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Approved Code No. 179
Registry No. 503---02
NATIONAL RE COVER ADMINISTRATION
C~ODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
AS APPROVED ON DECEMBER 23, 1933
DO OUR PART
1 vF'~l- ve Order
2. Letter of Transmittal
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
This publication is for sale by.the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, WVashingoton, D.C., and by district oflices of the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestie Commerce.
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Approved Code No. 179
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
ELEC TROTYPING AND STEREOTYPING
As Approved on December 23, 1933
An application having been duly made, pursuant to andi in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Electrotyp~ing and Sjtereotypinlg Industry,
and hearings having been held thereon and the Administrator having
rendered his report containing an analysis of the said Code of Fair
Competition, together with his recommendations and findings with
resec threoand the Administrator having found that tlhe said
Code of Fair Competition complies in all respects with thle pertinent
provisions of Title I[ of said Act, andi that the requirements of clauses
(1) and (2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of the said Act have been
NOW', THEREFORE, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Presidecnt of the
United States, pursuant to the authority restedl in mie by Title I of
the National Inldustrial Recovery Act, Japprovedl June 16j, 193.3, and
otherwise, do hereby adopt and approve the report, recommlendations
and findings of the Admlinistrator andl do order that th~e said Codle
of Fair Competition be and it. is hereby approved, su;!bject to the
1. That the maximum hours of workl sipecified inl Article III of
the Code and/'or any other provisions of the C`ode r~elatin~g to hours
of work, shall not be construed2 as a mninimumn worke day or wocrk
PROV(IDED, that if at any time in any locality, emp~loyees en-
gaged in any trade or craft., through thei r chosen r~ep-reselt at ivets,
express by written request to their employer or emp~loyer~s, a desirle
to share available work w~ith bona fide resident competent mechanics
in their particular trade or craft, the number of hours mnay be ad-
justed by mutual agreement;
PROVIDED further, that if local agreement proves impossible i
within fifteen (15) days after such request, the question many be
appealed by either party to a local Board set up by mutual nagree-
mient of the parties, or to the Labor Board established in Article VIII
of the Code.
2. That my approval of the Code as. a separate Code is limited to
a period of three (3) months from t~he effective date thereof, and the
Administrators is hereby authorized, after such public notice and
hearing as he mnay prescribe, to require the Electrotyping and Stereo-
typing Industry to operate nmder the Code of Fair Competition for
the Graphic A~rts Industries.
PR~OVIDED, however, that if the Admninistrator so orders, no
changes in any provisions of the Ciode of Fair Competition for the
Ele~trotypi;ng anl Steretping~l~n Industry other than appropriate
modifications of the definitions and of the Administrative provisions
of saidl Code, are authorized by this Order of Approval.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
AdcEminisz2~t ra o r.
THE ~TYHITE HOUSE,
Decemn2ber 593, 1933.Q
DECEMBER 22, 1933.
The Wthilte House.
SmR: Hearings were held on a Code for Electrotyping and Stereo-
typing coincidentally with the hearings on the other Graphic Arts
The Electrotyping and Stereotyping Industry wras reluctant to
come under the scope of such a basic' code. Its attitude was the
same as that of the Photo-Engraning Industry and the reasons
for it are discussed at some length in my reports on th~e Graphic
Arts and Photo-Engraving Codes andl in t~he memorandum by Dep!-
uty Administrator Lindsay Rogers which is part of the Graphic
Arts record. I recommend the approval of a separate code for
Electrotyrping and Stereotypingq and suggest that your Executive
Order make two conditions of approval of the code which will be
more specifically referred to later.
EXTENT OF THE INDUSTRY
Inl thle year 19L20, according to the Census of Manuifactures, there
w~ere 230 trade stereoty~pinga and elect~rotyping establishments em-
ploying during the year an average of 6,4187 wage earners at an
average annual salary of approximately $2,100. The total value
of production during this year was in excess of $35,00>0,000. In
common with other branches of thle Graphic Arts Industries these
wage earners are for the most part, highly skilled mechanics.
By 1931, employment in this branch of the industry had declined
to 4,857 representing a decrease of over 25%~ from the 1929 level.
