Nailebn =


Material Information

Nailebn = New life
Parallel title:
New life
Added title page title:
Physical Description:
v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication:
New York
monthly (irregular)
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID:

Full Text

1945 ,'J1'

w s^;ws^ P^ 11N ?ys~y ysy^^


1tT31-i1'2 1rm 4i tt:t,390Tli y90 jzv

,'ru 124 19 N l 4M 101-1 Wt'it4WN' 1 p
(TpTuyn4 9lytyTW'u ,D'I1 1sD )y-1'1 y^
n7'''?"Dp'7( U'J*NW1 311 11NOUD^8)

(T'2) T',pi T"

: ,'t' ,V I

(-) f, 01'fll 1

: .11wI .3

"3 .71"7 70_ inn-tT I mp

S.11 .1 D180 $IDnWp

("U'"'' 112 DME) 71WIM Y .aI

Tatn Pt Me1pyan otMy
187A Gentile.

-ivn the yn U.STO.S.r.: is3p'y
1iTo te ei lyT TIN WorT
Ior'T Orp 1s' 1Cam paign

7v II-in g uwnw YY-T-n

uyi' yto-TIN
Dyng -IY- 2 -1'4 1 u1pi W1T
Mary Ready Holmes:
What Peretz Means to Me
-A Gentile.
F.D.R. Made It Clear.
M. L. Olken:
A Visit to Thirteen Cities.
Jewish Ant-Fascist Committee
in the U.S.S.R.:
To the Jews the World
Icor Orphans' Campaign

1945 ,W 1] 37 y ) 91 2

ojY03p15 17 11 11 ,t iy'n ^yp p'r p10 iDy9yoj3i 1 PP'S7II
WvW 8 rl-v to)'U'y p 8 1y1 t tinlo'3.i'83 8 ,p ty t3 B7
vwyn tA ntp -Yvnt3sn 1 N nv- ,Y Iv'v1=1s:2 kZ IJ"T To') CxT
B-y11 MI 0111'9I vYn113 ,D9Pp111ipYw Tps 1y 1r l't t 5p Dw11
.t1yoJyv lYv111'lpi tps U^PM
i$ tuimn a1= Jigs p3 Y1:1s yVVyIVK9 yvy5y.VVD -I ux<
-p'Y598 YPD'Yj8IB-i8i3 131-K I "5vt''BitrI8 w'1i1V m1W
-Ta 013y ot tDmtn 1y901 ,5mytw oyrsyo 8 f191y yj s
-D0KI 18 A380)y E bt Dt m 11 plJK u''13 1 .1 8 t38In w3tP
JnlrW ltD1v5W Im9 n I7i m

Inj-180 1y~I U!45 u t $ J41 311? 0 DC),v 91 }W ,wvr5

1511D. Inyt081pg Ut 1-S15 1191 I9 TV 310mmw vw00,11s
JIN ; bbo) v3i1ywin -1$18 11l ,wll Imm 'IN jIN
VVIDDI~?ItDn "I IDIR jtomntm Iw IN IV UWD ~y~nv3Y t$

nrt l it *1 In pi) rx Itm ~\NM11 tIN nvrn ijv3lk;
ViIs 199 w?)n I3W iyni p-1i0 tiyni3t JIan P- ,- ? m-.Vnts
ytU~btyUHDB'S i~\;B1K lDt3DS"18B IB'''1 ;Y08T18& lu t3! ?-\yr pa2 pt'u rn t3 T~K' IB PKnIsBPK aI'l't j'aY- Y~i Yj'tjyK

n1v 1'l l 1 t It 1 D'I ) $y11. ,D 'Ivt$ 11 TI t130im IV :'15p1y,
013r ?'l'3 t^O it (WMn t1 D09t398K 3rD 19y1 DY 50'B90D0
13 tWK D0I^ID-IB 'T t tri) mlP .D'yZ1IO-li 9YTlTr11 y'?^'?
,,z1 -TIN tDO)M-1sn I ut$ b,1 5 J b 15In-1$n m "r-1, v 91
~\~^- ,\1wpvmI r^lyz$p IV-7 IV tusly~v D'" yo ~y
ts ,1W 'T ":.I tnDip Oy tr ,nL1 7 W1 59 1 I'3?n "IT
5,yl ,t1Y11 n tt$5v dn'3 Ip aj'ii y1t1,1 Y'vIn 1C B y715,1I '-
JP i jiy) lyouya^l -I l311 lyni ,t1DI5vs3 Ys'1oYi
Tt pI ; fIpiily toT'ryasnl toyl tinw1i5 Iy) jyr3l ,yo=5'

SWTTII'I yw0,3y =tmy9 I.iyj 1E1 tsa t8 'T p 11 ,p"111il
nftlSDi-op; -I pjya mn0n t1iy'rP1i'1 YOSI9p DOI, '1n ',ti 1
.(ruiom .1y -1 t o"Y vv3k o1 B"MU W'P!XD v t tii bm In)
11K cw;N,5$1 -i pvY1 v3t10 1nl I'N jr1lin JIN TIN I1tL
-5yD YVl3aSnvm$ ilN Yvuw-m.rytiji p,3111 55:3 :18 pNt Itowj
nrl ~$ ]ywrrl) w ,tIV y1 t o'n ,tp D nnmy) 1ni DYIl ,ipl
-3:p N .-0I p ''IynWt3 i ps ti"i"i '31t n ri5no 1.vri YN
DR,11 mmI v\Y11 p i 11 ?DI 1n'v D Yn13m tisso it tb n Y3.yIyv
.taDVP DY p)5n 8 18i ODNll ,TPU319 IN fW Dn p1)'5 n 180
"}yn yK'?y^ p -1 TI D3 t1iYamDs 11 ,tD"n-in -1v1 It n
yiSK'i.pp it p vtuDoD i Tp Dy r7 '11r'1w'N I'II psN tDtw
TlT t U i 't .1v1;y ps JI -iyp'7y B l vr i 'i 50ID3I I
IMilyB'r TI ttY'^1?8 P1 t'D INt "I tnl ta&iiniys D
Tp I T' 5"11 ,iiyp1y5 Ytvpv'innyt= JI p 5s 3ti ''p n i
p')s $,1P TI y DvII .mlJ13nL3m yIN ps p,'N tI lvnitsnB
-)Nn tn Lu p tyM 5$tt OS11 : l.Y 1ps TW K3ms'WIs VIN ps

?t -i-'x i _7fD nUJT] ^

975'I Pu'l4 1nvl D _v.~ D psI7 yn79 3t t n 9I J ,Y'imfl 71
im p5tp yiynjtc C)5L i se wI mrII: y0 upyn s np2 wpl
IS* tmi-Imp Y wC yWtNp ps i,5=aoIs yty'7vW y9y5s'Y LPD
71;y) UYr :1,51v Y .3v 11 T IKT tI p 1s1n '3 1i bY TP1 ,I t )7 D
9v71 JN U'7T1 9 9718-7 17 I(V tvj W l7_ tN,1v9wI I7 V
("t 15n ? I nIN xv lnv5ts p 0nl .0t intin9"! 1Y
ps ,'Ut 7 t'T 7t 10oIS 1iy i .wYi i iryn" 7'lnT -Iy^ 91i ID C'
p't1 u^ $Sclr DI'ip 1i'Wi o'l-is .myua s tW ,l "yt iis oY
-*y JNl psntct3l t'-1tmsV:v)^ n'sy 's Dy pssNNw lit -1st
9Ytara = y iyn pm toj IjN,, n.v Iyv~ 9 199-vn 1..-Y : 5Sn
.1rY1 8'i. tW P LS s .tnpipa3~1 7 Iv'Tiib5 sy9Ir ,Y l7v89y
y '7iy 19-Y'i is li9tt11811T Y 117 -I't3p 9I p9p tU D pI
.IYJ'T? me pip tn) utam FI 5
'-y4& ,s1K B'j9y9y-is3 ,m1l? ,713lp O vytoSYD 1I to'n
1"1 p ,1YST't3s ,'i1 -1yti y "Y1i ps) i.1) 'Iy 11 it 19y;j1i
TIT vyil (ni=5iD "1 in Duo" DT.I ,yVP5-iy Yt73'3B-11W13
0y1i it141 .Iyiyaotp-Q,-o Ytn7Jy1391 IN jy9Yjisa -I01I
"l. IPs't'D iy11 ID'S \9' 7 K 97 17 -IDI 1- .)5 1y0
--1is Du ^i~tt00isa 8 isa D0 1 ps iynl o59Y lyhyby p
T10ay Ty05t=30;sn 15.9iy Iu1 .11 .Tt .N ,tu3)r'n.7 piN n 5
.v,797tN 97 W 93y 97W 17 T-I o YS.8 1vv 9'3,,3 "797I
T9-i 79 ?y- p 1 y i 11 7 t Y 19s ,-.3s 1 I'3?I I t1 1 t 773yayo .
ST 13031'-l ps "T' t ]w1112 t-iY91 '1s1Y }< 1 2 S 93y' y 3
Dy YI1 t ,11Mn ?' *It 13 .15n i3 110 t9y35yn i ,tP J"3 S
.aDY T31 yony) nim T TPS
"797 tIyiy T\_'i PSYI 1 IyI- ..lNYPD j- JiD 7 'in -I y v

'-Iba TIN U,n y S p ts ny tpi`i nY-iyaj 1i tIN
. p-'ribsa t1Q'i *"D ,yjtV "T ps *"D t1yi3 (''*IB ps 1 ly)y ~ P

(09. 0 'i ? PS y l ,yt90i 3 h' 19< I 3 p sln3 1 1TyN iyTTn ps"TO
(D'0lt 1 noi ,tua;ipm iy1 ps 1I31Kls-noN IT'mD1o'I
IDN- IV 1q) ,tp Dy ImYo iDn umo5v m i nYr3is JIyt ST I
nvy Jps pyIn tPysyPD 0yr g3n mt pqm n ,5yNTT1 3Dq Is
iryi ps nint o 1' is ntoyiIV 1n Dt) r3 t5.Yv'iYv twoiu
-usp lypD's3s-Iri ImDm 1iy tc -1.Iv1 YYY it7 .v5i1vn -
. 8 ,sQli \\19 1'rt'a5o83iH PD K ]DEW IS lyn1y9 tP Y39YiY
0yss^3 yDat0PsWi p JP3'Ws1i ''sr DS 11 ,1Y9aKU-iDSbY i
a11is pW 3py3ly3 imtopyCp I DXItyll tyi 11p (n131rw)
iy' ps 14-is3DY'I pym53a 1y' tpy5 i5- pva Yu'Oisa yni
,yt7yj''syD pP tS) ,ptp iV mins ,tynya tp DT1N .tiPqS31
?Y3iyptjp lYp's^t) S-I1D n1 ps ,y3IA'r 'b'Is yt 1 IN3
lis n$ ,nDpiqT is lit o') yO5 'T t-5iB9y 1y9'1y9i Uon
.nv NT5 4
8 lit : pqt Irn Ip nytvv1 1Trisna aynv ;njsyr-m
D3n1vyss 14Tt nmO n''ptass o' 5Np iy rt ,tyn tnnL"wiv-T.nTP3Yp'
DWi jntW1-i 1sn. IV YN 3 ,1lq JS13t i s YD '1 yy 3 D?3 1I TI

t l yt biwI ,tsyty3 yy i1 y9s ,Yj D lit) ? -i y T. ,tB i

1s ;BaigmyByp "i-pWs !y1 TRE 1aw">''1n ,L8'?is T-nn
Ing gypaLebs ,r a py tml Jiv1 YvSpapvS jv pnIage
.*a7il sy? n K 11"m liS nao 1516sso1$

,pa nmr ,''poDmsiwn .N ,p amasr a1n -pp1?.' .a3
n1528 .9, ..11 ,iyu3^ .x .,

3 ) 1945 ,114

("10 -7"3,, INo9 D',UJED D-1? 119 Ui7'W 11nS)

.''1f1 Ji1 ) u .g r tL U
1ltyar p11 ^SBKI ix e-iia ^ ana

,t1oTw3 PW aniy 7y 3 7X"T 5'73 i '2 iT T9y1

,BtiE Ivn= l7 n 11,11 TY71 g s l :gbm isW Dtlg i
.YI5 t mm 7 u oT ny '12 7ur= Dr T Tu 1 t'
-.7:111DYAT3 uoy l ft; 7PT Y.S1M T Or$r J'i

tu3yiplyT- p7$n '3 I$ UT 71D T1173 ,T
37SYll 127 usl9 o tI1-n -lip 'In
myYwv 7W rlyn yTW toal
1t333 -x T I' TK -T$I 1JK
;CTS73Y5 IyS-7PIS7y 19
7y2&r ^)- 1'IN T8 1 78 N
uIviplyT Y1? 77an 1.17 is' bly
px7r m3D1 tnly7TsIIys xpw1r ) pi
19y' EK DpWtip ynj
,lpayo ,x-T 1o" 'n TD1"fl 71T
I3sI 'I'D i yIY" k M-T', D0T T13 Tf'
...!ya172 i; ,1p i S-ign 13 ,^yp 'O'1 1is

-DfIIN-l Tin -1 *' D0tnI ,Dmtv'y3 YD'1 1I TYI J Ii?1
JiM ytsiu13 y 13 w rvW tN lir toY n T [tN tIII t Y1 VnNS
J1i JIN YI 5.'VD1 -i t3T1 i)pyi 't i1 J V31, 3 Ds'l 1V I t'o IT-
.nDMnmD-tu1'm -w')X s pav n5yv ,ili in
191 Il yD a'IK-tP&1in 11 ;y11wn 'IN pgtio TI' D I pIN

11D 1p ai3-1-1s PK JW IND'3 5,D-'llY p TWP DIN r

,Vy3'1 TN oy .t3u"-tI3Yw yy3j) 1 ,-'05Yi I.I7 p1n lyt 1N ]
=11513 nvvD'Tia 11y, pTW jto'v 1\yIlv jmn DDll ,17W It i
-VY r P ItN 1Ib5-18D0 VWIvtBgDo080P ^ 1 It pyn D*ll IN
t'f3. 10i'DYlYD 3W M DUT TW IYJ3i ,I nmrf-t5Y11. -yivt0
n Din .wix P5 9 nv "19 ly-11 ,~1y I Ivu 3 J I IY ,mom "n1
-"PP i\ I roDmn-IsnIDBM t ril uy 1, 1BpD'^siB-t8D
-19D 1y:iT 't UVtI 't l TA ,ninmo pyl tn)yi1 11 pl t U"p
oIN UoDSLPwBii -1 Ipisotmv.% IB0'yn tvi lt M'1I ; tIoDYE
tUi' i 13SD g 'oiY tP 1y90Y 'i t1yu1lI tIvpdypyp"3 v' -
J'N 1T1itll tu333"wyvtl tW WH ,5'v 0 [1 ti I1toin'1 T7 Tt P
pyll ,tlinvyst"gtm-p8t1D-ticynn pD YrYK85pY9 19i)o8' 1 .Y1
- ."w); 11D psR vy1w,, i ,,it pt wt9 Din ,BI905 t 1nty
-c'm0 P5D I" tp i)4 lvW'iv b tllni t yw I t1,YNU 05 I
.1yr .111 -1 vI1j921V N ,L 191 t

D3CB'iy) is 14 yS' iy7pnyIia i1yi 1ty1"t Dbyn ,i9yi;)yS-iogy
Qjyn 11 pW pIt(iiyi py)Y93lyn^ :fDnMD-aB9Y1 iyitwiy iy' 7c4j
'1 tuIn tl. ny q I$?r 0D4 .jp ,-V7X)-Dpy y ytt1VysXt 'r pa
ITI Tw I DV Y11 3P 1 taY' ;y1 11 Dq11 ,Dyi3q5qip I1N VY13)

T-Ip mT DXv y35vy11 t1l ti,1u j )yI t^r Ipt tn t yX)i D
-3 TN t)1v Vb'5Vy tin VT) -Tp'1 1 D1Xix vii5yj1 vuivp

'^qlwti Xp m3I5 pTih t5)sIy; ; 31'w top n1 DV) '11I tupt
tS'15D13 ot1ny) I% t$flt D) .v'i3 -o'1 is ,m -I W Ipny 1Xi1
ST? '11T jl P D^I1 : Y111 11Yt'TI0I1 ,iy95ym9 D 11 pnyI
1Xym)9)pyVnI. tByn P ,1?1P5'-t 8v; 8D n1 QD piyn Igt'1
TW nr1 pvni 15I p ? T: 13Y2'l -Dp vrts3 n i pi1t11m

X)1K pX) 90P TN1 V TI ,tT I11X)7 1X'ly VT tD5T11 D V -1 1
.Ty1a rnX'P iXn p$- DDt DX)P- ID IXt< 1DXO2 P
vry~yD^yjP-^yp'ly rs tt2 ^lina lx t't ),13q py,nnK
pyi1 ,tsu8s3 y3't3Dy)86N pyn9 tIil tDiqil '1 I 1 I'N iyx

VT iXZ D'=' pl D11T$ = D'isD ilylT1D -; '13 ) y 'n1I TN

T,l')n itr v)'D4K Dy tlp31 ."Julym Dnv=h,, 3nSY1y-7 D. 1 e1S
""173ayD'qI III8ty n nvnyin mpl .0919834sp 1m .u< Tn

t1p D'tX)y K p1 ,tvDY) 131'T tnI yu)tDyX Y5-';7 n' Dp11 ,oD
.pw)B tBc T ft)rtDii)BD ,It3It380y D1n TIl 18' wO 1390 -T
11P Y)3Y1Y3 p11 XD'5E19 1T 'TP3 by DPI1 YVoD iy9 1

T'1 tjDv-; V'T*' I : t5i1tp 1i81)i DD'ytoD tD'D32'51 1XYIp
y)T-i 11 7 -7IsB tYi3 ,1Wou)yvyM X) unv y- t VDbjn)-7 f1
in5 D;3 It ,1 Xt5)3XnlT ,"P1yp,, T Dyry 9i'r1s utDiP 1tXjD
-Y n1i 1yli ptN' I! iyI ,15n' y 1mi 3 ,DK y (ovYv P 13 ?r
Y3T13II iyV K t Y ,IV Iyty i )vb D 1'15' In11 t 11K rYvYu p"I9ii
.Iiti'ya t3oifya)31 5?w wt\ pW (nioim ,B171 iy1 tD 3 psM)
.0In .o lyi Qt1[ 'q 5 8 psI
11 Dvn ,IIII pYv 1 ityas TIvW'D ,l3ly9 Yi L Im )I ,r11
1y7 BI ti 5 t3 I[ 0 17 n ty) uOn yiy9190p 'YpD'Y3K10-JiS
tonpiy3it 9l1ytipy)4p lit 1ytti8t7U-B'11 yt 110 p jtaYai931 N
psIns YtLiOP) p Pup DIP w'j PK ,I n 'mm ya liyrt11 p9yl
n3rYuY34q 11 l'iin .a17t 3wq Ij tirwprtrY;YD ,Jitm' ri
tyoym v tiy 0y tS ,Ittii83 LY0113311 yr1W pv tDI n
ITt tWtWY1 nm3niD yDir 11 p5 tiniopp)iKi11 tpa uln yB'M6 k
pt it j1 1il a=ii3jutyisW1 Yvti'it)y3 pK tnpr"NK 11 l1
toyn 't ts ,1vy11 tMiODyCin i1i t I DYil m o15 yy3m5p'.O yl 'I

,lii<;y9 toiiiaiyi ty31 tonpiijn 8ts 43 tK P 191"y'I .PJ1ilI
tYi TIK yI1 3 t10 inxyiy3 III11YI TT 7'10 "ty 1 I
mBr17 pItN DBinx w; ly)V 13nii? y11t 0 I'? tn Im W pN'v
non)D yi3 y" yi tI ,titi-pVyit 1Y90i n Iy : 23'j 13yt1tN
-t5yn Yn) pip 1t tIiN monm-tucyvi s pN Iiyn tintonjIs ?10
Iy9p M31 ,y:nrp 8 iy3I yv1 i mnl) n ,iI) pI 1pLD yII mnonl

yID39 yaop Iypj8i t78D iy pt it' i bt- t itin nIy9
Dy'DipDil Y3Y13YwK TW Dp iti ,iyiu1Yt12DW iS'0Dnti! "W13 Yl iyt3Dy E8 isa lYaistytt K Ity3giiDimI t1insn 013i

1945 ,'V1

tD1793ion1 \^ n9wii ww80 pa 130n D^lT ,iyo"3 '-i
Bio ,ytiV1D0)iM, ,9Y087WyS 1\y3D ,*'*'lw) PYs IB"t y?'3 pa
-y7 n1 "11 ,"iyp''n n pa .YDB0971 'TI ,9sY Ytot459iyas
-D'I018 1910-isn-' 1qin ,1yt03Ya Y3jYa p1K PtD yU908B
\yQ tDin i .*^sn1:t3^8K 1 Yt90as-iaiQ }1yw9 8 3 wiY)
DID ,DiYD V)su DYPimD'n v0-1yoYi' a ypIn TY17 Djpyi
p1< 1yDy11- 3Y17t3 Jimn monD'iulsn 1 nvlDYD'i t3 n
D'D '' I3B1 lj iko '1 t =t TW ylvn1xNi IN .1IDY10-191 05
tl8 IW {W 1385 Y1t31 tI v pv Y958 11.v Dv tAD It$'n uY
fWK ,9AMiM 9IY3' tW1^ l97 \Yn TyP 000i 't0119Y3 ..ys^1"r
y0y008b7tyu'Tl'njs' M W19 0aYiD 0 5tibDbiyo .14012 ~9ytY7
Y91y3C fIN "IwKD05,, ,"18i1io3,, D3Yp8n o tIDy 09rtWED

ly-mK .oti^'14 1'5 r t y';57111'!! ; W t' t *i n p 1t' i' D'3
-JI'Np 18a, ni'm yV5 ln vYYII t YD ,tjp31i-nY o 8 pT 37 ID
DI TI5 IV" -14 totp .J'N tmi. ,1901Iinunr ,i-ira8in
-TIB pN pJp T 7 L); .Di) 91'1 K lyTy) y tin inw'W oul
c'N 8 1^ ,tva 3Dya ,1;'I !i ;Yj"t iYlJ9 ...IV13t'W1 Wn J n
,Dbr3 10^1*l*^ya j'mitn3i fl@ \w AY^DsiT' DiYC'3"Bty ,D0yC5Yp
pi~'lptia 1Y n3 ,DFDhY~ i8B 1 p7t 3t4l D!lts ,iyiYo its
ns/a'8Ti ,p^8 tya T'O pn'1K'i ,31iut 1919 PW .3 0i- D?1I
19081-t3'l0 13590l }1P ,t3y) 10011 ?rn .i718031t i Dr~ 1321'?
paI 12 ,py3BTED 0is :9iyS tcDS-in^ Y) 'D04 tt iS ?D0

tyj T ,41 tiyt y9 D^T ,by9ya D0-1 ,P1n3 Y91W 'T
--Yil YsU~Yty~l!?I1 n D^TI. .DtUPy ^*'la'ii nf jPB nn7Y y~nyay5
"W' -Itpl liY3tY'' II p( lv 13,K I9t- pW ti3Yv2 1\i DT *
QiYan y~t'n'ya3511~jt? p Yt7Q1Y3K'yt *ya^^'?^.~~ n IB"!'! .y&^~
0-intyn YI'3'Ia YT^i9 ,TYtI3 p$i-pl lLAt'Y l'in I.un v

-Ya ,iy'5'*^sw3 y93yn9$ ,0909) 3n'nD& ,IflnYt3 ,tiW8 iW
1n t,, pN .1ptr apial yWimnK 'ci ,b'Tsnv-ta w D s;^3'fY
-Y9,90ai'7781E80 9IntMi fit< l'i DL4 D'!N? t3^7l 138t y98
5t153 yt 1 3 I$ i y plill'B jyjjNj- .y2ny i v: yw .v5
,Dbl) =Il'I tllq IDI-m-RO YIN' IIOML-t lIIX VIV5,'JI 3Cv

