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Vol. 40, No. 3
January 16, 1981
OliverJensen Named Chief of
Prints and Photographs Division
Librarian of Congress Daniel J. Boorstin has appointed historian,
journalist, and editor Oliver O. Jensen to be chief of the Prints and
Photographs Division, effective March 2. Mfr. Jensen is well known to
the staff of the Library of Congress as a reader and researcher.
Background work on several of his books was done at the Library, and
his most recent publication, America's Yesterdays (American Heritage
Publishing Co., 1978), was composed entirely of photographs from
the collections of the division.
As chief of the Prints and Photographs Division, Mr.Jensen will be
the principal administrative officer of the unit of the Library of
Congress having custody of still pictorial materials in every medium.
Among the nearly 10 million items in the division are etchings,
lithographs, woodcuts and other prints, photographic negatives and
positives, posters, drawings, and materials for the study of American
architectural history. The division is responsible for the organization,
description, and cataloging of its collections and for the provision of
reference service in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room.
Mr. Jensen was born in 1917 in Ithaca, N.Y., where his father was a
professor of English at Cornell University. A graduate of Phillips
Academy, Andover, and Yale University, Mr.Jensen became assistant
managing editor ofJudge in 1938 after a brief career in advertising. He
was a writer for Benton and Bowles in 1939-40 and writer and editor
for Life magazine from 1940 to 1950. In 1950, he helped found the
publishing firm of Thorndike, Jensen and Parton and in 1954 became
managing editor of American Heritage. From 1959 through 1976, he was
editor of the magazine. He was also editorial director of Horizon maga-
zine from 1963 to 1966. He retired from the active editorship of
American Heritage in 1977 and became a consultant to the company-a
post he has retained until his appointment to the Library.
Mr.Jensen has written a number of books and has been a pioneer in
the use of pictorial materials as primary historical documents. His
Also in This Issue...
Library Announces Plans for
National Union Catalog ... 35-36
Legare H. B. Obear, Former
Chief of Loan Division,
Dies ................... 32-33
Concert Programs Announced
forJanuary 23,30 ....... 31-32
Bookbinding Is Subject of
February 12 American
Program .............. 30-31
Three Conferences Are
Reported ................ 33
LC Information Bulletin
Oliver O. Jensen
first published book was Carrier War: The Story of Task
Force 58 of the U.S. Pacific Fleet (Simon and Schuster,
1945), which grew out of his experience in the U.S.
Naval Reserve from 1942 to 1945. His other books
include The Revolt of American Women (Harcourt,
Brace, 1952), A College Album (American Heritage,
1974), The American Heritage History of Railroads in
America (1975), and-as coauthor-American Album
(American Heritage, 1968). He was editorial director
of the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Lan-
guage (1969), and has contributed articles to many
periodicals, includingHarper's and theNew York Times.
,P -. P V
The Library of Congress Information Bulletin is issued weekly
by the Library of Congress and distributed free of charge
to publicly supported libraries and research institutions,
academic libraries, learned societies, and allied organizations
in the United States.
Comparable institutions and organizations in other coun-
tries may arrange to receive the Bulletin on the exchange
basis by applying in writing to the Library's Exchange and
Gift Division. All other correspondence should be addressed
to the LC Infomnation Bulletin, Information Office, Library of
Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
Mr. Jensen has served as a member of the council
of the American Association of State and Local His-
tory, a trustee of the American Scenic and Historic
Preservation Society, a director of the Society of
American Historians, and he is a member of the
American Antiquarian Society. He was awarded the
James Gordon Bennett Prize at Yale in 1936 and
served on the Andover Alumni Council from 1962 to
1965. A confirmed railroad buff, Mr. Jensen is chair-
man of the Valley Railroad Company, a steam line
near his home in Connecticut, where he has been
residing with his wife, the former Alison Pfeiffer
Bookbinding Is Subject of
February 12 Folklife Program
The American Folklife Center, in association with
the Preservation Office of the Library of Congress,
will present a workshop on the traditional craft of
bookbindings on Thursday, February 12, as part of
the center's winter program. Leading the workshop
will be two rare book conservators from the Library's
Restoration Office, Robert Espinosa and Thomas C.
Albro II. The two-hour presentation, which will
begin at 12 noon in the Whittall Pavilion of the Li-
brary of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, will
be complemented by a display of hand-bound books.
The public is invited to attend.
