Registry No. 1106-1-01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
STEEL CASTING INDUSTRY
AS APPROVED ON NOVEMBER 2, 1933
WE DO OUR PART
1. Executive Order
2. Letter of Transmittal
. -'W!iITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
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"- ... .":
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE STEEL CASTING INDUSTRY
An application having been duly made, pursuant to and in full com-
pliance with the provisions of title I of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Steel Casting Industry, and hearings having
been held thereon and the Administrator having rendered his report
containing an analysis of the said Code of Fair Competition, together
with his recommendations and findings with respect thereto and the
Administrator having found that the said Code of Fair Competition
complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions of title I of said
act and that the requirements of clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a)
of section 3 of the said act have been met:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the
United States, pursuant to the authority vested in me by Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, and
otherwise, do adopt and approve the report, recommendations and
findings of the Administrator, and do order that the said Code of Fair
Competition be and it is hereby approved.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
November 2, 1933.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
NOVEMBER 1, 1933.
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the proposed Code of Fair Competition
for the Steel Casting Industry in the United States and on the hearing
conducted thereon m Washington, D.C., on Thursday, September 7,
1933, in accordance with the provisions of the National Industrial
PROVISIONS OF THE CODE AS TO WAGES AND HOURS
The Code provides for a 40-hour week averaged over an eight week
period with the proviso that no employee may be employed more than
48 hours or more than six days in any one week.
Office employees are limited to 40-hours of work per week.
The rates of pay vary from 40$ per hour in the northern wage
districts to 25$ per hour in the southern wage districts.
The hours and wages closely follow those provided in the Code for
the Steel Industry.
Most of the plants in this industry are in the territory contiguous
with or adjacent to the steel producing areas. This Industry em-
ploys the same general character of labor and wage rates and hours of
labor are definitely affected by the labor conditions prevailing in the
No one under 16 years of age may be employed and no one under
18 years of age in any hazardous occupation.
Office and clerical employees are to receive a minimum of $15.00
per week except that office boys and girls may be paid 80% of this
Old and partially disabled employees not engaged in productive
labor may be paid 80% of the minimum rates provided but are
limited to 3% of the total number of employees.
Equitable adjustments in wage rates over the minimum are provided
GENERAL STATEMENT AND ECONOMIC EFFECT OF THE CODE
The Steel Casting Industry in the United States represents persons,
firms, and corporations engaged in the production and sale of steel
castings. It embraces two main groups of castings, which are com-
monly known in the trade as "miscellaneous castings" and "special-
ties", the first group comprising those castings produced to the order
of buyers from buyers' designs and specifications, and the latter
group produced from designs and patterns belonging to the producer
and sold as finished or semifinished devices, or parts thereof.
The Steel Founders' Society, which presented the Code, represents
about 80% of the Industry and about three fourths of the number of
companies actively engaged in it.
The investment in the Industry is approximately $240,000,000 and
the number of wage earners in normal times about 43,000 persons,
with an estimated pay roll of about $85,000,000.
The Industry considers 1926 as a normal year, and in that year
operated at 68% of capacity; in 1931 production dropped to 25%
and in 1932 to only 10% of capacity. At the present time production
has increased to about 20%. It is estimated that in working under
the provisions of this Code at three fourths of the 1926 rate of produc-
tion which is 51 % of capacity, the Industry will absorb all the workers
then employed in the industry. Should production reach the normal
figure of 68% of capacity on the basis of a 40-hour week, it is estimated
that the industry would require an average total of 54,209 employees,
or 13,000 more than were required in 1926.
While the Code has been in process of development the Industry
has been endeavoring to adjust hours and wages to approximate the
code requirements, and reports for July and August show that there
has been an increase in rates of pay of 8.8% since July 1st, amounting
to approximately $46,000 a week, or at the rate of $2,392,000 a year.
It is estimated that a further increase when the code requirements are
fully met will result in a total increase of at least 16%%, or an annual
increase of more than $5,000,000 a year. Approximately 3,000 em-
ployees have been added to the pay rolls since Julylst, as a result of
the reduction in hours from 50 to 40, and on the basis of the present
level of operation in the industry, another 3,000 are estimated to be
necessary to fully meet requirements of the code.
