Nailebn =

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Nailebn = New life
Parallel title:
New life
Added title page title:
Naylebn
Physical Description:
v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language:
Yiddish
Creator:
Icor
Publisher:
Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication:
New York
Frequency:
monthly (irregular)
monthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Language:
Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
ocm19068832
Classification:
lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID:
AA00007530:00013

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LI


ICOR BRIEFS
The Orphans' Campaign of the "Icor"
to help settle thousands of Jewish refu-
gee war orphans in the Jewish Autono-
mous Region, Birobidjan, is rapidly de-
veloping into a huge drive to help chil-
dren whose parents have been slaught-
ered by the Nazis.
Conferences of people's organizations
are being called in many cities for the
purpose of bringing this campaign to
the attention of the various strata of the
American people. Landsmanshaften,
trade unions, synagogues, fraternal and
cultural organizations are being invited.
Individuals desiring to help are, indeed,
welcome.
In New York City such a conference
will take place on Sunday, February 25,
at 1 P.M. at Hotel Pennsylvania, 34th
St. and 7th Ave. The conference will
close with a dinner in the evening at the
Paramount, 138 West 43rd Street, New
York City.
Sponsorship by prominent citizens, in-
fluential in public life, is being solicited
with the aim to broaden the campaign
and attract public attention to its im-
portance. A list of sponsors set up by
the New York Committee will demon-
strate the wfde appeal the present Icor
campaign has found among public-spirit-
ed leaders.
The Honor Roll of friends of the Icor
campaign to help settle orphans in Biro-
bidjan, as published in the "Naileben"
last month and in this issue will indicate
the fine response the appeal is receiving.
Your name will appear on the Honor
Roll if you donate $100 or more toward
the Orphans' Campaign. $100 "adopts"
a child for one year, $50 for six months,
$25 for three months, $10 for one month.
The National Office of the Icor has
mailed to all its committees attractive
collection material. Get it. Use it.
Honor Certificates will be mailed to in-
dividuals and organizations upon the re-
ceipt of contribution of $50 and over.
The twentieth anniversary celebrations
of the Icor Association are being pre-
pared in a number of cities. If your city
did not have one write us. We'll be happy
to help arrange one in your locality.
Woolen sweaters in the value of $2750
have been shipped to Eupatoria, Crimea,
through the efforts of the Eastern Park-
way (Brooklyn, N. Y.) Committee of the
Icor and especially its member Mr. R.
Aronoff.
"What's Birobidjan, where is it, what's
going on there?" The best answer to the


above questions are given by the Icor's
monthly publication "Naileben." Get your
friends to subscribe to it. The price-
$1.50 per year (membership included).
If you have received notice that your
sub-to "Naileben" has expired or is about
to expire, please send your remittance at
once. The National Office is very much
interested that there should be no inter-
ruption in your regular reading of this
important magazine.




What Price Intolerance
Indicating anti-Semitism as contrary
not only to the teaching of democracy,
but also to the precepts of Christianity,
the Honorable Frank Murphy, Associate
Justice of the United States Supreme
Court, called upon Christians particu-
larly to unite their efforts to combat it.
According to Justice Murphy, organ-
ized anti-Semitism "is the most cunning
of all the cunning methods devised by
the Nazis to destroy democracies from
within. It threatens not only the Jews,
but the basic principles of democracy and
Christianity as well ....
"Unless we eradicate these attitudes
and practices respecting racial minori-
ties, there is grave danger that the Amer-
ican principles of freedom and equality
will be hopelessly dashed upon the rocks
of violent persecution and oppression.
Once that happens, we will become a


nation hopelessly divided. Intolerance
may first wreak its vengeance upon the
Jews, but remember this: it will not stop
there. .
"This is no remote or academic prob-
lem. This enemy is already within our
gates. The tide is rising. The passions,
prejudices, and fears spawned by anti-
Semitism are mounting constantly. The
time to quell them is now!"



