NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
AS APPROVED ON AUGUST 16, 1934
WE DO OUR PART
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 centa
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 8
Registry No. 599-33
This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF TH "DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
ClarHleston, S.C.: Chamber of Comunerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commi rce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 8
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
As Approved on August 16, 1934
APPROVING MODIFICATIONS OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIE-
An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of modifications
to a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries, and
hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on
said modifications, containing findings with respect thereto, having
been made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President. of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said an-
nexed report and do find that said modifications and the Code as con-
stituted after being modified comply in all respects with the pertinent
provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of said Title
of said Act, and do hereby order that said modifications be and are
hereby approved, and that the previous approval of said Code is
hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its entirety
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
August 16, 1934.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the proposed modifications of the Code
of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries as approved
by you on February 17, 1934. A public hearing was held on these
proposed modifications on April 5, 1934, and full opportunity was
given to all interested' parties to appear.
The proposed modifications co(niist of Administrative provisions,
fair trade practice provisions, wage and hour provisions, and provi-
sions relating to apprentices. The Administrative provisions and
fair trade practice provisions are in the form of an Appendix to the
The Dlpiity Aldministrator in his final report to me on said modi-
fications to said Code having found as herein set forth and on the
baisi., of all the pro;rcedings in this matter:
I find that:
(a) The modifications to said Code and the Code as modified are
well designed to proiimote the policies and purposes of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act including the removal of obstruc-
tioiin to the free flow of interstate and foreign comITerC'e which
tend to diminish the a;.iiint. thereof, and will provide for the general
welfare by promoting the organization of industry for the purpose of
cooper tive action among trade groups, by inducing and minmaining
united action of labor and iinangement under adequate governmental
sanction and supervision, by climiiinating unfair competitive prac-
tices, by promoting the fullest. possible utilization of the present
productive capacity. of industries, by avoiding undue restriction of
production (except as may lie temporarily required), by increasing
the co'nsumpl)tion of industrial and agricultural products through in-
crea.sing purchasing power, by reducing and relieving' unemploy-
ment, by improving staAndards of labor, and by otherwise rehabili-
(b) The Codet as modified complies in all respects with the per-
tinent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limi-
tation Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7 and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; that the group snumiitting this
anui(nd1W-eit is truly reipr 'eitative of the a.foresaid Industry, and
tffat the Association of ;Bank Note Companies inipoc.s no inequitable
restrictions on admission to miiriibrship therein.
(c) The modifications and the Code as modified are not dIe.,igned
to and will not l,(permit monopolies or monopolistic prai'tices.
(d) The modificationis and the Code as modifi d are iint dc'signed
to and will not lilli.rIti or oppl'-ess Silall enterprises and will not
operate to di'criiiiiiinat against iheiim.
(e) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have
not 6een deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said
I believe the modifications to be fair to labor, to the consumer,
and to the industry, and for these reasons, therefore, I approve this
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
AUGUST 16, 1934.
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
Amending Section 23 by adding Sub-section C, as follows.
MECHuANICAL EMPLOYEES (CONTINUED)
C. Engaged in the Securities and Bank Note Engraving and
Printing Industry (C-3).
The provisions of this Sub-section 23-C shall govern all establish-
ments engaged in the Securities and Bank Note Engraving and
Printing Industry and shall be applicable to all of the mechanical
employees of such establishments engaged in any of the processes or
partial processes of that type of engraving known as bank note steel
(a) Unskilled mechanical employees--nlinimum wages. Estab-
lishments covered by this Sub-section 23-C shall pay unskilled me-
chanical employees not less than 40 cents per hour, unless, on July 15,
1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was less than 40
cents per hour, in which latter case establishments shall pay not
less than such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, but in no event less than
30 cents per hour,
(b) Skilled mechanical employees--minimum wages.
