Florida School Journal


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Florida School Journal
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Box: 1
Folder: Florida School Journal, Vol. II, No. 10. Contains description of first baccalaureates. (1 item)


Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Lake City

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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Full Text

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Sfion is pres-nr dJ a; an. eqip.n.nt contaRling: l ihP'.i44
'Swinton's Series Readers-Five Books.--New
natdedi.Readers--Five Books.
i'." iitot's Wotd bki of spillirg--Two Ba1ok

Robinson's Shorter course; Two Books--r
Slobinson's Progressive Courses-Serie
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Wells' Shorter Course-ne bopk..

Swint.n' Primnry KC:.ddd Ta

Spencerian Copy Books-Series.


lwintoa's Series-Two Books. nitth'b's- wo Iooks. 1.
--t b .iNARY :
Webster's Primary-One Book.
WrItiifL ai' circilar showing howiDithis F f ,uatiiHr, THORO. and Potiit aeies may be introduced
into yova rsch at mere nominal prices. Address,
u I';" VISOs, BLAKEMiAN : ; :
Si't 788 ad7" ,.B Nead 7 B.Y

Or, ROERT ZTiPA,4C Peneral Agent;
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NO. 10.

"Come where the lakes, chief of our delights,
SMilt v itby winds with ., *!in their
Cleir mi orin depth ,' .cld ig heights,
And lull the sense: by their niurm i ringUi .
---4'- -L-- ---
The interesting" writte-up of our popular Gov'rnor
ant the following prominent iu -imbers of our
Board of Trustees w:as taken from the Florida Dis-
patch an.i FaRumr ant IFruit Grozer:--

State Superintendent Public Instruc-
Marj. A. J. Russell is a native of Petersburg, Va.,
the date of nis birth being January 15th, 1L30-
He was educated at the private schools of that
city and at Anderson Semina-ry, which is now ex
He caine to Florida in 1859, .for the benefit of
his health, and settled in Duval county.
At the breaking out of the war, lie, with Col. J.
J. Daniel, organized Company A. Second Florida
Regiment. The regiment. after being re-organized,
was ordered- to the head of, the Chickithominy,
when the subject of this sketch ivas commissioned
Second Lieutenant, and was ordered on duty in
the Camp of Instruction. IIe was ordered trota
camp to Columbus, Ga., by request, and marched
across Georgia, in front of Shernan's army, tak-
ing ai active part in all the campaigns in that
State, from Atlanta to Savannah. A comrade and
intimate friend ot his was the late Judge A. W.
At the cessation of.hostilities, Major Russell re-
turned to Duval county, Florida. In 1874. he was
elected Alderman of the city of Jacksonville, and
in 1876-7 he was Chairman of the School Board
for Duval county, and afterwards Superintendent
of Public Schools in said county, holding the office
until 1884, when he was appointed State Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction. by Governor Blox-
hani, being re-appointed by Governor Perry, and
elected under the new constitution, in the fall of
1888, to the same position.
Major Russell was a P'residential Elector on the
Hancock ticket in 1880, and was nominated for
Elector on the Cleveland and Heidricks ticket in
1884, but declined on account of being a member
-of the Governor's Cabinet. Under his able Super
intendency, the public school system of the State
.has made great progress, his last report showing

that Floridil now ranks aminoig the foremost of the
Southern States. iln (educ;atioaal advantages and
school atiendlnce, vwh.:n ctoiilslr'Jed in proportion
to )pop:l;ition.
Major. R.isse!l lhas a iide-spr.':ad reputation as
an orator, his choice 1ingaage and rapid flow of
word-pictu;res, making himi ona of the most elo-
quent men in tli' South, and unsurpassedl as a
speaker in his adopted State. HIis high moral and
Chrstiap sentiments arc also well known, as he
has long been an active worker i Sunlday schools
and in the cause of christianity and temperance.
It is a happy circumstance for the young people of
Florida to have a man of his ability and high
Chrislian character at the head of the public
school system ot the State.
---------ss --ls----
HOlr. F. J. PONS.

State Treasurer.
The distinguished subject of this sketch was
born in Fernandina, Florida. in 1833. He was
educated in his native town under the excellent
private tuition of Gen. T. Stewart:and Jno. L.
Doggett, the latter of Jacksonville. He was clerk
of the Circuit Court twelve years and lived in Sa-
vannal a few years, clerking in the cotton busi-
ness. He was also in the railroad service prior to
the war when he enlisted in the Confederate service
and served till 1863. Since then his principal
business has been to act as an express agent, and
merchandising. His merchandise business is still
being carried on at his home in Sanderson, Flor-
ida, where he has resided since 1859, up to the time
of his election to the high and -responsible office
which he now occupies at the State Capitol.
He has had experience in political life previous to
entering upon his present duties in January 1889,
having been a member of the Legislature in 1875
as a Representative from Baker county. The hon-
orable gentleman is a thorough Democrat, a catho-
lie in religious belief, and has a wife ania nine chil-
dren living, having been the father of thirteen,
Mr. Pons' experience an l thorough business
abilities make him well qualified for the satisfac-
tory discharge of his arduous and responsible du-
ties. He is a man of dignified appearance, pol-
ished manners and well established integrity.

"I~- -I -


The State College graduates its first class on the
12th inst. from a full four-years collegiate course.
Probably no school in the State has sent out a
class from a course of equal strength.
These three young men have a thorough and
practical knowledge of Latin, English, Mathe-
-.atics, Science, ;Literature and Military Science
ad drill. They are also acquainted with me-
:.ianics and the various lines of agricultural par-
jzits, theoretical and practical.
Such an educational foundation will be given to
all Florida boys who avail themselves of the ad-
vantages of this growing institution.
These young gentlemen have each risen step by
step, in the line of promotion until they were
placed in charge of a cadet company as captain,
the highest position to which a cadet can attain.
They are sons 'of veterans who served their
country all through the war between the States:
are strictly Floridian and represent some of the
best families in the State.
The first name blow: has completed the
Literary and Scientific Course andl will receive the
Bachelor of Arts degree; the others having com-
pleted the Agricultural Course, will have conferred
upon them the Bachelor of Science degree.
of Ft White, our S :--ii Senior, is a type of true,
noble, Southern manho:); bright, thorough, gener-
ous and dignified.. The 'Joilega is proud to send
torth such as he. Captain Getzen commands the
respect and love of all his associates who regard
his wishes with prompt and cheerful fidelity.
He has attended this college five years and will
go forth to do good and gain more wisdom from
the experience of teaching for a time before lie set-
ties down to make for himself a comfortable Flor-
ida home. He will succeed.
is a promising son of another of Columbia county's
prominent men, D. N. Cone, Esq. of Benton. He
.has also been a cadet in the F. A. C. since its or-
ganization and while faithfully pursuing his stud-
ies has managed to fill in the chinks with big
chunks ot fun. His exuberance results from a
nervous, sanguine temperament that it taKes a he-
ro to control. Few young men of his qualities
maintain so good an equilibrium. Honest, truth-
ful, studious and sympathetic, he will make a suc-

cess in the profession ot medicine which he has
of Madison, has been with this institution three
Years, having a good English education with some
advanced work when he entered.
He embodies the good traits of modest, gentle-
manly character, .sound judgment, studiousness
and high aspirations, with pluck to push through
vrlhat lie undertakes.
We have learned to regard these young gentle-
men with much interest and confidently expect
them to acquit themselves in life with credit and
honor to their Alma Mater.

