Digitization of this item is currently in progress.
Exchange with Miami Herald over water problems.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007549/00011
Finding Guide: A Guide to the Ernest R. Graham Papers
 Material Information
Title: Exchange with Miami Herald over water problems.
Series Title: Everglades Drainage and Other Water Issues
Physical Description: Unknown
Publication Date: 1945
Physical Location:
Box: 32
Folder: Exchange with Miami Herald over water problems.
Subjects / Keywords: Everglades (Fla.)
Drainage -- Florida -- Everglades.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: AA00007549:00011

Full Text

Thursday, GOt. 11, 1945

wr,~ l~~toa in1r(o,~~~t~e- 8 c io .
de. sP~ pg ast .po~$i 6v~ who: on a
t.his. firm, therg~.l~~ anP~S a3 th ln istsg~at

FS/L ~ Er~nest. R. Gi~h dlPSi; hotS~ a eI of hisis S~it: p~- gIii
-' lf;ti 001~ a:the survey.; Voud~il
defninds what te ev'el, 1 asic to ~; -,;
qute ~wit~_r a ly for '`tlhi city and'd' th Gaier veateb en
siunicipalitie vbich it,-sypplies,.:iti re In 2 ruj~di~t, gc

A: s a'go thetat City3 of 31\1a~iN with fil. if liqiloydt
oidBg a:~~PUll (ei~tt d~In at Thirfy-sixth: .aitto~if ~ iftd8,~Eded rai #Fde
a icit p at A t~rit*water infiltry e goethd n o pyactica scien-I
-widn ich Lt i~e.ktgustS he squiticipal:h 8 t.if -6 Oi e sof 1Perinsizc
inthe ,~ii ~h: secqetion. . : t~ces~~en m sen ~ ban gint of t~if~
The t me.'~;~,b s of' .the? "verg a~sr ess o
Dpraina in of~~j~ GG~~~G~t; r pfi pqi flt tnil ,~~i ~d tihe .t'dgral qei -:
'Cibr ~had & 60,000 ind ttity pond2should know where
ihe 4t.fad-a di fot # tablished yPJ that 19 .~or j,-
dam harm- farms ato~f tfhe' Mgiami adi.' I. Ther~~S sa;-~~- r~ a hen:I c in: of~ici]ls
: Thiat bord stfil 'iata 4. 'th~e 19;15'' il to table j-r gi
i~re set ubl~ a jy r copyro pr~gari or The -a a i
CIounfy whlich ar b rised the..CduintyBoi final uithii abrtr~

take down. (i.- t rgugls Persis'

fa: or~-~- -h b 1 f or t eg 1 p.

tI~rait Metrpolian~: -r in ano
I;beydpjd its dfresb W9a~tie tes~ ivd he onid
redlze~s: .hat. mileess btething is dihe ;to
Fb:the .iafiltration of salt water fropr the:
,$1 .ti6:hole.'ared. Is he~agd ~ine tAt~~:.t _
buyif .shrae -ai -moigiting tb
aid$ ziew~fjields-f~urtier away.
.gher~~ pr igrarn cal S~.f e cs ofge
ah. ,d qiwhi~~i ii~ll serve' is ~t~lidae .ts t
rCnerve ~ffes# water: soili ingailopt pro
o I litandat the same. tiqe: adto as
atr i~ti i.barrier ~toisil~t intrusimn that would

Mr; gaa.atates- spnentygoualpl -


THn untBB numA
October 12, 1945



'Earlier in the w'eek,. Graham de- request of the city
clazed that raising of` the w-ater ment.
level in the Mliami canal at '----
Pennsuco to three feer would flood
adjoining farmland.

byG b1 Ie Iraotive nact re unt
comimsision recently~ approved rais-i
ing the maximum water level at
Pennsuco tro~m 21.: to 3 feet at the

Dams Favore'd rida~y Oct. 1, 194

water depart-

BvG ahV mB

Sen. Ernest R. Graham said

gineering,' ~not against thle county
water control program.
"I wrant to see them puit in the
damis," he said. The county plans
to put a lock in the Initami river
and damns in each canal, to main-
tain water levels and pre\ent salt
water infiltration.
At! thie same time, Gr'aham said
hie did nor believe the dams woulldd
k~cl;p up w\ater tables In dry' se-


w~hich~ operates under a government license, is
not permitted to have any opinion of its owrn
but is actually~ a mechanical facility.
Some politicians, notably 1\lr. Roosevelt,
hav~e had t~he abilirty to usje this facillity to
greater advantage than others, Gov. Alf Landon
and Herbert Hoo\er, for example. No matter
wrhat your personal political views may be, no
one can deny that the persuasive quality of
RIr'. Roose\-elt's Voice influenced mor'e people
than the amateurish radio eff~orts of lur.
\\'illikie whoi. oddly enough, was an accomn-
plished platform speaker.

