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Nailebn =
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007530/00016
 Material Information
Title: Nailebn = New life
Parallel title: New life
Added title page title: Naylebn
Physical Description: v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language: Yiddish
Creator: Icor
Publisher: Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication: New York
Frequency: monthly (irregular)
monthly
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
ocm19068832
Classification: lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID: AA00007530:00016

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1945 ,'M V ) 4y112 18


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n twn B' nis "n y':NB!50(p-atoin' n
asyl l'i 1pit Iln V12 V'sp? BDr'BO3'n
I'n pn 5'i-ia8 Ito22 QyV ,UWs .$1,500
yrvlmt3 yVIyulm '): "I'viKs, N BTB~sin
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p Bwi'^ pJn vyBIViDtO *N Iy pvtm vI
$408 11V yai 8 .N Qin MV i mZN'1sn 11n
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,tt -i1n yI'l Byminyp IyVItn trsoNn ILA9 Oy'
vy- ynVID yVrtt n O'yn : 13 I;lN B




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-m~yii 1Y1 ly;v'B'n yIyVtrn t3-n I'Q




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Il-c o nV5 1yS $2510 "H m 110 rou
-ti^ p171 N 10'n 2 5 n ,iayoBy nt? pas
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pBa .si'r'~,BB! ytf'syoi" ,yn'Bilpyrpy "iy''t<
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0N11 w-m^ yrc'j"l Jm V,yM5MNt-ngB .yT (:o
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193 I= 7y 3 1945 ,Sa


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HOWARD
CLOTHES
For Gentlemen
of Good Taste
ALL
ONE
PRICE
38 Conveniently
Located Howard Stores



GENSUP
STATIONERY CO.

41 East 14th Street
New York, N. Y.

STATIONERY
OFFICE AND MIMEO SUPPLIES
PRINTING


COMMUTERS'
WINE & LIQUOR STORES,
Inc.


214 West 34th Street
New York City


PEASANT CRAFT
TRADING CO., INC.

425 Fifth Avenue
at 38th Street
New York City


CONTROLLED-AIR
ENGINEERING &
SALES CO.

COOLING
HEATING
VENTILATING

148-43 Hillside Avenue
Jamaica, N. Y.


CROSS ISLAND
PHARMACY



206-02 Hollis Avenue
Hollis, N. Y.


IDEAL AUTO EXCHANGE


132nd Street and Jamaica Avenue
Jamaica, N. Y.




JACOB
AISENBERG

371 East 149th Street
Bronx, N. Y.

c/o Rosedale Engineering Co.


ORchard 4-1620
ASTORIA PRESS
Printers to the
LABOR MOVEMENT
Periodicals -- Booklets
Leaflets -- Direct-by-Mail
61 East 4th Street
New York City
M. SWEDER

SEdgwick 3-7415-6
HENRY WALKER
PAINTS, OILS and VARNISHES
2640 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

COMMODORE PHARMACY
3386 Jerome Ave., cor. E. Mosholu Pkway
207th Street OLinville 2-1828

HANNA & RALPH ARONOFF


MR. and MRS. MAX SPOOL
132-15 109th Avenue
Richmond Hill
Jamaica, N. Y.

GREETING TO THE
RED ARMY
From
LAURELTON FRIENDS


MANHATTAN
TIN & SHEET IRON WORKS,
Inc.



ADVANCE MOUNTING
and
DIE CUTTING CO.

18 West 21st Street
New York 10, N. Y.


PHONES:
Dickens 2-1273, 1274, 1275
Night Phones: Dickens 2-1273, 1274, 1275


I. J. MORRIS, INC.

Funeral Directors


296 SUTTER AVENUE
Brooklyn, N. Y.



CHESTER PHOTO STUDIOS
Wedding, Portrait and Commercial
PHOTOGRAPHY
1064 E. Tremont Avenue DAyton 3-9595
2391 Grand Concourse FOrdham 4-7799
BRONX, N. Y.


CONSOLIDATED SYRUP CORP.


1743 West Farms Road


Bronx, N. Y.


DAyton 9-8955-8956







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Mollie Getelman B. Freedland
Yetta Wishnefsky B. Leiner
BROWNSVILLE ICOR A. Rossof
COMMITTEE, G. Gardner
BROOKLYN, N. Y. Ada Landis
Collected by Mrs. Wax
Hayim Singer Frieda Kohen
Gregory Posniak Margaret Gentile
May Posniak S. Warshawsky
Anna Blumkin Giorgina Quenarezzini
A. Makinson Bessie Senalsa
REUBEN BRAININ ICOR Yetta Slotnick
JAMAICA, N. Y. Jenny Surkis
Collected by S. Seiner *
Barnett J. Woods Rose Gerstein
A. Rovner NEWARK, N. J.
J. Chanin ICOR COMMITTEE
David Passikoff Collected by May Zabel
K. Auerbach M. Fogel
. & Sarah Spool S. Baum
L. Raskin Ph. Fisher
S. & J. Posner M. Landesberg
J. & E. Silver J. Zabel
N. Karro N. Kaufman
Mr. and Mrs. Holmstock S. Globerman
Mr. and Mrs. Hanson A. Pickar
Gitel Garelick L. Richman
Rose Shube M. Drapkin
Mr. and Mrs. B. Woods M. Kramar
Collected by Anna SloanS. Green
Ida Corliss P. Rabinowitz
Rena Podoll I. Kuperman
Arthur Corliss J. Rosenberg
Fannie Cohen M. Getlin
Harry Sloane L. Paul
J. J. Sloane A. S. Jaffee
Louis Sloane Ida Suskin
Anna Sloane B. Glycoft
Morris Sloane Ph. Zelnick
Tilly Goldberg M. Walsky
Wm. Astman B. Bragman
Collected by Rose Bass PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Meyer Sevitzky ICOR COMMITTEE
Joseph Greenberg Collected by I. Ingber
James Jackson David Milgrom
Sophie Shemblin Levin
Sam Levine D. Kulsan
S. Toker S. Russell
Jack Zelmanoff B. Nelson
Joe Shurman H. Darling
Michael Demeles I. Bogdanoff
Moe Alpert Friends
May Green R. Perles
Hy Solot Edelstein
Dorothy Walter J. Klein
Elenore Cohen S. Gordon
Sylvia Siegel D. Dubin
Cecilia Dietch M. Levin
Doris Schlessel S. Harrison
Collected by M. Lutsky
Rose Nierman S. Hirsh
Jennie Pollock L. Gabow
I. Chuntz I. & J. Gitman
N. Lozoway Sam Lipshutz


