Material Information

Series Title:
Everglades Drainage and Other Water Issues
Physical Description:
Publication Date:
Physical Location:
Box: 32
Folder: Correspondence.


Subjects / Keywords:
Everglades (Fla.)
Drainage -- Florida -- Everglades.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:

Full Text


b 30Q~0.50 HEil Buildin
N. O. First St. at BIre~3 Ave.

Min6~i, Florida.

Aug. 16tha 1240.

B~oadbt of DIIrc~tOgas
Rg~band Rotarly Club,
Misami, Floamida.

Ge~Q1a~antlmn a ...-.
I Made a trip ove~r the TanimalDj TPrail from2 IMiEni2
to n point absut two milesa west of the Dade C unty Line on
Anug 10@%~ 1924r andc mad~e the 43ouing olbservabt~ions$
At the ~e Tat evee of tee jade and Southern Drainages ;:lstriota
I noted that a dami has beenrr con~sturut: 1d crsone the cannal Por~th
of th!e jfrail, theC waBter tot tre iw~ed LIf thbe dam bt9eing aippreox,
+Zl0- fuot hzigher than on the oerat side of the d~ami. T.'ect of th~is
dam3 or loeera, I noted that 5 btridgee 306 feet wide hasr teen
construted mQorea the WPaL1. BaYOnd these b~ridges for appgrox-.
la milso13, I found th~at thes water was runataiug ovrJ'T tle. irail
at :Jlaces as mluch aS 1 toot deep. ?Ihe total roadvay over which
thc water~ was~a running is approx3. 1 mile in tha~lgth.
The roadwpay has, not been levelled in quite a few ,Places along
this aeottion of the road.
Whbao elevatin of the wvater s~urrface on the North~ sheo of the
TJral.I where the water Ise running ov1er gthe s~lane is 0.5 of a. foot
higher than- it to on the a nthw oide of the 'Traiil. Theo eev.
of t~ho i7, 9. at the rieet Data Coucnty line to~ 0.9 of a foot
higher on taes North aideo of theJa Tral thaen it is on there Uouth
side and a Prrox 8 mlesa beat of theo Dade County line theaa Wa~ter
eatrtdsae n 20 40 he-baC of t~he:,b~S trilia_1.0 &_ Eg )4ggerCia than it
is on the South1 side.
'The w1Ratr in the senal. adjacent to t~he, fmicni erail is runni~gg
Hast for the entire dista~nces from a point arpproxe 8 miles ;;est
at the Date cointy Line to the wPent; levee of the Dade r~ai'tbnage
I lando~ romputationse of the rai-nfalll on the drainAag area Horth
bf the PrIlbP lying South~ of akent~ Okeoechabee Mast~ a a 8lne
bra~~ Imokllees asnd exteanding to the west leveea of thgtead
Dra~ineB D~HIstrot
3liguringr a head of three inhesrr thru the Tait, "i find that
it will, require 100O openinge 304 ft. wides and three fee~t deep
.to taske oalro of the drairneae on theg above noted ~Eeareq uribng
folo od ondiithna. It to guassible to construrrt only 'W0 oPeiningsa
of the arbvov staed providing a head of 1 toot to obttaied, 'but
it to my~ pinion th~at it to laes expenetre to consatruat the
50 additional openinge than it is to earstenet the additionalt
foot of roadlbed requred writh ~the a~iddition 1 head.

My*f opiniarn asr oan Engi~neerf t, that it wJould be amnee to
comlete16 6 the TraIl wnithout providingQ the ogpaningea noted above.
Very tnrly yours. (Yigned( MRqr wh ERl as .nns...

I I _~


1 mill Tax

AcrPeage Tax~

108, 761. 27
18, 692. 92

2 s42"7.66
4,159, 80c





545, 600
419, 840


80, 960

4, 529 ,.80







Acreage Tax-

20 000 00


-Admini~stration _

$ b60,07i6.40
20,000,00 .
$ 80,076.40

Debt Service

1 mill

Acreage Tax
1 mill

Total Admhinistration


SI ~ 2~~: ETIIE 11NIfnone of these three smbols
Sevjrs wIhels ch a lselr~m isnic n he
SNEWCOMBCARL..ON. FrjnlsOrUrP GEORGE W. E. ATKINS. FIRST ICH*&PRESIDE~NT symbolIapperdlng after Ina check.
1924~ RC tP 3 39

asse masses nIo st. sose

TaTS. Is Ptotm ;PUSsonstrL3 to tJanI xaI~uarxB no~ a~~gf~ mDGIE

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Ugr R. E. Gjrah~as
o/o PennsylvaLnia BGar~ Co
Hir~ami anId lo37 N. Delawa~Jre Avenue
Ph ilade2lphia.,

In makig ran examination of your raoord of
le~vels in the SMiFYmi ~Canal ab~ove a7nd beloa the damt .;ndi
'look #4~, I find that I have~ not *< clears sno~ughi a~smry
to log the conlitionsa of the Tamfiai~ts Trail your
muc1Hk dykena andr the surfaars conditions as *o the flQood
in the basoin of ths Minmi Canal from ths dLAm to i~ ts otlet.r
'Plaeas senl me a record of conrditions as you halve them
giving the aipproximatet~ datess so thart~ I caLn tstudyla the out-
side condaitions both c:ase and effort in cro~nnxion
woithz your '1a;ter 1sy1 ourves This7 Soint ESatedyJ of the
Asfinitely show the danger to the city of Mi~am~i whidht
I pointed out tarrl in an unmistakisble way.T
It is difficUlt for as without~ this information
andt~ the information contaiined in the profile of the 'Ptaia-~
mi Trail aLnd the water levels on each aSde, which you
are having prepared to asnswr some of your qaueations as
definitely asb they sthoull! bs, sh~owercrkd Please getf the
informa-tion to me as nearly ase poonible as I ampnotI to
be awayg from ~eSlt Palm Beasch next Bund:-ryl andayr~ and~
Tuoesday. Certain of thrs questionap w3ich you h~ave asked
oln be defiiniterly DAn3~swerd andZ I w5ill en~dIelvor to do so.
1. Q., Is the natural d~rainuag o f the Taamirmi
TPrail t~o the South *t
I., A. Photographsa of the water condiitionsa in
1922 kand in this yeasr -, and my own obo~oarvtion det3enrmine
this ~anaar emaphatically in the offrrmaltive ; aJndl the
study of the measur8~~seme~nts shon in the water-flo(w throughB
thle 80; apaningsP in the Tamiand~9~ Trail Nov. I~th and~ lath
19;!4 confirm thin to A markeLd agreFe R~idgcs I t;o
I. 14howp La lgt flow to the nouthlt + which is rather
surprisling; as one woUld naturallr rsupposI :L flow~ to the
north or no movement at all as these are behind the dyke
on the north but have, -n outlst to the TP~amisi ~nalx
on the north This condition shrowsa that the easpgage though
the lyho csad3 the ltocal~ water innide the rtyke exrosed the
capcit oftheTeaamiGanl ,orusJing wa~ter to flow~l south
thriough o the openin~si instad of north and thirough the Tamisafa~
Omala to thl M9iuami C.nal The East shr bridges sohows' adi~a-
ch~arge; of 313.61 cu. ft pef r seon or 14.7d0 of the flow of
t6he M1~timi Canaltf at edwensE Ip~sle ; and~ the entire flow; through~
the rS0 opesningifs to ST of ths f~low of the Ml~~fiaa panl.

_ I


Attention Pois ea11s to Bridtge #ISj which has a disearB~uge
of 77.28%f c. f, p. selood hg-th648)y com8parso~n wi9th the
othrat five bri~Ldges it ap~pea tha it was~b not the elsea
or depth8 of the openinig~s t~hat o resposnalbl for this~
vsolume buot the fact tha provision w~as made to lanrd the
W-ater away from~ the road It to evifdent thaLt th4 e nturtal
flowt to so~uth amesa th ar ~ea oc~c~upies by the gralamif
Trafi and1 it is rquite afdded thhat there to ; serious
obs8truction of the wtetr of thec EvergladeSCs by a lack of open-i
ings in the roaxd .
0. Q. *If T, in your opinion the T~uamii Trail
wras cometrpebd without enthotentn opesnings beinAg Pr~lovie SO
allowr the awte~r to go south it wolu~ld bacok water up in
sucrh ax maPeunner as to a~ffot tha dr~ainage of eart property P*
2. A. It is ralaost incon~arlstbl tht others abold~T
ae ano tlattep#i T complete the Tamingr Trail without~ arn-
Hotenat opening to allowf the wter~ to go contrh as this
would~ certainly~ brack upa hs water of the~ Evergladee4 andL
incrgagse the hearsd of yous ~r dyks MaOlreoer it wealB also
herea~se the timeo after he~E rtany seasoon necooessy for
this heasld to ~b relieved As osoo as I havet~ the levels
of the Tam~istn T~rail c I on51 give a m~or dsfinite a~swear
to th~atti~s qutio byT compurt~ing the~ bacrkwater ii to th9 ile sm
RBegardinge this backwReater iourve, I lalgM sa, ~genierlly ,
thtat the exIra hlAd on yaour ifk~en due to thes ba~iski ong
of the3 wa~ter would verry nearly~ eual the heIhtrl of the
obtrac~tion msosrea the wate~rwayr belo1w a~nd this obS~tru~ct-
lon m~iaterially rtcraorsees yur drangerJ- not onlay from addedP
headl buf froma the materially~1 inr+aesed curation of time .
S 3, Qa. WhatL onumbr of opening~1 and of wshat esea
you aonalder raossemary~ to be put In the Tamiami Trail
from R3ap lkine 3O--@ to RLane Line Zad--55 oclannumin
thLat there are no openinga to be~ put in the road that
is nowe bsing cons~mtrate in TMoarecle Chunty and2 also
assumisng that the Southern Drainag Distriot are going~i to
loves aroundl the op~ennlrgs now In the t~an1 east of Range
Line 38--37 so thArt all surplus water in ths *Glades
wourld hrave to gos through this area T*
S.A. I hGave not the data to give you a derfinite
answer on this subject andi it will required not only
additiohal d~ata but considerlrble otstdy to so ansetr .~
To givea you an idea~ of th e annartionh I have~i u~newome a
surfacee with a slope~ of twi~o-tesnth of a foot to the~ mile
aLri~nd hav a co-officient for autterSB Persl for the faotor
EM( ,ad))~ 8 a wicrh to perhaMlpe not great erjonogh 3 ~and conm~PI
t~ing the dJiscao~rge for a mile of wdtht uxndelr diiffersa
delpther of flow ~onidering~ the h~dr~banio lrAdius as
agnaul to the depth ;*

