NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FURRIERS SUPPLIES TRADE
(A Division of the Wholesaling or Distributing Trade)
AS APPROVED ON JUNE 2, 1934
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Approved Code No. 201-Supplement No. 10
Registry No. 1624-3-01
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Approved Code N o. 201-Supplement No. 10
SUPPLEMENTARY CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FURRIERS SUPPLIES TRADE
As Approved on June 2, 1934
APPROVING SUPPLEMENTARY CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
FURRIERS SUPPLIES TRADE
A DIVISION OF THE WHOLESALING OR DISTRIBUTING TRADE
An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for the approval of a Supple-
mental Code of Fair Competition for the Furriers Supplies Trade
to the Code of Fair Competition for the Wholesaling or Distributing
Trade, and hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed
report on said Code, containing findings with resl.ect thereto, having
been made and directed to the President:
NOW THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to Authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate by reference said annexed
report and do find that said Supplemental Code complies in all re-
spects with the pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and
purposes of said Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said Sup-
plemental Code of Fair Competition be and it is hereby approved.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator far Industrial Recovery.
H. O. KING,
June 2, 1934.
64641"--657-20-34 ( 1
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The White House.
SIr: This is a report of the Hearing on the Supplemental Code
of Fair Competition of the Furriers Supplies Trade, conducted in
Room 125 of the Willard Hotel on April 23, 1934. The Supple-
mental Code, which is attached, was presented by a duly qualified
and authorized representative of the Trade, complying with the
According to statistics furnished by members of the Furriers Sup-
plies Trade, it is estimated that there are approximately 60 estab-
lishments with aggregate annual sales of between $4,000,000, and
$5,000,000. The Trade employs about 500 persons.
HOURS AND WAGES
The Supplemental labor provisions establish a maximum forty
(40) hour work week and a minimum wage of $15.00 per week.
OTHER PROVISIONS OF THE CODE
The provisions containing supplemental definitions are consid-
ered inclusive and accurate.
The supplement to the Administrative provisions of the General
Code establishes a Divisional Code Authority which is fairly and
adequately representative of all the different elements in the Trade.
The Trade Practice supplemental provisions are not considered
in any way objectionable.
The Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on said
Supplemental Code having found as herein set forth and on the
basis of all the proceedings in this matter;
I find that-
(a) Said Supplementol Code is well designed to promote the pol-
icies and purposes of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, including removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate
and foreign commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof,
and will provide for the general welfare by promoting the organi-
zation of trade for the purpose of cooperative action among trade
groups, by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and
inl;i:l gement under adequate governmental sanction and supervision,
by eliminating unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest
possible use of the present productive capacity of industries, by
avoiding undue restriction of production (except as may be tem-
porarily required), by increasing the consumption of industrial and
agricultural products through increasing purchasing power, by re-
ducing and relieving unemployment, by improving standards of
labor, and by otherwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Trade normally employs not more than 50,000 employees
and it is not classified by me as a major industry.
(c) The Supplemental Code as approved complies in all respects
with the pertinent provisions of said Title of said Act, including
without limitation Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of
Section 7 and Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the
applicant association is a trade association truly representative of
the aforesaid Trade; and that said association imposes no inequitable
restrictions on admission to membership therein.
(d) The Supplemental Code is not designed to and will not per-
mit monopolies or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Supplemental Code is not designed to and will not
eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to
discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to the approval of
this Supplemental Code.
For these reasons, the Supplemental Code has been approved.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
JUNE 2, 1934.
THE FURRIERS SUPPLIES TRADE
SUPPLEMENTARY CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
A DIVISION OF THE WHOLESALING OR DISTRIBUTING TRADE
To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, this Supplemental Code is established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Furriers Supplies Trade, pursuant to
Article VI, Section 1 (c) of the Code of Fair Competition for the
Wholesaling or Distributing Trade, approved by the President of
the United States on January 12, 1934. All Provisions of the said
General Code which are not in conflict with the provisions of this
Supplemental Code are hereby specifically incorporated by reference
in this Supplemental Code and made part hereof. Such provisions
of the General Code together with the provisions of this Supple-
mental Code are the standards of fair competition for, and are
binding upon every menlmber of, the said Furriers Supplies Trade.