-Im-DjIon Dlty -I:) 3 Dr l .)$Ds t$L'ti \W j ywl B pl JIN
.nr1n fw-rwnv ni pN nopr yap
-TIm; to^n to t' p iyllit fu') n llIn x~^'i i-3 ir8 JIND I n p I '
tin "Y i,V~wvm lit : Vr lt3S =18n15Kl Y518*nq- tl I.3
ql Dy Di nqll ('Mytl {tlT)WYMT 10-lln vllo 1-D

y vyI'nmsI Y'I3vK ps Dy'rr vrto9D n ixT tyIIY ypiBD
JmtN s9pl vT018
pIynm tN n'9Ya 1ps t3tY3 t 5M D n-tD "Isn ytly VD@ n
yjVD'y x ,DypDyDW ps rineu iS1ip 1990 09a 3"D yr'ia-5
Bar .t8t yUm"5 nr1YT3! PK 195YC^-1y ,tYI1Di"IY ?Yp' ty
1itif 8 mtiiytonti un V n tan ,sp5-to30i n trYw ,-r n
BD '1-tY aD)y3. 8 v n x iy::t5, ''Bt n v -i'&mS .DYo8it'Di-nyn
-Uis tIn tow-n im'BI v vI"N DIW .ntri-Il D1n aipo p"m
1901v-jvT jN ls tto) oq-i vrit, D7 w Is/t'-s? vys
~YU'l~Z lDIIN ly~onylv pN vh~,.~rnyb:)qv~K1Y

.\wwoat85w wp w- Pit i. m nv iyt I
p24n YTD 011t *'11 ,t3PDay nY ypt?13 I3p 'y K y"D P rD,,
y95 ]v~\ww0'iy ty'tiD Dt3 toyi1 7TBK B p'p .Dynyt3KiYa. ?I
-7i?2 It$ p =n 70 T! ,t"1t' 1a iPi)W 1Y"t To .nn
DYDnD \y- uin ;ris Y-stj^ i 5.s n I p< 'laY-5iovi
-3D1 }Inyo Dyn' i Vlro3 .tP I 910D.30 '5Y2'l 'ptvl l )'1y U'l
-14,1 k010 DlqvnrL uri Dq-tmlo S,"1290313311pD

.p 53 D'ia T iy. n Pm r TA Iv -i m *
py -I'D I tjLn ,II3I' yn 1 vpopw Dr yn'oD Iyn,,

"l-F1 .I1 *

~nin 5lD,"i 'i iLK D1' m'15 IDB 1i3 5t"1iy 'T
,W D11'11 u'3 yyny It .xs5 1"'i5 pnil E 73D g 7 1 'i Iy
t .i 'T 'Ia s ." .77it ,, I". pIY l ,1 s' tLA i 5-15 8
tn"n p, t5i!VV.1D1' $4D8tT 1fln 1iP i' n1 TV1719iy1
-3t"t< l Yp'tnYnl0wlvr it1 ptnt pliyl yo? il5 r vYlrrv'r1'
,-TiN 1Y-v1 T VLOI5;.v ty' yii" i i'b y I D vD'in t, 'vium UIQ

D33P^T! y3y' 5yyD'i v PK pIYn u'inYa3'iK tit Pm'n 5nm py

i t: flDtv tn. i l~ J im'l ~E."D 111

r~ lI .I 3N5 it ~'3l y1m' 1i i t'i? 7 liyBn it i1
P1I"1:Y4 tLYO 0s1t3v lyan9.iyn 1r1v .ly0 y9y)v5p51 -I Doip
7Yvi' UDMd-lr '-I1 11 iy H ,rly wYai9mD TP'B' y07uY5 Dm7
.: =t\y ty'p t ,y7n ,la3 7y 7t PlD I138. ta i lln 017 p"i
3Di310 T'1 7 T 153 ...1m7y y tin,8 ~7y3'I ,.' It t -
.p0Ca ;IT ..'. t 91vis r 1g IN t y 15' w 3K -
ptJ n ,o 1NYYa it ItVn Yt;NIN34 t y JIN' tyi 5"zx -1 1y91
-Y'Yo03j3Wa s-1it3 1 ,\ ly)yd wOp1sDM1DDEDD w3w1 DtO
-7 s yto71yi 17i D'7 31tu nDy I .'.I'P 7tzImviq ;JY z4 15"D

7tD .yVy i^ ,O 1t52 p'7P Iy'3"? 105 7ywo y905 ,
-I .Vy- 1 p p I 19iw p Y)L 5irno y-i tDiy)1 wo7 )y tal'o
Ainm 3'pnyDBM T tni D4n ,p'^0 tp3j0 1 '8JD39o-y'T81
-&Oc YIYT3I it -13 1"'t Doq -i y-rl s ly -7 ,DL3ti3y1-18 J is
: "i'1n1s tuiri ,Dy"11
...S4 ty-iD K31W 1y1 -

yiYiy y19i)Yt p1 ,11 nyIy im P 1iy' 1 y5 t t3ij n ng'D .tD"ia
1y0y ,5:31 rwvp 5snv s i is man ItynakiO Iyv"T tresoMitan
pr r jin yiYvD yt11IN nip ,5'pz p1317 .YVpwo, L 'pI
,5"n w lya ay j ;Lvw tyasKYj 1 <1 It TI' ,IPt$5Yv'lImI II
1 ly3lIY R ii 8'j9D 'y0tyBD ; i,%K 5D4p' 1;y0 tri 1 yco1Y
: t0sps5 8
S ..."13C ytvWt 1 w y5yt3054VIB8 D't ,Dyt tLoo,,
-1'I V- InV 51 D0 B T'11 tI'? 5t=81 5 1 "I Y 1 1 W t

-y1 1t tio u yl5;'n 'y1I U^ I' to in n 'IT tinP nyyry '
,t33soy^in tn ly Don l,jv'5 pN1 p'oe yl'5$vq n It$ mqD
tairro ItY ti umtnyv Tt ; yV18 Iy18sr9Y"1 tr 11Y p
-y. V it 11ts It$ Piitn piaViy 3n11 DTn n Iy DoII ,p'15,

-D'nd1 -pt tWi$1 ,X1 P T 'y J I I1B li S t 'l ,"I'Ay9 8
.DD0113 11a \~y'ly "D (Dliy a
-jIytDD't B 1yS ;I y13.1y- l'1O'W 81i1m ...! S in -
...! -nin ...! m'n
ty i PB V t1Y1 '7 t' DID ImDpy) io y 't l I n m1 1m p "
u1 tmin DB1 ,038ot5v iPn -1y9 lt I=W 1N T'lJl lt3'0 ,yiV8tJsP
ten-)4'tDr .0a-ypYay~y)19)D -iypi8t3E' 11p 1yp9isy yZ8
.19 D'I31V i&iK IjD luYjD''IIs 'O [ y"?

a _I 1 y i' 1945 `,I

,tIIs "I pa Iy 5rt mIY -nr 7 e Ig .byryn Kl i1 f tV ?n
".?103K tu 11? Ip n "I 11
Yt5Y31iy yjYt'inyDBPIM D 19y") YTD '1 ,lyrin91
y5?f PD t11 1'-iyaDnN 101 TJIK t9mi 20;D''8 1 ppi ,7i3<3 BP'pti7

Yv31 tn5s3'mN 01% 9' 1 t1Y313Y7 2W "ri (nil 'mD

'y;?ty 1 -1 ,1 lY pmylD n IPn T 'i yV5'11l g T
-py)v ,'mypprbbB-YCW$U ,113'380 bT 108jty1Dt) V-T118111

!' "nB !1 s 1y"B -
-5iY3 jtw1843np1 ,iy'pymN3i ,ImBDI1 lit lit -I ;3n C D41
t3?n "I .-yln ytSIr'TW- 71N -K13DW *m 31Ysti33 Y p
N31t u31jiD BLp ?!)'IN tl D tDilyMn 3 yy

Nl719M i mn

'7rnTS$T-pa- 1 ,0Th 1 -1 is UVaT i oy
.,rj, K fll 10 1 1Y37r'fl b K
.113P 9 7Wsyll is ,winTl w ln JpIx

7*Tl 71D mI To PUI "30V xiln 11 Y -aDEQ 11p

n2.' TlD 71 $m8 pXs' "' TJYYTl oy
);:11 7 Ia p PMYT A,30 iSD TY371'T T11
,Sn tDpl 7Iqt "Tr 7TyiiT TiT 1niys
; nn 7oa T m3 Q yW yrni m iln '-T
I3?T T71 =a9n1 17T 7-71It TT ft'zYo p71
.x1m 7t3nD15 DET$ 7Y I=IXDM1K DIN -gD

T- 7iv g oa'tB3^ 7t35;r4 7aisLmw wxs n

*...T 71 71M s t 1 n iS 1ny-T
-t>? l1tm r''Ta W2 ''I8 t a TPfg'Sg i^ p

.x0gw r'T t'rna Iloo'lK miTl' 1aP3 7tUDYnS c
,5nt y y r ? 0I2 ti13? T1i3 tm u T7IWI K
xbtVn .1yr-Ti2n -1y uly-Iang UDn b tB x
,xiyutvy tuWa oiTl 11) 5in$1n 7T TW Ipto 1$2
"3Dis'rn ta"2 1vg? 031 1tI yum 71D

!1 119w g 'tu i" OB''K 0 0s0 T nfl7 T myl
p lnW tO yxaiK asr s17y'x W^ 'T 71B o'i wil1
InT 8 7:y7 is yTl''p tn ma 7PS yl
,5gtn 7p'M8W r1t ,70sx yPvt ql'l
p31t ,T ,g1'? 7yB CPI t3 y 71D xI ,'
.11 'T 1 y-r'n i t nTt ,rT ,Uit n Ia

1\Yy1 n1i55 -I Jim 1;y yy) -1 .,ItD D1IP 1 6 11 ,1Y3j80 t 8B
tj4n YimYD -7 ly11 ,w3yDt o yOD pW .1n,'iism 1I Du'l Ji
...;jnDK) tw3 ,yn 17 *5 K Jl Ib t 5n Din pI ,\'m W 1'.l YI3
.f-1-IN1iW4 1 nM 1no -1 11 TI 3In ;y14N p }]I'?' O
tis'3 .Y'vi183 -yttn iy w yp Ir IN jDv1v1 tIi= jbi n l 13Y
... 199'7py 11^ I TV 3b'yK Dn i1Y 'JV ,YI18t8jp 1 1t pplyyo
5-g-r .t13i?3D'U ,31o 'mo t i mT'n ivW -i T7f 31 ,,
-lY1 FI 1 tl .;yPIT 1= In. -T 'IPTiy AIW'D Wliri y)01
mDyT 3yryl -1-) 5411 TJ .,rI ts narin 0 yy t3 up 5yn
y1 "t p ,"t IV- nptn 1p'ipyI'l flt ut. -11x ,4V3I 9yo
yOL8 lyr')t rt .xl ty3,'p tni- tnypiwsW .-8o5 1t054vY8a
vyIrm Ist ,t0153 nyn3w 18D i" nsvLAI .0Qn0l'i ,W5t
isb pIjn iy n1I ,t3in1n it n10 tm 5t wiS p 1 3npt3 L .nllv
by 0n ,twr 1m4-i1 Mt 51 t1t tst 15i 5'Ditg .t3nt y 13?I

..1 Im nlo to r T
17 V=18 YT lit 1 7& 8N 117

!l13i$l1 .7 .3 9

!- vw T1in T 7K taltv wy 1I3b

-Tlwy D1K oib-zIT m'lYit fyn

*[7. fli p'nB' P 7 Rl tTrDi ,mi 7m

!,T'S1 10-Ql 3? V11 tT t 7,Wx

ty,'lg 02l 7pf t71T 7-11 IgD
'sI s17u7 1p$10i ul ,010n yTm
'IuPTv 11T olya^8tw In ly1y IN

.1945 'RD 8 13 ,'9 -TR'S

,1945 ,~'m ,UyQ'}V1WQ`

1945 ,'.11

. *Y '?

nW1i ,Yl'v4vsp 1Dnl i fia Ylit vyslvt.p Y1.3 TpI ms"1
"ti&10,, 193t01'iY908-7433' ;8 w8 I 1 IINI-IS 8 tinw3 i$)
51 "1 100IYP DIK tigtityj^ .1'38218BI-t3yn^D0 am1 193W))
lV0i11 lnp- I'N 7,5='n *rIn'Im5mi IK 'I pII YvpIYs t1P
;310Dst'Il 1I7 Db'DiDYIY p tim ypltlw -ap, 1tolil ,vY^5sp
8 y5'isqp? lvrtql rim p1 DtT JfI tuIt Ipf 1E t s5i=3Y tD'D ypiiynk iviy -to' lo

DlmlsZt pi jv, 1,T 138 13u9 '1Yn it1n
mm,5nis 1t3 PynIs i1 1lpy383!83 m1pwllws
tIYItI)B ?yt30'1983 1 1 .3311pDtDJ8 19't2i1 11 t^Tl
n t8 ,tws318 YI .W plYDK p' INW 1'i 518IEa'1 190'31\
-nri^ ataT^'ii trirn ^PD'^I&'tSD~/K ps 'D'^B ly3KP'iyDise
Is pIa w311 t1yInys as 1N tYr13ult lsit 1T1 pim l t 'b9D5Y
i{Bo'$ WE ,itn'pi1to 154Mil,, '1 .t3i5 ity^^r 123Y-isp'19s/
IB 5iputlt'Dis-' iun .lyv W p'I tp5mv ,DOI154P yrwt bP1'1n
rs ,lyv5'lprDIN tlyc5plyv a ljti z 1Y3 I'N o ttI 18 lvIn
pK piYt3 $$J''18 w 5yi lTit '1i I3in t 3$PD1 815-80 pT,,
;ty'i8p'iyD8-43tr '38 to T cm ltsl1 wsln lv; 9I I
oDity 11n D3 Dttn jnt ,I N 10 in tr ,13 -mI 13y1 "ti)a4n ,,
"Dist1t ,piYt33^81''6 8 DtIq)y 7lK 71t i3^n 1 ".ITOi"D1^S'
yu0j'W18D 0 1it "t341i,, pon 8 pW ,"pU'3it3-19yn ,, 1 ;(
-;t3IyiiiD y,7 Pyz lywyq, Yti5'' 1908-nti-'d 0 t'o 11 D"7 Iq
Y-jtaj1q nv JtyW ~'uD.0y 11 DID 110 Insi= y 13^nIK Q
Tin Dy)qea yr17 1 it,1 ,1 tiV t njq .yl3wYqp -i V7 IV
lyt2 1 n rl rV,5stp lyvrl00 ly-i lvwlY mvlyV13nK s
-a'i l1 n y3ls "utll',, DIYt1oD w tiy-ipyD-trpyt D
rvynvq,) l1y lit mY1'rt -yI3yt 19r ,IK w'nhiyD 8 159tw
.t1I^^qm$5qnt pyl
-I^ty PnD stsl \ tPYbypya tn"y Ym3s "1 bqr 9 Dy511'
."D3j'Y93 m YDt3'1,, JI 'um 13A5 ny- pW 1^1ioYY Iyvnv
-,Y lmyYa YvDDitIo3 3i"t Imm ,=tP5.ya utsn lDyimtll i ny
DmOto .3m:1 Its3ypiyos-^^^ JE 11D y,'I N l1 tm tiD &TnY
Dp pR1 ,1943 IKN sKaBs5 S ,TS DaID MoP.anD'-Iis T'K mm'< .-Y
pit 1y17 l I5VIL MaY'1 m p t3Ymtmiy3pmiisn a JS) U DqmI
plb p389Ya 1 tK ,cn'i 0y tDYt tI'Rt .1m"D3mty3 wtI'31,,
-yS PK t'3Nil y3'iK '7 Dlip ,,ti ,l1D, tto'y3-138PK o I
pW t3IpajiWK palit m1ji3 D'ntiYmni lyn3 o5't5s lvy3p,
-^jit ) "'IW1vtWI' 1 1, TI N .ytY^ p yII2q, lyo 91 r
D'toiyimln ltv, T'liv11D3I 1r :5-yytw 8 JI lv58w Uy
-a3 tysi'i pW t^> 'to1p tW DYIn'L YI bD!I ,D'its)lB py 111 iD^s&
.tq,7jq5 pW pIN tlo
,a'l3S'97 ir8 "Tll IoD3b lvYa'itt 1' Ti t- 318 MN
1j I5 yt?3IN lsz lv5,YlYv TIN D1p 1)sts boE ,'8a lsyi owb Y
Y'I 'IK D11p 1Y3Y9''IYDY N W'd ^'"T DBD"nt? ,y3piyt
-TD .P)4Q y'T' 0'i 4Y1 WP t"n0tY yo 11 ? t3itplxY
IY piCts1 t-y^" "D34yn3 9ty 'i15,, 1) PIB 31 IB ,v"PI1
.p3tDy9 'IYKP'Yt^a 191 i pWy 199 P 3YS19) 0yp ts ti'D 1? '10
-yIy Y9t Dy')tYD'lti pi^ YNyiWD'tobWEyta 1959IY98 tK ,\Dii01 YtD
paqn Iv~lIN t3rl 3a'Y s M tINY D1,11=31D I.V1 lit uw IV~Y

rlsw iri8 t 1n=qvy) 8 vsoityr t'l tina nw1 mn 'tIo"
by 11 tDit pW P1Q 13 3^3 I'D p'1y08 TW' ,Bqna TO IV ,1IK Ni .vp.130.1vt pav 3;8 iB-I tyn P
.-I..Y rtanvD Di tIR 51yw s p3Trs Kt8 I'
1t-ia T ,1p1 T ntIaTt.Vy1jti lyD3a g VY 1 1 t-I 1 1y7 W l

- l JNY wi t p1& tL p PW -1s 91 Li ta ln tt3i!a'iV41 y 1,p

77N11312 .J3 o

y3r .V y U110N PK 3ln N Dy -m r1 I"Q ,p iYV J YtnirP 7
1Y91i8 iy1 tDI D^S i 'K DIJS Tn 1\Y9 tNi lDyN tony nrim "I D'?11 ,pTn nr 11Dp tnPnYip'll
"-DI lry ;pPI intav5 D ?) Ni p11 2 Ipp I'm .3P'1"r Ir'W
1;) 1T .1" NI IV =S1Dy93W pt ysiDh -N tNlpWly .1tynDbwsN
-31 V yalVvll ,Izs pa )jit") 0, 3i$si to'j -iv pIt
31D IbtIK 1, 38X t t1''1 i 1I' NI 05-IK1 ipp n 11 IY=Y0?
.1 -8I Nt NlN, ,,If y3N-Danpn n1 I'I2 El ,Ntsj tpi
,ii .tK ,-iy)Y? YDoiiasn n pW ;y^31np159 83 9n3yJT93lin
,19py)3 15^-"'/lt'TlnOt3 y9739391rjw) rnti7 r 'D tYm13is
t^in 95 Swo in'ia ^*w \y"Low ,v31?"5 g5w 193mo 01
,1iv)v y nt3onio3s n It'tsipgoyT 1I ,yripi iip) lit
IV- I' 1n)1 PD'niv 9y3 tyL Tyjit DYIIIN ,?11 m1N MIII
wIV li t-8in0a s t38y9o DtiNii pD i-tb8 TWN .lnmn5m
Y11 p 1 t3onitmIt3- 1 IY) ? 't DKi ,y'Y7t1TP"tyID 8s
'Iv?5. NIt mIromp Yp 30 n -'Ti p 1yN Niyy nWix nm1ofa
I1r3i1K 1N3It5vtis ;Y1Dyi3ln9 Nyil -1 ny3 I1i .1Y3IY5 \Wi
I'K Dnm1Dn fl ypN-yIY 1 tW1iy lt 131N ,D31pD1tpNyo5'IT
.NOW ip-isw Tli tyvnsin; s Py nomn5f 0 ,p'7fmDs9

pY1nx fstW 19%iT hi' TIt apti '

t'Dy5 1)P tp 2bn t='ix tIpy3)p V Wtyn ijtyNl t1"3 ly v#
-4p vbyatobstvop lipt It I' .11'=D-Dw N 1r Y'N1)N iV
,. I' ;TK YDYIn1 ov'IyI t;rypi''5on lI ,3ID-m'' pi'p pit U'j
-nv7 p%3y5nriD 1% Pv)Irms ,wvwvyi l(iiti 1i v5-wnlti
.y31 15 nyrpv5 1-i 'ins 1 ,0 ,p to Itt@$
-tsl 1" Ip.tDri18 tbirYo b -Iv ,-iY v y ,1 f5l.2 w:j lvy
.twoyi lyti3K tnDrn ,w'z1iv ywWT', Y'1min l1 pTN 1ivsp
-1y l-7 pyI1 pyltv pi DDts DID tamtya34^j 1- yi't l10

j vii -)r i P5s .n fi DlP t i yuii b1y t1 mnipD
7YIv YDDPM)tPIS ylYvIR .Dn"'Im" PIN \Iz tin rl3'm3D
-3IK .M113l yvltsipgT rY i 1 \y3 11y3 5 yv5s IW YavinYDY
1I Ryt30'imt3y ly n tSDNply 1yQ' 1 y -is3 n yl YDbyn 7it
lit toy)i 11 ijvY3j1483 5tt bDyin ,ivp)yv lit TI3 y1tw35tyv
lyivym pit tiipviyajtyn't pi 0N'i'ia 'i ply.3't 11K' nmn5o
Itn3tD'tiK i N p5D vv,,T 0,N tyriyn'li8 ,5yp.yv piN
.DL!!o t'n- lo i yt1m in
-iy ly-i pypi ntr31483 y5LttDs 'its lt .;yv"i i'Do
Yvn'T 4'I t$ yiiwy) uyi87318s y3"? Dv It ,iyyv9t o ;y ,tiiPu
-imK 1 : Ins) i' l't lTD n .priusi5 ly95m'y3iY3or PK
Dyl i8 yIIy TIN 't '11i,iy-iy uYW fN yv 5 yv3sYs31iyto
p1u3w "i (13w33imY s sin toint D'tao'iimn .Y.vs"lK pW ,t
1yp lyitn0-PsiI 11 tins DY9"R t' iniBt9jD 1:y "3 p: 13~i 5
-3og'y \W i3i8BN-ttynD ,y)''yD8 u-"?Pi -w'\wil
-OINK lK 1N min 1 w ti nno l; tymjijrYa Utn DtKi -
,lyv5,p YK ti1yn 34ts ijyr tDI .I1D J in t y3vyT it 1y53yo
- tiyi D'DyiDti ti 11 i t33' l n D'95n wys3)lyvn8 '1 Ts
-tis iy3yt3DQ8B"ya 09' ii p^^ ltym 1 tzI3 iV tu4n

I J -y l 1945 ,)1

-YS NB ,p1i-yS tni5VS:13 VDiSI PS TIM'D .Wil9yi'
pnqT Dt IVD is p1yn 1-13t^11& 9 ? 3311991 tw$5w =i" N
p'519 plD 19190 UW''tTH941n $42 8 is3 IY11n IDby)713'r
1ylx $1-1 'tt'3IltWU .13Jp DIu I TpW Spsiy5B pa mis sa0i
YU^'s W '1 Ir ; T1BCS< U3p1j Di)s3-ytb''s' wI \Wto'uto
I1s )I-1i) DV'yBs t")5D1 w S 33W I'Vi Do14 ) 0 3p 31niY1-D'D I
] ,33'1Y9 YB"3yBDi pt l yn 91 1P087'1v Sl tDn y'1W A!Q