I. L. PERETZ
Psychologist of Literature
by
DR. A. A. ROBACK

There are still available about 25
copies of this first definitive biog-
raphy of Peretz in any language;
458 pages, 20 illustrations, index
of names and subjects; well print-
ed and handsomely bound.
The book 'has received the high-
est praise in many journals. After
the work is out of print it will be
rare because only 800 copies were
printed and many of the sheets
were destroyed in the bindery. It
will be worth $10.00 or more when
Peretz's centenary will be commem-
orated in a few years.
Books to be obtained from the au-
thor, Dr. A. A. Roback, 8 Prescott
Street, Cambridge, Mass.


MEMBERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION DRIVE
(as of January 31, 1945)


LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
East Side Icor Branch


E. Rabinowitz ......... 16
Frieda Frumkiss ..... 14
Celia Binch .......... 13
Samuel Binch ......... 10
Mollie Drexler ....... 8
L. A. Icor Branch..... 5
M. Personly .......... 4
D. Frumkiss ......... 3
Zena Collins ......... 2
K. H, Yellin .......... 2
Max Soifer ............ 1
78
TRENTON, N. J.
M Sidel ........ ..... 9
PHILADELPHIA, PA.
B. Yanofsky .......... 4
S. I. Leon ............ 2
N. Pereshefsky ....... 2

ZIIAlMI, FLA.
Miriam Baumel ...... 6
Rose Arons ............ 1
7
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Wm. Weinstein ....... 5
Rose Drill ........... 2
7


I


SBrownsville Icor


D. Yanishefsky ....... 7
Ida. Grossman ........ 5
Anna Safran ......... 4
Lena Seldin .......... 2
Brownsville Icor ...... 2
Chaim Singer ........ 1
Anna Levine .......... 1
22
Bronx Icor
Bronx Committee ...... 9
Zippa Katz ........... 1
10
Brighton Coney Is. Icor
Brighton Committee ... 5
Ph. Feider ........... 1
Mrs. Sbarslky .......... 1
7
Eastern Parkway Icor
Hanna Aronoff ......... 6
Crotona Icor
H. W olf .............. 4
Nailebn Ieor
Sam ................. 2
I. Erlich .............. 1


-
Staten Island Icor
S. Pinchenson ......... 2
TOTAL ............... 236


CHICAGO, ILL.
Dr. B. M. Nadler .....
Chicago Icor ..........

CINCINNATI, OHIO
Cincinnati Icor .......
IMolly Tenenholtz ......

BOSTON, MASS.
Boston Icor ...........
NEWARK, N. J.
Newark Icor ..........
M Zabel ..............


5I
BALTIMORE, MD.
Mrs. M. Dubow ....... 3
TOLEDO, OHIO
Jos. Cheyfltz ......... 2
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.
Charles Packerman ... 1
MADISON, WIS.
Sol Lieberman ....... 1
NEW YORK COMMITTEES:
Jamnaica Icor
B. W oods ............ 33
K. Auerbach .......... 2
35
Downtown Icor
A. Levinson ........ 5
A. Tomashefsky ...... 5
10


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February, 1945


NAILEBN






February, 1945 NAILEBN


In the 10 years of its existence the Jewish Autonomous
Region has attracted Jews from all over the world. Tens
of thousands of settlers have come here not only from dif-
ferent parts of the Soviet Union but also from many other
countries. The Jews of Birobijan have become industrial
workers, farmers, cattle breeders, beekeepers, men of science,
technicians and cultural leaders.
The Region has a wide network of educational establish-
ments, including pedagogical, medical, railway and agricul-
tural schools. A special music school has been organized for
gifted children. Scores of moving picture theaters, clubs,
libraries, kindergartens and nurseries have been opened in
cities and at collective farms. The Kaganovich Jewish
State Theater enjoys great popularity not only in its native
region but throughout the Far East.
In 1928 there was not a single newspaper in the Region.


Today there are 6 dailies which are put out in well-equipped
printshops.
Work in all state, cultural and economic institutions, as
well as study in schools, is conducted in the native Jewish
language.
The Jewish Autonomous Region Birobijan, is striding
ahead to further and fuller development, to the great future
that is before it.
During the days of the Great Patriotic War, the Jewish
people have been heroically fighting side by side with all the
other peoples of the U.S.S.R. against the Hitlerite invaders,
fighting for the honor and independence of their Soviet land.
Among the valorous Soviet patriots who are recipients
of high Government awards for heroism manifested on the
battle front and in production, there are no small number
of sons of the Jewish people.