SUPPLEMENTING ARTI CLE II OF THE GENERAL CODE
The term furrier supplier or distributor ", as used herein, is
defined to mean any individual, partnership, corporation, associa-
tion, or form of entierpri.e, or a definitely organized division thereof,
engaged in the business of wholesaling or distributing furriers sup-
plies to furriers whether or not the said concern maintains a stock
of liierc'liandi-.~ at his or its place of business, and which concern
throullg salesmen, advertising and/or other sales promotion devices
sells principally to manufacturing wholesale and/or nma nufacturing
retail furriers and/or to institutional, commercial and/or industrial
users, but which does not sell in significant amounts to ultimate
The term "the Trade is defined to mean the business in which
the furrier supplier or distributor, as above defined, _-ngiiags.
The term "manufacturing wholesale furrier" as used herein is
defined to mean any person, firm, or corporation englag'd in the busi-
ness of iaii lnfacturing, repairing, remodeling, lining, and/or selling
prillimarily for resale fur coats, fur scarfs, fur trimmings, and kindred
articles made from furs and skins.
The term "manufacturing retail furrier" as used herein, is de-
fined to mean any person, firm or corporation engaged in the busi-
ness of manufacturing, repairing, remodeling, lining, and/or selling
to the ultimate consumer fur coats, fur scarfs, fur trimmings, and
kindred articles made from furs and skins.
The term "Divisional Code Authority as used herein is defined
to mean the Divisional Code Authority for the Furriers Supplies
Trade, a division of the Wholesaling or Distributing Trade.
The term General Code as used herein is defined to mean the
Code of Fair Competition for the Wholesaling or Distributing
SUPPLEMENTING ARTICLE III OF THE GENERAL CODE
SECTION 1. Maximum Hours.-(Superseding Article III, Section
1 (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) of the General Code.) (a) No employee
shall be permitted to work more than forty (40) hours in any one
week nor more than five (5) full days in any one week, nor more
than eight (8) hours in any one day.
(b) In case of necessity any employee may be permitted to work
in excess of the above specified maximum daily and weekly hours
provided that one and one-half times his normal rate per hour shall
e paid for each hour of overtime so worked; but in no case shall
any employee work in excess of 44 hours in any one week.
(c) The provisions of this Article shall not apply to persons em-
ployed in a managerial, executive or administrative capacity who
earn $35 per week or more.
SUPPLEMENTING ARTICLE IV OF THE GENERAL CODE
Section 1. Minimwun Rates of Pay.-(Superseding Article IV,
Section 1 (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (g) of the General Code.)
The minimum rates of pay shall be as follows:
(a) No employee shall be paid less than $15 per week or 371/2
per hour except as herein otherwise provided.
(b) When any employee shall work for one-half or less the maxi-
mum hours prescribed for his class of employment, he shall be paid
at the rate of time and one-half.
(c) Wages shall be paid in lawful money or by negotiable check
at least once a week.
SECTIoN 2. (Superseding Article IV, Section 2 of the General
Code). No employee whose normal full-time weekly hours as of
July 1, 1933, are reduced by less than 20% shall have his or her full-
time earnings as of July 1, 1933 reduced. No employee whose nor-
mal full-time weekly hours as of July 1, 1933 are reduced 20% or
more shall have his or her full-time weekly earnings as of July 1
1933 reduced by more than 10%. The benefits of this clause shall
accrue and be equally applicable to employees hired subsequent to
July 1, 1933.