Harry Goldman Louis Perry
CHARLESTON, S. C. Hyman Pyser
ICOR COMMITTEE Jack Prell
Collected by N. Yaschik H. Ratner
'David Solomon Wm. Rubinstein
L. Cooper S. Rubinger
B. Yaschik Morris Rappaport
M. Miller Ben Rappaport
L. Robinowitz S. Rosenfeld
Abe Appel Ben Ratner
Morris Baker Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Simon
Moses A. Behergol Mrs. M. Shuldberg
Henry Yaschik Mr. and Mrs. H. Supack
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. H. Steinberg
ICOR COMMITTEE Sol Sorkin
Officers: Ray Silverman
L. Locketz, Chairman Sigmund Silverman
H. Supak, Treasurer A. Sacks
M. Fink, Fin. Secretary Geo.Stone
M. Fudemberg, Cor. Secy.Eva Shapiro
Board of Directors: Joe Smilow
M. Liman D. Segal
A. Menin Anna Star
A. Sclorow H. Simon
B. Kronick Abe Singer
SI.I. Abrams Bella Schwartz
Chas. M. Bank P. Shiller
Hyman Berg Dave Silver
I. Barron J. Schneider
Ida Blacker Chas. Victor
S. Brody Frank Weiss
Ray Bonniwell Louis Zouber
Ida Baratz A. Zimberg
Max Blank M. Zaslavsky
Benjamin Cohen WORKERS OF
Anna Cohen BON-TELL FOOTWEAR
Benjamin Fink 12 West 21st St., N. Y. C.
Max Fink Greet the 10th Anniversary
A. Fruit of Nailebn
Ben Fox Sam Rabkin
Mr. Forador Fred Horowitz
N. Fudenberg Joe Elkin
Ida Forodor Arthur Cohen
Lena Gettis Morris Lifshins
A. Gold Jack Drill
A. Gershkow Sam Sheinfin
Ben German S. Golos
H. Glickman H. Gurewitz
Max Hechter I. Maisler
Ben D. Kronick Ben Friedman
S. Kantor Sam Wagner
Annette Kurtz Joe Gotter
Max Liman Bessie Levin
B. Lipkin I. Kanefsky
Mrs. M. A. Lipkin Jack Tolpin
Simon Lisman Ike Cohen
Sam Lipkin Harry Howe
S. H. Libman Janet Rosenblatt
Mr. and Mrs. L. Locketz Rose Wagner
A. Menin Rose Schulman
N. P. Meshbesher Collected by Mary Pikes
D. I. Moses Sol Caller
A. Overbach M. Dworkin
Ida Polur Fannie Albert







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Collect
Goldie B
Eva Bayder
Evelyn Day
Morris Cohen
Goldie Bernst
Sophie Orzick
Collected by
Mirriam Shev
Gladys Liebe
L. Stallman
Mary Krasnic
S. Goldberg
Wm. Doun
Ida Silver
Collected by
S. Weisdorf
Jos. Mann
H. Stein
M. Cohen
Abe Blashko
CROTON
COMMIT
BRONX,
Collected
Emma C
Rose Epstein
Sara Eidoff
Sister Leah
Mr. & Mrs. Fis
Esther Cohen
Mrs. Gelman
Milman
Emma Chupac
S. Fine
Louisia Pekel
Jennie Nongle
Sam Alpert
Mrs. Kamenet:
Nathan Halpe
Pauline Katz
Fanny Katz
Dora Ruzitznei
Sgt. Paul Chu
Sander Gelm
Feigel Brodsk'
Celia Rubin
J. Eisenberg
H. Wolf
Max Fisher
Irving Silver
Harry Hammli
Rose Kayan
Doris Stowers
Elena Conrad
Meyer Saloff
Arthur Aronoff
Oscar Schlein
Philip Schwar
A. Bergen
Herman Schiff
L. Heimlich
M. Mann
L. Bans


ed by M. Weidorff D. Pinsky
ernstein Harry Bonerman A. Pinsky
Tina Berman Celia Nachernson
Paul Topper C. Rubin
Sgt. Herman Badam Jacob Adler
ein Collected by J. EisenbergA. Elkin
J. Eisenberg Ph. Frankel
M. Shevine E. Chupack NAILEBN ICOR
ine B. Korn COMMITTEE,
rman Max Korn BRONX, N. Y.
Zlata Korn Collected by
,k N. Gluckman Sam Glassover
C. Rubin .Rubin Cohen
H. Wolfe John C. Dusold
J. Sanderowitz Sol Kulman
Lena Seldin S. Sanderowitz B. Silberberg
F. Brodsky S. Weissman
Collected by Celia Rubin James Finetry
Rose Feingertz Frank Lassin
Minnie Katz Isidore Morrel
Ray Mauder Tony Caballero
A ICOR D. Moskowitz C. C. Hampden
[TTEE, C. Rosenthal A. Bochak
N. Y. S. Zirkel L. Kessler
ed by F. Halpern A. Sosnofsky
hupack M. Zimmerman Andrew Prituka
S. Gorelick Dr. Shields
Freeda Chackowisky Eva Sarvitz
A. Bennett Charles Mitchell
shman H. Miller S. Tuchman
G. Rosen M. Stein
Rebecca Singer Wm. Stein
Wm. Levins Joseph Arbor
ck S. Kaufman Morris Tayman
SSandra Truebell M. Kass
Yer E. Diamond Sam Ewen
sani B. Goldworth Roy Lester
S. Freeman Thomas Fana
sky Mrs. Anna Pinsky Sam Greif
rn P. & E. Scheffer Gussie Frankel
E. Flexner Harry Branfman
Ruth Tishman Sol Rosenstein
SN. Hechtman Leon Meyeroff
pack B. Winokur J. Shapiro
an M. Mayer B. Leibowitz
y M. Paisman M. Becker
A. Paterman Rose Levine
Rebecca Liff Paul Weissman
S S. Shelofsky Harry Foley
Chas. Pollack Lillie Moron
.S. Bobier A. Sanberg
n S. Klosner J. Mendelson
SM. Katzman H. Labowitz
S. R. Bogdanov Jos. Deckler
E. Levin Israel Stemler
Ph. Frankel Meyer Grieg
Harry Janove Collected by Y. Las
R. Bass Yetta Kutz
tz Tillie Slutzky Mrs. Feitelbaum
D. Bogdanoff Julius Lassen
M. Biterman Abe Lishinsky
S. Breitman Nat Weinberg
A. Segerman Harry Maizel
M. Zimmerman Isidor Rubin


Collected by Rose Cohen
Morris Bernstein
Sophie Bernstein
Martin Golditch
H. Siegel
R. Katz
S. Reitune
Nernberg
Wm. Cohen
Rose Cohen
DR. CHAIM ZHITLOWSKY
ICOR COMMITTEE,
MANHATTAN, N. Y.
Collected by
Sophie Rubinstein
John Jatkowitz
Sadie Augensicht
J. Camel
Wm. Kraft
Aaron Katz
Morris U. Schappes
F. Ewen
J. Levine
B. Michaelson
Julia Brown
M. Leff
Gertrude Bertus
Paul Genero
Tommy
W. Gabin
Rose Riedler
Collected by
Joseph Eidelkopf
Henry Ensil
Sara Schtiller
J. Lubka
Julius Fradin
Joseph Eidelkopf
Mike DeMatteo
Sam Pinkus
Paul Gembrack
Jacob Cinnokoff
Joseph Thomashefsky
Sophie Gelb
Chas. Veigel
Duncan Griffith
Harold Rothman
Sylvia Civin
Manuel Millan
Nathan Weinstein
Sam Turner
Moe Weber
Collected by
Yetta Wishnefsky
Joe Stillman
sin Jerry Yatcowitz
Ab. Bachman
Bessie Yudis
S. Elioff
James Antipson
Johnnie Miller
Mrs. Bleiss
Sarah Bernard


