GROWERS AND SHIPPERS LEAC!JE OF FLORIDA,
BULLETIN NO 42.
:REPWJTITO'7 IN REFRIT'-EFJ~TION CHARGES ORDERED BY :
-: INTEhSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION.
THE AMUJAL SAVING ITT REFRIGERATION CHARGES ON CITRUS FRUIT
AND VEGETABLES TO FLORIDA GRO'" ET.S AND SHIPI-ERS AS A RESULT
OF THE IYITER3Th TE COMER3E COMMISSION'S REPORT IN THE
REFRIGERATIOIT ITVESTGATIOI CASE, DO,7CET 17936,BJPSED UPON
1927-28 MOVEiN'T, WILL APPROXIMATE j_75,.000 O0.
Supplementing our 'Bulletin No. 41, issued Feb. 16th in
reference to Order of the Commission in the Refrigeration Investiga-
tion Case, on Feb. 12, 1929, the Commission ordered that effective
April 15th a reduction in standard refrigeration charges from Florida
to Trunk Line and New England territories should be made as follows;
14J percent on citrus fruit and vegetables.
23 ,percent on berries.
8 percent on melons and fruit other than citrus.
The Commission also ordered similar reduction from
the other states involved in the Case;-Georgia, North and South
Carolina and Virginia. No changes were made in grouping or rules
With some minor. exceptions the final Report of the
Commission follows the proposed Report of Director of Service,
Wm. P. Bartel and S-ecial Examiner, John L. Rogers, rendered October
17th, 1928 and incorporated in our Bulletin No. 39, October 23,1928.
As stated in Bulletin 41, the League estimates that on
the basis outlined in the Commission's Report, the Florida growers
and shippers would save an average oi$C-.,o0 per car on citrus fruits
and vejetables;$18.86 per car on berries, and $6.96 per car on melons
and fruits other than citrus. Further, based upon 1927-28 movement,
taking into consideration that approximately 55 percent of fruits
and vegetables moves under refrigeration, this would mean a saving
in refrigeration charges of approximately $475,000.00, annually, on
all fruits and vegetables moving under refrigeration from the State,
instead of an increase of from $6.00 to $9.00 per car as previously
asked for in other cases by the carriers.
We further pointed out that had this reduction been
in effect during the current season, 1928-29, it is estimated that
a saving in refrigeration charges on citrus fruit, alone would
Your Traffic Manager has just completed an analysis of the
reduction ordered to twelve of the leading Imarkets in the.territoty
effected and the following statamirent will show the amounts of
reduction ordered and the average reduction to these representative
destinations. The refrigeration charges from all points in Florida
east of the Apalachicola River are the same on citrus fruit and
CITRUS FR)IT & VE-ETABLES
Charge as ordered
by the Cb vision ,
.... *@@. 4 .0 e 50 0. *
Therefore basing our figures upqn the above the average
saving on citrus fruit and vegetables moving under refrigeration would
1 car ............. ..... .... o10o.63
10 cars .....................105o30
50 cars ..................... 31.50
100 cars ................ ...$1063,00
1000 cars ....................$10,630.00
Bearing in mind that shipments moving under refrigeration
constitute 55 percent of the total movement and basing our figures
upon the above table, the average saving on citrus fruit and vegetables,
due to the reduction in refrigeration charges would be:-
Total Cars moving Saving
cars under per car
shipped refrigeration under
per ( 55% ) Rfgn.
Dues in League
based on 500
Therefore a shipper would save in refrigeration charges, alone,
on one season's business enough to pay his dues in the Leajue on
the basis of 50 cents per car for a period of more than TElF YEARS .
GROWERS AID SHIPPERS LEAGUE OF FLORIDA
For immediate releaseA APRIL 189,2,9
INJUNCTION AGAINST REDUCED REFRIGERATION RATES
REQUESTED BY RAILROADS:
Advice received by the Growers and Shippers League of Florida
today from their Counsel, C. R. Marshall at 7ashington, is to the
effect that the Railroads have filed with the Federal Court at
Norfolk, Virginia, a petition for injunction against the Order of
the Interstate Commerce Commission issued on February 12th which
reduced the refrigeration rates from the south Including Florida to
points in Official Classification territory, effective May first.
A statutory Court consisting of Judges Groner, Parker and
Soper will hear application at Richmond,Tuesday, April 23rd.
The Commission's Decision reduced refrigeration rates
on fruits, vegetables, berries and melons from Florida and four
other southern states was issued 'February 12th to become effective
April 15th. The Effective date was later postponed by the
Commission upon request of the carriers to May 1st, in order
to give the carriers additional time in which to make all of the
necessary changes and publish the amended tariff.