Pertinent data on employment, wages, and hours, as submitted by
the Industry, may be summarized as follows:
Number Minimum Minimum Maximum
of rates of weekly weekly
employees pay hours hours
1926s....---------------------------------- 43,023 $0.35 49.0 84.0
1929 ----....---------------.--------------------- 51,000 .3S 50.0 84.0
January 1933.--------------------------- 22.000 .25 30.0 84.0
September 1933..........-..------------------------------- 25, 150 .36 30.0 47.0
Under Code at 1926 level of operations-.---....... ---- 54, 209 .38 30.0 40.0
All figures estimated in accordance with best information available.
NoTE.-Minimum rates of pay and maximum and minimum weekly work hours are average maxima and
minima. Minimum rates of pay in the South, for example, would be considerably less than figures shown-
150 per hour in January 1933, and 25R September 1933.
The Board of Directors of the Steel Founders' Society is to be the
general agency of administration of the Code and is to make such
rules and regulations, subject to the approval of the Administration,
as may be necessary for its administration.
I believe that the Code is fair to Industry, and to Labor, and in
accordance with the intent and purpose of the National Industrial
I find that-
(a) The Code as recommended complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, including without limitation,
subsection (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof;
(b) The applicant group imposes no inequitable restrictions on
admission to membership therein and is truly representative of the
Steel Casting Industry; and that
(c) The Code as recommended is not designed to promote monopo-
lies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate
to discriminate against them, and will tend to effectuate the policy of
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
Accordingly, I hereby recommend the approval of this proposed
Code of Fair Competition for the Steel Casting Industry.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION OF THE STEEL CASTING
To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are submitted as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Steel Casting Industry and upon approval
by the President shall be the standard of fair competition for this
The terms used in this Code and in any schedule attached hereto
are defined as follows:
SECTION 1. Tne term "the United States" means and includes all
of the territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of
SEC. 2. The term "the President" means the President of the
United States of America.
SEC. 3. The term "the Industry" means and includes the business
of producing and/or selling steel castings in the United States, except
as produced and/or sold as a part of the products, including finished
and semifinished parts thereof, of an owning or an affiliated company
but not sold in the open market as castings in competition with
similar castings produced by other members of the Industry; provided
however, that the Industry, as herein defined, does not include the
business of producing and/or selling castings containing in excess
of sixteen (16) percent of nickel and/or chromium, and provided
further that Sections 1 and 5 of Article V, and Articles VII and XIII
of this Code shall not be applicable with respect to the products of
the Industry sold for use outside of the United States. The Industry
embraces two main groups of castings which are commonly known in
the trade as "Miscellaneous Castings" and "Specialties."
SEC. 4. The term "affiliated company" means a company whose
relations to another company are such that either one has, directly
or indirectly, a substantial stock interest in the other, or that a third
company has, directly or indirectly, a substantial stock interest in
both; provided, however, that in the event of a dispute or disagree-
ment regarding the term "affiliated company" as used in this Code,
such dispute or disagreement shall be referred for decision to an
arbitration committee, elected or appointed by a fair method of
selection. Should any member of the Industry desire to appeal
from the decision of said arbitration committee, such member may
appeal direct to the Administrator, whose decision in the matter shall
SEC. 5. The term "Miscellaneous Castings" means that group of
steel castings commonly known in the trade under that name and
produced by foundries to the order of the buyers from the buyers'
designs, patterns, and specifications, such castings usually being sold
in the rough.
SEC. 6. The term "Specialties" means that group of cast steel
products commonly known in the trade under that name and pri-
marily designed and engineered by the foundry companies producing
them, produced from patterns and/or other production equipment
belonging to the producer, and sold as finished or semifinished
devices or parts thereof.
SEC. 7. The term "a member of the Industry" means and includes
any person, firm, association, corporation, organization or other unit,
of any kind or description, and without limitation to the foregoing,
engaged in business in the industry.
SEC. 8. The term "the Society" means Steel Founders' Society of
SEC. 9. The term "the Board of Directors" means the Board of
Directors of the Society.
SEC. 10. The term "the National Industrial Recovery Act" means
the National Industrial Recovery Act as approved by the President,
June 16, 1933.
SEC. 11. The term "Administrator" means the Administrator
appointed by the President to administer Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, and at the time in office.
Sec. 12. The term "Administration" means the agency established
pursuant to the provisions of Section 2 of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act.
