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Vol. 31, No. 43
Oct. 27, 1972
LC BICENTENNIAL COMMITTEE
HOLDS MEETING ON OCT. 6
On Friday, October 6, the Library of Congress'
Advisory Committee on its American Revolution
Bicentennial Program met in the Wilson Room.
Members of the Advisory Committee attending were:
Jack P. Greene, Professor of History at the Johns
Hopkins University; John Alden, James Duke Pro-
fessor of History at Duke University; Cecilia Kenyon,
Charles N. Clark Professor of Government at Smith
College; Edmund S. Morgan, Sterling Professor of
History at Yale University; Merrill Jensen, Vdas
Research Professor of History at the University of
Wisconsin; Aubrey C. Land, Research Professor of
History at the University of Georgia; Lyman H.
Butterfield, Editor of The Adams Papers; and Julian
P. Boyd, Editor of The Papers of Thomas Jefferson.
Mrs. Elizabeth E. Hamer, Assistant Librarian of Con-
Mrs. Hamer paid tribute to the late Adrienne Koch,
Professor of History at the University of Maryland
and member of the Advisory Committee from its
beginning, for her contributions to the development
of the Library's Bicentennial Program, her historical
and analytical report on an exhibit for LC's James
Madison Memorial Building, and her years of interest
in and assistance to the Library. Mrs. Hamer distrib-
uted to members of the Committee a special issue of
the Maryland Historian, prepared as a memorial to
Professor Koch. The Advisory Committee passed a
resolution recording its own appreciation for Pro-
fessor Koch's role.
Members of the staff of the American Revolution
Bicentennial Office reported on the progress of
various Bicentennial projects: the multi-volume edi-
tion of Letters of the Delegates to the Continental
Congress; the guides to the Library's holdings of
manuscripts, prints and drawings, and maps of the
Revolutionary period; the massive bibliography of the
secondary literature of the period, Revolutionary
America, 1763-1789; and the symposia series.
After a luncheon in the Whittall Pavilion, at which
the Librarian of Congress, L. Quincy Mumford, wel-
comed the Advisory Committee, prospective and
future projects were discussed. The meeting
adjourned at 3:30 p.m.
SENATOR MATHIAS SALUTES
LC BICENTENNIAL PROGRAM
Senator Charles McC. Mathias, Jr., one of the spon-
sors of the legislation which created the American
Revolution Bicentennial Commission, paid tribute in
the Congressional Record for October 13 (pp.
S17914-6) to the Library's American Revolution
Bicentennial Program. Saluting the Library for taking
the lead in "investigating the intellectual and spiritual
dimensions of the American Revolution and in
making its collections and other resources known
through a variety of activities and publications,"
LC Information Bulletin
Combined Federal Campaign Gets Underway .460-461
ISO Holds Briefing, Seminar . .... 464
Kingly Error . . ... 462
LC Bicentennial Committee Meets Oct. 6 .. 459
Library of Congress Publications. ......... 464
Pianist Will Accompany Juilliard Quartet. 460
Senator Mathias Salutes Bicentennial Program 459-460
Staff News . . ... 461-464
Appendix-38th Conference of International
Federation of Library Associations A-177-A-182
Senator Mathias announced the program for the Li-
brary's second symposium, to be held next May 10
and 11, on "The Fundamental Testaments of the
American Revolution." "No symposium, I believe,"
said the Senator, "could address itself to a more
timely subject than an exploration of the meaning
and the legacy of the fundamental documents of the
The Senator asked to have reprinted with his com-
ments the Library's June 1970 report to the Ameri-
can Revolution Bicentennial Commission, entitled
Liberty and Learning, the American Revolution
Bicentennial Program of the Library of Congress.
PIANIST WILL ACCOMPANY
JUILLIARD QUARTET NEXT WEEK
On Thursday and Friday evenings, November 2 and
3, the Gertrude Clarke Whittall Foundation in the
Library of Congress will sponsor two concerts of
chamber music by the Juilliard String Quartet, with
Richard Goode on the piano. The program will
include "Rondo for String Quartet" by Anton
Webern; "Quartet in G Minor for Violin, Viola, Vio-
lonrello, and Piano, Op. 108" by Friedrich Kuhlau;
and "Quartet in E Flat Major for Violin, Viola, Vio-
loncei'o, and Piano, Op. 87" by Antonin Dvofik.
Mr'mbers of the Quartet are Robert Mann and Earl
Carlys., ,iolns, Samuel Rhodes, viola; and Claus
Each concert will begin promptly at 8:30 p.m. in
the Coolidge Auditorium of the Library. Tickets for
both concerts will be distributed by Patrick Hayes,
1300 G St., N.W., beginning at 8:30 a.m., Monday,
October 30. A service charge of 25 cents is placed on
each ticket, and only two tickets are distributed to an
individual. Telephone reservations may be made on
Monday morning by calling 393-4463. Mail orders are
The concert on Friday evening will be broadcast
live by Station WETA-FM (90.9) and made available
to stations in other cities through the Katie and
Walter Louchheim Fund in the Library of Congress.
COM BINED FEDERAL CAMPAIGN
GETS UNDERWAY AT LIBRARY
The 1973 Combined Federal Campaign in the
National Capital area got underway on October 12.
This campaign combines into a single effort the cam-
paigns of the United Givers Fund, the American Red
Cross, the National Health Agencies, and the Inter-
national Service Agencies. The overall goal is
$9,200,000, up by $400,000 over last year's quota.
The Library's share is $75,887, an increase of $500
over last year's goal.