The carriers appealed to the Commission opposing the
Decision with respect to the item of cost of haulage of ice and
the allowance of profit in switching, bunker repairs, etc.
The Commission denied the carriers request for postponement
of effective date of the tariff until after rehearing and reconsidera-
tion respecting certain elements of costs entering into the
proposed refrigeration charges, and ordered reduced rates to become
effective May first. The carriers were, however, granted
a rehearing with respect to certain elements of cost including
haulage of ice, date for which has not yet been set.
Growers and Shippers League of Florida.
By J. Curtis Robinson
GROWERS & SKIPITRS LEAGUE OF LORIDA_
BULLET IN N 0. 43.
PROPOSED R-T'UCTION InT ESTIMATED WEIGHT OF
CITRUS IN BUSHEL BASKETS. (File 1M4-57)
Hearing was held in Atlanta, Ga. before the Southern
Freight Association February lith. The League was represented
by Traffic Manager, Mr, Jcbhn I. 'wan. VWe have since been advised
that the Decision of the Association in effect is,that they cannot
accept less than 60 lbs. as an estimated weight for citrus fruit
in bushel containers.
This Decision was undoubtedly the result of accepting
evidence presented by the Southern Weighing and Inspection Bureau
showing an average weight of approximately 60 lbs. as compared
with evidence presented by shippers showing actual weight between
50 and 55 lbs.
We have made an effort to get the initial Florida
carriers to adopt an estimated weight of 55 lbs. which
has been denied. The Reduction from 67- to 60 lbs, will result in
an estimated saving of approximately $40.00 per car.
CANCELLATION LESS CARLOAD COi',ODITY RATES ON VEGETABLES,
( Tomatoes and Celeery, File 154-60).
On Feb. 3rd, the League wired the Interstate Commerce
Commission requesting suspension of Supplement 9 to Glenn's
Eastbound Vegetable Tariff No. 18-A ICC,A-683, 'which authorized
cancellation of less carload commodity rates on vegetables,
particularly, tomatoes and celery, from Florida points to Carolina
and eastern destinations scheduled to become effective Feb. 9th.
Despite the vigorous action on the part of the League's
Counsel, Mr. C. R. Marshall, the Interstate Commerce Commission
declined to take any action and the cancellation became effective
The League is now making an intense investigation as
to the extent and effect of these cancellations on Florida vegetable
traffic, with the view of taking such action as the results thereby
obtained may justify.
FLORIDA TOMATO LUG BOX, (File 209)
It will be recalled that at the joint conference held
in the League offices, October 26th, 1928, between shippers andi
carriers, at which time it was decided to adopt the so-called "Lug
Box" as a standard container for snipping tomatoes, the carriersT
representatives declined to consider publishing a reduced rate
on this new style package. They stated that due to the fact that
the rates on vegetables were still'before the Interstate Commerce
Commission it would jeopardize their interests to reduce the
rate,and would therefore assess the same package rate as on the
six basket crate, altho the lug weighs 30;, less. As the result of
this, numerous shippers who were contemplating using the lug during
the present season abandoned such plans as the freight rates would
On March 8th, 1929, the carriers issued Supplement 13 to
Glenn's Eastbound Vegetable Tariff 13-A, I.C.C.Ae683, proposed to
be effective April 13th to rnake rates applicable on the six
basket crate, applicable also on the tomato lug box.
The League filed formal protest and request for suspension
thru their Counsel, C. R. Marshal of Washington, and suspension
was granted by the Interstabc. (Cn.amerce Commission on April llth,
under I&S Docket 2r74, Date foi- hearing on this question will
be determined late.
RECONSIGNMENT ID DITESION jF,?le 23)
The League has recme2;l developed that a clause in
current tariffs of carriers propoue0 to relieve the originating
carrier for responsibility i, 3 shipment is reconsigned or
diverted after being turned over to its connections. We found
this provision to be unlawful. We appealed to the Interstate
Commerce Commission and hawe been assured carriers have been
instructed to eliminate the lausi2c from their tariffs.
RECONSIGMNMENT AND DIVERSION TIT CANADA, File 23.
Florida perishables d.o2tined to Canada are discriminated
against in favor of perishables from California and Arixona.
