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Nailebn =
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00007530/00001
 Material Information
Title: Nailebn = New life
Parallel title: New life
Added title page title: Naylebn
Physical Description: v. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Language: Yiddish
Creator: Icor
Publisher: Icor, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union
Place of Publication: New York
Frequency: monthly (irregular)
monthly
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Jews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: Title also in Yiddish and text largely in Yiddish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in May 1928.
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume numbers irregular: Jan.-Oct. 1946 called v. 20, no. 1-10, Nov.-Dec. 1946 called v. 19, no. 11-12; 1947 called also v. 20.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1937); title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19068832
lccn - 50017200
ocm19068832
Classification: lcc - DS101 .N25
ddc - 296
System ID: AA00007530:00001

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For Health and Recreation . .

Second Avenue Baths

HOUSTON ST. and SECOND AVE.
Telephone: ORchard 4-8621

Largest and Most Modern
Russian and Turkish Baths
With Hotel Accommodations

Open Day and Night

MODERATE RATES

Specializing in
PHYSIO-THERAPY
HIGH-COLONIC IRRIGATION, ETC.


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1944 ,"'181










"20 YEARS ICOR" MEMBERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION DRIVE
OCTOBER 15 TO DECEMBER 15, 1943


Boston, Mass.
Boston Icor Comm. ......................... 39
M Y ellin ........................................ 5
H ilda Fox .......................................... 3
47
Philadelphia, Pa.
Broine Stern ................................... 14
B. Yanowsky ................................... 10
M K aelis .................................... ...... 6
Philadelphia Icor Comm. ............... 5
R. Brownstein ................................... 3
S. Ingber ..................................... ... 2
Dr. Hoffman ............................... 1
M Painter ......................................... 1
S. L evitt ........................................... 1
A Jenofsky ........................................ 1

44
Washington, D. C.
Washington Icor Comm. .................. 13
Mr. Weinstein .................................. 10
M G insberg ................ .................... 6
Clara Fink ......................................... 3
Sarah Shapiro .................................. 2
Mrs. M. Andrusia ............................. 2
Rose D rill ......................................... 2
F Zuker .......................................... 1

39
Los Angeles, Calif.
D. Rabinowitz .................................. 10
Frieda Frimkiss .............................. 10
F. R ubin ........................................... 5
Eva Belovsky .................................... 4
Nathan Krupin ............................... 2
J. Lipston .................................... 2
M D rexler ........................................ 1
H Cutin .................................... ....... 1

35
Chicago, Ill.
Chicago Icor Comm. ...................... 25
M. L. Olken ................................... 4
A. Ostrowsky .................................... 3
J. Solom on ........................................ 1

33
Baltimore, Md. '
Baltimore Icor Comm. ................... 16
M L O lken ...........................:............ 6
A. Jenofsky ...................................... 1

23
Milwaukee, Wis.
Milwaukee Icor Comm. .................... 15
Luba Shapiro ..................................... 1

16
Richmond, Va.
Richmond Icor Comm. ................... 16
Norfolk, Va.
Norfolk Icor Comm. ........................ 14
New Haven, Conn.
New Haven Icor Comm. .................. 12
Madison, Wis.
Madison Icor Comm. .................... 12
Youngstown, Ohio
Youngstown Icor Comm. .............. b
Venice, Cal.
Nathan Krupin ................................. 5


Portsmouth, Va.
Portsmouth Icor Comm. .................. 5
Rock Island, Ill.
Rock Island Icor Comm. ................ 5
Dr. H. J. Friedman .......................... 2

7
Rochester, N. Y.
J. R oxin .................................. ...... 1
L. Bigelm an .................................... 1
M L. O lken ........................................ 2
4
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati Icor Comm. .................... 2
Molly Tennenholtz .......................... 1

3
Denver, Col.-O. Payne .................... 3
Wilmington, Del.-S. Evans ................ 3
Santa Monica, Cal.-N. Krupin ........ 3
Newark, N. J.
N. Drapkin ....................................... 1
A Picker ......................................... 2

