Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
System ID:

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LIBRARY 0041-79
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A.;i u* d have r beden able
S.ft- :brWUml f aore woed food ft; e within
l"015 Ww* ibtt i u.1J when the .Librwy
i :. :~ !.-4' T wm".:t 4608a SUM.

:f"ii",e-p,, t#e premiea lar is rtie,

ii p n snte ft m a of the Ait of rr es
'i '', 1W4 0, .A"1; -* vl the adtons to the
Mpiihpw^'ipsueAd ast, have besn able
;ift Sa lchewcsve mmre ad terid food bere within

**Snui tiirMant was filling up quick-
bs Ihipf f'S S et at tabl aliog the window. from
*i4R4kns*.drfha mwub view of the city of Wash-
3pSeak ro.w i the fornpound. Inside
flIibflinSW sgWrts d aboct, taking orders,
:i8K N!l i~ l e'ti and tenderloin of beef with
S It was lnch time at the Library of
a E .anl. the top floor of ths Main
.y.ll IiUo after o etuty.
'll peae, beginlumg shortly after its

July 20, 1973

move into the new building in 1897, the Library has
provided food and eating facilities for its staff, read-
ers, and visitors. During this time, the facility has
been relocated and renovated a number of times and
the operation has been managed by numerous conces-
sionaires, all of whom have had to satisfy a clientele
whose palates are as sensitive as their pocketbooks.
It was not long after the opening of the cafe in
three dining rooms on the west front of the third
floor (the area now houses the Page School), under
the management of G. A. Mills, that staff members
began filing complaints. In response, Librarian of
(Continued on p. 254)

The WRA Men's Slow-Pitch Softball team lost 194
to the Hazbins in their June 25 game. Home runs by
James Travis and Stan Thomas were not enough to
overcome a strong offensive attack by the Hazbins.
On July 2, Phase II crushed the WRA team by a
score of 24.11. The victory for Phase 11 was their first
in over a year, but marked the low point of the
second half of the season for WRA, with one win and
three losses.
The latest defeats raise interesting questions about
the prospect of a season's end confrontation between
the men's team and the WRA Women's Slow-Pitch
Softball team.

....; ;. ii


LC Information Bulletin



Food Service in the Library of Congress:
1897 to Present . .
WRA Softball Team Loses Two Games .
Staff News . .
Library of Congress Publications .
Appendix-ALA Conference .

. 253,254,260
. 253
. 254-259
. .259-260
. A-107-A-114

(Continued from p. 253)

Congress Herbert Putnam in October 1902 named a
three-man special committee to "investigate and
report upon the facilities, service, food, and prices at
the Library cafe."
Among the disgruntled staff members was a man
from the Division of Documents who wrote to the
Committee, "I have several times eaten the entire
contents of one of the ten cent dishes in seven not
large mouthfuls, and the last dish I ordered there was
styled Escalloped Oysters, which consisted of a mass
of greasy bread crumbs, or meal, in which I found
one whole oyster and two pieces large enough to be
visible to the naked eye." A Reading Room for the
Blind employee complained "It is impossible to order
one of the hot dishes, bread and butter and tea or
coffee without spending 20 cents." And a delicate
distaffer wrote, "There is no nourishment in the food
furnished and, speaking for myself, I am constantly in
a run-down condition in consequence." In its report
of March 1904, the Committee charged that the bill
of fare had little variety, the prices were exorbitant,
and the quantity and quality of the food were poor.
The Committee recommended that a table d'h6te
luncheon be provided in addition to the a la carte,
and this restaurant revolt presumable came to a
happy end.
(Continued on p. 260)


Ralph L. Henderson, Assistant Chief of the Loan.
Division, retired on June 30 after more than 43 years
service to the Library. He was presented a Superior
Service Award by the Librarian in recognition of
dedicated, resourceful and selfless service to the
Library particularly reflected in his role as Assistant
Chief of the Loan Division and in the loan activities
of the Library for more than 37 years.
Mr. Henderson was appointed to a temporary posi-
tion as a Messenger in the Reading Rooms on June'
27, 1928, just 10 days before his 17th birthday. He
served during the summer and returned the following
year again in a temporary position. He held positions
as Messenger, Deck Attendant and Junior Searcher all
during the time he was obtaining a bachelor's degree
from the George Washington University. His career
was a classic example of "upward mobility" in its
true sense and his success came largely through his
own efforts without outside assistance.
After his appointment as Junior Searcher in the
Reading Rooms in 1936, he began his direct involve-
ment with the loan activities of the Library. Except
for a nine month period while he attended medical
school, Mr. Henderson held progressively responsible
assignments in the Reading Rooms and with the
establishment of the Loan Division in 1944, he
became Head of the then Central Section, now
Records Section. During the period 1950 to 1962 he
frequently served as Acting Assistant Chief as well as
Head of the Records Section during the detail of the
Assistant Chief.
His was a record of service to official and non-
official borrowers. Through his constant efforts the
Government library accounts attained and maintained
a record degree of currency. His tact and ability to
produce material to meet the most exacting and un-
usual needs and deadlines added greatly to the Loan
Division's reputation for service and dedication to the
Library's principal mission.
"As Assistant Chief," the Librarian noted in confer-
ring the award to Mr. Henderson, his "ready willing-
ness to meet unusual demands for the loan of
material to the Congress, the White House and other
official borrowers has helped earn the Division a repu-
tation for service."

Kathryn J. Cormier, Administrative Coordinator of
the Senior Specialist Division, Congressional Research
Service since 1969 retired on June 29, after nearly 31


& T L l ,

July 20,1973

years of Federal service, the last 20 years of which
were at the Library of Congress.
Mrs. Cormier was born in Deamond, Mo., and
attended high school and college in Missouri before
coming to Washington in 1941 to work for the U.S.
War Department. In 1946, after a brief period of ser-
vice with the U.S. Army, she joined the staff of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation and served there
until 1948, when she moved to the Foreign Reporting
Division of the U.S. Department of State.
From 1951 to 1953, Mrs. Cormier was with the
Office of Price Stabilization in the Consumer Durable
Goods Division, where she was in charge of clerical
operations. Early in 1953 she moved to the U.S.
Department of the Defense in the Office of the Chief
of Finance. Later that year she was appointed to the
staff of the Library of Congress as an Editorial Assist-
ant in the Foreign Affairs Division of the then

Legislative Reference Service.
She was promoted to Division Secretary of the
Library Services Division, LRS, in 1954 and was
named Division Secretary of the LRS American Law
Division in 1955. In 1958 she became the Administra-
tive Assistant in the American Law Division and, in
1961, earned a promotion to the position of Secre-
tary and Legal Reference Assistant. Mrs. Cormier was
responsible, as Administrative Coordinator, for the
day-to-day operation of the Senior Specialist Divi-
Israel M. Labovitz, Senior Specialist in Social Wel-
fare in the Senior Specialist Division. Congressional
Research Service, retired on June 29, after 32 years
of Federal service.
Born in Duluth, Minn. Mr. Labovitz attended the
University of Wisconsin, and was graduated cum
laude from the University of Minnesota in 1928

As part of a continuing effort to relieve the pressures of rid Section; Susan Johannsen. Clerk-Typist, Contracting
growth in the Main Building, the Library Procurement and Procurement Section; Earl Matlock. Purchasing
and Supply Division joined the Training Office in a move Agent; Futine Triantafillos. Clerk-Typist; George Bren-
of facilities this spring to the Navy Yard Annex, Building ner, Head of the Materiel Section; and Floyd Hedrick,
159. Amid their new surroundings, Procurement and Chief of the Procurement and Supply Division. Not
Supply staffers continue with the work at hand. They pictured is Nancy Summers. Assistant Purchasing Agent
are (1r) Clarence Hubbard, Acting Contracting and Pro- and Printing Specialist.
curement Officer; Adrianne Jenkins, Clerk-Typist, Mate-

