UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08483 0032
Registry No. 299-36
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WINDOW SHADE INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933
WA DO OUR PART
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The Code for the Window Shade Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -
- Price 5 cents
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WINDOW SHADE MANUFACTURERS
A CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION COVERING THE WINDOW
SHADE INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
SUBMITTED BY THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WIN-
DOW SHADE MANUFACTURERS
This Code is submitted on behalf of the parties named in Ap-
pendix A attached hereto and made a part hereof.
To effectuate the policy of Congress as expressed in the National
Industrial Recovery Act., the Window Shade Industry, as repre-
sented by the National Association of Window Shade Manufacturers,
adopt the following Code of Fair Competition.
The term Window Shade Industry when used in this Code
shall include a natural person, partnership, or corporation engaged
in the business of manufacturing, assembling, installing, repairing,
refinishing, and cleaning window shades or such other services as
are usually performed by this industry.
The Window Shade Industry, when referred to in this document,
shall be called the manufacturers."
The National Association of Window Shade Manufacturers when
referred to in this document shall be called the "Association."
Any manufacturer may participate in the endeavors of the Asso-
ciation relative to the revisions or additions to or the administration
of this Code by accepting the proper pro rata share of the cost and
responsibility of creating and administering it by becoming a mem-
ber of this Association or by paying to it an amount equal to the
dues, from time to time provided to be paid by a member, in like
situation, of the Association.
The manufacturers will comply with the following specific pro-
visions of the National Industrial Recovery Act:
1. That the employees shall have the right to organize and bar-
gain collectively through representatives of their own echoing.
2. That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any organization or to
refrain from joining a labor organization of his own choosing.
3. That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other working conditions, approved or
prescribed by the President.
4. The President may from time to time cancel or modify any
order, approval, license, rule, or regulation issued under this title.
5. This code is not designed to promote monopolies and shall not
be availed of for that purpose.
6. The provisions of this Code shall not be so interpreted or ad-
ministered as to eliminate or oppress small enterprises or to dis-
criminate against them.
.Ma.rilnum HIours.-No individual shall be employed in excess of
forty (40) hours in any one week except as hereinafter specifically
(a) In emergency work in hospitals, institutions, schools, and
(b) In places where hazardous machinery is in operation during
the normal working hours of this industry;
(c) For seasonal business peaks as determined by the locality,
an individual may be employed not in excess of forty-four (44)
hours in any one week but over a four (4) month period the hours
of labor must not average over forty (40) hours per week.
Except. that executives and those in a managerial position and
their secretarial staffs, outside salesmen, firemen, and office em-
ployee., receiving more than Thirty-five Dollars ($35.00) weekly
may be required to work more than forty (40) hours per week.
Child Labor.-No minor under the age of sixteen (16) shall be
employed in the industry provided, however, that where a state law
provides a. higher minimum age, no person below the age specified
by .iuch state law shall be employed within that state.
No person under the age of eighteen (18) shall be employed in the
industry in any work classed as hazardous.
Employee Proprietorship.-With the exception of one individual
per member of the Industry, all members of any individual proprie-
torship, association, or corporation, although connected with such
member as co-owner, partner, stockholder, officer, or director, if en-
gaged in any process of direct manufacture or installation, of the
products of the Industry, shall be bound by the schedules of hours
of work and of pay in this Code, regardless of such proprietary
It is hereby agreed that this industry will not reduce the compen-
sation for employment now in excess of the minimum wages hereby
agreed to (notwithstanding that. the hours worked in such employ-
ment may lie hereby reduced) and to increase the pay for such em-
ployment by an equitable readjustment of all pay schedules. The
minimum rate of pay for-
South: Per hour North: Per hour
Shade Hangers- --------- 50 Shade Hangers---------- 50
Shade Cutters ----------- 50 Shade Cutters----------. 50
All others--------------- -32' All others_---- _____--- ___ 3
Where an employee performs both factory and outside labor at
varying rates he shall be paid the higher rate.
The hours and wages provisions of this Code shall also govern
allied lines when carried as a regular part of the manufacturer's
business until specifically covered by any separate Code for such
ARTICLE VIII-ITEMS OF UNFAIR COMPETITION
It shall be unfair competition for members of this Industry to:
a. Brand or label or advertise goods or advertise his business in
any way that is false or misleading.
b. Misappropriate or attempt to disappropriate the business of
competitors through misrepresentation of such competitors' merchan-
dise or actions or by any other methods not generally approved as
good business practice.
c. Resort to any form of commercial bribery.
d. Fail to state in all contracts a definite statement of price, quan-
tity, and grade, terms of payment, time, rate, and place of delivery,
and all other elements for a complete contract.
e. To sell below a reasonable cost arrived at by a system established
by the Cost Finding Committee of the Code Authority subject to the
approval of the Administrator.
f. Establish a cash discount in excess of 2%.
g. Give or accept rebates, refunds, allowances, unearned discounts,
or special services directly or indirectly with any work performed,
or resort, to any subterfuge whatsoever to frustrate the spirit or plan
of this Code.
h. Induce employees of competitors to violate contracts or entice
away employees of competitors is condemned.
i. Sell a window shade or a roller as a substandard or a second
without clearly and conspicuously marking the shade as such on the
j. Sell as a linen shade, a window shade not actually made of
Stock Shades.-It shall be a violation of this Code to manufacture
or sell stock shades in any other width than those already estab-
lished by prevailing list as of July 10, 1933. All other sizes not in-
cluded in the stock sizes above mentioned and all side hemmed shades
shall be classed as special order shades.