w REG #3



Depth in feet Discharge c. ft; per sea.
80.5 IT

0.49 65
0.64 IDG
.81 175
I.00 3614

I.44 550

TPhis discharge would probably stoned actual
conditions but lit points out the magnitude of the problem
and the danger of damming this wide, shallow river.
On~ the very conservative? assumption of 500 c. ft per
mile under 5 ft depth it is very apparent that the flow
to the Bay of Florida and the ~u~lf ofC the Irun off of the
Everglades through somea 40 miles of width forms a very im-
portant factor in the drainage of the entire Everglades ;
and a careful design well executed in the matter of
the openings in the TPamiami TPrail is absolutely aesset-
ial for you for the City of Hiamli and for the Everglades
as a whole.
Q 4 & 5. I consider it absolutely impossible for
you to drain your property without dykes alI do not
consider it practicable for you to drain your property
even with dykes without a dam in the proper location in the
Miamri Csanal
I as waiting for the extra data which you are to
mail me and will make a more complete rqport; on the subject

Very trulyp yours


February 28th, 1985.

M6r. Glenn Y. Scott, (TPhe original of this letter
Chief Assistant E~ngineer, is in the files of the Chief
rWest Palm Beach, Fla* Drainage Engineer, a photo-
stat is hereto attached)
Dear Sir:-

Agreeable to your request for information concerning
the maintenance of a dam in the Miiami Canal, during the period
of our operations there, we beg to advise you as follows:-

Due to the necessity of holding sufficient water
to float our dredging plant which was operating in this Canal,
headed toward Lake Okeechobee, we maintained a dam at some
point in the Canal, beyond the Pennsylvania Sugar Farm, at all

Our dam in the Muiami Canal was removed January
15th, 1923, to permit the withdrawal of our dipper dredge
GOVE~RI;R HERRICK, together with Pegathlin &~ Clark Dredging Co's.,
Dredge NUMBTXER irIE. Before the HERRICK was withdrawn, however,
her dipper roll was thrown up extra high so that it would serve
as a dam to keep water from coming down the M[iamii Canal, as it
was imperative we keep as much water as possible flowiug down
the South Newe River Canal to furnish floatation for our drill-
ing and dredging plant working there at the time. This dipper
roll was approximately three-quarters of a mile from the juno-
tion of the M~iami and South New River Canals.

At the time the plant was being withdrawn from the
Miiami Canal the Dredges had proceeded as far as the Isiami Canal
Looks, upon instructions from jMr. F. C. E~lliot, Chief Drainage
Engineer, Miegathlin &~ Clark's dredge IHUMBElR ON~E was returned to
construct a~dam above the Pennsylvania Sugar Farm, which they
did, as is evidenced by their invoice rendered the Board of
Drainage Commissioners covering this work from January 19th to
24th, 1923. Subsequent to the work performed by Megathlin &e
Clark on this newm dam, we sent some heavy timber, men and tools
to the site of the dam, with our Launch Miaryland, to close a
small opening left by the dredge and to generally reinforce the
dam. This work we performed within a very short interval foll~oJ--
ing the cessation of work on the dam by Mhegathlin & Clark. You
will also recall this work was performed under the direction of
your office, and with the assistance of some of your men.

This dam could not be built any sooner, after the
withdrawal of the dredge GOVERNOR HERRICK, as it was absolutely
essential that we receive the benefit of all the water possible
to safely and quickly remove this plant from the canal.

From the above facts it can be seen that at no
time during our operations was the Mbiami Canal without a dam
at some point beyond the Penn~sylvania Sugar Farm, except for
the few days between January 15th and 20th, and even then
there was the dam in the form of the dipper roll left by the

Very truly yours,

John T. Jdaldhauser,
General Superintendent,
of Dredging.





October 16, 1986.

To the M~embers of the
Association of Everglades Drainage Distriots.


We are enclosing herewith copy of the minutes of
the meeting of the Association of Everglades Drainage
Districts, held in West Palm Beach, October 9th.

You will note from the same, the resolution which
was passed assessing each of the member districts one cent
an acre for the land-conmtaine~d in the district, twenty-five
percent of whih is payable immediately and the balance on
call. Inasmuch as we are getting busy immediately on this
proposition, we would appreciate remittance from the differ-
ent districts as soon as possible.

AfSter the meeting Saturday the writer got in touch
with Governor Mflartin by phone and arranged for a meeting on
Tuesday at TPallahassee. On my arrival there I found that
the Governor was out of the city and spent the day in person nal
interviews with the different Trustees, and I' found that they
were now all in the mood to consider almost any proposition.

The meeting with the Trustees was held on wednesday
and ~due to Mr. Luning's objection, they refused to appoint
our committee but stated that they would be willing to give
us any information or assistance, and resolutions were passed
instructing Mr. Elliot to co-operate with us and give us all
information or assistance possible as long as it did not
interfere with the emergency work which he is doing.

The next question to come up was a call for a
drainage conference to be held in West palm Beach and after
thorough discussion the conference was called for October
88th, at 10 A.M.~ The -Governor and all the Tfrhstees wrill be
here and we are also trying to have as many other interested
parties present as possible.

Yesterday had a, long; conference with Mr,. Sherman
of the Brown Company an~d find that his company is opposed to
separating the district entirely from the Trustees.

I -


While in Tallahassee, Governor Martin, Mr~. Luning
and Attorney General Johnson expressed themselves as being
perfectly willing to sever all connections with the project
and the Governor also stated he was perfectly willing to
call a special session of the legislature for this purpose.
It was also suggested by Attorney General Johnson that if
such a new organization was formed, they would be willing to
turn over the lands in the district now owned by the State.

At first this seemed like quite an accomplishment
to have them admit this much, but on going deeper into the
matter it offers certain complications. If this plan were
carried out it would remove the semi-official character of
these bonds as a State bond and would put the district more
or less in the position of an ordinary drainage district.
In fact, I am of the opinion that it might be necessary to
refinance the entire proposition in order to refund the bonds
that are already issued by Spitzer Rorick &e Company. I am
quite certain that MJr. Rorick is going to be very much opposed
to such a plan as this but as he is arriving in West Palm Beach
on Sunday, we will be able to get his viewpoint in this matter.

We are trying to have as many interested parties as
possible present at this conference and may be able to have
Mr. Sherman of the Brown Company, Mr. E. J. L'Engle of Jack-
sonville and Mr. Edgar Stern, President of the Southern States
Land &e Timber Company, as well as those of our own members who
were at the other meeting.

The committee of three appointed to report on emer-
gency matters, said committee consisting of Messrs. Graham,
Patterson and Hammuon, will meet in West Palm Beach on Sanday,
October 17th, to formulate plans for immediately making a
report and have the same ready for the conference.

I have taken up the question of a meeting place for
the conference and through the kindness of Judge Chillingworth,
he is willing to allow us the use of the large couet room and
if he has any case for trying will use his private rooms.

The Governor and members of his party will stop at
the El Verano Hotel and I would suggest that any members desir-
:"uy to secure reservations, notify this office as to what
hotel they wish to stop at, as there will be undoubtedly a
number of people here at that time.

Yours very truly,



~~_._~_. ~ .. I







~ta~ /.


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r k~J~d~ aca~ ~




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----- -- --- ---- ------r --- .----L _).._ r~-l-~vl rrr.~rr-n- rrr~7 .~irn~Dllr;plmrCII~~Q-ui~ic~r.nm-r

mooaQnSD PRoanIIx ran EvanacLnas

1. Empoloy new Bpgineering Comission -- made 'ip of eng~ineer of national
reputation, with no politicxal connetions iir to PreBPare a "P~lan of

8 adopt Plan of Realamartionr and p~sseed to Qca~rr same into effeet.

8. Anrrage for boait issuel of renrf~otent apounrt ~Lto instal l ajor Arainages
wafsuri, as per esrt~iate of new~ Em~a~aineeig Comoission antd wilth a
provisiona for isonin reifundning bQnd8 later, if 9needed. Athorrse
total bond isesu at one t Ame,. but sell only as naeede to coamp~lete3
enltire program ithftin certain timo limnitr

4. Arsange for Comiseton Manrager~ term1 a adminisptration Mrt the praoaes,
with the Chii ~e2 nneerr as Mianaeor srnah Ch~ie Eng~ineer be be an
engineer of national legatation who enjoys the conrfidence of the bond
hoursee the Chier liqS~~aserr'lsoffier to be aermanent~ly located in or
imrediaetely addsooent to the sweglades, Atn~teard of at Pallahassee.,
Thew Chief Ragineer to be clothed with satriolent power eat a sthority
to carryg the work to0 a soesecsatal and see~dy oanalunsionP the
raelam8at~io to be s~ooomapished in units or so'eleted areas, beg~inninog
along the outrer ediges of the Everalader oand alrond Lakeo Obeehombee.

5. Provide an elastio ~plean hererby atdaant~ areas of low lastf relly a
part of the B~rergadoes, a~lthough ast iLncoporatat at; proesnt in the
legal IBrergam e D~raiag Uatiriot -- any be jrmalatead to the statriat
sal subjeracted to draliaage t~aesr, and reeeive the benefits of
reolamat~ion, upon the ePeat~1 of a maj~ority or the owners a t onh

6. Provider for a SBystem of Eard Surface aBoats to parasllel all Canals a a
nos~~ieasa acd~ztant to draiae~ and later dre~lemelrnt and fire control,

To Whesn provriding for these basis oba6nges, isolade Etastma 18htrdh in
Eve-rg~ladesZ Drainage District in order that it ~ay nabase rs~eolamationa
oest, or, as an alternatives pla, s~arrn to iEv~terb al ater thesea-
trear by cons~turucing a theP arose the north bounary~ at the present
Brergldade Drainagbe strich .

