Annual report - 1969


Material Information

Annual report - 1969 agricultural economics
Portion of title:
Agricultural economics
Memorandum title:
Annual report (USAID), 1969
Physical Description:
13 leaves : ; 28 cm. +|28 cm.)
Hildebrand, Peter E
Place of Publication:
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Research grants -- Colombia   ( lcsh )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Includes bibliographical references (leaves 7-8).
Statement of Responsibility:
Peter E. Hildebrand.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
Typescript on rice paper.
General Note:
"December 12, 1969."--Memo

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 757996274
lcc - S544.6.H5 1969
System ID:

Full Text



This report covers the third complete year of the agri-

cultural economics contribution to ICA and National Univer-

sity through the University of Nebraska Mission in Colombia.

Major accomplishments were achieved in Agricultural Sconomics

during 1969. The Department at ICA has progressed to one with

thirteen Colombian professionals, a full time Director, an

active graduate program, and three National Programs for re-

search. The participant training program has been active and

the first four professionals with the M.S. degree have returned

to Colombiar (two will be employed by National University, one

by ICA, and one by the Banco de la RepUblica). The most active

undergraduate program, that in Medellin, ended the year with

84 students. A joint undergraduate program is also underway

in Palmira with the Universidad del Valle and has 60 students

currently enrolled.

The progress during the year has, in fact, been so remark-

able that when one reads the projections made for 1969 given

in the last Annual Report, it almod seems as if they were for

a different program. The changes which have come about have

been the result of many factors. Undoubtedly, the most important

has been the appointment of Rafael Samper as full time Department

Chairman at ICA. Though young and inexperienced, he has been

the key to the development of a department with a real purpose.

The progress made by the Department is particularly evident in

the graduate program in which the Department of Agricultural

Economics is a leader at ICA. During 1969 the Department met

its goals for graduate students twice over as projected in

the 1968 Annual Report, and will also double its goals for

the 1970 academic year. Although the Department is one of

the newest at ICA, it will have one of the first (if not the

first) graduate student to receive an M.8. degree and was the

first to have students finish course requirements and take

the comprehensive examination.

The research program is also advancing very rapidly, and

the first few publications have been produced. Regional

aspects of the research program were enhanced materially

with the appointment of the first Regional Eoonomist who is

located at Medellin.

Also of significantimportance to the general welfare of

the Department was the acquisition of adequate space in the

new building at Tibaitatt. All factorsbeing considered, it

can probably be said that during the year 1969 agricultural

economics was firmly established as a discipline in Colombia

at National University and at ICA.


The programs at Medellin and Palmira-Cali continued to

expand during the year. The Universidad del Valle has taken

the primary leadership in the joint program at Palmira-Cali.

Here, the UN and Nebraska personnel has been involved primarily

in the teaching of service courses for students in the Faeultad

de Agronomia.

The program in Medellin received some additional assistance

during the year when ICA appointed its first Regional Iconomist.

An agreement was reached between ICA and National University

that ICL personnel (including the Nebraska oonomist) could

teach one course per semester and devote up to half time in

work involving undergraduate teaching. This represents a re-

duction in the proportion of time spent by the Nebraska Economist

on undergraduate work, but is necessary if ICr is to develop a

sound regional research program. The decrease will be at least

partially offset by the presence of the Regional Sconomist.

As National University is faced with severe budget problems,

recommendations were made at a meeting of the Deans (attended

by various other people) relative to the best use of limited

funds by the University. The suggestion was that the acultad

in Bogota should delay the opening of its career in Agricultural

Economics until the Facultad in Medellin (with a current

enrollment of 84) could be adequately supported financially

and with staff. In order to help the staffing problem, ICA

transferred one of its returning M.S. staff to the Facultad

in Medellin where he will complete hiscontractual obligations

(beca commitment) as a UN employee, Efforts are also underway

to combine the basic economics courses taught at the Mines

Faculty and the Agronomy Faculty to increase the efficiency

of staff time. Similar attempts are being made to reduce

duplication in basic agricultural eeenoamis courses taught for

the various careers in the Agronomy Fatulty itself.