I1 09i) DPy7y)B'K 3Yto 1 t'K'D .Y95 -t3thinn 1's JS r. (N
tH ,D01 13Y t1i''i3 Dj3Y934 3j1ityu3'DDiis iyt'19I85 8ts ]m) 1Y5p^IDBM lYn9Y t'K tW'Y1i'11
Dyl aDY'ta~iY ayY t' D09 iy 0 S IIK ID'ity1 S Yt73^'1 1 f
t'io D'b''yIti1il 183 .Y9381 9y1 rWK tDp3'13Xt9l iitoyngi
t-pTny)8G0'008 ttyZSY 30191Y ly3Kp'ivYoy 11 ?y92 1tT t
,'12083i-t3y1i'( pVYa t'51wT'irty ;Y'tS llD ps y'B I p
331PjY)t)Wy-i K. f1i DItS 09 ROM 317") K 131t 1i 1 O^QW^
1Y7 Tt1 DtDV^ 1y9ainMK t1'*y1 .n1356 ''n yCl 958 \WllY
W1^345 nyn ,;D}I0'83-yuSN'1 1 9' t^DOWty y113pD!o .D'tsIP
-"8o .1Y iT'Bs9 ;1012783 y90i41 r1 ;Wt3ont3 t''1i i!?t37t;II ti^
1*T13 1iT pW ti38-]3y3D ''1859 Y3K ^ DY, tQin I '8DD 5t!
.-lYP-1 i5H81 ," DDO1t,, 1934lyjit?4 *19 fi t34Y80soYiCp QI'2
-D3t PQ nny K85D ,7pr tDintitU718 ,tW1 "Dui01YnII ,, 1Y'
1 y19o D13 "1iybWYY,, 11 ,IIP 'IBaNS 091 1 .13^''1P'''i38 1Y'I
193yj734 *' i pD yptip y90tSytgD-'Dt<3 11 t3'Ut37Y tUIn Y9383
2y9ll lpN 9Il Ij.ayD 'y In twl ya DrY' "K .p81'j5s
.yt'ol II I'l D't lWy1im mvl Ji mIb1S -ti)' n 9TM
- "t DW*3 mDVn D q1m) P'ISVt Tt ,II\ y5WB "t P1w11B ti3
1y911 WE'O^ ,iD15'ty83-yti$9' n1-13yi3 ('13K1Ni-ltDYnD ?Y'I
pW o9yiD')1 YX t1q) .Pa D .I T ,tuy4Ti1N y tlnw It voyln
.tya92nyi? y3U t 0D toot37t93Yy p0n 1DISi7yn Y ( ti)' Yu
?9 Dt'n ,iD15ai3,n1 isyin ($yi' 1y ^? Do^' WI 'it8 38'
'? Op"'ity)D''it oyn ?''''
PW tD"I1 .t~"ip y9y2, pW pi^q p 0n'r t3I 0 vzI IYnt
ps 1001D-ttyns113D pya ttai5 ty'DI : tit v4V IDqiS ItY
-Y1' ps Iy)sR n83 T ,t3^'s .9Y'5SP lYDi9ia 1y9 pVY
.31t-a'i'i "t "3 TS ,tD3Y13it93ty 19y3't 9y >''sp lYD'TnI)
ps 8 01 pyt'li tn'j by lit 513il t SoJyp-n? Tll U pTw
yjy lyit? 1Inpigi t50Q~ t T1y]lytymi'l^th19tlpJS3-ltny 9 *
DyI. ,I3II5 yv;t sipSo s31NY t'll III SP'1 09 Q '?ly
q7^ ri vY:s 'Iclnisv-tcryn^D "I 'p Dt"DWiyM VIIqym3 xra
n-I1 Ip1-awp YawDKovKsn 3wyt pin$ DitlsK TiyT trIS 1
STy D0 Y191 ,p3sy1 D7tt-oIyti'r D a n (109 ^40 *^ ti it ?
0u ,D DWyt nYon)t3Dty-180 191 1y1911i t3Psy)3 1 P 11 t
093~8 P97DD'tIbv-4~D 1K yiW 90 iy'tS3 "t ,Y'ti~tyitoD'
-' '1s1 t3DOYnB y18D IQtput$a I ;U PS YIVIl VS 9 MIl
,-iwprt 91i513j5 DyUv)iW'Is 't nD y'13 ?I Dyi'D ips 3I7 y7
'.1' ly 3DDvis -Tyt lPS1 D^ .DitSq t31onQw18535S '1? p Iyp
"D'3 s ,P7"tDIW8-Ki& ,y Y3ypy-i '9 pa (9i t tyrtT's y

-'K li3t) 93 YP531)VnIl. qt D) 'wS ,0"I 11 D W Dy ml
n-avl JIN Im Dys9$ Iyay ,t r} I3DI59 ,123vi 1''R .p9)S y
.vtnxt ID's lty 7E'I pDatb on n p-8'0 p1a 1 "Iy
0' 1K ,1}$st j)09Y35Y YWtimpgD91nY' '` ."Y'tDip 0917,, jDD
97P WE"n noym mp) 1, SUP is ac "t v5DVD III t1wl DK9"
-0 vn1:) j1w5Vi80 z-yn553 S ,I lvln ,'T j 18 t95
9907 It vt DID tom'Dwul(I 00z0p jwwt V5S DtiNW v"w

-I 111jMi) tI)SPS yT ly? r)T cba Irpis ;J I .yVsi
tID p')-1 iy tign Drl sm 8IyIyVt 5l? l ,"iyD'm1Y,, 1vV3" j
-Iy17 DVYI YPI'Y1 r8 ,u313Vyn DY'r P l'0n1Y'Il t I4 'I
Dyw 0y99 DpD tKp TW nMnk 191 pw. Df.W 1y115u 0 1V 31y

.pIyn tD4yyx (1sKi

Iti yvrzp 1V1 ly.Dis v'rlt ."t inaI 5tmts .55n= ypIy.VM
tYohj yTv l1Yis) 5Dbs ; "t3yvn'Dop lt3ymms j1'T',, mYI
nT 'II ) mt ; Y'VIS19uYr Y1tV-l y^' 7 tinyD 1
Y95834 831t,^3'ls* pYn9 t39YiY3a l Y1t)Y93 1Y3sPi-Yo,,
19iytK DyU'T Q 11 tIia DK sns t*^^t tim3D 1y"? W ."D0'jY
tjq'I DYpIr1q D3vYDnIS1 D'T'735 5S3jVvY3iYj'K 1yi ItI ,1"r
-i8Q Iyony ps JYD yny't v 1ir .I'tllW'9Y1p Y1Y31S pN
-1Y p1 'n,510 t ym 1 9ts Di)Divrl ;l Is iLA n lnYN3T13
'I10, IV W t-1tD1 S pN lq4l,95 liq I N'mV19V IVE)
Ys'in,, ip isn'iy mn= njynnIn.VrD"Y~YtY) tit P'fi~yDY
YtojWs "t IYBi is'D .tpjty 9D 5Byvt3DytI D pt "lytIYs D
-Y"o0 V,) p"ip YY3j IvY i yr,;ly iVT tnD uts. ps tvil

T^^yuj'is- -l~cutin M*'N) I-IV;NTIYPS.yVsl pD=NT-1tw
1 7'~~~~1ti 1339019 tin I K mrm'm .ti41t W I 1r ypIN
m1v i18Y I'nDD iyo ps .'rY1n Ips Iy33u1y owitAbbI Iy'sD,,

-ynDSISISL pDDI n.V1 DID^ npsl tIVI) *tyiy^sB -iyt [lINI'I
19311T M, 11:1 Irl vq' tin Im I.V -7D M 1" J
"DJtpyq I 19'1tin,, M 1 pa Du'm3x1v ,piy$I'spsy i YDvr334ty
.-'DD-I1isups1yi 11 I1Q 193iy .DPYWED 0p Iy7r7t0Dia ps
(pry'-y1ytyt3 5-1yn tbs''5n) "'i? n\v,, xny1 pa ly'I ym1i

.0S181itD ttDy)ia wY9I aD tnapmy19 pIYii lyc'0p''^ iy(9T 1 is
1Y1 tmvirn '12 19t t)'D8tI3W ly9 Yt) II 1n1ayy Iyi

.pla Iy1W'T jrp D' nty IsYDDiY Unv v D3prl D'v ps o Dt

ilt 11a,"i I.V1 TIN11DD- vlr q t ,, tit0 P9D 1W "I IS 9tTIlsm

.DY D 111 tDO 001 1tD030T iB 0"y1
,"Du-iytignh,, pIa totp Y1 0Y)D 1 i.tlY 19 DYiln 9l81 YD
p11 nYvYn YY394D-"t V.I'V1 SI W1i5yny'D S11 1IYqYj3 W na
iy9'34 is 19yt3WK 9YH tii81 tuirt ;yD DYDn ,fY^19mDi'p*aD
.p ti1i'is
WY 31IyI tYnIY tI3 DI p.,toiylYa tsn DnhYnp ] Wly1
pIN 18 1n 1y7 PS "rDD.Ym91,, IDI pIDt'otV9 S ?I ,pStfuq3
t^Bo15l3c t3^i n "Dti'yI'ID,, tyf '11 17t tis .wDT95S D'tItqyii
Is ,p'tisa i 1987t tynya ti3^ PS ,}'uOynTi"" ti'WF)y,,
DYWK .pi't3'l's yjn 90 'D''Y J5-i''n y s t0190 is-mia YJU'
's 1n t1BS3ya'' t 1T IN nsty t 3 "DttVlDyn)DB,, 1 y'rtIT n
~-3,, "Dto1-tiyP,, 19Y tsin to's .jYn D'Dtoynm1P }y313'''In
1y .IYII V~ty* J T 8S m y y3IyI ta'D ,10 7.nqll "pyll ItO
p'9YT7 091 D''^ Yi i 9s1 D?'CtI'WtW tS ,11P"13 IYP
-DryuD Y IT ,IY'rI 3 l T i 1PIY .IyLA mv1y IN 0y"Dr 'Ll w11
.DY-YI Y3'Y9 yA"1 DID Jtw tjos3I9U BY'-t)ITy D pt 139y3
ps DK1I ,a301Y^1Y 1YaY9iYaYa 9Y1 pDa 1y9DY 8 PS p05K DS
-lYuj'sK *^y' psK tIs ~'5DKs ^3'ysp'-iyos ly psH tyoipyat~s
.0t110 D'tokYnil tim Y3K5 19y53 '?
-pa na'D n1 tT3) tp "yasia yty' "1&,, y9y9liyrm'its n
D^I .y'(191s t31h' ;1'n Yiys 'I ,y9s' lyD19ya7yia 1iy
-jYo9 1y3y95y1Ya lYi p1 p. '1ns3 s ps bitso1o'D s 1y93 tP
-ijy tWs YP''Iiy pI pito54 1Y1 ps !4-tibDDPs oigi ,?y39
-9y-toWyD 0 ? Dy "7T t0513sn 7Y9to^1'' Dyn pyn .'135
1y tox Ws \y1 pat y tusjaiyi3? '1 T5,01 ,Qy 1 tis toiysn JO
'1 1321R9" Mi'R V1H p19yii1 t3iiyji 031ST9 aji979iyt0i

1945 ,1Y1' .1 z7 y 7 8

- D)'tO Ql3S8U1 19y ',1 j5 13 'K pt< P11 98$1p' tW
.P?^B IulTWK np'? Y1D-L8O8P wI'm T9IN:K 18Bs P 3Jin
1iI I'51 }PW Y vYQ^ tpD 11 1 vo1 r \Wti3y ywn P
njmso8 DtIpyin t't D'D K 1i tpl ip W i yt19i .YwU ? V i'7'N 1
"D34yVY3 13''03\", 1 f1D 1 1 11E) ni ; t 3r"p N 'i 11 U
a t35i l D11 ,4'. .Y1't'58?P nyDn'isl ni' f11 5v''vy D IK
K DrIHs W "Yn'5 i Yt ) n tyj3"t ,y'y'54? pyi' n'TI s I
9eI nnm 1y58tniry8$1 a 1YT-04 .P54BD w1i'W lpi "l1Y90in
.IVD3YD ]WIv sR \1' y Iit p'ttDIWIi83 D1y3 Ji tj13yl 1'ri8 T1t

"pr8in,, pW j'DPrIP 5YY'1MT-D YN 'TI .x5yvl ,I Is3tont IV
1.1,? yvais51 ,vy'llisa5nS ,15'1 pB in S a.isn ov 's -
?tp 'V : yasiri- Bili i1 1PII ;yj101 1r3"t V43yo11
IlK Y P ~To I li'lp l"' 'I t In 3'1i 3'YI,'x YB? '"
- 11y7 l 'y9' Wy3D'W' 5 N" 'i 01 DY 1 Y'I ,&t3DPNt"3T'--yopyy1
? BpI0tLD8tLAP liz 5.IIv 12W tOy1 'I1 tn t'nlY tiln Do119 >t5
o1ri 1i3YDY5'Y "yUVp"'nYW ,, 'i PK "Dtnnyli3D,, 1'YI

t1I3yP'P5' i'R193 5 np 1 U lit3 Y'Y1 it PB n"y't j5'1 O3W
tw~vgYvr vnt))-I.V '-l tin Dr 5 ,ID DD3;1 D'I.Vil vwwl~1

m m

i-1Drnw ui17Lw *

.p14 pr TI" 1s 1" pI I P 1,n lit 1- p n iny pis w"nD pt
11-1T Ji py31 I'M tDv-IsD btvi'r t'j 1 'M 5'11 tY'
.1watnymt nDyltS tix psW 3S1 1 113'? t 3'3' irfl?0

.wtS3'v1 "" tdr vWn tI'N 011In5 ln{ ).9l'o

N".t153 pin tyv$ 5it'$-,nti3W rit p't n'i w:'K 'i i 11 I n'

,1'D3Y 3?ytnv' t" IlKt y11' 1 p 1sp3 1 3n in ,Y'tola 1' Do '?
'IrL Uwyn'l Oy .ltb'Iv1Il'7t ^tY1v'It)K YDItpisLtO "I '1 It n
a'rr'r08Ti p' S 9y'5 1 ?'1 t ,\D3 1? ?1in 5t' 5 'S7yii
tow' toiln TiK ,t3sOv1Ji 15 smy w1p' LS n '7n .5 p"'5 '
-i183.1 V 0n Inp3 -1 tim Tny) Uin t I jy ltyny nin1

ytU'lYn 'l'yY 13 jDu tpvt l 19y3"T 11 5nr 133vl yi m
n53 'n3-1i Ti Dty-i ,p'i'Ylniy .'i Iwn? lr Y9I 'i 131 : D'W13ip
-t43 19'5strr 3^C85 11 ,0t054n .'o0 TIN T,-'1 28 531W

tDobbypy) l(n 13831-.byli"iD 'S 3'. i i W"1 y 'n

,13''5n'n3'8 yE'St'n T t" Dpi3 1310 t y5 ?11 ,nZp io t?
11'i'' .1..13" 5' 53*D .pI'm 1'5"w VPB-' -'S i'g I
IlB iY'I^~ Y^.natsio^'-I ps Ypsia-rin wn TIIN oin ,wn
.nop)I lYajpyip ir pi T ,1t i ty z o 190utm lita 1 'V' u i 7 ty
layit yvD-yT1 D'aIYN '^s V w1=17' -IsJ TJ'IOtS tow1
t1oarp s pi-Yuit3 pm Tv 1l53 w5'715 t5 'PI)tY .5 tin "1415 tPY1
ypl3 .toynvyia wto j tn5 lit '9"t \ yV W'Dsvyt .p1rintri
--TD -I -iin .slr 3 ,'tyVIIV '1iY5a t8y t335 v 'rl 'I m Ir 1Y3"'t
IYV ot^t ,t lyInB I'OD pi .jyty^ piI, Y58 W'IN 3IDbIl
.9Y3anY9Y S DI'T1 tP ny^3'13 MITY 19Y31 1y90'B8331W
p myr-y 1 I'm Inln bi'nI) p13 Dun"'In s lDy) 5,11 'IV
: vv1wii -e"T 13iW''

,IYJ8'ip UPli33I0 PS
.Wty1W 9]'Wl !W89P P'S
,;y'js=p yryttr I'm
,yt=1A p rv 'i, RS
,'Ppy01SE P)& t iyt3B t1S
"! n iy Yv 5,'n lit

,yvn9y39y -i i,3 ito1v3 jy1^ 03E pI ,nt w 14)3 pIs
D'l3j3y'n'B 1w ... jyn nlyr5fl 1- )5'BS ,Yn31t) "1 TIN '1U

1-iN9 -PD1Tf] ,X1 .112TJfT 11UmS-iNJ1J? -"XT MI,
.1944 ,U11NDUT3 ,-"Du T), InT,
rT ,'l 1N 1AS5 "pi mIp Vn ,lTN 1 -r ,,
Tim -ly ,1t! DimN -18B0 D0t1 5NT tv-lum -iyS1*
"...W3 iIK p'p TO 3
;S3i ?l1ny DrypN .-i lr)
(.138 ma' I? imn y'y,,
17oM K 1yC'tt33K PS "t ntlY, 11:5=0 -lrrytN 'IY7
r3159T ps \y1[yvI tWSD TIN ,"'13y "nn,, tIpSn5mt oyv tpa
t3ynon lj"? t pl1ito ''i,nos .1943 ,yvnpwpD pn j 5sa-ntllI5
-,n=p tl 5ly"nt n 'S 1' P'p ,"yTS ",, X 'i ,11w25VT 'y
=D3lyTiain pIt D-III' Dim sim D'I5n ,tb3'oiyn rP-i j8 Ctet
,'rT M1 yoi tvn "U3;KL i,, 1 mi .1t tl3 Y9 I n3'W 15 n-i
'-y-i T ti' 5 y t ip TD i pYn' n '11i ,nyI D1 E "Np tsiy,, psT
PBt n, 1K 75LN t=3wia Do11 ,Tri'n y5yvpJPP S rt i'K

r -i" p3s '5 *5~a i3n 5Lol npi DnI' ,O y nPv PS3'
nV DSI ,ss31Y 1pi p93 pyj iyp fs oy ,{0yp97y1 YITtS
."ypYW 1U3: TpI jDoyI1 3'?3,, b'iS 112553sT 3 1" i 5't"D t3oin?
tw: pis pviL w) uti Im'IYo tnxi3 151: Ips ps tui4i ps
yv25y3yi3 L : -y1w) .3 lit -a15'Z-193 D0 \y3pw
' rIN W).YID P'Tynr t 1pi nfiin -''iY5p3D 1 ,s'DtoW

pt 5n3yi,, =,MntiE yanviy 'n ly, vnlN tvy)15 i'o yrvi
yiYtu3i ,tw3"3y3 'i 1'?s t3YN u y1Y153 3'nW f y'V ," 3853'S
1'5 s n 1rii ,1 .'1'snYf 1Ti o1? tL'oi D (o3ypv3 I' tir'
-yi t lyn 'T ,I SVt$y) tp i't3 it'xw y t Pn r1o s 'itL j-Yu'l
,iy91 utrbiyo n .pt$5P ywn y't t pnin yvy3"s TK pm n5,
'j Iy"-ID'(is 1Do IY111-in 1 v11 ,1.Y v"? twn1 YV's1W yjv"t
DItn 1-tni'Ba stL pI'm \n wy T \ y'115 V":"N y ?iy
ps DwPjD-cDs lD' p 1i t rlity rl 5ntD Y0D'viwY jy3YD4y
lib nyuyv53 ytop"wYv31-11-Di15 ,I .t1j''-ip v1 1ist ;o19 ir
n1niprn yvcti ,i 1Bst 1nt lit piyoy3b yvb'Ww:) y1.v'TW
SDI 0 lyt1'l'l 193it3 19Y .p)it? tt Tis 11p 33ajsr 3jY ps
-t)yjsi "i .nr11j piv 1 0 ps pK13yp 131ni 1Y' l3it : Yt O Y

IiN jlv3,, piryi .5 lit 9 yrf3 u:3y1y9inN-;pi DtD wP3y,
:(5 t3t) "151$

I3 3 7 7 1945 ,M1

;Iunm3 ITO 19911 ?TIfl '- 12-1pi
"."A \19 l3Thul 1'R v~ IVR" VIT'

n58a,, y Yts ''y-t p? 53pi totyt pirn" tp-it stow t
DyTiy" W ptRK toxn iV ."D)TIl D p< 5B1B miv1 py
D1ii3 TIty v-yI ni1 5JIB :im3xlr pw t'it Ip 1rvin MYT
' .3n liK pp tiP y'1piytmi yr3"K '7 Ji tbt3y5e pmx
.YD1iot0W ,y 11y513 tyyit tnIyD
,,iv- Ui. lYovtB 20 v' 311zP f- ;r r5cs f ai5m 1N '
-jIava isi t'o ,iyi'sm 15 8 "3 T1K -8582 K TYI )YIv B
'it y5yD-i1K TN by .tyj3'i'Y'T miK ;yyv3"m1' 3 yap
tpn nolmn .pn'ipDis 'PK W jrY3"'; In1y pv3yn IJ9tnWivtq
DMT n0nn .D"P13!
Tan iz 51 inn J 5t T .tvYpr I yL5 iiy vio yl ni n
-t ''A l x |ir Iyvm 5K1 Iy K p ,yp'oi yI ytlvi l y* p 'lIi o
DYtmpxens ?-B9 rn5' px1 ,y"p-n v9'5 IT \5?towyQ. .195
TU ,1ty04t83 1y3i 'I'1 TW ."W1'T3 9,, 37y19 p tlyin D'1T
1pKn 1'1v 1is,, pri t3.yv"5 9 n n 'm Dy'NI jtim -I 4D '
lilt '1T li"19it D(? 1 "I 1 I5, .11P13"N t0DV)-D t I'n ;rOt
Illi ,11 ,\yynvi ,\'1Py\NQ j nv 1aYpN n 1 pnn n15 tor
-11- pitw181 vp87 yt19Yt ,Dt'p Y19YWN 'v lt-IL 11p33
-aDyn ,ty'FP3'; .x ty1P930 iN8S ps t'B"p-IN \1'\iT-l
"'"O -iyr,, '1') W'0y1913 -t1YrYtti IIT iy 13 ;y'j3"toa
-5wl pi"p DtoW3 I') c"prL 1I5a ty19 t0o tDM ,nNl1p nil tli
O'-^NI ,pTr 1-iy5wDj 'PK tW t "o I' ...nr31 Ynlli?
m110 Ji 1r8tn tiril '1 js 1390 175 t Di 1pn1 ,p '
pit ptao ,-rtoin yDrii yiyv1n3 N tp PvK WIpino tt ,iyirly
TW 1i'm1a-ltuyn^D pW Tr ,t"r ix nTio 7')K 15yll i^^^y
tn'l nTius-ivyo'' Y SITx ,i't) 19Y5'Tio sN pTW p; toy8 n D41' ,y'll"t yyi3W Jpl yTyIIy?
yato391y 818 \y9w by tyD t!' '1n ,1cr-it .IDPSI pt< 7t
"'5,, D'yni'5 n3 ,mnvJ tyi pa "lYvn33s3 pin,, 33150sl
t jTiN 13n tr -mI i35j1y p ,"TI 'li1 yv y,, D:'Tiq .t tiN
TpN iMWi It1'TWK i5t34Yt's3 mvT iD 3"WE'3 Yw'UYlp
jv-rx Dm7 ptW 5iprn t vnm 13# 1is 0p95ujs 1 .a' p
.y0s'i y 1 3-p C1.1 D t3o"Y T 83i8a-tayti pW tV5
.\y5pt)t yv)-yt3"vi yj"o nK s my8 pY r p yn tL'

YSDB13"N 15,6tS 50tow$ ,yVDtoc .I1 -). W vnv Y P-o I'3m t
j,''5L y1 9 yo 11 y ii( t ,=y0'13 ~ ti w~ tP mv .InYt
"rYristI,, uyiy3113 t1 0 3 TyD 4pp ,-7 i-nim "1i11-1
t"3pja^ 1Y9730n^3 1pMt ,32Iiiy3W 191 WK .lYDYn
1- I 7 11nrn -m tvvr .n 5pt pia tor w Yrl3w '11 r7i w3Z
: -n31it iYPt YV-' Bili vir 55 P 1 i 'r, 5VT

