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Nailebn =
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007530/00012
 Material Information
Title: Nailebn = New life
Parallel title: New life
Added title page title: Naylebn
Physical Description: v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language: Yiddish
Creator: Icor
Publisher: Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication: New York
Frequency: monthly (irregular)
monthly
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
ocm19068832
Classification: lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID: AA00007530:00012

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yt3IWY3 WWlWi fi ,lB8it 3D 'mlytyl p 1'iyt IBn'IK
10SM18ttayII1iD pW TI jl btts 1to'll nD ytit' ly t1
.tJLp83 UWIN TI' Dy I'r"K I= 5'a ,1xlqly jmY9 3ID s '1its
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D 9 mS w5yTyv- D,5sYY I,', :svp t'lYwi n ,388 1nIy 3l
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JEWISH ANTI-FASCIST COMMITTEE IN USSR

GREETS THE ICOR ON ITS 20th ANNIVERSARY |

"Icor" Association Red Army and armies of other !
One Union Square West United Nations are dealing the last ii
New York City crushing blow to Hitlerite Ger-
SY many the "Icor" will do everything
During twenty years of its activ- in its power for the triumph of true
ity the "Icor" has written glorious democracy and friendship among j
pages into the history of the peoples. :i
struggle of the Jewish masses in We wish you best success in
the United States for developing your fruitful activity for the good
and strengthening friendship be- of all freedom-loving nations and
tween our two great countries, for the good of the Jewish people.
We highly appreciate your work Jewis Anti-F
in the years of this war in struggle Je h
S against fascism. Committee in U.S.S.R.
. We are certain that at present Prof. Solomon Michoels, Pres.
i1i decisive juncture when the heroic Schakhno Epstein, Eec. Sec'y
.. .I?.






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B' Iy~IN'Y83 ymI Byki .(MiaymnIDi) ngrna I ys S e rtr





.('ti:_ ) ^'t ] ymty nB






(yyy(Woe to the Misleaders (June).20

Crimean Memories (December)

EHRENBURG, ILYA,








FEFFER, ITZIK:
A Wedding in Biro-Bidjan [Translated
by S.S.L.( (January).

KALINDEX, MIKHOF NAILEBN FOR 1944
AThe Soviet Union's Most Precious Pos-







session Is the Friendship of Its Peo-
ple to the Misleaders (June).
BLOOKUNTZ, PROFESSOR CHARLES:N. N.:
MiamiTwenty Years "Icor" (MIts Share (October).
Biro-Bidjan Memore1928-1934 (December).
EHRENBURG, ILYA:
The Triumph of Man (July).
FEFFER, ITZIK:





A WeBiro-Bidjan and Postwar Reconstruc-
tion (August).ary).
KALININ, MIKHAIL:
The Soviet Union's Most Precious Pos-
session Is the Friendship of Its Peo-
ple (February).
KUNTZ, PROFESSOR CHARLES:
Twenty Years "Icor" (March).
Biro-Bidjan 1928-1934 (May).
Biro-Bidjan and Postwar Reconstruc-
tion (August).


:.- I an I U p










The Icor Twenty Years Old (Decem-
.(-ir^B) )tntytT3-N-11: I1



















.'ber).

Song of an Unfettered Soul (April).
OLKEN, M. L.:
.(511B?)m D=lp I'll Jim 5Ipmw pIrun

















The Significance of Biro-Bidjan (June).
*(yiN) NKP's IisN pip TK ''IT '*n









From Month to Month (July).
The Anniversary That Is Celebrated by




For Victory and Peace (September).
Twenty Years "Icor" (December).





OSTROWSKY ANA:
Crimea, "The Garden of Eden" (Sep-
tember).






The Icor Woman (December).
PEARLSON, NATHAN D.:J.:






Combatting Enemy Propaganda (Janu-
ary).Song of an Unfettered Soul (April).
PINOLKEN, J. W.:
The Significance of Biro-Bidjan (June).
From Month to Month (July).





Americtoryan Seeds Replant the "Scorchedr).
entry YEarth" of U.S.S.R. (October).
OSTROWSKY ANA:
Crimea, "The Garden of Eden" (Sep-
tember).
The Icor Woman (December).
PEARLMAN, NATHAN D.:
Combatting Enemy Propaganda (Janu-
ary).
PINCUS, J. W.:
American Seeds Replant the "Scorched
Earth" of U.S.S.R. (October). .


