Nailebn =
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007530/00003
 Material Information
Title: Nailebn = New life
Parallel title: New life
Added title page title: Naylebn
Physical Description: v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language: Yiddish
Creator: Icor
Publisher: Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication: New York
Frequency: monthly (irregular)
completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
Classification: lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID: AA00007530:00003

Full Text

-1?13N 11330 DU7 ,1J3i2J- D 211

.l ^ *


nv~jrisn Nvm-
19n08 58sn .11
^*na~n .n

3I'll NI 111W
p'2 ani1is 3in
tWa^ig .N .5

'1ilkyitoDok SlM
1 11p .3
t 13 173

w3rD 10 1944 ,VYPt (p$ 143

7"r ; PuttUoS p 17i'D'ylo Jim SP'IP b11D ,TnV8l00 VO3I~Xa 3Vp ,'poMIIYt t t .p5lw .' .T: : ('73'T3) 073'5 1X D n p!
.P'3 amnas7 21 :,- rpl .5 na : )3"ti13 .T31p obervE 1OSYBnB ;1'IM

1944 ,Yr-n 7_ 2 Y :1_ 2

Ytw01.'w'D 1 n 1o 'uD'DP 0y9PWs m8 c19yis P, 19zy-

"ityf1ID p ij Dli pll j1;ts p I S'm ym yrwvmy z "ps
yDin p D't'j yts?3y D'1t 7 D' t1 l m b1D'ot p nyil ,3sm-in
180 1UP'TED')3$P i"2 '1 .11'"01F0 1F0 DB 180904@
1y1 1i pJ im t3L sr 13 Yw 5 'yu'\ ll J'IN ,Iy1 V5'- 3 ,l3 "53
-llyntD yl pl i31Eiy) y;irF 3vyt O' .IFi1Z 17Yi l'1u D
I' 137 R u1 F0v5D'I 0. 'tl Wu1i nywm Tk'I vv5Nxll3C
p 115 ? Vavl 5D I'IN t 'n ti1 I'N vn w< IV. Y V'13 1' i50I

,"I1N D yv y T t D'it< i v17rD'W 1 40 -yB jy89D
' "O 'i3Ft P''B-5191j7 ;D'D n t3li' v iIni T lFl ,I3t) r s?
5I1 'tY3'I3yP- 11 Vt1:?D pa1O FjTi jy1 i nyl93Y u vo ;lIvm

'Ii D' tp -U'yn lDl u9v1 I"T jlFi 171'3m 1kumnl iy ll 091-
y l~yiiFyny 'F^ 'k ;y3it t3'it< t'v Dv5n ,tl't DPfY iyn

,l1?3871" a ,nY1' PF ('3y yPD yn D'1 iD -,; twi ?p
l ID'iBt D'tlvm P 'Fr Di-I 1$D tYP11"' : LD'"n DOq'T jUmiP I
-S3 "D IN ,p''3mInV-1 vwi u VM ,o1 [In -x1'R"A) \ 13 m' l

v'ty i y'13W "t 1VY'i D 71U lI 'Tn I 1i n'5 13 1 a y u1
Vt' 1StF S-iDr1 O'n I Irm 1F Il R P1 7D'IX 1353I8 pb rwt In .
.mnl1 Y=a=Npism YO W; *]pys yiyiT tin3

1 17lDDB'S 1'11N 11'ID 1 o yv' '1P 1 3j ov 19N'D 1 17Vy'i$
: t39'sD'otr p 0w'ro "Ily pan j vy v ytltlYP y.01T8R10y
Dt'I ,yty, '''bil'lN-D-^J83-lSB 910 ,(y?8-i 11y1) y,^' 3iSB81t)
yr l1i 1DyiyFu D n t p t' IDi7 Dql5 's ,y3Viy*L UDvT'i

t'3 1Y" D1 1 %9Y T3 MI n9tl 1p--K t i '197o J 1im S1 i l'D 5Y

Y1~yn3YWD-l9 t ,a3i3WT~U in Yi3 l ,9u0 pl.1t 7 D,15 tv:i- HITL
,'lyD ,jy3I73)Mnsn PN pyll jw,-1)v ) [B jyD1 ,I''j~y
"'D i'p ,Dy'l39 FD3JiKly ,Y-it80 D'n3j' y, 1-1yn 71t00311t2

yr nIyrri;7 O'no Iunn p1j unvyi yV1"t 18"tot D!n0 ) TusIvln)
('D^3 Dnl l1-i1yn (Dtp' 110 11^ Y- 1K y u 0n P p l um'iD'ot>

,tSD0 Y95819 yfy'iyn Tn1 ,pvDc1 a ,"'y -4Tiy ,yitDn Z

YLA M ? nY- i Dy lit ynvi pa- tiyn 1itrn Eh

,N3T''o yvvynyvI ) N t) Dtin lts ,1s P n ,"\i" 51nn yI UDC
V )3 3)D3 IP IE) ,R y iVN t1 ) D'J ta'i ytW yOSTIX 0$K 11j'l

"3m1!y DJ'OD "nI T 3ly n p D"Ti Yut D't0034 7y l.oYIlD -7
-y` UW'T38nHS .VnMl`\11R)'1 743-"3 P BUW'Tn1N S : IPI?
-pys: yryDy i 11p J 13i1)BY91 y58t3u!t j;y)rt ip'3,11
-D'm -y"t v1 l IDjoD YV sBanqy p jpN ( vvml 0 1 ,0oyto,5LA3

It BSyt'7P, "WKm, 1yi VIS \PpBy't n^ ,7SWianrp-mD
i's \IyBp ^,19414"i 'P1 Iy n rW P 9I'30wt)oi '1B'wins
.alv'l Opp 1'7l tvP 113 3 -O T-? v a'

ra Pollltywn .r ,i 'pnm aIn, ,ppM .;2.

-2 T$yF 'Vy1-1?YF" .V'tWy 'tly^D $x 9

8Y1 900 9~Yt t9 itp' DFor' tD n 1i D -iitY IU1 DyT
pID DYi;p ,9 i ,a9IP78'E 9 y9D0yn 797N -- IDUUyiD '1 11i
-14 u[?n ;i^ 38;ity-itP K D81IYnD'% 138318t-iDy9114D Din
TY1:1-iy3"Y yV'11 "'i1 itn v '14 VyDI D'DIPD iY3' u--"-ni L
-yV !itYn 19j~Y'139 9"T' .9Y1U'DDiP 9YyuyltD -9i7 p1
"'DD3t'p 9vY Iuv1D 1-97 ia 7-irssB Ju14 jid \JD iV uKvi

paD :jn1991 1971\53)3]) 1y9 p1a PK IpI$21DP1 yt 'Dyn9^D

-xI~uiQ^H tyi nt' t'3 B1Akn Mr JimB t-7 tZ u o Di'I .V'YI

PDvU-'1 1IV DYW' ?1'1 DP I F) S117sa mv17 U,1l5

"i7-ltyD p ^110'T IN. iy3-7 Y 1 11E) i 397990 193V
"a'DHsn pt -i8t"a-iu yiD 0 l1 1 i I Va 1 (" : Dy~1 oDf mz1viy (1i.1
"-S PT ID'T (I7 ,I(i9lS' 7 77'8^' 903 W 7W 1983
I"Tt'3s;? TIV (VT t11 ; 1"S uy min^ O'D psss^ i;'yuB

.x83sa-iuynll.D p1i tu:y.-p ym3ttp1

y9sw1su Bsp lyty^BynBD ^\ 1TH .t*$i'ytsy 1'9312 t

tmvn -t9itD in DI v n81 9YUDyn 11 Dt>ns ,3m1Y itsa ny
T1" Y1715 TI ,Dl ut.iy : t 9jvly f^ ,Iyol3 1"s jwy9 7) 7'9N
p11 ,IP',zitv- Ui3 n L 75s~~i5 7 's, 16 "n p11a ~ys iy-y
-:11tS YiY't pjni IV ,D-'Utvsm -1)SntDn-pvloyI -IY'7 yvnyil
-n83 f19" t ,D i>rp yV-IjyVD ye"J!p3iy y-iy

"--Ume ,mn315t YV'o135olN' DO ;3so? yr-iy-uIn83 \D015v
ISj38 Dy lit ic Dyiy3vW'41 w') pt3rv3iyrm.y'1 011 ,y35.yrs 1Y
11 IIn 11y93V R '131 T 11ri1iy ,Dln1i pl < ; 1j3 nsa-iuyi(?
-"" yry't" rtTT'jsa- IV ip'13ma9yi Ywy'In)S'in yO8(3 8t 16
nyv'i1 -19y:L2 1y9 lit 5-m DVL py1viL 158J4t'Y83 ymvi
'-lt sy58J 8'10 'riv In' rlm:3ko1 m1t! oy 515 1YK "wig

3 7 'V 4 1944 ,}rya

P'ainyI' 'yIi7jS:IS IY'Ipyin n TIN ; I),5war' vm
.I .TN .K ,p':21my1 yvm 3 It lYpaup-'sIp 1, ["is tUi"
Q^^UiI8K ;yj'"t ;t233Y3 TPN (p'^iayi9 U3S1Equ y98 '
Ylti' D31D ? p1s y5yTiN3 i1p 1Y1'Iy1P3W yI' YI? y958 Tp
8 Jim D3yi n "I !Wn tD y yMy;3u y,) pW y1i? .T'3 Ny
.aUDty YD03^'W- I a ,WI T o ,5= 80

mavt=4 -Ivt' EglSB* i.i 11D' t Jim M ay 1yv1
16 ltrIN 1I3S1sn-jtonllttE n Ir B an^'Ir'm yVtsi n 'i
5y vD1o'I ; i'i i< i1s531sy n YLmnjrill yIN 1y0wa
-tpYSJ pt< lu3Ya yTINns iPjSwVY vutpJawlm-^Jt?'rK8
DnsD 0yi p1I pinb''I'i Is ,DtDsyvIi ,TW ,1K tI yt'W yO83S
,D"I'lv p0 ,NytID'D nYv1DY1p1D T iiv'ia Tisn 1 'a wai a i\)3Q
-ttIY'n D Tin pa p'AAwam -A u3nm'-A-o5-\ I.V lit p Snt3''ityn ;
.183-i t
ul7DWn nv000 IvvuvlltZnb I91 lit uo"I T IN nYY 191
n-1l13 lit JI ywr r' n D O \y ;tn3" i 'tI.3D p I Q 1 p'
,ti ppi'$83Kgiy3 y1K pi35 t958 1 3"l'^ ls'H'ii `SN l y510
i10lu1p ny"?t tia ,yDScI w 1v p ,D'I): it pl l j TyrTE$ Ti
-ZD pW yTI-a YDIt1Y S bY-913 0'2i Vy'r5ly y1l"? tp in Iris
-P ,18P IS- sT'I DS 0D583)58 Y-) 9 11t{3 738z-'tnY91
11 'll ,D ''n3 Iit L p it 't ?y t ,y1n'' IY t ,Yt3i' y) ,-IID
,nyv'1r5:' 1t,5,m0 70 mon to'ri DD, n mp ty053Y 3 YwDIn
nYvi ,1YT'-ao \y- ipSn s D''D D!1S ,YS Ip5'" 1 -1yI?
iYT5tUio pp' '5 41/2-4 tnws nK tOily Dn'pi ,ytvwim n
t3Yi D!1 t3w$tI58^3413 u 1yS tDyn ,1;3J218B-Yi y1!D pt
1WT1YYMIY3N 'oG-"3)13n '- 13aIl T'R \U-) 311D \MJ -
0wpl,(i 9 'I n PIK IBs- nyr3i I't1-?^IN^ 8 tSiW T1t
S wI N oy-1'm '11N lIt 5t"D s YIV? ,wqt '?isro'S YP3pc N

-iSBn-iYnIDuT yi p137 y11 11p''115H SW'i7H\I)3'1\ 'i
-wo'lK -ti)iSn l Iv"tIIB wDv ll ,ay V"p tin sts IV.~
-y DiW 13850ii ta7isx tayjyily) DUT(1 UnqiB 9 y'1^*1s? i
-!tD ,9Yn11ti ,ip953s18Y Ya930YilnB ,UB-\nTN1T 0Yi?'3
-1l3 ,WD'niint ,Yi7''8ipit< ,yWiw'?D'n 'T I11) Y taDms"?Y
-qo '1 v1) Y0Mt3DAN8'YD-'Vt8 ,ybt>1'1D2i-'t38 PW (O'3't
tp'1iiysi YtvwD els'se ,ywtay'o(D ni .(wy'sIB t1i ywn)y5
TP iLyj ,Iyvn3vy y1 Ylit83 i(? 03 0'J QI3 in i' TIN t-in.
IDllIO) Itp r'1riut> n -yWW7D'lK usr Iw ym y it Ttm3
_0131n) luwnswn',) VV"7:.5o'I llt p"Uns rwulivsm
-B3t Ji tyI31tby-iDSn YV4'lv3YD'IN YIY73)IA D'D (DownyD
Iy3"N 1y1y 'lK bYPwDK yt9 v'jyv5t')N< "1 a51* t'1513 .;3sn
13ns IDjylyt3' yost3"DnY yryiv" :1, y9 51Y i 3 ny K "I T t pa
s IN 1922 'it tIN 5u tItniy QT1 uv'-nn lit "t
lylly ) y ypi 'r 5iil ,jy1 ,I 5iT .uMY-mn- iynt D Iirtsut
TIN toB-tsvPB 1Ii 11I tD5ynl I'w0s0 1 ftiyp Dj5YIp'K
PK 'lyajn1Yi (WT Int3y03y5y Y7-tIYnI^D'tijB t 1n DvYvY
tu11a WtinYa P3y1tcw Itpi "T 5"11 ,5yI 3111Y TIK N I850D'I
Y3r81 1i 3>3D'll tU' ,1S?5D'IK lit ?SB3!-'oibni 9t'l t"T
VyI3) t1y17 0y 'It It ntpi ,tynlp tiyn as5p nyDtiy iy9.
yIyIYi D'ID tIN MY1yt03WK Yw'-3rY'i yyl" t D j31n3
.3lyi 1y'I Ivynt3ovy y tr PJim rm 'nK lW IYtip Ytv3w S

? Y rvyw31t83 K nnrmt) ny3ruxY' WyI 1p jt(1 TIK 1.Y=$
PIK ip tty'U1tuD IB'IN D'vy3 'I lit m158sn Yv1ti. I tp

yi'S'IPK 'I ,-I 05 ,In) Vy'"I(u''iyu y-53!0's8Js ivyltq
_1K 'I ,Y9Y'3D131 'i ,yt-'IoiD )1 1 ,p'3 1yi Yiv138sn"is
UmMOi7'U)R&\H 1W1 YDID- d MVn oVR T11 (.11 .tS.N ,y.VP3.
;C DIM ry3:iyi S Iyn Tin) 'Wn Yi 1y'Oi ny'tl 1y1
4-7ngil .wnqll ?y."T 5y'9v tW (mf3100 nvv'IOD'
'" tiylign i't3n 0 y10812[r3 ?y'5911'i PS (roi'io lyB'n8ypD'
-j=YnITt MYI lYSTIY i5YLOV y3nynI ,jp'152iyi YVIi:I'SZ
-3111 tin 333'SW18D UX'1'11"9 8,, IN,3 '3 D' y;" ,1338B
"iS J'?15) "iP'ID19y1 yVV'DD'Y't!ohD y'Dynto Ui3^'WXsV
- i.n mt 1i 3 ,(y:0iU-0Dns^p 'YIyay 7o; y 1IiB 13 5puo
"ia Dyi D ,, yD"ID'QD34i!p 1iy t1i 17 5P'UIs [tJ115
."'T3K21D 0yl paD ;Dyiu'ixDiiss
r"ia pao uayi ta'' 1t'r iur8 iB ,i1S p \y1s TW1 Ty
8 130i D08n ,pi5,183y ^t s 143 ;p '138 a 1p1 aY0rj'D'n170
- Uy4'yi i S1IN 1, p< pyii3 y'D15 1t0p 0 8 7'1 YCY3lJi
-IyIiD yjyn i7 1p T \i'1"-3SR 3r'13 -ism. o'rty Dm 1'Im
-ISD ,y'I3E':yu3yll sy m$ jp'5 ti Y1 Inv51-y1 yvv
?i1)5z t=rr3syii I38318D-iDyiii D[Y; 1D pa;''31iByi Y131-
y35yIS .13;NtD'rl DID ;xy-yu tzNT ns(n D!l ,pP'5yIs1 -p n "
-"Dn 1 :16 Jis-s ism3i-totyni nYT TIN l;y i) ipi'531yi
,yar3'tii3 ,yB'i;87Iy":3iyT7 ,ye7D1iDDD ,Yl'ijiKipmI ,ya1-39y
,yv'vI3sp ,yV'p'?7sT8D ,y'py7Y1Ti ,'y'1yu1pu ,y'3;yoIS
YG 'ja-i^Y-p in jIN 1940 m-1 oyil? T N ,yvt%,,p
.Ytyinsi)n ps Yty'nui'i ,y97110n0 ,ytwiby '1 ,p''i151y
-yi y'I9 n YVV- s ^xt34 5 it ly:n3ya 1t'?51Iyi yOS '- lip
YWILt1WP ,V7'P'mI1w ,I IPN'Y1' ,yyp TI w'T }p'ri)3
yiyt7yn^D y3''y3'' n iis ,y'8"-ti3'o y971w?7 ps
.y9i?5' IN p 1 i';y3 i P ; 1,Y: Y.Y3CI3is

f351ip^SI~y ynt?3f^Klfh'5S''2t<3 ^f
-^D 11 tr3'on lp 35iyi yvn-oszsn 16 -1 Dm nvD'0i
-31B91 yoCt03t1H N-5E 'SEy! 3 l3yll T1IN Ylu'cD$i!p 30 YDyl
Dynyti~t3'y DDis 19Y3'Yj iyoy9 ip'fy1iv y;pT!2 n .I)5
illP USnlyl u;'3 19Yi p'nm D'Il ,lryuti'c3l'w.C8J yyp pli
pi'jyi pip tD') DYnp Dw1 ps =1315Do yIyr"ts3 ,yti' arD'n
-tD y'utvIIynD "U'71 1 .n13115n yB"%;y5oD'IK p1I DID
yy'ByD p 11v S 0 ,t1in rm*%' 18r yt 'D' ''$Sl
D'131LPLUTs 91YuYIIqD,, o tvn3t Uyi 5P'Y'B$ =1$.tI ,p'15in9iBy
yMSj: S Innm N9 Iy p 't nBn- ,"p'3It 1yi Y"tPo55ns'wo
.ttn9my TIK pi'52m1ri y J^ y5q'YCj3 pma1p 1ti n IYi
yrt3w5 "i 1s \m uion r'9 JyD'1 -I n "ins ;y"3 'm I'm
,yr1i'ptvs3 ,ytvlyu4tuD 'I : p1r53laByi yo!jt3rlK-?s3j'9<3
-5'P ,ywns1pChro3 mo's'p ,ytY533iD-DN'eI ,yweet3Dy3I
-t iat ,yE'tn11ito ,9Y7W8I3 ,lyo'ip ,ytU'138K'T-'ot~p ,y7ip'n
,y9078wtytl3 ,yt'ty i33W-K3yttyt97yB ,yt37'timi ,yWI3''tvyDn t
Yv7iN -7 : tw2y) yty7oiagED'W-cl3!''TM) I IW ,y-t31nip'
,ybD8PS3 ,yEvDypiytyL ,((7tty rWF) t Y3y Yo-3 tmW
.yt't<"nas ,ye"DVInypm ,.Ytiy'NvISp
ny"t pbt tjn$ i p $51iy-i vaiSnsna yVyIyp I 1IK
ISM Dy'intsliynt n5yo!D'x-V8.=3t8J u"it33D' uI;tSnS
-I8B 'ITS ."t? 14N tnv5 mp ,IDYtD'9S4'YS yyvyv5p yviyt3t ,I
n1 %3suv0s TI'K pt p'513yEi y'13Ynotismis Yv'rtii wq
pTI tp':181yn Ywigmig TI N 933 pvt 3Es=D ti'K-$3tW8
IY938yITIyt318 1yi pt ; =w339Y Vw)ptt'ww yBuotx-Q1i. -
- t4'w nlymiYUe'ly S 1- iIS On" p''myri nYw-'otSI

1944 ,ryol

0v3 9ry3 III iyl(p b0411 ,tylimuy y958iya,5 y1rjwn D 151Ets
1PB Jt- imK'I1Y YVutYiZnD-t3ji!S ymyw yuv' jib ty" nsia83
("D "rn,, int, 1yit3D'i! ',,3 n1 111) \l' yr y-Im "I

pR ,ti tyo s tvYi tii$'t nyI ,tipt -7rV iywni s n -
-8W 9 3 ltyiy7 ,Vin ,a 11108 (I-DIr tWw10.E, DlftyN-o 1y

ryp TzpsB-T I'tM ti i D in PB -iysn w1ri t1in' 1-nnp
u1y10i tilt 9 o yn YV1,5lta-In 13 lit U 'psI 8 DimYm ly:st

pm b'Ru tpint$ up5 ,ni- t mpl 5m Iy i3nt iV IV" JiNS
'iPSi t)X f ^3 tiii ti 1 ? Pll ,'F KBS! bY fl'tiS Ty'I \1
Jig yIjtby ,y=45 ,Yn'us5 tin N"uo.lst,^-B DoL ItiaRtriW
n yoi i .*u'Ks^ "lyty pt'i ,=y3Y p-ic i ,, yr lit
3't D n 1 tpy l -1 1 r" j vi tnz t1 ,fly1 D('l mt3 iy t ,Iy) i
YylK g t33m zin y@Itp yniyDpy tp'sy1 i y'K iyr8II
III "Yr"1'1u3 jD in, t9Di -1 ti t3o ,bv u 4pvnyt9tU3tnv
,yIV-11 yros "isn'3Isn ly 50m LA Jmn s lT -ISt jtast
.YpTsI'K Jim yV4t'p ps
tID pvi'It"-t't3(?n't< ?^'"t wntyn px yni n tj "I
-I' Ym 1t tDy) pa uni MY !R n Itp iuv'i 'i^D my .-it]I'iwtu nr
it 15"D1nBm ui'J,3ny 1n 5 yno!in -i ip,5m vTsip Yww
S' p a$ Nlty pi it otn' t7n ,m-iJ tI'iii nqj 1 ig ,t3N pat
-'is yrnyl^Di5K Kin tvn% v95srN ysin m 1rR pisn
-yw b5t?1l IVJt t 7LB otpl TIK ,t30Sn S ftI tt38E13DYiO
,ny-=5 "1971s PD'W t rsmi ,, tY'l i tfti ar 1%$ 5t0 ny ts ,o3s
r xm \io wx ot 91Y Im3 Wim ,Iirmw 1n3 w11m w'K 15t11 i '
? my.7 I'm p't n'iD wpyl 1 DL1

otpri 1y950o'inB jig wwn y85 ,7 lim nyvujy jnp L

s3-1i toonym 1ps r0ir 1,,t ps utsn '131;t3n ytoiCn p
IIKDlDK 'I : winy4ly-us tyrn mylttVp' i jviiDsiio -i pia
ny") vrtlp -In Is ,nyiypiy t yu"n ti-isn tym . "
ywrin v~tutywn tiB ity itn4?nr yoDy- t ))=,n o nri.-yi pN
= W71sV 19 11) B Y O3W Y 0 1) 1-7E Dk$l D n TW I'ml

U-19 1- j'tai TW 0 ...lyp"yD 1 p1 IIm n1p'-11ti 8 13vs IV- Jim

0yIDp nri tin yBW'rBtimtwr -7W IY Irm1n t1S' nn n '3 TI

uym19nt,^8B futtwr83 s9:l ,iy3't '1n 1Y3"t ,DI .t:?wsD
,uE38B-inywimmD K byyYSTm3n'14 Yw'115t n T Inr I1vY1
".pt$5wvyyiqn DYN I-yo'11 D!tI

tPivnya Ti*z amV1 1,y0p pn161W
lo'-n(3 Y'UpityoDu3rp 1yI't.y1tD Ny1 Ipv yn1.v:vy -
tpa tD"p)y5)yu ji ouyni y58)tp^Y) 1- lit 3yD'"Wi'W It s
Pi lID $3 n 1y o 3s D Dtip P1 ,r3K'1B-netuyTiDnti PnS 1p5i i
-osy wym I-oN E1Dit' \s ly3r UT .P?!?B m ti pm Op n

tY13 "Il piBV bo52 1Onti ynip n ; yB i "$ -IY5 'Din

i Dy" IY^11UD mby U Y1 W (up ,tvieynD 1Yi 134 IYw vt3y
.0YI un ita 1Iyp W P??B (ivin 1D p1 vYPW!iv YDYiL'11


,tiY'nyatU 1' IpK YIIPoD m I'K IynaP p YtIn$ob'il II Wp
viPinj yl t p lK FW tin ti1inD pI m45 i 1't ui
ImP NItW tPy8? oy yI i pyi oImm'l ID .0l' y' pvie1w i5"u
p13pitn Tsn18na-IurIID 1D ipVp5iy y58 Dy$l ,n13ip ymD'11 fI
p1 D1iy" t j'1m jpi p1F p1fu 'IF pyl ?l sp jig P3i 9eIy
.tP',51831 V yvallp JIB 1mn Iny5iryn12 ny1 nruoymsl
y1i 3piLt3y IK IIy3 nonl m'5" 'i tiT 19ls tl yi III

,PiP"3?Il0729Yl Dl 3t1'53 l'i PiP"? 'Il tPD'"PFSi y5k3I1N'
-I'm jig P;aiyi nly,' iI r Dw pi I tl" IMl8M psjpq

y9'13K8DB y98 n1 pW .3"pa'3 ig33"DB p t(Wp 0p0yr113" $1
-iD'IX m"7i nn- IyI npa rz vys 1zin; tyN t ip'r51my
yytw' ,;t'JDL15ti p10 Illy8p p 3;'3 w3F ywK y'oW fopI11
-'i li intyo'ip t ( Dti 011 tN1 y .15sy vi ,Ip1yyBnq

yyi p1n jiW tI e tP''3V yi yiyt r tI yp"fl' IyIN mK5
.3-iB-tTD1130ylID 1 Iys MYr InB t1K 1p''19ISy y1y3t"N
yt.iYvlDIK N1, pyl) II pY'I1 ply (w jp y'35yt tpW
-t!D 1'p ip'p219ay 5i yF1 YiitsY7 nJ p1 y tY1'2
-Ba y7' P13 P'i% 'yy3"K i8 ,I"o8 yjynI P IL .3PIsI'-tfwl 1
U"Pt=y5=l y in pIyN DD n plm tt ivserny-Yituns yy'esDm5
WiKtyl''nlI t'"i3 InKzb p'i11t iPm 5 D'v W y 'ii PT113si ly
177'nlrmb, ~ il8 1P010'1 =01'351= lyI ? Dt =150
-to91y'llti I y- t'liDYW .jy'IF yn l'oU pt P)-1p:.yt03ti5yt
t8 PW tYS1tC W tJ 1917 197 1359 1P'B ytJ383 D?8 Z811D
it-iya p1As 8 (pK I-il; uynu Pi i11iy 1y3ny3P"o wlovi
-Do yl5t t'D I3m11yrnen yDny0t33u-i YtWim my 1Up 1 1
- ,("DXlmtsvyv -ivu? ,) m0nf yur,mWa pan n1r,5
-1"N '51K ip1syi DY't 113 ID yi9?tIA- TW'li Isi niy iW
.,t;53 yVin'm= yiy'rP t' D yiim fls yrePc105n e15vn1y
tIN pnn it-Nya p-is 3YLA5 pt J Isj wQ) niy 1tp tw oy

"r 1I Jyolmp ITIo M UY1 m903 i3m y1 o ,\ y11nv (WD (mP
ny v I-osmns Iypsj Ywy'l ns, -I tIii 15vii primn m

o'j0iy yt y?' I'' Kit< y1 Diy" D 'IIN IwsB tr D ( ; II t0 .9 I 1Y W
PK 1ty3^13 W yI3y1yy y 'l m 5pmiy i instYv itim pip }yjtp

pti in'Js yrn-ity'a rp tin y Ptylya'rlt3 o 1 w 1nia3nitry
lnsnat$ JII pmlwys3 VDPVI,-l vuPisovisn. pi D"pDO3y=y

Vy1011 tip ;V 1y'wi0 1yu-33t'yCp yT -iyw'^ Iyi Dn t3

-TI Nit 1%a "'l7lyn Jym'rw t-'o I10pT:ynE 1 111)D'p j
.y3s lit pt< m8t=SD'm83
-ywi-is y v Jv l D1v 't p yBwy sts iiyo 'in)8B ie w 1 Pj
,yin'it't D1p)r l ym ti w iD Iyj n = tynv pT yot J.pilvy y lib
upK ty1lylty W tY D p131ii 8 y tyjMIu DN'n ,y131tny13y -
D'HY Y9't)' Y1tj31 Dtjm 83I28B-iyTfi^D DPYT pa Y9S'
.U33ns2ywI tI D3 tLnk

~IWs PS1B UyI t n1ybBY D D03tp nti pv1iyitnyin
-nj'tinjti \v Yul'P'w-Is 1- j pien VV yI't3YblliD
jiK "DLcYnymp1tto, lo'o vfay PWK YvoY-D''im Iy^ 191DID