LC Information Bulletin

where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He did grad-
uate work at the University of Chicago, where he was
selected as the Sewell Avery Distinguished Fellow in
the Department of Economics: he also served as a
research assistant in government finance until 1935.
Mr. Labovitz served as a tax economist with the
Illinois State Tax Commission before coming to
Washington, D.C. in 1942 as Assistant to the Chief of
the Labor and Welfare Division, U.S. Bureau of the
Budget. He later served as Chief of the Bureau's
Social Welfare Federal-State Relations Division and
Fiscal Economist for the Labor and Welfare Division.
In 1956, Mr. Labovitz came to the Library as a Senior
Specialist in Social Welfare, the position he held at his
He served as a member of the Board of Trustees,
Federation of Tax Administrators, and as a member
of the Executive Committee, National Tax Associa-
Twenty-one staff members of the Processing
Department retired in June. The LC Information
Bulletin this week gives an account of several of the
retirees and will continue with the retirements in the
next issue.
Joseph S. Alien, Editor of Subject Headings, Sub-
ject Cataloging Division, retired on June 30, after 32
years of Government service, all with the Library of
Mr. Alien, a native of Erie, Pa, received his A.B.
from Wooster College and his M.A. in Library Science
from the University of Michigan. He joined the staff
of the Descriptive Cataloging Division in March 1941
and transferred to the former Catalog Maintenance
Division in February 1950. He became a Subject
Cataloger in the Subject Cataloging Division in Febru-
ary 1954 and after August 1964 served as Editor of
Subject Headings.
Throughout his service, Mr. Alien set for himself
the highest standards of quality and quantity of work
and, for this, he was awarded a quality increase by
the Librarian of Congress in 1968. His contribution
to the division has been immense and will be missed.
Mr. Allen was honored at a reception in the Subject
Cataloging Division on June 19.
Ruth J. Holland, Gift Accessioner in the Exchange
and Gift Division, retired on June 22, after nearly 32
years of Federal service, all at the Library of Congress-
except for a brief period at the U.S. Office of Stra-
tegic Services.
Miss Holland, a native of Fairmont, W. Va., was
graduated from the Fairmont State Teachers College
and joined the staff of the Copyright Office on

August 28, 1941. In 1946 she transferred to the Gift
Section where, over the years, she gained a very
thorough knowledge of the Library's gift program,
and where her attention to the details of her job
made her invaluable.
On June 21 Miss Holland was the guest of honor at
a special lunch given by staff members of the division.
And, on June 22 at an informal reception in the
Exchange and Gift Division, she was presented with a
gift from her friends and colleagues in the Library.
Ruby E. Hill, a Reviewer in the Shelflisting Section,
Subject Cataloging Division, retired on April 27 after
nearly 28 years of Federal service.
Mrs. Hill is a graduate of the Missouri School of
Mines and Metallurgy. She joined the Library of Con-
gress staff in September 1954 as an Accessioner in the
Exchange and Gift Division. Two years later she
transferred to the Subject Cataloging Division where
she held a number of progressively responsible posi-
tions in the Shelflisting Section.
Before her appointment to the Library of Congress
staff, Mrs. Hill worked with the former U.S. Depart-
ment of the Army and the U.S. Bureau of Mines.

The Librarian and Mr. Henderson

Richard S. Angell, Chief of the Technical Processes
Research Office, retired on June 29, after 27 years of
Library service.
Born in Aberdeen, S. Dak., Mr. Angell did his under-
graduate study at Stanford University, and also at
Princeton University where he earned a B.S. in Eng-


July 20, 1973

lish and modern languages in 1927. He received an
MA. degree in music from Harvard University in
1933, and later did doctoral work in musicology at
Columbia University. Beginning his library career in
1934 as a Music Cataloger at Columbia University,
Mr. Angell became Music Librarian the following
year. From 1942 to 1946 he also held the post of
Assistant Professor in the Columbia School of Library
He came to the Library of Congress in 1946 as the
first Chief of the Copyright Cataloging Division,
where he reorganized and enlarged the Catalog of
Copyright Entries and coordinated the integration of
the division's output with the LC printed card pro-
gram. In 1951 he moved to the Processing Depart-
ment as Chief of the Descriptive Cataloging Division.
He was named Chief of the Subject Cataloging Divi-
sion in 1952 and took charge of both cataloging divi-
sions from 1953-1956. In 1966 he became Chief of
the Technical Processes Research Office.
Throughout his career, Mr. Angell has been con-
araned with the development and evaluation of cata-
log :control devices of all types. He had principal
responsibility for the codification and publication of
the original LC cataloging rules for various nonbook
materials and directed the formulation of the K
schedule for classifying law materials.
He received a Superior Accomplishment Award in
1953 for establishing a cooperative program for cata-
loging motion pictures and filmstrips. The distinction
with which he served was also a factor in his selection
for a Rockefeller Public Service Award in 1956,
which permitted him to spend a year in study and
research on the technical and administrative aspects
on bibliographic controL Later he drew on this experi-
ence in the e'aly planning for the automation of tech-
nical processing fu tions in the Library.
tr. Angell he'd many committee assignments with-
in :.t Library and represented it as Chairman of the
U.S. National Libraries Task Force Working Group on
Subject Headings. He was also active in professional
groups that have been influential in bibliographic
developments both in this country and abroad.
Among them were the American Library Association
Catalog Code Revision Committee; the American
National Standards Institute, Committee Z39 Sub-
committee on Indexing; the International Federation
of Library Associations, Working Group on Coordina-
tion of Cataloging Principles; and the International
Federation of Documentation, Committee on Classifi-
cation Research.
In these activities, as in all of his professional rela-

tions, Mr. Angell demonstrated not only his broad
technical and theoretical competence but also his
judiciousness and consideration in dealing with his
Laura B. Ross, Assistant Head of the Order Prepara-
tion Section of the Order Division, retired on June
29, after more than 17 years of Federal service.
Except for temporary positions she held at the U.S.
Bureau of Census, all of her Federal service was with
the Library of Congress.
Mrs. Ross is a graduate of American University. She
began her Library career as a Searcher in the Card
Division from 1942 to 1944. She interrupted her
Library service on two occasions, first in 1944 to
devote full time to raising her family and the second
time in 1957 to take the position of Young Adult
Librarian at the Arlington County (Va.) Library. She
returned to the Library of Congress in 1963 as
Assistant Head of the Public Reference Section in the
General Reference and Bibliography Division until
she was promoted in 1965 to the position of Senior
Order Librarian. She was promoted to Assistant Head
of the Order Preparation Section in April 1967.
She consistently demonstrated initiative, devotion
to duty, and a fine spirit of cooperation. While in the
Order Division, Mrs. Ross received outstanding per-
formance ratings and quality increases, first in April
1970 and again in September 1972.
She was most effective in dealing in person and by
correspondence with various LC overseas offices and
dealers regarding the NPAC Program and blanket
order requirements. Most recently Mrs. Ross con-
tributed substantially to the revision of the Order
Division Guidelines for NPAC Dealers No. 4, which is
a convenient and current guide for the NPAC book-
dealers and the staffs of the Order Division and over-
seas offices.
Mrs. Ross has many plans for her retirement,
including traveling abroad and establishing her resi-
dence in Clarksville, Md. with her sister and brother-

James E. Blakely, Reference Specialist, Congres-
sional Research Service, received a Meritorious Ser-
vice Award and a $175 cash award from the Librarian
in June 14 ceremonies in the Librarian's office. In
presenting the award to Mr. Blakely, Mr. Mumford
cited a "high degree of effectiveness displayed in pro-
viding special services in connection with the opening
of the Congressional Research Service's Senate
Reference Center ...."