ROBACK, A. A.:
Yiddish Literature-Mirage or Miracle
(December).
SAVICH, OVADI:
Jewish Guerrillas Fight Germans
(May).
SUTZKEVER, A.:
Jewish Guerrillas (October).

WALLACE, HENRY A.:
Full Collaboration Between U.S.A. and
U.S.S.R. (July).
ZUCKERMAN, WILLIAM:
The Tenth Anniversary of Biro-Bidjan
(July).
The Failure of Anti-Semitism in
Europe (August).
A New Era for the Jews of Europe
(October).
The Emergence of Soviet Jewry
(November).
(November).


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NAILEBN


January, 1945


JtonoA. Roll

of

Friends who contributed $100.00 or more toward the Icor Campaign to settle Jewish refugee war orphans at the
Children's Settlement in the Jewish Autonomous Region of Birobidjan.

(as of Dec. 31, 1944)


Joseph Morgenstern, Cleveland, 0......-------.....$500.00
Dr. J. W. Barenburg, Baltimore, Md.----------.. 300.00
Mr. & Mrs. J. Milstein, Richmond, Va.....------- 200.00
Mr. & Mrs. Robert Perlin, Richmond, Va....... 100.00
Mr. & Mrs. Harry Supack, Minneapolis, Minn... 100.00
Mr. & Mrs. J. Moss, Portsmouth, Va.....------ 100.00
Samuel Kaufman, New York City------------- 100.00


Dr. B. Rosenbluth, New York City-........- -
Golda Rabinowitz, New York City.'-..........
Dr. Edward Aberlin, Staten Island, N. Y.......
Mr. & Mrs. Sam Lifshitz, Philadelphia, Pa......
Leon M. Herman, Baltimore, Md.............
Harry Zarbin, Chicago, III...................
Mr. & Mrs. R. Aronoff, Brooklyn, N. Y.........


$100 will maintain an orphan for one year. Send your contribution today to the

ICOR ASSOCIATION, One Union Square W., New York 3, N. Y.


20 YEARS "ICOR" MEMBERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION DRIVE
From November 25th to December 25th, 1944


PIILADELPHIA, PA.
M. Painter ............
Broine Stern .. .......
M K aelis .............
N. Gerson ............
M Glantz .............
S. Ingber .............
B3. Yanofsky ..........
S. I. Leon.............
R. Brownstein ........
A. Cooper ...........
Mrs. H. Levin.........

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
Minneapolis Icor ......
M. Fudemberg ........
Fannie Fudemberg ....
M Fink ..............

LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
East Side Branch
Frieda Frumkiss ......
Celia Binch ..........
E. Jacobs .............
M Soifer .............
J. Drutz ..............
D. Rabinowitz ........
Mr. "Sidman ...........


P. Kopilow .............
R. Glazur ............
Hollywood Branch
B Fish ....... .......
Liza Goottsdanker ....

OAKLAND, CALIF.
Oakland Icor .........
INDIANAPOLIS, IND.
Indianapolis Icor ......
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Washington Icor ......
R D rill .............

BALTIMORE, MD.
Mrs. M. Dubow. .......
Joseph Hartman ......

BINGHAMTON, N. Y.
D. Konick ............
CHICAGO, ILL.
Dr. M. N. Nadler......
MIAMI, FLA.
M. Baumel ...........
M. Rohuisky ..........


A4 Ynew year reetin




MOSCOW

PROFESSOR CHARLES KUNTZ
ABRAHAM JENOFSKY
MORRIS L. OLKEN
care of ICOR
One Union Square W., New York 3, N. Y.

