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September 15, 1972
"THE RACE FOR THE WHITE HOUSE"
SUBJECT OF NEW LIBRARY DISPLAY
Every four years since George Washington's elec-
tion in 1789, men (and sometimes a woman) have
competed for the privilege of becoming the occupant
of the White House. Campaign biographies, political
cartoons, campaign banners, badges, and buttons have
appeared in profusion, all designed to persuade the
voters to cast their ballots for one candidate or
Since political contests are akin to another Ameri-
can pastime, sports, one of the favorite devices of the
cartoonists in an election year has been the sporting
theme. Since 1824, when a lithograph was published
presenting the nominees as runners in a foot race, no
election year has gone by without a cartoon portray-
ing the contestants in a boxing match, a fishing tour-
nament, or some other athletic endeavor.
Such scenes-as well as campaign banners and
campaign songs-are on display in an exhibit, "The
Race for the White House," opened at the Library of
Congress on September 5 to coincide with the 1972
Presidential campaign. Of special interest is a cartoon
entitled "David and Goliath," published in 1872, the
year in which Horace Greeley campaigned against
Ulysses S. Grant. Greeley was David to Grant's
Goliath; unlike his Biblical counterpart, however, the
little fellow did not triumph.
During the middle years of the 19th century, New
York City was the publishing center for lithographed
political cartoons and campaign banners. Among the
more prominent printers of the period were Henry R.
Robinson and Nathaniel Currier. Robinson published
more than 100 political cartoons. Currier's produc-
tion of cartoons was not so large-he also did cam-
paign banners-and for reasons known only to
himself, he generally published anonymously or
under the nom-de-crayon Peter Smith. The street
address on those prints is the clue to their origin. One
can only speculate that Currier did not wish to
damage his lucrative print business by possible
offending patrons whose political heroes were under
attack in his cartoons.
The exhibit, which includes a number of small cam-
paign banners, forerunners of the large billboard
posters of the 20th century, will be on view through
December 31 in the south and southeast corridors of
the Main Building.
SONGS OF PROTEST AND HARD TIMES
Aunt Molly Jackson, a recording just released by
Rounder Records (no. 1002), reproduces 14 of the
numerous songs and tales of Aunt Molly recorded by
Alan Lomax and Mary Elizabeth Barnicle for the Li-
brary of Congress Archive of Folk Song in 1939. A
nurse and midwife, finally forced to leave Kentucky
for her attempts to organize the miners, Molly
Jackson was, in Alan Lomax's words, one of the two
"finest traditional singers I met in the United
Vol. 31, No. 37
408 -- .
LC Information Bulletin
. .. 408
. .. 410
. .. 408
. .. 413
.... .. 413-414
"Race for the White House" Subject of New Display 407
Songs of Protest and Hard Times . 407-408
Staff News . . ... 410-411
Appendix-Preservation Supplement 72-3 A-165-A-168
States.... Her songs of protest can only be matched
by those of Woody Guthrie, but they were more
passionate than his, and they cut deeper."
Mastered from the Archive's original discs by the
Music Division's Recording Laboratory, the album is
available for $3.50 from Rounder Records, 727
Somerville Ave., Somerville. Mass. 02143.
EXHIBIT ON COMENIUS OPENS
Jan Amos Komensky (Comenius) is the subject of a
Library of Congress exhibit on display through
December 31 on the Fifth Floor of the Annex Build-
ing. Comenius, a 17th-century Moravian educator,
philosopher, and religious leader, is most widely
known for his writings on educational reform, which
have brought him recognition as a pioneer of modern
education. While his textbooks had an immediate
impact on language teaching in Europe in his own day
and remained standards into the 19th century, his
AF Band Mementos Given to LC .. .
Automation Seminars . .
Cecil Hobbs Invited to Australia .
Exhibit on Comenius Opens ..
G.K. Hall Publishes Library's
Far Eastern Languages Catalog .
Library of Congress Publications .
New Reference Books . .
News in the Library World .
Photography Exhibit Marks 75th Year
of Main Building of LC .
writings on educational method and theory remained
largely ignored until the 19th century when the
spread of universal education brought international
attention to his ideas
Comenius importance, however, lies not only in his
work as educator. but also in his lifelong activity on
behalf of Czech freedom and his contribution to the
cultural and spiritual traditions of the Czechoslovak
nation. He spent most of his life in exile, in Poland,
England, Prussia, Hungary, and the Netherlands,
following the expulsion of his church, the Unity of
Brethren, from the Czech lands during the Thirty
Years' War. For Comenius, therefore, his writings on
educational reform were the first stage in his prescrip-
tion for universal education and a unified system of
knowledge which in turn would bring about religious
tolerance and world peace.