The earliest extant Western books or codices were
made during the first six centuries of the Christian
era in the monasteries of the Coptic Church in Egypt.
In America, hand bookbinding appeared in the early
17th century, primarily in Boston, Philadelphia, and
New York. By the latter part of the 19th century, with
the mechanization of the binding process, the num-
ber of practicing American craftsmen declined, and
the craft survived only in a handful of trade binderies
and through the efforts of a few gifted amateurs.
In the last two decades, the craft has enjoyed a
revitalization related to the widespread renewal of
interest in crafts generally. This interest notwith-
standing, hand bookbinding has remained relatively
obscure compared to other traditional crafts. The
long time necessary to learn the skills, the limited
opportunities for instruction, and the need for spe-
cialized equipment and supplies are responsible for
this obscurity. In all, each binding involves at least 40
skilled operations. The craft is a difficult one to mas-
ter because it requires both precise workmanship and
knowledge of the inherent characteristics of all the
materials used in each step.
Currently the work of hand bookbinders falls into
three categories: traditional hand binding practiced
January 16, 1981
by the few trade binderies, the design and execution
of original bindings by individual book artisans, and
the conservation of rare books by book conservators.
Each of these categories employs similar processes,
and each type of work has contributed to the growth
of the others. It is primarily because of this inter-
change that the profession today has been infused
with new creative energy.
Future events in the center's winter program series
include a screening of the film On the Spring Ice on
Thursday, March 12, and a workshop on the art of
decorating Easter eggs on Thursday, April 2.
The American Folklife Center in the Library of
Congress engages in the preservation, presentation,
and dissemination of American folk cultural tradi-
tions. Established in 1976, the center contributes to
the cultural planning and programming of the Li-
brary, the Federal Go\ernment, and the nation.
Flutist and Guitarist,
Aeolian Chamber Players
To Perform onJanuary 23,30
Flutist Carol Wincenc and guitarist Liona Boyd will
perform in the Library's Coolidge Auditorium on
Friday, January 23, at 8 p.m. The program is spon-
sored by the Boris and Sonya Kroyt Memorial Fund,
established in 1980 to support concerts featuring the
talents of gifted but not yet widely recognized cham-
ber musicians. The Aeolian Chamber Players will
appear in the Coolidge Auditorium on Friday eve-
ning. January 30. at 8 o'clock in a concert sponsored
by the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation.
Carol \Vincenc. winner of the first prize in the 1978
Naumburg Flute Competition, has performed ex-
tensively as soloist, chamber artist, and orchestral
musician. She was principal and solo flutist with the
St. Paul Chamber Orchestra for five years and was
also principal flutist at the summer music festivals in
Marlboro. Vt., and Aspen, Colo. She has performed
solo recitals at the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
Alice Tullv Hall. and the Frick Collection, and she
has toured with the Brandenburg Ensemble directed
by Alexander Schneider, Tashi, and Music from
Marlboro. This winter she will perform with the
Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center and with
Emanuel Ax in Lincoln Center's "Great Performers
Liona Bovd, a native of England, has spent most of
her life in Canada and has traveled throughout the
world playing the classical guitar. Her study of the
instrument began at age 14 with Eli Kassner in
Toronto and subsequent teachers were Julian
Bream, Narciso Yepes, Alirio Diaz, and Alexandre
Lagoya. She graduated with honors from the Uni-
versity of Toronto in 1972, and in the same year she
placed first for guitar in the Canadian National
Music Competition. Later, she received Canada's
Juno Award for Instrumental Artist of the Year. Her
performing career has brought her invitations to
play for the Prime Minister of Canada, Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II, the Prime Minister of England,
and the Chancellor of Germany. In addition to her
solo appearances, Miss Boyd often tours with Gor-
don Lightfoot and has recently made a record with
Chet Atkins. She has appeared on television's
"Today" show and the Mike Douglas Show."
The concert of flute and guitar music on January
23 will include works for both instruments by Georg
Friedrich Handel, Emile Desportes, Mauro
Giuliani, and Jacques Ibert; works for solo flute by
Paul Hindemith and Edgar Varese; and works for
solo guitar by Fernando Sor, Erik Satie, Emilio Pujol,
Federico Moreno Torroba, and Francisco Tarrega.
On January 30, the Aeolian Chamber Players will
perform a program that will include Debussy's Pre-
miere Rhapsodie for clarinet and piano, the Trio in C
minor for piano, violin, and violoncello, Op. 101 by
Brahms, Gunther Schuller's Sonata Serenata written
in 1978 for the Aeolian Chamber Players, and
Bart6k's Contrasts for violin, clarinet, and piano.