SEC. 13. The term "employee" as used herein includes anyone
engaged in the Industry m any capacity, receiving compensation
for his services, irrespective of the method of payment of such
SECTION 1. Articles I to XII inclusive of this Code shall apply to
the Industry; in view, however, of the divergent producing and selling
methods applying to the two main groups of castings, namely, Mis-
cellaneous Castings and Specialties, separate provisions are set forth
covering the Unfair Trade Practices of each group.
SEC. 2. This Code shall-be applicable with respect to every member
of the Industry, regardless of whether any such member of the
Industry is also engaged in any other industry; provided, however,
that this Code shall apply to and affect only that part of the business
of each such member as relates to the Industry.
SECTION 1. Any member of the Industry may become a "party to
the agreement" by filing with the Society a letter in the form annexed
hereto as Schedule A, in which such party to the agreement is referred
to in the singular as "a participant under said code" and by under-
taking to bear its fair share of the expenses and responsibilities in
connection with the preparation and administration of this Code,
either as a member of the Society or by undertaking to pay to the
Society the equivalent of the dues it would pay as a member of the
Society. The signing of such a letter as is referred to herein shall not
constitute the signer a partner of any other signer or signers. Any
member of the Industry may also become a member of the Society.
SEC. 2. Any member of the Industry subject to the jurisdiction of
this Code, and receiving the benefits of the Code and/or the benefits
of the activities of the Society, shall pay to the Society his equitable
proportionate share of the costs and expenses incurred in the prep-
aration and/or administration of this Code by the Society.
SECTION 1. Membership in the Society shall be open to any mem-
ber of the Industry on an equitable basis and upon terms of equality
with all other members. The Board of Directors of the Society shall
be the general agency for the administration of this Code and shall-
(a) For the purpose of keeping the President informed as to the
observance or nonobservance of this Code and as to whether the
Industry is taking appropriate steps to effectuate in all respects
the declared policy of the National Industrial Recovery Act, require
from any member of the Industry, in the event of complaint, duly
certified reports in such form as may hereafter be required by the
(b) Upon complaint of interested parties, make such inquiry and
investigation into the operation of this Code as may be necessary,
unless a supervisory agency has been appointed as provided in Sec-
tion 1 of Article VII for the subdivision or product classification of
the Industry to which said complaint relates; and
(c) Make such rules and regulations subject to the approval of the
Administration as may be necessary for the administration and
enforcement of this Code.
SEC. 2. All information furnished to the Board of Directors by any
member of the Industry, pursuant to the administration of this Code
shall be deemed confidential and shall not be disclosed to any mem-
ber of the Industry in other than composite form, unless disclosure
in detail shall be necessary in the administration of this Code and/or
requested by the Administrator.
SEC. 3. In addition to information required to be submitted to the
Board of Directors, there shall be furnished to government agencies
such statistical information as the Administrator may deem neces-
sary for the purposes recited in Section (3) (a) of the National
Industrial Recovery Act.
SEC. 4. Any action taken by the Board of Directors or other group
within the Industry, for the purpose of making effective the provisions
of this Code, may be submitted to the Administrator for approval,
and shall in any case be subject to the disapproval of the Admin-
SEC. 5. It is recognized that questions of public interest are or may
be involved in the administration of this Code. Accordingly, not
more than three representatives of the Administration, of which the
Administrator may be one, appointed by the Administrator, shall be
given full opportunity at such times as shall be reasonably convenient
to discuss with the Board of Directors or any committees thereof any
matters relating to the administration of the Code and to attend meet-
ings of the Board at which action on any such matters shall be under-
taken and to make recommendations as to methods or measures of
administering the Code, but shall not have voting powers. Due
notice of all such meetings of the Board of Directors shall be given to
such representatives of the Administration. The records of the
Board of Directors relating in any way to the administration of the
Code shall be open to such representatives at all reasonable times.
They shall be afforded by the Board of Directors complete access at
all times to all records, statistical material, or other information fur-
nished or readily available to the Board of Directors in connection
with, or for the purposes of, the administration of the Code. The
Board of Directors, acting directly or through one or more commit-
tees appointed by it, shall give due consideration to all requests, sug-
gestions, or recommendations made by such representatives of the
Administration and render every possible assistance to such repre-
sentatives in obtaining full information concerning the operation and
administration of the Code, to the end that the President may be
fully advised regarding such operation and administration through
reports that may be made to him from time to time by such repre-
sentatives and to the end that the President may be assured that the
Code and the administration thereof do not promote or permit
monopolies or monopolistic practices, or eliminate or oppress small
enterprises, or operate to discriminate against them and do provide
adequate protection of consumers, competitors, employees, and
others concerned and that they are in furtherance of the public inter-
est and operate to effectuate the purposes of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act.