8. Dedicate to drain geurpoas ea nlwalvelg all et the wmoni~ngr State
lands in thep verglade guented by the Fedea~l g~igalrnga &# h1orida,
with the provrise that they aBJould~be used ~emahakelyt for drainage,
as far a ees ar. Ebeseeu~ ~e~Leads wphen drained, to be L803)~LLLLLL~~~~~LLLLL at;
drainst land priesr and thu~ae prcedsusd to hely retire th# IbrewF
glades bond iseas

Proposed Prograne for EvT~ergladm-

9. 'Institute action to recover for the benefit of the drainaagb e fud of
lands in the Evserglades deeded islproperly to B2ailroBada

10ssagrovide for complete fire control, wi~th gysan of patrols equipped with
necessary apparatae for extinguidking fires.

11. Miogaand larger Dutlets to 'iidwater Khould be provided on both sides of
Re~ Everlads. oeat of the present canals rare scarcely more than
ditches. All abould be 8.4 least 100 teet wide and 15 to 20 feet deep,
with ann~eessa~g orBad. and bends elimningted. Several should be at
least 150 feb$5 stem. heretofore depth was avoided to eave rook cutting,
but all rook tarcavated can new be gold at a prise that will at least
offset the excavation cost. Suah channels should be carried A8t full
dap~th to the sea. Adll outlets should be, placed at frequent intervals.
Every eanlal, of course, should be designed of suffiolent capacity to
handle the run-off from the complete territory that it serves, and
extraneous water ,"rom outside territory should be eliminated so as hot
to permit the floodinlg of the area served by any canal.

Speolal care should be given to the p~lan of draining the Brrerglades in
12* units or selected areas along the outer boundaries of the Glades and
around Lake Creedhobee, instead of trying to drain the whole of the
Grades at once. Each of these units or selected areas should be
completely diked off from outside territory -- and the dthes abould be
of substantial design and of sufficient aross section and elevation to
withstand maximum flood and wind conditions. A hard surface road
should be built on top of each dike and all dikes should be patrolled
during flood season to make quiog r~epars in the event of possible
bredks. High looked should also be installed mcores canals a~t points
opposite the dikes to prevent any possible fagressr -of water from
outside areas into the area within the diikea.

15. Eliminate all sub-drainage dis~triets now feased, anrd merge everything
under one meag~eme~nt with the CA~e E Mgineer of the Ev~~erg6lad4e
Drainnage Ditriot in charge, who, in tara, shlrl oarrmy optthe plan
THE drainage by unite or selected areas, as per Plan of Beelemation
to be prepared by the new Engineerig Ccmmi~ssion. Or, if the sub-
distriots as now organised, are permidtted to remain as separate
entities, then let their imnntions be confined wholly and solely to
subsidiary drainage works within their own boundaries, saua as

Ihe sub-districts should have absolutely nothing to dowith. the outlteosa aas aeas ioedks odp~p y tlmeto
oan~alesI nor should the duty to build same be imposed on the sub-distriaots
it was intended originally by the State officials to~pass the tec'lc of
drainage from the main Er~e~rgladesr Dist~rictat the sab-distriots, but
this plan is wrong in principle andl should be wholly elimina~ted and
the sub-districts dissolved, orr at least re-arranged to match the new
unlits or selected areas to be designed by the Engineertag Coommission,
and the duties of sudh sub-distaioha confined wholly to the ribaitiary
workk asI stabad a~boes ,

__ LJ_~

1( ~ ~~ I_ __ __i __~ __

bPZWC Preara for 4erdalade #8

14. ~ 2rbliiaeCnrlfo alsseaarfP ~I ~dlts,~ areatf~Ing an attSreaif nH
district witlh loalZ cntrol, turning overP assets (Sjtate lantal
in EverlFXadeas)c a s wl ~as labsi~ieatica, tthe newsl datrPiot.

1. Prova~ision should be! mPadt for atBa~n~~inin thea Dranage Wor~~ ks lr~e~ad
insallede~Z and t~o be instarlled.

Thewr saeemps to be no ;rlan zrmier the pressentt sytem~l of ReLspla
oanralsan stre~9~~ams lear of le114. Thims ork of mae~inf1 9~Tenanc should
go forward, c~ontinuanaslyg anldt. ablc&L ber apqplicable nobt ony tlo the
ma~in outlets, bu~t to the setondasry oana~Ls laterals etc. as


I_ ~ ~_~_Fl r ___~__~_ ~ ______ ___ _

Proposed Progeram for E~vernladea -- #


Hers~etofore, to fEngineerin eCas~no~ aiasl bare b~een empgl aed-- on
1moana as thet BReadJer Coudsalan, em~aploed byd a lan~d congenlry, and thre other
kmoun las theo B~andls CouBrnisaton, employjed the Ste att$SIciala he1~ State
ott~ici~al ere~ Ptartab~sed withb a eoyofg hel s Qd Preport. Both re ors sraodA
be caw~retlly eabed2rl ty the newl 14agineering~ Ga~Mm9issa and ~Bea;ted. qp In therr
Iligt of present 44ye 1mow~ledg and da~ta glatheredi dring a int~eranin gears
speciala etoatenionm Ishou~ld be givenl to de~termnine te b~asio factors upgona whic
thes whale trading structures rests, namerls

(s) IExet~s of wPa~tershad
(b) Bainfallr
(0 ) See jpa~ge
(d) IEtra1porat 1Lon.
(e) E2tlevratiosad alopes.k
(B) Redution2 at~ letra~~t~ions by~ reason~Q a firea~ in
annak arena.I
(g Rednot~ion at floow in anl aeL 6 ~t a te~nacumlti;on
af ei~Lt.
(h) Birrceatio at s~utrtastue eqpecially bridges which areas
oansals an&t ~satoesus, wach 1:ave cat down~ the oresa
sotiontQ1 of drrainh~age o~tlete
(1) Bune-ff.I

It ia s~ ver ident that the IHamndolp Comi~ssions did no~t allowr
safficifeentf leaney for $tritage ~of si after danage, dand made~ too great
anr allowBanoe for weaporaion. Alsos inTurn redwoode the~lQ~~8~r run-off: fEaLtor,
which~ in all probably wead now be satedFaZlly inoreased bgy a now
EngineeringrP Camsalous~C~a this~ in turn, would3 result in the necsessity of
degsigpnng oanalst2 of larger ciapacity ~to cbarr he1 rra rte fromi tEhe Gladea
during fl**& ab~age, 8.5i a sfic~lel ientl rapifdl rate tor make agricult~ual ~and
livinr~g condition~ BPraticable.

Whor qu~erstio of lrate oontrol s ust arlso be thorou~r~ghly investigated,
the Heatre Qom~issoan recommended ad e~ ry mah~ ~la~rger and deeper eanalI~B thans
has ben eianat;Pra~cte b there Stater officials for ~Laks cwatrol p~urposes.I This
is Imow~r sas there St.Indt~e C~Lard Wh ia .gloibatjt aoreas the ~abor-te
disrtanneg~iag Jame Gkeesrhebee to bidserjawabter be a safety av~e of suafft-
oen~Pt crapanolts to handler any volane~ of watert entering thea 31al fromat the
Kisb~almes watershd or e~elhisewr. It is & WR$1i PWnain fac~t that rth Ml a isainree
rie~tr sp~re~ads out over a idth of several nd~laes dring flood s~tage an8d the
control eanal~ fromn the laker maboad bes ampl~ large to weret an possible
ovierf~lowa o~Sr eimrasn elevaton of th latle besyond a seI~attled sate level
Sp~llways arnd aideo-gte o pf safflol nt ise to penrmt thea m~iaimu polumer o
water to flow to th~e sea wlthealrt beis cianarrnd8 in anyr way,9 a~llould be Imballed
at either an:. of the contra3ol easal where looks areC p8lanate t present systema
ofC reetr~icting thes flowr lpy look s and anall alutewayT sabould be all~iednaed

I III a Ir Ir~lB~ ---~-~------------------

Prorposed Proaram for ve~rLalats .-

P*-+--- -. --... ..I----- --- -( -I--I


n spBit~e ofL the fact that Ono elabors~~I~aer*Dr~ts hbav boee pre-
pBated by Bugalaser~F ingGmtaso io, neiheronehas+ been ~t:~a ope b~~~ra y the
estate outstat~e,, one asC far as ca~ ~be ascenalrz nes, nsithe-r oeP~ serrvd as
a gui&ade t te ?pressrven -htuie e in chare, who has flagrantly disreiarde
b~ roth and has per te g~reat~ ~expediture to be ~adejb wrkithzon any apparent~
plan irhatsoeverr. Who ne~w plan~ of re~alamatin t~o to designed lar thea newm
2ngin~eering CGamisionr abradld bet founally sadopted mn1 oarried int~o feffot
arnd sol deitionEt;~ fro $1e haalO plan witout; good pand surffolent reason.u

'Phe preatt pl~ar, xabase wholly onP 3 Provdea~ forC the
inananie~ of bons fromva $1; a to thew mfonardig to t~he pleasure of e:uch
fizsweeeding ~daegslature. Sho~Ld the~ Legislature dc~Bide Lot tio authorSise
msor e bonds, the iroject would ~naone~ssarum jly stoIs sne~fP only~ amall issues
aeLE ~P~authorised at any3t $1**r) .Bod boases~UL geerLly do nrot farr the present&
nathed whitstir might be 15.Manard to ias~aning t~~X ~ besB o dZ~~ on9 a singl

stoo tram sOTltructore aaother~ issian for two orf throo mre8sa s3tOries, eItC*
antil3 the aba3etLeon mpyv fodxthsantl than still mother ioanosI~ for~ ourtaIn
walls,~ floortagP srral wht notir ~jond. houseaLt~ want~ thel total5 amout eti m~ate
I~ in strate and one linau awficient to earry~ the profestl th~roug~ to cas~
pltoGetion The~ saamet ~app~lis t the Everaladesas On issue aboala3 be
aurthoirfsed surffiolent to take~ ears of all ~the maiin dralvanc waska~,
oatimated br ~the~ new2 AngYla~tear 0ami n aton, wh ~ich ~Bissu maay be solu daema
time be time~ ~i~as ee, t crry ouJ~n t definite p~rogmnrr of coupleting~~a thea
~aprojet within a gi~vvan meo;lr~rs of yiaear- say~ 5 tob 10 y~e~ar