LC Information Bulletin

Paul W. Jones. Reference Assistant. American-
British Law Division. Law Library. also received an
Incentive Award and a $150 cash award from the

Reappointment: Gary D. Jensen, deck attendant, GS-3,
S&R. 4-600.
Promotions: Norman S. Anthony. to deck attendant, GS-3,
S&R. 4-600; Kathryn J. Davis. to card copy editor, GS-5,
NUCPP. 4913; Ernestine Drumming, to assistant catalog
editor, GT-9, NUCPP, 4849; Ronald L. Gree, Bldgs, to
chauffeur-courier. WG-5, FRD, 4757; David C. Monte,
searcher. GT-7, NUCPP, 4938; Oscar E. Scott, control room
supervisor, GS-5, S&R. 4904.
Resignations: Anna R. Anderson, S&R; Vincent R. Eaglin,
S&R; Vinia R. Grandis, LL FE; Christopher J. Jacklin, S&R;
Dorothy L. LeBaron, LL; Kathleen A. McClenahen, Ord;
James R. Matthews, Loan; Elizabeth F. Nicholson, Loan;
Reginald Patterson. Card; Vicki L. Ponder. MARC Ed; Carrie
A. Watkins, Cat Publ; Delores E. Watson, Cat Publ.

John C. Broderick, Assistant Chief of the Manu-
script Division, is the author of the chapter, "Emer-
son, Thoreau, and Transcendentalism" in American

Lester Jayson. Director, CRS and Mr. Blakely

Librarian June 14 for "outstanding performance in
the maintenance of the records and briefs collection
and ... work with the special project on Supreme
Court records and briefs."
Irene W. Harley, Power Collator Operator, Printing
Unit. Central Services Division, was presented a
30-year Federal Service Award pin by F. E. Croxton,
Director. Administrative Department, on July 10.
A native of Suitland, Md., Mrs. Harley spent several
years working as a clerk for the U.S. War Production
Board before coming to the Library in April 1950.
All of her service at the Library has been with the
Central Services Division. She assumed her present
position in June 1958.

Appointments: Jacquelin Barnett, deck attendant, GS-3,
S&R. 4-600; Patty S. Campbell, clerk-typist, GS-1, Cop Serv,
NP; Priscilla B. Simmons. payroll clerk, GS4, FMO, 4895;
IFrederick R. White. Jr.. clerk-typist. GS-1, Cop Serv, NP.
Temporary Appointments: William H. Davidson. reference
assistant. GS-5. CRS E, NP; Mary McGregor. file clerk, GS-4.
Cop Serv. NP; Janice L. Quasnovsky. assistant editor of cata-
log publications, GT-9. Cat Publ. NP; Laura L. Slobey,
administrative assistant. GT-7. Cat Publ. NP.

Mr. Mumford and Mr. Jones

Literary Scholarship: An Annual/1971 (Durham,
Duke University Press, 1973). This is the ninth in the
series of annual reviews of scholarly publications con-
cerning American literature.
Mr. Broderick, a regular contributor to the annual
for the last five years, concludes his participation
with this contribution. His successor will be Ralph H.
Orth, Professor of English, University of Vermont.
A tribute to Fritz Eichenberg by Alan Fern, Chief,


July 20, 1973

Prints and Photographs Division, appears in the first
fssue of Print Review, a new journal published jointly
by Pratt Graphics Center and the Kennedy Galleries.
Mr. Eichenberg, the well-known illustrator, print-
maker, and teacher, was a member of the Library's
Pennell Committee from 1961 to 1967.
Virginia Haviland, Head of the Children's Book Sec-
tion, delivered four lectures at La Verne (Calif.)
College's Summer Institute on Children's Literature
on July 2-3. The lectures focused on folklore, tradi-
tional rhymes, the Hans Christian Andersen Inter-
national Awards for Children's Literature (she is Jury
President), and on other international aspects of the
children's book world.
Arthur J. Lieb, Head of the Shelflisting Section,
Subject Cataloging Division, has been elected
President-elect of the Library Science Alumni Society
of the Alumni Association of the University of Michi-
gan. His term as President will begin in July 1974.
An article by Jerald C. Maddox, Curator of Photog-
raphy, Prints and Photographs Division, appears in
the July-August 1973 issue of Art in America.
Entitled, "Photography in the First Decade," the arti-
cle deals with aspects of American photography
during the years 1900-1910.

Dave Remington and Treva Turner of the Subject
Cataloging Division, will present for the Library of
Congress Professional Association, the program
"Bringing Back the Sights and Sounds of ALA in
Las Vegas," on July 25 at 11:45 a.m. in the Whittall


Accessions List: Middle East. ISSN 0041-7769.
Vol. 11, No. 5. May 1973. (pp. 97-117.) Continuing
subscriptions free to libraries upon request to the
Acting Field Director, Library of Congress Office,
U.S. Interests Section, Spanish Embassy, Cairo, Arab
Republic of Egypt.
Pioneer Imprints From Fifty States. By Roger J.
Trienens. 1973. (87 p.) For sale by the Superinten-
dent of Documents for $4.25 a copy, domestic post-
paid. (LC30.12:P65).
This unusual exposition of the earliest examples of
printing in the Library's collections from within the
present-day boundaries of each of the States of the
Union will interest a wide audience. Roger J. Trie-
nens, of the Library's Descriptive Cataloging Division

and formerly with the Rare Book Division, is the
author of the hardcover volume.
A photograph and a description of each of the
Library's pioneer State imprints are included, usually
on facing pages, in addition to all of the information
available about their history and provenance.
The dates of the rare imprints cover a span of 228
years, from 1640, 20 years after establishment of the
first permanent English colony on American soil, to
1868, three years following termination of the Civil
War. Arrangement of the works is by the date of the
beginning of printing within the States' present-day
boundaries, from the earliest to the latest. The
volume thus coincidentally is also a summary of the
movement of printers and presses across the Nation.
Pioneer Imprints includes an array of such early
imprints as broadsides, newspapers, individual laws,
collections of laws, almanacs, primers, and some
longer works. Leading off is the famed Bay Psalm
Book from Massachusetts, printed in 1640 by
Stephen Daye, the first printer of English-speaking
North America who established the first American
press at Cambridge late in 1638 or early in 1639. This
rare work, one of 11 extant copies, is a volume of
295 pages, the first substantial book and the earliest
extant example of printing from what is now the
United States.
Earliest of the imprints from Virginia isA Collection
of All the Acts of Assembly Now in Force, in the Colo-
ny of Virginia, dated 1733 but which may have been
started as early as 1730. Of two copies of this much-
prized work in the Library's collections, one came to
the Library with the Jefferson Collection which
Thomas Jefferson sold to the Library in 1815. Al-
though printing began in Jamestown in 1682, the press
was suppressed and nothing from it has survived.
Typical of the surprises in the volume is the imprint
from Rhode Island, Rhode-Island Almanack for the
Year 1728. The author of the work was none other
than James Franklin, elder brother of Benjamin, who,
after a stay in prison as a result of his publishing
activities in Boston, settled in Newport and estab-
lished the State's first press in 1727. The third oldest-
known imprint from Rhode Island, James Franklin's
almanac predated Poor Richard's Almanack by four
Hawaii is represented by an imprint dated 1822, a
16-page primer of the Hawaiian language. It was
printed by a young American named Elisha Loomis,
formerly a printer's apprentice of Canandaigua, N.Y.,
who came to Hawaii with a group of Boston mission-
aries in 1820.