It has not been possible to determiine the extent to whichi unemnploy-
ment has further gr~own at the present time, but there is no question
that in common with other branches of the Graphic Arts it, presents
a very seriousj problem.
HOURS ASND WAGIES
In commuoni ith~ the Photo-Engraving Code a 40-hour work week
is established as a mnaximumn for productive employees. As I emph>~a-
sized in mny repor~t to you on that trad~e the application of these p~ro-
visions cannot be expectedl to reduce unemployment to anyr app~e--
ciable extent. It is to be hoped that voluntary w-ork-sharing~, pr1o-
gr~ams will be instituted, and continued where now prevalent to tak~e
up the slack and to am~eliorate to some extent the conditions now
prevailing among this highly sk~lilled group of w~orkers.
A basic minimum wage rate of $1.00 per hour for electrotyping and1
stereotyping journeymen is specified in this Code with an inlcrease
of 10%~ for night workers. As in the case of the Photo-Engraving
Code this represents substantial agSreemient between the industry
and the representatives of organized labor. The provisions for other
employees conform essentially to those adopted in codes previously
The provisions regulating trade practices appear to be intelli-
g-ehtly designed to 7prevent unsound competition in this industry, and
Involve no unsouina economic policies.
ANALYSIS OF CODE
The Code as recommiendedl may~ be summiarized as follows:
ASrticle I states the purposes of the Code.
Article II sets forth various definitions.
Article III prohibits thme employment of persons under 16 years
of agre in this industry, embodies the mandatory provisions of Sec-
tion 7 (a) of the Na'tional Indlustrial Recovery Act, and contains
other provisions relating to general labor conditions.
Article IV' provides a standard wor~k wreek of 40 hours wFith certain
At~ic~le V' sets mlinimumn wnge scales.
Article VI establishes a standards basis of estimating and pricing
and of determiining costs of production.
Article VII constitutes a Code Au~thority and gives it. certain
Article V'III establishes a joiit. Labor Board to consider and pass
up~on any alleged violations, dlispultes or nono~bservance of the Labor
Provisions of this Code.
Article IX regulates trade practices.
Article X provides for the modification of this Code in accordance
with the provisions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the National
Indlustrial Rec~overy Act.
Article XI specifies that no provision of thiis Code shall be so
applied as to permit monopolies or monopolistic practices; and
Article XII fixes the effective date of the Code.
CONDITIONS OF APPROY'AL
I recommllend that your Executive Order suggest to the Industry
the desirability of reducingi the work w~eekr below forty hours when
this c~an be done by argreement between representatives of the em-
ployers aInd representatives of the employees and that you empower
the Labor Board, which the Code sets up, to act as an agency mn
using its good offices to effect proper adjustmepnts belowl thle miaimum
of fort.yr hours per weekr.
The desire of thle Gr1aphic Arts Industries to have the basic code
cover Electrotyping and Stereot~yping: has already been referred to.
The present code dloes niot cover privantely owned electrotyping and
stereotypingi estab~lishmuents (that is, operanted in connection with
commercial p~rintingr establishments andl not mnakingi electrotyping
andl ster~eoty3Ping~: for sale). Suchl pr~ivately owned establishments
are covelrd unider thle G;rahic Arits Code. Conflicts of jurisdiction
are bouind to arise.
Under these circumstances, I recommend that your Exsecutive
Order approving this Code make, as a condition of approvall? the
stipulation that the separateness of th~e Codle for the industry be
reconsidered at the expiration of a three-mlonthsj period. When this
period elapses the Code will be continued aIs a sepanrate code or its
provisions will be incorporated uinchanigedl in the Gr~aphic Ar~ts basic
code. The industry agrees to this condition of approval.
I ami making the same recommendation inl respect of the separate
code for Photo-Engraving and inl respect of the Graphic Arts Code,
since it mnay turn oult that certain indutlri~es andl groups are im-
properly under this C'ode.
The Administrator finds that:
(a) The C~ode complies in all respects with the pertinent p~rovi-
sions of Title! I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, including
without limitation subsection (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b)
of Section 10 thereof; and
(b) The Internationa~l Association of Electroty~pers imposes no
inequitable restrictions upon the membership p therein and is truly
representative of the Electrotyping andt Stereotyping Industry; and
(c) The Code is not designed to promote monopolies or to elimni-
nate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to discrimi-
nate against tiemn, and will tend to effectuate the policies of Title I
of t~he National Industrial Recovery Act.