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AMALGAMATED ICOR S. Lesikin
COMMITTEE, I. Kalodny
BRONX, N. Y. S. Greene
Collected by Harry Kantor S. Sloan
Morris A. Askan BRIGHTON-CONEY
I. Iveler ISLAND ICOR
H. Kantor COMMITTEE,
H. Hammershlag BROOKLYN, N. Y.
W. Greenberg Collected by J. Starl
Max Silverstein Anita Rogers
A. Goldberg M. Bernstein
S. Rosowsky B. Pillman
S. Willet J. Epstein
S. Shprintis I. Davies
J. B. Leon F. Rothman
W. Seider Lebowsky
J. Adams Isidor Hirsh
M. Lasky J. Stillman
S. Tolchinsky S. Goldberg
J. Goldstein B. Spiegel
A. Schapiro J. Greenstein
M. Wolf Arthur Colin
D. Luburg D. Cohen
M. Beregowitz H. Lerner
D. Catalano Elsie Robinson
L. Pasemanek J. Spiegel
S. Israel I. Garfinkel
J. Lippman Rachel Bilgor
I. Goldstein L. Sunshine
Collected by Bessie Davis
Bessie Bookbinder H. Cohen
H. Kaplan A. Meltzer
A. W. Miller Z. Frigand
Collected by Bellinson Isidor Brod
M. Levitzky Ida Brod
H. Levitzky Betty Ross
Mr. Rothfleish Leon Garfinkel
Mr. Horowitz Celia Belmont
Mrs. Sklar Fannie Agin
Collected by S. Finkelstein
Gussie Tenenbaum Geo. Weiss
D. German Friedman
I. Person Ph. Druker
Wm. Popolis Manes
Joseph Weinstein Barney Milgrom
Minnie Kaplan Wolkowitz
Joe Keigler Chas. Gordon
J. Rudberg Fox
Mary Cone Gold
M. Lazarow Greenberg
A. Breuner Willy
Anna Lery Cohen
Dora Sacks J. Garfinkel
Morris Michlowitz Berta Newman
Jeannette Freedman Levin
Rose Toran Goldstein
Ethel Siegel Gilman
B. Hurwitz Kaufman
B. W. Fried Halperin
Gussie Tenenbaum Winer


YONKERS, N. Y. ICOR
COMMITTEE
Collected by S. Lesikin
Benjamin Norris


Goldberg
B. Feinstein
E. Reselnick
Miss Brod


Collected by V. Lichter S. Sheraga
G. Duberman Louis Yobko
M. Rosen A. Esterich
M. Gurin "Ben Kurz
Rosedore Fruit Exchange Max Weinstein
M. Larbery S. Kaufman
Washerman Anna Kurtzman
Eisenberg Max Page
Max Nevinsky Fannie Bitensky
Mrs. S. Begun Sol Iglo
V. L. Sica Eva Zuker
Ethel V. Lask Harry Therman
Meyers Dave Bunin
A. London H. Aronowitz
Florence Greenfield M. Epstein
Sylvia Schwartz Max Fishgold
Peter Togger Wm. Papelsky
L. Snydover M. Weintraub
Aron Marder Isidore Bratter
M. Brandel Harry Bloom
Molly Glick Emil Edelstein
H. Friedman Sam Kovolchuk
H. Cohen Fred Kolinson
R. Wenger J. Wolfson
M. Wenger I. Hurwitz
Feinbaum O. Liebman
Laura Duncan B. Kivy
Jack Altman H. & R. Kaplan
Jack Destel J. Hinton
W. Kush M. Kadish
B. Letwin S. Saltzman
M. Kleisman S. Barlin
Charlotte Kavas J. Charnover
L. Goldman B. Charnover
S. Forman Sarah Okun
H. Dinnerstein Sophie Kestler
Sylvia Weissman Meyer Switzky
Rose Pinsky Ida Greenberg
Jean Straus. Sam Tiechman
Charles Long Harry Blumstein
S. Sebulsky R. Malamud
Dr. Aaron Weinstein Feinberg
J. Sokolow R. Melnick
Mrs. Schock Rose Warshawsky
Theresa Gesenblatt Mr. Nelson
Mrs. Halpern Honey Liebman
Wm. A. Young J. Glossman
SShirley Horowitz Goldy Glassman
Benj. Gewirtz Kalman Ratnofsky
Sam Roberts John Pierelli
Fred M. Rabinowitz
Collected by Philip Feider M. & A. Milgraub
Jan Dambrowsky Helen Glazer
Sophie Orzick Harry Kersen
Mrs. Aranoff B. Greenstein
Tessie Shenker Minnie Galchin
Sonia Kantor Rose Bell
M. Wolman Nathan Price
G. Tanenbaum A. Farbman
S. Kaplan J. Newman
I. Soloff Joseph Rut
Jack Glock S. Balin
L. Zakedefsky Anna Klau
Harry Kessler Esther Kittay








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BRANCH 620 J.P.F.O. (I.W.O.)
89-28 Merrick Road
Jamaica, N. Y.


MR. A. ROVNER
110-04 New York Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. CHEIFETZ
206-02 Hollis Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.
Greetings to the Red Army
MR. & MRS. HARRY LYONS
226-07 Merrick Blvd. Laurelton, L. I.
New York

MR. & MRS. SIEVEL and
MR. & MRS. SCHNIPPER
88-06 Parsons Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.


EMERSON OIL CO.. INC.
Tyson Avenue, Floral Park
Long Island, N. Y.


MR. & MRS. SOLOFF
226-13 135th Avenue Laurelton, N. Y.


MR. & MRS. SAUL KORNFIELD
and daughters Carol and Vera
164-29 77th Road Flushing, N .Y.


MR. & MRS. LOUIS CHERNOCK
164-29 77th Road Flushing, N. Y.


AMALGAMATED ICOR
COMMITTEE
MR. & MRS. SAM RUDOVSKY
172-90 Highland Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.


Phone CAnal 6-5510-11
WERNER TEXTILE CO.
COTTON GOODS
DRAPERY CURTAINS
326 Canal Street New York


EXOTICA
COSTUME JEWELRY
144 Delancey Street New York, N. Y.


LEON HARRIS, D.D.S.
147 Fourth Avenue
New York City


DR. J. GLASSMAN

170 Second Avenue
New York City


HOTEL ALLABEN
LAKEWOOD
N. J.


Greetings from
MARY & HYMAN KOPILOW


NATIONAL
DELICATESSEN
90 Second Avenue
New York City
SALOT .and GELFAND


CLAIRE WATERS
Manufacturer of
Scientific Treatments and Cosmetics
53 West 56th Street New York City


EVergreen 8-5654
DR. M. ADEST and SONS
OPTOMETRISTS
Office Hours: 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
Sunday Until 1 P.M.
165 Tompkins Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Near Hart Street


Phone DIckens 2-1096 N. SUSSMAN
BLUE BIRD STUDIO
PHOTOS OF THE BETTER KIND
1596 Pitkin Avenue
Near Amboy Street Brooklyn, N. Y.


SINGER & SINGER HARDWARE
Sam Singer and Sam Levy, Props.
335 Sutter Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.


Greetings
ALBERT & ESTHER
2191 85th Street


DOUGLAS
Brooklyn, N. Y.