LC Information Bulletin

Various other of the Library's premier imprints
from the States are in other languages, including
French, Spanish, and a few of the American Indian
languages. Represented last is Alaska, the first print-
ing of which is thought to be orders issued by the
Military District of Alaska beginning on October 29,
1867. The Library holds a series of general orders
dating from April 11, 1868 to July 1, 1870, from the
command of the Department of Alaska, superseding
the Military District of Alaska. Civilian printing in
what later became the 50th State apparently began
with the initial issue of The Alaskan Times, dated
April 23, 1869.

(Continued from p. 254)

Around 1910 the Library cafe passed into the
hands of Theodore D. Sloat, a Washington restauran-
teur who also operated the Congressional Cafe at 100
E. Capitol St. (site of the Supreme Court building)
and the Kenesaw Cafe at 16th and Irving Streets. One
of Mr. Sloat's first complaints came on July 9, 1912,
from a North Carolina Congressman, John Small, who
demanded in a letter to Mr. Putnam that the cafe
serve blacks in a separate room. Superintendent of
Library Building and Grounds Bernard R. Green
replied to the lawmaker: ". the National Li-
brary ... is constructed, arranged, and occupied for
the service and convenience of all races and peoples
alike under the law and regulations."
Mr. Sloat's troubles continued into the summer of
1916 when employees boycotted the cafe, claiming in
a petition that they had to wait up to an hour to be
served and, more to the alimentary point, the sand-
wich bread was consistently soggy. Mr. Sloat
explained in a letter to F. L. Averill, Superintendent
of Library Building and Grounds (dated Aug. 8,
1916), that service was slow because most of his
regular waiters had quit to take better-paying jobs at
summer resorts. He said the bread was wet because
the lettuce for sandwiches was soaked in ice water. In
a letter dated July 22, 1918, to F. L. Averill, he
contended that he was operating the cafe at a heavy
financial loss because of skyrocketing labor and food
prices caused by the war. Mr. Sloat resigned that
month as concessionaire.
With Mr. Sloat's departure, the Library issued circu-
lars announcing the availability of the concession.
The operation was described as four dining rooms-
one for the public, another for employees where

prices were lower, a lunchroom for employees who
brought their lunch, and a small room for the Librar-
ian and division chiefs. The Library furnished free of
charge the space, utilities, and large kitchen equip-
ment; the concessionaire supplied the silverware,
dishes, and linens.
The concession was tendered to Catherine Leich
and the restaurant reopened in September. In order
to compete with the efficient cafeterias in the Capitol
and House Office buildings, Miss Leich installed the
first cafeteria line in the Library facility in the early
1920's. She also began issuing meal tickets, $2 for
$2.20 worth of food, and serving employees a club
luncheon. The cafe-cafeteria was open for lunch and
dinner Monday through Friday and on Sundays. In
1923 Miss Leich's sister, Harriet V. Leich, opened a
sales stand near the cafe entrance where she sold
souvenirs, among them a set of 25 post cards for 25
cents. At this time, the third-floor cafe-cafeteria was
hailed by handbills as "one of the best places to
eat... inspiring view of the city from the cafe
When the Library closed the facility in September
1929 to make extensive alterations, Miss Leich
resigned from the post. The newly-refurbished cafe
and cafeteria reopened on September 19 under a new
management-H. H. Powell, formerly a manager of
the Congressional Cafeteria, 100 E. Capitol St. For
the next nine years, Mr. Powell and his wife, who was
the cashier, ran the operation smoothly and profes-
sionally. The only recorded complaint came in 1932
when the Copyright Office staff petitioned for lower
food prices because, they claimed, prices were being
cut in many eating places in Washington. In response
to the petition, Mr. Powell sent out for some food
from several Capitol Hill restaurants, sampled it him-
self, and declared that although the dishes cost less
they were greatly lacking in quality.
While most of the Library staff held the Powells'
food and service above reproach, they did not always
patronize the cafe and cafeteria. In May 1938 follow-
ing several years of financial losses, Mr. Powell
resigned. Saddened by the news, the Librarian, Mr.
Putnam, admonished library employees for failing to
support the cafeteria. He wrote, in response to a peti-
tion dated May 6, 1938, from the Federal Employees
Union No. 626, requesting space for an employee
lunchroom in the new Annex Building, "They [the
staff] expect it [the cafeteria] to serve them fully on
rainy days, but freely desert it on clear days. No res-
taurant can be successful with a clientele so fickle."
Next Week: Library Dining, A Moveable Affair



Vol. 32, No. 29

July 20, 1973

Las Vegas, Nevada, June 24-30, 1973

The program of the Association of College and
Research Libraries Rare Books and Manuscripts Sec-
tion Preconference opened officially on Thursday,
June 21, at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles,
headquarters for the conference. The three-day con-
ference, with a full schedule to meet, included formal
talks, panels, and tours of.libraries and special collec-
tions. Aside from specific topics in other areas of
interest to rare book librarians, the conference theme
was generally the history and development of rare
book collections, book clubs, and rare book shops in
California. The fare was rich and varied, the various
speakers excellent, and it took place in a Los Angeles
nearly free of smog but undergoing a heat wave that
pushed temperatures to 106 and 107 degrees.
During the first morning, after the formal opening
by Howard L. Applegate, Chairman of the Section,
the program began with the presentation of several
talks describing the special collections of some of the
preeminent libraries of California: Occidental College
Library (Tyrus G. Harmsen); Stanford University
Libraries (Julius P. Barclay); E. L. Doheny Memorial
Library (Mary Gayle); Bancroft Library, University of
California, Berkeley (James D. Hart); Honnold Li-
brary, Claremont Colleges (Ruth Hauser); Sutro
Library, San Francisco (Richard H. Dillon); and Walt
Disney Archives, Burbank (David R. Smith). It was
particularly interesting, in the series of presentations,
to be reminded once again of the variety of rare mate-
rials collected by these California libraries, a point
enhanced by the distribution of handsome pamphlets
and brochures describing these particular collections.
The morning was concluded by a luncheon session
featuring a lively talk by John Swingle, Alta Califor-
ita Bookstore, Albany, Calif., on "Collecting Western
The afternoon of the first day was devoted to
tours, of the Henry E. Huntington Library and the
Southwest Museum and Library. A pleasant expedi-
timo, marked by the gracious hospitality of both insti-
tutions, it was particularly noteworthy for the
~| bits, "Forgeries, Frauds, Fakes and Facsimiles,"
S siup at the Huntington Library, and the exhibits of
S tiWuitals pertaining to the Indian culture of the

"[ix[[[i .