I recommend that the Code be approved.
Honc S. JoHNSON,
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
ELECTROTYPING AND STEREOTYPING INDUSTRY
To effect the policies of Title I of the Nat~ional Industrial Re-
covery Act, this Code is established as a C~ode of Fair Competition
for the Electrotyping and Stereotyping Ilndustry, and its provisions
shall be the standards of fair competition for such industry and
shall be binding upon every member thereof.
The term electrotyping and stereotyping industry as used
herein, includes all plants engaged in the ~production or partial pro-
duction of elect~roltpes, stereotypIes, mlatrices, wax engravings (run-
ning shells, casting and finishing), atluminotypes, and rubber plates,
usedi in relief printing and I'or made for sale or for the use and benefit
of the producers or of others than the person, firm, or corporation
that produces suchl products, and all persons, firms, or corporations
that purchase the above-namued products for the purpose of resale;
excepting newspaper and periodical publishers who own and print
their own publiention or publications and who manufacture the
product or products of the electrotyping and stereotyping industry
~for their own publications only.
The term '' member of the industry includes, but without limi-
tat~ion, any individual, partnership, association, corporation, or other
form of enterprise engaged inl the industry, either as an employer
or on his or its own behalf.
The term "; employee or i employees "! as used herein, is defined
to include all persons hired or emnployed by' any employer, as above
defined. and thie miembers of the family ofany employer who are
engaged2 in calrrying on any operations within the E'lectrotyping
and Stereoty'ping Indtustry, whether employed or not; excepting
those persons who serve In executive, administrative, supervisory,
andi salesi capacities.
Thie teirmis "Act' and i'Administrator as used hlerein mean re-
spectively Title I of thie N~ational Industrial Recovery Act, and the
Administratorl for Ind'ustrial Recovery.
Thec termn Startlulrd Scale shall mnean the Standard Seale of
electrotyp~es as p~ublishiedl ~ndl approved by the International Asso-
Ciationl of E~I~'lectrotypers Septemllber 24, 1931, or any subsequent
reiSSues. C of same~l.
Population for thei p~urposes of this C'ode shanll be determined by
reference to thle latest Federal Census.
AnRICLE] III--GENERAL LABOR CONDITIONS
1. No person under sixteen years of age shall be employed in thie
industry. No nprson uinder eghteen years of age shiall be employed
at operations or occupations which are hazardous in nature or dan-
gerous to health.
2. No provision in this Code shall supersede any State or Federal
law which imposes on employers more stringent. requirements as to
age of employees, wages, hours of work, or as to safety, health,
sanitary, or general working conditions, or insurance or fire protec-
tion than are imposed by this Code.
3. In compliance with Section 7 (az) of the: Act it is prov-ided--
(a) That employees shall have t~he right to organiize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their ow~n choosing, and shall
be- fr~ee fromt the interference, r~estrainirt, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in th~e desigrnation of suIch representatives or
in self-orgianization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to reframn from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor orgamnza-
tion of his own choosing; and
(c) That emnployersi shall complly w~ith t~he maxYimum hours~ of
labor, mninimiium rates of pay\, andl other condlitionsj of emplloymllent
~pproved or prescribed by th~e President.
4. Nothing in this Code shall be construed or appliedl to super-
sede or interfere with existinga agreements arrived at by bonn fideo
collective bu rga in ing.
5. Every emplloyer shall mlake rensonlable pr~ovision forl the safety
and health of his employees at the place and dluring the hours o
6. Standards for safety and health shall lIe submitted by thle Code
Authority to the Admninistrator for approval within three months
after the effective date of this Code.
7._ A placrdrr containingc all t.hec provisionis of this Codelc relating
to hours, wages, and emnploym"en t shall be postedl in a2 prominent
place in the: workrlooms of each establishment oplerating under this
8. The Code Aut.hor~itS y of thle Industry will Ieregulate or sandrdize-;~
conditions of employmlent other thanl hours and wages.