The members of the Aeolian Chamber Players are
violinist Lewis Kaplan, cellist Jennifer Langham,
clarinetist David Singer, and pianist Peter Basquin.
The ensemble was brought together in 1961 by Lewis
Kaplan to perform the rich chamber music reper-
toire for the mixed timbres of strings and winds. The
artists have developed an extensive repertoire of
both traditional and contemporary works. Such emi-
nent composers as Luciano Berio, George Rochberg,
Morton Subotnick, and George Crumb have com-
posed works especially for the Aeolian Chamber
Players; and their recording of Crumb's The Voice of
the Whale has received much acclaim. The Aeolian
Chamber Players tour throughout the United States
and Europe, and in the summers they are in resi-
dence at the Bowdoin College Summer Music School
in Brunswick, Maine. In the fall of 1981, the group
will celebrate its 20th anniversary with a series of
three concerts in New York City, featuring premieres
of several newly commissioned works.
Tickets for both concerts will be distributed at the
Patrick Hayes box office. 1330 G St. N.W. (Jordan-
Kitt's), beginning at 8:30 a.m. on the Monday before
the concert. Two tickets will be distributed per per-
son for each concert with a service charge of 25 cents
on each ticket.
Both concerts will be broadcast live by radio station
WETA-FM and made available to stations in other
LC Information Bulletin
cities by the Katie and Walter Louchheim Fund in the
Library of Congress.
Legare H. B. Obear Dies
Former Chief of the Library's Loan Division
Legare Hill Bowles Obear, 67, died at the home of
his brother in Vienna, Va., on Sunday, January 4. A
memorial service was held on Wednesday,January 7,
at the Church of the Reformation on Capitol Hill.
Born in MiNdison, Ga., Mr. Obear lived most of his
life on Capitol Hill and was employed at the Library
for over 40 years. He joined the Library staff in 1930
as a student messenger after graduation from
Eastern High School and ended his long and dis-
tinguished career as chief of the Loan Division in
1976. To his Library career, he added several years
of military service during World War II.
While employed as a messenger and later as a deck
attendant in the Main Reading Room, he pursued
formal training at George Washington University,
earning the A.B. degree in 1938 and the LL.B.
degree in 1941. During 1941 and 1942, Mr. Obear
served as assistant to Verner Clapp, then administra-
tive assistant to Librarian of Congress Archibald
MacLeish. In this post, he made himself valuable to
the Library in a combination of administrative and
public relations responsibilities. One such assign-
ment was serving in the Library's Office of Informa-
tion before leaving the Library during World War II.
Mr. Obear served with the armed forces of the
United States from 1942 until 1946. Inducted as a
private, he ended his.active service after having risen
to captain in the Adjutant General's Department of
the U.S. Army. His military records attest to the
distinction of his service in several important military
assignments. He was promoted to major in the U.S.
Army Reserve in 1954.
On his return to the Library in 1946, he filled a
number of jobs with unusual skill and success. He
served as administrative assistant in the Acquisitions
Department from 1946 to 1947, assistant chief of the
Surplus Books for Veterans Project from 1947 to
1948, head of the Cooperative Acquisitions Project
from 1948 to 1949, and administrative officer of the
Reference Department from 1949 to 1950. He re-
ceived a superior accomplishment award for his work
in the acquisition assignments in 1949.
Mr. Obear was named chief of the Loan Division in
December 1950. In the early 1950s, he was released
from division duties by the Library for temporary
short tours of duty to serve as attorney advisor for the
Loyalty Board and for other duty with the Casualty
Branch of the Adjutant General's Office.
Thi photograph of AMr. Obear (on the left) with the former head of the
Reference Department, Paul L. Berry, was taken at a retirement reception
in Mr. Obear's honor in the Whittall Pavilion in March 1976.
For a quarter of a century, Mr. Obear directed the
loan services of the Library with undivided dedica-
tion and attention, always striving for quality service
to the Congress and to the Library's other patrons.
His contributions to the local and national library
communities were recorded through his continuing
active membership in interlibrary committee work
for the American Library Associaton, through active
participation in the Special Libraries Association in
the 1950s, and through his service as president of the
District of Columbia Library Association from 1954
Unlike the old soldiers who faded away, Legare
Obear brought to his retirement the qualities of suav-
ity, dignity, and dedication. His helpfulness and
sense of humor will be missed by his many friends in
the library world, including many present and re-
tired staff members of the Library and many others
in the neighborhood community of Capitol Hill.