W\e i~ke to think of mloving pictures in
terms of entertainment and escapismr but
theyr exert a mlost potent influneo~ upon
public opinion. Thle young are impressed
wfitb the wray Shirleyv Temple, wea~rs her
clothes and the easy familiarity betfe~en
sees. A newsdreel showing a public man
wFith a squeakyS voice or peculiar miannerism
stamps him indelibly in 3'our1 mind as a
boob or a fr~eak;.

Th1e inftlu~ence of plopagan~da piictures a
terna~tely glortlin~lg and rridiciling :ar' ]Ir

the miotion pietureI ha?e aidrid man? a go
cause and bi~lought homne to the Americ
people by~ vlsulal mnethodsi~ the neiessity

!HLfce f and bond buying.tefedo L

TH:inin .e are bet ase re tha th s 1
-million Amierican GIs wIho w\ere starione
Englanid from time to time had no e~ff
British public opinion?
Anne O'Hare RlcCbirmick, talented
for Thle New' York Timej, feels that the
a pronounced infiluence on thie ou~tlomne
recent British elecirona. Acording to

mie n ith British ci\ilianj over a pe
year's made the English realize that the
years behind in general standards of
This dissatisfaction wras later exesse
The broad general topic of whla
ences public opinion, for good or eviI,
debated from every coneivable angle.
been argued that the movies, the ladlo
pl~ess are gradually being~brought i\pto
trol of a few~. Ot iers t liink t sat w\
ha ve a gov'ernmen tcont rolled rad~io.
deplor'e chain new\spapers andl one-n
citiee. A good case can be made for
these contentions but the fact is tha3t
tion picture companies a~r constantly
formed and new\~ radio licenses are gr'a
mos~t daily. Chain newspapers repre,;
a fraction of thle 1,-100 dailies being pt
In this country~ and now and then a ne
started. ll'e shall probably see more
now that the United States Supreme Cou
ruled The Associaied Press must admi
W\hatever the e\ils of our formulate
public opinion may be, let us give unit
thanks that w~e still hia\e the right of
speech and enjoy the indlividulal liberties
have been denied~- so Ilong and so disastro
to milbion of our fellowr men.


T HE following contains excerptr f'rom an ad-
dress delivered to the English-Speaking
Union.at Orchestra Hall, Chicago, on Friday'
evening, Octob~er ll;
The sulaject of this for~um. "Pubic Opinion
in Great Britain and thie United States," is
broad enough to enable our distinguished
speakers to encompass a tremendous field of
discussion, limited only' by, the patience and
good nature of our audience.
According to the dictionary, public opinion
is "common opinion, especially when it mani-
fests itself as a massE judgment or conclusion,
as a lawv enforced by public opinion.' r'
W'ebster might have added that public opinion
can nullify, as wrell as enforce.
Fortunately, public opinion Is anything
but rigid, therelore a fumbling outfielder
who hit safely three times in one World
Berles game is alternately a bum and a hero
In the space of a few bours.

Public opinion lionized Charles Lindbergh
for his feats in aviation only to scorn the man
w.hen he h~adl the courage, or made the mistake,
as you prefer it, to take an uInpopular position

In public opiniion, Lieut. Gen. George Pat-
son has been bothi a heel and a hero not less
thian foutrtimes since the inv-asion of Africa
in 19~-1.
According to thle Gallup poll, President.
eua emant Ine ta poipulariaaw tM' mnth ago

late President. Roos-evelt. Today, the Trumart
market has dropped a few points.

