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Moving Forward! A second-phase project to digitize anniversary issues of the legendary American Jewish newspaper, the Fo...
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00008446/00001
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Title: Moving Forward! A second-phase project to digitize anniversary issues of the legendary American Jewish newspaper, the Forverts ( Jewish Daily Forward ) : a special sub-collection within the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection ( Mini Grant Proposal )
Physical Description: Grant proposal
Creator: Jefferson, Rebecca
Publisher: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: 2011
 Notes
Abstract: A second round of mini-grant funding is being requested to facilitate the next phase of the Judaica anniversary project which will focus on the legendary Forverts newspaper. This project will fund the preservation digitization of 22 anniversary issues of the Forverts from 1917-1967. The Forverts newspaper has been chosen as the focus of the second phase for a good number of reasons. Most importantly, these unique anniversary issues of the Forverts are all in a very poor state of preservation and deteriorating rapidly; digitizing them will preserve their content. The Forverts is America’s leading Jewish newspaper and a revered institution in American Jewish life. Current issues of the Forverts and its English counterpart, The Jewish Daily Forward, went online in 1990; however, at present, there are no digital issues of the Forverts available before 2003 and access to the microfilm is limited; thus, these anniversary issues will serve as a superb research tool for those interested in this paper’s history. This digital collection will compliment the Judaica’s library recent acquisition of the Forverts (1910-1947) on microfilm. It is hoped that the Forverts’ international renown will also help bring in a good deal of publicity for the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection which may result in attracting further funding to finish the digitization of the remaining 140 newspapers in the collection as well as funding to help purchase the complete set of microfilm. Last, but not least, the digitization of the anniversary issues of the Forverts will coincide with the Forverts’ own 115th year!
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID: AA00008446:00001

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Moving Forward! A second phase project to digitize anniversary issues of the legendary American Jewish newspaper, the Forverts (Jewish Daily Forward ): a special sub collection within the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection. Description of the project A second round of mini grant funding is being requested to facilitate the next phase of the Judaica anniversary project which will focus on the legendary Forverts newspaper. This project will fund the preservation digitization of 22 anniversary issues of the Forverts from 1917 1967. The Forverts newspaper has been chosen as the focus of the second phase for a good number of reasons. Most importantly, t he se unique anniversary issue s of the Forverts are all in a very poor state of preservation and deteriorating rapi dly; digitizing them will preserve their content. The Jewish newspaper and a revered institution in American Jewish life Cur rent issues of the Forverts and its English counterpart, The Jewish Daily Forward went online in 1990; however, at present, there are no digital issues of the F orverts available before 2003 and access to the microfilm is limited; thus, these anniversary i his 1947) on micro film It is hoped that t renown will also help bring in a good deal of publicity for the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection which may result in attracting further funding to finish the digitization of the remaining 14 0 newspapers in the collection as well as funding to help purchase the complete set of microfilm. Last, but not least, the digitization of the anniversary issues th year! Historical background and collection significance The Forverts is a highly si gnificant newspaper due to its long evity (1897 to present day), its world renown, and for the regard in which it is held by Jewish people as a much beloved Jewish institution and a s a powerful force in the Jewish public sphere At the height of its popular ity in the 1930s, the Forverts r dailies with a circulation of 275,000. The Forverts not only addressed the key issues of the day, it also featured literary giants like Isaac Bashevis Singer and Ellis Wiesel and introduced the J ewish readi ng public to new Jewish artists. Its famous editor, Abraham Cahan, was a familiar name in Jewish households with his advice column, the Bintel Brief which addressed the problems of thousands of Jewish immigrants adjusting to their new American l ife. Indeed, t he Forverts was unique as a foreign language newspaper that actually aided the Americanization of immigrants. 1 The anniversary issues in this unique collection range from the 2 0 th to the 70 th anniversaries and include other milestones like the 25 th anniversary of the well known Kinderland (1923 to present). Why this project is important This collection of newspapers is exceptional in a number of respects: firstly, because these origi nal newspapers together constitute a distinct collection uni que t o the University of Florida and secondly because t he Forverts is a key resource for researchers of Jewish life in America One of the latest publication s in this field has focused on Jewish life in America based on photographs from the Forverts. 2 Lately, the newspaper itself has been the focus of research with a publication highlighting the role played by the newspaper in the lives of immigrants during the years 1890 1917. 3