On display are a selection of his works and
examples of the large body of research devoted to
him, all of which demonstrate the wide range of his
activity and his intellectual and moral impact. The
exhibit marks the Sixth Congress of the Czechoslovak
Society of Arts and Sciences in America which will be
held in Washington in November. The Society has
recently co-sponsored a new translation of the Czech
classic, Comenius' Labyrint sveta a raj srdce [The
Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the
Heart], which is also on view in the exhibit.
AF BAND MEMENTOS GIVEN TO LC
On August 30. Col. George Sallade Howard, retired
leader of the United States Air Force Band, presented
to the Library of Congress an extraordinary set of I
scrapbooks which illustrate in detail the history of
that famed organization from the spring of 1944 to
the summer of 1955. They contain hundreds of press
criticisms, reviews, photographs, programs, and docu-
ments that portray the band's career in this country
and record its triumphs abroad.
Also well represented are the activities of the
United States Air Force Symphony Orchestra, a
transformation of the same musical body into one
which had more opportunity to function during the
months of cold weather. The programs embraced in
these scrapbooks give evidence of the wide repertoire
this ensemble developed, from popular numbers to
symphonic classics, and the great variety of activity it
indulged in-parades, formal concerts, dramatic
accompaniments, and joyful entertainments. Of par-
ticular interest are the many notable musicians who,
September 15, 1')72
Col. Howard. Mr .lmumJord. tr MAundre. and Mrs Howard
in younger days. were members of or played with the bl
U.S. Air Force Band. Among them were organist Li
Virgil Fox, pianist Victor Babin. violinist Erno in
Valasek, and horn player John Barrows. an
Col. Howard also presented to the Library three So
musical publications from the Far East. two from Li
Thailand and one from Cambodia. The first two are to
for native ensembles, respectively entitled Evening co
Prelude and Tham Kwan. a musical suite: the third is tic
a collection of 16 songs, melody only, with the title- m
page in French: "16 Chansons de S. A. R. Norodom ed
Sihanouk, compositions des annees 1945 a 1950." Tr
Accompanying Col. Howard to the Library for the
presentation were Mrs. Howard. Michael R. Mudre. su
formerly Col. Howard's assistant in the USAF Band Ne
and now vice president of the James L. Dixon real La
estate company. and Sgt. Joseph J. Shelko. Col. scl
Howard's assistant in the Metropolitan Police Depart- m
ment Band. gr
The Library started last week to open the north- th
east door on the Ground Floor of the Main Build-
ing on weekdays only from 7-30 am. to 5 p.m. for gr
staff members and from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. for co
the general public. vit
MARKS 75TH YEAR OF
MAIN BUILDING OF LC
"The Library of Congress: 75
Years in Black and White"-an
exhibit of dozens of photographs of
all aspects of the Library-will open
on Monday, September 18. The dis-
play, which marks the 75th anniver-
sary this fall of the opening of the
S now famous Main Building, is
sponsored by the Library's Profes-
Ssional Association; it will remain on
View through Saturday, September
30, in the central corridors of the
j Ground Floor.
New photographs in the exhibit are
S. the work of some half-dozen staff
i members of the Library for whom
photography either plays a role in
their jobs or is a principal avocation-
Nancy Benco, Warren R. Britt, Alan
Fern, Pat Frazier, Baiba Garoza, Bob
Lisbeth, and Robert Murray. The
ack-and-white photographs represent all phases of
brary life and activity: employees at work, scholars
the reading rooms, and visitors; the Library's Main
d Annex Buildings; and the exterior and grounds.
me of the photographs will be purchased by the
brary's Prints and Photographs Division to be added
the Library's permanent collections. The show was
ordinated by Maureen Murphy of LCPA; the selec-
rns were made by Alan Fern who was also instru-
ental in defining the scope of the exhibit, and
iting was done by John Howell. Lolita Silva and
eva Turner assisted in hanging the display.
Numbering well over 100. the photographs range in
object from children playing in the Court of
ptune fountain in front of the Main Building to the
iw Library reading room full of industrious
holars, from detailed close-ups of the Library's
urals. mosaics, sculptures, and moldings to a photo-
aphic survey of the many types of lamps used in the
brary. from geometric renderings of the dome and
stained-glass skylights to employees lounging on
e grounds during their breaks and lunch hours.
Although an exhibit of black-and-white photo-
aphs. the display gives the viewer a sense of the
lor and variety of spaces in the Library and of the
alitl of the thousands of people who daily work at,
idy in. or visit the site on Capitol Hill. This photo-
LC Information Bulletin
graphic tribute to a national institution and a land-
mark among Washington's public buildings is a credit
to the staff members who created it.
CECIL HOBBS INVITED TO SERVE AT
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Cecil Hobbs, Consultant on Southeast Asia to the
Library of Congress and former Head of the Southern
Asia Section of the Orientalia Division until his retire-
ment last year Isee LC Information Bulletin for
December 30, 1971, pp. 737-738], has been invited
to serve at the Australian National University as a
Visiting Senior Librarian in connection with South-
east Asian studies. He and his wife, Cecile, left the
United States for Canberra on September 1, and are
including Alaska, Japan, and Hong Kong on their
itinerary enroute to their destination.