"O what a, glory doth this world put on,
For him who with a fervent heart goes forth,
Under the bright and glorious skies, and looks
On duties well performed and days well spent.'

First Annual Commencement.

Sunday Morning, June 9th,
Baccalaureate Address, College Chapel,
Rev. M.,M. W amboldt, JakinJ, 'i/i.-.

Monday and Tuesday,
Competitive Examinations.
Wednesday, fune 12/t, 2 o'clock P. M


Wednesday Evening, 7:30 o'clock,
r. Overture by Lake City Orchestra.
2. Prayer by Rev. Jas. P. DePass.
3. Solo, Selected, Mrs. G. W. Bassett.
4. Presentation of Medals by Ex-Gov. Walker.
5. Presentation of Certificates of Honor by Gen. W. D. Barnes.
6. Oration, Ample Resources for Worthy Men, Jas. C. Getzen.
7. Orchestra.
8. Oration, Whither leads the Path? J. Allen Townsend,
9. Orchestra.
Io. Oration, Elements of National Perpetuity, Hutch I. Cone.
Iz. Orchestra.
12. Address by Governor Francis P. Fleming.
13. Presentation of Diplomas, Conferring Degrees, State Supt. A.
J. Russell.
14. Quartette, "Good-Night, Gentle Folks."
15. Benediction; Rev. D. W. Humphreys.

Monday, June loth.
Annual Meeting Board Trusees.




Manual Training.
Some of the advocates of manual training urge
its introduction into the schools for economic and
social reasons. Some go so far as to say that our
whole system of public education ought to be re-
modeled: that the State ought to provide for its
youth.such an education as will fit them for earn-
ing an honest living; that this is the best and
surest way of promoting good citizenship, secur-
ing social order, and increasing productive indus-
tries. Others advocate manual training for its
educational value. Prof. W. B. Powell, Superin-
tendent ot schools of Washington City, in a late
report, presents eight reasons for its introduction
into the public schools.
1. To secure amid the diverse pursuits of a
great population "that harmony of thought and
action necessary to the peace and prosperity of the
2. To create a popular appreciation of the
character and value of "mechanical appliances, in-
-dustrial achievements, and art endowments."
3. To substitute skill and exactness for bung-
hling guess-work in all the practical pursuits of
4. To give range and diversity to tastes and
abilities, for the purpose of securing adaptability
to vicissitudes in life, and of offsetting modern
tendencies toward the excessive division of labor
.and narrowness of vocation.
5. To provide a useful education for the large
-class who have little power of abstract mental
.application, but marked ingenuity and manipu-
lative tact.
6. To check the tendency to overcrowd the
.professions and so-called genteel occupations,
such as clerking, book-keeping, private teaching,
-etc., as wellas to discourage such non-productive
Activities as speculating, stock-jobbing, money-
Jending, and even banking, shop-keeping, and re-
Sd u ndant mercantile enterprise.
7. To enable those who are destined to settle
the frontiers of the country to cope with the diffi-
.culties ofpioneer life.
8. To provide without the loss of time for the
.needed relief of the [pupil's mind from too pro-
tracted mental application.

"I HAVE fourteen reasons for obeying the command
.,of my boss' in voting," said one of the poor white
-slaves in this State the other day-"a wife and
'thirteen small children."-Mo. Paper.

General Educational News.
Michigan Agricultural Colledge enrolls 238 stu-
Oberlin College receives $57,000 from the estate
of C. H. Hull of Chicago.
Mrs. Eliza A. Clark has given $100,000 for the
Cleaveland College for women.
Texas legislatures are considering State uni-
formity of text-books.
Harvard gets a new $200,000 dormitory by the
will of Walter Hastings.
Just one-half the scholarships at Cornell were
won this year by women.
Nevada's school population for 1888 is only
9,716;'a decrease )f112 as compared with last year.
Columbia College still seeks a man for president;
the salary is the largest paid in any American
Argentine Republic has nearly 30 collAges; two
of them rank with Yale and Harvard in their cur-
Nebraska University has had but 14 graduates
in 15 years, but it gets its slice of the Hatch Bill
just the same.
A bill is before the Pennsylvania legislature au-
thorizing the State to publish the school books.
It stands little show of passing.
Kansas Agricultural College students get one
dinner a week for ten cents. It is the dinner fur-
nished by the ladies' cooking schools. The boys

THE schools still need your aid; and let the peo-
ple-cite with pride, what you have done for them.
LET us appreciate, magnify and glorify the will
and devotion of our teachers. It is their work
which makes men strong and virtuous and the na-
tion great.
SoME people seem to think that society means a
warfare waged by those who have neither brains,
money nor virtue, against those who work for all
these. Our teachers train the children to some-
thing better than this.
How can an ignorant person evolve light and
justice and progress from his own darkness? What
does,he know of the obligations and responsibili-
"ties of civilized society? It is cheaper and more
christian-like to teach than it is topunish!


I ;


Governor Francis P. Flem'ng.
Gov. Francis P. Fleming, was born a: Panai.:a,
in Duval county, Fla., on the 28ith day of Septeni-
ber, 181l. His father was Col. L mis Fleminig,
a native and resident otFiorida, who, fo: the great-
er part or his lite was a planter at Hihornia, o:1 tlhe
St. Johns river. His mother was Margaret,
daughter of Charles Se;ton, of Ferna:dina, *,ind al-
so a native of this State. The subject ot this
sketch, thi rejfoi' is niit only a in-tiv\ Floridian,
but als:) dle'.:ied from parents who were both na-
tives of the State.
G;)ve;Ia:n Fieming received- a goo.l u sinUess ectu-
cation. :aad p),'eviou a to the late war, was I _,.1l
in active business pursuits, displaying. that soniilt
judgment, combined with application to business
and thorough integrity, which has msnce cihracter-
ized his life.
At the beginning ofthe war he enlisted in Capt.
John W. Starke's company or Florida Volunteers,
which was soon after incorporated into the famous
beyond Florida Regiment, and on th 15th day of
July, 1861, he lert with that regiment for tilhe bat-
tle grounds of Virginia. There he rendered man-
ly and faithful service, wilih his command, in the
army of Northern Virginia. until August, 1',.;,
when lih was promoted t tile i-ank of Lieutenant
in Company D., First Florida Cavalry, in the
Army oftennesisee. 11, was afterwards promlited
to the rank of C:1ptain, in which capacity he faith-
fully served until the end of the war, having beeni
engaged in most of the bloody battles which
marked the last year of the struggle in Tennessee
and North Georgia.
Soon after the termination of the war Capt.
Fleming entered the law office of E. M. L'Engle,
'sq,, for the study of his chosen profession. In
868 he was admitted to the bar, and shortly after
7.'came a member of the law firm of Flemnig &
Daniel, with which firm lie continued to be asso-
3iated up to the time fits dissolution by the death
of its senior members, earningf.or himself not only
a reputation in his own locality, but throughout
the State. as an able advocate and a wise counsel-
lor. He devoted himself to the practice of his
profession, but, whilst doing so, always felt and
manifested a profound interest in all matters con-
nected with the welfare and -advancement of the
State. His 1o alty and devotion, no less to the
Democratic party than to the interest of Florida,
have made for him a host of friends, while in his
own county of Duval, where he is most intimately
known, he commands the esteem and confidence of
his fellow citizens of all classes.
The splendid and successful campaign he made
as a candidate for the high office of Governor of
Florida, under the most trying circumstances, is
too recent to need enlarging npon in this sketch.
Suffice it to say, that after receiving a hand-
some majority of the votes cast forth highest
office in the State, he entered upon the discharge
of the important duties of his high position with

