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UFJUD



Nailebn =
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007530/00041
 Material Information
Title: Nailebn = New life
Parallel title: New life
Added title page title: Naylebn
Physical Description: v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language: Yiddish
Creator: Icor
Publisher: Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication: New York
Frequency: monthly (irregular)
monthly
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
ocm19068832
Classification: lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID: AA00007530:00041

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bTyn lylr ~yTH bYT~3 YW-~~T~N








-Tjnx'lN8 lD11D
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Iyng ,2nonmyu m i(B iD IryaBp pR manxny
-5irleB 12,000 .ir ipsnlly 2i Ivingn 50,000
pIoDem- 1 'iK ill "i ypzpgp Jim rmS yrIy
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11J rimthyn3 J9.fi Jie tzgtvnplyomx ir-7
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50 ,15i 4 ,twBmwpivyn 160 minls yry$it
43 t'B hl-11Bt5p11tE 18 pN toim?3e1y1"p
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lit paonI 8 Ipniunl Mum I 1p0Dglpa lniD
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PimK mjjpjIgNs yBtB.'ByDcrmiB yipi ,il'nrmrmr


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lyrmnwry llV1,t "T Tqi Jvllrn H7b I) 1i1n
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iar'-iu iriBS1t= iry. yp laoyp Dgll


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3,000 ylsy? "I .pulnylr nsuilg yV57 1y":T

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ytpyB"'no ly yt imsite B "tB3 lit tuBn "Ilm
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1'K 40,000 "Id OyT''p 21y 1 to -uTyl"Id
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1945 ,Qyopyf1zr y 1 20


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2812 Bronx Park East. Bronx 67, N. Y.


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NAILEIN December, 1945


A. Shulman ... ..............
S. R oth ......................
Charles Ritz .... ..............
Dr. & Mrs. Ross ..........
Sonia Reisner ... .. .... ....
M r. Plotkin ...................
Mr. Miloff ...............
Ben & Dorothy Malakin .........
Sonia K aplan ............ ....
Louis & Sophie Pamesky .........
Mr. & Mrs. Hyman Silverblatt ....
Anna Berm an ..................
F. D enenberg .................
M rs. Sarah Fenster .............
M rs. Furash .............. ....
G. Feldman ..........
Louis Fox ....................
Charles Gittleman ..............
Hyman Hersheff ....... .......
M innie Friend .................
M rs. Silverman ................
D New m an ..................
M rs. Ruthline ................
M rs. Freda Edele ..............

FT. LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA,
HONORARY MEMBERS


M r. & M rs. S. M indlin ..........
Oscar Levine ..................
Dr. S. F. Norman ..............
M r. A Stone ..................
Dr. H. M. Horowitz ............
Theodore M ufer ....... . ....
Sam M indlin ..................
M el Shapiro ........... ....
M r. F. Grassman ... . . ...
Sol Schnieder ..................
M r. Kalmiran .................
M rs. A. Pindrus ................
Mrs. A. W. Washos ............
Jack Rosen ...... . .........
M rs. Lilian Tarler ............ .
Dr. H. L. Kaufman ............
Mrs. D. Pintorn .......
Mrs. P. Shapiro ...... .... .....
Mrs. Charles Reiss .......... .
Mrs. Kretchman .. . . ....
Oscar Segal ..: ............ ...
Mrs. I. Sterling ............ ....
M rs. L. Epstein ................


$100.00
50.00
35.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
20.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
3.00
3.00
3.00


In Memoriam


The Boston Icor and Orphan Cam-

paign Committee express deep sotrow

and sympathy to Mr. Ruby Peizer on

the death >of his mother.


DO YOU KNOW THEM?
Dagendorf, Germany
October 2, 1945.
Please help me find my uncles and
cousins in Brooklyn, New York.
1. Abram Flatow (uncle)
Emigrated from Ryprin (Poland)
in 1929.
2. Moishe Flatow (cousin)
Emigrated from Ryprin (Poland)
in 1929.
3. Yosel Hersh Flatow (cousin)
Emigrated from Ryprin (Poland)
in 1920.
4. Itzhe Horowitz (uncle)
Emigrated from Dobzyn (Poland)
in 1935.
5. Abram Jacob Horowitz (cousin)
Emigrated from Dobzyn (Poland)
in 1925.
6. Max Karnoff (cousin)
7. Chaim Karnoff (cousin)
Their name. in Rociaz (Poland)
was Krzeczanowski.
8. Max Cohn (cousin) (Chicago)
His name in Rociaz (Poland) was
Lien Konskowolski.
My name is Yosef, the eldest son of
Chaim and Masha (from Flatow)
Konskowolski, born in Ryprin (Poland)
in 1904.
Besides above mentioned, please help
me to find my relative Dan Kleinberg
of Los Angeles, a singer by profession.
Mr. Kleinberg and his wife visited me
in 1937 in Grudzingar (Poland). His
sister Dina was my wife.
YOSEF KONSKOWOLSKI