Southwest at the Southwest Museum. Individually
guided tours for small groups were organized at the
Huntington Library and there was opportunity to see
both the protected and secured areas where the rare
collections are kept and the restoration and preserva-
tion activities.
Concluding the first day was a delightful Mexican
dinner at the Casa de Adobe, a handsome classical
Spanish-colonial building, part of the Southwest
Museum, and a polished talk by James Thorpe, direc-
tor of the Huntington Library and Art Gallery, on
"The Magic Word in Building Collections." The word
is affection-affection for the books themselves and,
of course, the subject. Librarians all know that this is
true and must be true, even though they also know
that affection alone will not get one very far at Sothe-
by these days.
The breakfast program on the second day featured
two talks on "California Book Clubs," both of them
most appropriate to the host State. Carey S. Bliss,
Curator of Rare Books, Huntington Library, remi-
nisced about the Rounce and Coffin Club and the
Roxburghe Club; and Tyrus G. Harmsen, Librarian,
Occidental College, about the Book Club of Califor-
nia and the Zamorano Club. Together, the talks
formed a loving tribute to all those bibliophiles who
have contributed during the last few decades to
making the California scene so lively.
The morning session was devoted to the review of
several collections for the study of ethnic groups
being organized largely at UCLA but also in other
institutions. Particularly interesting were the presen-
tations by Oscar Sims, Afro-American Bibliographer,
UCLA, on UCLA's Afro-American collections, and
the one by Barbara Al-Bayati, Librarian, American
Indian Culture Center, UCLA, on the American
Indian Materials in the same library.
The Afro-American collections at UCLA, now num-
bering over 20,000 volumes, are, according to Mr.
Sims, the best in the West. These collections also
include periodicals, photographs, pamphlets, and
clippings. Particularly noteworthy in these collections
are a strong documentation of the civil rights move-
ment in California, the U.S., and the District of
Columbia; the LeRoi Jones collection of black
writers, comprising both books and manuscripts;

LC Information Bulletin

documentation on companies producing Negro films;
and the Spingarn collection of books by Negro
The American Indian collections described by Bar-
bara Al-Bayati are also of considerable interest insofar
as they endeavor to gather research materials in areas
such as Catholic and Mormon activities among the
Indians; linguistics; relations between the Indians and
the U.S. Government; inventory of sources concern-
ing Indian treaties; church holdings in Indian Lands;
and publications of Indian organizations.
Similar activities concerning Asian-American sour-
ces were described by Che-Hwei Lin, Asian-American
Librarian, UCLA. In this case, collecting has been
devoted to newspapers, dissertations and theses, and
materials appropriate for sociological surveying.
Arnulfo D. Trejo, Associate Professor. Graduate Li-
brary School, University of Arizona. Tucson, and
Harvey P. Horowitz, Librarian, Hebrew Union Col-
lege, Los Angeles. surveyed collections of Chicano
and Jewish materials, respectively.
The luncheon talks, at the University of Southern
California, were devoted to the subject. "The Secu-
rity of Rare Books and Manuscripts." This topic.
which is increasingly one of grave concern to librar-
ians, archivists, and museum keepers, was discussed
by Sgt. Lee Kirkwood of the Los Angeles Police
Department and Eugene B. Andes of the Pinkerton
Security Service. The increasing incidence of thefts,
the security of buildings, the marking of materials,
sensing devices, and the usefulness of electronic pro-
tection, all were surveyed, giving rise to a great num-
ber of questions. This was an instructive session
which plainly conveyed the message that the rate of
thefts and depredations will not diminish in the fore-
seeable future but will continue to increase and that
good security arrangements for both libraries and
museums are both complex and expensive. The deci-
sion for library administrations as to how far they
will go in investing in the protection of their own
treasures will be, in many cases, a very difficult one.
The afternoon of the second day was taken up with
tours of the special collections at the University of
Southern California and the special collections at the
University of California, Los Angeles. At USC, there
were visits to the Doheny Library, the Hancock
Library, and the Hoose Library. At UCLA, partici-
pants toured the handsome new quarters of the
Department of Special Collections and the much-
admired exhibit of early California materials-
pamphlets, books, maps, and broadsides. This last
visit was followed by a dinner at the UCLA Faculty

Center and a presentation by the recently retired
Head of the Special Collections Department, Wilbur
J. Smith, on the history, development, and scope of
the UCLA special collections. He gave considerable
attention to the 10,000-volume collection acquired
by UCLA in 1951 from the British bibliophile
Michael Sadleir.
Saturday, June 23, the last day of the Preconfer-
ence, began with a breakfast talk by Robert L. Colli-
son, Acting Dean, Graduate School of Library
Service, UCLA, on "Training Manuscripts and Special
Collections Librarians." Mr. Collison reviewed in
some detail various approaches to the training in
record management as practiced in the United King-
dom, especially at the universities of London, Shef-
field, Nottingham, and Strathclyde, a topic of
considerable interest, since they are less well known
to the audience. He concluded his talk with a discus-
sion of courses in rare book, manuscript, and archive
librarianship at UCLA and at California State.
The morning session that followed was devoted to
presentations on the general topic of "Handling New
Types of Special Collections." Special collections in
the area of film scholarship were discussed by Anne
G. Schlosser, Librarian of the American Film Insti-
tute Library in Beverly Hills; and the oral history
program at UCLA by James V. Mink, Head, Depart-
ment of Special Collections, UCLA.
Of particular interest, in view of the growing con-
cern over the problem of use and service of rare mate-
rials versus their preservation, was the presentation by
Luraine Tansey, Slide Consultant, University of Cali-
fornia Library, Santa Cruz, on "Automated In-Depth
Indexing of Slides." In brief, the project in which
Mrs. Tansey is engaged, partly on a grant from the
Council on Library Resources, consists of the micro-
filming in color of rare books, manuscripts, illumi-
nated materials, etc. The microfilm strip is
subsequently cut up into frames and the frames are
mounted as slides, which are then made accessible by
an automated index. This system seems to make
possible a very close view of such items as pages,
details of pages, architectural details, museum
objects, and would in many cases make the actual
handling of the originals unnecessary. A visual-
content index of the Bodleian Library has been pre-
pared utilizing this system. The slides projected as a
demonstration were indeed excellent.
At the luncheon session, Jacob Zeitlin gave a most
delightful talk on "Some Unconventional Recollec-
tions of the Southern California Booktrade, Past and
Present." It was witty, nostalgic, informative, and of


July 20,1973

S absorbing interest to both those familiar with the
California scene and those who were not. The after-
noon was devoted to separate tours of the Los Ange-
I es antiquarian booksellers and of the Library of
American Film Institute Center for Advanced Stud-
ies, now located in the Greystone Mansion in Beverly
Following the tours, a reception was held in the
beautiful building and gardens of the William
Andrews Clark Memorial Library (UCLA). Its librar-
ian, William E. Conway, was host. This gracious
reception, occurring at the breaking of the heat wave,
afforded all a much needed relief and made possible
the leisurely viewing of the Library's handsome
collections. It was there 21 years ago that the writer
began his career as a librarian. The Preconference con-
cluded with a dinner on board the SS Queen Mary, at
which a talk on "California History: Its Impact and
Value" was given by J. S. Holliday, Director, Califor-
nia Historical Society. A vote of thanks is due by
those attending the conference to all the California
institutions involved for their hospitality and warm
reception. [John Finzi]