ARTICLE V-GENERAL LABOR PROVISIONS
SUPPLEMENTING ARTICLE V OF THE GENERAL CODE
SECTION 1. Employers shall not change the method of compensa-
tion or reclassify employees, or duties of occupations performed by
employees, or discharge employees to reemploy them at lower rates,
or engage in any subterfuge so as to defeat the purposes of the Act,
or the provisions of this Supplemental Code.
SECTION 2. No employee shall be liismissed by reason of making
a complaint or giving evidence with respect to an alleged violation
of this Supplenmiital Code.
SECTION 3. Every employee shall receive a vacation with full pay
two (2) weeks out of every fifty-two (52) weeks' period with the
(a) Errand boys shall be given one week's vacation out of every
fifty-two (52) weeks' period with two weeks' pay.
SECTION 4. No employee who has been regularly employed in the
same establishment for one year shall be discharged without two
weeks' notice; and no employee who has been employed in the same
eita;lli-liinent for two (2) years or more shall be discharged without
one month's notice.
SECTION 5. Each employer shall post in conspicuous places, acces-
sible to employees, copies of Articles I to V, inclusive, of this Sup-
plemental Code, and of Articles III to V, inclusive, of the General
ARTICLE VI-A MI NI S'I R A TION
SUPPLEMENTING ARTICLE VI OF THE GENERAL CODE
SECTION 1. (a) To provide an effective procedure for the admin-
istration of this Suppletmental Code and to cooperate with the Ad-
ministrator in the administration of this Supplemental Code, a
Divi-iional Code Authority is hereby established.
(b) The Divisional Code Authority shall consist of nine (9)
members, balloted for as provided for in Sub-section (d) of this
Section, or ten (10) members if the Administrator shall so desire,
to be selected in the following manner:
Five (5) members shall be elected by members of the Furriers
Supply Merchants Association, Inc., in New York State.
Two (2) numeers shall be elected by furriers suppliers or dis-
tributors in the States of Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan and
One (1) member shall be elected by furriers suppliers or dis-
tributors in the States of California, Oregon, Washington and
One (1) niember shall be elected by furriers suppliers or dis-
tributors in the States of the United States other than those above
The Administrator may, if he deem it advisable, appoint the tenth
member of the Divisional Code Authority.
(c) The Divisional Code Authority shall from its membership
elect one member to represent the Trade on the General Code
(d) The Board of Directors of the Association shall appoint a
Nominating Committee consisting of five members representative
of the Trade. This nominating committee shall within 3 days after
the approval of this Supplemental Code, prepare separate ballots
for the different territorial divisions specified in Sub-section (b) of
this Section, each ballot to contain the names of the appropriate
number of nominees for a place on the Divisional Code Authority,
i.e., five (5) from New York, two (2) from the States of Illinois,
Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan and Minnesota, one from the States
of California, Washington and Colorado, and one from States other
than above numerated. The ballots shall contain in addition to
the names of the nominees, blank lines for the inclusion of the same
number of additional names which may be filled in by any member
of the Trade voting for the Divisional Code Authority. Such bal-
lots shall be mailed to each member of the Furriers Supply Mer-
chants Association, Inc., and such other members of the Trade who'
can be ascertained after diligent search. Such ballots in order to
be counted must be postmarked not more than ten days after being
mailed by the Nominating Committee, and must be accompanied
by a certificate of compliance and assent to the terms of this Sup-
plemental Code and the General Code. The ballots shall be pub-
licly opened and the votes tabulated by the Nominating Committee,
and the nine (9) names receiving a plurality vote shall be declared
members of the Divisional Code Authority.