5 ] 7 1944 ,ryap

-Y; jmen anni 850 u'D 'p5m is np ips ,(ypNuys ,5NIvl
5-? .y7s ly1vt 'I9Y1D ps ps -N13s5n AD ps 935p s iy;13
-y"S113 i tin p y lS 1yI pm Ts ,n -7?5 invYi tDj3",t1; Dv

,1bD ,y31 V=BS 1 y i -rI.3 n pis vmtyoosusp. 13 .VUD
Mn li -iyrm y1nylWN 1 51 85?TW ,mnisj ,5Vltsi 5 1tvy
tD3D'-i8B -1Irv1uD'n IYwD5't8g11.y i19v313yo.1V' 5YI
9lyx3K3 i1^ I 1a p 5^ p'i 1 ;B"W!^ DUT 180 1383*^8a-t1uy0nD ps
nIy pyS lIDyn y p1 n;ISD yI i DpI DDPtv tn 03ntyi3

-"sE IT' liSm li 'spt y toyi n^ 1 y: p ,)iyiavnnI n-
pyil ,vip-r'y5 D'13-95i P D ?mP m UDtI9.yt1 INp : jyw1Yp
-imDw P -11 1i tvDi plIyNsIx 1y1y; tW DIMyCs-183 Iy y9
-Y taiSD-iayn1D 0 t10n ,y98'1p8'ny 1y9719yt3!750 ;1 tp31DB

tB'18 3"n")1BJ I). n03D-Dj3yv nyr pYlU =31.YP50YaS yWi-IN
-'Y 3IyV"I D4'I ,IIN iP'5'5D 5011-1 S tD' 6 iy-i 17 n p
i m11 Ty0 ti" rT pi 1'7 ,' t13zy9 Ytip "-'ix3 pW ,53
- 3Y viy'it'yDm t'i i"D inD l9ny- .,;1Yipyv=N K tiynS t3
,YP3r13yn Ip ny1^-ftu'it3 I' ,DrY10pytpy-{D8o pj p'jn
I's 5q yt v'Ivyt3vcs NtI I PN318 TIy3 ; nqDp ,Vyvtty^l
DyDytBy m ,9y0'in 11P D'li' y3ywl) t3, y '1Ks jW lY3aDmi'I
.11y-5'-Dtay3 1% NY0oYx3 p ptbYvI Y vrqDt3 oSp pNs
,yisnDy -T Dyq.i 0 D 1t ,wz13v-%i5 yBva ts yvs
Iity)o'ls i yj"t m0j1B31 yvity 1i',' ,yty''ymng ,ywVY'
-5'vi3yy.i ,ytyIi's"rBni"sny yDbnn ;-it'sin 5'0O pisnliy
Pjtsib pI n'O ,D IV3p Vi-PN yIN spV35 i yL'A'PSc ON
n38533'1,'i 3 yi851 n ,y1pV1i lD1yti ,Vyi3y ,V3I ii ,CPn
Tinr" psV Ij'i33'01i TMn p14i DoY 'i5 w5' 19"!
y1k3Drm ,1 .11'91 W4 -'Imt-00 72 0 p0 Dy' Y=It3 .S y
(i315-.VIty iD DYi Yino) n5ivw- tin ssinis-mr Ipa
OID !n 1 y1 1 5Y js LWIL'sTi '1 ps iy8i rr'VuB'zi
v1y ?Y i .rYi JIB lvY" yvnti5v1 YY -3vus p1s l 'is
-YV U4 Dtj 11in T1N 0t31 teI4vIni (tmvi 850) p,)'tp5,
flq'D5 5wr81 g U'D ''l iy3ns itU .tUiym pip 15"an [,353
mnlftD -Yuris' v Y3192)b n yy^ p9 DY-lisi iY ri mi n'N
tpv; Jta3un2 VDDb^n3rL OipDD[lyny iyo "T U,1 1I'B t' s
-J 301S nlb f DIb-IS 7I't 1tpt NjjSi-j .5n-' t"p 15mSt DtiWT,
ps TS ,D'IN tDMIp ty y35y1l t0,5 ,=1yS9vm YVltY13 1 UyI
04It 1!:103 py yW1,p'I-3I-nY ps ^sIN DID"-319y ,ln11
,Is inq5 !mnm13 vIvIm =,Int3 300-200 s trn5 53n 1D
nyl tl"i t=y5 Dy Y3Z5l ps ,1.ymijn,3 LZ'I Nyj o3S) ps
-'3 ps Y,'s3p1 s ,ylb7 iD 'n11 ,y 5,ID i5 p tin n,1y N
-'3P, 15 n y Iz 5 1;3"i DoytvrQ'un' E 15'P : PTS VyI1i
-JqP IN -coyn3t Tps nswist tnV5 Ins ; ]nqllyv n-Tr 'T
0 ps ps 15y9l0l n T 1ps **pr Iy~n1 9y1 ,TIY3857'Y81*^o3 y
-onvs la 5t1 yvetro tD t aDny Dtn DqIn ,Bnn s ing ,3mym
.Q,'33v y3y?9D5Dp twi'ly IT iD;8n3il
m='IDV10la 1 Iyrpti =ylg py .yr

itB yVn1,y31 ys xs ln 'It U,: 5tp Oy 0tii 1t$53r'it 1
-' lay1 T 0310 Y's p tI xpo IDYR ,bitDT IiIn's5Pis mr
.5ylupm IyJy3m piyn tUyn iy359yl ,'Ia1iy-m111 11p m'3)I
.iq',-n-yN5tp i'tpn ps ij, ,tpm n TO jtp

nU'2ln aNE9 .17 e

a3TS )1118W)I'PT s 1 pI'i l r

n 5n ri- 3niy It1 Dan tnq D-I ,a-pDis y vy'r B pi T r
pta 50nBma "I ITI ivn IBjvp ms nItyam m tm; ^ 10 5,S'yl
.yt;pi p0IY utv ,QImD w3y Dyll -yv nps' pv9m vn5 ,W 71p
97Ug't~ j"P vq0l ,Dmb' V)01v-7 mv tI's nI5nY ,vyvtD
~yrli TIN t .ui1in1D'=41 N tpy D1I tW'3t smm n rsa'IXr'
cvy lit Iply Iv-V -l ipyl nv) rn 5j jIN'ri nu~mm ptmr
091 1pa tBt3 1P1 191 \f 3y9y53 ty'13 ps8 nn37 En 3s it
1p311 p 31-1 pt r t 1 ,up 3p liD 1 t5803y',3M p
INv wIy y P lit OMOPIS IN5 Y-',v5m oq-I nv np5qn lv"I7 .11E
pI1s vli pim oy-is T m -wiron= ny1 3 ,pvi 5'-=m 'ty p"1
VYI1I 31 Ia iYD 11$ 1y' DS1YW1a5siS yLSv j-iq3 T'K Tp1n
,7y3't t j3"n 10"11 -I TD nNs .1yDoyIIW psK y-p-1I3 y1y"LD
,"o1i yD'in 11)1 .oq3Y 3 t' 1y I1 ,IyIy'Is I t's J'nm3 1yI T1
-ytmDn ytaD3yT l yn DSI 5I yoI y rii psM p'.;3,vis DmI DqII
im-813 "I rim iqn pa VI1 i ,? p 1'n'i-yn Iyyw r rylp
1y9 p1 ysscins 1p1 ^mDMw y9iyDy190a 7y 11 1y9Y' ti'D B"IB
*1WS8 P" Syn ,mm 8191 ry nvy0y ,93y19 DI .yrImp y-1p13
9vK t;ism ri pwim'ni nj1 n ytm180 p11 is Yispi m'Di
tDimyo DS 11' "3 TS Iy3s ,t3tn-3yon -P1 yiYT-.19449 Iy'
t305," DSp ,Isew-tD"y IvIP rYIl tYy1uMt)IYt y n'uD'D't3&E
iles TS ,eD-Y Wa ton thw e It MwnIo petwsuy paD BY iis
U41"t7i7s pIVI ps tIN 5nlsoY ?3 Dyl yv9sqi f IM ps 5m' n.1st7
U33"xyn "n wmpit tviyi m'5,n D'ony5ni J1im08 n,1a .1tyiy
-yui 1i ,Jim mnmp yx:s 1p o'ls10 uo ,nmDinv-rvRs yv,, uio
-nix 3 1y 1 D oby -'imum YDym'vm iyDn y90i9m 5vIW D3D,1
oiy~ ,0y5t3 ni myi yl7 5 1tin .Ds'l l YxjtvV6 yq- I'm l ipn;mp
Sn 'yvim-i wLy-mvnD pit Divy -Yuvmy'T-i uYmt m 'us ivi,
-"ty7 yvi'niioD j ItrtiD'-in 1A ,jyD'o p-D131 uY9 S jtst
5B'ii ptI mWO;iiiD jiy95vnYo Tv15 DOv) nyq3 PS by
-itn nq ,pinm ti 3pt$ myt j:yWi 15y'l v Ii Y) vyaEiqis pm ITS
pW 3m0 myr pryi 1iyx Ym13m Y DIm pip tD,3 15,m ptsnis
tinv yi pIn Dm'Y13ip0p YiYI31 y508 .D3:Yvn irum'
lityuiyDs n w15 .ninyvin yr-I'3iy-B?5 pi pi53
MqI ,(o** Dym3ap -i'm T YWsp-yo DH3 13"m 'tSmDW1-a
ySB41'S I;DtlB13P-'YS3 (W p1TW t1i P'OtDItQb Y3yl yn-lyTtv ,t
: ing ImtYaDiN 1943 Tio mIy
t3ns3-iD s.\yN D? o ,y5 ;i DtI 0 n -yvtDnyt) 'I l
3nv ptpn ,07n-iB oytvon yly"? 1yis D'wyt -I 1T1 1i1ny
.1rm t!5 '10 5tB'n s DID 8 Tiyv Dzy5vy,1939 pm ,nmnm5o yi
noylytvnr9 IT p$45,1 "11x Tiy3 I 3{in 5tY 7lytqi1 I.V7 tp
ps ;nqnvyi tts5y3i-is lyv3t mine 180 mnn : avwe5a D5t
-nt) nv vi3y -Y053Y pm is 1Y91Y5 Y-5ri"i yesNaivi)

li30 Op ,nipim lita Balt e3 1 iyi tBay ,BtyPPi (*
.1944 ,nijimp
:Il imn mPyrBmupiB (**
Hitler's Ten-Year War on the Jews .1943 ,p1q' 11

1944 ,y ] z Y 7 '~ o

l1i 123B 15'7iy 1 T YtD'Ii i y Y31 '13 I si it ')11
-m"io P p1'y Dinl ,-1.3v- Y3wn1BZ' n193 p.l I1
yin Im"5n rys J? DynV 1:1nn .11Muo j3n 15as INii ,ygs~i1^
-lDy1TNID n' -ln1 ID'm YI wI31 1 j 313 15p lilt y '
? 13 818Dn
l11it 1 5'"' D'rl t TL1 ,v1'71inv I3'y3y TT tin D92
p11a tinml)yyn 5s 1l13D'I v1Il mp" t7 13i n1t $ TDti T-1 7-
I't TIni Y3xYn ,vn W yt1Bywv-nitD "3 .ji inSIND'I
t53N8'^Yt3 0 Cin 9 Do' tn3vYj3'DW nn Mi -in Ina 1 IX
mil 5,'mP) jki's3t < iE1 ipip ty= s n1n \IN p'ttEDMIN)s3
Iy3'i m 'i1 TtT LII 3 lyj1W1' m yIy 1D 1itWv n J'lz
,-5m l D0Imys DMyT' is s4 toD il1? tn pD 3 1vi0 JID '1 Y3
piyI 1-I 3:,IN< .t1-3in 5pt31 Dyv11 mr VT 15'IN DjT3In 8 jt3
Yr'ti9'0YU ilt71W in13N iK 11p a914 i IK 77c -@^ 11p
1 tI ~ I B l iiYI : YO iY9 V3'?11 JtDa VT l 1 o pt DIl zYi i? 131 -1i I'S t p y y DT m'11 t t1 ,11it 13;373
-q'D mvT ino inTi 52 yrvat.vnsm i, pnn s t1$ D1-Y ,1928

1I ;71Y 'D3PI'I 11Z 1 1N In N ,ttI7 3i3'I1 m ? Ivn Iy

-Dait<'Wi 11VYDn1 Ls It) t a $ IS974 w\171-7 DyN ,yDv 1
YWv- y"3 )K uw y) 9'i' 1 ,nIvm-180nnvi 1ny- ,m13
in 11i n'13 in TIN Dn1 ; r svN3a-D 1 yltD V, 1N'1D' Yt
,p~D It'I^ p313 Y!h'Iio ,1im31PDD'l1 nvYiDll1T1 ly)';;
ilypn0 1i t$B8tpjy3 mn 1uy97513y' ynj-a 11p m: )y 1
-pi .q3m$1i0t? Dymr "W piy"a-3'' in nimtsm -i uo pt Tit
'-ya oy DyTN ,DTmW15n 131Y-no 11p 43n ynq83 n j t0" ', in

ywumt'ino-I pB' l Dnit8 'In-n JPB y5t$1 vD'isY tP 151tv wil
i.v91ma lis 1, t EQt)I 5N1t791 tin y5sl '3DIN 3 ypivi 108 11
1990t ts ,?t 't"? vill 5VII Y tivn 73'Dn W18tl7
[ID L i lvylb f''tj y l8stq 3 TW t'N y3 9yV pai atin 90nlK 1
11) tyin-m11inv pa tIaytYD i1Y pi 'n 15pyii bn1 ,ITIN
tyny. :I W "i 3 ;'1yie Iyv'' ,jtpB 8m't3Dy 3"-r3 PW 0 non0
n'I t3A 3! I~utiBD 1y9'ir ,t3C8n ps< ;pt3B7-1y13K 11 o9y
'f 11 iB703D8 l tmn13 y9? tDD IIb p1T tiLi 1y19o .?iy ay
'ty'nYn v1i t3'l 1nsuntYa Ps ny t8 1vy -my' WIr 11 nix oim
D1Tyy IN11 ,IVtD9)o y=.y3 yv90o"tD p tin3 D15n3nYotpin
'11 ty).3 ) Dy jvyD ;3yjiinv1 D9 i 'li DpyIY 1,its pI 5Dyn
pW I'T pyrKs?3 iV ;ti 3 Dv,) 1in l npiT'I1N ..1n4t-U3L3 t
n pW yt'il s Y1ip83k I ItD;'iyi Iny1 "I tim1 ,5p'II tNv-It N
pW 1Y9t1 ,$''tsi3 ,Y3'tij3y9i ,yi1389 ,ttlit0E yt9rjOW18B

33913nyi0nD' I tin mism3 1yI 1" Dv'3 pt ory Dnlio 'n11
1aM pW N D0O yDina N i;3 yS toynY ,Iy3uy ry3Yi'tiD W m
-qp3y .-inyv1i-p'i ynti IK p13DB0sn 31:1 igy Il
-D5y tSnW4 tyy iy11t pnn Y31 -1 ? '11 ,D3tIK ITI 1-7B L
tilIi 1titPly p' 11 MIn p1y1 .osm v, 5JT 1 wn tpii.nmn 8m
-Dt'IN t3Ui3'1iy3DiW ,1?1YN yvt'WN ymtontisD DCn n1
5tV ^II ,w$1 .pIiYuyN8 ps nm3-?5oy3 rYvt,,N yryly
*'x j3 IPK pT"$-pt< Qii y3y95ty3^DoiK 1T jyoipiy3i<
nyn3yn 1I tin D5%1nIyaw) I' t3jD "i5i t Yn ,y5nivnm tuItoBpq
tm5n tvilt i mil ,Y I % "i IB .vYil't& 1.yvvDnnpvy CW 0y

-"D 11P ti'ipW'i 1in pjy (yn ?O pri m^ s/DDjY'1 1
Pjts? ,ii0nn11D isn ? i 0yatvis uy090 Dtyii ,aiainpW< iE7t5n'
;'ptn U trn 1)3 ,on-j.\y09ipD 1n par mmt-is-Dvit1Y' 1-i
tjit Dyv pi) 15'0n (*.nre3 j15'o "11 nmnsri 5:5 tia r3'p
:1nn p1ym vojiDyAi yCD9Insnn'D n1vnNji1 pi ")ImP
5D'3 13 5 q y9 -iyt 1V 311WJPIN vvwanBy' yryIvZ'N l it
,1;38-j 3"t3yn>'D 1'J 'iyVi-3 yiy"t r4 5 n '11 YDv "^ J"I' uW'3
tDjpv p:14 D0r p^W 1518 JK ,^ .Y35 Y n0IDt 10 n n'v 11 ;
8 '1) 1w9i2'i0 Usy3 09tBimtSnt (11 h Ytayii^D t~yi ($VB C
.P'lr yE9 WII"BK W Y35 pl0 tpa nYn
-im -%n Dn-Sntc I'N IvniP 1iVYI tpv1l Y"In'^-isa '"
,, D't ni r91 IN Yt3pi n 3mEy py< On=n 'vYWuiaqD l
Di~'ti5 (1- i'ia899 y1'iss- : Q^^Q0 y7Wii (9y^^Q1 '"*
pa ;'1''-I l9T3 it 9 I : v5: n v'v7'N sWay qD 9Y,5n "IT

-1i ; Y9 s3y11 PK Y'i s1 ,1iy91y9 Y9ty3 ,;)v NvDvuDs11a
,lju;y3 n -I7p ;3n1 p5Y3tY-D'' t5m fIa (1 'nn1 EY'7103tp
5811N Q"3 ,y354- ?m Y ,nia >'tii "It tU- non5o '" plt -tWs ,18tiDD~srp) t1p31a'99 yiytiyntY s ^ ,97'tID'T I j"i W l1
Ing1 YDn' t ,.3nv Jna',N I N I't tr") Dv ; (.i .N I8tD'py3
\nyvY prD o t ? "t tyil DT)) ,innn3 Tn P1v>D'IN 19Yn PI''S
DtTt3Y3'p3 I'T1 PYt83k TW ,D3nn -1iBt3?yi1t D -19 1 O 1iY11
N "1^ -1BBK 1nN ,01P PW ,1Mt-?)-T'3 pTW ,5S.?INUiYD
;141 09 t1 p t yn B"pPPEDWiK'ii yj^344) i .y'itU''yD
1i n1 .1it'tNpBD YU'300Y Otysnp to tyiU3m n^1 ?1 T VN
7'Tsn D 11n t 3DSiuptsn

DvII ,D'tU'i ns3 .TT7Kt7T-'t3 p^ tJ;Y 0 iiY3ot>u 'IY W

is t Yn ,Is Y y-pI'IIn yVuriY'lv y-yIjT nyT iS 'Ni D! -111 1111 tPN ,1011.v ni jn)90 v 9t41:,n W 50 0

-i-ytI tytvi tn i ;3Yi y) y-35yt Dvn ? t'3Ni34 tD 15 n00B9p
." I71YV'Y'I p0 v t19 t0 )I D' Uvn-
-^S iia 13D'in hy- ~\yt T ,tW' r Io 3Dis1 "t D v
.itM^3 t' N -11-7 v11 y5 I nvw in io01p1i> 0H IT1W v Wi
1yt3Dy- n1v ti'n ;DYi'I 1 'l'ss 1nn30 yv 't3y~ ND -I p19
-{D8O 1yyTWK 8 fia opyWs9 ysDU ipy1piii 1 yW iyjy
PDD K (4 s t t3 11 ,wi '915 lyty W "lyD' ) f; pa i''i4t yt3
tjojan p s i3 j3 1D t tory n D(^TI pr Q'I'l't^S I y^nnmDl
upt S3Y113DtiW3 tI911 I 1993Dv IvvK 9x vvo1W tin 9
jtwwY) "I j' pD"52 IV jD'os m 11 5.vi'i mp .wv 0n nwvw'
ti(y o)I inv ,tDVIW N'1 ly)DYv "T 111 18310?C-NJtgYD D t1P
,Y3'i391p 1yf1 ,13J8?1Duit p'p I't t19Yp1Woi h

y951 n Tm1 1 N3 ,11t W P Dy t3Yi DIf p1.p UI013N e3rl Tmiyn
-J!?P i9 4tin^u9 i11 DPY>ti 8y i .33w'y~17 191 pa 'ttU
taTm -I JpI l nx 11qI3 DIVt 1 o =11 9Wt15Y1!>D ItB y ttytiY
pjnp't mv 'NS3 D'I1N 4D ? Dt"VII J t'N v'bIayI tJ)3ns3T1L ?u Q
w t310n'lyo ?Y153''s 3 Yo 't-5t1mi w "i sl D11 .lntmn- 11i 5t1
Dn1t33W"9 v 7sit'mP3 PruS Ts il W yt3 -iBm.lwpl y58 1 &
Or olunwnK-a vil ly~~s Inn llI N ICYWI1IBN n YX'nEI
t'K ,9 E 0pr y9'-winyt3 YDvonuY)tY34P sr 1inti nyv
{T"113: IV 7i31

1ItMP1 tI'MIpRIV 1W'i D0l ,111H 1,800,000 'y1yn n i1 (*
1k'5ln K np2'l yyn2pyns O irim- ,=aMm nrtyayrnr i in.V
1'm Jim T:b-Dt i pt< I'm yfyv nonin lyi V K^ ngo pJ$ Cn C$1r
yptoeipa nl pB 1 InK tI ,iByn TOKm .ym lV H TI'm 9s ^ yr'tayirnn
-spn ,VP1lKMDp ,yrl'I)pIK ,1nmcD11-D-01 ,Dy1 Nar1$ 11B rv3y'BvIl
.nyna" n 121 5Us YDIII'YV 8 gyV inp9op'1 yB 'iB81 JN pi'll

7 371944 ,r-yI

7Y7uy' ya91'T1mtU 7 T1 p 'Y )I1BW9 F3YinBaoi ,711'pn
"MD 9rWK DtistiNg tpt n131i3Q n1 iTyln 13K318a-isB1-t1yD pa
b)' P1D33"'M-o1sniTr paD n11111 ri 4 ,nI11D' Yin9D' 1K'2

fit -iym0in in-m),O ni U',15 pIyn uprt5)y: my5nis vvmop
.v3nv iW'?m;3ts>v-I1%IK Ti pUn ,~I m% DPIB ^aisny'snjuilon
-J BD1D t 3Y0 ft)ty) 8 'W11T 1ia D a'tsiy iy-uy1 Y9139
.n i5 li 9 ;a-is11) YD'IK y 183tCyby) 11 a-YI tt391 y^

'-Y:j3vmpp3 1i9ty: spa 1-74N t i'I n1n1n'I ri 'nuiVtZ;

.intio 1 ^ s T1n p1Y11 itDviiYD'-i 1181 l5Y11 DY'sit3 It DD' t
-m315n n- 'I 1 nv1il tii 183s yo91p83 I11D 15.is yc tsv 1 0'

-i'"?3 yo! t3y t'1W 9Yai3's T19tT s)4S 1i t33Y1 DO 1lYn1 t39Ya^
"bHD Tt'raiio 31 'sioW pW tD ,y58ip 5 "D ,tY3in QD I yI-1

paT t [i 1pa;^'IK3s ? alks Jii"Dsn ys'tin Il

JVnit3'I nywTW pi Dns 3!in5 v5s'Dpsm va'Tof St
noi C miy ,vmt:tD1vi=9$a 51y1 pippD1i uyll y nrf n ny- 1j3
YI p10 33m'8Bn71 y-iry13 y1V1 tiin v tipj3191utin 1 ,9W'BBqi
TI 1ty ty 3 nDnsa .nn0i5 Iyi Isn yat> 'N p^N yvnr1-j'1,
yvezq" 1;i IptiDpyBDiyra yw'vSv JiN Y'ls5vo jtyll nyvn
'IK : I1'D83mYD58 sTs IV tyoip mny tin ,minnf .V71 I ts
t uyn n7iyy5si"N-319y 5310 pW PW139) yBW11a>Pr
,Vt 'Dy py p1a V yn t11vi< T'1 '5 i m3T i 1' p vU'.Iy
t33 TD'1< Y t y tyjt1ym13t ,Dyl3175 l? 1u5 'm B t1v IB'XY1 D
,ya8-ia Y1970W iy7 p n 3311"5 '1y3yosp'1D ;IK -yu3y0iy3 K iA'

lUrW'3 TW ,%1$11 tPaPD T1yIl JD'Tly)D' U 1 3 fty DPltV a 3'f1
}IB 3312000' 1939042$10 yytp 7 1H3 !'iQ t37l 331Dtj aa p"0
.CIP lYi my" I1vD 15'* "Y3I ,1rT'1
-Yt tunD PVig mt4'T't p1 T YDY-D1 ylp3i13 yti'n"DIN 'T
.,Vt03)Ctit 1 .V I 1 lit Dt 11 ,Dyjp' 1yt T u p pi 7 ts3 y
191 paf y9iw3Ey 1y9 pW rYPNYi YuDY ity7 3 '1 ,Qty17x a T
qiua ItiyD3NDJ Iy Iu In pr tiDnoYi twI DV' ) p ,Mtwrn ,wNy
tIK n iy '1'1 t3 mti K -ip3 pa iyo y t iyi ty.V .-p1sttyoo'atS8 ii
'9t 97 2W54 iyyo uy'jIt 9i~a t17 DV tyiW D ,Dt1 iyilN ?

.ty'tbsaKD pI' DW'3 -]in PWK $t D!>in ,3tIwn w y193y413NY2y
t3"it3 t9Wyn "1X t T'W toy) tt' I psYiPK P Ipa 1a5y Io 'Y9YI
i8B pj3D Y0D3yc'py-nti 1 1I D Ivr li Tpr ui 'Im By"I
, 9^l: 5n IV 'Nl ne -1 $ 53 TyINt -r W y-= .P1,V t1in TK -7 U
Ix '1 .13838-i-tt3y11!D 0Y' ylnn 7y91Y yty'W 'Bi;81T' 1-mt o

I'. tinI tr Y'mPyI1 jn ',pyn crsli 9-Y W 11UW 1UY t y 3'1s
ftO"N3 '1 3 IyY 1Yn3y y958 s 'IK ,y 1pixB'Y In 135 i
PWK n5 p ao t'B813y1 tiDMn D41 ,y'1t'8Np mYr yInTy t3DIs

jIt I31EKP'IY10 'IY'1 fD 1719 bYBY t a- py prD 11
,yjsy l) ,I5'1 'IBi nI1u ,I yJyfI pm Iy)tSDi'py 11 ai YIsn3
"'imyv "n112 ;toilY 0niP n 1lyp pt< my1 y1-1Kp I83 pin ponli
,Yy1a i83 TMI tppiqN3 t3nsPinT YJt' nI .mnl103

,tUsut3E1f813 13'IP rIs 11n a 33 vyi3n pT JP' 3 305n tV')
-I t '3 156n v n JN jsYll ynt It ; to3no-DD y33' v rl -i
,3 In B'IN 71253 n3o P'p ,Bi00p y L3m -1 jup 15'-s 1P s3o
91 pa0 t1Yiy9i93 ,(j03 Dby Iymp19ixW B''n3 5p0Dt }p"
-t tiW'3 19-3)Im3' 13 )1 IY 9\1i 1 D' -t1Y53) yDD 31,yp

- "B.ST"S p Ws '-Wp1tiip pna-v0 vt8i5 rvmn
,'r c uv j j IV IPI J'np IVT tI )f p5vynlT 13r)Pv y
'31B y98 11p *13BD11 tB94'130!l? 0W"3 8 I10 y938B'1< 18 143
13 I;T) ;IB 3tin iiDD^'-n n 1 T taYn W11W .n3yi 8-7
,'3 )1y t1'ii 3)o1pY i t D3 11,P Y17 ,toyt 3Dp iy ny13p0vo8Tb
WK 9^5v 3y)T'13 Y3Y)I3yT ixy ,3I11 StS3jy'tT3 3p [Wt'1K
7y9yr -i^ 7 T"K 1y? fY93'"ela*^6 on11 utnl'1 ?iI'n 3 Iym ,YYt8 t"3o 1 Yt') yn1y .nDn50

5W oy5y3W7 D?11 jtByn 1 N3 Yn3Yn i Yyt3m 5 D1 ip 1t3 n1sm3
193? Iy5) rIV n IIB D'll 1)1 it afiBaIp= 1 1ty tI'15 .iy3 DIV1
"iVy 1 v t'I t15?9 P'1P v5'?i Y siiB In y3y5tas'iy 1y3 n1
- $13 nvI1 ,PT? IYnri'1 V i t11) DvYm -yI I"3 TD'i? n
-ino t1 'yi I'I yoYyty1n I 3 V1 ,3o1?n"p TpI T n1 ,313") a1
t3i8DtyWD'WIK Q'3 0n ,t1yoy5s j1i fpt 1'8 iy7 1I ,t) ?