1. Each establishment, with the exception of (a) establishments
which are operating under wage agreements arrived at by collective
bargaining; and (b) establishments .which are paying not less than
the hourly wage rates which they were paying on July 15, 1929, shall,
within thirty (30) days after this Sub-section 23-C becomes effective,
make increases in its average hourly compensation for each class of
skilled labor on the following basis:
Each such establishment, shall increase the hourly or piecework
rates for each class of skilled labor to a point where (including
increases made since July 1, 1933) they are ten per cent (10%) higher
than the rates in the same establishment in effect on July 1, 1933
for the same classes of skilled labor, provided, however, that no
establishment need increase rates above those paid on July 15, 1929
for the same class of skilled labor in the same establishment or in
establishment's producing similar work coming within the above
clauses (a) or (b); and provided, further, that. no establishment
which, on July 1, 1933, was paying an average hourly wage at least
10% higher than the average wage for the .ame class of skilled labor
prevailing in other establishments in the industry need make the
increase in rates specified in this paragraph.
The average e wage for the same cliss of skilled labor prevailing
in other establishments in the industry shall be the average of the
rates paid to all the employees performing any given (class of skilled
labor in such other (estallisoltiints ascertained by adding the hourly
compensation paid to all the employees performing any given class
of skilled labor in such other establishments and dividing the total
by the number of employees performing such class of skilled labor
in such other establishments.
2. Within thirty (30) days after the effective date of this Sub-
Section 23-C any rate increases under paragraph 1 must be further
augmented by such amounts as may be necessary to bring the average
hourly compensation paid for each class of skilled labor in each estab-
lishment up to ninety per cent (90%) of the average rates prevailing
on July 1, 1933 in the industry for each class of skilled labor, pro-
vided, however, that no establishment need increase rates above those
paid on July 15, 1929 for the same class of skilled labor in the same
Prevailing rates as used above shall mean the average of the
rates paid to all employees in the industry performing any given
class of skilled labor, ascertained by adding the hourly compensation
paid to all the employees in the industry performing any given class
of skilled labor and dividing the total by the number of employees
performing such class of skilled labor in the industry.
The increases provided for in this paragraph 2 shall not apply to
employees receiving an hourly wage of $1.65 or more. However,
in arriving at the "prevailing" rates, the wages of employees re-
ceiving an hourly wage of more than $1.65 shall be taken into con-
sideration but shall be taken at $1.65 per hour.
3. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a manner to
reduce the present hourly rate paid to any employee.
4. It is hereby specifically declared that the foregoing provisions
are intended to establish only minimum and not maximum wage
(c) General Wage Provisions.-In connection with the foregoing,
the following rules shall apply:
1. No establishment shall pay to any skilled employee a rate lower
than the minimum established for an unskilled mechanical employee.
2. An employee performing more than one type of task shall be
compensated on the basis of the rates applying to each such type
of task for the time employed thereon.
(d) Hours of Labor.-1. Stad orkin standardd Working s.-Standard
working hours shall be 40 hours a week for all engaged in mechan-
ical work, including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others
for the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week
in the case of each individual so employed shall be divided into not
more than six shifts, no one of which shall be more than 8 hours
unless overtime be paid. When necessary, overtime may be per-
mitted; provided (1) that mechanical employees shall receive not
less than the overtime rate (one and one-half times his hourly wage
or piecework rate) for all work in excess of 8 hours within any 24
hour period, and/or in excess of 40 hours in any one week, and that
double time shall be paid for Sundays and holidays, and provided
further, (2) that no more than 520 hours shall be worked by any
mechanical employee in any 13 week period.
None of the foregoing provisions shall be construed to limit the
number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment may
2. l,ii,.,i u,. /hour e'ceptions.-(a) The maximum hours fixed
by this Sub-Section 23-C shall not apply to employees on emer-
gency maintenance or repair work, nor.to employees in cases where
the restriction of hours of highly -killed artistic or mechanical
worker, on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce produc-
tion; but in such cases time and one-hal:f shall be paid for all hours
worked in exces- of 8 hours in any one day or 40 hours in any one
(b) A tolerance of ten per cent (10%) without overtime pay, over
the maxinInl hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases
of wash-up crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator opera-
tors, and other mechanical employees whose duties have no direct
connection with Graphic Arts processes, and a tolerance of twenty
per cent (2- c) without overtime pay, shall be allowed in the cases
of outside delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors, watch-
men or guards.
