Registry No. 902-1-01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WOMEN'S BELT INDUSTRY
AS APPROVED ON OCTOBER 3, 1933
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2. Letter of Transmittal
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CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE WOMEN'S BELT INDUSTRY
An application having been duly made, pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Women's Belt Industry, and hearings
having been held thereon and the Administrator having rendered his
report containing an analysis of the said Code of Fair Competition,
together with his recommendations and findings with respect thereto,
and the Administrator having found that the said Code of Fair
Competition complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions of
Title I of the said Act and that the requirements of clauses (1) and
(2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of the said Act have been met:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the
United States, pursuant to the authority vested in me by Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act approved June 16, 1933, do
approve the report and recommendations and adopt the findings
of the Administrator, and do order that the said Code of Fair Com-
petition be, and it is hereby, approved subject to the condition that
the right of the National Association of Women's Belt Manufac-
turers to continue to participate in the selection of the Code Author-
ity and its activities shall be dependent upon the amendment of its
constitution and bylaws and particularly, Article III, Section 4, and
Article IV, Sections 2 and 3, thereof in a manner satisfactory to the
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
October 3, 1933.
HUGH S. JOHNSON.
SEPTrMBER 2, 1933.
The White House.
MY DEAR Mn. PRESIDENT: I have the honor to submit and recom-
mend for your approval the Code of Fair Competition for the
.Women's Belt Industry. The Code has been approved by the Labor
Advisory Board, the Consumers Advisory Board, and the Industrial
An analysis of the provisions of the Code has been made by the
Administration, and a complete report is being transmitted to you.
I find that the Code complies with the requirements of clauses 1 and
2, subsection (a) of Section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery
I am, my dear Mr. President,
Very sincerely yours,
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE WOMEN'S BELT
To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code
of Fair Competition for the Women's Belt Industry and shall be
the standard of fair competition for this industry.
1. The term "industry as used herein includes the manufacture
and wholesale distribution of women's, misses', and children's sep-
arate belts, made of leather, imitation of leather, and/or other mate-
rials and fabrics.
2. The term employee as used herein includes any person
engaged in any phase of the industry, in any capacity, irrespective
of his method of compensation or interest otherwise in said industry.
3. The term employer ", as used herein, includes anyone for whose
benefit or on whose business such employee is engaged and anyone
engaged in said industry on his own behalf.
4. The term "effective date", as used herein, shall mean, and this
Code shall become effective on, the tenth day after this Code shall
have been approved by the President.
5. The terms President ", "Administrator ". and "Act ", as used
herein, shall mean, respectively, The President of the United
States", "The Administrator of the National Recovery Administra-
tion or his duly authorized deputy ", and '' he National Industrial
ARTICLE III-HoURs OF LABOR
1. Except as hereinafter provided, no employee shall be permitted
to work in excess of forty (40) hours in any one week or more than
eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period.
2. The provisions of this Article shall not apply to executives and
3. Subject to review by the Administrator, the Code Authority may
designate the hour before which work shall not begin and the hour
after which work shall cease, and may determine in which localities
such regulations shall apply.
4. No overtime shall, be permitted except upon the recommenda-
tion of the Code Authority and the approval of the Administrator,
and under such conditions and upon such terms as the Administrator
5. No employee shall be permitted to work for a total number of
hours in excess of the number of hours prescribed for each week and
day, whether employed by one or more employers.
6. No home work shall be permitted.
ARTICLE IV-RATES OF PAY
1. No employee shall be paid for each week of forty (40) hours at
less than the rate of pay provided in the following schedule:
Imitation Leather Strippers------------------------ 25.00
Operators ------------------------------------- 17. 00
Unskilled Labor and Office Workers-------------------14.00
Outside Errand Boys------------------------- 12.00
2. No employee shall be paid less than the minimum wages at
forth in this Article, regardless of whether such employee is com-
pensated on a time-rate or a piece-rate basis.
3. No employer shall reduce the hourly rate of compensation for
employment in effect as of July 1, 1933, whether heretofore paid on
a monthly, weekly, daily, hourly, or piece-rate basis. The rates of
pay of all employees whose hours of employment have been reduced
ythe provisions of this Code but whose wages have not been in-
creased by the foregoing sections of this article shall be increased
by an equitable readjustment so that existing differentials in earnings
will be maintained.
4. The duties of the occupations set forth in this Article shall be
substantially the same duties as those existing for such occupations
on June 16, 1933, and employees shall be classified on that basis.
ARTICLE V-MINIMUM AGE
No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed in
ARTICLE VI-ADMINISTRATION AND TRADE PRACTICES
To further effectuate the purposes of the Act, a Code Authority is
hereby set up to cooperate with the Administrator in the administra-
tion of this Code.
A. 1. The Code Authority shall consist of nine (9) members, of
which seven (7) members shall be selected by the National Associa-
tion of Women's Belt Manufacturers, Inc., and the remaining two
(2) members shall be appointed by the Administrator.
2. Any trade or industrial association participating in the selec-
tion or activities of the Code Authority shall at all times comply
with the following requirements:
(a) It shall impose no inequitable restrictions on membership.