The Society of American Archivists/ALA Joint
Committee on Library-Archives Relationships held a
program meeting on June 26 to Consider "Preserving
the Record of Spanish-Speaking Americans and of the
American Indian." Presiding were Roger H. McDon-
ough, State Library, Trenton, N.J., and Mrs. Eliza-
beth Hamer Kegan, Library of Congress. Vine
Deloria, Jr., author of Custer Died for Your Sins,
presented the American Indian viewpoint; and Mrs.
Elizabeth Martinez Smith, Los Angeles County
(Calif.) Public Library System, and Benito C6rdova,
New Mexico State Library, the Chicano problem. All
three urged librarians to be dissatisfied with material
that stereotypes minority groups, or that seems to
Simply there was no history of the Indians or the
Spanish and Mexican settlers before white settlers
Filled the land. They suggested that librarians encour-
age publishers to accept realistic writings; that they
get acquainted with people of minority cultures in
their areas and collect for them and from them all
references to their past and present cultures in such
foams as clippings, pamphlets, Congressional hearings,
S tribal newspapers, memoirs, oral history tapes, local
fugitive matter, and local church, club, political, and
otbar records. It was suggested that librarians should

look especially for the WPA records that were, in
many instances, boxed up and stored in attics or base-
ments at the advent of World War II; and should
search for and regain the originals or obtain photo-
copies of old official records that may be in the
National Archives or that are scattered in widely-
dispersed repositories. [Arline Custer]

The Board met in executive session to discuss
ALA's reaction to the June 21 Supreme Court deci-
sions dealing with intellectual freedom. Richard L.
Darling, Chairman of the Intellectual Freedom Com-
mittee, and Judith F. Krug, Director of the Office of
Intellectual Freedom, presented a resolution and
supporting information to permit the Freedom to
Read Foundation, acting as ALA's legal arm, to peti-
tion the Court to rehear the cases. The resolution was
approved by the Board and submitted to the Council.
In other action, the Board approved an Association
of College and Research Libraries internship program
for libraries of predominantly black colleges and uni-
versities; approved an ACRL proposal for a planning
study of the role and function of the library in the
four-year, liberal arts college, although no funding
was authorized; confirmed the correspondence vote
that SCAMI have an extended time to study the
McConnell Case and report in the fall of 1973; and
announced that Robert Wedgeworth and Katherine
Laich, with two other Executive Board members, will
meet with the Committee on Organization, at the
request of COO, to discuss the position of the ALA
Executive Board in the ALA organization.
[Bruce Langdon]

The business meeting of the ALA Rare Books and
Manuscripts Section on Monday morning was con-
ducted by Howard L. Applegate, Balch Institute,
Philadelphia, who announced the new officers: Chair-
man, Ruth Salisbury, Western Pennsylvania Historical
Society; Chairman-elect, Hendrik Edelman, Cornell
University; and Secretary, Gloria A. Francis, Detroit
Public Library. Mr. Applegate announced that the
second annual award of merit had been presented to
Robert Dougan, Huntington Library.
The section's statement of alarm over the deleteri-
ous effect of the 1969 tax regulations on acquisitions
of library materials, particularly personal papers and
official records, and its recommendation to ACRL
and ALA boards that they initiate action to influence


LC Information Bulletin

legislative revision, were well received. A publicity
program is under way in an effort to change the law.
The statements of principles or "standards" that
the Manuscripts Committee has worked on for several
years are to be published in American Libraries and
College and Research Libraries News, as drafts for
comments before final acceptance and publication.
The statements are on appraisal of gifts, legal title,
accessibility, non-commercial photocopying of
manuscript materials, and commercial reproduction
of manuscript collections and archival records.
New committee chairmen are: Richard Ploch, Uni-
versity of Arizona, Committee on Education of Rare
Book, Manuscript, and Special Collection Librarians;
Clyde C. Walton, Northern Illinois University, Manu-
scripts Collections Committee; and Vesta Lee Gor-
don, University of Virginia, Program Committee for
the 25th annual conference of the section to be held
in Charlottesville on July 15-17. 1974.
A panel discussion Monday afternoon on "Access
Denied? The Use of Manuscript Materials Assembled
to Support the Publication of the Collected Works
of...." was moderated by Clyde C. Walton, North-
ern Illinois iUniversity. The panel members discussed
the problem from three positions, first as the editor
of a "collected works" project, second as the histo-
rian, who wants to see everything on his subject that
is conveniently gathered in one place and does not
want to wait years or decades for the edited publica-
tion, and third, the manuscript curator or archivist of
the repository housing the project.
John Y. Simon, Southern Illinois University and
editor of The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, spoke for
editors; William McFeeley, Mt. Holyoke College, writ-
ing on U.S. Grant, presented the historian-research
point of view; and Herman Kahn, Yale University
(whose paper was read by Mr. Walton) outlined the
prevailing situation in most collected-works projects,
i.e., the editor has very little space in which to work;
a great deal of time and energy is involved in accumu-
lating and arranging the papers and their is no staff to
pull and refile papers; and the material is solicited
with the agreement that it is to be used for a defini-
tive edition. Mr. Kahn's paper concluded with the
point that it would be easier to satisfy all concerned
persons if a sufficient sum of money were at hand to
(I) have a large enough work space to accommodate
researchers, with staff to assist them, (2) obtain an
extra copy of the material for research use; and
(3) include with the agreement to copy for the defini-
tive edition the authorization to make a copy avail-
able to researchers.

The three concluded that editors, historians, and
archivists should work together and be civil to each
other but, in their prepared talks and in the questions
and answers afterwards, no standard procedure was
agreed upon. [Arline Custer]

The annual program meeting of the American
Library History Round Table was held on Monday
afternoon. Designed to focus attention on the up-
coming centennial of the American Library Associa-
tion, the program consisted of two papers: "The
Library of Congress and the American Library Associ-
ation, 1876-1901," presented by John Y. Cole of the
Reference Department, Library of Congress; and
"Charles Ammi Cutter, Melvil Dewey, and the Ameri-
can Library Association," by Francis Kiksa of the
School of Library Science, Louisiana State Univer-
sity. Both authors also provided, as handouts, brief
essays on manuscript sources for the study of Ameri-
can library history.
Chairman Michael Harris of the University of Ken-
tucky introduced the newly-elected Round Table
officers as Russell Bidlack, School of Library Science,
University of Michigan, Chairman; and Laurel Grot-
zinger, School of Librarianship, Western Michigan
University, Secretary-Treasurer. [John Y. Cole]

"Drafting, Enacting, and Enforcing State Docu-
ments Depository Laws" was the subject of a panel
discussion at the program meeting of the Government
Documents Round Table State Documents Task
Force on Tuesday. Bob Carmack, Director of Librar-
ies at the University of South Dakota, described the
effort in his State to obtain such legislation; the
report issued by the Study Commission established
by the State legislature in early 1972 is now awaiting
action by the Legislative Council. The former director
of the Nebraska Publications Clearinghouse, Nebraska
Library Commission, Dallas Shaffer, described her
efforts to gather information on the need for a new
depository law in Nebraska by polling librarians
throughout the State, sending questionnaires to agen-
cies in other States concerning their practices in
publishing and distributing documents, determining
the amount of money spent each year by the State
for printing and publishing, and examining the mail-
ing lists maintained by the various government offices
and agencies. A depository bill drafted by the State
bill-drafting service was passed by the legislature with
the support of various groups, both within and


