I NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINITRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION ,
BLOUSE AND SKIRT
AS APPROVED ON APRIL 2,1935
WE DO OUR PART
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
or sale by the Superintendent of Docmnents. Washington, D. C. - Price 5 cents
ied. Code No. 194-Amendment No. 2
,,.Registry No. 210-01
This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D. C., and by the following N. R. A. offices:
Atlanta, Ga.: 625 Citizens & Southern National Bank Building.
Baltimore, Md.: 130 Customhouse.
Birmingham, Ala.: 201 Liberty National Life Building.
Boston, Mass.: Room 1200, 80 Federal Street.
Buffalo, N. Y.: 219 White Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Room 204, 400 North Michigan Avenue.
Cleveland, Ohio.: 520 Bulkley Building.
Dallas, Tes.: 1212 Republic Bank Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 415 New Federal Building.
Houston, Tex.: 403 Milam Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: 425 United States Courthouse and Post Office
Los Angeles, Calif.: 751 Figueroa Street, South.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 900 Roanoke Building.
Nashville, Tenn.: 415 Cotton States Building.
Newark, N. J.: 434 Industrial Office Building, 1060 Broad Street.
New Orleans, La.: 214 Customhouse.
New York, N. Y.: 45 Broadway.
Oklahoma City, Okla.: 427 Commerce Exchange Building.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 933 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: 401 Law and Finance Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 407 Park Building.
Providence, R. I.: National Exchange Bank Building, 17 Exchange
St. Louis, Mo.: Suite 1220, 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: Humbolt Bank Building, 785 Market Street
Seattle, Wash.: 1730 Exchange Building.
Approved Code No. 194-Amendment No. 2
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
BLOUSE AND SKIRT MANUFACTURING
As Approved on April 2, 1935
APPROVING AMENDMENT OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
BLOUSE AND SKIRT MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of two amend-
ments to a Code of Fair Competition for the Blouse and Skirt
Manufacturing Industries, and hearings having been duly held
thereon and the annexed report on said amendments, containing
findings with respect thereto, having been made and directed to the
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, the National Industrial Recovery Board, pursuant to author-
ity vested in it by Executive Orders of the President, including
Executive Order No. 6859, dated September 27, 1934, and otherwise,
does hereby incorporate, by reference, said annexed report and does
find that said amendments and the Code as constituted after being
amended comply in all respects with the pertinent provisions and
will promote the policy and purposes of said Title of said Act, and
does hereby order that said amendments be and they are hereby
approved, and that the previous approval of said Code is hereby
amended to include an approval of said Code in its entirety as
amended, such approval and such amendments to take effect twenty
(20) days from the date hereof, unless good cause to the contrary
is shown to the National Industrial Recovery Board before that
time and the National Industrial Recovery Board issues a subsequent
order to that effect.
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD,
By W. A. HARRIMAN, Administrative Ofieer.
PRENTISS L. COONLEY,
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
April 2, 1935.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The White House.
SIR: A public hearing was called on October 26, 1934, to discuss
amendments to the Code of Fair Competition for the Blouse and
Skirt Manufacturing Industries. The hearing subsequently ad-
journed to November 16, 1934, and to December 3, 1934, and again
to December 17, 1934, at which date the amendments were properly
Following the hearing, the amendments were revised upon the
basis of facts presented and in accordance with the suggestions of
the various Advisory Boards, the Legal Division, and the Division
of Research and Planning of the National Industrial Recovery
Article III was amended by adding thereto a new Section, 6-A,
which provided for a wage differential for operators or ironers
certified to be of very low productive capacity.
Article III was further amended by adding thereto a new Sec-
tion 9, which provides that a manufacturer or jobber shall be liable
for any underpayment made to a contractor if claim for such under-
payment is filed by such contractor within three weeks of the date
following the customary accounting settlement period.
In accordance with the counsel of the Legal Division, notices of
Opportunity to be Heard will be printed and distributed in the
same manner as notices of Public Hearing. A specified date is
set forth in such notices, by which time objections and criticisms
are to be received relative to these amendments.