At the ~Presen~t; ra~teB o~f BProgreas BWhe moreI than 20 years hzave
been. rOcusnumed withJout oupletin a. sgiLe ena and with nob appreciablre
bounZti t~s to dat, and with zeontris~n g~ goods and .ttree aFnnually,$ to ther
utter cO.aly~soonragemn lof all tsettlers~7fwould requix~re approsrrtrlately3 ana hundreds
to3 830 1JP~dP Yeara 5 o QOclate, p~rovded the~ pattSEme of tlhe lantd oIWner
would last that lamp sa~rdl proddedL furherr, heI~ woLe makIX areaIB wr oTC
elntifr~~rel ceamee~ b~y fires during dry r~saeason, anid ~the~ tkeslpaers we~re not ma-de
c~am91eely JIibankrqph lgr th pra~esnt; polly, which mirdhtZ be likmed tog ECiita
the pat~ient w-~hlea gret~ending to care hina

We nreat havenr a P.EIJ.a OEt realamationa and thepan ]3 of rCOLOealmatio
me~rt be adOpRted andL adrheredi to and cajrrid though~ nnalongtts defni8, pein
~lnes, ast eas an eahi~btet's plsan~I ~is ncesayP fo a Intidinyg of anyt
consequence~ts, vksee ~pra~~tctical;y overyP detatil la pitc~redatentanrd aned te ISti~ished
strusta~rre re~are accruratly on SPae beoree a Piece of stee or srto as i lah

Propopaq Program for Evergladee- # 6


In the adlainistration'of oities it has been proven that the
Commission Manager form of government is beat, with almost complete control
in the handa of the Manager, with frequsat meetings of the camaisalon to
review progress eat authorise asw work, etc. Sneh a form of administrat low
should be adopted for the Evergladea, exoopt that the manager should be the
Chief Engineer a man of national reputation and recognised by the bond
houses as an expert in hydradio engineering and as an able executive. Ehe
plan of long distance anntrol and absentee direction from the"leather abair"
officers at Unilahassee, has proven a dismal failure. The Panana Canal
could not have been dog from Washington, even by anah an able man as
Preement Boosevelt. It was neeeasary to appoint a man of great ability,
anoh asGeneral Goethals, aa& give him antfiolent power sad authority to
carry the wo& through to a anceessful collusion. This is what is needed
in the Evergladea less amateur direction Ty north and west Floridians, who
have no interest in the project, and care not whether drainage is accomplished
or not and more power to the man on the ground with whom the people of
south Florida can have easy contact, and who may pzoceed tatrammeled to make
the drainage of the Everglades a fant instead of a political football.


Ontaide of the legal district of the Everglades are low areas which
properly are a part of the Gladea, and whioh in the old days were termed "arms"
of the Glades, extending to the sea. Instead of permitting independent amb-
distriots to be areated for the purpose of draining these arms of the 01ades,
they should be incorporated in the district upon the request of a majority of
the land owners affected, so that plans for the drainage of such low lands
adjacent to ani really a part of the Glades, may be in conformity with the
drainage of the pzeject as 0, whole, and so that the capacity of outlet oansla
serving same may be designed. in aivance to take care of such low landa, as
well as units of the Everglades district beyond.. This is a relatively simple
matter that could be scoomplished in a perfectly legal manner and all
should be under the direction of the Chief Engineer of the Everglades Drainage


Roads are an absolute necessity for opening up the mok areas of
the Everglades for settlement and development. Under the present plan the
county officials choose to bath roads only in those areas which are populated
and represented by voters. This means that settlers mat precede roads, which
means there will be no settlers at all in the Everglades, for the reason that

R-. I. .i I~ g -

Provosesd Praram f.~t o r .4~amlade -- 07

" "" `I'

Xt is Itampossible, as well; as unarstie, for settlers to attempt to 9 ~go beYo the
Polat where rods are built. 16a~d8 metPI absolutey pr~eced 8settlement; ad
developmental. it may~s be ru~e~d that roads earmaot be legallyl Unilt by5 a
drainage diat8riot, Int this ctan readily be offeet ~by outli~ningr the n~ecessity
of roats as a factor in the drain~~8age wor to make% it possible to Sserve the
dredges with salies,~a etc.

W~hatevep~r is neaeasary Dr dring can be done~ rand roads are
~nsecesary~ for quicki co~municaZ~tion~l with~ the tDaredges.B PArhermo3re wherevera
d~tkes are batitl, the only proper wayP~ to peakt~ deow and hoo9tP 3~th pea~lcd &amP
andm~, thaerefor, more i.;ipe~rrious to neeprages, is to build roads thereon.r
Heance, the necaessity for -soads~ in this instanoe is clear, and the QaustificLa-
tlcon tar bet41atng same an fromIasg amatae und ~La apparan '%re~fore hard
roads labould be built parallelin~gp~g ver anal as a Pgart of the drainagres andb
reoLamsation progeram.

So 3~C13iSQ~Imil.K. ,I',MB;~ ~~ia.AFY~L_9BWE~_RX .I..ER, c'

It is estimated that there are ap~Pra~Zimtl a,000000 antees in
the Kisabur~ soe wateshd nofrth of the J~lv~Lder1de drainae d1striot tasl legal
cornstitutfe~l the rainfall from all of which1P tins its way5 into LakeC
BChaeabobe. 8Fairaea dmatnds, the~reore that the Everglades Mainage8L Matriot
boundaries be extenaded to ~lashd the KissinIgBET wartershed so that the landst~
therein may4 bear their ~proportion of the ciosrt of rae~oanat~ion. 'Ae aLtesrizertive
plan would be to bat14b a watPer-tigh~t dithe along the northern boundaryc of ~the
liverghades~ tr~ainaes district so as to asolpadeB all flood water fromn the
XsE~eatmee watesrf~dshd gpermttinrg the 31aaA owners5 therein to bruid their own
outzlet to thie sea to haxndle the rai1Lnfal in the territory ar~~cttoobo instead of
dumirping It into the Everglade~s ditrtiot. as naw constitulted.

One plan1 or the other abdfould be promptly adopted. 'li'he More logical3
plan of courSea, wealdE b to exrtend the bounsdarles of the gPsesent leg~al distrio
to inclu~dei all of the geograPhil district. '1here is no1 virtue in atte~nding
benefits to the ltandsa in the Kissinaese watershed. witheat permitting5 theta to bear
their share of the crost; of construction and rstatenamela


in the ACt at 1850+ wherePby the lands ia tihe Brengades, as well21
as mother awae lnand, wer e granted b the Breeral Gowarmaent to its state
of Plorida, it was providers speedicially that anah lants aboul to ngagg,
vesolusivel~y for draina~ag, as far as necessary."

Ity ab~icaetry ald otherwise~, pwatsca~ll all of the lands have
been dissip~ated$C Moat of them hrave been tarauda~le~ntly~ gien to ra~l~roada Dr
'bulding~~e Ie~nesr i other sect~ions of the state. in the year 1918, the state

r; ---.I- -r~.- 1.. r I-lrr -1 T-I-DI-~l .r. L;~l j**.m~~mu'-cl_~~; r .~-ii\C. ;.r~;V;-~- r -.r I."N1-ri -..l~..r~~ ~~-~jlyjXUi.- .h

Pronsc~l.pepae Prea~ram Wr Bewalates~ #

' ` ~~"~" rT;'

offlo%~al for heatesp poitical Durp~osaea adopted the policy of requiring all
drpaiagt e 02n the SEvergB~Blade to bedne lep ~tasto so1F~6 that the~~:y might dedIcate~

be able to tell th~e aresdns of northl~ oand west~ Floriaaaaa~ thas t~hre Stakte
Offiicia we88re~Y sers the~ Stateland in th Sparclde to be turned~l ovr~Y be
the sahool tual in due timec, for theo purposen of bu~iding~ a now8 it ble3t reld
ahoaoilhou~se" in eve~ry GoPship in Mth bEl arOLk woods. t.$ha~Bor is born of
trata s~t nre taEl. So~u S~tat offtot~Yals have~t salea.: miseabl ifalu~sre of
their~ attempt to dwata thei Worglades ly ta~antion alon andS ~are eveon now
end~eavr ksFt to ~exandB~ ths ~e distrt to i~ancld th Geas alies so asr to
k~osreseo th SfPt~~axa Isorces~s andic Qassis them~ in malck~sity go:: on their ?pothicalt
promises~ tb0o the nort andr west 91ridtianasi

Biut: ithen: at le~ feat relmine that; the ;ate;l; pa in honor bound! to
use8 the2 amump~ and ~overfiewedPl B8lads received~L~F~ from the Fede ~ roal vrnent for
drainage8 eao;B=~Lf~lualol2 as far; as nonesaary. Hearig g~iven eaway rcst of them05
o the rai~oroads, it is nlowl ameessry~ to us ~e ethe1 mallreaitag aor~LEa for
d9slrainaer .puoseaasJ exchab'QiP ely. Wheefre witft at; further ado, theseB lanSP
saldra be de~diCatedp to0 drinagc Durp~o~se so thab~owhatl drained, they can be
soldat danua land pres ices Elutl th prooCtsH~I used~ Sa assist;~f in ~reiring th
bondl. inane0 asseasaryt9~ for reolanation.l

~ish ashol tual6 is amqPly pert~ idedO ~fo ~by SOtio 16, out; o
eve~rytownsip~ itarow-~out the a1~rmin irsje, Maks d sihould not eoroalch upon he
drainagde fund asy mor ~Ee thnthe da~rainae tual abou~ldt o~ncrach rona ~thte lasho
tentrf dah bsl be anparatet a~a Atact-- and anly effort: it 3nuggle wonIaFL
aalU twEist theg plai trat~h 5~abou then properi~ dispositionSS of the state land~a
int the Dregivi-d~ sa aboud bi~e braded as par takery.g

Itsshireds olf thlnz:ousadrs o ..rea of tland i~n the8 areaCgt~Lades won
impropeZt5~rl dteoi~jad~ t rai~lroadsuner graniE8~L ta abt Bear all the8 enameakQ a
an~e~d., a ~rAs be sUtated, the seslL e sat overflamed jilands were raesetre from
thero ;Bsdtecral Gov81~eraen amerpP ac ~spcitle grovise that te y8 shoulds be aged for
d-fraina~sge purpose earlusively.1 gthereree, n2 eo saws cou~sld just~It~ dilf do
theseo landa to~ ralroflza& copanizsa 8 ats pme iFlt~a* Antioan abould be instirtuted
to reovera sucnh ioclands~L etlae them n the drsc 8ai~nage~t tlrhe to besol whfe8n
ano erd a~ndp to hep ret~ire Tthe 'bond. Lasse.