UNTIL Dr. Gallup and other po~llaters devel- *
oped the art of measuiring public opinion
to a fine science, personal popularity could be
established only at the voting booth or in the
relatively small circles in which an individual
Today, a national politician is rated u'
public esteem byy much the same methods as
are used by an advertiser to determine the
Hooper rating of his radio program.*

* The a stem is no nestionably scientific
but I happen to view with some alarm the
pomposity of men in pu tic lio dho are
p ~fd inogr er s atre tan tey deserve -
by the creation of temnporary, byt often false
public opinion

'The danger ij that far roo maany of your
elected representatives prefer to' play to the
"popular" side rather than leind. The hope of
re-election rises above all other cons~iderations.
It takEs a sttoio ng mn th1Eze days to run coun-
ter to public opinion, unfair and mistakeni as it
often is. For' there is no question but that
public opinion can be mlanufactured and proc.
essed for a special purpose by pressure groups
w~ho knowu precisely~ whait they want while the
unorganized majority is dormant or disln.

ENhLIGHTENED public opinion is, of course,
the ideal for which all of us must strive. In
my humble judgment, the first step toward
the achievement of that pr~iceless goal should
be taken in the public srhool. It Is during
the formative years that a child's attitude to- -

not say that it is entirely wvholesome. It is
far easier to turn the radio dial for opinions
than to evolve them on your own. M~any of
these lush-voiced oracles are special pleaders
wIhose voices ring w\ith authority. No one ever
takes the trouble to inv~estigate their qualifica-
fions for the ro~le they play and one' of` mys pet
ir~ks is to hia\e a friend say., "'Did :.ou hear
w~hat Gabr~iel HeattET ~Said last night?" as If
an~y intelligent person really cared. Eut people
do Jijten and that is all the sponsor \i\ants to

T'he columnoist is a uiuch-abubed indi-
vidual whbo has much of it coming, but I
have little pgtience with the editors who
complain that the columnists are i~eplacing
bis editorials in public interest. The anserr
- r-- n-,*. _
to tl:@, of on~be, is" to w;riFte bette edf-

On thle other hand, thle commtenitator is
responsible to no one but hinwe-lf. If his pre-
dictions of things to come are '"O per cent
errloneou, the public doesn't bother to check
himi up and you may be quite suie that he will
ne\er let ,\nu folget about those in which he
w\a4 prov\e~d to be rIgjht.

THE claim has often been made that the
radio exe~rcises more influence than the
newspaper. it wras based largely on the fact
that the late President Roosev~elt w~as re-elect.
ed time and time again in face of overw~helm-
ing new-spaper opposition. WThat the critics
of new\spapers forget is that P!Ir. Roosevelt had
free access to the columns of the American
press and a majority of the people simply pre.
fe~rre himl to his LevralB onnonentr. Hadio.

over our relations 'with Russia. We v~ery
naturally resent Mlarshal Stalin's refusal to
permit our correspondents to file urcensored
dispatches from MIoscow* and the Balkans
while Russian newspapermen are free to
write as they likie from America. The Rus-
slans may have good reason to.be su-spiious
of the I.Inited:itates and England but I pre.
dict that the marky clouds of ill feeling will
begin to clear the moment Russian censor.
ship is abolished.
I am concerned also ov-er the false con-
ceptions of Amercica appearing in certain por-
tions of the Br'itish press. Before the wrar,
particularly, London newspapers seemed to go
out of their way to ~play up American gang-
sierism, and the trivialities of Hcillywood.
W~hen this ty'~p e~~dr8I tigeas -dded -tor --
Hollywood films d licting e~lery American
home as a lush palace w~ith a private sw\im-
ming pool and bar, was~ it any wonder thiat our
English friends find Alt difficult to understand
that wre, too, hate slums,* poverty and houlsinE
problems of our own?
If there is any-btight onl*Anmericanl newj-
pap~ers today, mlish d- it can be attributed to .
ouLr failure to stand,up against the horde of
press agents who protect their bosses, either ~
in business, civil or military positions under
the deceptiv~e titles diF public relations officers.
11'e are too ready to aSccept especially prepared
handouts instead ofi news, too willing to at-
tend "off-the-recordi'' sessions which bottle up
new~ and in many edseqs tdoolazy and unimagi-
native to~ dig for thi factsi: ,