-3) p1yi y'1171py IN .a ) ntip' pla ,ypiltD1 py135 t YW'ts

,n13- 1 1 plit T3 iin I n '7 i) 1) 1 Dt11 b Y t ,iiyn1t3'
o 1in14 1L Oxy383B'I Y13Y33^-1 y Ym 1 t tin I9 DV '11 UIpV 1
.1v81 lit v97'61 -Iynjs ;(? DOI n3B'nit:a >'Ip U3409 ti
yt'nfpK tMY 1z3 n 10 i a 3a'i 1nip's n v 'Y1Inmopy -yv
-iy3W i 0nyc10 j ti'D (1j 31i8B p(-t "TIS Wyas n0 \yi'?Q
T'1u .nnriD' Yv05ty ,yI ju 139Y iItDovjPy li mprK ip '13
yiymy-iy 1iy33y v3Iy 7 1p ? pyI t37y93y uil8 '-1i ti6 3 61to
Inon9o J y: T 7IV ty^' "t ny35IIy TW ,I3y i ttj(1 3 py p1a
P'ni txi3 wr o Dy .gty1 psD i p I'n tB D'yNpy 1.Y lq Tn5lyn3
,"-iy$13y 19y1Yip ,mD.33-i "YWI^,, y9W'Wiy5D piy11 Dww
Vily1n3'" xy M1BvW; YUYmtY pn0 3n ruix t?1 P 11Ny W P1K
y5? 113ynK1ixIt n3j5vo ir1n 31in 1y4 jtlt tyn Dy .prtun
-"i' 8 I1>1 W n7 rs ,19ty^'o yS3Ey4s'xy8t'.i{ yx383 t y3v Iyno1 ,vSqto'tyin1 1s1 pa1 unlv yiyl pm 13y11r-
IWK .Dl't''DYD'JtC8 3'Z15 t93F801 pt t1i pn8v5 t P ,-mYi'3pY1 pt T 15119 pr ,Dmt3yo i ta;s

.06yn pT1W .jy33imoyym1iS Y5Y1tD1i3t Y''ir- c pW n 3 b o mp
9 I'l p1yj1yt3Yt3 pW 1yty3-is 'nl pIy11 tyo13y0Dist Ta18
ms (D' 11 A 'Unsvu ml ,Iti tin p"Ily VW y 'T TWN I'mr3i3

t3i'53n3nrv n,51 1K uyn 1 in y I 9 'I90tvi Dnjv' rin q
J'N JiN .It S ?^x 1ya 3 t1a I 151 ti N nluvvs s I n-Isi
ti n D 11i ,iND yUDn t33lN l ;ii p7 J, n3 0-vy 1 sIy i ,I ^on
-S3 T'1 D10 n 11W 9 2 yUt3t-ini3ms TK n^ TS ,iy)Iiy 0-113
1Y^ tIB ojYxiB 4 t$ie ps) ta 1t q,1"',T '- t1' tJIN ji yB
-Ya tn 0 033 imN pWsn y13jn0 ps ,3n11yp5yBs3 iytIV7
1nv- tin'T'3is 9'qiz4 1 in o 1YN ) 3 .(3- s5 Dp ta'ip mD-Yt3
VYViIs ; MInTt3I Vtptopp ItN v'YspTS5xp yv'seW yn"in3 g
tI'D "I ,113 nt ,nD ,n 1yn tuiriq3 Tani 15ty1 ;uDt'oYpl-ny
,"10snuls1's pN "^'I agg

1944 ra1D 3 z w 7 '" jt

ny ; 1 P) 1np71s y pyr I 9'i 1 mnlI 'm 1 t-iq)V jvy^'1
-D'_ N 11\s y# ,Yo- j 3v 11 ,l11S { 1g p1i I' P nonm5n iy
y;wu)5?t pit yryBD!$n vyt DD't1ins IN p1:.v5Y IV tynipy
-nlvnn IptiDryB3 lit 3nn73 tnlyiy lrn Ts ,ItY5P ?tI by
N Pt 11y-i'y5 yvW'WBFti.n-rm n p5 j v t5 py? '1n rT
ti"Y' nv m .vv55inW m ~ v pa p1ay "'0iav
Y-513tfl ,DY3B Y'F 5iis pa tJtnW'n t1in i 91D 1'p ;1 y'
t'y$1 Ptow 15v'iY11 nrivYin -i 2 m,;m ''t3 Y 'owq IvN Ctijis
iyP cntsyi risas YnvY5ri3 .sn135 fit w'it383ny83 n
ri0n r' IiW pns otfi j,10os't n nin nq pnii tvi'TnvrT1s
tsK w1n .iYti yui8 PWK Qi'yz& nv 1 ,yDlYi1 -t"18B1
t? n531i5 W'i'S!?t',K-n iti n ntp sa' $n tI ,ailrnn 'y3F
5(5 Tn 7 jitg .Du-DP V& I DV U 1 T"73 V V "FVi PDy i
5"I J, 1i311 '1v'Fiii iuO filjv t I-ir it p5PF i3 i $
prtm yn vyj n pIus'tny Ii{ us i O<-mtt y ; pa I' a Di 5m11;
jiPg a tnv tjn YuInpin 1yN pnYn ynynyr'm Yn tn minin

Wri r'iWp niY tn'5 l 1x3r 'i VY Iv"3 11i i ri
191 ti'i n1'3138B 33y 193t' PW13H1UtD-ltui^D' I p m)e'
-y'9 98'Ytfi rT 10 fpa t p't3$1;i 1y3y95y93 W 1iy'l 1i 3 YI
i's 1y10 ty.'ii nmzfi yvy^5T'"N-mai3mn "I :'m .1wiytp
pI" pI p? D 'lI ,F3 11-;, ts ;t-i pi I= tp u jns IF
,pt pa t1n oy-i tiyn1v n,13iD Y8 t nt ,nt3 Y Dvn 3n iDy
II nyT 1 ('lK15s DI!'I p il m nu13 yIyj'xpYsP y 'n Ts
lit mrWW 1,N'3i tN n1vt 135yn pW 3p1 ,typtr 8B .nYmtvm
is lvyY33 Pnt,5z Y7y'nD iI0 1 tyyi'i ,3iiSa-isat0thy ;
is vW uli s "T 141V 1I58s D)1 09i ,DII P 17'OyIu i;D-l tSn 8
'DP5n ytwn13 KI3n TW n ,011 np S3 u-i M Dn mysvi I-;D
v'is ;3rn -yiv%.5-jspm gll InC n Yv19 nri ty5,is ipa oDrs
";py y iynzyT'*^ -ir7 Ym jyit nyDyDnnis 'IV [tn3mtD'IK
-s^y^$D p"I'mn'ni3 m3y l DnL jw: n 31yiy't3^a tix yvvnt
nyrv5: yvtrnp 11n IItB ID nP y -9lYPKP i .-3o5 IEvtDot
iyv3'i^''ys v3yZuDns=-im ,K'i s wnn u;'K 1,N ,in pvW Imy.
-VDW'YE -1 lit On t I' 01D 1 vIC11 t1'rK P- iYy)) I 95
.y3yx8 nYtv'v1nK ny pa in t ypjyvWni7$ns w'nnYv p1K sDnO
"ts o tm- iD wyn3?y yWnu "Bin"hi-mr Op t u8tsvnD ">
1ti upnu1sT38tn I'In 1 '13Twt13' D'win-11n pN 1i03NnD-jtuD 1
y3 TP D0m 11 ,pwTy y P i DY '0i) tDpji ,y'tinptE ty r 15y 1 iyI
-3y5 y?8 1 p tW ,t''yii 11TW p'Dtip9n1 P tsaj1 'iY n1
ytztO w II ,YD1%' 1y yE'irD 1tDpoyI r 1u-iy t3-ir9yaiNM lytsu lyi
Y0Y0tii) qTIW t(W ;DE"-DPiltD yuDDu'^a n1 tritis \ 7 T

-1sn;-y ay li mr W m i tIN)lp 1yn; 50 Y 9 0 s o
yrnl'iP'y 1 **piK H'"D N5, ly pY'n,, yttwnB wK I Y'tI1snp

,nDn'-it j1 p1t1 P'tiN piT u 1nv 1 ivy3yp' i 5 11 -yi im .Ya D sin
33,1D MY 'Ilvilb mD pYII ylvpsy-i IN n 1-1 .yBPI.' "K
QWS NsO.),,P opurwyw flit mr- YnsBt )-isn T InN upiI

m$1 pfN IW' paW ? 0u3m0np y11 9ya3 Py B Dt'I< vyiYtIK
itv ,ap3B' 't jtutyruC nris 1n B p 352 D IT,15 n; tNna
-ms tin DuP -i- : Inn,5n rmnr-m ynyuiiN yy3"j^j pm
1i8B tosp PW mnima 8 v ys yitjn 3Bvnn i tinx wtot p 1B ly
I11B I tiUDyB83 1IM1 'I(?b t mm non 0 yi p91 tny)3 1'y^3 my-T
.non05 nyi 1tt) oynai8

-qnrl p'p ;yo trp lyw jg om bYlD'ituisSp y 1151 '"1 D'D Ts
-"yi yi nsB-p'nnst 5 'Fn n sm .tyv in'isn oW"j Y Uip
1in1 3Minnn JyIv' ;yilya x nvn-0y11 wiytayy in1 ~) IPV )y
DISwwy tntri "Yit1pSDn,, 1T 'It n 111 .DI/tsIb 1 mtr9nnvvns1n
-'D113 .E33N3ss t0li 1 I (1 T ti'np3yD9p~ i' i1 n lptyiy)D''is:
,'t"si y3 yDnyi ,,' ,jyniB 'w v-Y131vn-ms ; v3yF iyv U 1i
"-W~ yt1,, Wy~tyn ps mn'n II 'riDi n .'nD'Xnp yi p51
1yS1y' y 'y F191 ]tf3 3i 1 y t5 y 15yr3y95, 8 ;iiy13 \yI r5
.mai50 YiyuDltUsB 'n D01918?5y9 590I^ *t 1 TsnT
y5-sp'o n PS Fni? r1' v 5 Yv'i' s--mm Os ltF Y 'i p
.m3ytj3Y p 1y3Cs ;B'IS yuDt 5ytw9DN sT Inly) 1npn'T1u31K:
qII ,D1-'I m!B li3t jr3s8 3 TI nliypvysm 1wl lit vnsn "7
.r'tsN-my iK pnn 3o'?i n5m5 tDDy~)ip.rv P it;y O ? Iml
1si ps ,IYynm psW pK Is jig 5sa tan -Viyps n n11, Ir
-w'y' yUDsP L IV -yy yu i5" v-s583nii ps y iiso pts pm'ig
-i ns watpyna i a t3aw uv F I tan tq ,'IY B Vi .ItIns;i -
1Y wtnwvI pIynY PS mnm ypv 1 03i5 ?1p tint mmD in 'Iv
mymT y3"t m twi ipna ,15-jitns5pvy s nsa t'B Dn"3 w tYin inT
'-w 19 1a ."'Y1t31-1es,, nin I yt"' n jig Itps itY hist py^)
-mi twtyniy) FvyJ5 Vys"a? ins-niTv 'F ps tfs os05p'
y"3.yvyn:is.n IT .-ytc' V5'5w vN 5ps s ) PIB toYVyi's
Tis I a) y5r5n m2s)w V1'K D,,.1zv793 t9tDI uqm nIYv l I's tplj

-?Dytfi ,ytt'ii^3 i1 j' '1 .TmIN yp 'ia IY 1 9IVY"? DFIV v
P 1' 19'Iy'3y'y iY i tP ,1FypCFB 3-DVyflV 1y1?3? 1 IP
3flY'X"F"r wrfl7 'F uz'k l Y'miO'1O w inl1t'lIUW '
t(FY'yaD39I tY'Fm toWV tF FYiDl 0IDj' 'iI .t3"p t rW'3
Kns tMusirv DuW, tinqi n nt )i 5,,11 ,inp s '11 nY'13 aIm
in ps tnin y-ioINb i1 1tis1 Ym11 .1ip1 iV D0ilI
-')N 5wD' bDn i .-'w 1',p p' T wtfpyl ti 3 1 i193n3i' y -T'I'
tYnipm'IN Ipv'sm tp viqn tDn FYYi'n$iPy31in YVYInDoin
?t5Zsnyi 1itt n ps bjig ip Fy3)is3ny& s nm3yy9yO1oW uFiF
: usstvir9ymis yv iD p 'Yxti:msBDpy nYtioDswii't y tn s -
-mrt piD ny91y5 yvyntn3vYy; 5 ys -IN 1plyin^5-nymns '1
.y.tmNH n3s) Ips YuaiYrT ') lylyI t yv3"tI yeinrT'
Y 11P t1It 7 y\ iynY p yjsW ynr itvolpyv-?'xD n,
-3"s YNi .y.8tvn-Mim ps Ympsun iyvv'nSC5$a ivyu3cw'sio1
Tn jn5vnr J jpzn n t9iyt t py1 p 3yiiD'is n5ysp"1Isn *Y.'
utqi ,DatyDsI1n yTW ps" J iD'Dtis I193y IVy3t )y? y5 y5s-
-1Y 1 tiW U 'T .tovtY1 Y1173: yMy5ntqul v 13 s $1 t3iqpyn.
-D'w'yn 'iyr913)yinn ni ui ,inqnyn n1t=y:y) srts IV tt$5.
"D'113W nY .nt$y1s i'ln1'3Dm0nr'Dn oYv tu3-yyl Desip
jv5n|rw1i ms0-Dwrin DmT D pim lyna PS westBSP 'iy.Oyn
-1jsvtyvm' Iss 5"11 Dtnsy ;uwo IivQ p mytoc D'D4N ps731isa
.Ds57-1tyuvN it ps y5tpirn s tDID, a tsyn Dilyis pt1D
ni3'D yw3vy3nt$y n 3M51Y :1, TS ,isvrmn pip tDw'j Tp oy
ytv'sS-ion-imto n '1 s yxluD'tnDy p yv'ts1p,r -T TpR
tI IxyNy7 yK ".'iOs IsyN3 ,n,? mmv y 5i3 s p?53 mjlynw nyryu
In3 rTS pan nwDnrs:2:,531 pyn tpsna i8s 1ti' s
tviq yxpsyn yvTuniy -1 .-I'ss9 B IIs I 'Irn Dvty t31151
pia 5tw 10 tmysnsy11 01 t tas ynts lit uyn V1'1 DID,
t10 tin minn'IN lBMsYtp my1 IV -191 1 n rTD OttrbD't~nO)
px my p.n3B's isl Ix-!D )Y tC;yIypa lit xmn n IQ's yD'n n
'Y3 tP DY 1Jy:j1313. D-'I ,D'P1P y1Yv'MbtpY '1vY in wIyo
vYsimTn3 Y58 ,y3win-Q'iy1s -IV- 11b fiw3J11 vwo'-ia J- uipi

9I 3 B 7 3'_ 21944 ,r-ltn

ysna L pmis 1Bi1yPYpii tw ,'OL34i lii ,ty3jr)LA Y- p
"t .9t yI ,iyI8iYyi 1y1 p lyb 9VItiiCtp IY vy3"t 13in
-qwlmN i1yrw1W 1 l itlB IY-Itl,, 1 i t'i Y5Y9Y3at 1 T? i34n
,t3"mn 1 .Iy7v'15 v ;t3t$-jt3st't Wiyi pbt "lm)3 1myo
1inn -11 p1i 111m iDming InOts nt pnI ,y19Yvws it'1 2 tDo
..yto p1t'I5D33Yv5 ,3yInv5"IB i -
tynv sn"I 110 (i- ,t11:1 -niw ,i'it it alp -
nt3mn ,Dm8$5tDn3 ,110 .=33= vyoi3p'uI Yt!iTm yrin' -i
Twvyni?1 I'? 0Dyl 1- p 1 .ti3y5 Dn 7 pww D;mktw3: Im tp
)3l nmn 08LA331 mpy5s l s jtf t b13 blyoyl 1 3
tf8ttyT II a'r 1D'l; milTD 1it"ii iV-I Jm itiDi xyBD

4,-1 Ytn 11v : tUBnSCn P- t U WY'D" tilri vS"ivi iy'
,tI'7 iy t1 n nv1 iyl ly .10tpo 10 t'iK n'I'K ,;y! j 'Tm-i'n
tipi D' IN l ,L38y m iyn -1t utin WN ,t3Unvymv 5'D ,nD t
-yI 1983 t .iy'n3v n \m tyn v ,tim- yu'3 n137t pIp oy
e it ,l'tD)'u t1;141 TN Iy Tor ,Dy tOD"n ,'in D's ObtII yD
1Y'T133 8,D'8,P1K w)BL 8 -I 1t 01g t i TW rltw,115 0D nip5
.IpI t tyoip D' tuYD 1 BIN p1v tit' -y1Y1 T"5 : ID'D L-ILA
3D' D t0W31ITt Pf i. 1i1 '11 ,1-1 7 1W tW 1' IN r
.tysyw ny'vt n *Iv1 iy N UYis 5ypmynB W yItY '5tBtBLD
53vpyiB yv'0 1It ,"isv o913 1n't,, y3"o yj"t D(p -
13 ,twi)yy3 u-VV "'N' T i -I-n n PKW ,t3D"m Dp 5,,nv LA
yrw5m3($ ps i .DYt$ xyy3 TN P3YimY nlW yv)"Bp ,T 11
Win }W-MiYa' Y DyDN :1 1i t$'i ,1Dp89IY1O3D'i TI p'2
,1pyi PN lyIpy)3) *W iy ny3 ,t?i(oyi mtU 'lv ,tI"'YA y
,o10m .09Vl-tNi) '1 Y3 9Ys3: yVnTIp Iyz5yt iVy1 pW t't
,lyomniy w130sDnvYn s 1.3v3 'l TPW tpay1 iaD'Im
.t3YI38; t3D 1lYttmL 0y1 1yp t3)T D '1 1 t M y3Ti
- ',ilYnyl 1y M$1n ,pe'w= n1 ly IL'WP Tin yo -
.Ij-ItBIa Oil Do"ll -1n ;15YI1 151pDo 11 tI'D Mf15
vI tDiv5ya 5ypiyn $snn 19'oIYoD'0 1vy- tam t(i DPvt
T'- TW'K Do1 It^'l83syDn it'm p33 lI 1t 'lt; 11 p'OW
tw3^ny Dllvl 'D B Diy tn ,ZYIIY l in1z-35to (l p'p ul
'-jn K ttt 1Pynp tw'3 ,n50n ,,m 5t? y ,tiy? ,lv5,v vj",t
}Dt359YyDV1"R 'Iw m#y; 5uw s t IV n1tp "3iyi ...1wy
DW' ISB t 3 D'ISI ,-ap oytp')Djny9 jwK 'n ,I13M83yo0
.niliD y)"t y58 py5sBts38 IyV"? 1,15S
it s 13318 1a 1iylrt Iy-1,tnw p< u1p3: D'Y90v tDI
I'N ,I"DIo8i 1yD'na piP,, .1D") YW)3:3 ytDD-myll"m
t3'inyw{? l TW 3J "m1m j,, n'o .wl JN p3 ,Jt$ IT tp ip
:)W ,Y 8tI5'YIII .I's8Y9 '19it?-iy DII It$TOP pt<
3313Jy9D 8 >I l^J ,taTi 1W '1T 1t Dy aaii Y*'9m8YI'S110mD '
".yuDiI'tw 1- pit Dy 5t 1po is I I'm p
I1 113 tisn 83 P`18tiy tW O yplY-it tIV'D'Ni-it3B2C *W3D'D
-lY3yjs31 ji iy9 'I D 1y9't 11 JB'ITIX DiY71711 ,;iioa'-{>9'1y
aUI 1WY39MY3a11 Y3Y y"? 1111 JIM TIW 1'1s 7 '1 ngn .5)1w
btwp ,tyj8t9ism8B Diatol D YtUi y .p'omv-llntnhp5 'i1 1 inW
-1tplst13g1t5 Iy0 s 18t1 8 TiW Dm'l 191W 1ili' t3DDOi
.9ya'nl333 Y ,y-i83p38 8 nym It0y-i ,pITW Int II ,n U.
t' il 111 1nY yi!-'illD J-7 ,\v3v3p Yvln ,10 IJl-
DY3K85D'ayN ) W tJiNY7iY3'3 to ynl Y5s ptoqi 15;ggE)
"I83jti mm131Q ;oDiE'W'yBD yrs9 p 0 11n 1p1' 0y3 I
tII1Y 11 1m tVpvDM 0Y931 I9p)yil W'i yyn11jstmD 1yv1

( 3 3 y f p 32 9 1 Q )
"pu'2"] DW1S 7ruD'U ,U11PUpTf 119 Uj7'm])1

'1'11'31,11 .il *

-Iy iyi 11 1Y"Tm 0y3'n 3I)-tY0its 1Y3Y5~7 ?3

"ivx wb 1"T 7 jv yp :1y I IIn iti OyPBII yir mil

11 ,a313 pit 1085B 19 tYo "3 8il Iyo .DPISH p'lyi'j 11l
IyI Dy TIN vtUjY 1yi7 .yrvlyl-r ,Y%'5m Ym3ilyls:1
pit u311' .yvaiytap ly9ininppyo Ivlyi t 1 iy m IL4pii1
wntn$ ,yC5ypyu-iyy2ix L 0n115 II ,1Yym--ivtuDOn It=9 5t))'DO
D3y?11 y1 ,Yn8 Vl9i1 1Vy llI '1? nt31n \wl sEis 11 t
.11"W .N wit o IyI pItwstn3 1p3 yp Du nikP
- v"-iyrii,, uyr iDiinY i 'n n mits 5yp)yvi 5W'icD
8 -I tiyInyuiYT ,-1i' 17 .Y3m i "i1y'1m -y1 Iyjyai;t si
.I'lyf-vyi'p -1 "3 tvy n yrir-)ipl: yv3i 1y1 pjt pin tD5yn
-ILB YoaiY9 pIT DnDt3 w 1Y3Lmi ,15ip D'3 TIN t33ur i'3 It
,lit11omln1 n'IK o 1540 lTy'13yY-t1 iy p1 : 0"Ptu3jin
oith p'linmy33l jI .ly"n I=O )3ni-Sl -y7au3yov I"?t pi 'Y
-iy3 iy 19tit ,i(? 16 1intsy t3T t'8 1 1y t1JY : u1la itsl IT,
D'K w3 ,l ?1y1 tlvl 1'K t y 1 i ,t' 'n-yYip tlyr t
vtK t3m5o 11 piw itpit-irmyp 1631t1 Dy' -mvW D5s i ;y;y1.
-3 1 13 liy t31Y ,D w3tnny .IJnom Dm ly yv KNpli WvI
tN ,D3t31nx ,J1M nYitn y-t90'3 3iy 13Yi 1i11 nny
"-rotw iyi '5n)s,, 0yt^ DIr IPI mvl s 113 lY 19ot1
w13; D1s ?y ir t lyj Y .tIt-iy 9 y IK toi t t ymvi ;i
,yili8154o Ya ry3r- 1 3 ,yxi3ip tvtrn -rt,1vYv pir IPK rla
U5iyuIV^;j4 lT IUo t3(in nim1= Vly"? pyl .011m3l 1'm

pit 11n ,nn1y 1K 1y9ny p'!8 ly tWK aiip-7'lyi 1tny3
p itBIP y)i tjyty3 18iy1o -*iIo tINY W i 1131 p tr n Zlyr D
-DiN I~IK 1,5g ,rlyi iK t ly ,nrnnN .5-ir-j-iwtsi ;Evlyvni

tW tt3 D'winy totp I3np .Itt iyx pYliY o15s isI- TWK yvio
180 ,t9313-tityn!D yajii 11 .mni' 19y3i3y5''p pIO9Y3 1y
-isy DW tmin mty l D-I i3ymy r t3tin 0yu9t P'T Il5yIV
,yia1rYtrwu5.vt o pl Iy P4K '11' 16 Ix .t9o314s IN univnw
.Do=3j IW j'1I 13y tiNY U nx 1l t 1D 019090E l ty V3D m
.In Iiymitsn 8 tmmy) \yi t a1V1ti iy1 uDpn 1'yt9on -It
-DIwiKn DIt ,y1uDw173'N 9t tyI t33Yl3 tp0 w yv n DY
a13p-t3jT3ii lY903" BIIK tnsy) n 190 1' yjiv .TI1N1v
pI N1aY1 iy1 tp itW D07 p"iT iy oyitg 0i41 .p'11YxVYoIn
yVw Dyn ? M1' .tuttpiy"Qn y9'x -'t iYrmIi to n yx1v2Y
8 vYImi ts- Jr1i TIN iy .pvyi lYn1myxsnYm 1W myiS18wyy
8 Ipt !yVI3D'I no'l89B tuiny) 15,ML Jia toits iy .3nin
-yx ti (nY 1;3Y 3 Jp't ijyI 1 .1YTint 11 11vn -T "t pN mitn
"--rm tit mtm ftiut 11p Ivw1pLn ,yOyvwn'i3 Nps uytw

.wmyny ?NS pivt 5vypjyv vvn timn pvt'ri-r \w\1

1944 ,y 'u'

n1K tu ,w^gt 1r tYP'o 18 mi^ .4t'3 '}yw0is~\yt1 7~~5 0aE
\yw1yV tP DT 114? Iv:) s p tp' nyjDiK IwTS 'T SYn 1tslr
-ya t INyi mW y l iyll 5!iS 05S1 -y1m lNvtn U1i`1 PTiD K
;ty-pn lyosIntDIN nYv vY'13 tnSyin ^ in~w~ DYi3
mv'C5yasi um=tIB nayS tmn --isn~a-iwit^D fK j1
tPin Iy tnyp-Is ,tp-'iUDY;D'lNs 0o1 Dn ^P'K 11) .1tVIY
pN tDon a -y 1 3i Dt y Yn3^^sISQ Int 1T ,tti nI 3
PN ,YinY mDoit n .ignrp' -I l'Y 01Y I, Dip D1 In vl
-14 Y1 1 fia i Y ya'i119ti-i11 sw1i n t fn t 9>T1 DY 1Y35Y1
' K1K Dtinyw I"?t 918^1 ,yp-IYvn nr1uin 5:m yrYsv'3sl
ny~\1 p'll ^IS i P'W iy .t Do ytyn v N-I iPt nPt3'"ipr
0Dt1 ,mnym yiy 1iYn11 t0Ws^B CT Dy ,tsonyp I5 Cy311 y
-1.y=S IyV ptW JpIV3S lin p3) Q tv-'1N 5"n" Ips tt U5'D
ty't **9130 W IK IN ZINt-VYN ,N1'431gin P^ II KW .txyni
,ny'nm ynu0nDpr n Inii IanItlwy J'IN tiD nY .p5tn pt<"
pn70 IN 3-T DT11- inw n3K slypt'ynSD 041 BsY U5" DTmi
.1383-18D-lttyvn 1WN P i 3
-ya iyEt197 1Y7 pW $1BB7"3 t tuity) tS Un Ut3"p^% N -
5Kitv' w13 rI1 tmin I(n' I.Dv9I p1 t "yvt Iy^in .Yt33n)v
mInn 1r13 n-Yi 5"ni ,n8t-ur 'i3 ,tnYrm S II5-is8n w'1P
tmn nInn .SDVt Y"t t'n nrrian y 19000n yy yv5s otn
w'i inE oYI 1n INY5 i. 3 15S;3 IY ov-1 UCS-1a pt3wV
pin -11K WlytINV S P- Dy3n "-'pr "C TI Ny .MDp31 ;niSll JY
ItV4 0in 15yn 1!? DI5. n 1 "3"R Ptmp QIN p7w"Bni"t<
.138js 01D 1ynt1 pW ri3mp
Y51=' 5sn t 18i U t rin Mln-D5.tclY l -1y7 pis nlnnj$ M3
-isfp-'t 108-i1DE 90D' I p1i I0Dl'y'n^ ,priY3"El$ YI vv=Y
'1yi D^'n ,$8TP' ^ D1i i)yi rDy 1K I('iiYy33 ,tUDYn KPYnY-
.13KC5 TW tn118
n~ll'5STV M -1 p ll "v ISjmrl.= 'UnvTl 1817rMV-1

jn'llvy S piyil piy yt37t UyiBO1 V 00021Y ? "mDV J' vw,0 ytyy rnx D!>7 ,n1ytp r ylxv "n n) 1 ,tp,"in ]y7t0Di~np
-yW YTo3utW Tlt vUy5n "Iy .,YtrwHl ID S ly DM' a3"n -i
.IyDipr"3 DyV 5 t wln 1vYT ? tn5Y) U1'3 Q J iMyV -isn .D vy
y:y.?Qy 7jS5w ps0 U"'t 19 "Ir ,1:p Dy )I 1tyw y uI cn 5 tsa"m
,r5in ot' yP'U it t19Yn iy3"t y:59yll -lynyr3 Iyuy3
PI'T iy tiV$n Yty11 IlnV ? I K, li tFmn IQ'3VVY PN t3t;vyy
rlyn? "? ID'SD p3'inYaj !? tIi[ s .Uy:: "3 pW U?1;lsN8B
.Dt3pji yPyVy 1tvniprs ti 'n "It JIK pn-1$
tIn1y) l tlvy;D> pIY D niynI3N p)1 ppt TI ;' yVUVy "I
iDpSIn 1i y'S3 11p j 'v33,Y5Y yIEy .u1nsn3iyv= 5oD, 1,,v s
intpyii U01)3.iyp l y Bs yn'WnN pN' =17, lyB'n' ly i Tp P
1tya ,1Y0370U 1170Ytriym j11; .DPEVsn it I'3'tD 3Y11 -1-
'isD Iyt9Y13 ,1yUyV-3 Dnmoya Iyr to!ir i"li y V'-l jyv)$?5','n
.D0-ip-JDoD jo Iirty-4IS ntN'rYn tv y3?y ,nrilvti yaia
Y5j)SnEID : 5y J"R nxin DyVi-,iUyo'T1 yty'uDV7 -7
JIN t3ESp"-D3yi y3y9$'tnS3 ny9t IittD'iN ,iynyV- pI'N n'1W