The Librarian will serve as Chairman of the Li-
brary's campaign and has appointed as Vice-Chairman
Kimberly Dobbs, Executive Assistant in the Law
Library. Mr. Dobbs will be assisted by Mary Ann
Adams of the Librarian's Office, Harvey Joiner of the
Administrative Department, Thomas Miller of the
Congressional Research Service, Waldo Moore of the
Copyright Office, Robert Nay of the Law Library,
Peter de la Garza of the Processing Department, and
James Trew of the Reference Department. About 190
staff members will serve as division chairman and key
Some 40 Library staff members attended a kickoff
rally on October 5 at the Department of Labor audi-
During the past weeks, a short film about the
Campaign was shown to staff members in the
Library's Main Building, the Taylor Street Annex, the
Crystal Mall Annex, the Navy Yard Annex, and the
October 27, 1972
Massachusetts Avenue Annex.
As in previous years, each staff member will be
contacted personally; contributors are urged to use
the payroll deduction plan which allows for deduc-
tions for a part or all of the year.
The drive helps more than 150 local, national and
international health, welfare, and social service agen-
cies meet their financial needs.
Mrs. Anna B. Josko, Supervisor of the Searching
Unit in the Descriptive Cataloging Division, retired on
September 15, after w working 15 years at the Library.
Mrs. Josko, born in RakSa, Czechoslovakia, was
educated in Hungarian Catholic schools and attended
both the Masarvk and Komensky Universities. Caught
in the upheavals surrounding World War II, she suf-
fered the tribulations of political differences and
finally escaped via Austria and Germany, arriving in
the United States in July 1940.
With her late husband, Dr. Matej Josko, she
devoted much time to the cause of freedom for her
people. This included working with radio broad-
casters, serving with various groups, and writing for
the periodical Zpravodaj Rady svodobneho Ceskoslo-
venska. She was co-author of the monograph
Ceskoslovensko, (Washington. D.C., 1962).
She joined the staff of the Subject Cataloging Divi-
sion at the Library in August 1957. In 1962 she trans-
ferred to the Preliminary Cataloging Section where
she held progressively more responsible positions
until she became Supervisor of the Searching Unit in
Mrs. Josko will make her home in Caracas,
Robert V. Shirley, Attorney in Charge of the Law
Library in the Capitol, retired on September 29, after
20 years of Federal service. A native of Houston,
Tex., Mr. Shirley received an M.B.A. degree from the
University of Texas in 1928. In addition to graduate
work on a doctoral degree at the University of
Chicago and the University of Texas during the
following years, he pursued the course of law and was
admitted to the Texas and Federal bars.
Before coming to the Library, Mr. Shirley served on
the faculties of the University of Texas, Kansas
Wesleyan University, and the University of Maryland.
In addition, he was Chief of Staff and Special Attor-
ney to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee
and Special Counsel to the Senate Special Committee
on War Petroleum Shortages. As a member of the
American Delegation to Mexico City, he worked on
drafting the United States-Mexico Water Treaty for
the Rio Grande and Colorado Rivers; he later partici-
pated in the drafting of the United Nations Charter at
San Francisco and in various councils negotiating
other treaties. He served as Special Assistant, Counsel,
and Consultant to several Congressional committees
as well as to the State Department.
Mr. Shirley was appointed to the position of Attor-
ney in Charge of the Law Library in the Capitol on
October 2, 1961. He plans to devote the next year to
writing a history of the Law Library in the Capitol
from 1789 to 1970.
Alois Paul Pincek, Special Police Force, was pre-
sented a 30-year Federal Service Award pin on
October 12 by Fred E. Croxton, Director of the
Mr. Pincek was born in Boleraz, Czechoslovakia,
and immigrated to the United States in September
1938 where he settled in Muskegon. Mich. In Febru-
ary 1942 he enlisted in the U.S. Navy and served until
March 1962. During his 20-year naval career, which
included duty aboard submarines, carrier escort craft,
minesweepers, destroyers, and aircraft carriers, he
received 13 medals, among them the Asiatic Pacific
Medal with seven stars and the Submarine Combat
Mr. Pincek joined the Library's Special Police Force
in October 1962. Before coming to the Library he
briefly served in a similar capacity at George Washing-
Jane Collins, Reference Librarian in the Science
and Technology Division. visited the 24th annual
Frankfurt Book Fair in Germany, held from Septem-
ber 28 through October 3. About 3,500 publishers
from 60 countries exhibited 250,000 publications. A
special exhibition "Books about Books" was shown
in connection with the International Book Year
1972. "The Best-Designed Books of 1971" were also
displayed, as well as a selection of international book
Miss Collins spent several days in The Hague work-
ing on a project for the Library to develop jointly
with the International Federation for Documentation
(FID) and the National Federation of Abstracting and
Indexing Services (NFAIS) a machine-readable
LC Information Bulletin
A KINGLY ERROR
Our apologies to the King! The somewhat un-
happy husband of Caroline of Brunswick was King
George IV, and not George V, as noted in the
story about the exhibition, "S.:andals-Enlllsh and
American," in last week's LC Information Bulle-
tin. King George V who ruled Great Bntain from
1910 to his death in 1936 was happily married to
Mary of Teck and had six children.
inventory of the world's abstracting and indexing
Benjamin A. Custer, Chief of the Decimal Classifi-
cation Division. together with John A. Humpl!r.,
President, and Richard B. Sealock, Executive Director
of Forest Press, publishers of Dewey Decimal Classifi-
cation, participated in a series of meetings on the
classification system in various cities of ngl.jnd
during the first week of October.
In addition to a conference with the (B'itish)
Library Association's Dewey Decimal Classification
Committee, the three American visitors spoke at
public meetings in Newcastle upon Tyne, Birming-
ham, and London. The purpose of the meetings was
to assure British users of the Dewey Decimal Classifi-
cation that the system's publishers and editors want
and need their views so that the system may be
developed in such a way as to be more useful to
British as well as to American libraries The meetings
were organized and chaired by J. C. Downing, Assis-
tant Editor of the British National Bibliographyi, who
is chairman of the British Dewey Committee and also
British representative to the Decimal ClasnifiL an.on
Editorial Policy Committee.
Frank Kurt Cylke, Executive Secretary of the
Federal Library Committee and Chairman of the U.S.