PRes. 3-5250 Estimates Cheerfully Given
I. LEVINE
Painters' Supplies-Painting Contractor
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Enamels
and Flats
1046 Rutland Road Brooklyn, N. Y.
Bet. 95th and 96th Sts.


H. MINT S. WEISS
ACE EXHIBIT COMPANY
71 Clymer Street Brooklyn, N. Y.


WEINER'S BARBER SHOP
717 Brighton Beach Avenue
Brooklyn, N. Y.


B. M. BECKER
8617 26th Avenue
Brooklyn, N. Y.


COLLECTIVE WELFARE
COMMITTEE
of the
Cherkasser Benefit Ass'n and
Cherkasser Prog. L. A.
Sophie Kopchinsky, Chairlady
Samuel Slutsky, Secretary


BIALOSTOKER

VICTORY CLUB


FRED SPITZ
FLORIST

74 Second Avenue New York City


SHeepshead 3-6849
DR. HARRY SCHAFFER
SURGEON DENTIST
3171 Coney Island Avenue
at Brighton Beach Avenue
Brooklyn, N. Y.


LOUIS and MANESS
HAIRDRESSERS
Permanent Wave Specialists
406 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N.Y.
Phone DEwey 6-9128


RUBINOWITZ BROS.
63 Canal Street
New York City


L. RIKLIN
BUTCHER
3421 Jerome Avenue


Bronx, N. Y.


UNIVERSAL JEWELRY CO.
S 191 Canal Street
New York City


MAX LEVIN
One Madison Avenue
New York City


MAX STEINFINK
Meat and Poultry Market
543 East 5th Street (Near Ave. B)
New York, N. Y.


BERKO MALTED MILK CO., INC.
242 South 1st Street
Brooklyn, N. Y.








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DR. AARON WEINSTEIN
SURGEON DENTIST
3133 Brighton 7th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.
Tel. SHeepshead 3-1130 By Appointment
J. HOFFENBERG
207 Brighton Beach Avenue
Brooklyn, N. Y.
P. PEARLMUTTER
MANHATTAN DELICATESSEN
721 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

Y. LEON
PHOTOGRAPHER
230 Parkside Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

RED CROSS SHOES FOR WOMEN

BARNEY'S SHOE SHOP
610 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.
JARMAN SHOES FOR MEN

MR. & MRS. MAX GROSSMAN


3036 West 2nd Street


Brooklyn, N. Y.


B. ESECOVER
PHARMACIST
439 Stone Avenue, near Sutter
8 Doors from Corner Brooklyn, N. Y.
Phone DIckens 2-7546

DR. & MRS. N. POSNER
136 South 2nd Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

N. AKS
8814 Bay Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.

H. DANIELS
204 Bay 29th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

RUBIN SININSKY
603 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. SACHNOFF
2231 Benson Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

BENJAMIN SCHMERLEN
8775 20th Avenue Brooklyn, N .Y.

A. BRORTMAN
254 Quentin Road Brooklyn, N. Y.

BERTHA RESNICK
2940 Brighton 3rd Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

PARKWAY CAFETERIA
1638 Pitkin Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

HYMAN GEDULT
Darby Cleaners
3085 Brighton 5th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.
TOT-LAND JUVENILE FURNITURE
Baby Carriages, Cribs, Velocipedes
Youth Beds, Toys, etc.
260 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

MR. LOUIS BUNKIN
2033 Hometrest Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

PHILIP FEIDER
3115 Brighton 6th St. Brooklyn, N. Y.


AMALGAMATED BANK

OF NEW YORK




0




11-15 Union Square


New York, N. Y.


JENNIE STARK
3009 Brighton 7th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. MARK FISHER
3038 Brighton 12th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. WM. SCHWARTZ
325 Ocean Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

A. MANULKIN, D.D.S.
764 DeKalb Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
MAin 2-2216

MAX POLLACK
8504 20th Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

H. PRYLUCK
1907 Prospect Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

BOSTON ROAD PHARMACY
I. PINCHUK, Pharmacist, Prop.
1500 Boston Road, at Wilkins Avenue
Prescription Dept. Phone KIlpatrick 5-7032

DR. M. B. EISENBERG
911 East 176th Street Bronx, N. Y.

A. STEIN
802 E. 180th Street Bronx, N. Y.

G. SEGERMAN
716 East 181st Street Bronx, N. Y.

MOSHA'S APPETIZING
3418 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

TUXEDO SPECIALTY SHOPPE
3452 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

GREENLEAF SHOE CO.
Men's: Florsheim; Women's: Red Cross
Child's: Kalisthenics
Phone: OL. -9516 3412 Jerome Ave.

GOLDSTEIN
Amalgamated Shoe Maker


EPHRAIM SOSHEN
3397 Broadway New York City

MR. and MRS. S. POSNER
191-07 Jamaica Avenue Hollis, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. L. RASKIN
86-44 143rd St. Jamaica, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. I. HELLER
230-01 Linden Blvd. St. Albans, N. Y:

MR. and MRS. JACOB CHAIN

MR. and MRS. ALBERT GORWIN
81-19 189th Street Jamaica, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. S. BERNSTEIN
116-38 198th Street St. Albans, N. Y.

GENE'S CURTAIN STORE
147-38 Jamaica Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. I. SPOOL
116-63 Farmers Avenue St. Albans, N. Y.

LEO J. BRENMAN and PAUL FABUSH
168-04 Hillside Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. H. CEBOOLSKY
94-47 Platwood Avenue Ozone Park, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. CHALFIN
91-15 183rd Street amaica, N. Y.
Greetings from
MR. and MRS. WM. MARGOLIS
311 Collins Avenue 'Mount Vernon, N. Y.

R. MELTZER
Plainfield, N. J.
Phone DAyton 9-8650
DAVE ROSENTHAL'S UNION ORCHESTRA
A. F. of M. Local 802
Music Furnished for All Occasions

MOORMEND LUGGAGE SHOP
1189 Madison Avenue New York City

FLATIRON CAFETERIA
166 Fifth Avenue New York City
Greetings from
SOPHIE BUBRICK
Member New York City Icor Committee

MR.. and MRS. I. WEINSTEIN
178 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.
DR. L. SAPOLSKY
Surgeon Dentist
3163 Coney Island Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

MR. and MRS. SAM RABBINS
Harmony Col. Plainfield, N. J.


NEIGHBORHOOD
VICTORY CLUB
8658 24th Avenue
Brooklyn, N. Y.

MRS. LEE MILLER, Secretary


--








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NEW YORK CITY COMMITTEE
Icor Association
Dr. Louis Schatzov, Chairman
A. Jenofsky, Secretary
M. Block, Recording Secretary
A. Levenson, Literature Director

Amalgamated Icor Committee
Bronx, N. Y.
Sholom Levine, Organizer
Mrs. L. Bellinson, Secretary

BROWNSVILLE
Icor Committee and Center
1660 Pitkin Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. L. Schatzov, Organizer
D. Yanishefsky, Financial Secretary
Anna Safran, Secretary

BRIGHTON-CONEY ISLAND
Icor Committee
3161 Coney Island Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
J. Zbarsky, Organizer
Wm. Schwartz, Financial Secretary
J. Weinstein, Recording Secretary
Goldie Bernstein, Corr. Secretary
Philip Feider, Membership Director

CROTONA
Icor Committee and Center
2861 Third Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.
H. Wolf, Organizer
J. Eisenberg, Secretary
Sol Burlhis, Recording Secretary
Celia Rubin, Literature Director

EASTERN PARKWAY
Icor Committee
1190 St. Johns Place Brooklyn, N. Y.
Hyman Kapilow, Chairman
Hanna Aronoff, Secretary


NAILEBN ICOR COMMITTEE
and Center
2700 Bronx Park East Bronx, N.
L. Meirow, Chairman
I. Ehrlich, Secretary


Y.