1]1UEM-l7qP' 119 DD-Ui1]2 D"' 13 I nU D UTD1

2'1 U717N 2-7 0

ny3)5vy ,D11y3-11pX ty1 DS 5tI ,CSa1 1 T PI9 N oU
DPiX osD ,1xprN 7~~ 20 pIJ "o-0D-Dp5 t ID TtaiY S9171s
Q]Y:Y7 S N 91I ,trpx pny)0 DW'K pW D Vi ,tmln 8St pW
-nD1l nyi "Dt3t3 Inty viwr,, ,] 0y3 1.r7-oD 7 ,tDK

-.DT Ip, y~3N~ 51 J 7 TID11 ,p3D 8 j "T 1T7N v7t
IYnz$ [TI DUrn ,r3CS5 : 0113 p1ap ,75Snl jix 153in. pa 1D-iny
.0113 My a31'783 y;'.23nN11n S t ')p'iliU1 'f ":"3
'yI jY .J3i 3 IpK yv7n w'on M11) 1 lypt I s PI'NK
.X"CN Y3vyV11iny is y19y"m 1ty31oyj-St I1LDSYu1'S IYtIKN vtu5
(" 7mn31 l y7,,) "It7p. P1' T 'I pD,, 1'n D-1'I1 K'8U' 'hI:0Iy
I17' .(N")7I. n'3 m 7 n,,) "N'li D'1 NVy I ti t3u-! iy7,, pIK
Y;79Y3YC TIN D'm1 5"l' ,'wi3 nIy yV'15 ton pmySm8 Tit 134n
: i'm s tnD i(:tpy ID7'-iraD 1'ian T. 7twy '13; Is'
."nitn vr mn niw ,,
:1 tyo'''3 iOD "m:IY IS-IS nyvt 1yj1"t by
;y(95I t 314n yj"T 11 '"t ;a'"n yV)"t DPN ,'wi3 S Its Sa
tUiyp i7 D')O D' y DDMI 1 "1 ,t113ip mY-ii n tS p ,Sat; "
pi 11 0try 1113 trNtiD 11y DBN'I 1w'n 0 n ,Iy y'N1 nD'
.ity D v3n1I TP'I: 7 11 tOin DY ii ,t73yI v n ua S 3 5r :D
In K TS 1p3'n p 3l11 o n D:Nll ,w'13 S iSiS TIN DY PK
Iymip oU'yli -y1 lit nYVIiun yVS tS 15,nS DnUI,, ,yr5ri1s
,-131Y T DxI7 .t3D1, pa tv1 Q'K I- T 1 ,DNW 91'N jpti! pTR
tilyn DN A'W .nosn p'T st in 091) y iayT o0tyy yj"t Di>11
,D11Ya D"M tL9>''y;3l"s Q0r 3 I '1't uyn 0y"11y V,, : CNyi
tS to') DI'Sv pN I"' o"3 tl yn"p' vy:'' o'lx tU"-iny Dnm
I!> mY3vYpr ptW JIN pt" TW'K USn I'l J, 'r, P tSr oip oY
".tinin plnti y T !'IN 1 tryj Uy1N ,t 3 I'l l iy 'unyo'P
-rPY)ls lt ninp p'T pin 7\WQ ,I4p= ?IN Ir ,t1S J'N
U3I80 In"m Y I T 1 1vi11 rIgvuoD (T 1,v31 5P n9r
,D'tyo U'D to J3 'nyD'W T[r tini y .a0i3 IV19y'i Ml m ,D'13
p"-p tg') .nnmn Urla u y D11n D1 1 p n 1n 'tnovvn Iyo u'D
lylYl tJ:,n o'n ^r w c^P'K wtI. mvn I)) pa DISK aJ:yl

,r''"iP 1u'T'1 tip n nI 1y'l j'y ni;,"u5 3 11't9p3 ,/'e'^1ypi
s199 Ill Mu ,tsyrnD lit lvn y) 1 jvmnyo D

.txyirs-iy'pD'K 'l1 ptW tyvy iy 1p TW 'Op; y3'"11 tU,3
-'y9Ya 19Yi3YV S 'IN 1nlyl u05yutwipyny TI' "y3y'rr",, iy

IwjYDn S nsPp OV1 0y7 Uv0nYv i (twD nvul yu 1' Din
nu190153 nYr 1'i ,lyly4 B "l7VY1z'V "'IlY tr ,an'12 .i't1 3
tDvyn-ig S ,p"j ny3t .tx'*inib DMI "3' tyoy;)39$ V-1
,pZt p ,D"Slini n 31) tin bD-n p5tp S ,p'" y y7'I
OyU ,l,'N i"I TW i'Dot I-iI 'TI ,lY5 DyM3W It nyntS5p Do$11
1pY: D') tu"rni-im In

.x315YitCwB Yr31 bSoIN tU,, CPDIC i'Ir "Im3' l .Yo90Sl
,yV3rnsn IV7 lin Ivt y; p ,lynosm juwSonltlYr nyT DIS
-1;y- DpW I p'-y10i v1u2 n So v1K jl pY5 .ilt YV95YY y -
,;3i1YWTnpt" Y Spi D tlyn Y151PDI10D yUt3DyD yrl 'i Ut115
tWD;1Y pOIyV 'YWrav15- r .S pN Is 5rip I3 -isD t5s Dn11
P',11 2p'-13uYvvl t Y I'l 1w 3 .ptI"N D!>I 1 ipr1a0131in M'

It y 4' 3

tirn ,("0 Vl^ 1 Ji-m vnn. 1 'p YtiYtin' tYDti33tt3 1 i11
-y.V TN QW .11: I'l l lyy"t m1v p'I317iI 1' lyjrtyina
bDjly W ptT 5tp mpl ,-timDsto pyn pPy9i t t1ity;3 IyV;315
Inn n3y) jY53mYv ,I N jmY'fu ViDt3wisVt33l lIn ;13. 2
pin- tw ,IL t'iTlK it t rI P DtI n Qp P1n ."1y9-0 l'Ln9
-=13 is 'a"r7 U9Yl )IVI ,1p3 1myvpin s TW -Iytav jayn

11D mns1 inr1irvI mripvl U~n~i tit O8 tin nw-In9
jn5vt .19 VI" IV1 MIN p$ J"N U,.W ti359 s ("i TDIN J"T .11:2
-1i t. tD1 ,y3y'N pisD I 1i'3i-DD '18 1 DI8s 1in t TIN
.pLotAYM lit 11K tB8 vD ,P-V 'sitt ]yllv p'3jyV '-7 TIl Et?
y-ii iD pnnmni s to'n DInN 11:1 Dt, 7st tII =)"y 1?y37nta5'ir
.nixI NI 058 T'T 1is ;y193 Dtn ,IDYsiblim IK 'isn tni

"-LDNB3, i1a D'-TM113D11 119 1M'S'TN

pvnK n^D'i1pt< lN n iyLDnp3 1vbwiy nrit t1 m b nv nvrDI
3yr I' TI Dil ,113 m1v P'Dwvvsri 'I, ,? 10itW 1p01'1'3
.lY-I Dtsy D3) "iy3yt Uy- P,91 'K pW I W JIN'Y' V-ti
-315VIYm 13:Lc i1p1 UYS1 I'm W tLpn a tim DuI 3inn IY.7
Il j'5,tulv'1m ^Dt lI3'I n ts D3a ivv5 .y vi5 i ,ny3v n yvrTutm
pl 3~j"-i8 i9y13 tV- i -Y .p113m It$y= t1yi DN .15"nt "I
I'K -'ytuYD ltviN pia yaO -i.y 1vinl P 3 8 PN ni'nKis
tu) tni 9"lyl y ;y197n 1Y tK ,~y m D"ni 1Y .ytnyl'S
pjY Din t1 (110t 1i I"Vv3EYVY n Iy-i tnpsY3YD -7 u;nvy3
uYnrr 11y PK ,-Inm -1y1,-1 r y t 3 y I yE .5:33 j: Y1i to9Y u
.tt8 D58 t D3ip-iyt90yt3 v y^ i 113 j pa l "t1 jtoivy jys3a Dy-t
tyorDy-tDyvin 21 1K .byim nt ;N3 NUyo Ity'5pP uY1 nyu3 -y
.xbjip ny, lit pai v5t pY1v 0nvY,)r rypy9yntoj t1ix ny wa)
yI3WK t'r" -iy ,yDrn r tin ip ,'CybDx -D y1 to 3' tp? i3" -Iy
-1-yiy pi 1NYtpE10 TW'ti8p's p1s v'my3 tm7oros n mlY

ut5.yv3 It 11ii ",I \w ti invYaB 't 18 'D'prt18i "N y?3
.5Etti? j)N tuD 11 t IfI Iy3)nv
-jntynDl oYI y'tuEW y1t1Vi ,rnonRo nyr 1N W 5"DO. -yr)N
ny31m It ,jtt$5y- i v t'V 3 : '7 PN 1N-iYt17n Di n ,13 -isa
GW NtD ^T 1yo ,ytin 5o p lyl r4i5 '013 1i-iW 5?8KY i1n1
.iyoy93 8psm
IND8 YvTW' vv1 -i 1- n i1v IV ;9y; 9y3 v ipi5 y-i Uyn
-ituyit 09:iB 5?p 1 p-ivY5iB -isn ,wvvn Yii'cp LN Ei
iy31'Tiy 1vy ,nvYi tlUW pW t=5i pa'NjK pr)"N \s ~w
1p"ly tIDn^ m11 11 i I yDB a v -n '-I tl'l nyl-yn 3l3yii .IMS9 ^''R uD"n bDT ,DE3 U0111-1T'0it ,mpl 0Y1 F7'IN

SYUtn 71' 7"n DPn

DUT .2 ; ID31i7-IUnNlUl '7 .1) lyt0Kyt :1Tt131 .3
"-'l riS 18 1K89'!;W .(Un'lDaN 1W ITU11-lUNUD UQ'T'N

.7I"T 460 "iY' P3
WU'3-1 .N .' 0

-1"1vusyt 11WYPS 11YUPtM3'19 ziy PMD 53 ps .5t813i3 .]
-Y un IB 11 ^ ~71X y57 m- .sD-i -U in y1-1y IV s -l 'U'nP
bD1 PS IDtD 39YW 1 Ut)1^ I Dt?11 ,tID$'v I>19 V Yt )u

D1 In! t T 1 IU$ U PD T) 71H'-I' 17 ,17 1Y tj1
uDly nt ,t$ 5 I"? 1III U3i)n mr 15 IV:' : .Sn
,.7yoYf1 3 l 7D /1 7 ,n 1 .pD3 0D?7n TI71 ir.
".y1t78 ,,, 11 D'71153 i3 1If y 7?Z7Dt Dil T 1~ l 1Ki
P117t Y 1iV~tY' 1~y' .t Yi -5y3i' D31 p'71 Tyyiy
1yI 17 pj'3)y -1yy t8 ')t -1in Ty I1N y-IY s p yay9 a 1it 11
'lP .1i3) ta'I: 9t'm DY"n ,y538" s PS'D .y1:'3iy)yVf yDt1)
.:lD :yt. 13pv5nsvt3713 ?y1 lD 7'X9
-tu'YInD pJa n n InV1 ,yi ID"Y yotD3,,tb ip ynsD -I pI
,iyusyu 9"Wrs iy'I ti3jY1Y3yiyu ,1YD90 ti "iy1 tuin ?3i8a1
IDj''n 1n ,t vi .l-')D5I I n'I, 17'3 ~~tp) 1 ,x .nY9PPa's1 ts'i

1y91 ,Dopti39y3 iy59yy-5tp1 11 DtDao'D K TWK 19tlYUt
.;3y? "yj'tLDS8)y)t 'Iy13 1ti 1ti iyvvy8Is3 S TIK'D .unrpIso
t=a'17 n3 ,y3 3 1 ym 9-1i tD' J fit tD Y II 3rl)VI ipp It
.55) lit Dnw ITy rly $; 7 IT- P .IN n v7 Ip9 T ',,-8
"iy.i3 iY1m-n ntp ;1113# N'W t3"T t3'' n"y T1" tNyQ3
0D'-15sin313 1Y1D'I .1vYtkYo 11 pwy3'3 "nY iy3ly Yy pnIm
yu1'I,, D' yD5nDy 3py ,71yi .vD'3 -. ,D'r- s," N TpN Y iv
.Alp. QT",3 ,IyaVY ti 'DYris IN" D0II 7,"1 7i9v
-3:BD TYV93 ',11? n n l y713 rmn ,1 ,11 nu y3'vll .1y~,33 yom
1'5m Di11 ,pInt 1s)IYy w yT'j 3 w1 m Di t3yu ,,"5 tinI )
.nlt381iyt' -lY7yT'- yi pm 0'13i D'stim
lyr t3iy93y Y9KYt9 tyn'3 p1 Y iy I Dyn ,187ayi Ypsu
t 1-181 D-1 31=37 pVDIy8 -yiy Dv 1iV a oxiy ,"I tyol-t V)L ip
II tiar 'Dy1N pnty i tw sll -Lay n;i3 -i jln:Vn--i)D51P
-I 11ti Dmr"N 1i 1m3mv71 MV-7 pyl 11 jlrnl-1-7 N Jmymtn
"3 Il 11iyn TV rnto3u IN ,t'Dp 1P p "n' yeoDnaeins

tib oy tY9ynm ,7tin 'p3CB iy;y-i BIiyN j; ,1?583K i .=
-yiv3 TIN ny) iyty" ''-iit"V> 1V0 pv3"ui' 7 Y tYU-.1ti D'IN

y-1 tyTya tP Dy .TIPNII lu DPOV14i-DD 031 I m1p-IY tU'3
jill ut~q u3isa0-t t3yt11>D yDI .D'013 ,sy ym5 1y1 0i1 p11y7
t3Y3;Ypy3' ,i33y-3I3 s ia Dpu'tTyo'D't38 OYD p1y0piny It?
;y'32 JpN tyYiyt<1n j,$5 TV '"1ii N1 nD' n1:1,, MV? tpa D3yi 1
Ipqtr m1'y 5 v7'v?9ym Dt P$[ tIND'tCIN 0 .-rV t"T 'Ix
jy"T DqYI ,iTR iyi0mit3 ltiyin 118 Its-in -iy5,nv iyi1
.1:0) II tin47 pW Jtyipy* ps t'itu pin 570 pai ia$t53u;
- -imi3i ps u5-,,sniD pis tDgn n5vyi vv'nDotys n
bYV .iyVIZ U'j T11 jp' 5Nn3="1 DUYn Iyo y3'n p1 ,Iyt yri3
-Z'S;3 -lyi: p lit D'3 5 iM t 1 t; y 1a t 31Y 7D 1 TWIN pa ps
-C'*S3 Viy"t iyo1;-y1 I 11 "3 ti .n ;y .tU t-1ij)-D)MY 1.yVS3

1944 ,r-yT

1944 ,rpy

S V3 3

nirSI (WK ,'IYY5 j1 1m' pt JTT 1V p3 *YByi It'i1ns 't1fX
1p905 it DS 35 $I1,,t IV pynyyn, 1 r, -t) inri 11 TWI

-IAD ,PIN t pny r'V"IN tJ,) my< 13 ,P1sI1 P" Ivil'
,33 )S' pI A t 3 ) t1 O D1 "! -IB,, : nntit 1Dmi)
.1Y'n983 pr ?IN '"t31W I"t
-1j8 -7 l 11 1li g1N nYv Ys 1 ^ pypTN t$oip 15s1113
nn13' 1 ) P 'lK 1yat t- Oil 1Y .U13-1t37I8V PK yto'IDt
Yt13 )to19 p3)-1'8 T i,, 7y3 pIY1n y1 y .y)8? y 131 Q
~ttI3 c 19 ."ny-l-13 7 pW1'1 1 ,, u 9r11 r "V31S n 11
iy ,toyp1i; .py9a pW pp a') t, i) iy ,t11Dn p'p t ')
oyism IyV ,1to 11y s 1E Ivi 7 11VI 51 .ll 1N t t3a)I y
1WNK 'i ,)l uV 1 jig lpist ,pII.y 13) 1'1m i'i3 =13Y Tn
Iy'm ,1NYt8YD y11 IV'D 18 ,t13D"11 1 .13 n 13 1 1; tiyl
.tyIpnsu i95t33 Cjtisn t'om pN pN n
w's 13 .r1xry3t)3 y. D3) t1'3 Y!3O3P 3) y 8n3)1 15'1131
jpp w) Iy uqirl Itp 11i .1ttsn tM,3 1I1 nP syD p1p ptp

Yrs tviyll D!< i ,D1p -iYr19vDsvn n 1 3IpI 3p13'11 ytVi"y1nv
li1 taBn3t p^ tUimiqix 0N upa I 33'rIt'tIiQD PWN iiDn
.-It3.voD [ty sN j1iy.yn

ytsn yy'lN0 Ims yDDnt3 'ijv- 1IYi ti3'm "P ,ypo"I t')

n1 ,p1-rq3 ,rY'Is'n15 .t0f12 3 Iy Y35Yl vYn9n11 9Y nn9 -T p1 1
r?8 n3yl3 Iy tqYD-I Ny ,Y78nt1 D'-I^ ,Dr Y31I-Niy8y t)
.MrIN 1315w3'l)
5tirn s -VM'I "ny ojnT
luvz-w vno)D"n -I ~r~DY.nly usyto''

lYt19 W '9 tB ,\y\1?s 1io 0'. 1pr t)3313!3 1i no 1 Y^
.1S1 I1y iV tY'DI -in 1V y 13.13 ,t13B3p L t3x^n IyntsmY
Dt 5yuvlxypvyi? py)I1 1i.3Ya 9qI by Dnv 1 ?I 5VIq =Nn13 ly
Y7iD8 N'D IItas1osns DI ig qT "11' ny .Vty23 -vtoyD s ;IiN
VyVI Dq 1,P$iy pylll t9tOD'D8Di tI Ny .IyBtVDvTa 1nn nnyDQ
"'9y 3 ,y43 InYv tw. 11 nYvn Iyo ,Y1 t9IYs tIK Iyvn-1tot
Iyi fJim Dt3,Yvny'5 oryi t-is wyin -y .Iny'B Yrm'tv ,yV'V3Ir
t3iyl Iy pyi '9"Is Iyt .90yt JN 1r1ip to1Y MPI ,t=11' 9yt7PTW
.Dxq1 i' M 1Y tyV3
vN oy .11i1 'ln -iym TI "1t-yuspD, 11 D'-1'5i131in .3
5ql iy Ts ,- yjv is Ivy tip r :',y J'ti) W Iy'T 'IV W 111D'1s Is
Wt1ty' t0Y17 IY'1zn1II P3n11y i1Yn IV ;tDu ny tNDimy I1I
.YP'ID8 pNi1ty1ir-iyt3syt
ly3 0yi 13 b'1'75s111i1ni I't 3-Is ly y J9v11 iDYIV iA 11I
ywtypsnEa 8 1K 331J'1 yw'toD"v l tW'D .sin vO tI'tI Iysyl t
.ti"pa jyT it39 11t

,TVY'1It. 11. y3):'33) 1335D.I',3) 131 1n l 3y tlR'DI
.Ynnyii pSan yxnj'ln yy y Yy-Imn's
.yos1n IBM ynyn1i8 1 y7Y nyo
p' I8 1 y"D I ,9 y 13rDt3iD 13y) : iyl v113 nY7s t13
-I p OVy83 Ix ,tDwirp-Iyr8ytr iyn prl 011p Irriorisps
-18D T' D DnI Y?$ PI( tnF D1I'yltD'l1 P jitg)Tz Y5s'xDp
-B^ iyDy3 r181 p't St T9l9y" y 191 yn3 ,1yt38yo tD'p i131
-yat$ 13i D 13 11 yn D? 1 ,t133)85 1) tI 3381nl jyw 1Y-
y385 11 p3y'il 1y5131 I'n toit fy ;y11 ,50'D It"i'y Pt PK
.31piym13 p 1ytD3syut il''" nyi1 13100 n51n pta
1i'y'Bp 13yI1 TW 5p 0aV13y my TI' D 1 t? ,IT, unrI
-z yts tiflti'it 11vy yijyf i 8t8 (9I1v 3s1ts vpsl11 Dt3n D
t8M1)1?py ,1iD'-'Iy1 ,1'I p i5 13y1 pIy3l 5'1ujilm
toynTAD I'158i3 i .-lyp'tr7ip I3 N aD nosus- ,1fy 3xyto ,Iyp'tii
pvn 1' q' 'I8 ,D1' ,YDtD ) DY11 ;Dyi1 vj"T .to3' Ist1 fp
lit 8oy9t<3W jIN jn'tz$5Dp W ,C"13 ,Bs1D iyn"t >'tiD-is YI 9
.t3'nx iy3'yr 7y7 19 l 'm mYuDK -ty15
'IB 1 TII r'D313) ITI TI'7 D'f 11313 11I ytD1D 8 '11
T'I Dql ,t8s3-Iiss I'115m ;y3yr3 lx 13y3 'Iit yi p"YIv'
: .13IIy1 I35py\D'II -yax)1Y
p" TI3 T)W 'D 1y3 .T1't p8 l'Y ty.1 1y1 TI l 3 13n 1Q,,
l'l .t3rnD 1911'OB '5n t~1i' ,5t)t1t3 (1D y13l) t)13') IDb
1t3) tj111 1y31N'13'o1a 3 3 ,ri 13D8yt1 pj toI'Z'1 1D'5D
y3j t IVYtY9 t3i" .yy' 1Y ."i'wIyD'1f 3o I 1ty'n3 I1VIy1D0
-"yo .1i!11 Irn ps2 y3 tiy')iln'iyT Din iy '1T 'nl \w1owo-t'D
"y1' ix' UT< ;ytio-"87 1"i t pip D)sY to1''3 1 n 5iy 7s ,y5D
Yo1i 1iy3Y 9IsI T t ,yY 3 yI .'yT yuttomEO p't n "xY
y3yV) U Ip 1)13)' t n 1Di'3 '1 1 D0 l "i3 t3i '1'81')t3J8 I1i

13) Iy .'y3 ;t3'O 1js3)1 y T1 1")1BWyD'11,, ,py)"'t YDtV t
-1st ITWp 'T I'I 1 311rs8t Yv'vusns- '-"I y i5. 3Iqa,,

TsIII I8ti) 'I8 V Y5V 3 totp p jv lnvlsmJ11T I-0 ,tjprtinN J tont
-s1 Y3WV Y3t tY) iy?'ll ur r y tI n 9I y3'nyi ..1I3 i1y3VW
".iy3 DyT IB it ya33yNs3 n t"7 us3v33 IN ,y331;yll
(.93 .T ,n3H'o3 \U\a'T4'Q\1 \lUD ollinal T"^-l)
iyDtpK1tD38 'y I IV I 'Its ,tW 5"to y1tovly 1y1 3'1,I
iyx3s: 1y1 Istlvl vW ,55nn vtlosym pyll 5"tu nvtionrlsl*
IT3111--tirns rn 1Y 1ti MV5:3l 1 t3D9V 1 119lr 5"D "tW11v
t 'nI .113 11m tB'yn is 1y315to"N mayisB IY .yP'1Yos pTW
"'n17sp iy tI.o1 un It$ 1"1 1i8ns 3 l 3'inn ;80D3xwito"yu I)y)
IyI TK DM11 ,"? 3INJ383 'YW7t 3slyV9DW,, :Y;iMAB Iy.83
.StaosP twayny lpa 5wtn
Iy '11 upm318 1 ,I1 yiiy typ 5*t nD'1w 11p n3 m my
'Its ,$"t9 f tY PK upyip1-By7K3p8 tmv1x83 1s t'ti n
I811 ,i"P) tDt3"ilk pW WWst90WBWitylui'ws p iy 1 n 01W1a.
.lypvtpn'92 lpa JIy11 lu5 o:11 Y a 'I- JIt D'IID 1n7y1 'IN ;p -iy

ICo t9igi 1 13 p"' .D'W311 tin'7 y1r3i t'.W1 15r1113
tWfv nyT lIt Dua131p 1v t-iy D'nmy,, : )1In'n11 yv'Y'mD
'Ya ys ty1y' TW n DIT OTI i1n ."YP'nY9 pW ?YIto yD s
.IpYn'my119 y3y93jy1iy Ty ,tyDr't3''nlCn3 I .t y a1 13'13
,iyD8Vy nYt 'TW' wyn nytyoi ;1N I1K y vov y Is31y vm Po'D

1944 riD

'i2D11N3DUT7 Din-T1N

Ytii'nit0 8 T 0 19 0Y9 ,0P5D 1ytam
"7 ItNiQt- I4D 117 DTI1 ,!12 TK t Dn'it3
7 7 I'I pv 911t7Rlyt q 7 s q7 1sel
i^r Tpa Ttx yiyDw '7 PK -P5n ny3

I fK 9)( 1DD 1'l 1mp nvt3i'M5 T9o"H
S-13Y 1 J K to"pli3't JIK ilE jmIwYw
.'lYml13s1-ttsy t M9~I f it t iD p
tT0 .8-TI- 1 7 7 t7 c IDp 7971i9j"a-7 i
" 7r IID pB 'n78 7i7 DDPKII E'IHn [IYI
9lyt pI, .79Dvin IiNK yDy9iD OA ts~rTT-
IS(0279 ,t9Yii 7y9i 9Y" 17' pm 7 1Y f1.7

7 9~'iK non,7 79n 7 1i 191iU In K 9Y,'V1
.t3jtsB-Q'in Inn lPx iYm5v=YmD5v
1?i59,l 979jv I9ii 1uiN 1;vx97- "rt
19yjY93 9.59' ,taii DD9'yTt ,tiD'p J 8D
Dyj9.YD 8a 0 w 1 D02 7 tr'D St -7?'
1ESD '.in tYp'19n0 7975399 i3 91y p ,D1i
1Yt3wt i y3 l'539Y' 1311p ,13-nor0ii
179 17 791 7 D ft3p.TqE7 1 ?11X 1 9'..34
Y9Yn.vimin oit3'D 60 Y.in i wn "n4'
-",yn P7 I DPt9 3 I"t7n "t Dt11 ,n5Dn
.7.r'lln-I .sIn^D D)7 InD 7pt 9IIYp yIt
.'r.vImn 7 rt'nK=-i 0! p' i 19Ji'm p9t

-"73 18D IHi'DpyBDiyB Y-97t3"i 3 73i
7 '1IY3 .t 1 -3 5Y9'y9yD ,i8B'TN',
"-7 I i p 'l'#I 11pt Dt -7 19'I Y ,O-'K3W
.Y1.IP Dy i Y9'8toDI'S' ,

'nl a '3 'It I"1q10 ,;m I?5, 5 IX

tYI'i tY31183am yUD'8D]?j3 n "3 itay
D"Ui 19j yiy Iv 19mypp-q) :"t7i i 5 -
1puS ti7 ixYt n 70 7y9n' UI(9i ,979? oy

jN III 09ym IY j11- 0YI 1803W t39H
"i9n)79DiM '7 D10 ,?s7TiT3'27
tDil ,n7imx.vi y3y71t,3Q y3Dni IN YD'n
y0D'n1) 1: lD tDpj'-Y'xsityx p i1Y11
-1y 1yrt ty"T t yv l Ys5Yl ,ITW Dnts
"*p7i.tS 1 Dly9 im9'y11 T9wYt 17 K o~t P
nri pW Dvmj5sJqiYt3 nwvr9x 1y\ pit

!yj0171yt"3l 811 y Wi lit nYvDiD s TKmni

-tpT3 I9ymwpYvi 'i3 IBim Dwwn n'i j5',i

p 9y9ii IN, D ti n5iim tryi9riB
zT y-i9,, Ts ,;TTyig 1943 it.ni7mY min
P'DD;S30 ny1~ tU3snya9 omn n 5mt)ibD "3
97n ."13 v T 97iK 7iN Dn5n 79r I 1 9lyp
IpN fLjny3taim tm -ir oi8K 5m8tiD 113 O
T3l n .iTn tp;.DE ,9piT'a-tin.^ p' I.'t n7
ps 5' V1u ,'np183 113 pit y jlnyain -I
-iN K IN pt yiyt31 tLD015tmNn 083t 1
,non vmK 0y .mnD tjlini Ia'iN piN Yy5ti
,7 pi t 19y'DK17 i Dw 4n Y1973I Tt
-L3 i3^n lyljySn yjnrm Dir-i:-.v5 ynyro
"BDP i-n 719.ju'1I 9rtp D D' D. 9T9a p
.3Im7D-a!Q-yn iD 797 t5 ,7Yt$ PNK Iy3it

DNn mninn 7 D ni Din u s5 rI mvirivzm
7.iM ,D 7 D 797 II DO '' 9y.i7. 1Y1i79.