National Libraries Task Force, participated in the
dedication program of the University of Denver's Pen-
rose Library on October 9. Mr. Cylke's talk, "Cooper-
ation Emanating from the Federal Libraries," was
part of a seminar which included presentations by
Allen Kent, University of Pittsburgh. "Campus-Based
Information Systems:" Glyn Evans, Five Academic
University Libraries of New York, "Slaie and
Regional Cooperation:" and Herman Liebaers. Direc-
tor of the Royal Library of Belgium and President of
the International Federation of Library Associations
( FLA), "International Cooperation."
Ralph E. Ellsworth, former Director of the Univer-
sity of Colorado Libraries, moderated the session
titled "Penrose-A Link in the Chain."
Mary Jane Gibson, Assistant Head of the Bibliog-
raphy and Reference Correspondence Section,
GR&B, has compiled a survey on the development of
bibliographical services in the United States during
1970. The compilation was published in the July
issue of the Unesco bimonthly Bibliography, Docu-
mentation, Terminology (Paris) as part of its feature,
"Bibliographical Services Throughout the World."
The report, submitted to Unesco in response to an
annual questionnaire, discusses national institutions,
interlibrary cooperation, and mechanization. It
includes citations to indexes and abstracts of periodi-
cals and bibliographies of government publications
and dissertations, as well as to other bibliographies on
a variety of topics raging from area studies and
children's literature to science and technology. An
expanded version of this compilation appeared in the
winter 1971 issue of RQ [see LC Information Bulle-
tin, January 13, p. 15].
CRS Appoints Three Specialists
The Congressional Research Service has appointed
three new Senior Specialists Wallace D. Bowman,
Acting Chief of the Environmental Policy Division
since June and former Assistant Chief, has been
appointed Chief of the Division and Senior Specialist
in Environmental Policy. Peter Henle, a recognized
authority in the field of labor, fills the position of
Senior Specialist in Labor Economics last held by
Gustav Peck Joseph A. Lieberman, has been
appointed Senior Specialist in Environmental Policy,
filling a position last held by Harry Perry.
A native of Jacksonville, Ill., Mr. Bowman received
his B.A. and M.A. degrees in 1949 and 1952 respec-
tively in the natural sciences and experimental biolo-
gy from Washington University in St. Louis. He did
further graduate work in wildlife management at
Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. In 1955,he
received an M.A. degree in conservation from Yale
University. He also completed graduate work in the
public administration of natural resources programs
at the University of Michigan.
From 1953 to 1955 he worked as a researcher in
the experimental psycho-acousiic laboratory at Wash-
ington University, performing acoustical studies for
the Office of Naval Research. In 1956, he joined the
staff of the United Fruit Company's research station
at La Lima, Honduras. From 1957 to 1959, he served
at the regional and county levels of environmental
activities as a resources planner for the Washtenaw
October 27, 1972
County (Michigan) Planning Commission at Ann
Arbor where he was responsible for research and plan-
In 1959, Mr. Bowman joined the staff of the Con-
servation Foundation in New York City as Assistant
Director of Research and in 1961 left to work in the
Office of the Governor of Alaska. He returned to the
Foundation in 1962 as Executive Officer and in that
capacity maintained oversight and control over all
Foundation research projects.
In 1965, he joined the staff of the United Nations
as head of a reports evaluation unit for the U.N.
Development Programme related to natural resources
projects throughout the world.
SHe came to the Library in 1967 as a Specialist in
Conservation and Natural Resources in the then
Legislative Reference Service.
Mr. Bowman served during World War II in the
Pacific Theater. He has participated in numerous pro-
fessional conferences related to natural resources and
environmental management. He is married and has
Mr. Henle received his B.A. degree from Swarth-
more College and his M.S. degree from American
Associated for 15 years with the American Federa-
tion of Labor and later the merged AFL-CIO, Mr.
Henle served from 1955 to 1961 as Assistant Director
of Research for the organization. In 1961 he went to
the Department of Labor, serving as Chief Economist
and Associate Commissioner of Labor Statistics in the
Bureau of Labor Statistics from 1966 to 1971. In this
capacity, he was responsible for the Bureau's pro-
grams of economic analysis, program planning and
evaluation, and foreign labor conditions.
For the past year, Mr. Henle has been a Federal
Executive Fellow at the Brookings Institution, on
leave from his position as Economic Adviser to the
Secretary of Labor. During this time he has written
articles for publication on the operations of public
and private retirement systems, the effectiveness of
collective bargaining, and recent trends in the distri-
bution of earned income.
Mr. Henle has contributed articles to several books,
professional journals, and the Encyclopedia of the
Social Sciences. He has provided expert testimony
before several Congressional committees. In 1968, he
received a Distinguished Achievement Award from
the Department of Labor.
A native of Baltimore, Mr. Lieberman received his
bachelor of engineering and doctor of engineering
degrees in 1938 and 1941 respectively from the Johns
He began his career as a junior engineer and Re-
search Hydrologist with the U.S. Forest Service at the
Southeastern Forest Experiment Station in Asheville,
From 1948 to 1968, Mr. Lieberman served with the
Atomic Energy Commission, progressing from Sani-
tary Engineer, to Chief of the Environmental and
Sanitary Engineering Branch, and finally to the posi-
tion of Assistant Director for Nuclear Safety.
From 1968 to 1970, he was Assistant Adminis-
trator for Research and Development of the Environ-
mental Health Service in the Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare. In 1970 he joined the staff
of the Environmental Protection Agency, serving as
Deputy Assistant Administrator for Radiation Pro-
grams, and most recently as Chairman of the EPA
Energy Policy Committee.