Undergraduate enrollment in December, 1969:

Medellin 84 in 3 semesters (5 year Program)
Palmira-Cali 60 in 2 semesters (4A year Program)
Total 144


Perhaps the greatest progress was made during the year

in the area of graduate teaching. In Fparuary, the Department

of Agricultural Economics published the first Departmental

Graduate Bulletin at ICA which compiled the current thinking

of the Department and of the Graduate School. Later, after

the Graduate School published its Regulations, the Departmental

Bulletin had to be revised. In the revision, a two year

calendar of courses is presented in which required courses are

offered each year and elective courses every other year. This

calendar permits students entering in January with all pre-

requisites to terminate coursework in one year and have six

months to complete the thesis. Normal tine for graduation

shodd be 18 months, which is the minimum under the Graduate

School Regulations.

The Department also published a flyer to advertise its

graduate program. Delays in publication prevented its

effective use for January, 1970, but it is now ready for use

in the future. Nevertheless, the Department had 19 applications

for admitance for 1970. Of these, 17 were approved (6 with

becas, 3 pending becas, one on commission from ICA, and 6 with

no financial support). It is expected that the majority of

those not receiving financial support will not enroll. With

the 11 full time graduate students currently enrolled, Agri-

cultural economics should have about 20 full time students in

January, 1970, of which 7 will be working primarily on thesis


Although the Department still is understaffed and still

lacks stability in staffing, two of our students were the

first to finish all course requirements and to take the

comprehensive examination. A third student will qualify for

the comprehensive examination in January after completing a

semester of work at Oklahoma State University. These three

students, plus four more who will qualify for the comprehensive

examination in July, should finish their theses and receive

their degrees in 1970.

The Department has received excellent beca fellowshipp

or assistantship) support during the year. In 1969, there were

5 students on becas (3 financed by the Ford Foundation and 2 by

ICA).' For 1970, in addition to these 5, ICA will provide 4 new

beoas and Ford three. This will provide a total of 12 becas, 6

from ICA and 6 on a matching basis from the Ford Foundation.

On a continuing basis (ICA will pick up the Ford Becas on their

termination) this should provide adequate support for the pro-

gram at least for a few years.


The research program also progressed very satisfactorily

during the year. Of primary importance was the initiation of

three departmental publication series 1) Boletines ~Enurta-

mentales, 2) Informes, and 3) Circulares. The bulletin series

will be used for limited but rapid distribution of major re-

search results, most of which will eventually be published by

ICA or other entities. All will be approved by the ICA editorial

staff as ICA publications. The Informes are shorter reports or

progress reports. The Circulares will generally be one to three

page publications primarily of exteasion intearet.

Published in each series to date areas


Bower, Max F., Prerrequisitos y Potencial para la Bxportacio
de Came en Colombia en la Ddcada de 1970, Boletin Departamen-
tal No. 1, Departmento de Iconemia Agricola, ICA, Tibaitata,
Septiembre, 1969.

Andre% Chris 0., et. al, Problemas de Producci6n y Mercadeo
del Caesiae Colombiano, Boletn Departamental No. 2, Depar-
tamento de Bconowla Agricola, ICA, Tibaitata, Septiembre 1969.

Lopera Palacios, Jorge y Peter R. Hildebrand, La Brecha en la
Productividad Agricola en Colombia, Boletin Departamental No. 3,
Departamento de 2conomia Agricola, ICA, Tibaitatt, Octubre, 369.

Andrew, Chris 0., Improving Performance of the Production-Dis-
tribution System for Potatoes in Colombia, Boletin Departamental
No. 4, Departamento de Bconomia Agricola, ICA, Tibaitata, Octubre


Dias, Branados, Freddy, "Analisis Icono~aoo de AlguaOs Saitemas
de Alimentacion de Vacas Lecheras en la Sabana de BOoge*, In-
forme AR-1, Departamento de Bconomia Agritola, IA, Tibaitata,
Noviembre 18, 1969.