3
Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland Icor Comm. ..................... 3
Montreal, Canada-D. Shuster .......... 3
Ocean Park, Cal.-N. Krupin .............. 2
Pensacola, Florida-A. Jenofsky ...... 1
Plainfield, N. J.-Mrs. Steinberg ........ I
Woodhaven, N. Y.-N. Gershkowitz.... 1
Beacon. N. Y.-N. Shimkin ................ 1
Davenport, Iowa-M. L. Olken .......... 1
Duarte, Cal.-N. Krupin ..................... 1
Golden's Bridge, N. Y.-A. Jenofsky 1
Far Rockaway, N. Y.-Mrs. Shore...... 1
Portland, Oregon-Ben Weiner ........ 1
Rockville, Conn.-Elias Alpert ........ 1
San Pedro, Cal.-Frieda Frumkiss .... 1
St. Paul, Minn.-S. Lefcowitz ........... 1
Toledo, Ohio-Joseph Cheyfetz .......... 1
Waukeegan, III.-M. L. Olken ............ 1
Hartford, Conn.-Abraham Slutsky.... 1
Irvington, N. J.--N. Kramer ........... 1
Lonz Beach, Cal.-J. Lipston ......... 1
Linden, N. J.-D. Levine ................. 1
Miami Beach, Florida-L. Adler ........ 1
l'imneapolis, Minn.-D. Moses .......... 1


NEW YORK COMMITTEES
Bronwsville
Brownsville Icor Comm. ............... 25
A S afran ............................................ 7
D. Yanofsky .................................. 6
M ax Block ........................................ 6
S. Y ouselevich .................................. 3
Ida Grossman .................................... 3
D. Sklar ............................... ....... 2
A. Levine .............................. ...... 2
Dr. N. Rosenzweig ............................. 2
J. L erner .................................... ...... 2
A Jenofsky ....................................... 1
M. L. Olken ................................... 1
H Singer ........ .......................... 1
Mrs. Saltzman ............................ 1
J. Blumenzweig ................................. 1

63


Downtown
J. Freidin ........................................... 18
A. Levinson ....................................... 4
A Jenofsky ......................................... 3
M L. Olken ........................................ 2
N. Hershkowitz ................................ 2
Dr. Nina Rosenzweig ....................... 4
P. K opilov ....................................... 1
Ida Rothstein ..................................... 1
I, Neimeth .................................... 1
S. Shapiro .................................. .....
Sophie Bubrick ................................. 1
L. Schnur ........................................ 1
Emma Chupack ................................. 1

40


Brighton-Coney Island
Philip Feider ................................ ... 15
M. L. Olken ........................................ 5
V Lichter .......................................... 3
Miriam Shevin .................................. 3
E. Edelm an ..................................... ... 2
J. W einstein ....................................... 2
E. Y achness ......................................... 1
Dr. Aronson ....................................... 1
M Dashinsky .....................................
B Zeid .................................... ....... 1
H. Schwartz .................................. 1
Lena Seldin ...................................... 1

36
Bronx, N. Y.
M. L. Olken .................................. 11
Celia R ubin ........................................ 7
Fannie Davidoff ............................ 5
Zippa Katz .................................. 4
N. Gershkowitz ............................ 2
A. Jenofsky ................................. 2
R Liff ......................................... 1
Ida G inn ............................................ .
I. E. R ontch ...................................... .