During World War II, Mr. Lieberman served as an
officer with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
He has lectured at a number of universities and has
written some 35 published articles in hydrologic
research, the environmental aspects of nuclear opera-
tions, and energy environment. He has provided
expert testimony before Congressional committees,
has served as a delegate to numerous international
conferences, and served as a member of technical
exchange delegations in his field. Upon completion of
30 years of Government service, he was nominated
for a National Civil Service League Career Service
Award. Mr. Lieberman and his wife live in Bethesda,
Appointments: Anita S. Buckler, shelflister trainee, GS-5,
Subj Cat, 4167; Denise Louise Bush, purchasing assistant,
GS-3, Procurement, 4186; Linda A. Carufel, shipping assis-
tant, GT-1, E&G, NP; Lynda A. Doran, cataloger, GS-7, Cop
Cat, 4214; Allan W. Farlow, foreign affairs analyst, GS-14,
CRS F, 4061; Joseph Gellman, deck attendant, GS-3, S&R,
4-600; Merete F. Gerli, assistant editor of subject headings,
GS-9, Subj Cat, 2974; James Conrad Jaeger, deck attendant,
GS-3, S&R, 2-600; William John Lindner, card drawing clerk,
GS-3, Card, 4159; Peter R. Maier, social science analyst,
GS-7, CRS GGR, 4208; Richard H. Mehaffey, industrial
engineer, GS-13, Bldgs, 4089; Aaron Sylvester Mickens, deck
attendant, GS-3, S&R, 2-600; Dolores C. Munson, assistant
division secretary, GS-5, LL AB, 2897-4232; Carol M.
Pendergraft, shelflister trainee, GS-5, Subj Cat, 4167; Phyllis
Joanne Rasmussen, librarian, GS-9, Share Cat, 4090; Willam
W. Reese, research assistant, GS-9, LL NEA, 4203; Robert
Stanley Reitzes, language specialist, GS-9, FRD, 4261;
Nicholas R. Samochin, senior language specialist, GS-11,
LC Information Bulletin
FRD; 4260; Mish Ann Striker, shelflister trainee, GS-5, Subj
Temporary Appointments: Lloyd R. Hillman, arranger,
GT-1, Cat Publ, 2-500; Martha C. Hutchinson, analyst in
international relations, GS-9, CRS F, 2010, 14, 4;Gail Mimi
Moorhouse, library aid, GS-1, Ord, NP; Robert Vincent
Offutt, arranger, GT-1, Cat Publ, 2-500; Bernadine J. Petti-
grew, arranger-filer, GT-3, Cat Publ, 4-500.
Reappointments: Phyllis M. Martin, keyboarder, GS-5,
DLC, 4236; Joan Carol Richey, input typist, GS-4, MARC
Promotions: Shirley Al-Doory, to head, publications sec-
tion, GS-12, DBPH, 4174; Johnnie W. Brown, Jr., to collec-
tions maintenance leader, WL-5, CMO, 4224; Carol E.
Chappelle, to secretary to assistant chief of reader services,
GS-5, DBPH, 4031; Dennis M. Crossland, to computer room
supervisor and console equipment operator. GS-9, ISO, 4239;
George C. Fullen, Loan, to library assistant, GS-4, LL AB,
4118; Nancy J. Haldeman, P&P, to shelflister trainee, GS-5,
Subj Cat, 4167; Frederick E. Harrison, to production and
maintenance assistant, WP-12, Card, 4179; Adelia O. Heller,
to assistant chief, cataloging division, GS-14, Cop Cat, 4263;
Frederick L. Jones, to collections maintenance leader, WL-5,
CMO, 4224; Nancy B. Jones, to assistant editor of classifica-
tion schedules, GS-9. 4049; Harden Long, to collections
maintenance leader, WL-5. CMO. 4224; Sterling Myrtle. III,
to collections maintenance leader, WL-5, CMO, 4224; William
R. Shaffer, to production and maintenance assistant, WP-12,
Card, 4179; Lucy T. Vash, to assistant head, selection sec-
tion, GS-12, DBPH, 4193.
Transfers: Linda J. Bailey, CRS D, to assistant division
secretary, GS-5, CRS GGR, 4257; Ainsworth C. Johnson,
Photodup, to conservator (photography), GS-9, Restor,
4233; S. John Kaldahl. ISO, to assistant systems analyst,
GS-11, CRS D, 4207; Galina L. Tschursin, Share Cat, to
reviser, GS-9, Desc Cat, 4226.
Resignations: David R. Doescher. Photodup; Mary J.
Fuller, DBPH; Donald R. Simpson, S&R; Paula J. Trimble,
Cat Publ; Charlye M. Walton. Photodup.
ISO HOLDS BRIEFING, SEMINAR
The Library's Information Systems Office (ISO)
sponsored the introductory discussion, "CICS:-2:
Technical Briefing." as a function of the Automation
Training Program on September 15. The discussion
was conducted by Margaret Northam and Keith
Donohue from the IBM Corporation, and was struc-
tured to introduce users to the new technical capabili-
ties of Version 2 of CICS (Customer Information
On September 29, ISO sponsored an Automation
Seminar on "Computers and People at the Boston
Children's Museum," conducted by Richard Gardner
of the Boston Children's Museum. The seminar pre-
sented the concepts of providing a "hands-on" com-
puter center operation for use by the general public.
Mr. Gardner discussed the use of the on-line com-
puter system by an uncontrolled, non-homogenized
user group as a function of the problems of inter-
action between an average, uninitiated user and
highly sophisticated computer technology.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATIONS
LC Science Tracer Bullet: Algae (TB 72-14).
August 1972. (5 p.) Compiled by D. Niskern. Free oft
request from the Science and Technology Division.
LC Science Tracer Bullet: Computer Oupupt Micro-
film (COM) (TB 72-13). August 1972. (4 p.) Com-
piled by J. Collins. Free on request from the Refer-
ence Section, Science and Technology Division,
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
Press Release: No. 72-76 (October 13) Library of Congress
Law Library exhibit features courtroom scandals.
Library of Congress Regulation: No. 1815 (October 16)
amplified procedures relating to mutilation or theft of Li-
Special Announcements: No. 516 (October 11) called
attention to the Combined Federal Campaign for 1972; no.