"-7 i 1 ui iymys5iD -i0 1 3 y t9'n iy I1 t
.33gDI 79.tiM 1 9piSi97'1~Y
It"339-t3387 't 971 9i971p it7 r19it P.

tiaya \ti'Ntrs liN PUhDn3 Q1X ly015
myX .VDIDWt 1]3 W In i' ts7t79 Y3
"R 19 '1v7 ,T315N7 '.I It307Y9 i
t97-s IY- ,Y.9DNTM 'I7D, up 1i ,8t1s UY
.1iyD I9, T3< 3"1g9y 0 1; 5 LY9riit J P
-1y Dtyn ,1giJTnytD D 7y9D~y3~ 1_7
, t2lP i< 5 tYs I359y'1 17 ,D7 13311-
-Djt 9 IY3mt 7 iD'I 7 I yl9ilNDYir9Y
1 ) iT, eyT : 3utDvYy jp3!n I79 tDWi

DKa^-1 I pa yts3 K 9iit tD5y'n 1Y7 pnt
-192i3~t13 1 ti v imn iY9tIit ij n I1t
311 0Y1 1i^3 Wx tO'm an1yv 9Ytyiv
.Q'I'KW '1 ~iy3W

-oni aD Ilyiit 190 4p-19 wn '? W tlyoyD

vuIo lv,? 1Topy, TyN3rt iio,, :tily)r
DD-w Tw ,tsimlD jiv PIjIT t'1 :i Dya!

".Pynx 135.v1 DtYi PW tI
P' 1M ,np 1 n13it? 1t m34v' l't y'3
pIW9 lyj it>'i 09yjy88'i D' T 1PQ *}Q7

VDn1iix ix vrD1y$D psiy3 -YiK ti im ya
Iix*y IY wvtp iiis< I PN rlyt)y jinipuyl

;tYD sv= T1t utstm mtri.iyOn iv7 D$iti
lit na3'lia^iDiW -iy1vuytSv1 'yri 9WIm

UR13J11?U1Ti) 7i ~N'NJ ] 7IT 719 31R7N7)
,NUJIm ,t1]"379 ]36'sN]3 O1Y ,jip'W 119
,NTN'79 ID'4'S I N ,1944 ,~11 1030 DDT
(.7i'1 1'3

P '3ly3 tw i t3D1182 9y~~t3i y97"
9y7 tiT p1 pa itp iy1tD9t 9i7 79"y M
15vty -m .1942 iy3v$ap=$ Ipn ryxya^p
11Ti 9Yt3'iy- 197y I' I n i n'1 19'n 7
-9 y2 ix mt p7?5-iy93 i,~E<3 ,pntp ii 19
'yv '1'rn T l to,,im;tOw 'wyrlmnYirP
.-i p' lit 4,5:11 ItL20 n97 pin7 .

19.y.i 9Y39y1 ,ty319.nyy99 1-1 B3 Ty3311'
3iinj^ is '1I ytyiDy3 1y1 pW pI(iiis

31Yt7YY7 09Y 1 1.i :y3ay 9 IWyi D t9I
"y? iy~is nin3 y-iaK'^pn Y^ tv ilyinx

" towMb 7 Ix 39.' 311 ,btWtiDD 9 Dy p1D
pI. 9y'6 n rN PiX D 7in. 15 utD
-Yxi ,YN PK tynya nvyp yE yjtv~w nPv;5Yv
.Yrm y -iyoin r it mu Dcrimya m D 1y.Du
p=5 vut x lyTnyij1 i yN o'1r 01xr3 197
1TD I 93nP 7'9DKD 19.7 ,-131D? ti90'D
t7arm y90D '07 t7 0 y; 9.y-T973 p7'5y3

,mm7.pti't), ny 9 T.vn yrn-=y p i7 t 'iix
.tyv0itD'D (niN -7m0 C 5i3 Ivivi TiWR
-iy-,5'.yvnt3y;'' 11 ,m yrN5yTwj yryi
- WYPel. V 11 p p11Vny xUY;13DN tiN
DPI 7~cbyB tD'i -it1- iy ~3uyy.y y1y3

,yt9y0130is5 YPIyIK tninx D'n N \sw ix
.9i13j 3-ia-; yvD n3a10 bD-iY731it3
-y99i 11 t3i7 D9 7 ,R'yL 1 13pi1- tDI9
II I DjiYNY^ nv'3,)f otX riv3 ny pI>' iy
,DWtyin YUtYY'o 1p^ I P(-D9YyE77 11 i'T
"tyoI. T iN DPim-1y:t 97 y -7 yt l9

; T573 9 iB;IN tI'7 I-yw7, yia .jn tDy

I n"viy s I).351 15,11 -m t-vil
-l t3I -I rno'w 11 t.I 97t t ,D: D D.VT
p.Dt1'ytnWYT Il T lYtiK -S1 ) DI .)tiyT
iy3y14tt3 i 13Dxisa 1 y 191 T tpD TyTi

,7838~a-;tt39ynD 79y T"W 09Y 1a 793y9
ra5- 97yT Jim ,"3nns y9D wi YDn3-'3 1-7
.-1*-u'mU o : TPI

==YIWN3iyip^ n V Yli5

S* *' 3

1944 ,rl_3n 37 7; ' 3 14

-ttylix^D ps -wyrn JI3 Y1s DYnty yly"t
pyxvy5ryi lv tina Ilts3 nr .,usnaIsn
ttynY p-1i3 lptS39y K t3'iyJlapy1ns top
tvi1 DV P-712 W Y100913 u11Y s n
uqm~ PIN Q~ixi~p yty'TsN ymtO~yi 4'mx-7
,j,ty'it3Do psN jr)' I s url"Irltq

p1 p1n pNI'm19183 s uqnitrf I 10) tI.T

.O3W Y I ing ny-71
P1Y t0Y9yya35 IYW Q^# tixi 1y33p nY1
>^y^ IB aQlyn ix i ItIYMM3 Ia o7

-IV m;Dywoysi MIx ~\IwN uxt.1 -itp'Ns nr
"lyUt$,, 18 'll ,D9y7a'9xyBD pl' i3y39y
5yryiD DW ;3in t1i3u=5'1 .ti'*t
y3yn59 DID ,ntvu-iyi Y35yr tD1 tb0i;is3
.1,,t YquW t\~n L^D'IIP'W nry1v,
Itjl2 nt wmj-nmp -itpW DnyT ,'i
-1,3 ,1Dply 5y.=$ 14 ,1943 ,t3ipia
: ti)y5.vy q Dlyc'3o i ybyhi tuqti ,pti'
uN "3 D!11 ,"IpWt I1B l n izn y-iy"t3,,
i11 syiii3 I 'll i93Yy ft 1'NK tay
-'tnn5v 1 p'K niia s nyv9ynty s
-t3 U"il vv i 3m K J1N3 i3 .ptt iti
I3 n ItO .-1qp'x p1a vuprnt3yn 1 t-7 p
Pip DI'D tn .t0"IBD y9v3-'wa'1 JT'N pJt
D9ID% nl ,iaD5ny: 3l1'i IN t3in rYvip
-p'N 5,'t! Is is 11 cpiI It i -m .DuS
'7N83 rY17 jiD"ini8B JpN tYo13 to!iq
"y tttn i pt W 1'9 .utUr -iN -1 pn
ty'13 laqi;Yj tlyn nW D4n ,oiD I 1si?
3 33iD'b)33 Ipt pW tItn Iryay 1)'v
vyls'xsl3 nvy7 pa nv'nt 15tvyvysD nvy
pN ,ny3votnnyD I021 m-l Yilt'tipyipy
T0,, : 3i!Ty r ,Pts-1ri ,157s))7 5vDyNT
DID i'n ,tuyv5 1i 1,N tD)' Tlt ty393vY.Y
,Yt3DO3y3 ni tDID il ,IrnBvyD 1v3wy'K )yV
t8 'Nt ivsmtI 141 uvDip'D Y35vYi wan
".0"ty1 r1isI IV r0ism INI ,'ItI IntDW
Trnimm) PIN DIN tYN m Irnv il DID -us593~
Tynn pyaD1n't DW bW 9 tyoy tlN ,1t3,
.WQW~t PYjyT'lE'-i psK iyjyjyJit? 1x T't
by1 038^1 8 t ,tt33i13 pit7 IY3K3p 1T'
y19ti3993 15Y9071Y3" 192315y) 131 TW
Icy'UD'it D-'itij ;B7'l ;ti'D 1y9j1n7 31is
-"Di u0' ,13-iw 1SB-it0911D pW t DYt'tD 0
fC)CZ-iYt9 19t0 ri9t111K 1P y3 5ly ,19y3
ItaD a^713*l4n^!>* ps ,83'1j17 1Yt3#X 'ih8
W]tti TO i5Y1y "'03,,y5'" 190l171r11
1iyli^'xiy' ,xy3i739104yi'p y9iDU;yoBy

-31i' !TIIS D-iyrt~y *\^ It9s^1:1Y1' TO
a3vi.3'1mS3 P VS7, QW wn it0' 19S2- (W
S'133''I p vv9n vi1n tti DIV7S U'o
ni~n JIN Jsv7,m-q-r IN I'-li pm y 9137

E 1 1 7 3 1 8 0-1s n v y p w n' W ti 7 t t 8

tn3sDyrtm i tnr I$3 tilI ,"3'i1mY3fp,,
- Vt1isa t3so "?yiyr3p13 ,, -1 nTI1 tn $
lIYt7'IN Iy1 pD 151n YOs tyoy;x1I3'IS
iy1 1p1yn T1O .T1S st 1' t 1$3?,2Y
*""'NYt9i,, y1I TIs ,yvv" YD3y5 -' f it
,YxYps plit Is s IV IiDmtyi t Ytf wp
-n'11 '-I ivlypryj! tuyn Iy Ts ;Bin 1'D IsN
,n3"p3;1:sK yvP13yvu5Ia m t ltit n3ipi't3
P' i"TQ3Jm lyosrtWii 1"s7 iyy Ut),n3

s 1l pv3s11 1wvv Yly )W1 V 1Y?'li 53T

;y33o TO .nDotl517iy yut3 tV3oitya i1y3'

,pix 39)s ils t3 1oit 3l7t ?ry i

PV TY '3xs3 .TO YW$n 'tn3y tn1o
IVvl3w7 !Y'w Vty ??W ,112vv T1i 5.vK 1'

I, 1U pya1' Tp 31s5 yn31 tn 3n5 11 ps
ps ,YoI9 ysK it3&in D y)3MN 1s5n ,D l

5-I'8m "j s tIis tjDv yyWyty J Y1-tb^ ttD
,tCy' IMK 5 P7nT v il a iyr113 yIr itl

.pti9a 9Yt7 19tIE) (^'n "17) i^'N t$n

.py l12s in lit 5tD I' v3Y s112315:1
-tn pD Iv3 1 t33DTy n 3I1 IY3 n v t
TO0 .13S3-1sD-;t3ynsD psT I;TS ty '3''o
ps YI5l13YY Dn tyo133y'Isn l"t x3n
-D'DIS msn y3 Nl1 ,yiy3)1ti N l7YiY-in

.1y5q I y ps
'=P1Y"In pvaI 'IT tywo''p s pi^
tCign Ds9 1W'Iy 1Y'I 9ns tojyoY iy y)y
.83 ,50i 1Y91 tis .tr9ty ps opn taoya "t
noDmmiysnB,, lYoj3 PY' IYDq5 tINp

.-!3Ys WY ljyt 37ya s pvTq pyn5 ISyt'm

-lIsD U1. nlDYSyW nT1 Y3s? l 1s1 p''t3

1Y9131s 1ty3"r "t .'13271B-t~yInD t')o
woDy-qyogy tryjyiNa,, ;IB 111q3 wn t151

-3y7y-1N t"nx n9 tS ,iy3 i3'D:) T O
--SB tDYnI 0103'08 y'1t tfyl 't tmy

E''BD TW pit3154'8 190 yt ,iytj s (591y

-73vv j' 1wUmitD Uv'n r ,-717N D;T3)lu
,17t 1N: P"I'W M '7 1 vW tomoW syrLi

D11 B y9 3 iDi'n "I pImy19t3Dis 3 I1T'0
tD' o00tym'iiB ISB ypiiyos ps pps

-)v5 riling py4 yjy1ip3 s 11 twrit3

1,7v 1138D u aov ,vn tibv5ll gvrnt, r s TI
.t~~itit' yty1in yiy?? p~yi 'y?~ ,'ly'
p;y^ y^'^rr in ,Yj''t~sYf'sa \mY Y''YxYa
.;t7t3"Di'W '?^S D8?1

yru -1i 0W, 5 yt5 IV plt im t-iTiSy

-'Isn 'Dl5Yn ty)"t ntpN t3.V' I~x I'D
.t-9iv11 I923i 11D 192W "-In mr-iW,
.t9 1D tiyxjlt5 I"t JI byll9 u s lr la-

lit =14 71uln IWT$ 'Ist" Wni I-IV,8 PN8
.1 nn1191 x Pl $ TW 'I Vtllb
tIt8 Ut-s rn'? n"i iv 0y91 I 113

trunK -viN M.V 7 JIN tIn m 1"I "7K jt)"13

110 ~ ~ .P ay i 331 1" 18 19 1 0 08 f lK'

ISD y:nits 10013 J, p'l 1J3Y3193N -I
Inn :l .tsn t-l lnvn m
I~limi'WD'1 bY'o 1v ItmstIriY 'In I
In i wn3D9ris ts 1tip1 'Tn Pit T1O ,:
jv-1 ny3911i '1 jv't;W iv .vnpni I'm
y'mm 1T3m 1p5v 0 In "t'193r 13D1-,, byN

-vmt$P, -I D Y'OV.Vl utpi~Dt I. VE'l7
U)"'In IIN nv-115= "7 Inlirl lix "rK
.1'51 11 r7 '1iV t"t n W liny'In '.7 I'nj1 '
onsv 13ia''t~i~ -7mp 1^3 ;o p nyilp

."V3Y91D3 .y pW'?1 193CpiynK,, 11
-7 t3,, sO rt3DYtiy v \i to 1PIm tin
viup*' mv v*a~ls< o p Is ;3tinynn ::s'1sn

t3its 10 Dy & PK 5 tit pQlia 1H "Iit3
.1nay 1 "'T py 31t 1' prt T O f t3N"prr 't
""3 ~ ~ ~ ~ .5l viyrpt$< .T8 ptpnSS;D I, y

S11 i'D N 131p711 ,TIN < 7it133 1 i n I
iN lsl 3IP'1a tDs -i IY3V P3tit<,, n 35It
Fl'Tt ."rj~ya yaap ytyn^ l~y~pio, Ir13 n

-7a p, IN IViy ~n -!P ly-i
.tJ'n n s ?yvip s I0p ? ta n iym n 1
taany yn ,n Dt8n31) ,^'3ty ip3 p b)8

lqpt -Iipn~' tJIN -1.myl-Ty~, l^p
:D JNW .15, I -1 fIV It'lqlY9y tIn 3 t3l

yiT'Bipytpl y T'IN iypim ; ,nvls~n
D^Y9K 18 1t W y Dif tiD I WI tm3Y Ir",

mir jiN IW ) t3.1,Vs1w 9 ti 3n7uq tn9st ?

pt ,nNT1P Gy 1B ,lItiV1D9ty Ir li t M
-IYx' ip't< lyi Y3yYPH ,iyu '1- pst~Dy3-s

P'K iSDK T3YS1pt??ll .V ,7 ;-l'ny3T 4,t)
193W t3(jD3 ytflyp)y03-IW-7 ytsDyIn
tp jiosp ,D~tS3y?3 8 i!J P ,tyn30 nY^
ta'^pj'ijW-is i~\ 13^'n ,t3yo''ot;p-'ii1 itPWK iy1i 1^ iYjaY.19. >T ti D 19Y'T5)tD
-PD PK .15isi 1 IW p11411y a {I?4Y ix tp
18'7y^"t i PW ^19 tW ,#"nt; ,''t3YD

"NY39YaY34,, '1Y1 -i^3 Tr 3t>in ,iyT'19
-'TIS ID'OD **D ,Dy'xsp'893op (087Yya
"YD'Digi WWKICt1 lypiiyan!,, ~1y1 paD 0'1
-"'t^p -"Q1"^tuW,, 1^y DOr ,Dip "D p1<
iy1I rrD p1i1nya t^''"1119y tw D^11 ,tiyQ

I t y 4 3

1r'12$ \I2 e 01Y-3p0 CTS =3n

,-1 Px ,'71w x s 1 Tol y 'nt 71r

-IT"IU YIY-TIN " l 7IN T If :NX $7 MI'
TT DA3B $DUIty V: TyaTy! Y I"3 1 7-13
".0 11 y-7nU 7'1E 73 1 T1[ 7,x J7 I'N
MI pin T77W III w1n 183 T1 T1 W 0$11
-S3 ,pIlyS yIg 'Yls toS 1$ t3 U 0yT
YaY'?S T2IM tcUtn' : tI 7I T'X T'N o117
(p''K if 0Di<; i w' 92 K 1"i 15

I11 7Z2yn ,I.yn m J in3 xyn x 711
"*T 7,x UY11 UYi'i 1"377 J llW "p')T1 II1
-ypW 7,x DSP I-T pmD nrienon
sojto =-- ipr tynly~r ^ *ps nnstffa

.t.'K 21US3 Taip'IEJ 70Mil 1973 u Iyny
YvI-.' IxiYTT a T'K p5ais

,311- ,.7 .'87. ,1 '117n ,7I ; -S

I prya np 26 mpi, :mt:iT |
1:s 1N ] n iY;",T 7

1I1 to ,cm; yuGS Dto 117

L83$190DD 50 13-113)"N

I .S' T ,_\p 1pym 132 |

. ..I In.. ...?. ... . .i .ll ,i .$ .. .II \Y. l .
.lys'Tis ,yiyo Tn .p'^^ .a ,'?'T'D I
|u uUcStp-y33yngOj .K : o3neI I

I U]D 50 D'l'n 'N I
I "aB nnuiB-ip"ioa,, ]'t jyaipN ; is itay^3 |
I pmeinyo ,eNIP-10182; -lyB'ninT ; D'S
I,eNB-*ynl)2^ c'ny:;' ; an, spu IanT py |
,nIybeep oN tiE! | l l l l l l l D p : i4 n n1 t h li t 1: 1 i 1 3 2 7 |
= n n m n n n ........ ............................. E

i}'' I OSwi8 t3w a 1T-7T txY7 tn
,In1T'n'1 YSDnX 7TiES -lyrix5 7'

71E) ?'7-uvum 1y T 7IYy DA"
713 Tri'-20? riTs? DU1i
'1 11 71P'I1-1'-20 I"? DOT M1

.gby lSW'T~~e 01"D lDigny DU
71r t ?CT 7-nYII Ul3n3y;a U"11i
-X''Y3'v ysrl n1yl'y 71E) 'lY3'

tDDI VT 71W 0Dp7T XW .X u0';
-(j;'7SpJ Yv''IP/ U33r'n U-$11 Do

S 1Ti r i y -g t3N7 yA T'JIx0
ywrya m mylmy~i -r,5z"Us7r
-1D '%3OTs -T UK< 71Wt1n NN

.UIY~~ -117Z 7YI11T U5YUU7Y1 ID

17" 7^y'fI3 T 'o 11p 03 ty3 xT3
I~l 13'T Ip T'IK DO ,1TO'1: 'IS IS '1

liTympy PR DOT ,nn21>a ye a 'T

-S9l T31S 2'' t3!< DOT ,DD" ^19
TIIX 11 :1 U M OI I X011 1 -17- T
,p1S~al~- )$' rpm3OT wni ^p 'K
-19ln-lnx 7t; -1y3"rT-nxK 7
-tUWZXYlTY Y35-T''W1D 71D Iyl
'Y37 ~ 198 Sm'8 UY y9y9ilu
-~J;inn 'X ,y~7,'nx mIrw
1908L~~r; y01898%~i 1l8 TW pl"8

is ,=3Km Tr' 71E 0080180 ,y
-Iy73W nmyT 11M t3S18 Uy1-my l^
t7W 7u SYw'TW -I 71E 9siryly:
%1"t'M91 yu7uyIDo -I 0$nl ,T
-.S'S3m y5N uWl .p7:2nya3!
myJy 7U' T;,i-wlr ]n 1xpiW i
5"iU 7uoy1A my- ,:I Ul3'" 15? Iy

nlY :pioD"2 m7i3vU11 L Jim 1
WI7Y IT ijYUyEi ;13?'
-Iuvn1 D K iT yp1iyo1N pi

-'s I.Vi o D8ll v' rno1Y 'I.ys:
,D- ;1Y 1PK W svDD-tK3 T;IN t
a3JJ"W'19Y7 p1 Jj ;3 pn Y3:

-17 t' It 3RI3l I3371 17D j ,ID
* 3 p o') 0 v'3 jny i lyy TO vo1, rtym)
1y7 u91Y 71 J ;3i 5l m '5"1 ,1Y115317mY

UD'1N1 119 "13 13-E"11 ) 111T)
( n13 13 I "T]I 7117 '

S -vp lYi y saylji saDrln pann a

i-Y t.-1i 'T py1 n tL)DnYTE D 91
tn! m'^I
.;tayT -( 1'3 "^ 15 pan Ivynmvna I
ign TK 15 pnrY TI ,1943 ,riv It28 anv

nx-m n), -1,'p
yr TIS 07 vi l t'i 5tW twrn n p i tUY1P5 n D'ip
?~xpW~ ,, lististin~~ 138 D592 j8 p 1 TV~r

kTPW DlyOT 1:;85 jv-pp,, ly 0, pm

*^ Ts g o -yap piy j ^ i ^ y i y ~ ju nv n

W3K y i,',T'2, ti~mpti'rN9 (7129H Tuyanye rtu
111na 7"yIID 11n "5p miI 1 3 15 ny-i j,' ; rivy,,s
nku MYQsn I31v;Wn1 t1.Ti 10 `11 lv- 50;w .T -n-N pr:
1YSyl ~Wy-T -1 TI nil O n90TLVT 5 O 'n pnTIp
IN Pyw .m 013 5 ,0iyr 0 ^ 1 3Yu p

II TW 17"1$U111 10 (8 9"q ,DM
~:13 l Wi ~v ivin rY! tn 1):: lO

n n mys mansp-yo3i wan p'v>-y unsja is.
tunM ot?^s e-iy5misn p5atn ^*la^^s on't
I'I UPD YT DY 1 1033';n i 5VD Dy D>N ,;uasY M-711 t

, II sK 11 1",, Lr u v
M32 pt< iyJm1 iy" auiv-n iy; 9 ptyn "iDn
;I-'T Tu n 1y -,. )r I T 1D r i2 N 11 ?uv

ijxt ; m 11n. I.V"Oty
aip BD t YUD'D ''10 1 yI'yQ D 193"? D'D p i U

NT'I rn!i -Dn3 17 [y vyl yn5;t> l 1D 3,'U3
J1^3 'tt0Kv I-I jK pa Y oY
UP11 1E)S IQ 11n.,Dyri'S;T'JS;"'^"^1U' 1p

7 Y ]W w .TIN-Dv' I N I O V D ,a iJ tx
U ; yn ^ )YI -7, ]y j^ i n. 15 : I t o u lv )p t
117 IiK --i.p^ pa YDOn --i ,$i'ay^ i'n
;E It t:v7ln v m D~)n$n
*'ip ,y35P -^: JyQ [ Ui< yta'iK ii/3"r j ,i ?Us;L~

IsNT'BYt$ pjn -^ QyO -,) 0D:S'oiY iiv
~~K ~~ t) "?D9) iy 91y Sia; 410"2 19771 y 8vi l

I 1Y1 T -7$0 D4u 2.B
2'NT 71M 013 r u r
Ly ,~ .1'nX-tlya T1 I?'h'? y ;^i 3YS" 3 l ~yms'

U-I$-T '.- 1loN t ~ -w^ 215, -i ^ 'y i p mezi ri

$3 ; U01 1 t
p0tvt3 15 1
3^315 iYt ;31 0' # f .1 l 091 I W i'K
U ;y L, -y3 'u 'o 1 tt~>'"ais t!j~E t -is^Df'CY; nn

UiyD ^*0SK '^"^ nt< Ili"D1'I 3 10 Jf1 1 JUS? yU9719
-3n Py7u1I^D iii

1 DW~ '1 "37 113012 18D"t"
.138380 013iSY 0iY709 18305 09U~ ~~1 (W.U 8
______ 1aviK iyuDOpP ,Vit it1 D-1V57 ]; ,0Iy
"ja' win i"e1 .-i83li ivi va v5yDLl-nsy;5.vtU

9l0a 0411C 7540P "JP p33 IV^ID ^ I91 ilJS'i
N I-T, -I -ij I li u Ti yS iY3K < n i ny
.- nt53 ]{<;a n T it u Yjisy~; 1!t^;c' lby7 i p^ .Y3stY

'iNs my -ii D i pa Dv:3-%i ynnv- viyDSa y.YO
min J~Sm M"n ."n Jipmt pa Ujy'iY-i-y Dvjvy
yvUy Dnil Y5utv L TIK wKj=H 5L ivn .voDl15L'O1t

1944 ,rytV

jstrTrzxn r z iss 15 li tanrnges


1944 ,ryM_ I a v 7 , a IC

!y sovv 71z V- VvY 9 bYV

'-3 pt 1iYS"m3 pbK ,1yny11.rp yV;"5p
TIN Dui5YvtiY w r Ittsai? 1=5 ,t3N Btv
.D.ruyryt "I iit< Irm m ys nrl In
.t9Ym3Ysy) 197 I21K bYD80 ?Y'1 180
PWN K jP1 03w 8 ,1-is n5m 8 im 'Il1Y
'14 ,toizv yw9ns3s ,y'BVDDDs8s piP D'3
900wut'05ril ,y901w74p ,y9nTyy3912
pip lII InID 8 t0IP1Bis 'it I3nt =wy3
ny"t I'K p'1^ya twj3 pI1 P lty1:
.-yI'n K TIK yiy5yt9uy
n1 Dipo9y18 1W 'tt a i ,tJ *'win y*
-"1N YIsoa ypyt19 1 p1 DP3p$11 ytYIT
vYDw piyvY3S 1 YS58 yvW T]W ,tuz"1
"ms yi-n It 1$ OmDp ilts t3 =aVyl
Ty{m'atpv ,to3Bmplsm 5tp Din ,P'18U7
11Y iy1 tpi< \y3tpi ,IDBI15 -Iy I'
-DM3Rit<"nB8 EiB ,t t 01811 Dy30 3->?t
0152' It$; Di1P It ...it t Dno ptVp p
't nDyl ,D1Y=0W 1Q Dt 3y95 ,tD'3 18- )
ti tINp)Y519TT2^ tBD,lt toip 't ...p to
DWIP 1t YsLA 1 IK WN t3I'3m y (Y537yo
ry7107tomSD'ili2' 0p D'IN tor:'1- Tp ,p$
.yj"3 pa ylyioetr lyn i

5Ko33p IIK 1'K 't tyn y3'5y 'yt1 0^1
.0141 t$yD D'aiip yiyt3 ,jI} .pt t'ij p'i
D'nm pD ltw'y yr7tyns -I im )I ,8tS 1J!p
tiii' p 1=Y91S t'IN 51nD 1Y-1 Iy1 ,rlW
-T ,jtlYy).vn82 1jn1 t s 118 m I1yI
'y)PW*K p1YZ D01^ 'I-IDD'IK pt ,ly25y y?
T)85itayngD pa pVYn lT7 194 ,I'yats
iV lit ptls:2 i Dqll -I pivpnlN li't
nri ti D= 8 1111 Dln -i7 lyN Y1itDs-i
04 pDnlyn py?5 iyV"r '130 ]w9Iy5'DQ
p\ p'?lW^ Vy5ytyt3tu 't iK t 15yi 'its
nMnrit Ymsli r'P n w1 -,j;tyDyn -I l'
S DD I,yts8to ly'W tvnlp; Inir t15yni
,Dy'"K 1tiyDyVnty l \w Iyn1i3 m ,yS s
-i8D 8 ,LyA31sy;) I3 ,D'"O p'3yVml8 S
,53p' J* PWK pin 15Yll"'T Y'I"t S Iyit$ yVmz s
1:y1 yN S PK YYvD.Y9Un ;linQID83 CY1
"r t ynv "3 DO tsI 1 .vTyt3t 'WI. ti. t
jW im IyviQ yU1^ pW ,jyv; vI1m 0y
y58 pyvIry:3 tDyl U:, INI ,II5Db 0y"3:
b'i tn Y DDMil M y"3 W 1I) ,D3st7 w
'-Y9YE Iyr .1t.}$3E nyvIyj N1 B"p1Vn.ysy
nlnll) twi TWI 1p^ tq Iiyt"! tUyVI 11yW1
.iy"vS3 vyvyW19 00 t"p3y l ieuB jyo
3 ,D3"O iyo t'1 D' D 1)y 1"N tIy v Ii
.p DY'K Dtn toynl ?y1yutoI 1I31NR It3:

Dyovyolr l D'wyIl .DLA nymrn^ Iyri
pW ?3= ,wny0l Inliplist IVa Lo LSs132Y 13
yC5mYvi S 9'1 59tmn p'5p S ,bypvtosP
": 13yD" I-iY11Vt7 8 ut' P g8 T1N ,v1rmY
D54113y t'1 tti7p 't D11'3v P1t37 8s
1' '7 ib t 777 171 14 ,1"177T PIm 1 'I
t1r '11 17) i'i 1N7 jp 'T 1w11 ,13'1Vy3
-r157yn? Vyv5p Tw"il x it31N" rYUI irmnli