After six months residence in Australia. Mr. and
Mrs. Hobbs will return to the Umnted States next May
via several Southeast Asian countries. India. and
several European nations. While in Canberra. their
mailing address will be the Australian National Uni-
versity Library, P.O. Box 4, Canberra. A.C.T.,
DEATH OF FORMER STAFF MEMBER
Mary Wilson MacNair. who was a Library of Con-
gress staff member from 1900 to 1942, died at her
home in Bethesda on August 31.
Miss MacNair, a native of Danville, N.Y., graduated
from Elmira College in New York and attended the
New York State Library School in Albany. Before
coming to the Library she was a cataloger with the
New York Public Library for four years.
While at LC, Miss MacNair became widely known as
an expert in subject headings and in cataloging of
periodicals She participated in the editorial work on
the first published edition of Subject Headings Used
in the Dictonarn Catalogs of the Library of Congress
and continued in the work until the fourth edition
was in type late in 1942. She was also editor of the
List of American Doctoral Dissertations.
She was a member of the church council of the
Lutheran Church of the Reformation and held offices
in various church organizations.
Oliver W. Maynor, an assistant Reference Librarian
in the Law Library Reading Room, was presented a
30-year Federal Service Award pin at a reception held
in his honor on September 1.
Mr. Maynor, a native of Saint Pauls, N.C., came to
the Library of Congress in 1942 as a member of the
Buildings and Grounds Division. He transferred to the
American-British Law Division of the Law Library on
October 16, 1944, as a deck attendant. In 1958 he
was promoted to Deck Supervisor and in 1965 to
Deck Supervisor and Reference Assistant. Mr. Maynor
was promoted to his present position on November
Mr. Maynor was awarded a quality increase in 1964
and three outstanding performance ratings. Recently
he received two letters of appreciation within one
week alone for his outstanding public service.
Mrs. Melba D. Adams, Decimal Classification
Specialist, has completed the first half of an exchange
of visits between personnel of the Decimal Classifica-
tion Division and the British National Bibliography
Mrs. Adams worked at the BNB from July 17 to
August 25. during which time she provided consulta-
tion on the use of the Dewey Decimal Classification,
and observed and participated in the BNB's methods
of subject andal sis. including the use of PRECIS. She
also paid professional visits to the British Museum
Department of Printed Books and to various other
libraries and to the headquarters of the Library
Mrs. Adams' visit will be returned October 11-
November 24. when Mr. R. R. ("Ross") Trotter,
Chief of the Dewey Classification Section at the BNB,
will visit the Library of Congress and particularly the
Decimal Classification Division. where he will observe
the methods followed in developing and interpreting
Dewey schedules. The objective of this exchange,
which is a landmark in relations between LC and
units of the about to-be-activated British Library, is
to achieve still closer coordination between the two
agencies in their use of the Dewey system. and thus
serve better the needs of the thousands of libraries
throughout the world that use this system and con-
sider it a basic library standard.
Mrs Adams' trip was made possible by a special
grant from Forest Press Inc publishers of the Dewey
George D. Cary, Register of Copyrights. and Abe A.
Goldman. General Counsel of the Copyright Office,
September 15, 1972
attended the Annual Convention Meeting of the
Patent. Trademark and Copyright Section of the
American Bar Association in San Francisco on August
Addressing the Section Luncheon on August 15.
Mr!' Cary reviewed recent domestic and international
developments in copyright and spoke of future pros-
pects for the revision program. His announcement
that the Senate had just approved ratification of the
revised Universal Copyright Convention was greeted
with enthusiasm. The Section accepted, without
discussion, the reports of its nine copyright com-
mittees, and approved two resolutions presented by
the committees, one of which endorsed ratification
by the United States of the International Convention
for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms
Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phono-
grams, while the other approved in principle an
amendment to the Internal Revenue Code granting to
copyrights the same capital gains treatment now en-
joyed by patents.
Appointments: Linda C. Bryant. clerk. GS-I. Cop Cal. NP;
Craig Cromar, clerk-typist. GS4. Preserve. 2877; James W.
Curlin, biological scientist. GS-15. CRS EP, 2948: Robert L.