.),D in TIN tr y"a YD

,Dy11 5'l tyv1xT y
li.tDt? 1y sr Dtr 1
,vYYj7 p ar tyti 5 lD
"-I t2T1 4 I 3"t DMyi

I1' r l3O t Jim'DD 1p' K ,T- I n '11 .rpp .V 1i t 13 ly
.D'*'p3Y~nt3Dop)D Yt3?019tY 9 y Iy tLinpIi>''K")3y 19y7l19153

tps mW'IYE ''BIU ps t'"1 ^y PNK ,i8ii ltDy i1n DYit3K ny IK1n
iy .PitK ityI-i t3 19ntiYm ,3W ti 1 K t I3. 5 n inyrit-iry t
Ip-'ilS D' is D-IN tYjpay IIP r piN jtI0 i: PIIK I N !'in
BDIn tI1yto1YDII N n= UI ;3iK TJI n JiB3IY: tim to,',p: lp3 vY : ji"l
,yt3^ty^D '18K '7 ? iy6^n t'plt'T'' 'yDniYDt3'iy) iy5tntv lyvi
iy3t -yT'? riY y vnvly -; p'l'i .tn Ytm I YnYyviYvDjiK
-,iyv's-mnrllJ n pyn liYvii Y iN -J 1,N'i .,iY'V-;,5 nmn~ ytopr-ir
tis t3N>niyn-i iy .U'oiYIr w3'iv- I ttDIN N tA i;I'IN lv,Y.
yvWvyv-p Inl-T' ai3Dnnr'mr pt< rinnfn 5;iytna) tiyn w)t
,-ti "D"to -its,, 75t-r inn' to .Dyyt iynp TIN ty 11YjY
owPunitw Dmpl ,-lyn-1 t pa w'nyl t .n vYSyanv 1ymy"' Iyo
W-i K' t 0iN, =n tSit ) Iy DDir -t t0 1ni Ov'n 'iyi 'it
tyjr)t 'yayp yvt ly' Iy IY ,-ijyin-i8 -Yivn~ iDvK

...1YDY31 ,: ttb3 T1i ,-i' p.i ,'mn pt

myi uol n N pJi r j-im t Jiam Tyv pJ I' Vy: mbDV:y:
-nniin K iy lyny: jr'TNH .D'SS 1ifl' 5 3"ni pbyr
Itv pIt Itvfn iyply. TrN'D .DYpvmt6 nnHm min rinni
.B;Iy V iy0 on-. In 17prysEx. iN imbNo 800 Iy'H.
-:c'yJ pB a N;NlB-HIa N at-ynys trn ann ITN,,
I'm B"T7 BDI"B ( i p V t 1y1y, pIVn oy 1.(1;7
pMN li(}TT3'-P (I)p'92sy9 1y2"T" iyi 1ps ty'nBc
i)y l^ytwVr I7 Bt yy; in BM mn Dy t:< MDn
:yi pT" t'. my tNV ,J;ilyt mn iy .1pmo.p TyN M -I
Ty'nB'IN 1BIyn Jn N:MIttl JIs Di 11yrtDayVmys is
Ilyny. T IMI i 'o .Bavyn -Iy iVy MI'K -t1m51p ysy' I'i
I'N 0 11 5N< yVtmwy D< Tn'o TIID 51 ,Ins p1VI pTI ml
.to'B 2 y.: 1b 1Ji p Vm It 71 oyB11 K i yti
".' : 1 D

l^Nn Titpito-imtDYn IT 0D1?' iTP 1'np-i
Avn 1VtOVlyrem pa 1y'10 Vm inir 8DinI '- ItO5a1nyi
pI laip Dnri -yr .Jn111 .- .0M 0 J11m .10 ,33 mnyn
-1yaTil 1 pI YamNilmliia ,'-T T D iT -I.?V T 111 Ill3 M
pI BS'i lit mtoyri IyPM nil ,plu?-111 pIN iwitollEn
1iin,, .timB-nirn 1311m'n fIv ly "mN yi pelpymp s >yi
-i{ 1yi Bteamy^ o ,"'spo'pDNiptcyty ~ ;lywa Blytw
B .' p D 1 r )V 3 5vI y B ?tol b 1pr? lymDIKmn
:51m'i-"'lr o-ni,, OUj I>N
: Ilynab vn'I pN PIP'i ,,
11"Iiy T,"p IV, I'M 01 5D S yorny Dt' rTi DNU,,
-r. pImV1 r?3' rane Jimp -I'sy N to'!) IIN .B Ill pJ
or- pt TIII MB;'U; InI ^.^ TI mn q n .? D'n


TWIN- Tj`1N lNWTT72rm` 13-Uni T 1i23IO 1'N Wr7NTD P1iN2-IU31






1945 `,IV 2 y 7 3 10

. .lt.1 I8s SERp 17p 1 s 178IB.13 "13tD7815K80 11K 957'sn?8a 1P1

ItyI'T 110 rppyiyBp -yIy n lymya y.1i ls jipN pa )o I' pm ;Zioln:
.pS1 1't ,1yiay jD iyna ,.I .n .i a3 5Donrep

1y1 ty$pyw) 011 1 Irt 031 3 I t1'r2'
"18BE 8 tZDi .1Ml.11. "n3 5D)wiP tS -P
i1 trp on 15,Y19yo pi1p 1 3)15
yw?$P '1 iy j5Loivtosn n1r3 10f
y)1^ 3)p0 'I n)? t' .Dnp N )yj113)1 p

0Y) 1W 1r340 '11i 33)11y 1 131 tpD
1-y0 n11 Dy 0p? 1-i1 13n p 1 i r1. 1y O
-t81 ny13T tiYi y^ .) IN ,192? 4 IN"
ImB tyI.Vnq I~i& ybp)q 1 S.' T 13)1 Y I2$'
.?4pm 1p 1
iy t1Hi D'in ,1944 ,511, ptt14 PY0
11'ls& um10iN ts jtrii wt$5. 13" Dji0
n3qnv,7 19r?# Ti ,nxi piyST 5r71m ,
13DO1yP t$3)T (W ,1p1<1y) 07'0100?K CK
-?p npv18Q t rp0yn'1i13) 1nyn u531ti
,1 r ,imytrYiID 51yT )11' 31 tYo m0 y
25 1YniN piD onyii TIN ;y-It '1p t,87

"t3zM IVB 9tO DI^s ,9m1-iy -13pip tD'
ftsyhh TIY Y'so13N y9tD^ K Ii a'oxY
Dwn''-n-DnD iy3j5t33nD yw-i, tYvvsn
,yr-it~onyt3 >Y13ivp3'IK lytyfNi -Iyn TIN
~W ti ,ty3! D tunit ,Ini7T m-58-m
tWK m'' ip DyvjTp nT 18Q, t, iysu t 1v
TIK t1rop3''tI3'lili iyrlymw-u tnp
015 pi po ,t)rpiy3ynt3'm Oini myn11
pa0 y9itsipytpy 1y9l3y97x3 1Y1 P1B t1nyo

nYuDYnit riywt31t IV Wn ivw 15Py vi
IyT3vvl 15YD 1 w'sl -PI Tm5K "ly'0 J m1n
'3"1) yy tatX1133t1id Q '*1 9 1 1 10 ti'i3
t9j)N yaj t)Yn Dtiny ,yiy 1 5 n pa Ir 9 j Ts

ywvtow p IsisT tyaiyaTIT 1'I P E 1.YT
vK 1y"In 5 03w'vp I3 PS X'IK 'I) Dt"X
t5LS3m ,'iYrY1v 1 ) ')1 i wt 13t ly to'l
mv .-tt 35'n'ynlt0 1ti38180 'b'1t8 Ut73
'1W, t3I lti v33yns 5'n ny't p'T n y
yDr: 2 t' ll- p 1'mx3n-m yp10y8 TI

yv93 nin .p1,5 tSi u4 3i t i ts ty 'o
1yy tagN U^yl llD3!? lx 1 tiy D ,IDB04n
vyn) 0I pri ;IDsp tD''i3 nvT pW ti15vi
* Lto!vN i ,tL3ys, tt \v tJn5yn pK nWiw
tI M13 vv5 ntm v93 i mm7 Inr lo' tIN

.DWIPWi 19iyy3' T

,1 ,'trils ~1yt7y\ywD p'nt ItD 1p 04;
pW 1 INt 1i85 p1yipa'01 I'l Di j'Ip
t~v 5w tI "y.1 7-prm,, ,I 'irt Il ,'1"3
1^ 't3 1 ,';178AI'I -lt39Y l&D p^- pj1i'l'1
-iutip 1TIN 58K'YD ,t5'p8 ,WvEjqpvy
-w3 tm yr75 017 .-3u1,Ys q IK 7 Y3 ,1yq
In87 =Y ,IV 11PY P11"3m8 In'n I.Iqlyw 1t40

-yia^ pip 1 'J lY yjt iTmisa-ftoyng
.-1I 'i 'p77 '17.3I 11P v '9 WIY '' 11'
'77 .nP W-ry 'Yt3DrY0 ..1i 7 t1m 1Yp
-Yt p' 1 w 'I pyiW nvflt (Wily 'Ivn

to' ,'IK Ti11N til WI yt,7'W ,l-i
,TJi7PIY'l yI p D'Y l NY_ I :) t_ nl, Tn.
.a'y'r isY37]V ]y_ 1 y7 3 C'<'P B lrjis ;IB
[pnim YI 110 iYti Ji YI's In I1S
113' t38P83 7 tolU ,I .11 .-1 10'n 5,~3 P
pa j1pq n ptA I1PW'K NY nif p qi'oit3
Dnyu ta'i -m 1Yp (q3 1 J'I .rnmnn l-1

,y1Wy t ;is ly-7Y T lyl' TI t41 iV ,5,D
-y5q ptv PvK g up'i vai! iyqi mS ItV11

-t3"ity- y ,1D 8 tipK'y) t2t0 T'O ;y1i

-5')ip y9'Yt 1I'n n1vyyn aI 1117
1"n7v, "r r7unic 7 pt 7 I ,v rr
,"o ',, ,D0ytit [pi ty ,TB ,-T D
.1"ary TIN mir-

On .'nhan IOl p"r Ir "It?"ai",, BD1cru3
`1i(p' p ^ n33' -"t "n niB y li) ly: 5 "3 t JiN
UDuT-'TUia ^*'''ttiDYS .n
.TDI)^-USD'P11 Ant'W7 fBY Y .3I
.TD19-D'Uli ,,pongit;y-19 .
INUU-1iUDU 791'9 *D
Iui'DNi ,pos^^ .2
1 1lilll l11111111l Du ll1111111111

.]1n ,1r' a n

Jt IrrluI -'o .1ip' IyI ImiBrn DJi

-INOUUpDD ,1yS''3 SY^?P
11111111111 lllllll11111111111111 111111 lll lllll lll llH 11II 11II 1II 111II 1I 11I 11111II 1IIHIIII IIIII ll

: aDuS.yy7,7 I sY n. t- a"-na

tin0 y)1y) p 1y-iy3a1 1-i1 i10 0p ) m t?3s
y1i Tp .1 .11 .11 Win $1)3IN n'W b T
II'mimIpytpy 1n5?y17x 13y1 p t1J4

7-np s I 1 'i 1 N_ 7 Ji1m7 D7 7 lit
I'I P .Y'1 10y p 3 yy 11p yL.ID',< '1,
is 1t 1y'011 p tt "n .1 '. .1 0.i 3 5,
ntp ."pr't3ny 1n'4 3 1i3'x pa y3vu y

-D r15~71 1 71 ',1 m 1103 )7'10 1w~ 03)
1~ ~1 n7 "Y18 TD 101 13)1 0 y 1,33 0 T'
.y-Wi n1x"131130 03)y1 110yz ;3)05)y
1i x o0 s 1)113) 1932$ t n5ly11 03)
-)31P W'viv, 031 11 0 a t73N 03)1 Int1o
J1 11 tOiy 11 t'1 715M3 .11 .1 n"2 510
-y i tOp 31yyay3I8 1t3)t"? 0411 ,15 nu00
-13?1 0'? DY.t1 liI3 1IDyI0D WI1Y 11V14
3",1 P110 1.t137 0 1 DVY 10 ~t18 1 7 ~p
nxyo j,5-ivim ps 0 ,5'n 197yiny ,Tii9
,t'Sil 031 110 D'i0 0Y3 1# 1ps t1 '3 0t

"1 11 0"I C ul 13v)13' 0 ID n 03)1 t 1'XT
I ,p'1 y3 pt P i0v18 ryo' n 1'v

13)" .- 11 ,- '1 110 013 )1 1i N 3 TIN
1t3 Ij57t yil y'1 iDy)' 0Pi" 11jiDs

13mO)." 7?rP: 13DY1 T t l |,1Ypt i0 OD

"-I )1 .D0"7'2 03) 1' ?~ 7 1 0L 1, T1D07
-t11y vI tyI ,tI-Dit pytm7i "Iy~ 3 IW p
n,y ?p'ly r yi t's '?t i ys1n t "3 s K 1o

Y-) n? Dys 0tp 'I110 1~'i y 110i n PIVn
"yn.,, :Myity) its 7y0i pae mYd7Sa
tI"x yv3y' tw "? i9'il 'i 1yoip ui,'
-y' .I .1n .i Q'03 5'D1S n yt1W -7 1 tjW
'1'1003)1o" n i 1y3y" ,ni3 1?$ t? (y31
1 .n1 9MYK 11I pqnovDu, jW'o 1
p't ?i'i ps~V Ip7y'N vl sIY'-'Y ly:^ TIS -
;yj9 t y3-'r1 ,'T p0 to1 mn V1 tpiiP yt?Y
.I&5y n ix tlir 3

1ps t0!?Dt~y^'"is p ty rs 83 isp'sm .18B
ps .09D'tpY 1"p 1ti 14' 3'W;Yx 1C'1-

-m4tp tiN t58ntL w i2t .18@y (i1 topa t)
-SD ny- tyi js35 'ivii jy v 9eiiy msi

,tplipys"3 5"D y'"t q'In 1Ip'm 9im

"'D20111NMULT' .N
.1p'N ,'myt1prpo B n y Seet

ly3$ ,Iyrw p '-i nS 1y0y1 -1 3 VT PS) m
Dyn ,p3to y)Itn Jps rt'13 "l't piy n.1 I
ITIn D toyn yo j IN ,tj3i v n t1S u5 mx
yr3)' Dt0 ouy 10y51i 100 IBpI
?3no L 11pP 8 Jto5Il ID'xIS 13 ,D'Ipr"K

-13S by 1s opy13ov to-y1n n Dv .U)"
wvruv "JsJii W 1 t1 D i 5 1 .0' t 'n
to'.1p1y2 0$i 1u'15 PSW 5y)npy' 3 b'x
1Y3fl r&'13 y?3s 'S yyp'3"Wt8a1 11s3
y3ya3 11 1i 1v3 ,1y)y3% is ,'s -1 385
1t3 13 ,0 1 1t.n A3'Y Vill13 PSW 'W)1 DIni

"y3W'S l13 S t 1 Wi-3"01 1WK ti'I3 l
.yrWyP llYvsplllvnr-viy-ty lit ;yjv)myt
0t3 W5=15 3 in ,yo I'm xD1 y '1wn .
l3)'11, 10 t 01t 110 ,i'i lW I1 .b ? ,3:I
Ua) n113 Dn,- 13'1 ,toipliy33 117 n n '
,XIYtp1Y7'm w1u13203YJ51 nyr IB 1n3
"-yp5yD 1 jt3 ) 1051113 D5s 137)
-ntW'Di 1-y 2 p'1 "! ,i1$0 r513 'B
.y'iyDS't y'1iai ps P-m 6a1nx Q

-1 3yty1~310 Y113'l, ,5yp y113 D' 0
-ityove ISB plymyp 55=13 IN pny).
yt9p'"nytl31i pl tSyW1 D1 'IS ,t33y
rs T ,tiris ,iypiPy5, y9394W7'? ps
t3ty3yn& 1ri n -I p7 2 t31p b"Y yp")
yiyrD313' ID L jyyojvnl Itp3-toyiI ps
o3)Yt'Dx3S)3ty)1 DO3'W ,ii '11 DyY)'i35
t1i1a2 )5 8 D5)m1 ,p N 13 1,02' s .3Y9r-
1YoY3C*5"ti3 tvi 3'11 5i 156 'It D3uyt 31s

.iyaT3 D^5 yn'swt l,'unt
-y11pp n 1yn1 t135Y 1ypy?'3 'xn Tynli
5'r,, : t0lS yT1 W 9' 11 lt3'1$ ,D'Din'
-16n 9ht11 ly1 ,y137113 to3n 13 D ?1 i 13'p
"1! ^D p$0 D's
5 ,W1DV-1 s tv ,}yT 1 0 t 5vl PS 0y
t3mymy l-T Dosn ,t1N 87 DytoayyIs' toln
tYW IlyV1v3jy Yt0'0 ,nlionT 9 y3yU1 tay
tIw litA 197% ID VI.V 3,? I DN t tS y)
-7D$10 091 ntcnvrinlDEW1 ,to9t 11 5v
twD)9a Dy9 ftW (WK fWti)9n ,yW y11
I P 3$y1iy I ;IVy 'TO TS ,t'33I5 't .t"n
V 'iis ynUm -Iy3'T ns yPy'tr3 s \yT
py jnt1pl IVIDUmtcl ItV)"? Ctl IsYllu

YD} 1Ny 3n1 11.y n m;

0's9 CIS ITII t1953'y yotp4'3 In n,,

r''"?il33 ll1 m' nalH

.tDJ 3py -'I ll -D33S K1 .11Y0tJ6 1
"yiy1 P t30"pDI.ti3) PJ t. .""Pt)9
,133I f' M1.I 7K,,V I jtv' n IP a .0P

-Dsl t,'I'DI "T im ,Y"'l r IB It PjT'L v t i
11V IpIIyb pIp t3'P i1 b-8 ,-' .;Y'IT3

11i P'tm'iiy py9i0riY in 00 t^'n T0i-

1B'nW Dll t l ,tl58n 't 7 3 ;IB tuy.
-PO,, : 4tio JODB2a t"P 1') 3W p1ao
n i5'irvim nna-nnn ynyoif) I ipn
$42 9ly90nyamm i1 31 12 ITW

p'tV'N My PR 18i p1'T rm p
ILA 1 pt1 1piY3 t'o I1 17-xsp uv,
lit myn t18 ^ v5?W t I' ng 'mt

Dy. pvN p, N it tibl nDy

1D:'l U137W 1172-109 11N 19'112 TTI
'ytT5$ )DWt'l3 181

.mpai-it Iyar m lt 1 0 10p n yit DIm01 3m li

1208 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.
(ii 1i1ii 11iii 11i1iii iiiiiiiilll i lli ll I1111 u111111111111 11IIII iiiii i

n 11 1 tnyny@3 Sv'pyo PtDb O 5 U

SP tp =mp I .U5L8 1-' 87 osK ps I't
-1nrt pr' 13n ixm ina 8 t3o0 Drll ,nntwto
,prtiD 1 3) ,.tS1 1 W3 1 .133 ) t0Y 1 bYr i
-pn& Yvv1janvop YDYo "i ftynyi TI
b)y'Dv1Y t'DO 9yno ti til p lt p-Iy5t 3 1
.D'3Yt)011,, o -p1 5 'f5rliiM 7YtD
-py5m pItqD D'5v plyni pz '"?W)1n
1 v .1l 1IYN 5 I)p1 1Y3 21$ n Tn '1 5)11
n l-tyIi tW' ,011i3Y DY3tx "Y ,Yt2it5

OD'l p 1DIx) p1t<) 01 piR'- p t2-? y
-i'I. Ytowly n ;ynyx t3 p'o8 Yizl'iyy
-VI I'D-IYri'lI'11 tjoDi3 pK 5qtnYvnQD -m
arit3iYp TiT Dtin ,Ptrn NIq ,Iytiot
*l) tK ,y9y5to 11 ft p pltoNk3
-i3 )i ,Y1$ In;VO1=PD513 A v$ '1 tDyb= it'
ltt33 'a8-tp'n0 Y9Y1138 Y98 t8 ,tom^590
.=y20 tltin yn 1mtn c i' oysi py

-11 Wt 0 lyvtv: '- v1 Inm 7il
lIK ''D''DYIVIT'J'I 'Yb Ia t'N v'n p-Y-7
't3D iti

iTSDJ3WN J'N y3y-9 ,yI9tl .ybtni I

-mrw -i t:)vV5. v'T1i I33Y l jlW t ls)-W

It V:5.l? pi LoD i91 n ;9s Dy
1-PBtN D 'r Imp t1 nm, tIt v3p t1

Is 3 15isr3iv ] yI Jmt )-l pq i T i
y3T"1J '1- K1 DS.059 113'' 9DSyny3

-by91p ; 109953 71 ? J E 19y3 11y
'm m,-ip t35D ,pNYK1pt'7 tDin Yw5ir i
BiC D'nLj i'yW1'I p t rov ,Dn131nj TI

-;vtimr D"l vvi nq i1t pivits 1,N
.D9o ,yrT93oyp I'K PDU'in y3WT'tUa K

-Ya ,~ylW o- '17 w^B 1PK bYDKB' j12
wK t^JIityt DIPz ton Zqp yVYp'10
,Ii3'5ltv t3r0 t3P8Ny9 Y3WR' t7-3"1-t
lPs trip *t '1 35Yl9 ,0iT'13 ps TY(i10"w

Yt33y3o8 $i9 pt< ,1ij39) tS) pi ty u '1

"ir)$ in tit)90 P^1 iPK ,iDYj '-Iai N

-y3 pW tiynyi OBS 30n'3 e'tn3 ,?1y
ps 510il1W -TI ps 'r ."TSnYI'1 jY M"$

1___11\3_____; y7 2 7 '' j_ IS a_1945M ,11t

101T1:-811T 1 48 "MiWn ; M1 1 i tis t v1W:3 118Mo 04

IVp'N Oi ;1D'n0-1;tc2 li'In iyT:li
.mp-y nytol; I'l ILE

1945 ,'1


-tqo p& 5wievngn opasi-^i
yVI"t ON IpZtaD 5 3n 13im 83iQtuyI
-tWD t'tin 1-t^ 27,, 3ItonvQ 8 t m
-o'ls t^ "yTI5I''ni-iyapi! ytNiw5
_'-DV19WOY) lit 11m1uY1pYD -I. ItBit
.ipbt11i33K 'n (m)SP58 O
-ISD '*I 1:11 I 1.vnDv'383 D1'r wi
.If'Olo 'I 11113 Ls' tyDFDivi YUto1
t3n 1yyl tI tpnh nly't 3y15s'v'z -1
ntpr )Yw niY .utivyjp i3"i tD no
I3tijtn\uI-bL 11 ;OT3 3yb'IK mYlw11
-p11n I11 tI 0p 1vyaj31sEw otr-lp 09310
-O(P Dyjit ajj i1y lyto)WI 5:3D80D&
.jlim'-na ntv?u't
jmrvn-v ux'u nri tin ,11L00Uvn 1n
}tytT3-i'13 Etatyb ly IIQ t3tK luuEl
iy 11T -ILtinpyt ,t'pIv '?m 'n uvy)
('poIlr% 'n Y tt814^t-Ot31l?
pll. ,IY"t3iT'9518D '1 t'nQyviD'1tr Db
-wvpD nYi i'N I9nyiw J'T i'rIK wsm t Y-1
lol .-ivyobY 85-iy3tiio-3iy 1y9wtQb,5
t^iyD)bo 110=151Ys nYi O0m Is85-i i'
n' t3iy3vyia "3y1i ,twvvsyl) 170 9>IK
.-v4nm 132 nm< towan't3ngiB-t3yoi

va .oDywm Jr ,oypjpli 1J1p 71M
.1p,7 7'x t3B$ 77"A
"S~~~asP TW eg} Tythx m ~ so
"$nxN s )T 17ty1 -rn Imp 1309 U'l
"A*iVrTT' : 0y"DSa7&-x3'p Iygsix p1
iT ."]1-tw811 ]W "-:I Ily-iTEHTi,
.T7Yoyl vnB 7YT DSra7'S-7rp 'T
yv'or "^ 17YTYrA T'IB pj;n y-T Yin x
-I8r7Ty D-ip y',, '$T ,0Dynth'M-$rp
M$' S18 1IB Tb 1OTOn 9 ,"Kfi po
'19D 711X9tY V-Ltyin T'T ;rn 01$11
JS? TYI -14pn 7 1= .$Inngtn vT
"YS'TybSyy w,"7% '"'popr~ Y Ji,
I yV701 ,y13't3 10 I xTy 7" TI'N
yu-my oi D 7 trW 710 TW' .YItITx

