
the s
ssess
t to d
history


value


at both the
have had six
social sciences
a broad range
o and what not
y, government,
the host


as a lawyer0


Questionnaires may be
Post Offices, or by writing


obtainedd
Profe


from your college Liaison Officer,
sional Desk, Office of Public Affairs,


Peace


Corps,


Washington,


D. C


*




UNIVERSITY OF FlORIDA

3 0Illl8 7122lllllllll lll l
3 1262 08851 7122