10*r PROVIDSCP FOR~ CGQ HXEZC....212E, 2 CI02801.*~

Next to thea drainalEae problems nothikng~ h been so tantalising
ordisgusting as the lan : o~ f fire control in the0 makr areas of tihe SpeT~gaglade
during~ tpry sensens WanCZto QBas~itrucion by fire has0 ;elloweds jpartial rent....
t~ionr of large~O aweas. Whe is no adalstianb gcunidbment3 for offendara andl Kn
ady=+-e ~a sse of p)atrolling~ B;the diatiriot or ext;OSC3ingthtag~ ~jfires which~ are

a -- U Y X-- i~ ar F18

PiQoromoed Rroara~m forI Breral~ades c #

starpted thrbolgf carelessnese s or me.11so.

Uaedr the present system of long distaons control he9 bga~aergade
sa ~re pemitt to borxn Whilr e Elaha~sse tlddles. Nerw basic lraw maus~t
wprit ten to cover this 5Feature or prefserablyl it abould. be AnrooPrporat8 in
the) .BrF~~engtes Driainager Acot. in any event, the ?irection should be undertu
theo Chef~B Ikgineer and amplen funnds and intthority provide to ooPe wiSth thei
problem.r 'mo, dirtrict mzant b e hestarrboap~ ade witht irnadE at fsrsgan
inteorvale, first, to makes it posscible to patrol the district, and,~L secondly,
to conltrol any ZPfires th~tr may be started, to a ~Ylmi.ted p, ara. ItelligentP
control on anm trangieerin baasis and remoredt from politicall appe~inteesr
ra~boabe Poat into operasten forthrithe

11. MOR AND~3~~ ;SLC-SIGrl.P: L 01 GCljQS~.

Most of the preosent oev Li8earglaes sals might better br cleassified
as dtitchs. One cE~an a~loristr Ms ~ aroes several of them-- noably the Snl~3apper
Greek, the9 Snaket Orac~ gand the Cugyares Ueoambla." Every nai~taral outlet
should be opened ucp gand. nlarged to wJlhatevper Capactyg maBY 3 hbe used to aServe
the Evegplade territory. O~thers 6complete~g ac2Irfrtincial shld be design~Ped.
sman installed.

Wlhat; is needed above evel3rythIng, is a ptiickh run-off from t~he
Glades durin rairly searsons. th~e to OUt down thie number of oatloe s
and the depth therPeof, because~f th.e~ necessPit~ of Cutting t~hroug rook,is no
longer ftenble, espoolallyg since there la a ready sale for srf~oal rowok a~ssara
at a price thait would probablya more the1 offeset deat of kCarai on.J~g Exteting~
abroeams wh~icf nowr form the teradani of arroral, oanrlsla should be skd~traigtene
an~i deepenle: -- a;nd 'perhaps widened in plp~aces Certalinj ,BheB~ldgilleP'P ahmsee
been cons~Itracte in a maner~MB that im~pede~s the flow ot'oarain81 et these
Lana~ua at~reasln and outlet o~analr shoUld, be condeamed a~nd rebuilt as as not
toJ ent dona ~the! necessary eaBol -astr set au ou~tlets

No~ btrige~s sheald be p;eFrmtted to be built ove natural streeme
or artificial outlet s errying wat1er fromB the Glates withiout the pp~eaoitio
permssaion of the hip bef Buglaserhr who s~hall peaas uon all plana for andh
bridges espaciiay the djiataane~ b1Wetween piers etc. IPn some latanoesl
the cityg offials~~E areo at familt+ as in the aame of the BFithZ S5taeet bridge
la Miamif, w~here the oroes sect ion of the M~iant river has been eat 4.aun to a
point hetre theg flow of waB~ter at flood stagei has been serioney fiageded.8
All such srtructures shtould be required to be zebail~t.

It is a well knownm ojaxo that the capn.ty of a anal or st~ream
in no greater thanu its seaallest areas eastion, therefoare, to permit
railroads andj trmfon.ingallties to ese a few dollars in cost by r8eduing the
opeming: or shao~rtedif~ g ther span to their brid~Cges at the~ a pease of theR antire
Evergaladoes d~rainageg district, is ntter to~lly. Shis point sheal~d be ooraerted
not on~tLy in the plan of 'greola~nato but in the baeio law9 as well, so that
pgresientP stractares across streamsa or oanasl leading ~from the .Evergaladsc as
well as Iantre strrutures, may be regulated d b the Chief Aneg~iaaner.

;111....- -- -- rl I

EroPosed P~rog1run for Arerglades -- 810


Above all things, outlet oanals should be provided fa every few
miles apart, and should be of generous captacity sufficient to serve the
entire territory that will ultimately be tributar: to the several oana~ls.


The main oa~nal. scoring selected areas should be of sufficient size
so that when aztended into the nextt unit;, or selected~ areas, at same later
date, it would be unnecessary to rebuild the outlet canal. Or, if designed
only of sufficient else to sooosanadate the first uxnit or selected area, then
all the sproil bantl should be p~laced on :na side so that when enlarging the
oanal. later, to ervgoe the nexut anoceeding unit, it would be unnecessary to
remove one of theg spoil banks at double cost.

The sJtY1andard of high and low water levels at Lake Olkeenhobe st~onld
be so revised that the areas within a reasonable Llistance of .Lake 3eachobee
may be drained into the lae~r and the run-off thereafter coniuzoted through the,
control anal (St*Ie~Luote to tidewater it being 1 pj~rac~ticable to othserwise
drain the selected areas along the outer boundaries of the 01adoes nd around
Lake Olceechobee simultaneously. The control oanal, of course, should be
enlarged anffiolently to cae O~of this extra run-off~in addition to the
run-off from the Kirseh~mee r:~-el watersheds draining into Lake 01ceechobee.

Furrthr determination should be made as to whether it would be
possible within economial limits, to drain by gravity certain portions of
the Evterglades situated. in the middle and western parts thereof, where the
alope to tidewater is relatively slight, and where canals of tremendone
width and deprth would be necessary to accomplish gravity drainage. The
po a si ble sailvage of ro ck from Danasl af 0 tan enormoalt els so aould be eare-.
fully determined and weighed against the alternative I#l3as of d~rining~ anah
areas byr the pulmaping system. Even in hel latter eashe, provision most be
anglde for canals of aPloqe aepaci~ty to handle the water thus .pumped without
jeopa~rdlising any of the units or selected areas along the outer boundaries
of the Glardes,wehich can be econsomially drained by the gravity s~ystem.

water control during d~ry seasons. re also an seaen~tia fesatre that
anest be inorlporate~d in the new plan of reolamation with proper looks,
contliir~atsraes shpine-ways, spillways, etc. Which can be opened wide without
obeocing~ the flow of water during the rainy Pseason.


With absentee malnagement of the itrerglades drainage district, and
with the Engierer located at 1Pallahausee, sub-drainagtle itriots plastered
on to the main Ererglades drainage district might have seemed desirable, but
under the new proposed plan of local control for the whole distriot, with a
chief drainage engineer of unquestrioned reputation and ability in charge,
and with headruar~ters on the ground., all sub-drainage districts within the

I .

PraOsed-~QE _~4El~;O~_,Par~bras~ fo Eerlaes-

_resrglanss dactzinage district ought to be ~assolved.A Onet ha but be Preview
t~heir stable afterks~ to noe wht~s a crpran~erona3 gowth thy rsnarltisteo an the
bodyb pol~iti Poody mLlanaged -- WWWlh~~~n~n~slaxLt~c
aspkreswe rs.- with oubttal1 a~tihority and a;Zilappa in conflict wih the officalbS
of the main~ IMotsrgadess drla4nage ds~eet rieb wth~~thei habont tie~D,3 wit~ little or
no equsiseant~ aslki mediucse eninefrire rin taernt, they hT~kave imposed S~ame ut;own t8e
land a~wnrs that% eare aflmost 1nbersable, unl ytlhaee anc~r~lcuplshe Litl~es ofB no

Ye~st of thes drainage weaka petfirrmane byy theses sub-drc~sainag distriots
have been qutrad amatouriXShL and~i 81est of theff zrD-a man313 7Ls az l as ee
abadwbea~Z. An tQoget~hPb ;eadasts.

gaur iP the 8 her to one; out theoq2b Ip3JnnePross growths;2 whichr wF~Perte wih
upotn thean Ireagha3 s d~s~t~r~iots by ~1the 83tat atta9si2a s at. ak~Lahassee.~ An the rain
hope~ bs th~ait aa diitRjeiota ould iLn dJ~~lfeeperatJI on undtak to bult th mooeaZWBi Bbss
mwain raet~o oanalsr to smne their regn~o~raneta thal~~~~~s adev hep maon veraldads
drazttinag Qattrie$ of the; re~azanibi~lityt therefo ~r,8 sad leav thatb auch moreB of
kthe States offnted lea l of the EveralaSdoe for ,thetth,1Z~Streate diverion to; the