34
Jamaica
B. W oods .................................... 14
G. Holm stock .................................... 10
B. Y anofsky ...................................... 4
J. Posner .................................... ...... 1
K Auerbach ..................................... 1
Mr. Rappaport .................................. 1

3]
Staten Island
Staten Island Icor Comm. .............. 16
M r. Peckm an .................................... 2
Fannie Davidoff ................................. 3

19
Nailebn-I. E. Rontch ......................... 4
Eastern Parkway
H Aronoff ...................................... 3
Fannie Bass ....................................... 1
4
Sholom Aleichem
Jack Rudinsky .................................. 1
A. Sanderton .................................... 1

Total .........................................601


JANUARY, 1944


NAILEBN







N.... ...L......N.JAN IIAI' I 1944


FOR GOOD WILL AND INTERFAITH


NEW YORK, Dec. 4.-Three thousand
American communities have set up
committees to work on a program of
education in group relations and for
interfaith understanding and goodwill,
according to the 1943 report of the Pres-
ident of the National Confeernce of
Christians and Jews, Dr. Everett R.
Clinchy, made public today.
The report also tells of a program for
the armed forces of the United States
in which Conference representatives
have appeared at 221 major military
training centers, a Conference film was
shown at 116 additional training cen-
ters and 2,500,000 pieces of literature
were made available through Protestant,
Catholic and Jewish chaplains in the
Army and Navy.
The report reviews the developments
of the year in group relations and ap-
praises the "accumulation of emotional
pressures, economic dislocations and so-
cial confusions that led to a sequel of
tragic outbreaks.
"Wartime anti-Semitism," the report
says, "has been evident in various parts
of the country. While more cautious
than at times in the past, more circum-
spect, nevertheless anti-Jewish preju-
dice has been exhibited in new and
wider circles. Wartime anti-Catholicism
as registered suspicions as to the role
of the Vatican in the war in protecting
Catholic interests. Resentment over the
Roman Catholic attitude toward Prot-
estant missions in South America has
been widespread among Protestants.
Again, a few Catholic bishops have been
so disinterested in the necessity of war-
time cooperation that they continued to
refuse permission to their priests to
appear upon the same platform with
other clergymen.
"All of these sentiments in a nation
of over 135,000,000 people seethed un-
der the surface, intensified the fever-
ish tempo typical of the war effort and
in some places became overt."
Despite all of the tinder elements, the
Report goes on to say: ". . the native
good sense of the American people man-
ifested itself. By and large, they knew
that it was the Axis that sought to
thrive on the dislocations of a peace-
ful people turned warriors; that sought
to inflame local irritations and to infu-
riate group against group, race against
race, religion against religion. The
American people recognized and, on
the whole, resisted the Nazi schemes to
transfer the struggle from the military
battlefield on which their defeat was in-
evitable to the domestic front where


they believe they might still prevail.
"Against the sporadic outbreaks,
against the whispering about Jews, the
murmurings about Catholics, and in-
nuendoes about Protestants, there has
arisen a general conviction that we must
labor together if our national life is
to be maintained."
The National Conference, according
to the report, operates through round-
tables in 240 important population cen-
ters, 3,000 local committees and 15 re-
gional offices. Its national activities in-
clude the celebration of Brotherhood
week, speaking programs which in the
past year totaled 22,695, the distribu-
tion of 3,500,000 pieces of literature,
radio broadcasts and the widespread
use of the Religious News Service. Other
important aspects of the Conference's
activities are its Commission on Educa-
tion Organizations, the Commission on
Religious Organizations and the Sem-
inars on Human Relations. Conference
programs were presented at 249 col-
leges, 2,800 public and parochial schools,
1333 service and professional clubs,
6,968 churches and 1,989 women's groups.
23,000 Americans of all faiths contrib-
uted to the maintenance of the Confer-
ence, the Report states.
Officers of the Conference are: Co-
Chairmen, Arthur H. Compton, Carlton
J. H. Hayes and Roger W. Straus; Pres-
ident, Everett R. Clinchy; Assistant to
President, Willard Johnson.


