NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
AS APPROVED ON JUNE 23, 1934
WE DO OUR PART
. ;. .- I ;.7
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 5
Registry No. 599-33
This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
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Approved Code No. 387-Amendment No. 5
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
As Approved on June 23, 1934
APPROVING MODIFICATIONS OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of modifications
to a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries, and
hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on
said modifications, containing findings with respect thereto, having
been made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December
30, 1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said
annexed report and do find that said modifications and the Code as
constituted after being modified comply in all respects with the
pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of
said Title of said Act, and do hereby order that said modifications be
and are hereby approved, and th at the previous approval of said Code
is hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its entirety
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Admin is.trator for Industrial Recovery.
J-un1e 23, 1934.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the proposed modifications of the Code of
Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries as approved by
you on February 17, 1934. A Public Hearing was held on these
proposed modifications in the City of Washington on April 3, 1934
and full opportunity was given to all interested parties to appear.
The proposed modifications consist of wage and hour provisions,
provisions regaiirding apprentices and complement of men, and fair
trade practice provisions for the Steel and Copper Plate Engraving
and Printing Industry. The fair trade practice provisions are in
the form of an Appendix to the Code.
The Deputy Adniiitrator in his final report to me on said modifi-
cations to said Code having found as herein set forth and on the basis
of all the proceedings in this matter:
I find that:
(a) The modifirationil to said Code and the Code as modified are
well designed to promote the policies and plir'pse' of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act including the removal of obstruc-
tions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce which tend
to diminish the amount thereof, and will provide for the general
welfare by prlomiting the organization of industry for the purpose
of cooperative action among trade groups, by inducing and main-
taining united action of labor and management. under adequate
governjmint;l sanction and supervision, by eliminating unfair com-
petitive practices, by promlting the fullest possible utilization of
the lcprent productive capacity of industries, by avoiding undue
restriction of production (except as may be temporarily required),
by increncing the consumption of indu-trial and agricultural pr(xd-
ucts thro gh i increii-ing puriha.-ing power, by reducing and relieving
unlle.iplnl, yrnrt, by imlproving st;,ini.1ards of labor, and by otherwise
(b) The Code ;- modified complies in all re-pl, t., with the perti-
nefOt provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tionr Siiub--ction (a) of Section 3, Subl1e:ction (a) of Section 7 and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof.
(c) The modifications and the Code as modified are not ,dohignd
to and will not permit monopolies or monop, litic pr;artivi-..
(d) The modifi( ationli and the Code as modified are miift designed
to and will not ,liiiinat,, or oppress small entcrpri.-e and will not
opri:it, to ,di,.riminat' againl-t them.
(e) Those emngi:-il1 in other -teps of the ec1'omiiCii process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said
I Ihlieve the modifi;itio is to be fair to 1abir, to the conslmli-e, and
to the industry, and for these reasons, therefore, I approve tiis
R'1pe't fully, HUGHI S. JIIINS)N,
JL'Ni: 23, 193-4. Adnmit;n srator.
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
SEC(TIOX 23 (CONTINUED)
MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (CONTI NLED)
B. ENG.\GED IN THE Pr.OCESSES OF STE'L AND COPPER PLATE ENR.\VING AND
The provisions of this Sub-Section 23-B shall govern all estab-
lishments engaged in any of the processes or partial processes of steel
and copper plate engraving and printing under this Code, and shall
be applicable to all the mechanical employees of such establishments
engaged in carrying on any of the operations of such processes.
The provisions of this Sub-Section 23-B shall not be applicable
to the employees of any establishment, within the Serurities and
Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry, engaged in any of the
processes or partial proce.se of that type of engraving known as
bank note steel engraving.
(a) Michaniical tmplo/ees--mi8imum ,~,a7!./s. -Establisllnents
covered by this Sub-Section 23-B shall not pay any mechanical em-
ployee less than at the rate of 40 cents per hour, unless on July 15,
1929 the hourly rate for the same class of work was less than 40
cents per hour, in which latter case they shall be paid not less than
such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, in the same establishment (or in
the same locality in the case of a new establishment) and in no event
less than at the rate of 30 cents per hour.
(b) Sk;illfId mechanical c ply<'<.s-;; J;mln in. m 'uy/.'.-
PAI:AGR.PH 1. Each establishment, with the exception of those-
1. Which are operating under wage agreements arrived at by
collective bargaining; and
2. Which are paying not less than the wage rates which they
were paying on July 15, 1929,
shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for all
classes of skilled labor, within thirty (30) days after this Sub-Section
23-B becomes effective, on the following basis:
Each plant, shall increase, the hourly or piecework rates to a point
where (including increases made since July 1, 1933) they are ten
per cent (10%) higher than the rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with
this limitation that they need not increase rates above those paid on
July 15, 19-29 in the same plant or in plants producing similar work
in similar areas as determined by the Code Authority, with the
approval of the Administrator, coming within the above clauses
(1) or (2).
PARAGRAPH 2. Within thirty (30) days after this Sub-Section
23-B becomes effective, any rate increases under Paragraph 1 must
be further augmented if necessary to bring the average hourly or
piecework compensation paid in each establishment up to ninety
per cent (90%) of the rates prevailing on July 1, 1933 in the same
locality or competitive area for base classes of skilled labor employed
in this industry.
Prevailing hourly or piecework rates shall be the average of the
rates paid to the employees constituting that fifty per cent (50%)
of each class of skilled employees in that locality or competitive area
which was receiving the higher wage rates on July 1, 1933.
