Code of fair competition for the textile print roller engraving industry as approved on March 8, 1934


Material Information

Code of fair competition for the textile print roller engraving industry as approved on March 8, 1934
Portion of title:
Textile print roller engraving industry
Physical Description:
p. 539-549 : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Roller printing (Printmaking)   ( lcsh )
Engraving -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 504-9-01."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 324."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004938380
oclc - 63654721
System ID:

Full Text
- ~' ~j9f

Approved Code No. 324

Registry No. 504-9-01









For sale by the Superinlendent of Documenlts. Washington, D.C. -- Price & cents


U. r. 0 ...


This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
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Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.

Approved Code No. 324



As Approved on March 8, 1934


An application having been duly made piir.-lllit. to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Textile Print Roller Engraving Inldu-try,
and hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report
on said Code, containing finding-. with respect thereto, having been
made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admiini.triltor for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December
30, 1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate by reference said
annexed report and do find that said Code complies in all respects
with the pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and pur-
poses of said Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said Code
of Fair Competition be and is hereby approved.
Administrator for Industrial ?,ro,', ery.
Approval recommended:
Divisi'on A dmini;xtraor.
March 8, 19-4.

45055 -425-43-34



The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the Code of Fair Competition for the
Textile Print Roller Engraving Industry of the United States, as
revised after a Public Hearing conducted in Washington on Decem-
ber 29, 1933, in accordance with the provisions of the National
Indii -trial Recovery Act.


Employees are limited to 40 hours per week and 8 hours per day
except that upon specific approval of the Joint Industrial Relations
Board, e.-tlblished under the Code, any employee may be permitted
to work 48 hours per week in any 12 weeks in any calendar year,
provided tiiiw and a half is paid for all hours worked in excess of 8
per day or 40 per week. Care and maintenance employees and stock,
shipping, and delivery employees are permitted a tolerance of 10%,
providing that they do not work in excess of 44 hours per week in any
6 weeks in any 6 month period. Employees engaged in outside
service work or eer gerncy nainteniance or emergency repair work
may be employed for any required iiliniber of hours, if paid time
and a half for all hours in excess of 8 per day or 40 per week. Watch-
men may work 56 hours per week but only 6 day. in 7 days. The
hour limitation does not apply to persons employed in a managerial,
executive, or supervi.sory capacity who receive more than $35 per
week or to c'niiiinrci al traveling salesmen. Office employees may
work 40 hours per week and 9 hours in any 24 hour period but a
normal day shall not exceed 8 hours.
The minimum wage paid all employees will be $16 per week, or
40 cents per hour, except thalt wages for apprentices and learners
may be at a lesser rate to be deterilinied by the Joint Industrial
Relations Board.

The minimum anie of empnlloyees will be 16 years except in hazard-
oi- occul;iti(In, where the minimum will be 18 years.


The Textile Print Roller EngIraving Industry is a service industry
e('lgr:;ving printing rolls and pl;atc. for the textile printing industry.
'The demand for the products of the Indumstry follows the demand
for text iles and the changes; in styles and designs.
Prior to the signing of the President's Reemployment Agreement,
the hours in the Industry averaged 48 per week.


The aggregate number of employees in the Industry in 1929 was
3000 but this had dropped to a low point of approximately 1800
early in 1933. Operating under the Pvreident's Reemplyllynent
Agreement and the hour and wage provisions of this Code, employ-
ment has been increased by 200 employees with an additional pur-
chasing power of ten percent.

The Deputy Administrnitor in his final report to me on said Code
having found as herein set forth and on the basiis of all the proceed-
ings in this matter:
I find that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, including
removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign
commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the geitv'rail welfare by promoting the organization of indus-
try for the purpose of cooperative action among the trade groups, by
inducing and maintaining united action of labor and management
under adequate goveinmentital sanctions and supervision, by eliminiat-
ing unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible
utilization of the present productive capacity of industries, by avoid-
ing undue re.triction of production (except as may be temporarily
required), by illncea-ing the consumption of inldutrial and agri-
cultural prod icts through increasing pow\\r, by reducing
and relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and
by otherwise rehabilitating ind ustry.
(b) Said Industry normally employs not more than 50,000 em-
ployees; and is not classified by me as a major industry.
(c) The Code as approved complies in all respects with the per-
tinent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tion Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant group
is an industrial association truly representative of the afotre.sid In-
dustry; and that said association imposes no inequitable restrictions
on adni.ssion to membership therein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have not
been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said Code.
For these reasons, this Code has been approved by me.
A dmin ;strator for In du.lrial Recovery.
MARCH 8, 1934.