THE influence at -iak4 ,commentators and
newspaper coluptst~s on public opinion is
not to be underestimated,;-plthough I.would

nzard fair play, 8traighrt thinking, standardsj of
honesty, cultural outlook and tolerance are
determ ined.
The proper foundation for future years
cannot be laid with politicallyv selected prin-
cipals and teachers, the compullory use of
text books written byv superintendents who
serve a political machine or the infusion into
our educational systems of doctrines which
distort history and preach ideologies which
are foreign to our concepts of stalwart
America nism~.
Secondly, I feel that the newspapers bear
a tremendous responsibility in the attainment
of an enlightened public opinion. Occasionally
3'ou hear them mentioned as ''Rloulder~s of pub-
*lce opinion." For 'one, I hreartliy (alike that
phrase. It seems to me that the one outstand.
Ing duty of every newfspaper worthy of the
name is to serve its readers w~ith accurate, fac.
tual and uncolored newes. The newspaper may
have opinions of its owrn based upon the back-
gr~ound and research performed by members of
its staff and the convictions of its editor. But
these opinions properly belong on the editarsial
page and not In the newrs columns. It is every
reader's privilege to disagree writh the v'iew\s
expressed by the editor but ev'en so they are
useful to the degree in which they stimulate
thought on the questions of the day.

INTERNATIONALLY, I hav~e been a crusader
for world freedom of news. This is no
idealistic slogan but a realistic, practical
rnethod of dissipating distrust, jealousy' and
suspicinn bett*:een nations and averting future
va rs.
At the mloment we are greatly' distressed

'Ehe Miami Berald
Sunday, GOt. 14, iC45


Opinion Should







an was anne


..u .


;i. :I

eates sk see

s .; ~ answer enanagm~rr a solnes e..4 am.... lr~ a s as dl

Esantg~~ *r~r em s m e sn s noe wk
XTe 1. .4 n.4e a....ca.v .
.s ~. LpP.~1ir. as i;s~l~~:~i~ibi ..war es... rrrr( r~~IIO


Sa a~sese sum~ arn annewr gre asher **r~j~lrm c

an, ak as.. ---an xllb~l~l~C an ne1~ but seel~B aBC~YCSI wam sow enseI

JaaSomet4; :anD seas1 1a fweb see i~~Seem PIlkJ Lan as earsonse 4 j

see as r~b~ilassr as1 ~Pars~~ I ameownr ebaea 1ot a~lPE a~b

amew sta a ImM~ re askI~ as~~ at see~L~d~ll asan esp. aun r a we soo

banges ass eae me manl -an c rs assssu seer se pose


.as seense ~es***l~9 94~g #** **5**** ****** ar 31all~~~ easei e

:asagin e~l;~'r an ai~~i quee agems s ias wer etSeques


::.r. John Cem~-oh:arp"1/6

i~n ;callahaeooo I:thore I ta th firct: tn to endoreo, th iCounty P'rogkram

I di~d thJllo on thi.e assumptiotat the, Count~y roZgan inluded te~ vat~or

proDCrvo adv;o:cated ibY !'7. !'. D. CarriSs. I c-:11e your;~O rY~Oeporter up

You ~cntion~r a accountnz. El~poe sm rc-c~Inly no3 arlr;gumenf; t ot~on

,. .ir rOportevCfr au5~ syself. 7r fct;, are of th ~first; th~i~e he sai wa

I;ith. 6 e knowEc ve little4 ab Tut( t'~.1s vote'~r ,.rU~oblem, or that be C~) 8 dnt o

he? 0o Id discuse0 itr .lar;lrf;ontly. 3; have atatd repeatedlycn~, andT I tld him8~

co, thatt in4 my O .inionJ t:1e whlfe~; troit ble~ withr theri no orit~uatin in ::iard

isr badr ar~:trt~ineering; on t~he ;;art of th I~~L inniB I-ltor; Boa:rl. 2,nl 1X Loliove! tbo

facts wi llj fOibou ::W >t qIn tT1E is tatoront.~ll

"b~o loorlocioda L:urvey otatd, ao ~. ee roll has~y tha~rt it~ore is an

unlimatead supply' of flreo~ ash aterack o~tf h'a-rd.. Ho~ Zt coons~ to as tha~t if

th:1 is ~true~ andi Cthe r:.ater Docrdl ist un~ 10 toD f:*ztishl frosh~ wae unon-~

tonina~ted withi~ cultf to the1C~ co::IUncrf~y Cin !heP~f UseD a, g~G day~s yor,~~~

~~thou;E 1~ the is coPathing4~ vronl; with thi otp fi theM untr Ia rrochz atC

thei oo:-roo, than rr0th to:~ ~L~rf] or pu~nb l setup:' Sit cho j."2 -::e Proch~ vron it

readchoa thel colastmasr.

