December 12, 1969
TO Clayteo TYetter
PIMs Peter S. Hildebrand, Project Leader, Agricultural
WUIB&CTs Annual Report (UAID) 1969
Much of the year was spent in writing administrative
reports and memorandums associated either with the Ford
Foundation or USAID. This has been particularly burdensome
because the agricultural economics group must make two annual
reports each year (one in July to Ford and one in January to
USAID), and also during the present year the Ford grant came
up for renewal.
To be spectfi most of the month of January was consumed
in matters related to the renewal of the Ford grant, including
the visit of Drs, Vollmar and Rhodes and the preparation of a
preliminary document to be presented by ICA to Ford. Much of
February was spent in writing, discussing, and rewriting this
document. In March, several meetings were held in the depart-
aent and with other ICA personnel to prepare a response to a
NMeorandum written to Ortis Ntndez by Drs. Nardin and Plaxico.
In April, at the request of Dr. Alvares, I wrote a memorandum
outlining the existing ICA-UN beca policy to be presented to
the Ford Foundation. This followed two meetings to discuss
and reformulate this policy. In July, work was began on the
Annual Report for Ford, and it was finalized in August. In
September and October, several memorandum were prepared for
the Ford Foundation relative to a series of questions they
had concerning the new grant. Finally in November, at a
meeting in Cotter's office, the terms of the new grant were
In April, USAID requested a 1969 Work Plan" which
conaaued time during that month and May. For November and
December, we have a 1970 Work Plan, a 1970-74 Work Plan, and
the Annual Report for USAID.
SAlthough the majority of this work cannot be eliminated.
I suggest that at least only one "Annual Report" be prepared
and submitted to both the Ford Foundation and to USAID.
Beyoad the reports outlined above, a great deal of
progress wa made during the year toward the goal of establishing
a profession of agricmitural economics in Colembia. Three
treamdueauly important things occurred at ICAt 1) new
quarters were obtained for the department, providing adequate
spaoe at least for a wile, 2) a full time director of the
departmat was named, providing the much needed leadership in
the department and giving us equal representation on Comite
Teanieo, and, 3) three new departmental publiation series
were established, anifesting the production of the depart-
meat. In addition, the first two participants to receive an
M.S. returned (Murcia from uD-Begota and Valderama from ICf).
everal more are ipeoted early in 1970. Ioser and Andrew
finished their research projects and their veuk beaeme the
number and nber 4 Bulletins in the new departmental series.
A&cnvzITI DuRn=S TBI ma
In addition to serving the Nebraska Miesion as Project
oeadr in Agricultural kconemies during the year, I was
advisor to the national Program In Agricultural Policy daring
the first half of the year with Jorge Lopera as counterpart,
and advisor to the National Program in Parm Management during
the last half ef the year with Manuel Rinoon as counterpart.
Although the National Programe were in effect during the first
half of the year, they were not very active, owing in part to
the lack of full time administration n the department, and in
part to the leek of Colombian personnel to work in the programs.
During the last half of the year, however, not only did the
National Program become active and effective, but also the
department, itself, really became a functional entity.
During the first half yar. my primary research effort
wa n working with Jorge Lepra on his study of the "Pro-
destivity gap in ColO~ iau Agriculture", and an the studies
of the three I brxka Ziastructors and their counterparts.
IRuept for the study of Gerald Feaster, all of this work has
nor been published (or will be by early Jamuary). The research
stud by the University of Florida in Cardoba, for which I was
a oeamultant, has also been completed and published in the
foar of an MS. thesis. Parts of this we k may be published
in a dpartmemtal series.
In April I we appotd to a committee by Zdgar aGtierreo.
Director of Planesoida Masimal to stud the devolopmeot of
the Llaneo. This oomitteoo the Cait6 del Llano* ha amet
several tim during the year, but little headway has been
made. Part of the problem is that the ixse of the aomaittee,
and its viewpoint, has gr9m so large that is nearly unianage-
able, NMever, in IC we are planning to continue our work
related to this committee, and publish the results.