(c) The maximum of six sllifts per week shall not apply to engi-
neers, firemen, janitors, watchmen, or guards.
3. Apprentices.-Because of the widespread unemployment of
skilled employees in this industry, no establishment shall indenture
any new apprentices within a period of one year after the effective
date of this Sub-Section 23-C.
NO. 0-3 AND NO. 0-4 OF SCITEDTLE A ARE STRICKEN AND REPLACED BY
No. C-3. Securities and Bank Ntc EilgrUrirng and Printinfi.-This Industry
shall include all establishments tcvncaged in the pruductinu of securities accept-
able for lifting on all stock exchanges of the country and/or steel engraved bank
The National Code Authority for this Industry shall be selected as follows:
Two members shall be designated by the Association of Bank Note Companies:
Two members shall be designated by the establishment or establishments whose
production of steel engraved bank notes during the years 1929 to 1933, inclu-
sive, amounted to more than fifteen per cent (15%) of the total volume of
business of such establishment or establishments. The designation shall be
made in each instance in accordance with a plan of election to be submitted to
and approved by the Administrator. The term of office of each member of
the Code Authority shall be one year and until his successor is elected. In
the event of a deadlock among the members of the Code Authority, a fifth and
impartial member shall be chosen by the four members provided for above or,
failing such notice, by the Administrator.
APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY No. C-8
SECURITIES AND BANK NOTE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING
The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. C-3.
(a) The administration of this Code for the Securities and Bank Note
Engraving and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Code
Authority for the Securities and Bank Note Engraving and Printing Inidustry,
which shall consist of four members selected as follows: Two members shall be
designated by the Association of Bank Note Companies: Two members shall be
designated by the establishment or establishments whose production of steel
engraved bank notes during the years 1929 to 1933, inclusive, amounted to more
than fifteen per cent (15%) of the total volume of business of such establish-
ment or establishments. The designation shall be made in each instance in
accordance with a plan of election to be submitted to and approved by the
Administrator. The term of office of each member of the Code Authority shall
be one year and until his successor is elected. In the event of a deadlock
among the members of the Code Authority, a fifth and impartial member shall
be chosen by the four members provided -for above or, failing such choice, by
(b) All pri c.('dings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of its By-Laws and with the provisions of this Code.
MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION
(c) No establishment shall use or permit the use of (a) die stamping or
embossing, (b) photo-process work, or (c) machine engraving for script or
other lettering in the preparation of any steel engraved security.
(d) No establishment shall copy or permit the copying, in whole or in part,
of any de.iiri or engraving origi.i;ited by another establishment.
(e) No establishment shall sell or otherwise dispose of any steel engraving,
roll or die which has been or may be used, in whole or in part, in the prelparzi-
tion of any bank note or security, except that the assets of any establishment
may be sold, in whole or in part, to another establishment or establishments
operating under Section C-3 of this Code through merger or in furtherance
(f) No establishment shall sell, deliver or in any other manner transfer any
blank steel engraved borders, usable for securities, to any one under any condi-
tions, except that this Section shall not be interpreted so as to interfere with
contracts or commitments made prior to December 1, 1933, or to expose any
establishments to suits for damages by its customers. Establishments having
such commitments shall file with the Code Authority, within thirty (30) days
from the date of approval of this Code, a list of these commitments in exist-
ence as of December 1, 1933.
(g) All steel engraved vignettes shall be hand line engraved without the use
of any phiot'-proce-s work.
(h) No provisions of this Code relating to prices or terms of selling, ship-
ping or marketing, shall apply to export trade or sales or shillments for export
trade. Export Trade shall be as defined in the Export Trade Act adopted
April 10, 1918.
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 8.
Registry No. 599-33.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IIl I Il lI II 111111111111 il 11111111111 I Wit 111 I
3 1262 08582 8894