Women's Auxiliary No. 216, Bnai Brith
Aroostook, Maine
To Icor Nov. 17, 1945
We are enclosing check for $25.00
for the Russian Orphan Relief. We
hope you will see that it goes to the
proper channel.
LILLIAN ROTH,
Treasurer.
Nov. 27, 1945
Icor Association
Please find enclosed a check in the
amount of $350.00, which is your allo-
cation from our Community Chest.
Please acknowledge receipt of this
check.
H. SCHWARTZ, Secretary,
Colchester Jewish Com-
munity Chest.
Colchester, Conn.


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December, 1945


NAILE B N





December, 1945


NAILE B N


ICOR ORPHAN!

GREATER MIAMI JEWISH FEDERATION
MIAMI, FLORIDA
October 30, 1945
Icor,
1 Union Square, West
New York, N. Y.
We are pleased to enclose herewith
our check which represents the final pay-
ment of our 1945 appropriation to
your organization.
We have been very pleased to par-
ticipate in the financing 6f your pro-
gram and wish you continued success in
your efforts in behalf of our Jewish
people.
Sincerely yours,
MORRIS KLASS,
Executive Director.


COLUMBIA, CONN.
To the Icor Association.
I am enclosing a. check of $45 from
a collection made at the Chestnut Hill
Synagogue of Columbia for the Orphan
Campaign in Birobidjan.
Yours truly,
Jos. TASHLIK.


WILLIMANTIC, CONN.
To the Icor Association.
The Workmen's Circle, Branch 145,
of our city decided to make a contribu-
tion to help settle one Jewish refugee
war orphan in Birobidjan.
Enclosed please find a check in the
amount of $100.
SC. ZENCHOFF,
Financial Secretary.


Dr. Simon Weissberg
118 Arlington Street
West Haven 6, Conn.
.1945 ,It-8 iy=ayvn



.VM 73'8M13t s}pi 1 pytay'I^n lyats


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I'm mil"Z1p


S CAMPAIGN
GLOVERSVILLE, I

The Gloversville, N. Y. Icor Cor
to Help Settle Jewish Refugee War 0O
in Birobidjan acknowledges with gr
the receipt of the following sums fro
following friends:

Vecera & Sweet Glove Co. ...... .
Azak M atalka .................
Louis Rubin ...................
Boyce Lazarus Co. .............
D. S. Van Santen ...............
Central Fur Dressing Co. /.......
Dr. Kurt Kaiser ...............
Mrs. Bertha Finkle ...... . ..
Henry Popper .................
Abe Koren .. ... I . .....
Simon Lieberman ..............
Joseph Kletcher ................
Philip Landy .......... .......
Thomas Shpritzer ..............
Dr. Hans Pollak ....... .......
Abe Bachner ..................
Abraham Fink ...............
Burt Kennedy .................
Ernest R. Stern ...............
Dr. Samuel L. Russell ...........
Dr. Paul Loewenstein ...........
Dr. Samuel Shoenberg ......... .
M ax Rubin ......... ........
F. W. Lebenheim ...............
Louis Lazar ...................
Harry Neivert .................
Joseph H Seld .................
,Plymouth Glove Co. ............
Winig Glove Company .........
Bell Glove Company ............
Popper Brothers ...............
Sally W alder ..................
Nina Fay Foundations, Inc. .....
M rs. Helen Lewis .............
M ax Tuchin ..................
Samuel M adora ...............
M iss Sylvia Gerson .............
W olf Broudo ..................
Louis T unkel .................
Albert Feldman ...............
M rs. Isador Lewis .............
Charles Finkle .................
Jacob Bernstein ................
Eugene. Engle .................
Sam Rockford .......... . .
A A lpert ....................
M ax Goldin . . . . ....
J. Berkow itz ..................
M ax Alderman ................
Isador Lakind .................
L L evin .....................
J. Rockowitz ....... .. ...
Weiner's Radio Shop ...........
B. W einer ....................
A M enko .....................
Fred H eiger ..................
Edmund J. Levine .............


