Registry No. 1215--1-03
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
AMIERICAN JEWELED WATCH
The Code for the American Jeweled Watch Manufacturing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933
For sale by the Sulperintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents
AS SUBMIITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933
WE DO OUR PART C L:I ~ ,..
THIE AM~ERICA~N J]EWIELfED WTCH MA\6NUFACTURERS ASSOCIATON
PROPOSED CODE O1F FA~IR COMPETITION FOR THIE .AMERT-
CAN JEWiiELED) WATCH M ANUIFACTUJRERS OF THE:
To effectuate~ the policy of TPitle 1 of the N~ationnI~l Indulstr~ial
Recover~y Act, the follow\ing provisions are catablrishetd as a codce of
fa i r compete itiln :
I. Thle term L" Jeweled W~atch Mov\emlenlt me~tans a high-grade
wantchl movemnt~lt continingll seven or more jewe-tli; each of wh-liclh
serv.e a me~l;nchanie purpo e(,~ as frictional beraings. as distinguished
fIromn the lowter-grande type of wa:tchles.
The termn Indlustry "' is dtefined~ to mean the manufacture of
jewe~llld watch movements with labor within the United States.
Th~e term "' Ia nulfa ctuI~rer "" is dlefined to mecan any personl~l, partner-
shi,, association. andl corploraltion engaged in .suchl Industry."
The term "' Empiloyee "' is definedl to meani any perso(-n employed
in such "' Industry ", exep anyone e~ngag~ed in executive and super-
visory positions and outside nes mel'll~rt n.
Th;e term Learner is definedl to mean any p~er.-ln doing p,1roduc-
tive work while being instructed in a particular type of factory w~orkl,
the value of whose pr~od-uctivity does not equall the minimum wage.
Th~e term student '" is defined to mean any per~sonl receiving part
or full time insitrulctio: n in1 factory, township, city, or private vc~ca-
tional schools, the valllue of whose prod~c~tiv-ity?, if any~, does not equal
the cost of instruction.
The term "A~ssociation "" is defined to mean the American Jeweled
Wa~tchl Manulfacturer~ls Assc~ciation of thet United States.
The term "C Commissioner '" is definedl to mean a d~isint~r~ested per-
son, or age~ncy. appolntedl by the Association inr conniectio~n with the
admlinistra~tion of this code.
II. Thle minimtuln wage for all employees (exLceplt errand b~oys,
learners and students) shall be at the rante of 3@is per hone.1'
Thle mlinimnum wee~c for errand boys and let nersl shall not be less
than 80%'r of the mninimlum..
Wages and hours of students in public schools shall be govTE~erne
by regulations mande by the respective school authorities. Students
r~ceivinga instruc~tionrs mn private schools at the expeinse of thej
employer need nort be paid. Eac~h employ,!er shall make a monthly
report to the Assintioiiti n (a~nd to the Admlinistratorr if required) as:
to the number of studients usanc~iated with th~e employerrl hours of
wForkI, and hoursl~' of study1 and, if any thile amount of compllenlsation!.
III. No mlanufnllt~letue shall empyloy any per~son in. excess of an
average of 40 hours per'nweek during seach six mlonth~s period, start-
ing April 1st and October 1st in. each year and not, to exceed 48 hours
in any one wPeek.
Learners anid ~r~rand~ boys shall not be em~ployedl more than 40
hours p'er weekl. TIhe per cent of. learners to employees and the length
of timne they enn be classed as learners shall be agreed upon by the
management and the representatives of the local factory employee
organization in each factory. The~ir agreement shall be s-ubject to,
approval by the Administrator, and in the event that. thEey are unable
to agree, the issue shall be referr1edl to the adlministr~ator for decision.
IV. No manufacturer shall employ- any employee under the age of
sixteen yetn rs.
V. All1 manufacturers shall comply with the requirements of th~e
Act as follows: "(1) That employees shall have the right to organize
and bargain collectively through repr~esellnttives of their own choos-
ing, and shall be fr~ee from the inter~fer~ence, restraint, or coercion of
emiploy3ers of labor, or their agn~cts, in the designation of such r~epre-
sentatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for
the purpose of collective bar~guinin~g or other mutual aid or protec-
tion; (2) that no emplloyee and no one seeking employment shall
be requl~iredl as a cond-itio:n of employment to join any company union
or to reframn from jolming, ol~rgnizing, or assisting a labor or~ganiza-
tion of his own choosing; and (3) that empl~lo~ye~rs shall complyc 1 with
the maximulm hours of labor, mljlininnonl rates of pay, and other cont-
ditions of employment, alpprovedl or prle.crib.edl by the Pres;idenlt."