ARTICLE VI-HouRS OF LABOR, RATES OF PAY, AND OTHER
CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 1. Pursuant to subsection (a) of Section 7 of the National
Industrial Recovery Act and so long as the Code shall be in effect, the
Code shall be subject to the following conditions:
(a) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives o0
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purposes of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(b) that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union or
to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization
of his own choosing, and
(c) that employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment approved
or prescribed by the President.
SEC. 2. (a) The basic processes in the Industry are of a continuous
character and cannot be changed in this respect without serious
adverse effect upon production and employment. As demand for
the products of the Industry, and therefore for labor, shall increase,
hours of labor for employees in the Industry must necessarily increase;
but, except in the case of executives, those employed in directing or
supervisory capacities and in technical or other highly skilled work,
and members of their respective staffs, individually receiving pay at
the rate of $35.00 or more per week, none of the members of the Indus-
try shall cause or permit any employee in the Industry to be employed
for an average of more than forty (40) hours per week in any eight (8)
weeks' period, such periods to be computed from the effective date
of this Code, or be employed for more than forty-eight (48) hours
or more than six (6) days in any one week.
(b) The Industry recognizes the desirability and accepts the prin-
ciple of the eight (8) hour working day for labor and insofar as it
reasonably can, the Industry will endeavor to employ its labor on
(c) After the date of the employment by any member of the Indus-
try of any employee, such member shall not knowingly permit such
employee who shall also have been employed by one or more other
employers, to be employed by such member such number of hours
as would result in a violation of the Code had all such employment
been by such member.
(d) Members of the Industry shall not employ accounting, clerical
and office employees, except traveling representatives and executive,
administrative, and supervisory employees, and their respective
personal staffs and assistants on a schedule in excess of forty (40)
hours per week.
SEC. 3. None of the members of the Industry shall employ in the
Industry any person under sixteen (16) years of age, and no one under
eighteen (18) years of age shall be employed in hazardous work;
provided, however, that where a State Law specifies a higher minimum
age, no person below the age so specified by such Law shall be so
employed within that State.
SEC. 4. For the purpose of this Code, the wage districts described
in Schedule B, annexed hereto, have been established.
SEC. 5. (a) Until changed by amendment of the Code as herein-
after in Article VIII provided, the minimum rates of pay per hour
which shall be paid by members of the Industry for common labor in
the Industry in the respective wage districts described in such Sched-
ule B shall be the rates set forth in Schedule C, annexed hereto.
None of the members of the Industry shall pay common laborers in
its employ in the Industry in any such district any rate of pay less
than the rate specified for such district in such Schedule C.
(b) The rates of pay for classes of labor heretofore paid at a rate in
excess of the rate heretofore paid for common labor shall be increased
at least to the extent necessary to maintain, in relation to the minimum
rates for common labor under the Code, the percentage relations
heretofore existing (as determined by the experience of the several
wage districts with the approval of the Board of Directors) between
the rates of pay for such classes of labor and the rates of pay for com-
mon labor. The foregoing provision shall not be so construed as to
require any member of the Industry to make any increase in the rate
of pay per hour to be paid by such member to any of its employees in
any wage district that will result in a rate of pay per hour which shall
be higher than the rate of pay per hour paid to employees doing sub-
stantially the same class or kind of labor in the same wage district
by any other member of the Industry which shall have increased its
rates of pay per hour in accordance with such provision.
(c) In the case of employees performing work for which they are
paid per piece of work performed, the minimum rate of pay which
each member of the Industry shall pay for such work shall produce at
least the minimum rate of pay per hour provided in this Code for
common labor at such plant.