(b) It shall not violate any rule or regulation prescribed by the
President, or any other provision of the Act.
(c) It shall submit to the Administrator, its articles of associa-
tion, bylaws, regulations, and any amendments when made thereto,
and such other information as the Administrator may require from
time to time to effectuate the policies of this Act.
3. The Administrator shall entertain complaints and provide such
hearings as he may deem proper for those claiming the right to be
represented on the Code Authority, and shall have the right from
time to time to change the method of selection and the organizations
selecting the members of the Code Authority, in order that it shall
be truly representative of the industry.
4. An appeal from any action by the Code Authority affecting
the rights of any person subject to this Code may be taken to the
5. Only employers assenting to this Code shall be entitled to par-
ticipate n the selection of thp Code Authority and to share the
benefits of its activities as herein set forth.
B. The Code Authority shall have the following duties and powers
to rthe extent permitted by the Act and subject to review by the
1. To elect officers and to assign to them such duties as it may
consider advisable, and to provide rules for its procedure, and its
continuance as the administrative agency of this Code, in accordance
with the terms of the Act and the principles herein set forth.
2. To administer and enforce the provisions of this Code.
8. To obtain from time to time from employers in the industry
reports in respect to wages, hours of labor, conditions of employment,
number of employees, and other matters pertinent to the purposes of
this Code, as the Code Authority may prescribe, and to submit pe-
riodical reports to the Administrator in such form and at such times
as he may require, in order that the President may be kept informed
with respect to the observance hereof.
* 4. To delegate to such trade associations and other agencies as it
deems proper the carrying out of any of its activities provided for
herein, and to pay such agencies the cost thereof, provided that such
agencies shall at all times be subject to and comply with the pro-
visions of this Code.
5. To coordinate the administration of this Code with such other
codes, if any, as may be related to the Women's Belt Industry, or any
subdivision thereof, with a view to promoting joint and harmonious
action upon matters of common interest.
6. To initiate, consider, and submit proposals for amendments or
modification of this Code, which, upon approval by the Adminis-
trator after such hearings as le may prescribe, shall be incorporated
herein with the same force and effect as if originally made a part
7. To make surveys, to compile reports, to collect statistics and
trade information to investigate unfair trade practices, to make
recommendations for fair trade practices, and otherwise assist the
Administrator in effecting the purposes of this Code and the Act.
8. To secure an equitable and proportionate payment of the ex-
pense of maintaining the Code Authority and its activities from
those employers accepting the benefits of the activities of the Code
Authority, or otherwise assenting to the Code.
9. To cooperate with the Administrator in regulating the use of
the N.R.A. insignia solely by those employers who have assented
to this Code.
C. The Code Authority shall study provisions relating to trade
practices and the observance thereof, and may make recommenda-
tions thereon to the Administrator. Upon the approval of the Ad-
ministrator and after such hearing as he may prescribe, such recom-
mendations, or any part of them, shall become a part of this Code
and shall have full force and effect as provisions hereof.
D. The following described acts constitute unfair trade practices
and are prohibited:
1. False Marking.-The false marking or branding of any prod-
uct of the industry which has the tendency to mislead or deceive
customers or prospective customers whether as to the grade, quality,
quantity, substance, character, nature, origin, size, finish, or prep-
aration of any product of the industry or otherwise.
2. False and Misleading Advertising and Misrepresentation.--The
making or causing or permitting to be made or published any false,
inaccurate, or deceptive statement by way of advertisement or other-
wise, whether concerning the grade, quality, quantity, substance,
character, nature, origin, size, finish, or preparation of any product
of the industry or the credit terms, values, policies, or service of any
member of the industry, or otherwise, having the tendency and ca-
pacity to mislead or deceive customers or prospective customers.
1. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor,
or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
2. No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to
refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization
of his own choosing.
3. Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment ap-
proved or prescribed by the President.
4. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the pro-
visions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, from time to time to cancel or modify any order,
approval, license, rule, or regulation issued under Title I of said Act
and specifically, but without limitation, to the right of the President
to cancel or modify his approval of this Code or any conditions im-
posed by him upon his approval thereof.
5. Within each state, members of the industry shall be subject to
the laws of such state including those imposing more stringent
requirements regulating the age of employees, wages, hours of
work, health, fire, or general working conditions, than under this
6. Any employer who at any time shall manufacture any article
or articles subject to the provisions of this Code shall be bound by
all the provisions of this Code as to all employees engaged in whole
or in part in such manufacture. In case any employee shall be
engaged partly in such manufacture and partly in the manufacture
of goods of another character, this Code shall apply only to such
portion of such employee's time as is applied to the manufacture of
articles subject to this Code.
7. Nothing in this Code is designed to promote nor shall it permit
monopolies or monopolistic practices; nor is it designed to, nor
shall it eliminate, oppress, or discriminate against small enterprises.
8. In addition to information required to be submitted to the Code
Authority, there shall be furnished to government agencies such
statistical information as the Administrator may deem necessary for
the purposes recited in Section 3 (a) of the National Industrial
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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