ARIrrica IV-HOURSi OF L.\non
1. No mechaniical employee including proprietors, supervisors,
foremuen and -or others for the timie actually engaged in mlechannicall
work, shall be permitted to wTor~k in excess of forty (40) hours in any
one week(, or eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (241) hour period,
except as hereinafter pr1ovided. The total number of hours worked
in any twenty-four (24) hour period shall be continuous except for
lunch period of not less than thirty minutes andl not more than one
hour. It is not intended that, any of the foregoing provisions shall
limit the number of days per weekr a plant. may operate, nor the
number of shifts per dlay.
2. When necessary, overtime shall be permitted, but no person shall
work: more than a total of 520 hours in any consecutive 13 weeks;
provided that when, due to the special character of the work, or
when suitable help is unavailable, overtime shall be permitted in
excess of the maximum .hours herein provided. Overtime shall con_
sist of all work performed in excess of th~e current daily schedule
of working hours and maximuml weekly hours, and shall be paid for
at not less than time and one half of the employee's regular rate p or
wrork on Sundays and customarilys observed holid-ays, at not less than
3. No employer shall knowingly permit an~re~y employee t workfo
any time which, when totaled with that alraypromd.wt
another employer or employers mn this Industry exceeds the maxi-
mium permitted herein.
4. The provisions of this article shall not apply to outside salas-
men and persons employed in a managerial or executive capacity,
wh~o receive more than thirt~y-five dollars ($35.00) per week, exclept-
ing those engaged in the production of electrotyping and steipeo-
typing, nor to emergency maintenance andi repair men, janitors,
drivers, and delivery men, provided that suchl employees shall not
be permitted to work in excess of 48 hours per week.
ARTICLE VT- Y'AGES
1. The mninimumn wages to be p~aid shall be as follows:
Electrotype and Stereotype Jour~neymen, $1.00 per hour.
Branchmen (if before June 16, 19333), $0.90 per hour.
Laborers, $0.40 per hour.
The minimum rate for night. shiifts shall be not less than 10%o
above day rate.
2. Each establishment, with the exception of those--
(1) Which ar~e operating under wage agreements arrived at
by collective bargaining; and
(2) Those which are pyng~~t not less thlan the wage rates which
they were paying on July 15, 1929---
shall mnake increases in its average hourly isCccompnaine efor al
classes of skilled labor within 30 dlays after ti oebcmsefc
tive, on the following basis: I
Including increases made under Sect~ion 1 of this Article, each plant
shall increase the hiourly rates to a point where (including increases
made since July 1, 1933)j they) are 10 percent higher than the hourly3
rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with this limiitation, that they need
not increase rates abov-e those paid on July 15i, 1929, in the same plant
or in similar plants in the some locality corning within the above
clauses (1) and (2).
3. Within 30 danvs after thiis Code becomes effective any rate'in-
cr~eases ulnder Sections 1 and 2 must be fu~thler augniented, if neces-
sary to br~ingr theF aragnje hourrly compensation paid above the com-
pensatio~n paid in eacrh elstablishiment upD to 90 percent of the hourly
rate prevauiling onl July 1, 1933, in thec same locality, for those base
classes o~f skilledl labor I~namd in thle schedule set forth in Section 1
Prevailing rates shall be the average of the hourly rates paid to
the employees constituting that 50 percent of each class of skilled
employees coming under this Code in that locality~ which wtas receiv-
ing the higher hourly wage: rates on July 1, 1933. For example, if in
a locality, a total of thirty journeymen were employed, ten of whom
were receiving $1.20 per hour and twrent of whoml w~ere receiving
$1.05 per hour, the pr~evalingr rate would Tae the w~eighted average of
$1. O for ten journeymen and~ of $1.05i for fivep jouneyme~Pnll (mlak;ng
to ether 50 percent of thle total number) or $1.15, and 90 percent
thereof could be $1.035.