Cal iso a Con ftrscQ

To Help Settle Jewish Refugee War Orphans
in Biro-Bidjan
Sunday, February 25, 1945, 1 P.M., at Hotel Pennsyl-
vania, 33rd Street and Seventh Avenue, New York City.
Dear Brothers and Sisters:
In the great catastrophe which the Hitlerlite cannibals
brought upon our Jewish people, the plight of hundreds of
thousands of Jewish orphans, bereft of their parents and
homes, is a familiar tragic story.
It is our sacred duty to help provide a haven for the
orphaned children of our people.
The Jewish Autonomous Region Birobijan in the
U.S.S.R. is becoming a very important point in the upbuild-
ing and rehabilitation of great masses of Jewish refugees
who are now in the Soviet Union.
At present, Birobijan is "adopting" thirty thousand Jew-
ish refugee war orphans. An environment is being created
to give the children the education and upbringing which


will enable them to grow up healthy citizens in a Jewish
homeland.
The "ICOR" has at all times supported the upbuilding
of Birobijan. The present project-Aid in Settlement of
Jewish War Orphaned Refugee Children-it considers as
of the utmost importance.
The National Executive Committee of the "ICOR"
Association is undertaking, as a beginning, to help settle one
thousand Jewish refugee war children in Birobijan.
The purpose of this Conference is to develop the broadest
possible movement for the realization of this noble project
in the shortest possible time.
Your organization is cordially invited to send three dele-
gates to the Conference.
The Conference will conclude with a dinner to be held
Sunday, February 25, 1945, 7 P.M., at Paramount, 138
West 43rd Street, New York City. Subscription: $3.00
per plate.
NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
"ICOR" ASSOCIATION


t(nowA. IloIL

of

Friends and Organizations who contributed $100.00 or more toward the Icor Campaign to settle Jewish refugee
war orphans at the Children's Settlement in the Jewish Autonomous Region of Birobidjan.
(as of January 31, 1945)


J. Morgenstern, Cleveland, 0..---......------$3750.00 Mount Pleasant Victory Club, Cleveland, O...
(Including $500 as of December, 1944) Dr. J. Tubin, Chicago, III. l ------
I. Kramer, Haverstraw, New York.......... 205.00
S. Jasmer, Chicago, III. ..-........ .......
Moishe Katz, New York City--.......---- 200.00
Dr. Louis Schatzov, Brooklyn, N. Y.--------- 200.00 L. Goldman, Chicago, III. ..-......-----.--
Mrs. Anna Goldfind, Chicago, III.....--------. 100.00 Drs. Charles and Kate Miller, Corona, N. Y..
Mr. and Mrs. Archie Merson, New York City 100.00 Mr. and Mrs. J. Silver, Jamaica, N. Y ......
$100 will maintain an orphan for one year. Send your contribution today to the
ICOR ASSOCIATION, One Union Square W., New York 3, N. Y.


100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00


__


February, 1945


NAILEBN






NAILEBN February. 194S


manner as it has been solved in Soviet Russia, by declaring
it a crime against society and making anti-Semitic propa-
ganda punishable by law.

IN THE SOUTH AMERICAS

More interesting and significant still is an indication of a
trend in the same direction which has now come from
quite another source. This is a statement that was made
at an official reception given in his honor by Senor Pedro C.
Beltran, Peruvian Ambassador to the United States.
The Ambassador's speech was unique in many respects
for its profound analysis of the Jewish problem and of Nazi
psychology. (One often wonders while listening to speeches
by foreign diplomats why almost all of them invariably have
a profounder view of the Jewish problems than have Anglo-
Saxon statesmen.) But its most significant part was a pro-
posal made by the Ambassador how the problem of anti-
Semitism, at least in its most virulent Nazi form, could be
easily solved.
In his own words, the proposal consists of the following:
"No nation should be admitted to any kind of a
world security organization after the war unless it is
ready to guarantee to all its inhabitants absolute equal-