1s D!n yuyni t?-my TW 3, < s
15?t33{i S'-1t0^ pi .73'"'W
.y ( r B

D'WlK 1 1pt< (W (3)BP)8 Iy91 I1 DYtDEp
-1IRy (1 tia OR 11r0p pi 0y^Dvwnt
: ijp5vk 83 y71y3i8 7 p1 I\L
V 111P1 ( I 3y)yi 3 I m 11 1-t3 y -3 '
tiK (:)W58L tsategra-usp pbp I!E
-8tr'073-'I'3 0Y1 tsY0'oyp-i'BD'iK-ta)js
S-tbrIN r'I-tK nyr p1& I'wr-DDmIlI 13y
"'IO^-1PS l1i p It)'bYipy) twy) IYmp
-7tz ,tlnvi 'n (3)ep)V1 y7 113 byt
'n 0yt3'oDPT'BD'ibs-t'^8 IDB lyyrt
IDin ,Di30is t3 n 1iy3591y ,(Pt1O(' I

.tp3iP DYji bmi DvY

ID-'n1 ,yjis18 t yi i iyoNK D16 vyI
l0tyvgvn-P 34y?'318 iD Jm18
,1- 1;17 yt y3y9y"D S IyDIpy027 1B

y5ty715 D ,yrt'7 ytu .t 'I -iY l 191 1^
-syyqt nwQW? 0 1li Iisns iD2n ni'riy

niQ pm < ;t3yoD''i^Bm ywIw Dio
nymoyj'"b!? n ;3^ "Iii,, "'IwID'IN

Myl W IT tYiD-i 11Y 14' ItA, t5I 1NKIYw

.1944 ,21 '1Yta1=yW
{SD~tl iYt30T57'"C>
-33 133" vbe TN ,l2"T yu TYP u'1
-Y 7y, -m TR -13-T" nYI I'
y2ft7 047-r 7'YnI 12 7VU3111 71HK MIT

-"S I-iT 1Y11X ITT19D^ lIIX 191"KIM
I10ft8 17 0871 0001180IK T~1R *TT'l90
Ivb .X 12 111-01 1111- TIIX 71n IU5 711V
.717ips_ 100.11 11-'1: tyT TS ,Is7D
1 oDn ,DypOrC o)" 'Tm 'I11 7r 1 Tm'B
.to~p'Vtyso'r'nt tuo^.
.epseyylo~ni boY
.T'T Ipyn TW17 TW!< 75pY 1sYt3s'
TWx .00p 106 rT PW T'T 7'1' 1W
nisYppyrtig T'N yR 1a .mU T'T 1nyL?
.^'7;n 'yT l''Il t)S3190w )Yo'^ T r
TP 7%Ni "'*'3 .15?W 1 TT 1]y T1 B
y90wn 1$-T 3yaT'ro .tuyp 17StS 7111
jIyBw0t JtS1 P1IW 1m TB .3005n ?o

p'WmrlTi7t51'=$ ol DnS p3,yl 11ir

0y;) ygj 1 t31''t$ YI33l !inr 1Yan .1
y19e971wy 8 lm N tr', y 90m 3 vto7-

yj 8 'I ty 157Y 2 1 ti 3i 7 1 73 11 i\

(1037 '1 13P9$, 137 ITW w09 v5 5P'1 '

; Iimn yi8vtyvp3- \ .W f nvW -1
I'mt 3I 8lP .0 .u ? nvWI) wyt -myti-n

131y'yr j P5 tign n37p 114 j3o1 .yoK 0
17yiD5 Dn131 37 py137 113 8

.V21K 1j 1K tyI1?s Tjw -r1K 37p1K?

P Lost 'r L3 IPwil I% D15 Na:l L
tiyorny) ,1317^ 3 8 p = 117PI 113
1Y01"3 7V t3V'531'8K t3iIn 11'1 ,'l
T." NytsI05o ty .70') Irs l pl5ry

i t)t- 1, tt7 T 193 yi iy3y ,atynmw .v'
19448B'i' i3,, 1yox itJI iy1 pix

B- p3'i s5 y 1I11v IIN11tPyI D aUW:IV

B aWB1ri)1 nD1
rpP 185 00n 8 ;TJ'11 IW 01583 8

iT'lapy'lp iYii'a DY po ai r b s i"
b-wy D^II ,I it3) pvyp ,YI p rI aDsi1sa
t.3y18 -L' Ivl 19 D31i83 QDynyaD'5n
-3'Jmn TK yr'D.'p 1n .y'uLtp I'y p
Stin imrn tm 1930 1E n PK I mvli tr p
1944 PK .1J8''D11-D"n pT< y3^'1p<
i111 = 1y t,, Q1V '134yD v niz'm1 iltp
5,000 1pa yyaY09 ,s "17382 1t1t
IsnII My3)I8 iyty3p'YyD'iK 8I t311
.l3yj0yiy1tly ip^ t paD 03ya

s y 1p 1 t m'3nin '.-1D I- 038tI 3
,I1Y3l4W1* '7 1'ly 131DV tjQD 19iP1-toD3

-K3 p10 loast3 1 yFDa'' n{;3 ,ItlimD
t'Q3l1n 1iyy3 iy;& UJSP i900 ypDi83
-TisItW Dyji5 UnYps9flt ,013' 0Y1
linli p-i2^i n1 i *"n s oyi ,11 1

",lp iypD-i!'K3 Dyjit Y tP'I3 TI I3n

(O7VtrrTT-1 I=) = 1330y9I I8ly V W W1 1 W

51 SW T3U'!3np-1W )S?08ips W IS^'-1 II11

I011:,3-8113 lit 11n: 8 =1V
vt pta o vgltze>o ,5?QK Is 1931 -oe tylf '3 ptit'pa1 y9o9
.a ,'5'7pnta_,'^? so nt Esv ie 1683 11a ,'p3DS?159 h'7t1 ,IKt B Y

13]a_]3 77 1 '3 1945 ,11

,1-'ito5u 1p 5?1YjYrplnlpyp *
-yjy. 30 1n I1D 713.K TK ,05L 7i 44
vi-pr -itv- ls Y ty-7v ,piynfB t lIN \ s n

-oD piD 15iy,, 15DIt3oD lto D.VYS1 t En
tb3)'1"Dk Tt D.^l y19 ."1.r1U-tyYll
-<71i3 ,itl51y3 pID Iln"it3 7ly7 pW
.1, l "7 11 7
jy'iDB'vpl13 : D:.YvYI Ypmn 'K .7 *
-3yp8B ,T~bf3 ,3'1 ,P38% 1t 7 ni
1 p4 ,T DtIIDm7,y t1 yj D"IlyMy w7 I- 1 B
0DD 5"''ltyD p11 p'D ID w -INI,, tRK

"y7y ,p7'K v~e'In-B 2,000 t1nD *
iS.1 8yD'''ii I R ,yn1PDt> o 1 31K 1 l
-am71WI- jl5niY3 witi ITW n tyw) 1
13j D.u v Dyj1im 3-1t6 v tinf Di] Q 331
.22w y19119718 PK

-w3 t3in tiDn) on .lyIlycig'n 1Y *
8 I5y9tal'winn Dyu)4 100,000 t-o'iw
-)180 Y'I n D SII'nt"iD 1i .3r9y Do
-yILK ;y1PPyDIK iy3"t y3vzyq 1 ,Iyrit
199Y 1n p1971 1I 191v Dq;1t ?n1
-1ID YB'Wni 11pa Y3t5903p 1 Yi i1i *

tL)Q1Min n j 3mp3i4Ya (59lyv .1 1 DYn
tT 19"? N K ,"53,is ,, -i tin 9 81/ % ?
-18 I"Bt tp=w 1IWN lw: VDiN i' 0pn

p10 tW1 t^N3417I3 t1Is yirm 8 Pn *
-~19 p'taty-iyDt 5 wu .-1-1 ton (511
I 7'1 iy0i'is 0 p 98/2%o TH ,tiy5p
'1 TiT fI^II ) t'D133911IY D'K 5y3" r

-t~p It'n" wn ny. 713Y14-1 3t
tyDnW yCtt s- vn t I=TW Y 1=1 ri'^ Kt t
-Y-INuDYi IIt K nNlyn. I[y'?wow fln PK
-(rP i1s,, vyo vi u'7N D60 ,YY nn1 p
."tDD'3'J10VtIp V'O ID P?1
jy93"WBy1 tiny~ t By tqis P711 iWK *
;yot0 p0Yb1iN ;3J it3'irY33^ yyTiT K

110 Y't)^^ubyase D 'o1iyol ny^ pt* *
"'sD T1I t3!>'n 38iK-?n PK [ "JnlTDn,,
-'3191I40 ,-iyty3-i Y97vs 60,000 u~osr
t; pt< 0119'T3810"M yBp y1B an

-Y K DIm ,5o'l )3 vnv ivey ows *
,1933 u3r1 -iwtvn Im 'K 7Iy C1PT 3
1-i3wJ3= yt42 "I Dtn ,"'nd,, t TIN
9ly3wiyo0 iy9 1p yVn li'n (143jy11)
"yl3Y11D1,, bo^ tpD1nYa oYoi- t1r 1yi7
yvriT 500 In pD 'l-nD'-D& n 18.I

'7 IV:t;5 7 .V13 L

D'Y. Dt^'n ;y7,aKs7 i ytyD 'DyDoID D.
-t7p PI N tt BD It IK

Ui2 1 9N 19 37 E
,iY IY W1-I 7- iy 1r ,I'TK 9 l1i

IN Dyt ,7 7 I 18 ntyr lt7p

y-I "yu'o1p DntmY'y mnyiynn'yjj'n -
T'7i y "t3 nK 9 t-12 l '
tpww,,py ,r tign v33Y D-vn0mkp -9wi

,D8N y1 w p:-Da1It ,NfD'' lYty s I 'pIt t=
-astwaystyj yTyiy pM t38t'iia I 8 OP

~^ s 'Ko 'lYoll 'ly3r'1"t Y'I 1iyi p
30Lc1 np t31 1'131 19317 vvt 1, 0tW
.a 'stas 7117 iD3n PTI& PW -Fy81t7D.
3"i'' 8 I=3y''y078 1yjiN 11T ~ y"v Tit5
pyi yai?,, 1y1 fiD B'NI .tsYt'Do -DDa1
-3pY80'S5 tvS1o miln "oir'oD YD'jt 3
,1W 1lypi1a-iYi1^'iK IK ,py;"1i 1y1
p< 1tynYa p3 TW1,, : DDu'B'IW'' (tu'D

-3II tai 0 331v'iNy yB'in titijys nr i
3 11a IwO Ip ,\'?yQW^: p3i'ii t5I
-Ya t)a't3i"t8 ly)'t DbC('I1 WK Y95 .P07enn

.DYDy434P-DD1^YTy 9Ly3W
-ivSt)ip yWiTn' DpD 13 B u 9yiy *
yoB-iy x tinD 2r 4 tm )ita0Ds5ty i

.-L83 np\t51m9p tPSF 1nO 1v-yB 0 46
-Ma 1Ton5~1PD tlll 1. ya v'wn 46

113mU mUoxJ"Nig9
j3 It I(tn m tm Iw 50,000 ly'Km *
I^CPKI5, pAt yi 1in 11Q ln518339W ,P1t' 1" ,bD'N8toD
DUTI ri t 3n719349 17'lN 1014isno
'iy ,DyONrt3o p 3l=IioN ItV bD'I'int'

8 w'-i VpD'-87i0 t SD 'ji y9n Inl5
p1k YltmbY 58 PMK io1K t 3 74itm vYtyrT
1y91 ~1y3W .IT'S" '85 t039y Y3Sytyj3Yo
1in M3 Y'D'o0P "Be'imrDDiba,, 1 *
"DYWI3i 1YtWI3,, 'n ;QD v3nyam3vn
y3i nI tYDY31YD'I9B tly)B J'7 t no
Ily'D t8ll 1ti3 a \ID'I Y3n=0O l w11i
-ysD I"p -pmID-ipn T'J YvDowp ly- ,:

yaBs?-W" pW -'1 Y31395i8B 0 *
p'p tyoip ivil tony\ 1r ;v'^i fv
-Ys -193KP3ra pot t3P38 IC *' ,Y''DDyCB83
-y; 1YaS3II .D t)193iY tnil ,t3"pa'tS3y

-3ip iy '9'tDib18Y{-Y'W'DyD't338 '1y *
-y1 t5180sYa 7iy''3ay TV pp3yi tiDosI
_4P 8 'I 'VVIDD t- WID90 310 0118 'I. 'l

lit n$ 1tn t 1iv 9 l1tp IV ."\~n1 W
-yD JLygByip,, pr pi1i'i0ty.0
.ryyy- D3' 391 "wnip
-I pn Y0Yt3D' y'It)t)lu UDytN041 *
pa8 pD to i1iynH T? 1 tip80 1959yua9y
~v vt y I-pP38 DIW nT DLayiB7t0 D.otr
.Ity'3~Y''nyD liar1E lups'i7Y1V YW'io'o3YD
pt< Dy0 (y0'9#iK DtPDS'I'D 11Dt tityD'iips
-IJIK 1 DyIl ,-l8Biy1 1^.3 ,D tinD5)40
i1y7xYjy9ia9 3 p1 t133 t^ n 1t Yo'-iy
swivl lY7! yew3yr i'9 ,yty'W p-Ya

-"'.K Dpyni5'D piD yDviIrws 43 *
Ut3 o,; ,I t' "it pa 5 $ ,toy' u'TryI
tmty "'p PIK p ''yy JP itPKB t'3mp
-1y it 1^ lY)t 1 y-noD 5 ,-3ot J'K
-"D3YD "',, n 138CD1Y371 pI(Tiy) p ly^
i Inswnnin i~nw tts3v

pi ,ai$ its' 62 ,)P5vtD ninD *
tW ,1-13'p 11 piD ynr ) ,5m)11131i
pa tDO-ply tD1im LIyI iw'iy3ty1'8
8 ."1945 pn Dcytri yvDiyybyut?,, 0
Wly)3LAIYDns 1v1 W'n t v- 11pt 9 Yp 11 D
B'WiK a'Dy.o_ y1Pi tIR 1I5 't ON ,"'I-I

t35yl a? ay~H Y~s~Str'i'

u131T T N X112piT9b' -ril 3n
i ia971i21D 119 1l1
C171N11 117NT7b
,2pm(B mY:nlt 2 ,in, jB24 yo t;a=lT
,;:wItB ,itynyayt o p111n wtetn ITK lyII
nyl pJI IpYiP'i nm ly'1- D p Sni"N-2i
1B"TK-I '18=NmIIpKa3 m1r pD 3p IBIN)I inn
.ci, nl EUI41 iNto-B lpD
,te It o5 am instoBry; I'N qinln ;54TL4
pmn li-'11y .-N' 60 IB mynVy pti ,1944
p1 1 tinwtBin pJi B-PteBB Iy Bpn ,Vtv.11I
pJ nByntUy'imn Tytv ITaysti yr" .y'VIy3

-veysp own yuPKI'ivYaty pyt 1 *
/."tDrs) v tSin9 U3-p
WDII'It D1n VV1DV Vty yD t'1'1

,1Nip it i5)Vn fI7 oIT nvt7 5ytY 09

7N vi t1
-Di' ,TIT ,Yty1 tD 11,500 t jtS 7

,y)D -t 13 N ivv ; i tpiDt 8 luvy y 1YT3-i
.-vrn" PlTIt t5nYpY MIN tD'ltY DT P'n

" 7! DI7 1tPJ 5P *1K ,,Y O ""1^ lY 't tSYj'i'

-onnui pnm ny53 24 ti tnlwmI )YI 0'

PW nJiwp iy5'1t1 vIY O1 tY'I S W V1 *

-9vis ntsil x'isu IW 14t13 N ui n11

i,00 N 1938 7 x 14,i00 9?157 *in
- Ir 1- i- tii .'D 5myt1, 010 ,
-0ipv ,i"Stm ,toyN taw t't )Iv'ltw ut .1i'

tSEE Din i t3 ^YT ,bn Ci73 NYt1 9
DYl flY)Bsn ,UN ipsl -I I.V1t1tytzr
YUatiny,' iypiynOiK YDitivnnp v't

U'oo1?i 4
180 DYtiDip 'IY7'0Y'058t^< 19 *
n 2I000 DY:It pn 15 T':'1;583 11D.

--186 Dyn ,Y',t'pW-p1BY un tp trW
.t) ia13 Ytt 19y^T

-y9 p^ ,1938 ps pivei'Yn tPtr59Y4Ptna
-Wt'10mt)3D8 y95 .li 91 Dtil'T't3 aiC
Tin Ipt~yi C't33 \yi \ Yty ya3w KD

igS ,ti!YWpni lyn 937'1yp-t3j33t3 w *,
-rnyDe'C1 toYIH 1 K ,!?8P'It (pa DtPp'In

73 "BD ^ 1'13 ^

lt31l1 ty9r i938'' 1''8*l' 13 0D tPn" -
1,000 T113) 1n^ 4,500 nlD8 t3'5'318&
-n'1 2,000 :(l^> 15 f3 3. I11B,y-iP
-- nsn18 n ; Yi usvis 1,000 ,yw^5
.1y913y yiysK 'TI yC7 ? 903 11w

.yvpDoy''8 pt< nn'i'i ytyn
-yv p'v t ion "-n ylln nniN,, O *
J-touyi pt D^Wnl -13-ID n iJ YmiNjYli
p-a 3 ?118 N I vItN pi t "t tY ,1nva83 8B
.yj'tDjby589 t tps9t)40 ul 9WTK 8
"'Y ) yv5L 1,t li& aj'n' t n *
-^o) Y yuDytia 1 \Y190 t' 138K5t3in

Ityi K ;1 y WyIm biN-7y v ip i Y omD

I 'W W nt' ,285evs iy (nty)%
t-'iv oY Tn T'w IW K j l v 5t P1i ,nit
.DyP3$$ 0
-KD C8 t3~iP'WF 10~i 0 WW$191 1 9 *
-iy1 ,1988009 tl00'~ 5tC87~18 12' Em~li)

.WK 0931E ) i '"13 r7~133001Dll ,?3KII180
tD'IS 1yt9l'l ps Ps1 Q^E- ;IQ t ''
1-N t: I 11Y1 i n 11D "I D- 'IN *

linlim- I.Vto l3il "IY17 lt vt lu'l niv? j -
,t317YN iBw .n3p t.0y 9 topr5 iYtJim
r' y ivn .'-ia 6 1"pivnoml n,4831n

D-i O't1 tw3t3m ,p91 a (witby5K ^ lit tn-nm
!'isQ 0 titQ pws tini D"tS3 n ps701W
K 1@ 3' 0lt -1 t t tm1180,, I'N 1 Imm0 jtin
W'tD'3DY "TI t It t 13i 1 j'W I9090
"iy1 p uj~msy- \W''^ pausInK-~

pN Irr yvy=5yvrlnv5 56,000 n *
-y3i ,tI Dc1mi ps Y51?8 In yUnt15z
3 .Iyv5 "j otia pinm tz pity p!v nq
uy tW lyDYW 1 y9 ;y91 ID' yvr7,
1^t tivE) "Tin-op$a Ytytr,, r? ..yatD
.Tlnprtot3 y ta-i1t01p
ytyly wo \y1twiy,- rp y riv P qK *
tIm19 y -977 TIN y7nqt D' 0W
,"IfI3yn tin 0Y,,. ,ajink" yWHy139y
-r3H3iL^ '1yWty'UD''. i''I *y pa ;y3y;D'i-is

180 01DCIvv a D ytyMVD31 0p 1 *

250,000 aotovnt3 aDqn IrP'iT'5N 151sYqo
sii' ,nDin1 yvn,- i aN yn iD ny5q1
.Dlit3ja"K ?Iy- 1913'n p'p o'i3 t30in

D"123 1N11 1 'TON DV W 191 *
u^ ^n 0u ^Du ujt)tiOpD
-~''-IB8 C11W ly 'y j3 iyB"3ytyu tib *
-t) ySs utas.vmtyy D$m nvYnDnTP-DtniN
.Ipr p t ty i vw1Y~ Y'tyo8

-1K''S' 15D jo]:V tD D ti s sDi D'1
-yi "p-io's .-I t3'Q1 tt3"^3iiyf'yajtf i Ytyn
.5D yB0Is= -Twp 'iin D5I t yAVoYr
-t'DE ytyD 1pa iy;iri'i'-p rlyyis *
y9y 9jyt,, K 'il a^'i'x@n tjis y'PKI
Yvnim PKa a3'it95''ine3 1 "TYwpenIe
$10,, 1T ,uaCiy a t3!in 5T -y 1r ,19Yaj0D '

"lapQ1-1WypL VTtJpim Jim ,
(Rh5iNm C9N?1 pt nB1t7ipD)

-lybyayptp oyi pN pK "noie itB'>(Bntoyo
-J19topat sy'IVMpDo ,, IULNMtD 9 V1T
pJ "Tin ItV-N oty IpN rtT tawvy "-IyVaiB
-r oDl ,nmno -yI1 11D 51 t ,1m tIi'ns-mi1
tnpary.' i. n IVmtpinv yog'Tn i)3tpiy?0
.VIy, .Iina T PKN ."11>B3'1 ly WIIM T1t r'K q|"i1(< qCI^IN
&i87t p 31' pi '-i': J'; m',Ds T'N 1914
-In'15 I1 I't "INm Db-leSm B ptN tarlly? ,,
.7NMa M IHN JI B ?'T ,"1t511'153 7 N DmiS D,,
y1sppyo-toip ,n w>n 1944 nrv2,vIi psN
18 Jyam ns-tip'N. p ty:'r 111 lp' c 3wn
13NI1 :'B .1alliDBS5pD y?"T 1Ji m;yntPDo'ln
-;In pN r3i''opDtDIN K a' tyniy1 Ben B"s
11 pen "ii"ip IIn Bt"IB y"ir pT 1ia 1?Bii
IT OM pIm e Jim BJtpl?3 ptll BJ'I -Irmir?