517 (October 17) informed the Library staff on supplemental
appropriations for Equal Employment Opportunity Program;
no. 518 (October 17) announced the appointment of Wallace
D. Bowman as Chief of the Environmental Policy Division
and Senior Specialist in Environmental Policy, Congressional
Research Service; no. 519 (October 18) announced the
appointment of Peter Henle as Senior Specialist in Labor
Economics, Congressional Research Service; no. 520 (Octo-
ber 18) announced the appointment of Joseph A. Lieberman
as Senior Specialist in Environmental Policy, Congressional
Vol. 31, No. 43
October 27, 1972
REPORT ON THE 38TH CONFERENCE
OF THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF LIBRARY ASSOCIATIONS (IFLA)
Budapest, Hungary, August 26-September 2, 1972
[Editor's Note: This report is limited to the sessions which
Library of Congress staff members who attended the confer-
ence were able to cover. Reports were contributed by
Virginia Haviland, Head of the Children's Book Section; John
G. Lorenz, Deputy Librarian of Congress; and Walter W.
Ristow, Chief of the Geography and Map Division.]
Over 900 delegates and observers from 38 countries
made this 38th session the largest IFLA General
Council meeting in its history. This was partially the
result of participation by some of the IFLA attendees
in the annual meeting of the International Federation
for Documentation, which followed the IFLA meet-
ing, and a seminar for developing countries, which
also took place in Budapest. One of the most signifi-
cant actions of the conference was the approval of a
new, modernized dues structure.
Meetings were held in the Hungarian Academy of
Sciences, and simultaneous translation in the Confer-
ence languages of English. German, French, Russian
was provided in the Ceremonial Hall and the Large
Hall in the Academy building.
The theme of the Conference, "Reading in a
Changing World," was included in many of the
approximately 130 papers presented during the week.
Since 1972 has been proclaimed by Unesco as Inter-
national Book Year (IBY), there was emphasis on the
significance of the book in the library and infor-
mation programs throughout the world.
The Executive Board, the Consultative Committee,
consisting of section and committee chairmen and
secretaries, and the Program Development Group
(PDG) held a number of separate sessions throughout
the week. Because of a previous recommendation of
the PDG that all sections and committees establish
Standing Advisory Committees, the program provided
times for these committees to meet.
The Consultative Committee in its first meeting
approved continuation of the present PDG with the
proviso that this December there will be designation
of 1, 2. and 3-year terms for the present members.
The meeting also reflected increasing international
interest in Libraries and the use of audiovisual
materials. The possibilities of this subject as a theme
for the 1975 general conference and the formation of
a working party in this field were outlined. Represen-
tatives of the International Association of Law
Librarians and the International Association of Medi-
cal Librarians expressed an interest in closer affilia-
tion with IFLA. Other topics included the possibility
of organizing a Working Party in the field of conserva-
tion (preservation) to advise IFLA on what it should
do and may find resources to do in this field.
GENERAL COUNCIL MEETING, AUGUST 28
The opening meeting was held in the Ceremonial
Hall of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at a
plenary session which carried the Conference theme.
Dr. Herman Liebaers, Director of the Royal Library
of Belgium and President of IFLA, presided. Dr.
Liszl6 Orbin, First Deputy Minister of Culture for
Hungary, on behalf of the host country, welcomed
the delegates to Budapest.
In his opening remarks, Dr. Liebaers paid tribute to
the late Pierre Bourgeois, President of IFLA from
1952 to 1958, and to Cardinal Tisserant and Ambas-
sador Breycha-Vauthier, recently-deceased honorary
members. Noting that IFLA was celebrating its 45th
anniversary this year, President Liebaers proposed
that a biographical dictionary of distinguished librar-
ians who had contributed to IFLA's growth and
advancement might be prepared to commemorate the
50th anniversary of the Association.
The President noted that the theme for the General
Council meeting was focused on the celebration of
IBY, and expressed the hope that the sessions would
make a major contribution toward achieving the goals
Dr. Liebaers repeated his desire, first expressed a
year ago at the Liverpool General Council meeting,
for a wider representation in IFLA membership. He
was pleased to report that a number of new member
associations from developing countries have recently
joined the Federation.
In reporting progress toward Universal Biblio-
graphic Control (UBC), Dr. Liebaers said, "IFLA
action in this field has been able to take shape
because the new Cataloguing Secretariat set up in
London is prepared to act as a coordinating agency
and because our Committee on Cataloguing has
LC Information Bulletin
already quite independently tackled some of the
problems now brought under the roof of UBC. These
problems are that an authoritative record of each new
publication is made speedily in the country of origin
of the publication, and that the form and content of
such records follow international standards which will
make them readily comprehensible and usable in all
countries. There is no doubt that the implementation
will require a series of meetings at different levels of
specialization, which call for careful coordination in,
and even outside, IFLA. Unesco and LIBER [Lique
des Bibliothbques Europ6ennes de Recherche] have
already show interest in the programme, which also
has to take into account initiatives like Shared Cata-
loguing, MARC II, BNB [British National Bibliog-
raphy], the German Seminars of 1970 in Regensburg
and 1971 in Berlin, etc. Fortunately the experts
involved in all these problems form a highly compe-
tent IFLA team, which is proving to the outside
world that international librarianship has reached the
level of effective technical action."
In closing, Dr. Liebaers wondered "if the world in
which we live is not too large for an international
organization like ours. That the problems have a
magnitude which is out of proportion with the size of
the good will or competence with which we try to
cope with them. There are moments when one would
like to forget about libraries and go back to books.
But life also provides other moments."
"Not so long ago," he remarked, "I was in Washing-
ton. My presence coincided with the opening at the
Library of Congress of an exhibition celebrating the
750th anniversary of the Golden Bull of Hungary.
Only a coincidence, of course, but so helpful when
you want to forget about the difficulties which assail
READING IN A CHANGING WORLD I, August 28
Foster Mohrhardt, Council on Library Resources in
Washington, D.C., introduced the Conference theme
by calling attention to the overwhelming list of li-
brary activities and projects which had been stimu-
lated by International Book Year. IBY, he recalled,
"tried to alert the general public to the importance of
books today and to promote interest in books.