I imposing anid a p!'ropriato c'imonies o January
8th, 1889.
Oine o hisi first act- after being seated in the
governor's s chair, wAis the calling for a special ses-
sioi of the unwly elected L 21-:tkiure, in order to
establish a State Board of Health, the need of
which was so sorely felt in the suminme and fall of
On the assembling of the LeTgislature in regular
session, the Governor sent that boidy an able and
business-like message, reviewing "the finances of
the State.
The Governor i.i a. mnn of Ii_.'11i 1 1 and coin-
nmalingl presence, an able lawyer, a deep think.or,
a logical writer and a fluent speaker. The better
of the citizens of Florida have the utmost conli-
dence in his judgment, ability and honesty of mo-
tives. and are proud of their choeif magistrate.
-Florida Dispatch.
Educational Rivalry.
Tlicre is an impression in the minds of certain
good people that there is an unwholesome rivalry
between some of the leading educational institu-
Lions ;' Florida, a fact which they very much de-
It we were certain that all the schools in this
State were working with might and main to build
themselves ut) in attendance and do more and
better work than any of their neighbors, we should
say, go it brothers and sisters and may the Lord
speed you in your noble emulation. But if some
one was trying to build up at the expense ot some
other, we are ready to condemn it. Let every
teacher and every school stand on its own merits.
We know of no unkind or unfair rivalry going on
and believe it to be the honest desire of all our
leading teachers that the whole system of educa-
tional enterprises both public and private, shall
prosper. Let's get up early in the morning and
work hard all day until good folks from all parts
of the country shall come to Florida because of
the virtue and intelligence of her people. This is
the best and cheapest immigration scheme we can
Yellow Fever Plague.
When the strong hands ot the Nation are laid
upon the scourge it wr:thes in its iron grasp and
dies. One brain planning, one massive, compre-
hensive radiation ot power through appropriate
agency and the evil is abated. The States can
only act in complete concert when the Nation is
their common agency.
Ignorance and vice are a mightier and deadlier
scourge than any other that ever swept over our
loved land, and the
is the only one commensurate with the dangers.
What can be done to stay the ravages of these
twin monsters ? We answer, educate! educate!!

itt) le Ln t'j2slnddsgitt c

"By Heaven! It is a splendid sight to see
What Heaven hath done for this delicious land."---Byron.


Ploridlq Teqcte-s

FfoZibcL fA0i0oof 'ovUZ't14f.

--- ---pc-p--
"Who first invented work and bound the free
And holiday-rejoicing spirit down?"---Charles Lamb:
To All Progressive Florida Teachers,
"When in the course of human events," "The
thoughts of men are widened with the process of the
suns," and as the "Great world spins for ever down
the ringing grooves of change" we see the National
Educational Association holding its meeting so near
as Nashville, Tenn., it behooves those of us who can
"raise the wind" to be there among them with our
badges pinned on seeking to learn
"How the bold Teacher's Doctrine, sanctified
By truth, shall spread, throughout the world dispersed."
We have not been employed by any railroad com-
pany to get up an excursion, but since it was about
the time when we all want to take a little outing and
this great assembly comes so near home, the SCHOOL
JOURNAL thought it would be agreeable to mass our
forces and go via the same route, making the trip
more enjoyable and securing better accommodations.
Teachers and their friends from all parts of the
State should report to me at once the number
of tickets desired and leave home in time to join the
party leaving Jacksonville, at Baldwin, on the morn-
ing of July i3th, and at Lake City special Pullman
cars will be provided to go to Nashville without
-change, via. Pensacola. gathering other members of'
the party up to that point.

All who decide to go must notify me by July ist,
and those who desire stop-over privileges must give
full directions in reference to same that tickets may
be properly made out.
"Content if hence the unlearned their wants may view,
The learned reflect on what before they knew."---Pope.
We want not only to visit Nashville, the Athens
of the South, but also to visit the celebrated Mam-
moth Cave: the Hermitage, once the home of ex-
President Andrew Jackson, only twelve miles from
Nashville; The city residence of ex-President Jas.
K. Polk, now occupied by his widow and friends
of the family; the Battlefields of Nashville; the
National Cemetary; Murfreesboro; Chattanooga;
Lookout Mountain; and-scores of other historic
places near the beautiful city of Nashville.
Tickets will cost one limited fare for the round
trip, plus two dollars, Association fee. They will be
good for going passage, from July ist to I6th inclu-
sive, and for return passage from.July I6th to Septem-
ber 3oth. Excursions from Nashville to points of
interest in the South are offered at same rate with
limit to August 3rst, excepting when a patty of 25 or
more go together, when it is one cent a mile for the
distance traveled. The cost from Lake City to Nash-
ville and return will be $21.15.
In reference to hotel accommodations which may be
had from $i a day, upwards, or any other matters,
will be cheerfully given upon application to
Yours fraternally,

Lake City, Fla.

"And when the stream
Which overflowed the soul had passed away,
A consciousness remained that it had left
Deposited upon the silent shore
Of Memory, images and precious thoughts
That shall not die, and cannot be destroyed."

INTELLIGENCE alone repairs itself by its.very ex-
haustion. The more it is diffused, the more it is
prolific, so let us write of, speak for and stand for
the great things our teachers do.


A Cracker Version.
December blasts were sweeping fa3t,
As from his home a pilgrim passed,
Who waved at ] ,it: i,. twice and thrice,
A 'kerchief bearing strange device-
His eyes were dim, his nose below
Was swollen, red, and full of woe;
A quick, involuntary wheeze
Condensed his watchword to a sneez2-
His aching eyes, with loving light
Divelt on his home, a pleasant sight;
Then, as he faced the cold clear north,
Again that mystic word broke forth-
"0 stay!" his weeping wife had said,
"And let me soothe your aching head."
A freezing tear ran down his nose,
As hoarse and faint his answer rose-
"0 stay!" said his better half, "with me,
And take a cup of boneset tea;
You have a dreadful cold, I'm sure;"
And still he gasped the only cure-
"Beware palmettoes tangled snares!
Beware of 'gators, wildca:s, bears!"
As through the dark the headlight glowed,
A voice replied far down the road--
And now his eyes are good as new;
His nose has gained its normal hue;
He joins his brethren in a cheer,
And shouts the watchword far and near--

1. A railroad train one mile long stands with
the hindmost car in tront of the station. The con-
ductor leaps aboard the rear platform, and as the
train moves off starts to walk forward to the en-
gine, which he reaches just in time to leap from it
at the next station, five miles from the station just
left. How far did the conductor walK and how tar
did he ride ?
2. When the train again starts the conductor
gets on the engine now before the station and be.
gins to walk back to the rear car, from which he
lights in front of the third station, just five miles
from the second. How far did the conductor ride
and how far did he walk ?