-3pYB ,wvlm -1 ,v1 ymlp Iiyn t?3 I"T 5m)
ino n BIO tI

1945 ,M14 1 2y1 ] 14

15 t y 1945 131w


Dpej1D'nI lym1p 1T "1 Tr ,fy'B 5' y)tU 'w
't 'iEy3eY fM 1y ;,fJI yyL5y1 11m yvtoiyv.
.nS'n 1 BB toin;m=DI'
110 I1tyapyo 'yk f1s1ew ,'polDPtry'n .x
-rD BinY3 Jy5L-l'&M'N lI 3'N B'; ,'I3p'
1.yil toTyi y .yIrmipyTpy -YIV5lgnest 'iy
inm i8B01'n3-t?1i' Dup 1 ,pvl pB"3 ID'lV ay

-on l 2T t'K ZinB'is 17a 1 priynl 2y'syno
-ninno yptrai BT'Irm 30 yVtowy n' Isyr
ypKyn ,Dy'stafyoY 1-y's yl lrn pB VYf -'mV fmyyt -1yV
l M3Dy; p yunDf37nv-Y;s" Ji
-fI 12 : "t -pVyM Vy5k1n is Y>yBs:f p 1" Iy
-'Bltin' 1y IB -I ytBmNp-iuDo(so s I:oTv'?
-Kf m:ito lytr liB 1tST a ; 1B!2 ; y'13 9- p
-1IND H ItB"IS JN ,3'inr;t 1 D0N -YIV
-owz "'ynoo,, u I'im pyp.IvNp ytoytvn-i'
1-y1 ]ynulyB'ipw 5t yriuagNp -I InIl ,'tmw
y-iytn 5s2 s Jim ,JIIN y11Btn3 51' N :'1N
pBD Iu5s tyi PK I'PmSI p DyItt'lty

-5tyyVivp -y1V pa -ty'pyD ,iyBaB .-B
14 Ii1t5iNBD Iy3"t Dy :topoan3' ,ptolp 3
.aDyV 4 2nitXayiyT 34 Min Dy'S(<';.;i
:IwitneN 1y^"T Dy0'stt'It?3 y'y6'Ti LS
-'nn ytf-iy T1yII on yB;'ye l '3i' r Yz15
,nypS'B ,flYiTwIy1 Y3irty ,wyl'myI ,1Y711 fK
.1 Vin ytayTnr ,f y 37ilr yItvly ,ys''1 7
,55 315p DonIW 8 ,. .x .N 137 .11 ,e .0 .m 10 Jlthv-I1'7 p
.S-.B .B .,0yn pB w ty13 p'ol nu 013-11 15 J
.p'1NeS-DninSI'BBteyB. m)K^Bt D'T'1' 11
-IDmEDn yi pM t1'myir lInrl YV'vy:L*
-1; ; 1s':r mypyp IyeVBa :BytManp
-Irnn l4ost-7 ; -yI lCnI yvtny yrEn
- jIury;n.V11 pJ p'vtvM ; 1'IY3Y-1YI 8
-Iys s;lyo p PKIiB ; r y-Ily0y1t2lny
- 1Jueanp imt plr$ IrynteB ; iS';T trpya
Bylumpn pi< -1y3^Iu; ; 950 .-13 ;:"1 .:Iu
ymtvyv tu:51ul l09 ; .K .D. .D 55 -
-INtc .v-n I Tgn-Iypis) ; Dolntv c''I
tBny,) pJi Tjyunny - yBs, pJi pimBy: ; -1s oDpiBs pyt-t^" -
;nypDvo ny2tus ; 55 rimp DniTi Xsey
; .D.B .m jiga 1h1--tyIt'p yvtr"N yeyaV
mys';' L .K .B .x .b 137 .13 yiK.1 .3t1

1 ,lJtyrTTn-s?1T3 Jim I1 -1 S or rn
is ,lyntsa tjytryls is ,iyplnyT~to ily9y.;
2iyn mj r N pyWYVs:Y- 1 po'ISVuIIT-II D iPyV
yy'TKn l yppKISH ist ; pyrBybs pN 31w,
-" Onl,, ,"t "DB'(B B"8Nir ,, 1Ypi18 'i 1p "j 1 Jig
.y'Si'yas P iV"T I$
.yVyi-DoTr B 'i Bln I iyP0yoiT tINO 3n
n'Btp8 PT p'1 1sn3 is -IVKyb5i 'I Bn Iy'
o'Bin' n Isyt73 is Byui v iy'u'n Iy' pm
-Is'-m,, 1 P5 jyig iy .itmnm3-1O' Amt
PK T1Br pK "BIy"By.5,, onil'B Don ,uto

-ND -yppD'ini3 '1 --I ,,lnl' 1 -ty"i o
.Din' 1 no tK3sy7l tuKl Itol ID
InyrmwyBtI iN I' pun O'In' yply).vluv
: wan', luhnitivin
.$250 Btrsy-"l ,n'oin' 5 TIB5y;
.oynrni 2- .o 'lli 2-p'i .D*nl1 2-01pyl
-Iu3mar.1 .3'1n' 2--Kn-Tyi .n'inin 2-
-pa-m p 'yp Di .$100 aB tsyv:'" ,imn' 1
-r" ,ry5"'D 1py .$100 B57syn"tN ,rin' 1
- D'nB .0 .$100 yVn .n1 .$100 n5uSy3
putoDl3Y 1T'T' .$100 D'5,3, .n .$100
.1n .$100 'r:eop 011B xn .0 .100 -
.oin .$100 I 0Nn3 .DI .$100 opN5B1
-11' pa 5n5 5 -ip .$100 oin opn
1p'y5ily D3 .$100 Dt11tEDp'o uDlynII
- neHt, '-,3T I.1M 5_D .$100 tlyyn
- Pan!

J1 ImJy'Sye '1 pN .$150'- rY'pKs5 .$100
Zp'tpitS 1V n tT1t .$100

'- 3yPB 1y3?! mB;'1 tp-B ymfTm'y 'Z 3p'7yi1
.inK lnga ms ,mI ,in'-tT3 pi N inn

1-1 -IND I, 5 3f)I 1M3 10 V wip n1- nr p f
: tjp'ytr IHn IBO10 oyb .0 p'N pl D',U
1Bp'tvy 'LIn IT25 npy .l131 i BtTim r'a '
,-yb'7 wrlm ;1- twn .Iygivt tant: l -, 1:u

,-y3'n ly Bpopn yBr ,I'sa p-BvtB13 ,y ln
tip1'y In pIm 3oy;ywm Di mDBn VpI3 y>

.- -3I'nm xl i -1'H V5I Lm3H1 n m37in" V'tiKj

.yTrA 11Bt ty- pflT Iy' n i V : u' V lo
w 1rp lolls -I r 1 5 r 0115
1y5 K TI tomba Bt'tI 3 UVnI ,ity3"n 191y
pyHt< pen ra .tBy218 ypratewiB tBB a,ylsp<
DS8 1Y'l 1P181 yebyn ,ny'i'.^'w-toirn "IS

prty an y o D 1 8 .D 1 O
t 1 y ? 2 1 n 1 1 an y 2 1 ^? tBoxuy

Blyripp 1'c( y 9 7'T 4 00 0 y 3 1 ?
15((1ys oiB ia"Ts Dyf pa 131 BaByi3 pa
pnDNit< inr 1pyn ii:i yIycnip 'I ji

,5rtcurn cpyoy pI' ,'n. Il13 pyf ,UVteSi
.trn ,prlmiu
-14p'in py II) iN.yoipyD ,;Iy3Dy' piS .x
BniytWyWPTN appeyiyBp 'i anty ,tytB'oip
B nB ByB'n p-TBIT3 pyV'SN y3np-y1 el .iys' tlB NV Ip'n a .W

'* ptNy^; t'my y1 1yi"t Dy 't D yT 18
-ybyl 'i fystnNe 1yf Ban ,DyB'OpMp ypla'1
pB pnyru upny -py is I SBa'2IIN InN;
.iymIITn M4yvTry
iry 1pplyn IVyrIyn. 3i In B Ism mrtwy
IbD-yn is purn DNI' n 3in p'"'n CyV1 p9yp
,I 'T -a)D lemw pi n'nin yVy'clN YV8

l-3U"U9] 12 UX'D' '1 f
1'R]],T$I'I.B 9 1.l l"0D"'ll "]7

Sy$y250 syK-'r 72TRI5 7 ysyr 11

-Im DyoytwriKg-D!o DyPf pa 1i1n nyf AI'N
InKiiyS3 It'iny;B< ry4 ta26 Qy TiN ,sFp
1 ITMHy~yp 100 nysr inni ,YpiypD:~p
y'ni:r lm s' yDn1 R :;YnstaoB3 ,p'niTn

e nTl Bm1 I$n1t00n ni ,Du'm l 'oV 1x'uI
N vilt 3u 1083 y83 12Yv rlm' $200 8
-B'N 11i1i TTYIab i5yn is poy'i(00p yto""i2
Dull ,aioint-non'0 yprTim 30,000 '1 iBtaii
.I8 t 1'.-1 f 'S t) t< 1 IT ip
-ni p .1l5 u 'rnip toln yTy py3Np n1
-"atM 'lwn lyO I1B Iay I i D_ n ',t:Ip
1.y',- n B? 1 n 'Er p *.I'in ~p' 2w nsp
3I'n5! liB In 1nu'6 Dy1 yB2i4-'-D: nyi
'200 mS.niniN s$ plnIIp a lylouiy 'i In'li
-iyW t1i lIyiVy 0 Ti' 7,Vpy ,p .nin'm
-u'auln )- ]Ia i'n 1yv'1 mn ,Tu i"na
b-n 1 5 10 mv Iyml -DKBs nyI miTIn,' gpN DYP'
-,lA1n imN DtP3t'sIy anrI IB,'I .Yl0D YyDY.Oi
-,Ip n It ,tiBit-yI T' prya tprls ly
nyr 1let'tT-Y71sT pI' Dmin' '- -.D y'lt

1-y-! pity V:T mDull .n mni 2n 1aii
Kp_ ettyBi in .ni, '1'rn 9r7 toBn ,.aip
t' $2,500 D'aBnt 25 Nb IBsNwY; 111v
1u 15Pii "it JN ,1JixyI ryOvy iy 'tN pIty
lso-maol fyt .VyaID yrn"Ii=- BHWt
25 ing iBKlyy pity nIu t impiN tBy-n
pj $2,000 yrtrLy n ipyryiyptn ,nainin
tvIB' ;N .IYVlp 50 1?B Joetv 1,2 1s-p
ryn IINi $550 Bp'ay 1i 16m un -nys I10 lig
to riKIstNo .yuD) yptMI niB xa lor I t3
.Drainl 15 fNu 1I8mr 1viyn pN $328 tplty-sri
tl3E nut June Itt wtuvyl Btoun :Jp'R -y1
ytosNyt iyI .$200 psnmryn pilw pt. Ulnin,
ltBu,-mson1I ByBIx t"Vo nlSBDa li t n n titpyrip
,lBm 15iyn JiN $100 puntzy is ,D'Bnin' 'B
.YpinD yVIn^B'ni< !
*-y3i I'TB' Bn 'uay"Do< tu i lyp'Iy5a
nytay21 983 Ivywin .n"Dmu Do $200 punn
.wnalnr 10 Iso lowttB I tuvItyrs Bn 41"1
.'MBin> 10 Ie JEBB ton nri p '1im-)1ynV 1Vy
.'olwn' 10 'IND lor tBWyn ins.- p 250 .n
-ctB 1i 1TB Dy'nn DI'? say I
-N11 PIN Q'inM '1 'I nmB yrKBBmsp yn!'
pntila nim n' ty m Irl pN il t" I t,
y;B'Inol?3g N nblI?; ]B

-lyVy IT jlyn lp'm oI" P'mIp-Iliy"n W1
.ainin 25 IsB iBstt
-Y;1s Bun "3ip INmtpin,, t'5yE-Dnu5 lyr
-yr=s mBn JN 'inin' 5 IND pBag 12 to;$?
It mrn 'tovylnD IyPItN '1 .$100 p;ntB

1 31p .yrvu 'anBiD -.lD'in' 2 lip
JluB'!BDue p .pini 1 24-'15trn .mn',

89 WtvntN-DN
-11y'yr lip = ip' mi"s IV Tn1151nD-Bto'R yi
-y.ln 73liymy1y t1y B'O w 1rlaItt21 DyPI
-nanoe= yriTK 'e IwYIci 11iaI' rs y'inlpi
,'Ies ,Banii rqtf ,itmottT-tT3 Pn ain,
yW pIs DWT ,All-r tBpiprpy l ItD .p7 ay
ypoiasmN ly IIYipvBleoI Iyr"t tjnrk I1yr
MBrzKngn TI mn tetow I'K lyioya-ytonn
01p I'p 300 Iypyn ip nChiy le
l wyltoPBN3 min .D31nBto< DIontym oyv3't
Jt ,wuuzto tan I ?l^l JVIMYm3BItN \yplf
tajyyVs m1in1 pen VInrymv nt pl ,' ipni
.aMinn, "i-11a.l I,, s I s :1 BalD i o pyp ny) I
mam1 ,nsi11 11B0 IIyI a ,te'1eeap yPa'n
-*\KB ,53 7yopmll .3N i3n Qtu iB.'yrpmyS'N
tsuH ItymP7 a t? mK n Luynmi ,'ny' n
-JOIN Jy-yi yilp l"I .mIIIK n ym Itrsy^i y
.-III-omanvuol lylyv ?IN V'tV
1np :BDKB 1B1n ; t:H Bm, ,l5 p1S8 BNN
I- toogar= nu y'll men ,11-1)$ itou -lu
prT pen I''m IymtoIpy TiN tp u .nIslu-I
-3209 W1y- 113 imrin t ontoter~~y~a lyou
i I't .I'tiK IoI'DU mYrT o ey I p Inv=
^-yagla.1 t1 P n' Iou 11n 57 it tillS
-po-itms Ip Bmen owlUleis lps $"nB IB."'1
-iLyn ,n ,I T] BO1UnD'1K ,TB"iSK2 i Bt{"123
-IyDms 1"T 1itW2 1s B'nVT yn m Inyp ty
.a'NJIV ie 11a 1:
,t',Ipiy BB-'nif ynnr n ,itoa'3Kn 'tay
.mnytBDan Dy"Ia ub2nyolmI im n
nt lylJ 17Yr't 10iB ?-n't y'01N; am
.-N115etn I) lynytyv pwolr ta
TIl ayo3N pK IDvnga Jsn I' np it n
tIN minly 1 tBp1 s -itin 131 .yBtamip-B{ 51Ba opQyn=y5 s'INm ]il moNny l -unpy-
$2,000 Inulv -ywyi U N Tim Bmin p inn p:
.jutvrjiT -!i pIT-1n 0y 'Or- INiD I TeI n1 T12 Nm Im
ympieplanyptsl Intl 5uvvcip
lsy~ayll'my~li iyritt ,yr>Bm *nh~ ^'' 11,5e pn ypayn .,lnl5o Ml-Ian. sy-I eipvo
nr nyS IV tiny-r n y mBy o luIOan;Y I
ypas'n K 1Bwy8 pt~n y 30 yn ,Dypa'is nn an
-VaNBp u,aInm< '3(< ,V1nW orpl aine ,yioc
yo'n ,yo inn ,1t1mB ,lIYnWD ,ItIIT ,5110
yB'nan ,'L'Y ym'inn ,1p'y '3n ,gOnt
.VyIVI 11JK plBtw3R 12 ,pKp
.nlLh'9X. KL ,
*ps ispiW ^srit BTSyt 110 2iyny''

a lyDipy,;iHnT'N ,'Cn JB5 yp ,Bmni'l mw
mBl'Orpr liV'TN ty3I I'N l1B-Pm "IyD 1pn
BepmiDYP D'D .i I' iynt onNB I> w yV2s
-INBD Bion n spy -1 s 1T 'I'mol;K'B n1 lyny TIN
pu'b:igo 1s. yK n vJ pJAyaInio 5'1 Btot
.yBtanOunKBt 110 i1tT1 pTN

EVB'mpBttEW lypii 12 13 1 is
tlyaOn~lg-tv VyIMsts r
ts y$1 Kp "i7KYt n VM I

3'ilY> TDE5 y 1SN TW/~ tliEWt Pi ~SS
.pl ?3TW 99! tMi'T't O^

Iypy7 37 11yr3"? p 7y3i2 yy0o1m1t

.pKS? .0 .Dpp'fn 'yBtO

I wpWt J ou-T ) xTI tlpypu 11-irmnI9 jib
t' oun ,toni-DP' 18Bt7t3-trT3 19a11 19y
-11K Pcu ''1 B 'i19 D3y him1p13 0IyB tIyvm
ly0 a1yn ,t1ys77p p'iND13i; a Oln ,'5in
I'- P ,5NDBS V 31 T. Iyvy7 37. 12 I10K
Tm' '1K1110m'Sn grw 13713 7 1 ?'IN t X11a7
lyInK tIn woysvtp loymw? VwI lyny
.0Nl IyBITa
-tirny t i7'r1ta, 1t 1t 12n n 13 0 '[lyT p'1
MDwiytyB--yIDUIp yVI .i7to1op ypcu'5p
.11m ='syAoDin IynyIV UN lpoyret 513-1
-'BK,, pyiyniphB 8 Bta itu ty 1511V I'I?
- piyBv3-13y7I7B 1"' .1'1-[to-111m "a.wP
t10 5h "K41500S,, 1p" ,183213y7141
T11K y75mt03 'ite "N1nu12m1,, 'l" ,Iin
-nVp 11 pJ YismtV t:N pit .11 yn is pecty y
1YlY ly'1It 3,]7qy;a me[n V1 DKmn ,oDystIe13
p'no y 'prieanBI 5yt 7ysyBso .;la11D3n1I
-YV 1I OPy N ,IY -121=j)-INB yB71T1N 1T min
.Ilyn r 12 nin a 1 yn
-y7i7B' mumn 1yB7a5n m1 p1y1Bto'p 11
,"1'531,, Ji'm o5pyi7 t 53' y i 371 11yi 1tr
y7y1 11N y 371BB'm "3y7vK,, 3ylr7 R1

T1i7( ,y7y11 3 PK 71 w137-211 yD111 1
17y 1 ,11311N3y u D1 tun p1 i,3yn 5 '11'D0

.IaKB'IKI ~ _" vr lyml vK i Yint s in
pyrain tDmje a B3nnyj Bnn 'pms'byi VT

-y3y7 li "ye1s7i 3,, lyoln;y =' 1)lN yV'I

. n 'w11 t 0IViy 7BDJp 0y"11 'Te 11t I5 tv 10
DO 11p0 "10y1p1YD 'Iy7'3's0? ,'pon1,1ty1'
-.1 lyit11yB3 'jD'lli) 71 ly1y' 1t13 ,1 p'K11
D-13 13 7lP 10'3p t'y[y1 '37 Bn-iy .1ys',
1 1TB y g0111 lyny 1'K ,It'uy; men Iy

-yetvm My 5 mSeK t Bsn oull ,BD't'e BV y
men Duln Bt -=DIp 1y3"? ,'pvD: l(?y '8 'InS Dyt B-"7^y
.3BBwD0 p'lzn In;i a 8tN ItBD'o'B-Iy7
pn yrnp Dchnto' .BNpel :BD'I.I t l pun Oy
-Ie 3 1yryi lyrV"? Dy pi ,t1s1iYu .5 .+t
-Ns? : yietD?0e IWIPByiiO IyVrp111 Iy"Btv
-w-y ,ir Iwvp-7vyryyi Y yI ,xpgyiipuN 1NB

-37yn, 131 011N "5y7t1 0 y1tr i,, ytyv '-'n17
.ntOezi3 "00n1731 1 riy't"'alm[ 1 1l 0' p
no'uiN telln nIrenmae Bwm;tavB. Vtoy iry
miD m'yn Iy .'y[11 11B37 3iV 1y J0-3 TIN

e moB n MIyBByy^ YPR mwn oi5y IyV JI
1-W VSN 1pp 1 .01 .Ps tN1 1 i[aII? 0 E3y
on;! t lap3yypya'n mBKn ,wyfj^8- 193.y
py"BB'is"3 Daiy Dy' iany I tK -II p't ps
-Tn e I'1B 1 'y .y 037BN -' 171n' .Y .IN
-13 $1,200 1IN Vyp p' $4,295.20 1711y0

"1 p? '11 11n,, 3I7 JI- I1mp11
.111213013 "11'15 1301713103 137 110p

-4y15r III .pIN CI'i lyagrKB Btin 1920
'1 110 pa I3vYvN K71T7 1lK 1 t' 1112 a D'T1y7
to-11y 3 .Btyl nmB jIV5y2itow ,nrinp
1ty O,3n7 a-3iy o Igo iKt i 1 a K t1
IypLiya yvo'llie yV1t{ IND Ji m2111.3,V 1'
P .p TZrI li pB BlnB pJm
z.utsIMyIpyro I1vt>yp .0 5ivmSp n'llp

-r, I m vnmay Ti ,' Ito20 oyi ;mv

,lnI2-1'-2 > pu .'INni'mrl-non3o rar isyr
-p-qI /'mm ln inn iylly Ileum,, y pll'<
.ByB'oIpN lyrr)- IN V'InInawI: nvy- BT B
.toptomep-luo tri iymllt py-youp Ir^ "12
-By p1m 1trB;yiyT 72 ato Do'V'12gT38I 38

y r:.Dya d:eto s 1n- Wyn2
7 jig olmrlioute 18 tens
7 ,oy'Itp1-;y1B 1iK DByDNoDo 18 \1y311TI
orwi ps 18 Uii Im l1p-iy3'e,,Dy ta xy
2 ,Dytotayji s11 103y7y2 3 .0 .0 .K
-.1p ity'11'K 1yKNp,1y37 0y1 IIB 01y370N01
-.1 .11 .1 2 ,.A .5 H .K yi7 po 1215pp 2 ,.0VI
.1P'pil1 jib Iy0olbnp-pIKpm t Ji I4ymc'Op
yo:yImup nt werlyy1 mtn mp mrnt .In
my P''Op-Tt131uyN 0y31 p10 1y0 p1i 11pM
11 .l*iyeln eIl 0 w .5 .1'T t'llynu py
-1"t y S7t01Kp y*71 ct 1 [ Ivy0 'Is y21
pG71ny 'K1 tw, im'3 1KtrP .5 .-1 .1n O1B2
11Pm r:yys:p Iyr 7r peDyi nh t Iy'
-y1I VlIn oy .i y0IK-10 IVI 13I I1-mirt
I0n 311Bn ,y3 13 ,B'nK 1py1pyKD a p71 n11
-/"-1ie 1 ny 13symBtm B n7 .DIi Min j K3' py3

-1S Db.- p135 .0 1'K y 3o71p-00tyy11p a
* */-SNQ n7n Ba' y13om1p-y'si iyi ,1 N 0 y2'T

psa intoy~ppy vieywNiSe ,'pioyNBa n .N
-lmi'N TmK IpN rvua g r maeny Bn 'tIp'

-3t7N p1V1 '[N 'I 11y CyV'`IIB r1K p'1'rt11a7
1207 '[7 037 7t 7 t1 3 laN0t37 137 Ji7P'm
~1y3 11' mn0B p1 T DyIN' y2'1Bpy3 11is a
."771 p-131 p'K y'0NB10t1p-'DiLon
11O N1y y J a enu Bmn p)a Dnin K 3in
1u3 IP'1 p B713 p,13B3'n 11 Y Iyn 1 OyiY; ;
-yos pI' l-Tn pt BP tpm n 't yvoDo
B 1 y700 D1 y t' ,Npny l 3I men Iy .yrpl
7e-113 P1N 1r'yBKa TVi"ns pnByT'll p113
-N1 is amn p;11"'n uyv CJIIN I'n jvr3'ta1
)t te ,(r

ayZysp vnt BD'itlN min Ut K3'py TV=n
-nap ItsN vly aiin 01 \IB 1\y3ay pI
QyI qtllm pinylj! i .-1 .11 .-1 Qll 51D
11.B13NO3 DepS 'Y'I Da ,1NwiQ"3 1Dnl.1
.ql5ye'' -Nll Iy'e I Mi y1 pe Y' Ip iyvy
TIN Dy.S'2N tvy^ psIuyl iym; y 3nl- iy3"11 0;7
-yn_ antom iys:tl !p n .Iym-le TE IN5B R
lys psE UKnD N iN Vs n in ile IN7 1o \yo:
.a101in 100 'ID IV5u7I =1110
1y0pyspo a 11rtyl 5,1irntly I'm oy
tymKn IV-y min B'O poBs: mByB'Dp--1Dk=ao
.51lumtNip-1 t:1 '

1945 4,V_ ]7 .3 16

e'Dm )onqiN *

1395W0Ei lp"TlN tl'Dlia1B PB I1 W 5p71
t3i' tII'? ,{!bS D1 K1 ,f3?5 P'K t31K DD
.DiD3a"tN D'3"ODWBY .3K P1 1pBtY .yyj2Ny
791y9"7 097 ty179m tOnn t'otw9 .3
-"i r bt Yl 'o7v y0 DI 7t9oyBtB ,;V'I7
"DB'7 7S3Y377 I;BY 7 09 ,n177 799 ya

n97 ,1YPW DUT ,"t3on7i2,, I7 ,toy90 op
It)DBB7198YP P 3 '11 9Y97 8 11 ,T91P'K
93w' 79D3 D0 9 yPD'iS 1lK I 'JyW PK
DyYitnip'N Yr1 'r1 Pwt b-I tiY .nYnp
p1t ,Y~9~3Y9 97 'MY"1 tp' J tODyn11.m
"'14yI 1ii P ; tnSp8- Pn" I5? 9y nv513
n131i yvlV1 Doll ,t3U"prIBN n1!otoY T

. t'D T, tyn1979) 7', .t7iy .37 K
S19Dtoi 1 toD y'i3790 l. 19 7N Y1~0 MR
SI')19Y79 P,, 19 .lDW 0,Y) 97 f359 ,
10t8D-D O "tnL "1 IP? 17 t oYPtw~'lY
11D 0D't 3oyDit J k;~W ?I \iys IYDP 1
"- D W i9 '1 P'yDIl 17t I1-,l 1." I Yn t i 'I
.Ot ;Y11 ,ityp73 i7 'y1 i .1O D 39 Dl-toy
-w11y D9S VyD1 t3 '.7 p1i ty? vtow p-oByl
9OR cl P('n rto t1 Y l omn 1 I'ln tl'y
: tis 0KP319 tith pY3D P^11B ,Jtitrf p

.:IN Ivil 31P)1 m pto D 5 t, t

nyl lt To t&I n ,ton' 1wt t ou tin.
tv"1) LP 53? 1- 11 5 t mVt Orl Tirt) onW13
nIiN lit DnOYi ,In ooy1^ nmya tD'iia
yO5 to,) Dtoi ,low s ,o' ".-Yi'p yivyt
pyoiy IY ;ln lilt pim ma'itmyi D'K i3(?n
DY1 [T'1Sb tI1o91 PK R tAt3p DY'T
3y5to3yo p1i i3"jutio IiN p-rn i i)

jt3BwSy9 .:K Do4ll ,iiy'rc3 l N1 tK'D
"-Y n3-it t IR t n piv1 131 It'i to3 Pn
n tn^' yIy3t< 3 y83- t3?D yt1 IY tyi
-0yftl7 11K 1y3 93"1T53 p''t PIB U311B
PiK DPtn D IED 91iD 0sn ,to3yi8 ny3y5
,'ton8t)ol-nit 1 l ,YJimtmnM {N 'N 0t)

p1Bo ci7 n pl inw yot)y Di tsIIR Dy

.yyLt,5nry nvysywJtny) titB I p 1 P
nytn'N IjymLbA to', 5oCD3vp t^y1 -'10
-5yll ,P'jttiy .31 t3-mBD (50tIbinoDm In
l'tltis 1 tnyr oNY3 m w itI tDon 1i3y
-'N vymyn IlB pKt ,p)5a P'n pr IN ^^yD
yy31s Ipt ytom-TIyi tDn -1y ryti y
.12y0 11 y13iYmY

gyapp reoyg egy

19 i ll lyT lIt -l.n1 l 8 1);!jo PT'I
Iyn13r'in ,IyY1p8n: iVn pv ,p3I'm, IqpY
1IB 1iVt3 p;8':i1i \1w tp'1Uti'p8 ,193'1w
Jii PK ,p't3(7sy .DM ,yp99y118 ?K 1 (^t
Inly y9uYv n -ISD
to') I= I itD .1q F

1BBK TIN Dq-t .
nl Dnll ,-1LKn -

Ivinn 194I D wlw 1.