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The D irector of the Center for Jewish Studies, Professor Jack Kugelmass, has strongly advocated the need to acquire the full set of the Forverts newspaper on microfilm for researchers at the University of Florida and toge ther with the Judaica Librarian he has i nstituted a project to purchase it in installments. Having a collection of anniversary issues online will provide immediate access to a distinct set of the Forverts newspaper which may help bring in further funding for the microfilm collection. Making this anniversary collection digitally available is important and appropriate to the UF Libraries University of Florida is currently unknown; in its c urren t state of preservation it constitutes an endangered arc hive which badly needs rescuing. Finally, i t follows in the footsteps of the first highly successful digitization project funded by the UF Libraries: the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Col lection ( http://ufdc.ufl.edu/ianniversary ) This second phase is greatly important to the ongoing development of the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection: a digital project w hich has already receive d a good deal of attention The Anniversary Collection has had 5,883 views in just 4 months between May and August, 2011. Librarians attending the A ssociation of Jewish Librarians conference in Mon treal in June 2010 e xpressed great interest in the Annivers ary C ollection and this has resulted in the project being brought to the attention the American Theolo gical Library Association and an invitation to talk about the newspapers at the next annual conference of the American Library Association (ALA) in 2012 The project was also of interest to visitors to the ALA poster presentation on thi s subject in New Orleans, 2010 leading the editor of the peer reviewed Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship to request an article based on the project. It is clear that there is great interest and a rising demand for these materials to be placed online and it is hoped that mounting such a legendary newspaper as the Forverts will lead to a level of publicity sufficient to attract the funding necessary to finish the project. Similar projects in academic libraries The Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection is a unique digital archive. A search for similar projects in other academic libraries reveals that this is the only known newspaper collection of its kind (see Appendix B) Many US libraries have microfilm copies of certain newspaper titles, but of the few that are producing digital collections the focus is on complete runs of the Jewish newspapers of their region. 4 Two examples include a digitiz Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies 5 6 American libraries wit h major collections of Judaica are developing impressive digital collections; yet, none of these include newspapers. 7 Three of the current newspaper titles included in this project produce their own online editions and have digital archives; of these, how ever, only the Jewish Chronicle has an online archive of all its issues. 8 Resources needed John Freund will be required for disbinding (estimated at 30 minutes per binding ) A time and labor will be necessary for digitizing Time and labor will also be needed from Gus Clifton and Jane Pen who will su pervise the main imaging queue; Nelda Schwartz who will import records; Matt Mariner who will load, load verify and archive data; Randall Renner and Laurie Taylor who will be rep orting and supervising at different levels, and Lourdes Santamaria Wheeler who will be responsible for homepage and banner design. Time, labor and materials will be required to house the collection in archival boxes once the digitization process has been c ompleted. The PI will supply time

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and labor to research and create guides and to generate publicity material and articles about the Forverts anniversary digital collection Plan of action Time Action November 2 2 newspaper issues (app roximately 2,4 00 pages) will be disbound by John Freund in the conservation departm ent; as the papers are extremely fragile, estimated time is between 15 20 hours to prepare the entire collection for digitization December March A student assistant will digitize the new spapers; member s of the DLC staff will oversee the careful handling of these materials, the optical character reco gnition, digital archiving and loading of the digitized materials as well as record importing and banner design The PI will check quality con trol to ensure that the materials are correctly processed for archiving and online display. March The PI wil l aim to have a selection of 5 newspapers mounted with short descriptions ready to mark the Forverts 115 th birthday on April 22 nd 2012 March April Digitization will be completed, and the newspapers will be placed in archival boxes by John Freund (this will take around 4 weeks). The boxes will be allocated storage space together as a collection Special permission to consult them will be require d for those issues that are still in a fair state of preservation. April June Web page will be designed for these issuses June The PI will report on the project at the annual conference of the Association of Jewish Libraries. July September The PI will create landing pages for optimal access and use of the materials. The PI will publicize and by establishing links to the collections through popular on line sites. The PI will present the collection as part of her annual Jewish Libraries lecture at the University of Florida October The PI will complete a needs assessment as part of a plan to obtain future grant funding. F unding agencies and potential co llaborators will be identified The PI will work with the grants manager to determine the feasibility of the project and draft a possible proposal for submission. Collection ownership and copyright The collection is owned by the University of Florida as part of the Isser and Rae Price Library of Judaica. It will not be necessary to obtain copyright permission for digitizing these newspapers as they were published before 1977 without a copyright notice (therefore, they were not published in accordance wit h US formalities for registering copyright) and are in the public domain. Measuring Success goals : The successful digitization of 2 2 anniversary editions of the Forverts newspaper A cohesive digital collection to serve as an example to present for further funding Faculty and student u se of the collection monitored through user statistics Successful publicity for the collection, including a presentation at the AJL conference an article in and links to the collection from other websites. Long term financial implications It is expected th at the publicity drive for the second project will generate even more interest in an already popular collection. This small but complete digital archive will serve as an excellent exa mple of what can be achieved with minor grant s and can be used to raise major funds to complete the digitizati on of the 140 remaining issues as well as generate larger scale collaborative projects of a similar nature