DR. CHAIM ZHITLOWSKY
Icor Committee and Center
149 Second Avenue, New York City
L. Schnur, Organizer
Jacob Fraiden, Secretary

JAMAICA
Icor Committee and Center
89-28 Merrick Road Jamaica, N. Y.
Barnett Woods, Financial Secretary
Jennie Posner, Recording Secretary

STATEN ISLAND, N. Y.
Icor Committee
N. Lieberman, Chairman
S. Pinchenson, Secretary
I. H. Horwood, Financial Secretary
D. Lurie, Recording Secretary
M. Moss, Membership Director

YONKERS, N. Y.
Icor Committee
S. Lesikin, Secretary


ATLANTA
ICOR COMMITTEE
Atlanta, Ga.
Henry Wald, Chairman
Gertrude Diamond, Secretary
Wm. Freedman, Treasurer
Greetings, Festival Edition
"Nailebn"
NEWARK, N. I.
ICOR COMMITTEE
Ph. Fisher, President
M. Landesberg, Financial Secretary
M. Kramer, Recording Secretary
A. Pickar, Organizer
M. Drapkin, Treasurer
M. Zabel, Literature Director
MEMBERS
Mr. and Mrs. Fogel Rosenberg
Baum Mr. and Mrs. Getlin
"Fisher Paul
"Landesberg Jaffe
"Zabel Zelnick
Kaufman Braginan
SGloberman" Rosenstein
Pickar Mr. M. Kramer
Richman Mrs. Green
Drapkin Mrs. Ida Suskin
SRabinowitzMr. B. Glucaft
KupermanMr. M. Walsky

SAN FRANCISCO
ICOR COMMITTEE
greets
BIROBIDJAN and "NAILEBN"
N. Henkin, Chairman
Chas. Packerman, Secretary
Rose Davidson, Financial Secretary

SAVANNAH, GA.,
ICOR COMMITTEE
greets
BIROBIDJAN and "NAILEBN"
On Their Anniversary
Morris Scheer
Meyer Grablow
D. Rossi
N. Passink
Two Friends
Meyer J. Grablow, Secretary

WILMINGTON, DEL.,
ICOR COMMITTEE
Greets Eleevnth Anniversary of Birobidjan
Tenth Anniversary of "Nailebn"
Jennie Bleiberg Sam Evans
Stella Bader Harry Greenstein
Bertha Blatt Sam Markinzon
Bessie Greenstein Esther Markinzon
Minnie Greenblatt Mrs. Cherin
Ida Roshberg Mrs. Evans

BENSONHURST CHAPTER
of
EMMA LAZARUS DIVISION
2075 86th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.
Neighborhood Victory Council
8658 24th Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mrs. Lee Miller, Secretary


BINGHAMTON, N. Y.
Icor Committee
L. Pincus, Secretary


EMMA LAZARUS
Reading Circle
Bensonhurst Chapter Brooklyn, N. Y.


CHelsea 2-2373
AD
PHOTO-ENGRAVING CO.
603 Sixth Avenue
New York, N. Y.
JOHN BAGDAD

NEPTUNE RAINCOAT CO.
MAX S. HILLSON, Prop.
16 East Broadway
New York City


Tel. CAnal 6-7876
COMMERCIAL
131 Chrystie Street New York
Manufacturers of
Fruits, Syrups and Extracts
Concentrated Syrups-Crushed Fruits
Jams-Chemicals-Malted Milks-Maple Syrup
Represented by H. BRUCKNER, Pres.


Phone ORchard 4-9536-9539
Fine Liquors and Wines
GLUCKSTERN'S
Roumanian Restaurant
STRICTLY KOSHER
We Cater to Weddings,
Parties, Banquets and Bar Mitzvahs
STEAKS AND CHOPS OUR SPECIALTY
135 Delancey Street New York
Our Only Store


EMKAY
PAINT & WALLPAPER CO.
61 Somerset Street
Plainfield, N. J.
M. Warren, Treasurer

REUBEN BRAININ
ICOR COMMITTEE
89-28 Merrick Blvd.
Jaamica, N. Y.

Compliments of a good friend
CHARLES YASGUR
809 E. 151st Street Bronx, N. Y.

GRamercy 5-8871
PURVIN
Typewriter & Adding Machine Co.
All Makes of Typewriters, Mimeographs &
Adding Machines Rented, Sold & Repaired
92 Second Avenue, New York City







NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF SPONSORS TO HELP SETTLE JEWISH REFUGEE WAR OHPHANS
IN BIROBIDJAN, U.S.S.R.


"ICOR"


- LM ~ I


Association for Information on the Economic, Cultural, and Social Life of the Jews the World Over.


PROF. CHARLES KUNTZ
President
SH. LEVINE
Vice-President
Jacob Adler
Leah Adler
Hanna Aronoff
Ralph Aronoff
Jack Aronowitz
Edward Ayash
M. Backal
Rabbi R. M. Barishansky
Maurice Becker
M. D. Bell
Yetta' Berlin
M. Bernstein
Rabbi A. Bick
A. Bittelman
Samuel Blashow
Julius Bleiweiss
Dr. Joshua Bloch
Dr. N. N. Bloom
Dr. G. Borisow
Louis B. Boudin
Joseph Brainin
Wolf Broudo
.1. Burakoff
Councilman Peter V. Cacchione
A. D. Caesar
Louis Carl
Congressman Emanuel Celler
Marc thagall
Riva Chaimson
Samuel Cheifetz
Congressman John M. Coffee
Councilman Benj. J. Davis, Jr.
Leon J. Davis
M. Drapkin
William Edlin
Dr. J. S. Efremoff
J. Eisenberg
Dr. Maria B. Eisenberg
Lucille F. Ezekiel
Abe Feinglass
I. H. Feingold
Rabbi Dr. Wi. H. Fineshriber
Jacob Finkelstein
Dr. A. L. Fisher


ABRAHAM JENOFSKY
National Secretary
JENNIE POSNER
Vice-President
Abram Flaxer
Nat Forman
Phillips W. Franklin
Irving Freed
Morris Galler
Isador J. Gennett
Rabbi David L. Genuth
Isidore Geril
Dr. Leona Gerber
Dr. J. Glassman
George Glotzer
Herman Goffer
Ben Gold
B. Z. Goldberg
I. Goldberg
Michael Goldstein
Aaron J. Goodelman
Nathan Goodman
Rabbi David Graubart
S. N. Greene
William Gropper
A. Grossfield
Dr. Julius Hammer
Dr. H. Halpern
Louis Harkavy
Minna Harkavy
A. A. Heller
Dr. H. M. Hoffman
Frank Horowitz
Rabbi H. Judah Hurvitz
Councilman Stanley M. Isaacs
Assemblyman Hulan E. Jack
M. Jenkins
Morris J. Kallem
Mane Katz
Moishe Katz
S. Kaufman
Paul D. Kerman
A. Kertman
Daniel Kier
Frank C. Kirk
Abraham Kirschner
Lr. Isaac Kloomok
Leon Kobrin