ity before the law and equal opportunity to all without
any sort of discrimination."
Here is a simple and effective method of curbing, if not
abolishing entirely, at least the vicious political anti-Semitism
which has brought so much suffering on the Jews and on
the rest of mankind during the last five years. No nation
which tolerates discrimination against Jews, or other minor-
ities, no government which allows on its statute books any
measures against Jews, or other people because of their
race or religion, should simply not be admitted to any inter-
national organization of peoples which will be formed after
the war.
Why should a just, simple, rational and humanitarian pro-
posal of this kind not be unanimously accepted by the inter-
national organization which will be formed to prevent future
organized brutality? If countries like Rumania, Bulgaria,
Hungary and Poland could only a few months after the
fall of their fascist governments, take measures to introduce
such laws within their frontiers, why could not the future
League of Nations which will be the highest expression of
democratic humanity, do at least the same?
And why should Jewish organizations and individuals
not concentrate on helping to materialize such a simple
measure? Certainly these can be as effective as any political
and nationalistic scheme for solving the Jewish problem.


Birobidjan The Jewish Autonomous Region


UNDER Tsarism the Jews were cruelly oppressed. They ,
were obliged to live in the Pale of Settlement, or ghetto,
in the towns and hamlets of 15 of the southwestern prov-
inces of Russia; they were not allowed to reside in any other
province, or in any rural district. They were allowed to
engage only in handicrafts and in petty trade. The great
bulk of the Jews lived in dire poverty; the schools were
almost entirely closed to them.
All this was entirely changed with the establishment of
Soviet power. The Jews acquired the same rights as all the
other nations inhabiting the-U.S.S.R.; and the same wide
prospects of free and creative labor and manifold cultural
development opened up before them. They now have the
opportunity to choose any vocation they please, to enter any
branch of industry, and to study at any school or higher
educational establishment they choose.
In 1934 the first Jewish National Autonomous Region,
the only one in the world, was established in the U.S.S.R.
It is situated in the Soviet Far East, on the banks of the
Amur River and of its tributaries, Bira and Bidjan-hence
the name, Birobidjan. This region is rich in natural resources
and has enormous economic potentialities. Beneath its soil
lie large deposits of iron, gold, coal, graphite, magnesites and
building materials.
The geological prospecting work carried on by expeditions
of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. has revealed
the truly inexhaustible wealth that lies hidden in the depths
of the earth of Birobijan.
The vast expanses of the Region are covered with valu-
able coniferous and deciduous forests. Its fertile soil, which
lies in the valley of the Amur River and its tributaries,


combined with the mild climate, provides excellent condi-
tions for the development of the most diverse branches of
agriculture.
A few years ago the rich soil of the fertile Amur Valley
was almost untouched by the hand of man. Now its virgin
soil has been plowed and drained, the age-old taiga is cleared,
and roads are being laid. During the 10 years of the exis-
tence of the Jewish Autonomous Region, its sown area in-
creased enormously; by 1939 nearly 50,000 hectares had
been cleared and brought under cultivation. Wheat, oats,
rice, soya beans, potatoes and various other vegetables are
grown here. In recent years the agricultural yield increased
considerably. Collective farms of the Region have har-
vested almost a ton of wheat per acre, more than a ton of
oats, about a ton of soya and up to 20 tons of potatoes.
Stock raising and beekeeping are also being developed.
Such enterprises as metal working and timber hewing,
and factories for putting out building materials, knitted
goods and clothing were successfully initiated and are now
working intensively for the front.
Gold prospecting and mining have been developed in
the Region. Mining, especially iron-ore mining, has as its
basis the richest deposits in the Far East-the Malikhingan
deposits, which contain 50 per cent iron, and the deposits
of which reach several hundred millions of tons.
From a small railway station, Birobidjan, center of the
Jewish Autonomous Region, has grown into an important
industrial cultural capital with beautiful, big buildings,
asphalted streets, gardens and parks. New cities, workers'
settlements and country centers have sprung up in the
Region-formerly these did not exist here at all.