4. It is specifically understood that the foregroingr provisionsu are
intended to establish only mninimnum and not m~aximum wange r~equire-
5. The, ratio of~appr~enticess shall be not more than onie apprentice
to three journeymeni regullarly emlployed, pr~ovidedl that this prov~i-
sion shall not apply to apprentices employed on or before December
1, 1933. The minimum wages for apprentices shall be based upon
length of experience as follows; First year', 300$ per hour; second
year, 35d per hour; third y~ear, 45C per hlour; fourth y~ear, 860
per hlour; fifth year, 75e per hour. All applrentices; employed by
employers in this Industry shall be registered w~ith the Code
6. Employees not otherwise covered by this Article~ shall be paid
at not less than the following rates: $15.00I per wTeeki in any city of
over 500,000 population or in the immediate trade ar~ea of such city;
$14.50 p~er week in any city of betwTeen e350,000 and 300,000?C popula-
.tion or in the immediate trande area of such city; $14.00 per wFeek in
any city between 2,500 and 5250,000 population or in the immediate
trade area of such city; $12.00 p~er week in towns of less than 9,500
population. No errand or messengrer boy shall be paid less than 8070o
of the minimum wages specified in this section for thle applicable
1. The basis of estimatinge and pricing in the Electrotyping and
Stereotyping Industry shall be the S~tandarld Scale, which scale
wa'sadopted on Septemnber 24, 19i31, or suchl revisions thereof as mnay
frorril time t~o time be approved by~ the Clode Authority aind thle
Adcmin ist rator.
2. The principle of pricing shall be one pr~icee fromt any memnberr
to all of his customers for like services andt like conditions of pro-
duction and costs.
3. Every electr~otype and stereotype establishment shall mlaintain
the Standard Cost Finding Systemi and Standar~~d A~ccunlting Sy's-
tem approved by the Inter~nationall Associationi of Electr~otyplers and
by t~he Administrator; or systems comnparable thierewith wrhen ap-
proved by the Cod~e Authority or by the Administrator.
4. Selling below the cost of production sha~ll be a violationi of this
Code, provided, however, that any producer mayg sell at below his
cost to Imeet the competition by any other producer whio doles nrot
violate the Code.
5. Cost of production as her~ein usedl should incrlud:e all direct
labr1~ andZ material at cost or mnarket, whichev\er is lowerl, p-lus~ a1 pro-
portionate share of all indirect expenses, inclusive of depreciation
and/'or depletion computed according to the maximnum rates of the
Income Tax Procedure; but exclusive of any reserves for purposes
other than depreciation, exclusive also of interest paid and develop-
mental expenses, provided that the distribution of such indirect ex-
penses per unit of product should be on the basis of an average rate
of utilization of plant. facilities by efficient producers during the
period 1927-32. .~
ARTICLE VII ADMrINISTRATION
1. There shall be constituted a Code Authority consisting of five
(5) persons w~ho shall be truly representative of the employers, and
w~ho shall be selected by the Executive Ciommittee of the Interna-
tional Association of Electrotypers.
2. In addition to membership as above provided, there may be
three (3) members, without vote, t~o be appointed by the Adminis-
trator to serve without expense to the Industry.
3. Each trade association or group directly or indirectly partici-
pating in the selection or activities of the Code Authority shall(1
impose no inequitable restrictions on membership, and (2) submit
to the Administrator true copies o~f its articles of Association, by-
Jaws, regulations, anid any amendments when made thereto, together
wvith such other information as to membership, organization, and
activities as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate the
purposes of the Act.
4. In order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly
representative of the Inldustr~y and in other respects comply with~
the provisions of the Act! the Administrator may prescribe such
hearings as he may deem proper; and thereafter if he shall find
that the Code Authority is not trulyY representative or does not in
other respects comply with the provisions of the Act, may require
an appropriate modlification in the method of selection of the Code
5. MCembers of the Industry shall be entitled to participate in 'and
share the benefits of the activities of the Code Authority and to
participate inl the selection of the members thereof by assenting to
and~ complying w~ith the requirements of this Code and sustaining
their reasonable share of the expenses of its administration. Such
reasonable share of the expenses of administration shall be deter-
mninedl by the Code Authority, subject to review by the Administra-
tor, on thie basis of the number of mechanical employees employed
and/'or such other factors as the Code Authority may deem
6. Noth~ingi containedl in this Clode shall constitute the members
of the Code Authority partners for any' purpose. Nor shall any
member of the Code Authorityv be liable in any manner to anyone
for any art of any other member, offcer, agent, or employee of the
Codec Authority. Nor shalll any member of the Code Authority,
exercising reasonable diligence in the conduct of his duties here-
under, be liable to anyone for any action or omission to act under
this Codle, except for his own w-illful misfeasance or nonfeasance.