MORRIS L. OLKEN
National Organizer
M. STERN
Treasurer
Irving R. Korenman
Samuel Korn
Louis Kossovsky
Judge Anna M. Kross
N. Krupin
Dr. Corliss Lamont
M. Landesberg
Julius Lassen
Dr. Isidore Lattman
S. Lefcowitz
J. Leiserowitz
Dr. M. V. Leof
Barnet Levitan
Nathan Lieberman
Pearl Lipshutz
Samuel Lipshutz
Dr. Julius Littinsky
Helen London
Israel London
Louis Lozowick
Congressman V. Marcantonio
Dr. Raphael Mahler
N. Maizil
Kalman Marmar
Zuny Maud
Dr. A. Mazgolin
Archie 'Merson
Jacob Mestel
Rabbi Solomon Metz
Jacob Milch
Harry Mintz
Joseph Morgenstern
Bertha Moss
Morris Moss
Dr. B. M. Nadler
Paul Novick
Isidore Opochinsky
Anna Ostrovsky
Rabbi Eugene Perkin
Max Perlow
Alexander Portnow
Congressman Adam C. Powell,
Rabbi Dr. Chaim Rabinowitz
J: Rapoport


DR. L. SCHATZOV
Chairman, New York
City Committee

Lionel S. Reiss
M. Resnikoff
Dr. A. A. Roback
E. Glicenstein Romano
Isaac E. Rontch
Maurice Rosenberg
M. Rosenman
Jacob Rothbaum
R. Saltzman
Anne Safran
Gedaliah Sandier
Philip Sandler
H. Schiller
L. Schnur
S. Sechooler
David Seltzer
Sarah Shapiro
B. Small
E. Soshen
Irvin T. Stein
Broine Stern
Dr. Mendel Sudarsky
Molly Tenenholtz
Sonia Trachtenberg
Menashe Unger
Alice Holdship Ware
Max Weber
J. Weinstein
William Weinstein
Louis Weinstock
Leo Wilson
James Waterman Wise
Congressman Samuel Weiss
Dr. Irving W. Winik
Isidore Wofsy
Victor A. Yakhontoff
B. Yanofsky
Cantor M. Yardeini
M. Yellin
Rabbi Ephraim Yolles
R. Youkelson
Jr. Meyer Zakheim
William Zuckerman
(Committee in Formation)


PVT. ABRAHAM COHEN


LENA SELDIN collected $100.00 to
help settle Jewish refugee war orphans
in Birobidjan in memory of her nephew,
Pvt. Abraham Cohen, killed in action in
Normandy on D-Day, June 20, 1944.


11r, 1l0 to-m-
n11po -inos
w-117 41- .0-In
7ta;ytUO1iW ayO
&lyayp uo?
=X12K .11
lyoo .a .0-
-1y3*r-110 .- .0-In
71nyl7 .7 .0mIa
enaip .D0-B
tPI3 .ma
DYX .0 a
7y;IP7$ .0-In

Mnllyuolv .1 Oi


fps aIt-II~'1 asn ao^Sa;
UVI TTN-D jT 1$P18' 1= 8-2


."p1YL^,/~1 7; 1*s 11K


.1nQliUD ,j'"yI .0


NIDU'D ,1 '2M17
nrW"'329 '3D9 119 ? DINTU
11TrtP .0a 7ir .-a

7gniyniolii .mT< .xB
'IYDEb 1y










(onwA 6RloIL
of

Friends and Organizations who contributed $100.00 or more toward the Icor Campaign to settle Jewish refugee
war orphans at the Children's Settlement in the Jewish Autonomous Region of Birobidjan.

(For the month of April, 1945)


Mr. and Mrs. Morris Mizikofsky, Philadelphia, Pa. $300.00
Yarmolinitzer Ladies' Club, Bronx, N. Y..------ 291.00
Philip Feider, Brooklyn, N. Y----......-------- 243.50
Hotel Allaben, Lakewood, N. J. ............... 210.00
Bronx Culture Center, Bronx, N. Y............ 200.00
Jack and Esther Goodman, N. Y............... 200.00
Camp Beacon, Beacon, N. Y.............-------------- 170.22
Mr. and Mrs. S. N. Greene, Yonkers, N. Y....... 150.00
Branch 144, J.P.F.O., Memphis, Tenn.......... 135.00
Mr. and Mrs. B. Goldworth, Bronx, N. Y........ 120.00
Mr. and Mrs. D. Yanishefsky, Brooklyn, N. Y.... 113.00
Mrs. Weinstein and Family, Brooklyn, N. Y..... 105.47
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Gold, Floral Park, N. Y..... 104.00
I. H. Feingold, New York City---------------. 101.00
S. Mindlin, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla...-------..--.. 100.00
Erving Paper Mills,. Erving, Mass............. 100.00


Samuel I. Posen, Brooklyn, N. Y..-...........
Harlem Paper Products Corp., New York City..
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Fradin, New York City -..-
Max Garfinkel, San Francisco, Calif..----. ..-
Harry H. Coleman, Petaluma, Calif..........
Emma Lazarus Division, Brooklyn, N. Y.........
Rose Tyor, Bronx, N. Y..-----...............
Mrs. Anna Cohn, San Francisco, Calif.........
Nathan Keusch, Fall River, Mass.............
Mr. and Mrs. Jones Hirschorn, Yonkers, N. Y...
Rubin Schechter, Gen. Relief L.L.A. Lipkaner Bess.
Society, Brooklyn, N. Y..-----..........
Joseph and Sonia Baitch, Bronx, N. Y...-------
Pereyoslover Prog. Ben. Ass'n, Philadelphia, Pa.
Ida Shore, Philadelphia, Pa .................
Dr. Reuben Hoffman, Henryton, Md....-........


100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00


$100 will help maintain an orphan for one year. Send your contribution today to the
ICOR ASSOCIATION, One Union Square West, New York 3, N. Y.
Contributions to the campaign are income tax exempt


MEMBERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION DRIVE
(For the Month of April, 1945)


WILMINGTON, DEL.
Wilmington Icor. Comm. 58
LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
East Side Branch
Frieda Frumkiss .......... 9
S. Binch ..................... 2
M ax Soifer .................... 2
Ida Binch ..................... 1

14
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
pr. H. J. Friedman.... 11
PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Broine Stern ............... 9
BALTIMORE, MD.
Baltimore Icor Comm. 8
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.
San Fran. Icor Comm... 8
MIAMI, FLA.
Mrs. Morris .................. 3
Miami Icor Comm....... 3
Mr. Bash ...................... 2

8
CHICAGO, ILL.
Dr. B. M. Nadler.......... 4
CHARLESTON, S. C.
N. Yaschik .................... 3
BOSTON, MASS.
M Yellin ........................ 2
I. Shore ....................... 1

3
TRENTON, N. J.
M Sidel ........................ 2


NEWARK, N. J.
M. Landesberg ......... 1
DULUTH, MINN.
Sam Kasper ................ 1
NEW YORK, N. Y.
Brighton-Coney Is. Icor
Philip Feider ............. 10
Miriam Shevin .............. 2

12
Amalgamated Icor
Sholom Levine ............ 9
Anna Lifshitz ............... 1

10
Yonkers Icor
Yonkers Icor Comm..... 5
Bronx Icor
Zippa Katz ................... 1
Celia Rubin ................. 1
2
Brownsville Icor
Helen London ............... 1
Chaim Singer ............... 1
2
Jamaica Icor
I. Spool ........................ 1
Downtown Icor
J. Eidelkopf .................. 1

T otal ....................................163
Previously .........................636

As of April 31, 1945........799


BUY WAR BONDS!