Goldich. analyst in national defense. GS-7, CRS F. 4063,
David Elwood Gushee. analyst in environmental policy,
GS-14. CRS EP. 4023; Daniel Edward Healey. special police-
man (private). Bldgs. 2928: Thelma L. Hudson, library tech-
nician, GS-5. Cat Publ, 4043; Frederick C. Land, deck
attendant. GS-3. S&R, 2-600: David M. Lindahl, general
physical scientist, GS- I. CRS EP, 2966: Sarah Lynn Martin,
clerk-typist, GS-I. Cop Ref. NP: Kathryn Z. McGinn, cata-
loger, GS-7, Cop Cat, 4058. Connie A. Musgrove, analyst in
environmental policy. GS-7. CRS EP, 4003; Joseph O. Oberg,
special policeman (private), Bldgs. 2928; Nelson L. Sims,
clerk, GS-3, CRS C. 4099: Clarence L. Smith. microphotogra-
pher assistant. GT-3. Photodup, 5-100; Alverette B. Spillman.
clerk-typist. GS-4. BPO. 4087; William Thomas Wander,
analyst, public welfare. GS-7. CRS Ed, 2999; John D.
Warner. special policeman (private) Bldgs. 2928
Temporary Appointments: Jessie Morse Colgate. research
assistant. GS-7. CRS S, 4074: Irederick J. Raab, tape evalua-
tor. GS-3, DBPH. NP: Paula J. Trimble. arranger-filer. GT-3.
Cat Publ. 4-500.
Reappointments: Marisa C. Harris. inquiries recorder. GS-9,
CRS D. NP; Eric Johnnie Myers. reading room assistant.
GS-2, S&R. 6-600; Catherine F. McNaughton. voucher
examiner. GS-5, Ord, 4079: Henry Ware III, research analyst,
GS-11, FRD, 4052; Walter C. Williams, special policeman
(private), Bldgs, 2928.
Promotion: James A. Zeigler Loan, to library technician,
GSA, LL AB, 4118.
Resignations: Joann L. Boone. C&P; Paul Hoshovsky, Cop
Serv; Richard Evan Jackson, S&R; Henry T. Johnson, Cat
Mgmt; Carol Joiner, Subj Cat; Curt Landtroop. DBPH; Jane
S. Lynn, CRS; Elizabeth McBride, Cat Publ. Juan E. McGill.
Card Rosalinda Raher, Cop Cat. Yitateku Negga. Desc Cat;
Lawrence C. Saunders, Cop Serv; Michael Timtishin, ISO;
Edward R. Tittel. Mus.
Blanche R. Nunn and Walter S. Hamilton were
married on August 25, in Halls, Tenn. Mrs. Hamilton
is in the Information and Publications Section in the
Copyright Office Reference Division and Mr.
Hamilton is a Commander with the U.S. Navy. Their
home is in Fairfax, Va.
Mr. and Mrs. Neil R. McDonald are the parents of a
daughter, Molly Flora, born in Annapolis on August
28. Mr. McDonald is a Senior Legal Specialist in the
Near Eastern and African Law Division.
G. K. HALL PUBLISHES LIBRARY'S
FAR EASTERN LANGUAGES CATALOG
The Far Eastern languages card catalog of the Li-
brary of Congress is now available in book form as a
publication of G. K. Hall and Company, Boston.
Mass. Issued in 22 quarto volumes under the title Far
Eastern Languages Catalog/Library of Congress, it
includes photographic reproductions of some
332,000 printed LC cards representing some 121.000
Chinese. Japanese. and Korean language books and
serials cataloged since 1958 according to standard
American Library Association and Library of Con-
gress rules and practices. The author, title, and sub-
ject entries, in romanized form, are interfiled in one
Of the 121,000 titles, about 55,000 are Chinese
language works, about the same number are Japanese
works, and about 11,000 are Korean language publi-
cations. Approximately 80 percent of the titles in all
three languages represent post-World War II imprints.
Works cataloged before 1958 are not listed in the Far
Eastern Languages Catalog, but are controlled
through separate card catalogs in the Library.
The Chinese, Japanese, and Korean collections are
especially strong in the humanities, social sciences,
and law. Atypical insofar as North American research
libraries are concerned, the Library's collections are
LC Information Bulletin
also relatively strong in scientific and technological
works. After the sets received by the Library of Con-
gress have been cataloged, they may be consulted in
the Main Reading Room or in the Orientalia Division.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATIONS
LC Science Tracer Bullet- Nuclear Medicine (TB
72-9). June 19. 1972. (5 p.) Compiled by K. Rodgers.
Free upon request to the Reference Section, Science
and Technology Division, Library of Congress, Wash-
ington, D.C. 20540.
Library of Congress Catalog. Motion Pictures and
Filmstrips: A Cumulative List of Works Represented
by .ibrary of Congress Printed Cards. 1971. (xiii, 622
p.) For sale by the Card Division. Library of Con-
gress. Building 159, Navy Yard Annex, Washington,
D.C. 20541. for $25 a year for three quarterly issues
with annual and quinquennial cumulations.
Questions to an Artist Who is Also an Author: A
Conversation between Maurice Sendak and Virginia
Haviland. 1972. ( p.) For sale by the Superin-
tendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office. Washington. D.C. 20402, for 30 cents.