7. The Clode Authority shall have thle following further powers
and duties, the exercise of which shall be reported to thle Admninis-
trator and shall be subject to his right, on review, to disapprove any
action taken by the Codle Authority.
(a) To insure the execution of~ the provisions of this Code and
provide for the compliance of the Indulstry w~ith thle provisio~ns of
(b) To adopt by~laws and rules and regrulationls for its pr~ocedulire
and for the administration and enforcement of the Code.
(c) To obtainl fromi members of the Industry such information and
reports as are r~equir~ed for the administration of the Code andi to
provide for submission by members of such informantioni andl reports
as the Administrantor mnay deemi necessary for the purposes recited
in Section 3 (a) of the Act, which information and repor-ts shall be
submitted by members to such administrative and or governmnent
agencies as thle Aldministr'ator may designate; p rovided thant nothingc
in this Code shall relieve any member of the Industry of anyv exist-
ing obligations to furnish reports to any government agency. No
indiidual reports shall be disclosed to any other member of the
Industry or any other party' except to such gov'ernmental agencies
as mnay be dir~ectedl by the Administrator.
(d) To uise such tra~de associations and other representatives and
agencies as it deemsu proper for thle carryinga out of any of its activi-
ties pirovidedr for herein; provided that nothi;ng her~ein shall relieve
the Code Authority of its duties or responsibilities under this Code
and that such trade associations, representatives, and othier agencies
shall at all times be subject to and complly with the p~rovisions
(e) To make recommnendaitions to the Admninistrator for the co-
ordination of the Administration of this Code wTithl such other
codes, if any, as may~ be related to the TIndustry.
(f) To secure fi-om mlembers of the Indtis.rtry an equ~itable and
proportionate payment of t~he reasonable expenses of ma1:intaining
the Code Authority a\nd its activities.
(g) To recommends to the Administrator further fair trade prac-
tige provisions to govern members of the Indlustry in their relations
wlcth each other or with othril nindustries; to r~ecommrendc to theAd
millistrator mneasur~es for industrial planning, includling stabiiz7atio
of employment. Suchl recommnendations when approvedl by thle A-I-
mninistrator shall have full force and effect as provisions of thiis
(h) In the absrence of cost data and pending the comlpilation of
such data in all electrotgype and stereotype establishmentss, to pre-
scribe regulations for dletermnining the cost of production in each
establish ment, based uplon that establishmnent.!c own~ act ual ex penses,
for the purpose of enforcing Section 4 of Article VTI.
(i) Any regional agency or agencies established in a locality as
provided by the bylaws.i of the Codle Authority shall have the right
to prescib~ie credlit termlls for all establishmnents in such locality-, sub-
ject to review by the C'ode Authority and the Admiistntistrto
(j) Such regional agency or agencies shall also have poweri to
establish standard forms of invoicingr andt billingv, subject to the
approval or review of the Code Authorityv and the Admlinistrntor.
AnIcLn VZIII-LAnon BOARD
A Labor Board to consist of three members shall be established,
two members truly representative of t~he Industry to be selected by
the International Association of Electrotypers, and one member to
be selected by the International Stereotypers and Electrotypers
Union of North America. This Board shall consider and pass upon
alleged violations, disputes, or nonobservance of the labor provisions-
of this Code. All decisions of the Labor Board shall, if unanimous
be final. In the event that no agreement is reached the matter shal
be referred to the appropriate governmental agency.
ARTICLE IX-T 'RADE PRACTICE RULES
1. Violation of credit terms agreed upon in a given locality shall
be a violation of this Code, provided that it shall not be a violation of
this Section to offer credit terms in any locality other than that in
which any establishment is situated as favorable as those provided fo'r
establishments in such other locality according to the provisions of f
Section (i) of Article VII.
2. Failure t~o apply rules respecting legitimate charges for extras
and muisr~epresentation of classified work as set forth in the Standard
Scale shall be a violation of this C~ode.