~" --






BP lysD 11n 11 unN N 1I'n
B 1 0 YJ 91 119 D]"1J.17) 1 ]'?n

lDI'N1u1?DI'N ID N 13'fl l1"T 80

|gitn 1 T^Is
TANIA WEISMAN
S 2170 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.


May, 1945


NAILEBN






Ma, 1945 NAILEBN


These found refuge with people who themselves were suf-
fering from the ravages of the great war.
These Jewish war orphans are given the opportunity to
settle in the Jewish autonomous region of Biro-Bidjan,
where they will be able to grow up in an atmosphere of
their own nationality, and will, from very early life,
contribute to the building and development of their new
found Jewish homeland.
The 30,000, or more, of the Jewish children that will
settle in Biro-Bidjan, will help create a sound economic,
political, and cultural Jewish national entity that will deserve
the admiration of the Jews the world over.
The Jews of the U.S.S.R. are already devoid of that
peculiar inferiority complex which is plaguing the Jews in
all other countries of the world. The young settlers in
Biro-Bidjan will undoubtedly, under the tender guidance
of the great Soviet government, develop physically and cul-
turally, and will become one of the great pillars of the Jew-
ish national life.


CONDOLENCE AND PLEDGE
To Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt
White House
Washington, D. C.
On behalf of the N.E.C. of the "Icor" Association
we express our great sorrow on the untimely death of
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, great President of our
country, champion of the rights of the common peo-
ple, and leader for justice and security throughout the
world. Please accept our condolence in this hour of
grief.
Prof. Oh. Kuntz, President
Abraham Jenofsky, Nat'l Secretary

Harry S. Truman
President, United States of America
White House
Washington, D. C.
The National Executive Committee of the "Icor"
Association, Inc., pledges its full support to you as
the commander-in-chief of our great nation.
We stand at your command in helping to win the
war and for the establishment of an enduring peace.
Prof. Ch. Kuntz, President
Abraham Jenofsky, Nat'l Secretary

April 23, 1945
Mr. Abraham Jenofsky
Secretary
Icor Association
I "Union Square, New York, N. Y.
My dear Mr. Jenofsky:
The President wants you and your associates to
know how much it means to him to have your splendid
message of April eighteenth. Your assurance of sup-
port is extremely helpful and gratifying to him.
Very sincerely yours,
WILLIAM D. HASSETT
Secretary to the President.


UNCONQUERABLE

(on reading Sutzkever's poem)

By N. J. NELSON

I recall seeing one of the early pictures of the war, a
photograph of the first German atrocities. It was a picture
of a Jew surrounded by smartly uniformed Storm Troopers.
One of the supermen was plucking the Jew's beard, to the
merriment of his companions. What struck me in that pic-
ture was the attitude of the Jew. There he stood before his
tormentors serene and erect, looking over and beyond the
Nazis, even oblivious of them, insensate to pain. It would
seem that his eyes were fixed on vistas far out of the range
of the camera. There was even a radiance of exaltation on
his face. Was it the triumph born of the consciousness that
the Jew would in the end vanquish his attackers?
As I looked at the picture I was made aware that here I
stood face to face with a bit of eternity catapulted only inci-
dentally against the background of a Polish town invaded
by the Germans.
I experienced a similar feeling when I read "And Thus
Shall You Speak to the Orphan," which appeared in the
March 1945 issue of NAILEBN, the poem written by a Jew
in the horror of the ghetto under the Nazis. The poet,
Abraham Sutzkever, was a poet and guerrilla fighter. Today
he is a poet and builder, helping to rebuild in Vilno, the
Jewish Institute of Science and to restore the treasure house
of Jewish culture by digging up the rare manuscripts, objects
of art and the other priceless relics of Jewish heritage which
he managed to hide from the looters during the Nazi occu-
pation.
Vilno has been set free by the Red Army aided by these
guerrillas. In spite of the millions of Jews who perished in
the furnaces of Lublin and Maidanek, on the gallows, in
the pits and the death vans of occupied Europe, the Jew
has survived-a symbol of the rise and fall and the re-
surgence ot the entire human race, the oscillating barometer
of its progress or retrogression. The Nazis are doomed
forever.
I


Phone GLenmore 2-8141

ZUCKERMAN
and
LONDON

Receivers and Wholesalers
Fresh Jersey Eggs

405 Howard Avenue


Brooklyn, N. Y.


QUEENS FARMS
DAIRY

103-45 95th Street
Ozone Park, L. I.

FOR EXTRA SERVICE
Call before 4 P.M. Daily and
10 A.M. Sunday

Phone Virginia 3-7077


May, 1945


NAILEBN





31 NAIL

tion. Briefly, it is defined not in territorial but in cultural
terms. We first note that a Soviet nation is structurally a
socialist society (not a nation-State); its culture, that is, its
way of life, its internal interhuman relations, is socialist.
Thus Soviet nations differ one from the other only by the
form in which they, singly and severally, live out their social
life, each under its national self-government. Hence a
Soviet nation is to be defined as one whose culture is socialist
in content but national in form.
In the light of the foregoing considerations it becomes
apparent that the Biro-Bidjan territory merely completes
the picture; it affords the material background which en-
ables the Jewish autonomous nation to develop on a na-
tional scale its cultural way of life. So in celebrating also
the present anniversary it is well to remember that Biro-
Bidjan is a Jewish autonomous territory because. the Soviet
Jews are a Jewish autonomous nation.
In conclusion. At this crucial period in the history of
mankind profound changes are taking place in the inner
structure of many countries. And it is instructive to note
that in this process of social change the way the Soviet
Union has solved the national problem serves as a pattern.
Yugoslavia is a typical illustration. The nations inhabiting
this country have always enjoyed territorial autonomy;
nevertheless, their co-existence was made precarious by ever-
lasting feuds among themselves. Today, the efforts of the
Yugoslav nations are bent upon rebuilding their Union
upon the firm basis of national autonomy. . What a vin-
dication of the Soviet national policy! Verily, the Jewish
autonomous territory is an event of universal significance.