HEARTY NEW YEAR GREETINGS.
BEST WISHES. REGARDS TO RONCH.
SOLOMON MICHOELS
SCHACHNO EPSTEIN
ITZIK FEFFER


NEW YORK COMMITTEES
Downtown "Icor"


A. Levinson .......... 4
N. Rosensweig ........ 1
J. Freidin ............ 1
6
Brighton C. I. "Icor"
E. Edelman .......... 2
,Ph. Feider ............ 2
V. Lichter ............ 1
5
Bronx "Icor"
Zippa Katz ........... 4
Brownsville "Icor"
Anna Safran .......... 3
Staten Island "Icor"
S. Pinchenson ........
Crotona "Icor"
H. W olf .............. 2
Eastern Parkway "Icor"
H. Aronoff ........... 1
Yonkers "Icor"
S. N. Greene.......... 1
Total ................. 227
Previously ............ 2,615
As of Dec. 25, 1944...... 2,842


$30.00 Collected by
Mr. Cohen & Mrs. Rosenberg
from the following
EMPLOYEES OF LEVINE & SMITH
ALTERATION DEPT.
22 Division Street, New York City
for the Orphan Home in Biro-Bidjan:


Mr. Ben Trencher
Mr. Rosenberg
Mr. I. Zucker
Mr. Sholachman
Mr. J. Bloom
Mr. J. Graff
Mr. M. Zucker
Mr. H. Smith
Mr. H. Scher
Mr. H. Wolf
Mr. B. Perskofsky
Mr. L. Scheer
Mr. B. Barovsky
Mr. Reich
Mr. H. Feinstein


Mr. H. Cohen
Mr. A. Levine
Mr. Kleinman
Mr. S. Siskin
Mr. L. Kaplan
Mr. B. Dochitsky
Mr. H. Raiten
Mr. L. Langer
Mr. I. Fishbein
Mr. M. Schwartz
Mr. D. Pfeffer
Mr. M. Kaplan
Mr. Bieber
Mr. Etkin


From Edward G. Robinson
910 No. Rexford Drive
Beverly Hills, Calif.

Mr. Nathan Krupin,
"lcor" City Committee
359/2 No. Stanley Ave.,
Los Angeles 36, Calif.

Dear Mr. Krupin:
While I am participating in a
great number of projects corela-
tive to that outlined in your letter
of October 23rd, I am fully aware
of the needs which your Commit-
tee is attempting to fulfill, and my
sympathies are with your efforts.
Enclosed is my check for $50.00
and while I cannot be an active
sponsor due to a crowded sched-
ule, I shall be happy to add my
name, if I may, on a non-active
basis.
Good luck and best wishes.

Sincerely yours,
EDWARD G. ROBINSON





Cloak and Skirt Pressers
Union Local 35

60 WEST 35th STREET
NEW YORK CITY



J. Bresslow, Manager
Mike Cooperman, Chairman


100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00








Icor Celebrations Promote Unity Amongst Jewish People

By M. L. Olken
National Organizer, Icor


The Icor is celebrating its twentieth anniversary. Our
readers will want to know how the various Jewish com-
munities in our big USA are responding to this event. The
recently concluded tour of nine cities in the middle-west
and northwest affords us a rather fair idea on the attitude
of the Jewish masses toward the work and campaigns of
the Icor.
Our tour included Cincinnati, Ohio; Indianapolis, Ind.;
Rock Island, Ill.; Milwaukee, Wis.; St. Paul, and Minne-
apolis, Minn.; Toledo, Youngstown and Cleveland, Ohio;
with the exception of the latter, comparatively small Jewish
settlements. In all these cities the Jewish people are as pre-
occupied, with their daily tasks as are their fellow non-Jews.
There's a war to be won. Everybody is hustling and bustling.
The number of Jews employed in essential war industry is
greater now than it was on our previous visit a year or so
ago. People work really hard. Their homes-fine, neatly
kept abodes but lacking their young men and women too.
Framed pictures of soldiers, sailors, Wacs and Waves tell
the story-the Jewish youth just like the gentile, is over in
Europe or in the Pacific, fighting for the preservation of
America, for the continuation of Jews as a people. Mr.
and Mrs. Steck, active leaders in the Icor in Rock Island,
Ill. have four boys in the armed forces. Jewish mothers and
fathers relate to you everywhere, about their son's accomp-
lishments "over there." Many a Jewish home displays a
portrait of a boy-golden star over it. The mood of these
people is sad and yet determined: Hitlerism must be de-
stroyed; no one must ever do to our people what fascism
has done.
In times like these the Icor, at its celebration of twenty
years of continued vigorous campaigns of bringing the truth
to the Jewish people concerning the solution of the "Jewish
Problem," attracts all kinds of Jews. The workers in
the war industry, the shopkeeper, the dentist and the
doctor, the rabbi and the "Shamess," the religious and
the Zionist, if only properly invited, come and actively par-
ticipate at the concert-celebrations. They listen most atten-
tively to the Icor's message as presented by the guest speaker.
They seem to wholeheartedly contribute to his call for the
Icor's campaign to.help rehabilitate the Jewish colonies in
Crimea or help settle Jewish orphans in Biro-Bidjan. They
appreciate the artists who accompany the representative of
the Icor on tour and in many instances, plead that the
"Icor" come again to their, as they call it, "small town."
These manifestations of unity, desire to help our brothers
and sisters-victims of Hitler's barbarity we experienced in
every city we visited.
To the credit of our local Icor committee let it be said
that our recent tour was well prepared. Finest public halls
were rented for the occasion, high schools and assembly halls
in Youngstown, Ohio and St. Paul, Minn., Jewish com-
munity centers in Toledo, Cleveland and Cincinnati, Ohio,
public halls in hotels-Minneapolis, Minn. and Rock Island,