To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Textile Print Roller Engraving Industry
and shall be the standards of fair competition for such Industry
and shall be binding upon every member thereof.


The following terms are used herein with the meanings set forth
SEUTION 1. Textile Print Roller Engraving Industry or the
"Industry "-the engraving of copper, steel and brass rollers, dies,
mills and plates used for the printing and embossing of textile
fabrics, paper and leather, and all related braiihes or sub-divisions
SECTIoN 2. Member of the Industry "-without limitation, any
individual, partnership, association, corporation or other form of
enterprise engaged in the Industry, either as an employer or on his
or its own behalf.
SEC'TIONi 3. Employee "-anyone engaged in the Industry in any
capacity, rec iv\ ing compensation for his services, irrespective of the
nature or method of payment of suiirh compensation.
SECTION 4. Employer "-anyone by whom any such employee is
compensated or employed.
SETION 5. "Person "-a natural peron,, a partnership or a cor-
poratio-n, or any other entity.
SCITION 6. "Guild "-the Master Elngraveir Guild, a non-profit
1s-,ociation with principal offices at Bound Brook, New Jersey.
SECTION 7. "President ", "Act ", and "Administrator "-respec-
tively, the President of the United States of America, Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, and the Admiinistrator for Indus-
trial Recovery under said Act.
SE'TIoN 8. "Effective date "-the tenlth day after the Code has
been approved by the President.


S.ri:coN 1. No emp lloyee, except as hereinafter provided, shall be
permitted to work in excess of forty (40) hours. in any one (1)
week, nor in exc4.-s of eight (8) hours in any one (1) day, nor in
ex.c.-s of five (5) days in any mne (1) week. and only between
7 A.M. and 7:30 P.M.; provided, howev'cr, that upon specific ap-


proval of the Joint Indliutrial Relations Board, established and
functioning pursuant to Article VI hereof, employee, within any
defined area of the Industry may be permitted to work not in excess
of forty-eight (48) hours per week in any twelve (12) weeks in any
calendar year; provided, further, that time and a half shall be paid
for all hours worked in exce- of eight (8) hours in any one (1)
day or forty .(40) hours in any one (1) week.
SECTION 2. The limitations as to hours of labor stipulated in Sec-
tion 1 of this Article shall not apply to:
(a) Employee.- engaged in the care and maintenance of plant,
machinery and production facilities and as stock and shipping clerks
and delivery employees, who may be permitted to work not in excess
of eight and eight-tenth, (8.8) hours in any one (1) day; provided,
however, that -uch employees shall not be permitted to work in excess
of forty-four (44) hours per. week for more than six (6) weeks in
any six (6) month period.
(b) Outside service employees or employee., engaged in emergency
maintenance or emergency repair work in the plant of a member
of the Industry, or for a customer of such member in the customer's
plant, who may be permitted to work such hours as may be required
by the neces-itie. of the situation; provided, however, that such out-
side service employees or employees engaged in emergency main-
tenance or emergency repair work shall be paid at the rate of time
and one-half for all hours worked in excess of eight (8) hours in
any one (1) day or forty (40) hours in any one (1) week.
(c) Watchmen, who may be permitted to work not in excess of
fifty-six (56) hours in any one (1) week nor in excess of six (6) days
in any seven (7) day period.
(d) Persons employed in a managerial, executive, or supervisory
capacity, who receive more than thirty-five (35) dollars per week,
or commercial traveling salesmen.
SECTION 3. No person employed in clerical or office work shall be
permitted to work in excess of forty (40) hours in any one (1)
week or in excess of nine (9) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour
period. A normal day shall not exceed eight (8) hours.
SECTION 4. No employer shall knowingly permit any employee to
work for any time which, when totaled with that already performed
for another employer or employers in the Industry, exceeds the
maximum permitted herein.
SECTION 5. Any employer who does the work of an employee
shall be subject to the provisions of this Code as to hours of labor.

SECTION 1. No employee shall be paid less than at the rate of
sixteen (16) dollars per week, or forty (40) cents per hour; pro-
vided, however, that the Joint Industrial Relations Board, established
and functioning pursuant to Article VI hereof, may hereafter deter-
mine the minimum wages to be paid apprentices and learners,
subject to the aplprdval of the Administrator.
SECTION 2. This Article establishes a minimum rate of pay, regard-
less of whether an employee is actually compensated on a time rate,
piece-work or other basis.