His survivors include his sister, Julia Mayer of
Hillsborough, Calif.; a brother and sister-in-law,
Gray and Margaret Obear of Vienna, Va.; and two
nieces, Dr. Margaret Obear of Vienna and Lee Isa-
dore of Great Falls, Va.
Persons wishing to make a contribution in MNr.
Obear's memory might do so to the Library's
Constance McLaughlin Green Fund. The fund,
which Mr. Obear was instrumental in establishing in
1977 in memory of the Washington author and his-
torian who was his good friend, has been used for the
purchase or production of publications and other
January 16. 1981
Library Christmas Festivities
In spite of the freak ice storm which hit
the Washington area that morning, some
100 retired staff members braved the
hazardous conditions to attend a special
reception in their honor and participate
in the annual carol sing on December 23.
Greeting the honored guests was
Deputy Librarian William J. Welsh, who
said he was overwhelmed by the re-
sponse, especially in light of the prevail-
ing weather. Later in his remarks, Mr.
Welsh commented on the recent publica-
tion of Treasures of the Library of Congress,
which was written by retiree Charles
Goodrum, who Mr. Welsh said has be-
come "one of our greatest treasures."
After a tour of the Madison Building, Staff members and their families gather in the Great Hall
for the annual carol sing during which the W'RA Choral
Society (far left) and the Copyright Chorale (ar nght) sang
Photo b' ( al ( i,,ia
Deputy Librarian William Welsh (far left) welcomes retirees
during a reception in their honor.
Photo b% l)Da d IN,- le
Santa Claus passes out candy canes dunng a surprise
visit from the North Pole.
Photo b% G(ll (.islnd
the former staff members joined Library em-
ployees in the Great Hall for the annual carol sing
sponsored by the Welfare and Recreation Associa-
tion. Beneath the brightly illuminated Christmas tree
surrounded by pink, white, and red poinsettias, staff
and family sang traditional carols. Special perform-
ances were given by both the Copyright Chorale un-
der the direction of Joseph Miranda and the WRA
Choral Society, directed and accompanied by John
Following the introduction of the 1981 WRA
president Charles Jackson by outgoing presi-
dent Diane Dixson, Mr. Welsh offered holiday ..
LC Information Bulletin
Affirmative Action Activities
Over 300 staff members interested in careers as
attorney, computer specialist, copyright specialist, li-
brarian, social science analyst, or technical informa-
tion specialist attended the Job Information Fair on
November 21. Employees had the opportunity to talk
to professionals in those positions and be counseled
on the best way to make a change in their careers.
The three-hour walk-through fair also offered litera-
ture on career planning in general and on planning
Administrative officer Eric Reid (far left) gives advice on
Copyright Office positions.
. -, .
Staff training and
Hutchinson explains the
development specialist Olliver
basic education requirementsfor
Employee development officer Sylvia Martin (far right)
looks on as staff members sign in at the job fair.
The Women's Program Advisory Committee
sponsored a two-hour workshop entitled "It's Your
Career-Take Charge!" on December 8 in the
James Madison Memorial Building. The session was
led by personnel specialist Johari Rashad from the
Office of Personnel Management. She discussed
long-range career strategies and development of in-
dividual interests and potential. Participants were
shown how to create an individual de\ elopment plan
and were also briefed on the best way to complete
employment applications, the concept of network-
ing, and the use of other career resources.
Although more than 250 Library of Congress staff
members had been nominated by their supervisors
to attend the program, only the first 50 applicants
could be accommodated in the workshop. The
Women's Program hopes to work with the Staff
Training and Development Office to insure that the
needs of the other nominees are addressed.
January 16, 1981
connected with the Career Bridges and Affirmative
Action Fellowship programs. The fair, conducted by
the Affirmative Action Office with the assistance of
the Staff Training and Development Office, was held
in the Assembly Room of the Madison Building. For
additional information about these programs, staff
members should call the Affirmative Action Office
on ext. 75479.
Affirmative action coordinator Eugene Walton makes a
point to an attentive staff member.
Staff members at the Recruitment and Placement Ojjice
table seek advice at the job fair.
positions in the series in which minorities are under-
All photographs on these pages were taken by staff photographer Tom
Knight at the job information fair.