The Deputy Administrator in his final report to the National
Industrial Recovery Board on said amendments to said Code having
found as herein set forth and on the basis of all proceedings in this
The National Industrial Recovery Board finds that:
(a) The amendments to said Code and the Code as amended are
well designed to promote the policies and purposes of Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, including the removal of
obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce
which tend to diminish the amount thereof, and will provide for
the purpose of cooperative action of labor and management under
adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by eliminating 'i
unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible utili-
zation of the present productive capacity of industries, by avoiding
undue restriction of production (except as may be temporarily re- 2
quired), by increasing the consumption of industrial and agricultural
products through increased purchasing power, by reducing and
relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and by
otherwise rehabilitating Industry.
(b). The Code as amended complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tion Subsection (a) of Section 8, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10, thereof.
(c) The Code empowers the Code Authority to present the afore-
said amendments on behalf of the Industry as a whole.
(d) The amendments and the Code as amended are not. designed
to and will not permit monopolies or monopolistic practices.
(e) The amendments and the Code as amended are not designed
to and will not eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not
operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process will not
have been deprived of the right to be heard prior to the effective
date of these amendments.
For the National Industrial Recovery Board:
W. A. HARRIMAN,
APRIL 2, 1935.
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
BLOUSE AND SKIRT MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Amend Article III, by the addition of a new Section to be known
as 6-A, reading as follows:
In the blouse industry an individual operator or ironer, who is
certified to be of very low productive capacity, may be employed
at a wage less than the minimum wage prescribed for said worker
in Article III, Section 3-A, provided:
(1) That at least 50% of the workers in the same class in an
individual plant earn more than the minimum wages prescribed for
(2) That the regular piece rates, where such exist, shall be paid
to such workers, and that the wages to be paid to such workers of
very low productive capacity shall not be less than 75% of the mini-
mum wages prescribed for the class to which said worker belongs;
or less than $14.00 per week in cities having more than 250,000
population, and in New York City, or less than $12.00 per week in
cities having a population of 250,000 or less-in those cases where
75% of the prescribed minimum wage would yield less than $14.00
per week or $12.00 per week.
(3) In any one plant the total number of workers in any one of
the above named classes receiving less than the minimum wages
prescribed for said class shall not exceed 20% of the total number
of workers in said class whether the exemption from the minimum
rate of wages is based upon the exemption allowed for learners in
Section 5, for employees of limited earning capacity in Section 6, or
for very low productive capacity provided for above.
(4) Each employer shall submit the names of workers claimed
to be of very low productive capacity to an Exemption Committee
or to the Labor Complaints Committee for certification as to their
very low productive capacity.
The Labor Complaints Committee shall issue certificates of very
low productive capacity for the individual workers to their em-
ployers. Pending recognition of a Labor Complaints Committee
by the National Industrial Recovery Board, an Exemption Commit-
tee shall be appointed immediately. Said Exemption Committee
shall consist of four (4) members. The Code Authority shall ap-
point two members to represent employers, and the Labor Advisory
Board of the National Recovery Administration shall appoint two
members to represent employees.
The members of the Exemption Committee shall designate an
impartial chairman to whom any matters of disagreement on classifi-
cation of workers of very low productive capacity shall be referred,
and the decision of the impartial chairman shall be binding upon
said Exemption Committee.
All exemptions granted by the Labor Complaints Committee or by
the Exemption Committee shall be subject to disapproval by the
National Industrial Recovery Board.
Amend Article III by the addition of a new section, to be known
as Section 9, reading as follows:
When a contractor establishes that there has been an underpay-
ment by any manufacturer and/or jobber under the provisions of
this Article, such manufacturer and/or jobber shall be liable for
such underpayment. The contractor must file his claim within
three weeks of the date following the customary accounting settle-
ment period. Failure of the contractor to file the claim as aforesaid
shall deprive the contractor of any right to make claim for underpay-
ment subsequent to the said period of three weeks. When any such
claim for underpayment has been made by any contractor, such
contractor shall open for inspection his books of account bearing on
This section shall not be construed as diminishing or limiting the
rights of any employee to any claim for underpayment against the
party or parties who caused such underpayment to the extent of
Approved Code No. 194-Amendment No. 2.
Registry No. 210-01.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 11111111 2 0N1111111 8l1111111111 liIlll Ili llll
3 1262 08482 8416