IRVING PLACE THEATRE
IRVING PLACE AT 14th STREET
CONTINUOUS from 11 A.M.
Midnight Performance on Sat.
The only theatre in New York to show Soviet
films for the last 4 years without interruption.
FIRST EXCLUSIVE SHOWING
DIRECT FROM BROADWAY
The beautiful and tender story of a Russian
girl and boy whose love endures through the
turmoil of our times
ARTKINO presents . .
'LAD FROM OUR TOWN'
With A Superb Cast
PLUS
Simone Simon and Jean Aumont In
"LACAUX D'AMES"
("LAKE OF WOMEN")
with Michel Simon and Vladimir Sokoloff
EXTRA!
"INVASION OF NORTH AFRICA"
produced by
"The World in Action" Series
NEW SOVIET WAR PICTURES EVERY WEEK!


FAREWELL GREETINGS FROM

THE JEWISH SOVIET
DELEGATION



Mr. A. Jenofsky, ICOR

1 Union Square

New York, N. Y.

Dear Mr. Jenofsky:

Before leaving the United States,
we want once again to express to
you, and through you, to your col-
leagues in ICOR, our thanks and
appreciation for everything you
and they did to help make our
visit a memorable experience for
us.
When we return home, we shall
tell about the strong feeling of
friendship for the Soviet people
that we found among the broadest
sections of the Jewish people of
America and among Americans
generally. It is our hope that to-
gether with those who labored in
the various cities to give us the
opportunity to meet and talk with
hundreds of thousands of Amer-
ican Jews and non-Jews, we have
made some contribution to the
unity of the Jewish people in the
life and death struggle against
fascism. Unity-the watchword of
the Jewish Anti-Fascist Commit-
tee of the U.S.S.R., whose rep-
resentatives we are-is the surest
foundation for a speedy and com-
plete victory.
There is still a difficult struggle
ahead of all of us. We two are re-
turning to the work we left behind
nearly half a year ago. We are
taking back with us a rich experi-
ence, firm friendships, and the
deep satsifaction that comes from
personal association with many
people in another land who are
fighting side by side with our So-
viet people so that freedom and
civilization may soon triumph in
the world.

Very sincerely yours,

S. MICHOELS
L FEFER


NA'I LEB N


JANUARY, 1944






JANUARY 1944N A LEBl


It really was the little hill bathed in soft moonshine
And at its foot the tables stood, laden with their cheer,
The tables groaned beneath their load of meat and wine and beer.
It wasn't just the flagons, nor was it just the wine,
It really was the relatives, wreathed in bright moon shine.

Long and groaning tables, decked in linen white and pure,
Juicy ducks from Waldheim and fish from the Amur.
It wasn't just the ducklings and surely not the goose,
It really was the Biro people-the Birobidjan Jews.

Poultry stuffed to bursting point, livers chopped in fat,
The tables staggered with the load of everything they had.
Cakes well-soaked in honey-strudel with "kishmish"-
To say nothing of that truly Jewish and-gefulte fish.

That was quite a wedding. A wedding like a dream.
It was the gayest wedding that the world has ever seen.

Around and then around again, a lane turns with a street-
It really was the relatives wreathed in bright moon shine.
A wedding is a wedding and the wine is very sweet.
For what is straight is never curved and curves are never straight,
A region is a Region-and the Biro River's great.

And what is pretty is not drab and what is drab's not fair,
And all the relatives are dancing such a merry wedding "sher."
And one is never two, and two are never three-
Jews are singing, Jews are dancing, whistling-proud and free.

That was quite a wedding. A wedding like a dream.
It was the gayest wedding that the world has ever seen.

So play your music, music-makers, the bass and the boyan,
Lead in dance the harvest wealth of all Birobidjan.
May all the corn grow taller than that second hill in line
And soon we'll all be drinking deep of sparkling, home-grown wine.

And may there be a bumper crop of little lambs, and wool;
And little stallions, may they dash through meadows wide and cool.
And may the lakes abound with fish, and may we ever feel
The confidence of borders held by guards as strong as steel.

"Sunday spuds and Monday spuds"-a song we used to sing-
Nonsense, dear, forget it. It doesn't mean a thing.
Monday chicken, Tuesday turkey, Wednesday fine fresh fish,
Friday goose and Saturday-a very special dish.