The Right Ring.
A. P. Marble, 'resident of the N. E. A., in
speaking of the great meeting in Nashville, in July,
"At San F! ,,i-i- n, last summer, everybody wore
a badge; the bage was surmounted by a gilt
bear, the California emblem--that doesn't seem to
be the right word-"fligure on the escutcheon"-
and this badge was the op(e sesalme to all sorts of
entertainments. Besides this, most of us wore the
badge of our own State, and on the Oregon badge
were these words: "I'm from Oregon; where are
you from?'" On reading that the ice of reserve was
broken, and everybody was attached to those great
hearted Oregon teachers. Let us hope that the
legend will appear on every State badge at Nash-
But the attractiveness of a common interest in a
great cause will trample down all the imaginary
barriers of State lines. Nobody will remember
you, my friend, as an Ohio man or a Virginian,
except for the sake of your postoffice address in
order that lie may correspond with you. Though
from different States and various towns and cities,
we are of one nation and the cause of education is
as broad as the world. It is above creeds and par-
ties; it knows no section; it has no rivalries ex-
cept the ambition to get the best and do the best.
And in this great meeting we may expect to usher
in an era ot fellowship and good-will hitherto un-
known, because we have no6 known each other.
The teacher from Alabama will find everything in
common with his brother from Minnesota, and the
schoolmistress from Maine wilt recognize her very
form and image, her spirit and her own aspirations
in the girl from Texas.
The winged messengers of thought will traverse
the country in all directions, from every State to
every other, like the subtle currents of electricity,
and every one ot them will help to bind together
all parts of this glorious land as with silken bands
of love. So has it been with California. To us,
that is no longer a remote region beyond the
Rockies and on the distant Pacific. It is the home
of our warm friends, and it Bismark or anybody
else interferes with their interests at Samoa or
anywhere else, we are ready to ---
So it will be with Nashville. No one can see it
and meet the people without loving both it and
them; and not them alone, but all who have an
interest in common with them."


_ I_ I_ U~lm~l~_ -C

Teachers' Associaton.
The Association at Titusvillo, March 21---' I,
was attended by the lion. and Mrs. Jno Ii. Samns,
-ot Courtney; Frof. and Mrs. F. X. Schell, Titus-
ville; Mrs. Ida Page N..I-.., Geoririana; IMrs. F.
G. McCarty, Ankona; iMrs. M. K. Tool, Rock-
!ledge; Miss Kate Paddison,Turnbull; Misses Kate
Hamilton, and Carrie Wilmot, City point; Mrs.
Ella and Miss Alice Bell, Fort Pierce; and the nn-
dcrsigned as superintendent and teachers; and
Misses Willie May, Rookledge, and Mabel Rob-
erts, oi Mimns, besides many citizens and children
of Titusville. The interest felt by all present was
especially noticeable. Those not attending, surely
missed a treat.
The teaching of reading by letters, words and
sentences was discussed. The conclusion reached
was that the method best suited to the pupil
should be used; in some cases all three being need-
ed in the same school. In arithmetic, Mrs. Nel-
son aptly illustrated her method of teaching the
little ones. She considers figures should be taught
with th3 alphabet and their use commenced as
soon as learned. She uses tooth picks to illus-
trate. With a pick in one hand she makes a "1"
saying "This is one, then instead of writing 'and'
we will make it'X' Now here is the other ''(show-
ing pick in other hand) and "makes" it like this'
." She takes both in one hand aid asks how
many. To make the `'2," she "turns one's head
to the left (2) and his feet to the right(g)." The
same plan is used *with larger numbers; and in
substriction they make less "-" and take away
the required number of sticks. It has proven
very attractive to the juvenile mind. The under-
signed read an essay upon manner of teaching
through fractions, to which the audience listened
with patience; Miss Kate Paddison made interest-
ing remarks upon the subject in general; and Mrs.
Nelson and Prof. Schell had a lively discussion
upon the best presentation of compound
proportion, each side having its ad-
herents. Mrs Nelson advocated the method
based on: "Ratio is the relation of two liie num-
bers" and "Proportion is an equality of ratios."
Prof. Schell gave us a practical illustration of
his work in grammar. His class is bright and in-
teresting. Mrs. McCarty ably presented, as her
way, an entirely different mode. Prof. Schell and
Mrs. McCarty, also discussed upon history
and geography. It was acknowledged that these
studies should go "hand in hand" but there were
vast difference in the ways of "fastening" them.

The interest in the discussion was due to the pres-
ence ot three thoroughly 'successful teachers-
Prof. Schell, Mrs. Nelson, Mrs. McCarty-of fif-
teen years experience, each having an entirely
different mode of teaching and controlling schools.
Irregularity of attendance and general (ii.:;ilu..
were dwelt upon. The former is a great evil and
by far too common in Florida, In many cases it
is beyond the control of teachers and we all appeal
to the parents to help overcome it. Mrs. Mc-
SC:a'ty presented a plan for :.'..- -: riai order in a
large school which she il:s fond successful. She
has a wire nat-work over a board. The checks
hold wooded cubs, which have different colored
sides, each color having its meaning, such as in-
attentiveness etc. described 'at the toot. In the
morning all are white, but as occasion requires
she turns the cube whose number is that of the un-
ruly pupil. After good conduct has been resumed
for a specifie.l tim3 the cube goes into the redemp-
tion column. 'The different changes are noted and
at the end of the week reports are read in school.
All agreed that every other way should be'tried be-
fore resorting to corporal punishment but that
in some extreme cases it was necessary to use it.
Our worthy superintendent, and Rev. M. Tem-
ple, addressed us in their well known, able and
pleasant manner, and we return to our work with
new enthusiasm, glad to have met our fellow-
laborers. NETTIE MAY GIFIonD.
Fort Pierce, Fla.

Making Studies Attractive.
If we observe the habits ot children we find that
they give close attention to the things which in-
terest or please them. From this we should learn
to make every object of study interesting to the
child. We should study his emotions or impulses,
that we may be able to decide what things are cal-
culated to excite the activities of his mind. We.
should embellish the subject in hand so that all
drudgery may be.lost in a maze of attractive sur;
roundings. The mind is awakened through a me-
dium of the senses, and ready for healthy action.

Rest. A. P. Marble, of the N. E. A., seems to be
striking out on a new track-ini theory at least. He
"The best thing for education in this country will
come all the sooner by the very best presentation of
its various phases by the ablest speakers."