Ill. The local press: newspapers and periodicals, radio
(Cincinnati Station WLW, 15 minutes' interviews of the
National Organizer, plenty of leaflets, show cards-
-all these were employed to bring to our celebrations the
people we so anxiously strived in years to get to our affairs.
This time a good many of them came. This was true in
Milwaukee and in Toledo in Minneapolis; St. Paul as well
as in Cleveland. In some of the cities over 60 per cent of
the people present came to us for the first time. This de-
lighted our arrangements committee and inspired them to
do still better.
Prominent local Jewish leaders appeared at our gather-
ings with greetings to the Icor and the Jewish people every-
where, particularly the most heroic-the Jews in the Red
Army of the U.S.S.R. Thus it was Rabbi Helfgott of
Temple Emanuel in Youngstown, Rabbi N. Katz in Toledo
and Rabbi David Genuth in Cleveland, all spoke at our
celebrations at their respective cities. Prominent educators
like Professor Cronbach of the Jewish Seminary at Cin-
cinnati; trade union leaders-Fred H. Beck of the Ohio
State C.I.O.; Zionists like Mr. Nathan Ransohoff of Cin-
cinnati, chairman of Cincinnati's 20th anniversary sponsor-
ing committee, brought their message of unity and solidarity
with the Jewish people and organizations like Icor which
is building unity between American and Soviet Jews.
On our recent tour we have observed a growing ten-
dency among the Jewish people to obliterate former so-
called "differences" but rather a wholesome movement to
unite in struggle against the common enemy-Hitlerism-
Fascism. Our Icor celebrations, we believe, helped to a
certain degree to accomplish the tendency for unity.
Our audiences listened with great interest to our relat-
ing to them the facts concerning Biro-Bidjan. They wanted
to know more and more. How happy some of our listen-
ers were when we recited to them the growth of the Jew-
ish economy in Biro-Bidjan and Eretz Ysroel!
Our trip to the nine cities has convinced us once more
that the Icor's work is of the utmost importance. Its cam-
paigns, its messages have a great value to the broadest Jew-
ish masses.
The attendance at the various meetings prove it. The
contributions for the Icor campaign in Eupatoria and
orphans' homes in Biro-Bidjan brought in the sum of
$4,276 in cash and over $15,000 in pledges.
However, there are quite a number of cities where the
Icor is practically unknown. Now is the time for our or-
ganization to visit those places. The Jewish people are
eager to receive us.
This brief report would indeed lack completeness, unless
our appreciation was given to the two remarkable artists
Mr. Maxim Brodyn and Miss Zelda Zlatin for their beauti-
ful and invaluable work at the celebrations in the cities we
had the good fortune to visit.