(d) The minimum wage that shall be paid by any employer to
accounting, clerical, and office employees, except those employed on a
commission basic, shall be at the rate of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per
week; provided, however, that office boys or girls may be paid not
less than eighty (80) percent of such minimum wage, and provided
further that where a State Law specifies a higher minimum wage, no
employer shall pay less than the minimum wage required by such
SEC. 6. The provisions as to minimum rates of pay shall not affect
those employees who, by reason of old age or infirmities, are not
engaged in productive'labor, except that the rates paid such employees
shall not be less than eighty (80) percent of said minimum rates and
the number of such employees employed by each member of the
Industry shall not be more than three (3) percent of the total number
of its employees.
ARTICLE VII-GENERAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 1. Members of the Industry having a common interest
and common problems may group themselves for administrative
purposes in various subdivisions or product classifications, subject to
the approval of the Board of Directors. The majority of members
in each subdivision or product classification may appoint its agency,
with supervisory and/or administrative powers, subject to the Board
of Directors. In the event that no such agency is so appointed, then
the Board of Directors may appoint such agency. If formal complaint
is made to the Board of Directors that the provisions of this Code have
been violated by any member or members of the Industry, the agency
for the subdivision or product classification to which the complaint
refers, shall institute such inquiry as may be necessary to develop the
SEC. 2. If the agency of any subdivision or product classification,
formed in accordance with the provisions of Section 1 of this Article,
so decides, each member of the Industry manufacturing products
falling within such subdivision or product classification shall, within
ten (10) days after notice of such determination, file with the agency
a price list prepared by such member of the Industry, showing its
current prices and the agency shall immediately send copies thereof
to all members of the Industry engaged in the manufacture of such
specified product. Revised price lists may be filed from time to
time thereafter with the agency by any such member of the Industry
to become effective upon the date specified therein, but such revised
price list shall be filed with the agency at least ten (10) days in advance
of the effective date, unless the agency shall authorize a shorter period.
Copies of such revised price lists with notice of the effective date
specified shall be immediately sent to all members of the Industry
manufacturing such product who thereupon may file, if they so desire,
revisions of their price lists specifying the effective date, which shall be
on or after the date when the revised price list first filed shall go into
SEC. 3. If the agency of any subdivision or product classification so
decides, no member of the Industry within such subdivision or product
classification shall sell directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever
any product of the Industry included within a subdivision or product
classification for which the agency shall have given notice requiring the
filing of price lists, at a price less than the price shown for such product
in the list filed by such member.
SEC. 4. The Board of Directors shall make a careful study of the
question of limitation of Steel Foundry Melting Capacity and shall
submit to the Administrator for his approval such plan or plans as are
deemed necessary, and which will further effectuate the policies of the
National Industrial Recovery Act.
Amendments of such of the provisions of this Code as are not
required to be included therein by the National Industrial Recovery
Act may, if approved by the agency of the subdivision or product
classification concerned, if any, and by the Board of Directors, be
submitted to the President, and, if approved by the President, shall
become effective ten (10) days thereafter.
ARTICLE IX-CANCELLATION OR MODIFICATION
The members of the Industry recognize that, pursuant to subsection
(b) of Section 10 of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Presi-
dent may from time to time cancel or modify any order, approval,
license, rule or regulation issued under Title I of said Act, with respect
to this Code.
Violation of any of the provisions of this Code, or amendments
thereto, is an unfair trade practice and shall be subject to the penalties
provided in the National Industrial Recovery Act.
ARTICLE XI--RIGHTS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE INDUSTRY
By presenting this Code the members of the Industry do not thereby
consent to any modification thereof and they reserve the right to
object to any such modification without being given an opportunity
to be heard.
This Code shall become effective on the first Monday after the
fourth day following the date on which this Code shall have been
approved by the President, and shall continue in effect until sixty (60)
days subsequent to June 16, 1935, or the earliest date prior thereto
on which the President shall, by proclamation, or the Congress shall,
by Joint Resolution, declare that the emergency recognized by
Section 1 of the National Industrial Recovery Act has ended.
ARTICLE XIII-UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
SECTION 1. With respect to the production and/or sale of Miscel-
laneous Castings, the Unfair Trade Practices which are condemned
are set forth in Schedule D, annexed hereto. Such Unfair Trade
Practices shall have no application to that part of the Industry
engaged in the production and/or sale of Specialties.
SEC. 2. With respect to the production and/or sale of Specialties,
the Unfair Trade Practices which are condemned are set forth in
Schedule E, annexed hereto. Such Unfair Trade Practices shall have
no application to that part of the Industry engaged in the production
and/or sale of Miscellaneous Castings.