VI. Each manufacturer will furnish the Commiss;ionerI (and thEe
Aldministrantor if r~equir~ed) with such information. and reporIts as
he may require from time to time retlat ivce to the! adinisti~ ration anld
enfor~cemenlt of this code.
VII. The following sha~ll c~onstitulte unfair compe~ttit'ionl and a
violation of this code:
1. Selling or offering to sell jewerled wcsatch movements or wavthes
containing themI1 below the standardt co~st. or if par~tly made in
foreign. countries, below the r~easonable: dlomestic? cost of production.
2. Unrfair~ly discrimninatinga between customers as to m~erchandis-
ing terms or penect'ces" by not giving equal terms, prices, and
advantages to all wholesale buyers.
3. GIiving or pe1rm~itting to be given or offering to give muoney
or anyth~ing E of value to agentlts. employees, or re~presenttativs o
culstomller8 or pr-sp'ec~tiv-e customers, without the knowledge of their
employers or principals, as an inducement to influence their emp~loy*-
ers or principals to purchase products from the mak~er of such~ gift;
or offers, or influenccing in any malnner such emnployer~s or principals
to refrain from dealing or contracting with compe~tfitors.
4. Fallsely markinga or bra~cnding of the products of the industry
in any way that tends to mni leadl or drc~eive pu~rchasers with :respect
to the quantity, quality, gradel. or subs~tance of the goods purlchased.
5. Making or causing or permlittingr to be? made or published any
false, untrue, or deceptive statement by advertisement or otherwise
concerningr the grade, quantity, quality, substance, character, nature,
origin, size, or prep "'aration of any product of the industry,. having
thIe tendency to mislead or lec~eive; purchasers or pr~ospective pur-
chanser~s or to affect injuriously the business of competitors.
6. Failure to adhere to prices, terms, and discounts listed and filed
as hlereinafter set forth.
VIII[3. Eac~h manufacturer shall, within ten days after the effective
datte of this code, file with the Association (and with the Adminis-
trator if required) a list of sales prices, discounts, and terms; and
thereafter revisions thereof as he may elect. Each such list and re-
viion thereof shall state the effective date, which shall not be less
than ten days after filing. Each list and revision thereof shall be
open to inspection at all reasonable times to anyg person in th
In the evPent any member of the Association shall object to any
item so filed as contrary to the provisions of this code, the items so
objected to shall not be put into effect, for thirty days durlringr which
time the person filing said prices shall (within fifteen days after
being requested by the Association so to do) furnish a sworn state-
ment of costs and all other material information as and whenl called
for, or, at the option of the A~ssociation, permit an, inspection and
investigation of all books and documents by the Commissioner."
IXS. The Association or its successor, or successors, shall be em-
powered to administer the provisions of this code to secure adlher~ence
thereto, to hear and adjust complaints, to consider proposals for
amendments thereof, to determine standard and comnparable costs,
and otherwise to carry out within the industry the purposes of the
Act. The Associationl, with. the approval of the Admi nln Istrnt~or, shall
prescribe suchn rules and regulations as may be necessary for the
administration and enforcement of this code.
XZ. In order to supply the Administr~ator and the Assoc~iation
with data and information necessary for the enforcement. of this
code, the Association may appoint a neutral agaency, and/or a firm
of public accountants, as a Co~mmissioner to formulate a comparable
method for determining costs and to compile statistical and other
XI1. This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provi-
sion of Clause 10 (b) of the National I~ndustrial RecoveryT Act, from
time to time, to cancel, or modify any order, approval, license, rule,
or regulation, issued under Tlitle I of said Act, and specifically to
the right of the. President to cancel or modify his approval of
this code, or anly conditions imposed by him upon his approval
XII. T'he Association mlay, byr a majority vote of the members
of the Association, submit to the Admninistr~ator amendments for this-
code, and said amendments when appl~roed by the Administrator
will have the same force and effect as if originally a part hereof.
XIII. This code shall become effective on the first Mo~-nday fol-
lowing its approval by the Admninistrator.
ELG;IN A~rTIONAL V~ATCH CO.,
By T'ano STRawlv (signed),
WTarm:n WABTomB Coura r,
Byi F. C. DU~MAINE (Signed),
IEAMILTON WATCH CIOMPANSY,
By C M. 1I. E~NMGr (Signed),
V~ice Presidenrt and Treasur~er-
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloani Foundation
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
llIIil I II I111 1 11111illl A 1111
3 1262 08582 8613