Ist. ald units as 94-5; 2d. tens to units as 50-1-6;
3d. tens and units to units as 52 -6. ist. sum does
not lead to new ten, 55-1-2. 2d. sun does lead to
new ten, 57--8. ist. tens to tens 30+40; 2d.
tens to tins and units 30442; 3d. tens and units to
tens and units, 33 -42, 33 +49. ist. without going
into n2w tens; 2d. with going into n-w tens. Use
denominate nos.,'deal with all nos. whose sum equals
io0; 50-50 75+25 65-35 45 -55 etc.
Units from tens and units, Ist. units in minuend lar-
ger than in subtrahend; 2d. units in minuend smaller
than in subtrahend. Ex. 28-6 28-9(28-8=20, 20-
I=I9.) N. B. many examples with remainder a pure
ten. Do not hurry. Practice to roo as 1oo-2=98,
68-2=96, 96-2=94 back to o. Take each unit in
thisway; 2d. pure tens from pure tens, 90-60 40-30
80-40 etc. 3d. tens and units from tens and units,
with units in minuend larger than units in subtrahend
19-12 19-9=Io; IO-3=7; units in minuend smaller
than units in subtrahend, 22-18; 22-10=12; 12-8-
4th..tens and units from pure tens. 20-12; 2o-
0-=10; 10-2---8. Now teach terms. How many
numbers do we have here? Tw-; what do we do to
'"Si no? (viz: the minuend) we take from it. This no.
that we take from we call the minuend. What is the
:inuend? Now what is this no? (pointing to subtra-
.'nd.) We take it from the other; this we call the
iabtrahend. What is the subtrahend? We have
something left. A merchant sells part of a bale of
calico, what do we call what is left?. A remnant.
Now we will call what is left here a remainder. Com-
pare these two numbers 90, 60, what is the difference
there? A difference of 30; this no. we call the dif-
ference. Practice examples like these subtrahend, re-
mainder, minuend. Difference minuend find subtra-
hend, subtrahend minuend find difference.
Units X units. Now teach multiplication table,
teach that no matter which is the multiplicand the
answer is the same as 2X3=6, 3X2=6; they have
learned to multiply by 5, so they only have to learn
6X6, 7X6, 8X6, gX6; How to teach multiplication
table. Showon numeral frame 1X2, 2X2, to 5X2,
which is review; now 6X2=12. -Only one table
at a time is taught and practiced until thoroughly
understood and known. We gain understanding by

objects; by practical examples as-i pencil costs 2
cents. If one pencil costs 2 cents how many times
2 cents cost 6 pencils ? Now table of Pythagoras.
This is to- review what has been learned. Tell the
children that years and years ago the children used
the same table. The table is found in the back of
the Third Reader. Show terms thus:
Why do we plant a grain of corn ? To make more
corn. What do we call the grain of corn ? multipli-
cand,/and the land multiplier. Hence the larger the
multiplier, the larger the product. Now questions on
names as-Given product and multiplier to find
multiplicand. Examples; 2X 6; 16==io--6 &c.
Bring in plenty of examples in denominate nos.
Combine examples in addition, subtraction and mul-
tiplication as-To the difference between 60 and 30
of 16 and 2.(all less than a hundred.)
Ist. Step units and tens units; dividend exactly
divisible. 3:27::9. Questions. ? is 3-18 in ? no.
is 3 contained 6 X ? what goes in 18 6 times? Find
two parts of a number as 3' of 36. Draw a line; in-
to how many parts have we divided this line? Into
3 parts. What is this? Y and this? Yi and this? Y3
How many thirds are there? Three thirds. We
will let this line be 36. What shall I do to get ,
of this ? Divide into 3 equal parts. For review give
examples as'follows:
(4X5):(IoX5)=-? If i oz. tea cost 3c., what cost
14 oz ? 7yds. cost 84c. what iyd? The nos. 12,
24, 6o, and 1oo deserve special attention as fbo=ioo
X 1. Treat the others the same way.

FAITHFUL service in school or office to- day affords
no assurance of continued employment. This is
all wrong, and civil service rules-not "spoils"-
should be made to apply in all these cases.
All men, and women too, should devote a certain
part of their time to the general concerns of the
community in which they live, as much as to their
daily business. Political action is a part of daily
WHILE there are more than six millions of our
people held in the darkness and blindness of igno
rancor it is plain that the light of humanity is not
only being eclipsed, but that the distinction be-
tween justice and injustice, right and wrong, is be-
ing obscured. No people, no nation can afford this.


Florida School Journal.
Official Orgai of the State--BotW of Education.
Organ of the State Teachers' Association,--


F. L. KERN, Editor and Publisher,
Editorial Small Talk.
A lihunlred students are reported at the Starke
Miss Tibo has a flourishing private school at
Prof. Yancy, of Key West, writes that they close
their schools on the 28th inst.
The Stetson University, of DeLand, closed with
a grand commencement last month. A. i
Pres. Yocuim, of the Suminerlin Is titute, Bar-
tow, had a splendid success enrolling, about three
hundred students.
Prof. Moore has succeeded grandly as principal
of Palatka schools this year. He is a young teach-
er of great promise.
Above thirty Florida teachers and some of their
friends have agreed to go to Nashville with the
JoURNAL Excursion.
The public school teachers of Jacksonville will
receive pay for time lost during the fever:epidemic
last year. This is right...
Headquarters of-Florida delegation at Nashville
will be at the Maxwell House. .Those who desire
can have accommodations provided at one dollar a
day. -
Persons who are not teaching can go to Nash-
ville with us on half-fare rates with limit to Oct.
Therefore take your sisters and your cousins and
your iints. -

This number closes Vol. IT. Ill will start
with Sept. number which will be issued the latter
!part of August under circumstances wbich p.rom-
ise better satisfaction.
The leading lady teacher of the State 'closes a
letter with best wishes tI t lhe Caltege aart
JouRNAL and sincere cTngrat latioas on the phe-
nomenal success of both--.
Pres. Felkel of the Florida State Normal College,
at DeFun'ak Springs deserves congratulations on
the success of his year's work and the needed ap-
,proprittion recently secured. .