- t3'035930'1K% DE) iyDC8D i1y1 t91
wo1p ,D11yp1' yp01 ,yt1 ,y 1" yly3
yjrrin-5.v ,Dyny3' Y3wYr1 ,tp'i( D 3 'DI
pW yD rl ,;8nDyt fIgD Iyn'y 121i
11p3P I ,-y19': 11K D0lt ,17y530u?1 3yw
i1 DY0a33Y1t ; ip '1 1 iti1y "I 3:ntl
,DyrZw ; Qoo ytls \N IW15t^P y185
13l80 I 1aIST 1Y5 "9 I ,"1 117K DY038
S ,.Iv7v s 1S8B0 bts 1K n in 5 S Is
...1Di 7m3
18B0 y'19B 7 1 nD7i 'l 1 1 t"3IT' t374
TIK ,BIup8 5n1 S ,9'ii8 5Mn1 L IP S
,5.i:. tD'i uq .ic)45v1 nnyl 5-1smn l y
33yr 5sB' y3"1 yV3IS5 ,9 .vDuopY5sm '1
't t3 nny1 p 37oyp n ,0y "'5a 'nT 'p I'
-W"7 1 '? 001t D0$157 'S ,01y it?$ ;j'i
yt),lt S tp' PIK 0"r t -IBOwnSK ...i n PB

,yp1Vy1 t? I ,y'yv11y 17p S I;s,1"11
131 yv1 ,ltIVl'1 170 .5y 03713'1 S 1I.714
1yDVyt yt"3 tt "z11 ,1i t51yt1' ,iy3"w 1
1t3$ 'M T t" 1tn18a0 t1t53Y tDiD ?IN
D"3 p1i u7 n lit T '1 Ivy ,Pi8oI 13mT
Q'WIK lY95Y3 '1 "TT tT(IyY ,p1'0yt3W
tw bDl DIV tlIJo -Il 3"'p PK pW180
-"iy3't 1Y914 ,i''<;y$8 8418 ,;I!?9IY aD'I -i
TI 0117 ,ItsD33yi 'O ,ty1) '3 .JtM'5y
.y3"o 1pr7 y5yDyivt 1ny7"K ,;1ly3y '

-yi9Uiy! ]yWi yywti0 DY0 ti1 pW
-D'"I ,D13" ,DYO3531-D1 m0171 1t3 7
t1l ua1381y3 "t 1p374 1ID S ItnDioY.
1tin 1'1n .1y7 ;3 a tin1< yyINyU 5vivnyt7
-1SP ,D'1 1 137n fl tI ,t y1311y1tI31 1 ^'y
tlI'3 tTD YStiYoDt Dt?-1 "T Jtnn 0t9 '''i3
tiT'Blt5 "f I3il YJ38ti (03 ; nt?^t 3 K -

"'1 1 I'? 1 11v 5.n 5'yn1V7 S y7503 y
Dt' iPPv37y .M311"nIt -v8D1"x i ,StV3YO;'
Ya1 YrY \7 0t3t7iw ,1yj"3 Iynny1 1
1 tU:SDnY DyPynltWu' iSM jv705E

t3DDm-y5ryytW I"o ,y5.nyt3yu y"$2
"iy3 ; yp"Ttim ,yilyyt3y ,ynyV'Dm-i DV
14T "t '11 Yvr31i ,ls5D8I1 ,yt'y'T
0)~"Rl l1Y1' t$ ;1t i D'lm tU -
? 2Y'nrt Dip ')11 't3 -
p y5vtu'y I'o ,y1 n1gytV t3y"x

v ,Y -'yi '1 ,t113 pxt 'Y 1111-lf
pt 1Y14 ,1J-iEOI ,y'818DY3 ,Y's3n1K

1'"v IDy' YD'IK yo D m r'w p' (
.Q0 L pva pa S iynyD' "t
impy-i' N Imso 11S I j g tlb
8 y51yt1t? pxr' ,p Y vuvY yw ny"

-jYslly Wi'n y-5y:ip 'Y1 IV trz tIrlyw
11wy 'I T tyllill "11 P Dt)QW
- \W ,'='5 ,0"-12 ,3tp p1?45P 8 TI

-'15 yiyt ,y vm'1 ,yu ; 'ly7v S t1
-( 5P ,;yp'T1y3^i yj3r p p 1' Dt=1
,y,152 ,ryl 1':31yr DpYtvIuns ItY:t
lit t3!n bD1t mDyt0!5 y35y8tyo ,yj13
1 I1' tYtDyuspy ,tDos Y=3S5t pW tlY3
Ty5p01y V;5snj nI 'I flt tDl-lyi ,1tyas57
-Y'W PK ,T1I "Ul tIpjnYY3 -1 ,D9 nu3 -
.iyjo ptW PN yT ytN y t
Dbl"m '- DKos: 11 ;1i ;t"t n' ;I'l
-'B3J D'n)ED 'i ,"'I Yt19tiy -11 nP DotPi
tiN ,z"ll "t v5Vt"-l t)411 ,1 eyB'ye m-im
'I ; pps0i pv5n ,Iy9Dtn I"p ,.5yVD3
PiK Iytyl 711no-nr'n PN ToW n r?' IT"5S
P'T -isma nt k t 1UYyn3D'1I ,torlyOyv
.5'N-1 w 3 5180 I 1t 152 I1t WVSi p"N
-sD PMl'ny? Pin ps5s-"t DyD83 TIK
.Do"ZI S Ins ly'(y3)p TiN Wsitsn
Irlyi Tt 1tiis DHS) nyD'19 i -iy9 t1
INI ,Dosnn3 -T Ut Jy=ysy0 y3"'p
-D"y y'1omY pr< IYJv;NI1 9py5a vynyt
-D t07 '- J'I D .lDSn1mIN 1'? p5"11
T'N 't Iml ,yr it7 pn.I jym =OYmP Y3jy07
01 D 1 n ,7npTY-'9y9 II D IiBiy3 yn
,D3 yDt3Y D tS i ...jtony; ?T "D s'T
Y11P^YtuD""^T Di'D 5Dyw tVotLSY:5S Dn
- ; ty1 t$p') 1 yv'T'IviS1D !I y1r3"n
I11 ,toji19ny U08I pYi al' 0 l YD'Tll
pW Dii>tpI -tY jpt< ,Y1711Y0 vly

!'W Jt

^unoDnc$t sm EN

1 1 7 ] 7 '; 4 1944 ,r-yn

(oyo njs t:45) I"q11i2 .j 0

lY ^ii^t'i:! 7y1311 n3o PKl D^TI pK
IV 4-lll I Vulm mEn Tim 0411 Jim
(p 'W 14 i iy 711 o0 n ,ii7i r'r E:41
'1m ? p3Mn y131K pI1npo1y1Y iny1l I13w
U^-1) p'l Jim n'1'p8)r14 ply I'? Irls8
IY'vW ^'B1:1 ty)p (jv yn tO .iSBl 'm
17 l1i I7y r 191 lyy; ,ti. )u4t1 inv I
pYrl~l,3il s p"5~1Y D~yll ~19~~
191 1yn ,ujy8n E 1i"51x oyyvil Is-:p'm
T'.-oN5 jDEz~bt D ilt us191 1u1is Jim
.I-8i Jim mo si vso ;ys u5&i IWp'm
.7315 }Iya'' tIynr UP-ISU^SBD PK Yyx
"Is 1n p myn 5 T'1'D t" ,ts is Tuw
1p8B lEt D ypy 15'T "T Te tu ,ItaD'igp
-18 13ytvo1l 11 18B ObK 183)18E:1N1t3yvD
-:anrt$ yyivls 1111in 14n Dn1 ir "y3 ,I
-Q! u1n9v3 w: IY)"t 'ITS DP31n .Dy'YT
tsy218-11ti)10 Ia t y") DCyB ,1001 PW3 '1
pbt lppYrs yaYSlumsvfyYI 1 Yrls I.V-
myW 091 (15-is jim 0oy2y7v8s4 rv913s

lil 1E9m ,I Ityps p0 3I bty~is v935y
ItPt I .V l Jims 1-K 4viri tD'itp's bp;?P
1"t 4 y1W "t .-K? ^ 13-11- try3 y31yt
11MP' 7Y108 ~19 f091EQ~' 'lnlifl ti9311
.vT14 I=0

-y 1 11#pii W111 DY9TWK ~ 'Y137E W
,?K Imn nyuv ON iam Irl't spj'5

Iyulm p4-lnly ntsp'm IZ-11-7 Jim Iqp'N
9pN tim YDt9'vw t- ayI in y Dyl nPm
xvytri? rig

.-ya)93011 "t13 Iy '
Dwy"TK i jiui irp -ia I:Lx, *itp

DS11 UN 1Z ;3173l9118 ^
UUJ'TW 119 11'l2 1250

. .5 199909t000a' 1 1ta Ent'ia, TimE 1s I's tt'i Ttl D'1718 Qyi 0 ,"1Q 1'70 X mB' D
INA tm.% Uvil D11 Iljnw;5 p VIO~71ox
8 lya i's i pvm'i2 'a .w'-I 'v
,v'lyr \1i1 iv3vn vvSv 1i1* n? ,
-SQ Spi .neoea 1n1 tS' Tpm 0^1
-P''QiST" ai a s 11B ti tyi 989lyi
-,6m nv; rmn<) n iva -1i~ -iN .I^Bps-o 3

-*ypear -i a \p n 0J1 ,vis itst a
-spnv-1 )NI Envwn -)v-h1 nvnpl8nl

T"v72i \ -?1t 1'2'1 v9il fA l a'T'H
fittyig lit wnna vtn V=At) E

JNN5t NE ."1Wn 1A nvu,5-0 jlwvk

~tS \~ nt ItNI .1v- n tilay1018
jvQ \$' "2 tvnn 'e, IBt INAtSl c
,iv$ Inn D iln 1I 1 tnv-vaTmx
I'm')P 1'?ii*" *-13 ,Wm J *ivn ?n~ 1A?
.11 Inns Invil yz,5L'pvwn11

111w LN Psj7 pIp jIN 11)

'I 11 ,DPI'1 lIJ Ijsp' 1nr t03y5
TP Dy .P)83W It "I'y5,, 11 Iy3y"5
.'1m1I ?'I Dt, M11st t3'03 l1i PIp Ix

LVD i'wPrurD 37'"T v5s YiT1o
-ua8v5.ty y5s Ip'm PBE) urnms IYI
-y tLY" i'pay3 yy-5it 31333p jpiy1H Y

O11~il Jim r 15,,n Iv5 P
inT p0lT lJlIq l t Ti litl pm I3- ixy

pm m.I IvPn K l it Ivpn 13stP
D!n'iI ntiii itrb 1x pviN y 3 no 3 ?' s
-It$n DTI vityv5Dj -It s3 PIN Viy y-px
--3D tD.v yty75 n 1v3( ,14-i -y Yhn
5p) lyN By 1 ti yll to1n=1 i IV invY
.It@"ipr9y yvy-ivt IND tlyyu1 ItN11 Yyry
0t'q ,IBs13mD U'3 0$1 WTW DT1 D"' Iy

PI ;s-i t 3D ,V138I1' ,to'n'-1:Y ,3P1' WI
-' Iy tfi yt3518 7n ? Yp ,Uyn1tB yyr s
to3nimy3s 'nts 5DT t3pK .1m ?s It5W

-Irl pw$ 'its umx zwrit 'I 5S.Tvz I'
Y'17 N't 7i!1n 1'K 'ts iDi TY "T ,17IB
-'3' "t ,t 'II t .yr'nwY i V nrD1'5
IV VP'W -1iP IyDPu3'1DDm' l VIr t D"p

-IND IV0 I.yy5 ot i mmr15n InW l3jy1 Pi
is 1 'r Iy5tv % we ,r 3Y'ltja'-nx N Is
-1 11$13 1205 IjvvPtW Mr7 IIy97rris IND
-3,aru-aDyn C tn T Dojn ^3non0
I'D t; ,53 mIlP I tJ"0 D0) .tU"P
Iy-i pyl IDi D Yc W 1yB 1 piy' 1jpw 1 iT ;B
Impmr5y Yty'nt),VADD'WED -I l1i I
n pi3moix31 piyD3ty y3fty'i ,i8s5 pt<
Nyy39tj0p 121YjiYt9 n Dltn ,Di;
*D'D ;D tl PS Df't DFDyDiD]y38 DC 08P
m'IN'lly 141 tn3Y0 Dt .Dw w I$-1 1)9p
tut=a-it n''' to5s8mix to,"prtii IYI1
,'I'l t)"D D^ IW 10n1pY3E 01 t0l90 lt3 '
ttr:WN-16D N pit s IN
I8B 11:tn 6 sn pi \wt pIyW j1.v 5T OlTi'N
Iy-1 -I ,I vo-Drtrl n"3 JIt"5 yi29 N "I
s 13t p ttp Iyll : JK vyI TIN .'Inicm
- Tsr;Iai y uts n 1x t c)i v piy0y3
,D'tiy"DbyD PIK t1t0sy3K1 ^13 ,Dby'x
~IDB,, y1V pat u'DD'18I D') jv3"T y37yn
i'D0s n 5) 33 $ Y '5 t : 3)1 ,Ypj'p-"DD'i11
itpW 1ly1 'i' ,t3sia YniT3 0 n D,^ 17
? jtp D!?I pp?

D3-t ,lIt3 'vy pi l 'n n DIB 1v3ll
w$1 p1A Itp. 3 m ity1Yu3la tbji 'I$ov
-5y TPK D0 1 ,1P PI T 10 Q135yB tr35'Y 3
-'1 )t ,J18tR 1030 mv niy3 j [D5wpsn

"-Y31 ts ,50'vy$ttQ '1 13yvtp I'D
1 lia lxti l$P'nxY trYjr Dn" ,tp 8Di

-)3 01i p33 12ns' p1s tii"?n DVw$11 jr5r
-1j a(i4y's a" 3i3 (93^ 1 by3" 1D 1 D3
iy i-ispiw u5,yYw tv^"t jtvw'iY w ivo'lYa
5(jT Yp'nzos ptR 1Ip m Viy i Tp ,iy
1y1i iV p35j pliiit 1j lYY 3 J1 l3vP
-r'111 13 5t1 ty t ,3ammvyiuqY'-non5m
pxN w'wpi '' nT tPinPt1s IB5in lY st
Y3l-i, ', ;n'I'" u"pi'3"x '- liK ,u5
I'p IZ':t5E5 p woTp it y 17 t8 ,itDoD

n1 D1 ,n13f8B-N1DInviD 1PK tiO'Il
liK ,t9Ytn3'nN Ipi1 it 'Tus yvly5'lilt
1 t'iB'K Diy K P W Yilem3tD' t3"-1 p"?
pl1 ilt n n'io 1 tU311 ,ti C1 3-,j'y3

'1 *1 Y31'i1 p0T13l 1y131K x'T -53"p'K
Iy1i1 T 11 N = yi i T'i .nonmo rli pK

-p 3In Ip'' lit vY3v:3'1Is^y^ Ir yB'3r'

.7 7CtB -iAp'p (33Y3K 5yI px t33'"u1
PEt p1p 5io p'1p rx ,3y" 'l, 20 yo3y5
'D11 LA =rrist IPD N tIr 1IN IWVllvl U3
-3m v t it8 i! ?i -19s rs ,tyy 0'n

m"'H iil"3l I'K TT S 37t38' PK 7 i3y
",D ,y"X 1' 20 180 1IN383IsnT.-leynD
pI't t3i 'I'D pN Ditl' 5y Y1rsy tbvin
"IDylltD D0 i1v ts8{"7ID 1s5 3jIy15pwl'
DoI' ,Do'n: a2-73b-'78 YII11 T'R ,383183
-yV ms yJ pw1i3'IN YW'tIys p13 i pp
.pi'y)j! D13 D.YT r'm Its I1P'n
IyI tbSo in, I^' 20 n it jwn iN
-34t 11 i-11n I bYVP y 3"t 1- 111 p'
i'KI tIyn5 ty5ba;'inyxY 0v pN 5"n
-t'D'YYBD P'T? t3D18p DN) vYt'T' Tyf
7v 1 T 1'D3y) '1 ;'1K .3N' IJElP'
"ty101)n iD'1 s I.Dv tt5iN Ip

,nYmr-s c$5 It' mi Dllit T 5 r5'
,iop$T 3rIK U1'-1 u m5' T'5 $ mpl
t7 Din't P1 l3Y t?' U3?'1py3 ?Zy T n 0$ YI
.t3Jiy3.u DWis t3'0
-"" 1"1 8 ty19y-i ti3yiy; y D^TI "p^
,Dy'?ywfi;v Dt? pW 1 PY' QTy 1i^tSt
-;>'tyr3" 'W' l Dt1 DintltD 'l? JOB 0 D 11
DyT 11f pyn11 y1 013 1Y924 TW' Dyl .ya
0Y9Yty7n3 D!?? ptW tH .''p'msK irtiv

.,t w ~ r$t W'm' 0$1 Zn ,ayT-'II _^ p. 7IN
,_l~ yInta m1 y-r 'n, 7y11ir,'yip p 1y'It 3Y
.1i':s n rx Lo1ty0ptLyj-j 1' tUa- i DTn

,vlya n11 t71ni lswyoD ogn -1 y
.t'7 y,,l t 71 : D i? 17121 -'''-pTf r i'-T 7Y'1 1Ya2 twK
,ni 7"1T t3'uosysss V!;n ny-ftyln-;iLlnn 71E) toEX7p -I
.a1i3 T'T 139979Y13"8 8 1ut;n Ily^'SyD'tyT Y3'ntm 110 11 5'T
,-'7Uyp MIS ptl 573Wiy^SIsy7p 07y31
,% 7"N x0n 7"? 7-s12A -1yQ 7"t3N V ,nstnia 71D ui!n byT 7rW Pgn 9v1g7 -r 7U 31,117tv

,Dexp pITY toiwns5MoVI 17 aiU;n wD'ynY 71E) p1'l T t Ua
:In x 71D "s a T 7T T UXU 711 TT T9
.naia rt wlny V9 n 1iy 1'1 ,np-t7inmtv sy- ti wy i 3n 9ly
;5K'7p nTy, tW min Trun331 Tj"T rT30i'
( 7'm rW ppn 'T 7TY;?mivnw tU! ? o11 r -T
.Pl 4 ti 1r -Ita Un 01$ ,1y 17ym tl- tisn UnY to-m

npail r n 2'llTD p
TMTW 1 "111D* PT
uuIr 'Iu @ I;z

;Tly YT l 51 T ,?1y 'IyT 71! v1,M Ily nyT ny7Y wx 71m TW 5 7
;7S : 2T^'TO1n2at 71E MYU I TW n^ 1 T
; TyD myn U-1 7-pr'?T$1 TSY Jim U bly -Ty'

n 1 7 S ?x }D 'T aIY )t s ;m MY 7112 Dyl lm b3 y20 Ut9
13 j-1lY:1W 7YA'D YVIT uy:)Dy 011 UY 021E) WIPAII)I T-
;71$2p nsn uY-'m osn ,U*01 yX21 13: 1p5TW -
:1;7ynB7 y7 Y UpjrD 0$1n ,mm My= Q^31S TW 19
jo0S oDn sa1 yn3Et0m 71n tUpilnmoli T
;i7s MyYU5$DU7Y3 D12 I-N3 7-mP57UM
=t,3r myrB t" UpTl'lnII 'IT
aM*: lyT3pfyt' 'Y p'^ 1711rV tiA 0$1n

BS:383 12 'S1 t vn t tDr I9 a"8-=8= -9$8 'S111S; i

Iy:rB plo a IVi-? isayin!o 110 yvp'-i
-ilzz$ 1, 1 N t .m I T x D:;nL l, In I
-K p3 n niT'1 11yaytitai rB"tpuND n
1 l.!fl'iK 'mKN IY;.T)l TN .y, 'n rrsiymii
giNing Dm^y ta'Q lIppnY
pBa y'io-ys n tyny I pN ItrloycymiyBx
-'By@i0D 1yn 1s M"ptflty-iN aP 2Inymn ynK
n:rnon I1 ,n3Ns t'isiasotp ,Yi8N=B8D ~ywl
towny Dym;n nY1pn yp'rsyn U ,INp'K on pJB
-ipin TN y'; "-l? p Jpptm .5 .a 1mn i p I-i!NI .l tBTS
.x5lDy myrr B-ony^ BNn m Nur<;l :mty .-a o yJIB
.abyt,5 Jiy m ny) x-n Jri .-o 1-1 (
ps0b ya 51n B .DIB pN .10 mo is n
-ta'r 3yu i Jsrim Dnull ,?B "B

-in ly1'ui 0}?Bm Bw1B p 11.D4I't< 11B
,cyCJywn: c JB pB penp .: :%:N4 1lI
.2m: JB -T15.at ,'py:D=rG ,lSe:y:y n 'ni
-ypBipyD ,Hn abiwn ; T .11ypis ;.Tpy
.yly1:w 1IN ,p11 1 ,i lmyIn i pa r"Ta
1'pni' pm ITY^iD'ei< iyo'py::;N lya"t'D
-1NB-aylND 11 S pYIPnt-he^D;p ,-e1lym71D'p
-ir1tool Nn ,p:Tyll DpNc ; prI 1', pN IS N
-Lc ,P'1typ mTy ; D=t'-'B;N t -57D:lp0 ,Dp"t"N .0 'hyDo ; vll t! all n
,ip:yi?3y' .1 .Euns ; unm I tiyn;m* p IB Lo
-4p iysay'?^n-t2"^'snyo yin DP ^lysyngF
iya ierniB 'I1N 01 ,'''(n:I ,, lY'I "3 P'Dao
li 11p lII 'IN1 ;P"'- p It'-i ImEitnri D 11I
.9'51 l -lu ll?' j t'l 0D, lKp 1I'BI K

11t rN ipmay BPBI:3M3in on n Du 11 pyl
x J'N IB 1 .11 o 1O y1oV alw-Iy nI :DyRmo
-w;ten po ip'sI m s Ca ,ipi4nio oDS
DcihetfB .com9 pa ,]ny9S'Tit DvS y-ibL .1 toal VIPDO ytBnl2 n- .xi
(p'yat~ynmi Ip yrs ,I^TNSi~y' .on ,-iys'nys
-"V IBKnLtYpLD pl .InnVl-Y1Irvl D7IN
.*it ,detD! pr I'8Y -SYO im : Dt'" 1y
1m myB'ni-piyt"'i .' ,Y'fl7yiT<"B pa 1 sntrin
.pin' i'"
:. I'c'oI P S lit y Ba'S t < I-I:N?; 'D
-Jim Det 1NDvpTl .m t y.D1JIp-y BJ'imzu
,1asItp ,pImyi m5B' ,iymi o n ,yst'
layED) Dr~a .a ,lNBD n~n ,(]t -in ,(Ny~lD'a:NB) p'B~td':'!; .tyn' ,(?;^1'"^
-'D:'D) 'YIIIy~ 71 ,(.i-nnDE's) ^Y:TlB Npya
-y'sT':;ttn! .(Dp;m~) j'iy3;ytN .' ,('BIJ
,-isY'l! DiN p'Bt"l l eiDl' t'B y D'anp
,(pigt<^) FlyzDy1:N 8 ,'iy my$ip ,Iiy:K;i ,nuir .5
1Iytow i;;"i ,i;'in: .1 ,Daywn'N1^^ ,1ppe
B8''7'n1 .(*INBBn)~~~ 0''"B ,(YiE':y'jlt<)
.(NB.'3'tyrn) pNcjnnl
tY;"lr DY'i':'tjIii? pH ny~yi'a y^'Ba'nr *\y'i
OtD.10) 'y llw -71-7 lyrillu L41-17:1

yn- B'p ]B! -Iy'lle \y01s DY .Blp;N3

tIBp tpB mrtay NTi'N 5L4 .y;1:Nv3
tBD)oI[ antil uIn ; ornu yo' iyp' tBO'n py :yIIT
-yItri.I ,iB)T Trias pia pnm'i Dpxa ,p'3
.7 TI NR JLN"T'TI1n- I 11 117 0 0 ,-V .'In IIZPg
.1p'm 1pS INiyND1ppD -Yl?:i'2:; ,JpmnIlm
-NS3 )pp5 .5 .n lyynys N iNnyBOBBnamclr
.IKp'N )m 'lYt"J(mea lyi
iINy 1r sY IY, tIN urpuc yyi" y
-yut iBs tnmm-13 im ti'n 1i-wuv i10t5wyv pr

ly'Be mK T'N ,1 -N'PS; in IpNqy>; jaiButnymsiE? ,pis' r ,r<'9
.1 Ip' DylB DIyB 17-iy2
1y17y1 ly:"t -7:N onvIl Ber yta '-r 1 ly-s
-YIeY'n] CN5 yra?"n 11'i li5M Ji IBKnaimN
,1yty^ m1E I -1py-n i k Uate ny; curn cy7
.eck; DoN ly py; I'N CNII
3'in;(? yaMND litP MVI ,avy~is iB'B 1n
.yEtD:ly-j^nryg;D'n 1r lyny: TIN cl5v 1i3
-;yBi20tsVnBt -IN pIt -IB I'D BNn E yl-SY? u ymI'v DoN ,vlp
y19 'BOS'N ^^T pN Iis N 1pi "D JiN Y'm9Yt'

-~Ir'lu:111 I'll Jim INT'Im 10 llY EPIc

pe^'3' pr't pt< JI~ N yi ac't^
'n yl %7- JcE' im pt< 7i t en V-7'm
-"t ,Bt'yn 1y^ p :iNst pasy1 'n pa ti l p? lI pa-I tonT po'i lyj
.rtynyy'- pJ ynpc,5 jiN IDi-y0 yw'Bi i
ps Iy;IN'vSH 'T lityp Bt''K:;N Jy1"t'D
~I'm -I7 m JB ; 9 19 -T s 1 B I l 12 I 'H
PN 'N1a ps aait '' 1' i T 1K I n ,nJod
1ym 0'8- 't0ay90D 1n Tn p11N yCII ybsyi
.1,N -"117mom tly: 1 Y5L :m tlnI
. I : IJEntiip N By: l I twoYY E
; "t'aB nn-plalyo, -ly ps iNe apy- yn ,p'mi'i
-D'n -lyt'tr K nPDDoKnt<3 ,-lyCarIK sin .'I
1'ys lps lytay21nst ,ya nwa p ,iYp'n JINcskPIa ;"liiY'"3,, 11X "tanEnI"U -pT ,n
Jnr:i v1=N -pIm s ;11 :ylyis ,-y:1p JimHt
**p'K p1s -i0y0ippyD viSE(:KYssN ,ipouIn:ywn
,ta;rt jiK 1BNayiyn "Ny po')na N EB-'i7"B T'? l:8?r
UN onyStt-INS TY:"T 12<1 ?D DN toDya
.*lp1a Bl yp-10


"I t y

.[WT .N

-i'a 2 ,iyry7Jl lK I91'toe1 lEBS : pNID
.ty .g IY;Ia'NN3 ,-INTt: M"1 minto B'n Jy7
-p3o y78;:t's. ,'pD13yIy'I .M 'n aK n ,.I

nyn p' t Ni IBy 1Y"B o"IV sn p 111i 1NU
y- l' T5 3711'-IND .37''r NII1 37I1 -1 Ji
.IN Ji p U in-"7'1n' it20
pnyullr, nB-ey;3n1 I'm IrB"E IY N :
-yp nEn IynV1oD .0-m .yp'nncty p:Nly3IB 1
-s:N IN 11pD Mln:7yjy; IyP1 n? '711: Ipy
8 p1n 1 n5'e8p 7t5 151 ; n;rin D'0yB3t
1n N ,1p 11 ns lyit B'Ol ar n iyU; B' 11r1

I'p -iN) y-y;7By ETN pI N vilg ya05n?
lyKn ,V In "7y T;' 1b1y 1 yB70n'1 7?B .l5N1l
p 1YV-I'j '-I pTt nn: ,:1-5Tm m o'MIno -t
-yry cn yvnip tt rT ,11 xN 8 Mv0 'i
-y^I"7K 137I DY113 nyItYBK13' '1 .K1t'5S K y
-5 't "Bnl5B-T In o, 1VY N15 $100 1 3-1n1

*IpW1 14i 133 1Ys1K r V 51 ni1 71
- TI N p-is :pyn y Uls'N B' towiy
-37p1 opn INI 11nB ,Iyon)ip 1 Iy pitrntf
.13p' 7-yp7iu pnl 18' ypy1 Y5NBtrI ,'-ya
po ya'N lynya PK '.Y y~ymNpty-1to1K '
-8N-1pi'n "ly? p?< 1yty2st .7' y7 '"1 tNn it iy) .p3INi: JN .iiyn.
wilty I'm pI' u 11 Kp'b B p' iny5 p'11tS
-t .'5"BmN3 1ib IV'Sp", S 11t O y 11 fII

-1:M toiN my- B'O pn. i !r< iyomrip Dp:no
.yzi Nsit': in- op m ny
ly DN K 17)1'31 I P'N p1 IyT11Bo1 y7m 7
p'tN p Iyo""ip 1:n is 12 anao' vIN) y u
yK5yn 374,n'I!P 1A1 IIBY1 13i7 1 pJ1 .Y'5I1nob
Iyv ]s9In cls B:yVN mUN iynyv Ia;iyBt TIN
.IyP'ByOt VD l i lpy ,iyLym4BIi 1B
.p3y^! Dyapnts Tn y y
.pyD o y 3 0 y 1 1 M 5 .0
tp'n IsN Ep'in pB11K 5n'ippy Ky 1Nsi nt
Inn 1is I7'y Bo1 ,I *1 ynBe IoDin'E 375 OIN
.y'7'oB lit PN IVMIp