"We have listened intently and patiently to our
critics-or enemies," Dr. Mohrhardt noted. "Now it is
important for the friends of books to reappraise the
position of books and to consider the importance of
Dr. Mohrhardt introduced two noted Hungarian
scholars who discussed books, libraries, and writing in
Hungary. Liszl6 Mitrai, General Director of the Uni-
versity Library and President of the Association of
Hungarian Libraries, dealt with the subject "Tradition
and Innovation: Reading in a Changing Country." In
his paper, Professor Mitrai summarized the historical
development of libraries in Hungary since the Middle
Ages. The tradition of public libraries, however, is a
recent development. Professor Mitrai concluded that
"there is still a lot of work to do in the field of
sociological investigations concerning reading, partic-
ularly in a country where a social revolution has
taken place." Librarians, he said, "ought to cooperate
in carrying out complex researches, not only with
pedagogues, but with sociologists, psychiatrists, and
even with the philosophers of history."
J6zsef Darvas, President of the Hungarian Associa-
tion of Authors, greeted the assembled librarians "not
only as allies but as fellow-creators." A major task of
librarians, he emphasized, is "to transmit books to as
many people as possible," not only to hands but to
Mr. Darvas reported that two years ago the Associa-
tion of Hungarian Writers launched a nationwide cam-
paign to develop reading, with the slogan "For a
reading country." Cooperating in the campaign are
official agencies, schools, the press, radio, and various
social organizations. "It is not necessary to stress."
observed Mr. Darvas, "that the most enthusiastic
workers of the campaign are, in fact, the librarians."
In concluding his remarks. Mr. Darvas said that
"the book can do much. It can serve in this divided
world the cause of human integration and under-
standing. It is worthwhile to make alliances for this
cause with all who believe in the future of books and
READING IN A CHANGING WORLD II, August 28
The second plenary session opened with a keynote
address by bibliophile Gordon N. Ray, President of
the Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
Entitled "Books as a Way of Life," his paper pre-
sented a bookman's defense of the book and the
book-centered society against the "anti-book" situa-
tion and use of substitutes today. He noted the
publishers' shrinking backlists/and the stress on new
books chosen "more for their commercial possibilities
than their substantive interest." Refuting Marshall
McLuhan on the emergence of electronic media and
the demise of the book, Dr. Ray pointed to the fact
that painting was not destroyed by the challenge of
photography. So, he said, it will surely be with books
October 27, 1972
Citing the story of Donald Barthelme's TV-
conditioned daughter who reported that her mother
was "watching a book," he affirmed, "Children can
be weaned from the media to books, particularly if
the volumes they are given take maximum advantage
of visual attractiveness through striking design, large
print, and lively illustrations, and with bright children
at least the transition is apt to be perma-
nent. .. Intellectual expenditure imparts value to its
object, and children will regard books which they
have read consecutively and retentively with a certain
awe and reverence. It is thus that bookmen are born."
Dr. Ray said he regards claims for the use of video-
tapes in teaching with scepticism. Education comes
through self-selected reading outside of class-not
from passive viewing. Even the TV films on "Civiliza-
tion," he said, do not as themselves constitute
teaching but serve as adjuncts to education, to be
viewed in the evening.
Dr. Ray stressed. "... a developing curiosity about
the past, fed by wide reading, is the very basis of
humanistic education.... Through such reading one
acquires the sense of life's possibilities and limitations
that is the mark of the educated man .... So it is that
books add a fourth dimension to one's life, and the
ability to return at will through books to familiar
countries of the mind becomes both a relaxing and a
stabilizing influence that enhances the individual's
value to society."
In discussing IBY, Dr. Ray cited the project of the
Ministry of Education in France in which couples
being married in civil ceremonies are presented with
one of two sets of five French classics.
Dr. Ray concluded, "Admirable as are the special
efforts signalizing the International Book Year, how-
ever, they remain in a sense the foam at the crest of
the wave. The book operates like a force of
nature as long as readers in general have simple
and easy access to it, it will go on making its millions
of individual converts and spreading its beneficent
influence. If not only librarians but bookmen gener-
ally ensure that what might be called the ecology of
the book is not disturbed, it will continue to be the
best friend mankind ever had."
The next speaker was F. L. Popp of Vienna, Secre-
tary of the International Community of Booksellers'
Associations. [His paper was not printed.] Mr. Popp
looked at the production and distribution of books
from the bookseller's point of view, including aspects
of competition in selling and today's high prices.
Noting a decrease in the number of bookshops, as, for
example, in Sweden, he said future book trade
development will depend on a heightened demand for
better books and an increasing thirst for knowledge.
A third contribution to the session was made by
Mikl6s Hubay, a dramatist and representative of the
International Council of Authors and Translators. Mr.
Hubay called for the translation of literature in iso-
lated languages, such as Hungarian, in order "to make
the best of these literatures a living experience for
humanity." He suggested that major editors each
specialize in a single, isolated language. "Great lan-
guages are responsible to humanity for not letting
ideas and substantial writings of small languages get
lost for universality," he said.
READING IN A CHANGING WORLD III, August 30
Three speakers contributed to the third plenary
session. Dr. O. S. Chubaryan of the U.S.S.R., a
Moscow specialist in pedagogy who has been a
pioneer in developing the theory of librarianship in
his country, emphasized in his paper the organization
of public reading. Noting that reading is no longer a
privilege of the chosen few but a mass phenomenon,
he said the role of the book is changing. His conclu-
sions were: (1) Despite growth in the popularity of
reading, much must be done to instill habits of
reading; (2) A major problem is that of increasing the
intensity (amount) of reading; (3) A systematic use of
books is needed; (4) National systems of organizing
mass reading and the place of libraries in these
systems must be considered. All communicative
means must cooperate, including radio, TV, and the
press. It must be recognized that libraries are the
chief organizers of mass reading, through a network
of libraries evenly distributed through the country;
and (5) International cooperation is needed on ques-
tions of mass reading.