SECTION 2. Subject to such rules and regulations as may be issued
by the Administrator, the Divisional Code Authority shall have the
following powers and duties in addition to those authorized in the
General Code and in addition to those authorized by other provisions
of this Supplemental Code:
(a) To appoint a Trade Practice Committee who shall meet with
the Trade Practice Committees appointed under such other codes as
may be related to the Trade, except other Supplemental Codes to
the General Code, for the purpose of formulating Fair Trade Prac-
tices to govern the relationships between production and distribu-
tion employers under this Supplemental Code and under such others,
to the end that such Fair Trade Practices may be proposed to the
Administrator as an amendment to the Supplemental Code and such
(b) To appoint a Regional Committee in each of such regions as
the Divisional Code Authority may establish, to assist the Divisional
Code Authority in administering the Supplemental Code; provided,
however, that nothing herein shall relieve the Divisional Code Au-
thority of its responsibilities as such.
(c) To organize, elect officers, hire employees, and perform such
other acts as may be necessary for the proper administration of the
(d) To establish an agency on planning.
(e) To cooperate with the Administrator in regulating the use
of any National Recovery Administration Code Insignia solely by
those members of the Trade who have assented to and are complying
with this Supplemental Code.
(f) To adopt By-laws, Rules and Regulations for its procedure.
g) To from time to time suggest modifications of and'or amend-
ments to this Supplemental Code and to assent to such modifications
and/or amendments, and to the Supplemental Code in its final form
as modified and/or amended.
SECTION 3. Nothing contained in this Supplemental Code shall
constitute the members of the Divisional Code Authority partners
for any purpose, nor shall any member or members of the Divisional
Code Authority be liable in any manner to anyone for any act of any
other member, officer, agent, or employee of the Divisional Code Au-
thority. Nor shall any Imenmbr of the Divisional Code Authority
exercising reasonable diligence in the conduct of his duties here-
under, be liable to anyone for any act or omission to act, under this
Supplemental Code, except. for his own wilful misfeasance or
SECTION 4. If the Administrator shall determine that any action
of the Divisional Code Authority or any agency thereof, may be
unfair or unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator
may require that such action be suspended to afford an opportunity
for investigation of the merits of such action and for further con-
sideration by such Divisional Code Authority or agency, pending
final action, which shall not be effective unless the Administrator
approves or unless he shall fail to disapprove after thirty days'
notice to him of intention to proceed with such action in its original
or modified form.
SECTION 5. It being found necessary, in order to support the
administration of this Supplemental Code and to maintain the
standards of fair competition established by this Supplemen-
tal Code and to effectuate the policy of the Act, the Divisional
Code Authority is authorized, subject to the approval of the
(a) To incur such reasonable obligations as are necessary and
proper for the foregoing purposes and to meet such obligations
out of funds which may be raised as hereinafter provided and which
shall be held in trust for the purposes of the Supplemental Code;
(b) To submit to the Administrator for his approval, subject
to such notice and opportunity to be heard as he may deem necessary,
(1) an itemized budget of its estimated expenses for the foregoing
purposes, and (2) an equitable basis upon which the funds necessary
to support such budget shall be contributed by members of the Trade;
(c) After such budget and basis of contribution have been ap-
proved by the Administrator, to determine and secure equitable
contribution as above set forth by all such members of the Trade,
and to that end, if necessary, to institute legal proceedings therefore
in its own name.
(d) Only members of the Trade complying with the Supple-
mental Code and the General Code and contributing to the expense
of its administration as provided in Section 1 hereof shall be en-
titled to participate in the selection of the members of the Divisional
Code Authority or to receive the benefit of its voluntary activities
or to make use of any emblem or insignia of the National Recovery
(e) After the approval of the Administrator of the itemized
budget of estimated expenses and an equitable basis of contribution,
non-payment by any member of the Trade of an assessment levied
by the Divisional Code Authority as an equitable share of the cost
of Code administration shall constitute a violation of this
SECTION 6. (a)There shall be established an Industrial Relations
Committee for the Furrier Supplies Trade, to be constituted of seven
(7) persons to be selected as follows:
(1) An impartial chairman to be appointed by the Administra-
tor in the event the rest of the Committee fail to select one by
(2) Three (3) representatives of employers to be appointed by the
Divisional Code Authority for the Furriers Supplies Trade.