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Moving Forward! A second phase project to digitize anniversary issues of the legendary American Jewish newspaper, the Forverts (Jewish Daily Forward): a special sub collection within the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection Queries from the Mini Grant Committee : 1 Why is the proposed timeline for the project not within the grant period (November 1, 2011 through October 31 2012)? Can this be adjusted to conform with the grant period? 2 Why is design of the website pushed back until after digitiza tion is complete? Answer to queries : There is no reason why this cannot take place within the grant period, and it does make sense to get the web site designed before the PI presents on the collection to the Association of Jewish Libraries. The timeline ha s been adjusted accordingly Re adjusted timeline : Time Action November 2011 2 2 newspaper issues (approximately 2,400 pages) will be disbound by John Freund in the conservation departm ent; as the papers are extremely fragile, estimated time is between 15 20 hours to prepare the entire collection for digitization December March A student assistant will digitize the newspapers; member s of the DLC staff will oversee the careful handling of these materials, the optical character reco gnition, digital archiv ing and loading of the digitized materials as well as record importing and banner design The PI will check quality control to ensure that the materials are correctly processed for archiving and online display. March The PI wil l aim to have a selection of 5 newspapers mounted with short descriptions ready to mark the Forverts 115 th birthday on April 22 nd 2012 March April Digitization will be completed, and the newspapers will be placed in archival boxes by John Freund (this wi ll take around 4 weeks). The boxes will be allocated storage space together as a collection Special permission to consult them will be required for those issues that are still in a fair state of preservation. April June Web page will be designed for thes e issues June The PI will report on the project at the annual conference of the Association of Jewish Libraries. July September The PI will create landing pages for optimal access and use of the materials. The PI will publicize the digital collection wid and by establishing links to the collections through popular online sites. The PI will present the collection as part of her annual Jewish Libraries lecture at the University of Florida October 2012 The PI will complete a needs assessment as part of a plan to obtain future grant funding. F unding agencies and potential collaborators will be identified The PI will work with the grants manager to determine the feasibility of the p roject and draft a possible proposal for submission. Additional statement: Although this is a second phase of a project, it is by no means the same project. These newspapers have not only been chosen for what they represent in terms of their content but they have also been selected because they are among the most degraded items i n the collection. The 22 issues of the Forverts unique to the University of Florida, are endangered objects and their digital and physical preservation is vital.

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Appendix A: a list of 22 issues of the Forverts to be digitized as part of the 2 nd phase of the Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection Title of newspaper Year Anniversary Place of publication Language Forverts: 1897 1917: sections 1 2 1917 20 New York Yiddish Forverts: 25 years, 1897 1922 1922 25 New York Yiddish Forverts: 30 years, 1897 1927 1927 30 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: 30 Year Jubilee, 1897 1927 1927 30 New York Yiddish Forverts: ten years, 1919 1929 1929 10 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: 35 years 1932 35 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: 40 years, 1897 1937 1937 40 New York Yiddish Forverts: New York's World Fair 1939 1 Yiddish Forverts: 41st Workmen's Circle convention 1941 41 Yiddish Forverts 1942 45 New York Yiddish Forverts: Abraham Cahan's jubilee edition 1942 45 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: Abraham Cahan's 60th year in America 1942 60 Yiddish Forverts: 1944: June and Sept issues 1944 47 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: 21 Years of ? (1923?) 1944 21 Yiddish Forverts: 50 years of Theater Criticism, 1897 1947 1947 50 New York Yiddish Forverts: 50 years, 1897 1947, May/June/December issues 1947 50 Chicago Yiddish Forverts: 25 Years of Camp Kinderland 1949 25 Yiddish Forverts: 50 Year Jubilee of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union 1950 50 Yiddish Forverts 1951 54 Yiddish Forverts: 60 Year Jubilee, 1897 1957 1957 60 New York Yiddish Forverts: 65 years; 1897 1962 1962 65 New York Yiddish Jewish Daily Forward: 70th anniversary 1967 70 New York English