ID~~tlk wa better to throtttle than& latit5 fi Vg~ moust be8 pea:1bite to
Eanatie~, than at least. -they should beocs~ill moadigled not;. onl s to
bopunds~arlow las ~t~8 als aso prowe~irsl a U~Fnd~~ plabz$ ang he dftirestlY
Bunde the superriazaiano thea Chief EniaseLtMr 4@~ ih~~ajllpfi~rnlae Draia Distri~ot;,
aniS cowlTel~~Y elevaswatin all oerhand~ expal~e An 40nn~wecib on theewit

oev~ear, Inr~asuahrP~ as the nat0t orX prs~IPPa~l~n 017*syrst of drad~nager
3amat protoox~ to adopted, it its I..'a Oid (dl that te dub~bn-dratak~y tricks
h ave servedl theirp meft~almons, and. t~hrat; th the6' Dr zo~ir uttr dissouion~ to
now~ at h~a d. New sonit to beds igned~ r~ by~ ~the s ing 0untaionr a.aR aeot
Pforh ueracp the P~lan of Tool~astian brabout be 104 ly:~ onea an~d th~~~~~~~~eeeeeeeeee seam
Iieassntmnt I annexyg t~ he ~ cater anner at theP ageeta Dr~aing Diearl
Reasen, t~he absrtit~y omraol nalsenes of the an s-t~ricts. Why let thab ar .
anyg longer? Int s put themr rrl ou f th~~ dei~rt -7teery. ~
In aso~t th set"" triCts '*s b Y.of a
Z:tasmana their obl150.410 a,~ it rany.

iarzvergade from~ 'allarhsassee. WhoZ1 prveya q thy hls~re Eaacceplbilitab nd
to dro~in tihe itr~beaany, wRi~Th little to show~r~ for 17j~l offi~rts. $artIg
leetcQhed the 3b an~d taaled as asrabln~~y, lot r;ljm:~~swle~as coarnlrturle. .E
i.over the somaets, a s wll aso the liabilities, rsea qtf iolpth iSarflled take~t v 'j
itself its ona job, t~hatf it msoeg be fSinishd witlpf~t) somebodyi~i~f a litk-a
I-her Stat~e oficslP~ iavs here: naea the altde~s as a pgo~litic
footbra~l lon amough 2iamo ~tthey hrep done~ noathing3~ It mosa qlp th9 arttPIe
projecXt, let th~an got oute with~ as sounh speed asndrace asm~~ possibles jOIn
thegm resinsa forthwvith. .~' ~"8ad "~

raieiRam~sed anaa foxr

~ahrlL~Wrdl~Pwnnrc~sc~~w~oll~raaaar+r~p ~-b-- ~ _~
~8rmrA~i~prr)ll~br~.kalripl~~HA~Pe~h -



Juslt. as a read weald~ soonZ s tlioBI pl fe Si~ti not aSi~PSntain so
lilnerise do~esn a eaZa lose its o~frfiaejaa it aet; mrakain~ed ==== remeda the
silt oe~are-tas, ets0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .Ang sleagiberiy easjtrs under the pzasseak law seep
miaa~t nta$PJ3 annaBZ 'ls, b it fIs C ap~tedeas~U tant~ hat all of those~ wh$.&~ June
MS WOr ~ 1 qggraFIthep '3Bwl af~tagopheasbaeTL ge a lit aere to8 meni~tain




fevnsiller 18g, 1984.

Wan~. Johnt W.I Martga~,
Goerner~LI of theb StateB of qMt~rbi~a, -
Ths'~e~a~i~ trs ee ofl FLateSeOlJ
Im~cprrareasl~ls~ P1~t reas set
aderars of DeantantoersrmraI( of astrewaat
Bicrala ssEe ~Tdistte
TallZ~ahasses, Pleeta .

thofsve pead eveesl rrs8e Bat Goernr War~~it's
a~Bdre~aso "The Ev~erfgladea E saA as he la Gve~rn~Or,
and~8 Eteddreoss w~as @e~lt~iivee toa th pr9~8eeanc atJ aL~L
of you witheaQ~Wt Recenlt, I Sake8 ($ tha3t it espgreasseC
gFer~aat view ap theB sPabject. An$ havIng~ go~t~te it
th~oreghly in sPrta, the f~Csrientship saA teet~re Ito hel
that I haveb show Irela as it impgerat19* to estaterb ~the
aenegt~aisten thats tafar d eeegaa mer ei~l~r ive to, teelt~iag
Blhat It is the best~ service~ 1 oanl reIader yea and theI
SPtate of #1aridts.
I amr asecptin~g the staemete~p~r,based ea such
pal~sre~tamon sahriasr~~2 s tjree, If theyr desaear~strt
anyhin itis heb theman uetiona~ Agretweg~ ar
not asssedia~iIlmnet t, with the asstag
Quesrt ions ~largeyI eakerI~tnate. andu delpeat I say
witheit; heettet teao tthat untpasl b tha so~lvesj jta
mreanise~r3, sa.p ~tt~ashe arnes see~h ...we~M av s pe..-
of thei Evergtlates wllft be th Zrise~ sadR L ~the~t Sho3frt&
If the ffinanoi~~ital quest tne are not lt dat th promptly
~ea p~ropesty I ca see no1 mother ~ ea8 to ap 10 large person-bl
al l~aerest inr Heridu~e Bu~t: I wi to say 3gast as
emphatteally that it is up serseabt belief,~1P ana~ has
always9 beenB, that the fIinamiet~al. atth~oe;A ealtte al4 have~
beg~i a east@r golve, saA art11 eana be ait prt satica
to takes, although fa~rtherF tely ranaC *44~t 4 b att-
Plreiar thes GOvernor'si careTalh and ex~haustiv

Gov~erorpa iMrtfa, elte. \ *S=

laeta~le absteent. I gatherF thats the9 opattpates~o teet
awe~ as~ falleg (mad I earneatly~Q ask orseethe if I
raedrt and-8ll~~sU~QT any of the
lea~~sD Obeeakete toS the see~anaB lea1gast. bet
ofp treak wat8e r entirlpy w~ithis the bounts of~k the Un~t te
States, andZ edinar1EYE~tit He ~lare to beta~ moert na>gi E~~
bai~r of fbeet rhabove bl~e sea. 1C, in togaJL, Swi~ala a aryg
leage ter38~ r ~ay orhar$Ay andIJ l to a g4PI Y soutr o~PPl~f tramandows
retfal. tise~je4t teeaaa rehos ta
from~ t see toiB~ 4 Blee if em beap ever ~ant tI~eImt a vasat tepr*
ritory~ of mwbceek leses to ith~es eawth~ ssanS eakst e of$ Kthe s
These lans eaeF4 awaegyA~ andi oneS of th~ ~lever~leet pljetas
WaninElgf 4lgk~~F~ C souhea42pabou a5 handSet alles, to thea~D rhl~eP
worleB, haPI.SltyF poEegtb~~~f te l~Ply~ Cg innttaedstaral~ gt6sbas
to prevent them bein6a 8#seepIFO and~3 overtione ZlSlans sa84
whntehrP wPP~Le regivEn to ~theB Stte~Bqc~rT o c~f Plor i ga~ s pan 8rgt
ment~a9a~tep lthe ~iFo ag~CrienteersIIP theyi betag fes0~tal sEnEt
or~ that purosea3~1 w-ateas resa-aplset~ ton pe~rtonesees0~ o f $M
In~ th no 49~I~ oft. Stant~5, eneh~ Bdeteage
as thereb~~ to,~ to re~at to the~ enethmeetweA,~i~~ s@ t
meatl shamed~i tFollows~B ith~~c3at theete, althea~th it Pde
na~tural3P~7 Si~Etall Samseenatea~s fors connt~srramene AJrrgraae.
Of eeilarea~, to blee thi teethtet ~~IRr~.rkl~~~ chanant
wasar eemptemE:~ obearats~Jkty, ord~~~6 lto ss~seas.o a anaal aba~f se
:sp~ Seap ar bleak9 in I, Eand~i to ith~Pre the great IFSoBLume
of water. tht~i kba$ eafely~ peasedbeiek into the~~ MtamS
r'ana~rl, wa QEvengl a grIeater eas. kbut thei ~gaestee t~ of
ggabanrttles wealdrr hae~jr~~ been to~~g9 estmp to ~ awat
$semendone~~21 Poverg~~Parfo fPcirom take~o O;rl~~~keeehabeb 3t4 -~ Bthesea
leve3 l awak~i po~latae byF oana~ls 5~ of II~~s~~ endBEeau ardt.
theadia em~ah ammb~ese mightj lie meetes for ~ iseepose amesesC
~envyu for~ 'reelaRt~~iar..~~ thes l~r~ea8 e e ota als
bu~t Osea 'ae~p emu~Qrtu ae4 r.aF that the St.~f EasteCana
tkisn.e tea~ aQBo res~atc e tos Ithsai, kt ee sonsB~~tr-eatesl] rP
not so bfill apB and'P~ of awfteten 4taeaste~~B to earsey
offP6 thPies~e~ frc~ighttal fPlooa~Be fro atBov, useWI en aperal~~!L~tiv
seessa~B~j ity of4 LIaE attf~4 natA e gir taahe bealt ea8k gat1~BOke
grade peeeteiLB sband at the Bsleast expme Andb I ams
fur~itheJ~ r conv 9ince Bjl)t efflotentWD egineerefS~ eauldf~ maEBB
a feet a ppa~jgal~~9~j~2 ast14R of the 6cst; neeassary ~ forti
pawpt~ose. AS4 it ions IA>, I ~sof 99ou~EtheeB tha9t the s~eepag
~eannals punning long~ 4tbBanese&Y Qs~aouk~ztheetar were~ slee
quite. seerreoS At ea~QSdhned to thisB purpose, ~as Ar~cssenlt,
do leave ~periojllear lly 4eastee a.A sensequentlt~ y Seetnrage




Rea.r John9 W~. Mart taJ, ete.~ -8.

thes Telse etS, th aewsi~arrL )s~b~~~~tils ~Sstag eorrt
of the ljrandst aosenitteta y3iL~~errt afan acOpplcab~le
tob performingy yer)8 taa. for a rrsmal els renaed thel lake,
wealt hsave been as stpta ast wees~ angest.