;3. Estimastes made upon work done by another electrotyping or
stereotyping concern for t~he purpose of a check estimate shall only
be furnished when the estimator has access to all copies and specifica-
tions involved in the original order.
4. Electrotypers or Ster~eotypers who secure an order on a com-
petitive-bid basis may be required by the Code Authority, upon
request of any unsuccessful bidder, to file their specifications and
prices with the Code Authorit~y so that it may determine whether any
infraction of this Code has been committed.
5. The sale or invoicing of the manufactured product without
the use of the Standard Scale, together with suitable discounts ot*
additions, shall be a violation of this Code.
6. The payment or allowance of rebates, commissions, credits or
unearned discounts, whether in the formi of money or otherwise,lor
extending to certain purchasers special services or privileges not
extended to all purchasers under like terms or conditions, shiall
constitute a violation of this Ciode.
7. No member of the Industry shall give, permit to be given, or
directly offer to give, anything of value for the purpose of influenc-
ing or r~ewarding the action of any employee, agent, or represent~a-
tive of another in relation to the'business of the employer of such
employee, thle principal of such agent or the represented party, with-
out the knowledge of such employer, principal or party. Commer-
cial bribery provisions shall not be construed to prohibit free and
general dis'tri ution of articles commonly used for advertising except
so far as such articles are actually used for commercial bribery as ;;
8. Offers, secret or otherwise, to furnish electrotypes or stereo
types or other products of the electrotyping or stereotyping Industry
free of charge or below cost t.o influence the sale of other products or
services, shall constitute a violation of this Code.
9. Offers, secret or otherwise, to furnish other products or services
free of charge or below cost to influence the sale of electrotypes or
stereotypes or other products of the electrotylping or stereotypinga
industries, shall constitute a violation of this Code.
10. Inducing breach of contracts or agreements, espionage, imnita-
tion of trade names, or enticement of employees for the purpose of
injuring a competitor, shall constitute a violation of this Code.
L.; No member of the Industry shall publish advertisinga (whether
printed, r~adio, display, or of any other nature), which is misleadlingr
or inaccurate in any material particular, nor sha~ll any member, mn
any way misrepresent any goods includingr but without limitation
its use, trademark, grade, quality, quantity, origin, size, sulbstance,
character, nature, finish, material content or preparation) or credit
terms, values, policies, services, or the nature or form of the business
12. N\o member of the Industry shall ktnowingly1! withhold fromc or
insert in any quotation or invoice any~ statement that makes it. inne-
curate mn any material particular.
13. No member of the Industry~ shanll attempt to induce the breachh
of an existinga contract. between a completitor andl his employee or
customer or source of supply; nor shall any~ such member interfere
with or obst~ruct the performance of such contractual duties or iserv-
ices, provided that nothing inl this section shall be construedl as
preventingr any employer fr~om otherwise offering or giving employ-
ment t~o anly person in the emlploy of another; ancd provided that
nothing in this section shall prevent any emnployee froml offering his
services to a completitor, nor preventing any) employer from employ-
ing the employee of another member of the Industry where the
initiative in such change is taken by the employee.
14. Willful or malicious dlefamhtion of competitors or the dlis-
paragemlenct of comnpetito~rs' products, policies, equipment, or per-
sonnel shall constitute a violation of this Code.
ARTICLE X--MODIFIC LTION
1. This Clode and all the provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the Pre~sident, in accordance with the provi-
sions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Act, from time to time
to cancel or mnodify~ any order, approval, license, rulle! or regulation
issued under said Act.
2. This Code, except as to prov'isioNi; requlired b~y the Act, miay be
modified on the basiis of experience or changes in circumstances, such
modifications to be based upon application to the Admninistrator and
such notice andi hearing as he shall specify, andl to become effective
on approval of the President.
No prov-ision of this Crode shall be so appliedl as to permit mnonop-
olies or monopolistic practices, or to eliminate, oppress, or discrlimi-
nate against small enlterprises.
ARTICLE XII--EFFECTIVE D~vrE
This Ciode shall become effective on the second M~onday after its
approval by the Presidlent.
Approved Code N'o. 179.
Registry No. 503-02. O
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIOA
3 1262 08582 9066
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