SEC. 3. Indulgence in any of the Unfair Trade Practices, or any
amendments thereof, or any additions thereto, shall be deemed to
be unfair methods of competition, and using or employing any of
such unfair methods of competition shall be deemed a violation of
the Code, and any member of the Industry which shall directly or
indirectly, through any officer, employee, agent, or representative,
use or employ any of such unfair methods of competition shall be
guilty of a violation of the Code.
FORM OF LETTER GIVINa ASSENT TO CODE
OCTOBER -, 1933.
STEEL FOUNDERS' SOCIETY OF AMERICA,
983 Graybar Building, 420 Lexington Avenue, New York, N.Y.
GENTLEMEN: The undersigned, desiring to participate under the Code of Fair
Competition of the Steel Casting Industry, hereby assents to all of the provisions
of said Code, and to such changes in the same as may be made by the Board of
Directors of the Society in order to meet the requirements of the National
Recovery Administration. Effective on the date on which the Code is approved
by the President of the United States of America as therein provided, or as of
the date on which this letter is delivered, if delivery is made after such date of
approval by the President, the undersigned, by the signing and delivery of this
letter, becomes a participant under said Code, as provided in Article IV of the
Code, and hereby agrees with every person, firm, and corporation who shall then
be or thereafter become a participant under said Code, that this Code shall
constitute a valid and binding contract between the undersigned and all such
Very truly yours,
(Name of Corporation)
(Signature of Authorized Officer)
mmem-m.............--.......---- mmmmm e
(Title of Authorized Officer)
DESCRIPTION OF WAGE DISTRICTS
1-A. Eastern District--AU of Division No. 1.
NOTE.-Division No. 1 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 1 and
No. 3 (except that part of Pennsylvania west of a line drawn north and
south through Altoona, Pennsylvania) and No. 5 (except West Virginia
and North and South Carolina) and New York State east of a line drawn
north and south through the most westerly point of Schenectady, New
2-A. Buffalo District-All of Division No. 2.
NOTE.-Division No. 2 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 2 (except
that portion included in Division No. 1) and Erie, Pennsylvania.
3-A. Southern District-All of Division No. 3.
NOTE.-Division No. 3 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 6 and
No. 11 (except southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and Texas
west of a line drawn north and south through Haymond, Texas) and
all of North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama
(except Jefferson County).
8-B. Birmingham District-County of Jefferson in the State of Alabama.
4-A. Johnstown District-Cambria County, Pennsylvania.
4-B. Pittsburgh-Wheeling District-All of Pennsylvania in Division No. 4
(except Cambria County) and the Counties of Hancock, Brooke, Ohio and
Marshall in West Virginia.
NoTE.-Division No. 4 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 4 (except
Erie, Pa., eastern Kentucky and Ohio) and West Virginia, and that
part of Pennsylvania not included in Division No. 1.
4-C. West Virginia District-All of West Virginia, except Hancock, Brooke,
Ohio, and Marshall Counties.
5-A. North Ohio District-All of Division No. 5 north of a line drawn east
and west through Ashland, Ohio (except Erie County) and Columbiana
NoTE.-Division No. 5 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 4 (except
5-B. South Ohio District-All of Division No. 5 south af a line drawn east and
west through Ashland, Ohio (except Columbiana County) and Erie County
and includes Canton, Massillon, Alliance, Lima, Bucyrus, Marion, Sandusky,
and East Liverpool.
6-A. Chicago District-Chicago switching district, the Counties of Lake and
DuPage in Illinois, and Lake County in Indiana, and the Counties of Kenosha,
Racine, and Wilwaukee in Wisconsin.
6-B. Indiana-Illinois District-All of Indiana except Lake County; all of Illinois
in Division No. 6 (except Lake County and Chicago switching district) all
of Minnesota and Iowa and Wisconsin (except Kenosha, Racine, and Mil-
NoTE.-Division No. 6 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 7 and No. 9.
6-C. Detroit District-Counties of Monroe, Lenawee, Jackson, Wayne, Oakland,
Macomb, and Washtenaw, Michigan.
6-D. Michigan District-All of the State of Michigan except Counties embraced
in District 6-C.
7-A. Colorado District-State of Colorado.
7-B. St. Louis District-St. Louis and St. Louis County, Missouri, Madison and
St. Clair Counties, Illinois.