John Hass, referral specialist in the National Referral
Center (far right), discusses qualifications necessary for a
social science analyst.
LC Information Bulletin
Elaine and Michael Albin have announced the
birth of their second child, Matthew Stephen, born
December 1 at the Fairfax Hospital in Virginia. Mr.
Albin is the field director of the Library of Congress
in Cairo, Egypt, and is currently assigned to the
Overseas Operations Division as acting assistant
Appointments: Monique Austin, technical infor-
mation specialist, GS-7, CRS S, 00715; Annette
Billiups, secretary. GS-5, CDS, 00734; Tefera Dark.
correspondence & information assistant (trainee).
GS-4, Cop Inf & Ref, 00697; Wendy Kehi, research
analyst (trainee), GS-5, FRD, 00395; Patricia
Kimball, special police officer (private), SP-7, Bldgs,
00694; Shelvie Tayman, senior clerk-typist, GS-4,
Cop Inf & Ref, 00826; Jeannette Tisdale, research
analyst, GS-5, FRD, 00504; Lynn Wheeler, periph-
eral equipment operator, GS-5, Sci, 00778.
Temporary Appointments: Llarna Burnett, deck
attendant (trainee), GS-2, Col Mgmt, GI 13A;
Jacquelyn Dozier, library aid, GS-1, CRS C, 00659;
Robert J. Eberly, Jr., warehouseman, WG-4, P&S,
NP; Grady Evans, library aid, GS-1, CRS C, 00659;
Todd Forsythe, reference clerk, GS-3, CRS EPW,
NP; Geoffrey Freeman, library aid, GS-3, Proc S/N/
AP, NP; Mark Johnson, deck attendant, GS-2, Col
Mgmt, GI13B; Mary Lyons, assistant laboratory
technician, GT-3, Photodup, 00811; Debra Middle-
ton, deck attendant, GS-3, Col Mgmt, G1 13B,Janine
Miller, library aid, GS-3, Desc Cat, NP; Sarah Ray,
deck attendant, GS-3, Col Mgmt, G113B; Anthony
Salm, library aid, GS-3, CIP, NP; Priscilla Scott, li-
brary aid, GS-1, CRS C, 00658; Delores Stachura,
clerk-typist, GS-5, ASO, NP; Ulysses Torassa, refer-
ence clerk, GS-3, CRS EPW, NP; David Tyner, refer-
ence assistant, GS-5, CRS E, 00703; Judith Tyson,
deck attendant, GS-3, Col Mgmt, G113B; Michael
Winter, deck attendant, GS-3, Col Mgmt, GI 13A.
Promotions: A. Renee Coe, to senior research as-
sistant, GS-7, CRS EPW, 00759; Michael Green,
CDS, to secretary to the head, Music Section, GS-5,
NLS/BPH, 00711; Barbara Maddox, Desc Cat, to
administrative assistant, GS-11, CDS, 00881; Helen
Talbert, to MARC monograph verifier, GS-7, MARC
Ed, 00836; Shirley Williams, Mss, to secretary to the
assistant chief. CRD, GS-6, CRS C, 00719.
Resignations: Ahmad Harper, Cat Mgmt; Marcel
Mayer, Col Dev; Paul Wilkinson, Photodup.
January 16, 1981
items relating to the Library's collections. Donors
should address their contributions to the Library of
Congress, Information Office, Washington, D.C.
20540 and indicate that the donation is for the Green
Fund. Checks should be made payable to the
"Library of Congress."
Three Conferences Reported
JLA Holds Annual Meeting
The 1980 annual conference of the Japan Library
Association (JLA), convened to consider the general
theme of "Think About Regional Culture and Librar-
ies," was held in Kagoshima in the southern island of
Kyushu on October 30-November 1 with some 3,000
delegates attending. The last time that Kagoshima was
host to the JLA conference was in 1927.
The opening ceremony at the Kagoshima Prefec-
tural Cultural Hall was presided over by Hitoshi
Kurihara, executive director of JLA. Welcoming
greetings by Kaname Kamada, governor of Kago-
shima Prefecture; Toshio Hamada, chair of the JLA
Board of Directors; and Yasuhide Yamanokuchi,
mayor of the City of Kagoshima, were followed by
congratulatory greetings of Tatsuo Tanaka, minister
of education; Minoru Kishida, librarian of the Na-
tional Diet Library; Motoharu Arima, member of the
House of Representatives, representing the Diet
Member League for the Book; and Peggy Sullivan,
president of the American Library Association. Miss
Sullivan's message, translated into Japanese, was
read by Andrew Y. Kuroda, field director of the
Library of Congress Office in Tokyo. The keynote
address was presented by Mr. Hamada, and, to con-
clude the first day's events, the conference lecture,
"For the Understanding of Culture: The East and
the West," was delivered by Hidemi Kon, recently
retired president of the Japan Foundation.