OUR NEW HOPE
By DR. LOUIS SCHATZOV

This month marks the eleventh anniversary of the Jewish
autonomous region, Biro-Bidjan. Those were eleven years
of testimony to a new era in Jewish history. For centuries,
the Jews have been the victims of oppression and persecu-
tion, have suffered inhuman degradation, and have been
considered a pariah among nations. They were the scape-
goats of heartless rulers or tyrants in their quest for power
and lust.
Of course, there have been instances of liberal govern-
ments in some countries at one time or another, during
which Jews have enjoyed a full measure of citizen's rights,
both civil and political. To some degree they were even
able to develop their own national culture, but they never
achieved the rights or the status of a national unit. Holland,
the oldest liberal-minded country granted the Jews full
equality, about 250 years ago. France, during 150 years
of its existence as a republic, based on the principles of
"Liberty, Equality and Fraternity," regarded the Jews as
full-fledged citizens, but no special national rights. Similar
conditions existed in England and other liberal-minded
countries in Europe.
The centuries-old liberalism did not eradicate prejudice


EBN May, 1945

and bigotry. During any social upheaval or crisis, the Jew
was the victim of false accusations and violent mistreatment.
As a result, the condition of the Jew, in these countries,
nationally, did not differ much from his brethren in the re-
actionary or tyrannical countries of Eastern Europe. There
the life of the Jew was a long, continuous nightmare of
oppression, persecution, and physical extermination. In all
these countries, the Jew was considered a stranger among
the nations of the world. This, regardless whether he was
a guest with the application of tolerance and justice towards
him, or as an unwelcome pestilence.
In our own beloved United States, where the Jews have
actively participated in the great American Revolution and
the founding of our country, and have contributed greatly
to the wealth and welfare, in every walk of life, even here,
where judicially, the Jews have all the-rights of the great
document, which proclaims that all shall have their oppor-
tunity of "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness."
The Jews, as a whole, are tormented by the specter of anti-
Semitism.
Biro-Bidjan, is the first instance in history which signifies
that a great country, the U.S.S.R., has recognized the Jews
as a nationality. They presented them with the basic ele-
ments necessary for the plants and cultivation of a national
life. In addition to the complete equality, the Jews are
enjoying in every part of the great'Soviet Union, where racial
hatred is non-existent, and anti-Semitism is punishable by
law, the Jews have the opportunity to build their own
national republic-national in form, socialistic in content.
This is to enable them to develop their own national traits,
and to participate as a nationality in the leading affairs of
the state-in the state of the great Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics. The Soviet Union deserves the everlasting glory
of the progressive minded humanity, for its incessant efforts
to rehabilitate the centuries-old wreckage of the Jewish
people, into a flourishing Jewish republic. The successful
achievements of the pioneers of Biro-Bidjan is a brilliant
demonstration of the vitality and ability of the Jews to
occupy their rightful place among the nations of the world.
Their adaptability to the land and to manual labor in fac-
tories, the building and developing of the cultural institu-
tions, their participation and contribution to the great war
against the Fascist beast, has already earned them the ad-
miration of every right-thinking individual and the assur-
ance of a great future. The decision of the Soviet Union
to settle tens of thousands of Jewish refugee war orphans
in Biro-Bidjan, will surely accelerate the success of the new
republic.
Children in general are the foundation of a country.
Children are the citizens of tomorrow. What better foun-
dation for a new national life than those children could
there possibly be, who though cruelly dealt with by life, yet
have not experienced the bloody contact with the beastly
enemy. Torn from their birth place, away from their
parents who were murdered by the Fascist hordes, they
found temporary refuge among the good peoples inhabiting
various parts of the great Soviet Union lands. Yes, many
of these child refugees were separated from their parents.








"I RIIL BI1" (new Life)
Vol. XIX, No. (173) NEW YORK. MAY. 1945 ,.209 Single Copy 10 cents
NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York 3, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY


BIRO-BIDJAN-THE JEWISH AUTONOMOUS TERRITORY

1934-1945

By PROFESSOR CHARLES KUNTZ


In the year 1934, Biro-Bidjan was declared by the gov-
ernment of the Soviet Union a Jewish autonomous territory.
The declaration, it will be remembered, was promulgated
after six years of fruitful pioneering by the Jews in opening
up this new frontier in the Soviet Far East. The appear-
ance on the map of this new autonomy is an event unique
not only in the history of the Jews, but, and above all, in the
history of human society in general; for it has revealed a new
way, a human way in the ordering of relations between
nation and nation. Now in view of the universal signifi-
cance of this fact it is most appropriate to hold to the follow-
ing rule: even as we celebrate from year to year this great
event from the standpoint of Jewish history, so shall we on
such occasions review in the light of general history the pro-
found meaning which the word autonomous carries with it.
To begin with, let it be noted that the world autonomous
is used either as a geographic attribute in which case it
qualifies a territory as delimited and set over against other
equally delimited territories; or as a political attribute when
it qualifies a nation in its relation to other nations. Now it
is noteworthy that in our world of struggling mankind
national autonomy presupposes geographic autonomy but that
the converse is not necessarily true. The existence of "colo-
nial possessions" is an illustrative case in point. To cite one
instance. The territory known as India is, in the above
sense, geographically autonomous, whereas the nation 'in-
habiting it is certainly not autonomous.
Again, and this is a most interesting phenomenon, the
modern nation-State such as France, the U.S.A., and the
like, is a composite of chips coming from various nations
and designated as nationalities or national and racial minori-
ties. Clearly enough, to these nationalities the attribute
autonomous cannot be applied in any sense. To illustrate,
The Poles, the Jews, the Irish, and the many other national-
ities that form the component parts of the U.S., find them-
selves thrown helter-skelter into one melting pot where they
are left to melt into one and indivisible alloy, namely, the
American nation. Now as the eternal flame under the pot
is uneven and as the nationalist specific heat of the several
ingredients is far from identical-the melting process can
never reach completion, the in gredients remain in constant
collision with one another, and the resultant alloy abides in


a state of perennial commotion. The pot is boiling without
ever reaching the common melting point.
To pass from the simile to the language of reality, the
situation is plainly this: The nation-State has ever since been
grappling in vain with the "national problem," a problem
which at bottom is international, that is, one between nation
and nation. But history marches on and on; it often-
times gets mad in seeing its efforts frustrated and, to set
things aright, resorts to the drastic measure called revolu-
tion. . So it has come to pass that toward the end of the
year 1917, history having lost patience has applied the revo-
lutionary method to the solution of the vexing problem, and
has found the result highly gratifying.
To be brief, the result here referred to is as follows: On
one-sixth of the globe human society was reorganized on a
new foundation, namely, on the 'foundation of the socialist
system. Obviously, this radical transformation of society is,
in the last analysis, the final solution of the many social prob-
lems one of which is the national problem or, as noted above,
the international problem. Indeed, with the emergence of
the Soviet-socialist structure the melting pot method has
lost all its historical reason for existence. For every one of
the many nationalities inhabiting the one-sixth of the globe
has, by the dictum of the revolution, become an autonomous
nation, a socialist society in its own rights.
From what precedes it should be clear that under social-
ism national autonomy is primary; it is not necessarily con-
tingent upon geographic autonomy. Indeed under capital-
ism a nation is defined, however vaguely in territorial terms.
For instance, the Irishmen are Irish because they occupy
Ireland. No sooner do they migrate to America than they
become a national minority, a candidate for the melting pot
with the rank of a hyphenate: an Irish-American. In con-
trast, socialism knows no hyphenates. The Jews, for example,
living in Russia or the Ukraine or anywhere else in the S.U.,
are not therefore Russian-Jews or Ukrainian-Jews, etc.
They are (wherever they are) of the Soviet Jewish nation
even as the Russians are (wherever they are) of the Soviet
Russian nation. The same holds, for of course, every other
Soviet nation.
It follows that under socialism the concept nation has un-
dergone a change of content and hence a change of defini-