.. Supt, Cater of the E. FV; *. contemplates raising
the grade one year. That is wise; raise the grade
and thds' rise the school. Let's go up a notch
each year until we get to the top.'
Those who have not seen' the Official Bulletin of
the N;ionnal Educational Association should send
a card to Prof. Frank Goodman, Secretary, Nash-
ville, or to the editor of this paper.
We are glad the'legislature voted ai appropria-
tion for the relief of the Florida Normal, at White
Springs. An "Independent" Normal may thus be-
come independent in a more substantial sense.
The East Florida Semi arv asked the legisla-
ture for a small appropriation and got it without a
murmur. Webelieve they would have gotten more
had they asked it,' for they -are a.worthy institu-
tion and deserve wbll of the State.
What's your hurry about going North? This
is the tliese climate in the world, to say nothing of
mocking birds, magnolias, fruits and vegetables
fresh and fine: Wait and go in our palace cars in
company with the bon-ton-elite creme-de-la-creme
of Florida Schoblmkrms;
Prof. V..E. Orr, of Atlanta, editor of the Geor-
gia Teacher made a trip across -our- State last
month from the strap to the toe of the boot and
found( more educational notes than we have been
enabled to pick up during the.whole year. lHe
gets up a liv'ly journal and ought to succeed. He
made us a pleasant call.and encouraged us in the
work of running an excursion. to Nashville next
We take our old mother back to Michigan for a
visit next month and she will show the -lu riri;. i'
of that region what Florida can do for tfc nervous
worn out invalids, who come to inhale her balmy
breezes and bask in her sweet sunshine which re-
news the youth of the aged and makes glad the
life ot.the wear. She and her son will act as s -f-
appointed immigration agents" during their ab-
We would gladly fill our columns with notes on
the whereabouts and doings of teachers throughout
the Stale, bht,have not time to run around to learn
whalt a postal card might bring us. A State ed-
ucational journal is what the teachers of the state
malc it aund not what the editor puts in it. The
severest .criticism this journal has received this
year was from a teacher who has not contributed
a w\or to it in 18 months.




Teachers Convention.
BARTOW, FLA.. May, 1889.
To the Teachers of Polk Conuty:
The Board of Public Instruction desiring to
promote the interest of popular education, and to
offer every facility to the teachers of the county
for improvement,' and feeling justified in uming
meais as will prove the most effective instrumen-
tality at their command in awakening an interest
in the minds and hearts of the teachers, has au-
thorized the Superintendent to hold a "Teachers
Convention" at such tinm an 1 place as will best
accommodate the teachers of the county.
Acting under this authority I have called such
CoWvention to assemble at Ft. Meadc, on tne 17th
day or June an:! to be continued for one month.
That eminent scholar and practical educator,
Prof. W. F. Yocum, with the necessary assistance
has been employed to give a course of instruction;
and arrangements have been m.ade with the hotdl1
and boarding houses of the place to accommodate
those ftii-n lii I at the rate of $12.50 for the month,
thus insuring to the t,:ichers the most practical
instruction and board for one month at the nomi-
nal sum abo;e nime:id. In view of these advanta-
ges, eacl teacher in the county and, such as desire
to become teachers, i. expected to attend.
The general examiinitiou will be held during
the last week of the convention, which examina-
tion is to be written and the questions and an-
swers filed with the i-ecorls of the County -School
The following extract from the regulations of
the Sta.e Superinten lent is given for the consid-
eration ot teachers: "Coun.y Superintendents
discovering a disp-sition o: the p.irt of certain
teachers to remain content with any certificate
they may be fortunate enough to obtain, exhibit-
ing no desire to rise higher or to become better
qualified for their'important work, should at once
report thl ss:ne to the Boards of Public Instruc-
tion anl1 reomn: ne:a thair rem cv:d from the
corps of teachers in the county.
An interesting programme has been arranged
for the occasion and I *feel justified in saying it
will be the most profitable and entertaining con-
vention ot the kind ever held in the county. Any
other information can be had by addressing me.
Respectfully, S. S. NIBLACK,
Supt. Public Instruction,


Result in His Endeavor to Save Two
Hours a Day by System.

My little nephew ran across, somewhere, a para-
graph which said that anybody could save at least
two hours of waste time a day by running on a
time table. Freddy brought the chapter to me and
asked what it meant ? I told him. I advised him
to make out a time table for himself and try run-
ning on it for a f.w days. He said he guessed he
would. In a day or two he Suilbut..- I the follow'
ing to me:
A. IM.
6:45 to 7,-Gettin' up.
7 to 7:30-Bath and getting' ready for brekfus.
7:30 to 8-Brekfus.
8 to 8:30-Prairs.
8:30-Start for skool.
9-Get there (a teller must have some fun in life.)
9 to 10:30-Study and resite.
10:30 to 10:45-Reses (out to be longer.)
10:45 to 12-Study and resite.
r. N.
12 to 12:15-Goin' for lunch.
12:15 to 12:30-Eatin' it.
12:50 ',o 1-Sloos of things. Playing.ball mostly.
1 to 3-School agen. Tutfest part of the day.
2-Skool ovei. Fun begins.
3 to 6-Base ball; bisicle ridlin' goin' to walk
(sumtimes wilh a girl;) Siidiu' and skating' in
winter; flyin kite; both ,:in' the dog; peanuts;
Goin' to ride with pa; Shoppin' with ma (wen I
don't kno it beforehand; kaurly; in bad weather,
reading ; sloos or other things.
6 to 7-Dinner (grate time fer me.)
7 to 7:30-Notlin' much. Don't feel like it.
7:30 to 8-Pa gets dun with paper an' reads
sunthin' allowed.
8-Sez I must begin study.
8 to 8 15-Kickin against it.
8:15 to 9:15-Study.
9:15-Gwup to bed.
9:15 to 9:35-Windin' up Waterberry watch.
9:35 to 9:45-Undressin' and getting' into bed.
9:55 till mn-rnin'-Grate big time with dreems,
but a feller can't stop to enjoy them much. Won-
der wy dreem; can't hang on more like reel things?
P. S.-Wmire do those' too extry.'ours cum in?



To have hoped and suffered in chcr and woe,
To have trusted, betrayed and grieved,
To have doubted the thingsbest might know.
This is to have lived.
To have sinned, repented and been forgiven,
To have lost what was once received,
To have fallen again from the gates of heaven,
This is to have lived.
To have loved, and tasted the Dead Sea fruit,
To have pledged, to have been believed,
To have seen love wither from branch to root-
This is to have lived.
To have stood in the strength of virile might,
When baffled, betrayed, deceived;
To have ground your teeth in the rage of fight.
This is to have lived.
To have trolden the wine-press, weak, alone,
Of your life's fair fruit bereaved;
To have slain your sorrow without a m3an-
This is to have lived.
To have given the helm to a stronger hand,
To have listened, to have believed;
To have yielded life to a higher command-
This is to have lived.

The Nashville Campaign, N.

A. E.

More than a quarter of a century ago people
from this section of the country (Mass.) made a
visit to Nashville, with guns and ammunition and
all the circumstance of war. They left traces of
their occupancy around the city in earthworks and
in devastated fields an 1 forests, and in mined
houses and shattered health of womin and children.
Some of those man came bacl with laurels on
their brow-.; others found graves beneath those
sunny skies. And now Nature has restored the
beauty of the fields; foliage drapes the spots made
desolate by war, anl time has mercifully assuaged
the bitterness of strike. The pain of suffering and
loss have gradually yielded 1 to the generous impul-
ses of our natures, an 1 where on.13 there was ha-
tred and mistrust, kindly feeling and a rivalry in
-benevolent work are no.v to the front. In place of
the thorn and the thistle, the vine anl the fig-tree;
and for the laurel, symbol of bloody strife, the
olive-branch, emblem of brotherhood and peace.
And the city itself is a gem. Nestled among a
cordon ot hills, wooded, or surmounted with noble
institutions and elegant residences, or covered with
verdant fields, the city, built upon an undulating
surface, has many noble buildings, fine residences,
nand substantial business houses. And from the


-- ~~-

porticoes and terraces of the capitol, itself an inm -,.
posing specimen of Grecian architecture, there is a
view of the city and the surrounding country which
is extremely lovely. The distant hills are bathedI'
in a mellow radiance that softens the outline and
imparts that-indescribable charm which paintelrs
seek in vain to transcribe. The river winds noise-
lessly below, and the breeze upon this emiincuco
brings to the ear the hum of a busy little city. In-'
this building the educational exhibit will be held,"'
and perhaps some of the department meetings will
be there. The General Association will meet in a.''
fine theatre called the "vendome," and convenient ~i
places will accommodate the meetings of other de-'":
partcents in the afternoons. .:
A.'P. MARBLE, President. ..