Perishables from California may be reconsigned or
diverted any number of times at a charge of $2.00 for first two
reconsignmentsand $5.00 each thereafter. Shipments from Florida
may only be reconsigned or diverted once in Canada and that
must be before arrival at the billed destination. The charge
is $3.00 per car compared with $2.00 each for the first two diver-
sions on California traffic, further, the diversions on
California traffic are unlimited and Florida only has the
privilege of onei
The League is handling with traffic officials of
the Canadian lines in an effort to have this discrimination against
PROPOSED ALTERATION IN DIMENSIONS OF STANDARD FLORIDA CITRUS
CRATE. (File 45-4)
A Bill has been proposed in the legislature to adopt
as a standard container for citrus fruit a box similar in
measurement to the one used in California with compartments
lli- x 11 x ll-" instead of 12 x 12 x 12".
A hearing was held on Friday morning, April 26th, 1929 ,
before a joint Committee of the Senate and House at Tallahassee.
Senator John S* Taylor, Gen. A. H. Blanding, Mr. L.P.Kirkland,
Senator Igou, Judge Ci0OAndrews and your Secretary, J. Curtis
Robinson attended the hearing and presented arguments opposing
the adoption at this time of the proposed citrus fruit box.
Objection was made to the proposal on the grounds that altho
perhaps 10% less fruit would be required to fill the proposed
box as compared with the present box, that the proposed box would
require a stepping up of sizes of Florida fruit, for illustration -
making the 150 size 126's, thereby increasing the discount sizes.
In reality the growers would be forced to pack sizes subject to
discount, it would take more boxes, more packing, etc., and the
selling charge per box would be the same, altho more boxes to sell,
so that the net result to the growers would bo less than under
the present system.
There seems to be a rather strong opinion among the advocates of
the Bill that it should be passed on the ground that Florida
is supplying approximately 10% more fruit per box than California
and our fruit is solf by the box- aid vwe are rot getting more
benefit in the increase in amount of fruit per box.
HEARING BEFORE NATIONAL PERISHABLE FREIGHT COT-ITTEE, CHICAGO,
At.a Hearing before the National Perishable Freight Committee in
Chicago, April 9th, the following subjects of interest to the
Florida shippers were considered:-
SUBJECT No. 2125, SHIPTE.TTTS TRANSPORTED UTDZk RULE 240 RECONSIG-NED
SUBJECT NO. 2123. CHARGES ON SHIPMENTS RECONSIGNED MOVING UTTDER
THROUGH STATED REFRIGERATION CHARGES.
SUBJECT NO. 2092, SHIPPERS' INSTRUCTIONS-WAYBILL NOTATIONS..
SUBJECT NO. 2117, CHANCE IIT SEASON FOR CARRIES' PROTECTIVE SERVICE
SUBJECT NO. 2100. REFRIGERATION CHARGES ON FRUIT JUICES FROM
FLORIDA GROUP B POINTS.
SUBJECT NC. 2118. STANDARD VENTILATION-MANIPULATING VENTILATORS
AT 38 I:EC"RE13 IN LIEU OF 32 ILCGRELS.
SUBJECT NO. 2115, HANDLING PRE-COOLED VEGETABLES, ETC. FROM FLORIDA
IN )RY RE-RI-RTOa 2H-,
The League was represented in person by TMr. E. D. Dow, Chairman
of our Traffic Committee and I-...:E..S. Briggs, Manager-Secretary
of the American Fruit and Vegetable Shipp'eis -Asso.ciation, The
Committee has not as yet announced to us their decision upfo'r-t he
various subjects. As soon as we have advice, as to whether or
not they withdrew the objectionable proposals you will be further
As a matter of information to our members, we quote below
from Page 4, of Briggst Bulletin 787, his file 108-1:-
n The railroads have called our attention to the fact that certain
interests have been very active in making numerous reconsignments
on the same car and by reason of that- fact some of the Railroads
who have noticed this ac.;-'.it have placed the matter before the
American Railroad Associaio-in wiTh tae recommendations that a
study be made o.f the situation a'd t;.at steps be taken to apply
the proper remedy, lii study has been made and the American
Railroad Association, so we -re informed, has passed the record on
to the Chairman of the Nlational Reconsignment and Diversion
While we have received no advice as yet that definite
action has been taken by that Committee, yet we know the
railroads are seriously considering some measures that will
prevent an abuse of this privilege.
The matter was considered by our Reconsigiment
and Diversion Committee at its meeting held at the Stevens .Hotel,
January 15,1929, and they are emphatically against efforts to
tramp cars from market to market and unless it is stopped the
Industry can expect suitable tariff regulations which will
result in an added expense on the Industry as a whole.
WTnIt you earnestly and sincerely give this matter
your best attention.
Signed E.S. BRIGGS,".
J. CURTIS ROBINSON
Executive Vice-President, Secretary
GROWERS AND SHIPPERS LEAGUE OF FLORIDA.