John Boon, a British publisher (Mills and Boon in
London) and President of the International Publishers
Association, contributed a paper centered on "the
most important questions a publisher must ask
himself-the future of the book."
Comparing books with nonbook materials, Mr.
Boon upheld the efficiency and economical quality of
the book as a teaching machine. Considering the pub-
lisher's worries about book prices, he pointed to two
areas of marketing and planning which have lowered
prices: the paperback and the method of co-
publishing highly illustrated books. He also called
attention to problems of photocopying and book
distribution (the need for well-educated booksellers).
Throughout his talk, Mr. Boon stressed the need for
unity in the book trade-of librarians, publishers, and
LC Information Bulletin
booksellers-and the identity of interest which exists
regardless of creed, faith, or political system, or of
degree of development of a country. He concluded by
saying that "those working with books are mostly a
civilized group, concerned with human rights,
humane behaviour, good international relations, and
The session ended with an abstract of a paper by
Robert Escarpit, sociology professor at the University
of Bordeaux, entitled "La Lecture dans un Monde en
Mouvement." The abstract was presented by a French
colleague of Mr. Escarpit. The paper contained
hopeful notes that the reading population is
increasing and that it is reading more. As a result.
bigger editions of books are being printed. He com-
mented, as did earlier speakers, on the relation
between books and other media, noting that nothing
replaces the direct relationship with the document,
provided in the library. He stressed that acquaintance
with books from early childhood is necessary.
COMMITTEE ON STATISTICS AND STANDARDS
The Committee met in four sessions during the
Conference. Kenneth Mallaber of the United King-
dorm and F. W. Torringtoi. Secretary of the Commit-
tee, presented a paper for discussion by the Working
Group on Audio Visual Aids at a session on August
A paper by Mirko Velinsky, of Czechoslovakia.
entitled "Interpretation and Analysis of Library Use
and Activities." was read and discussed on August 2).
Also presented at this session was a paper by William
H. Kurth of the United States on "Price Indexes for
Library Materials: The Need on an International
Basis." M. Babic, Chief of the Division of Statistics on
Culture and Communication at Unesco, was present
and made available copies of the 1971 Unesco ques-
tionnaire on Statistics on Libraries which is now
being completed by member states of Unesco. The
new questionnaire includes questions on physical
facilities which were developed by the IFLA Commit-
At the August 30 session, Eugene Fenelonov of the
U.S.S.R. presented a paper on the status of national
statistics of libraries in the U.S.S.R., and Frank L.
Schick of the United States had a srrular paper on the
United States, Canada. the United Kingdom. and
Switzerland. On the same program. Otto Lohmann of
Marburg presented a significant paper on the stan-
dardization problems of IFLA since 1971.
At the Standing Advisory Committee session on
August 31, plans for future activities for the Com-
mittee were made, including future cooperation with
FID. F. W. Torrington of the United Kingdom, who
had served as Committee Secretary, was elected the
new Chairman, succeeding John G. Lorenz. Mr.
Schick was elected Secretary.
LIBRARY WORK WITH CHILDREN SUB-SECTION
The Sub-section held two meetings on August 29,
conducted by Chairman Colin Ray of the School of
Librarianship in Birmingham, England. The program
session consisted of three scheduled papers on current
trends in children's literature plus a fourth paper on
Hungarian children's library service.
Virginia Haviland presented a paper revealing cur-
rent interests of children and young people in the
United States and the publication of books which
meet these concerns. Her paper dealt with the realism
of contemporary fiction related to social and personal
problems, the production of books to meet many
different minority interests, the paperback book
explosion, and recent activities in the United States
designed to improve the criticism of children's books
and to recognize IBY.
Walter Scherf, Director of the International Youth
Library in Munich, dealt with the same theme, but
will a worldwide view of book-producing countries.
Dr. Scherf raised such questions as: Have our best,
really representative books been translated? What
have we received that is truly representative of other
countries? In answering the question, Where in the
market are the most significant changes occurring? he
stated, "The provision of literature for ethnic minori-
ties is developing throughout the world to an amazing
extent, for various reasons." The concern of librarians
to cover minority literatures in their general services
is also increasing." Among the current changes he
cited were the expansion of the Japanese publishing
trade with European offices to facilitate joint produc-
tion; a halt in the translations program and all
economically risky material in Sweden and Finland;
and changes in literature themes, representing social,
family, and minority problems. He noted that interest
in children's literature in the great scholarly libraries
is growing. "For this we are not least indebted to the
Deutsche Staatsbibliothek in Berlin and the Library
of Congress in Washington." he said.
"Children's Literature in the Future," a paper by
Balazs Vargha related to Hungarian experiences con-
cerning a problem of general interest, was also pre-
sented. Mr. Vargha, Senior Member of the Center for
Library Science and Methodology in Budapest,
regularly produces book-centered TV programs
October 27, 1972
including one in which young people interview
authors who read from their works on the air.
Children's librarians attending IFLA viewed an inter-
Mr. Vargha stressed that "children's books, pub-
lished lately, cannot come anywhere near the
classics... or come too near..: becoming mere
imitators." He noted that the list of children's classics
is growing perceptibly but recognized also the alarm-
ing influence of the amount of comic book reading
and indiscriminate television viewing. There must be,
he emphasized, an urgent reinterpretation of criteria
for children's books and efforts to "increase the
scope of influence of books."
The Sub-section's business session included a report
by Mrs. Aase Bredsdorff of the State Inspection of
Libraries, Denmark, on the draft revision of Public
Library Standards which includes statements relevant
to children's libraries.
SPECIAL LIBRARIES SECTION GEOGRAPHY
AND MAP LIBRARIES SUB-SECTION
The Sub-section, one of the youngest of IFLA's
functional units, was organized at the Copenhagen
General Council Meeting in 1969, held its first ses-
sions in Moscow in 1970, and meets in alternate even-
Some 30 map librarians from Hungary, Finland,
U.S.S.R. Netherlands, Federal Republic of Germany,
United States, France, Denmark, Sweden, Jamaica,
Poland, and Switzerland participated in the Sub-
section's sessions and tours.