Reprinted from the October 1971 issue of the
Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress. this
dlustrated article was based on the transcript of a
lively interview of Maurice Sendak, popular children's
book illustrator and author, by Virginia Haviland,
Head of the Children's Book Section of the Library
of Congress, held on November 16. 1970, at the Li-
brary as a National Children's Book Week program.
Mr. Sendak won the ALA Randolph Caldecott Medal
in 1964 for Where the Wild Things Are and. in 1970,
was the first American to win the Illustrator's Medal
of the Hans Christian Andersen Awards. He is also the
author of In the Night Kitchen (1970).
New Microfilm Publications: Phase XII of the Li-
brary's project to microfilm the bills and resolutions
introduced in the U.S. Senate and House of Represen-
tatives from the Ist through the 84th Congresses
(1789-1956) has been completed. Phase XII, on 294
reels of microfilm, covers the 67th through the 72nd
Congresses (1921-1933). The filming of materials for
Phase XIll has begun, and Phase XIV will follow in
consecutive order: Phases I through XI are still avail-
able. Orders or letters of inquiry should be addressed
to the Library of Congress. Pholoduplication Service,
Dept. C-l 21. Washington. D.C. 20540: the cost of the
positive microfilm of Phase XII is $4,975.
The Library has also completed the microfilming of
the Soviet newspaper Izvestiia for the period Febru-
ary 28. 1917, through June 30. 1938. Although there
are scattered missing issues in this file, the completed
portion of the project is a result of the cooperation of
the Harvard University Library, which loaned the
Library issues for inclusion in the film. It is available
on 63 reels of positive microfilm for $535; orders or
letters of inquiry should be addressed to the Library's
Pholoduplication Service, Dept. C-69.
Microfilm copies of the following American and
British periodical or serial publications have been
completed: The Expositor, Southern Workman, The
Caledonian, Railway Locomotives and Cars, The New
York Ledger, The Public. Sporting Life, and Archaeo-
logia, British Poets, Edinburgh Review, Harleian
Society, and Temple Bar. A list of these microfilms
including the exact contents, any missing issues, and
the prices may be obtained from the photoduplica-
tion Service, Dept. C-156 (for the American periodi-
cals) of Dept. C-152 (for the British publications).
The important Soviet national bibliography of
books and pamphlets. Knizhnaia Letopis, is now
available on microfilm for the period 1961 to 1968.
including the indexes. The 37 reels of positive micro-
film are priced at $635. The microfilms for the period
1907-1946 and 1947-1960 are still available.
In addition, the Photoduplication Service has
filmed Knizhnaia Letopis: Dopolnirel'nyi Vypusk. a
supplement to the bibliography noted above, for the
period 1961-1968. The film is on 12 reels and costs
$110. Inquires about or orders for either microfilm
should be addressed to the Photoduplication Service.
Press Releases: No. 72-59 (August 24) Paul E. Edlund
appointed Chief of Card Division at Library of Congress; No.
72-60 (August 25) Library of Congress announces acquisition
of earliest known photographic images of U.S. Capitol and
White House: No. 72-61 (September 5) Library of Congress
exhibit. "The Race for the White House." portrays Presiden-
tial candidates of bygone elections
Library of Congress Regulations: No. 1918 (August 17)
reflected current Library organization standard abbreviations
and symbols; No. 11. page 1 (August 17) amplified proce-
dures to be followed in the handling of lost or found personal
property on Library premises: No. 213-13 (August 18) de-
scribed the organization and functions of the MARC Devel-
opment Office. Processing Department: Nos. 2017-1.
2017-1.1. and 2017-1.2 (August 30) redefined the Library's
Special Announcements: No. 496 (Augun 9) gave the
September 15, 1972
Labor Day holiday schedule; No. 497 (August 17) reported
the relocation of the Motor Vehicle Unit; No. 498 (August
22) designated the current members of the Committee for
the Special Recruit Program; No. 499 (August 23) concerned
Blue Cross-Blue Shield supplemental claims; No. 500 (August
24) announced the appointment of Paul E. Edlund as Chief
of the Card Division, Processing Department; No. 501
(August 25) reported on the action on appeal of Barbara A.
Ringer; No. 502 (August 31) concerned the Library's shuttle
NEW REFERENCE BOOKS
Volume One, A to F, of the Encyclopedia of
Psychology, edited by H. J. Eysenck in London, W.
Arnold in Wurzburg, and R. Meili of Berne (London,
Search Press, 1972. 396 p. BF31.E52), is now avail-
able in the Main Reading Room. The foreword to the
work, which will ultimately contain three volumes.
states that the set is an "international venture, both
in the sense that the authors for the definitions and
articles have been drawn from many [i.e., 22] coun-
tries and also because it is being published in English,
German, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian.