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APPENDIX B : DIGITAL COLLECTIONS OF JEWISH NEW SPAPERS Organization Newspaper Collection Digital collection Dates Digital Library of Georgia The Southern Israelite http://israelite.galileo.usg.edu/israelite/search 1929 1958 1984 1986 Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies Asher Library Digital Collections The Sentinel http://hannah.spertus.edu:8881/R/P7U1CFDTPCG6GB2VNBM4EV4J7SLG5 ES28G99L9XL3SIPSCQ6P5 00129?func=collections&collection_id=1007 1911 1949 Ohio Memory The Ohio Jewish Chronicle http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm4/index_ojc.php?CISOROOT=/ojc 1922 1994 Carnegie Mellon Libraries: The Pittsburgh Jewish Newspaper Project The Jewish Criterion The American Jewish Outlook The Jewish Chronicle http://pjn.library.cmu.edu/ 1895 1962 1934 1962 1962 present Brooklyn Public Library Brooklyn Daily Eagle Online http://eagle .brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Skins/BEagle/Client.asp?Skin= BEagle&AppName=2&AW=1286459948078&GZ=T 1841 1902 Jewish Daily Forward Archives Jewish Daily Forward http://www.forward.com/archives/ 2003 2010 The Jewish Chronicle Archives The Jewish Chronicle Only the trial search is free. http://www.thejc.com/ 1841 ? The Jewish Advocate Archives The Jewish Advocate http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thejewishadvocate/advancedsearch.html 1991 2010 Historical Jewish Press Several newspapers (none from this proposal) http://www.jpress.org.il/cross section/allpub en.asp Several

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Appendix C : References 1 Rich, J. C., 60 Years of the Jewish Daily Forward New York, the Forward Association, 1957, p. 5. 2 Newhouse, A. & Pollack, C., A living lens: photographs of Jewish Life from the pages of the Forward New York, Forward Books: W. W. Norton & Co., 2007. 3 Manor, E., Forward: the Jewish Daily Forward (Forverts) newspaper: immigrants, socialism and Jewish Politics in New York, 1890 1917 Brighton, England & Portland, Or., Sussex Academic Press, 2009. 4 and on the webites of major Jewish Studies programs in US academic institutions (see Appendix B, above for examples). Comparisons were also made with international projects, including the German http://www.compactmemory.de/ ) and two digital projects for historic Hebrew and Jewish newspapers being undertaken by the National Library of Israel in Jerusalem: ( http: //jnul.huji.ac.il/dl/newspapers/index1024.html and http://www.jpress.org.il/view english.asp ). The existence of the abovementioned projects proves that there is growing interest in accessing these pri mary sources; however, the newspapers titles and issues proposed for this special project are not included here. 5 http://www.spertus.edu/asher_cja/index.php 6 http://pjn.library.cmu.edu/ 7 The Library at the Jewish Theological Seminary is a good example of a library that is developing a number of important digital pro jects, see http://sylvester.jtsa.edu:8881/R?RN=953456562 8 See http://www.thejc.com/

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MINI GRANT PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION Mini Grant Budget Form Please add lines to table as needed. If you need help completing this form, please contact Bess de Farber, PH# 273-2519. 1. Salaries and Wages (no fringe benefits required) Name of PersonSalary times % of effortGrant FundsCost ShareTotal Jefferson, Rebecca3$0.00$2,149.03$2,149.03 Freund, John1.9$0.00$1,349.26$1,349.26 Clifton, Gus0.8$0.00$397.02$397.02 Santamaria-Wheeler, Lourdes0.7$0.00$346.97$346.97 Pen, Jane0.5$243.11$243.11 Renner, Randall0.1$48.15$48.15 Mariner, Matt0.1$46.13$46.13 Taylor, Laurie0.1$0.00$69.85$69.85 OPS (.50 FTE @ $10/hr)$840.00$0.00$840.00 SUBTOTAL $840.00$4,649.52$5,489.52 2. Equipment ItemQuantity times CostGrant FundsCost ShareTotal $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 SUBTOTAL $0.00$0.00$0.00 3. Supplies ItemQuantity times CostGrant FundsCost ShareTotal Archival boxes22 x $20 each$440.00$0.00$440.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 SUBTOTAL $440.00$0.00$440.00 4. Travel From/To# of people/# of daysGrant FundsCost ShareTotal $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 SUBTOTAL $0.00$0.00$0.00 5. Other (services vended, etc.) ItemQuantity times costGrant FundsCost ShareTotal $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 $0.00$0.00$0.00 SUBTOTAL $0.00$0.00$0.00 Grant FundsCost ShareTotal Total Direct Costs (add subtotals of items 1-5) $1,280.00$4,649.52$5,929.52