The next day the conference was divided into sev-
eral panels, meeting in eight different buildings in
downtown Kagoshima, on reading and the flow of
books, serving children, public libraries, services to
the physically handicapped, university libraries,
junior college libraries, freedom to read and ethics
tor librarians, the national library network, library
education for the Kyushu region, and research and
The conference, meeting in the plenary session on
the third day, received the reports of the panels.
After a presentation of folk songs by two artists from
the Amami Islands, the conference was closed at
noon with a brief ceremony. The 1981 annual con-
ference of JLA will meet at Urawa, Saitama Prefec-
ture. on October 29-31.
James G. Hardy O.B.E. (on the left) visited the Na-
tional Library Service for the Blind and Ph)Yicl'il)
Handicapped following his participation as skipper r of
"Australia" in the 24th challengefor the America's Cup
12-meter yacht match race held off Newport, R.I. It.
Hardy, in his capacity as vice president of the Royal
Blind Society of New South Wales, talked with Henry
Paris (center), chief, Materials Development Divison,
and Frank Kurt Cylke (right), director of NLS/BPH,
about current technological developments. They directed
their attention to the prototype combination record
player/cassette machine under development by NLSi
BPH. The Royal Society recently adopted current Li-
brary of Congress cassette technology and is oi ,idi ri,'g
possible future refinements.
This reporter then flew to Okinawa and on
November 4 addressed some 50 faculty members
and librarians of four universities and government
libraries on "The Library of Congress: Its Systems
and Services." [Andrew Y. i. roda]
AAASS Holds 12th Convention
The 12th National Convention of the American
Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies
(AAASS) was held in Philadelphia, Pa., on November
5-8. The convention, organized in 129 p.mltc. was
attended by approximately 750 registered partici-
pants. Although the majority of themes of the papers
and discussions dealt with Russia and the Soviet
Union, the other East European countries and East-
ern Europe as a whole were well repi esetmed
Participants from the Library of Congress in-
cluded John P. Hardt, Congressional Research
Service, who was a discussant on the panel, "Impact
LC Information Bulletin
of the World Economic Turmoil in Eastern Europe,"
and a participant in the round table, "The Scientific-
Technological Revolution and Soviet International
Behavior." Eugene Buck and Christopher Dodge of
the Congressional Research Service participated in
the panel on "Managing National Resources in the
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: Recent Develop-
ments," Mr. Buck speaking on "Aquaculture and
Bio-Oceanography" and Mr. Dodge on "Soviet
Oceans Resources Management." Three members of
the European Division were represented: David H.
Kraus, who presided at the workshop on library auto-
mation and reported on Slavic and East European
bibliographic activities at the Library of Congress to
the association's Bibliographic and Documentation
Committee. Janina W. Hoskins presented a paper,
"The Coronation of Henri de Valois as Polish King
(1574) in the Light of Contemporary (16th century)
Publications" at the Slavic Rare Books panel. Ruzica
Popovitch read a paper, "Surrealistic Elements in
Contemporary Serbian Novels," at a panel on sur-
realistic elements in contemporary Serbian literature
and art. The Federal Research Division was repre-
sented by Karl J. Crosby, Nancy Cochrane, and
Eugenia V. Osgood.
The invited speaker at the banquet was playwright
Arthur Miller, who related his personal experiences
to those of contemporary Czech writers. This year
the association's award in recognition of contribu-
tions to Slavic studies went toJohn C. Campbell of the
Council of Foreign Relations, who is the author of
numerous works on Eastern Europe.
[Janina W. Hoskins]
Conference on Indian Leader Reported
The 11th Annual Washington Conference on
Indian nationalist leader Subhas Chandra Bose was
held December 5-7 in Washington, D.C. Sponsored
by Subhas Society in cooperation with the Center for
Asian Studies, School of International Service of
American University, the conference in its inaugural
session included a keynote address by Ainslee
Embree of Columbia University and the showing of a
documentary film, The Flame Burns Bright, which
highlighted the political career of Bose.