7-C. Midcontinent District-All of Division No. 7, not included in Districts
7-A and 7-B.
NOTE.-Division No. 7 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 8 (except
Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas) and No. 10.
8-A. Seattle District-States of Washington, Oregon, and Nevada.
8-B. San Francisco District-All of California north of a line drawn east and
west through Fresno, California.
8-C. Los Angeles District-All of California not included in District No. 8-B,
and all of the State of Arizona.
8-D. Utah District--All of the State of Utah.
8-E. El Paso District-All of Division No. 8 not included in Districts 8-A,
8-B, 8-C, and 8-D.
NoTE.-Division No. 8 constitutes Federal Reserve District No. 12 and
that part of Federal Reserve District No. 11 not included in Division No. 3.
MINIMUM RATES OF PAY FOR COMMON LABOR
District Cents per Hour
Eastern District---------------------------------------------- 35
Buffalo District.---...---_------------------------------- -- 38
Southern District -------------------------------------------- 25
Birmingham District------------------------------------------ 27
Johnstown District------------------------------------------- 37
Pittsburgh-iY'heeling District---------------------------------- 40
West Virginia District --------------------------------------- 37
North Ohio District---------------------------------------- 40
South Ohio District ---------------------------------------. 37
Chicago District------------- ----------------------------- 40
Indiana-Illinois District.------------------------------------- 37
Detroit District--------------------------------------- ----- 40
Michigan District--...---.. _-_------...---- --.---------..---- 37
Colorado District ----_ -------------.------------------------- 40
St. Louis District ------------------------------------------- 37
Midcontinent District----------------------------------------- 35
Seattle District-------------------- ---------------------- 38
San Francisco District---------------------------------------- 37
Los Angeles District------------------------------------------ 35
Utah District -----------.---------------.----------------.-- 39
El Paso District-------------------------------------------- 25
LIST OF UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES RELATING TO MISCELLANEOUS CASTINGS
SThis Schedule relates solely to the production and/or sale of Miscellaneous
Castings and has no application to Specialties.
For all purposes of this Code, it shall be an unfair trade practice for any member
engaged in the Miscellaneous Castings branch of the Industry to do any of the
SECTION 1. Make or promise to any purchaser or prospective purchaser of any
product, or to any officer, employee, agent, or representative of any such pur-
chaser or prospective purchaser any bribe, commission or split-commission, or
other payment or remuneration, directly or indirectly.
SEc. 2. Extend to any purchasers special privileges or concessions, including
allowances for machining and/or welding (except where explicitly agreed upon to
repair specific imperfect castings), pattern alterations, or other services not ex-
tended by the Industry to all buyers under like terms and conditions.
SEc. 3. Purchase from customers goods and/or services at prices higher than
the market for such goods and/or services, for the purpose of influencing or induc-
ing the purchase of castings.
SEC. 4. Absorb all or any part of the machining cost of castings sold as ma-
SEC. 5. Enter into quantity contracts with buyers without obligation on their
part to take delivery of the quantities specified in the contract or on the quotation,
for the purpose of giving unwarranted prices.
SEC. 6. State in the invoice of any product sold by a member of the Industry
as the date thereof a date later than the date of shipment of such product, or
include in any invoice any product shipped on a date earlier than the date of
such invoice, for the purpose of furnishing such product at prices lower than
would otherwise prevail or for the purpose of extending the customer's time of
SEc. 7. Allow terms of payment more favorable to the customer than net thirty
days from date of shipment, or a discount of one half of one per cent (3%),
provided payment is made within ten (10) days from date of shipment.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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3 1262 08583 0122
LIST OF UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES RELATING TO SPECIALTIES '
This Schedule relates solely to the production and/or sale of Specialties and
has no application to Miscellaneous Castings.
For all purposes of this Code it shall be an unfair trade practice for any member,:
engaged in the Specialties branch of the Industry to do any of the following;acta: ,
SECTION 1. To make terms of payment in connection with sale for domestic '.
use more favorable to the customer than thirty (30) days net cash from dateoi ::o
SEC. 2. To make for the purpose of influencing a purchase any promise as to
delivery or other matters which obviously is impossible of performance.
SEC. 3. To employ any unfair trade practices which may be established for
any product classification by the administrative agency for such classification.
appointed in accordance with Article VII of this Code and approved by the