Rinc6n S., Manuel, "Limitaciones de lI* Coste do Producaao ",
Informed AR-2, Departamento de Econoama Agriela, ICA, Tibaitata,
Noviembre 27, 1969.


"Costos de la Produccion por HectArea Toao**, Circular Ab-l,
Departamento de Sconoma Agricola, 1C, Tibaitatt, oviembre
12, 1969.

"Costos de Betableoimiento por Heettrea ALFALFA, Circular
No. AR-2, Departamento de eoonomta Agrisola, ICA, Tibaitat&,
Noviembre 14, 1969.

"Costes de Produccito por Beettrea, Xapinal, Tolima ALGODON"
Circular No, AR-3, Departamento de Ecmeomia Agricola, ICA,
Tibaitata, Diciembre 10, 1969.

Several other major publications are in the final stages

of preparation. Most will be bulletins

1. Production and Marketing of Wool, Lamb and Mutton in
2. economic Analysis of the Production of Potatoes in Colombia.
3. Analysis of 18 Ranching Operations in the Department of
4. Present Status of Colonization in Caqueta.
5. Alternative Methods of Coffee Renovation and Diversification.
6. Economic Evaluation of the Potato Chipping lnduatry in
Bogota and Cali.
7. Economic Analysis of the Distribution System of Beef from
the Farm to the Wholesaler in BogotA.
8. Design of a Central Wholesale Market for Cali.
9. The Relationship of Infrastructure to Agricultural Develop-

As a substitute for the Instructor program, formerly

financed by the Ford Foundation, the Fara Management Program

has acquired a post prelim Ph.D. candidate froe the University

of Florida who will conduct research in capital productivity

and the effect of risk on investment in agriculture. Ris

salary (assistantship) is being paid by the University of

Florida (Center for Tropical Agriculture) and the research

expenses will be paid by ICA.

Research oriented towards assisting IZDM in improving

their agricultural price and market information services

resulted in an invitation by PAO to attend a two weeks technical

conference on price and market information services in Latin

America. Rosa Ilvam Galeano who is working on this project

attended the meeting and jointly with an IDIMA representative

also invited to the meetings, presented a paper on "An Analysis

and Evaluation of Price Information Services in Colombia" which

considered both IDNEM's Wholesaler price Information Services

and Banco Ganadero's Beef Cattle Price Information Service.


During the year the Department participated in three

extension short courses. For use in these short courses, four

lectures were prepared and published

"La Administracion en la Impresa de Ganado de Carne" by Jaime
Delgado U., Manuel Rincon, and Rafael Samper A.

0B1 Mereadeo de Ganado de Came en la Feria de Medellin" by
James L. Driscoll and Rafael Samper A.

"B1 Mercadeo de Ganado de Carne uilense en la Feria de Cali"
by James L. Driscoll and Rafael Samper A.

"l1 Mereadeo de Ganado de Came del Caqueta en la Peria de
Cali" by James L. Driscoll and Rafael Samper A.

The new departmental publication series will aso be useful

in extension work. However, little else has been accomplished

in this area partly due to lack of personnel and partly due to

lack of clear extension objectives within XCA.


Two important and critical changes occurred during the

year with respect to the organisation and administration of

the Department.

First, early in the year during one of the extended

absences of the part time Director of the Department, the

Program Directors and their Nebraska advisors organized a

"Comit6 Internzo to function in an advisory and operational

capacity and to try to provide an orientation to the Department

which to that time had been lacking. The second, and sometime

later, was the appointment of a full time Director of the


As has been mentioned previously, the new Direetor has

made a tremendous difference in the functioning of the Department.

The *Comite Interno" continues to operate and is working smoothly.

Most important decisions which the Department makes are discussed

in detail by this oomittee. This provides training for the new

departmental personnel as well as a more sound means of king

decisions by examining various points of view.