For His Boy's Sake. *
Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta C:.,zitu-' e r
tion, said in an address: :
"I_ assume to keep no mnm's conscience; I as-.,
same to judge for no man; I do not assume that I
am better than any main, but that I am weaker.'
But I say this to you, that I have a boy that is as :
dear to me as the ruddy drops that gather about r:
his heart. I find all my hopes already centering'" :
in his little body and I look to him to-night to
take to himself the work that, strive as I mray, ;-
must fall unfimshod at last from my hands. Now
I Know they say it is proper to educate a boy at
home; that is if he is taught right at home he.,
will never go wrong. This is a lie to begin with,
but that don't matter. I have seen sons of someas .
good people as ever lived turn out badly. I accept
my responsibility as a father. The boy nia.' fail
from the right path as things now exist. If he
does, I shall bear that sorrow with such resigna-.:
tion as I may, but I tell you, if I were to vote to
recall barrooms to this city when I know that it ;:
has prospered in their absence, and that ,ov
should fall through their agency, I tell you-and ,..;
this conviction has c,)me to me in the still watches. ,,,
of the night-I could not, wearing the crowning- c;
sorrow of his disgrace and looking into the eyes ol
her whose heart he had broken-I could not, if I
had voted to recall these barrooms, find answer for
my conscience or support for my remorse. I don't
know how any other father feels, but that is the ,;.
way I feel, if G:) permits m to utter the truth,"


College Notes.
Co: i it ('on m :1 c .?t--Bxercises at half-fare
S ates.. ..
Two years ago the enrollment was 44, hcst year
33, this year 86 and next year it will be upwards.
Sof 200 without doubt.
Seven handsome gold medals have been received
with which to decorate the worthy 'cadets of the
overall departments. Attendance, deportment,
jtainmen'.; a fair,' free fight; ahd 'the'boys are
making a Ing struggle.
A handsome new illustrated catalogute will be
issued this month, setting forth the advantages of
the College. It is being printed in the College
Printing Department and will be a fine sample of
.what a school can do in this line. Send for a
A liberal appropriation having been made by
the recent legislature, a handsome and commodi-
ous brick Barracks building, fully equipped for
rooming and boarding Cadets, will bb at once
erected and many other needed appliances added
to thd College equipment.
A i' l: ':.. '"i lment is offered to the friends.
of the College who are cordially invited to be with
us on Wednes.lav afternoon and evening, June
12th. See programme elsewhere. The F. R. & N,
railroad will sell round trip tickets at one Ifare be-
tween River Junctibn and J.acksonville and as fdr'
south as Ocala.
After this issue,- ll College matters will appear
in an extra supplement which those not interested
may cast aside, and the full space.of the JOURNAL
will be devoted to the cause of general education
in the State. We have published everything sent
us that was fit to .publhti excepting some long-.
winded articles whichwwe cut down.

Military Instructors Shifted.
WASHINGTON, May 29.-S 'cond Lieutenant C. G.
Morton, Sixth infantry, has bien relieved from
duty at the East Florida S.minary, Gainesville,
October 1, and has been detailed as profess r of
miliAiry science aund tactics3' t the Florida State
_A .ii~,Ll College, at Lake City. First Lieu-
tenant L, H. Orleanan, U.S. A. (retire.l) has been
rcii3avdl from duty at the Florida Agricultura!
College, L.ke City, anl detailed for duty at Peek.
skill Military Academy, N. Y.- -T', s- Union.
Lieut. Orleman has been a very efficient officer
and instructor and is very popular with our cadets
who wish him pro3pe'ity in his new field of labor.

Liule.j, prlon is a West Point era: .iin.- nil u:,
.the reputation ot being a strict li;lipiiu..!aul nd
competent instructor. We welcome him to the F.
A. C. with the assurance that he will find- anobie
and devoted class of cadets who are loyal to the
College and-its best interests.

We, had promised an institute at Ft. Myers the
latter part of this-month and now comes a cordial
invitation to,go on down to Key West, the "Island
Sub-Rosa," and work a week with the teachers of
that "Beautiful.Isle of the Sea," but must decline
both since our economical legislature have cut off
the appropriation asked for and the State cannot
do this work as wns desired. We hone there will
be sufficient enterprise in the counties so that each
one will support a series of profitable institutes for
the benefit of the great cause which is bound to
move onward and upward in its war- ngainat the
hosts of darkness and ignorance. Be-sure and give
the JOURNAL reports of these meetings.

"Ami -he gave it as his opinion, that whoever
could make two ears of corn, gr two blades of grass
to grow upon a spot of ground where only one ,ivw
before, would deserve better of mankind, and do
more essential service to his country, than the
whole race of politicians put together."
-- G,..'.:' I's Tavels,

Fur years.the West Fla. Seminary, at Tallahas-
see, has been laboring under serious disadvantages
which made success almost impossible. Nptwith-
standing this the school has maintained a stand-
ing which has been .highly creditable to the
Capital City.
Now the legislature has appropriated $7,500 for
next year, and tie same amount for .the year tol-
lowing, and we expect .to see the W. F. S. come to
the trott rank as one of the niiblcAt in the State.

We desire to coili:iiy thn e ti hk the t-achels of the
State 1fo the words of cheer, nind odter assi taiuce
which have mr'ide oti duties as -publisber o t your
Journal very pleasant indeed. We I cose the worik
of the year with an agi eable retrospeltion, while
looking forivard to brgihteQr aud better results for
the future of the State we have learnii~, to dearly


Official Department.
A. J. Ri -.lI i, Superintendent of Pub. Inst., Editor.