Entries ... are of two kinds. First ... the ordinary
definitions occupying a line or two ... ; second,
articles covering important terms and concepts,
specially written by well known authorities, ranging
in length up to 4000 words, and containing suitable
bibliographies." Most articles, short and long, are
signed. [Robert Zich I
Jerry Mack's What's It Worth? and Where You Can
Sell It! (San Angelo, Tex., Educator Books, 1970. 94
p. HF5482.M3) sets out to help make the most of the
"treasure of your trash" by listing "specific buyers of
specific collectible items." An introduction suggests
ways to determine values and provides instructions
for selling, including an outline of a letter offering
items for sale. A bibliography of periodicals aimed at
collectors, either general or specialized, follows the
introduction. The main body of the work is a direc-
tory of collectors, who describe their interests in
want ad form. The directory is arranged by areas of
interest ranging from "Advertising Items" to "Zodiac
Relics." Among the approximately 80 categories are
"Agricultural Equipment," "Canes and Swagger
Sticks," "Fans (Hand)," "Halpins and Stickpins,"
"Marbles," "Match Safes," and "Typewritters." This
work is available in the Main Reading Room.
The Information Systems Office (ISO) presented an
introductory briefing on the Human Read-Machine
Read (HRMR) Information Processor System on
August 11. The presentation by E. C. Campbell of
the Harris-Intertype Corp., included a look at holo-
graphic, high density recording, and storage tech-
On August 25, ISO sponsored a tutorial on the IBM
Virtual Storage Capability as part of the Automation
Training Program. The discussion, conducted by
Patricia A. Taylor of IBM, included highlights of the
new technologies used in the IBM system and the
effective use of this capability in applications systems
design and development.
NEWS IN THE LIBRARY WORLD
Former LC Consultant Appointed to Arts Council
Eudora Welty, a novelist from Jackson, Miss., and
former Honorary Consultant in American Letters at
the Library of Congress, has been appointed by Presi-
dent Nixon to a six-year term on the National
Council on the Arts. Miss Welty served as Consultant
from 1957 to 1964. She is the author of a number of
novels, including Losing Battles and The Optimist's
Federal Librarians to Discuss Cooperative Effort
Federal librarians from Metropolitan Washington
will meet on Tuesday, October 10, at the Ohio
College Library Center (OCLC) in Columbus to view
a demonstration of a computerized shared-cataloging
system and to discuss the application of the OCLC
concept to a Federal library cooperative center effort.
Russell Shank, Director of Libraries, Smithsonian
Institution, and Mrs. Madeline M. Henderson, Staff
Assistant for Computer Usage Information and Data
at the National Bureau of Standards, formed a
Federal Library Cooperative Center Study Group in
June. The group of librarians who serve various
agencies, among them the Smithsonian Institution.
National Bureau of Standards, Labor, Commerce,
Interior, Army Corps of Engineers, and NASA, have
been meeting to discuss the possibility of a coopera-
The group has engaged Frederick Kilgour. Director
of OCLC, to prepare a study on Federal library
cooperation and to discuss six basic points: (1) the
goals of a cooperative center, (2) the functions of
LC Information Bulletin
such a center. (.) the value of a center. (4) potential
projects, listed in priority groupings, (5) selected
inventory and possible uses or applications of work
done elsewhere, existing systems, and information
programs already underway, and (6) initial tasks to
implement the projects listed above, and their scope.
such as a time schedule for development and the
resources required. The October 10 meeting will deal
with these points.
Federal librarians interested in participating in the
discussion should contact Frank Kurt Cylke. Execu-
tive Secretary, Federal Library Committee, Room
310. Library of Congress. Washington, D.C. 20540.
Library Data Processing Clinic Is Scheduled
The tenth annual Clinic on Library Applications of
Data Processing will be conducted by the Graduate
School of Library Science. University of Illinois. on
April 29-May 2. 1973. The theme will be "Coopera-
tive Ventures in Library Applications of Data Pro-
cessing" and speakers will discuss a wide range of
existing coopcraiive activities, with special reference
to the use of computers in library networks and the
role of computers in cooperative processing for
F. W. Lancaselr. Associate Professor of Library
Science at the University of Illinois. is chairman of
the clinic. Further information may be obtained from
Leonard E. Sigler. Division of University Extension
I It Illin Hall. campaignn. 11. 61820.
SLA Offers Four Graduate Scholarships
The Special Libraries Association for the 18th year
is offering scholarships for study leading to the
master's degree in library and information science.
Four $2.000 scholarships will be granted for the
1|73-74 academic year. Applications and further
information may be obtained from Special Libraries
Association. Scholarship Committee. 235 Park Ave.
South. New York. N.Y. 10003. Applications must be
completed and returned by January 15. 1973.