Siase becoming asoeliated with the national ProraW in
Farm Iaag mna, I hav bosome closely associated with the
dvelopab mt of a research program. Part of the work has involved
the devlopme] t of a research philosophy for the program amd
part has been working in several ongoing projects. The on-
going projects have been mainly those related to the cost of
production studies, although same new projects at the farm
level have also been started. The philosophy of the program
with respect to its research will be published as part of a
bulletin on the department which will be printed to provide
information to the public on what a department of agriLultural
SceaoamOm can and held be repeated to do,
Because the department has a great deal of daind for
research, and because the terd Foundation dropped the financing
of the Instructor program, we have been discussing with the
University of Florida (and other universities, including 1-ebraka)
the possibility of obtaining research assistants from them. In
December, Mike Bedharts, from the University of Florida, arrived
in Begota to work on a project under the Faram anagemt Pregram.
is assistantship and international travel will be paid by
Florida, and ICA will pick up the i-country research expenses.
This appears to be a very workable arrangement, Mecept that
few universities apparently have the flexibility that Florida
has. They will mske me a member of their adte FPaeIty and
a Co-chairman of the thesis committee, and will accept an ICA
research project for his Ph.D. dirsertation.
In February, the first graduate catalogue (or bulletin)
*f the department was published. This bulletin summarised
the thinking of the department regarding the graduate program,
but it proceeded the publishing of the Regulations of the
Graduate School, and contained several points in conflict. As
a result, the second edition, the bulletin (for 1970-71) mwa
published in November, and in in accord with the General Regu-
lations of the Graduate School. As a companion to the bulletin,
the department also published a flyer as a means of advertising
the graduate program.
Besides participating in the develdpmeat of these publi-
eations, I continued teaching the class in Mathematics for
-aumtsiate and participated in the development and teaching
of the searash Methodelogy course. During the first semester,
Z taught the math course as a special problems course for two
veterinarians in the graduate program. In the second semester,
several students requested that I teaah agala. This time, I
taught it strictly as a no credit course, and had 11 students.
X hae already had requests to tearh it again namt year. I
had been planning to print my notes from the class, but have
since found a couple good books Awhih could serve as substi-
A Methodology seouse is being developed strictly for
Latin Anmrican conditions, with aephuais on problem recog-
nitien and it has a problem solving orientation, we are
definitely planning to develop a book xrom this course and
apeet it to have wida applitatiom n all of Latin Amoriea,
I have not partieipated heavily in the underraduate
pogrs dirtng the yI.r My primary activities ave been
Iavelved in metings at Vmdellia and Paluirs, and in trying
to help establish policy with respect to the mount of time
tha zl Regional seoemiits would be able to speed in the
National UTniveriety programs. Several meetings have also
been held with repeat to the timing of establihing a new
career in BSgota. ho mIajority of opinion indicates that in
order not to enapete with staff and financial resowrte with
ledaelin, toh career in Bogota Ashuld no sat before 1971.
AGIzCULTURL ESCOGOMICS ASSOCIATIOs
X attended the TBir Aannal Meetings of AMI in Marh
in 4edeliLn. During the year I was appointed to Uditvrial
Cwamittee of the Asseaiation. Unfortunately, aome of the
papers delivered at the seetingas were ever submitted to the
assoelation, nor have many other papers ber turned in for
publication in the Journal. At the present time, it is not
clear whether or not there will be a Journal for this year.
he Junta Directiva is now studying the situation.
During the year we received a request to send two
members of ACL to the States for the annual meetings of the
AAM. It was finally decided to send Torrs (President) and
Muroia (beoretary). They will both make a report to the
amnel meeting in 1970 in Cali, In addition, the organisation
of the 1970 meetings is going to reflect the knowledge gained
by the two participants on the trip.