S A FEW LETTERS FROM OUR MAIL BAG
J. Y. SENDS IN $652.00 MORE

mittee Valentine Glockner ........ .... 5.00
rphans Mrs. E. R. Klopot .............. 5.00
latitude Edward Landy ................ 5.00
m the Harry Rubin ... ......... ..... 5.00
Jacob Schulman ................ 5.00
5 Bob L. Ekstein ................ 5.00
50.00 Howard M. Antevil ............. 5.00
25.00 Charles Finkle ................ 5.00
25.00 Acme Embossing Co .......... 5.00
25.00 Harold H. Garonzik ............ 5.00
20.00 B. L. Garonzik ................ 5.00
20.00 Ivor M M ills ................ 5.00
15.00 Mrs. Mary Gorfinkle ........... 5.00
15.00 Herman J. Koenig ............. 5.00
10.00 Albee Company .............. .. 5.00
10.00 Schwed Glove Co.............. 5.00
10.00 Irving W elger ................ 4.00
10.00 J. Nelkin .................... 3.00


1U.UU
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
40.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
101)0
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00


$652.00
Previously ................ $500.00

T otal ............ . ...... $1,152.00
WOLF BROUDO, Secretary,
Icor Committee, Gloversville, N. Y.

MIAMI, FLORIDA
HONORARY MEMBERS


M orris Kaufman ...............
M r. & M rs. Streif ..............
M rs. Frances Packer ............
Fannie Rosenkrantz .............
Mr. & Mrs. Solomon Goldin. ..
Mr. & Mrs. L. Touby ..........
Nat &. Sylvia, Shandloff .........
M rs. Ray Baker ................
Mr. & Mrs. Morris Yanowitz .. ..
Kate W ienberg ................
Motel & Leah Benemovsky .......
A Friend ....... .............
Morris & Dora Rohinsky .........
M orris Dansky ............ ....
Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order,
Lodge 192 ..................
M orris Gisnet .. . .... ......
M rs. Lillian Silver .............
Mr. & Mrs. Rosenthal ..........
M rs. B. Aronoff ....'............
M rs. Remeny ..................
Mr. & Mrs. Pomerantz ..........
Anna Polack ..................
Mr. Grassman ... . ......
Isidor Jacobson ................
M r. B. Jacobson ...............
Pauline Eiges ..................
Mr. & Mrs. Joe Birnbaum .......
Joseph & Molly Solomon ........
Morris & Ruth Hallman .........
Nathan & Sonia Siegel ..........
Mr. & Mrs. Louis Orashnick ......
Mr. Torgow ....... ...........


5.00Lena Schwartz .................


$250.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
50.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00
20.00
16.00
15.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00

10.00
5.00
5.00


)


I
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NAILEBN December, 1945


hansky, H. Bogaraz, I. Rimsky, and many others. For his
heroic exploits in the battles of Bielgrad, Khaim Zveni-
grodsky has received direct recognition from the High
Command. The brothers Zalliner and others have dis-
tinguished themselves at the fronts. The active builders of
our Territory, the twice-decorated E. Villensky, B. Shepe-


tovsky, Berenson, and the teacher Rose Deicher, have each
died the death of a hero on the firing lines.
Today, when the patriotic war against fascist Germany
has been gloriously won, when the Japanese militarists have
been forced to capitulate, Birobidjan is afforded new mag-
nificent opportunities for its further development.


MARRIAGE LAW IN THE USSR


Every Soviet citizen who,has reached
the legal minimum age for marriage is
completely free both to marry and to
choose his own spouse. Soviet law does
not recognize dependence on the con-
sent of parents-they cannot apply pres-
sure by threatening to deprive children
who marry in defiance of their wishes,
of the' right of inheritance.
The use of force, threats, deceit or
other forms of coercion to compel any-
one to enter into marriage is severely
punishable under Soviet law. In remote
regions of the USSR the survival of
tribal customs still gives rise to instances
of women being forced to marry, or to
continue marital relations against their
wish. Such compulsion is regarded'as a
serious crime and the person guilty of
applying it is liable to imprisonment.
In some Eastern regions old custom
used to demand that a widow should
marry a relative of her dead husband.
It was old custom, too, that sanctioned
the abduction of women and forcing
them into marriage against their will.
All such actions, encroaching on the
rights of women and degrading them,
are dealt rigorously under Soviet law.
The abduction of women is punish-
able by a long term of imprisonment,


and the abducted woman must be re-
turned at once to the home of her
parents or relatives. Local authorities
are expected strenuously to combat these
retrograde old customs; officials who
fail to discharge their duties in this re-
spect are themselves liable to prosecu-
tion.
The October Revolution freed the
people of the USSR from the multitude
of caste, national, religious and other
limitations which impeded marriage in
the old days. For example, in tsarist
times marriages between persons of the
Greek Orthodox, Catholic and other
Christian faiths, on the one hand, and
non-Christians on the other, were for-
bidden. Soviet law knows no religious,
racial or national limitations in the
sphere of marriage, or in any other
sphere. Both parties must, however,
be of age.
In most of the Union Republics the
minimum age for both men and women
is the age at which a person becomes
entitled to all the rights of a citizen-
eighteen. In exceptional cases the local
Soviets of Working People's Deputies
have the right, on special application, to
lower the minimum age for women but
by no more than one year.