So do not sleep, dear music makers, play on that boyan.
The drums must beat a proud tattoo throughout Birobidjan.
Remembered shall it ever be this wedding and this cheer
By the bride and groom and relatives-for 120 years.

And later when the happy pair are bent and old and gray,
Granpa'll turn to Grandma, and this is what he'll say:
"That was quite a wedding, dear, a wedding like a dream.
It was the gayest wedding that the world has ever seen."

Translated by S. S. L.


Combatting Enemy Propaganda
(Continued from page 23)
create disunity among our people. They
still have had no qualms about telling
out and out lies, misquoting documents
and even forging documents. Their lite-
rature which circulates freely through
the mails still repeats all the odious lies
and infamous inventions of a Goebbels,
a Streicher and a Hitler. From this point
of view they may be considered part of
the Nazi propaganda apparatus, doing
the work of the enemy as effectively as
if they were fighting on his side. Their
literature has the same aim as Nazi pro-
paganda, namely, the destruction of
democracy, the substitution of our pres-
ent form of government for one which
will be approved by Adolf Hitler.
It is ironical that a government en-
gaged in deadly combat should lend its
enemies the use of facilities for its own
destruction. By denying the use of the
mails to false and defamatory' propa-
ganda which libels racial and religious
groups, the Nazis and those deluded
Americans who follow the Nazi propa-
ganda line will lose a potent weapon in
the struggle against democracy.
(Congress Weekly, Nov. 26, 1943.)



LOS ANGELES ICOR PRAISED
FOR EXCELLENT WORK IN
WAR BOND DRIVE
ICOR
Mr. Nathan Krupin
359Y N. Stanley Ave.
Los Angeles, 36, Calif.
Dear Friends:
The total of bonds and stamps
credited to your organization dur-
ing the month of October was
$28,274.50.
The organization with the larg-
est number of sales was ICOR.
Congratulations on your excel-
lent work. You will receive an
award some time during the month
for having achieved the highest
record of sales.
Thank you for your fine work
and cooperation.
Sincerely yours,
MRS. EUGENE J. STERN
Chairman
Beverly-Fairfax Victory House


NAILE'B N


JANUARY, 1944






NAILEON JANUARY. 1944


turbance of the social and economic
order. Every propaganda device was
used by the Nazis to make the term
"Jew" odious. Once the Jew became
hateful through the process of libel,
slander and forgery, the Nazis were
able to discredit every person, every or-
ganization, every idea and every institu-
tion opposed to them through the simple
process of labeling them as Jews.
The same propaganda techniques
against the Jews have been used by the
Nazis to weaken other countries. Thus,
false and defamatory anti-Semitic pro-
paganda is not a minor aberration, the
product of crackpots, but a diabolical
weapon used against all peoples whom
the Nazis wish to conquer. It is one of
the principal methods employed by the
Nazis to undermine every government
opposed to their march of conquest.
The Nazis are assisted in the propa-
gation of their false and defamatory
anti-racial and anti-religious propa-
ganda by scores of native Fascist or-
ganizations which largely came into be-
ing with the advent of Adolf Hitler.
In 1939 the Institute of Propaganda
Analysis estimated that there were about
"800 organizations that could be called
pro-fascist or pro-Nazi. Some flaunt the
word 'Fascist' in their name, or use the
swastika as their insignia. Others-the
great majority-talk blithely of democ-
racy of 'Constitutional Democracy,' but
work hand in glove with the outspokenly
fascist groups and distribute their lite-
rature. All sing the same time-words
and music by Adolf Hitler, orchestration
by Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels..."
The war has not brought about any
perceptible curtailment in the activities
of the so-called "patriotic" organiza-
tions, which continue to act as trans-
mission belts for Nazi propaganda and
continue to distribute through the mails
the same types of literature defaming
racial and religious groups as formerly.
Their literature still features documents
and data obtained originally from Nazi
propaganda sources. They still make
widespread use of anti-Semitic propa-
ganda which blames the Jews of this
country for every ill of our social and
economic order. They still attempt to
discredit all leaders, institutions and
agencies opposed to the Nazis by label-
ing them as Jews. They still seek to
(Continued on page 22)


A WEDDING IN BIRO-BIDJAN


By Izik Fefer


Streets well-lighted, bright and gay-in Birobidjan
Showed the wedding guests their way. Led them through the town.
It was quite a wedding. A wedding like a dream-
It was the gayest wedding that the world has ever seen.