California Cumulates Subject Headings
The University of California Library Automation
Program has completed the computer processing for
and has published a cumulation of the annual supple-
ments to the Library of Congress List of Subject
Headings (7th ed.). The fully edited cumulation con-
tains all supplements from the second. 1966. through
the seventh. 1971; the first supplement, 1965, is not
included because it was not in machine-readable
The 825-page single-volume work contains approxi-
mately 130.000 records printed in a format which
closely parallels that used in the LC supplements. The
Library of Congress provided the University of Cali-
fornia with the unedited source data bases for the
A limited number of copies are available to inter-
ested organizations at $40 each. Requests should be
addressed to the Director, University-wide Library
Automation Programs, c/o Institute of Library
Research South Hall Annex. University of California,
Berkeley. Calif. 94720.
R. R. Bowker Launches Audio-Visual Magazine
A new magazine, Previews: News and Reviews of
Non-Print Media, has been launched by the R.R.
Bowker Co. to meet the need for a single compre-
hensive and systematic listing and evaluative review-
ing service for audio-visual materials; the fist issue
came out this month. The magazine will appear nine
times a year from September through May.
Each issue will carry over 100 signed reviews, both
favorable and unfavorable, of 16mm and 8mm sound
films, 8mm silent films, sound and silent filmstrips,
transparencies, slides, discs, tapes, prints, maps,
charts, academic games, and multi-media kits. In
addition, Previews will include a non-critical audio-
visual guide of non-print media in the September,
January, and May issues. The listing previously was
published semi-annually in School Library Journal.
Subscribers to Library Journal and School Library
Journal may receive Previews at a special rate of
$2.50 a year. Others may subscribe at $7.50 for one
year, 12 for two years and 16 for three years. For
further information, contact Nancy H. Carrier, Circu-
lation Manager. R.R. Bowker Co.. 1180 Avenue of
the Americas, New York. N.Y. 10036.
Correction on NAL Catalog Price
The quinquennial edition of the monthly National
Agricultural Library Catalog, 1966-1970 is priced at
$35 per volume net. The total set will contain 12
volumes when completed. The LC Information
Bulletin in the August 25, 1972. issue stated the price
Vol. 31, No. 37
September 15, 1972
PRESERVATION SUPPLEMENT 72-3
The Preservation Research Program of the Library of Congress
When the Library of Congress reorganized its pres-
ervation program in 1967, major emphasis was placed
upon the establishment of a laboratory able to under-
take research projects leading to solutions to the
many problems which confront librarians and archi-
vists in the preservation of their collections.
Such a laboratory became a reality in 1971 with
the appointment of the staff of the Preservation
Research and Testing Office. As one of the five units
of the Administrative Department's Office of the
Assistant Director for Preservation, the Preservation
Research and Testing Office is responsible for three
basic programs: pure research into the fundamental
aspects of preservation problems, applied research,
and testing and quality control of supplies used in the
preservation of library materials.
Planning for the physical arrangement and equip-
ping of the laboratory took place concurrently with
the appointment of the staff. Basic furnishings and
equipment were installed by mid-1971, and the labo-
ratory has been operational since that date. Staff,
laboratory furnishings, and operating expenses of the
laboratory are funded by the regular appropriations
of the Library. Equipment necessary for the initial
research program was provided by a gift of $75,000
from the Council on Library Resources, Inc.
Under the direction of John C. Williams, Preserva-
tion Research Officer, in cooperation with Peter
Waters, Restoration Officer, the research program was
established early in 1972. Some 20 research projects
have now been approved and are either underway or
waiting to be initiated as staff commitments permit.
Suggestions and recommendations for research pro-
jects are accepted from the Library of Congress staff,
and inasmuch as the Library's preservation research
program benefits the library and archival communi-
ties generally, suggestions from outside sources are
considered as well. All recommendations for research
are submitted to a three-man committee for review,
discussion, and eventual approval or rejection. This
committee, consisting of the Assistant Director for
Preservation, the Preservation Research Officer, and
the Restoration Officer, considers all recommenda-
tions in the light of their potential importance and
interest to the conservation problems of the library
community. Projects approved by the committee are
placed in one of three priority groups and assigned to
an appropriate member of the research staff for
investigation. Quarterly and occasionally monthly or
weekly reports are submitted by each investigator for
Among the research projects now underway, those
of special interest to librarians and conservators are
(1) An evaluation of all presently used methods for
neutralizing and alkaline buffering of paper. No com-
parative study of these various methods in current use
has been undertaken previously. The present study is
expected to identify the advantages and disadvantages
of each of the several methods.
(2) An investigation into the principles of gaseous
deacidification and the identification of a method or
methods by which books can be treated economically
and safely to decrease the rate of deterioration.
(3) An investigation of the possibility of restoring
strength to paper which has already deteriorated
using the technique of graft polymerization. If suc-
cessful such a process could restore to usable condi-
tion thousands of volumes which are now so brittle
they cannot be handled without damage.