January, 1945


NAILEBN






NAILEBN January, ~94~


we shall not turn our backs on it until we have stamped it
out, pulled it up by the roots, and taken all measures against
its recurrence.
And we will not forget. Among other things, we will
not forget the anti-Semitic activity of Sosnkowski and An-
ders. We will not forget the defenders of Hitlerism. We
will not forget anything. As long as there remains a single
champion of national enmity and exclusiveness, even though
covert and acting by stealth, fascism has not been eradicated.
True humanism today consists in absolute mercilessness.
There must be no mercy for the fascists. There are some
people today who are inclined to forget and forgive. They
are dangerous enemies of the security, progress and happi-
ness of mankind. Forgiveness of fascism is a crime against
humanity. When I think of the "forgetful" and "soft-
hearted" defenders of fascism, I recall the legend of man-
darin executions in China. In performing the execution the
mandarin pulls a long string to which a weapon is tied. The
mandarin does not regard himself as an executioner. He
sees neither the victim nor the weapon, but he kills neverthe-
less. It is the same with the defenders of the fascists. From


their tearful pleadings to forget and forgive runs an un-
broken string to the executioners of Maidanek..
All complacency with regard to the seeds of evil scattered
by fascism, all reconciliation with racism, anti-Semitism and
the like, all talk about leniency for the Hitlerites of Maidanek,
paves the way for new fascist pogroms. To keep silent about
this is to deliver our children to death.
In this matter the democratic countries must not stop at
anything. When any country gives shelter to the Hitlerites
or their ideas in the form of discriminatory legislation, in the
form of racist organizations or a racist press, it is no longer
an internal affair of that country. If your neighbor uncovers
in his backyard a container of poison gases that threaten to
spread over the entire town, you do not waste time by asking
permission to enter his backyard and thus avert the death of
thousands of people.
Racist ideas are more dangerous than any poison gas. It
is our generation's great duty to the future, to the cause of
progress, civilization and humanity, not only to put out the
smoking bonfire of fascism but to uncover and extinguish
every one of its smoldering coals.


THERE IS ONLY ONE WAY

By Joseph Brainin


It is rather childish to await that much-heralded world
of tomorrow with smug optimism. There will be no definite
line of demarcation between today and tomorrow. The
Jewish panorama is not a somberly desolate picture that will
be transformed overnight into a gay and sunny landscape.
That future for which we all yearn so passionately is not
merely being shaped now-it has actually begun.
Now, today, is the time for the building of a better day
for the remnant of the Jewish people saved from total
extermination by the sacrifice of the millions of men who
fearlessly opposed the hordes of fascism.
There can no longer be any doubt but that the major
burden of the rebuilding of the Jewish position in Europe
has fallen on the shoulders of American Jewry. It will be
up to us to tackle, with unprecedented determination and
imaginative resourcefulness, the gigantic task of helping Eu-
ropean Jewry. We shall have to supply the means and the
manpower. We shall have to carry out an almost global
action of Jewish relief work.
Engaged as we shall be in this tremendous job, we shall
also have to face the menace of fascism and anti-Semitism
in our own country, America. And that menace is very
real. The past presidential election campaign confirmed the
irrefutable fact that substantial sections of this country can
oe swayed by the use of anti-Semitism as a political weapon.
Fascism, confronted with inescapable disaster in the old
world, will make a supreme effort to survive in the Western
hemisphere. It will hide behind "respectable" facades, sabo-
taging the unity of the United Nations, using the Hitlerite
method which almost triumphed in its attempt to subjugate
the world.


If this war has taught the Jewish people any lesson, it is
this: Salvation for oppressed minorities, whether religious or
national, can come only from the liberal, progressive forces
in the world. There can be no truce, not even a temporary
one, between the Jewish people and reaction. Reaction leads
to fascism-and the international language of fascism is
anti-Semitism.
Here in America-notwithstanding the fact that our gov-
ernment is headed by genuine democrats, and that Jewish
organizations spend millions of dollars on what they believe
is defense work against anti-Semitism-anti-Semitism is on
the increase.
Why this paradoxical situation?
The reason is obvious. We have not learned the lesson
which has cost millions of Jewish lives in Europe. Too many
American Jewish leaders still harbor the hallucination that
anti-Semitism can be isolated and treated as a separate prob-
lem. The policy of too many of our defense organizations
still gives too much attention to social anti-Semitism and too
little to political anti-Semitism. That is the crux of our failure.
Only when we will realize that fascism, no matter how
"respectable," is the real enemy will we be able to counter-
act the growth of anti-Semitism in America. Not until we
fight determinedly every symptom of political reaction shall
we dry up the source of anti-Jewish hatred.
The Soviet Union has demonstrated the validity of the
principle that the destruction of reaction automatically solves
the Jewish problem. A united front of anti-fascist fighters,
Jewish and Christian, is the only force that can eradicate
anti-Semitism in America.