Preparations filled the days of cousins and some aunts-
To sew the trousseau took the skill of fourteen skillful hands.
Seamstresses and weavers wove lace for each chemise.
All of seven cooks were occupied with plucking geese.

The relatives are gathering from very far and wide,
They tap out little dancing steps even as they ride.
Snowy-bearded grandfathers, kerchiefed maids with beads,
Some come driving autos, some on fiery steeds.
Every one must be on time-promptness is their pride.
They tap out little dancing steps even as they ride.

Hi there, Ydel, where's your fiddle? Berel, where's your bass?
Better leave the whiskey bottle! Come and take your place!
Look at that fool sooth-sayer-really, it's the truth-
He's trying to chew hard candy with his one and only tooth.

Dearest little music makers, your tunes must roar through space.
Never mind old Ydel, or Berel and his bass.
Three big drums.and fiddlers three, a flute and a "boyan"
Break into a dance that rings through all Birobidjan.

Now the dancing has begun. What vigor-joy-what zest!
Look-father and the mother-in-law are leading all the rest.
Handkerchiefs are fluttering, skirts are whirled askew-
Grandmas dance and grandfathers and great-grandchildren, too.
The youngest of the nephews and the brothers, dark and fair,
Join hands with all the daughters-in-law. All love to dance a "sher."

And louder rings the music-ever wider spreads the ring,
It echoes toward the Station, rounds the orchard in its swing,
To yonder where the Biro waltzes gaily in the dark
And yonder where the little hills go strolling round the park.

With gayety and hopefulness, seeds sprouted in the ground.
Just watch those people in their dance, the world spins round and round.
In rivers and in sparkling lakes all kinds of fish are found,.
The forests and the wealthy woods in maples, elms, abound.
The speedy deer and all the bears are very welcome guests.
The squirrel jumps from branch to branch, the birds sleep in their nests.

That was quite a wedding-a wedding like a dream.
It was the gayest wedding that the world has ever seen.
It wasn't just the music, nor was it just the wine,
It really was the little hill, bathed in soft moonshine.


NAILE B N


JANUARY, 1944








"IflILCBn" (new Life)


Vol. XVIII, No. I (158)


New York, N. Y., January 1944


"OB"W Single Copy 10 cents


NAILEBN, I Union Square, New York, N. Y., Telephone ALgonquin 4-2045, published monthly by the ICOR Association for information on the
economic, cultural, and social life of the Jews the world over. Yearly subscription, $1.00.
Re-entered as second-class matter August 22, 1938, at the Post office at New York, N. Y., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Business Manager-A. JENOFSKY