(3) Three (3) representatives of employees to be appointed by a
truly representative labor organization, if such exists, or representa-
tives nominated by the Labor Advisory Board of the National Re-
covery Administration, and appointed by the Administrator.
(b) The Industrial Relations Committee shall have the following
powers and duties:
(1) To adopt the By-laws and Regulations for the procedure of
(2) To mediate and conciliate in respect of any disputes arising
between employers and employees.
(3) To hear and assist in adjusting any complaints arising from
any of the labor provisions of this Code.
(4) To offer their services as arbitrators, or their assistance in
securing arbitrators in any disputes or complaints arising between
employers and employees, provided such dispute is voluntarily sub-
mitted to their arbitration by both such parties.
(5) To assist in promoting cooperation between employers and
employees in this Trade.
ARTICLE VII-TRADE PRACTICES
SUPPLEMENTING ARTICLE VII OF THE GENERAL CODE
SECTION 1. Every member of the Furriers Supplies Trade shall
record and keep a full and complete record of all transactions.
SECTION 2. (a) The maximum credit terms of sale to manufac-
turing wholesale furriers shall be as follows:
5%, ten days end of month (5,'10 e.o.m.) or 2% ten days end of
month, sixty days extra (2, 10 e.o.m. 60 clays extra), or net, end of
month, ninety days extra (net, e.o.m. 90 days extra).
(b) The maximum credit terms of sale to manufacturing retail
furriers shall be as follows:
All sales from March 1 to August 31 may be made either at 3%,
ten days end of month (3 10 e.o.m.) or net October 1; all sales
from September 1 to February 28 shall be made at either 3% ten
days end of month, or 2%, ten days end of month, sixty days extra
(2/10 e.o.m., 60 days extra).
(c) The maximum rate of anticipation shall be 6% per annum, or
the legal rate governing the contract, whichever is lower.
(d) Fictitious prices making possible greater cash discounts then
above provided for are prohibited.
SECTION 3. No member of the Trade shall accept from purchasers
the return of any Furriers Supplies where the merchandise has been
in the possession of the purchaser for more than five (5) business
days, except that nothing herein contained shall relieve any member
of the Trade from the usual obligations of warranty as to quality,
manufacturers' defects or materials.
SECTION 4. The Divisional Code Authority, subject to the approval
of the Administrator shall cause to be formulated, an accounting
system and methods of cost finding and/or estimating, capable of
use by the members of the Trade. After such system and methods
have been formulated, full details concerning them shall be made
available to all members. Thereafter, all members shall determine
and/or estimate costs in accordance with the principles of such
SECTION 5. It shall be an unfair trade practice to sell or offer for
sale any product at a price less than that established by the cost
finding and/or estimating system provided by Section 4, provided,
however, that any member of the Trade may sell at a price as low
as that set by any competitor who sells at or above his own cost
on products which are similar; and, provided, further, that obsolete
merchandise or merchandise for complete final distressed liquidation
may be disposed of below cost if at least five days' advance notice
of such intended disposal be given the Divisional Code Authority.
SECTION 6. It shall be an unfair trade practice for any member of
the Trade to employ subterfuge directly or indirectly to avoid or
attempt to avoid the provisions of this Supplemental Code or the
purposes or intent of the National Industrial Recovery Act, which
are to increase employment, provide better wages, promote fair
competitive methods, and to promote the public welfare.
This Supplemental Code and all the provisions thereof are ex-
pressly made subject to the right of the President in accordance with
the provisions of the Sub-section (b) of Section 10 of the Act, from
time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule
or regulation issued under Title I of said Act.
ARTICLE IX-EFFECTIVE DATE
This Supplemental Code shall become effective on the tenth day
after its approval.
Approved Code No. 201-Supplement No. 10.
Registry No. 1624-3-01.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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