-lI 'B'iD'D 11 r 11 Bto"1 y0 111 K 13 TM t 11 1
1,WIfrVID iE11I I I KI .lyit 5 DI1N ill 1 111
nyTi pa iyD I B'a o ,pit;Q I 'yn )In pB tBnsi
-sy2P '7 t: tn PIN Inn .yInN31pytpy-1yp'1
i 1 pnI n 373p7 1yn1 y l il lit pB IB yV
-13B 57N BS'BBy; 1 n11p1 IN7 ,B37 t Z -1itp' 1
.lyniloy~iptealN yn'Dyi
fno yB'inn is 'EyatEio jBc'aB ']yt:It
-Na can ,pt "ns n y-yT ,wi'p 'I pt< pI)N
."inr iyt:1N pj N T y'e
,iylt "t eqi ,tay;:! 5E Y= '3n' iy' pN
-INS ]D' l1 ayi pN Imic"I n iyN'By it iTyn
.11yan p Jn -1 1 iry t L= 15i

,y'Ks-pts^ .at ,naip 1''i 'yn

op'n. INp'N pB yn'BipYpy PySN:q':S '

lYviK o' my .9IV Y3y"2D'i pnp Ji m y^u
$- T$ ,BIN Ji m p tviDo i tIn' tv'5'? p10
-INM 1 1'N I'y:m" tabyl -iin Jim 1 r=;;1 y tByn n;I' s1-1)NNT in T115: .IYpipYe yrwn'K
M..It Pny3oyvit pY lnrppn i 1sn i yrn li t
.Ip5ton -
-BIN TiK n5I1 0D1 CltDl'p IwifTINN Ir-
.^nniD"N min 1D35y l11it 1INIIYV iyj ;y
Ba VtayMpryo Iyp8:e SNlt ,MpDintesn .
12piymyn' y-y Iyplp N I'm ton ,ip'sN
,BIon t'n anrurl i1t 110 IPp' 1V1 III
1jSNNy' ,riv i1-ItpngeD iBol iiterMa'i TN
1PND 5B 1N Bt?0mw Nin 19 .nin3 YM K BtiO
peny.1 yIeary; I'K Dy .L'SB't, iypIN^8 !?';
.rMy M 809
-ya N B'O1 ,BtiyBD";ai(} pyin I'N n'/Ii D jn
yN8 lit ninfr yBm;"n 111B T15: Hlt ,51B
-IN pi'? O 1-'m 5iynI p5! I tylE'sI aiBUtv
-'oyD'ta iie onmilrBy'n Byl ,DtJIB'v yyvt

Iy 113 pl toDll'upt y 's-inn iyp:p1 tO
,136 .-i na litjp-iyrl'in oy ,or" ay:T yw
,ivyvn wyw' l' I"T Jm IN3-DpSvtB yTI
pN m'trea5 n lit tMun DUII Dy:;" Iy y I i
W1C 71~ N 18t 1 ? 19 "H ( 1 8 1
.pyo a'B N B n ty

,138m1st-ltoynD 'IN 26 lpa ;'ny"B 'I
,'iNOU' IB23 nyi ,.!aBn Nawit taBI y;3an
300 is yt<; .i5pyvi IyD'o1; N IyVyi T'i
1i0tymory TBIN Onto N 'B lT pun l trt.Vy
INZ-DppBz ItVIrtn OyV nTNiTilBy Dnlr UOm
0Nhn ,1'yny 'I ; By Mvn v INSlyn t'n
-lsityy oianmH l,";J;B Jia m-WplnyM i ,p'sy
.pIN' pa lt -IM'py D ryo lrN:NI2s: I,ypD
I-yt IND nyr5 193 p! -yD pt< ly3'n ypesIy? Ip'tv is YVs:Ep
.y I .i7y17iB' yVII 16 Jim ,iMnND3-Tu3ynl
IptByippyD Ilr t Ulm OKN1: pa'N itrtla I
.Mnl 1 v" i'2'1in N My1 NS ,II(?3n .oDn
.Wn1 .5it ,-tS?1lS
,py3"t< pn lyBN pY^ ]Tuyitp 1'i TO
$5.00 lit ps ynin BilyBntyVnI3 Bn mya'ryn
TIN Doi .nNiml 1B2 tyi ,viniN-1Ipr IN
.DN; TyjyNI B1KD 561 pB 5yl'D 13 tv'S
.pyD ,r t I I vD N
YtilEhy '91 tlsistyigB bysya 'IgTWI
1ysy psW mie '" ^s en, lyyn 50
-11 Icat y 0o1 uin tBy:y. buI't iN =a1 B1
$50 taBua ,11 tyn py^ orIsnn Mlp:yotr
.y3'3 50 yVtay "I IND

-D'n^12 tln vB" I lpytpy y*N'l2m3 11
-**^i ^y^~ Tins' ayp:to K fzany's y;ca^K
prsN pT "1-K7j n, in 111y T lip Lr.Itl
._ikKa pI)0M p 11 jy;n'sM tin B' ys y
ispW lyipv itxo-t1ytt iW
-B'l ,w;'aB' Dyp;"t2 hDiCI lI"n BT S
Dy 'n Dyr2<; .InINtIyM ial6 uyi ,t=aI jNl
Optussyt:lr'lt^^'- I NYIIV1 ]y3u*;B'N i jr"T

-yV IPt1ny~Ma I'n ,11yIm? 123 nyi ,;tU 7v
t,:r'IM-ltyIIKND lUi 26 lpB ally' m 1 pn
1,000 Is np .:I-), ;y)n p "c0n15i n3,, pai
-y1 p5mn eD N .- t 1 yl B y3K7 pun Twssmy
7vY B 1N M s 380 I'm1sn lK,5 pt i n'Te

~171" 1 T I'vily; Tim 137:171 y1m
-yP non" TT Bsn Dy .UyU y 1` p1 Iyv13ep
,ytyO 101KD P7 .B"S 1y' pBE p S g 1'B
,yrtaon 1yDtyo:ytyin N U Irn Jim71y1: lyU 5
-y;l,101; '' y K 1" ; m n:'Jim Iy:m;!BiN'S8811 1
-proD nyv$sLpx lyrain ; INBN,, pa El"PSt
Byn lypy3 H Iy'l 11p 1, pD 11Nyt ln1 .N 1Kty1
Ity'ByIND pB1) Bip:yr>yy w^ B3"taoyyiDng
-5I37 l3 37yr1[1,7 p't JiN .11Yl ou .B y37Bt1
5Nn1Io CY- n1 ya^yj)IU lt I'm IV tun MIND
137neole -13=rlyi1- 11K l1 rnn y.I11
,78l-opl SZK t4e-17f3711 11 ln Ky 1371 ?
fN>-Dpi5NM IB' K Boyy? Tt 11 An UlnIN Iy37
SjyoD3'iK 1yf"tl "1 t .Bt" y'K Esiyn .'
-IUDa ,ntKD'^y3 .IVIYyBD"N3 B'O pIUnyr.r
Bp p Sc ap I K p1 B5Nn ,Bl m5 K 5r3 .yr31
Jim nup'i liBluli83 N5i yn- pryiyl n
t'2 Bstyvyh BKn yit p OIy I D 5n y -I It
,govm JInO5o 'ZI nbytery:14c Bn ly .BIln

I.5I3ni tm-3'By 13nD I'K $,ymmIN 1=3MR1 LN 5an
-71170 198IlK 1 7 .E 37lt'o4nK 778 y

-V37 1.1 37537 11 loryn tn1 n V nr)N 7 5mv1TiV
m^ .':"s? s y vIs inym; -vnI 5y .tBSr' 'nyoy

y375 l~ll3YKrHm 11K037 II jM)r1 I 'm14 11 la5Z
31iy 1y1 .ony14 i Bn 11K D5lKNB 15yK .n'n3
.nnyBDo".;(? B'O y-yl n lyouoy;B'in ton
tYn ,N Br,, IrB eItpeily1 5"ny n I? ITl
D0n ,yI'm 'U IYli ; fyISBE Jy-y13ly y pK
-py vy"tN Jim -IuN-I ynD pTi -i'B IT nv'1
-'K .35o -1*iy taBmS1p p mytPu'E'iN ,1yB"0( -Tim 75 r r K CHII CMY 111)019 yr m
tiy mIlVY3.7 III N .1- ,: r ti n tN 11 rpy ywi
YPIr'T .1;:N821 -1ay'n^ IyV 7JNB D -itBi'D T N rpinmy pytn vly 'T
1Y^ 1y9n' '3t w ym y' N y'yt3( rl '1
-'t y' p T itale'N B Tn T iy7 .tB'yn
I' Don DMI .I8t(3"it-JByn yD pB lyntoDn

--NyliD D lly^ ci'Is pyy. BPvlvinKB t'
.?ny nyw
1y, Iy 1yny1 Tn Bayoyn TptD yis> aiy
-Y7 10 t's ny"@D? .s yptorj lyiu'-yB'tot
tIN N-iuty -lVtyipyL5y \K 'II .1-I1iy1 tBytyr
p I.n Iy:;N in yVS .5Nt p3in IZ y;:;ty3n1

-;.,y pIN yIi pT t Ip'Iny ie4 tn n y .IyVrismil
-'IN 1ND -IVpIN 1y7 np:;-18n3 tNno y .Ir v,

n ,p. L y IVIBM TtIp Nl .ly pis yIN o air

InN Jim Iyp ia i ":n B'InNo B iyn p5Ke
vyDo'i N Tp5E1T "OInU IY l 'N .1pix "12

1944 ,}"ya

I z r 't 3

-#tu'WIM .Plpll *' t1931oD'? B mc' In ltovynn
-S ,l'p$#P .5 .n ; IVPN m 1i1nni ) iPa -IK
-192 .' ;YpIn P 1 t Hi .nVy5 165 lit yeo v n teKey t leI Btn
'uvo 1yroliy h"aBI< p In u'ka;NBI IyV IMN
YI 'TN 11m yto'p5 11 ri8T i? I''N P P5:
.Dpsrta'sy%-N I'm IpDatrVyB5II .1 Ji ,my
ix4 26 4yzs a ^ an -y) s,,

-ZIn TIM ,"I'tfiys ItBl9 oyl ,t3onl mty
1yV I'N j11ny'l yr3"B -ir"T tt pynyj mBy;

B^'';'"B!I3 Tt .V Nii Dn(clru YI -[ .Dpil m:i
-1KNytyn .t .1ys-imp Nin ps i^Dnsp yillnr
- 8'i(?3 lit p mB \yQ l 'N Dn D' 3 tn p1 ID
-y^"'i({ Bon ^^intQt n .yns'eBpytpy vieyS7
- 11 p1?W IN DW3na- 'n .iy'?~ 62 toz
-"j[pi2yc yWtt1iuBpnD 16,. aiiTwse l
,NBt3n ;!<:N= 1Ypipr? 9,r nn' ity 500
I'm lNteEe'D-6p' l ,t1)211Bst IB20 yV1
-"T D'lteso'D a"3 .p^^(' ri ,5ien 19teenyn
- lit lyvi= 0 y11 n.'O I):it an yy1'i : i
-I Drnp mitt 'ByiieD nin j Ty uayiiy i:
IoBD:Yn pKI B3''1 D'itoi:NBSOm N yJipm
nro : Ip'53in y i yByiD 16 1- Y13t ,BtNL
Dtc' ,Y: i)p Dhnty 10iDysnS ,110 apy ,oI
;JN .)ysi'nK DK i' ppy .5 .0 oKilby.1 .
1- nt? $100.30 Tnlippy \asy t' 1vi 51m 1'?

-D'nm ayBn 1p1'1iyni 16 n pIyn
.pIN* 111 1n0np lnr 9
,tt ntotl 1lD vta'8 Tt teeN lrKny T
.,rmp11 B '1 1)'B a JtL4 1 1 7 6 11 1 1 0 = U IImen I.B p i n i n
^l^'(^3 1yB 8Dy l;B 'I'VIlT 110 11111
-25 m atahp 25 li ly.:1yB!2WL? .wroD 3

''lyf'lsE S^QN ihn 31%p ts3ni -twvt
11 pin 1' I 'm ,TI inIBY Itl9 t im n nm
Bnn!<-T'tnem i lrywnpBrxl J'pVI5sy'- yarl1n
M-1wum-It4n E 1,1?T? B'" 1 yin a n nKB
-"Tl DI? .'li;p> ^3tHl"' '~3 1p p I! ,t

.Bi.'iB y0;pg: sN ,.K .
,p.i li nV15 =DI ln p a Qn I'K

-!<*si<3 pa tobgIiYf D; Bn'(? Bp toptoyp9ii
.ym 8Snp9 "tBt en: B10 n,, ly? eI7 I B V'Ilt 50
-B";y? ytonan BpgNN.= Bya!p--1(p' yI
uptsetryi IrB I p pin I'K gy: nse pp
-2in t yn 11N ol ;m yPt1 n l it TIN ,a'in ri

-(IV Tn w I Tn I'N Impl m li t? 200 n in 'K
-inmpm hyhnunt py .yV DIn te tr'' 0
Itl9 Vy1,B-1iN n ne ,in my:nprume p-p Byp;:

.L I Dn a JIy M I 1N B;: VI ps Iyf i 10o 1Y5
-IpyTpy II"yTIssu 1 10p;tmB ,lnt '5o'
"1 = t p 11 :e> ptaN .J 0pIM p rnili
-n'IN Tyat ,ppietryn lytrti'n-i moSrnB

.1y2'p no pM l IItB n'to ytB'iOn
p Iyp rn pr Ji mIipnytpy y jbiUs1 a n

Dt'i in upA T j utm<" I fp-iBto OTiin
-tyn ian uyri pn win IIM mynpra -1" 1

-'to pyl.syKa n siyn Irp' o , B p mitpL

P.pYK vn yW
.lyB' p V1 "i tytpyN piZyB S ';yi
BDJ-im ,ln iy')M l nuizs } oj\In -1;:s
-l 11t J i MyDi? I 1 (0 QN PT 111' : J'i

'l 1Qlp'i T'l ,1 -l'P
Jim 0 jtpn:15 YM lit 1011M Pn tnr
.p o yir\] i<>ir10 s .*- 0 N 9K
-:I Irop Jim y 'ln t1- 51p =In -I'poeynm

.vyisu 4 ='p p;IV 19 UN 1' apty

y: n)ma 119 T'n?? IN 11'n7
-;sD lit jp'isy i 16 "1 J,Il Mn'Ni~ R

ayi -I KD ,~~ fn'a r-p i)rtIN JVI-nH -11 .1

If'^'iB'BD~s "iYt~,YBI?')i! *^l? pN iy.;;iiy i

1944 ,y7a

1944 Uty t 4 M X "i -p T Xr Z 1 X s

21 1 Vy 7 ; ' 2 1944 ,pl^t

41TI XEnm 137a ITl'bt y yo y'nYDI"l8
' tjfnBl1t tY1 918 pyK (198tDw3y
53-,113 wn Dny T ,Iyn2 t3l'1nt' vu1t "

-yv y13l5vt )s Ipym g DYWt u 3y "?
13i80 tyn1 \yt w 'iymiT t ,iDy 17t 3051
,al"n ny3Yt3P .P1'IW3"K py$3Y197Wlty E
pyl'l 1t8S9Yy3t'W "JDSIK (IW '7 ;'9I9
t15n ,t y35yl I n ,iya85-Dt3Ynu 8 Ia
150 no ywoD A isn i1vQ ts nsm ia 3 tP
.1triysn t; n Y5 4 ami'tn 800 pz vtwit
-tpD pYl v-np pN p'ng vK y'Y).vin uti
1'rK 50,000 Iyn tIJt ,niL45mi-i-Dr ii
IIN 0=t'l7 yi" II liya DVIPlTlit p^py.
D') .tmnpn IBIn ;YN3^''''8U83-Duy3'i n
ri 3 B1 p 01 '1t7 1i y T 13 11 I
lit 5nsm na51y jmDIvww pYi,,t Iv

.,7ywmZp msyoyil IIB t5vYBD'I
f bK r ,t 't "Tjs Ttmr> D= npl ,,

y7'BoyTBa i32y1D''i< ty^" 8910Y9'131
y-ygn ,3J'Nay1 ytyjcIi n .t3"np-ip -
Iy )ll' I ,t33p ryf 8 t'n r -I-

10597J-r -Wi tg fmp"5 V ?,:I m1K

-D yUtnonyS. Itin pDo n IN. ts

IIB 1t33 13 to i? ,y'i'pD(? PK i1-i^'Y a

.nnp tlml5@ v

V^-2N1 }R 3)UT'2

=m= mallls VT4ftvi
v 5 v N n 8 p u vv 0
pp 15a10 tylN piK

1 Union Sq. W., New York, 3, N. Y.

tin 13PYoZism YI ytD'PTD'Dj3tp mp
i1 y'(1mt3Ji's n t I p-yn tncypryip-il
3isP iy'l Kn1'DjyM$P 'TIS isnsi I-T'S

lt39Yt7Yy ytU'T7O pa "NY xKs)s,, 1Y91
.ItsBvfD v p1 "'310 1n VV -Tjin flK
.3 uvW -1 Y ti-)y913 :1W 41- Ir91 J-1-i JIN
-j"s Itsilw 13)1ni 1l K 1yoI5try "' 7 2
.19y'"is yv5s tin wD'oW

-ait:=p,1 tli w3) t% 5Zmp sml3I (yi
Iypi"IttP 110 p' t1a'y 912N$ Sy
v3iHZISD-1np:1nB lim 12 2tM
yvipsgn pin TW L .0 8tITT

nTpmxS lt p()a 3 J ND'it

II'KDinmv -iy J-t11n pin'nyKw mypyvi tr'
-yns pna lynTTayi n ly nIN5y7 Il (IB

r1)1 1S83 B'T70ntlrBi n,1, -n 19yo't

'?31is 13)1 ps pi1 r95 t($fl ,33 ) 1f 13)1
, iap13B135 tn7 yusy^n I 37 yn 1t9a (3H
Y-ny15 I-Y18Blp nDi ps 1's 5 y IB

D= )WIStNa iy3s ,w K 3or;3 ,ps

-ui 0 i 1tiW13 tpiYi-yDjs 3?it y (2
-Di) n t ,:I P pn tp t n (2n yT i

-qB ,17 I'K ~Y V1 5 ,vW$191 13ruN lI1h

-=5 D '?Q u 11iD p t I3yv ;5Nit "T TL
I'IP In'1 Ms I'i m 5t.v mv y,1:'.y jv1:y

pB ti tiis tm054004 ::I V' 1 vn -
DD~qn3 ', "3 "~~3Y'inrt),nK 01 ,, 1vm
TS ^Bsiutyya0yo 1i ,s-y p11 iy

Iy W .TIss3-DY 3 l5yi DlBYit DjmYutY'I

"t3 9TB' ps,00 1 "1-ivYnDy3 DJiyJ,, jY
-tominsB ptsm i8 1 ;2 lit ";yjnj'
,IIvn Y5VLn1YoiK -Y1. pril ;u3o' -ism to YO

1$2fb~pp 12 towhrip mtvinm'
ts; tp<'Bclgy'^ wi tbB~~trtt rinfflbrr
14= -i pw7 1-io j InIt 2,500
Itp IpIDivpy9 1 o05V3 s -.n,51VI
-yamt PS y'i15n9 IPSB InDi5t'n 2,500,
nyt3'Dp-5v03jyu t ty1 Tin '111p 3 pnya13
yry~r~Y~lE)-'yi~y'1N Y~l IK VYT Jim)
."Nn01lY mn-nnD,,
1IK 11tI3SY 131W* N liy'T 1 p n MIlm
n pan vyn,5.tr 250 ptn ,waN5-57; lit
-y. nt IT D 1 vY3^ p v5ylYID5pv'n
T'K ,"o-iy 191 i p.5 ya1 D58 tDw5i

-p-mK I'm 14'? ypv-14x lit lpsID
''P'I t'N PN IN b Y5.n ntz'm'l
^yiyyss~p-si''1?^ BK 'lis5sn ^ityt~
tyoy?3(?-i YjuYsn5 vx tiny -1.n*7 I
lyErr IUKD y5tiy p DY'rosa '7 ps
1 pa yVyp13p L ar'IN t-iNenya D.s 835
"11u7 .11 fK D^1 ,I ('I I 0 t1o p 1Y17
tjD'i"Dnu$ vA mp? l DY .IItosn 0 < t'riyn
50 ps< l5T-irnY'na lIn tIKY^ 50
yij ;yWy 1njp -7 .Dmy 1;$ 9p pI uv

.1^'? p~YIv lTPNI yrSe jp
-51n p-a Iyry.5xn- ,iSwen irS
yjyiypjyp *^y7 q*'iK t9yB3''-i UEr; ,3''3i
yjrvn,) -13;-7 ;I''IN n YYinn-In Lots,-,
in paz nv'l*t^8n "7 In. yvvto I\yl pri
-Y tD2IDSMK 0y3"r DYv sm n' .Ia-,5ND
I'm .'T1 5 "n1 3tv 11p pY'D jpi jlpin
1 3"-1i8 1tus1iD pla 1iynjp unnito

.toy3y3- r iy t n n ,Dy oi-i-iy ij

IBIM v4:ymI-

,^ii ysy'rJi nr~tl yplvl -1 ytN -'tI

n uw p i Lo10 ny-1 \ u yn a t'n~

pnni' tO pnDyo tti ,DYjp3unmz 091"!^

n ,u tyinp p li'131- 1 tyD '-^
-iL iy5y pm ,Y3yv1o5 W JovUBt'i
Jq IYm Inpyl u t3 tyj''', -iI 60 3 165

-'t33 n1 I1B DYiaji 1 9 .1 10g)
tLA ps sY'oisB Y jt9 nuB y ttoD'PtosB
,,Ni3 ps v:).Yvi It3 ynyavv T'r DYtn ,YO
TS ;yY15ty.-i YvYi Y19 w s lyInyI tgn
-j''s iy3'"t y39ynl pTlyr Yven-s-tD: Y95

-S31 W P'lTIy Pin p'. y1 IN yDt
.iyjY'sKD O'D T', t33yLi YK IvYip

WsryVi 1lzY' ICti 187

1944 ,n'yt lzy "l 22

1i11sn1: Il l 11820b .5 .11 is 1=38318=1$0 8o 11 i 8

IyrDKB IyTniN tB'O 1yKTI2l 1l31'II TOm
pitm T! II yVb lt p'I Iy"it pN 'i .L410
.Dxp It9 myr p7
lyBtoyw 01'n:n B Iiin T:1N tBn JYoITI2
Dol N 15'os TIN Dy ..y)sVU IN lOm Ily
IyvII< Jin Iyvyz lab i'N lyQNb s iy3!:I ,1?y.::y
.1B"1s) Dol? D'iN utDyn

ypcnN ]Ipr aln 1y~ ; pthstI:;Y IIwe any
TIN III WiOyA'B P'51nnm pll tin ol-lui
^ nmD. plit Ulm ''n .M151, .1ri1 pI
pTT plenB TO .138PwaIKOpD ?< TTrt y'B
-y. u mns TO: pI n 't Ji 'T tin 111n1
.n5yp tnps
plyn -'1m1ws I'm p'5.'I tI ,JtIn TOn
-pls 1Tt 1.SyVl ni DyN:F ytrlft-1iy n 1i lit
.@menaopnnD y"tlynTa N p yp
TlB;By *ty nm ,v:17;1 Ivlm IBDmI TO~
li u r Ir?.I3X i n Bt IIS pJUD I'?m7:N
',:a -117-TH I i -i Itrili tt plIN -1
5NmM 11p N ftn -110 JIM jrNtlu 31?K lkp 1-7r
M?0t oI ID' yn 5 iO n I y:' T sta5N 'I

Ir5n oNu toIt 1D'n aI5yn By'N .:In in
It! nTIiN yImpl liyn pn Buly^pn~

tY .5u toi w UN Irunl ,'iM rlNInN ruc) :-r
l=yp yyn Dnt? ltwr n rp:rp 1-7

-tlry Ilm T 1111D lilt Jim 5N*P
.a.1 pyy 1

.I': BilEt uziy pn YS : y;: K ypD)p y
^3n tlfoyi Btyi' yiT~capyrpy y''N3N's{?J 'n
tyn1y;ecvy Ji m y1viyi'i ,'n1 Ip't Un 111-
IY:tFp PN n B~YI1 aurry- i ';;'t< ,p onBryz
-BBoto'yty;i rn *ly~yi~ynys iycli B'O p'^;i
*Byn-it? lYyay

-'.t TIn Itn- rtol ym p1 yw5yn lyTIs Iyr
p IB;mn VB yi y-n Dni$'DJim y5 run on "RI
-:e;aia ,ln! ,B'm25nB -ii? t Jim Iv92 I ptN t8s 18< ,1;01
-a=IIIe 15MYO 1- 7Lsn i'im n I3;tmV n Ulm;
-tB'on (l^ tyovn a'tN ,i2=tlp Jiym:1 tBaM
.plip itp'tynIuKD \'s 0yv1 JIM l"itm
n ji E1n Is'mt ytr 1Bt yty;1'n p J ft
D'it Tih7' Ta .1lyDy'tatew n 'nn p'7in
nIm'B' T'n Den ,yi'SpngB n I t<7B Dyn 'l'018

;InT'Y I' m Dull r)Np ) tN I8 1 le!3 o "Do
p t?'; ^ -iit~is B'O aBB' l?; t I-I ND

tO n myl 7 1 IV ,Tx Ir"yat TQo 11nM Il'^tB
nfEn IY mye:y x etriPv:11 I.Vi a5p lirl
.*1in IBnr l it B onyi 'M B'n 1 lM N I'm
?-BY ts' 1n i5B TI Yn tsi ttt pa
.qI1"N p IN to1 MIrY;

c]']nn yi? too iyonn pM 1pi'ym Ba5npmny
Ill ny3^^yj ]3Nn nIn pI1 NII I.Vt ,D:Nm Ilil

N alyr ,""IML I'VI JN pynSV IN' poyT II
Iln ICIII ) nvo uo lp= Y~3~ 111
TO 1D "0 B'o'N .t:K:YD"Lt-y'^^8^^II BDte'pt
11MN BNn't .BDoN5 tNn DIN tn DnII ,U:l
.y:Vy-in NlD tiBns onK T y is ,iN'n B10111 IN
,51' Ijm20 Do Dinpny; waow-Nil? TIN nvn
nEatr 1n p':In31iB 1I pi T" Ji ,-1941
19ilp pI tv tIN BtB 111 5"nB a n IVIImpiyg
pNiiy.) Btipni? p3 Tn .'iyB j OE pyt< 8

IIN npn 'pI lu 1'o I. Vn JIM ny ?;7 ypHII -i
.rlx T1StSn { pK Py:VpIr.3 Ite cyB3 -nS0Bpwtf ,pDoli teetef 191 pn ll?;'in Ta
.l?'3-i~ ym; ^riT3y^! ysyry~ry; ,iaos^~~E '! mllpu =IaniptyDI EIMytn:wu JIMe _R1tlm
'tm Bnto 'Q Ip-D 'm JIBn Vin t 'In eYi ltY:
'n~ I;y pa i 1 12 10:yN1t ,IVN7 It!
.Tynle mY7tB iB

B"Sr y;:NS KIH nl~ nNni T D?l :.`S'T'ne'B^
DINI pity T'I D0 tI 1T a=N- ; p'-iey; ml'
7' TNt .pr=;?y; In 3n 'li mlin -r1' 7-61
$',)I toI, j 151tm I 'M 4,1HrK~Ni
inD jr' ,p n pa t 5nDiByn rtr' I TN S iT aW n
'I In IN5 yt;n q'im j5NBy;;:K t o y tyr
v 1"1 Jim nvn; 51D I"T Bemm;=ayn;3
PB Bppni B"tTN -' it IYND 'mt lyiw IT'
I'v! :Iy- .Itrlrytyrr 1i B'O iy% wB t; '-I
aBn ^l;l, rK B'N! t'K Dnf tt< ,TOD
Ulm 1,15,IN JIM 10lr > TIN onl Is I'm
pijn m 1n1 pn .l pm; p!
-tin pen it'm:H3 yl'n ytyisitClcy2 1
pRt3 'J URMt5 1,B I'yv T a pN Bm TyI
I:Np l aa etm 15 1 r .INlc: :1 1-1t
w:i IV, 5z2B IiytyWBayn o~ .-MN-5 1:71y1M
I"'p u3 tn G tOT ,pD:Ry? 1N0 I 3KOn-Q15
.BTcDga noKn ypyNa axn DN`I Ti< "'!<,y't TO DXn ,nyi ppst Jim 5 T t V=B pinstwma
ITENa 51!)1 iy2orwim- BUn5 ,Byu:ly;vrlrl pn

iy~y~i3 t'ip'2 t *^t^By *iyn pT 1 tB!;pi
.iapul INS I< N IIyI"ya' B'O
pn lyayota p 80 Qnt< ,BDoyryi n :'IN
IyV I'K Bt .7'1iui5 BBLV NU1 I'K 5Ynun
,p'-i iy17"t ItBWIe yv;:N 5' 1-3 'i Iyn ,wuRtv
1tIry iyv"v Dy c INII fin 1rN 15tB3 'It ;:,IT
.Iyr:'p y3:"1p IpK lynI y:ytay iBN.Iin
-y;c' II Int p Un BD'YNBVB ya-7lI1ymn II
T p-ln 11 Ji .INUmt UN r rn jp7 pima

Iu.n -ny -ivp 4yt It< jytlo jiB'Byn1;:

yp"yr p j p;'I 'I IxY IN, 4 v'n 2 li
.lyn1e 1- yTirnmyi lt p:n -j:;y-T .cyrro
pen bypsetelymUK^ IED'P;B y8yr 18^ iyn
-yai "t pen ,p:K~yT pt< ]D'ny. 3"1N 1Tt
- B'OD IyrnM12 Jim nyl'p yVyi"ay y1l1yamN
Ti: is 1E3iya lt vr;a:YnIIinNS pMn yati
TN EuRty ys< '-I .BEtyrwI 5Pn Nen Inp
]In 1-y1 ylyn-aniclwDIN pipi<: Iv;;Y.
TT p! -I'm ..1Ii im 1' 111TS0' ID1 yu c9mx7
I'y m O i'3 ;y:n 12 Ul' Iriyi1 M I'y;yj
Dyl 100 0I'mt Diu: iyny 0 p n0v P: 1yoy
.Bi"3 Dy:yc!<.nrs
-aK 'T n I-in ynnn netV ywnavye ai:e
III D0iN upip Ni t2 'y .1t-i7:1 jin teyI:
.D5iy-ri'n 8
p-IRE~~y jv~t:Rcv Ov-i i:tI 1 'N
- Jyn ,P CIn I'=ev lt?:ty L Bpyny n E'ii
- ,~s:' \':0: pny;' aa'i0a lyiy-.: t'i "lya
T- iyi N B:3"N3 p in3'tyNB 'i0 aK ting
'l vT opyc r y o iUn B3?] Nh B'' i;;n

'T Tyn ,;nBa -y1 Tt niy'II yy:; cy
P1S p ny'i-pl pyEs ? erh pyn cy'B y3
-IND.-i-' ~yvr1i- JZIN- P C;7 ;n
ms *lyiB T' P=*=>=7 ,!:i!;y nacy
Bi2 %sli K 11N Tz ynn ri,'i>
L112 M ne::-7-1, Jp n ni n I 1 ": 11,-1v

: ~: 0 1i y t p a 1 t y 1 p I 19

W"'T"7l U'lD11 XllD "'3 D J 11

lll' IIjg U13-19.ll l U lls 112 N

,'P~i 311 v5v'_ z r n n j'T7 V .U

.vl 7 ?^Nu Ul 1R03 .Wi ,1'11.7 12"1



For Gentlemen
of Good Taste
ONE $267
38 Conveniently
Located Howard Stores

148-43 Hillside Avenue
Jamaica, N. Y.