You rentIon0 theo flnormatcl dam. 88Due you do~n)t ~9rtedian ~that ~this

do frailoct rlift in thei m~idle~Z ofj~ the seso las ear.

Youl also cr9it$.elo ~asic for not tociqs; oye t~o eyer~~l fwith ser on the

oologicnl ourey. In ty opFnion come of their N1ork has boon god but when
they; 3.onvoc theirfil and~b stcart in as properaganIcts tol ,asa lawa, I thn




:."r. Joh1n ;Lonnol-ory


the~y are gently wrng And in talking~ with the hesad og fs th~~ie Uit St~ataes

Geologsccl ;urveoy in Walshington in Junea, 1940;, ha e~p greedwIth ntr As to~ the

belief t!;t overyboyll~ juot boouno bea works for the~ Government~, is an axpert,

"h benlieve yo r::ill find a Pea~t, man p~eople ~in the! t:1ami area wh~o wIil disagree

wlthl yoJu on~ th~;;at ,.ont :iAth recast toI oritic~ising, tbo United ~-tate

Geo0log;I_: l~ ourvy, I th~~in yoru hareo done iexach more of thlat in .rour a~ttacksll

on t'.0 :,orth F'lorida Can3al th~an I- evo;tLrw have with U' rega to~ ~te a~tOr ~Poblem.

;.r stral'J on thes toologl an1 Jurvoy is tchlo i~ss Thathir 1mobtion
ris to 1>.ate water in ~thia partic-.lar casOe, ut~j after that~ watr is locafed

I~t; thn boucers an obngineering; ;Pr~ob;le and I don' t believe thalrt those

.oolm~og'aa ala9Iim to be pureno

Yiou o~tat t:.::t th~e tax payers of hi;2 cs aeobion pad appromaterjly

' G00,000 for the surlvey. '0118 to haerd :'or re to blallve, bas certaiy yoJu

have not m r.olved :t500,000O wort of informnation. 13en lik I'alol~a Pernie,

IIJ 8. Garriso, Emnost Cotton,1 or any~ of tboI old time onineersW would have

I;1-.mn you thiso ienforation ing recau to theC water preserve~C orP a& vrY anaill
>art of thatf cost.

It am ou~nrpriend about the ?canor I am~ supgosed t~o hrave had 5n thse

pact,. andxaret you didnt te~ll as aboLt; it severnl years aglo. Brut I do

wan~t; to thank you for br~ing~ing u tha waefor prob:lemr It, is a subject ~thatl

sh 3*..14 bes thiorou.01y irsouuood, a..d'3 I thinkr this iS a good timea to disrccuse

it, as th o3anal reading this swo~zrnn la 4.7 a~t Pa~nnuek Mr. Borltantttttttt~~~~~~~~

*~t ofn th nter Doa rd inted to rlfais the wacbr to 4.2. It is perfootly easy

for any: ouo to driver out and ce wa~t wo: Id happ~on to t heS Efsanal farusers,

_1 _ _~ ;_

1Ur. John bre-nisany


an1! af1o ~toc the asptiof toncak in a~ large part; at the recimertal area, if

thew canal is held at any such oloation,~s

I ha~ve trid to ancuorr yJur quest;:ions.L Doc ~IO: wou l kito to c~e

1.~ Do you th~in it; la oaO eabol;ori~ng for ther 2:fami ;.nor Donali

to sp~orLau~n~t; with ad~cam that f~a~led ~9 durin the abgular aaonm

withf no undue a~lea pnut onl St

2. Do you think it tase ioodl eachooring for th e~ngioowr of ~th

?Jiand~IC~ DOato Bor to Eleas the~ waterj;I b~ot o the ove Z In

3. Dio yo thlda th 1E3 an i Latr I:* Doaal~ abo::3d be .leaQlly res;ponsible

for .the dinamae causeod f"rom firoo that started due to re"novitnl

tthis wartrr

4~ o You th~fink it; is ;;o onrs9nooring thact theO rntecr setup is

cuah thacC t driln; the recout hurriennlra the water~O v ffr 9n

ean i~~nsanes fo3r overalll dayst8

G. 1 ?a hois o blaaze~ for the footf Sfu:t stcandbly taxer equdisn

had not boon installed~i, readyl ~to into ~ove, not; aftr the

hurricane, but beror~ot

G;. Dio yo t~ink it lat goodl eq gneerig to continue to dril! wa'lla

~in 81ano are tht under pre+sent policy. will be onlted In five

yearam tinoT


1 15/45~

11fr. Joh~n Pemohaamp E


7.r You nentionr the health off the coammity. Dor you knowr

ha~rd unny soptioQ tankaB C far in he 1~8ami we arera3

D7o yo know ho Fanry ~driding acdmiea thre~L are In t~hatr areat
130 o u ere'ale that th VfictoZry Tre!1eCr Camp~ Is tieret)
30 you mealise thact Pan Amrican Field is in his ana