At the August 29 business meeting, Walter Ristow,
reported on the progress of the World Directory of
Map Collections, a Sub-section project for which
questionnaires were mailed in June and July to some
400 map libraries throughout the world.
Papers read at the Sub-section professional session
on August 31 were "Inventory of Maps and Carto-
graphical Material in the Federal Republic of Ger-
many" by Lothar Zogner, Deutsche Staatsbibliothek
in Berlin; "Maps and Their Use in Soviet Libraries"
by Dr. Anna V. Kozlova, Lenin State Library, Mos-
cow, and Dr. Iraida I. Kodes, Saltykov-Shchedrin
State Public Library, Leningrad; and "Cartactual in
the Map Library" by Ern6 Csiti, Institute of Sur-
On August 30, Sub-section members visited
Hungary's National Mapping and Surveying Office
and toured the library and map collection, and the
Cartactual compilation section. Cartactual is a bi-
weekly serial service which supplies up-to-date
geographical and cartographical data for all countries
of the world. On August 31, the group visited the
facilities of the Map Department of the Hungarian
COMMITTEE ON CATALOGING AND
COMMITTEE ON PERIODICALS AND
A program session of the Committees took place
August 29 when M. Boussat of France presented the
draft recommendations of the Joint Working Group
on an International Standard Bibliographic Descrip-
tion for Serials.
At the program meeting of the Committee on Serial
Publications on August 29, M. Rosenbaum, Director
of the International Centre for the Registration of
Serial Publications, Paris, described the function and
objectives of the International Serials Data System
(ISDS) which was established under the framework of
UNISIST by agreement between the French govern-
ment and Unesco. Its functions are: to develop a
basic international file of serials in machine readable
form; to publish an international register of serial
publications; to promote the establishment of a
worldwide network of National and Regional Centres;
to register serials published in countries which cannot
or do not choose to establish National Centres; to
manage the International Standard Serial Number;
and to establish close coordination between ISDS and
other International Organisations.
Responsibility for establishment of National Cen-
tres rests with the governments participating in the
UNISIST program (National centers already included
in the international system are in France, Germany,
and the United States.) The International Centre is
preparing a paper outlining the organization of ISDS
in detail and defining data elements in the com-
munication format. It will be available in October as a
UNISIST document under the title "Guidelines to
COMMITTEE ON OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS AND
COMMITTEE ON EXCHANGE OF PUBLICATIONS
The meeting took place August 31 to discuss the
planned revision of the Unesco Handbook on the
International Exchange of Publications and the Semi-
nar on International Exchange of Publications which
was held in April 1972 in Vienna.
COMMITTEE ON MECHANIZATION
At the meeting on August 31, Committee President
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
A111111 11 INA All Alll A I 11111 l ii I I
3 1262 08493 0162
LC Information Bulletin
W. Lingenberg began his report by recognizing G.
Pflug of the German Federal Republic for his dedi-
cated work as the Committee's past President, and A.
L. van Wesemael of the Netherlands, the new Com-
mittee Secretary. The President and Secretary will
serve ex officio on an Advisory Board which is plan-
ning future committee work. The President reported
on a UNISIST Government Conference held in
October 1971 in Paris. He and the Secretary were
among the IFLA representatives at the meeting who
attempted to express to the group the genuine inter-
est among professional librarians in the scope of the
UNISIST system in general and their desire to partici-
pate in any efforts toward development and standard-
ization of mechanized systems in the UNISIST frame.
Mr. Lingenberg mentioned that UNISIST's draft
"Reference Manual for the Preparation of Machine-
Readable Bibliographic Descriptions" has only
recently come to the attention of IFLA and librari-
ans. Some documentation centers are being asked to
test the manual. The Committee is working closely
with the Committee on Cataloging to determine
whether IFLA should have a resolution on the draft.
The Committee will be working with other IFLA
committees concerning the handling of bibliographi-
cal data in machine-readable form. Mr. Lingenberg
stressed the urgency for standardization of library
methods and data structure and the need for inter-
national cooperation of librarians in the application
software for already existing hardware. There was
approval for the establishment of a working group on
content designators (tags, subfield codes, and indica-
tors) in order to standardize those "address codes"
for bibliographical elements.
Mrs. Henriette Avram, Chief of the MARC Develop-
ment Office at the Library of Congress, was unable to
attend the Conference and her paper, "Format
Recognition," was read by Mr. Lorenz. The paper
outlines this successful development at the Library of
Congress which has reduced the cost of creating bibli-
ographic records in machine-readable form and con-
cludes that this work will be further assisted by the
wider use of the International Standard Bibliographic
Description and eventually international agreement
on cataloging codes and content designators.
A paper by L. Tokes of Budapest on "Reprography
in Hungary" was also presented.
FINAL PLENARY SESSION
At the September 2 session, President Liebaers
received the reports of the General Secretary and the
Treasurer, and the resolutions and statements of the
sections, committees, and working groups. These, he
announced, would be transmitted to IFLA's Consul-
tative Committee, and published in the forthcoming
issue of IFLA News.
The names of five individuals were recommended
by the Consultative Committee as candidates for a
vacancy on the Executive Board. The vote by official
delegates resulted in the election of J. Leth6ve of
The IFLA medal was presented to Dr. Mohrhardt,
who had organized the three sessions on IBY.
The President reminded the delegates and observers
that the 1973 IFLA General Council will be held in
Grenoble, from August 25 through September 1.
IFLA Council Member Robert Vosper, Director of
Libraries, University of California at Los Angeles,
extended an invitation to the Council, on behalf of
the United States, to meet in Washington, D.C., in
December 1974. The proposed theme for the Wash-
ington, D.C. General Council Meeting is National and
International Planning for Libraries.
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