COMBATTING ENEMY PROPAGANDA


APRACTICAL and effective measure
for preventing the spread of hate
propaganda among the American peo-
ple is now pending in the Congress of
the United States. It is a bill introduced
by Representative Walter A. Lynch, pro-
posing to amend the Federal Criminal
Code in order to bar the use of the mails
to all papers, pamphlets, magazines,
periodicals, books, pictures and writing
of any kind containing any defamatory
and false statements which tend to ex-
pose persons designated, identified, or
characterized therein by race or religion,
any of whom reside in the United States,
to hatred, contempt, ridicule, or ob-
loquy, or tend to cause such persons to
be shunned or avaided, or to be injured
in their business or occupation.
The bill also authorizes the Post-
master General to withdraw such ma-
terial from the mails "under such reg-
ulations" as he shall prescribe. It makes
it a crime, punishable by fine and im-
prisonment, to deposit knowingly or
cause to be deposited for mailing or
delivery anything declared by the Act
to be non-mailable matter, or knowing-
ly to take such non-mailable matter from
the mails for the purpose of circulating
or disposing of it, or to aid in its circula-
tion or disposition.
The enactment of this bill is im-
perative in order to control the great
volume of false, vicious and defamatory
propaganda against racial and religious
groups which passes through the mails.
The constant aim of this propaganda is
to undermine our government, destroy
our democratic way of life and stir up
violent hatreds, antagonisms and racial
and religious strife in every community.
Its effect in hampering our war effort is
incalculable.
Recent events have graphically illus-
trated the effectiveness of propaganda in
I1' promoting racial hatred, strife and
_td6 violence. Jewish synagogues have been
desecrated in many American cities. In


By Nathan D. Perlman
Chairman of Commission on Legislation
of the American Jewish Congress


Hartford and Bridgeport large numbers
of Jewish stores were defaced by hood-
lums with swastikas on Halloween night.
In Boston, Governor Saltonstall has had
to appoint a commission of Christians
and Jews to investigate a large number
of cases of anti-Jewish desecration and
violence which almost assumed the pro-
portions of a reign of terror. This vio-
lence led Bishop Oxnam of the Meth-
odist Church to state:
"The beating of Jewish boys must
stop. The beaters must be apprehended
and punished. The beating of any boys
by gangs is bad enough at any time. The
beating of boys of a particular race is
worse. But the real menace lies in the
apparent fact that these beatings are an
expression of incipient fascism, that they
follow a similar pattern, and that, in one
case, at least, the beaters wore black
shrits."
In Brooklyn, New York, there has
been widespread desecration of Jewish
cemeteries. In Detroit racial riots re-
sulted in the death of at least 23 persons
and injury to hundreds of others. These
disorders required the intervention of
the army to restore order. In New York
City the riots in Harlem resulted in
property damage running into the
millions.
These are but a few of the many ex-
amples throughout the country of vio-
lence, property damage and bitterness
arising out of racial and religious strife.
These instances are not merely sporadic
manifestations of the ill-will which dif-
ferent groups in our population hold for
each other. They are the planned results
of a propaganda campaign which has
been fostered by the Nazis and by native
Fascist groups which follow the Nazi
line.


The Jew is not the only scapegoat for
peddlers of hate and vendors of venom.
Every racial and religious minority in
this country has at some time been sub-
jected to vicious and defamatory at-
tacks in literature that passes through
the mails. The mails are vital in the suc-
cess of the Nazi-Fascist campaign to stir
up racial and religious hatred, strife
and intolerance, since it is the primary
medium for the circulation of propa-
ganda material. The Lynch Bill is a
constructive step toward the control of
such propaganda, and if passed, will
make a positive contribution to the
preservation of our democracy and our
way of life.
Nazi Germany and enemies without
use our mails to distribute false and de-
famatory propaganda against racial and
religious groups in order to destroy
American democracy. A basic Nazi
propaganda technique is the defamation
and libel of racial and religious groups
opposed to Nazism. It is part of a cal-
culated strategy of psychological war-
fare against the enemies of Nazi Ger-
many.
In selecting the Jews as the chief ob-
ject of his propaganda activities, Hitler
found a useful solvent, a universal
means of weakening his enemies by stir-
ring up racial and religious antagonisms
among them and by discrediting all
those who were opposed to him. Herman
Rauschning, his former associate, quotes
him as saying:
"My Jews are a valuable hostage given
to me by the democracies. Anti-Semitic
propaganda in all countries is an in-
dispensable medium for the extension
of our political campaign. You will see
how little time we shall need in order
to upset the ideas ... of the whole world.
simply and purely by attacking Juda-
ism."
The Jews in Germany were blamed
for the military defeat, for the inflation.
for the depression and for every dis