(4) A concurrent series of investigations to identify
ways of stabilizing and restoring flood damaged
materials. Although this program had been approved
prior to the floods caused by hurricane Agnes, the
damage created at that time and similar problems
raised by the recent fire in the Law Library of
Temple University as well have resulted in the assign-
ment of a higher priority to this work. A complete
investigation of these problems is underway.
(5) A comprehensive analysis of stains and discol-
orations in paper, from the viewpoints of both identi-
fication and removal, is under study by the
laboratory in cooperation with the paper conservators
of the Restoration Office workshop.
(6) An investigation of the uses, types, methods of
formulation, shelf life, and other properties of adhe-
sives used in the conservation of library materials.
This is an area which has needed comprehensive study
for many years. The project is being undertaken in
cooperation with Mr. Waters and the staff of the
Restoration Office workshops in order that the adhe-
sives studied may be evaluated in practical terms.
LC immarlom Nalhk
(7) An identification of the characteristics of
various types of storage containers for microfilm.
Some years ago the National Bureau of Standards
undertook to determine the cause of the now famous
J"' spots. Although this investigation identified the
principal factors causing this condition and suggested
possible remedies, there is a dearth of information on
satisfactory containers for microfilm storage. The pre-
sent study seeks to further the work of previous
investigators in determining the safest and most
effective storage boxes for microfilm.
(I) An in-depth study of substitutes for the lami-
nanion process. Widely used since its development in
the I130's. the process of laminating documents
using a thin film of cellulose acetate as an adhesive
.nd neutral or alkaline tissue to impart strength to
the document after deacidification is being re-
evaluated. There is evidence that this process was not
without some harmful effects caused partly by the
heat required for lamination and partly by the even-
tual deterioration of the acetate. The present investi-
gation will seek to clarify these points and to identify
substitute and more effective measures for protecting
a wide variety of materials.
(9) Analysis of those conditions which contribute
most significantly to the deterioration of paper and
other library and archival materials including light,
atmospheric contaminants, and other factors. This
field although extensively studied by others lacks
Despite increasing efforts to control airborne pollu-
tion. some forecasts indicate that such pollution will
Septembi 15, 1972
double during the next decade. It would be useful to
know, for example, the exact level of protection
which must be given a document when it is deacidi-
fled in order to provide protection against present
and projected pollution levels. Similarly this study is
expected to yield data on the effects of various types
of lighting on the longevity of library materials.
In addition to the specific programs described
above, a number of smaller programs are being under-
taken, many as a result of large scale projects. The
evaluation of deacidification procedures, for example,
has prompted a close scrutiny of methods of meas-
uring paper permanence, such as its folding endurance
or its acidity (pH). This has led, in turn, to further
examination of the methods of measuring folding
adurance and of expressing the resuts. Similarly, the
laboratory has developed the concept of "alkaline
reserve," which led to the presentation of a paper on
this topic at the May 1972 meeting of the Paper Con-
servation Section of the American Group of the Inter-
national Institute for Conservation.
As noted above, the Research Office is also engaged
in a testing program to evaluate the quality and uni-
formity of materials and supplies used in the Li-
brary's preservation programs. Although this work is
still expanding, data covering products tested under
this program are available upon request.
Research capabilities of the laboratory, housed in
Rooms 1010 and 1012 of the Library's Annex
Building, have been expanded considerably with the
recent installation of a large environmental testing
chamber. This chamber includes specialized controls
that can be adjusted to simulate a wide range of
environmental conditions. Paper, book bindings, and
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other preservation materials subject to variation as a
result of extremes in environmental conditions can be
tested under temperature and humidity conditions
duplicating those found in libraries.
The laboratory has three paper-aging ovens which
are also adjustable and able to produce a variety of
environmental conditions. These ovens are used to
age paper samples artificially; the samples are then
subjected to various physical and chemical tests to
determine the effects of longterm storage under
specific environmental conditions.
Much of the other equipment is similar to that
found in many analytical laboratories, and includes
pH meters (used to measure acidity of paper), visco-
meters (which indicate the rate of resistance of flow
of cellulose), a liquid chromatograph, and various
instruments for testing the physical characteristics of
paper. Included in this last category is equipment
which measures paper brightness, tensile strength,
thickness, folding endurance, and the resistana of a
paper sample to bursting. As future projects and
needs dictate, additional analytical equipment will be
It is believed that the preservation research work
now being undertaken by the Library of Congres is
one of the few such programs in the world. Of special
significance is the fact that the research staff and the
conservation workshop staff have an opportunity to
work side by side, to exchange ideas, and to test
many of the results of the research program in the
practical environment of the workshop. At the same
time new techniques and procedures developed in the
workshop can be scientifically evaluated in the labo-
ratory. This cross fertilization of ideas should lead to
a strong, viable research program capable of devel-
oping sound solutions to the vexing preservation
problems which beset librarians and archivists of the
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