NAILEBN


February, 1945








"IflIL B l" (new Life)


Vol. XIX, No. 2 (171)


New York, February, 1945


s209 Single Copy 10 cents


NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York 3, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY



Following in the Footsteps of Soviet Russia
(On Outlawing Anti-Semitism)

By WILLIAM ZUKERMAN


O UT of the maze of plans, schemes, proposals and blue-
prints for Jewish reconstruction after the war, one seems
to emerge now with greater clarity than all the others and
with greater opportunities for realization.
This is the proposal to outlaw anti-Semitism and to make
racial incitement a criminal offense.
The plan is, of course, not new. It has, in fact, long
passed the stage of a theoretical scheme and has been in
practice for more than a quarter of a century over one-
sixth of the globe-in Soviet Russia. What is more, it has
proved there to be an unqualified success.
But outside Soviet Russia, particularly in the more demo-
cratic countries of the West, the idea of outlawing anti-
Semitism and racial incitement of every kind, has for some
unknown reason, not met with the favorable response which
such an important project deserves. In pre-war Europe
and particularly in the United States, the simple and effec-
tive project of making incitement to racial hatred and vio--
lence a criminal offense, has until now not been considered
a practical issue.
Lately several events have occurred which show that
both, in Europe and in the Americas, the idea of outlawing
anti-Semitism has found many powerful supporters and that
the civilized world is beginning to follow the pattern of
Soviet Russia in solving the Jewish problem.

IN RUMANIA

The most important step in that direction was taken by
the introduction of a bill by the new Communist Minister
of Justice, M. Patrashkanu, to punish anti-Semitic war
criminals who had ordered and executed the terrible execu-
tions, deportations of the Jews and confiscation of Jewish
property. The bill is one of the most thorough-going of
its kind introduced in any of the liberated countries in
Europe until now. It provides for the punishment not
only of the Government Ministers and officials who were
responsible for the anti-Jewish laws and atrocities, but also
of those smaller officials who carried out the crimes.
But the chief significance of the bill lies not in the effort
to make good the wrongs of the past, but in the attempt
to make anti-Semitic crimes punishable by law in the future.
It is one of the paradoxes of our time that a bill so


thorough-going in the punishment for, and extermination
of anti-Semitism, should emanate from a country like Ru-
mania which, before the war, was the most anti-Semitic
country in Europe next to Nazi Germany. It certainly
shows the influence of Soviet Russia on the new government
and it also reveals the almost exclusively political nature of
European anti-Semitism of the last two decades. In no
other country in Europe, except the Nazi-occupied Poland,
were such terrible atrocities committed against the Jews as
in war-time Rumania. The crimes of the Rumanian army,
of the highest government officials and of minor Rumanian
fascists and Quislings against the Jews, literally stagger the
imagination.
In no other country, too, were the confiscations and
Aryanization of Jewish property conducted in a more open
and shameless form of looting for personal gain, as in
Rumania. From the fascist Prime Minister and his wife
downward, the Rumanian fascists used Jewish property to
enrich themselves. Yet, in a country like this, a firm and
decent government under proper influence, has within a
few months of its formation, introduced the first and strict-
est bill to outlaw anti-Semitism in Europe.
Nothing reveals more the superficial-political nature of
modern Nazi anti-Semitism than does this event and noth-
ing shows more convincingly how easily this allegedly in-
superable problem can be wiped out and eradicated forever,
by firm and progressive action.

IN BULGARIA

Action of a similar nature has been taken lately also in
Bulgaria where the first trials of anti-Semitic criminals who
were guilty of deportation of Bulgarian Jews to Eastern
Europe, were started and the government took the first
steps towards the restoration of some of the Jewish property.
A report from Lublin stated that the new Polish govern-
ment there too, was considering to introduce a measure
making anti-Semitic propaganda and action, a crime. A
similar measure is being considered also by the provisional
Hungarian government at Debrecen. In short, in the whole
of Europe which is in the so-called "sphere of influence" of
Soviet Russia, a strong and serious movement has been
started to solve the problem of anti-Semitism in the same


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