Ia anticipatioe of the now Ford Grant, we have asked
the ACM to submit budgets to as showing their seoces of in-
came and anticipated expenses, and indicating how they reeommad
the use of the funds hiihS Ford is eapeeted to grant for support
of the aasociation.
A total of levan candidate loft during the year for
graduate study in the States after passing the Bnglish toot.
A twelfth left on his own expense to study Unglish. Of the
eleven, four started between January and February, two were
able to enter the S emcaic Institute in boulder, Colorado,
atd five others attended the orientation course in Linaoln.
As yet, the twelfth tha not passed his Uaglih teeth, so has
net been awAded a bees.
Under the o itiese of the aw Ford ganat, only five
amee emedidates will be seat to the U.S. for training at the
NM.. level. Of those uaed, one has elected to begin his
g9auto program in J)anuary at the IC-UW Gradeate School,
thinking of the benefits of finishing his degree muwh earlier
than if he waite and takes a ehbmne on Inglish. Tho other
few have all decided to try for the NfaLti h and qualify for
adeittrane to maiversities in the State.
ftoVpt ftr travel to Cali-Palaira and to Medellin, my
trnvl daring the yoar has been minimal. I nade two trips
erwly in the year to aquetal in aconeettio with resater's
weNM (enee aesgMpainyg ,r. Bramon, a mmerB of feraldte
eemittee at the Univerity eof Ketuaky). an April, just
before the rains start, z made a trip into the lanoes with
one *abere of the department Wo bad not beeo there, with
fStraar of the Nebraska Miasion, and with tao pea o t fr the
University of Florida.
in August, 2 ts vellad to the annual meetings of the AAM
nO Lemin~ton, XKetucky. At this meeting, in addition to the
two -smebs of ACA, there were 11 colambians, 10 of whoe are
enameeted with our program. At this meeting (also attended
by Burdette Ste*ier and PFaster) we met with all the Colas-
bians and diseased their various programs in the States, ad
any problems they wer having. I also bhld preliminary dis-
assionm with Carraseo on the subject for hi thesis and
talked with Londo0 o about the possibility of his continuing an
directly for a Ph.D.
Also while at the meetings, I talked with Dr. Tefertiller,
Oairman of the Dopartmret of Agricultural Seonouics at the
University of Florida, about the situaties with respect to
euhrtEx. M, Dr. NePherson, the Chbinma of Mike's committee,
Mike, and I all agreed on a teAtative subject and the conditions
wader thich we would be able to eondut the research.
The day following the meetings, Gerald and zI mt with
his thesis coittee to discuss the progress sad problems on
his research work. hOe seomittee seemed ywe happy with the
progress and there were no problems which eould not be solved.
X also spent me d a in Lincoln conferring with Colwell
and Vollar, and speat some more time (accompaniedby Vollmnr)
in talking with Carrase about his proj et.
Returning from the Itates after a short vacation,
stepped at Chapingo, Mexico, to become acquainted with their
program. We are now exahanging publications and information
regarding the graduate schools, and may be able to exchange
students sometime in the future.
PAMS FOR 1970
At the present time, my plans for bnet Mear are in-
defiite boeeaus Peord ha dropped my position, and it is not
yet known if it will be possible to pick up a new agricultural
eoameaics position frte the AID sector. overtheles, during
the first half of the year, I plan to cocentrate my efforts
in the graduate program and the research program. As is true
of all the kebraMka positions at ICA, there io close cooperation
between the Coleabian and the North American staff. This
makes specific planning difficult, because the work is taken
on as it is moat efficient at the time. slowver, I am
scheduled to teach Prodoction Uonomias with Valderrama (and
possIbly Rineon) and will probably be at leest partly responsible
for a special couree in eeaarch Methodology we are going to
teach for the Ministry of Agriculture Planning group. In
researOh, I will continue to take an active part in the planning,
execution, analysis, and publishing of the pxrjects of the
department, and will have one or etre graduate students as
Port ore specific information regarding 1970, please
-- the "Work Plan for 1970m ihich has just ben prepared.