Ha will pur tell ace hoP -you Cain possifbly getr salt from
the aUnd Canal by purPInG unle~ss eve bit of the discary

fr~omn ~the sepiom ans ad sable in this area gaea Into the0~m

water supJpalP

o. Can yonan as a o~ oity in th Uited btate t~ha atteps

to~ pla its water by wella from theI in~teior of the atjy
that hrasn't got a awaepti syrsterdt

D ow will you t~oll so0 wht is thea objBOetio t~ it~s plan putr
f'orsmnd byr I~I B. Garria to dbat a la~rgeo save o

Evergladnes landZ ad Ca it; For a water proesee so that the
water osmot e cao~t~4anedane

There aremn teri questions I wo=l .1U Sh to ask you, bult I
realie th~is in rateIEr long rso I willC olose. But in cloratag I want8~ to hatre
that the w ater situadian is theo rscnt~ Sapartn problem in Dae~ Couty.~j

Your desiro to get even with~ eanbody or tO hurJt ergagebody shold not be

tatonu into cons~ide~ration to sovlving ths problems

(I, ineerely your

ErnesC 1tr as ahram


MrZ. John PennekampSg .4 1 15/4

P.,L. In Itar it Mr.j InidaTte~ edritoria in1 yesrteadays McRan~ ~BoradA

on tr~eedom of' th preasI, I woulr;d X15be boe as t~ha thia lettsr,

In~udingt he po~I steegrcipt, ber publlsised in full, and given apacel

ias ner~is3y as possbibecomaparsable to the b~~ edt ria hich fusepired

Mr.I Kn~ids staes~b "It seems to as tat the ansP out~4atnrating durtyr

oif every neropapera~ao wr~athy of the~ 8rang is to se~re See roadorab

ouHow ~is at wtak tlILPih a stanrd on thes water cansbororay~ in th

Jpast. Dan't you th4ink~ your abould follow Ur Enigatra advice

int the F~future

Sunday, Oct. 21, 1

'900,0~ Dadei asL- it or .~S~
,1 h -8
a~ ,e i' 'rtdbf y1

As: ~ .sa kpleofth

an if deaver o te? s- se n
a bogg igi~tyasrv a[ af sat: a~~ ca as
bor-wi T~td:j ca.11po o i p 9 he ii e 1 ,.a
. i. bea~i~ Ilkee~~iSly 10t etdpp al onte
I fod-.hur ret h e e er
dp now 41 it tid tild .. . to
nd I~ a rdt ~j~~j~ belle~d. p pt 1 1 e itM pf )@tat .
e;l.~~i:Iete~~~''wiei~~a:S:~~~~ neriirfsal s!~;.'."fi~ n o
i~~~~~~~i:~~~~i reg;~~~~e' pr ae d6od-'- ii ~ti ~ ;~: Iai

epf6 i~.oi .. e
their ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Ole fuc 1 se n.P wtr. lio
;te 1 e (A Es o dig- --Do you think R ;a Go; en inelirin
,:Rr..1 t:n aftg~~bler- that~; g- this t at ther waerpibus la suc that :l utIraize~;: :~~if`
i Idae tthn einTh ul st h* hrinote g g
aLL~ t~d toe at{. 7 uses fortate
i~~~.'taro: i~. ., wi JB-tandb powe~ B~gP'~~ .eaa: en6,

held~ ,iY a~ lolm-

b. *

Mr. John Pennykamp

Dear Johns

I have at hand copy of the herald of November 19th

and have read your article of that datie. I have read

a great any of your articles, both in the editorial

colums and the news columss. I have read many articles

in yo3ur paper abDout freedan of the press. And it is

rather hard for noa to understand just what you mean by

freedom of the presar You consistently color the news.