SECTION 3. No employee whose normal full time weekly hours for
the four (4) week period ending June 30, 1933, are reduced by
sixteen and two-thirds (162/3) percent or less shall have his or her
full time weekly earnings reduced.
SECTION 4. Female employees performing the same work as male
employees shall receive the same rate of pay as male employees, and
where they displace men, they shall receive the same rate of earnings
as the men they displace.


SECTION 1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be
employed in the Industry. No person under eighteen (18) years
of age shall be employed at operations or occupations which are
hazardous in nature or dangerous to health. Each member of the
industry shall submit to the Code Authority within ninety (90)
days after the effective date of this Code a list of such operations
or occupations. In any State an employer shall be deemed to have
complied with this provision as to age if he shall have on file a certi-
ficate or permit duly signed by the Authority or Agency in such
State empowered to issue employment or age certificates or permits
showing that the employee is of the required age.
SECTION 2. In compliance with Section 7 (a) of the Act it is
(a) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing and shall
be free from the interference, restraint or coercion of employers of
labor or their agents in the designation of such representatives or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing or assisting a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing.
(c) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment
approved or prescribed by the President.
SECTION 3. No employer shall reclassify employees or duties of
occupations performed, or engage in any other subterfuge for the
purpose of defeating the purposes or provisions of the Act or of
this Code.
SECTIIN 4. Within each State this Code shall not supersede the
laws of any such State which impose more stringent requirements
as to age of employees, wages, hours of work, or as to safety, health,
sanitary or geier.-al working conditions, or insurance or fire pro-
tection than are imposed by this Code.
SIXTION 5. Every employer shall make reas:,on ble provisions for
the safety and lin'ltli of his employees at the place and during the
hotiur of their employment. Standards for safety and health shall
be sutbittce, by the Code Authority to the Admini.istrator for ap-
proval within six (6) months after the effective date of this Code.
SI:C'TON 6. Every employer shall makle payment of all wages due
in lawful currency or by negotiable check therefore payable on de-


mand. No deduction from wages shall be made by any employer for
any payments for pelnions, insurance. or sick benefits other than
those voluntarily paid by the wage earners, or required by State
laws. Wages shall be paid at least at the end of every semi-monthly
period, and salaries at least at the end of every month. No employer
shall withhold wages.
SECTION 7. Each employer shall post Articles III, IV, V, and VI
of this Code in conspicuous places accessible to employees.


SECTION 1. A Joint Industrial Relations Board is hereby estab-
lished to consist of three (3) representatives of employers and three
(3) representatives of employees to deal with all matters in the Code
relating to labor. Where a majority agreement of this Board can-
not be reached, the Board shall select an impartial chairman to ren-
der a decision.
SECTION 2. The creation and functioning of this Board, including
the selection of representatives of employees, shall be in accordance
with Section 7 of the Act. The three (3) representatives of the em-
ployees shall be designated by the Friendly Society of Engravers,
and the three (3) representatives of the employers shall be desig-
nated by the voting members of the Code Authority. The decisions
of this Board shall be final and binding on employers and employees
only after approval by the Administrator.
SECTION 3. Should the Administrator hereafter find, after such
notice and hearing as he may specify, that the Friendly Society of
Engravers is not truly representative of the employees or that for
any other reason, within the purview of the Act, the method of se-
lection of the employee representatives should be changed, he may re-
quire an appropriate modification in the method of selection of the
employee representatives.


To effectuate further the policies of the Act, a Code Authority is
hereby constituted:
SECTION 1. Organization and constitution of Code Authority:
(a) The Code Authority shall consist of five (5) representatives
of the Master Engravers Guild to be selected by the Board of Direc-
tors of the Master Engravers Guild. Members of the Industry who
are non-members of the Guild may, if they so desire, elect two (2)
members of the Code Authority in any fair manner approved by the
Administrator; provided, however, that only those non-miembers who
agree to pay their reasonable share of the expense of the administra-
tion of the Code shall be entitled to participate in the election of the
representatives of the non-members. The Administrator in his dis-
cretion may appoint one (1) to three (3) additional members with-
out vote to represent the Administrator or such groups or interests
as he may designate.
(b) The Guild or any Association directly or indirectly partici-
pating in the activities of the Code Authority agree to (1) impose no
inequitable restrictions on membership, and (2) submit to the