The morning session on Saturday, chaired by Kurt
Leidecker, professor emeritus of Mary Washington
College, on the theme "Manifestations of Na-
tionalism in Early Administrations," offered presen-
tations by Marc Gilbert of Illinois State University
and James Wilson of the University of London. The
Ambassador of India, the Honorable K. R. Nara-
yanan, paid tribute to Netaji in this session.
The afternoon session was chaired by Charles
Heimsath of the American University. It dealt with
the subject, "Militant Nationalism and Armed Con-
flict: Impact and Assessment." The speakers were
Nirmal Sinha of Morgan State University, Geraldine
Forbes of the State University of New York, and
David Lockwood of the Congressional Research
Service of the Library of Congress. The final session
on Sunday morning was devoted to "National Free-
dom Movement and World War II: A Revisionist
Perspective." With Warren Richardson in the chair,
the panel participants were Wayne Lutton of South-
ern Illinois University, William Tuchrello of the
Library of Congress, and Agehananda Bharati of
Syracuse University. Walter Anderson of the Depart-
ment of State, M. Srinivas of New York University,
and Mark Weber, a scholar of European history,
acted as discussants. This reporter from the Library
of Congress chaired the conference. [Ranjan Borra]
January 16, 1981
Library of Congress Plans for the National Union Catalog
by Judith G. Schmidt, Technical Officer
In fulfillment of its responsibility as a national bib-
liographic agency, the Library of Congress has an-
nounced plans for the National Union Catalog to
broaden its efforts in the delivery of bibliographic
information. Many libraries still do not benefit from
the programs of the Library of Congress or of private
bibliographic agencies because location and subject
information available from these sources is either too
costly or is inaccessible for another reason.
One way in which the Library of Congress attempts
to meet this need is through its many book catalogs,
some of which fit the union catalog concept. In order
to unify its publishing program and to make efficient
use of its automation efforts, the Library intends to
publish the National Union Catalog in a register/index
format (see the LC Information Bulletin for June 17,
1977, p. 416-8). The coverage of the present NUC will
be expanded to include in a more detailed manner
many of the Library's other existing book catalog pro-
grams such as the Chinese Cooperative Catalog, the
Monthly Checklist of State Publications, New Serial Titles,
and the NationalRegister ofMicroform Masters, and to fill
the current language gaps.
The Library of Congress does plan to issue a ques-
tionnaire to a large sampling of libraries to identify the
market for this proposed publication, as well as the
forms in which it would be most useful. This question-
naire is now in the planning stage.
The master register portion of the new NUC will
contain a complete listing of full or minimal level
cataloging entries for all of the formats of materials to
be included in the NUC-books, serials, state publica-
tions, microforms, music, sound recordings, motion
pictures, and so forth. This master register will be
arranged in a random order by register number, a
number assigned automatically to each cataloging
record received for the NUC. A publishing savings
can be realized in this random-order publication of
the full bibliographic entries because they will not
have to be republished as with the present NUC and
The register could also be published in separate sets
for special materials, such as music or serials. A de-
termination about which separate sets should be
published will be made after the results of the NUC
questionnaire are known. Each separate set would be
arranged by the same principle as the master register.
The frequency of publication of the register and
any separate sets of registers is still under considera-
tion. The frequency will inevitably be tied, however, to
the frequency with which the indexes are published.
The brief entry indexes will be the only access to the
randomly arranged master register or any separate
sets created from the master register. The brief entries
will contain the register number which the user will
need in order to consult the register where the fuller
information could be found.
There will be separate indexes arranged by author
(to include main and added entries), title, series, and
subject. The LC/NUC card number index will be the
Register of Additional Locations. Varying amounts of
cataloging information will be given in the brief en-
tries in these indexes with the least information going
into the card number index. The data elements that
the Library plans to include in the body of the brief
entry for all, except card number, indexes are author,
uniform title, title, LC/NUC card number, master re-
gister number, LC call number, and date of publi-
It is anticipated that the brief entry itself will satisfy
the majority of queries, thus limiting double look-ups.
This should hold true in all but the LC/NUC card
number index, which will provide location informa-
tion for all formats of materials.
The published indexes will be continuously cumu-
lated and could be issued as frequently as monthly.
There are no plans for setting regular cut-off dates for
the cumulated indexes, such as every five years, but
this matter is being addressed. Of note is that different
indexes may be published at varying intervals.