You consistently report; only one side of issues. And

yau consistently attempt to intimidate people w~ho don't

agree writh your You even go so arT as to ridioule thbe

courts, and then olinb under tLhe cloak of "freedom of the

pfess" when you are caught at this. You pan the County

iCommissiamers, City Commissions, and about every board that

doesn't bar down to you. But I think you readb the all-time

low i la parammuwapaper ethics when you call r!. D. Garria a

political engineer.

I have been associated wifth EU'. D, Garria MJar many wrays during

the past 25 years. He is one of the most fearless and honest

non I ~nowr, Ihat Garris is advocating todayT he has advocated

for years, In 1932 he spok-e ovner \YIOD in regard to over-drainage

of theo Everglrd~es. he wras inst~romental in shelling to establish

the Dade-Broward levy -- I doubt if you even kanow where it exists

and the function that it perform#.p~ This levy has done more to

conserve the water supply than may other one thing, and nudah of

PennykanipPage 2

Wie fire harsard last spring was due to the engineer of the

City Water Board releasing the water back at this lory.
At least five years age Garria advocated the industrial

development thd; you saent~ian.

BNow, you tell we whienr you are going to have an industrial

development if you dan't have it hri that area. In facts I have

olippings of thle herald showing a nap of a proposed industrial

devlopment in practically the sane area.


Friday, Oct. 25, 1945

..I Ithe. United State, Geological Su~vey I think. you.
'~~ have done much more of that.in yotir arttacsks :aq
:7REEDOh ~PREthe North Florida Canal than I ever have with .ffre
5 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ofte L0s adt h wtrpolm
My stand on~ the Geological Survey is thih;:
That their function is to locate water in this pg#:.~
ticulak case, but after that wat r is located thani it
The Miami Herald in publishing my letter on becomes an engineering problem, anrd I don't1h~.~
October 21st deleted part of it. Herew~ith is the let- lieve that these geologists claim, to be pump' men,
ter in ifal so th~at both'sidel of the question can be You state that thp taxpiryers of th~is section
~presented, paid approximately $5b00000 for the survey. This -
Mr. Pennekam 's editorial comment on the let- is hard for me to believe, 'as, certainly you have
I~r s pre iffe ad Iyosl lie M. Pnneampnot rece~ed $500,000 worth of mnfonrmtion. ]Wen'
ter s pre iffe ad Iweal lie M. Pnneamp like Marlcolm Pernie, M. B. Garris, Ernest Cotten,'
to name one question that I sk that any en~graer r any of the old time engineers would have given
wrorthy of the name wuould not ask himself ~in study- you this information irr; regard. to the water pre-,'
ing the problem. There gre man? other questions serve for at very small pcat of that cost.
that could be asked. I am surprised about the power I amr suppos~ai
Mr.Penekap o th Hoaldhasnoor g~ento have had in the past, and regret you dj~jfids? I
Mr.Penekap o th Healdhasnevr gvenme about it several years ago. But I~do ai~nf~ to
both sides of this controversy and has consistently thank pe for bringing up the water problem. It4
coloredjhe riews.' NbCp tat~ing r~. Knight's &'~torW is a-~sub~c et #at should be thoroughly discussei8~
on "Freedoin of the Press'' as a basis, how does fee and I thl this is a good time to discuss it, as jj
cl sify the Herald y~ canal reading this morning is 4.7 at Penusuco~~~l I
ass .ER ? G~ 14 Borton of the W arter Bo ard w ated "~r i ts as the:

;~ ~ ~ ~ m e ;ai farmers d a:lls o to the septia tancs 'in a Adr g6t~ti,:
Mr. John Pennekamp s.. prt of the desidenticil area, if the~casial is held at:
The Miami Herald any such elevation.
El MriamFlorido I halve Iridd to answer ye ques.tio-l. s/-:d
I Dea John .I would like to ak youkv a few
I have before me your issue of October Ilth 1. Do you think it is good engineeriii'j
which contains your editorial "300,000 Dade Resi- the Miami Water Board to experiment with :s;d( '
dents or Mr. Grarham." that failed during the regular seasonl with n
I have been wondering what caused that out- u o p n t
burst, and if you didn't get ar good sleep the night 2. Do you think it was good egnal
before. Are you sure 300,000 agree with you? the engineer of the Miami Water Iloord to ft
As ac matter of fact, did not the people of Broward the water back of the levree in-1947 .
County vote down the water bill you ardvoecated 3. Do you think the Miamin Water: l
by a ratio of 5 to 2i r should be legally respolisibile for the 'daii'qug~p'
I certainly have not talkred on the water sit- caused from fires that started ~due to rrenicirin
nation for 'several- weepks. a~nd the only conversa- this water?
tiion I have hard about it -was whom your reporter 4. Do yoiu think it is good engineerip;d'.
called up ancd asked rte, "If the bPndd posted by t h+e prak agtp,.1,s spethlo he apigth r
the City-Wa;teP~acr I ers~t~eq-1 ... sA44on ould i `:lhurgiceane the water was oft f4rei: InZ: som(Itpi e
he likely tio cusie. litigat~~tidn9" I pld' him I didpt 'several days?9
ih who ~erti 'would r :dakd ehbeli~ ~B vl'va-obahir