Administrator true copies of its articles of association, by-laws,
regulations, and any ainendinent., when made thereto, together with
such other information as to nmember-hllip, organization and activi-
ties as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate the pur-
poses of the Act.
(c) In order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly
repre-entative of the Industry and in other respects comply with
the provisions of the Act, the Administrator may provide such hear-
ings as he may deem proper; and thereafter if he shall find that the
Code Authority is not truly representative or does not in other
respects comply with the provisions of the Act, may require an
appropriate modification in the method of selection of the Code
(d) Members of the Industry shall be entitled to participate in
and share the benefits of the activities of the Code Authority and to
participate in the selection of the members thereof by assenting to
and complying with the requirements of this Code and sustaining
their reasonable share of the expenses of its administration. Such
reasonable share of the expenses of its administration shall be deter-
mined by the Code Authority, subject to review by the Adminis-
trator, on the basis of volume of Ibusiness and/or such other factors
as may be deemed equitable.
SECTION 2. The Code Authority shall have the following duties
and powers to the extent permitted by the Act:
(a) To adopt by-laws and rules and regulations for its procedure
and for the administration of this Code, except such matters as come
within the jurisdiction of the Joint Industrial Relations Board,
established and functioning pursuant to Article VI hereof.
(b) To require from members of the Industry such reports as are
necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Act, make investigations
upon its own initiative or upon complaint of any member of the
Industry as to the functioning and observance of any provision of
the Code; hear all matters developing from such investigations to
determine the same; and from time to time present to the Adminis-
trator recommendations based on conditions in the Industry which
will tend to effectuate the operation of the provisions of the Act.
(c) To hear all matters pertaining to the provisions of the Code
which may be submitted to it by any member of the Industry; report
such matters to the Administrator; and exercise any other general
and lawful powers which may be necessary to facilitate the adminis-
tration of this Code.
(d) To study the effect of the provisions of this Code on the
Industry and consider proposals for modifications and amendments
thereto and imnke reconinelndations from time to time to the Ad-
ministrator which modifications a nd amiendmnents shall become effec-
tive as a part of this Code upon approval by the Administrator after
such notice and hearing as he may specify.
(e) To caiiue to be formulated an accounting system and methods
of cost finding and/ or e( tiallting capab.le of use by all members of
the Industry. After such system and methods have been formulated,
full details concerning them shall be made available to all members.
Thereafter all nembnibr.s shall determine and/or estimate costs in ac-
cordance with the principles of such methods.


(f) To obtain from nemnbers of the Indu'-try uch' information and
report., as are required for the administration of the OCrd and pro-
vide for submission by members of such infrniiition and reports as
the Administrator may deem necessary for the purposes recited in
Section 3 (a) of the Act, which information and reports shall be
submitted by members to such administrative and/or government
agencies as the Administrator may designate; provided, however.
that nothing in this Code shall relieve any member of the Industry of
any existing obligations to furnish reports to any government agency.
No individual reports shall be disclosed to anyone not a member of
the Code Authority; provided, further, that such information aind
reports shall at all times be available to the Administrator.
(g) To cooperate with the Administrator in regulating the use of
any National Recovery Administration insignia solely by those mem-
bers of the Industry who have assented to and are complying with
this Code.
(h) To investigate the importation of competitive articles into
the United States on such terms or under such conditions as to
render ineffective or seriously to endanger the maintenance of this
Code and of the Act; the Code Authority is hereby designated as
the Agency for making complaint to the President on behalf of the
Industry, under the provisions of the Act, with respect thereto.
(i) To provide for the compliance of the Industry with the pro-
visions of the Code, under such Rules and Regulation., as may be
prescribed by the Administrator.
(j) To represent the Industry in conferring with the President
or his agents with respect to the administration of this Code and
with respect to the Act and any regulation issued thereunder.
(k) To coordinate the administration of this Code with such
Codes, if any, as may be adopted by any subdivision of this Industry
or any related Industry, with a view to providing joint and har-
monious action on all matters of common interest; all with the
approval of the Administrator.
SECTION 3. If the Administrator shall determine that any action
of the Code Authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or
unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator may
require that such action be suspended to afford an opportunity for
investigation of the merits of such action and further consideration
by such Code Authority or agency pending final action which shall
not be effective unless the Administrator approves or unless he shall
fail to disapprove after thirty (30) days' notice to him of inten-
tion to proceed with such action in its original or modified form.