-qD I1 nol8 r yD J
Iytysis byl ) b(18
IilN'K D0i pynl lN
to'IDsa tIDW 1=11m
tilb3~V~F .t18 3DN
t3oj"n jq top-III ,p'vYn I'N 1'ITMS n I
y3"T I'1 Ip'ttblMn'ID 0D17 ,pm )qD 1y
yDm'I ytVy1iy9 P' .3T'1W tlny'7to
tnix toay-12 InyV 134,n DYvntC VwIlobtD'n
.nR to -1n3 nI toIn O-iy71 Doll ,t1Q
.-IY plt 131BO t -IL tvqmpDyy ,t1Dnm
li392 t Dmq I pN- tqD I-asWy .Di

-i1 nu8t-Dpa ur n "&i-iXt Yr' 1t,5
-blH ,2912 1913 09 PYD t7'I3K5 Y~ 313 (M
1D jV bDvD-IP5qn wt n1v17 1. 5 110 1r-
,),DD W totWLAYD'itq3 QY 'It l tS1&D3 v
13P15 1t7'00D'S589 I1& D83J7I 11 D!?n
.p'Iqn jvny'I to-ismu n Inqn
19395~tin92 N 19092Y 1R .T~Iny~U .DN
-unysyonry s jviiwa tIN jDvtsv .nm
1y .WtoiZyD-Dop^ 1-1703 lit31'D TI M
"iYiD Yt3Droa'3D 'f IIB -iY3iK tyiwy t'Kt

taN (Iin me n Den ,tN 1Y twpi)gapagT' Ir
ll N1 ? ir mIK y qpttoT; I'm wl JP I

ePW.Vi Jim wltoen zllbnml. em mzp~bgwn
am ?l i t PN i3 11112 11B Nn l fltp: lt{B r
P .S31i1'I~iy yml; 3 t~'3'"1? ,lt l1K Wmyo y'lxmya ,iptarit^ ]i)pNol)Ii
.D>'l -Irvni'Mi 1 I' p- i.' iltoply TBll
yV'n 11 II11 BD~lig'I 1 T1K TIN BIIN W11
- TI? N KDY BBllnll?; Dciryll ,i vlm2.tI < H3t<
-Y.3 I'llB D Jim 'I' Jqn y'i .em tB lyll
.:111D 11 t; p l p' ,mivv fiwts mlta
.mh'? npti )

zpmz1 f r z *"
bpatps Y *ris 5Kt~tay111s' .rwn
y*'Q"sinrXP-Mso*I 1tD $400 MsWa
,1ynta'3" 11 110 tB m5ntp0 -y B 7n y0lD 1
pBe eKB Dil n pIM N BymaV:m IrNB' 11lBn
." y'lml'i Jim Anl:1 2 I
-tisttv Ir JIn UviIDlprTpy ybitcs^ n
cno ^.'s^< 8 IP't "H BlM 5"W1w55 M1-0 p 31 ;u: Dly ypIe t11
.tllnt4 -Irm; lilt I'm '5erly- Dim lwmi'll

is topmnl; lyimyp DM Jalnmpanyma n
2tvrima tsIW3 lBIyv ri's iileip1=op i11
.I?'- tp T T N to lQl'Iri'-nonse

-y5 ,VV1-Dp5be it'N in pa T yty a
tsn yabyi ,IpyiBt-11tsp Ms 9yL0tgBSyt
BTiyj( IBIK i'7'BpM IVK 1P1) 11s pi7K
nyV1' D'Dl?1E : BD'to3. r 110 Y .Bmill ItBm
-"3 y1Y ,"iW'ii' mymsBP SNB'i?;:,, -p1i pe
-I,: 'Jtvu t Pp y'Te,, v i 'tigyo ,Dlni
S-DPSeb yrt'iTN tIV Ti& Dipji'a In ,"Iyt
.1m 1iyi' oDmB t Ip.B IyrBin B N ,M '51i
,JnnK-op'eb l1el~ytonP a Itw'TK mr- pBi 142
]tY pi 1 vDlwa Iy 'yltyn1Iy .10 IpN

pi 5en -IV- pYll mnrvi teny B 1xlp .lp l ne
-D'irm' i4 pIN lyi .1y pn J TIM T 'a-1I'2
.y' Ksoxp
Ip'myn aos i'inniTin Tt En mjni iN
Bl'B1ig l flne mN.I Bt lBT m. till' i pll twBCpy
.?- ."OIKyg ml -IV7 im IImirImYB5I 4 n
-elle .70Tr MID Irm liVIDN ill TiN 051V
-anS youD' B'' tytm1^B't a" yann n 'liHy

""t p TT 13tn TD1iB-1Ty K Ip Pyl pa
Bil't D'vb ; B'lb im'B ,-11?3'Iyw I? : ;wI
-tI min C 1Ign,1 i ee- ;;ATV MID Ynle l ng
-480 no Jm net 1s5te3 ; pi.tvo
I.Dy vivmpr ilyn P'OIi
-nm$5 pDy n i ow) VD'1 m toulp oy
yty1t3 nT p( P>>'t .a BDt'I^p' ipnea
Stlnip-ji"y Dlntely? DtY 1r miln B I'1
Btinl Dyn touc 1 iin 0yi p tma 1,nil' oIn

p'u7"nmr DU 53iBe Itomwti 10 5ywv IKB pV11
D'ii'n ilN BVS JN pmi M IBiin is pyJIs
."i l *l .ttD-iY'3 pN
-TyJ*ittv'znm 4Zs joewya $233

ieB i1snY8 lbteywY I'm $233 pI yaio 'i
'1p1 "2 18 jB'n-U'- 1's DM '0nl7-non0i n
iny-i Bpy n pi-33 e'N D(I ,'B1(O
.5,1S 1m29 DI? ,tUwiT ,ti-IDB yP-N
"mn pm'ln 'sDe Dell ,Bnitriy5yI yr. is,
-miDun D V-ngin7 l t %en ,Ineil tJim iHlI
't .01"i nl1-105H I'mN 11p4 lrlinsvl 1is
B'O "iyB(?D, villtB g ny"t tB"olyt19 Wn
-TK ena "Q7 P.Br"n Ie"B I ltaN pa ,.1B l7n
-x18 11ten B'B DJIlM 1, 5 'to v w .*' 1tn

lit nen7ripr nY5miees(I ,'pODI3:ytn .m
99n p'Lmpa'tN Isnlp K 1py-ip^ Bn ,"0pmN
Mpiy; t Ill Imn Jel I3V- pBD-tWiy;yty -
yrtwlim j islez yit: Boiap-1r,' INp'r in1ll

let r11 n1nn too zyveniyy; Ien vmoyr
p'y3s l B' yt'3n-':iy3/-191 t1125 wn'ton
-na men sDao .ne7!< 233 i1e YniD 8 W'O
..1Y7 60 Yni O lD Imy I'N MynIy;
jyvwn18 opy let tBm"IB pVi'1 ri? Mp3" 'T
pill ,Vnll Dl 1rg 93110 wyY n,'w 113 clim
-JM1? r3T Dxnj ,y8 pa miyoMDIyUo WnI Do'n
ityaBrin yBay3 yiptIn t3 ,B'Owy at"3 1P

It ] 7 7 y -j1945 :l

June, 1945 NAILEBN

New York Organizations in the
Orphan Campaign for Biro-Bidjan
As of May, 1945,
Bukowiner Center Benevolent Society,
Bialistoker Victory Club
Bronx Community Circle
Bereziner Ladies' Auxiliary
Benderer Progressive Benev. Soc., Inc.
Brooklyn Heights Comm. to Help Settle
Orphans in Biro-Bidjan
Bronx Culture Center
Bnai Aaron Family Circle
Chevra Beth Israel Anshei Sfard
Cherkasser Ben. Ass. & Cherkasser Prog.
Ladies Aux.
Chernowitz Podolier Aid Association
Goniondzer-Trestiner-Y.F.B.A., Inc.
Camp Beacon
Ezra Orphan Ladies Society
Goldens Bridge Colony
Greenpoint Lodge 450-I.O.B.A.
Hlusker Benevolent Association
Horchiver Young Men's Ben. Assn.
Horchiver Young Ladies Auxiliary
Joint Board Fur Dressers & Dyers Union
Jewish Workers Alliance
1st Kishinever Cong. of N. Y.
Kovler Aid Society/
Progressive Kittaigoroder Pod. Ben. Assn.
Lodiziner Ladies Auxiliary
Mordecai Gerstein Family Circle
1st Mogiler Podolier Friends Assn.
Musical Rebecca Lodge
Meyer Levine Culture Club
Lavenburg Homes
Nevlen Social Circle
Queens Culture Club
Rubin Schechter General Relief
Rotmistrowker Benevolent Society
Samochwalowitzer Ladies Club
Workers Cooperative Colony,
Yarmolinitzer Ladies Club
Zurnishtcher Benevolent Association
Zerdower Branch 301, Workmen's Circle
Branch 361, Workmen's Circle
Branch 417, Workmen's Circle
Preluker Branch 467, Workmen's Circle
Krakower Branch 515, Workmen's Circle
Bobrusker Ladies Club 206, Workmen's
Lodges: 29, 34, 46, 54, 64, 127, 138, 140,
167, 184, 241, 302, 327, 400, 467
Emma Lazarus Clubs-J.P.F.O.: 167, 277,
Washington Heights, Kings Highway
Schools: 1, 5,
Shops: Carl Zuckerman's, Stylish Hat
Company, Prompt Press, Employees of
Levine & Smith Co., I. Ginsburg &
Bro., Lukbrod Hat & Cap Co.

Greetings from...
New York City

(For the Month of May, 1945)

Toms River Icor.... 37
Allentown Icor .... 26
East Side Branch
East Side Icor ..... 20
Samuel Binch ...... 2
Max Soifer ....... 2
Frieda Frumkiss .. 1
S. Evans .......... 21
St. Paul Icor ...... 17
Dr. B. M. Nadler... 15
San Francisco Icor. 14
Trenton Icor ...... 11
S. Manewitz ...... 10
Luba Shapiro ..... 13
Shifra Tarr ....... 2
Anna Clayman .... 2

Sarah Yellin ...... 1
Mrs. D. Mallin..... 1
M. Yellin ......... .1

Cincinnati Icor .... 9
< Broine Stern ...... 5
Minneapolis Icor ... 3
M. Nirnberg ...... 3
N. Kramer ....... 1
E. Drapkin ....... 1

Bessie A. Wallman. 1
M. Baumel .... ... 1
M. Jenkins ...... 1
Brighton-Coney Is. Icor
Philip Feider ..... 4

V. Lichter ........
Mr. Zbarsky ......
Esther Edelman ..

,Brownsville Icor
Brownsville Comm..
H. Safran ........
R. Rosensweig ....
Helen London .....

Jamaica Icor
Jennie Posner .....
Crotona Icor
Harry Wolf .......
Celia Rubin .......

Downtown Icor
J. Eidelkopf ......
Downtown Icor Com.



As of May 31, 1945..1,052

Collected by Esther Edelman
Polly Zimmering Phil Elman
Joseph Weinstein Kaminsky
Rebecca Ganloff Sam
Sid Givan Ida Cohen
Dave Esther Siegal
Rose Sherer Elizabeth
B. Hanellin D. Mangione
Berle Fracks F. Frances
Alice Morris Albert Miller
Hyman Herman Esther Edelman
Collected by J. Lilienthal
Anonymous Wm. Hyman
J. Lilienthal M. Badiny

in ps> m' -pyrpy y7!ir n-

1 1 l l n;M1t n 3

-IP'N lyI l 11 ri Din 1a'B no -: 3
n:. 51Iorn py'lN nw oBiN iy i'ntI
r~i'l TINp It '91BNi .x'n
.py ) p't yIy

BmDylTyi tn1 D3 .?v;$aa .5P
:mimmaB'p 1!p'n ry;Knpo .y' mIn

Tel. PResident 4-7161


SOffice Hours: 1-2; 6-8 P.M.

Sunday and Holidays by Appointment

1199 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.

LODGE 192, J.P.F.O.
Miami, Florida

Greets the "Nailebn"
on the occasion of its
Tenth Anniversary




90 Second Avenue New York City

June, 1945


Jonowh Ilolt
(For the month of May, 1945)
Friends and Organizations who contributed $100.00 or more toward the Icor Campaign to settle Jewish
refugee war orphans at the Children's Settlement in the Jewish Autonomous Region of Biro-Bidjan.
Emma Lazarus Division, J.P.F.O., Chicago, Ill. $1,335.00 Miretsky Family Club, Chicago, Ill.......... 100.00
M. Gottlieb, Goldens Bridge, New York...... 455.00 Joseph Yarus, Emmaus, Pa................ 100.00
J. Lilienthal, Bronx, N. Y................... 400.00 Clyde Shirt Co., Northampton, Pa........... 100.00
Crotona Icor Center, Bronx, N. Y............ 300.00 Lisle Mills, Allentown, Pa ................. 100.00
Sarah Gutnick, Bronx, N. Y................. 280.00 'Morris Kaplan, Allentown, Pa............... 100.00
Sophie Bubrick, New York City............. 273.00 Eva & Joe Meyers, Los Angeles, Calif....... 100.00
Bialistoker Victory Club, New York City (pre- Mrs. Evelyn Heller, Los Angeles, -Calif....... 100.00
viously $300) .......................... 225.00 Carl Lamel, Jr., Universal, Calif.............. 100.00
Branch No. 34, J.P.F., Bronx ............... 220.00 Babroysker Society, Los Angeles, Calif...... 100.00
Ida Ginn, Bronx, N. Y ..................... 210.00 Mrs. Annie Krupin, Los Angeles, Calif....... 100.00
Lodge 117, J.P.F.O., New Haven, Conn....... 204.00 Mrs. Max Lichter, N. Hollywood, Calif....... 100.00
Men's Auxiliary of the Friends Good Will Aid, Mr. & Mrs. Louis Greenspoon, Los Angeles,
New York City............. ... ........ 200.00 Calif. ......................... .. ..... 100.00
Anna Lifshitz, Bronx, N. Y. (previously $200) 200.00 Jewish Theatre Collective, Los Angeles, Calif. 100.00
Bronx Community Circle, Bronx, N. Y....... 200.00 Los Feliz Victory Club, Los Angeles, Calif... 100.00
Phoenix Clothes, Inc., Allentown, Pa........ 200.00 Patients City of Hope, Los Angeles, Calif.. .. 100.0
Royal Manufacturing, Allentown, Pa........ 200.00 Nathan Gelfand, Los Angeles, Calif......... 100.00
Jack Beckerman of Pa., Allentown, Pa....... 200.00 Mr. Flaz, Los Angeles, Calif................ 100.00
Rodale Mfg. Co., Emmaus, Pa.............. 200.00 M. Strauss Co., Los Angeles, Calif........... 100.00
Chmelniker Relief Society, Los Angeles, Calif. 200.00 Isidor Behrstock, Los Angeles, Calif......... 100.00
Emma Lazarus Chapter, Chicago, Ill........ 200.00 E. S. Morris, Los Angeles, Calif............. 100.00
Lakewood-Toms River Knitting Group, Lake- A. D. Taff, Los Angeles, Calif.............. 100.00
wood, N. J................................ 180.00 Jacob Seiler, Los Angeles, Calif............. 100.00
Lodge 127, J.P.F.O., Brooklyn, N. Y.......... 152.00 Sol & Sadie Shapiro, Los Angeles, Calif..... 100.00
I. Lakretz, Los Angeles, Calif............. 150.00 J. A. Meyers & Co., Los Angeles, Calif...... 100.00
Miron Dress Co., Allentown, Pa............. 150.00 Mrs. Vera Bachman, Ontario, Calif.......... 100.00
Molly Laycob, Brooklyn, N. Y............... 150.00 H. Byalis, Garvey, Calif.................... 100.00
Bessie Korn, Bronx, N. Y................... 120.00 Mry. Anna Cohn, San Francisco, Calif........ 100.00-
Rose Cooper, Goldens Bridge, N. Y.......... 113.50 Harry H. Coleman, Petaluma, Calif.......... 100.00
Mr. & Mrs. M. Block, Brooklyn, N. Y........ 110.00 Mr. & Mrs. Louis Sloan, Yonkers, N. Y....... 100.00
Oakland Jewish Women's Committee for Mr. & Mrs. Norman Topliss, Yonkers, N. Y. 100.00
R.W.R., Oakland, Cal........................ 106.00 Ida Landau, Yonkers, N. Y................ 100.00
Philip & Ida Rothstein, Brooklyn, N. Y....... 105.00 Mr. & Mrs. Max Lieberman, Lakewood, N. J. 100.00
Suvalker Verein, Chicago, Ill............... 100.00 Mr. & Mrs. Louis Israel, Lakewood, N. J..... 100.00
A. Kaplan Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill....... 100.00 Harry Schriebman, New York City.......... 100.00
Zvi Hirsh Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill........ 100.00 Zerdower Branch 301, W. C., New York City 100.00
Rubjn Brainin Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill... 100.00 Mr. & Mrs. J. Alpert, New York City....... 100.00
Unity Culture Club, Chicago, Ill........... 100.00 Morris Katz, New York City............... 100.00
Gina Medem Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill..... 100.00 Isaac Ginsberg & Bros., Inc., New York City 100.00
P. Paisner, Chicago, Ill................... 100.00 Sun-Surf'Modes, Inc., New York City....... 100.00
Mr. & Mrs. Isidor Marcus, Chicago, Ill....... 100.00 Mr. & Mrs. Josef Berger, Bronx, N. Y....... 100.00
Daver Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill........... 100.00 B. Shulman, New York City................. 100.00
Mothers' Club, Chicago, Ill ................ 100.00 Shull J.P.F.O., Bronx, N. Y................. 100.00
Mrs. Goldbaum, Chicago, Ill................. 100.00 Mary Eisenstadt, Brooklyn, N. Y........... 100.00
Esther Fine, Chicago, Ill.................... 100.00 Rose Nierman, Brooklyn, N. Y................ 100.00
Miss Landsberg, Chicago, Ill................ 100.00 Yetta Rosenbaum, Brooklyn, N. Y........... 100.00
Lagoshiner Ladies Relief Society, Chicago, Ill. 100.00 Lena Seldin, Brooklyn, N. Y................ 100.00
Red Cross Unit Emma Lazarus Chapter 220, Rock Island Chernigover Club, Rock Island, Ill. 100.00
Chicago, Ill. ............................ 100.00 Max Golofsky, Rock Island, Ill.............. 100.00
Emma Lazarus Chapter 431, Chicago, Ill..... 100.00 Mr. & Mrs. S. Roebin, Madison, Wis......... 100.00
Women's Auxiliary Fur & Leather Workers Sokolifker Society, Philadelphia, Pa......... 100.00
Union, Chicago, Ill..................... 100.00 Sol Friedman, Goldens Bridge, N. Y......... 100.00
Albany Park-Emma Lazarus Division, Chi- Jack Raphaelson, Cincinnati, Ohio.......... 100.00
cago, Ill. .............................. 100.00 Mike & Bertha Nogen, Cincinnati, Ohio...... 100.00
Moishe Katz Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill..... 100.00 Sam & Celia Kuller, Cincinnati, Ohio........ 100.00
*Mr. & Mrs. Z. Goldman, Chicago, Ill......... 100.00 Mr. & Mrs. Max Hirsh, Cincinnati, Ohio..... 100.00
Mr. & Mrs. Nathan Steinberg, Cincinnati, Ohio 100.00
Sudilkov-Shepetowka Relief Society, Chicago, Rose Torn, Cincinnati, Ohio ................ 100.00
Ill. ................................... 100.00 Harry Perlman, St. Paul, Minn.............. 100.00
Olgin Reading Circle, Chicago, Ill;.......... 100.00 Harry Gold, Paterson, N. J................. 100.00
$100 will help maintain an orphan for one year. Send your contribution today to the
ICOR ASSOCIATION, One Union Square W., New York 3, N. Y.
Contributions to the campaign are income tax exempt