For example, if in a locality, a total of thirty press operators were
employed, ten of whom were receiving 82 cents per hour and twenty
of whom were receiving 67 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would
be the weighted average of 82 cents for ten men and of 67 cents for
five men (making together fifty per cent (50%) of the total number)
or 77 cents, and ninety per cent (90%) thereof would be 69.3 cents.
NOTE.-For the purpose of Paragraphs 1 and 2 average in case
varying rates are paid for the same classification of labor, means
averages ascertaincd by dividing the total of hourly compensation
by the total llnuilber of employees whose wage rates are being
PARAGRAPH 3. In applying the foregoing paragraphs, differentials
in wage rates for varying tasks within the same class shall be main-
tained as in effect D'ecembler 1, 1933, in the individual establishments.
PARAGRAPH 4. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a
manner to reduce the present rate paid to any employee, or to estab-
lish minimum wage rates in establishments where collective bargain-
ing is not practiced higher than the mniniimum for the same class of
employees in establishments in that locality where wage rates were
arrived at through collective bargaining.
PARAGRAPH 5. It should be specifically understood that the fore-
going provisions are intended to establish only minimum and not
maximum wage requirements.
(c) General wage provisions.-In connection with the foregoing
the following rules shall apply:
1. An employee performing duties coming within more than one
clnssifiction, shall be compensated on the basis of the rates applying
to such several classifications for the time employed.
2. The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wages do not
apply to apprentice., who are referred to in (e) of this section.
(d) Ho,', of labor.-1. Standard Working Hours.-Standard
working hours shall be forty (40) hours per week for all mechanical
employees, including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others
for the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week
in the case of each individual employee shall be divided into not
more than six shifts, no one of which will be more than eight (8)
hours unless overtime be paid. When necessary overtime shall be
permitted; provided (1) that mechanical employees shall receive.
not less than the overtime rate (one and one-half times the hourly or
piece rate wage) for all work in excess of eight (8) hours within any
twenty-four (24) hour period, or forty (40) hours in any one week.
Double time shall be paid for Sundays and holidays. (2) That
no more than five hundred and twenty (520) hours shall be worked
by any ine'hnnical employee in any thirteen (13) weeks' period.
It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limit
the number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment mny
2. Maximum Hour Exceptions.-The maximum hours fixed by this
Sub-Section 23-B shall not apply to employees on emergency main-
tenance or emergency rcep;ir work, nor to employees in cases where
the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical work.
ers on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce production;
but in the case of such workers at least timo and one-half shall be
paid for the hours worked in excess of eight hours in any one day,
or forty (40) hours in any one week.
A tolerance of ten per cent (10%,) without overtime, over the
maximum hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of
wash-up crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator operators
and other mechanical employees whose duties have no direct con-
nection with graphic arts processes, and a tolerance of twenty per
cent (20i-.) without overtime shall be allowed in the cases of outside
delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.
The maximum of six shifts per week shall not apply to -engiineers,
firemen, janitors or watchwen, nor the provision that double time be
paid for holiday-.
3. It should be specifically understood that the fore,-zoing provi-
sions are subject. to the provisions of the Executive Order of Feb-
ruary 17, 1934, approving this Code.
1. The National Code Authority for the Steel and Copper Plate
Engraving and Printing Industry, promptly after its organization,
shall appoint a committee composed of an equal number of repre-
sentatives of employers and employees, the reprle-entatives of the
employees to be nominated by the Labor Advi-sory Board, to study
carefully the apprenticeship situation and to make reconunendations
thereon within six months from the effective date of this Sub-Section
23-B to such Code Authority. In leaking its study the committee
shall not limit itself to existing data and information but shall
secure through the National Code Authority from establishnillts
within the industry such additional facts as it may deem neces-
sary. Its recommendation shall include apprenticeship ratios and
methods of applying them equitably for the industry. It shall a;l.
establish miniimi'nu rates of pay for apprentices subject to approval
by the Administrator. Upon receipt of the recommendations of the
committee, the National Code Authority shall adopt rillet and regu-
lations to govern all apprentices within the industry, such rules and
regulations being subject to approval by the Administrator.
2. Pending the approval of the rules and regulaticng referred to
in the above paragraph, no new apprentices. shall be indentured at
less than the minimum wage of skilled mechanical employee-.
The maxinmui tIrims of apprenticeships shall be: for engravers,
five years; plate printers and die staml)er-, four years.
These apprelticeship rules shall not prevent the c'intiintin of
the status of persons already at work under apprentices hip a'rriange-
ments made prior to June 1, 1034.
Upon completion of the terms of apprenticeship, journeymen's
minimum rates of pay shall apply.
(f) Com plenc)ir of Mlen.-A com ni.iion of three disinterested
engineers, selected by the American Society of Mechanieal Engi-
neers, may be employed by the National Code Authority to make a
comprehensive study, and to recomm nend rules covering complement
of men required on steel and copper plate engraving and printing
mechanical equipment, for addition to this Code by amendnuent as
elsewhere herein authorized.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Hllll[lHHI Illl l II IHIH Blllll tlBlll HlB
3 1262 08582 8860
APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY No. C-2
STEEL AND COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING
MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION
(c) No establishment shall advertise. offer for sale, or sell type printing
treated with substances that fuse and raise under heat treatment, simulating
engraviln, as cngrlvintg of any kind.
(d) No establishment shall advertise, offer for sale or sell as hand engraved,
any plate or die produced by an engraving machine.
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 5.
Registry No. 599-33.