The following practices constitute unfair methods of competition
and are prohibited:
SECTION 1. Selling Below Reasonable Cost.-When the Code
Authority determines that an emergency exists in this Industry and
that the cause thereof is destructive price-cutting such as to render
ineffective or seriously endanger the maintenance of the provisions
of this Code, the Code Authority may cause to be determined the
lowest reasonable cost of the products of this Industry, such deter-


mination to be subject to such notice and hearing as the Adminis-
trator may requireil. The Administrator may approve, disapprove,
or modify the determination. Thereafter, during the period of the
e(ltergeliy, it shall be an unfair trade practice for any member of
the Industry to sell or offer to sell any products of the Industry for
which the lowest reasonable cost has been determined at such prices
or upon such terms or conditions of sale that the buyer will pay
less therefore than the lowest reasonable cost of such product. When
it appears that conditions have changed, the Code Authority, upon
its own initiative or upon the request of any interested party, shall
cause the detelrmination to be reviewed.
SECT(IN 2. False Billing.-Withholding from or inserting in any
quotation or invoice any statement that makes it inaccurate in any
material particular.
SECTION 3. Mi;.,' pit.v sIrtatfot.-Making, causing, or permitting to
be made or published any false or misleading or materially inaccu-
rate statement concerning the grade, quality, or nature of any
process in the Industry or results obtainable thereby.
SECHION 4. Defamation.-Making or causing to be imadle false or
defamatory statements concerning a competitor, his bur-iness, policies
or products.
SECTION 5. ConiUnerciC Bribery.-Giving, permitting to be given,
or directly offering to give, anything of value for the purpose of
influencing or rewarding the action of any employee, agent, or
representative of another in relation to the business of the employer
of such employee. the principal of such agent, or the represented
party, without the knowledge of such employer, principal or party;
provided, however, that this shall not be co(iitruied to prohibit free
and general distribution of articles commonly used for advertising
except so far as such articles are actually used for icm'inercial
bribery as hereinabove defined.
SECTION 6. Sub terfuge, Collusion.-Knowingly violating or induc-
ing another to violate or using .-,sbterfuge to evade the Code of Fair
Competition of this or of any other Industry, or being an accessory
to such evasion or violation.
SECTION 7. Secret Rebates.-Secretly iiakling or offering to make
payment or allowance of rebates, refunds, coM*nlis.sions, credits,
unearned discounts, or excess allowances, whether in the form of
money or otherwise, or secretly exteldingi or offering to extend to
any customer any special service or privilege not extended to all
customers of the same class.
SECT'ON 8. Dividing Compensation.-Paying or allowing to any-
,on,, who is engaged in the pr( of goods any part of the
compnli'-aition received by a member of the Indus.try for services
within the Industry performed for a third party.
Sr.c:r N 9. Subcontra fting Work.-Contracting with an employee
of a member of the Industry to do work of an engraving nature
outside his regular lihour. of employment. Each member of the
Industry shall furnish the Code Authority within thirty (30) days
after the effective date of this Code, and once every month there-
after, the names of any lpron-, to \whom1 work of an engraving
nature has been given to be performed off the premises of such


member of the Industry. The list of names so filed shall be avail-
able to the Adiminiitratuor upon request.
SEIrTION 10. E.f;inting.-No itriiiil'e of the Industry shall quote
prices for engraving of any nature until patterns have first been
submitted to him for estimlating.


SECTION 1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly
made subject to the right of the President in a'i.'rrdance with the
provisions of Section 10 (b) of the Act, from time to time, to cancel
or modify any order, approval, license, rule or regulation i--ued
under said Act.
SECTION 2. This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act,
may be modified on the ba-is of experience or ch;iing, in circum-
st ance-, such modification to be ba-ed1 upon application to the
Administrator and such notice and hearing as he shall specify, and to
become effective on app-oval by the President.


SECTION 1. Nothing in this Code shall be interpreted or applied
in such a manner as to permit or promote monopolies or monopolistic
practices, pe-rmit or encourage unfair competition or to eliminate.
oppre-s or discriminate against small enterpri-es.

SECTION 1. This Code shall become effective on the tenth day after
its approval by the President.
Apprnvell Code No. 324.
Registry Nd. 504-9--1.

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