There are, also, other indexing capabilities for ac-
cess to the NUC. These possibilities include, for exam-
ple, LC call number, ISBN, ISSN, Dewy number, and
language indexes. These could be made.available for
purchase in the same manner as the author, tite, and
other indexes. These same special indexes could also
be made available by special request. Each index
would be published for a customer on a one-time basis
for a one-time fee, using the Library's MARC Re-
triever which handles specific searches of the MARC
data base for customers. The customer can define the
parameters of the search with, for example, ranges of
LC Information Bulletin
call numbers or by any combination of access points,
codes, or data elements within the record. Any deci-
sions on this matter will be made subject to the results
of the questionnaire which will aid the Library of
Congress in assessing the potential market for such
The register and/or registers and indexes could be
made available in one or more than one display form
depending on the results of the questionnaire. The
display options available are 48x computer-output
microfiche, 16mm computer-output microfilm, and
paper copy. The continuously cumulated brief entry
indexes and the register appear to be suitable candi-
dates for all three forms.
It should be recognized that to go to total paper
copy, with its additional inherent publication delays,
for both register and index, would put the NUC in
the thousands of dollars price range. Partial paper
and partial microform would run in the several
hundreds of dollars, and total microform would
bring the price down to a few hundred dollars, with
the advantage of faster availability.
Non romanized Entries
The Library has not, until recently, had machine
access to bibliographic records in Japanese, Arabic,
Chinese, Korean, Persian, Hebrew, or Yiddish
(JACKPHY). The Library of Congress is changing
this situation and continuing to produce non-MARC
vernacular printed cards as well. The Library's auto-
mated in-process file (APIF), which contains brief
(preliminary) cataloging records, does not have the
capability for handling vernacular scripts. The in-
putting of records in romanized form to APIF for
titles in all nonroman languages, including JACK-
PHY, has begun. Thus for in-process purposes only,
the Library has a machine-readable brief romanized
record for these languages. This record initially
contains, among other fields, the main entry, de-
scription, and call number, but no notes or subject
headings. The Library will continue to print cards for
the complete record, as it has in the past, in the
vernacular with certain portions romanized.
These machine-readable records can be used to
make brief entry indexes toJACKPHY records, thus
making it possible to expand the NUC to include
JACKPHY. Additional information such as subject
headings, however, will have to be added to the API F
The register portion of the NUC will contain a
separate set of manually mounted printed cards in
the vernacular for titles in JACKPHY. The indexes
will be produced, however, by machine utilizing the
data captured in APIF.
Obviously, in order to make this portion of NUC a
true union catalog, the Library will need reports
from other libraries. The Library of Congress is con-
sidering the expansion of N UC to includeJ ACKPH Y
records from other libraries for prospective im-
prints. Those that are duplicates would be listed in
the Register of Additional Locations (LC/NUC card
number index). For original vernacular records, the
Library would key the romanized access points which
would permit the creation of the indexes to the N UC.
The full vernacular record would be included in the
manually produced register with all of the Library's
records. For original romanized records, the entire
record would be keyed and used in the machine-
produced romanized register and indexes.
The advantages of the proposed register/index
system include multiple access points to all NUC en-
tries, broader coverage, and more prompt publica-
tion (assuming that the form of publication is COM).
At the same time, when such bases of information as
state documents are added (in lieu of the Monthly
Checklist of State Publications), the user will find that
additional locations are available. The same will ap-
ply to maps and atlases. A third advantage will be
timely subject search capability.
The improvement on coverage for Chinese, Japa-
nese, Korean, Arabic, Persian, Hebrew, and Yiddish
will involve the use of multiple Library systems,
which will include the capability to process Library of
Congress, as well as, outside library reports. The
NUC register portion will have the potential to carry
records in both romanized machine form and ver-
nacular manual form.
This all-encompassing plan for the National Union
Catalog will require a response from and the coopera-
tion of many libraries, as well as the bibliographic
utilities. Responses to the questionnaire, which many
libraries will be receiving, will be carefully evaluated
in order to make this both a useful and affordable
product for the nation's libraries and their users.
Institutional comments on the proposed format
for the register/index NUC should be coordinated by
library directors and forwarded to Joseph H. How-
ard, Assistant Librarian for Processing Services, Li-
brary of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540. Indi-
vidual replies should also be directed to M r. Howard.
ISSN 0041-7904 Key title: Library of Congress Information Bulletin
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