In some Republics, such as Azerbai-
jan, Georgia and the Ukraine, the
minimum age has been set at sixteen
years, because of climatic'and other spe-
cial conditions.
To marry a person younger than the
legal minimum age is a crime punish-
able by imprisonment for a period up to
two years. Marrying a person who has
not reached puberty, or compelling a
person who has not reached puberty to
marry, carries a penalty of eight years'
imprisonment.
Under tsarism, very early marriages
were permitted in certain cases-for the
peoples of Transcaucasia, at the age of
15 for the man and 13 for the girl; for
the nomad peoples of East Siberia, at 16
for the man and 14 for the girl.
The Soviet State at once set its face
against such practices. In lands where
early marriages were the custom, stren-
uous efforts were made to inculcate a
more enlightened attitude, both by edu-
cating the people, and by prosecuting
those who violated the new laws.
The observance of monogamy is one
of the inviolable demands of Soviet law.
This is explicitly stated in the edict of
July 8, 1944, of the Presidium of the
Supreme Soviet of the USSR.


BIROBD IDJAN (Recent Facts and Figures)
I IDI al I "Compiled by M. L. O.
BERRIES AND NUTS-A fruitful year in berries and
Manchurian nuts occurred this year in the Taiga, around-
the Biro settlement. The local honey factory picked 4 tons
of berries. The consumers cooperative, 3 tons.
SURPASS THE GRAIN DELIVERY-The collec-
tive farms of the Birobidjan Region having completed their
plan of grain delivery to the State, are now continuing to
supply the State with crops above the original quota. The
collective farms "Kultur un Arbeit," "Roiter Mizrach" and
"Waldheim" had especially excelled themselves in this
respect. They have delivered 50 tons above their quota.
"WALDHEIM" GOES OVER THE TOP-The
collective farm Waldheim had shipped 170 tons of various
vegetables including 100 tons of potatoes. The collective
had likewise fulfilled all its obligations in regard to delivery
of milk products and meat. At present "Waldheim" is
completing the gathering of the potato crop and making


the necessary preparations for the upkeep of the cattle in
winter time.

GREATEST THREAT TO DEMOCRACY
"Race hatred and religious prejudice are one of the
greatest threats to democracy and we must. conquer
these evils before there can be lasting peace. Democ-
racy must continue to work, or we shall face the same
dangerous reaction that threatened the foundation of
our republic at the end of World War I. Intolerance
-directed largely at the Negro, the Catholic, and the
Jew-reared its ugly head but we quickly saw this
evil and rallied against it. I am not an alarmist, but it
is my duty to call your attention to these danger
signals now. We must frankly face them-fight them
openly and overcome them."
Tom C. Clark, Attorney General of the
United States, speaking in New York.


NAILE B N


December, 1945






BIROBIDJAN IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
A. BAKHMUTSKY
(Presidium member of the Executive Committee of the Jewish Autonomous Territory)