June, 1945


On April 28 I set out to carry out
my assignment as planned by the Na-
tional Executive of the Icor Association.
On May 18 I was back in the National
Office in New York. I was to visit
some 15 cities, ranging from St. Louis,
Mo., and Minneapolis, Minn., down to
upstate New York towns like Rochester
and Albany. Two cities, somehow fell
out, so the actual number of cities visited
amounted to thirteen.
In six of these cities-Chicago, St.
Paul, Minneapolis, St. Louis, Cincin-
nati and Rochester-people had been in-
vited to come to public halls and partici-
pate in the celebration of the eleventh
anniversary of Birobidjan Jewish
Autonomous Region in U.S.S.R. The
attendance was good; at Minneapolis
over 300 people jammed the Dyckman
Banquet Hall. At Rock Island, Ill.,
Milwaukee, Wis., Madison, 'Wis.,
Cleveland, O., Youngstown, 0., and
Albany, N. Y., we had lectures, the
predominant topic being the significance
of Biro-Bidjan. A number of organiza-
tional conferences with our local Icor
committees as well as people interested
in the work and campaigns of the Icor
were held.
An interesting and important affair
took place at Indianapolis on May 10th
at Kirshbaum Center. The undertaking
held under the auspices of the Indian-
apolis Hebrew Women's Aid Society
(Bikur Khelem), attracted a large audi-
ende. Part of the proceeds will go to
help settle Jewish orphans in Biro-
In four places (Chicago, Minneapolis,
St. Louis and Indianapolis) the artistic
performances rendered by Maxim Bro-
dyn and Zelda Zlatin brought enjoy-
ment to the gatherings.
In all cities, regardless of the na-
ture of the affair arranged, considerable
sums of money had been collected for
the Icor's campaign to help the or-
phans. It would be safe to state that no
campaign in the history of the Icor had
received as wide a response as the pres-
ent one-the orphans campaign. Peo-
ple of all strata, if only approached,
take a deep interest in this cause and
donate generously. Witness the grow-

ing Honor Roll in the issues of the
Nailebn. The campaign, undoubtedly,
has just begun.
One easily observes a growing ten-
dency among the Jewish people in the
various localities to learn more concern-
ing the life of their brothers and sisters
in the USSR; particularly is the interest
great regarding Biro-Bidjan.
This reporter has never experienced
such an eagerness on the part of the
people (the Rabbi and the groceryman,
lawyer and tailor, doctor and worker,
etc.) to get all the available facts about
the new Jewish homeland-Biro-Bidjan.
One readily notices -something else:
there is less antagonism now between
the adherents of Palestine and the
friends of Biro-Bidjan. Since both Jew-
ish settlements are of great historic ben-
efit to the future of the Jewish people as
a whole, and are destined to play a
great role in the postwar rehabilitation
of the Jews in Europe-all that is neces-
sary is the proper explanation. The
"contradiction" then disappears. It is,
indeed, no accident that so many Zion-
ists actively participate in the Icor cam-
paigns to help the Jews in Biro-Bidjanr
and great numbers of non-Zionists are
whole-heartedly engaged in campaigns
to assist the Jewish people in Palestine.
Take a look at a typical Icor concert,
celebration, lecture, etc., in a "provin-
cial" -city. You will recognize Jewish
people of various walks of life. They
come because they want unity and un-
derstanding. This phenomenon is evi-
dent everywhere. The job of the Icorists
is to help widen and deepen this whole-
some and desirable development.
In all the thirteen cities I visited, our
committees are not only active in the
Icor campaigns. Our members are liter-
ally everywhere. Some of them are rec-
ognized leaders in selling war bonds
(Sonia Fratkin, Cincinnati, O.; Sam
Lefcowitz in St. Paul, Minn.). All of
them were busy in collecting, assorting,
sewing and packing clothing for the
United Nations drive. In Rock Island,
I noticed, in a building formerly occu-
pied by a bank, half of our membership,
a prominent local minister and other
Gentiles, working like beavers over

stacks of clothing to be shipped to our
Allies. Where does our young, energetic
trade unionist, M. D. Bell, secretary of
the Chicago Icor, find the time for his
many activities? Or our good Dr. B. N.
Nadler of Chicago-how does he keep
his patients away-who is so active on
-behalf of the orphans campaign? And
Milwaukee's Icor chairman, A. Gold-
wasser, N. Garfield-leaders in their
communities, respected by all; Cincin-
nati's Mrs. Novikoff, in charge of mak-
ing clothes for children-orphans in So-
viet Union, Mollie Tenenholtz (who
doesn't know Mollie?). And in Minne-
apolis-the prominent civic leaders, M.
Lockertz and H. Supack, active on be-
half of everything that's good for the
However, there exists an imperative
need for more people to be drawn into
our activities. The present campaign re-
quires a far greater number of active
participants than seem to be available
right now.
With the exception of a few cities
above mentioned, the absence of younger
people at our gatherings is rather evi-
dent. It is our task to overcome this
serious shortcoming.
With the war in Europe won, let's
concentrate all our energies to help
smash treacherous Japan. The specific
'job of the Icor-bring truth concerning
the Soviet Union, understanding and
unity among the Jewish people-must
now be extended.
Let's make the Icor orphans cam-
paign the success it deserves to be.

As we enter the inner ring of
the Japanese defenses more and
more exertions and sacrifices will
be demanded of all Americans.
Our boys are doing the fighting
for us. Let us supply them the
things they need in order to bring
the Japanese enemy of human
freedom to his knees as soon as-
possible. BUY WAR BONDS!
Office of War Information

June, 1945 |

(A word on a recent trip)


NAILEBN June, 1945


u-f cOba W9flaaq

Dear Brothers and Sisters:
The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee in the U.S.S.R.
heartily congratulates you on the victorious completion of
the great liberation war against Hitlerite Germany, which
has been utterly routed by the valiant Red Army and the
Allied Armies.
We are happy that the multi-national Soviet people led
by Marshal Stalin has played a decisive role in this greatest
battle in the history for freedom and happiness of mankind.
We are happy that the sons and daughters of our Jewish
people have contributed their share to this grand victory.
With reverence do we remember on this historic day of
victory the heroic fighters of all peoples who shed their
blood defending the honor and freedom of mankind against
fascist vandalism and cannibalism. We bow our heads be-
fore the countless graves of the innocent victims with which
fascism has covered the earth of much suffering Europe.
Never will mankind forget the fascist infamies of Majdanek,
Tremblinka, Oswiecim, Buchenwald, "Dachau, Babi Yar,'
Ponnari and dozens of other Fascist death camps.
In the course of its age-old history the suffering Jewish
people have never experienced such gory nightmares as in
the period of the misrule of Hitlerite obscurantists.
Notwithstanding the enormous sacrifices and losses our
people, too, is emerging from this death battle with the brown
hangman, hardened in fighting spirit-even though reduced
in number-and full of hope and confidence that a new
bright era is beginning for all nations of the world.
The Fascist military hordes have been ground to dust
on all battlefields. But every freedom-loving man, irre-
spective of nationality, must remember that not until Fas-
cism has been routed morally and politically, can we have
ass rance that this long-awaited and dearly paid for peace
will be a lasting one.
For the sake of happiness and freedom of the future
generations it is the duty of every one of us to help to the
utmost in the uprooting of Fascism in all its manifestations,
no matter where they may be found and what disguise it
may take on.
In the post-war world such manifestations of Fascism as
racial hatred and anti-Semitism must be outlawed and sub-
jected to the severest punishment.
The Jewish people have their own accounts to settle with
Hitlerite Germany. No time should be lost in placing be-
fore the court of the United Nations our indictment of war
incendiaries and the exterminators of peoples. In the trying
years of war militant friendship of our countries have been
consolidated. Mutual understanding of Jews in all coun-
tries has grown and a basis has been created for close unity
in struggle for life, for prosperity and for the culture of our
This grand victory obligates us to consolidate still more
our friendship, to intensify the struggle against all manifes-

stations of reaction in the Jewish midst and fight against all
overt and covert advocates of Fascism.
Forward to the bright future of mankind!
Forward to new life built on principles of freedom, equal-
ity, brotherhood and friendships of peoples!
Professor Solomon Mikhoels, Peoples Artist U.S.S.R.
Shakhno Epstein, 'Editor-in-Chief of Einikait, Executive
David Bergelson; Major L. Blachman, Commander Par-
tisan Detachment; W. Brikker, Chairman, Central Commit-
tee, Trade Union of Film and Photo Workers of USSR;
A. Bachmutzsky, Secretary, Regional Committee, Communist
Party of Biro-Bidjan; S. Bregman, Assistant Peoples Com-
missar of State Control of USSR; Guards Major L. Luber,
Hero of Soviet Union; Elias Wattenberg, Journalist, Former
Secretary, American society, "Icor." Major General Medi-
cal Services, M. Vovsi, Chief Physician of the Red Army;
Major V. Vilensky, Hero of the Soviet Union; Samuel Halkin,
poet-playwright; Emile Gilels, pianist; Captain G. Goldberg
Commander, Submarine Division of Baltic Fleet; Lev Honor,
Hero Socialist Labour, Director Ammunition Plant; David
Hoffstein, Poet; Goldmaher, Deputy Supreme Soviet USSR
from Jewish Autonomous Region, Biro-Bidjan; Chaim Grade,
Poet; Z. Greenberg, Historian; I. Gross, actor, Jewish Theatre
in Biro-Bidjan; V. Grossman, writer; M. Gubelman, Chair-
man, Central Committee of Shop Assistants of the Trade
Union in USSR; M. Dvorkin, Chairman Collective Farm,
Moscow Region; I. Dobrushin, critic and playwright; David
Zaslavsky, journalist; M. Zilberstein, Chairman, Executive
Committee of the Soviet Jewish Autonomous Region, Biro-
Bidjan; Benjamin Zuskin, actor, Peoples Artist RSS'R; Boris
Iofan, architect, Stalin Prize Winner; F. Kaganovsky,
writer; Leib Kvitko, poet; Rachel Korn, poet; Lieutenant
General Jacob Kreiser, Hero, Soviet Union; Alexander Krein,
composer, Merited Art Worker; Guards Captain Aron Kush-
nirov, poet and "playwright; Khana Levin, poet; Perets
Markish, poet and playwright; Samuel Marshak, poet, Stalin
Prize Winner; Guards Lieutenant, Colonel R. Milner, Hero
of the Soviet Union; Der Nister, writer; Oistrakh, violinist;
L. Pulver, composer, Peoples Artist RSSR; I. Rabinowitz,
painter; G. Riklin, journalist; P. Sabsai, sculptor, Stalin Prize
Winner; Dr. Eli Spivak, Corresponding Member Ukrainian
Academy of Sciences, Director of the Department of Jewish
Culture at Academy; I. Strongin, Manager, Emes Publishing
House; Abraham Sustkever, poet, Partisan; Guards Captain
P Turian, Hero of the Soviet Union; Alexander Tairov,
Peoples Artist USSR; Leon Talmy, journalist; A. Tyshler,
painter; Itsik Feffer, poet; Senior Lieutenant Eli Falkovitz,
Philologist; Jacob Flier, pianist;, A. Frumkin, Member of
Academy of sciences USSR, Stalin Prize Winner; A. Khaza-
nov, Partisan; Joseph Chaikov, sculptor; Doctor Shatz Annin;
Doctor B. Shimeliovich, Head Doctor Boykin Hospital in
Moscow; S. Shiliffer, Chief Rabbi Jewish Community in
Moscow; Lena Stern, member Academy of Sciences,'USSR,
Stalin Prize Winner; L. Sheinin, Director Engineering School
of Peoples Commissariat Railways; Ilya Ehrenburg, writer,
Stalin Prize Winner; F. Ermler, cinema producer, Stalin Prize
Winner; J. Yusefovich, journalist, Trade Union Leader; Klara
Young, actress.

June, 1945



Icor Association May 4, 1945.
1 Union Square
New York, N. Y.
The Emma-~azarus Division of the Jewish Peo-
ples Fraternal Order in Chicago undertook a project
of raising $1500 for the campaign for the adoption of
children in Biro-Bidjan. Inspired by this example,
many other organizations are carrying this campaign
at the present in Chicago.
It is with great pride that we are enclosing herewith
a check in the amount of $1,335, a down payment
from the Chicago Emma Lazarus Division. They
wil send in the money completing their project in a
short time. Also enclosed is a list of the contributors.
The organizations and individuals listed should receive
official receipts and official certificates as soon as pos-
Wishing you a very successful campaign, we remain,
Fraternally yours,
Albert E. Kahn, President
Rubin Saltzman, General Secretary.

the window and there appears an unkempt head with two
gleaming eyes. '
'Won't you enter me in your book?' asks the head softly.
"Alarmed and still more astonished I keep my eyes on
'Your name?'
'When I was a little boy they called me Jonah Zieg,
but since the misfortune happened to me, Mad Jonah.'
'What was your misfortune?'
'The Roifeh says a. stone fell into my head and the
soul into my belly. I don't remember the stone but I am
mad, that is certain.'
'What is your eccentricity?'
'Two or three times a day I have my soul in my belly;
and then I speak out of my belly and crow like a cock.'
'What do-you live on?'
"'On trouble. The boys throw stones at me. At one
time people were sorry for me and gave me things. Now
times are bad-I have to go begging.' "
Even here in this simple tale before we have yet examined
his more symbolic themes, we glimpse the profundity of
the Jewish unconscious. In what other race do we find such
utter oppression mixed with hope and despair. In no other
literature do I find such fathoms of human emotion. It
leaves me sombre and thoughtful.
I wonder how fully I understand the depth of the Jewish
Soul? I dare attempt an analysis:
To me the eccentricity of the "Mad Jonah" represents
the everlasting soul-consciousness of the Jew bound up with
the merciless hunger and oppression. When his mind be-
came deranged, the .distinction between the spiritual and

We made it clear again at Yalta .. just what un-
conditional surrender does mean to Germany. It
means the-end of Nazism and of the Nazi party-and
all of its barbaric laws and institutions. It means the
termination of all militaristic influence in public, pri-
vate and cultural life of Germany. It means for the
Nazi war criminals a punishment that is speedy and
just-and severe. It means the complete disarmament
of Germany, the destruction of its militarism, of its
military equipment; the end of its production of
armament; the dispersal of all armed forces; the per-
manent dismemberment of the German General Staff,
which has so often shattered the peace of the world.
It means that Germany will have to make repara-
tions-reparations in kind for the damage which has
been done to the innocent victims of its aggression.
By compelling reparations in kind-in plants, in ma-
chinery, in rolling stock and raw materials-we shall
avoid the mistake that we and other people made
after the last war, the demanding of reparations in the
form of money, which Germany never could pay. We
do not want the German people to starve or to be-
come a burden on the rest of the world. Our objec-
tive in handling Germany is simple-it is to secure
the peace of the rest of the world, now and in the
From President Roosevelt's address, March I, 1945

material suffering lost their identity and he does not know
which is making the greater supplication-the soul or the
body-so that the two utter their despair through the acute
medium of the stomach. The cock crowing being merely
the most dominant and uninhibited means of expressing the
inner rebellion.
Thus the unceasing misery unfolded itself before the
eyes of Peretz. Brokendown women with too many chil-
dren, trying to earn a few rubles running a stall, the man
already too broken to be of much help, and all half-starved.
And then there are others who have no choice but to
resort to thievery or, whatever unlawful methods from
which they could derive an existence.
Occasionally a leitmotif turned up to lighten the depres-
sing routine.
"'Have you a wife?'
S'What does ett mean?'
'He wants a divorce,' someone answers for him.
"'How many children?'
"He has to count on his fingers. 'By the first wife-nine:
one, two, three, hers: one, two, by the second wife.' .
He is tired of counting. 'Let us say six!'
"'Let us say is no good. I must know exactly.' Once
again he has counted on his fingers and heaven be praised,
there are three more."
But finally Peretz asks "What about statistics? Can they
answer the question, how many empty stomachs, useless
teeth, how many people whose eyes are drawn out of their
sockets as with pincers at the sight of dry bread, how many
people who have really died of hunger?"
(To be continued)

June, 1945

N A I L E B N June, 1945

although perhaps the two are synonymous, to live within'
the narrow confines of our outlook and drift complacently
along, convinced there is nothing new under the sun and
totally unaware that life holds manifold beauty and enjoy-
ment if only we know enough to get out of the haze.
But let my Jewish friends not express indignation at this
Gentile outlook. To my amazement I discovered that the
Jews themselves have hardly more than a 'nodding acquain-
tance with their own literature. This at first seemed in-
credible for so gregarious a people who have kept alive the
religious idea for over 3,000 years with such a strong bond
of union. A deeply inborn force stemming from the Talmud
binds them with an unswerving tenacity to all the tenets and
customs which maintain their unity: yet their loyalty to their
literature appears to be the weak link in an otherwise inde-
structible structure of culture.
Strangely enough, most of the Jewish people to whom I
mention the names of various Yiddish authors admit with a
shrug that they never heard of them. A few know of Sholem
Aleichem, very likely because he was a humorist-a few
others lay claim to a vague knowledge of Sholem Asch, but
"Who is Peretz?" they say, "I never heard of him." Surely
something is amiss. One cannot refrain from wondering why
it should not behoove the Jewish culturists and educators to
devote more effort to acquainting the intelligent Jewish class
with the works of their Yiddish literary lights.
However, there is one man, outstanding in his achieve-
ments, to whom the Jews owe great homage for his zealous
endeavor in promulgating the lives and writings of these
litterateurs, particularly Peretz, the .colossus of his time. I
refer to Dr. A. A. ,Roback, psychologist, and himself an
eminent writer. It was upon reading his biography of Peretz,
a volume exuding love and devotion to the spirit of the
man, and exhibiting a remarkable depth and breadth of
vision in his masterful and profound analysis of Peretz's
personality and psychological technique, that I became gen-
uinely enthusiastic about knowing Peretz better.
Isaac Leibush Peretz is hardly less than a contemporary,
for he died in Warsaw in only 1915, but he left a heritage
to which his race can identify itself with pride and his literary
contributions show every promise of going down into the files
of posterity, for now, thirty years after his death, he occupies
top rank not only among the Yiddish writers, but the modern
Jewish writers as well.
To absorb all that Peretz has written is to gaze into the
vast, deep vibrating well of his soul, even as his own pulsa-
tions reached out and fused with the pulse of his people,
receiving every sensitivity of their being into his own inner
communal, here to seep into every fibre of his intense con-
sciousness of human conflict, and breathing it forth again
through the eloquence of his pen.
Unlike Emerson, Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, and
Thoreau who withdrew from contact with the -masses, to
set up a little colony of their own that they might, through
discussion and meditation discover life's higher values, Peretz
spent his life mingling freely in the Ghettos, his sympathies
continually exposed to the dire miseries of the Jews, yet
impotent in any material way to alleviate their plight, inas-
much as his drab position of clerk in the mortuary depart-
ment in Warsaw afforded him a very limited income, but

what he was unable to give in a monetary charity, he more
than compensated in expenditure of time, strength and
kindly helpfulness' Very much the extravert, he made friends
with all and sundry, his dominant personality, genial man-
ner, and reassuring kindliness beckoning encouragingly to
all who sought him. His home always an open house was a
beacon of ceaseless charity-charity of the heart. The cul-
tured enjoyed hours of his hospitality, but if some podr
illiterate had need to call upon him, he was shown the
greater deferencein, the presence of the more aristocratic
guests. Whether it was to aid a youth organization or to
offer constructive criticism to some young aspiring writer,
he was unstinting with his enthusiasm and time. Tongue
of the dumb; eyes of the blind; succor of the oppressed,
he challengedevery act or condition that seemed to palliate
oppression, for he anguished for the crucified underdog.
This brief presentation of Peretz's giant personality and
magnanimity of character, is a sine qua non; in other
words, to know Peretz, the man, is necessary to a fuller
understanding of his writings, for if they can be classified as
great, the man himself was even greater. Thus we proceed
to a consideration of his more significant literary creations.
Just how first hand Peretz's reproductions of Ghetto
misery are, can be realized in the stark tales of his "Travel
Pictures," which he compiled during a statistical survey of
workaday Jewish life, conducted, for the purpose of finding
out what went on in the little towns, what men were hoping
for, how they made a living, what they were about, and
what the people said.
What he gained from that depressing experience was
the basis of many of his later stories, but to these stories he
added the .element of hope and spiritual uplift. What he
actually saw was stark realism. Whatever the circumstances,
the results were always the same-poor, sickly, hopeless,
downtrodden derelicts, the pawn of a prejudiced world.
"I open a door. A room devoid of furniture-four starved-
looking children eat out of a' great earthenware dish of
sour milk.
"In one corner sits a pale woman. The tears fall from
her eyes. In the second corner 'he' lies, also on the floor,
'It is no good your questioning me, neighbor. I am
waiting for a boat ticket.'
'What obliges you to emigrate?'
'You will miss this beautiful woods around here.'
"'The wood!'-he gives.a bitter smile-'my wife went
into the woods the evening before last to gather berries and
they marched her out and treated her to the whip.'
"'There is the river. You will miss that'-I wanted
to get his mind off his sad thoughts.
"His face grew paler.
'The river? In the summer it took one of my children.'
"I hurried away from this luckless home."
Peretz goes on:
"I returned to my lodgings quite uqnerved and lay on
my hard sofa a long time without closing an eye. I had
listened to tale after tale of this sort of thing all day and
for many days.
"A noise startles me. Something is stealing into me through

June, 1945


"nIIILCBIl" (new Life)
VOL. XIX, No. 5(174) New York, N. Y., June, 1945 Of o09 Single Copy 10 cents
NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York 3, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY



Some months ago when one of Jewry's leading exponents
of Jewish culture, mildly attempted to interest me in a course
in Yiddish literature, I confess I received the suggestion much
as one who might have been asked if he would like to learn
something of the customs of Tanganyika.
Yiddish literature! Is it fish or is it fowl? With all the
English literature still waiting to be explored, why lend my
time to something which at best I could only give Ahy polite
attention to?
Surely it must be bound and fettered with things Jewish
which by their very nature are beyond the pale of the Gentile
mind or scope; something as remote no doubt on their
segregated life and traditions, and which surely no one but
the Jews themselves would comprehend.
Now that I know Peretz the man, his works and what he
symbolizes, you may ask what all this means to me-a
Gentile. Is it possible for a Catholic, who has been reared in
the traditions of Christ, who attends the Holy Sacrifice of
the Mass, and observes the, great holy days of Christmas and
Easter, to meet on a common ground of understanding with
the religious precepts of the Jews? Surely the advent of Christ
separated the twain forever. This, possibly, is what you are
thinking. Will it surprise you when I say I have felt a spiritual
bond with Peretz from the outset?
It is the similarities and not the contrasts which tip the
scale; for the religion to which I belong does not oppose
Judaism, but aims rather for its perfection., We Catholics
trace our spiritual ancestry back through its founder, Christ,
to Abraham, the founder of Judaism, as testified in the Holy
Sacrifice of the Mass, where we refer to our Patriach,
Abraham.. Did not'Pope Pius XI say, "Spiritually, we are all
Semites. It is a violation of everything Catholic to be anti-
Semitic." Even our Ten Commandments were given by God
to Moses on Mt. Sinai, and was not our first Christian Holy
Thursday, on which the Holy Eucharist was instituted,
celebrated on the occasion of the celebration of the Jewish
Passover? At this time the promise was made by Christ to
give us food from Heaven in the form of His Body and
Blood, even as the Israelites of the Old Testament received
manna from Heaven. Also the Lord's Prayer we have in
common-a prayer compiled by Jesus from some pious
phrases already current among the Jews.
Moreover, Peretz means this to me: Only a small portion
of his Yiddish works have seen the light of English trans-
lation; more the pity, for the English speaking world is not

only missing a valuable literature, but an opportunity to
know the Jew as something other than a business shark.
"You will always find hate strongest and most violent on
the lowest levels of civilization," says Goethe. Doubtless a
refined sentiment is necessary to elevate humanity above
petty ideas of race and religion-a conviction that there is
something superior in the world to country, creed and blood,

and what better sesame is there than fine literature. To
live your own belief to the best of your ability is admirable;
to respect the other person's inner conviction is noble.
As I look back on my unenlightened attitude I cannot
help wondering why after all the idea should have seemed
so extraordinary. It was much like the distorted and fan-
tastic misconceptions a child has of the great wide world
about him, of which he has yet no knowledge. "True," I
reasoned with myself, "no truly cultured individual ignores
any phase of life if he hopes to develop a broad and balanced
evaluation of this world in which we live." Yet we are so
prone through prejudice and more often through ignorance,