National Teacher's Association.
We are very glad to s2e so much interest mani-
fested on the part of many teachers, under the lead
of Prof. Kern, Pres.oC the State College, in regard to
the coming assemblage of the Nation's Teachers at
Nashville, a Southern city, and a vast educational
centre itself. Teachers every where should avail
themselves of these splendid opportunities of gain-
ing knowledge through experience, and though
through comparison o[' experience, circumstances
and facilities, a little University in tlenieelves, are
these National Assemblies, but specially should
Southern Teachers attend on this occasion. It has
been querried by our brother of the School Journal
of New York and ,Chicago, (Kellogg,) what was to
be expected by the Association meeting in a South-
ern City; isn't it so much like that other query once
'upon a time? "Can any good thing come out of
Nazareth?" Does not the same spirit inspire both of
them ? Well, go up good teachers by the hundreds,
and carry your warm hearts, hospitable, generous na-
tures and manner, your thankful, laughing faces, and
teach all grum, selfish, conceited ones, how much
better, happier and blessed it is to be otherwise; and
then what a school our unfortunate ones shall have
found and under Southern teachers too, ahem. Yes
go and tell them how much you love your work and
what you are doing under the blessing and sanction
of Almighty God, for Country, State and common
humanity; gently, humbly if necessary, gath-
er all you can and be ready to scatter it among the
children of our beloved Sunland when we begin
again next autumn all refreshed and girded for our
We mu;t stay and g: a:nag th. lo1nly ones in our
remote counties and less blessed localities and gath-
er our friends in Institutes, and instruct, encourage,
and inspire and get the whole State in better trim
still. God bless and help us for this good work.
Vacation! Sometimes when we contemplate it, it
calls up death, as the only vacation from life's toil of
the mind of the real worker, so much to do, and the
field inclosing and extending ever, and so little time
left to toil in, life so short, and its work so great, its
opportunities so multiplied, that one can scarcely re-
alize a time for vacation in life. Yet it is necessary,
and the time is at hand. Shall it be a time of dolce

far nienic, a season of sweet idleness, or shall it be a.
pleasurable hunt after new thoughts, and investiga-
tion to digest them for ourselves and be ready when
actual work-time comes to use what we have garnered
to the benefits of those .whose thought-power and
training are entrusted to us? Vacation thus employ-
ed may be made pleasurable, recuperative and highly
useful, and a benefit to all concerned. Alas there
are those, a majority' we fear, whose pay while at
work in the school-room, is so poor, that they dare
not.think of vacation but must work and supplement
their school pay for a living, and among this class we
know of some, among the most devoted, the most
earnest, whose hearts are filled with the spirit of
christian civilization and are not only willing but
cheerful in their work. Oh Sometime, somewhere,
these will be paid, richly paid. paid when mere
worldly fortunes will vanish like thin vapor from the
soul whose idol it was.
So may God's blessing rest upon us, all during this
time of rest-labor, of every class. He will best know
our needs and will best know how to minister to
them, and what a privilege it is to trust Him.
Commencement Time..
Oh, my, this is commencement time, and the
graduates and the graduates, and the gentle, kind in-
vitations-how they come And how thankful we
are to be thus remembered and so kindly thought of
by the dear children arid youth ot the State, from
splendid Pensacola, on the west, to old-new St. Au-
gustine, on the Atlantic strand, and from away down
south, amid the fringing palms, these come, while we
sigh for the ubiquity, that 'we might. be present at
them all and enjoy the enthusiasm and hope of the
young; that the blood might course again in the vig-
or of boyhood through my veins and my heart swell
with theirs and my eye sparkle again, but this cannot
be. There are one or two :where our business, offi-
cial duty calls us imperatively. To these we must
go and be present, and while we witness the hope,
the happiness and the exultation of these, we shall
wish, oh, yes, so heartily, for the like j6y and happi-
hess of all and each of the many others.
May God bless them all.

A XAN is not expected to take tp his pill bags
and begin the practice of medicine without first,
studying his profession; neither should the teacher
who has to do with the mental instead of the phys-
ical being, be permitted to enter the work until he
has studied the principles upon which depends his

All teachers wishing to secure a silver medal
free of charge to offer as a prize for elocution in
their schools apply to L. B. MATilS,
Ta`ipa, Fla.




In all the world-go where you will-
Yo.u'll never find another
Who'l! stick to you through good or ill
And love you like a -mother.
In all the world-where e'er you roam-
With sister, wife or brother,
You'll never know so sweet a home
As that one made by--mother.
I- all the world-though wealth commands
For you the work of others-
You'll never find a pair of hands
To toil for you like-mother's
In all the world -although you should
In riches nearly smother-
You'll taste no cooking half so good
As that prepared by-mother.
In all the world-though friends sincere
And more to you than brothers-
.You'll never for a moment hear--
SA voice so kind as-mother's.
In all the world-although you break
The tender hearts of others,
There is no heart can ever ache
iFor you as much as-:nother's.
'In all the world- though you create
A pleasure for another,
You can give none a joy so great
As you can give to-mother.
In all the world-although a wife
May you in goodness smother,
There's none who'll sacrifice a life
For you as quick as--mother.
In all the world-where you in bliss
'May soon forget another,'
There is no one whom you will miss,
When she is gone, like--mother.

SOMIETUIES I think that we prficssian1l teachers
arc the worst teachers; a non-professional teacher
certainly ai appears to) p 'i.dit .i, 1- i -t I ni results.
It' a boy goes inlo a conntliugnrooli lie very soon
learns from those over hlii principles of business
that he never foi:g:ts; if he ,gos into the woods
with an Indian guide, unable perhap- to read or
write, will immediately put in practice the very
laws of pedagogy, s, ably advocated by Joseph
layne, Campayre., Ilerbert. Spencer, Rousseau,
Pestalozzi, and others, anl the result is a real ac-
quisition of knowleolge an:l power gained in an iu-

credibly short time. If this same boy goes to
school or college and studies geometry, or.logic, or
history, the chances are that six months after lie
hlas .lI'l_.l a subject it has entirely gone from
him. I do not believe that the reason for this lies
so much in a lack of taste for the subject as in the
absence of a proper method. Let .the pupil do
most of the work hero uas in other cases, and the
result will amount to something.
I once stuciied logic for six mon ths, and all that
I remember of it now is the word barbara. I once
went skating with a friend who taught me to make
the "grape vine," and years afterward, although I
had not skated in the meanwhile, I found that I
could still make ,te e"grape vine." I once took a
year's course in analytic geometry and did fairly
well in it; a year alter dropping the subject I was
called upon to teach it, and found .to my dismay
that luy previous work in it had left the same mi-
pression on my uind that is made by drops of wa-
ter on a duck's back.
In our teaching are we not apt to be satisfied if
we get our pupils over the prescribed ground un-
derstandingly in the time allowed? And in doing
this do we not, in the :n .i i ty ol cases, fail to
cause them to make a single real. acquisition iof
lasting benefit? It may be said that no pupil can
study a subject understandingly without increas-
Ing his mental power, even if lie doe forget what
he has learned. This is doubtless true; but isn't
life too short for such work when the same amount
of mental power plus a permanent Knowledge can
be obtained in less time?--A Teacher, in fJonrnal of

EDUCATION means the full and harmonious de-
velopmcnt of all the faculties; but how is the teach-
er to train the mind unless lie has made some in-
vestigation into the workings of the mind itself?
Let us, then, rain our lca/chrs to teach.

S. B. THOMPSON, 'orpR.
Lake City, Fla.,
School & College Text Books, \'.,_1, Poetical
works etc. Any book published furnished at special
low prices. Orders from readers of the JOURNAL so-
licited. Reference Prof. F. L. Kern, Pres. F. A-
College. Lake City, Fla.


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