On the 7th of May, 1934,'the Central Executive Com-
mittee of the RSFSR has proclaimed Birobidjan, hitherto
a national Region, a JEWISH AUTONOMOUS TERRI-
TORY, in the District of Khabarovsk. Two years later, in
1936, the Jewish Autonomous Territory has taken its place
in the Stalin Constitution as the equal of all the sister Repub-
lics and the other Autonomous Territories of the USSR.
Thus have the Jewish masses, who were coming from all
the corners of-the Soviet Union to settle on the shores of the
Amur, become the masters of their own life as tillers of the
soil in collective farms and as toilers of the factories in both
the State and cooperative industries.
In but eleven years, the "substation" Tikhonkaya has
grown into the industrial city-Birobidjan with a consider-
able population. In this time, the Territory has developed
,4 extensive industry with scores of factories of both All-
Union and Regional scope. It will be observed that the
railway crossing the Jewish Autonomous Territory covers
a distance of 328 kilometers from Obluchy (in the west)
to the Amtir (in the east), And all along this line you find
Jews working as engineers, stokers and station and depot
masters.
It is difficult to describe in detail the rich natural re-
sources of Birobidjan. Its gold, iron ore, coal as well as the
famous multicolored marble of Birokan. The Birobidjan
taiga is rich in. all sorts of trees. In its forests thrive the
cedar and the oak, the pine and the larch. And curiously
enough, alongside of the larch, the dweller of the frigid
North, you find also the corktree, of the sub-tropical habitat.
Moreover, the taiga abounds in fur-bearing animals as well
as in fish-harboring lakes.
Transport and communication have greatly developed and
their importance has grown particularly during the war
when the railroad was uninterruptedly carrying to the
various points the most needed freight.
As to agriculture, it has made considerable progress in
our Territory. The area under cultivation has, in the
eleven years, increased by 40 percent. Especially rapid has
been the development of collective farming. Beginning with
8 Colhoses (collective farms), the Jewish Autonomous Ter-
ritory now boasts 58 of them besides the 8 collective fishing
farms. Be it noted that the Colhoses have received in per-
petuity from the Government, 224,594 hectares of land
(more than half a million acres). Furthermore, there are in
Birobidjan 5 Sovhoses (State Farms), 8 Machine-Tractor-
Stations, all equipped with most advanced farm implements,
the basis of high agricultural technology. It will be remem-
bered that the soil of our Territory is richly productive of
wheat, oats, hemp, sunflowers, potatoes, soya beans, and all
sorts of vegetables. Moreover, the Territory has created its
own cattle raising industry. The number of daries has risen
from 18 in 1934, to 182 in 1944.
In the relatively short time of its existence, Birobidjan
has created a large number of cultural institutions. Along
the shores of the Amur and in the heart of the Taiga there
have sprung up 119 schools, among them 13 high schools,


28 libraries, 38 reading halls, 16 clubs, a pedagogical insti-
tute, a railway technicum, a medical school, a music-and-
ballet school for children, a permanent Harvester-combine
school, a Pioneers' Palace. Again, the Jewish Autonomous
Territory takes pride in its Kaganovich, Jewish State
Art Theater. This theater has a galaxy of talented di-
rectors and actors such as Khaim Helfand, Joseph Gross,
Sarah Fritzman, and many others. There are in operation
12 stationary and 24 abulatory cinema houses. Finally,
there is effectively functioning, a network of health centers
-hospitals, clinics, medical stations, kindergartens
During the war years our Territory dedicated itself to
production for the front. In this work the women replaced
the men who entered the war, and produced enough clothes
for ten divisions. However, despite the difficulties entailed
by the war Birobidjan did not interrupt its further construc-
tive activities. It began the exploitation of the graphite
deposits, increased the yield of the Sutar gold mines, and
put coal mining upon a firm basis. Moreover, during this
time it has built up and put in operation both the weavers-
combine, and the paper mill.
The great successes attained by our Territory we owe
in large measure to our own home-grown cadres: the
engineers and technicians, the agronomists and brigade-
leaders, the metal workers, tractorists, combine drivers,
cattle raisers-in a word, the specialists in the various fields
of the People's economy. Indeed, the names of our most
distinguished agro-technicians are known far beyond the
borders of our Region. Leo Feldman, the director of the
Birobidjan Machine-Tractor-Station, is famous for his ex-
cellent work. So also is the leader of the tractor brigade,
I. Rock; the tractorist, L. Zaretsky; the collective farm
woman, Shifra Katcina; the chairman of the Colhos,
Philhandler; and many others.
The Birobidjan people have contributed about 50,000,000
rubles to the fund of building up the military technique of
the Red Army, and have sent to the heroic warriors at the
front 98,000 pieces of warm clothing plus 65,000 other
gifts. Moreover, the Jewish Autonomous Territory has
collected about 3,000,000 rubles to further the building of
two homes for the orphaned children, victims of the Ger-
man invasion.
During the war, both the Sovhoses and the Colhoses
of the Territory have delivered to the State more than a
million pood of bread stuff, over 750,000 pood of potatoes,
considerable supplies of meat, milk, soya beans, vegetables,
and other farm products. Among the first to rush help to
the front were the Colhoses "Waldheim," "Red October,"
and the like. "Waldheim" has in one year delivered 42
carloads of farm produce. And not alone with labor and
money have the toilers of Birobidjan assisted the front;
many of them have enlisted in this patriotic war at its very
inception.
Our citizen Dorochenko has won the title of Hero of the
Soviet Union; war Orders and Medals adorn the breast
of the "Waldheim" tractorists Vladimir Okun, A. Riz-








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