gl@ 5. e ~~~period. their~ + ake vovr, nrot after the hrknktf
hars Wepeii toI think therb 6. Do yois think i is good. edinen
will con;t~r!:imid to ti gagan;~ t some years to continue fo drill wells in an area that unldeiir pre:
come. ent policy will be salted in five years' time?:
The article written By your reporter started off 7.Y nnintehelho h oidi~y
by starting that I wats a critic of. th~e' bunty Water Do. you know how many septic fank~s are in Whoi
Program. If the reported ~had stopped to think he Miaml well -are Do you know how many ridin';
would have knrowrn this warcsn't -true, as he was acadgmles there are in that area? Doayou really~
present at the meeting in Tarllarhassee 'where I wats that the Victoryr Trailer Camp is there? Do y~:
the first. man to endorse .the County Program. I realize that Pan American Field .is in this alre~~~
did this on the assumption that the County Pro- Now, will ypu tell rie flow you can possibly 'giit ;
gra if~ inclded in the water ps~esee advocarted by salt from the Mliami'. Canel by puniping UtH,~
IM S.z~~t Garris. ;i sp~ed your reporter up on the EVERY IllT OF. TH DISCHARGE FROM THE S
he ilidrzet hill~ statfeqents.~ TiC =TANkS 'A'hD ~:STABLEBS11TItl
ce/,~:.:. IN T- 'I UPY


to obtain' a large lara of Evergla'de'ld; ;ii( n aZ
it foi* a water Zireserve so' that the int33er (q:ansj~
bp contaminated?
There ake' many other qIuestionrl I would like
to ask you, but I realize this is rather long, so I will.
close. But in,-closi~nlf I ]want to stqtedhagby;ti~ L~:t~~
.situastiozi is thie m~onft important .pirfji~io94Ett
'Cornty. Your desire; to get even -with some dlic~
or to hurt somebody should not be taken into dopn`l
sideration in solving this problem.
Sincerely yours
P.S.-Iln I~ne with Mr. Knight's editorialin.;;'
yesterday's Miami- Herald on freedom of thip
press, 1I would like to ask that this letter, include:
Ing the postscript, be published in full, qnd givinii
space as nearly as possible comparable to the;~
editorial which inspired it.
.Mr. Knight states "It seems to me that fle~
one outstanding duty of every newspaper worth~~
cfh names toooseree readers with accurate
ave"ketfa+9ken this stand on the water
contbu in #1) 8: ast. Don't you think you
shoo }d I --E. R. G.

i~ ti atibit;ia Miti ~lis hada engineering op the
of.th WterBord And I believe the. facts
b~illealrii, the ot in this ~statement*
- ir blbcal Survey states tes .You weH
nlow, theft there is an unlimited supply of fresh
^ataer back of Miami. Now it seems to me that
It this is true. anc the Water Board is unable to fur--
li fresh wa~Pte:~ir nceno niinated;h~t with saclt to tle
bonsruioer in the~ Mianriri area 385 da~ys ar year, then
there 14 something virrongl with their setup. If the
.water cis freak at the source, then with the proper
pumping setup it should be fresh when it reaches
the consumer.
You mention the pn~eumartib damr. But you
:don't inention that this dam faileil right in the
middle, of the season last year.
You also criticize mle for not seeing eye to
eye: with, the men ch the Geological Survey. In
any opinion some of tjieii work has been good, but
when they leave their field, and start in as propr-
wrog. Ad in isallion ui th Int d of thee Ute3
States Geologicel Survey in Washington in June,
'1945, he -agreed with me. As to the belief that.
everybody, just because~ he works for the govrern-
ment, is an expert, I believe you will find a great
many people in the ;Miam~i area who will disagree