8o pea see1 o~tha eal theQ ePastsearta problem~
J9es have serineed4 a ksBi that as t e1fabjec on which~ I
hear $be xame8 st aittetas e pea, I sa am~bject; to the
same Irrfisrttele ass, Beeatt* I sRa new seertsoe48 that
ee fa rCp ar y uwr ri~ght. Tqhis betaag s, aby3 to itl, ter
thelre most be a esage, that Sr athe ~-twnty, ear ,as of te-
ret*8~ weakw uar ~inb as d~geplrabl a romed)i2ian )spr
ther~4 meet deplorabl that has888 eve eta~tedB to the '0 9;~I
It has been saia thats every one of yrear goe6 walvs~ wealA
gladly2 be lere~ir~ d of gceaar respon92si ~ibilit ie a these~
epeatera. 8at, ~i gear p~a~llane were right, well thought
eat eat~ proprl alsa pLaJ~lated,, thf rie b shed met be T~eaP
sheatrald now be receiving all thea aesarastionfa de to a
dtftEal~~t taskerlr part~feel~tly performed. Be I aaet new Qea..
ese~~ar, bi I ram tos help~ ;geaI whre ~th real mi~staeI Dan
dicBrttLealt lio. No onea coals tell yes that were plataly
han thei~ ;JGovene hass, Ta havea not~8~ the necessary fund
latea Okeeekeee msateri, but ~rea that is nt eemplete48a
srat sa~rfe yt, Weald not geaot astiauring, if pea kne
wha~t yotUr threat f~n4ant were, haIve been able ogaetentittBEa
to work oat ite reguFlwaneatet Wgar no1t the ietraeBQY a
theI prBfles~a simpgle and~H ert~iml open when the Dratrange
Gent~reets~ were signp49 To asksr a p~leal witheart any~ pag..
athility o~f soupj~leting it: wealdti see like thretagsl th
jle4sesrgla steeaway anda sas yea say, yest wer 9eantiatene37f j
ham~epae for ferate. ~Ba$ pasala ~thaEt, asupetasP~cgg that~
there %wee lexeu~sable miSe~a~~lk2lealaions eartals f~etatre
yes knee.; Tomf knew4 thBB~fat the Tri at~ available son.-
start~ed ofi abo~t. 4,100,000 seree, plaer wash tapMe as it
was feasble to allet itre the at0~~lr e these Ileab
9rea~ thOse 18e parahased them. ou balo kne tat the 8
somaase vralue~ of this Trp1ant Pal was $15,000 000., ekieflyr
in un~Ppresstie~u Xleaf, ea& wlhS; aestaie rpr
asp it wras largely taged, un~til dratae4 beesse a ore

Anf pye, woith thista a~~e~ttaso, poea ~Jp~orteme,
to my aid,1 a finenetal~ areels~ With raau assarty, a
aairl~able sweets, youamesel to8888 bar crrowrsag appamesmarlJ .
17 $12,000 000. S that yIP qous hve borrowedr~S an$ e*
withina $8l,tO 0.00. of the eatture seasese +alwa at the
Evergf~lae. (Cai~rrest me Ii I be wrong.) AdL~~ this ea



rton.+ John~ W. Maert in, sato.

PrZnproductive sesarity.~V An8E i I be rightt; on thle fheae
sntate, all tha acll thes Owners in the Ev~rer51ab~Ce, tam-
alad ing yourselves, have6 let of saw~aeas~ ~erZ vala ise a
ptalt8ry $5S0,000,00, and witlh everythli~ingf t amst 4**QI
mo~Xralisd a~nd un~finshed condities.~ I dona't ~ike this.,
unless your fin~anotl plans3 are abange&t~, and will Be to-
lightesd ~i your can showf m$ er~ror. Indee4, is it notf
ridioulu sa aft~er nearly a qutrsPter of a cont~ary of wor
and the elXped~itu~re of so Ianchg money?~
Now, watsa is the rfealf Sithealty?~i Anad the
wharnt isB %the rem~dy? FSor,I tholesou~ghly believe that ~although
it is late, it is not. to~e lat~ yet, t~hough mea valuable
earzsl have be~en wasee la spp2ying it. It is nothing~
new. If I resellsetorretly,;~B it was~ pbints9e4 tt be
yen~ By year Suxp~res Deaort earc~s and8 gearrs a~Er, asaA later
~b rCealtS~ gan ase Emnderstoot, or I wernal noet ha~ve gone
ahead entfirely undasi~eortoo by and~ agreed to by yaur geotsss~~~~~sssss~~~~~
se~lves, for you expraeZsl staed~ t~hat myg saone*9 in ap**
plig~ it was "vIta" So yea*
Qutotin te Sy-B ~llabas in the early ease ofb
The Trueatees of the Intcarnal Imp-~~rrovemen Pant v. QGeasron,
15 Pl~ra. 88, your Bapre~me Court say, as nearly s Juneb
Term, 1875:
"zndesr the provrrfision of Be Intrem~al
"ImprazovemTen t aw of thiis State, it is
"the doft the Trea~teet of thb e Pu8to
"pi~cgake snah arrangeQmentt s fo thge tr9aiae~
"oF the awamt~~p andB oveirlewe lanet, as is
"m~ost advanJtageous~ to the ha$.*

And it say sb atge~ $898:
"Tese~8Q~~ awam laeale, therref~oe area tr astio
"eetate, and it Le the Baty of the Trastess
"underI this Aet to improve~ the taretpo*
"rty by daXina~ge. Thes CIEr3ero of eSee

"ipowerrlsee to strain on~e saar of thes at~lllien



Ron., John Wn. MartInL ete.


"ofi sorea of smeany leads now to their
"hanks, theu preventing their ;Improve.t
"ment, ana weild plreven~t tbill from ear-I
trying6 out the manifeat poliea an8 apiri
"of the law upon the ~ableet.

TPhe Tfru1stese have not only had the guideamae nd
mandte of theaa~se gra u~dge Oinee that timee, bu~t the
Bapreme~ Court has takenY pai~ns r~aan, lately, to restate,
ai prinaliple, whichE,if rcnt~rolling,~ weal~d io my gjd~meatt
have9 made youmr taesk aimple san enayr, saying to TPrustees~ WeF
Root, 683 #Sal 666, through you;r gret Chief e5uszticer at
that thaee, thea Hon. Jaames B. Whitfield, that it warsr the
sJb~ltatuor Ant of the Trateeslt to maktfe anah arrangements
ats may be most advantelgaous to the fund. 'And it is to
be noted that in this finvaluable Opinionr, attention le
called to the faot that even as early as 1811, the lands
had already oeased to be of santficiet valus to complete
the nee~sersary9 wolrk. And that we~e the opinion of the
Tru~steeas ear rly ass that date. And you wsill find further
evidence of thisr in the Minus~tesa of the Trustees Zthremseles
So that thesituation which sonfronts you has been starting
you to t'he face for years., It is nothiseg new or utnexpeBtded
You hadn't rwaffJistet money then, and you haven't sufft-
stent mo~ney now. ~ut yref had them, and you have now,
land of almost teaeneivrabl~ e ale, if the posaibility7 of
~loarg returna to its owners seatld be demronstrated. Alnd
this has beenr verified in periods of hope by very high~ pries.+
les it not manifeet that if eea could obtain $100. ani aare
you wouldzr have $41,000,000. of tazable propeJrty Ant to
y~ou not konow there hatve been actual salesr of five timess
that amount, where there wfasa belief or hoge as to its reelar
mzatio~rn? And could the purehaessagrealise even 100.Q an son
from~ the3 cultivation of their land, eoald there B~e anyg
sitticulty in getttag taxesr of $10. are more, instead of
roatnies them by one~aent~h of the tax that thy had as
mneans of mf~eeting?

r, therefore, following the lead of your own
Supreme Court, and your o~wn reeated statemsents that it
was "9.ital" to you that I abould do so, here exaeaded~8~ etw9ree
fiveF andQ ai millionsr of dollars to demonstrated this salving
hope. ~An4 ~with~ whpat eoneegnaneedt (Nows earreost mIe aglain
if I am wrong.)
afte rea~ding the Goveernor's paper, I have `lost
allf faith La new engineers and new polens n sedly
TheyF ulantt be in Slael And it is proper that the State

I ,

BEa. Johna W. Marin, eto.