July 20, 1973

outside the State government. The entire effort in
Nebraska encompassed a period of one year.
Margaret T. Lane, Recorder of Documents for the
State of Louisiana, said it was more appropriate to
speak of "implementing" the depository laws, rather
than "enforcing" them, for the State agencies
respond notably better to efforts to persuade them to
cooperate than they would to attempt to compel
their adherence to the law. "Get first the documents
you know about," she said, "send out requests for
regularly published items at the proper times, collect
information from newspapers and reports about new
publications, and send your checklist to cooperating
agencies as a thank-you for the documents they
Miss Shaffer, 1972-1973 task force coordinator,
announced the results of the election of officers for
the coming year: Coordinator, Candace Morgan,
Reference Coordinator of the Illinois State Library,
Springfield; Liaison to the Clearinghouse, Beverly
Railsback, New Jersey State Library, Trenton; and
Secretary, Lois Mills, Western Illinois University,
Norman Barbee of the U.S. Government Printing
Office was the featured speaker at the Tuesday even-
ing meeting of the Federal Documents Task Force.
Mr. Barbee replied in detail to a list of suggested
improvements in the GPO's procedures and services
which the task force had previously submitted. Note-
worthy in his report was the launching of a requesting
program by the Public Documents Department to
obtain as many non-GPO publications as possible for
listing in the Monthly Catalog of U.S. Government
Publications. The Acting Superintendent of Docu-
ments has increased the number of visits he makes
each year to inspect depository libraries, and the new
Public Printer, Thomas F. McCormick, endorsed in a
recent interview the idea of Federal support for these
libraries. Mr. Barbee also reported that GPO is work-
ing on the automation of the Monthly Catalog and
hopes to have a machine-produced catalog within a
year. Various improvements, including more frequent
cumulations, will then be possible.
Philip Van De Voorde, documents librarian at Iowa
State University, is the new coordinator of the task
force. Elected as secretary was Leroy C. Schwartz-
kopf, University of Maryland. Chosen to serve as liai-
son officer was Arne Richards, Kansas State
University Library, Manhattan.
Susan B. Smith and Daniel W. Lester, members of
the faculty at Mankato State College in Minnesota,
spoke to the Municipal Documents Task Force on

Wednesday about "The Development of an Auto-
mated Book Catalog for the State and Urban Publica-
tions Collection at Mankato State College." The
catalogs which were developed as the result of their
project have given a high degree of usefulness to an
important collection which was formerly not exploit-
able because of its unorganized state. Printed copies
of the subject catalog and the geographical list may
be purchased from the college's Urban Studies Insti-
The discussion which followed emphasized the
great importance and usefulness of the documenta-
tion produced by local governmental bodies, and
stressed the need for increased efforts by librarians in
local libraries to collect, preserve, and service these
publications. The task force expressed its intention to
give further study to this problem, and to encourage
all efforts to bring these materials under more effec-
tive control. The Midwinter program of the task force
will feature the topic, "Building Collections of Munic-
ipal Documents."
Dorothy Kaufman, of the Bureau of the Census,
announced that the Bureau was transferring its hold-
ings of older municipal documents to the Institute of
Governmental Studies at the University of California
at Berkeley.
William T. Smith, of the National League of Cities
and the U.S. Conference of Mayors in Washington,
D.C., was reelected coordinator of the task force.
Marilyn Lester, of Mankato State College, will serve
as secretary. [Nathan R. Einhorn]
Attendees at the luncheon meeting of the Round
Table, held at Caesar's Palace on Thursday heard
three interesting speakers discuss access to informa-
tion in the Federal Government. Ronald Plesser,
director of the Press Information Center and attorney
associated with Ralph Nader, described the operation
of the Freedom of Information Act since it went into
effect in 1967. He outlined briefly the provisions of
the act, which require agencies to publish certain
reports, to provide indexes to unpublished documents
and memoranda, and to make available to any person
all requested information except that covered by the
nine exempted categories. He noted that although
high costs prevent cases from coming before the
courts, the Government has lost approximately 60
percent of the litigations.
William G. Phillips, staff director of the Subcom-
mittee on Foreign Operations and Government Infor-
mation, analyzed the recent House Report 92-1419,
"Administration of the Freedom of Information
Act." This report recommends to executive agencies



LC Information Bulletin

five steps to improve the administration of the law
including better record-keeping, prompter responses
to inquiries, more uniform fees for searching and
copying documents, publication of pamphlets inform-
ing the public of their rights under the law, and
greater involvement of public information officers
and similar agency personnel in policy decisions
regarding release of information. Incorporated into
H.R. 5425. now before the Subcommittee, are the
recommendations of the report for legislative
improvements which include eliminating loopholes in
the exempted categories of information, requiring
agencies to respond to requests for information in 10
days, requiring better indexing of agency records, and
providing for compensation of court costs whenever
the Government does not prevail in litigated cases.
His comments about the opposition of Federal agen-
cies to the proposed legislation prompted Elsa Free-
man, Director of the Library, Department of Housing
and Urban Development, to point out during the
question period that the legislation as drafted would
present many difficulties of interpretation and imple-
mentation to Federal agencies.
The concluding speaker was Carol Baker, research
associate, Twentieth Century Fund. She spoke about
access to classified documents, describing in detail the
procedures by which Federal documents are declassi-
fied. She mentioned the two Executive orders
intended to increase the scholar's access to classified
materials, but questioned their efficacy in facilitating
dissemination of important information. The official
histories issued by the State and Defense Depart-
ments make available some of the content of classi-
fied or recently declassified documents, but do not
provide the scholar with the primary source material
he would prefer. In response to her observation that
the effect of the 30-year automatic declassification
calendar required by President Nixon's Executive
Order will not be known until the year 2002, W. C.
Phillips called attention to another bill under Sub-
committee consideration which will give Congress
oversight over security classification of Government
documents. [Elizabeth L. Tate]

The RASD/RTSD/ASLA Interdivisional Committee
on Public Documents held a joint meeting on June 27
with its Census Subcommittee. which had been estab-
lished to make known to the Bureau of the Census
the needs of librarians throughout the country for
census data in various formats. Representatives of the

Bureau were present and joined in the lively presenta-
tion, making many useful suggestions to facilitate
obtaining data from the census tapes and printed
reports issued by the Bureau. Many of the questions
considered were lengthy and complex, and it was
emphasized that any librarian who experiences diffi-
culty in exploiting the great body of data which has
come out of the 1970 census should communicate
with the Bureau in writing.
The committee reviewed the latest developments in
the field of documentation, including recent changes
at the Government Printing Office, and expressed its
intention to continue its close monitoring of pro-
grams for producing documents in microform. It also
endorsed the plans for a continued study of possible
improvements in the depository library system in this
country. [Nathan R. Einhon]

James R. Hunt, President of the Association of
State Library Agencies, convened the annual member-
ship meeting of the association on Monday morning.
With the assistance of several other members, Mr.
Hunt described the critical situation facing State
agencies because of the changes in the Federal
financial-aid program for libraries, and the steps taken
by the ASLA to meet the emergency. An ad hoc
committee authorized to act on behalf of the associa-
tion has met several times in Washington with legisla-
tors, seeking continued aid from the National
Government. The association also expressed its
opposition to the regionalization of the activities of
the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Wel-
The meeting was opened for discussion by a re-
minder to the members of the role that must be
played by each ASLA member to obtain needed
Federal money for libraries, as well as the future role
of the association.
The new ASLA President is W. Lyle Eberhart of the
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Division
for Library Service. Incoming members-at-large are
Katherine Ard, Texas State Library, Austin; C. Edwin
Dowlin, New Mexico State Library, Santa Fe; Ester
M. Henke, Oklahoma Department of Libraries, Okla-
homa City; and Helen M. Miller, Idaho State Library,
Boise. An election will be held soon to fill the office
of vice president and president-elect; the candidates
are David Palmer of the New Jersey State Library and
William de John of the Missouri State Library.
[Nathan R. Einhorn]