Direct Selling.-The practice of the manufacturer and suppliers of
window shade materials used in the fabrication of window shades,
selling same to the consumer shall be considered an unfair method of
Misleading Guarantees.-Where prices are quoted in advertising
shades, size, quality, and grade of shade as determined by the in-
dustry must be plainly stated.
It being a fact that cotton is generally understood to be the basio
material used in window shades, the sale of paper shades under
trade names not indicating their origin is misleading and an unfair
ARTICLE IX-SUBSTANDARD MANUFACTURERS
The industry recognizes as a continuing and growing evil the
existence of the '" substandard or more popularly known as the fly-
by-night or sweatshop dealer.
This type of dealer of window shades employs little or no labor,
but personally solicits his business and his wife or family manu-
facture the product. He maintains no place of business or office,
doing his manufacturing in his home, and for that reason it is im-
possible to properly supervise, ascertain hours of labor, wages paid,
or the cost data or sanitary conditions of manufacturing.
Six months after the effective date of this Code such substandard,
sweatshop, and fly-by-night dealer shall be prohibited from having
work done or labor performed on window shades in the living quar-
ters of such manufacturer.
1. The Administration and enforcement of this Code shall vest
in the Administrator and the Code Authority, the Code Authority
to be established, in a reasonable manner, from the members of the
industry. The method of selection of the Code Authority is sub-
ject to the approval of the Administrator.
2. The Association respectfully submits that its membership unani-
mously advocates a method of administration whereby the powers
of enforcement for each particular locality or region shall lodge in
a local or regional affiliate of a national organization, and that the
local or regional affiliate consists of members of the Industry operat-
ing in that particular locality or region.
ARTICLE XI-CA-NCELLATION OR MODIFICATION
This Code is subject to modification or enlargement as experience
with its operation develops the necessity therefore.
ARTICLE XII-EFFECTIVE DATE
This Code shall become effective ten days after its approval and
acceptance by the President.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION WINDOW SHADE
MANUFACTURERS CODE COMMITrEE.
WM. H. BURG.
CARROLL E. FELLISSIER.
Dated at Washington this 1st day of Sept. 1933.
This code is filed in behalf of the following-named parties: The National
Ass'n of Window Shade Mfrs., 10607 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, Ohio: Retail
Window Shade Ass'n of Grand Rapids, Mich., 120 Division St., Grand Rapids,
Mich.; New England Shade & Screen Mfrs. Ass'n, 53 Trapelo Rd., Waltham,
Mass.; Chicago Associated Retail Window Shade Dealers, 4915 Cottage Grove
Ave., Chicago, Ill.; Washington State Window Shade Dealers, 2002 Market St.,
Seattle, Wash.; Twin City Window Shade Association, 518 W. Lake St., Minne-
apolis, Minn.; Detroit Window Shade Mfrs. Association, Architects Bldg., De-
troit, Mich.; Cincinnati Ass'n of Window Shade Mfrs., 1230 Vine St., Cincin-
nati, Ohio; Cleveland Association of Window Shade Mfrs., 6705 Detroit Ave.,
Cleveland, Ohio; San Francisco Window Shade Dealers Association, 1905 Full-
more St., San Francisco. Calif.; Dallns Association of Window Shade Mfrs.,
1917 N. Harwood St., Dallas, Tex.; Toledo Association of Window Shade
Dealers. 217 Fifteenth St., Toledo, Ohio; St. Louis Association of Window
Shade Mfrs., 2616 Shenandoah Ave., St. Louis, Mo.; Indianapolis Association
of Window Shade Mfrs. & Cleaners, 132 No. Delaware St., Indianapolis, Ind.;
Retail Window Shade Association of Portland Oregon, 727 Sandy Blvd., Port-
land, Oreg.; Milwaukee Window Shade Mfrs. Ass'n, 1211 No. 4th St., Mil-
waukee, Wis.; Southern Window Shade Ass'n, Richmond Chamber of Com-
merce, Trade Ass'n Bureau, Richmond, Va.; Window Shade Manufacturers
Association of Brooklyn, N.Y., 318 Kings Highway, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Associated
Window Shade Manufacturers of New Jersey, 178 Main Street, Orange, N.J.;
Long Island Window Shade Manufacturers Association, 131-19 Jamaica Ave.,
Richmond Heights, Long Island, N.Y.; New York Window Shade Manufac-
turers Association, 270 Broadway, New York, N.Y.