11eals nfaltll its trusct ~thurogh itsl most tPraetedsa a
highest oth~ears. .If Jyea are not going, IPromp~tly to
yPa~rate the couzrse Whiteh I b3~elieves to meatteet27 aest
labatageousP~a to the Twnet geat, all these other parlliatives~r
a11 be to +ain ant too lae

New let as rettuan aain to the setnal eeaisS-
thlgee. I haew from the ~4C4PGoernr' Report that yea have
nlothinrg3 bat somes sepage enals through the greaster ~ar
of year trust pl~aus In view of thea rat thrat the, 91aLtesrr
are trea 60 to 80 miee swite, antoh ~cana~l sazar conn gt th
water oft gaatekl, ant are not intended to.Iasoke
thatL an enor3Mousf propea~eanoeQ~t of the ravalable lease
wereF a~lweays the a~i outhN ant esastwart9 of stak fSkEecbeefi
with praeicsPJsall no grate, san4 anbect to a t~ruemaneous
;1agatall,. inJCreaIng~ in goanatit;ly of frearlyg average as yoa
appr~eseti Mrias, ovear a foot fsallng~ In single~ storea.
Of course it is port~eetly apparent that; as this territes9
is fhoro 40 to 80; miles wite at the Bugar~3 plantr6, one
hundre&-foott ean, only bIrPlt for seepage, is tzremndlonely
instequate to get thes water off for ag~fricuF j~ltrl paI6rposes
Intead, to tareleal in the eaase of these get; tenspeart,
seve for thsge pro~se for whichfe theyr are Baitt, as seea~ge
does not begia12 at l~eat untt1 trhe aerarts waters are
remover%8 So that, whesn e weeP1 tlpRha~ ntop
sould but12 weF ~ i~ltar t wouldor~ 95ve no a 1I~Lsoftt
eiienf~ TBgi~~-o7Eth i~~-Ltart for ag~r'ticu_~ltur, a TpllBia
gr~banteer -waffainB-uee to abaaii~liitr plan o 4leasing3 the
Evergi~ 2~~ssee_~~-a-ent e lieMhese enormoneu a 9~ats-- meani~-s we ere
t otr- anat-i, it 1f~ RR~AQ9ratias k2ithk mraftt was~s an tpoBHt-
at~ting.~--E~~ iiN if I unaderateadg the mattr~~ ritat~ly, yes
t ie@ s '~up by a con~traet that oe oll not Be performat,, even
if you didl no~Staing furtherF to h~slame sant make impo~setble
the perfoprmance of thse obligation that yea in~sta~tet upon.
if myg ~tiew be correet, without tathr detrimental aete,
these asser~tone and3 prom~~9ise by which yes obtaine4 great
rrsave of moneyla~ if not we651 SCftowae~b!, make our ame~Jees
In a 1nutabesll all these enemone trPC~tsl of
lent in year~ Treat, pon wh~ichJ thsea vastr qutant itiser e
water fell, belowr lcaker OkeeshFBee were factually resedret
neargy valaslearsr fr tghe PeBpose of year street By betag
em'bet nat iallyc3I areela inime
low all Z I wat to te la to hel~8p yeara crreet*
ly understnding~ the a ituart en is a gjgg ggg gggp as set as

__ I ...~~~. ..._~ .~. ._,.. ........,._,. ~. .. .._.. ........ ... ..~~.~. ..._.~ ~.

Ren.r John I, Ma~rtin, etc.


rfight Si I at~8seandertad it; for, o~ couxrse, up paramountp
atrry of obta~ini justice f~or ou~r C~ompany meta Obie pae
sabove every other oa~naiderattan, W~hat, therefore, we
wereTI told not~ only coa~lB batL wou~ld b Aea, we wre~~~Y pat
un~der an bL~igBiato to to.~ TPhere e n oar ta~ dequ~s ate mase
ofl remrov~~ag~ ~these vast~g quet itise6 of wa~terla t~imeI.H fo4r
agrFianitulra u~se. Nothing bselo or8e east of Lae Okeedhobee~a~
waeetsaviabl~~ e fr thes purp~se of your~ tret~ in a~lequa
meses8~r~, because o the 1set o~f thef~ snecsary demsaontration.
Sat~ hisL ito n~ot allj~ ea&s T1aske peo to inform me
if I sre cr~ree in wate~rstanding~~js that our firB st ero wcas
trest~royerd 'byF amrr~et*aearily~ gIing; the dami below thea Aredge
eoseaesary to fleaet it, neaesr aO~t below the @edge. As
right in uam~erarstandig BBt at tr oropse waere destrapeAa
all co~;sting ~eslaemna sa~rme gpadh, ~byj~ ~SRProvd~laIngl for the famIsIP
@Cae on enaIditten~ that~ propers adverrt% be left; 'by aPP~llowl
thfe M8t~a Ont anal to be p5olagt ged up it passedr~ water BeingC
brough beek int it be~low ou~r place By~ seaa latEE~~~~EEEE~rfrin~ a
vast qua~nti~ts g ofS water30 ~andte peipitat ingit If~BOPe
arano~ther eop~, mwakingB a tremendOus% artificialF flsOo~tagI te
at~~j of proper61 mefthb sagd preteautonts; b gr~eatly e
Tiigjin the, Miami Canal aboer usr, eas~ thea sadde~ny ~t~aktarg~
oat yearP ownP plroec~tiesB, there rhen we boag~ht th e~B la r ad
absolutelyg nsets~enary for yonr Vital experiime~nt ~to seeestc;
by~ emrploying~ ourt mn to Qo your workjl, an~d wrhean theyF wre~~
enedB for w~hait wasp done unde year w~sathrit sal pay, sal~
under1 the seat thr~et~aatein and asperatre 6~L~Charge to re~fuse
the protect ion and& enoaragemen tht were necesar f~tJjor
the draining of t~he Glad** byF te srtateet~ that y~ es would
gi~ve as al~l thre new~ceasE~a wryeidenee to p~o~tes as butc wreal
set itne+rfere lai what~ you calledi a privatete suit althou~rgh
itk wase re~taraig sand delayriaE2 the ses~saary work0 t~at gralgt.
ha~ve giveng the Itrevenus nees~e4 fsgor yor Preat task?
That pyea mBy ktnow owhat all t~hise etl~os Ina Pr~erga
to the m~ain poiint, we had~ eve~ryj hope~ to e~kaseee in m~actta
your tas trivial Panrd easy, asL farP as measy1 ws eeneerses.t
Por while no9 estage oievp tatrnet et~ remanerative, a web
thougt~l because of the thfing meeia~St, we, hbad soe1 ear-
pr~i~sing nd maost encouoragingb resulted la pls~ace where wer
got suf~fiet~ent prota~etiss, we got a teen~age of ease~ la
excessa of the average of Crabs a~t that; Bst+e On a a~reltive-
ly Ismall par% of ou~ greatt arsereage, we setuaally5 sol4 in age
steasonF ne~arly~ $200),000. wPorthf of pot-atoes, whbich ne~tte4a
us an immese~aa less beoanare of the doat~retian o a gtreater
acre~ag byr water or teat.~ I t i no wonder that~ yea t~lA
us our experimentt was "ItM"f repeate437 With anV ~eash

I '

Hon. John .r Martinr, etc.*S

retur~2ns and proper protection, year thnaneain teak would
have been at joy. Theae are my~S olear viewal, aeqired~o by
enormsous expeatditure and protracted exp~aterience
So intense hase been ear deeire to help this sitarr-
tion that we hlave, gone to the expense~ of #iking and putting
in pumps.+
Yout ta one n deterstare what ies lawtal anA aan-
lawful;l for generally, it wilthin year plan and permit the
thing to be done l e mad8e lantal, rliah it witheat aa be
reven arminal.3 We have begged yea for this inf~orset af-in,
and the only way we can knowsts th 4 yea even amoetre ear
letters to by sendias them etregil;tard Lonag rrnee I wrote
to year Chief E~nginee, asking parateston to 47te ean pamp~t,
and got no answ~rer on the tjsabjet. MaaF ~teetioncs that I-
have aska@, the easseera to whic~llh are seeential to deecintg
upon a proper aCare*~, readsL sand bare long rematae4 an-~L
Pmanswer. I Wrote a long, earethl letter, showfng W
the any8 ieetoiate hope ofT relief wacts by a universal gratbe s
of Syking and plvum~pirg,. I havte received~C~ as easser or
eoolment. Clonrsidterin the vast atuma that we were ~anspenala
to aid you in wha~t you actually thougt2&l ws "YIta~lec' to
the ansecess of your enterprise, It aeriteA a little a~tten*
ticar, at the least an eaknowledgment, so that I haew the
maettera we~rey before yen. This year, with all ear poet
dirssetrs~r, we were willing to go~akl with another trial,l -
if we could only be informat of what we oanld riLghtly la
fully and safely to to s~ta. We have reneweA~s beek
evideneea of your receipt of the letter, but nothing more,
and the test must go ovesr anothIer year1 beassee of the apI
pBroacihing fall and the continued higFh level of water. I
repeat our continuing desire to help, but withent that
which you alone can gives, wie have been taught by a drastie
experienee that it is aiapJ~ly folly to thns~ree a aryr any mre
of these vae s~tnL sae I amnot sufficiently iasnfoamed a
fuet how great your resoursres otherwirse may be, but I So
knowr that your enterprise ansat ultimately fail as the
fiznanial site if the "gital" test of pretuative power is
not madle in time to assure your getting the large suma
whkich you pointt out is necessary for your undertaking.
Con~ferensesr, engineering plans, delayed legislas-
tion, ete,, eto, give me no hope whateraer FRolland
demlonstrates that the B~orgladels can be drained by pumpingz
under proper conditines, and ars a general right not a
special privilege. Personally, I: believe king B~anR
PamIping~ alone Would in time secomp~lish the whole resu~lt.
i amn sure that never while anyl of no are Iflvn rrS1 the

Hon. ohn Marla tc. 94~

*Eastes be~ ree aTmee~ fo~r ajtgatsw ptwrdsb

sIP~eakab! I befiever theB anneye meee ~nasa~ry, a tt e;ar
amrr eras, ter Qyking e~t ai~s puptag,~ em p~a a po
Samanesrtr iaatt welieeo yesl of tWhe nossesity~L~; oj Cf ate
rany meargP, it r~ saly proerly1 arrangeslt p~r~eteetai8 sat me,
r~asourage .
I hav~ie r aS~ hope ar th arenageeJl at; rg mage-
tHome1 ar Ee no atB~ 1seat annk~esseseas 5E haveever b
rs tos tie~ 'sor tat s teae wateh SIa *,Mr
thegr~P eSqilbeas fiLni~~hs~Iias~~ FB~'aili
asn to jC 616 g41Oas 484~PIF~~ to 41bagh
eaasrrgt~~ate you~r tr tanti XIJ61P trust. Ijer tw~ EnltpwQutee LL
weR haveQ beena ureastl~ a 4Aametes.9~P MiLline~ bas

area aasometerre8 that mayg at leastc weaultrX 1 'toe~tOtesmat~C~
RBeasew ober MaweL4 I: amD Wreas At I asP
whbeever i s wrea to proeper2ty ~aseeset e~ag at tarseat
I rg~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ents,3 I b

Tear ete~8diest earat

~e E~zPreside $, atran

GRE: 5