A-1 12

July 20, 1973

S John Finzi, Chairman-elect of the Federal Librar-
ians Round Table, opened the Monday meeting of the
S group by introducing Patricia Berger, Head of the
General Reference Branch at the U.S. Patent Office
Scientific Library. Mrs. Berger discussed the develop-
ment of a tool designed to assist Federal librarians in
reacting to disestablishment and organizational
"Guidelines for Redistribution of Federal Library
Resources and Collections" was developed, said Mrs.
S Berger, to assist decision-making by librarians not
familiar with appropriate policies and mechanisms. A
group of Catholic University graduate students under
Mrs. Berger's direction, developed the guidelines.
First, the United States Code and the Code of
Federal Regulations were searched to determine legal
restraints and options. Next, administrative librarians
r within the Army, Navy and Air Force were contacted
and solicited for copies of existing guidelines. Finally,
interviews with 63 Federal library managers were con-
ducted to obtain information regarding the relative
permanence of libraries, the history of "mission
shifts" within agencies, the history of the founding of
libraries, and existing library programs for the ex-
change, transfer, or donation of all or parts of the
collection. The substantive document that resulted
will be distributed as a supplement to the July FLC
Following Mrs. Berger's presentation Mr. Finzi
introduced Stanley J. Bougas, Chairman of FLIRT,
i who briefly summarized recent activity and an-
nounced officers elected for 1973/1974. Joseph
Price, National Serials Data Program, Library of Con-
gress, will serve as Chairman-elect and Barbara Ivy,
U.S. Air Force Academy, will replace Michael Cos-
tello of Picatinny Arsenal as Secretary.
Mr. Bougas then turned the meeting over officially
to Mr. Finzi. Mr. Finzi indicated he would direct
attention to the development of a substantive pro-
gram, expand FLIRT Newsletter reporting, and
attempt to broaden the FLIRT membership base.
[Frank Kurt Cylke]

The business and program meeting of the History
Section, Reference and Adult Services Division, was
presided over by the chairman, James Gregory, New
York Historical Society. The program topic, "The
Local Library and the Bicentennial of the American
S Revolution," was admirably covered by the speaker,
Richard P. McCormick, Chairman of the History

Department at Rutgers University and a member of
the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission.
Professor McCormick stated that Americans are prone
to historical reminiscence and to celebrations of any
local or national anniversaries but that we are still
doing it unprofessionally the current one being no
exception. The Congressional act to commemorate
the American Revolution was passed in July 1966 but
the Commission has experienced inadequate financ-
ing, no lasting agreement on a program, and currently
has no members because the President has made no
appointments since he accepted all their resignations
at the beginning of his second term.
However, three major goals are rather well estab-
lished: (1) Heritage-historical and commemorative
aspects, (2) Festivals-art and folk culture, and (3)
Horizons-look forward. The Commission urges States,
local communities, institutions, and Government
agencies to form their own programs based on these
goals. Mr. McCormick listed some of the programs
under way, such as the Library of Congress publica-
tion and symposia program, the Department of the
Interior plan for 21 parks and sites of Revolutionary
significance, and a proposal for the National Archives
to coordinate a National Historic Records Program.
Funding must be arranged independently but the
Commission can help with receipts from its sale of
special coins and stamps, and matching grants may be
available from State commissions and the National
Foundation on the Arts and Humanities. Mr. McCor-
mick warned that every library will be asked for
source material for a tremendous amount of activity
on programs. The American Revolution Bicentennial
Commission can answer questions, provide lists of
State Commissions, and mail a weekly newsletter
available on request from its headquarters at 736
Jackson Place N.W., Washington, D.C. 20076.
[Arline Custer]

On Thursday the International Relations Round
Table and the Government Documents Round Table
sponsored a meeting on the Acquisitions of Inter-
national Documents. Ralph W. Phillips of the Inter-
national Organizations Staff, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, described the publishing program of the
U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, distinguish-
ing between its publications and its documents. The
former are ordinarily priced and available through
specific commercial outlets. The latter are unpriced,
issued in limited quantities, and frequently difficult


B IlIl B B111116 IIIIII IIi tllll llll 1111111
3 1262 08493 8603

LC Informatim.

to obtain. Mr. Phillips noted that international publi-
cations and documents may be six to seven times
more expensive to produce than commercial publica-
tions because of the necessity of issuing them in three
or more languages.
The 126 member governments of FAO each receive
a specific number of sets of publications in accor-
dance with the population of the country and
amount contributed toward the support of FAO. In
addition to the national quota, certain depository
libraries are usually designated. Mr. Phillips spoke of
the transitory nature of the documents and briefly
described the current indexes to documents and
Edgar Johnson, Librarian of the School for Ad-
vanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity, described the difficulties of distributing
publications from the point of view of the organiza-
tion, citing the International Labor Organization as
an example. Mr. Johnson also commented on the
problems of users in locating documents, noting the
difficulty of access even in Washington, D.C., where
there are three depository libraries. The Library of
Congress distributes U.N. publications and documents
throughout its collections. The U.N. Information
Center retains only a limited set because of inade-
quate space, while the Brookings Institution not only
retains a limited set but also fails to publicize the
availability of the documents which it is required to
service. Mr. Johnson recommended that the Associa-
tion of International Libraries, based in Paris, be
designated an official distribution and service center
as a solution to these problems.
A third paper, prepared by Stephen Green, Assi-
tant Keeper in the British Museum's Department of
Printed Books, was summarized by Mina Pease, Chair-
man of the Government Documents Round Table.
Mr. Green's paper described acquisitions of inter-
national documents by the British Museum, past and
present. [Frank M. McGowan]

Edmond L. Applebaum, Assistant Director (Acqui-
sitions and Overseas Operations) of the Library of
Congress Processing Department, met with partici-
pants in the National Program for Acquisitions and

Cataloging on Tuesday morning. After a brief i
on the status of the program to date, the ae.mianc.'
devoted to a general working meeting in the
which participants discussed various, points of
the maintenance and scope of depository files,.
of new file procedures, variations in the ue
cataloging data, and related topics.
[Ndmmad L. Appkb:my

A semiannual meeting on Public Law 480piw A
held Wednesday was attended by approx t4im e
individuals representing 16 member heflilMg ....
Frank M. McGowan, Chief of the Libriy't O W rI a
Operations Division, reported on eveoa of thtf l .I 1
months in various overseas centers, inclisiu,*
Regional Acquisitions Program for Saotheluat Af .
based in Jakarta. h i
Mr. McGowan noted that the tL-480 A ofMie I iaM
Aviv closed in May for lack of Auds, and atl i. .
office in Belgrade was expected to qol in ap
the same reason. He reported on a re@enth.lyo"wpm 'J
study by the Association of Reseawh Li ii ,.!ii
Foreign Acquisitions Committee on the p~ire ..iii i
Middle Eastern materials by PL.480 redCipau:pl;iL:
study will continue with an academic oen"augi~ x+i,:,
determine the numbers of students. and' feul~t ...
use these materials,. and will eventually be-soisi||||
with a survey of non4PL4a lib *ie .te: tVo .ll
their needs and activities with the P OlQ 40 ili i
tutians. .i
Michael J. Costin, Assistant PFild Diector o .i' lllliP
PL480 office in New Delhi, reported on pro. '-l
associated with implementation of the new i
selection criteria for the South Asia Prwgam.4 ":iil
representatives of participating inmsti a utieoan.It 4.i':
mented on their satisfaction with the new siafs.P ::
ment, and two representatives stressed the iAWE
tance of comprehensive coverage to theiq i R u
and research programs. Mr. McGowan spoki o Wt
on the Library's decision to discontinue a mulle ii
copy acquisitions programs for Bangladesh puhla -l .
tions and noted that the new arrangements tri .
acquiring publications from Sri Lanka would, own
tinue the previous PL-480 program without i-tiM-
ruption. [FMak M. McG.waCM


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