Also important to the Department was the initiation of the

Regional ; conamiat program, with the placement of the first

economist in Medellin. Additional economists will be appointed

as soon as personnel are available (many will cen from our own

graduate program).


During the year a total of 12 participants travelled to

the U.S. for advanced study. Of these, one is sponsored by

National University in Bogota, 3 by National University in

Medellin and 6 by ICA. One of the othea travelled on his own

expense and is studying Xnglish. If he qualifies in English

he will be awarded a beoa (sponsoring agency is Banco de la

Reptblica). The twelfth is a student in the ICA graduate Pro-

gram who is stuaqng one semester at Oklahoma State University.


Jorge Torres U. Nal. Bogota M. S Kansas State Jan.
Fabian Ramires U. Nal. Medellin M.S. Oklahoma State Jan.
Jaime Baby U. Nal. Medellin M.S. Nebraska Feb.
Gonsalo Aristimabal U. Nal.Medellin M.S. Iowa State Mar.
Edierth Restrepo ICA-Bogott M.S. Missouri June
Rodrigo Tascan ICA-Bogota M.S. Missouri June
Carlos Forero ICA-Bogott M.S. Kansas State Aug.
Jorge Vargas ICA-Bogota M.S. Oklahoma State Aug.
Jesus Sierra ICA-Bogo~ 1 M.S. Colorado State Aug.
Jorge Lopera ICA-Bogota Ph.D. lowa State Aug.

Roberto LOpes Fedeeaf Oklahoma State Aug.

Ricardo Buenaventura Boo. de la
Rep~blioa M.S. Texas A&M July

Five M.S. candidates from among those originally selected

still can choose to go to the U.S. for graduate study, but

emphasis is now going to be on support of the UN-ICA Graduate

School. The five candidates, all of whom have been pending

candidates for some time were unable to leave earlier because

of work commitments, allowing other participants t leave sooner.

Of these five, 3 are from ICA and one each from ON in Palaira

and Medellin. One candidate from ICA, Xdulfo Castellanos, has

elected to enroll in the UN-ICA Graduate School in January, 1970.

The others will probably all leave in the summer either for

Boulder or for the orientation course in Lincoln. One of these,

Iduardo Pelaew, from Medellin, may qualify to immediately study

for the Ph.D.

One participant front ICA working on a Ph.D. degree at the

University of Nebraska returned to the staff at ICA after one

year's advanced study. As he does not have an M.S. degree he

has applied for the UN-ICA Graduate Sohool. Be, along with 3

other present members of the staff will be allowed to take one

course per trimester during 1970. If they do well, they can

qualify to enter the school full time in 1971 to complete degree

requirement while on commission from ICA.

Other new M.S. staff for ICA and the UN faculties can be

chosen from among the graduates of the UM-ICA Graduate School.

During the year, four candidates returned from the U.S. with

the M.S. degree. In February, Rector Muroia returned from

Oklahoma State and is working at UN in Bogota. Valderrama

(University of Nebraska) and Vles (Oklahoma State) returned

during the summer and axe working with ICA and the Banco de

la Reptblioa (Medellin) respectively. n Deaember, Jaime

Bernhardt returned from Iowa State and will work with UN in


Additional staff with advanced degrees include Rafael

Sauper, Manuel Rineon and Jorge Suea ot with ICh and Arturo

TobOn with UN. Pellowing is a summary of staff with advanced

degrees as of the end of 1969.


Rafael Samper*

Manuel RneOan*

Mario Valderrama

Jorge Suesaen*

Hector Murcia

Arturo Toben*
JaiSe Bernhardt







La olinaa



Oklahoma State

Iowa State

Director ICA-BogetA
Ag. Xoon. Dept.
Director ICA-Bogott
Farm Mgt. Prog.
Director ICA-BogotA
Policy Program
Regional ICA-MedellLn

Ag. economist UN-Bogota

Ag. Beonomist UN-Medellia
Ag. conomist Un Medellin

Becas received from programs predating that of Nebraska