Phone MElrose 5-7733-7734
3060 3rd Ave., Cor. 157th St., Bronx, N. Y.
440 East 149th Street
3300 3rd Avenue, Cor. 164th Street
2756 3rd Avenue, Cor. 146th Street
1058 Westchester Avenue

Phone ORchard 4-9538-9539
Fine Liquors and Wines
Roumanian Restaurant

We Cater to Weddings,
Parties, Banquets and Bar Mitzvahs
Our Only Store

Mr. and Mrs. M. Bogdanoff


Baldwin Road
Yorktown Heights, New York



41 East 14th Street
New York, N. Y.


ORchard 4-1620

Printers of

61 East 4th Street
New York City

Paint & Wallpaper Co.

61 Somerset Street
Plainfield, N. J.

M. Warren, Treasurer


Tin & Sheet Iron Works, Inc.

15 Meserole Avenue

Brooklyn 22, N. Y.



164-29 77th Road
Flushing, N. Y.

Tel. JAmaica 6-4840


Paint & Wallpaper Corp.

153-11 Jamaica Avenue

Jamaica, N. Y.

Tel. CAnal 6-7876
Fruits Syrups and Extracts
Concentrated Syrups-Crushed Fruits
Jams-Chemicals-Malted Milks-Maple Syrup
Represented by H. BRUCKNER, Pres.



12 West 21st Street

New York City



371 East 149th Street
Bronx, N. Y.

clo Rosedale Engineering Co.




March, 1944



TRafalgar 4-1210
Dental Surgeon
107 West 86th Street New York


8617 21st Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Surgeon Dentist
3163 Coney Island Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

1208 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.

300 West 49th Street New York

911 East 176th Street Bronx, N. Y.

410 Miller Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

1815 Grand Concourse Bronx, N. Y.

254 Quentin Road Brooklyn, N. Y.

Mr. and Mrs. Siegel Mr. and Mrs. Schnipper
88-06 Parsons Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.

116-35 Farmers Blvd. St. Albans, N. Y.

79 Louisa Street Brooklyn, N. Y.


230-01 Linden Blvd. St. Albans, N. Y.

90-10 149th Street Jamaica, N. Y.

739 Arnow Avenue Bronx, N. Y.
Compliments of
Eastern Parkway Committee

116-28 198th Street St. Albans, N. Y.

135-11 234th Street Laurelton, N. Y.

3 5 Ocean Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

178 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.

140B Kosciusko Street Brooklyn, N. Y.


Member of Branch 121, IWO

71 East 170th Street Bronx, N. Y.

105 West 40th Street New York City

2940 Brighton 3rd Street Brooklyn,

N. Y.

716 East 181st Street Bronx, N. Y.

6302 Booth Street Rego Park, N. Y.

6302 Booth Street Rego Park, N. Y.

152 Amboy Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

204 Bay 29th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

Darby Cleaners
3085 Brighton 5th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

91 Canal Street New York City

166 Fifth Avenue New York City

1865 Bryant Avenue Bronx, N. Y.
1816 Avenue J Brooklyn, N. Y.

1480 86th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

8415 Bay Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.

147-38 Jamaica Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.

5025 18th Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Tel. WI. 8-8529

Harmony Col. Plainfield, N. J.

Harmony Colony Plainfield, N. J.

4520 40th Street Long Island City, N. Y.

76 Bowery New York City
Best Wishes-20th Anniversary ICOR
Best Wishes to the ICOR

625 Caton Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

802 E. 180th Street Bronx, N. Y.

8773 20th Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

2627 Somerset Drive Los Angeles 16, Cal.




EVergreen 9-6679
848 Manhattan Avenue
At Noble Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

115-16 Farmers Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.

111-13 Farmers Blvd. St. Albans, N. Y.

115-21 114th Place Ozone Park, L. I.

Jersey City New Jersey

168-04 Hillside Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.

91-14 Sutphin Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.

7916 Roosevelt Avenue Jackson Heights

2159 Bath Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

March, 1944



March, 1944


Compliments of
3105 Surf Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

3820 3rd Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

911 Jennings Street Bronx, N. Y.

1540 Charlotte Street Bronx, N. Y.

315 W. 76th St. New York City

3418 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

1189 Madison Avenue New York City

3452 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

M. MINTZ, Prop.
71 Clymer Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

705 Allerton Avenue Bronx, N. Y.
KI. 6-9785
3899 Sedgwick Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

Men's: Florsheim; Women's: Red Cross
Child's: Kalisthenics
Phone: OL. 5-9516 3412 Jerome Ave.
RE. 9-2369
172-16 Jamaica Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.

439 Stone Ave., near Sutter Brooklyn, N. Y.
8 Doors from Corner Tel. Dickens 2-7546

2710 Barker Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

676 Allerton Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

750 Burke Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

742 Allerton Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

645 Allerton Avenue Bronx, N. Y.


718 Burke Avenue

Bronx, N. Y.

742 Lydig Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

8665 21st Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

418 Bryant Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

1170 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

1907 Prospect Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

155 Delancey Street New York

GRamercy 7-8094 Established 1908
Fine Furs-Furs Repaired
and Remodeled into the Latest Styles
16 Clinton Street New York
Phone DAyton 9-8650
A. F. of M. Local 802
Music Furnished for All Occasions

Baby Carriages, Cribs, Velocipedes
Youth Beds, Toys, etc.
260 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

I. PINCHUK, Pharmacist, Prop.
1500 Boston Road, at Wilkins Avenue
Prescription Dept., Phone KIlpatrick 5-7032

717 Brighton Beach Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

1638 Pitkin Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.

Amalgamated Shoe Maker
3990 Saxon Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

2058 Union Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

114 West 61st Street New York
148 Montague Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

90 Second Avenue New York City

Compliments of a Good Friend


809 East 151st Street

GRamercy 7-8247

New York

Est. 1917

545 East 5th Street New York, N. Y.
(near Avenue B)


Phone OIinville 5-0330
Manufacturers of
Mattresses, Quilts and Pillows
Renovating and Remodeling Our Specialty
Agency for:
Simmons-Englander Stears & Foster Prod.
3470 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.
(Bet. 208th'and Gun Hill Road)


1743 West Farms Road

Bronx, N. Y.

DAyton 9-8955-8956

SEdgwick 3-7415-6



2640 Jerome Avenue

Bronx, N. Y.




3036 West 2nd Street

Brooklyn, N. Y.







129 Hudson Avenue Haverstraw, N. Y.


One Madison Avenue New York City

Greetings from


1812 East 4th Street

Brooklyn, N. Y.


3421 Jerome Avenue Bronx, N. Y.

Wedding, Portrait and Commercial
1064 E. Tremont Avenue DAyton 3-9595
2391 Grand Concourse FOrdham 4-7799

Tyson Avenue
Floral Park, L. I.

105-11 Tuckerton Street
Jamaica, N. Y.

S. Nirenblatt, Ph.G. L. Steinberg, Ph.G.

3386 Jerome Ave., cor. E. Mosholu Parkway
(at 207th St., Bronx) OLinville 2-1828

Quality Chinese Food
197 Second Avenue, bet. 12 and 13th Sts.
GRamercy 7-9444

GRamercy 5-4034


Manufacturers of

50 East llth Street

New York City


242 South 1st Street

Brooklyn, N. Y.


610 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

Patronize Our Florist GR. 5-7370-7371
74 Second Avenue
Cor. 4th Street New York City

Sam Singer and Sam Levy, Props.

335 Sutter Avenue

Brooklyn, N. Y.

Phone CAnal 6-5510-11
326 Canal Street New York

PRes. 3-5250 Estimates Cheerfully Given
Painters' Supplies-Painting Contractor
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Enamels
and Flats
1046 Rutland Road Brooklyn, N. Y.
Bet. 95th and 96th Sts.

Phone CAnal 6-0131-
Jobbers in
Watch Materials and Jewelers' Supplies
'Nu Vigor' Main Springs; 'uc' Unbreakables
American and Swiss Watches
Watch Repairing for the Trade
165 Canal Street New York

CH. 2-9368 Orders Promptly Delivered
All Brands of Domestic and Imported Beers
363 West 23rd Street
Bet. 8th and 9th Aves. New York, N. Y.

Phone ENdicott 2-7794
Gentlemen's Clothing
and Haberdashery
2033 Broadway, at 70th St. New York City

N. J.


270 West 39th Street

New York



721 Brighton Beach Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y.

MElrose 5-0984
For every kind of insurance
391 East 149th Street New York City


328 East 14th Street

New York, N. Y.

Tel. MElrose 5-3500-1
Full Line of
3101 Third Avenue Bronx, N. Y.
at 158th Street

GRamercy 7-9338 ORchard 4-9632
Largest Dairy Restaurant
Over 500 Seating Capacity
Catering for All Occasions
Visit Our New Dining Room
91-93 Second Avenue New York City

March, 1944


March, 1944


CAnal 6-5871 and 2067
Binders of
Publications Pamphlets Catalogues
and Edition Work
161 Grand Street New York City

REpublic 9-8892
Photography in All Its Branches
Weddings and Groups Our Specialty
106-47 Sutphin Blvd. Jamaica, N. Y.

GRamercy 7-7262

104 Third Avenue

New York City

Corner 13th Street

Greetings from . .
431 Fifth Avenue
New York, N. Y.

Compliments and
Best Wishes


GRamercy 5-8871
Typewriter & Adding Machine Co.
All Makes of Typewriters, Mimeographs &
Adding Machines Rented, Sold & Repaired
92 Second Avenue, New York City

ESplanade 2-4630
Lamps Shades Fireplaces
Pictures and Mirrors Novelty Furniture
2075 86th Street Brooklyn, N. Y.


Greeting to the

Tel. PResident 4-7161

1199 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn, N. Y.
Office Hours: 1-2; 6-8 P.M.
Sunday and Holidays by Appointment


170 Second Avenue

New York City

EVergreen 8-5654
Office Hours: 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
Sunday Until 1 P.M.
165 Tompkins Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y.
Near Hart Street

SHeepshead 3-6849
3171 Coney Island Avenue
at Brighton Beach Ave.
Brooklyn, N. Y.

Phone DIckens 2-1096 N. SUSSMAN
1596 Pitkin Avenue
Near Amboy Street Brooklyn, N. Y.

JAmaica 6-5380

By Appointment

Manson Building
Jamaica Avenue Jamaica, N. Y.
Cor. 168th Street

Phone GLenmore 2-8141

Zuckerman and London


405 Howard Avenue

Brooklyn, N. Y.

CHelsea 2-2373

603 Sixth Avenue
New York, N. Y.


16 East Broadway
New York City

Office: VIrginia 9-9618
Time Payments Trades Accepted
Written Guarantee

Dealers in Better Grade Used Cars
Jacob Steinberg and David Katz, Props.
Jamaica Avenue, Cor. 131st Street
Richmond Hill, N. Y.

ltpb tn 1U'13N9 U"n D'Tl8 T
ynaiDB-n3^ lie'li-65 P>T Ir
.I s'' Y:7 3 nlN t= 111 JiN

Iya onti a 11 A

Midnight Performance on Saturday
The only theatre in Neyw York to show
i fil f la a i

MON. TUES. WED. March 13 14. 15

Alfred Hitchcock's
1r3'1UD3'7N 9 '1 u3

Artkino's Thilling Russian Film!

T with Beniamin o Gglo o

and Puccini's "MADAME BUTTERFLY"

with Maria Cebatari

New Soviet War Pictures Every Week!
with Beniumino Gigli
and Puccini's "MADAME BUTTERFLY"
with Maria Cebatari
New Soviet War Pictures Every Week!

March, 1944 NAILEBN








Karavan Trading Corp.

263 Fifth Avenue New York

DIckens 2-1273, 1274, 1275
Night Phones: DIckens 2-1273,1274,1275



Funeral Directors


Brooklyn, N. Y.




40-17 22nd Street

Long Island City, N. Y.

Tel. ST. 9-0580


Banquets Receptions Weddings
Meeting Rooms

Cor. 15th Street
New York City

March, 1944


Is your boy out

in the land that

IS he slogging along some muddy
road ... or huddled beneath a
leaky tent? Do you see him now,
thirsty beneath a broiling sun?
Or is your boy fighting a wintry blast
in the land where winter never ends?
. . Yes, millions of people worry
tonight for the men in the lands that
God forgot.
But if your heart is sick with longing
for some special boy . remember
this and find comfort... wherever he
may be, in the frozen wastes of Iceland
or the jungles of New Guinea ... you
can reach out and give your boy some
little comforts that speak of home.
He will get coffee, doughnuts and
other American comforts when the
long march is over ... thanks to you.

there ...
heart through the Red Cross.
God forgot? Because the Red Cross is ;ou-the
Greatest Mother in the World, because
it represents all the mothers of Amer-
ica. The Red Cross is sour blood and
S your bandages, the sweaters you knit
and the gifts you pack.
He will sleep between sheets when he
gets his furlough, in a town ten thou- And the Red Cross is your money too!
sand miles from home ... thanks to This year when your Red Cross has a
you. Even should he be a prisoner of bigger job than ever before to do ...
war, he won't be condemned to live on this year when your Red Cross is serv-
alien bread. For every week the Red ing your own sons in every corner of
Cross will carry to him a carton of the globe . this year you will want
food. Yes, eleven full pounds of real to give more, more of your time, more
American food, thekindyou of your work, the blood
used to give him at your own GIVE TO THE from your heart...and more
table. And real American of your money to help the
cigarettes and tobacco! work go on.
He will get all this . and RED CROSS So dig deep and be glad.
more... straight from your For wherever he is

The RED CROSS is at his side

an'd Ae Red Crossis YOU!

Space donated by the Icor Association

March, 1944 NAILEBN

Three men are the only survivors of
the Nazi mass murders in the Babi Yar
ravine near Kiev, where between 60,000
and 100,000 civilians and 25,000 war
prisoners were slaughtered.
When the Red Army approached
Kiev last summer the Germans tried
to erase the traces of their crimes. A
group of prisoners, among whom were
Vilkis, Ostrovsky and Davidov, were
taken to Babi Yar, given spades and
ordered to dig up the bodies. This
method proved too slow, and excavators
were brought up for the work. The
bodies removed from the ravine were
cremated in huge incinerators which
burned from August 19 to September
28. Prisoners who were forced to at-
tend these incinerators and who fainted
at the task were shot on the spot.
Knowing they would be shot as soon
as they finished the work, the prisoners

Los Angeles, Calif.
East Side Branch ................ 13
D. Rabinowitz ................... 12
Hollywood Branch
N. Krupin ....................... 4
E. M eyers ...................... 2
Boston, Mass.
S. W einstein ........................ 13
M Savin ........................ 10
Hilda Fox .................. ........ 1
Mrs. Sherin .................. .. 1
Philadelphia, Pa.
Ida Schore .......................... 7
B. Stern ........................ 7
Sarah Markinson ................ 4
B. Yanofsky .................... 2
R. Brownstein .................... 1
H. Rabinowitz ................... 1
Washington, D. C.
Minnie Weinstein ............... 8
Bessie Schkolnick .................. 5
Sarah Shapiro .................. 2
Rose Drill ...................... 1
Mrs. Andrussia ..................... 1
Newark, N. J.
M. Kramer..................... 1
I. Quperman .................... 1

made an attempt to escape. A lock-
smith among them made a key to their
chains and unlocked them; the prison-
ers succeeded in overpowering their
guards and fleeing to the fields and ra-
vines. The Nazis pursued them, and all
except Vilkis, Ostrovsky and Davidov
were killed by machine-gun fire. The
three survivors hid in the cellar of a ce-
ment factory until the arrival of the Red
When interviewed by correspondents,
the men-all members of the Jewish
race which Hitler has so nearly suc-
ceeded in wiping-out not only in Kiev
but in all occupied Europe-spoke with
tears streaming down their faces. For
all they know, their own wives and chil-
dren were in Babi Yar ravine. They
bared their bodies to show the many
deep scars of wounds inflicted by the
Nazi sadists, and the festering sores on
their legs and arms left by the chains.

Baltimore, Md.
Mrs. M. Dubow ............... ... 8
Baltimore Icor Comm............ 5
H. M Tilles ..................... 4
Rock Island, Illinois
Dr. H. J. Friedman ............... 11
Cincinnati, Ohio
M. Tennenholtz ................. 5
H. Novikoff ..................... 4
Gloversville, N. Y.
W olf Broudo .................... 9
Trenton, N. J.
M ax Sidel .................... .... 7
San Francisco, Calif.
Mrs. L. Koblick ................. 4
Jacob Olken ......................... 1
Rose Gevirtz .................... 1
West New York, N. J.
H. Gewirtz .................. 2
Madison, Wis.
Sol. Lieberman ......... ..... 1
Hartford, Conn.
Morris Savitt ................... 1
Chicago, Ill.
Max Trossman .................. 1
Toms River, N. J.
M Zeitz ........................ 1
Sioux City, Iowa
B. Saltzman .............. ..... 1


Letters From Readers
Mrs .Froomkes, January 19, 1944
San Francisco, Cal.
Dear Mrs. Froomkes:
I read about your good work selling
"New Life." It gives me great pleasure
to know that I have a companion who is
so sincere in our organization "The Icor."
This noble deed brings us together from
near and from far, and we feel how
necessary it is to do this work. I hope
in due time we shall have Freedom and
Victory for much beterment all over the
Please accept my hearty greetings.
Ida Brisk
40 Gaston Street
Roxbury, Mass.

Sholom Levine ................. 12
Mrs. Bellinson ................. 8
Ida Ginn ........................ 6
Mrs. Blacker ... .......... ... ... 1
Ida Grossman .................. 8
H London .............. ........... 4
A. Safran ...................... 3
J. Olshansky .................... 3
Pearl Burnbloom ................. 1
A. Jenofsky .................... 1
I. Mandelbaum ................. 1
Crotona Culture Center
Crotona Culture Center........... 18
H W olf ........................ 2
William Cohen ................. 1
Eastern Parkway
H. Arnoff ............ .......... 8
Brighton-Coney Island
Ph. Feider ........................ 4
J. W einstein .................... 1
Natalie Rubin ................... 1
Dr. N. Rosensweig .................. 3
A. Levinson ..................... 2
J. A dler ......................... 1
M Kantor ...................... 1
Emma Chupack ................. 1
M. Malamed ....................... 1
I. Erlich .......................... 2
Total for the Month ..............257
Previously .......................... 982

Total as of Feb. 25, 1944........1,239


January 25 to February 25, 1944

March, 1944


NAILEBN March, 1944

territory. Only the Jews, the quondam ghetto dwellers,
formed an exception. So, prima facie, Birobidjan was des-
tined to remove this exception and thus make national equal-
ity complete also territorially. However, careful observa-
tion shows that the significance of Birobidjan goes deeper
than that.
To use a simile. Even as the individuality of an individual
is molded by his life work, so also the nationality of a nation
is shaped and made to grow by its collective endeavors. In-
deed what we call culture, namely: science, art, customs,
inter-human relations-it all stems from the creative labor
of, and reacts back upon the nation. Thus Birobidjan as
a common habitat rich in natural resources enables the
Jews to live, work and create human values as one Soviet-
Jewish nation. And mark ye well, it is in this sense that the
culture of every Soviet nation is, in Stalin's apt definition,
socialist in content and national in form. That is, Soviet
nations differ among themselves only formally.
To pioneer, to open up new frontiers has forever been
Man's great creative adventure, but an adventure beset with
tremendous hardships. And you will recall that in 1928 the
first Five-Year Plan was only in the blue-print stage. A
tractor, a truck, etc., were little known in the Soviet Union.
The production of even elementary farm machinery was still
in its nascent state. In view of this fact, the machines sent
by the Icor to the Birobidjan pioneers were calculated to
facilitate their pioneering work by modernizing it. The Icor
American tractors, stump-pullers, road graders and such-
like machines made the conquest of the wilderness easier
and the adventure more attractive. Moreover, these ma-
chines were accompanied by competent mechanics who
wisely enough established short term courses teaching the
settlers how to use these "American wonders."
In the meantime, the industrialization of the Soviet
Union and with it the collectivization of agriculture pro-
ceeded at so fast a rate that toward the middle of the sec-
ond Five-Year Plan the USSR occupied first place in. the
world in the manufacture of the most advanced agricultural
implements, and second place in the production of tractors.
Parallel with this technological progress, the Soviet citi-
zen including the Jew, became so mechanically minded
and technically trained as to amaze the foreign visitor. And
the happy result was that the urgency for technical aid by
the Icor had passed. However its association with Biro-
bidjan has never ceased and to all appearances is now to be-
come closer than ever.
Finally, to complete the picture it should be noted that
the activities of the Icor, both past and present, have been
moving along a two-way street. While aiding in the con-
structive work of the Soviet Jews the Icor has carried on
instructive work among the American Jews. By its periodi-
cal publications, through its many public meetings, lec-
tures and the like, the Icor has interpreted to American
Jewry, in its true light, the finality with which the Soviets
have eradicated anti-Semitism. Thus has the work of the
Icor made it clear to the Jewish masses that in defending the
Soviet Union they at once defend and foster all that is pro-
gressive in our own democracy.
And so friends, here we are; together with anxious, hope-
ful humanity we stand now at the threshold of the golden

gate opening into a happier future. The apocalyptic sign
on this gate reads: The Moscow Conference, Teheran! The
gate is still closed but a curiosity peep through its key-hole
affords an inkling as regards the work of our organization
in the days to come.
It is clear that the coalition, for Europe, of the three Big
Powers so resolutely leading the United Nations to victory,
is such as to make the war really a People's War. Again,
their post-war coalition conceived in mutual trust and
friendship in Moscow-Teheran promises the struggling, suf-
fering masses of mankind to usher in a People's Peace,
a peace that will put an end also to the appalling martyrdom
suffered by the Jews throughout the ages. Clearly, with the
establishment of peace a most compelling period of recon-
struction will ensue calling upon the Icor once more to put
its sturdy shoulders to the wheel. And there is all reason
to believe that Birobidjan will form the center of gravity
as far as the reconstruction of the uprooted Jewish life is
concerned. Herein it would appear lies the key to the tasks
the Icor has to set itself for its work in the days to come.
Such in bare outline has been the twenty-year life work
of the Icor motivated by the human Ideal of Equality-
and this work viewed in historic perspective foreshadows
its fruitful continuance in a happier future.

Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee of
the USSR Greets Icor Plenum
1 Union Sq., New York, N. Y., U.S.A.
Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee of the USSR
greets your conference and wishes you success in
your fine work. Your conference, meeting at time
when the heroic Red Army liberates more and
more Soviet regions from the yoke of German
invaders. Greater concentration of all anti-fascist
forces is necessary to assure the day of victory and
to release suffering peoples, amongst them the
Jewish people, from cruelty, atrocities of fascist
bandits. We are convinced Icor, which has been
such a sincere friend of our country during its
twenty years of existence, will continue to do their
duty to our people in this serious but glorious
Prof. Solomon Michoels, Chairman
Shachno Epstein, Secretary
Lt. Col. Itzik Feffer,
Member Exec. Comm.
Moscow, USSR
January 30, 1944.

March, 1944


"nfl IL B nl" (new Life)
Vol. XVIII, No. 3 (160) New York, N. Y., March, 1944 g aJ Single Copy 10 cents
NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York 3, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY


(Address delivered at Icor Plenum, January 30, 1944)

By Professor Charles Kuntz

Friends, twenty years is a short span of time. Viewed
against the background of history it is but a twinkling of the
eye. However, the last two to three decades have been
crowded with events so momentous, so decisive that they at
once sum up the whole history of Man's civilization and sig-
nalize the approach of a new era, a happier era in the life
of mankind And it is during this eventful period that the
Icor was called into being by the very tide of the forward
moving events.
It will be observed that motivated as they are by the ur-
gency of raw life men organize themselves on a material
foundation. Such organizations as Fraternal, Trade Union,
Cooperative-they each rest upon mutual aid which is ma-
terial in character. Not so the Icor which has been reared
upon a base that is an ideal; but not the Utopian ideal of the
wishful dreamer. It is the ideal most realistically put into
practice by the many nations that inhabit the socialist one-
sixth of the globe. The name of this ideal is Equality of
Man, of all men; it is the ideal so dearly cherished and so
bravely fought for by all oppressed humanity throughout the
'To merely declare all men equal does not mean that they
are equal. The socialist revolution, the most realistic in his-
tory, was not content with mere declarations. It has created
all the conditions requisite for the full realization of the
ideal. In consequence, Czarist Russia, the "prison of na-
tions," the classic hell of pogroms, has become the land of
the free and equal nations. Thus the unconditional demo-
lition of the ghetto, the final emancipation of the Jews was
the human corollary of the general realization of the Equal-
ity ideal.
Always bear in mind that equality implies freedom and
also brotherhood, but not vice versa. People may be free
as they supposedly are in the capitalist democracies and yet
be glaringly unequal. We witness in effect, the anomaly
that these free people are only free to fight, to exploit, and
generally to antagonize one another. And one painful phase
3 of these antagonisms is, alas, anti-Semitism, anti-Negroism
and the like anti-humanism. Verily, in a family where in-
equality prevails, where some of the brothers are rich and
,,;: ome poor, there can be no brotherhood. Suffice it to re-
mind you that when the reality is such that you cannot ex-
ploit me and I cannot exploit you are we both equal and con-

sequently free and brotherly. This is why the supreme
commandment of the socialist revolution is: No exploita-
tion of man by man, or: Thou shalt not exploit! Truly
says President Roosevelt in his great message to Congress
calling for a second, i.e., an economic Bill of Rights: "ne-
cessitous men are not free men."
And so the October upheaval has paved the road to
Equality. But to make the ideal a living reality demanded
that all engage equally in productive work, work with pick
and shovel, with hammer and sickle, with brawn and brain.
For the Jews it all meant that they had to reorder their life
an the basis of productive labor, in the spirit of the socialist
commandment. Now it will be recalled that the heritage
left to the Soviet Union was very poor and, to boot, greatly
impoverished by the wars of the time. Moreover, the coun-
try was predominantly agricultural and most primitive as re-
gards the methods of work. Thus to pass to productive la-
bor meant, for the Jews, first to settle on land, to revive their
old but forgotten art of tilling the soil, and second, to do all
this the hard way, in the sweat of the brow.
It was this historic situation that, twenty years ago, has
called the Icor into being and has ever since sustained its
vitality. And the founders of our organization inspired by
the great Ideal come true while, at the same time, cognizant
of the technological poverty of the Soviet Union, most
eagerly extended a brotherly helping hand to the Soviet Jews
in their grand work of reconstruction. The first Jewish
settlements on land took place in the Ukraine and the
Crimea. The technical aid of the Icor was therefore directed
to those places. But as the movement to the land was in-
creasing the available land in the mentioned Republics was
decreasing. And so, to make a long story short, in 1928
Birobidjan was placed on the map of Jewish history.
No sooner was this crowning act of the Soviet national
policy promulgated by the Soviet Government than the Icor
re-orientated its work in that direction. Let us pause for
a moment to consider the significance of this act. Viewed
from the socialist standpoint, the maxim that all men are
equal, follows from the more comprehensive principle that
all nations are equal. Under socialism, no one nation is
hegemon over any other nation since every Soviet nation is
a classless society. Now history has found all the nations
in the Soviet Union occupying each a well circumscribed