January, 1945


NAILEBN








"II IL BIl" (new Life)


Vol. XIX, No. I (170)


New York, January, 1945


. .209 Single Copy 10 cents


NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York 3, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY



THE STRONGHOLD OF HUMANISM

By Professor Vladimir Komarov
President, Academy of Sciences of the USSR


When we think of how near the day of final victory
is, we must always bear in mind that fascism must be
stamped out so thoroughly that it cannot ever be revived
again. We must remember that the Hitlerites have scattered
the poisonous seeds of fiendish national hatred far beyond
the confines of Germany. These seeds may sprout again
unless they have been destroyed.
That is why provision has been made, in the generous
armistice terms concluded with Germany's former satellites,
for the revocation of the infamous and savage anti-Jewish
laws. The adversaries whom we forced to their knees have
thus been freed from the most shameful and abhorrent sur-
vivals of cannibalism. It makes one feel proud and happy
to be a citizen of a country which has come forward before
the entire world as a mighty stronghold of humanism.
In 1931, Joseph Stalin wrote in reply to an inquiry from
the Jewish Telegraphic Agency:
". Anti-Semitism, as an extreme form of racial chauvin-
ism, is the most dangerous survival of cannibalism. In the
USSR anti-Semitism is prosecuted most severely as a phe-
nomenon profoundly inimical to the Soviet system. Accord-
ing to the laws of the USSR, active anti-Semites are punished
by death."
In the USSR anyone who would either by word or deed
restrict the rights of any nation, anyone who would incite
one nation against another, anyone who would actively foster
anti-Semitism or any other form of national hatred would
be severely punished by law.
There are various indices to measure the level of culture.
One index is the absence of racial chauvinism, for racial
chauvinism and especially its extreme form, anti-Semitism,
is the most dangerous survival of cannibalism, the most
sinister manifestation of barbarism. The farther mankind
progresses, the fewer are the survivals of this form of
barbarism. These survivals have become particularly acute
at present because Hitler has been trying to stop the wheel
of history and turn mankind back to the darkest period of
barbarism.
Two years ago the Information Bureau of the People's
Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the USSR published one
of the most stirring documents of the present war, a docu-
ment showing how the Hitlerite authorities are putting into
effect their plan for exterminating the Jewish population of


Europe. Referring to the fact that Hitler herded several
million Jews into Poland in order to annihilate them, the
document states:
"As is to be seen from the information at hand, there is
no atrocity which the Hitlerite degenerates have not em-
ployed in order to hasten the monstrous mass annihilation of
hundreds of thousands of civilians. Besides being mowed
down with machine guns, men, women and children are
killed in specially equipped gas chambers, murdered by elec-
tric current and burned en masse. Prisoners in concentra-
tion camps are poisoned with prussic acid. Special bonuses
are paid to encourage the individual murder of exiles. In
the camps it is an obligatory rule to kill any prisoner who
has been ill for more than two days. They have especially
organized the wholesale murder of children below 12 years
of age."
This document, while describing saddistic cruelties un-
known even in the Middle Ages, also reports numerous
instances of the noble and self-sacrificing compassion for
each other displayed by the peoples of Europe who have
found themselves under Hitler's heel. We have read with
pride how Lithuanian peasants, braving the threat of the
death penalty, helped and succored Jews, Poles and French-
men in concentration camps in Lithuania.
Later, when the Red Army liberated part of Poland and
helped the Polish people to recover their independence, the
entire world was shocked by revelations of what had gone
on in Maidanek. There, as in other death camps, the Ger-
mans exterminated millions of people. They exterminated
them with calculated, cold-blooded cruelty. These infamous
murders point to one fact-that the men guilty of establish-
ing the Maidanek camp, the men who built ovens to burn
human beings, the men who designed the gas chambers, the
men who reaped profits from all this misery, these men are
all outcasts of mankind. They cannot change, they cannot
be improved and they must not be forgiven.
The fascists began with stupid anti-Semitic jokes in the
beerhalls of Munich and ended with Maidaneks, with mil-
lions of corpses of Jews, Frenchmen, Poles, Norwegians,
Danes and other peoples of Europe. That is why our attitude
toward racial hatred today is different from our attitude in
the days of our youth. In those days we merely felt like
turning our backs on an infamous and vile spectacle. Today